Use of the Capitol Rotunda, Capitol Grounds, and Emancipation Hall: Concurrent Resolutions, 101st to 115th Congress

The Capitol Rotunda and the Capitol Grounds have been used as the setting for a variety of events, ranging from memorial ceremonies and the reception of foreign dignitaries to the presentation of awards and the hosting of public competitions. This report identifies and categorizes uses of the Capitol Rotunda and Capitol Grounds authorized by concurrent resolutions since the 101st Congress.

In most cases, use of the Capitol Rotunda requires a concurrent resolution agreed to by both the House and Senate. A concurrent resolution for the use of the Rotunda typically identifies the event and date for which use is authorized. Often, the resolution also directs physical preparations to be carried out under the supervision of the Architect of the Capitol.

Ninety-six concurrent resolutions were agreed to by the House and the Senate authorizing the use of the Rotunda between the 101st and the first session of the 115th Congresses. These resolutions can be divided into seven categories: (1) commemoration ceremonies; (2) Congressional Gold Medal ceremonies; (3) artwork unveilings; (4) presidential inauguration activities; (5) receptions or ceremonies honoring living people; (6) persons lying in state or honor; and (7) prayer vigils.

Use of the Capitol Grounds can be authorized either by the passage of a concurrent resolution or through an application process with the Capitol Police. A concurrent resolution is typically needed for events longer than 24 hours in duration, for events that require vehicles on the Capitol Grounds for setup, for events requiring electronics on the Lower West Terrace of the Capitol, and for events where a large number of Members will be in attendance. The Capitol Police’s special events office handles permits and approval for all other events.

One hundred ten concurrent resolutions were agreed to by the House and the Senate authorizing the use of the Capitol Grounds between the 101st and the first session of the 115th Congresses. These resolutions can be divided into four categories: (1) events sponsored by nonfederal-government groups; (2) memorial services; (3) events sponsored by the federal government; and (4) award and dedication ceremonies.

Upon the completion and opening of the Capitol Visitor Center (CVC) during the 110th Congress, Emancipation Hall of the CVC became available for use in the same manner as the Rotunda and Capitol Grounds. Use of Emancipation Hall requires the passage of a resolution agreed to by both houses of Congress authorizing its use. These resolutions can be divided into four categories: (1) commemoration ceremonies, (2) congressional gold medal ceremonies, (3) artwork unveilings, and (4) presidential inauguration activities. As of the date of this report, 39 concurrent resolutions authorizing the use of Emancipation Hall have been agreed to.

This report will be updated at the end of each session of Congress.

Use of the Capitol Rotunda, Capitol Grounds, and Emancipation Hall: Concurrent Resolutions, 101st to 115th Congress

January 26, 2018 (RL34619)
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Contents

Summary

The Capitol Rotunda and the Capitol Grounds have been used as the setting for a variety of events, ranging from memorial ceremonies and the reception of foreign dignitaries to the presentation of awards and the hosting of public competitions. This report identifies and categorizes uses of the Capitol Rotunda and Capitol Grounds authorized by concurrent resolutions since the 101st Congress.

In most cases, use of the Capitol Rotunda requires a concurrent resolution agreed to by both the House and Senate. A concurrent resolution for the use of the Rotunda typically identifies the event and date for which use is authorized. Often, the resolution also directs physical preparations to be carried out under the supervision of the Architect of the Capitol.

Ninety-six concurrent resolutions were agreed to by the House and the Senate authorizing the use of the Rotunda between the 101st and the first session of the 115th Congresses. These resolutions can be divided into seven categories: (1) commemoration ceremonies; (2) Congressional Gold Medal ceremonies; (3) artwork unveilings; (4) presidential inauguration activities; (5) receptions or ceremonies honoring living people; (6) persons lying in state or honor; and (7) prayer vigils.

Use of the Capitol Grounds can be authorized either by the passage of a concurrent resolution or through an application process with the Capitol Police. A concurrent resolution is typically needed for events longer than 24 hours in duration, for events that require vehicles on the Capitol Grounds for setup, for events requiring electronics on the Lower West Terrace of the Capitol, and for events where a large number of Members will be in attendance. The Capitol Police's special events office handles permits and approval for all other events.

One hundred ten concurrent resolutions were agreed to by the House and the Senate authorizing the use of the Capitol Grounds between the 101st and the first session of the 115th Congresses. These resolutions can be divided into four categories: (1) events sponsored by nonfederal-government groups; (2) memorial services; (3) events sponsored by the federal government; and (4) award and dedication ceremonies.

Upon the completion and opening of the Capitol Visitor Center (CVC) during the 110th Congress, Emancipation Hall of the CVC became available for use in the same manner as the Rotunda and Capitol Grounds. Use of Emancipation Hall requires the passage of a resolution agreed to by both houses of Congress authorizing its use. These resolutions can be divided into four categories: (1) commemoration ceremonies, (2) congressional gold medal ceremonies, (3) artwork unveilings, and (4) presidential inauguration activities. As of the date of this report, 39 concurrent resolutions authorizing the use of Emancipation Hall have been agreed to.

This report will be updated at the end of each session of Congress.


Use of the Capitol Rotunda, Capitol Grounds, and Emancipation Hall: Concurrent Resolutions, 101st to 115th Congress

Introduction

Both the Capitol Rotunda and the Capitol Grounds have been used as the setting for a variety of events, ranging from memorial ceremonies and the reception of foreign dignitaries to the presentation of awards and the hosting of public competitions. This report identifies and categorizes uses of the Capitol Rotunda and Capitol Grounds authorized by concurrent resolutions since the 101st Congress.

In most cases, use of the Capitol Rotunda requires a concurrent resolution agreed to by both the House and Senate.1 A concurrent resolution for the use of the Rotunda typically identifies the event and date for which use is authorized. Often, the resolution also directs physical preparations to be carried out "in accordance with such conditions as the Architect of the Capitol may provide."2

Use of the Capitol Grounds requires either the passage of a concurrent resolution or permit approval from the Capitol Police. Events that entail the use of the West Front Steps of the Capitol, electricity on the Lower West Terrace of the Capitol, require more than 24 hours from setup to cleanup, require vehicles on Capitol Grounds for setup, or will have a large number of Members in attendance typically require a concurrent resolution.3 All other events can typically be issued permits by the U.S. Capitol Police.4

Upon the completion and opening of the Capitol Visitor Center (CVC) during the 110th Congress, Emancipation Hall of the CVC became available for use in the same manner as the Rotunda and Capitol Grounds. Use of Emancipation Hall requires the passage of a resolution agreed to by both houses of Congress authorizing its use.5

Additionally, Congress has provided an ongoing authorization for holiday concerts on Capitol Grounds.6 Held on Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, and Labor Day, these concerts feature the National Symphony Orchestra and are free and open to the public.7

Concurrent Resolutions for Use of the Rotunda

Methodology

A database search was conducted using Congress.gov for the 101st through the first session of the 115th Congresses (1989-2017). The search was conducted by running a query across all agreed-to concurrent resolutions using the subject term "rotunda." The results of the search were then examined individually to differentiate resolutions for the use of the Rotunda from references to it in otherwise unrelated legislation.8

Results

The search identified a total of 96 concurrent resolutions that were agreed to by the House and Senate. Between the 101st Congress and the first session of the 115th Congress, the House and Senate agreed to between one and nine concurrent resolutions per Congress that authorized the use of the Rotunda. Table 1 reports the total number of resolutions agreed to in each Congress.

Table 1. Concurrent Resolutions Agreed to for Use of the Rotunda

101st Congress to First Session, 115th Congress

Congress

Number

Congress

Number

101 (1989-1991)

7

109 (2005-2007)

8

102 (1991-1993)

4

110 (2007-2009)

9

103 (1993-1995)

1

111 (2009-2011)

9

104 (1995-1997)

6

112 (2011-2013)

9

105 (1997-1999)

8

113 (2013-2015)

6

106 (1999-2001)

8

114 (2015-2017)

3

107 (2001-2003)

8

115 (2017)

3

108 (2003-2005)

7

Total (101st-115th)

96

Source: Database query of Congressional Legislative Information System (LIS), 101st-115th Congress.

Appendix A, which lists the results of the database search, provides the following information for each concurrent resolution: the Congress in which the resolution was introduced, the resolution number, and the subject of the resolution.

Concurrent resolutions authorizing the use of the Rotunda can be divided into seven categories: (1) commemoration ceremonies; (2) Congressional Gold Medal ceremonies; (3) artwork unveilings; (4) presidential inauguration activities; (5) receptions or ceremonies honoring living people; (6) persons lying in state or honor; and (7) prayer vigils. The following sections provide a brief explanation of each category and examples of activities. Table 2 contains the number of concurrent resolutions agreed to by Congress since 1989, by category.

Commemoration Ceremonies

The largest percentage of concurrent resolutions (35%) authorized the use of the Rotunda for a commemoration ceremony, often of an historical event. For example, concurrent resolutions authorizing the use of the Rotunda for a ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust were passed during each Congress.9 In recent Congresses, resolutions were also agreed to for Rotunda ceremonies to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the integration of the U.S. Armed Forces,10 the 200th birthday of Constantino Brumidi,11 the 50th anniversary of President John F. Kennedy's inauguration,12 and the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.13

Congressional Gold Medal Ceremonies

Ceremonies to award Congressional Gold Medals account for 25% of the concurrent resolutions for the use of the Rotunda agreed to since the 101st Congress. These award ceremonies include presentations of Congressional Gold Medals to Rosa Parks, cartoonist Charles M. Schulz, the Tuskegee Airmen, and other recipients.14

Artwork Unveilings

Since the 101st Congress, 16% of concurrent resolutions have been agreed to for the use of the Rotunda for ceremonies to unveil artwork. These have included unveiling ceremonies for portrait busts of former Vice Presidents,15 as well as presentation ceremonies of statues prior to placement in Statuary Hall.16

Presidential Inaugural Activities

In preparation for the quadrennial Presidential inauguration activities that take place at the Capitol, concurrent resolutions were passed during the 102nd, 104th, 106th, 108th, 110th, 112th, 113th, and 115th Congresses.17 These resolutions have authorized the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies to use the Rotunda "in connection with the proceedings and ceremonies conducted for the inauguration of the President-elect and the Vice President-elect of the United States."18 Since the 101st Congress, 10% of concurrent resolutions have authorized the use of the Rotunda for inaugural activities.

Receiving or Honoring Living Persons

Since the 101st Congress, 6% of concurrent resolutions have authorized the use of the Rotunda for the purposes of receiving foreign dignitaries or honoring a living person. For example, during the 102nd Congress, use of the Rotunda was authorized for a ceremony and reception for the Dalai Lama.19 During the 105th Congress, use of the Rotunda was authorized for a ceremony honoring Mother Teresa.20 During the 114th Congress, the use of the Rotunda was authorized for events surrounding the visit by His Holiness Pope Francis to address a joint session of Congress.21

Persons Lying in State or Honor

Use of the Rotunda for individuals to lie in state or honor accounted for 5% of Rotunda events authorized by concurrent resolution. These events have included President Reagan,22 Senator Claude Pepper,23 and Senator Daniel K. Inouye lying in state; Rosa Parks lying in honor;24 and the memorial service for Detective John Michael Gibson and Private First Class Jacob Joseph Chestnut of the U.S. Capitol Police.25

Prayer Vigils

On two occasions during the 107th Congress (2%), concurrent resolutions were agreed to for the use of the Rotunda for prayer vigils. H.Con.Res. 233 authorized the use of the Rotunda for a prayer vigil in memory of those who lost their lives on September 11, 2001. S.Con.Res. 83 authorized the use of the Rotunda for a ceremony as part of a National Day of Reconciliation.

Table 2. Concurrent Resolutions Agreed to for Use of the Rotunda, by Category

101st Congress to First Session, 115th Congress

Category

Number

Percentage of Total

Commemoration Ceremonies

34

35

Congressional Gold Medal Ceremonies

24

25

Artwork Unveilings

15

16

Presidential Inaugural Activities

10

10

Receiving or Honoring Living People

6

6

Persons Lying in State or Honor

5

5

Prayer Vigils

2

2

Total

96

100

Source: Database query of Congressional Legislative Information System (LIS), 101st-115th Congress.

Note: Table total may not add to 100% because of rounding.

Concurrent Resolutions for Use of the Capitol Grounds

Methodology

A database search was conducted using Congress.gov for the 101st through the first session of the 115th Congresses (1989-2017). The search was conducted by running a query using the subject term "Capitol Grounds." The results of the search were then examined individually to differentiate resolutions for the use of the Capitol Grounds from references to it in otherwise unrelated legislation.26 The uses of the Capitol Grounds identified here are restricted to those authorized by concurrent resolution of the House and Senate.

Results

The search identified a total 110 concurrent resolutions that were agreed to by the House and Senate. Between the 101st Congress and the first session of the 115th Congress, the House and Senate agreed to between 3 and 14 concurrent resolutions per Congress that authorized the use of the Capitol Grounds. Table 3 reports the total number of resolutions agreed to in each Congress.

Table 3. Concurrent Resolutions Agreed to for Use of the Capitol Grounds

101st Congress to First Session, 115th Congress

Congress

Number

Congress

Number

101 (1989-1991)

4

109 (2005-2007)

7

102 (1991-1993)

6

110 (2007-2009)

8

103 (1993-1995)

7

111 (2009-2011)

7

104 (1995-1997)

6

112 (2011-2013)

6

105 (1997-1999)

9

113 (2013-2015)

7

106 (1999-2001)

14

114 (2015-2017)

10

107 (2001-2003)

9

115 (2017)

3

108 (2003-2005)

7

Total (101st-115th)

110

Source: Database query of Congressional Legislative Information System (LIS), 101st-115th Congress.

Appendix B, which lists the results of the database search, provides the following information for each concurrent resolution: the Congress in which the resolution was introduced, the resolution number, and the subject of the resolution.

Concurrent resolutions authorizing the use of the Capitol Grounds can be divided into one of four categories: (1) events sponsored by nonfederal-government groups; (2) memorial services; (3) events sponsored by the federal government; and (4) award and dedication ceremonies. The following sections provide a brief explanation of each category with examples of the types of activities concurrent resolutions provided for on the Capitol Grounds. Table 4 contains the number of concurrent resolutions agreed to by Congress since 1989 by category.

Nonfederal-Government-Sponsored Events

The largest percentage of concurrent resolutions agreed to (66%) authorized events that are sponsored by nonfederal-government entities. For example, concurrent resolutions authorizing the use of the Capitol Grounds for the Greater Washington Soap Box Derby27 and the District of Columbia Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Relay28 are typically agreed to each Congress.

Memorial Services

Memorial services held on the Capitol Grounds account for 22% of the concurrent resolutions passed since the 101st Congress. Each year since 1989, the House and Senate have agreed to a concurrent resolution allowing the National Peace Officers' Memorial Service to be conducted on Capitol Grounds.29 The ceremony honors law enforcement officers who gave their lives in the line of duty during the previous year.30

Federal Government Sponsored Events

Events sponsored by the federal government compose 9% of events on the Capitol Grounds authorized by concurrent resolution. These events have included authorizing the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts to hold performances on the East Front of the Capitol,31 allowing the National Book Festival to run programs on the Capitol Grounds,32 and authorizing a celebration for the Library of Congress's 200th birthday.33

Award and Dedication Ceremonies

Award and dedication ceremonies account for 3% of events authorized by concurrent resolution for the Capitol Grounds. Since 1989, three award and dedication ceremonies have been authorized through concurrent resolution. In the 106th Congress (1999-2001), Congress authorized the use of the Capitol Grounds for the dedication of the Japanese-American Memorial to Patriotism;34 in the 108th Congress (2003-2005), the dedication ceremony for the National World War II Memorial was authorized for the Capitol Grounds;35 and in the 110th Congress (2007-2009), the presentation ceremony for the Congressional Gold Medal awarded to Tenzin Gyatso, the Fourteenth Dalai Lama, took place on the Capitol Grounds.36

Table 4. Concurrent Resolutions Agreed to for Use of the Capitol Grounds, by Category

101st Congress to First Session, 115th Congress

Category

Number

Percentage of Total

Nonfederal-Government-Sponsored Event

73

66

Memorial Services

25

22

Federal Government Sponsored Events

10

9

Award and Dedication Ceremonies

3

3

Total

111a

100

Source: Database query of Congressional Legislative Information System (LIS), 101st-115th Congress.

Note: Table total may not add to 100% because of rounding.

a. While 110 resolutions were agreed to, a total of 111 uses of the Capitol Grounds were authorized. H.Con.Res. 92, 113th Congress, authorized two separate uses of the Capitol Grounds.

Use of Emancipation Hall of the Capitol Visitor Center

Upon the completion and opening of the Capitol Visitor Center (CVC) during the 110th Congress, Emancipation Hall of the CVC became available for use in the same manner as the Rotunda and Capitol Grounds. Use of Emancipation Hall requires the passage of a resolution agreed to by both houses of Congress authorizing its use.37

The first concurrent resolution authorizing the use of Emancipation Hall was agreed to during the 110th Congress. It provided for the use of the Hall in connection with "ceremonies and activities held in connection with the opening of the Capitol Visitor Center to the public."38 Consistent with previous resolutions authorizing the use of the Rotunda, the concurrent resolution for the use of Emancipation Hall directed that physical preparations be carried out "in accordance with such conditions as the Architect of the Capitol may provide."39

Methodology

A database search was conducted using Congress.gov for the 110th through the first session of the 115th Congresses (2007-2017). The search was conducted by running a query using the subject term "Emancipation Hall." The uses of Emancipation Hall identified here are restricted to those authorized by concurrent resolution of the House and Senate.

Results

The search identified a total 39 concurrent resolutions that were agreed to by the House and Senate. Between the 110th Congress and the first session of the 115th Congress, the House and Senate agreed to between 1 and 15 concurrent resolutions per Congress that authorized the use of Emancipation Hall. Table 5 reports the total number of resolutions agreed to in each Congress.

Table 5. Concurrent Resolutions Agreed to for Use of Emancipation Hall

110th Congress to First Session, 115th Congress

Congress

Number

Congress

Number

110 (2007-2009)

1

113 (2013-2015)

9

111 (2009-2011)

4

114 (2015-2017)

15

112 (2011-2013)

6

115th (2017)

4

 

 

Total (110th-115th)

39

Source: Database query of Congressional Legislative Information System (LIS), 110th-115th Congress.

Appendix C, which lists the results of the database search, provides the following information for each concurrent resolution: the Congress in which the resolution was introduced, the resolution number, and the subject of the resolution.

Concurrent resolutions authorizing the use of Emancipation Hall can be divided into one of four categories: (1) commemoration ceremonies, (2) congressional gold medal ceremonies, (3) artwork unveilings, and (4) presidential inauguration activities. The following sections provide a brief explanation of each category with examples of the types of activities concurrent resolutions provided for on Emancipation Hall. Table 6 contains the number of concurrent resolution agreed to by Congress since 2007 by category.

Commemoration Ceremonies

The largest percentage of concurrent resolutions agreed to (44%) authorized the use of Emancipation Hall for commemoration ceremonies. For example, concurrent resolutions authorizing the use of Emancipation Hall are agreed to annually to celebrate the birthday of King Kamehameha.40

Congressional Gold Medal Ceremonies

Ceremonies to award Congressional Gold Medals account for 33% of the concurrent resolutions for the use of Emancipation Hall agreed to since the 110th Congress. These award ceremonies include presentations of Congressional Gold Medals to Women Air Force Service Pilots,41 the Montford Point Marines,42 and Native American Code Talkers.43

Artwork Unveilings

Since the 110th Congress, 13% of concurrent resolutions have been agreed to for the use of Emancipation Hall for ceremonies to unveil artwork. These have included unveiling ceremonies for a bust of Sojourner Truth,44 a marker acknowledging the role of slaves in building the Capitol,45 a statue of Frederick Douglass,46 and the American Prisoners of War/Missing in Action (POW/MIA) Chair of Honor.47

Presidential Inauguration Activities

Since Emancipation Hall opened in the middle of the 110th Congress, Congress has also utilized the space for inaugural activities. Just like the resolutions authorizing the use of the Rotunda for inaugural activities, these resolutions have authorized the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies to use Emancipation Hall "in connection with the proceedings and ceremonies conducted for the inauguration of the President-elect and the Vice President-elect of the United States."48 Since the 110th Congress, 10% of concurrent resolutions have authorized the use of the Rotunda for inaugural activities.

Table 6. Concurrent Resolutions Agreed to for Use of Emancipation Hall,
by Category

110th Congress to First Session, 115th Congress

Category

Number

Percentage of Total

Commemorative Ceremonies

17

44

Congressional Gold Medal Ceremonies

13

33

Artwork Unveilings

5

13

Presidential Inauguration Activities

4

10

Total

39

100

Source: Database query of Congressional Legislative Information System (LIS), 110th-115th Congress.

Appendix A. Concurrent Resolutions for the Use of the Capitol Rotunda

Table A-1. Concurrent Resolutions Agreed to for the Use of the Capitol Rotunda

101st Congress to First Session, 115th Congress

Congress

Resolution

Subject

Commemoration Ceremonies

101st (1989-1991)

S.Con.Res. 133

Ceremony celebrating American military heroism

 

H.Con.Res. 50

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

102nd (1991-1993)

H.Con.Res. 45

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

103rd (1993-1995)

H.Con.Res. 41

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

104th (1995-1997)

S.Con.Res. 29

Ceremony celebrating the 3000th Anniversary of Jerusalem

 

H.Con.Res. 106

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

H.Con.Res. 20

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

105th (1997-1999)

H.Con.Res. 206

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

H.Con.Res. 11

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

106th (1999-2001)

H.Con.Res. 244

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

H.Con.Res. 81

Ceremony in honor of the 50th anniversary of NATO

 

H.Con.Res. 19

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

107th (2001-2003)

H.Con.Res. 325

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

H.Con.Res. 14

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

108th (2003-2005)

H.Con.Res. 359

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

H.Con.Res. 40

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

109th (2005-2007)

H.Con.Res. 427

Ceremony for the 75th anniversary of the establishment of the Department of Veterans Affairs

 

H.Con.Res. 350

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

H.Con.Res. 202

Ceremony to honor Constantino Brumidi on the 200th anniversary of his birth

 

H.Con.Res. 63

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

110th (2007-2009)

H.Con.Res. 377

Ceremony commemorating the 60th Anniversary of the integration of the Armed Forces

 

H.Con.Res. 313

Ceremony to honor Iraq War troops and those serving in Afghanistan and throughout the world

 

H.Con.Res. 306

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

H.Con.Res. 66

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

111th (2009-2011)

H.Con.Res. 27

Ceremony in honor of the bicentennial of the birth of President Abraham Lincoln

 

H.Con.Res. 54

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

H.Con.Res. 236

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

S.Con.Res. 75

Ceremony marking the 50th anniversary of the inaugural address of President John F. Kennedy

112th (2011-2013)

S.Con.Res. 2

Ceremony marking the 50th anniversary of the inaugural address of President John F. Kennedy

 

H.Con.Res. 33

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

H.Con.Res. 108

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

113th (2013-2015)

H.Con.Res. 14

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

H.Con.Res. 100

Ceremony to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

115th (2017-2019)

H.Con.Res. 18

Ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

Persons Lying in State or Honor

101st (1989-1991)

H.Con.Res. 139

Authorizing the use of the Rotunda for the lying in state of the remains of Claude Pepper

105th (1997-1999)

H.Con.Res. 310

Authorizing a memorial service for John Gibson and Jacob Chestnut of the Capitol Police

108th (2001-2003)

S.Con.Res. 115

Authorizing the use of the Rotunda for the lying in state of the remains of Ronald Reagan

109th (2005-2007)

S.Con.Res. 61

Authorizing the remains of Rosa Parks to lie in honor in the Rotunda

112th (2011-2013)

S.Con.Res. 64

Authorizing the use of the Rotunda for the lying in state of the remains of the Honorable Daniel K. Inouye

Congressional Gold Medal Ceremonies

104th (1995-1997)

S.Con.Res. 45

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Reverend and Mrs. Billy Graham

105th (1997-1999)

H.Con.Res. 326

Presenting the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

106th (1999-2001)

H.Con.Res. 127

Presenting a gold medal on behalf of Congress to Rosa Parks

 

H.Con.Res. 196

Presenting the Congressional Gold Medal to Mrs. Gerald R. Ford

 

H.Con.Res. 344

Presenting the Congressional Gold Medal to Father Theodore Hesburgh

107th (2001-2003)

H.Con.Res. 149

Awarding a gold medal on behalf of Congress to Charles M. Schulz

 

H.Con.Res. 174

Awarding Congressional Gold Medals to the original 29 Navajo Code Talkers

 

H.Con.Res. 305

Awarding a gold medal on behalf of Congress to former President Reagan and his wife

 

H.Con.Res. 469

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to General Henry H. Shelton

108th (2003-2005)

H.Con.Res. 357

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Dr. Dorothy Height

109th (2005-2007)

H.Con.Res. 79

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Jackie Robinson

110th (2007-2009)

H.Con.Res. 164

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Dr. Norman E. Borlaug

 

H.Con.Res. 196

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Tenzin Gyatso, the Fourteenth Dali Lama

 

S.Con.Res. 15

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to the Tuskegee Airmen

 

S.Con.Res. 71

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Michael Ellis DeBakey, M.D.

111th (2009-2011)

S.Con.Res. 43

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to former Senator Edward Brooke

112th (2011-2013)

S.Con.Res. 29

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Neil Armstrong, Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin, Jr., Michael Collins, and John Glenn

 

H.Con.Res. 133

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Arnold Palmer

 

H.Con.Res. 135

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Daw Aung San Suu Kyi

113th (2013-2015)

H.Con.Res. 20

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Professor Muhamad Yunus

 

S.Con.Res. 36

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Raoul Wallenberg

 

S.Con.Res. 37

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Shimon Peres

114th (2015-2017)

H.Con.Res. 12

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Jack Nicklaus

115th (2017-2019)

S.Con.Res. 31

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Bob Dole

Presidential Inaugural Activities

102nd (1991-1993)

S.Con.Res. 103

Use of Rotunda by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 1993

104th (1995-1997)

S.Con.Res. 48

Use of Rotunda by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 1997

106th (1999-2001)

S.Con.Res. 90

Use of Rotunda by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 2001

108th (2003-2005)

S.Con.Res. 93

Use of Rotunda by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 2005

110th (2007-2009)

S.Con.Res. 68

Use of Rotunda by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 2009

111th (2009-2011)

S.Con.Res. 2

Reauthorization of use of Rotunda by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 2009

112th (2011-2013)

S.Con.Res. 36

Use of Rotunda by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 2013

113th (2013-2015)

S.Con.Res. 2

Reauthorization of use of Rotunda by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 2013

114th (2015-2017)

S.Con.Res. 29

Use of Rotunda by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 2017

115th (2017-2019)

S.Con.Res. 1

Reauthorization of the use of Rotunda by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 2017

Artwork Unveiling

101st (1989-1991)

S.Con.Res. 5

Ceremony to inaugurate the display of the POW/MIA flag

 

H.Con.Res. 251

Dedication ceremony incidental to the placement of bust of Lajos Kossuth in the Capitol

 

H.Con.Res. 226

Presentation ceremony of statue of Philo T. Farnsworth prior to placement in Statuary Hall

102nd (1991-1993)

S.Con.Res. 49

Unveiling ceremony of portrait bust of President George H.W. Bush

104th (1995-1997)

H.Con.Res. 94

Dedication ceremony incidental to the placement of bust of Raoul Wallenberg in the Capitol

105th (1997-1999)

H.Con.Res. 25

Presentation ceremony of statue of Jack Swigert prior to placement in Statuary Hall

106th (1999-2001)

H.Con.Res. 333

Presentation ceremony of statue of Chief Washakie prior to placement in Statuary Hall

108th (2003-2005)

H.Con.Res. 236

Unveiling ceremony of statue of Sarah Sakakawea prior to placement in Statuary Hall

 

S.Con.Res. 63

Unveiling ceremony of portrait bust of Vice President Dan Quayle

109th (2005-2009)

H.Con.Res. 5

Presentation ceremony of statue of Sarah Winnemucca prior to placement in Statuary Hall

 

H.Con.Res. 242

Presentation ceremony of statue of Po'Pay prior to placement in Statuary Hall

111th (2009-2011)

H.Con.Res. 101

Presentation ceremony of statue of Ronald Reagan prior to placement in Statuary Hall

 

S.Con.Res. 41

Presentation ceremony of statue of Helen Keller prior to placement in Statuary Hall

 

S.Con.Res. 42

Presentation ceremony of statue of Helen Keller prior to placement in Statuary Hall

112th (2011-2013)

H.Con.Res. 27

Presentation ceremony of statue of Gerald R. Ford prior to placement in Rotunda

Prayer Vigils

107th (2001-2003)

H.Con.Res. 233

Prayer Vigil in memory of those who lost their lives on September 11, 2001

 

S.Con.Res. 83

Ceremony as part of a National Day of Reconciliation

Receiving or Honoring Living People

101st (1989-1991)

H.Con.Res. 344

Reception for His All Holiness Patriarch Dimitrios

102nd (1991-1993)

H.Con.Res. 115

Ceremony and Reception for the Dalai Lama

105th (1997-1999)

S.Con.Res. 56

Ceremony honoring Leslie Townes (Bob) Hope

 

S.Con.Res. 26

Ceremony honoring Mother Teresa

 

H.Con.Res. 134

Reception for His All Holiness Patriarch Bartholomew

114th (2015-2017)

H.Con.Res. 43

Events for the Visit of His Holiness Pope Francis

Source: Database query of Congressional Legislative Information System (LIS), 101st-115th Congress.

Appendix B. Concurrent Resolutions for the Use of the Capitol Grounds

Table B-1. Concurrent Resolutions Agreed to for the Use of the Capitol Grounds

101st Congress to First Session, 115th Congress

Congress

Resolution

Subject

Nonfederal-Government-Sponsored Events

101st (1989-1991)

H.Con.Res. 71

Torch Relay for 1989 Special Olympics

 

H.Con.Res. 286

Torch Relay for 1990 Special Olympics

 

S.Con.Res. 98

Public event for Earth Day 1990

102nd (1991-1993)

H.Con.Res. 138

Program for National Physical Fitness and Sports Month

 

H.Con.Res. 331

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 1992

 

H.Con.Res. 367

Morning Star Foundation and the 1992 Alliance may present "Native Voices: 500 Years After"

 

S.Con.Res. 34

Torch Relay for 1991 Special Olympics

 

S.Con.Res. 111

Torch Relay for 1992 Special Olympics

103rd (1993-1995)

H.Con.Res. 81

Torch Relay for 1993 Special Olympics

 

H.Con.Res. 82

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 1993

 

H.Con.Res. 236

Torch Relay for 1994 Special Olympics

 

H.Con.Res. 238

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 1994

104th (1995-1997)

H.Con.Res. 34

Commemoration of Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus

 

H.Con.Res. 38

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 1995

 

H.Con.Res. 64

Torch Relay for 1995 Special Olympics

 

H.Con.Res. 146

Torch Relay for 1996 Special Olympics

 

H.Con.Res. 153

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 1996

 

H.Con.Res. 166

Washington for Jesus 1996 prayer rally

 

H.Con.Res. 172

1996 Summer Olympics Torch Run Relay

105th (1997-1999)

H.Con.Res. 49

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 1997

 

H.Con.Res. 67

Torch Relay for 1997 Special Olympics

 

H.Con.Res. 98

SAFE KIDS Buckle Up Car Seat Safety Check

 

H.Con.Res. 238

National Race for the Cure Breast Cancer Survivors Event

 

H.Con.Res. 255

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 1998

 

H.Con.Res. 262

District of Columbia 1998 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

106th (1999-2001)

H.Con.Res. 47

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 1999

 

H.Con.Res. 49

Earth Force Youth Bike Summit Bike Rodeo

 

H.Con.Res. 50

District of Columbia 1999 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

 

H.Con.Res. 105

Law Enforcement Torch Run for the 1999 Special Olympics World Games

 

H.Con.Res. 277

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2000

 

H.Con.Res. 280

District of Columbia 2000 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

 

H.Con.Res. 314

Earth Force Youth Bike Summit Bike Rodeo

 

H.Con.Res. 423

Million Family March

107th (2001-2003)

H.Con.Res. 79

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2001

 

H.Con.Res. 87

District of Columbia 2001 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

 

H.Con.Res. 356

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2002

108th (2001-2003)

H.Con.Res. 53

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2003

 

H.Con.Res. 128

District of Columbia 2003 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

 

H.Con.Res. 376

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2004

 

H.Con.Res. 389

District of Columbia 2004 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

109th (2005-2007)

H.Con.Res. 86

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2005

 

H.Con.Res. 135

District of Columbia 2005 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

 

H.Con.Res. 161

Tenth Anniversary of the Million Man March

 

H.Con.Res. 349

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2006

 

H.Con.Res. 359

District of Columbia 2006 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

110th (2007-2009)

H.Con.Res. 79

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2007

 

H.Con.Res. 123

District of Columbia 2007 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

 

H.Con.Res. 309

District of Columbia 2008 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

 

H.Con.Res. 311

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2008

 

H.Con.Res. 335

Celebration of the 100th Anniversary of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated

111th (2009-2011)

H.Con.Res. 37

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2009

 

H.Con.Res. 39

District of Columbia 2009 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

 

H.Con.Res. 247

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2010

 

H.Con.Res. 263

District of Columbia 2010 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

112th (2011-2013)

H.Con.Res. 16

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2011

 

H.Con.Res. 67

District of Columbia 2011 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

 

H.Con.Res. 106

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2012

 

H.Con.Res. 118

District of Columbia 2012 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

113th (2013-2015)

H.Con.Res. 19

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2013

 

H.Con.Res. 32

National Honor Guard and Pipe Band Exhibition

 

H.Con.Res. 44

District of Columbia 2013 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

 

H.Con.Res. 88

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2014

 

H.Con.Res. 92

National Honor Guard and Pipe Band Exhibition

 

H.Con.Res. 103

District of Columbia 2014 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

114th (2015-2017)

H.Con.Res. 21

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2015

 

H.Con.Res. 70

District of Columbia 2015 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

 

H.Con.Res. 73

2nd Annual Fallen Firefighters Congressional Flag Presentation Ceremony

 

H.Con.Res. 74

20th Anniversary of the Million Man March

 

H.Con.Res. 119

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2016

 

H.Con.Res. 120

3rd Annual Fallen Firefighters Congressional Flag Presentation Ceremony

 

H.Con.Res. 131

District of Columbia 2016 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

115th (2017-2019)

H.Con.Res. 36

Greater Washington Soap Box Derby 2017

 

H.Con.Res. 69

District of Columbia 2017 Special Olympics Law Enforcement Torch Run

Federal Government Sponsored Events

101st (1989-1991)

H.Con.Res. 198

Authorizing a concert performance on Capitol Grounds

103rd (1993-1995)

H.Con.Res. 146

Commemoration of the 200th anniversary of the laying of the Capitol cornerstone

105th (1997-1999)

H.Con.Res. 265

John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts performances on East Front of Capitol

106th (1999-2001)

H.Con.Res. 52

John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts performances on East Front of Capitol

 

H.Con.Res. 279

Library of Congress 200th Birthday Celebration

 

H.Con.Res. 281

John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts performances on East Front of Capitol

107th (2001-2003)

H.Con.Res. 76

John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts performances on East Front of Capitol

 

S.Con.Res. 41

National Book Festival 2001

 

H.Con.Res. 348

National Book Festival 2002

114th (2015-2017)

H.Con.Res. 43

Events for Visit of His Holiness Pope Francis

Memorial Services

103rd (1993-1995)

H.Con.Res. 71

Twelfth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

 

H.Con.Res. 237

Thirteenth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

104th (1995-1997)

H.Con.Res. 147

Fifteenth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

105th (1997-1999)

H.Con.Res. 66

Sixteenth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

 

H.Con.Res. 263

Seventeenth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

106th (1999-2001)

H.Con.Res. 44

Eighteenth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

 

H.Con.Res. 278

Nineteenth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

107th (2001-2003)

H.Con.Res. 74

Twentieth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

 

H.Con.Res. 347

Twenty-First Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

108th (2003-2005)

H.Con.Res. 96

Twenty-Second Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

 

H.Con.Res. 388

Twenty-Third Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

109th (2005-2007)

H.Con.Res. 136

Twenty-Fourth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

 

H.Con.Res. 360

Twenty-Fifth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

110th (2007-2009)

H.Con.Res. 124

Twenty-Sixth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

 

H.Con.Res. 308

Twenty-Seventh Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

111th (2009-2011)

H.Con.Res. 38

Twenty-Eighth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

 

H.Con.Res. 171

National Weekend of Remembrance Service to honor military personnel who died in service to the United States

 

H.Con.Res. 264

Twenty-Ninth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

112th (2011-2013)

H.Con.Res. 46

Thirtieth Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

 

H.Con.Res. 117

Thirty-First Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

113th (2013-2015)

H.Con.Res. 18

Thirty-Second Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

 

H.Con.Res. 92

Thirty-Third Annual National Peace Officers' Memorial Service

114th (2015-2017)

H.Con.Res. 25

National Peace Officers Memorial Service and the National Honor Guard and Pipe Band Exhibition

 

H.Con.Res. 117

National Peace Officers Memorial Service and the National Honor Guard and Pipe Band Exhibition

115th (2017-2019)

H.Con.Res. 35

National Peace Officers Memorial Service and the National Honor Guard and Pipe Band Exhibition

Award and Commemorative Ceremonies

106th (1999-2001)

S.Con.Res. 139

Dedication of the Japanese-American Memorial to Patriotism

108th (2003-2005)

H.Con.Res. 423

Dedication of the National World War II Memorial

110th (2007-2009)

H.Con.Res. 196

Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony for Tenzin Gyatso, the Fourteenth Dalai Lama

Source: Database query of Congressional Legislative Information System (LIS), 101st-115th Congress.

Appendix C. Concurrent Resolutions Agreed to for the Use of Emancipation Hall

Table C-1. Concurrent Resolutions Agreed to for the Use of Emancipation Hall

101st Congress to First Session, 115th Congress

Congress

Resolution

Subject

Commemoration Ceremonies

110th (2007-2009)

H.Con.Res. 435

Ceremonies and activities in connection with the opening of the Capitol Visitor Center

111th (2009-2011)

H.Con.Res. 80

Ceremony celebrating the birthday of King Kamehameha I

 

H.Con.Res. 243

Ceremony celebrating the birthday of King Kamehameha I

112th (2011-2013)

H.Con.Res. 105

Ceremony celebrating the birthday of King Kamehameha I

 

S.Con.Res. 16

Ceremony celebrating the birthday of King Kamehameha I

113th (2013-2015)

H.Con.Res. 43

Ceremony honoring the life and legacy of Nelson Mandela on his 95th birthday

 

H.Con.Res. 83

Ceremony celebrating the birthday of King Kamehameha I

 

H.Con.Res. 90

Ceremony for commemoration of the day of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

S.Con.Res. 10

Ceremony celebrating the birthday of King Kamehameha I

114th (2015-2017)

H.Con.Res. 9

Ceremony for commemoration of the day of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

H.Con.Res. 43

Events for Visit of His Holiness Pope Francis

 

H.Con.Res. 48

Ceremony to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the Vietnam War

 

H.Con.Res. 93

Ceremony to commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the Ratification of the 13th Amendment

 

H.Con.Res. 111

Ceremony for commemoration of the day of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust

 

H.Con.Res. 115

Ceremony celebrating the birthday of King Kamehameha I

 

S.Con.Res. 3

Ceremony celebrating the birthday of King Kamehameha I

115th (2017-2019)

S.Con.Res. 14

Ceremony celebrating the birthday of King Kamehameha I

Congressional Gold Medal Ceremonies

111th (2009-2011)

H.Con.Res. 239

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to the Women Air Force Service Pilots

112th (2011-2013)

H.Con.Res. 128

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to the Montford Point Marines

 

S.Con.Res. 28

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal collectively to the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and the Military Intelligence Service, U.S. Army in recognition of their service during World War II

113th (2013-2015)

H.Con.Res. 106

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal in honor of the men and women who perished as a result of the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001

 

H.Con.Res. 120

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to the World War II members of the Civil Air Patrol

 

S.Con.Res. 25

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to Native American code talkers

114th (2015-2017

H.Con.Res. 34

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to the American Fighter Aces

 

S.Con.Res. 2

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to the First Special Service Force, in recognition of its superior service in World War II

 

S.Con.Res. 7

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to the World War II members of the Doolittle Tokyo Raiders

 

H.Con.Res. 64

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to the Monuments Men

 

H.Con.Res. 109

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal to the foot soldiers who participated in the 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches

 

H.Con.Res. 113

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal collectively to the 65th Infantry Regiment, known as the "Borinqueneers"

115th (2017-2019)

S.Con.Res. 23

Awarding the Congressional Gold Medal collectively to Filipino Veterans of World War II

Art Work Unveilings

111th (2009-2011)

H.Con.Res. 86

Unveiling a bust of Sojourner Truth

112th (2011-2013)

H.Con.Res. 99

Unveiling a marker to acknowledge the role that slave labor played in the construction of the United States Capitol

113th (2013-2015)

S.Con.Res. 16

Unveiling a statue of Frederick Douglass

114th (2015-2017)

S.Con.Res. 24

Unveiling of the marble bust of Vice President Richard Cheney

115th (2017-2019)

S.Con.Res. 26

Unveiling of the American Prisoners of War/Missing in Action (POW/MIA) Chair of Honor

Presidential Inauguration Activities

112th (2011-2013)

S.Con.Res. 36

Use of Emancipation Hall by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 2013

113th (2013-2015)

S.Con.Res. 2

Reauthorization for the use of Emancipation Hall by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 2013

114th (2015-2017)

S.Con.Res. 29

Use of Emancipation Hall by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 2017

115th (2017-2019)

S.Con.Res. 1

Reauthorization for the use of Emancipation Hall by Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for 2017

Source: Database query of Congressional Legislative Information System (LIS), 110th-115th Congress.

Author Contact Information

[author name scrubbed], Specialist on the Congress ([email address scrubbed], [phone number scrubbed])

Acknowledgments

This report was initially coauthored with [author name scrubbed], former analyst on the Congress. The listed author is available to answer questions about its content.

Footnotes

1.

Congressional leaders have authorized the use of the Rotunda without a concurrent resolution for the lying in state of an official when Congress was out of session. For example, use of the Rotunda for the lying in state of President Ford in January 2007 was authorized by the Speaker of the House and the majority leader of the Senate. Telephone conversation between the author and Becky F. Dougherty, protocol officer of the U.S. Senate, Office of the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate, July 24, 2008.

2.

For example, see H.Con.Res. 377, 110th Congress.

3.

Telephone conversation between the author and Lt. Kathryn Stillman, special events, U.S. Capitol Police, July 16, 2008.

4.

The U.S. Capitol Police application for conducting an event on the Capitol Grounds can be found on the Capitol Police website http://www.uscapitolpolice.gov/special_events.php. The application, available at http://www.uscapitolpolice.gov/special_events/guidelines_app_page.pdf, must be submitted at least 120 hours, or five days, in advance of the activity.

5.

§103, Capitol Visitor Center Act of 2008, P.L. 110-437, October 10, 2008.

6.

H.Con.Res. 133 (97th Congress), 95 Stat. 1760, May 21, 1981.

7.

U.S. Congress, Architect of the Capitol, "Concerts at the U.S. Capitol," at https://www.aoc.gov/nations-stage/concerts.

8.

Each piece of legislation identified by the search was examined to determine (1) whether the legislation authorized the use of the Rotunda, and (2) the purpose for which the use was authorized.

9.

For example, see H.Con.Res. 66, 110th Congress.

10.

H.Con.Res. 377, 110th Congress.

11.

H.Con.Res. 202, 109th Congress. Constantino Brumidi was an artist who painted the "apotheosis of Washington" in the dome of the Capitol as well as frescoes and murals in the first floor hallways on the Senate wing of the Capitol Building. For more information on Constantino Brumidi, see U.S. Congress, Architect of the Capitol, Constantino Brumidi: Artist of the Capitol (Washington: GPO, 1998).

12.

S.Con.Res. 75, 111th Congress.

13.

H.Con.Res. 100, 113th Congress.

14.

For a list of Congressional Gold Medals awarded, see CRS Report RL30076, Congressional Gold Medals, 1776-2016, by [author name scrubbed].

15.

For example, S.Con.Res. 63, 108th Congress, authorized the use of the Rotunda for an unveiling ceremony of a portrait bust of former Vice President Quayle.

16.

For example, H.Con.Res. 242, 109th Congress, authorized the use of the Rotunda for a presentation ceremony of a statue of Po'Pay, prior to placement in Statuary Hall.

17.

For example, see S.Con.Res. 68, 110th Congress.

18.

Ibid.

19.

H.Con.Res. 115, 102nd Congress.

20.

S.Con.Res. 26, 105th Congress.

21.

H.Con.Res. 43, 114th Congress. The same resolution also authorized the use of the Capitol Grounds and Emancipation Hall for events. For more information on His Holiness Pope Francis's visit to the United States Capitol and his address to a joint session of Congress, see CRS In Focus IF10211, Foreign Heads of State Addressing Congress, by [author name scrubbed].

22.

H.Con.Res. 444, 108th Congress; S.Con.Res. 115, 108th Congress.

23.

H.Con.Res. 139, 101st Congress.

24.

S.Con.Res. 61, 109th Congress.

25.

H.Con.Res. 206, 105th Congress.

26.

Each piece of legislation identified by the search was examined to determine (1) whether the legislation authorized the use of the Capitol Grounds, and (2) the purpose for which the use was authorized.

27.

For example, see H.Con.Res. 311, 110th Congress.

28.

For example, see H.Con.Res. 309, 110th Congress.

29.

For example, see H.Con.Res. 308, 110th Congress.

30.

U.S. Congress, U.S. Capitol Police, "27th Annual National Peace Officers Memorial Service," press release, May 13, 2008, at http://www.uscapitolpolice.gov/pressreleases/2008/pr_05-13-08.php.

31.

For example, see H.Con.Res. 76, 107th Congress.

32.

For example, see H.Con.Res. 348, 107th Congress.

33.

For example, see H.Con.Res. 279, 106th Congress.

34.

S.Con.Res. 139, 106th Congress.

35.

H.Con.Res. 423, 108th Congress.

36.

H.Con.Res. 196, 110th Congress.

37.

P.L. 110-437, §103, 122 Stat. 4986, October 10, 2008; 2 U.S.C. §2203.

38.

H.Con.Res. 435, 110th Congress.

39.

Ibid.

40.

For example, see H.Con.Res. 80, 111th Congress; and H.Con.Res. 105, 112th Congress.

41.

H.Con.Res. 239, 111th Congress.

42.

H.Con.Res. 128, 112th Congress.

43.

S.Con.Res. 25, 113th Congress.

44.

H.Con.Res. 86, 111th Congress.

45.

H.Con.Res. 99, 112th Congress.

46.

S.Con.Res. 16, 113th Congress.

47.

S.Con.Res. 26, 115th Congress.

48.

S.Con.Res. 2, 113th Congress.