Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Executive Departments During the 106th Congress, 1999-2000

This report focuses on presidential nominations and Senate confirmations to the 330 full-time positions in the 14 executive departments to which the President makes appointments, with the advice and consent of the Senate. During the 106th Congress, President Clinton submitted 136 nominations and made 18 recess appointments to full-time positions requiring Senate confirmation. The Senate confirmed 108 nominations and returned 24; the President withdrew four nominations. On average, the Senate took 105 days (three and a half months) to confirm a nomination. Sixty-eight nominations (63%) took less than 105 days to be confirmed, and 40 (37%) took more than 105 days. The length of time for individual nominations to be confirmed varied considerably-33 nominations took less than two months, and 13 nominations took over six months, with the three longest taking over 10 months (two nominations) and one over 14 months. Nominations to eight departments on average were confirmed in less than the 105-day average, including the Department of Defense 52 days, Department of Energy 81 days, Department of Housing and Urban Development 81 days, Department of State 97 days, Department of Agriculture 98 days, Department of the Interior 99 days, Department of the Treasury 100 days, and Department of Transportation 104 days. Nominations to five departments on average were confirmed above the 105 day average, including the Department of Commerce 112 days, Department of Education 114 days, Department of Veterans Affairs 121 days, Department of Labor 169 days, and Department of Justice 178 days. Excluded from the report are appointments to positions in the military services officer corps (including the Coast Guard), the Foreign Service and overseas commercial and diplomatic posts, and the two uniformed civilian services (Public Health Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Corps); and positions as U.S. Attorneys and U.S. Marshals. Information provided in this report was compiled from the LEGIS nominations database in the Senate Computer Center, the Congressional Record (daily edition), the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents , and telephone discussions with department officials.

Order Code RL30524 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Executive Departments During the 106th Congress, 1999-2000 Updated March 26, 2001 -name redactedSpecialist in American National Government Government and Finance Division Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Executive Departments During the 106th Congress, 1999-2000 Summary This report focuses on presidential nominations and Senate confirmations to the 330 full-time positions in the 14 executive departments to which the President makes appointments, with the advice and consent of the Senate. During the 106th Congress, President Clinton submitted 136 nominations and made 18 recess appointments to full-time positions requiring Senate confirmation. The Senate confirmed 108 nominations and returned 24; the President withdrew four nominations. On average, the Senate took 105 days (three and a half months) to confirm a nomination. Sixty-eight nominations (63%) took less than 105 days to be confirmed, and 40 (37%) took more than 105 days. The length of time for individual nominations to be confirmed varied considerably–33 nominations took less than two months, and 13 nominations took over six months, with the three longest taking over 10 months (two nominations) and one over 14 months. Nominations to eight departments on average were confirmed in less than the 105-day average, including the Department of Defense 52 days, Department of Energy 81 days, Department of Housing and Urban Development 81 days, Department of State 97 days, Department of Agriculture 98 days, Department of the Interior 99 days, Department of the Treasury 100 days, and Department of Transportation 104 days. Nominations to five departments on average were confirmed above the 105 day average, including the Department of Commerce 112 days, Department of Education 114 days, Department of Veterans Affairs 121 days, Department of Labor 169 days, and Department of Justice 178 days. Excluded from the report are appointments to positions in the military services officer corps (including the Coast Guard), the Foreign Service and overseas commercial and diplomatic posts, and the two uniformed civilian services (Public Health Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Corps); and positions as U.S. Attorneys and U.S. Marshals. Information provided in this report was compiled from the LEGIS nominations database in the Senate Computer Center, the Congressional Record (daily edition), the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, and telephone discussions with department officials. Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 The Appointment Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Recess Appointments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Temporary Appointments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Nominations and Appointments During 106th Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Nominations and Appointments to Individual Departments . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Department of Agriculture (UDSA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Department of Commerce (DOC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Department of Defense (DOD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of Education (EDUC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of Energy (DOE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of the Interior (DOI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of Justice (DOJ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of Labor (DOL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of State (DOS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of Transportation (DOT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of the Treasury (TREA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 27 29 30 32 List of Tables Table 1. Nomination and Appointment Action in the 106th Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Table 2. Average Number of Days to Confirm a Nomination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Table 3. Alphabetical Listing of Nominees and Appointees During 106th Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Table 4. Nomination and Appointment Action, Executive Departments, 106th Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Table 5. Abbreviations of Departments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Executive Departments During the 106th Congress, 1999-2000 Introduction This report lists the 330 full-time positions requiring Senate confirmation in the 14 executive departments and the names of the incumbents in the positions. (All fulltime positions are included, except U.S. Attorney and U.S. Marshal positions in the Department of Justice; Foreign Service and diplomatic positions in the Department of State; officer corps positions in the civilian uniformed services of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the Department of Commerce, and of the Public Health Service in the Department of Health and Human Services; and the officer corps in the military services.) The report also lists all nominations submitted by the President to the Senate for confirmation, and the action taken on the nominations during the 106th Congress. Data for the report were compiled from the LEGIS nominations database in the Senate Computer Center, the Congressional Record (daily edition), the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, and telephone discussions with agency officials. A similar report is available for the 105th Congress.1 During the 106th Congress, President Clinton submitted 136 nominations2 and made 18 recess appointments to full-time positions requiring Senate confirmation. The Senate confirmed 108 (79%) of the nominations and returned 24 (18%). The President withdrew four nominations (3%). 1 U.S. Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Executive Departments During the 105th Congress, by (name r edacted), CRS Report 98-357 GOV (Washington: Mar. 15, 1999). 2 To avoid double counting, only one nomination is counted as being submitted when (1) a nomination is withdrawn by the White House to make a minor change and is then immediately resubmitted to the Senate; and (2) a nomination is submitted to the Senate, the nominee is given a recess appointment while the nomination is pending, and a second nomination is submitted notifying the Senate that the nominee has been given a recess appointment. Consequently, total figures regarding nominations in this report will not be the same as those found in the monthly “Resume of Congressional Activity” in the Congressional Record, nor in the nominations returned and withdrawn section of the Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate. CRS-2 Table 1. Nomination and Appointment Action in the 106th Congress Nominations submitted to the Senate Nominations confirmed by the Senate Nominations withdrawn by the President Nominations returned to the President Recess appointments made by the President 136 108 4 24 18 On average, the Senate took 105 days or three and a half months to confirm a nomination. Overall, 68 nominations (63%) were confirmed before 105 days, and 40 (37%) were confirmed after 105 days. The length of time for confirmation of individual nominations varied considerably. While 33 nominations took less than two months to confirm, 13 took over six months, with the three longest taking over 10 months (two nominations) and one over 14 months. Nominations to eight departments on average were confirmed below the 105day average, including the Department of Defense 52 days, Department of Energy 81 days, Department of Housing and Urban Development 81 days, Department of State 97 days, Department of Agriculture 98 days, Department of the Interior 99 days, Department of the Treasury 100 days, and Department of Transportation 104 days. Nominations to five departments on average were confirmed above the 105 day average, including the Department of Commerce 112 days, Department of Education 114 days, Department of Veterans Affairs 121 days, Department of Labor 169 days, and Department of Justice 178 days. Table 2. Average Number of Days to Confirm a Nomination Department Department of Defense Department of Energy Department of Housing and Urban Development Department of State Department of Agriculture Department of the Interior Department of the Treasury Department of Transportation Department of Commerce Department of Education Department of Veterans Affairs Department of Labor Department of Justice Department of Health and Human Services Confirmed nominations Average number of days Number 14 52 10 81 2 81 20 3 5 16 3 12 3 3 8 9 0 97 98 99 100 104 112 114 121 169 178 na CRS-3 The Appointment Process The President and the Senate share the power to appoint the principal officers of the United States.3 The Constitution (Article II, Section 2) empowers the President to nominate and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint the principal officers of the United States. Three distinct stages mark the appointment process–nomination, confirmation, and appointment. In the nomination or first stage, the President selects the nominee and sends the nomination to the Senate. For positions located within a state (U.S. Attorney, U.S. Marshal, and U.S. District Judge), the President, by custom, normally nominates an individual recommended by the Senator or Senators from that state if they are from the same party as the President. If neither Senator is from the same party, the President normally defers to the recommendations of party leaders from the state. Occasionally, the President solicits recommendations from Senators of the opposition party when they hold key Senate positions. Before making a nomination, whether at the state or national level, the President must consider how it will fare in the confirmation process. A nomination to a position does not give the nominee legal authority to assume the duties and responsibilities of the position. That authority comes only after the nominee is confirmed and appointed. While awaiting confirmation, a nominee often is hired as a consultant and may act only in an advisory capacity. A nominee serving in an “acting” capacity (see below), however, has full authority to exercise the duties and responsibilities of the position. In the confirmation or second stage, the Senate alone determines whether to approve or disapprove a nomination. How the Senate acts on a nomination depends largely on the importance of the position involved, existing political circumstances, and policy implications. Generally, the Senate shows particular interest in the nominees’ views and how they are likely to affect public policy.4 How closely their personal and professional qualities are examined will also depend on whether or not the President’s party controls the Senate and how involved he becomes in supporting the nomination. Although the Senate confirms most nominations, no President can safely assume that all of his nominees will be approved routinely. Rarely, however, does a rejection occur on the Senate floor. Nearly all rejections occur in committee, by either committee vote or committee inaction. Rejections in committee occur for a variety of reasons, including: opposition to the nomination; an inadequate amount of time for consideration of the nomination; or factors that may have nothing to do with the 3 A succinct historical and contemporary overview of the appointment power is found in (name redacted), “Appointment Powers,” in his Constitutional Conflicts between Congress and the President, 4th ed. (Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 1997), pp. 22-48. 4 G. Calvin Mackenzie, The Politics of Presidential Appointments (New York: The Free Press, 1981), pp. 97-189. CRS-4 merits of the nomination. Between 1981 and 1992, the Senate confirmed 90% of all nominations to full-time positions in the executive departments.5 The first two stages of the appointment process may be summarized by the view that, while the President proposes, the Senate disposes. In the third or final stage, the confirmed nominee is given a commission signed by the President, with the seal of the United States affixed thereto, and is sworn into office. At that point, he or she has full authority to carry out the responsibilities of the office. Recess Appointments The process also enables the President to make an appointment without the need for it to be confirmed by the Senate when that body is in recess, either during a session (intrasession recess appointment) or between sessions (intersession recess appointment). Recess appointments expire at the end of the next session of Congress.6 Presidents have occasionally used the recess appointment power to circumvent the confirmation process. In response, Congress has placed additional restrictions on the President’s authority to make a recess appointment. Under 5 U.S.C. 5503(a), if the position to which the President makes a recess appointment fell vacant while the Senate was in session, the appointee may not be paid from the Treasury until he or she is confirmed by the Senate. The salary prohibition does not apply: (1) if the vacancy arose within 30 days before the end of the session; (2) if a nomination for the office (other than the nomination of someone given a recess appointment during the preceding recess) was pending when the Senate recessed; or (3) if a nomination was rejected within 30 days before the end of the session and another individual was given the recess appointment. A recess appointee falling under any one of these three exceptions must be nominated not later than 40 days after the beginning of the next session of the Senate.7 For this reason, when a recess appointment is made, the President generally submits a new nomination for the nominee even when an old nomination is pending. Temporary Appointments Congress has also provided limited statutory authority for the temporary filling of vacant positions requiring Senate confirmation. Under the Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998, P.L. 105-277, Division C, Title I, section 151, to be codified at 5 U.S.C. 3354-3359d, an advice and consent position in an executive agency that 5 U.S. Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, Senate Action on Nominations to Policy Positions in the Executive Branch, 1981-1992, by (name redacted),CRS Report 93464 GOV (Washington: Apr. 28, 1993). 6 Art. II, Sec. 2, Cl. 3 of the Constitution. 7 For additional information on recess appointments, see U.S. Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, Recess Appointments: Legal Overview, by Richard C. Ehlke, CRS Report 87-832 A (Washington: Oct. 19, 1987). CRS-5 becomes vacant may be filled temporarily in one of three ways: (1) the first assistant to such a position automatically assumes the functions and duties of the office; or (2) the President directs an officer in any agency who is occupying a position requiring Senate confirmation to perform those tasks; or (3) the President selects any officer or employee of the subject agency who is occupying a position whose rate of pay is equal to or greater than the minimum rate of pay at the GS-15 level and who has been with the agency for at least 90 of the preceding 365 days. The temporary appointment is for 210 days, but the time restriction is suspended if a first or second nomination for the position is pending. In addition, during a presidential transition, the 210-day restriction period does not begin to run until either 90 days after the President assumes office, or 90 days after the vacancy occurs, if it is within the 90-day inauguration period. The act does not apply to positions on multi-headed regulatory boards and commissions and to certain other specific positions which may be filled temporarily under other statutory provisions. Nominations and Appointments During 106th Congress Table 3, below, lists, in alphabetical order, all nominees/appointees to positions in executive departments, with dates of nomination and confirmation. The “Confirmed” column notes whether the nomination was confirmed, withdrawn, returned, or rejected. The “Days to confirm” column indicates the number of days the Senate took to confirm the nominee from the time the nomination was received in the Senate. On average, the Senate took 105 days (three and a half months) to confirm a nomination after receiving it. The 32 days the Senate was recessed (August 8 through September 9, 1999) during the first session, 40 days it was recessed (July 27 through September 5, 2000) during the second session, and 56 days it was adjourned between the end of the first session and the beginning of the second session (November 29, 1999, through January 24, 2000), were excluded when calculating the number of days the Senate took to confirm the nominations that were pending during those periods. CRS-6 Table 3. Alphabetical Listing of Nominees and Appointees During 106th Congress Departmenta Nominated Confirmed Days to confirmb Assistant Secretary DOI 08/05/99 02/29/00 120 William B. Bader Assistant Secretary DOS 09/13/99 11/10/99 58 Gregory A. Baer Assistant Secretary TREA 09/22/99 11/10/99 49 Sue Bailey Administrator DOT 07/26/00 Sue Bailey Administrator DOT Monte R. Belger Deputy Administrator DOT 11/10/99 Linda J. Bilmes CFO/Assistant Secretary DOC 10/20/99 11/19/99 30 Charles A. Blanchard General Counsel (Army) DOD 06/30/99 08/05/99 36 Avis T. Bohlen Assistant Secretary DOS 10/01/99 11/10/99 40 Richard A. Boucher Assistant Secretary DOS 06/13/00 12/15/00 145 Kenneth M. Bresnahan Chief Financial Officer DOL 01/06/99 11/10/99 276 Arthur C. Campbell Assistant Secretary DOC 03/22/00 12/15/00 228 Arthur C. Campbell Assistant Secretary DOC Kelly H. Carnes Assistant Secretary DOC 03/05/99 11/10/99 218 Anne H. Chasser Assistant Commissioner DOC 07/27/99 11/10/99 74 Michael Cohen Assistant Secretary EDUC 07/01/99 11/10/99 100 Madelyn R. Creedon Deputy Administrator DOE 03/09/00 07/10/00 123 Troy H. Cribb Assistant Secretary DOC 07/27/00 10/24/00 49 James B. Cunningham U.S. Deputy Representative DOS 07/01/99 11/10/99 100 Gregory R. Dahlberg Under Secretary (Army) DOD 03/20/00 05/18/00 59 Lawrence J. Delaney Assistant Secretary (Air Force) DOD 03/02/99 04/29/99 58 Rudy deLeon Deputy Secretary DOD 03/07/00 03/29/00 22 Earl E. Devaney Inspector General DOI 07/22/99 08/05/99 14 Carol DiBattiste Under Secretary (Air Force) DOD 06/30/99 08/05/99 36 Q. Todd Dickinson Commissioner DOC 07/01/99 11/10/99 100 James F. Dobbins Assistant Secretary DOS 09/26/00 James F. Dobbins Assistant Secretary DOS James A. Dorskind General Counsel DOC James A. Dorskind General Counsel DOC Nominee/Appointee Position Sylvia V. Baca Returned 12/15/00 Recess Appointment 08/03/00 Returned 12/15/00 Recess appointment 08/03/00 Returned 12/15/00 Recess appointment 12/29/00 10/25/00 Returned 12/15/00 Recess appointment 12/21/00 CRS-7 Nominee/Appointee Position Departmenta Nominated Confirmed Days to confirmb Mildred S. Dresselhaus Director DOE 05/23/00 07/26/00 64 Douglas A. Dworkin General Counsel DOD 03/07/00 06/09/00 94 William A. Eaton Assistant Secretary DOS 03/20/00 Robert J. Einhorn Assistant Secretary DOS 04/13/99 11/10/99 179 Stuart E. Eizenstat Deputy Secretary TREA 06/17/99 07/13/99 26 Armando Falcon, Jr. Director HUD 06/07/99 09/29/99 82 Nuria I. Fernandez Administrator DOT 03/22/00 Paul W. Fiddick Assistant Secretary USDA 06/24/99 11/10/99 107 Glenn A. Fine Inspector General DOJ 05/15/00 12/15/00 174 Andrew C. Fish Assistant Secretary USDA 07/19/99 10/07/99 48 Michael J. Frazier Assistant Secretary DOT 08/03/99 11/10/99 67 Johnnie E. Frazier Inspector General DOC 06/23/99 07/15/99 22 A. Lee Fritschler Assistant Secretary EDUC 06/21/99 11/10/99 110 Thomas A. Fry, III Director DOI 10/27/99 05/24/00 154 Thomas L. Garthwaite Under Secretary DVA 05/15/00 09/08/00 76 Irasema Garza Director DOL 06/23/99 11/19/99 117 Robert W. Gee Assistant Secretary DOE 01/29/99 04/19/99 80 Timothy F. Geithner Under Secretary TREA 01/06/99 04/21/99 105 Gary Gensler Under Secretary TREA 01/06/99 04/21/99 105 T. J. Glauthier Deputy Secretary DOE 01/06/99 03/17/99 70 Nicholas P. Godici, II Assistant Commissioner DOC 01/31/00 David L. Goldwyn Assistant Secretary DOE 04/12/99 07/13/99 92 John A. Gordon Under Secretary DOE 05/03/00 06/14/00 42 Rose E. Gottemoeller Assistant Secretary DOE 02/25/99 03/25/99 28 Marc Grossman Director General DOS 03/20/00 06/09/00 81 John T. Hanson Assistant Secretary DVA 04/12/99 07/01/99 80 John D. Hawke, Jr. Comptroller of the Currency TREA 01/06/99 10/07/99 242 David J. Hayes Deputy Secretary DOI 08/03/99 02/22/00 115 Donald S. Hays U.S. Representative DOS 10/06/99 11/10/99 35 Gordon S. Heddell Inspector General DOL 03/23/00 12/15/00 227 Returned 12/15/00 Returned 12/15/00 Withdrawn 05/23/00 CRS-8 Departmenta Nominated Confirmed Days to confirmb DOS 02/10/99 08/05/99 176 Deputy Secretary EDUC 11/10/99 Frank S. Holleman, III Deputy Secretary EDUC Elwood Holstein, Jr. Assistant Secretary DOC Elwood Holstein, Jr. Assistant Secretary DOC John D. Holum Under Secretary DOS John D. Holum Under Secretary DOS Carolyn L. Huntoon Assistant Secretary DOE 01/06/99 07/01/99 176 Ivan Itkin Director DOE 08/03/99 11/19/99 76 Albert S. Jacquez Administrator DOT 01/06/99 07/01/99 176 Jay Johnson Director TREA 09/08/99 05/24/00 203 Paula M. Junghans Assistant Attorney General DOJ 07/27/00 Roger W. Kallock Deputy Under Secretary DOD 05/17/00 09/08/00 74 T. Michael Kerr Administrator DOL 06/23/99 11/19/99 117 Kenneth W. Kizer Under Secretary DVA 01/06/99 Leslie B. Kramerich Assistant Secretary DOL 07/10/00 12/15/00 118 Alan P. Larson Under Secretary DOS 10/08/99 11/19/99 42 Robert S. LaRussa Under Secretary DOC 05/25/00 12/15/00 164 Robert S. LaRussa Under Secretary DOC Luis J. Lauredo U.S. Representative - OAS DOS Luis J. Lauredo U.S. Representative - OAS DOS Mary Lou Leary Assistant Attorney General DOJ 09/22/00 Returned 12/15/00 Bill Lann Lee Assistant Attorney General DOJ 03/05/99 Returned 12/15/00 Bill Lann Lee Assistant Attorney General DOJ James B. Lewis Director DOE 05/20/99 07/13/99 54 Lorraine P. Lewis Inspector General EDUC 01/14/99 05/26/99 132 Evelyn S. Lieberman Under Secretary DOS 06/24/99 07/30/99 36 Donald A. Mahley Special Negotiator DOS 03/07/00 05/24/00 78 Alphonso Maldon, Jr. Assistant Secretary DOD 10/04/99 11/05/99 32 Donald Mancuso Inspector General DOD 06/28/00 Nominee/Appointee Position Richard Holbrooke U.S. Representative Frank S. Holleman, III Returned 12/15/00 Recess appointment 12/28/99 09/14/00 Returned 12/15/00 Recess appointment 12/21/00 03/05/99 Returned 12/15/00 Recess appointment 08/04/00 Returned 12/15/00 Withdrawn 07/14/99 Recess appointment 08/04/00 11/10/99 12/15/00 305 Recess appointment 12/22/99 Recess appointment 08/03/00 Returned 12/15/00 CRS-9 Departmenta Nominated Confirmed Days to confirmb Associate Attorney General DOJ 02/28/00 12/15/00 251 Hans Mark Assistant Secretary DOD 10/19/00 Donnie R. Marshall Administrator DOJ 02/22/00 05/24/00 92 John W. Marshall Director DOJ 08/05/99 11/10/99 65 Mark J. Mazur Administrator DOE 10/17/00 Richard M. McGahey Assistant Secretary DOL 03/02/99 11/10/99 221 Christopher A. McLean Administrator USDA 02/09/00 06/27/00 139 Edward F. Meagher Assistant Secretary DVA 09/19/00 Julio F. Mercado Deputy Administrator DOJ 03/23/00 06/29/00 98 Norman Y. Mineta Secretary DOC 07/17/00 07/20/00 3 Arthur L. Money Assistant Secretary DOD 05/13/99 09/30/99 108 Edward B. Montgomery Assistant Secretary DOL 05/05/99 11/10/99 157 Edward B. Montgomery Deputy Secretary DOL 01/24/00 05/24/00 121 Randolph D. Moss Assistant Attorney General DOJ 11/09/99 12/15/00 306 Randolph D. Moss Assistant Attorney General DOJ Beth Nolan Assistant Attorney General DOJ 03/05/99 David W. Ogden Assistant Attorney General DOJ 06/10/99 David W. Ogden Assistant Attorney General DOJ F. Whitten Peters Secretary (Air Force) DOD 06/17/99 07/30/99 43 Robert B. Pirie, Jr. Under Secretary (Navy) DOD 09/07/00 10/12/00 35 Robert Raben Assistant Attorney General DOJ 05/03/99 10/07/99 125 Gregory Rohde Assistant Secretary DOC 08/03/99 11/10/99 67 Peter F. Romero Assistant Secretary DOS 01/06/99 Peter F. Romero Assistant Secretary DOS Lisa G. Ross Assistant Secretary/CFO TREA 06/06/00 12/15/00 152 Bernard D. Rostker Under Secretary DOD 03/20/00 05/18/00 59 J. Stapleton Roy Assistant Secretary DOS 10/01/99 11/10/99 40 Jeffrey Rush, Jr. Inspector General TREA 07/01/99 07/22/99 21 Lewis A. Sachs Assistant Secretary TREA 05/20/99 07/13/99 54 Julie E. Samuels Director DOJ 12/15/00 Nominee/Appointee Position Daniel Marcus Returned 12/15/00 Returned 12/15/00 Returned 12/15/00 Recess appointment 08/03/00 Withdrawn 11/09/99 12/15/00 426 Recess appointment 08/03/00 Returned 12/15/00 Recess appointment 12/29/00 Returned 12/15/00 CRS-10 Days to confirmb Nominee/Appointee Position Departmenta Julie E. Samuels Director DOJ Francisco J. Sanchez Assistant Secretary DOT Francisco J. Sanchez Assistant Secretary DOT David B. Sandalow Assistant Secretary DOS 03/05/99 10/22/99 199 Marjory E. Searing Asst. Sec./Director General DOC 06/30/00 12/15/00 128 Robert A. Seiple, Jr. Ambassador at Large DOS 01/06/99 03/24/99 77 Cheryl Shavers Under Secretary DOC 01/19/99 11/10/99 263 Owen J. Sheaks Assistant Secretary DOS 05/08/00 09/08/00 83 Michael A. Sheehan Coordinator DOS 06/17/99 08/03/99 47 Brian E. Sheridan Assistant Secretary DOD 03/18/99 04/29/99 42 Islam A. Siddiqui Under Secretary USDA 12/15/00 Islam A. Siddiqui Under Secretary USDA Thomas N. Slonaker Special Trustee DOI 02/23/00 Kenneth L. Smith Assistant Secretary DOI 10/25/00 Kenneth L. Smith Assistant Secretary DOI Marshall S. Smith Deputy Secretary EDUC 03/25/99 Michelle A. Smith Assistant Secretary TREA 02/23/00 05/24/00 91 Lawrence H. Summers Secretary TREA 06/07/99 07/01/99 24 Jonathan Talisman Assistant Secretary TREA 07/25/00 12/15/00 103 Ruth M. Thomas Deputy Under Secretary TREA 06/16/00 12/15/00 142 Edwin M. Truman Deputy Under Secretary TREA 01/06/99 04/21/99 105 Kathryn M. Turman Director DOJ 08/03/99 11/10/99 67 Stephen D. Van Beek Associate Deputy Secretary DOT 08/02/99 11/10/99 68 John K. Veroneau Assistant Secretary DOD 10/04/99 11/05/99 32 Susan M. Wachter Assistant Secretary HUD 07/30/99 11/19/99 80 Edward S. Walker, Jr. Assistant Secretary DOS 10/27/99 11/10/99 14 Robert M. Walker Under Secretary DVA 11/10/99 09/08/00 207 Earl A. Wayne Assistant Secretary DOS 11/03/99 05/24/00 147 David C. Williams Inspector General-Tax Admin. TREA 01/22/99 04/29/99 97 John J. Wilson Administrator DOJ 09/25/00 Nominated Confirmed Recess appointment 12/20/00 06/13/00 Returned 12/15/00 Recess appointment 08/03/00 Returned 12/15/00 Recess appointment 12/29/00 05/24/00 91 Returned 12/15/00 Recess appointment 12/21/00 Withdrawn 11/18/99 Returned 12/15/00 CRS-11 Days to confirmb Departmenta Nominated Under Secretary EDUC 07/13/00 Judith A. Winston Under Secretary EDUC Lauress L. Wise, II Commissioner EDUC 02/02/00 Neal S. Wolin General Counsel TREA 08/02/99 11/19/99 77 Norman A. Wulf Special Representative DOS 08/05/99 11/10/99 65 Nominee/Appointee Position Judith A. Winston Average number of days to confirm a nomination a Confirmed Returned 12/15/00 Recess appointment 12/27/00 Returned 12/15/00 105 See page 32 for department abbreviations. The 32 days the Senate was recessed (August 8 through September 9, 1999) during the first session, 40 days it was recessed (July 27 through September 5, 2000) during the second session, and 56 days it was adjourned between the end of the first session and the beginning of the second session (November 29, 1999, through January 24, 2000), were excluded when calculating the number of days the Senate took to confirm the nominations that were pending during those periods. b CRS-12 Table 4. Nomination and Appointment Action, Executive Departments, 106th Congress Positions Department Agriculture Commerce Defense Education Energy Health and Human Resources Housing and Urban Development Interior Justice Labor State Transportation Treasury Veterans Affairs Total Action on nominations Recess appoint Days to confirm Number 98 112 52 114 81 Number 15 26 45 16 21 Nominated 4 15 16 7 11 Confirmed 3 12 14 3 10 Withdrawn 0 1 0 1 0 Returned 1 2 2 3 1 Number 1 4 0 2 0 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 16 19 27 2 6 15 2 5 9 0 0 1 0 1 5 1 4 81 99 178 18 48 21 24 14 8 24 7 16 5 8 20 3 16 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 4 4 0 1 0 4 2 0 0 169 97 104 100 121 330 136 108 4 24 18 Nominations and Appointments to Individual Departments The following pages provide data on presidential nominations and appointments to full-time positions requiring Senate confirmation, and the Senate action on the nominations. For each department, the data are presented under two sections, “Appointment Action During 106th Congress,” and “Positions and Incumbents in Department.” The first section provides an overview of nominations and Senate actions. Nominees are listed in alphabetical order, along with the titles of the positions involved, and the dates of nomination and confirmation. Also noted are those instances in which a nomination has been rejected, returned, or withdrawn. The second section identifies all the positions that require Senate confirmation, and lists the incumbents and the Executive Schedule Level of the positions. An incumbent’s name followed by (A) indicates an official who is serving in an acting capacity. Occasionally, positions are left vacant, either because of a pending reorganization (which may result in the termination of the position), or because they are being temporarily merged with other positions. For example, the chief financial officer position in executive departments may be merged with another administrative position (management, budget, or administration) that also requires Senate confirmation. The roman numerals under “Level” show at which of the five pay levels in the Executive Schedule the positions is placed. CRS-13 Department of Agriculture (UDSA) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Confirmed Days to confirm1 06/24/99 11/10/99 107 Asst. Sec. - Congressional Relations 07/19/99 10/07/99 48 Christopher A. McLean Admin. - Rural Utilities Service 02/09/00 06/27/00 139 Islam A. Siddiqui Under Sec. - Market/Reg Programs 12/15/00 Returned2 Islam A. Siddiqui Under Sec. - Market/Reg Programs Recess appointment 12/29/00 Nominee Position Nominated Paul W. Fiddick Asst. Sec. - Administration Andrew C. Fish Average number of days to confirm a nomination 98 1 Not included in the calculations in this and the ensuing tables, are the 56 days the Senate was adjourned between the end of the 1st session and the beginning of the 2nd session (Nov. 29, 1999, through Jan. 24, 2000), as well as the 32 day recess in the 1st session (Aug. 8, 1999, through Sept. 9, 1999), and the 40 day recess in the 2nd session (July 27,2000, through Sept. 5, 2000). 2 Returned when the Senate adjourned on Dec. 15, 2000. Positions and Incumbents in Department of Agriculture Positions Incumbent Secretary Deputy Secretary Under Secretary - Farm/Foreign Agricultural Services Under Secretary - Food/Nutrition/Consumer Services Under Secretary - Food Safety Under Secretary - Marketing /Regulatory Programs Under Secretary - Natural Resources/Environment Under Secretary - Research/Education/Economics Under Secretary - Rural Development Assistant Secretary - Administration Assistant Secretary - Congressional Relations Chief Financial Officer1 General Counsel Inspector General Administrator - Rural Utilities Services2 Daniel R. Glickman Richard E. Rominger August Schumacher, Jr. Shirley R. Watkins Catherine E. Woteki Islam A. Siddiqui James R. Lyons I. Miley Gonzalez Jill Long-Thompson Paul W. Fiddick Andrew C. Fish Sally Thompson Charles R. Rawls Roger C. Viadero Christopher A. McLean 1 Level The chief financial officer may be appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, or may be designated by the President from among agency officials who have been confirmed by the Senate for another position (Sec. 901(a)(1), P.L. 101-576). This provisions applies to all other executive departments. 2 Ten-year fixed-term position (7 U.S.C. 901); the current term expires on Nov. 20, 2003. I II III III III III III III III IV IV IV IV IV V CRS-14 Department of Commerce (DOC) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Days to confirm Nominee Position Nominated Confirmed Linda J. Bilmes Chief Financial Officer/Asst. Sec. - Admin. 10/20/99 11/19/99 30 Arthur C. Campbell Asst. Sec. - Economic Development 03/22/00 12/15/00 228 Arthur C. Campbell Asst. Sec. - Economic Development Recess appointment 08/03/00 Kelly H. Carnes Asst. Sec. - Technology Policy 03/05/99 11/10/99 218 Anne H. Chasser Asst. Comm. - Patents Office 07/27/99 11/10/99 74 Troy H. Cribb Asst. Sec. - Import Administration 07/27/00 10/24/00 49 Q. Todd Dickinson Commissioner - Patents and Trademarks 07/01/99 11/10/99 100 James A. Dorskind General Counsel 10/25/00 Returned 12/15/00 James A. Dorskind General Counsel Recess appointment 12/21/00 Johnnie E. Frazier Inspector General 06/23/99 07/15/99 Nicholas P. Godici, II Asst. Comm. - Trademarks Office 01/31/00 Withdrawn 05/23/00 Elwood Holstein, Jr. Asst. Sec. - Oceans and Atmosphere 09/14/00 Returned 12/15/00 Elwood Holstein, Jr. Asst. Sec. - Oceans and Atmosphere Recess appointment 12/21/00 Robert S. LaRussa Under Sec. - International Trade Admin. 05/25/00 Robert S. LaRussa Under Sec. - International Trade Admin. Recess appointment 08/04/00 Norman Y. Mineta Secretary 07/17/00 07/20/00 3 Gregory Rohde Asst. Sec. -Communications and Information 08/03/99 11/10/99 67 Marjory E. Searing Asst. Sec./Dir. Gen. U.S. Foreign Commerce Service. 06/30/00 12/15/00 128 Cheryl Shavers Under Sec. - Technology 01/19/99 11/10/99 263 Average number of days to confirm a nomination 12/15/00 22 164 112 CRS-15 Positions and Incumbents in Department of Commerce 1 1 Positions Incumbent Secretary Deputy Secretary Under Secretary - Economic/Statistical Affairs Under Secretary - Export Administration Under Secretary - Intellectual Property/Patents & Trademark2 Under Secretary - International Trade Administration Under Secretary - Oceans/Atmosphere Under Secretary - Technology Asst. Sec. - Administration/Chief Financial Officer Asst. Sec. - Communications/Information Asst. Sec. - Economic Development Administration Asst. Sec. - Export Administration Asst. Sec. - Export Enforcement Asst. Sec. - Import Administration Asst. Sec. - Legislative/Intergovernmental Affairs Asst. Sec. - Market Access/Compliance Asst. Sec. - Oceans and Atmosphere Asst. Sec. - Technology Policy Asst. Sec. - Trade Development Asst. Sec./Dir. Gen. - U.S./Foreign Commercial Service Chief Financial Officer Director - Bureau of the Census Director - National Institute of Standards and Technology General Counsel Inspector General Chief Scientist - National Oceanic/Atmospheric Admin.2 Norman Y. Mineta Robert L. Mallett Robert J. Shapiro William Reinsch Q. Todd Dickinson Robert S. LaRussa D. James Baker Cheryl Shavers Linda J. Bilmes Gregory Rohde Arthur C. Campbell R. Roger Majak F. Amanda DeBusk Troy H. Cribb Deborah K. Kilmer Patrick A. Mulloy Elwood Holstein, Jr. Kelly H. Carnes Michael J. Copps Marjory E. Searing Linda J. Bilmes Kenneth Prewitt Raymond G. Kammer James A. Dorskind Johnnie E. Frazier Vacant Level I II II II III III III III IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV V Does not include positions in the officer corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, except for the chief scientist position. 2 Position of Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks to which Dickinson was appointed, was upgraded to that of Under Secretary for Intellectual Property and Director of U.S. Patent and Trademark Office; positions of Commissioner of Patents and Commissioner of Trademarkes were converted into Senior Executive Service Positions (P.L. 106-113, 35 U.S.C. 3). CRS-16 Department of Defense (DOD) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Days to confirm Nominee Positions Nominated Confirmed Charles A. Blanchard General Counsel - Army 06/30/99 08/05/99 36 Gregory R. Dahlberg Under Sec. - Army 03/20/00 05/18/00 59 Lawrence J. Delaney Asst. Sec. - Acquisition (Air Force) 03/02/99 04/29/99 58 Rudy deLeon Deputy Secretary 03/07/00 03/29/00 22 Carol DiBattiste Under Sec. - Air Force 06/30/99 08/05/99 36 Douglas A. Dworkin General Counsel 03/07/00 06/09/00 94 Roger W. Kallock Dep. Under Sec. - Logistics/Materiel Readiness 05/17/00 09/08/00 74 Alphonso Maldon, Jr. Asst. Sec. - Force Management Policy 10/04/99 11/05/99 32 Donald Mancuso Inspector General 06/28/00 Returned 12/15/00 Hans Mark Asst. Sec. - Nuclear/Chemical/Biological Defense Programs 10/19/00 Returned 12/15/00 Arthur L. Money Asst. Sec. - Command/Control/ Communications/Intelligence 05/13/99 09/30/99 108 F. Whitten Peters Secretary - Air Force 06/17/99 07/30/99 43 Robert B. Pirie, Jr. Under Sec. - Navy 09/07/00 10/12/00 35 Bernard D. Rostker Under Sec. - Personnel and Readiness 03/20/00 05/18/00 59 Brian E. Sheridan Asst. Sec. - Special Operations/ Low Intensity Conflict 03/18/99 04/29/99 42 John K. Veroneau Asst. Sec. - Legislative Affairs 10/04/99 11/05/99 32 Average number of days to confirm a nomination 52 CRS-17 Positions and Incumbents in Department of Defense Positions Incumbent Level Secretary Deputy Secretary Under Secretary - Acquisition/Technology Under Secretary - Comptroller/Chief Financial Officer Under Secretary - Personnel/Readiness Under Secretary - Policy Asst. Sec. - Command/Control/Communications/Intelligence Asst. Sec. - Force Management Policy Asst. Sec. - Health Affairs Asst. Sec. - Legislative Affairs Asst. Sec. - International Security Affairs Asst. Sec. - Nuclear/Chemical/Biological Defense Programs Asst. Sec. - Public Affairs Asst. Sec. - Reserve Affairs Asst. Sec. - Special Operations/Low Intensity Conflict Asst. Sec. - Strategy/Requirements Director - Defense Research/Engineering Director - Operational Testing/Evaluation General Counsel Inspector General Deputy Under Sec. - Logistics and Materiel Readiness Principal Deputy Under Sec. - Acquisition/Technology Principal Deputy Under Sec. - Policy William S. Cohen Rudy deLeon Jacques Gansler William J. Lynn III Bernard D. Rostker Walter B. Slocombe Arthur L. Money Alphonso Maldon, Jr. Sue Bailey John K. Veroneau Franklin D. Kramer Vacant Kenneth H. Bacon Vacant Brian E. Sheridan Edward L. Warner III Hans Mark Philip E. Coyle Douglas A. Dworkin Vacant Roger W. Kallock David R. Oliver James M. Bodner I II III III III III IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV V V Department of the Air Force Secretary Under Secretary Asst. Sec. - Acquisition Asst. Sec. - Financial Management/Comptroller Asst. Sec. - Manpower/Reserve Affairs/Installations Asst. Sec. - Space General Counsel F. Whitten Peters Carol DiBattiste Lawrence J. Delaney Robert F. Hale Ruby B. DeMesme Keith R. Hall Jeh C. Johnson II IV IV IV IV IV IV Department of the Army Secretary Under Secretary Asst. Sec. - Civil Works Asst. Sec. - Financial Management/Comptroller Asst. Sec. - Installations/Logistics/Environment2 Asst. Sec. - Manpower/Reserve Affairs Asst. Sec. - Research/Development/Acquisition General Counsel Louis Caldera Gregory R. Dahlberg Joseph W. Westphal Helen T. McCoy Mahlon Apgar IV Patrick T. Henry Paul J. Hoeper Charles A. Blanchard II IV IV IV IV IV IV IV Department of the Navy Secretary Under Secretary Asst. Sec. - Financial Management/Comptroller Asst. Sec. - Installations/Environment Asst. Sec. - Manpower/Reserve Affairs Asst. Sec. - Research/Development/Acquisition General Counsel Richard Danzig Robert B. Pirie, Jr. Vacant Robert B. Pirie Carolyn H. Becraft Herbert L. Buchanan III Stephen W. Preston II IV IV IV IV IV IV CRS-18 Joint Chiefs of Staff1 Chairman Vice Chairman Chief of Staff (Air Force) Chief of Staff (Army) Chief of Staff (Naval Operations) Commandant (Marine Corps) 1 General Henry H. Shelton General Richard B. Myers General Michael E. Ryan General Eric K. Shinseki Admiral Jay Johnson General James L. Jones Chairman and vice chairman serve two-year terms; other members serve four-year terms. General Shelton’s term expires on Sept. 24, 2001; General Myer’s term expires on Oct. 29, 2001; General Ryan’s term expired on Sept. 24, 2000, but he has been held over; General Shinseki’s term expires on June 16, 2001; Admiral Johnson’s term expired on Aug. 2, 2000, but he has been held over; and General Jones’, term expires on June 16, 2001. CRS-19 Department of Education (EDUC) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Days to confirm Nominee Position Nominated Confirmed Michael Cohen Asst. Sec. - Elementary and Secondary Education 07/01/99 11/10/99 100 A. Lee Fritschler Asst. Sec. - Postsecondary Education 06/21/99 11/10/99 110 Frank S. Holleman, III Deputy Secretary 11/10/99 Returned 12/15/00 Frank S. Holleman, III Deputy Secretary Recess appointment 12/28/991 Lorraine P. Lewis Inspector General 01/14/99 05/26/99 Marshall S. Smith Deputy Secretary 03/25/99 Withdrawn 11/18/99 Judith A. Winston Under Secretary 07/13/00 Returned 12/15/00 Judith A. Winston Under Secretary Recess appointment 12/27/00 Lauress L. Wise, II Commissioner - Education Statistics 02/02/00 132 Returned 12/15/00 Average number of days to confirm a nomination 114 Positions and Incumbents in Department of Education Positions Incumbent Level Secretary Deputy Secretary Under Secretary Asst. Sec. - Civil Rights Asst. Sec. - Educational Research/Improvement Asst. Sec. - Elementary/Secondary Education Asst. Sec. - Intergovernmental/Interagency Affairs Asst. Sec. - Legislation/Congressional Affairs Asst. Sec. - Postsecondary Education Asst. Sec. - Special Education/Rehabilitation Services Asst. Sec. - Vocational/Adult Education Chief Financial Officer Commissioner - National Center for Education Statistics2 General Counsel Inspector General Commissioner - Rehabilitation Services Administration Richard W. Riley Frank S. Holleman, III Judith A. Winston Norma V. Cantu Cyril K. McGuire Michael Cohen G. Mario Moreno Scott S. Fleming A. Lee Fritschler Judith Heumann Patricia W. McNeill Thomas S. Kelly (A) Gary Phillips (A) Vacant Lorraine P. Lewis Frederic K. Schroeder I II IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV 1 2 Recess appointment expires at end of 2nd session of 106th Congress. Four-year fixed-term position (20 U.S.C. 9002(b)(1)). CRS-20 Department of Energy (DOE) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Days to Nominee Position Nominate d Confirme d confirm Madelyn R. Creedon Deputy Admin. - National Nuclear Security Admin. 03/09/00 07/10/00 123 Mildred S. Dresselhaus Dir. - Office of Science 05/23/00 07/26/00 64 Robert W. Gee Asst. Sec. - Fossil Energy 01/29/99 04/19/99 80 T. J. Glauthier Deputy Secretary 01/06/99 03/17/99 70 David L. Goldwyn Asst. Sec. - International Affairs 04/12/99 07/13/99 92 John A. Gordon Under Sec. - Nuclear Security 05/03/00 06/14/00 42 Rose E. Gottemoeller Asst. Sec. - Non-Proliferation/National Security 02/25/99 03/25/99 28 Carolyn L. Huntoon Asst. Sec. - Environmental Management 01/06/99 07/01/99 176 Ivan Itkin Dir. - Civilian Radioactive Waste Management 08/03/99 11/19/99 76 James B. Lewis Dir. - Office of Minority Economic Impact 05/20/99 07/13/99 54 Mark J. Mazur Admin. - Energy Information Administration 10/17/00 Returned 12/15/00 Average number of days to confirm a nomination 81 Positions and Incumbents in Department of Energy Positions Incumbent Secretary Deputy Secretary Under Secretary Under Secretary - Nuclear Security1 Administrator - National Nuclear Security Administration1 Administrator -Energy Information Administration Asst. Sec. - Congressional/Intergovernmental Affairs Asst. Sec. - Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Asst. Sec. - Environment/Safety/Health Asst. Sec. - Environmental Management Asst. Sec. - Fossil Energy Asst. Sec. - International Affairs Asst. Sec. - Non-Proliferation/National Security Chief Financial Officer Deputy Admin. - National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Deputy Admin. - Nuclear Non-Proliferation, NNSA Director - Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Director - Office of Minority Economic Impact Director - Office of Science General Counsel Inspector General Bill Richardson T. J. Glauthier Ernest J. Moniz John A. Gordon John A. Gordon Jay E. Hakes John C. Angell Dan W. Reicher David Michaels Carolyn L. Huntoon Robert W. Gee David L. Goldwyn Rose E. Gottemoeller Michael L. Telson Madelyn R. Creedon Vacant Ivan Itkin James B. Lewis Mildred S. Dresselhaus Mary A. Sullivan Gregory H. Friedman 1 Level The under secretary serves as the administrator of the National Nuclear Security Administration. I II III III III IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV CRS-21 Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Nominee Position Nominated Days to confirm Confirmed None Average number of days to confirm a nomination Positions and Incumbents in Department of Health and Human Services Positions Incumbent Secretary Deputy Secretary Administrator - Health Care Financing Administration Administrator - Substance Abuse/Mental Health Asst. Sec. - Administration on Aging Asst. Sec. - Administration on Children/Families Asst. Sec. - Legislation Asst. Sec. - Management/Budget Asst. Sec. - Planning/Evaluation Asst. Sec. - Public Affairs Asst. Sec./Surgeon General - Health Chief Financial Officer Commissioner - Food and Drug Administration Director - National Institutes of Health General Counsel Inspector General Commissioner - Children/Youth/Families Commissioner - Administration for Native Americans Director - Indian Health Services1 Surgeon General2 Donna E. Shalala Kevin L. Thurm Nancy A. DeParle Nelba R. Chavez Jeanette C. Takamura Olivia A. Golden Richard Tarplin John J. Callahan Margaret Hamburg Melissa T. Skolfield David Satcher John J. Callahan Jane E. Henney Ruth Kirschstein (A) Harriet S. Rabb June G. Brown Patricia T. Montoya Gary N. Kimble Michael H. Trujuillo David Satcher 1 Level I II IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV V V V NA Four-year term of office (25 U.S.C. 1661(a) note); current term expires on June 17, 2002. Four-year term of office; by law, Surgeon General must be appointed from the regular corps of the Public Health Service (42 U.S.C. 205). Current term expires on Feb. 10, 2002. 2 CRS-22 Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Days to confirm Nominee Position Nominated Confirmed Armando Falcon, Jr. Dir. - Office of Federal Housing Enterprises Oversight 06/07/99 09/29/99 82 Susan M. Wachter Asst. Sec. - Policy Development/Research 07/30/99 11/19/99 80 Average number of days to confirm a nomination 81 Positions and Incumbents in Department of Housing and Urban Development Positions Incumbent Secretary Deputy Secretary Director - Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight1 Asst. Sec. - Administration Asst. Sec. - Community Planning/Development Asst. Sec. - Congressional/Intergovernmental Relations Asst. Sec. - Fair Housing/Equal Opportunity Asst. Sec. - Federal Housing Commissioner Asst. Sec. - Policy Development/Research Asst. Sec. - Public Affairs Asst. Sec. - Public/Indian Housing Chief Financial Officer Director - Office of Multifamily Housing General Counsel Inspector General President - Government National Mortgage Association Andrew M. Cuomo Saul N. Ramirez, Jr. Armando Falcon, Jr. Vacant Cardell Cooper Hal C. DeCell III Eva M. Plaza William C. Apgar Susan M. Wachter Vacant Harold Lucas Vacant Ira G. Peppercorn Gail Laster Susan Gaffney Vacant 1 Five-year term of office (12 U.S.C. 4512(a)(4)). Level I II II IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV CRS-23 Department of the Interior (DOI) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Days to confirm Nominee Position Nominate d Confirme d Sylvia V. Baca Asst. Sec. - Land/Minerals Management 08/05/99 02/29/00 120 Earl E. Devaney Inspector General 07/22/99 08/05/99 14 Thomas A. Fry, III Dir. - Bureau of Land Management 10/27/99 05/24/00 154 David J. Hayes Deputy Secretary 08/03/99 02/22/00 115 Thomas N. Slonaker Office of Special Trustee/American Indians 02/23/00 05/24/00 91 Kenneth L. Smith Asst. Sec. - Fish and Wildlife 10/25/00 Returned 12/15/00 Kenneth L. Smith Asst. Sec. - Fish and Wildlife Recess appointment 12/21/00 Average number of days to confirm a nomination 99 Positions and Incumbents in Department of the Interior Positions Incumbent Secretary Deputy Secretary Asst. Sec. - Fish/Wildlife Asst. Sec. - Indian Affairs Asst. Sec. - Land/Minerals Management Asst. Sec. - Policy, Management, and Budget Asst. Sec. - Territories/International Affairs1 Asst. Sec. - Water/Science Chairman - National Indian Gaming Commission2 Chief Financial Officer Director - National Park Service Director - Office of Surface Mining/Reclamation/Enforcement Inspector General Solicitor Commissioner - Bureau of Reclamation Director - Bureau of Land Management Director - U.S. Fish/Wildlife Service Director - U.S. Geological Survey Special Trustee - Office of Special Trustee/American Indians Bruce Babbitt David J. Hayes Kenneth L. Smith Kevin Gover Sylvia Baca M. John Berry Vacant Patricia J. Beneke Vacant M. John Berry Robert G. Stanton Kathleen Karpen Earl E. Devaney John D. Leshy Eluid L. Martinez Thomas Fry, III Jamie R. Clark Charles G. Groat Thomas N. Slonaker 1 Level Position is unfunded. Three-year term of office; incumbent may be removed only for neglect of duty or malfeasance in office, or for other good cause (25 U.S.C. 704(b)). 2 I II IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV V V V V V CRS-24 Department of Justice (DOJ) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Days to confirm Nominee Position Nominate d Confirme d Glenn A. Fine Inspector General 05/15/00 12/15/00 Paula M. Junghans Asst. Attorney General - Tax Division 07/27/00 Returned 12/15/00 Mary Lou Leary Asst. Att. General - Off. of Justice Programs 09/22/00 Returned 12/15/00 Bill Lann Lee Asst. Att. - Civil Rights Division 03/05/99 Returned 12/15/00 Bill Lann Lee Asst. Att. General - Civil Rights Division Recess appointment 08/03/00 Daniel Marcus Associate Attorney General 02/28/00 12/15/00 251 Donnie R. Marshall Admin. - Drug Enforcement Administration 02/22/00 05/24/00 92 John W. Marshall Director - U.S. Marshals Service 08/05/99 11/10/99 65 Julio F. Mercado Deputy Admin. - Drug Enforcement Admin. 03/23/00 06/29/00 98 Randolph D. Moss Asst. Att. General - Office of Legal Counsel 11/09/99 12/15/00 306 Randolph D. Moss Asst. Att. General - Office of Legal Counsel Recess appointment 08/03/00 Beth Nolan Asst. Att. General - Office of Legal Counsel 03/05/99 Withdrawn 11/09/99 David W. Ogden Asst. Att. General - Civil Division 06/10/99 12/15/00 David W. Ogden Asst. Att. General - Civil Division Recess appointment 08/03/00 Robert Raben Asst. Attorney General - Legislative Affairs 05/03/99 10/07/99 Julie E. Samuels Director - National Institute of Justice 12/15/00 Returned 12/15/00 Julie E. Samuels Director - National Institute of Justice Recess appointment 12/20/00 Kathryn M. Turman Director - Office for Victims of Crime 08/03/99 11/10/99 John J. Wilson Admin. - Juvenile Justice/Delinquency Prevention 09/25/00 Returned 12/15/00 Average number of days to confirm a nomination 174 426 125 67 178 CRS-25 Positions and Incumbents in Department of Justice 1 Positions Incumbent Attorney General Deputy Attorney General Director - Federal Bureau of Investigation2 Administrator - Drug Enforcement Administration Associate Attorney General Solicitor General Asst. Attorney General - Antitrust Division Asst. Attorney General - Civil Division Asst. Attorney General - Civil Rights Division Asst. Attorney General - Criminal Division Asst. Attorney General - Environ./Natural Resources Asst. Attorney General - Legislative Affairs Asst. Attorney General - Office of Justice Programs Asst. Attorney General - Office of Legal Counsel Asst. Attorney General - Office of Policy Development Asst. Attorney General - Tax Division Administrator - Juvenile Justice/Delinquency Prevention Commissioner - Immigration/Naturalization Service Deputy Admin - Drug Enforcement Administration Director - Bureau of Justice Assistance Director - Bureau of Justice Statistics Director - Community Relations Service3 Director - National Institute of Justice Director - Office for Victims of Crime Director - U.S. Marshals Service Inspector General Special Counsel - Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices4 Janet Reno Eric H. Holder, Jr. Louis J. Freeh Donnie R. Marshall Daniel Marcus Seth Waxman Joel I. Klein David Ogden Bill Lann Lee James K. Robinson Lois J. Schiffer Robert Raben Mary Lou Leary (A) Randolph Moss Eleanor Acheson Paula M. Junghans (A) John J. Wilson (A) Doris Meissner Julio F. Mercado Nancy E. Gist Jan M. Chaikan Rose Ochi Julie E. Samuels Kathryn M. Turman John W. Marshall Glenn A. Fine I II II III III III IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV John D. Trasvina IV 1 Level Does not include positions of U.S. Attorney and U.S. Marshal. Ten-year term; incumbent may not serve more than one 10-year term (28 U.S.C. 532 note); current term expires on Aug. 6, 2003. 3 Four-year term (42 U.S.C. 2000g); current term expires on Mar. 20, 2001. 4 Four-year term (8 U.S.C. 1324b(3)); current term expires on Sept. 16, 2001. 2 CRS-26 Department of Labor (DOL) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Days to confirm Nominee Position Nominated Confirmed Kenneth M. Bresnahan Chief Financial Officer 01/06/99 11/10/99 276 Irasema Garza Director - Women’s Bureau 06/23/99 11/19/99 117 Gordon S. Heddell Inspector General 03/23/00 12/15/00 227 T. Michael Kerr Administrator - Wage and Hour Division 06/23/99 11/19/99 117 Leslie B. Kramerich Asst. Sec. - Pensions /Welfare Benefits 07/10/00 12/15/00 118 Richard M. McGahey Asst. Sec. - Pensions/Welfare Benefits 03/02/99 11/10/99 221 Edward B. Montgomery Asst. Sec. - Policy 05/05/99 11/10/99 157 Edward B. Montgomery Deputy Secretary 01/24/00 05/24/00 121 Average number of days to confirm a nomination 169 Positions and Incumbents in Department of Labor Positions Incumbent Secretary Deputy Secretary Asst. Sec. - Administration/Management Asst. Sec. - Congressional/Intergovernmental Affairs Asst. Sec. - Employment/Training Administration Asst. Sec. - Employment Standards Administration Asst. Sec. - Mine Safety/Health Administration Asst. Sec. - Occupational Safety/Health Administration Asst. Sec. - Office of Public Affairs Asst. Sec. - Pension/Welfare Benefits Administration Asst. Sec. - Policy Asst. Sec. - Veterans’ Employment/Training Chief Financial Officer Commissioner - Bureau of Labor Statistics1 Inspector General Solicitor Administrator - Wage/Hour Division Director - Women’s Bureau2 Alexis M. Herman Edward B. Montgomery Patricia W. Lattimore Geri D. Palast Raymond Bramucci Bernard E. Anderson J. Davitt McAteer Charles N. Jeffress Vacant Leslie B. Kramerich Vacant Espiridion A. Borrego Kenneth M. Bresnahan Katharine G. Abraham Gordon S. Heddell Henry L. Solano T. Michael Kerr Irasema Garza 1 Four-year term (29 U.S.C. 3); current term expires on Oct. 9, 2001. By statute, incumbent must be a woman (29 U.S.C. 12). 3 Ungraded senior level position with a salary maximum equal to Executive Level IV. 2 Level I II IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV V3 CRS-27 Department of State (DOS) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Days to confirm Nominee Position Nominated Confirmed William B. Bader Asst. Sec. - Educational/Cultural Affairs 09/13/99 11/10/99 58 Avis T. Bohlen Asst. Sec. - Arms Control 10/01/99 11/10/99 40 Richard A. Boucher Asst. Sec. - Public Affairs 06/13/00 12/15/00 145 James B. Cunningham U.S. Deputy Rep. - United Nations 07/01/99 11/10/99 100 James F. Dobbins Asst. Sec. - European Affairs 09/26/00 Returned 12/15/00 James F. Dobbins Asst. Sec. - European Affairs Recess appointment 12/29/00 William A. Eaton Asst. Sec. - Administration 03/20/00 Returned 12/15/00 Robert J. Einhorn Asst. Sec. - Non-proliferation 04/13/99 11/10/99 179 Marc Grossman Dir. Gen. - Foreign Service 03/20/00 06/09/00 81 Donald S. Hays U.S. Rep. - UN Management/Reform 10/06/99 11/10/99 35 Richard Holbrooke U.S. Representative - United Nations 02/10/99 08/05/99 176 John D. Holum Under Sec. - Arms Control/Intl. Security 03/05/99 Returned 12/15/00 John D. Holum Under Sec. - Arms Control/Intl. Security Recess appointment 08/04/00 Alan P. Larson Under Sec. - Econ./Bus./Agri. Affairs 10/08/99 11/19/99 42 Luis J. Lauredo U.S. Rep. - Organization of American States 11/10/99 12/15/00 305 Luis J. Lauredo U.S. Rep. - Organization of American States Recess appointment 12/22/99 Evelyn S. Lieberman Under Sec. - Public Diplomacy 06/24/99 07/30/99 36 Donald A. Mahley Spec. Negotiator - Chemical/Biological Arms Control 03/07/00 05/24/00 78 Peter F. Romero Asst. Sec. - Western Hemisphere Affairs 01/06/99 Returned 12/15/00 Peter F. Romero Asst. Sec. - Western Hemisphere Affairs Recess Appointment 12/29/00 J. Stapleton Roy Asst. Sec. - Intelligence and Research 10/01/99 11/10/99 40 David B. Sandalow Asst. Sec. - Oceans/Intl. Environ/Sci. Affairs 03/05/99 10/22/99 199 Robert A. Seiple, Jr. Amb. at Large - Intl. Religious Freedom 01/06/99 03/24/99 77 Owen J. Sheaks Asst. Sec. - Verification and Compliance 05/08/00 09/08/00 83 Michael A. Sheehan Coordinator - Counterterrorism 06/17/99 08/03/99 47 Edward S. Walker, Jr. Asst. Sec. - Near Eastern Affairs 10/27/99 11/10/99 14 Earl A. Wayne Asst Sec. - Economic/Business Affairs 11/03/99 05/24/00 147 Norman A. Wulf Special Representative of President 08/05/99 11/10/99 65 Average number of days to confirm a nomination 97 CRS-28 Positions and Incumbents in Department of State 1 Positions Incumbent Department Secretary Deputy Secretary Under Sec. - Economic/Agricultural Affairs Under Sec. - Global Affairs Under Sec. - Arms Control/Security Affairs Under Sec. - Management Under Sec. - Political Affairs Under Sec. - Public Diplomacy Ambassador-at-Large - International Religious Freedom Ambassador-at-Large - Newly Independent States Ambassador-at-Large - War Crimes Asst. Sec. - Administration Asst. Sec. - African Affairs Asst. Sec. - Arms Control and International Security Affairs Asst. Sec. - Consular Affairs Asst. Sec. - Democracy/Human Rights/Labor Asst. Sec. - Diplomatic Security/Foreign Missions Asst. Sec. - East Asia/Pacific Affairs Asst. Sec. - Economic/Business Affairs Asst. Sec. - Educational/Cultural Affairs Asst. Sec. - European/Canadian Affairs Asst. Sec. - Intelligence/Research Asst. Sec. - International Narcotics Matters/Law Enforcement Asst. Sec. - International Organization Asst. Sec. - Legislative Affairs Asst. Sec. - Near Eastern Affairs Asst. Sec. - Non-proliferation Asst. Sec. - Oceans/International Environmental/Scientific Matters Asst. Sec. - Political/Military Affairs Asst. Sec. - Population/Refugee/Migration Affairs Asst. Sec. - Public Affairs Asst. Sec. - South Asian Affairs Asst. Sec. - Verification and Compliance Asst. Sec. - Western Hemisphere Affairs Chief Financial Officer Counselor Director General - Foreign Service2 Inspector General Legal Adviser Coordinator - Counterterrorism Special Negotiator - Chemical/Biological Arms Control Special Representative of President Madeleine K. Albright Strobe Talbott Alan P. Larson Frank E. Loy John D. Holum Bonnie R. Cohen Thomas R. Pickering Evelyn S. Lieberman Robert A. Sieple, Jr. Stephen Sestanovich David J. Scheffer Patrick F. Kennedy Susan E. Rice Avis T. Bohlen Mary A. Ryan Harold H. Koth David G. Carpenter Stanley O. Roth Earl A. Wayne William B. Bader James F. Dobbins J. Stapleton Roy Randy Beers (A) C. David Welch Barbara M. Larkin Edward S. Walker, Jr. Robert J. Einhorn David B. Sandalow Eric Newsom Julia Taft Richard A. Boucher Karl F. Inderfurth Owen J. Sheaks Peter Romero Bert T. Edwards Wendy Sherman Marc Grossman Jacquelyn L. Williams-Bridges David Andrews Michael A. Sheehan Donald A. Mahey Norman A. Wulf International Organizations U.S. Representative - United Nations U.S. Representative - Organization of American States U.S. Deputy Representative - United Nations U.S. Deputy Representative - UN/Economic/Social Council U.S. Deputy Representative - UN/Management/Reform U.S. Deputy Representative - UN/Special Political Affairs Richard Holbrooke Luis J. Lauredo James B. Cunningham Betty King Donald S. Hays Nancy Soderberg 1 2 Does not include chiefs of mission in overseas posts. By law, incumbent must be a career senior foreign service officer (22 U.S.C. 3928). Level I II III III III III III III III IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV II FA-13 FA-13 FA-13 FA-13 FA-13 CRS-29 Department of Transportation (DOT) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Days to Confir m Nominee Position Nominate d Confirme d Sue Bailey Admin. - Natl. Highway Traffic Safety Admin. 07/26/00 Returned 12/15/00 Sue Bailey Admin. - Natl. Highway Traffic Safety Admin. Recess appointment 08/03/00 Monte R. Belger Deputy Admin. - Federal Aviation Admin. 11/10/99 Returned 12/15/00 Nuria I. Fernandez Admin. - Federal Transit Administration 03/22/00 Returned 12/15/00 Michael J. Frazier Asst. Sec. - Governmental Affairs 08/03/99 11/10/99 67 Albert S. Jacquez Admin. - St. Lawrence Seaway Dev. Admin. 01/06/99 07/01/99 176 Francisco J. Sanchez Asst. Sec. - Aviation and International Affairs 06/13/00 Returned 12/15/00 Francisco J. Sanchez Asst. Sec. - Aviation and International Affairs Recess appointment 08/03/00 Stephen D. Van Beek Associate Deputy Secretary 08/02/99 11/10/99 Average number of days to confirm a nomination 68 104 Positions and Incumbents in Department of Transportation Positions Incumbent Secretary Deputy Secretary Administrator - Federal Aviation Administration Administrator - Federal Highway Administration Administrator - Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Administrator - Federal Railroad Administration Administrator - Federal Transit Administration Administrator - Maritime Administration Administrator - National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Administrator - Research/Special Programs Administration Administrator - St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corp.1 Asst. Sec. - Aviation and International Affairs Asst. Sec. - Budget and Programs Asst. Sec. - Governmental Affairs Asst. Sec. - Transportation Policy Chief Financial Officer Deputy Administrator - Federal Aviation Administration General Counsel Inspector General Associate Deputy Secretary Director - Bureau of Transportation Statistics2 Rodney E. Slater Mortimer L. Downey Jane Garvey Kenneth R. Wykle Vacant Jolene M. Molitoris Vacant Clyde J. Hart, Jr. Sue Bailey Kelly S. Coyner Albert S. Jacquez Francisco J. Sanchez Peter J. Basso, Jr. Michael J. Frazier Eugene A. Conti, Jr. Peter J. Bass, Jr. Vacant Nancy E. McFadden Kenneth M. Mead Stephen D. Van Beek Ashish Sen 1 Level I II II II III III III III III III IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV V V Seven-year term; if position becomes vacant before term expires, appointment may be only to complete unexpired term (33 U.S.C. 982(a)). 2 Four-year term (49 U.S.C. 111(b)). Current term expires on May 23, 2001. CRS-30 Department of the Treasury (TREA) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Days to confirm Nominee Position Nominated Confirmed Gregory A. Baer Asst. Sec. - Financial Institutions 09/22/99 11/10/99 49 Stuart E. Eizenstat Deputy Secretary 06/17/99 07/13/99 26 Timothy F. Geithner Under Sec. - International Affairs 01/06/99 04/21/99 105 Gary Gensler Under Sec. - Domestic Finance 01/06/99 04/21/99 105 John D. Hawke, Jr. Comptroller of the Currency 01/06/99 10/07/99 242 Jay Johnson Director - Mint 09/08/99 05/24/00 203 Lisa G. Ross Asst. Sec. - Management/Chief Fin. Off. 06/06/00 12/15/00 152 Jeffrey Rush, Jr. Inspector General 07/01/99 07/22/99 21 Lewis A. Sachs Asst. Sec. - Financial Markets 05/20/99 07/13/99 54 Michelle A. Smith Asst. Sec. - Public Affairs 02/23/00 05/24/00 91 Lawrence H. Summers Secretary 06/07/99 07/01/99 24 Jonathan Talisman Asst. Sec. - Tax Policy 07/25/00 12/15/00 103 Ruth M. Thomas Dep. Under Sec. - Legis. Affairs 06/16/00 12/15/00 142 Edwin M. Truman Deputy Under Sec. - International Affairs 01/06/99 04/21/99 105 David C. Williams Inspector General - Tax Administration 01/22/99 04/29/99 97 Neal S. Wolin General Counsel 08/02/99 11/19/99 77 Average number of days to confirm a nomination 100 CRS-31 Positions and Incumbents in Department of the Treasury Positions Incumbent Secretary Deputy Secretary Commissioner - Internal Revenue Service1 Commissioner - U.S. Customs Service Comptroller of the Currency2 Director - Office of Thrift Supervision3 Under Sec. - Domestic Finance Under Sec. - Enforcement Under Sec. - International Affairs Asst. Sec. - Economic Policy Asst. Sec. - Enforcement Asst. Sec. - Financial Institutions Asst. Sec. - Financial Markets Asst. Sec. - Management/Chief Financial Officer Asst. Sec. - Public Affairs Asst. Sec. - Tax Policy Deputy Under Sec./Asst. Sec. - International Affairs Deputy Under Sec./Asst. Sec. - Legislative Affairs and Public Liaision General Counsel Inspector General Inspector General for Tax Administration Chief Counsel/Asst. General Counsel Internal Revenue Service Director - U.S. Mint4 Treasurer - United States Lawrence H. Summers Stuart E. Eizenstat Charles Rossotti Raymond W. Kelly John D. Hawke, Jr. Ellen S. Seidman Gary Gensler James E. Johnson Timothy F. Geithner David W. Wilcox Elizabeth Bresee Gregory A. Baer Lewis A. Sachs Lisa G. Ross Michelle A. Smith Jonathan Talisman Edwin M. Truman Ruth M. Thomas Neal S. Wolin Jeffrey Rush, Jr. David C. Williams Stuart L. Brown Jay Johnson Mary E. Withrow 1 Level I II III III III III III III III IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV V SL5 SL5 Five-year term; if the position becomes vacant before the term expires, the appointment may be only to complete the unexpired term (26 U.S.C. 7803(a)(1)). The incumbent may continue in office after his term expires until a successor is appointed and qualifies (31 U.S.C. 310). Rossotti’s term expires on Nov. 13, 2002. 2 Five-year term; if the incumbent is removed before the term expires, the President must communicate the reason to the Senate. The incumbent may continue in office after his term expires until a successor is appointed (12 U.S.C. 2, and 31 U.S.C. 310). Hawke’s term expires on Oct. 7, 2004. 3 Five-year term; if the position becomes vacant before the term expires, the appointment may be only to complete the unexpired term. The incumbent may continue in office after his term expires until a successor is appointed (12 U.S.C. 1462a(c), and 31 U.S.C. 310). Seidman’s term expires on Oct. 23, 2001. 4 Five-year term; if the incumbent is removed before the term expires, the President must communicate the reasons to Congress. The incumbent may continue in office after the term expires until a successor is appointed (31 U.S.C. 304 and 310). Johnson’s term expires on May 24, 2005. 5 Ungraded senior level position with a base pay maximum at a rate equal to Executive Level IV, but base plus locality maximum is EX-III. CRS-32 Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) Appointment Action During 106th Congress Days to confirm Nominee Position Nominated Confirmed Thomas L. Garthwaite Under Sec. - Health 05/15/00 09/08/00 76 John T. Hanson Asst. Sec. - Public/Intergovtal. Affairs 04/12/99 07/01/99 80 Kenneth W. Kizer Under Sec. - Health 01/06/99 Withdrawn 07/14/99 Edward F. Meagher Asst. Sec. - Information Technology 09/19/00 Returned 12/15/00 Robert M. Walker Under Sec. - Memorial Affairs 11/10/99 09/08/00 207 Average number of days to confirm a nomination 121 Positions and Incumbents in Department of Veterans Affairs 1 Positions Incumbent Secretary Deputy Secretary Under Secretary - Benefits1 Under Secretary - Health2 Under Secretary - Memorial Affairs Asst. Sec. - Congressional Affairs Asst. Sec. - Human Resources and Administration Asst. Sec./CFO - Management Asst. Sec. - Planning and Analysis Asst. Sec. - Public and Intergovernmental Affairs Chairman - Board of Veterans’ Appeals3 Chief Financial Officer4 General Counsel Inspector General Togo D. West, Jr. Hershel W. Gober Joseph Thompson Thomas L. Garthwaite Robert M. Walker Vacant Eugene A. Brickhouse Edward A. Powell, Jr. Dennis M. Duffy John T. Hanson Eligah D. Clark Edward A. Powell, Jr. Leigh A. Bradley Richard J. Griffin Level I II III III III IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV Five-year term; if the incumbent is removed before the term expires, the President must communicate the reasons to the Senate. The incumbent may continue in office after a term expires until a successor is appointed (17 U.S.C. 2, and 31 U.S.C. 309). Current term expires on Nov. 5, 2002. 2 Four-year term; incumbent must be a medical doctor. If the incumbent is removed before the term expires, the President must communicate the reasons for the removal to Congress (38 U.S.C. 305(a) and (c)). Current term expires on Sept. 8, 2004. 3 Six-year term; the President may remove the incumbent before a term expires only for misconduct, inefficiency, neglect of duty, or engaging in the practice of law or for physical or mental disability (38 U.S.C. 4000(b)(1)). 4 The President may designate, as chief financial officer, an officer who is confirmed for another position in the department. CRS-33 Table 5. Abbreviations of Departments DOC DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DOD DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DOE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DOI DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR DOJ DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DOL DEPARTMENT OF LABOR DOS DEPARTMENT OF STATE DOT DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION DVA DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS EDUC DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION HHS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HUD DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT TREA DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY USDA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EveryCRSReport.com The Congressional Research Service (CRS) is a federal legislative branch agency, housed inside the Library of Congress, charged with providing the United States Congress non-partisan advice on issues that may come before Congress. EveryCRSReport.com republishes CRS reports that are available to all Congressional staff. The reports are not classified, and Members of Congress routinely make individual reports available to the public. 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