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The Committee Markup Process in the House of Representatives

At the beginning of a markup, committee members often make opening statements, usually not exceeding five minutes apiece. The first...

Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects

When federal agencies and programs lack funding after the expiration of full-year or interim appropriations, the agencies and programs...

Military Benefits for Former Spouses: Legislation and Policy Issues

In 1981, the Supreme Court ruled that the former spouse of a military member or retiree could not be awarded any share of that...

Lifting the Earmark Moratorium: Frequently Asked Questions

While the term earmark has been used historically to describe various types of congressional spending actions, since the 110th Congress...

Yemen: Peace Talks and Current Congressional Action

Overview On December 6, 2018, the warring parties to the conflict in Yemen convened in Sweden under the auspices of the United Nations...

Speaking on the House Floor: Gaining Time and Parliamentary Phraseology

House rules and precedents structure Members’ opportunities to speak on the floor about pending legislation. Under some circumstances,...

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Supreme Court Appointment Process: President’s Selection of a Nominee

The appointment of a Supreme Court Justice is an event of major significance in American politics. Each appointment is of consequence...

Income Eligibility and Rent in HUD Rental Assistance Programs: Frequently Asked Questions

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) administers five main rental assistance programs that subsidize rents for...

The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the House Floor

Article 1, Section 2 of the Constitution sets a term of office of two years for all Members of the House. One House ends at the...

Committee Types and Roles

Congress divides its legislative, oversight, and internal administrative tasks among more than 200 committees and subcommittees. Within...
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