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Staff Pay Levels for Selected Positions in Senators’ Offices, FY2001-FY2020

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Staff Pay Levels for Selected Positions in Senators' Offices, FY2001-FY2015

November 9, 2016FY2018 Updated June 11, 2019 (R44324)
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Contents

Summary

The levelLevels of pay for congressional staff isare a source of recurring questions among Members of Congress, congressional staff, and the public. There may be interest in congressional pay data from multiple perspectives, including assessment of the costs of congressional operations;, guidance in setting pay levels for staff in Member offices;, or comparison of congressional staff pay levels with those of other federal government pay systems.

This report provides pay data for 16 staff position titles that are typically usedfound in Senators' offices. The positions include the following: Administrative Director, Casework Supervisor, Caseworker, Chief of Staff, Communications Director, Constituent Services Representative, Counsel, Executive Assistant, Field Representative, Legislative Assistant, Legislative Correspondent, Legislative Director, Press Secretary, Scheduler, "Specials Director" (a combined category that includes the job titles Director of Projects, Director of Special Projects, Director of Federal Projects, Director of Grants, Projects Director, or Grants Director), Staff Assistant, and State Director.

Tables provide tabular pay data for each of the selected staff positions in a Senator's office. Graphic displays are also included, providing representations of pay from three perspectives, including the following:

  • a line graph showing change in pay;
  • a comparison at 5-, 10-, and 15-year intervals from FY2015, depending on data availability, of the cumulative percentage change in pay for that position to changes in pay of Members of Congress and federal civilian workers paid under the General Schedule in Washington, DC, and surrounding areas; and
  • distributions of FY2015 pay in $10,000 increments.

In the past five years (FY2011 and FY2015), the change in median pay, in constant 2016 dollars, ranged from a 9.86% increase for press secretaries to a -26.05% decrease for specials directors. Eight of the 16 positions experienced increases in pay, while the remaining eight positions saw declines in pay. This may be compared to changes to the pay of Members of Congress, -5.10%, and General Schedule, DC, -3.19%, over approximately the same period (calendar years 2011-2015).

Pay data for staff working in House Member offices are available in CRS Report R44323, Staff Pay Levels for Selected Positions in House Member Offices, 2001-2014. Data describing the pay of congressional staff working in House and Senate committee offices are available in CRS Report R44322, Staff Pay Levels for Selected Positions in House Committees, 2001-2014, and CRS Report R44325, Staff Pay Levels for Selected Positions in Senate Committees, FY2001-FY2014, respectively.

Information about the duration of staff employment is available in CRS Report R44683, Staff Tenure in Selected Positions in House Committees, 2006-2016, CRS Report R44685, Staff Tenure in Selected Positions in Senate Committees, 2006-2016, CRS Report R44682, Staff Tenure in Selected Positions in House Member Offices, 2006-2016, and CRS Report R44684, Staff Tenure in Selected Positions in Senators' Offices, 2006-2016.


Staff Pay Levels for Selected Positions in Senators' Offices, FY2001-FY2015

Introduction

Staff Assistant, and State Director. The following table provides the change in median pay levels for these positions, in constant 2019 dollars between FY2017 and FY2018.

Percentage Change in Median Pay for Selected Staff In Senators' Offices, FY2017-FY2018

Position

FY17-FY18

Position

FY17-FY18

Administrative Director

-2.36%

Field Representative

-3.86%

Casework Supervisor

-3.21%

Legislative Assistant

8.04%

Caseworker

-18.02%

Legislative Correspondent

-2.13%

Chief of Staff

-2.38%

Legislative Director

4.81%

Communications Director

-0.38%

Press Secretary

-10.67%

Constituent Services Representative

-0.18%

Scheduler

-11.24%

Counsel

4.94%

Staff Assistant

4.68%

Executive Assistant

7.85%

State Director

-0.60%

Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Change is based on constant 2019 dollars.

Report tables provide aggregate statistics on pay for each staff position for FY2001, FY2004, FY2009, and FY2014-FY2018, including quartiles, the median, and average pay. Complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request. Graphic displays are also included, providing representations of pay from two perspectives, including the following:

  • a line graph showing change in median pay, FY2001-FY2018, in nominal (current) and constant 2019 dollars; and
  • distributions of FY2018 pay in constant 2019 dollars, in $10,000 increments.

The Congressional Research Service provides a number of products on staffing issues. These can be found in CRS Report R44688, Congressional Staff: CRS Products on Size, Pay, and Job Tenure.

Introduction

Levels of pay for congressional staff are a source of recurring questions among Members of Congress, congressional staff, and the public. Senators set the terms and conditions of employment for staff in their offices. This includesThese include job titles and descriptions,; rates of pay, subject to minimum and maximum levels,;1 and resources available to them to carry out their official duties.2 There may be interest in congressional pay data from multiple perspectives, including assessment of the costs of congressional operations, guidance in setting pay levels for staff in MemberSenators' offices, or comparison of congressional staff pay levels with those of other federal government pay systems.

Publicly available information sources do not provide aggregated congressional staff pay data in a readily retrievable form. The most recent publicly available Senate staff compensation report was issued in 2006,3 and relied on anonymous, self-reported survey data. Data in this report are based on official, retrievable Senate reports, which afford the opportunity to use consistently collected data from a consistent, authoritative source. Pay4 information in this report is based on the Senate's Report of the Secretary of the Senate, published semiannually, in periods from April 1 to September 30, and October 1 to March 31,5 as collated by LegiStorm, a private entity that provides some congressional data by subscription.6 Additionally, this report provides annual data, which allowsAnnual data allow for observations about the nature of Senators' personal staff compensation over time.

This report provides pay data for 16 staff position titles that are typically usedfound in Senators' offices.7 The positions include the following:

  • Administrative Director8
  • Casework Supervisor9
  • 8
  • Caseworker10
  • 9
  • Chief of Staff
  • Communications Director
  • Counsel11
  • Constituent Services Representative
  • Counsel
  • Executive Assistant
  • Field Representative12
  • 10
  • Legislative Assistant
  • Legislative Correspondent
  • Legislative Director
  • Press Secretary
  • Scheduler
  • "Specials Director," a combined category that includes the job titles Director of Projects, Director of Special Projects, Director of Federal Projects, Director of Grants, Projects Director, or Grants Director
  • Staff Assistant
  • State Director

Staff Assistant

  • State Director
  • The collection of Senators' staff pay data for FY2001-FY2015 were derived from a random sampling of Senators' offices in which at least one staff member worked in a position in each yearFY2018 proceeded as follows. For each fiscal year, FY2001-FY2015, a random sample1311 of 25 Senators' offices was taken for each position. In order to be included, Senate staff had to hold a position with the same job title in the Senator's office for the entire fiscal year examined, and not receive pay from any other congressional employing authority. For some positions, it was not possible to identify 25 offices that employed staff for an entire year. In circumstances when data for 14 or fewer staff were identified for a position, this report provides no data. to be included. Generally, each position has no more than one observation per Senator's office each fiscal year. Every recorded payment ascribed in the LegiStorm data to those staff for the fiscal year is included.14 in the calculation of a staffer's annual pay. Data collected for this report may differ from an employee's stated annual salary due to the inclusion of overtime, bonuses, or other payments1512 in addition to base salary paid in the course of a year. Generally, each position has no more than one observation per Senator's office each fiscal year.

    Pay data for staff working in House Member offices are available in CRS Report R44323, Staff Pay Levels for Selected Positions in House Member Offices, 2001-2014. Data describing the pay of congressional staff working in House and Senate committee offices are available in CRS Report R44322, Staff Pay Levels for Selected Positions in House Committees, 2001-2014, and CRS Report R44325, Staff Pay Levels for Selected Positions in Senate Committees, FY2001-FY2014, respectively.16

    For some positions, it was not possible to identify 25 offices that employed staff in some positions for an entire year. In circumstances when data for 10 or fewer staff were identified for a position, this report provides no data.

    The Congressional Research Service provides a number of products on staffing issues. These can be found in CRS Report R44688, Congressional Staff: CRS Products on Size, Pay, and Job Tenure.

    Data Concerns

    There may be some advantages to relying on official salary expenditure data instead of survey findings, but data presented here are subject to some challenges that could affect findings or their interpretation. Some of the concerns include the following:

    • Data are lacking for first-term Senators in the first session of a Congress. TheSince periods of time covered by the Report of the Secretary of the Senate overlap the end of one Congress and convening of the next. This report provides no data for first-term Senators in, data are not available for first-term Senators in the first session of a Congress. Data presented in this report do not include staff serving in the offices of first-term Senators during the first nine months of their service.17
    • 13
    • The Report of the Secretary of the Senate reports monies paid directly by the Senate to staff, but does not provide the individual value of other components of compensation, which might include paid leave or employer contributions to various insurance and retirement benefits.
    • Pay data provide no insight into the education, work experience, position tenure, full- or part-time status of staff, or other potential explanations for levels of compensation.
    • Staff could be based in Washington, DC, state offices, or both.
    • Potential differences might exist in the job duties of positions with the same title. Aggregation of pay by job title rests on the assumption that staff with the same title carry out the same or similar tasks. Given the wide discretion congressional employing authorities have in setting the terms and conditions of employment, there may be differences in the duties of similarly titled staff that could have effects on their levels of pay. Acknowledging the imprecision inherent in congressional job titles, an older edition of the Senate Handbook states, "Throughout the Senate, individuals with the same job title perform vastly different duties."18

    14Data Tables and Visualizations

    Tables in this section provide background information on Senate pay practices, comparative data for each position, and detailed data and visualizations for each position. Table 1 provides the maximum payable rates for staff in Senators' offices since 2001 in both nominal (current) and constant 20162019 dollars.

    Constant dollar calculations throughout the report are based on the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for various years, expressed in constant, 2016 2019 dollars.19

    15

    Table 2 provides available cumulative percentage changes in median pay in constant 20162019 dollars for each of the 16 positions, Members of Congress,2016 and salaries paid under the General Schedule in Washington, DC, and surrounding areas, and in the Rest of the United States (RUS) area.17.21 Table 3 through 3-Table 18 provide tabular pay data for Senators' staff positions. The numbers of staff whose data were counted are identified as observations in the data tables. Graphic displays are also included, providing representations of pay from three perspectives, including the following:

    • a line graph showing change in pay, depending on data availability, in nominal (current) and constant 2016 dollars;
    • a comparison at 5-, 10-, and 15-year intervals from FY2015,22 dependingeach staff position for FY2001, FY2004, FY2009, and FY2014-FY2018, including data distributed by quartile, including the median, as well as average pay. The numbers of staff for which data were counted are identified as "Number" in the data tables. Staff pay tables also provide a comparison, at various intervals to FY2018, based on data availability, of the cumulative percentage change in median pay forpay of that position to changes in pay, in constant 2016 dollars, of Members of Congress and federal civilian workers paid under the General Schedule in Washington, DC, and surrounding areas; and
    • distributions of FY2015 pay, in 2016 dollars, in $10,000 increments.

    Between FY2011 and FY2015, the2019 dollars.

    Graphic displays are also included for each position, providing representations of pay from two perspectives, including the following:

    • a line graph showing change in median pay, FY2001-FY2018, in nominal (current) and constant 2019 dollars; and
    • distributions of FY2018 pay in 2019 dollars, in $10,000 increments.
    Table 1. Annual Maximum Pay for Selected Staff in Senators' Offices, 2001-2019 change in median23 pay, in constant 2016 dollars, ranged from a 9.86% increase for press secretaries to a -26.05% decrease for specials directors. Of the 16 positions, half saw pay increases, while the other half saw pay decreases during the five-year period. This may be compared to changes in the pay of Members of Congress, -5.1%, and General Schedule, DC, -3.19%, over approximately the same period (calendar years 2011-2015).

    Between FY2006 and FY2015, the change in median pay, in constant 2016 dollars, ranged from a 15.69% increase for field representatives to a -18.96% decrease for executive assistants. Of the 16 staff positions, 4 saw pay increases while 12 saw declines. This may be compared to changes in the pay of Members of Congress, -10.41%, and General Schedule, DC, -0.13%, over approximately the same period (calendar years 2006-2015).

    Between FY2001 and FY2015, the change in median pay, in constant 2016 dollars, ranged from a 27.09% increase for state directors to a -19.64% decrease for press secretaries. Of 15 staff positions for which data were available between FY2001 and FY2015,24 7 positions saw pay increases while 8 saw declines. This may be compared to changes in the pay of Members of Congress, -10.4%, and General Schedule, DC, 7.36%, over approximately the same period (calendar years 2001-2015).

    Table 1. Annual Maximum Pay for Selected Staff In Senators' Offices, 2001-2015

    Year

    Nominal $

    Constant 20162019 $

    2001

    $140,559

    $201,753

    2002

    $145,459

    $205,536

    2003

    $150,159

    $207,450

    2004

    $153,459

    $206,509

    2005

    $157,559

    $205,078

    2006

    $160,659

    $202,579

    2007

    $160,659

    $196,968

    2008

    $164,759

    $194,526

    2009

    $169,459

    $200,790

    2010

    $169,459

    $197,549

    2011

    $169,459

    $191,504

    2012

    $169,459

    $187,622

    2013

    $169,459

    $184,913

    2014

    $169,459

    $181,961

    2015

    $169,459

    $181,746

    2016

    $169,459

    $179,482

    2017

    $169,459

    $175,736

    2018

    $169,459

    $171,548

    2019

    $169,459

    $169,459
    $

    2001

    $140,559

    $189,514

    2002

    $145,459

    $193,068

    2003

    $150,159

    $194,866

    2004

    $153,559

    $194,109

    2005

    $157,559

    $192,638

    2006

    $160,659

    $190,290

    2007

    $160,659

    $185,020

    2008

    $164,759

    $182,726

    2009

    $169,459

    $188,610

    2010

    $169,459

    $185,566

    2011

    $169,459

    $179,888

    2012

    $169,459

    $176,240

    2013

    $169,459

    $173,696

    2014

    $169,459

    $170,924

    2015

    $169,459

    $170,721

    Source: 2 U.S.C. 4575, note, CRS calculations. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 2. Change in Median Pay for Selected Staff In Senators' Offices, Selected Periods

    FY01-FY18

    3.05%

    -15.64%

    -13.27%

    1.12%

    5. -33.13%

    -10.573.91%

    -1.80%

    7.03%

    -12.22%

    5.63%

    3.76%

    23.50%

    -14.56%

    8.19%

    Congressional Staff PositionsPay Change Summary          

    7

    7.36%

     

    Change
    ( Based on Constant, 20162019 Dollars)

     

    5 Years

    FY11-15

    10 Years

    FY06-15

    15 Years

    FY01-15

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    Administrative Director

    -7.372.36%

    0.88%

    2.313.93%

    21.65%

    Casework Supervisor

    1.75-3.21% 3.83%

    -4.249.81%

    14.620.30% 13.49%

    Caseworker

    4.72-18.02%

    -13.96%

    -9.205.04%

    3.326.52%

    Chief of Staff

    -5.102.38%

    -5.49%

    -8.4815.90%

    -5.9511.23%

    Communications Director

    5.83-0.38%

    1.853.84%

    8.74-6.77%

    4.65%

    Counsel

    Constituent Services Representative

    -0.18%

    11.96%

    11.96%

    3.28%

    15.97%

    Counsel

    4.94%

    -0.44%

    -7.128.64%

    -8.3911.75% -3.94%

    Executive Assistant

    -7.927.85%

    -19.03%

    -18.9632.08%

    -7.7020.77%

    Field Representative

    -3.86%

    -6.49%

    -15.0015.69%

    7.87-4.45%

    Legislative Assistant

    -8.788.04%

    6.94%

    -5.062.27%

    -6.420.80%

    Legislative Correspondent

    -0.822.13%

    -3.191.86%

    -1.22%

    Legislative Director

    0.01%

    -0.44%

    5.5555%

    -0.33%

    2.21%

    Legislative Director

    4.81%

    5.12%

    -6.56%

    4.76%

    Press Secretary

    9.86-10.67%

    3.85%

    -4.6516.61%

    -19.6426.63%

    Scheduler

    -7.4411.24% 1.18%

    -7.2211.48%

    -3.44%

    12.30%

    Staff Assistant

    4.68%

    Specials Director

    -26.050.64%

    -11.1714.68%

    -17.140.35%

    Staff Assistant

    State Director

    -0.600.09%

    -12.472.99%

    -4.624.38%

    5.81%

    State Director

    Members of Congress

    3.89-2.38%

    -5.72%

    13.53-17.21%

    27.09-15.43%

    Members of Congress

    General Schedule, DC

    -5.100.14%

    -10.411.66%

    -10.404.77%

    1.16%

    General Schedule, DC

    Rest of U.S.

    -3.190.75%

    -0.1346%

    -7.29%

    -5.91%

    -0.34%

    Increase

    5

    11

    3

    6

    9

    Decrease

    11

    5

    13

    10

    Source: CRS calculations, based on pay data provided in Table 3-Table 183-Table 18 for congressional positions in constant, 20162019 dollars,; CRS Report 97-1011, Salaries of Members of Congress: Recent Actions and Historical Tables, by [author name scrubbed]Ida A. Brudnick, for Members of Congress,; and the Office of Personnel Management for federal civilian workers in the District of Columbia and surrounding areas, various years. No data were available for administrative directors for FY2001 and rest of the U.S., various years. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Senate Member Office Staff Pay Tables Interpreting Pay Tables: Statistics Describing Pay Data For each year that data are available, statistical values for staff positions are included in Table 3 through Table 18, including the following:

    Minimum & Maximum

    The smallest and largest pay level, respectively, for each position.

    Average (Mean)

    The mean is the average of a list of numbers, in which the sum of all the values is divided by the total number of values. For example, if three salaries, $30,000, $45,000, and $90,000 were identified for a given staff position, the average (mean) would be ($30,000 + $45,000 + $90,000) ÷ 3 = $55,000.

    Median

    The midpoint at which half of the numbers in a list are higher and the other half lower. For example, if three salaries, $30,000, $45,000, and $90,000 were identified for a given staff position, the midpoint (median) would be $45,000.

    Statistical Quartiles

    Statistical values that divide data into quarters for more detailed analysis. In a list of numbers, Quartile 1 (Q1) is a number that falls in the middle between the lowest number, or minimum, and the median. For example, if Q1 for a given staff position was $50,000, this would indicate that 25% of employees in that position make $50,000 or less. Quartile 2 (Q2) is also the median. Quartile 3 (Q3) is a number that falls in the middle between the median and the highest number in the list, or maximum. Numbers between Q1 and Q3 compose the interquartile range, the difference between the largest and smallest values in the middle 50% of a list of numbers. Quartiles might also be described as percentiles, as shown below.

    Statistical Measures Used in Pay Tables

    Minimum

    Quartile1 (Q1)

    Quartile2 (Q2) Median

    Quartile3 (Q3)

    Maximum

    Average

    Lowest number in a list

    25th percentile

    50th percentile

    75th percentile

    Highest number in a list

    The mean, or number expressing the central value in a set of data

     

    25% of staff make less than Q1

    50% of staff make less than Q2

    75% of staff make less than Q3

         

    Middle number between Minimum and Median

    Median-midpoint at which half of the numbers in a list are higher and the other half lower

    Middle number between Median and Maximum

         

    Lower Quartile

    Interquartile Range = Q3-Q1

    Upper Quartile

        Table 3. Administrative Director    

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Number

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    FY01

    10

    $46,340

    $61,630

    $66,542

    $73,599

    $76,500

    $66,200

    $66,515

    $88,462

    $95,512

    $105,641

    $109,805

    $95,020

    FY04

    18

    $33,750

    $71,408

    $83,080

    $100,410

    $142,968

    $83,942

    $45,417

    $96,093

    $111,800

    $135,121

    $192,392

    $112,961

    FY09

    25

    $46,459

    $85,297

    $95,164

    $111,170

    $140,250

    $96,479

    $55,048

    $101,067

    $112,758

    $131,723

    $166,180

    $114,316

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY14

    25

    $50,937

    $87,667

    $107,265

    $122,484

    $139,080

    $103,458

    $54,696

    $94,134

    $115,179

    $131,521

    $149,341

    $111,091

    FY15

    25

    $56,375

    $97,357

    $104,433

    $117,500

    $150,522

    $106,212

    $60,462

    $104,415

    $112,005

    $126,019

    $161,436

    $113,913

    FY16

    25

    $40,625

    $82,276

    $107,752

    $123,750

    $154,035

    $101,903

    $43,028

    $87,142

    $114,125

    $131,069

    $163,145

    $107,930

    FY17

    25

    $63,667

    $100,937

    $114,750

    $128,875

    $160,192

    $114,516

    $66,025

    $104,676

    $119,000

    $133,648

    $166,125

    $118,758

    FY18

    25

    $72,510

    $102,840

    $114,778

    $126,262

    $161,458

    $113,389

    $73,404

    $104,107

    $116,192

    $127,818

    $163,448

    $114,786

    Median Pay

     

    FY18 Pay Distribution

     

    Change

           

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    -2.36%

    0.88%

    3.05%

    3.93%

    21.65%

    . Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 3. Administrative Director

         
     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

    FY04

    18

     

    $33,750

    $83,942

    $83,080

    $142,968

     

    $42,662

    $106,109

    $105,019

    $180,721

    FY05

    15

     

    $33,200

    $87,806

    $85,875

    $150,223

     

    $40,592

    $107,355

    $104,994

    $183,669

    FY06

    22

     

    $38,597

    $84,438

    $86,821

    $124,264

     

    $45,715

    $100,011

    $102,834

    $147,183

    FY07

    19

     

    $65,453

    $95,393

    $95,271

    $126,242

     

    $75,377

    $109,858

    $109,717

    $145,384

    FY08

    25

     

    $71,706

    $100,159

    $98,179

    $140,250

     

    $79,525

    $111,082

    $108,886

    $155,544

    FY09

    25

     

    $46,459

    $96,479

    $95,164

    $140,250

     

    $51,709

    $107,382

    $105,918

    $156,100

    FY10

    25

     

    $64,772

    $102,624

    $105,167

    $150,811

     

    $70,928

    $112,378

    $115,163

    $165,145

    FY11

    25

     

    $54,375

    $104,195

    $107,000

    $153,506

     

    $57,721

    $110,607

    $113,585

    $162,953

    FY12

    25

     

    $58,000

    $104,323

    $107,000

    $135,521

     

    $60,321

    $108,498

    $111,282

    $140,944

    FY13

    25

     

    $42,667

    $102,752

    $103,200

    $169,000

     

    $43,733

    $105,321

    $105,780

    $173,226

    FY14

    25

     

    $50,937

    $103,458

    $107,265

    $139,080

     

    $51,378

    $104,352

    $108,192

    $140,282

    FY15

    25

     

    $56,375

    $106,212

    $104,433

    $150,522

     

    $56,795

    $107,003

    $105,211

    $151,643

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    -7.37%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    2.31%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. TabularPercentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 20162019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, isare presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 4. Casework Supervisor

    $72,621

    81,661

    $87,875

    Most Recent Five Years 84,653 62,017          

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    -3.21%

    3.83%

    -9.81%

    0.30%

    13.49%

         

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Percentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, are presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.

    Table 5. Caseworker                

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    -18.02%

    -13.96%

    -15.64%

    -5.04%

    6.52%

         

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Percentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, are presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.

    Table 6. Chief of Staff                

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    -2.38%

    -5.49%

    -13.27%

    -15.90%

    -11.23%

         

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Percentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, are presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.

     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Number

    Minimum

    Average

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    Maximum

     

    75 %ile

    Minimum

    Maximum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

    FY01

    Minimum

    25

     

    %ile

    $23,928

    $50,594

    $51,828

    $83,000

     

    50 %ile Median

    $32,262

    75 %ile

    $68,215

    Maximum

    $69,878

    $111,908

    Average

    FY02

    FY01

    25

     

    $28,334

    $57,812

    $23,928

    $55,667

    45,479

    $51,828

    $56,550

    $83,000

    $50,594

    $34,345

    $65,279

    $74,391

    $81,169

    $119,135

    $87,625

     

    $37,608

    $76,734

    $73,886

    $116,305

    FY03

    24

     

    $27,620

    $58,399

    $60,956

    $82,750

     

    $35,844

    $75,786

    $79,104

    $107,387

    FY04

    25

     

    $27,500

    $60,683

    54,125

    $62,549

    $88,679

     

    70,954

    $34,762

    88,679

    $76,708

    60,683

    $79,066

    37,007

    $112,096

    FY05

    25

     

    72,836

    $33,933

    84,172

    $65,254

    95,483

    $65,250

    119,335

    $137,450

     

    $41,488

    FY09

    $79,782

    25

    $79,777

    55,750

    $168,052

    FY06

    25

     

    69,349

    $79,000

    $33,933

    109,356

    $67,610

    79,269

    $70,611

    66,057

    $102,768

     

    82,171

    $40,191

    93,606

    $80,079

    104,122

    $83,634

    129,575

    $121,722

    93,924

    FY07

    25

     

    $33,741

    FY14

    $69,613

    25

    $70,599

    $103,461

     

    35,500

    $38,857

    66,427

    $80,169

    75,719

    $81,305

    86,800

    $119,149

    FY08

    25

     

    113,875

    $50,708

    74,974

    $73,334

    38,119

    $71,789

    $109,333

     

    328

    $56,238

    81,306

    $81,331

    93,204

    $79,617

    122,276

    $121,256

    80,505

    FY09

    FY15

    25

     

    $55,750

    $79,269

    $37,829

    $7964,000

    $109,356

     

    $62,050

    79,500

    $88,227

    86,788

    $87,928

    118,500

    $121,715

    FY10

    25

     

    $40,773

    $80,992

    79,051

    $40,572

    $81,416

    68,640

    $120,697

     

    $44,648

    85,264

    $88,690

    93,081

    $89,154

    127,092

    $132,169

    84,782

    FY11

    FY16

    25

     

    $40,773

    52,698

    $76,233

    67,264

    $74,154

    77,821

    $122,000

     

    90,251

    $43,282

    127,500

    $80,924

    81,928

    $78,718

    55,815

    $129,508

    FY12

    25

     

    71,242

    $40,000

    82,424

    $74,940

    $76,000

    $127,000

     

    $41,601

    $77,939

    95,588

    $79135,041

    $132,082

    86,773

    FY13

    FY17

    25

     

    $34,187

    46,219

    $68,184

    70,103

    $72,000

    84,106

    $95,583

     

    90,815

    $35,041

    115,167

    $69,889

    81,630

    $73,800

    47,931

    $97,973

    FY14

    25

     

    72,699

    $35,500

    87,221

    $74,974

    94,178

    $75,719

    119,432

    $113,875

     

    $35,807

    FY18

    $75,622

    25

    $76,374

    36,500

    $114,859

    FY15

    $83,395

    25

     

    $96,754

    $37,829

    155,750

    $79,051

    84,682

    $79,500

    36,950

    $118,500

     

    62,782

    $38,111

    84,423

    $79,640

    97,947

    $80,092

    157,670

    $119,382

    85,726
     

     

    Median Pay

     

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Number

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    FY01

    25

    $23,227

    $27,873

    $31,781

    $39,900

    $61,039

    $34,342

    $33,339

    $40,007

    $45,617

    $57,271

    $87,613

    $49,293

    FY04

    25

    $25,775

    $31,250

    $38,024

    $41,982

    $57,700

    $38,761

    $34,686

    $42,053

    $51,168

    $56,495

    $77,647

    $52,160

    FY09

    20

    $37,837

    $41,875

    $48,611

    $55,411

    $92,988

    $52,042

    $44,833

    $49,617

    $57,599

    $65,656

    $110,180

    $61,664

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY14

    24

    $21,167

    $41,340

    $52,598

    $62,125

    $81,250

    $53,187

    $22,728

    $44,390

    $56,478

    $66,708

    $87,244

    $57,111

    FY15

    21

    $21,167

    $42,083

    $48,250

    $66,485

    $80,000

    $52,439

    $22,701

    $45,135

    $51,748

    $71,306

    $85,800

    $56,241

    FY16

    25

    $23,355

    $39,583

    $47,607

    $62,955

    $86,458

    $50,554

    $24,736

    $41,924

    $50,423

    $66,678

    $91,572

    $53,543

    FY17

    21

    $35,000

    $41,958

    $57,156

    $68,523

    $87,500

    $56,058

    $36,296

    $43,512

    $59,273

    $71,061

    $90,741

    $58,135

    FY18

    22

    $31,000

    $43,437

    $48,000

    $64,850

    $70,000

    $51,829

    $31,382

    $43,973

    $48,592

    $65,649

    $70,863

    $52,468

    Median Pay

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Number

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    FY01

    25

    $103,657

    $124,270

    $134,630

    $138,000

    $139,609

    $130,841

    $148,784

    $178,372

    $193,242

    $198,079

    $200,389

    $187,803

    FY04

    25

    $100,000

    $142,000

    $151,576

    $152,526

    $152,709

    $145,165

    $134,570

    $191,089

    $203,975

    $205,253

    $205,500

    $195,347

    FY09

    25

    $147,960

    $165,305

    $166,926

    $167,305

    $167,305

    $164,532

    $175,316

    $195,867

    $197,789

    $198,237

    $198,237

    $194,952

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY14

    25

    $141,050

    $161,214

    $169,042

    $169,459

    $169,459

    $164,932

    $151,456

    $173,108

    $181,514

    $181,961

    $181,961

    $177,100

    FY15

    25

    $102,800

    $167,000

    $169,459

    $169,459

    $169,459

    $162,671

    $110,253

    $179,108

    $181,746

    $181,746

    $181,746

    $174,466

    FY16

    25

    $154,500

    $166,000

    $169,000

    $169,459

    $169,459

    $166,857

    $163,638

    $175,818

    $178,995

    $179,481

    $179,481

    $176,725

    FY17

    25

    $126,775

    $165,743

    $169,459

    $169,459

    $169,459

    $165,680

    $131,470

    $171,882

    $175,735

    $175,735

    $175,735

    $171,816

    FY18

    25

    $143,815

    $166,957

    $169,459

    $169,459

    $169,459

    $166,646

    $145,587

    $169,015

    $171,548

    $171,548

    $171,548

    $168,700

    Median Pay

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    1.75%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    -4.24%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    14.62%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. In the visualizations, position pay information is based on constant 2016 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, is presented in blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on median change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 5. Caseworker

     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

    FY01

    25

     

    $23,802

    $34,979

    $33,197

    $50,200

     

    $32,092

    $47,162

    $44,760

    $67,684

    FY02

    25

     

    $23,414

    $34,963

    $33,500

    $59,968

     

    $31,077

    $46,407

    $44,465

    $79,596

    FY03

    25

     

    $25,985

    $37,602

    $35,135

    $58,964

     

    $33,722

    $48,797

    $45,596

    $76,519

    FY04

    25

     

    $25,896

    $39,605

    $38,822

    $63,100

     

    $32,734

    $50,063

    $49,074

    $79,763

    FY05

    25

     

    $25,251

    $39,871

    $38,777

    $57,500

     

    $30,872

    $48,748

    $47,411

    $70,302

    FY06

    25

     

    $29,956

    $44,725

    $43,000

    $74,313

     

    $35,481

    $52,974

    $50,930

    $88,019

    FY07

    25

     

    $26,833

    $43,262

    $41,503

    $65,603

     

    $30,902

    $49,823

    $47,796

    $75,551

    FY08

    25

     

    $26,601

    $46,851

    $44,685

    $72,337

     

    $29,501

    $51,960

    $49,558

    $80,225

    FY09

    25

     

    $19,583

    $44,897

    $42,629

    $76,847

     

    $21,796

    $49,971

    $47,446

    $85,532

    FY10

    25

     

    $23,500

    $47,926

    $41,745

    $90,800

     

    $25,734

    $52,481

    $45,712

    $99,430

    FY11

    25

     

    $28,237

    $44,809

    $41,603

    $87,450

     

    $29,975

    $47,567

    $44,163

    $92,832

    FY12

    25

     

    $30,000

    $44,187

    $43,365

    $87,465

     

    $31,200

    $45,956

    $45,100

    $90,965

    FY13

    25

     

    $30,000

    $46,201

    $44,125

    $85,000

     

    $30,750

    $47,357

    $45,228

    $87,125

    FY14

    25

     

    $32,500

    $48,662

    $44,633

    $89,179

     

    $32,781

    $49,083

    $45,019

    $89,949

    FY15

    25

     

    $21,167

    $47,047

    $45,904

    $83,084

     

    $21,324

    $47,397

    $46,246

    $83,703

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    4.72%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    -9.20%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    3.32%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Tabular change is based on change in median pay expressed in constant dollars for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2016 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, is presented in blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 6. Chief of Staff

     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

    FY01

    25

     

    $103,657

    $130,841

    $134,630

    $139,609

     

    $139,759

    $176,411

    $181,520

    $188,233

    FY02

    25

     

    $109,875

    $133,309

    $136,241

    $144,234

     

    $145,837

    $176,941

    $180,833

    $191,442

    FY03

    25

     

    $124,000

    $140,044

    $144,234

    $148,984

     

    $160,918

    $181,739

    $187,176

    $193,341

    FY04

    25

     

    $100,000

    $145,165

    $151,576

    $152,709

     

    $126,407

    $183,497

    $191,601

    $193,034

    FY05

    25

     

    $107,100

    $148,145

    $153,559

    $156,742

     

    $130,945

    $181,128

    $187,748

    $191,640

    FY06

    25

     

    $130,600

    $152,445

    $157,486

    $160,659

     

    $154,687

    $180,562

    $186,532

    $190,290

    FY07

    25

     

    $138,871

    $156,287

    $160,659

    $160,659

     

    $159,928

    $179,985

    $185,020

    $185,020

    FY08

    25

     

    $145,833

    $158,701

    $159,863

    $163,734

     

    $161,737

    $176,007

    $177,296

    $181,589

    FY09

    25

     

    $147,960

    $164,532

    $166,926

    $167,305

     

    $164,681

    $183,126

    $185,791

    $186,212

    FY10

    25

     

    $156,930

    $166,654

    $169,428

    $169,459

     

    $171,846

    $182,494

    $185,532

    $185,566

    FY11

    25

     

    $138,500

    $166,692

    $169,459

    $169,459

     

    $147,023

    $176,951

    $179,888

    $179,888

    FY12

    25

     

    $140,417

    $166,399

    $169,459

    $169,459

     

    $146,036

    $173,058

    $176,240

    $176,240

    FY13

    25

     

    $128,844

    $161,550

    $166,500

    $169,459

     

    $132,065

    $165,589

    $170,663

    $173,696

    FY14

    25

     

    $141,050

    $164,932

    $169,042

    $169,459

     

    $142,269

    $166,357

    $170,503

    $170,924

    FY15

    25

     

    $102,800

    $162,671

    $169,459

    $169,459

     

    $103,565

    $163,882

    $170,721

    $170,721

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    -5.10%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    -8.48%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    -5.95%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Tabular change is based on change in median pay expressed in constant dollars for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2016 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, is presented in blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 7. Communications Director

    75 %ile

    $142,726

    Most Recent Five Years

    120,625

    $132,797

    123,598 106,875          

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    -0.38%

    3.84%

    -6.77%

    4.65%

    1.12%

         
     

     

     

    Table 7. Communications Director    

    Nominal, Current $

     

    Constant Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Number

    Minimum

    Average

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    Maximum

     

    75 %ile

    Minimum

    Maximum

    Average

    Median

    Minimum

    Maximum

    FY01

    25

     

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    $42,189

    Maximum

    $83,784

    $83,186

    $128,974

     

    Average

    FY01

    $56,883

    25

    $112,964

    42,189

    $112,159

    72,441

    $173,895

    FY02

    25

     

    83,186

    $94,455

    $48,999

    128,974

    $88,399

    83,784

    $89,500

    60,556

    $134,826

     

    103,979

    $65,036

    119,402

    $117,332

    135,577

    $118,794

    185,124

    $178,955

    120,259

    FY03

    FY04

    25

     

    $45,451

    $56,908

    $89,453

    76,001

    $85,733

    $110,160

    $84,860

    $140,191

     

    $58,984

    $116,086

    $110,125

    $181,930

    FY04

    25

     

    $56,908

    $92,741

    $85,733

    76,581

    $142,726

     

    102,275

    $71,935

    115,371

    $117,230

    148,242

    $108,373

    192,065

    $180,414

    124,801

    FY05

    FY09

    25

     

    $58,083

    $94,798

    $75,400

    $92,875

    333

    $147,206

     

    109,296

    $71,015

    121,277

    $115,905

    156,687

    $113,553

    111,197

    $179,980

    FY06

    25

     

    89,340

    $74,431

    109,404

    $103,309

    129,503

    $101,108

    143,699

    $152,000

     

    $88,159

    $122,363

    $119,755

    $180,034

    185,656

    $131,756

    FY07

    FY14

    25

     

    $53,068

    80,000

    $98,056

    99,500

    $95,917

    108,288

    $150,942

     

    122,836

    $61,115

    157,137

    $112,925

    337

    $110,461

    85,902

    $173,829

    FY08

    25

     

    106,841

    $72,500

    116,277

    $102,827

    131,899

    $97,798

    168,730

    $146,878

     

    $80,406

    FY15

    $114,040

    25

    $108,463

    95,675

    $162,895

    FY09

    25

     

    102,000

    $121,065

    $75,400

    169,459

    $111,197

    122,710

    $109,296

    102,612

    $156,687

     

    109,395

    $83,921

    129,843

    $123,764

    142,426

    $121,647

    181,746

    $174,394

    131,607

    FY10

    FY16

    25

     

    $90,875

    $75,344

    $115,873

    105,871

    $116,996

    250

    $167127,500

     

    $99,513

    148,750

    $126,886

    116,696

    $128,116

    79,800

    $183,421

    FY11

    25

     

    112,133

    $90,000

    123,126

    $113,114

    135,041

    $108,562

    157,548

    $168,547

     

    $95,539

    FY17

    $120,075

    25

    $115,243

    92,000

    $178,920

    FY12

    $116,875

    25

     

    $128,000

    $91,855

    155,000

    $115,597

    118,145

    $117,500

    95,408

    $147,184

     

    110,833

    $95,531

    121,204

    $120,223

    132,741

    $122,202

    160,741

    $153,074

    122,520

    FY13

    FY18

    25

     

    $80,333

    $116,213

    $115,575

    $164,568

     

    $76,717

    $82,342

    107,000

    $119,119

    270

    $118,465

    126,960

    $168,683

    FY14

    25

     

    163,275

    $80,000

    117,207

    $112,337

    77,663

    $108,288

    $157,137

     

    319

    $80,691

    120,740

    $113,308

    128,525

    $109,223

    165,288

    $158,495

    118,652

    FY15

    25

    Median Pay  

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

     

    $95,675

    $122,710

    $121,065

    $169,459

     

    $96,387

    $123,624

    $121,967

    $170,721

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    5.83%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    1.85%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    8.74%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. TabularPercentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 20162019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, isare presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 8. Counsel

    Constituent Service Representative

    75 %ile

    19

    38,652            

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    -0.18%

    11.96%

    11.96%

    3.28%

    15.97%

         
     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Number

    Minimum

    Average

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    Maximum

     

    75 %ile

    Minimum

    Maximum

    Average

    Median

    Minimum

    Maximum

    FY01

    15

     

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    $25,000

    Maximum

    $67,125

    $69,875

    $93,833

     

    Average

    FY01

    $33,707

    23,802

    $90,504

    26,801

    $94,212

    31,611

    $126,514

    FY02

    25

     

    37,367

    $32,886

    45,180

    $67,720

    31,778

    $67,536

    34,165

    $144,234

     

    38,468

    $43,649

    45,373

    $89,885

    53,635

    $89,641

    64,850

    $191,442

    45,613

    FY03

    21

     

    FY04

    $25,000

    25

    $81,319

    $82,900

    $148,984

     

    23,410

    $32,443

    031

    $105,530

    37,863

    $107,582

    42,000

    $193,341

    FY04

    25

     

    58,719

    $45,000

    37,753

    $84,890

    31,503

    $81,127

    43,104

    $152,526

     

    50,951

    $56,883

    $107,306

    519

    $102,550

    79,018

    $192,802

    50,804

    FY05

    FY09

    23

     

    25

    $45,000

    19,583

    $81,559

    31,125

    $76,386

    39,667

    $134,375

     

    44,000

    $55,019

    71,208

    $99,717

    40,223

    $93,392

    23,204

    $164,292

    FY06

    25

     

    36,880

    $42,458

    47,000

    $86,828

    52,135

    $78,454

    84,374

    $144,792

     

    $50,289

    $102,842

    $92,924

    $171,497

    47,659

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY07

    FY14

    21

     

    25

    $45,000

    30,463

    $92,050

    37,175

    $88,167

    43,771

    $14548,000

     

    $51,824

    $89,179

    $106,007

    45,446

    $101,536

    32,710

    $166,987

    FY08

    25

     

    39,918

    $45,000

    47,001

    $92,195

    51,541

    $91,167

    95,758

    $128,570

     

    $49,907

    48,799

    FY15

    $102,249

    25

    $101,108

    31,500

    $142,591

    FY09

    $44,125

    23

     

    $47,960

    $45,000

    83,084

    $88,826

    44,926

    $89,000

    33,784

    $129,788

     

    41,454

    $50,085

    47,324

    $98,864

    51,438

    $99,058

    89,108

    $144,455

    48,184

    FY10

    FY16

    25

     

    $45,000

    $26,659

    $86,043

    38,806

    $85,250

    42,852

    $14146,500

     

    $49,277

    69,229

    $94,221

    43,881

    $93,353

    28,236

    $41,101

    $45,387

    $49,250

    $73,324

    $46,476

    FY17

    25

    $30,900

    $44,456

    $50,833

    $54,187

    $83,325

    $49,863

    $32,044

    $46,103

    $52,716

    $56,194

    $86,411

    $51,710

    FY18

    25

    $36,154

    $41,310

    $51,980

    $56,500

    $64,167

    $49,749

    $36,600

    $41,819

    $52,620

    $57,196

    $64,958

    $50,362

    Median Pay

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    $154,949

    FY11

    21

     

    $45,000

    $81,035

    $81,663

    $138,000

     

    $47,769

    $86,022

    $86,689

    $146,493

    FY12

    25

     

    $49,750

    $87,312

    $80,868

    $151,275

     

    $51,741

    $90,806

    $84,104

    $157,329

    FY13

    21

     

    $55,250

    $83,353

    $83,200

    $109,000

     

    $56,631

    $85,437

    $85,280

    $111,726

    FY14

    25

     

    $53,250

    $90,638

    $85,100

    $153,120

     

    $53,710

    $91,421

    $85,835

    $154,444

    FY15

    25

     

    $58,000

    $93,777

    $85,669

    $154,659

     

    $58,432

    $94,475

    $86,307

    $155,811

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    -0.44%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    -7.12%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    -8.39%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. TabularPercentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 20162019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, isare presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request. Table 9. Counselblue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 9. Executive Assistant

    75 %ile

               

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    4.94%

    5.44%

    -8.64%

    -11.75%

    -3.94%

         

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Percentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, are presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.

    Table 10. Executive Assistant    

    Minimum

     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Number

    Minimum

    Average

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    Maximum

     

    75 %ile

    Minimum

    Maximum

    Average

    Median

    Minimum

    Maximum

    FY01

    25

     

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    $36,000

    Maximum

    $65,378

    $60,480

    $124,583

     

    Average

    FY01

    $48,538

    15

    $88,149

    25,000

    $81,544

    61,723

    $167,974

    FY02

    25

     

    69,875

    $74,691

    $32,880

    93,833

    $62,934

    67,125

    $57,608

    35,884

    $139,492

     

    88,595

    $43,642100,296

    $83,532107,209

    $76,464134,684

    $185,14896,349

    FY03

    FY04

    25

     

    $29,926

    $70,414

    $66,040

    $148,984

     

    $45,000

    $66,952

    $38,836

    81,127

    $91,378

    $85,702

    $193,341

    FY04

    25

     

    992

    $32,262

    152,526

    $76,616

    84,890

    $75,250

    60,556

    $152,709

     

    90,097

    $40,781109,173

    $96,847123,793

    $95,121205,253

    $193,034114,236

    FY05

    FY09

    25

     

    23

    $3445,000

    $72,919

    77,313

    $75,750

    89,000

    $107,705

     

    98,542

    $41,570

    129,788

    $89,154

    88,826

    $92,61553,320

    $131,685

    FY06

    25

     

    91,607

    $36,375

    105,455

    $73,189

    116,761

    $78,417

    153,784

    $120,500

     

    $43,084

    $86,687

    $92,879

    $142,724

    105,248

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY07

    FY14

    25

     

    $37,176

    $53,250

    $83,038

    77,000

    $81,880

    85,100

    $160,659

     

    101,734

    $42,813

    153,120

    $95,630

    90,638

    $94,29657,179

    $82,681

    $91,378

    $109,240

    $164,417

    $97,325

    FY15

    25

    $58,000

    $79,417

    $85,669

    $113,333

    $154,659

    $93,777

    $62,205

    $85,175

    $91,881

    $121,551

    $165,873

    $100,576

    FY16

    25

    $52,500

    $73,646

    $87,500

    $97,083

    $134,932

    $88,773

    $55,605

    $78,002

    $92,675

    $102,825

    $142,913

    $94,024

    FY17

    25

    $66,500

    $84,728

    $88,535

    $96,169

    $142,271

    $93,268

    $68,963

    $87,866

    $91,814

    $99,731

    $147,540

    $96,722

    FY18

    16

    $55,000

    $80,221

    $95,172

    $99,808

    $114,392

    $90,265

    $55,678

    $81,210

    $96,345

    $101,038

    $115,802

    $91,377

    Median Pay

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Number

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    $185,020

    FY08

    25

     

    $40,928

    $87,763

    $85,833

    $163,563

     

    $45,391

    $97,334

    $95,193

    $181,400

    FY09

    25

     

    $42,272

    $91,183

    $86,817

    $167,305

     

    $47,049

    $101,488

    $96,628

    $186,212

    FY10

    25

     

    $33,458

    $90,428

    $88,531

    $169,459

     

    $36,638

    $99,023

    $96,946

    $185,566

    FY11

    25

     

    $37,500

    $84,788

    $77,000

    $169,459

     

    $39,808

    $90,006

    $81,739

    $179,888

    FY12

    25

     

    $37,500

    $87,805

    $86,000

    $169,459

     

    $39,001

    $91,319

    $89,441

    $176,240

    FY13

    22

     

    $37,667

    $85,565

    $81,372

    $169,459

     

    $38,608

    $87,705

    $83,407

    $173,696

    FY14

    23

     

    $32,750

    $85,535

    $79,110

    $169,459

     

    $33,033

    $86,274

    $79,794

    $170,924

    FY15

    21

     

    $42,983

    $85,603

    $74,710

    $169,459

     

    $43,303

    $86,240

    $75,266

    $170,721

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    -7.92%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    -18.96%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    -7.70%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Tabular change is based on change in median pay expressed in constant dollars for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2016 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, is presented in blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 10. Field Representative

    Average

    $93,841            

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    7.85%

    -19.03%

    -33.13%

    -32.08%

    -20.77%

         
     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

    FY01

    25

     

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    $20,519

    $42,290

    $41,337

    $70,466

     

    $27,666

    $57,019

    $55,734

    $95,009

    FY02

    FY01

    25

     

    $22,746

    36,000

    $38,968

    51,486

    $38,625

    60,480

    $56,250

     

    79,529

    $30,191

    124,583

    $51,722

    65,378

    $51,673

    $73,901

    $86,810

    $114,153

    $178,822

    $51,267

    $74,661

    FY03

    25

     

    $23,898

    $43,528

    $45,292

    $73,897

     

    $31,013

    $56,487

    $58,777

    $95,898

    FY04

    25

     

    $21,518

    $32,262

    $46,831

    60,167

    $49,562

    75,250

    $87,500

     

    89,299

    $27,200

    152,709

    $59,198

    76,616

    $62,65043,415

    $110,60680,967

    $101,263

    $120,170

    $205,500

    $103,102

    FY09

    25

    $42,272

    $67,151

    $86,817

    $105,750

    $167,305

    $91,183

    $50,087

    $79,566

    $102,868

    $125,302

    $198,237

    $108,042

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY14

    23

    $32,750

    $59,062

    $79,110

    $111,741

    $169,459

    $85,535

    $35,166

    $63,420

    $84,947

    $119,985

    $181,961

    $91,845

    FY15

    21

    $42,983

    $55,375

    $70,000

    $107,544

    $169,459

    $84,837

    $46,100

    $59,390

    $75,075

    $115,342

    $181,746

    $90,988

    FY16

    21

    $33,752

    $60,657

    $80,559

    $126,000

    $169,459

    $92,915

    $35,749

    $64,245

    $85,323

    $133,452

    $179,481

    $98,411

    FY17

    19

    $36,750

    $48,099

    $61,500

    $100,426

    $169,459

    $79,059

    $38,111

    $49,881

    $63,778

    $104,146

    $175,735

    $81,987

    FY18

    18

    $38,250

    $57,811

    $67,946

    $79,018

    $169,459

    $78,477

    $38,721

    $58,524

    $68,783

    $79,992

    $171,548

    $79,445

    Median Pay

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    FY05

    25

     

    $26,228

    $44,154

    $43,500

    $68,608

     

    $32,067

    $53,984

    $53,185

    $83,883

    FY06

    25

     

    $29,199

    $47,152

    $43,875

    $73,075

     

    $34,585

    $55,848

    $51,967

    $86,552

    FY07

    25

     

    $19,562

    $49,139

    $47,931

    $76,250

     

    $22,529

    $56,590

    $55,199

    $87,812

    FY08

    25

     

    $36,113

    $53,956

    $52,859

    $80,750

     

    $40,052

    $59,840

    $58,623

    $89,556

    FY09

    25

     

    $29,495

    $55,405

    $53,500

    $91,750

     

    $32,829

    $61,667

    $59,546

    $102,119

    FY10

    25

     

    $30,712

    $58,025

    $58,750

    $102,500

     

    $33,632

    $63,540

    $64,334

    $112,242

    FY11

    25

     

    $32,250

    $54,968

    $54,504

    $74,927

     

    $34,235

    $58,351

    $57,858

    $79,538

    FY12

    25

     

    $31,750

    $55,790

    $53,768

    $79,670

     

    $33,021

    $58,023

    $55,919

    $82,858

    FY13

    25

     

    $33,500

    $55,482

    $53,000

    $83,000

     

    $34,337

    $56,869

    $54,325

    $85,075

    FY14

    25

     

    $34,833

    $60,554

    $56,458

    $93,948

     

    $35,134

    $61,078

    $56,946

    $94,760

    FY15

    25

     

    $35,615

    $58,997

    $59,678

    $89,458

     

    $35,881

    $59,437

    $60,122

    $90,124

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    3.91%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    15.69%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    7.87%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. TabularPercentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 20162019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, isare presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request. Table 11. Field Representativeblue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 11. Legislative Assistant

               

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    -3.86%

    -6.49%

    -10.57%

    -15.00%

    -4.45%

         

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Percentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, are presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.

    Table 12. Legislative Assistant                

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    8.04%

    6.94%

    -1.80%

    -2.27%

    -0.80%

         

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Percentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, are presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.

    Table 13. Legislative Correspondent                

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    -2.13%

    -1.86%

    -1.55%

    -0.33%

    2.21%

         

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Percentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, are presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.

    Table 14. Legislative Director
     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Number

    Minimum

    Average

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    Maximum

     

    75 %ile

    Minimum

    Maximum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

    FY01

    Minimum

    25

     

    %ile

    $31,916

    $55,641

    $54,032

    $83,533

     

    $43,032

    50 %ile Median

    $75,021

    75 %ile

    $72,850

    Maximum

    $112,626

    Average

    FY02

    FY01

    25

     

    $32,706

    $20,519

    $54,456

    35,839

    $52,592

    41,337

    $92,917

     

    48,744

    $43,411

    70,466

    $72,279

    $69,805

    $123,329

    FY03

    25

     

    42,290

    $29,996

    452

    $57,178

    51,441

    $52,337

    59,333

    $117,500

     

    69,965

    $38,926

    101,144

    $74,201

    $67,920

    $152,483

    60,701

    FY04

    25

     

    $30,203

    $21,518

    $66,495

    33,793

    $58,500

    49,562

    $135,000

     

    54,449

    $38,178

    87,500

    $84,053

    46,831

    $28,956

    $45,474

    $66,696

    $73,272

    $117,748

    $63,021

    FY09

    25

    $29,495

    $45,378

    $53,500

    $65,434

    $91,750

    $55,405

    $34,949

    $53,768

    $63,391

    $77,532

    $108,713

    $65,649

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY14

    25

    $34,833

    $50,247

    $56,458

    $73,500

    $93,948

    $60,554

    $37,403

    $53,955

    $60,624

    $78,923

    $100,880

    $65,022

    FY15

    25

    $35,615

    $44,500

    $59,678

    $73,000

    $89,458

    $58,997

    $38,198

    $47,726

    $64,004

    $78,293

    $95,944

    $63,275

    FY16

    24

    $33,476

    $41,076

    $47,833

    $69,750

    $98,125

    $55,119

    $35,456

    $43,505

    $50,662

    $73,875

    $103,929

    $58,379

    FY17

    25

    $37,691

    $48,375

    $56,863

    $68,437

    $87,500

    $58,369

    $39,087

    $50,167

    $58,969

    $70,972

    $90,741

    $60,531

    FY18

    25

    $38,083

    $47,000

    $56,000

    $70,625

    $93,042

    $60,296

    $38,553

    $47,579

    $56,690

    $71,495

    $94,188

    $61,039

    Median Pay

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Number

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    FY01

    25

    $31,916

    $46,440

    $54,032

    $65,250

    $83,533

    $55,641

    $45,811

    $66,658

    $77,555

    $93,657

    $119,899

    $79,865

    FY04

    25

    $30,203

    $49,871

    $58,500

    $76,436

    $135,000

    $66,495

    $40,644

    $67,111

    $78,723

    $102,859

    $181,669

    $89,481

    FY09

    25

    $50,042

    $57,228

    $66,125

    $77,500

    $106,916

    $69,293

    $59,294

    $67,809

    $78,351

    $91,829

    $126,683

    $82,104

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY14

    25

    $30,333

    $61,667

    $67,000

    $73,331

    $87,500

    $66,806

    $32,571

    $66,216

    $71,943

    $78,741

    $93,955

    $71,735

    FY15

    25

    $58,755

    $65,000

    $67,667

    $76,083

    $103,375

    $71,209

    $63,015

    $69,713

    $72,573

    $81,600

    $110,870

    $76,372

    FY16

    25

    $50,667

    $60,000

    $73,000

    $79,619

    $106,383

    $71,792

    $53,663

    $63,548

    $77,317

    $84,328

    $112,675

    $76,038

    FY17

    25

    $44,420

    $55,000

    $68,667

    $87,875

    $120,901

    $71,667

    $46,066

    $57,037

    $71,210

    $91,130

    $125,379

    $74,321

    FY18

    25

    $53,333

    $65,500

    $76,000

    $84,254

    $122,901

    $76,770

    $53,991

    $66,307

    $76,937

    $85,292

    $124,415

    $77,716

    Median Pay

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Number

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    FY01

    25

    $22,344

    $27,496

    $29,250

    $32,500

    $41,250

    $30,560

    $32,071

    $39,467

    $41,984

    $46,649

    $59,208

    $43,865

    FY04

    25

    $25,327

    $29,779

    $31,994

    $35,320

    $56,467

    $34,350

    $34,083

    $40,074

    $43,055

    $47,530

    $75,987

    $46,224

    FY09

    25

    $30,156

    $35,381

    $36,786

    $40,530

    $49,750

    $38,093

    $35,731

    $41,922

    $43,587

    $48,024

    $58,948

    $45,136

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY14

    25

    $32,388

    $35,806

    $40,722

    $41,904

    $58,333

    $40,412

    $34,778

    $38,448

    $43,726

    $44,996

    $62,637

    $43,393

    FY15

    25

    $33,875

    $36,875

    $38,668

    $42,000

    $52,000

    $39,794

    $36,331

    $39,549

    $41,471

    $45,045

    $55,770

    $42,679

    FY16

    25

    $34,265

    $37,348

    $39,589

    $43,650

    $45,500

    $39,947

    $36,292

    $39,556

    $41,930

    $46,231

    $48,191

    $42,309

    FY17

    25

    $30,000

    $39,000

    $42,281

    $45,156

    $62,250

    $42,879

    $31,111

    $40,444

    $43,847

    $46,829

    $64,556

    $44,468

    FY18

    25

    $33,855

    $38,400

    $42,389

    $45,687

    $52,458

    $42,409

    $34,273

    $38,873

    $42,911

    $46,250

    $53,104

    $42,931

    Median Pay

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    $73,948

    $170,649

    FY05

    25

     

    $38,933

    $62,584

    $58,788

    $113,636

     

    $47,601

    $76,517

    $71,876

    $138,936

    FY06

    25

     

    $35,376

    $64,299

    $60,625

    $129,356

     

    $41,900

    $76,158

    $71,806

    $153,214

    FY07

    25

     

    $40,333

    $64,727

    $68,000

    $128,270

     

    $46,449

    $74,542

    $78,311

    $147,720

    FY08

    25

     

    $49,688

    $69,144

    $66,971

    $106,532

     

    $55,106

    $76,684

    $74,274

    $118,150

    FY09

    25

     

    $50,042

    $69,293

    $66,125

    $106,916

     

    $55,697

    $77,123

    $73,598

    $118,998

    FY10

    25

     

    $55,021

    $75,900

    $77,344

    $110,528

     

    $60,250

    $83,114

    $84,696

    $121,033

    FY11

    25

     

    $46,042

    $70,272

    $70,396

    $112,078

     

    $48,875

    $74,596

    $74,728

    $118,975

    FY12

    25

     

    $46,667

    $73,228

    $74,000

    $120,828

     

    $48,534

    $76,158

    $76,961

    $125,663

    FY13

    25

     

    $42,333

    $65,043

    $65,640

    $87,750

     

    $43,392

    $66,669

    $67,281

    $89,944

    FY14

    25

     

    $30,333

    $66,806

    $67,000

    $87,500

     

    $30,595

    $67,383

    $67,579

    $88,256

    FY15

    25

     

    $58,755

    $71,209

    $67,667

    $103,375

     

    $59,193

    $71,739

    $68,170

    $104,145

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    -8.78%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    -5.06%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    -6.42%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Tabular change is based on change in median pay expressed in constant dollars for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2016 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, is presented in blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 12. Legislative Correspondent

     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

    FY01

    25

     

    $22,344

    $30,560

    $29,250

    $41,250

     

    $30,126

    $41,204

    $39,437

    $55,617

    FY02

    25

     

    $25,833

    $31,677

    $29,874

    $44,525

     

    $34,289

    $42,044

    $39,652

    $59,098

    FY03

    25

     

    $25,391

    $32,950

    $32,000

    $46,853

     

    $32,951

    $42,760

    $41,527

    $60,803

    FY04

    25

     

    $25,327

    $34,350

    $31,994

    $56,467

     

    $32,015

    $43,420

    $40,443

    $71,377

    FY05

    25

     

    $27,000

    $32,787

    $32,327

    $43,585

     

    $33,011

    $40,086

    $39,525

    $53,289

    FY06

    25

     

    $26,823

    $34,706

    $33,973

    $47,070

     

    $31,770

    $41,108

    $40,239

    $55,751

    FY07

    25

     

    $30,337

    $36,061

    $34,689

    $44,500

     

    $34,937

    $41,529

    $39,949

    $51,248

    FY08

    25

     

    $31,350

    $38,316

    $38,000

    $52,250

     

    $34,769

    $42,494

    $42,144

    $57,948

    FY09

    25

     

    $30,156

    $38,093

    $36,786

    $49,750

     

    $33,563

    $42,398

    $40,943

    $55,372

    FY10

    25

     

    $30,484

    $39,817

    $39,850

    $50,500

     

    $33,381

    $43,602

    $43,638

    $55,300

    FY11

    25

     

    $31,500

    $37,460

    $37,000

    $51,250

     

    $33,439

    $39,766

    $39,277

    $54,404

    FY12

    25

     

    $29,250

    $37,616

    $35,786

    $53,417

     

    $30,421

    $39,122

    $37,218

    $55,554

    FY13

    25

     

    $34,000

    $39,396

    $37,787

    $49,083

     

    $34,850

    $40,381

    $38,732

    $50,311

    FY14

    25

     

    $32,388

    $40,412

    $40,722

    $58,333

     

    $32,668

    $40,761

    $41,073

    $58,837

    FY15

    25

     

    $33,875

    $39,794

    $38,668

    $52,000

     

    $34,127

    $40,090

    $38,956

    $52,387

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    -0.82%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    -3.19%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    -1.22%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Tabular change is based on change in median pay expressed in constant dollars for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2016 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, is presented in blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 13. Legislative Director

     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

    FY01

    25

     

    $70,417

    $97,697

    $96,988

    $138,459

     

    $94,942

    $131,724

    $130,768

    $186,683

    FY02

    25

     

    $88,750

    $106,021

    $104,925

    $140,542

     

    $117,798

    $140,722

    $139,267

    $186,542

    FY03

    25

     

    $63,821

    $102,688

    $106,396

    $130,986

     

    $82,823

    $133,262

    $138,072

    $169,985

    FY04

    25

     

    $67,401

    $107,803

    $105,695

    $140,245

     

    $85,200

    $136,271

    $133,605

    $177,279

    FY05

    25

     

    $46,028

    $114,528

    $119,391

    $156,559

     

    $56,275

    $140,027

    $145,973

    $191,415

    FY06

    25

     

    $87,083

    $118,402

    $117,038

    $152,430

     

    $103,144

    $140,240

    $138,624

    $180,544

    FY07

    25

     

    $76,166

    $114,607

    $117,333

    $146,601

     

    $87,716

    $131,985

    $135,125

    $168,831

    FY08

    25

     

    $88,042

    $125,774

    $122,500

    $160,395

     

    $97,643

    $139,490

    $135,859

    $177,887

    FY09

    25

     

    $98,743

    $135,702

    $134,583

    $167,305

     

    $109,902

    $151,037

    $149,793

    $186,212

    FY10

    25

     

    $105,000

    $138,951

    $134,500

    $169,459

     

    $114,980

    $152,158

    $147,284

    $185,566

    FY11

    25

     

    $96,458

    $129,435

    $130,000

    $169,459

     

    $102,394

    $137,400

    $138,000

    $179,888

    FY12

    25

     

    $99,667

    $133,606

    $131,500

    $169,459

     

    $103,655

    $138,953

    $136,762

    $176,240

    FY13

    25

     

    $94,854

    $128,555

    $130,000

    $156,205

     

    $97,226

    $131,769

    $133,250

    $160,111

    FY14

    25

     

    $100,000

    $128,618

    $132,000

    $155,750

     

    $100,864

    $129,730

    $133,141

    $157,096

    FY15

    25

     

    $106,583

    $132,473

    $137,000

    $162,625

     

    $107,377

    $133,460

    $138,020

    $163,836

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    0.01%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    -0.44%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    5.55%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Tabular change is based on change in median pay expressed in constant dollars for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2016 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, is presented in blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 14. Press Secretary

    50 %ile Median

    $124,167

    $141,479

               

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    4.81%

    5.12%

    -6.56%

    4.76%

    7.03%

         

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Percentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, are presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.

    Table 15. Press Secretary    

    Minimum

     

     

     

       

    Nominal, Current $

     

    Constant Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Number

    Minimum

    Average

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    Maximum

     

    75 %ile

    Minimum

    Maximum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

    FY01

    25

     

    $21,120

    $64,528

    $66,625

    $92,242

     

    $28,476

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    $87,003

    75 %ile

    $89,830

    Maximum

    $124,369

    Average

    FY02

    FY01

    25

     

    $38,042

    $70,417

    $69,220

    90,429

    $72,533

    96,988

    $102,667

     

    106,671

    $50,493

    138,459

    $91,876

    97,697

    $96,273

    101,073

    $136,270

    FY03

    25

     

    129,798

    $41,983

    139,213

    $70,863

    153,111

    $68,893

    198,738

    $100,000

     

    $54,483

    140,231

    FY04

    $91,961

    25

    $89,404

    67,401

    $129,773

    FY04

    25

     

    92,751

    $105,695

    $41,098

    140,245

    $67,127

    107,803

    $62,523

    90,702

    $109,734

     

    124,815

    $51,950

    142,233

    $84,854

    167,090

    $79,033

    188,727

    $138,711

    145,071

    FY05

    FY09

    25

     

    $47,280

    98,743

    $73,719

    122,544

    $70,625

    134,583

    $116,347

     

    150,654

    $57,807

    167,305

    $90,132

    135,702

    $86,349

    116,999

    $142,251

    FY06

    25

     

    145,201

    $38,667

    159,466

    $65,042

    178,508

    $63,917

    198,237

    $112,446

     

    $45,798

    $77,039

    $75,705

    $133,185

    160,791

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY07

    FY14

    25

     

    $44,958

    $100,000

    $70,928

    118,750

    $61132,000

    $125,644

     

    139,569

    $51,775

    155,750

    $81,683

    128,618

    $70,250

    107,378

    $144,696

    FY08

    25

     

    127,511

    $53,333

    141,739

    $70,951

    149,866

    $66,323

    167,241

    $147,569

     

    $59,149

    138,107

    FY15

    $78,689

    25

    $73,555

    106,583

    $163,661

    FY09

    25

     

    119,135

    $137,000

    $38,452

    162,625

    $71,592

    132,473

    $67,453

    114,311

    $131,000

     

    127,773

    $42,797

    146,933

    $79,683

    151,737

    $75,076

    174,416

    $145,804

    142,078

    FY10

    FY16

    25

    $101,375

    $125,380

    $138,923

    $151,167

    $165,647

    $138,102

    $107,371

    $132,795

    $147,140

    $160,107

    $175,444

    $146,270

    FY17

    25

    $104,667

    $125,000

    $137,083

    $146,007

    $168,679

    $136,547

    $108,543

    $129,630

    $142,161

    $151,415

    $174,926

    $141,605

    FY18

    25

    $97,122

    $130,001

    $147,188

    $150,588

    $169,459

    $141,493

    $98,319

    $131,603

    $149,002

    $152,444

    $171,548

    $143,237

    Median Pay

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Number

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    25

     

    $41,000

    $73,021

    $70,096

    $138,419

     

    $44,897

    $79,961

    $76,758

    $151,575

    FY11

    24

     

    $46,808

    $65,442

    $61,896

    $110,591

     

    $49,689

    $69,470

    $65,705

    $117,397

    FY12

    25

     

    $40,000

    $64,934

    $59,083

    $118,000

     

    $41,601

    $67,533

    $61,448

    $122,722

    FY13

    25

     

    $39,221

    $64,690

    $59,500

    $127,500

     

    $40,202

    $66,308

    $60,988

    $130,688

    FY14

    25

     

    $50,333

    $71,385

    $62,914

    $130,000

     

    $50,768

    $72,002

    $63,458

    $131,123

    FY15

    25

     

    $53,610

    $73,754

    $71,650

    $127,813

     

    $54,009

    $74,303

    $72,183

    $128,765

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    9.86%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    -4.65%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    -19.64%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Tabular change is based on change in median pay expressed in constant dollars for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2016 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, is presented in blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 15. Scheduler

    Average

    $80,917

    $76,856

     

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

    FY01

    25

     

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    $29,690

    $50,705

    $50,917

    $75,308

     

    $40,031

    $68,365

    $68,650

    $101,537

    FY02

    FY01

    25

     

    $31,625

    $21,120

    $54,661

    48,125

    $52,875

    66,625

    $83,000

     

    77,143

    $41,976

    92,242

    $72,552

    64,528

    $70,181

    30,315

    $110,166

    FY03

    25

     

    69,077

    $20,000

    95,631

    $55,495

    110,728

    $51,292

    132,401

    $86,488

     

    $25,954

    92,621

    FY04

    $72,017

    25

    $66,563

    41,098

    $112,237

    FY04

    25

     

    51,150

    $62,523

    $39,583

    109,734

    $64,745

    67,127

    $63,167

    55,305

    $120,280

     

    68,832

    $50,036

    84,137

    $81,842

    108,890

    $79,847

    147,668

    $152,042

    90,333

    FY05

    FY09

    25

     

    $35,508

    $38,452

    $60,678

    59,500

    $59,594

    67,453

    $93,865

     

    82,852

    $43,413

    131,000

    $74,188

    71,592

    $72,862

    45,561

    $114,764

    FY06

    25

     

    70,501

    $44,026

    79,924

    $64,998

    98,171

    $64,825

    155,220

    $102,673

     

    $52,146

    $76,985

    $76,781

    $121,609

    84,829

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY07

    FY14

    25

     

    $29,021

    $50,333

    $61,579

    56,916

    $62,357

    $106,447

     

    914

    $33,421

    78,182

    $70,916

    130,000

    $71,812

    385

    $122,588

    FY08

    25

     

    54,047

    $37,975

    61,115

    $72,018

    67,556

    $74,594

    83,951

    $112,096

     

    $42,116

    $79,872

    $82,729

    $124,320

    139,591

    $76,652

    FY09

    FY15

    25

     

    $28,468

    $53,610

    $76,762

    62,833

    $78,250

    71,650

    $162,986

     

    78,802

    $31,685

    127,813

    $85,437

    73,754

    $87,093

    57,497

    $181,405

    FY10

    25

     

    67,389

    $34,916

    76,845

    $78,105

    84,516

    $76,887

    137,080

    $125,701

     

    $38,235

    79,102

    FY16

    $85,528

    25

    $84,195

    53,771

    $137,648

    FY11

    25

     

    65,937

    $69,375

    $38,000

    132,125

    $76,168

    75,205

    $72,500

    56,951

    $159,333

     

    69,837

    $40,339

    73,478

    $80,855

    81,401

    $76,962

    139,939

    $169,139

    79,653

    FY12

    FY17

    25

     

    $38,792

    $77,970

    $76

    $52,389

    $66,000

    $135,000

     

    75,737

    $40,344

    88,000

    $81,091

    132,192

    $79,041

    425

    $140,402

    FY13

    25

     

    54,329

    $33,641

    68,444

    $72,157

    78,543

    $67,500

    91,259

    $130,000

     

    $34,482

    $73,962

    $69,188

    $133,251

    137,088

    $82,367

    FY14

    FY18

    25

     

    $35,262

    $48,093

    $77,111

    61,197

    $75,546

    69,306

    $131,812

     

    87,000

    $35,567

    142,404

    $77,777

    74,966

    $76,199

    48,686

    $132,952

    FY15

    25

     

    61,951

    $42,925

    70,160

    $76,226

    88,072

    $70,708

    144,160

    $75,890

    Median Pay

    $134,921

     

    $43,245

    $76,794

    $71,235

    $135,925

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    -7.44%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    -7.22%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    3.76%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    -10.67%

    3.85%

    -12.22%

    -16.61%

    -26.63%

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

         

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. TabularPercentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 20162019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, isare presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 16. Specials Director

    Scheduler
    Average            

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    -11.24%

    1.18%

    -11.48%

    -3.44%

    12.30%

         

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Percentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, are presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.

    Table 17. Staff Assistant                

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    4.68%

    5.63%

    -0.64%

    -14.68%

    -0.35%

         

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Percentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, are presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.

    Table 18. State Director                

    FY17-FY18

    FY14-FY18

    FY09-FY18

    FY04-FY18

    FY01-FY18

    -0.60%

    2.99%

    4.38%

    5.81%

    23.50%

         

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Percentage change in pay is based on the change in median pay (expressed in constant, March 2019 dollars) for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2019 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, are presented in solid blue. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations." Data provided here are partial; complete data, FY2001-FY2018, are available to congressional requesters upon request.

    Author Contact Information

    R. Eric Petersen, Coordinator, Specialist in American National Government ([email address scrubbed], [phone number scrubbed])
    Raymond T. Williams, Research Assistant ([email address scrubbed], [phone number scrubbed])

    Acknowledgments

    In addition to the listed authors, a number of CRS staff made substantial contributions to this report. Sandra L. Edwards, User Support Specialist, and Michael M. McCarthy, Editor, provided formatting and editorial support. Amber Hope Wilhelm, Visual Information Specialist, created the visualizations. Lara Chausow, former Research Assistant, was a coauthor of this report and collected some of the data provided. Casey Burgat, former Research Assistant, provided update support. Claudia Guidi, formerly a User Support Specialist, and Alex Marine, former Publications Editor, provided formatting and editorial support. Jacobo Licona, Brian Hamel, Joe Wisniewski, and Claire Laurence, former CRS interns, collected data for this report.

    Footnotes

    Since 2017, the minimum level of gross annual pay has been $2,921 for Senate staff. The maximum annual pay for staff in a Senator's personal office has since 2009 been $169,459, 2 U.S.C. 4575. Maximum payable rates for staff in a Senator's office since 2001 are available in Table 1. For discussion of resources available to Members to carry out their official duties, see CRS Report RL30064

     

     

     

    Nominal, Current $

     

    Constant Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Number

    Minimum

    Average

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    Maximum

     

    75 %ile

    Minimum

    Maximum

    Average

    Median

    Minimum

    Maximum

    FY01

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    23

    75 %ile
     

    Maximum

    $32,322

    $55,308

    $49,538

    FY01

    $107,883

     

    25

    $43,579

    29,690

    $74,571

    42,167

    $66,791

    50,917

    $145,457

    FY02

    25

     

    54,670

    $25,167

    75,308

    $54,933

    50,705

    $49,498

    42,616

    $116,095

     

    60,524

    $33,40473,084

    $72,91378,471

    $65,699108,094

    $154,09472,780

    FY03

    FY04

    22

     

    25

    $26,667

    39,583

    $53,825

    48,250

    $47,619

    63,167

    $122,214

     

    77,292

    $34,606

    120,280

    $69,850

    64,745

    $61,79653,267

    $64,930

    $85,003

    $104,011

    $161,860

    $87,128

    FY09

    25

    $28,468

    $55,653

    $78,250

    $87,372

    $162,986

    $76,762

    $33,731

    $65,942

    $92,717

    $103,526

    $193,119

    $90,955

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY14

    25

    $35,262

    $58,432

    $75,546

    $91,500

    $131,812

    $77,111

    $37,864

    $62,743

    $81,120

    $98,251

    $141,537

    $82,800

    FY15

    25

    $42,925

    $52,596

    $70,708

    $90,000

    $134,921

    $76,226

    $46,038

    $56,410

    $75,835

    $96,525

    $144,703

    $81,753

    FY16

    20

    $39,716

    $56,775

    $69,017

    $88,068

    $137,897

    $74,235

    $42,065

    $60,133

    $73,099

    $93,276

    $146,053

    $78,626

    FY17

    15

    $45,335

    $71,778

    $89,167

    $98,415

    $140,632

    $87,838

    $47,014

    $74,437

    $92,469

    $102,060

    $145,841

    $91,092

    FY18

    20

    $45,268

    $67,356

    $81,076

    $93,322

    $151,993

    $84,916

    $45,826

    $68,186

    $82,075

    $94,472

    $153,867

    $85,963

    Median Pay

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Number

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    FY01

    25

    $22,000

    $26,875

    $28,985

    $33,008

    $51,275

    $31,205

    $31,578

    $38,575

    $41,604

    $47,379

    $73,598

    $44,791

    FY04

    25

    $21,000

    $28,792

    $36,107

    $44,142

    $62,917

    $36,668

    $28,260

    $38,745

    $48,590

    $59,402

    $84,667

    $49,344

    FY09

    25

    $18,683

    $32,777

    $35,216

    $40,529

    $56,500

    $37,386

    $22,137

    $38,837

    $41,727

    $48,022

    $66,946

    $44,298

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY14

    25

    $28,114

    $34,010

    $36,551

    $43,093

    $75,000

    $39,920

    $30,188

    $36,519

    $39,247

    $46,272

    $80,533

    $42,865

    FY15

    25

    $27,025

    $32,375

    $37,000

    $40,917

    $75,000

    $38,956

    $28,984

    $34,722

    $39,683

    $43,883

    $80,438

    $41,780

    FY16

    25

    $24,401

    $34,500

    $36,500

    $43,417

    $64,083

    $39,479

    $25,844

    $36,540

    $38,659

    $45,984

    $67,873

    $41,814

    FY17

    25

    $32,624

    $34,937

    $38,192

    $39,578

    $46,000

    $37,750

    $33,832

    $36,231

    $39,606

    $41,044

    $47,704

    $39,148

    FY18

    25

    $30,000

    $37,412

    $40,953

    $46,333

    $87,950

    $43,898

    $30,370

    $37,873

    $41,458

    $46,904

    $89,034

    $44,439

    Median Pay

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Nominal, Current $

    Constant, 2019, $

    Year

    Number

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    Minimum

    25 %ile

    50 %ile Median

    75 %ile

    Maximum

    Average

    FY01

    25

    $56,000

    $74,089

    $79,521

    $91,065

    $122,533

    $82,660

    $80,380

    $106,344

    $114,141

    $130,710

    $175,879

    $118,647

    FY04

    25

    $70,000

    $83,598

    $99,000

    $105,396

    $123,126

    $96,097

    $94,199

    $112,498

    $133,224

    $141,832

    $165,690

    $129,318

    FY09

    25

    $81,132

    $103,750

    $113,975

    $129,500

    $167,305

    $118,890

    $96,132

    $122,932

    $135,047

    $153,443

    $198,237

    $140,871

    Most Recent Five Years

    FY14

    25

    $78,833

    $115,125

    $127,467

    $152,545

    $169,459

    $132,613

    $84,649

    $123,619

    $136,871

    $163,800

    $181,961

    $142,397

    FY15

    25

    $93,500

    $111,817

    $135,250

    $157,094

    $169,459

    $134,582

    $100,279

    $119,924

    $145,056

    $168,484

    $181,746

    $144,340

    FY16

    25

    $77,042

    $117,500

    $132,563

    $144,500

    $169,459

    $131,694

    $81,598

    $124,449

    $140,403

    $153,046

    $179,481

    $139,483

    FY17

    25

    $105,208

    $116,883

    $136,750

    $148,000

    $169,459

    $134,059

    $109,105

    $121,212

    $141,815

    $153,482

    $175,735

    $139,024

    FY18

    25

    $60,750

    $121,667

    $139,250

    $154,046

    $169,459

    $137,312

    $61,499

    $123,166

    $140,966

    $155,944

    $171,548

    $139,004

    Median Pay

    FY18 Pay Distribution

    Change

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    1. 2.

    $158,600

    FY04

    25

     

    $33,040

    $55,154

    $49,082

    $98,051

     

    $41,764

    $69,718

    $62,043

    $123,943

    FY05

    25

     

    $30,508

    $57,955

    $49,525

    $133,860

     

    $37,301

    $70,858

    $60,552

    $163,663

    FY06

    25

     

    $34,875

    $58,483

    $52,598

    $105,933

     

    $41,307

    $69,269

    $62,299

    $125,471

    FY07

    22

     

    $32,753

    $63,093

    $58,978

    $109,000

     

    $37,720

    $72,661

    $67,921

    $125,528

    FY08

    21

     

    $39,700

    $63,145

    $58,167

    $123,875

     

    $44,030

    $70,031

    $64,510

    $137,384

    FY09

    25

     

    $16,810

    $64,690

    $59,246

    $134,557

     

    $18,710

    $72,001

    $65,942

    $149,764

    FY10

    25

     

    $25,088

    $63,544

    $60,653

    $139,788

     

    $27,473

    $69,584

    $66,418

    $153,075

    FY11

    19

     

    $38,000

    $67,259

    $70,500

    $96,655

     

    $40,338

    $71,398

    $74,838

    $102,603

    FY12

    22

     

    $33,825

    $65,481

    $60,962

    $97,083

     

    $35,179

    $68,101

    $63,402

    $100,968

    FY13

    15

     

    $40,600

    $60,860

    $55,000

    $105,083

     

    $41,615

    $62,382

    $56,375

    $107,711

    FY14

    20

     

    $39,338

    $64,122

    $55,386

    $129,000

     

    $39,678

    $64,676

    $55,865

    $130,115

    FY15

    22

     

    $33,833

    $61,688

    $54,934

    $108,020

     

    $34,085

    $62,147

    $55,343

    $108,824

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    -26.05%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    -11.17%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    -17.14%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Tabular change is based on change in median pay expressed in constant dollars for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2016 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, is presented in blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 17. Staff Assistant

     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

    FY01

    25

     

    $22,000

    $31,205

    $28,985

    $51,275

     

    $29,662

    $42,074

    $39,081

    $69,133

    FY02

    25

     

    $21,746

    $34,269

    $31,500

    $67,250

     

    $28,864

    $45,485

    $41,810

    $89,261

    FY03

    25

     

    $21,500

    $37,073

    $34,095

    $72,250

     

    $27,901

    $48,111

    $44,245

    $93,761

    FY04

    25

     

    $21,000

    $36,668

    $36,107

    $62,917

     

    $26,545

    $46,351

    $45,642

    $79,531

    FY05

    25

     

    $21,153

    $38,744

    $36,365

    $66,333

     

    $25,863

    $47,370

    $44,461

    $81,102

    FY06

    25

     

    $22,781

    $39,231

    $35,954

    $84,136

     

    $26,983

    $46,467

    $42,585

    $99,654

    FY07

    25

     

    $25,962

    $41,297

    $39,275

    $83,998

     

    $29,899

    $47,559

    $45,230

    $96,735

    FY08

    25

     

    $19,600

    $44,694

    $40,104

    $81,750

     

    $21,737

    $49,568

    $44,477

    $90,665

    FY09

    25

     

    $18,683

    $37,386

    $35,216

    $56,500

     

    $20,794

    $41,611

    $39,196

    $62,885

    FY10

    25

     

    $18,781

    $36,566

    $35,661

    $61,500

     

    $20,566

    $40,041

    $39,051

    $67,346

    FY11

    25

     

    $27,668

    $37,963

    $35,083

    $59,300

     

    $29,371

    $40,299

    $37,242

    $62,949

    FY12

    25

     

    $22,000

    $37,968

    $33,583

    $72,000

     

    $22,880

    $39,487

    $34,927

    $74,881

    FY13

    25

     

    $24,431

    $35,959

    $35,062

    $60,300

     

    $25,042

    $36,858

    $35,939

    $61,808

    FY14

    25

     

    $28,114

    $39,920

    $36,551

    $75,000

     

    $28,357

    $40,265

    $36,866

    $75,648

    FY15

    25

     

    $27,025

    $38,956

    $37,000

    $75,000

     

    $27,226

    $39,246

    $37,275

    $75,559

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    0.09%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    -12.47%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    -4.62%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Tabular change is based on change in median pay expressed in constant dollars for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2016 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, is presented in blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Table 18. State Director

     

     

     

    Nominal $

     

    Constant $

    Year

    Obs

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

     

    Minimum

    Average

    Median

    Maximum

    FY01

    25

     

    $56,000

    $82,660

    $79,521

    $122,533

     

    $75,504

    $111,450

    $107,217

    $165,210

    FY02

    25

     

    $61,604

    $87,459

    $84,567

    $130,104

     

    $81,767

    $116,085

    $112,246

    $172,688

    FY03

    25

     

    $57,083

    $85,785

    $88,700

    $109,667

     

    $74,079

    $111,325

    $115,108

    $142,317

    FY04

    25

     

    $70,000

    $96,097

    $99,000

    $123,126

     

    $88,484

    $121,473

    $125,142

    $155,639

    FY05

    25

     

    $77,017

    $104,232

    $102,927

    $139,312

     

    $94,165

    $127,438

    $125,843

    $170,329

    FY06

    25

     

    $54,398

    $104,504

    $101,328

    $159,755

     

    $64,431

    $123,779

    $120,016

    $189,219

    FY07

    25

     

    $79,146

    $106,843

    $99,707

    $160,659

     

    $91,147

    $123,044

    $114,826

    $185,020

    FY08

    25

     

    $73,750

    $112,563

    $110,006

    $163,563

     

    $81,792

    $124,838

    $122,003

    $181,400

    FY09

    25

     

    $81,132

    $118,890

    $113,975

    $167,305

     

    $90,301

    $132,325

    $126,855

    $186,212

    FY10

    25

     

    $79,429

    $120,986

    $116,496

    $169,459

     

    $86,979

    $132,485

    $127,569

    $185,566

    FY11

    25

     

    $81,500

    $126,386

    $123,557

    $169,459

     

    $86,516

    $134,163

    $131,161

    $179,888

    FY12

    25

     

    $83,500

    $123,006

    $116,500

    $169,459

     

    $86,841

    $127,928

    $121,162

    $176,240

    FY13

    25

     

    $56,167

    $125,491

    $120,400

    $169,459

     

    $57,571

    $128,629

    $123,410

    $173,696

    FY14

    25

     

    $78,833

    $132,613

    $127,467

    $169,459

     

    $79,515

    $133,760

    $128,568

    $170,924

    FY15

    25

     

    $93,500

    $134,582

    $135,250

    $169,459

     

    $94,196

    $135,584

    $136,257

    $170,721

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Change

    5 Years, FY11-FY15

    3.89%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    10 Years, FY06-FY15

    13.53%

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    15 Years, FY01-FY15

    27.09%

    Median Pay

    Change in Pay

    FY15 Distribution of Pay

    Dollars in figures are in thousands.

    Source: Report of the Secretary of the Senate, as collated by LegiStorm, various years, and CRS calculations. Tabular change is based on change in median pay expressed in constant dollars for the periods noted. In the visualizations, position pay information based on constant 2016 dollars in thousands of dollars, or change in those levels, is presented in blue. Change in Pay visualizations for General Schedule, Washington, DC, and Members of Congress are based on calendar year change calculated in constant 2016 dollars; staff position is based on change by fiscal year. Detailed information about data sources is available above in "Data Tables and Visualizations."

    Author Contact Information

    [author name scrubbed], Coordinator, Specialist in American National Government ([email address scrubbed], [phone number scrubbed])
    [author name scrubbed], Research Assistant ([email address scrubbed], [phone number scrubbed])

    Acknowledgments

    [author name scrubbed], Research Assistant, provided update support. Jacobo Licona, Brian Hamel, Joe Wisniewski, and Claire Laurence, former CRS interns, collected data for this report. [author name scrubbed], Visual Information Specialist, created the visualizations for this report. Claudia Guidi and Sandra L. Edwards, User Support Specialists, and Alex Marine, Publications Editor, provided formatting and editorial support.

    Footnotes

    1.

    Since 2014, the minimum level of gross pay has been $2,267 for Senate staff. The maximum annual pay for staff in a Senator's personal office has since 2009 been $169,459, 2 U.S.C. 4575. Maximum payable rates for staff in a Senator's office since 2001 are available in Table 1.

    2.

    For discussion of resources available to Members to carry out their official duties, see, Congressional Salaries and Allowances, by [author name scrubbed], Congressional Salaries and Allowances: In Brief, by Ida A. Brudnick.

    3.

    U.S. Senate, Secretary of the Senate, 2006 U.S. Senate Employment, Compensation, Hiring and Benefits Study (Washington: 2006).

    4.

    In this report, pay refers to monies paid by the Senate to staff, and excludes other components of total compensation, which might include paid leave or employer contributions to various insurance and retirement benefits.

    5.

    The Report of the Secretary of the Senate since April 2011 is available at https://www.senate.gov/legislative/common/generic/report_secsen.htm.

    6.

    See http://www.legistorm.com/.

    7.

    For a discussion of staff roles in Members' offices, see CRS Report RL34545, Congressional Staff: Duties and Functions of Selected Positions, by [author name scrubbed].

    8.

    Other job titles which may indicate similar duties, and for which pay data were collected for this category, include Office Manager, Office Administrator, and Administrative Manager. No data are available for administrative directors in FY2001-FY2003.

    9.

    Other job titles which may indicate similar duties, and for which pay data were collected for this category, include Casework Director, Casework Coordinator, and Director of Constituent Services.

    109.

    Other job titles which may indicate similar duties, and for which pay data were collected for this category, include Constituent Services Representative and Federal Caseworker.

    11.

    Other job titles which may indicate similar duties, and for which pay data were collected for this category, include Legal Counsel, Legislative Counsel, Senior Counsel, Chief Counsel, and General CounselFederal Caseworker and Constituent Caseworker.

    1210.

    Another job title which may indicate similar duties, and for which pay data were collected for this category, was Regional Representative.

    1311.

    Obtaining the salaries of every congressional staff member from every Senator's office listed in the Report of the Secretary of the Senate wasis beyond the capacity of available resources. Each year, a different, random sample of Senators' offices was taken for each position. The large random samples of positions in Senators' offices mean that a full accounting would be unlikely to yield significantly different results. At the same time, a study that examines pay data based on different job titles, or which combines pay data from positions of similar titles or duties (e.g., legislative assistant and senior legislative assistant, or executive assistants, schedulers, and executive assistant/schedulers), could result in findings that are different from those provided here.

    14.

    The numbers of staff whose data were counted are identified as observations in the data tables.

    1512.

    Other forms of payment do not appear to be recorded in a consistent manner. Sometimes overtime and other pay is listed as separate entries and in other instances, significant one-time changes in a quarterly total may suggest payments in addition to regular salary.

    16.

    Information about the duration of staff employment is available in CRS Report R44683, Staff Tenure in Selected Positions in House Committees, 2006-2016, CRS Report R44685, Staff Tenure in Selected Positions in Senate Committees, 2006-2016, CRS Report R44682, Staff Tenure in Selected Positions in House Member Offices, 2006-2016, and CRS Report R44684, Staff Tenure in Selected Positions in Senators' Offices, 2006-2016.

    1713.

    For information on the number of first-term Members in each Congress, see CRS Report R41283, First-Term Members of the House of Representatives and Senate, 64th - 113th Congresses, by [author name scrubbed] and [author name scrubbed]64th-114th Congresses, by Jennifer E. Manning and R. Eric Petersen.

    1814.

    U.S. Senate, Committee on Rules and Administration, Senate Handbook (Washington: 1996), ppp. I-13.

    1915.

    U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index, at http://www.bls.gov/cpi/tables.htm.

    2016.

    Member pay data are taken from CRS Report 97-1011, Salaries of Members of Congress: Recent Actions and Historical Tables, by [author name scrubbed]Ida A. Brudnick.

    2117.

    General Schedule pay change is based on changes in pay levels, and not the pay of individuals. General Schedule pay tables are available at https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/20152019/general-schedule/. For a complete description of areas covered under the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA locality pay table, see httphttps://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/20142019/locality-pay-area-definitions/#wDC. For areas covered by the RUS, see https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/2019/locality-pay-area-definitions/#US.

    22.

    5 years, FY2011-FY2015; 10 years, FY2006-FY2015; and 14 years, FY2001-FY2015.

    23.

    The median is the midpoint at which half of the numbers in a list are higher and the other half lower.

    24.

    Data are not available in FY2001 for administrative directors.