U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians
Palestinian State: No funds may be provided to support a future Palestinian state
1. has demonstrated a firm commitment to peaceful coexistence with the State
2. is taking appropriate measures to counter terrorism and terrorist financing in
3. is working with other countries in the region to
of full and normal relationships.
entity so that it might meet the three conditions outlined above. Additionally, the
President is permitted to waive this restriction for national security purposes.
U.S. aid programs for the Palestinians, annual appropriations legislation routinely
Government Accountability Office (GAO) audits. These requirements appear to
be aimed at, among other things, preventing U.S. aid from benefitting terrorists
Types of U.S. Bilateral Aid to the Palestinians
Most economic aid to the Palestinians is appropriated through the ESF account and provided by
and nonprofit contractors) operating in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Funds are
allocated in this program for projects in sectors such as humanitarian assistance, economic
democratic reform, improving water access and other infrastructure, health care,
acting to counter incitement of violence against Israelis and is supporting activities aimed at
promoting peace, coexistence, and security cooperation with Israel.
transactions from that account, along with a power of audit over those funds and a three-year
aid is aimed at countering militants from organizations such as Hamas and Palestine Islamic Jihad
Shaqaqi Faction, and establishing the rule of law for an expected Palestinian state. In recent
years, some of this training and infrastructure assistance has been provided to strengthen and