American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

Updated September 24, 2019 (RL32492)
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Tables

Summary

This report provides U.S. war casualty statistics. It includes data tables containing the number of casualties among American military personnel who served in principal wars and combat operations from 1775 to the present. It also includes data on those wounded in action and information such as race and ethnicity, gender, branch of service, and cause of death. The tables are compiled from various Department of Defense (DOD) sources.

Wars covered include the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Mexican War, the Civil War, the Spanish-American War, World War I, World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam Conflict, and the Persian Gulf War. Military operations covered include the Iranian Hostage Rescue Mission; Lebanon Peacekeeping; Urgent Fury in Grenada; Just Cause in Panama; Desert Shield and Desert Storm; Restore Hope in Somalia; Uphold Democracy in Haiti; Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF); Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF); Operation New Dawn (OND); Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR); and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (OFS).

Starting with the Korean War and the more recent conflicts, this report includes additional detailed information on types of casualties and, when available, demographics. It also cites a number of resources for further information, including sources of historical statistics on active duty military deaths, published lists of military personnel killed in combat actions, data on demographic indicators among U.S. military personnel, related websites, and relevant CRS reports.


Introduction

This report provides war casualty statistics. It includes data tables containing the number of fatalities and the number of wounded among American military personnel who served in principal wars and combat actions from 1775 to the present. It also includes information such as race and ethnicity, gender, branch of service, and, in some cases, detailed information on types of casualties and causes of death.

Casualty statistics for wars that ended long ago are updated periodically, sometimes yearly. These updates almost always reflect the identification of remains of persons previously listed as missing in action (MIA) and the reclassification of those persons as dead. Other reasons, much less frequent, include the discovery of errors in casualty records for individuals or categories such as race and ethnicity.

Casualty Statistics

U.S. casualty statistics are information on war fighters who have fallen in global or regional conflicts involving the United States. The data are gathered on deceased, wounded, ill, or injured active duty U.S. military personnel and Guard/Reservists. The Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) is maintained by the Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC).

Casualty statistics for conflicts prior to the Persian Gulf War (Desert Shield and Desert Storm) are updated periodically by the DCAS of the DMDC. Casualty figures for Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), Operation New Dawn (OND), Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR), and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (OFS) are updated daily. Links to the sources for casualty figures appear below each table in this report.

Table 1 lists casualty statistics for battles, attacks, and operations from the period of the Revolutionary War to the Persian Gulf War.

Table 1. Principal Wars or Conflicts in Which the United States Participated: U.S. Military Personnel Serving and Casualties

(1775-1991)

 

Casualties

War or Conflict

Branch of Service

Number
Serving

Total Deaths

Battle Deaths

Other
Deaths

Wounds Not Mortala

Revolutionary Warb
1775-1783

Total

4,435

4,435

6,188

 

Army

4,044

4,044

6,004

 

Navy

342

342

114

 

Marines

49

49

70

War of 1812c
1812-1815

Total

286,730

2,260

2,260

4,505

 

Army

1,950

1,950

4,000

 

Navy

265

265

439

 

Marines

45

45

66

Mexican Warc
1846-1848

Total

78,718

13,283

1,733

11,550

4,152

 

Army

13,271

1,721

11,550

4,102

 

Navy

1

1

3

 

Marines

11

11

47

Civil Warcd
(Union Forces Only)e
1861-1865

Total

2,213,363

364,511

140,414

224,097

281,881

 

Army

2,128,948

359,528

138,154

221,374

280,040

 

Navy

84,415

4,523

2,112

2,411

1,710

 

Marines

f

460

148

312

131

Spanish-American War
1898-1901

Total

306,760

2,446

385

2,061

1,662

 

Armyg

280,564

2,430

369

2,061

1,594

 

Navy

22,875

10

10

47

 

Marines

3,321

6

6

21

World War I

1917-1918

Total

4,734,991

116,516

53,402

63,114

204,002

 

Armyh

4,057,101

106,378

50,510

55,868

193,663

 

Navy

599,051

7,287

431

6,856

819

 

Marines

78,839

2,851

2,461

390

9,520

World War IIi
1941-1946j

Total

16,112,566

405,399

291,557

113,842

670,846

 

Armyk

11,260,000

318,274

234,874

83,400

565,861

 

Navyl

4,183,466

62,614

36,950

25,664

37,778

 

Marines

669,100

24,511

19,733

4,778

67,207

Korean Warm
1950-1953

Total

5,720,000

36,574

33,739

2,835

103,284

 

Army

2,834,000

29,856

27,731

2,125

77,596

 

Navy

1,177,000

657

503

154

1,576

 

Marines

424,000

4,509

4,267

242

23,744

 

Air Force

1,285,000

1,552

1,238

314

368

Vietnam Conflictn
1964-1973

Total

8,744,000

58,220

47,434

10,786

Hospital Care: 153,303
No Hospital Care: 150,341

 

Army

4,368,000

38,224

30,963

7,261

Hosp. Care: 96,802
No Hosp. Care: 104,723

 

Navy

1,842,000

2,566

1,631

935

Hosp. Care: 4,178
No Hosp. Care: 5,898

 

Marines

794,000

14,844

13,095

1,749

Hosp. Care: 51,392
No Hosp. Care: 37,202

 

Air Force

1,740,000

2,586

1,745

841

Hosp. Care: 931
No Hosp. Care: 2,518

Persian Gulf Waro
1990-1991

Total

2,225,000

383

148

235

467

 

Army

782,000

224

98

126

354

 

Navy

669,000

56

6

50

12

 

Marines

213,000

68

24

44

92

 

Air Force

561,000

35

20

15

9

Source: Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS), https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_principal_wars.xhtml.

Notes: Data prior to World War I are based on incomplete records in many cases. Casualty data are confined to dead and wounded and, therefore, exclude personnel captured or missing in action who were subsequently returned to military control.

a. Marine Corps data for World War II, the Spanish-American War, and prior wars represent the number of individuals wounded, whereas all other data in this column represent the total number (incidence) of wounds.

b. Number serving not known, but estimates range from 184,000 to 250,000.

c. As reported by the Commissioner of Pensions in the annual report for FY1903.

d. The Civil War (1861-1865) produced the most American casualties, when both Union statistics and Confederate estimates are taken into account.

e. Authoritative statistics for the Confederate forces are not available. Estimates of the number who served range from 600,000 to 1,500,000. The final report of the Provost Marshal General, 1863-1866, indicated 133,821 Confederate deaths (74,524 battle and 59,297 other) based upon incomplete returns. In addition, an estimated 26,000 to 31,000 Confederate personnel died in Union prisons.

f. The Marine Corps number serving is included in the Navy total.

g. Number serving covers the period April 21, 1898, to August 13, 1898, whereas dead and wounded data are for the period May 1, 1898, to August 31, 1898. Active hostilities ceased on August 13, 1898, but ratifications of the Treaty of Peace were not exchanged between the United States and Spain until April 11, 1899.

h. Includes air service. Battle deaths and wounds not mortal include casualties suffered by American forces in northern Russia to August 25, 1919, and in Siberia to April 1, 1920. Other deaths cover the period from April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1918.

i. World War II was the first war in which there were more American battle casualties than deaths from other causes, such as accidents, disease, and infections.

j. Data are for the period December 1, 1941, through December 31, 1946, when hostilities were officially terminated by presidential proclamation, but a few battle deaths or wounds not mortal were incurred after the Japanese acceptance of the Allied peace terms on August 14, 1945. Numbers serving from December 1, 1941, through August 31, 1945, were as follows: Total 14,903,213; Army 10,420,000; Navy 3,883,520; and Marine Corps 599,693.

k. Includes Army air forces, also known as the Army Air Corps.

l. Battle deaths and wounds not mortal include casualties incurred in October 1941 due to hostile action.

m. Worldwide military deaths during the Korean War totaled 54,246. In-theater casualty records are updated annually.

n. Number serving covers the period August 5, 1964 ("Vietnam era" begins), through January 27, 1973 (date of cease-fire). Deaths include the period November 1, 1955 (commencement date for the Military Assistance Advisory Group); through May 15, 1975 (date last American servicemembers left Southeast Asia). Casualty records are updated annually, including current deaths that are directly attributed to combat in the Vietnam Conflict. Additional detail shows the number of wounded-in-action servicemembers not requiring hospital care.

o. For this conflict, Coast Guard numbers are included with Navy. Report does not include one MIA servicemember Captain Michael "Scott" Speicher, whose remains were recovered in Iraq in 2009.

Table 2 lists casualty statistics for worldwide U.S. Military deaths in selected operations.

Table 2. Worldwide U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths in Selected Military Operations

(1980-1996)

Military Operation/Incident

Casualty
Type

Total

Army

Navy

Air Force

Marine Corps

Iranian Hostage Rescue Mission
April 25, 1980

Nonhostilea

8

0

0

5

3

Lebanon Peacekeeping
August 25, 1982-February 26, 1984

Hostileb

256

3

19

0

234

 

Nonhostile

9

5

2

0

2

 

Total

265

8

21

0

236

Urgent Fury, Grenada
1983

Hostile

18

11

4

0

3

 

Nonhostile

1

1

0

0

0

 

Total

19

12

4

0

3

Just Cause, Panama
1989

Hostile

23

18

4

0

1

Persian Gulf War
1990-1991

 

 

 

 

 

 

Desert Shield

Nonhostile

84

21

36

9

18

Desert Storm

Hostile

148

98

6

20

24

 

Nonhostile

151

105

14

6

26

 

Desert Storm Total

299

203

20

26

50

Desert Shield and Desert Storm

Total

383

224

56

35

68

Restore Hope and UNOSOMc, Somalia,
1992-1994

Hostile

29

27

0

0

2

 

Nonhostile

14

4

0

8

2

 

Total

43

31

0

8

4

Uphold Democracy, Haiti
1994-1996

Nonhostile

4

3

0

0

1

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_operations.xhtml.

a. According to the Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms, as amended through August 31, 2005, a nonhostile casualty is a casualty that is not directly attributable to hostile action or terrorist activity, such as casualties due to the elements, self-inflicted wounds, or combat fatigue. The current version of the Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms, as amended through July 2019, uses the term nonbattle casualty for nonhostile casualty. See https://www.jcs.mil/Portals/36/Documents/Doctrine/pubs/dictionary.pdf?ver=2019-01-30-082945-953.

b. The Department of Defense (DOD) defines a hostile casualty as a person who is the victim of a terrorist activity or who becomes a casualty in action. In action characterizes the casualty as having been the direct result of hostile action, sustained in combat or relating thereto, or sustained going to or returning from a combat mission provided the occurrence was directly related to hostile action. Included are persons killed or wounded mistakenly or accidentally by friendly fire directed at a hostile force or what is thought to be a hostile force. However, not to be considered as sustained in action and not to be interpreted as hostile casualties are injuries or death due to the elements, self-inflicted wounds, combat fatigue, and, except in unusual cases, wounds or death inflicted by a friendly force while the individual is in an absent-without-leave, deserter, or dropped-from-rolls status or is voluntarily absent from a place of duty.

c. United Nations Operation in Somalia (April 1992-March 1993).

Table 3 lists military deaths for the Korean War, the Vietnam Conflict and the Persian Gulf by gender and race and ethnicity.

Table 3. Active Duty Military Deaths: Race/Ethnicity Summary

(as of September 10, 2019)

Race/Ethnicity

Korean War

Vietnam Conflict

Persian Gulf War

Number of Deaths

F

M

F

M

F

M

American Indian or Alaska Native

0

104

0

226

0

3

Asian

0

241

0

139

0

1

Black or African American

0

3,075

0

7,243

3

63

Hispanic or Latino

0

306

0

0

0

1

Hispanic or Latino—One or More Races

0

576

0

350

0

14

More Than One Race or Unknown

0

2,853

0

204

0

3

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

0

148

0

229

0

2

White

2

29,269

8

49,826

12

280

Total

2

36,572

8

58,217

15

367

Percentagea

F

M

F

M

F

M

American Indian or Alaska Native

0

0.3

0

0.4

0

0.8

Asian

0

0.7

0

0.2

0

0.3

Black or African American

0

8.4

0

12.4

20.0

17.2

Hispanic or Latino

0

0.8

0

0

0

0.3

Hispanic or Latino—One or More Races

0

1.6

0

0.6

0

3.8

More Than One Race or Unknown

0

7.8

0

0.4

0

0.8

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

0

0.4

0

0.4

0

0.5

White

0

80.0

0

85.6

80.0

76.3

Source: Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC), https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/Documents/RACE-OMB-WC.pdf.

Notes: Prior to the Korean War, race often went untracked. In the few cases in which race was tracked or recorded, soldiers were given a choice between some variation of "white" or "black"; categories such as "Hispanic or Latino," "Asian," or "Native American" were not used. "F" indicates female, and "M" indicates male. In 2010, Census changed Hispanic as a race to an ethnicity. The definition of Hispanic of Latino origin used in the 2010 Census was as follows: "'Hispanic or Latino' refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race." See Census document. See Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin: 2010 Census Brief, at http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-02.pdf.

a. Percentages of total female or male deaths, divided by ethnicity. For instance, in the Persian Gulf War, 20% of female deaths were black or African American and 80% of female deaths were white.

Table 4. U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths, 1980-2010, Part I: Total Military Personnel

Calendar
Year

Active
Duty

Full-Time (est.)
Guard-Reserve

Selected
Reserve FTEa

Total
Military FTE

Total
Deaths

1980

2,050,758

22,000

86,872

2,159,630

2,392

1981

2,093,032

22,000

91,719

2,206,751

2,380

1982

2,112,609

41,000

97,458

2,251,067

2,319

1983

2,123,909

49,000

100,455

2,273,364

2,465

1984

2,138,339

55,000

104,583

2,297,922

1,999

1985

2,150,379

64,000

108,806

2,323,185

2,252

1986

2,177,845

69,000

113,010

2,359,855

1,984

1987

2,166,611

71,000

115,086

2,352,697

1,983

1988

2,121,659

72,000

115,836

2,309,495

1,819

1989

2,112,128

74,200

117,056

2,303,384

1,636

1990

2,046,806

74,250

137,268

2,258,324

1,507

1991

1,943,937

70,250

184,002

2,198,189

1,787

1992

1,773,996

67,850

111,491

1,953,337

1,293

1993

1,675,269

68,500

105,768

1,849,537

1,213

1994

1,581,649

65,000

99,833

1,746,482

1,075

1995

1,502,343

65,000

94,585

1,661,928

1,040

1996

1,456,266

65,000

92,409

1,613,675

974

1997

1,418,773

65,000

94,609

1,578,382

817

1998

1,381,034

65,000

92,536

1,538,570

827

1999

1,367,838

65,000

93,104

1,525,942

796

2000

1,372,352

65,000

93,078

1,530,430

832

2001

1,384,812

65,000

102,284

1,552,096

943

2002

1,411,200

66,000

149,942

1,627,142

1,051

2003

1,423,348

66,000

243,284

1,732,632

1,399

2004

1,411,287

66,000

234,629

1,711,916

1,847

2005

1,378,014

66,000

220,000

1,664,014

1,929

2006

1,371,533

72,000

168,000

1,611,533

1,882

2007

1,368,226

72,000

168,000

1,608,226

1,953

2008

1,402,227

73,000

207,917

1,683,144

1,440

2009

1,421,668

75,000

144,083

1,640,751

1,515

2010

1,430,985

76,000

178,193

1,685,178

1,485

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_by_year_manner.xhtml, as of November 2011.

Notes: Official DOD end-strengths as of December 31 for military pay accounts. Excludes full-time Guard and Reserve.

a. Full-time equivalent (FTE) is based on official DOD fiscal year end selected reserve strength (10% of the figure is used to estimate days on active duty).

Table 5. U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths, 1980- 2010, Part II: Cause of Death

Calendar
Year

Total
Deaths

Accident

Hostile
Action

Homicide

Illness

Pending

Self-
Inflicted

Terrorist
Attack

Undetermined

1980

2,392

1,556

0

174

419

0

231

1

11

1981

2,380

1,524

0

145

457

0

241

0

13

1982

2,319

1,493

0

108

446

0

254

2

16

1983

2,465

1,413

18

115

419

0

218

263

19

1984

1,999

1,293

1

84

374

0

225

6

16

1985

2,252

1,476

0

111

363

0

275

5

22

1986

1,984

1,199

2

103

384

0

269

0

27

1987

1,983

1,172

37

104

383

0

260

2

25

1988

1,819

1,080

0

90

321

0

285

17

26

1989

1,636

1,000

23

58

294

0

224

0

37

1990

1,507

880

0

74

277

0

232

1

43

1991

1,787

931

147

112

308

0

256

0

33

1992

1,293

676

0

109

252

0

238

1

17

1993

1,213

632

0

86

221

0

236

29

9

1994

1,075

544

0

83

206

0

232

0

10

1995

1,040

538

0

67

174

0

250

7

4

1996

974

527

1

52

173

0

188

19

14

1997

817

433

0

42

170

0

159

0

13

1998

827

445

0

26

174

0

165

3

14

1999

796

439

0

38

154

0

150

0

15

2000

832

429

0

37

180

0

153

17

16

2001

943

461

12

49

197

0

153

46

25

2002

1,051

565

17

54

213

0

174

0

28

2003

1,399

597

312

46

231

1

190

0

22

2004

1,847

605

735

46

256

0

197

0

8

2005

1,929

646

739

54

280

1

182

0

27

2006

1,882

561

769

47

257

8

213

0

27

2007

1,953

561

847

52

237

22

211

0

23

2008

1,440

506

352

47

244

6

259

1

25

2009

1,515

467

346

77

277

19

302

0

27

2010

1,485

424

456

39

238

22

289

0

17

Tables 6 through 8 provide casualty summaries for the Korean War, the Vietnam Conflict and the Persian Gulf War.

Table 6. Korean War: Casualty Summary

(as of September 10, 2019)

Casualty Type

Total

Army

Air Force

Marine Corps

Navy

Killed in Action

23,613

19,715

209

3,320

369

Died of Wounds

2,460

1,887

14

532

27

Missing in Action—Declared Dead

4,817

3,337

991

386

103

Captured—Declared Dead

2,849

2,792

24

29

4

Total Hostile Deaths

33,739

27,731

1,238

4,267

503

Missing—Presumed Dead

8

4

4

0

0

Other Deaths

2,827

2,121

310

242

154

Total Nonhostile Deaths

2,835

2,125

314

242

154

Total In-Theater Deathsa

36,574

29,856

1,552

4,509

657

Total Non-Theater Deaths

17,672

7,277

5,532

1,019

3,844

Total Deaths

54,246

37,133

7,084

5,528

4,501

Killed in Action (No Remains)

1,521

1,072

49

252

148

Died of Wounds (No Remains)

22

22

0

0

0

Missing in Action—Declared Dead (No Remains)

4,549

3,276

807

372

94

Captured—Declared Dead (No Remains)

1,891

1,850

13

25

3

Nonhostile Missing—Presumed Dead (No Remains)

8

4

4

0

0

Nonhostile Other Deaths (No Remains)

84

5

37

6

36

Total—No Remains

8,075

6,229

910

655

281

Wounded—Not Mortal

103,284

77,596

368

23,744

1,576

Number Serving Worldwideb

5,720,000

2,834,000

1,285,000

424,000

1,177,000

Number Serving In-Theaterb

1,789,000

1,153,000

241,000

130,000

265,000

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_korea_sum.xhtml.

a. Inclusive dates are June 25, 1950, to July 27, 1953. Casualty dates after the end date represent servicemembers who were wounded during the period and subsequently died as a result of those wounds and servicemembers who were involved in an incident during the period and were later declared dead.

b. Estimated figures.

Table 7. Vietnam Conflict: Casualty Summary

(as of September 10, 2019)

Casualty Type

Total

Army

Air Force

Marine Corps

Navya

Killed in Action

40,934

27,047

1,080

11,501

1,306

Died of Wounds

5,299

3,610

51

1,486

152

Missing in Action—Declared Dead

1,085

261

589

98

137

Captured—Declared Dead

116

45

25

10

36

Total Hostile Deaths

47,434

30,963

1,745

13,095

1,631

Missing—Presumed Dead

123

118

0

3

2

Other Deaths

10,663

7,143

841

1,746

933

Total Nonhostile Deaths

10,786

7,261

841

1,749

935

Total In-Theater Deaths

58,220

38,224

2,586

14,844

2,566

Killed in Action (No Remains)

575

173

206

102

94

Missing in Action—Declared Dead (No Remains)

691

201

339

74

77

Captured—Declared Dead (No Remains)

52

32

7

3

10

Nonhostile Missing—Presumed Dead (No Remains)

91

86

0

3

2

Nonhostile Other Deaths (No Remains)

332

69

30

37

196

Total—No Remains

1,741

561

582

219

379

Wounded—Not Mortal

153,303

96,802

931

51,392

4,178

Number Serving Worldwideb

8,744,000

4,368,000

1,740,000

794,000

1,842,000

Number Serving Southeast Asia

3,403,000

2,276,000

385,000

513,000

229,000

Number Serving South Vietnam

2,594,000

1,736,000

293,000

391,000

174,000

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_vietnam_sum.xhtml.

Notes: Inclusive dates are November 1, 1955, to May 15, 1975. Casualty dates after the end date represent servicemembers who were wounded during the period and subsequently died as a result of those wounds and those servicemembers who were involved in an incident during the period and were later declared dead.

a. Includes Coast Guard.

b. Estimated figures.

Table 8. Persian Gulf War: Casualty Summary

(Desert Shield and Desert Storm; as of September 10, 2019)

Casualty Type

Total

Army

Air Force

Marine Corps

Navya

Killed in Action

143

96

20

22

5

Died of Wounds

4

2

0

2

0

Missing in Action—Declared Dead

0

0

0

0

0

Captured—Declared Dead

0

0

0

0

0

Total Hostile Deaths

147

98

20

24

5

Missing—Presumed Dead

12

0

2

8

2

Other Deaths

223

126

13

36

48

Total Nonhostile Deaths

235

126

15

44

50

Total In-Theater Deaths

382

224

35

68

55

Total Non-Theater Deaths

1,565

608

299

171

487

Total Deaths

1,947

832

334

239

542

Killed in Action (No Remains)

2

0

0

0

2

Missing in Action (No Remains)

0

0

0

0

0

Captured—Declared Dead (No Remains)

0

0

0

0

0

Nonhostile Missing—Presumed Dead (No Remains)

12

0

2

8

2

Total—No Remains

14

0

2

8

4

Wounded—Not Mortal

467

354

9

92

12

Serving Worldwideb

2,225,000

782,000

561,000

213,000

669,000

Serving In-Theater—Active Duty

584,342

271,654

70,741

90,866

151,081

Serving In-Theater—Recalledc

110,208

78,512

11,666

12,660

7,370

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_gulf_sum.xhtml.

Notes: Inclusive dates are August 7, 1990, to January 15, 1991. Any casualty counted after the end date represents a servicemember who was wounded during the period and subsequently died as a result of those wounds or a servicemember who was in a missing status during part of the war period and later declared dead.

a. Includes Coast Guard.

b. Estimated figures.

c. In times of national emergency declared by the President, Section 12304 of Title 10 U.S.C. permits the President to authorize the involuntarily activation of members of the Selected Reserve and the Individual Ready Reserve for a period up to 365 consecutive days and Section 12302 of Title 10 U.S.C. permits the Service Secretaries to authorize the involuntary activation of members of the Ready Reserve under his or her jurisdiction for a period not to exceed 24 consecutive months.

Tables 9 through 11 provide casualty statistics for OEF, which began on October 7, 2001, and was primarily conducted in Afghanistan. U.S. combat operations in Afghanistan ended on December 31, 2014. Data for OEF are updated on a daily basis. Daily casualty summaries are available at DOD's website at https://www.defense.gov/Newsroom/Casualty-Status/

Tables 10, 11, 13, 14, 16, and 17 provide ethnicity statistics for OEF, OIF, and OND. A U.S. Office of Management and Budget mandate, Directive No. 15, requires all federal record keeping and data presentation to use race and ethnicity categories. For further explanation, see Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity at https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-1997-10-30/pdf/97-28653.pdf.

Table 9. Operation Enduring Freedom:
Casualty Summary by Casualty Category

(as of September 10, 2019)

Casualty Type

Total

Army

Navy

Marine Corps

Air Force

Killed in Action

1,370

999

78

245

48

Died of Woundsa

473

329

7

133

4

Died of Terrorist Activities

2

0

0

0

2

Pendingb

1

0

1

0

0

Total Hostile Deaths

1,846

1,328

86

378

54

Accident

303

194

23

52

34

Illness/Injury

62

40

11

5

5

Homicide

14

10

1

3

0

Self-Inflicted

112

83

5

19

5

Undetermined

10

7

1

1

1

Pendingb

2

0

1

0

0

Total Nonhostile Deaths

503

334

42

82

45

Total Deaths

2,349

1,662

128

460

99

Total Wounded In Action

20,144

14,220

452

4,946

526

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_oef_type.xhtml.

a. Includes those who died of wounds where wounding occurred in the theater and death occurred elsewhere.

b. Pending means final category to be determined at a later date.

Table 10. Operation Enduring Freedom: Military Deaths

(as of September 10, 2019)

 

Totals

Army

Navy

Marine Corps

Air Force

Casualty Type

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile

1,846

1,328

86

378

54

Nonhostile

502

334

42

81

45

Pendinga

1

0

0

1

0

Total

2,349

1,662

128

460

99

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

Female

51

36

3

3

9

Male

2,297

1,626

124

457

90

Not Specified

1

 

1

0

0

Total

2,349

1,662

128

460

99

Officer/Enlisted

 

 

 

 

 

E1-E4

1,121

771

34

293

23

E5-E9

930

681

74

132

43

Officer

298

210

20

35

33

Total

2,349

1,662

128

460

99

Age

 

 

 

 

 

<22

512

336

15

156

5

22-24

536

365

16

137

18

25-30

729

535

38

123

33

31-35

262

186

33

23

20

>35

309

240

25

21

23

Unknown

1

0

1

0

0

Total

2,349

1,662

128

460

99

Component

 

 

 

 

 

Active Duty

2,027

1,380

119

437

91

Reserve

104

68

9

23

4

National Guard

218

214

0

0

4

Total

2,340

1,662

128

460

99

Race

 

 

 

 

 

American Indian or Alaska Native

30

15

7

6

2

Asian

62

47

6

8

1

Black or African American

193

149

10

28

6

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

7

5

0

2

0

White

1,996

1,410

97

411

78

Multiple Races

30

19

6

1

4

Unknown

31

17

2

4

8

Total

2,349

1,662

128

460

99

Ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

Asian (Other)

15

6

2

3

4

Chinese

1

0

0

1

0

Cuban

3

3

0

0

0

Filipino

17

11

3

3

0

Guamanian

9

9

0

0

0

Hispanic or Spanish

95

65

9

18

3

Indian

3

2

0

1

0

Indian Tribes U.S.

18

11

1

4

2

Japanese

1

0

0

0

1

Korean

9

8

1

0

0

Latin American

36

17

3

15

1

Melanesian

1

0

0

0

1

Mexican

39

25

0

13

1

None

1,918

1,344

103

390

81

Other

123

110

3

8

2

Micronesian

3

3

0

0

0

Pacific Islander (Other)

13

11

1

1

0

Polynesian

4

3

1

0

0

Puerto Rican

26

21

0

3

2

Vietnamese

1

1

0

0

0

Not Specified

14

12

1

0

1

Total

2,349

1,662

128

460

99

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_oef_deaths.xhtml.

a. Pending means final category to be determined at a later date.

Table 11. Operation Enduring Freedom: Military Wounded in Action

(as of September 10, 2019)

 

Totals

Army

Navy

Marine Corps

Air Force

Casualty Type

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile

20,144

14,220

452

4,946

526

Total

20,144

14,220

452

4,946

526

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

Female

385

315

6

29

35

Male

19,645

13,905

386

4,894

490

Not Specified

84

0

60

23

1

Total

20,144

14,220

452

4,946

526

Officer/Enlisted

 

 

 

 

 

E1-E4

11,925

7,940

219

3,596

170

E5-E9

6,874

5,211

205

1,152

306

Officer

1,329

1,054

28

197

50

Total

20,128

14,205

452

4,945

526

Age

 

 

 

 

 

<22

4,928

3,070

60

1,767

31

22-24

5,719

3,849

116

1,640

114

25-30

5,922

4,432

125

1,157

208

31-35

1,856

1,481

48

241

86

>35

1,540

1,296

42

117

85

Unknown

179

92

61

24

2

Total

20,144

14,220

452

4,946

526

Component

 

 

 

 

 

Active Duty

17,665

12,112

432

4,675

446

Reserve

803

492

20

271

20

National Guard

1,676

1,616

0

0

60

Total

20,144

14,220

452

4,946

526

Race

 

 

 

 

 

American Indian or Alaska Native

188

116

23

45

4

Asian

390

307

18

58

7

Black or African American

1,408

1,154

30

191

33

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

80

25

9

42

4

White

16,392

12,236

252

3,449

455

Multiple Races

200

133

19

43

5

Unknown

1,486

249

101

1,118

18

Total

20,144

14,220

452

4,946

526

Ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

Aleut

1

1

0

0

0

Asian (Other)

74

37

1

32

4

Chinese

15

9

1

5

0

Cuban

11

4

0

6

1

Eskimo

9

3

0

6

0

Filipino

60

26

11

21

2

Guamanian

7

4

1

2

0

Hispanic or Spanish

431

256

47

125

3

Indian

34

14

2

17

1

Indian Tribes U.S.

53

21

7

23

2

Japanese

9

5

1

3

0

Korean

23

14

1

7

1

Latin American

139

89

9

38

3

Mexican

324

125

5

188

6

None

2,746

1,464

213

598

471

Other

13,671

11,379

8

2,260

24

Micronesian

8

7

1

0

0

Pacific Islander (Other)

37

21

1

15

0

Polynesian

6

3

0

3

0

Puerto Rican

84

58

2

21

3

Vietnamese

10

6

0

4

0

Not Specified

163

52

40

71

0

Unknown

2,229

622

101

1,501

5

Total

20,144

14,220

452

4,946

526

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_oef_wounded.xhtml.

Note: Casualty areas include in and around Afghanistan, Republic of the Philippines, Southwest Asia, and other locations.

Tables 12 through 14 provide casualty statistics for OIF, which began on March 20, 2003. Major combat operations ended on September 1, 2010. These statistics include casualties that occurred between March 19, 2003, and August 31, 2010, in the Arabian Sea, Bahrain, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Persian Gulf, Qatar, Red Sea, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Prior to March 19, 2003, casualties in these countries were considered OEF. Personnel injured in OIF who died after September 1, 2010, are included in OIF statistics.

Table 12. Operation Iraqi Freedom: Casualty Summary by Casualty Category

(as of September 10, 2019)

Casualty Type

Total

Army

Navya

Marine Corps

Air Force

Killed in Action

2,675

1,920

62

664

29

Died of Wounds

799

610

1

188

0

Died While Missing In Action

1

1

0

0

0

Died While Captured

5

5

0

0

0

Died While Detained

1

0

1

0

0

Total Hostile Deaths

3,481

2,536

64

852

29

Accident

570

414

20

122

14

Illness/Injury

98

76

11

6

5

Homicide

37

23

5

7

2

Self-Inflicted

222

179

5

36

2

Undetermined

11

9

2

0

0

Total Nonhostile Deaths

938

701

43

171

23

Total Deaths

4,419

3,237

107

1,023

52

Total Wounded in Action

31,994

22,248

671

8,625

450

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_oif_type.xhtml.

Notes: Includes those who died of wounds where wounding occurred in theater and death occurred elsewhere.

a. Navy totals include Coast Guard.

Table 13. Operation Iraqi Freedom: Military Deaths

(as of September 10, 2019)

 

Totals

 

Army

Navya

Marine Corps

Air Force

Casualty Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile

3,481

 

2,536

64

852

29

Nonhostile

938

 

701

43

171

23

Total

4,419

 

3,237

107

1,023

52

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Female

110

 

89

10

8

3

Male

4,308

 

3,148

97

1,015

49

Not Specified

1

 

0

0

 

 

Total

4,419

 

3,237

107

1,023

52

Officer/Enlisted

 

 

 

 

 

 

E1-E4

2,539

 

1,710

43

774

13

E5-E9

1,450

 

1,198

51

174

26

Officer

430

 

329

13

75

13

Total

4,419

 

3,237

107

1,023

52

Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

<22

1,283

 

789

15

473

6

22-24

1,075

 

791

18

257

9

25-30

1,125

 

875

31

204

16

31-35

428

 

354

17

49

8

>35

507

 

428

26

40

13

Unknown

1

 

0

0

 

 

Total

4,419

 

3,237

107

1,023

52

Component

 

 

 

 

 

 

Active Duty

3,505

 

2,493

82

884

47

Reserve

415

 

247

25

139

3

National Guard

499

 

497

0

0

2

Total

4,419

 

3,237

107

1,023

52

Race

 

 

 

 

 

 

American Indian or Alaska Native

43

 

27

1

15

0

Asian

77

 

63

5

9

0

Black or African American

441

 

374

12

48

7

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

17

 

10

1

6

0

White

3,646

 

2,629

86

892

39

Multiple Races

62

 

46

0

16

0

Unknown

133

 

88

2

37

5

Total

4,419

 

3,237

107

1,023

52

Ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asian (Other)

17

 

8

1

8

0

Chinese

6

 

5

0

1

0

Cuban

3

 

3

0

0

0

Eskimo

1

 

1

0

0

0

Filipino

41

 

29

2

8

2

Guamanian

1

 

1

0

0

0

Hispanic or Spanish

212

 

133

4

75

1

Indian

5

 

4

0

1

0

Indian Tribes U.S.

51

 

35

1

15

0

Japanese

2

 

2

0

0

0

Korean

14

 

11

0

3

0

Latin American

66

 

33

6

27

0

Melanesian

1

 

1

0

0

0

Mexican

136

 

88

1

45

2

None

3,467

 

2,569

91

767

40

Other

242

 

206

0

33

3

Micronesian

6

 

5

0

1

0

Pacific Islander (Other)

28

 

26

0

2

0

Polynesian

10

 

9

0

1

0

Puerto Rican

50

 

48

1

0

1

Vietnamese

6

 

4

0

2

0

Not Specified

54

 

16

0

34

3

Total

4,419

 

3,237

107

1,023

52

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_oif_all.xhtml.

a. Navy totals include one Coast Guard death.

Table 14. Operation Iraqi Freedom: Wounded in Action

(as of September 10, 2019)

 

Totals

Army

Navy

Marine Corps

Air Force

Casualty Type

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile

31,994

22,248

671

8,625

450

Total

31,994

22,248

671

8,625

450

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

Female

627

547

6

41

33

Male

31,238

21,701

548

8,572

417

Not Specified

129

0

117

12

0

Total

31,994

22,248

671

8,625

450

Officer/Enlisted

 

 

 

 

 

E1-E4

19,695

12,517

365

6,639

174

E5-E9

10,413

8,336

265

1,575

237

Officer

1,885

1,395

40

411

39

Total

31,993

22,248

670

8,625

450

Age

 

 

 

 

 

<22

8,896

5,264

135

3,432

65

22-24

8002

5,770

153

1,973

106

25-30

7,548

5,932

140

1,345

131

31-35

3,066

2,559

81

372

54

>35

2,869

2,448

94

234

93

Unknown

1,613

275

68

1,269

1

Total

31,994

22,248

671

8,625

450

Component

 

 

 

 

 

Active Duty

24,965

16,459

561

7,572

373

Reserve

2,846

1,664

110

1,053

19

National Guard

4,183

4,125

0

0

58

Total

31,994

22,248

671

8,625

450

Race

 

 

 

 

 

American Indian or Alaska Native

344

220

25

95

4

Asian

529

414

20

90

5

Black or African American

2,728

2,349

44

306

29

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

57

32

2

21

2

White

25,925

18,066

490

6,999

370

Multiple Races

322

243

15

57

7

Unknown

2,089

924

75

1,057

33

Total

31,994

22,248

671

8,625

450

Ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

Aleut

5

4

0

1

0

Asian (Other)

73

65

1

6

1

Chinese

20

18

0

2

0

Cuban

30

20

2

7

1

Eskimo

6

4

0

2

0

Filipino

126

95

9

18

4

Guamanian

14

13

1

0

0

Hispanic or Spanish

696

509

20

161

6

Indian

63

41

1

21

0

Indian Tribes U.S.

247

182

8

56

1

Japanese

15

12

2

1

0

Korean

57

52

0

3

2

Latin American

198

158

6

32

2

Melanesian

6

4

0

2

0

Mexican

820

550

15

238

17

None

7,145

6,024

191

557

373

Other

13,258

12,718

15

506

19

Micronesian

25

21

2

2

0

Pacific Islander (Other)

85

68

3

12

2

Polynesian

48

48

0

0

0

Puerto Rican

287

258

4

20

5

Vietnamese

30

26

0

4

0

Not specified

1,034

85

38

904

7

Out of range

3

0

0

3

0

Unknown

7,703

1,273

353

6,067

10

Total

31,994

22,248

671

8,625

450

Tables 15 through 17 provide casualty statistics for Operation New Dawn (OND). Following the end of combat operations in Iraq (OIF) on September 1, 2010, use of the term Operation New Dawn began on the same day. Casualties occurred between September 1, 2010, and December 31, 2011, in the Arabian Sea, Bahrain, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Persian Gulf, Qatar, Red Sea, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Personnel injured in OND who die after December 31, 2011, are included in OND statistics.

Table 15. Operation New Dawn: Casualty Summary by Casualty Category

(as of September 10, 2019)

Casualty Category

Total

Army

Navya

Marine Corps

Air Force

Killed in Action

22

22

0

0

0

Died of Woundsb

16

16

0

0

0

Total Hostile Deaths

38

38

0

0

0

Accident

7

4

1

0

2

Illness/Injury

10

8

1

0

1

Homicide

3

3

0

0

0

Self-Inflicted

13

10

2

0

1

Undetermined

3

1

2

0

0

Total Nonhostile Deaths

36

26

6

0

4

Total Deaths

74

64

6

0

4

Total—Wounded in Action

298

295

1

0

2

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_ond_type.xhtml.

a. Navy totals include Coast Guard.

b. Includes those who died of wounds where wounding occurred in theater and death occurred elsewhere. Any casualty counted after the end date represents a servicemember who was wounded during the period and subsequently died as a result of those wounds or a servicemember who was in a missing status during a part of the war period and later declared dead.

Table 16. Operation New Dawn: Military Deaths

(as of September 10, 2019)

 

Totals

Army

Navya

Marine Corps

Air Force

Casualty Type

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile

38

38

0

0

0

Nonhostile

36

26

6

0

4

Total

74

64

6

0

4

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

Female

1

0

1

0

0

Male

73

64

5

0

4

Total

74

64

6

0

4

Officer/Enlisted

 

 

 

 

 

E1-E4

38

33

1

0

4

E5-E9

27

23

4

0

0

Officer

9

8

1

0

0

Total

74

64

6

0

4

Age

 

 

 

 

 

<22

12

10

1

0

1

22-24

15

14

0

0

1

25-30

26

22

2

0

2

31-35

6

6

0

0

0

>35

15

12

3

0

0

Total

74

64

6

0

4

Component

 

 

 

 

 

Active Duty

60

51

5

0

4

Reserve

6

5

1

0

0

National Guard

8

8

0

0

0

Total

74

64

6

0

4

Race

 

 

 

 

 

Asian

1

1

0

0

0

Black or African American

8

6

2

0

0

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

1

1

0

0

0

White

63

55

4

0

4

Multiple Races

1

1

0

0

0

Total

74

64

6

0

4

Ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

Hispanic or Spanish

8

8

0

0

0

None

62

53

5

0

4

Other

1

0

1

0

0

Polynesian

1

1

0

0

0

Puerto Rican

2

2

0

0

0

Total

74

64

6

0

4

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_ond_deaths.xhtml.

a. Navy totals include Coast Guard.

Table 17. Operation New Dawn: Military Wounded in Action

(as of September 10, 2019)

 

Totals

Army

Navy

Marine Corps

Air Force

Casualty Type

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile

298

295

1

0

2

Total

298

295

1

0

2

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

Female

13

11

0

0

1

Male

284

282

0

0

1

Unknown

1

0

1

0

0

Total

298

293

0

0

2

Officer/Enlisted

 

 

 

 

 

E1-E4

179

179

0

0

0

E5-E9

99

97

0

0

2

Officer

20

19

1

0

0

Total

298

295

1

0

2

Age

 

 

 

 

 

<22

62

62

0

0

0

22-24

69

69

0

0

0

25-30

103

102

0

0

1

31-35

28

28

0

0

0

>35

34

33

0

0

1

Unknown

2

1

1

0

0

Total

298

293

1

0

2

Component

 

 

 

 

 

Active

220

218

1

0

1

Reserve

16

16

0

0

0

National Guard

61

61

0

0

1

Total

298

295

1

0

2

Race

 

 

 

 

 

Asian

7

7

0

0

0

Black or African American

39

39

0

0

0

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

1

1

0

0

0

White

243

241

0

0

2

Multiple Races

4

4

0

0

0

Unknown

4

3

1

0

0

Total

298

295

1

0

2

Ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

Cuban

1

1

0

0

0

Hispanic or Spanish

6

6

0

0

0

Korean

2

2

0

0

0

Latin American

3

3

0

0

0

Mexican

3

3

0

0

0

None

27

25

0

0

2

Other

235

235

0

0

0

Pacific Islander (Other)

1

1

0

0

0

Puerto Rican

4

4

0

0

0

Unknown

16

15

1

0

0

Total

298

295

1

0

2

Table 18 lists casualties published by the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Historian's Office. In response to congressional requests, CRS includes Coast Guard casualty data as provided by USCG in addition to DOD data. The USCG, although an armed service, was an agency under the jurisdiction of several federal agencies, including the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT). The Coast Guard remained under USDOT until February 2003, when it was placed within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

Table 18. U.S. Coast Guard Service Casualties by Conflict

(as of January 1, 2016)

War or Conflict

Number Served

Deaths in Action

Wounded

Total Casualties

War of 1812

100a

Unknown

Unknown

Unknown

Mexican War

71 officers

Unknown

Unknown

Unknown

Civil War

219 officers

1

Unknown

Unknown

Spanish-American War

660

1

0

1

World War I

8,835

111b

Unknown

Unknown

World War II

241,093

574c

Unknown

1,917

Korean War

8,500d

0

0

0

Vietnam War

8,000

7

60

67

Mayaguez Incident

8e

0

0

0

Grenada: Operation Urgent Fury

162

0

0

0

Panama: Operation Just Cause

9f

0

0

0

Operation Desert Shield/Storm

400

0

0

0

Kosovo

100

0

0

0

Operation Iraqi Freedom

1,250

1

1

2

Operation Enduring Freedom

27g

0

1

1

Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, United States Coast Guard. "Coast Guard History, Frequently Asked Questions," at https://www.history.uscg.mil/Frequently-Asked-Questions.

a. Number is not exact. https://www.history.uscg.mil/Frequently-Asked-Questions.

b. Includes 81 Coast Guard deaths from other causes (i.e., crashes, accidents, disease, or drowning).

c. There were an additional 1,343 Coast Guard deaths from other causes, such as crashes, accidents, disease, or drowning.

d. Equals the approximate number of Coast Guardsmen who were eligible for the Korean Service Medal.

e. Crewmen on board HC-130B CG-1339 and one Coast Guard officer participating in the U.S. Coast Guard-U.S. Navy Exchange Program on board USS Harold E. Holt (FF-1074).

f. There were six personnel from Group Miami Law Enforcement Detachment (LEDET) stationed aboard the USS Vreeland (FF-1068), which was conducting operations when the ship was diverted for Operation Just Cause. Three other ships were assigned permanently to Panama and were also involved in the conflict. No casualties were incurred.

g. These figures are being updated. Final figure to be determined at a later date.

In an address to the American people on September 10, 2014, President Barack Obama described a four-part strategy to defeat the Islamic State (IS, also known as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)).1 Subsequently, on September 22, 2014, the President authorized U.S. Central Command to carry out military actions against the IS terrorists.2 Tables 19 through 21 provide casualty statistics for Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR). Casualties include those that occurred in Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, the Mediterranean Sea east of 25° longitude, the Persian Gulf, and the Red Sea.

Table 19. Operation Inherent Resolve:
Casualty Summary by Casualty Category

(as of September 10, 2019)

Casualty Category

Total

Army

Navy

Marines

Air Force

Killed in Action

9

4

3

2

0

Died of Wounds

8

6

2

0

0

Total Hostile Deaths

17

10

5

2

0

Accident

27

11

3

1

12

Illness/Injury

13

6

2

0

5

Homicide

2

2

0

0

0

Self-Inflicted

24

12

8

1

3

Undetermined

1

0

1

0

0

Pendinga

2

2

0

0

0

Total Non-Hostile Deaths

69

33

14

2

20

Total Deaths

86

43

19

4

20

Total Wounded in Action

80

40

14

25

1

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_oir_type.xhtml.

a. Pending means final category to be determined at a later date.

Table 20. Operation Inherent Resolve: Military Deaths

(as of September 10, 2019)

 

Totals

Army

Navy

Marine Corps

Air Force

Casualty Type

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile

17

10

5

2

0

Nonhostile

69

33

14

2

20

Total

86

43

19

4

20

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

Female

7

2

3

0

2

Male

79

41

16

4

18

Total

86

43

19

4

20

Officer/Enlisted

 

 

 

 

 

E1-E-4

27

17

7

2

1

E5-E9

39

16

10

2

11

Officer

20

10

2

0

8

Total

86

43

19

4

20

Age

 

 

 

 

 

<22

15

8

5

2

0

22-24

14

8

4

0

2

25-30

22

12

0

1

9

31-35

12

5

5

1

1

>35

23

10

5

0

8

Total

86

43

19

4

20

Component

 

 

 

 

 

Active Duty

68

34

19

4

11

Reserve

9

6

0

0

3

National Guard

9

3

0

0

6

Total

86

43

19

4

20

Race

 

 

 

 

 

American Indian/Alaska Native

1

1

0

0

0

Black or African American

13

9

2

0

2

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

1

0

1

0

0

White

68

33

14

4

17

Multiple Races

2

0

1

0

1

Unknown

1

0

1

0

0

Total

86

43

19

4

20

Ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

Hispanic or Spanish

4

2

1

0

1

Indian Tribes US

1

1

0

0

0

Latin American

3

1

1

0

1

Mexican

1

1

0

0

0

None

69

32

16

3

19

Other

3

3

0

0

0

Puerto Rican

2

2

0

0

0

Not specified

2

1

0

1

0

Total

86

43

19

4

20

Table 21. Operation Inherent Resolve: Military Wounded in Action

(as of September 10, 2019)

 

Totals

Army

Navy

Marines

Air Force

Casualty Type

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile

80

40

14

25

1

Total

80

40

14

25

1

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

Female

 

 

 

 

 

Male

72

39

10

22

1

Not Specified

8

1

4

3

0

Total

80

40

14

25

1

Officer/Enlisted

 

 

 

 

 

E1-E4

25

11

0

14

0

E5-E9

51

27

12

11

1

Officer

4

2

2

0

 

Total

80

40

14

25

1

Age

 

 

 

 

 

<22

11

5

0

6

0

22-24

13

6

0

7

0

25-30

24

14

4

5

1

31-35

15

7

4

4

0

>35

10

7

3

0

0

Unknown

7

1

3

3

0

Total

80

40

14

25

1

Component

 

 

 

 

 

Active Duty

76

36

14

25

1

Reserve

 

 

 

 

 

National Guard

4

4

0

0

0

Total

80

40

14

25

1

Race

 

 

 

 

 

American Indian/Alaska Native

2

1

1

0

0

Black or African American

1

1

0

0

0

White

64

33

8

22

1

Unknown

13

5

5

3

0

Total

80

40

14

25

1

Ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

Hispanic or Spanish

6

6

0

1

0

Indian Tribes US

1

0

1

0

0

Mexican

4

0

1

3

0

None

21

13

5

2

1

Other

30

15

1

14

0

Puerto Rican

1

0

0

1

0

Not Specified

4

2

1

1

0

Unknown

13

4

5

4

0

Total

80

40

14

25

1

In a press statement released by the DOD on December 28, 2014, then-Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel announced that the United States had officially concluded Operation Enduring Freedom and added that the follow-on mission, Operation Freedom's Sentinel (OFS), would begin on January 1, 2015.3 As part of OFS, U.S. forces would remain in Afghanistan to participate in a coalition mission to advise, train, and assist local forces and to conduct counterterrorism operations against the remnants of Al Qaeda.

Tables 22 through 24 provide casualty statistics for OFS.

Table 22. Operation Freedom's Sentinel:
Casualty Summary by Casualty Category

(as of September 10, 2019)

Casualty Type

Total

Army

Navy

Marines

Air Force

Killed in Action

35

23

0

3

9

Died of Wounds

24

24

0

0

0

Total Hostile Deaths

59

47

0

3

9

Accident

12

4

0

0

8

Illness/Injury

2

1

0

0

1

Homicide

1

1

0

0

0

Self-Inflicted

4

4

0

0

0

Pendinga

1

0

1

0

0

Total Non-Hostile Deaths

20

10

1

0

9

Total Deaths

79

57

1

3

18

Total Wounded in Action

465

418

6

15

26

Source: DCAS, https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/report_ofs_type.xhtml.

a. Pending means final category to be determined at a later date.

Table 23. Operation Freedom's Sentinel: Military Deaths

(as of September 10, 2019)

 

Totals

Army

Navy

Marines

Air Force

Casualty Type

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile

59

47

0

3

9

Nonhostile

20

10

1

0

9

Total

79

57

1

3

18

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

Female

4

0

0

0

4

Male

75

57

1

3

14

Total

79

57

1

3

18

Officer/Enlisted

 

 

 

 

 

E1-E4

20

16

0

1

3

E5-E9

49

37

1

2

9

Officer

10

4

0

0

6

Total

79

57

1

3

18

Age

 

 

 

 

 

<22

7

5

0

0

2

22-24

13

12

1

0

0

25-30

23

14

0

1

8

31-35

20

16

0

1

3

>35

16

10

0

1

5

Total

79

57

1

3

18

Component

 

 

 

 

 

Active Duty

69

52

1

0

16

Reserve

3

0

 

3

 

National Guard

7

5

0

0

2

Total

79

57

1

3

18

Race

 

 

 

 

 

Asian

1

1

0

0

0

Black or African American

9

6

0

0

3

White

64

47

1

3

13

Multiple Races

3

3

0

0

0

Unknown

2

0

0

0

2

Total

79

57

1

3

18

Ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

Filipino

2

2

0

0

0

Hispanic or Spanish

3

3

0

0

0

Japanese

1

1

0

0

0

Latin American

1

0

1

0

0

Mexican

3

2

0

0

1

None

59

41

0

2

16

Other

8

6

0

1

1

Puerto Rican

2

2

0

0

0

Total

79

56

1

3

18

Table 24. Operation Freedom's Sentinel: Military Wounded in Action

(as of September 10, 2019)

 

Totals

Army

Navy

Marines

Air Force

Casualty Type

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile

465

418

6

15

26

Total

465

418

6

15

26

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

Female

14

11

0

0

3

Male

448

407

6

12

23

Not Specified

1

0

0

3

0

Total

465

418

6

15

26

Officer/Enlisted

 

 

 

 

 

E1-E4

131

122

1

2

6

E5-E9

278

251

1

9

17

Officer

56

45

4

4

3

Total

465

418

6

15

26

Age

 

 

 

 

 

<22

39

39

0

0

0

22-24

76

69

1

2

4

25-30

172

155

0

3

14

31-35

104

94

1

3

6

>35

68

50

4

3

2

Unknown

6

2

0

4

0

Total

465

418

6

15

26

Component

 

 

 

 

 

Active Duty

402

361

4

12

25

Reserve

16

11

2

3

0

National Guard

47

46

0

0

1

Total

465

418

6

15

26

Race

 

 

 

 

 

American Indian/Alaska Native

2

2

0

0

0

Asian

20

18

0

0

2

Black or African American

39

34

3

1

1

White

384

352

2

9

21

Multiple Races

6

6

0

0

0

Unknown

14

6

1

5

2

Total

465

418

6

15

26

Ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

Asian (other)

10

9

0

0

1

Cuban

2

2

0

0

0

Filipino

4

4

0

0

0

Guamanian

1

1

0

0

0

Hispanic or Spanish

17

15

0

2

0

Indian

1

1

0

0

0

Indian Tribes US

3

3

0

0

0

Japanese

1

1

0

0

0

Korean

1

1

0

0

0

Latin American

1

1

0

0

0

Mexican

16

16

0

0

0

None

132

105

4

3

20

Other

235

227

1

4

3

Pacific Islander (Other)

2

2

0

0

0

Puerto Rican

9

6

1

0

2

Not Specified

16

15

0

1

0

Unknown

14

9

0

5

0

Total

465

418

6

15

26

American Casualties by State and U.S. Territories

This section provides total casualty statistics for fallen U.S. servicemembers by conflict (WWI through Persian Gulf War) and by state and territory. 

The data on World War I are taken from Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015, by Michael Clodfelter, 4th ed. (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2017), p. 433.

The data on World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War, are available from the U.S. National Archives.

Persian Gulf War data are provided by DOD, and are current as of June 2017. 

The data for Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF); Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF); Operation New Dawn (OND); Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR); and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (OFS), are available from the Defense Casualty Analysis System website at https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/casualties.xhtml.

Table 25. World War 1

State

Total Deaths

Total Casualtiesa

Alabama

1,251

5,160

Alaska

6

15

Arizona

150

557

Arkansas

853

2,658

California

1,747

6,650

Canal Zone

2

3

Colorado

537

1,759

Connecticut

1,265

6,625

Delaware

87

303

D.C.

202

773

Florida

467

1,171

Georgia

1,530

4,425

Hawaii

4

13

Idaho

409

1,351

Illinois

4,260

18,264

Indiana

1,510

5,766

Iowa

2,161

7,311

Kansas

1,270

5,182

Kentucky

1,436

5,380

Louisiana

823

2,160

Maine

518

2,090

Maryland

975

3,812

Massachusetts

2,955

13,505

Michigan

2,751

10,369

Minnesota

2,133

7,323

Mississippi

904

2,303

Missouri

2,562

10,385

Montana

934

2,303

Nebraska

855

3,041

Nevada

71

250

New Hampshire

358

1,535

New Jersey

2,367

10,166

New Mexico

228

860

New York

9,196

40,222

North Carolina

1,610

5,799

North Dakota

700

2,560

Ohio

4,082

16,007

Oklahoma

1,471

6,358

Oregon

512

1,577

Pennsylvania

7,898

35,042

Philippines

3

7

Puerto Rico

1

11

Rhode Island

355

1,562

South Carolina

1,138

3,919

South Dakota

554

1,867

Tennessee

1,836

6,190

Texas

2,722

10,133

Utah

302

1,006

Vermont

300

1,170

Virginia

1,635

6,130

Washington

87

3,070

West Virginia

1,063

4,018

Wisconsin

2,649

9,813

Wyoming

233

676

Source: Clodfelter, Michael, Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015, 4th ed. (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2017) p. 433.

a. Includes, Battle Deaths, Wounded in Action (WIA), Missing in Action (MIA), Prisoner of War (POW).

Table 26. World War II

Army and Army Air Force Honor List of Dead and Missing

States and the U.S. Territories

Killed in
Actiona

Died of Woundsb

Died of Injuriesc

Died Non Battled

Finding of Deathe

Missing

Total Casualties

Alabama

2,736

397

9

1,669

284

19

5,114

Alaskaf

22

4

58

6

1

91

Arizona

916

115

2

464

108

8

1,613

Arkansas

2,172

330

9

1,073

217

13

3,814

California

8,885

1,080

36

5,621

1,294

106

17,022

Canal Zoneg

7

1

12

1

21

Colorado

1,483

237

5

777

186

9

2,697

Connecticut

2,602

367

18

1,049

282

29

4,347

Delaware

350

38

1

151

35

4

579

District of Columbia

1,106

157

10

1,487

187

82

3,029

Florida

1,745

226

7

1,282

263

17

3,540

Georgia

3,043

424

12

1,884

320

18

5,701

Hawaiih

480

78

1

113

16

1

689

Idaho

800

111

3

409

88

8

1,419

Illinois

10,921

1,568

57

4,830

1,151

74

18,601

Indiana

4,856

660

20

2,044

511

40

8,131

Iowa

3,282

481

19

1,427

399

25

5,633

Kansas

2,611

364

13

1,190

324

24

4,526

Kentucky

4,064

683

24

1,716

300

15

6,802

Louisiana

1,999

349

19

1,324

259

14

3,964

Maine

1,265

205

9

531

140

6

2,156

Maryland

2,539

412

13

1,147

245

19

4,375

Massachusetts

5,748

824

33

2,667

730

31

10,033

Michigan

7,766

1,164

40

3,066

788

61

12,885

Minnesota

3,793

606

23

1,626

382

32

6,462

Mississippi

1,848

298

12

1,174

207

16

3,555

Missouri

4,660

661

26

2,126

494

36

8,003

Montana

801

123

2

493

123

11

1,553

Nebraska

1,714

243

8

796

206

9

2,976

Nevada

176

23

0

133

17

0

349

New Hampshire

719

85

9

319

69

2

1,203

New Jersey

6,259

873

27

2,570

596

47

10,372

New Mexico

1,023

120

3

771

105

10

2,032

New York

18,076

2,603

97

8,213

2,086

140

31,215

North Carolina

4,088

592

26

2,020

363

20

7,109

North Dakota

1,009

157

4

361

90

5

1,626

Ohio

9,866

1,506

60

4,296

1,032

67

16,828

Oklahoma

3,059

457

14

1,529

397

18

5,474

Oregon

1,501

212

11

890

207

14

2,835

Pennsylvania

15,964

2,362

79

6,412

1,621

116

26,554

Puerto Ricoi

24

6

336

2

10

368

Rhode Island

976

149

4

425

106

9

1,669

South Carolina

1,923

267

10

1,010

189

24

3,423

South Dakota

841

117

3

377

85

3

1,426

Tennessee

3,930

588

14

1,683

296

17

6,528

Texas

8,403

1,166

48

4,935

1,134

78

15,764

Utah

815

90

6

402

128

9

1,450

Vermont

520

74

4

217

54

5

874

Virginia

3,433

491

19

1,746

303

15

6,007

Washington

2,084

292

15

1,239

294

17

3,941

West Virginia

3,041

441

15

1,100

255

13

4,865

Wisconsin

4,096

576

28

1,849

453

36

7,038

Wyoming

384

40

2

177

49

2

652

Source: WWII Army and Army Air Force Casualties, National Archives at https://www.archives.gov/research/military/ww2/army-casualties.

Notes: The Honor List of Dead and Missing was published by the War Department. The data in this table reflect the military personnel between the President's declaration of unlimited national emergency on May 27, 1941, and January 31, 1946. No civilians are included.

a. An individual killed in the battlefield by an enemy action whether at the front or in the rear areas or killed in the prison camp.

b. An individual who was wounded and later died are listed as died of wounds.

c. An individual who suffered fatal battle injuries as opposed to wounds, in combat or in combat areas, and died in a line-of-duty status is designated died of injuries.

d. Other line-of-duty deaths, such as from sickness, homicide, suicide, or accidents, outside combat areas are listed as died nonbattle.

e. Individuals who were determined to be dead under Public Law 490, 77th Congress, are designated as finding of death.

f. Alaska also counted within the U.S. Territories.

g. Panama Canal Zone also counted within the U.S. Territories.

h. Hawaii also counted within the U.S. Territories.

i. Puerto Rico also counted within the U.S. Territories.

Table 27. World War II

Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Personnel

States, U.S. Territories and Possessions of the United States and Foreign Countries

State Summary of War Casualties

 

Dead

Total
Casualtiesa

 

Combat

Prison Camp

 

Alabama

1,063

8

2,519

Alaskabc

14

21

Arizona

278

11

736

Arkansas

788

12

1,801

California

6,446

266

14,018

Canal Zonebc

10

14

Colorado

721

24

1,601

Connecticut

956

12

2,302

Delaware

115

2

239

District of Columbia

343

10

810

Florida

1,072

14

2,314

Georgia

1,040

13

2,944

Guambc

52

1

58

Hawaiibc

74

8

126

Idaho

347

6

774

Illinois

3,594

71

8,967

Indiana

1,426

32

3,652

Iowa

1,340

40

3,000

Kansas

904

31

2,101

Kentucky

1,090

23

2,638

Louisiana

1,019

18

2,497

Maine

399

2

967

Maryland

763

7

1,755

Massachusetts

2,963

33

6,503

Michigan

2,498

32

6,294

Minnesota

1,444

30

3,335

Mississippi

601

22

1,616

Missouri

1,806

44

4,204

Montana

300

8

757

Nebraska

647

23

1,420

Nevada

74

2

196

New Hampshire

321

5

702

New Jersey

2,160

22

5,022

New Mexico

219

5

580

New York

5,159

48

12,186

North Carolina

1,364

14

3,377

North Dakota

303

10

662

Ohio

3,111

37

7,722

Oklahoma

951

30

2,393

Oregon

880

33

1,859

Pennsylvania

4,102

40

10,200

Philippinesbc

222

63

369

Puerto Ricobc

6

7

14

Rhode Island

482

6

994

South Carolina

722

8

1,581

South Dakota

291

8

613

Tennessee

1,182

17

2,762

Texas

3,023

84

7,258

Utah

372

3

833

Vermont

156

3

369

Virginia

1,235

27

2,693

Washington

1,451

54

2,963

West Virginia

951

12

2,295

Wisconsin

1,325

24

3,173

Wyoming

185

2

381

Territories and Possessions of the United States and Foreign Countriesbc

495

77

802

Source: World War II Casualties: Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Personnel, National Archives at https://www.archives.gov/research/military/ww2/navy-casualties.

Notes: Compiled February 1946 by Casualty Section, Office of Public Information Navy Department. Casualties listed represents only those on active duty in the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard, resulting directly from enemy action or from operational activities against the enemy in war zones from December 7, 1941, to December 31, 1946. Casualties which occurred in the United States, or as result of disease, homicide, or suicide anywhere are not included.

a. Includes Dead, Missing, Wounded, and Released Prisoners. The list does not include casualties occurred in the United States, and a result of disease, homicide, or suicide in any location.

b. Navy Department states "Inclusion of names in this compilation is based on the residence of designated next of kin at the time of casualty. All personnel in the Naval Services are American citizens and have or have had United States addresses." A number of World War II casualties whose next of kin resides in foreign countries or U.S. Territories and possessions also have relatives in the United States."

c. The Territories and Possessions of the United States and Foreign Countries compilation includes Philippine Islands, Hawaii, Canada, China, Guam, Alaska, Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, Mexico, South America, Switzerland, Virgin Islands, British West Indies, Cuba, Denmark, Dominican Republic, England, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Newfoundland, Poland, Samoa, and Scotland.

Table 28. Korean War

U.S. Military Fatal Casualties of the Korean War for Home State of Record

State

Total Deaths

Alabama

700

Alaska

10

American Samoa

1

Arizona

247

Arkansas

467

California

2,611

Canal Zone

1

Colorado

305

Connecticut

326

Delaware

45

D.C.

158

Florida

577

Georgia

757

Guam

2

Hawaii

407

Idaho

131

Illinois

1,789

Indiana

921

Iowa

528

Kansas

429

Kentucky

886

Louisiana

610

Maine

242

Maryland

531

Massachusetts

866

Michigan

1,492

Minnesota

725

Mississippi

423

Missouri

944

Montana

137

Nebraska

318

Nevada

37

New Hampshire

137

New Jersey

836

New Mexico

200

New York

2,373

North Carolina

805

North Dakota

177

Ohio

1,823

Oklahoma

625

Oregon

276

Pennsylvania

2,401

Puerto Rico

764

Rhode Island

149

South Carolina

483

South Dakota

160

Tennessee

844

Texas

1,779

Utah

141

Vermont

94

Virgin Islands

76

Virginia

882

Washington

488

West Virginia

814

Wisconsin

747

Wyoming

60

Source: State-Level Lists of Fatal Casualties of the Korean War (6/28/1950 - 3/10/1954), National Archives at https://www.archives.gov/research/military/korean-war/casualty-lists/state-level-alpha.html.

Notes: The National Archives and Records Administration prepared these state-level casualty lists by creating extracts from the Korean War (The Korean War began on June 25, 1950. The conflict ended with the signing of an armistice on July 27, 1953) Extract Data File, as of April 29, 2008, of the Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) Files, part of Record Group 330: Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. The lists are based on the "home of record - state" data provided by the servicemember upon last entrance into military service.

Table 29. Vietnam War

U.S. Military Fatal Casualties of the Vietnam War for Home State of Record

State

Total Deaths

Alabama

1,208

Alaska

57

American Samoa

4

Arizona

619

Arkansas

592

California

5,575

Canal Zone

2

Colorado

623

Connecticut

612

Delaware

122

District of Columbia

242

Florida

1,954

Georgia

1,581

Guam

70

Hawaii

276

Idaho

217

Illinois

2,936

Indiana

1,534

Iowa

851

Kansas

627

Kentucky

1,056

Louisiana

885

Maine

341

Maryland

1,014

Massachusetts

1,331

Michigan

2,657

Minnesota

1,077

Mississippi

636

Missouri

1,418

Montana

267

Nebraska

396

Nevada

149

New Hampshire

226

New Jersey

1,487

New Mexico

395

New York

4,119

North Carolina

1,613

North Dakota

199

Ohio

3,094

Oklahoma

987

Oregon

710

Pennsylvania

3,147

Puerto Rico

345

Rhode Island

209

South Carolina

895

South Dakota

192

Tennessee

1,295

Texas

3,415

Utah

361

Vermont

100

Virgin Islands

15

Virginia

1,305

Washington

1,047

West Virginia

733

Wisconsin

1,161

Wyoming

119

Source: State-Level Lists of Fatal Casualties of the Vietnam War (6/8/1956 - 5/28/2006), National Archives at https://www.archives.gov/research/military/vietnam-war/casualty-lists/state-level-alpha.html.

Notes: The National Archives and Records Administration prepared these state-level casualty lists by creating extracts from the Vietnam Conflict Extract Data File, as of April 29, 2008, of the Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) Files, part of Record Group 330: Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. The lists are based on the "home of record - state" data provided by the servicemember upon last entrance into military service.

Table 30. Persian Gulf War

U.S. Military Fatal Casualties of the Persian Gulf War for Home State of Record

State

Total Deaths

Alabama

16

Alaska

1

Arizona

5

Arkansas

5

California

25

Colorado

5

Connecticut

7

Delaware

2

District of Columbia

0

Florida

19

Georgia

10

Guam

1

Hawaii

1

Idaho

1

Illinois

15

Indiana

11

Iowa

6

Kansas

5

Kentucky

6

Louisiana

7

Maine

2

Maryland

6

Massachusetts

8

Michigan

13

Minnesota

7

Mississippi

5

Missouri

11

Montana

1

Nebraska

0

Nevada

0

New Hampshire

5

New Jersey

7

New Mexico

2

New York

30

North Carolina

13

North Dakota

1

Ohio

14

Oklahoma

1

Oregon

4

Pennsylvania

29

Rhode Island

1

Puerto Rico

1

South Carolina

2

South Dakota

0

Tennessee

9

Texas

19

Utah

3

Vermont

0

Virgin Islands

1

Virginia

14

Washington

9

West Virginia

4

Wisconsin

10

Wyoming

1

Source: The Persian Gulf War data are provided by the U.S. Department of Defense, and are current as of June 2017.

Resources

This section provides information on authoritative sources for statistics; demographic indicators by conflict; websites for additional sources of research; and other publications including related CRS reports.

Sources of Statistics

The Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC) provides detailed historical tables as well as annual statistics on active duty military deaths. DMDC also lists names of the fallen for Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation New Dawn, Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Inherent Resolve, and Operation Freedom's Sentinel.

https://dcas.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/casualties.xhtml

The Office of the Historian, U.S. Coast Guard, provides a historical table listing the number of U.S. Coast Guardsmen who served and the number of casualties incurred in conflicts from the War of 1812 to Operation Iraqi Freedom. Click on "What wars & other conflicts did the Coast Guard participate in?"

https://www.history.uscg.mil/Frequently-Asked-Questions/

Sources of Published Lists of Names of War Dead or Other Demographic Indicators

The Congressional Research Service receives many requests for lists of war dead. Names of the fallen are often engraved on memorials, mentioned in tributes, or used for other ceremonial purposes. The names of U.S. military personnel killed in major wars and other combat actions are published in the following sources:

World War I

Soldiers of the Great War, Volume 1-3 from the collection of the Harvard University Library. Available through the Internet Archive at https://archive.org/details/SoldiersOfTheGreatWarV1.

The American Battle Monuments Commission

The American Battle Monuments Commission's (ABMC's) "Burials and Memorializations" webpage lists the names of servicemembers buried or memorialized in ABMC cemeteries overseas. The database allows searching by name, conflict (beginning with World War I), branch of service, unit number, state of entry, cemetery or memorial, and date of death.

http://www.abmc.gov/database-search

World War II

Military Personnel Casualty Lists

The National Archives' Online Public Access catalog allows the public to search the archives' military personnel casualty lists. The site may be accessed by clicking on "Military Personnel" under the heading for "Genealogy/Personal History" at https://aad.archives.gov/aad/.

The American Battle Monuments Commission

ABMC's "Burials and Memorializations" webpage lists the names of servicemembers buried or memorialized in ABMC cemeteries overseas. The database allows searching by name, conflict (beginning with World War I), branch of service, unit number, state of entry, cemetery or memorial, and date of death.

http://www.abmc.gov/database-search

Korean War

Korea State-Level Casualty Lists

The National Archives publishes casualty lists that may be searched by home state of record.

http://www.archives.gov/research/military/korean-war/casualty-lists/state-level-alpha.html

The American Battle Monuments Commission

ABMC's "Burials and Memorializations" webpage lists the names of servicemembers buried or memorialized in ABMC cemeteries overseas. The database allows searching by name, conflict (beginning with World War I), branch of service, unit number, state of entry, cemetery or memorial, and date of death.

http://www.abmc.gov/database-search

Vietnam War

Vietnam State-Level Casualty Lists

The National Archives publishes casualty lists that may be searched by home state of record.

http://www.archives.gov/research/military/vietnam-war/casualty-lists/state-level-alpha.html

The American Battle Monuments Commission

ABMC's "Burials and Memorializations" webpage lists the names of servicemembers buried or memorialized in ABMC cemeteries overseas. The database allows searching by name, conflict (beginning with World War I), branch of service, unit number, state of entry, cemetery or memorial, and date of death.

http://www.abmc.gov/database-search

Persian Gulf War (Operations Desert Storm and Desert Shield)

Persian Gulf War State-Level Casualty Lists

The National Archives publishes casualty lists that may be searched by home state of record.

http://aad.archives.gov/aad/display-partial-records.jsp?f=4773&mtch=385&q=persian+gulf+war&cat=GP21&dt=2514&tf=F&bc=sl

Global War on Terror/Overseas Contingency Operations

Operation Enduring Freedom Casualties

The National Archives publishes casualty lists that may be searched by home state of record.

http://aad.archives.gov/aad/display-partial-records.jsp?s=4772&dt=2514&tf=F&bc=%2Csl%2Cfd&q=Operation+Enduring+Freedom&btnSearch=Search&as_alq=&as_anq=&as_epq=&as_woq=

Operation Iraqi Freedom Casualties

The National Archives publishes casualty lists that may be searched by home state of record.

http://aad.archives.gov/aad/display-partial-records.jsp?s=4772&dt=2514&tf=F&bc=%2Csl%2Cfd&q=Operation+Iraqi+Freedom&btnSearch=Search&as_alq=&as_anq=&as_epq=&as_woq=

Past Conflicts' Source

Defense Prisoner of War and Missing in Action Accounting Agency

Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency's (DPAA's) mission is to "Provide the fullest possible accounting for our missing personnel to their families and the nation" by locating the remains, repatriating, or determining the whereabouts of missing Americans. At present more than 81,000 Americans are missing from World War II, the Korean War, the Cold War, Vietnam, and the Iraq and other conflicts. Names of those who have been accounted for can be found on the DPAA's "Recently Accounted For" webpage at http://www.dpaa.mil/Our-Missing/Recently-Accounted-For/.

Wars Prior to World War I

Lists of casualties that are not available from a central source may in some cases be available at the state level from each state's or commonwealth's adjutant general's office or from military history detachments, military museums, state libraries, or archives. The National Guard Association, at https://www.ngaus.org/states-territories/state-association-directory, provides links to contacts for National Guard information in all 50 states as well as District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Additional Websites

U.S. Casualty Status is a daily update of casualties published by DOD for OEF, OIF, OND, OIR, and OFS.

https://www.defense.gov/Newsroom/Casualty-Status/DOD News Releases contain daily news, including military personnel fatalities by name under the heading "DOD Identifies Casualty."

http://www.defense.gov/releases/

CRS Reports

CRS Report R41084, Afghanistan Casualties: Military Forces and Civilians, by Susan G. Chesser.

CRS Report RS22452, A Guide to U.S. Military Casualty Statistics: Operation Freedom's Sentinel, Operation Inherent Resolve, Operation New Dawn, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation Enduring Freedom, by Hannah Fischer.

CRS Report R42738, Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2019, by Barbara Salazar Torreon and Sofia Plagakis.

CRS Report RS21405, U.S. Periods of War and Dates of Recent Conflicts, by Barbara Salazar Torreon.

Author Contact Information

Nese F. DeBruyne, Senior Research Librarian ([email address scrubbed], [phone number scrubbed])

Footnotes

1.

David Hudson, "President Obama: 'We Will Degrade and Ultimately Destroy ISIL,'" The White House Blog, September 10, 2014, at https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/blog/2014/09/10/president-obama-we-will-degrade-and-ultimately-destroy-isil.

2.

The White House, Office of the Press Secretary, "Statement by the President on Airstrikes in Syria," September 23, 2014, at https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2014/09/23/statement-president-airstrikes-syria.

3.

"Statement by Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel on Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Freedom's Sentinel," DOD News Release, December 28, 2014, at https://www.defense.gov/Newsroom/Releases/Release/Article/605332/statement-by-secretary-of-defense-chuck-hagel-on-operation-enduring-freedom-and/.