Congressional Membership and Appointment Authority to Advisory Commissions, Boards, and Groups

Over the past several decades, Congress, by statute, has established a wide array of commissions, boards, and advisory bodies to provide it with assistance in meeting various legislative, investigative, and administrative responsibilities. Some of these entities are temporary and created to serve specific functions, such as studying a discrete policy area or performing one-time tasks. Others are permanent, serving an ongoing purpose, such as overseeing an institution or performing a regular administrative function.

The majority of these congressional bodies provide that Members of Congress, particularly the leadership, be intimately involved in the appointment process, either through direct service on a commission, or by appointing or recommending candidates for membership.

The choice of a particular mechanism for membership appointment may have implications for the ability of these entities to fulfill their congressional mandates. Examination of the statutory language creating these bodies reveals several common approaches to membership selection. Each alternative schema has its advantages.

For example, a commission or board composed entirely of Members permits a high degree of congressional control over the entity’s operations. Bodies composed mainly of qualified private citizens or executive branch appointees may provide a broader expertise than Member-only bodies. Assemblages of mixed membership provide some of the advantages of both Member and citizen-only appointment schemes.

This report contains a compilation of existing commissions and boards that demonstrates the range of alternative membership-appointment structures. It includes any statutorily created advisory entity (e.g., boards, advisory panels, task forces) whose membership scheme mandates the participation of Members of Congress either as potential members or as participants in the process of appointing the membership. For each entity, information on the purpose, duration, appointment structure, and term of appointment is provided. Finally, information on the involvement of Members of Congress in the appointment process is presented in a series of tables.

Congressional Membership and Appointment Authority to Advisory Commissions, Boards, and Groups

Updated May 8, 2019 (RL33313)
Jump to Main Text of Report

Contents

Summary

Over the past several decades, Congress, by statute, has established a wide array of commissions, boards, and advisory bodies to provide it with assistance in meeting various legislative, investigative, and administrative responsibilities. Some of these entities are temporary and created to serve specific functions, such as studying a discrete policy area or performing one-time tasks. Others are permanent, serving an ongoing purpose, such as overseeing an institution or performing a regular administrative function.

The majority of these congressional bodies provide that Members of Congress, particularly the leadership, be intimately involved in the appointment process, either through direct service on a commission, or by appointing or recommending candidates for membership.

The choice of a particular mechanism for membership appointment may have implications for the ability of these entities to fulfill their congressional mandates. Examination of the statutory language creating these bodies reveals several common approaches to membership selection. Each alternative schema has its advantages.

For example, a commission or board composed entirely of Members permits a high degree of congressional control over the entity's operations. Bodies composed mainly of qualified private citizens or executive branch appointees may provide a broader expertise than Member-only bodies. Assemblages of mixed membership provide some of the advantages of both Member and citizen-only appointment schemes.

This report contains a compilation of existing commissions and boards that demonstrates the range of alternative membership-appointment structures. It includes any statutorily created advisory entity (e.g., boards, advisory panels, task forces) whose membership scheme mandates the participation of Members of Congress either as potential members or as participants in the process of appointing the membership. For each entity, information on the purpose, duration, appointment structure, and term of appointment is provided. Finally, information on the involvement of Members of Congress in the appointment process is presented in a series of tables.


Introduction

Congress has created a wide array of advisory bodies, separate from each chamber's committees and officers, in order to better exercise its legislative, oversight, and investigative mandates, and to attend to both temporary and ongoing administrative tasks and responsibilities. During the past two decades, Congress has established or renewed the existence of hundreds of statutory entities to study, advise on, coordinate, or monitor matters of particular interest to Congress. These entities vary in several dimensions, including their official designation, purpose, lifespan, membership, and mechanism by which members are appointed.

Many of these bodies are expressly identified as commissions, but others are designated as boards, advisory committees, or other terms. In this report, they are referred to generically as "congressional advisory bodies." These groups are sometimes created to address a single purpose—to study a discrete policy issue or to attend to one-time or recurring administrative functions. Often, they have a well-defined mandate, which typically includes the submission of a final report to Congress with detailed findings and recommendations. Although some have a specific lifespan, others have been created to provide ongoing support and advice (e.g., the boards of visitors for the U.S. military service academies, or the Commission to Recommend Individuals to the President for Appointment to the Office of Architect of the Capitol).

The statutory provisions creating a substantial proportion of congressional advisory bodies provide for a membership that, either entirely or in part, (1) includes, (2) is chosen by, or (3) is recommended by Members of Congress. This report addresses only those statutory groups whose membership involves congressional participation in one or more of these forms. It provides selected background information on these groups and specific information relating to the role of Members of Congress in the appointment process.

This report is intended to inform Members of Congress of their specific appointment responsibilities and to make them aware of their opportunities to serve as members of congressional advisory bodies. Additionally, observations regarding the rationale and effects for the many variations in the appointment schemes for existing bodies are intended to provide some alternatives to legislators to facilitate the drafting of membership language in potential future statutes.

Scope

Following an examination of the appointment schemes to various congressional advisory bodies, this compilation attempts to identify all congressional advisory bodies currently in existence on which Members of Congress serve directly, or for which they make appointments or recommend potential members to another appointing authority (e.g., the President). It includes any statutorily created advisory entity (e.g., boards, advisory panels, task forces) whose membership scheme mandates the participation of Members of Congress, either as potential members or as participants in the process of appointing the membership. Entities created by Congress that have neither congressional membership nor congressional involvement in the appointment process have been omitted.1 Boards and commissions for which the Senate has "advise and consent" authority are also omitted, unless Members of Congress otherwise participate in the appointment process.

Also excluded are ad-hoc commissions and advisory groups empaneled by individual congressional committees under their general authority to procure the "temporary services" of consultants to "make studies and advise the committee with respect to any matter within its jurisdiction," pursuant to 2 U.S.C. §72a or under chamber rules or resolutions. The membership of these entities, such as the Advisory Commission to Study the Consumer Price Index, might be selected by the chairman and ranking minority member of the committee concerned, and these bodies are generally empaneled for short durations. This report also does not include caucuses, observer groups, or working groups created by means other than statute.

Tracking the provisions of law that create congressional advisory bodies is an inherently inexact exercise. Although many such bodies are created in easily identifiable freestanding statutes, others are contained within the statutory language of lengthy omnibus legislation.2 It is also sometimes difficult to determine when such bodies have ceased to operate,3 as termination dates are not always included in the organic statute, or may be tied to ambiguous conditions.

Membership Composition

When making appointments to congressional advisory bodies, Members of Congress may be empowered to act independently or in concert with other Members. Structurally, variations in the authority of appointment officials fall within several common patterns.

Direct Designation

The statutory scheme may mandate that membership of a congressional advisory body be made up in whole or in part by specifically designated Members of Congress, typically members of the leadership or of specified committees.

In most such cases, leadership service is limited to bodies concerned with the internal administrative functions of the House and Senate. For example, membership of the Commission to Recommend Individuals to the President for Appointment to the Office of Architect of the Capitol includes the Speaker of the House, the President pro tempore of the Senate, the majority and minority leaders of the House and the Senate, and the chairmen and the ranking minority members of the Committee on House Administration of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate, the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.4

Appointment

Selected leaders, often with balance between the parties, may appoint congressional advisory body members, who may or may not be Members of Congress. For appointments made by congressional leaders, the statutory scheme generally mandates that appointments be made by leaders of both parties. The members of some congressional advisory bodies are selected by majority and minority party leaders in equal numbers.5 In other instances, the majority party appoints a greater number.6 In a few cases, the majority/minority ratio of appointments to a commission varies, depending upon whether the President is of the same party as the majority in the House or the Senate.

One common component of statutory appointment schemes for certain congressional advisory bodies is the requirement that Members of Congress serve on these panels. Certain bodies, such as the British American Parliamentary Group, are composed entirely of Members of Congress. In other instances, a statute may require that a certain specified number of Senators or Representatives be selected,7 or may prohibit Members of Congress from serving.8

For appointments made by the President pro tempore of the Senate, 2 U.S.C. §199 specifies involvement of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate.9

Recommendation

Selected leaders, again often with balance between the parties, may be authorized to recommend members, who may or may not be Members of Congress, for appointment to a congressional advisory body. They may do so either in parallel or jointly, and the recommendations may be made to other congressional leaders, such as the Speaker of the House and President pro tempore of the Senate, to the President, or to a cabinet official.

Qualification Provisos

Some statutory provisos may have the effect of limiting the degree of autonomy a Member has in appointing or making recommendations of individuals for congressional advisory body membership. For example, the appointing official may be required by law to select members who are specifically qualified by virtue of their education, knowledge, training, experience, expertise, distinguished service, or recognized eminence in a particular field or fields.10 In other instances, appointments are expressly limited to individuals occupying specific federal, state, or local government positions, representing a particular occupation, or serving as head of a particular public or private sector institution or organization.

Separation of Powers

In many instances, the authority to appoint members to the entities covered in this report is shared by the executive and legislative branches.11 When the appointment authority set out in a statute creating a congressional advisory body is shared by the President (or other executive branch officials) and Members of Congress, questions about implementation of the appointment scheme have sometimes prompted the President to comment on separation-of-powers issues raised under the Appointments Clause of the Constitution. Some statutes instruct the President to appoint congressional advisory body members from a list provided by congressional leadership. For example, the appointment scheme for the Commission on Interoperable Data Sharing provides for nine members, one member appointed by the President to serve as chairman, and eight members appointed by the President "from a list of nominees jointly provided by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the minority leader of the House of Representatives, the majority leader of the Senate, and the minority leader of the Senate."12

In the signing statement accompanying the law, President George W. Bush noted that methods of selection included in the Appointment Clause of the Constitution include "appointment by the President with Senate consent, or by the President alone," but not by the President "from a pool of persons selected by congressional leadership."13 Similarly, in a statement accompanying the signing of legislation creating the Brown v. Board of Education 50th Anniversary Commission,14 President Bush made it clear that he would not be bound by the membership recommendations of House and Senate leadership required by the statute, but would rather "welcome, as a matter of comity, the suggestions of the congressional leadership for those positions."15

Impact of Appointment Framework

As the foregoing discussion suggests, several alternative approaches are available to legislators in drafting membership selection language. Inclusion of legislators on such panels insures that Congress will be able to exercise a certain degree of control over the operations of the entity concerned. At the same time, service by Members on congressional advisory bodies is arguably antithetical to at least one of the rationales for creating the entity in the first place, namely, to reduce the workload of Congress by delegating certain functions to temporary bodies.

Even in the absence of direct membership on a congressional advisory body, in drafting the particulars of an appointment scheme, legislators can dictate, to some degree, the measure of autonomy an entity enjoys. For example, although the legislation creating the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (the 9-11 Commission) did not stipulate that Members of Congress be included in the commission's membership, it did call for 9 of the 10 members of the commission to be selected by congressional leaders.16 Attention to the proper balance between the number of members appointed by congressional leaders and by other individuals, or to the number of Members of Congress required to be among the appointees, or to the qualifications of appointees, can be significant factors in enabling an advisory body to fulfill its congressional mandate.

Organization of the Report

Each currently functioning congressional advisory body that was identified, regardless of when it was initially established, is profiled following the narrative portion of this report.17 For each entity, a brief summary of its purpose or role is provided, as well as the following information:

  • Statutory Duration of the Advisory Body. The termination date is provided for each advisory body, where appropriate. Occasionally, termination dates are ambiguous, due to their contingency upon an associated time line within the statute, such as the date of submission of a final report.
  • FACA Applicability. Advisory bodies established in the executive branch that report to the President are subject to the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), which governs their creation, administration, and management.18 Advisory bodies that are appointed by Congress and report only to Congress are not specifically bound by the requirements set forth in FACA. Because many commissions involve both congressional and presidential participation, some of the entities in this report may be governed by FACA. Occasionally, statutes creating congressional advisory bodies will incorporate explicit statutory language exempting a commission from FACA requirements, in whole or in part.
  • Membership Appointment Structure. Each entry includes the advisory body's membership appointment scheme. The particulars of congressional involvement in the appointment process are varied. The statutory language of membership appointment schemes detail a wide range of membership patterns that may be of interest to lawmakers who might be contemplating creation of advisory bodies. In the legislative branch, the individuals most commonly empowered to make appointments to commissions and similar bodies are the Speaker of the House, the President or President pro tempore19 of the Senate, and the majority and minority leaders of the House and Senate. The majority leader of the House is less often included in these mechanisms, since the appointment role of the minority leader may be paired with the Speaker's appointment role.

    For each board, the appointment structure is outlined, with the participation of Members of Congress highlighted. For Member appointments, the appointer's role is provided in (parentheses) in the left-hand column. Additionally, the role of noncongressional officials is also provided.
  • Term of Appointment. Most ongoing congressional advisory bodies have fixed terms of appointment set by statute. Statutes creating temporary commissions often provide that appointments are for the "life of the commission."

Additionally, commissions are divided into two groups: temporary advisory commissions (e.g., those with a statutory end date) and permanent entities.

Listing of Individual Advisory Bodies

The more than 90 entries on the following pages highlight the broad diversity of matters Congress has felt deserved examination beyond the established organizational structure of Congress. Entries are arranged alphabetically. Citations to the U.S. Code and the Statutes at Large are provided where particulars relating to the scope, purpose, and composition of these bodies may be located. The internet address of the entity's website is also provided, if available.

Information on the involvement of Members of Congress in the appointment process for congressional commissions is also presented in a series of tables. Table 1 through Table 6 list the appointment responsibilities of each of these major congressional leaders. Table 7 lists other congressional leaders, namely the chair or ranking minority members of specified committees in the House and Senate who may also be granted authority to make or recommend appointments, or be designated as members of a commission.20

Temporary Advisory Commissions

400 Years of African-American History Commission

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 115-102, 131 Stat. 2248, January 8, 2018

Summary

The Commission shall develop and carry out activities to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the arrival of Africans in the Americas and highlight the contributions of African Americans since 1619. To carry out these activities, the Commission must plan programs that recognize and highlight the resilience and contributions of African Americans, acknowledge the impact of slavery and laws that enforced racial discrimination, and educate the public about the arrival and contributions of African Americans to the United States; encourage civic, patriotic, historic, educational, artistic, religious, and economic organizations to organize anniversary activities; assist states', localities', and nonprofit organizations' commemorative activities; and coordinate public scholarly research on the arrival of Africans in the Americas and their contributions.

Duration

Expires July 1, 2020

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

15 members

Members of Congress (recommend)

The Secretary of the Interior appoints three members after considering recommendations from Members of Congress.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Secretary of the Interior also appoints

  • three members after considering recommendations of governors, including the Governor of Virginia;
  • six members after considering recommendations of civil rights and historical organizations;
  • one employee of the National Park Service who has experience relative to the historical and cultural resources related to the commemoration; and
  • two members after considering recommendations from the Secretary of the Smithsonian.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


Adams Memorial Commission

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 116-9, §2406, March 12, 2019

Summary

The Commission shall consider and formulate plans for a permanent memorial to honor John Adams and his legacy, including the nature, location, design, and construction of the memorial.

Duration

Terminates December 2, 2025

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

12 members

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (consult)

Senate Minority Leader (consult)

The President pro tempore appoints four Senators, in consultation with the Senate majority leader and Senate minority leader. Not more than two appointees shall be from the same political party.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Majority Leader (consult)

House Minority Leader (consult)

The Speaker appoints four House Members, in consultation with the House majority leader and the House minority leader. No more than two appointees shall be from the same political party.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints four members, not more than two of whom are from the same political party.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


Advisory Committee on International Exchange Rate Policy

 

Information

Citation

19 U.S.C. §4422

Summary

The Committee shall be responsible for advising the Secretary of the Treasury with respect to the impact of international exchange rates and financial policies on the economy of the United States.

Duration

Two years after February 24, 2016, unless renewed by the President for a subsequent two-year period

Website

FACA Applicability

Applies, except Committee is exempt from the requirements of subsections (a) and (b) of Section 10 and Section 11 of FACA.

Appointment Structure

Nine members

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Development (recommend)

Senate Committee on Finance (recommend)

The President pro tempore appoints three members, upon the recommendation of the chairs and ranking members of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Development and the Senate Committee on Finance.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Committee on Financial Services (recommend)

House Committee on Ways and Means (recommend)

The Speaker appoints three members, upon the recommendation of the chairs and ranking members of the House Committee on Financial Services and the House Committee on Ways and Means.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints three members.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last two years or until committee terminates. Committee terminates two years from enactment, unless renewed by the President for successive two-year periods.


Alyce Spotted Bear and Walter Soboleff Commission on Native Children

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 114-244, 130 Stat. 981, October 14, 2016

Summary

The Commission shall conduct a comprehensive study of federal, state, local, and tribal programs that serve Native children.

Duration

The Commission terminates 90 days after submission of its final report, which is due three years after the appointment of all Commission members.

Website

FACA Applicability

Does not apply

Appointment Structure

11 members

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

Senate Committee on Indian Affairs (consult)

The Senate majority leader appoints three members, in consultation with the chair of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

Senate Committee on Indian Affairs (consult)

The Senate minority leader appoints one member, in consultation with the vice-chair of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Committee on Natural Resources (consult)

The Speaker appoints three members, in consultation with the chair of the House Committee on Natural Resources.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

House Committee on Natural Resources (consult)

The House minority leader appoints one member in consultation with the ranking member of the House Committee on Natural Resources.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints three members, in consultation with the Attorney General, the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Education, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


Commission on Farm Transactions-Needs for 2050

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 115-334, §12609, December 20, 2018

Summary

The Commission shall conduct a study on issues impacting the transition of agricultural operations from established farmers and ranchers to the next generation of farmers and ranchers.

Duration

Terminates September 30, 2023

Website

FACA Applicability

Applies, except Sections 9 and 14

Appointment Structure

10 members

Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry (appoint)

Three members appointed by the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.

House Committee on Agriculture (appoint)

Three members appointed by the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Commission also includes

  • three members appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture; and
  • the chief economist of the Department of Agriculture.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


Coltsville National Historical Park Advisory Commission

 

Information

Citation

16 U.S.C. §410qqq

Summary

The Commission shall advise the Secretary of the Interior in the development and implementation of the management plan for the Coltsville National Historical Park in Hartford, CT.

Duration

Commission expires on December 19, 2024.

Website

FACA Applicability

Applies, except Section 14(b)

Appointment Structure

11 members

Connecticut's U.S. Senators (recommend)

Representative from Connecticut's First Congressional District (recommend)

The Secretary of the Interior appoints three members based upon recommendations of Members of Congress from Connecticut:

  • two members shall be appointed after consideration of recommendations submitted by Connecticut's two U.S. Senators; and
  • one member shall be appointed after consideration of recommendations submitted by Connecticut's First Congressional District Representative.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Secretary of the Interior also appoints eight other members:

  • two after consideration of recommendations from the Governor of the State;
  • one after consideration of recommendations from the State Senate president;
  • one after consideration of recommendations from the Speaker of the State House of Representatives;
  • two after consideration of recommendations from the Mayor of Hartford, CT; and
  • two with experience in national parks and historic preservation.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last three years.


Creating Options for Veterans' Expedited Recovery Commission

 

Information

Citation

38 U.S.C. §1701 note

Summary

The Commission will examine the efficacy of the evidence-based therapy treatment model used by the Secretary of the Veterans Affairs for treating mental health conditions of veterans and the potential benefits of incorporating complementary and integrative health treatments available in non-Department facilities.

Duration

The Commission terminates 30 days after the submission of the final report, which is due 18 months after the first meeting of the Commission.

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

10 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two members, at least one of whom shall be a veteran.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints two members, at least one of whom shall be a veteran.

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints two members, at least one of whom shall be a veteran.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints two members, at least one of whom shall be a veteran.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints two members, at least one of whom shall be a veteran.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


Cyberspace Solarium Commission

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 115-232, §1652, August 13, 2018

Summary

The Commission will develop a consensus on a strategic approach to defending the United States in cyberspace against cyberattacks of significant consequences.

Duration

Commission terminates within 120 days of September 1, 2019.

Website

FACA Applicability

Does not apply

Appointment Structure

12 members

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

Senate Committee on Armed Services (consult)

The Senate majority leader appoints two members, in consultation with the chair of the Senate Armed Services Committee, one of whom shall be a Senator and one of whom shall not be.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

Senate Committee on Armed Services (consult)

The Senate minority leader appoints two members, in consultation with the ranking member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, one of whom shall be a Senator and one of whom shall not be.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Committee on Armed Services (consult)

The Speaker appoints two members, in consultation with the chair of the House Armed Services Committee, one of whom shall be a Representative and one of whom shall not be.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

House Committee on Armed Services (consult)

The House minority leader appoints two members, in consultation with the ranking member of the House Armed Services Committee, one of whom shall be a Representative and one of whom shall not be.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Commission also includes

  • the Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence;
  • the Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security;
  • the Deputy Secretary of Defense; and
  • the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission

 

Information

Citation

40 U.S.C. §8903 note

Summary

The Commission shall consider and formulate plans for such a permanent memorial to Dwight D. Eisenhower, including its nature, design, construction, and location.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.eisenhowermemorial.org

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

12 members

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (consult)

Senate Minority Leader (consult)

The President pro tempore appoints four Senators, in consultation with the Senate majority leader and Senate minority leader, of whom not more than two may be members of the same political party.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Majority Leader (consult)

House Minority Leader (consult)

The Speaker appoints four House Members, in consultation with the House majority and House minority leader, of whom not more than two may be members of the same political party.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints four members, not more than two of whom may be members of the same political party.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


Frederick Douglass Bicentennial Commission

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 115-77, 131 Stat. 1251, November 2, 2017

Summary

The Commission plans, develops, and carries out programs and activities that are fitting and proper to honor Frederick Douglass on his 200th birthday. It also recommends to Congress programs and activities to honor Frederick Douglass.

Duration

Terminates within 30 days of June 1, 2019

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

16 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints three members, of whom at least one must be a House Member.

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints three members, of whom at least one must be a Senator.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints two members, of whom at least one must be a House Member.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints two members, of whom at least one must be a Senator.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints six members:

  • one upon the recommendation of the Governor of Maryland;
  • one upon the recommendation of the Governor of Massachusetts;
  • one upon the recommendation of the Government of New York;
  • one upon the recommendation of the Mayor of the District of Columbia; and
  • two other members.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


National Commission on Military Aviation Safety

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 115-232, §1087, August 13, 2018

Summary

Examine and make recommendations with respect to certain U.S. military aviation mishaps.

Duration

Terminates within 90 days of final report issuance on March 1, 2020.

Website

FACA Applicability

Not specified

Appointment Structure

Eight members

Senate Committee on Armed Services (appoint)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Armed Services appoints one member.

The ranking member of the Senate Committee on Armed Services appoints one member.

House Committee on Armed Services (appoint)

The chair of the House Committee on Armed Services appoints one member.

The ranking member of the House Committee on Armed Services appoints one member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints four members.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 115-232, §1051, August 13, 2018

Summary

The Commission shall consider the methods and means necessary to advance the development of artificial intelligence, machine learning, and associated technologies by the United States to comprehensively address the national security and defense needs of the United States.

Duration

Terminates October 1, 2020

Website

FACA Applicability

Not specified

Appointment Structure

15 members

Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

(appoint)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation appoints one member.

The ranking member of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation appoints one member.

House Committee on Energy and Commerce (appoint)

The chair of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce appoints one member.

The ranking member of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce appoints one member.

Senate Committee on Armed Services (appoint)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Armed Services appoints one member.

The ranking member of the Senate Committee on Armed Services appoints one member.

House Committee on Armed Services (appoint)

The chair of the House Committee on Armed Services appoints one member.

The ranking member of the House Committee on Armed Services appoints one member.

Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (appoint)

The chair of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence appoints one member.

The ranking member of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence appoints one member.

House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (appoint)

The chair of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence appoints one member.

The ranking member of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence appoints one member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Secretary of Defense appoints two members.

The Secretary of Commerce appoints one member.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


Public Buildings Reform Board

 

Information

Citation

40 U.S.C. §1303 note

Summary

The Board is charged with recommending specific operational efficiencies that could be implemented to reduce the inventory and cost of the government's real estate holdings.

Duration

The Board shall cease operations and terminate six years after the date on which the Board members are appointed.

Website

FACA Applicability

Not specified

Appointment Structure

Six members

Speaker of the House (recommend)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

House Minority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

The President appoints six members, including

  • two members recommended by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;
  • two members recommended by the majority leader of the Senate;
  • one member recommended by the minority leader of the House of Representatives; and
  • one member recommended by the minority leader of the Senate.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last six years.


Public-Private Partnership Advisory Council to End Human Trafficking

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 115-393, §703, December 31, 2018

Summary

The Council provides advice and recommendations to the Senior Policy Operating Group and the President's Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking.

Duration

Terminates September 30, 2020

Website

FACA Applicability

Not specified

Appointment Structure

Not fewer than 8 and not more than 14 members

President Pro Tempore (consult)

Senate Minority Leader (consult)

Speaker of the House (consult)

House Minority Leader (consult)

The President appoints

  • one member, after consultation with the President Pro Tempore of the Senate;
  • one member, after consultation with the Senate minority leader;
  • one member, after consultation with the Speaker of the House; and
  • one member, after consultation with the House minority leader.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints the remaining members of the Council.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last two years.


Syria Study Group

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 115-254, §1501, October 5, 2018

Summary

The Group shall conduct a review on the current United States military and diplomatic strategy with respect to the conflict in Syria that includes a review of current United States objectives in Syria and the desired end state in Syria.

Duration

Terminates within 180 days after issuing final report, which is 180 days after enactment

Website

FACA Applicability

Does not apply

Appointment Structure

12 members, none of whom may be Members of Congress.

Senate Committee on Armed Services (appoint)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Armed Services appoints one member.

The ranking member of the Senate Committee on Armed Services appoints one member.

Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (appoint)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations appoints one member.

The ranking member of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations appoints one member.

House Committee on Armed Services (appoint)

The chair of the House Committee on Armed Services appoints one member.

The ranking member of the House Committee on Armed Services appoints one member.

House Committee on Foreign Affairs (appoint)

The chair of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs appoints one member.

The ranking member of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs appoints one member.

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints one member.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints one member.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints one member.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints one member.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Group.


United States Semiquincentennial Commission

 

Information

Citation

36 U.S.C. §101 note prec.

Summary

The Commission will provide for the observance and commemoration of the 250th anniversary of the founding of the United States, as marked by the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and the historic events preceding that anniversary.

Duration

Terminates on December 31, 2027

Website

https://www.usa250.org/commission

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

33 members (including ex-officio members)

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints two Senators, and four private citizens.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints two Senators, and four private citizens.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two House Members, and four private citizens.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints two House Members, and four private citizens.

Other Legislative Branch Officials

The Librarian of Congress serves as a nonvoting, ex-officio member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President designates one private citizen from among congressional appointments as chair.

Other non-voting, ex officio members include

  • the Secretary of the Interior;
  • the Secretary of State;
  • the Attorney General;
  • the Secretary of Defense;
  • the Secretary of Education;
  • the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution;
  • the Archivist of the United States; and
  • the presiding officer of the Federal Council on the Arts and the Humanities.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Commission

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 114-323, 130 Stat. 1936, December 16, 2016

Summary

The Commission shall conduct a comprehensive review of United States foreign policy in the Western Hemisphere to reduce the illicit drug supply and drug abuse and reduce the damage associated with illicit drug markets and trafficking. The Commission shall also identify policy and program options to improve existing international counter-narcotics policy.

Duration

Terminates 60 days after its final report, which is due 18 months after first meeting of the Commission.

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

10 members

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints two members.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints two members.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two members.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints two members.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints two members.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


Women's Suffrage Centennial Commission

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 115-31, 131 Stat. 842A-18, May 5, 2017

Summary

The Commission encourages, plans, develops, and executes programs, projects, and activities to commemorative the centennial of the passage and ratification of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution.

Duration

Terminates April 15, 2021

Website

FACA Applicability

Applicable, exempt from §14(a)(2)

Appointment Structure

14 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two members.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints two members.

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints two members.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints two members.

Other Legislative Branch Officials

The Librarian of Congress (or their designee) serves on the Commission.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints two members.

The Commission also includes the following individuals (or their designees):

  • the Archivist of the United States;
  • the Secretary of the Smithsonian; and
  • the Director of the National Park Service.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


World War I Centennial Commission

 

Information

Citation

36 U.S.C. §101 note prec

Summary

The Commission will plan, develop, and execute programs, projects, and activities to commemorate the centennial of World War I; encourage private organizations and state and local governments to organize and participate in activities commemorating the centennial; facilitate and coordinate activities throughout the United States relating to the centennial; serve as a clearinghouse for the collection and dissemination of information about events and plans for the centennial; and develop recommendations for Congress and the President for commemorating the centennial. The Commission may enhance the General Pershing Commemorative Work by constructing a World War I Memorial, to further honor the service of members of the U.S. Armed Forces in World War I.

Duration

Commemorative activities terminate no later than July 28, 2019.

World War I Memorial activities may continue subject to the Commemorative Works Act (40 U.S.C. §8903).

Website

http://www.worldwar1centennial.org

FACA Applicability

Applies, except §14(a)(2)

Appointment Structure

12 members (excluding ex-officio members and other advisors)

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two members.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints one member.

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints two members.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints one member.

Other Legislative Branch Officials

The Librarian of Congress serves as an ex-officio member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Commission also includes

  • three members appointed by the President from among persons who are broadly representative of the people of the United States (including members of the Armed Forces, veterans, and representatives of veterans service organizations);
  • one member appointed by the executive director of the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States;
  • one member appointed by the executive director of the American Legion; and
  • one member appointed by the president of the Liberty Memorial Association.

Ex-officio members include the Archivist of the United States, the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, the Secretary of Education, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and the Administrator of General Services.

Other Advisors

Four appointed by the Secretary of Defense, one each from the Navy, Marine Corps, Army, and Air Force.

Two appointed by the Secretary of Homeland Security, one each from the Coast Guard and the United States Secret Service.

Two appointed by the Secretary of Interior, including one from the National Park Service.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.

Permanent Entities

Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance

 

Information

Citation

20 U.S.C. §1098

Summary

The Committee serves as an independent source of advice and counsel to Congress and the Secretary of Education on student financial aid policy.

Duration

Effective October 1, 2015, activities were discontinued due to a lapse in funding.

Website

http://www.ed.gov/about/bdscomm/list/acsfa/edlite-about.html

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

11 members

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

The President pro tempore appoints four members upon the recommendation of the Senate majority leader and the Senate minority leader.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Majority Leader (recommend)

House Minority Leader (recommend)

The Speaker appoints four members upon the recommendation of the House majority leader and the House minority leader.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Secretary of Education appoints three members, of whom at least one member shall be a student.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last four years.


Advisory Committee on the Protection of Presidential and Vice-Presidential Candidates

 

Information

Citation

18 U.S.C. §3056(a)(7)

Summary

The purpose of the Committee is to assist the Secretary of Homeland Security in identifying "major candidates" for President and Vice President.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Five members

Speaker of the House (serve, appoint)

House Minority Leader (serve, appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (serve, appoint)

Senate Minority Leader (serve, appoint)

The Committee consists of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the minority leader of the House of Representatives, the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, and one additional member selected by the other members of the committee.

Term of Appointment

Not specified


Advisory Committee on the Records of Congress

 

Information

Citation

44 U.S.C. §2701

Summary

The Committee was established to advise Congress and the Archivist of the United States on the management and preservation of the records of Congress.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.archives.gov/legislative/cla/advisory-committee/index.html

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

11 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints one member.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints one member.

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints one member.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints one member.

Secretary of the Senate (serve, appoint)

The Secretary of the Senate serves on the committee, and appoints one member.

Clerk of the House of Representatives (serve, appoint)

The Clerk of the House of Representatives serves on the committee, and appoints one member.

Historian of the Senate (serve)

The Historian of the Senate serves on the Committee.

Historian of the House of Representatives (serve)

The Historian of the House of Representatives serves on the Committee.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Archivist of the United States serves on the Committee.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last two years.


American Folklife Center in the Library of Congress, Board of Trustees

 

Information

Citation

20 U.S.C. §2103

Summary

The Board oversees the American Folklife Center in the Library of Congress. The center was created by Congress in 1976 "to preserve and present American Folklife." The Center incorporates the Archive of Folk Culture, which was established at the Library in 1928 as a repository for American Folk Music. The Center and its collections have grown to encompass all aspects of folklore and folklife from this country and around the world.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.loc.gov/folklife/board/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

23 members (including ex-officio members)

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

The President pro tempore appoints four members from among individuals from private life who are widely recognized by virtue of their scholarship, experience, creativity, or interest in American folklife traditions and arts.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints four members from among individuals from private life who are widely recognized by virtue of their scholarship, experience, creativity, or interest in American folklife traditions and arts.

Other Legislative Branch Officials

The Librarian of Congress appoints four members from among individuals who are widely recognized by virtue of their scholarship, experience, creativity, or interest in American folklife traditions and arts and serves as an ex-officio member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints four members from among individuals who are officials of federal departments and agencies concerned with some aspect of American folklife traditions and arts.

Ex-officio members include

  • the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution;
  • the chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts;
  • the chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities;
  • the president of the American Folklore Society;
  • the president of the Society for Ethnomusicology; and
  • the director of the American Folklife Center.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last six years.


Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Foundation, Board of Trustees

 

Information

Citation

20 U.S.C. §4703

Summary

The Board oversees the Foundation. The purpose of the Foundation is to provide a continuing source of highly qualified scientists, mathematicians, and engineers by awarding scholarships to college students who intend to pursue careers in these fields.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.act.org/goldwater

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

13 members (including ex-officio member)

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints one Senator.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints one Senator.

House Majority Leader (appoint)

The House majority leader appoints one House Member.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints one House Member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints eight members, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, not more than four of whom shall be of the same political party.

The Secretary of Education (or their designee) serves as an ex-officio member.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last six years.


British American Parliamentary Group

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §276l

Summary

The Group brings together selected U.S. and British lawmakers at conference meetings to discuss mutual concerns and to strengthen the alliance between the two nations.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

No website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Not to exceed 24 Members of Congress

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints half of group, from among Members of the House, no fewer than four of whom shall be members of the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

The President pro tempore appoints half of group, from among Senators, upon the recommendations of the Senate majority leader and the Senate minority leader, no fewer than four of whom shall be members of the Committee on Foreign Relations, unless the Senate majority and Senate minority leaders determine otherwise.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are made prior to each conference.


Canada-United States Interparliamentary Group

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §276d

Summary

The Group brings together lawmakers to exchange information and promote better understanding between Canadian and U.S. parliamentarians on common problems and concerns, as well as differences, in relations between the two countries.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

No website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Not to exceed 24 Members of Congress

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints half of group, from among Members of the House, no fewer than four of whom shall be members of the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

The President pro tempore appoints half of group, from among Senators, upon the recommendations of the Senate majority leader and the Senate minority leader, no fewer than four of whom shall be members of the Committee on Foreign Relations.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are made prior to each conference.


Citizen's Coinage Advisory Committee

 

Information

Citation

31 U.S.C. §5135

Summary

The Committee advises the Secretary of the Treasury on any theme or design proposals relating to circulating coinage, bullion coinage, Congressional Gold Medals, and national and other medals; advises the Secretary of the Treasury with regard to the events, persons, or places to be commemorated by the issuance of commemorative coins in each of the five calendar years succeeding the year in which a commemorative coin designation is made; and makes recommendations with respect to the mintage level.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.ccac.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

11 members

Speaker of the House (recommend)

House Minority Leader (recommend)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

The Secretary of the Treasury appoints four persons on the basis of recommendations of the following officials, who shall make the selection for such recommendation from among citizens who are specially qualified to serve on the advisory committee by virtue of their education, training, or experience:

  • one person recommended by the Speaker of the House;
  • one person recommended by the minority leader of the House;
  • one person recommended by the majority leader of the Senate; and
  • one person recommended by the minority leader of the Senate.

Non-Congressional Officials

Secretary of the Treasury appoints seven individuals:

  • one from among individuals who are specially qualified to serve on the advisory committee by virtue of their education, training, or experience as a nationally or internationally recognized curator in the United States of a numismatic collection;
  • one from among individuals who are specially qualified to serve on the advisory committee by virtue of their experience in the medallic arts or sculpture;
  • one from among individuals who are specially qualified to serve on the advisory committee by virtue of their education, training, or experience in American history;
  • one from among individuals who are specially qualified to serve on the advisory committee by virtue of their education, training, or experience in numismatics; and
  • three from among individuals who can represent the interests of the general public in the coinage of the United States.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last four years.


Commission for the Judiciary Office Building

 

Information

Citation

40 U.S.C. §6503

Summary

The Commission is responsible for the supervision of the design, construction, operation, maintenance, structural, mechanical, domestic care, and security of the Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Building. The Commission shall prescribe regulations to govern the actions of the Architect of the Capitol under this chapter and to govern the use and occupancy of all space in the building.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

13 members

House Office Building Commission (serve)

Speaker of the House

(serve)

Members of the "House Office Building Commission" serve on the Commission; the Speaker of the House is a member of the Commission.

Senate Majority Leader (serve)

The Senate majority leader serves on the Commission.

Senate Minority Leader (serve)

The Senate minority leader serves on the Commission.

Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration serve on the Commission.

Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works serve on the Commission.

House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure serve on the Commission.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Chief Justice of the United States appoints two members from among justices of the Supreme Court and other judges of the United States.

Term of Appointment

Not specified.


Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad

 

Information

Citation

54 U.S.C. §312303

Summary

The law directs the Commission to (1) identify and report on cemeteries, monuments, and historic buildings in Eastern and Central Europe that are associated with the heritage of U.S. citizens, particularly endangered properties; and (2) obtain, in cooperation with the Department of State, assurances from the governments of the region that the properties will be protected and preserved.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.heritageabroad.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

21 members

Speaker of the House (consult)

President Pro Tempore (consult)

The President appoints 21 members, 7 after consultation with the Speaker of the House of Representatives and 7 after consultation with the President pro tempore of the Senate.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last three years.


Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Commission)

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §3003

Summary

The Commission, also known as the Helsinki Commission, is an independent U.S. government agency created in 1976 to monitor and encourage compliance with the Helsinki Final Act and other Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) commitments.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.csce.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

21 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Minority Leader (consult)

The Speaker appoints five House Members from the majority party and four Members, after consultation with the minority leader of the House, from the minority party.

President of the Senate (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (consult)

Senate Minority Leader (consult)

The President of the Senate appoints nine Senators, five Members selected from the majority party of the Senate, after consultation with the majority leader, and four Members selected, after consultation with the minority leader of the Senate, from the minority party.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints three members:

  • one Department of State official;
  • one Department of Defense official; and
  • one Department of Commerce official.

Term of Appointment

Congressional appointees serve for the duration of the Congress from which they were appointed.


Commission on Social Impact Partnerships

 

Information

Citation

42 U.S.C. §1397n–6

Summary

The Commission assists the Secretary of the Treasury and the Federal Interagency Council on Social Impact Partnerships in reviewing grant applications; makes recommendations to the Secretary and the Federal Interagency Council regarding the funding of social impact partnership agreements and feasibility studies; and provides other assistance as requested by the Secretary or the Federal Interagency Council.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Nine members

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints one member.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints one member.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints one member.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints one member.

Senate Committee on Finance (appoint)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Finance appoints one member.

The ranking member of the Senate Committee on Finance appoints one member.

House Committee on Ways and Means (appoint)

The chair of the House Committee on Ways and Means appoints one member.

The ranking member of the House Committee on Ways and Means appoints one member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints one member, who serves as Chair of the Commission.

Term of Appointment

Three members serve for two years, three members serve for three years, and three members (including the chair) serve for four years. The Commission will determine the term length for each member and the expiration of the member's term.


Commission to Recommend Individuals to the President for Appointment to the Office of Architect of the Capitol

 

Information

Citation

2 U.S.C. §1801

Summary

The Commission recommends candidates to the President for appointment as Architect of the Capitol.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

14 members

Speaker of the House (serve)

The Speaker serves on the Commission.

President Pro Tempore (serve)

The President pro tempore serves on the Commission.

Senate Majority Leader (serve)

The Senate majority leader serves on the Commission.

Senate Minority Leader (serve)

The Senate minority leader serves on the Commission.

House Majority Leader (serve)

The House majority leader serves on the Commission.

House Minority Leader (serve)

The House minority leader serves on the Commission.

Committee on House Administration (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the Committee on House Administration serve on the Commission.

Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration serve on the Commission.

House Committee on Appropriations (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the House Committee on Appropriations serve on the Commission.

Senate Committee on Appropriations (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the Senate Committee on Appropriations serve on the Commission.

Term of Appointment

Not applicable


Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §6911

Summary

The Commission was created to monitor human rights and the development of the rule of law in China, and to submit an annual report to the President and Congress.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.cecc.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

23 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Minority Leader (consult)

The Speaker appoints nine House Members: five selected from the majority party and four selected, after consultation with the minority leader of the House, from the minority party.

President of the Senate (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (consult)

Senate Minority Leader (consult)

The President of the Senate appoints nine Senators: five, after consultation with the majority leader of the Senate, from the majority party, and four, after consultation with the minority leader of the Senate, from the minority party.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints five members:

  • one officer or employee of the Department of State;
  • one officer or employee of the Department of Commerce;
  • one officer or employee of the Department of Labor; and
  • two at-large representatives who are also officers or employees of the executive branch.

Term of Appointment

Not specified


Congressional Advisers for Trade Policy and Negotiations

 

Information

Citation

19 U.S.C. §2211

Summary

The Advisers provide advice on the development of trade policy and priorities for the implementation thereof. They are also accredited by the U.S. Trade Representative on behalf of the President as official advisers to the U.S. delegations to international conferences, meetings, and negotiating sessions relating to trade agreements.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

10 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Committee on Ways and Means (recommend)

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Committee on Finance (recommend)

(1) The Speaker, upon the recommendation of the chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means, shall select five members (not more than three of whom are members of the same political party) of such committee, and the President pro tempore of the Senate, upon the recommendation of the chairman of the Committee on Finance, shall select five members (not more than three of whom are members of the same political party) of such committee, who shall be designated congressional advisers on trade policy and negotiations. They shall provide advice on the development of trade policy and priorities for the implementation thereof. They shall also be accredited by the United States Trade Representative on behalf of the President as official advisers to the United States delegations to international conferences, meetings, and negotiating sessions relating to trade agreements.

(2)(A) In addition to the advisers designated under paragraph (1) from the Committee on Ways and Means and the Committee on Finance-

(i) the Speaker may select additional members of the House, for designation as congressional advisers regarding specific trade policy matters or negotiations, from any other committee of the House or joint committee of Congress that has jurisdiction over legislation likely to be affected by such matters or negotiations; and

(ii) the President pro tempore may select additional members of the Senate, for designation as congressional advisers regarding specific trade policy matters or negotiations, from any other committee of the Senate or joint committee of Congress that has jurisdiction over legislation likely to be affected by such matters or negotiations.

Members of the House and Senate selected as congressional advisers under this subparagraph shall be accredited by the United States Trade Representative.

(B) Before designating any member under subparagraph (A), the Speaker or the President pro tempore shall consult with-

(i) the chairman and ranking member of the Committee on Ways and Means or the Committee on Finance, as appropriate; and

(ii) the chairman and ranking minority member of the committee from which the member will be selected.

(C) Not more than three members (not more than two of whom are members of the same political party) may be selected under this paragraph as advisers from any committee of Congress.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last for the session of Congress from which the appointees are chosen.


Congressional Award Board

 

Information

Citation

2 U.S.C. §803

Summary

The Board oversees the Congressional Award programs. Congress established the Congressional Award in 1979 to recognize initiative, achievement, and service by young people.

Duration

The Board will terminate on October 1, 2023.

Website

http://congressionalaward.org/about/board/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

25 members (including nonvoting member)

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints six members, one of whom shall be a past recipient of the Congressional Award.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints six members, one of whom shall be a local Congressional Award program volunteer.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints six members, one of whom shall be a local Congressional Award program volunteer.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints six members, one of whom shall be a past recipient of the Congressional Award.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Director of the Board serves as nonvoting member.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last four years.


Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

 

Information

Citation

34 U.S.C. §11116

Summary

The Council coordinates federal juvenile delinquency prevention programs, federal programs and activities that detain or care for unaccompanied juveniles, and federal programs relating to missing and exploited children.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.juvenilecouncil.gov

FACA Applicability

Applies

Appointment Structure

At least 21 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Minority Leader (consult)

The Speaker appoints three members, after consultation with the House minority leader.

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

Senate Minority Leader (consult)

The Senate majority leader appoints three members, after consultation with the Senate minority leader.

Senate Committee on Indian Affairs (appoint, consult)

House Committee on Natural Resources (consult)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs appoints one member, in consultation with the vice chair of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, and the chair and ranking member of the House Committee on Natural Resources.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints three members.

The Council also includes the Attorney General, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Assistant Secretary for Mental Health and Substance Use, the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary of Education, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, the Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation for National and Community Service, the Assistant Secretary for Immigration and Customs Enforcement, such other officers of Federal agencies who hold significant decisionmaking authority as the President may designate.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last for either one, two, or three years.


Denali Commission

 

Information

Citation

42 U.S.C. §3121 note

Summary

The Commission is a federal-state partnership designed to provide critical utilities, infrastructure, and economic support throughout Alaska.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.denali.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Seven members

President Pro Tempore (submit list)

Speaker of the House (submit list)

The President pro tempore and the Speaker of the House each submit a list of nominations for the position of the Federal Co-chairperson including pertinent biographical information, to the Secretary of Commerce.

The Secretary of Commerce appoints the Federal Co-chairperson from among the list of nominations submitted by the President pro tempore and by the Speaker.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Secretary of Commerce appoints seven members to the Commission:

  • the Governor of the state of Alaska, or an individual selected from nominations submitted by the Governor, who shall serve as the state Co-chairperson;
  • the president of the University of Alaska, or an individual selected from nominations submitted by the president of the University of Alaska;
  • the president of the Alaska Municipal League or an individual selected from nominations submitted by the president of the Alaska Municipal League;
  • the president of the Alaska Federation of Natives or an individual selected from nominations submitted by the president of the Alaska Federation of Natives;
  • the executive president of the Alaska State AFL-CIO or an individual selected from nominations submitted by the executive president; and
  • the president of the Associated General Contractors of Alaska or an individual selected from nominations submitted by the president of the Associated General Contractors of Alaska.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission, except for the Federal Co-chairperson, whose appointment lasts four years.


Election Assistance Commission

 

Information

Citation

52 U.S.C. §20921

Summary

The Commission serves as a national clearinghouse and resource for information and review of procedures with respect to the administration of federal elections.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.eac.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Four members

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Speaker of the House (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

House Minority Leader (recommend)

Members of the Commission are appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Before the initial appointment of the members of the Commission and before the appointment of any individual to fill a vacancy on the Commission, the Senate majority leader, the Speaker of the House, the Senate minority leader, and the House minority leader shall each submit to the President a candidate recommendation with respect to each vacancy on the Commission affiliated with the political party of the Member of Congress involved.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last four years.


Election Assistance Commission, Board of Advisors

 

Information

Citation

52 U.S.C. §20941

Summary

The objective of the Board is to advise the Election Assistance Commission through review of the voluntary voting systems guidelines described in Title II Part 3 of the Help America Vote Act.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.eac.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

37 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints one member from the field of science and technology.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints one member from the field of science and technology.

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints one member from the field of science and technology.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints one member from the field of science and technology.

Committee on House Administration (appoint)

The chair of the Committee on House Administration appoints two members to represent voter interests.

The ranking member of the Committee on House Administration appoints two members to represent voter interests.

Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (appoint)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration appoints two members to represent voter interests.

The ranking member of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration appoints two members to represent voter interests.

Non-Congressional Officials

Twenty-five additional members: two members appointed by the National Governors Association; two members appointed by the National Conference of State Legislatures; two members appointed by the National Association of Secretaries of State; two members appointed by the National Association of State Election Directors; two members appointed by the National Association of Counties; two members appointed by the National Association of County Recorders, Election Administrators, and Clerks; two members appointed by the United States Conference of Mayors; two members appointed by the Election Center; two members appointed by the International Association of County Recorders, Election Officials, and Treasurers; two members appointed by the United States Commission on Civil Rights; two members appointed by the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board under Section 502 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973; the chief of the Office of Public Integrity of the Department of Justice; the chief of the Voting Section of the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice or the chief's designee; and the director of the Federal Voting Assistance Program of the Department of Defense.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last two years.


Federal Judicial Center Foundation Board

 

Information

Citation

28 U.S.C. §629

Summary

Congress created the foundation in 1990 to receive gifts to support the work of the Federal Judicial Center. The foundation is governed by its own board, which has sole responsibility to determine whether to accept gifts offered to the foundation.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.fjc.gov/fjcfoundation/home.html

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Seven members

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

The President pro tempore appoints two members.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two members.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Chief Justice of the United States appoints three members, including the chair.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last five years.


Federal Law Enforcement Congressional Badge of Bravery Board

 

Information

Citation

34 U.S.C. §50313

Summary

The Board oversees the selection process for the Federal Law Enforcement Congressional Badge of Bravery, and recommends recipients to the Attorney General.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

ttps://badgeofbravery.ncjrs.gov

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

Seven members

Senate Majority Leader (joint appointment)

Senate Minority Leader (joint appointment)

The Senate majority leader and Senate minority leader jointly appoint one member.

Speaker of the House (joint appointment)

House Minority Leader (joint appointment)

The Speaker and House minority leader jointly appoint one member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Board also includes

  • one member from the Department of Justice appointed by the Attorney General;
  • two members of the Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association appointed by the Executive Board of the Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association; and
  • two members of the Fraternal Order of Police appointed by the Executive Board of the Fraternal Order of Police.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last two years.


Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board

 

Information

Citation

5 U.S.C. §8472

Summary

The Board establishes policies for the investment and management of the Thrift Savings Fund and the administration of subchapter III of chapter 84, of Title 5 United States Code. It also shall review the performance of investments made for the Thrift Savings Fund and review and approve the budget of the board.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.frtib.gov

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Five members

Speaker of the House (recommend)

House Minority Leader (consult)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (consult)

The President appoints five members:

  • one after taking into consideration the recommendation made by the Speaker of the House in consultation with the minority leader;
  • one after taking into consideration the recommendation made by the majority leader of the Senate in consultation with the minority leader of the Senate; and
  • three other members, one of whom shall be designated by the President as chairman.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last four years.


Financial Oversight and Management Board

 

Information

Citation

48 U.S.C. §2121

Summary

The Puerto Rico Financial Oversight and Management Board works with the people and Government of Puerto Rico to create the necessary foundation for economic growth and to restore opportunity to the people of Puerto Rico.

Duration

An Oversight Board shall terminate upon certification by the Oversight Board that-

1. the applicable territorial government has adequate access to short-term and long-term credit markets at reasonable interest rates to meet the borrowing needs of the territorial government; and

2. for at least 4 consecutive fiscal years-

(A) the territorial government has developed its Budgets in accordance with modified accrual accounting standards; and

(B) the expenditures made by the territorial government during each fiscal year did not exceed the revenues of the territorial government during that year, as determined in accordance with modified accrual accounting standards.

Website

https://oversightboard.pr.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Seven members

Speaker of the House (submit list)

Senate Majority Leader (submit list)

House Minority Leader (submit list)

Senate Minority Leader (submit list)

(A) The President appoints the individual members of the Oversight Board, of which-

(i) the Category A member should be selected from a list of individuals submitted by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;

(ii) the Category B member should be selected from a separate, non-overlapping list of individuals submitted by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;

(iii) the Category C members should be selected from a list submitted by the Majority Leader of the Senate;

(iv) the Category D member should be selected from a list submitted by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives;

(v) the Category E member should be selected from a list submitted by the Minority Leader of the Senate; and

(vi) the Category F member may be selected in the President's sole discretion.

(B) After the President's selection of the Category F Board member, for purposes of subparagraph (A) and within a timely manner-

(i) the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall submit two non-overlapping lists of at least three individuals to the President; one list shall include three individuals who maintain a primary residence in the territory or have a primary place of business in the territory;

(ii) the Senate Majority Leader shall submit a list of at least four individuals to the President;

(iii) the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives shall submit a list of at least three individuals to the President; and

(iv) the Minority Leader of the Senate shall submit a list of at least three individuals to the President.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Governor of Puerto Rico (or their designee) serves as an ex-officio member.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last three years.

Gallaudet University, Board of Trustees

 

Information

Citation

20 U.S.C. §4303

Summary

The Board oversees the university. Gallaudet University is a world leader in liberal education and career development for deaf and hard-of-hearing undergraduate students. The university enjoys an international reputation for the outstanding graduate programs it provides deaf, hard-of-hearing, and hearing students, as well as for the quality of the research it conducts on the history, language, culture, and other topics related to deaf people. In addition, the university's Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center serves deaf and hard-of-hearing children at its two demonstration schools and throughout the nation by developing, implementing, and disseminating innovative educational strategies.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.galludet.edu/board-of-trustees

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

21 members

President of the Senate (appoint)

The President of the Senate appoints one Senator.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two House Members.

Non-Congressional Officials

Eighteen other members, all of whom shall be elected by the Board of Trustees and of whom one shall be elected pursuant to regulations of the Board of Trustees, on nomination by the Gallaudet University Alumni Association, for a term of three years.

Term of Appointment

Congressional appointments last two years.

Other appointments last three years.


Harry S Truman Scholarship Foundation, Board of Trustees

 

Information

Citation

20 U.S.C. §2004

Summary

The Board oversees the scholarship foundation. The mission of the foundation is to find and recognize college juniors with exceptional leadership potential who are committed to careers in government, the nonprofit or advocacy sectors, education or elsewhere in the public service; and to provide them with financial support for graduate study, leadership training, and fellowship with other students who are committed to making a difference through public service.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.truman.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

13 members (including ex-officio member)

President of the Senate (appoint)

The President of the Senate appoints two Senators, one from each political party.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two House Members, one from each political party.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints eight members, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, not more than four from the same political party:

  • one shall be a chief executive of a state;
  • one shall be a chief executive officer of a city or county;
  • one shall be a member of a federal court;
  • one shall be a member of a state court;
  • one person active in secondary education; and
  • three members of the general public

The Secretary of Education (or their designee) serves as an ex-officio member.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last six years.


Health Information Technology (HIT) Advisory Committee

 

Information

Citation

42 U.S.C. §300jj-12

Summary

The purpose of the Committee is to (1) recommend a policy framework for the development and adoption of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure that permits the electronic exchange and use of health information; and (2) serve as a forum for broad stakeholder input with specific expertise in policies relating to health information technology.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.healthit.gov/hitac

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

At least 25 members

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints two members.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints two members.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two members.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints two members.

Other Legislative Branch Officials

The Comptroller General of the United States appoints other members.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Committee also includes:

  • three members appointed by the Secretary of Health and Human services, one of whom shall represent the Department of Health and Human Services and one of whom shall be a public health official.

The Committee shall include no fewer than two members who are advocates for patients or consumers of health information technology.

Membership of the Committee shall at least reflect providers, ancillary health care workers, consumers, purchasers, health plans, health information technology developers, researchers, patients, relevant federal agencies, and individuals with technical expertise on health care quality, system functions, privacy, security, and on the electronic exchange and use of health information, including the use standards for such activity.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last three years.


Help America Vote Foundation, Board of Directors

 

Information

Citation

36 U.S.C. §90103

Summary

The Board is the governing body of the foundation. The purposes of the foundation are to mobilize secondary school students (including students educated in the home) in the United States to participate in the election process in a nonpartisan manner as poll workers or assistants (to the extent permitted under applicable state law); and to place secondary school students (including students educated in the home) as nonpartisan poll workers or assistants to local election officials in precinct polling places across the United States (to the extent permitted under applicable state law).

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

16 members (including ex-officio members)

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two members.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints two members.

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints two members.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints two members.

Committee on House Administration (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the Committee on House Administration (or their designees) serve as ex-officio nonvoting members.

Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (or their designees) serve as ex-officio nonvoting members.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints four members, not more than two from the same political party.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last four years.


Henry M. Jackson Foundation, Council of Directors

 

Information

Citation

10 U.S.C. §178

Summary

The Council is the governing body of the Henry M. Jackson Foundation. The Foundation is a global organization dedicated to advancing military medical research.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.hjf.org

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

11 members

Senate Committee on Armed Services (appoint, serve)

House Committee on Armed Services (appoint, serve)

The Council of Directors is composed of:

(A) the Chairmen and ranking minority members of the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives (or their designees from the membership of such committees), who shall be ex officio members;

(B) the Dean of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, who shall be an ex officio member; and

(C) six members appointed by the ex officio members of the Council designated in clauses (A) and (B).

Term of Appointment

Appointments last four years.


House Commission on Congressional Mailing Standards (Franking Commission)

 

Information

Citation

2 U.S.C. §501

Summary

The Commission has a three-fold mandate: (1) to issue regulations for the House of Representatives governing the proper use of the franking privilege; (2) to provide guidance in connection with mailings; and (3) to act as a quasi-judicial body for the disposition of formal complaints against Representatives who have allegedly violated franking laws or regulations.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

https://cha.house.gov/franking-commission

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Six members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints six House Members, three from the majority party and three from the minority party of the House. One Member is designated by Speaker as chair.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are made at the start of each Congress.


House Child Care Center, Advisory Board

 

Information

Citation

2 U.S.C. §2062

Summary

The advisory board provides advice to the Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) of the House of Representatives on matters of policy relating to the administration and operation of the center (including the selection of the director of the center).

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

https://housenet.house.gov/campus/personal-services/child-care (available from HouseNet only)

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

15 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Minority Leader (recommend)

The Speaker appoints 15 members, seven upon the recommendation of the House minority leader, from among Members of the House of Representatives, spouses of Members, parents of children enrolled in the center, and other individuals with expertise in child care or interest in the center.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are made at the start of each Congress.


House of Representatives Fine Arts Board

 

Information

Citation

2 U.S.C. §2121

Summary

The Board, in consultation with the House Office Building Commission, shall have authority over all works of fine art, historical objects, and similar property that are the property of Congress and are for display or other use in the House of Representatives wing of the Capitol, the House of Representatives Office Buildings, or any other location under the control of the House.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

 

Joint Committee on the Library (serve)

House Members of the Joint Committee on the Library serve on the Board.

Committee on House Administration (serve)

The chair of the Committee on House Administration serves as chair of the Board.

Term of Appointment

Not applicable


House Office Building Commission

 

Information

Citation

2 U.S.C. §2001

Summary

The Commission oversees the operation and maintenance of the House Office Buildings.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Three members

Speaker of the House (serve, appoint)

The Speaker serves on the Commission, and appoints two House Members.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are made at the start of each Congress.


Human Space Flight Independent Investigation Commission

 

Information

Citation

51 U.S.C. §70701

Summary

Established, within seven days of an accident, by the President to investigate any incident that results in the loss of: a Space Shuttle; the International Space Station or its operational viability; any other United States space vehicle carrying humans that is owned by the Federal Government or that is being used pursuant to a contract with the Federal Government; or a crew member or passenger of any space vehicle described in this subsection.

The Commission shall, to the extent possible, undertake the following tasks: (1) investigate the incident; (2) determine the cause of the incident; (3) identify all contributing factors to the cause of the incident; (4) make recommendations for corrective actions; (5) provide any additional findings or recommendations deemed by the Commission to be important, whether or not they are related to the specific incident under investigation; and (6) prepare a report to Congress, the President, and the public.

Duration

Terminates within 60 days of issuance of final report

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

15 members

Senate Majority Leader (submit list)

Senate Minority Leader (submit list)

Speaker of the House (submit list)

House Minority Leader (submit list)

Any established commission comprises 15 members:

  • The President appoints the members, and designates the chairman and vice chairman of the commission from among its members.
  • The majority leader of the Senate, the minority leader of the Senate, the Speaker of the House, and the minority leader of the House shall provide to the President a list of candidates for membership on the commission. The President may select one of the candidates from each of the four lists for membership on the commission.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for the life of the Commission.


Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture and Arts Development Board of Trustees

 

Information

Citation

20 U.S.C. §4412

Summary

The Board oversees the Institute. Serving Native American students from across the country, the Institute allows for a unique cultural exchange within the student learning environment. In any given year, there may be up to 112 different tribes represented within the student body.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

https://www.iaia.edu/about/board-of-trustees

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

19 members (including nonvoting members)

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Minority Leader (consult)

The Speaker appoints two Members of the House as nonvoting members, in consultation with the House minority leader.

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

The President pro tempore appoints two Senators as nonvoting members, upon the recommendation of the Senate majority leader and the Senate minority leader.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints 13 members, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among individuals from private life who are Indians, or other individuals widely recognized in the field of Indian art and culture and who represent diverse political views, and diverse fields of expertise, including finance, law, fine arts, and higher education administration.

The president of the Institute and the president of the student body of the Institute serve as ex-officio nonvoting members.

Term of Appointment

The terms of office on the Board for the Members of the House of Representatives and of the Senate shall expire at the end of the congressional term of office during which such Member or Senator was appointed to the Board.


International Clean Energy Foundation, Board of Directors

 

Information

Citation

42 U.S.C. §17352

Summary

The Board oversees the foundation. The foundation serves the long-term foreign policy and energy security goals of reducing global greenhouse gas emissions.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Seven members

House Majority Leader (submit list)

House Minority Leader (submit list)

Senate Majority Leader (submit list)

Senate Minority Leader (submit list)

The President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoints four individuals with relevant experience in matters relating to energy security (such as individuals who represent institutions of energy policy, business organizations, foreign policy organizations, or other relevant organizations), of whom

  • one individual shall be appointed from among a list of individuals submitted by the Majority Leader of the House of Representatives;
  • one individual shall be appointed from among a list of individuals submitted by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives;
  • one individual shall be appointed from among a list of individuals submitted by the Majority Leader of the Senate; and
  • one individual shall be appointed from among a list of individuals submitted by the Minority Leader of the Senate.

Non-Congressional Officials

The board also includes

  • the Secretary of State (or their designee);
  • the Secretary of Energy (or their designee); and
  • the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (or their designee).

Term of Appointment

Presidential appointments last three years.


James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation, Board of Trustees

 

Information

Citation

20 U.S.C. §4502

Summary

The Board oversees the Foundation. Through a national competition, the Foundation offers James Madison Fellowships to a select group of individuals desiring to become outstanding teachers of the American Constitution.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.jamesmadison.gov/about.php

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

13 members (including ex-officio member)

President Pro Tempore (recommend)

Senate Majority Leader (consult)

Senate Minority Leader (consult)

Two Members of the Senate, of different political parties, shall be appointed by the President upon the recommendation of the President pro tempore of the Senate, in consultation with the majority leader and minority leader of the Senate.

Speaker of the House (recommend)

House Minority Leader (consult)

Two Members of the House of Representatives, of different political parties, shall be appointed by the President upon the recommendation of the Speaker of the House, in consultation with the minority leader of the House of Representatives.

Other Legislative Branch Officials

The Librarian of Congress recommends appointments to the President.

Non-Congressional Officials

Two members of the federal judiciary shall be appointed by the President upon the recommendation of the Chief Justice of the United States.

Six members, not more than three of whom shall be of the same political party, shall be appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, of whom one shall be a chief executive officer of a State, two shall be members of the general public, and three shall be members of the academic community, appointed upon the recommendation of the Librarian of Congress.

The Secretary of Education or his designate shall serve ex officio as a member of the Board, but shall not be eligible to serve as Chairman.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last six years.


Japan-United States Friendship Commission

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §2903

Summary

The Commission is an independent federal agency that provides support for training and information to help prepare Americans to better meet the challenges and opportunities in the U.S.-Japan relationship through grant programs for institutions in the following areas: Japanese studies in the United States; public affairs and education; the study of the United States in Japan; and the arts.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.jusfc.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

At least six members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two Members of the House at the beginning of each Congress or upon the occurrence of a vacancy during a Congress.

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

The President pro tempore appoints two Members of the Senate at the beginning of each Congress or upon the occurrence of a vacancy during a Congress.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Commission also includes

  • the members of the United States Panel of the Joint Committee on United States-Japan Cultural and Education Corporation;
  • the Chair of the National Endowment for the Arts; and
  • the Chair of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Term of Appointment

Congressional appointments are for the duration of the Congress during which the appointment was made.


John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development, Board of Trustees

 

Information

Citation

2 U.S.C. §1103

Summary

The Board oversees the Center. The Stennis Center's mandate is to attract young people to careers in public service, to provide training for leaders in or likely to be in public service, and to offer development opportunities for senior congressional staff. Products of the Stennis Center include conferences, seminars, special projects, and leadership development programs.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.stennis.gov

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Seven members (including ex-officio member)

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints two members.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints one member.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two members.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints one member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Executive Director of the John C. Stennis Center serves as an ex-officio member.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last six years.


John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Board of Trustees

 

Information

Citation

20 U.S.C. §76h

Summary

The Board of Trustees oversees the Kennedy Center. The Center continues its efforts to fulfill President Kennedy's vision by producing and presenting an unmatched variety of theater and musicals, dance and ballet, orchestral, chamber, jazz, popular, and folk music, and multi-media performances for all ages.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.kennedy-center.org

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

59 members

Speaker of the House (serve, appoint)

The Speaker serves on the Board, and appoints three House Members.

House Minority Leader (serve)

The House minority leader serves on the Board.

House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure serve on the Board.

Senate Majority Leader (serve)

The Senate majority leader serves on the Board.

Senate Minority Leader (serve)

The Senate minority leader serves on the Board.

Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works serve on the Board.

President of the Senate (appoint)

The President of the Senate appoints three Senators.

Other Legislative Branch Officials

The Librarian of Congress serves on the Board.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Board also includes

  • the Secretary of Health and Human Services;
  • the Secretary of State;
  • the chairman of the Commission of Fine Arts;
  • the mayor of the District of Columbia;
  • the superintendent of schools of the District of Columbia;
  • the director of the National Park Service;
  • the Secretary of Education;
  • the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution; and
  • 36 general trustees appointed by the President from among citizens of the United States.

Term of Appointment

Appointments for general trustees last six years; other appointments are not specified.


Library of Congress Trust Fund Board

 

Information

Citation

2 U.S.C. §154

Summary

The Board is authorized to accept, receive, hold, and administer such gifts, bequests, or devises of property for the benefit of, or in connection with, the Library, its collections, or its service, as may be approved by the Board and by the Joint Committee on the Library.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

14 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Minority Leader (consult)

The Speaker appoints four members (in consultation with the minority leader of the House) for a term of five years each (the first appointments being for two, three, four, and five years, respectively).

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

Senate Minority Leader (consult)

The Senate majority leader appoints four members (in consultation with the minority leader of the Senate) for a term of five years each (the first appointments being for two, three, four, and five years, respectively).

Joint Committee on the Library (serve)

The chair and vice chair of the Joint Committee on the Library serve on the Board.

Other Legislative Branch Officials

The Librarian of Congress serves on the board.

Non-Congressional Officials

The board also includes

  • two persons appointed by the President for a term of five years each (the first appointments being for three and five years, respectively); and
  • the Secretary of the Treasury (or an assistant secretary designated in writing by the Secretary of the Treasury).

Term of Appointment

Congressional appointments last five years.


Medal of Valor Review Board (Public Safety Officer)

 

Information

Citation

42 U.S.C. §15202

Summary

The Review Board oversees the selection process for the Medal. The Public Safety Officer Medal of Valor is awarded by the President to public safety officers cited by the Attorney General and recommended by the Medal of Valor Review Board.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/medalofvalor/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

11 members

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints two members.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints two members.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two members.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints two members.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints three members, including one with experience in firefighting, one with experience in law enforcement, and one with experience in emergency services.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last four years.


Mexico-United States Interparliamentary Group Delegation

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §276h

Summary

The Delegation meets jointly and at least annually with representatives of the Chamber of Deputies and Chamber of Senators of the Mexican Congress for discussion of common problems between the United States and Mexico.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Not more than 24 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints half of the group's members, from among Members of the House (no fewer than four of whom shall be from the House Committee on Foreign Affairs).

President of the Senate (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

The President of the Senate appoints half of the group's members, upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, from among Members of the Senate (no fewer than four of whom shall be from the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations).

Term of Appointment

Appointments are made prior to each meeting.


Migratory Bird Conservation Commission

 

Information

Citation

16 U.S.C. §715a

Summary

The Commission is authorized to consider and approve any areas of land and/or water recommended by the Secretary of the Interior for purchase or rental by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service under the Migratory Bird Conservation Act, and to fix the price or prices at which such areas may be purchased or rented. In addition to approving purchase and rental prices, the Commission considers the establishment of new waterfowl refuges.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.fws.gov/refuges/realty/mbcc.html

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Seven members

President of the Senate (appoint)

The President of the Senate appoints two Senators.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two House Members.

Non-Congressional Officials

Commission also includes

  • the Secretary of the Interior, who serves as chairman;
  • the administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency; and
  • the Secretary of Agriculture.

Term of Appointment

Statutorily unclear, but appointments appear to be for the Congress in which the appointment was made.


Millennium Challenge Corporation, Board of Directors

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §7703

Summary

The Board of Directors oversees the Corporation. The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) is a U.S. government corporation designed to work with some of the poorest countries in the world. MCC is based on the principle that aid is most effective when it reinforces good governance, economic freedom, and investments in people. MCC's mission is to reduce global poverty through the promotion of sustainable economic growth.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.mcc.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Nine members

House Majority Leader (submit list)

House Minority Leader (submit list)

Senate Majority Leader (submit list)

Senate Minority Leader (submit list)

The President appoints four individuals with relevant international experience, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, of which

  • one individual is appointed from among a list of individuals submitted by the majority leader of the House;
  • one individual is appointed from among a list of individuals submitted by the minority leader of the House;
  • one individual is appointed from among a list of individuals submitted by the majority leader of the Senate; and
  • one individual is appointed from among a list of individuals submitted by the minority leader of the Senate.

Non-Congressional Officials

Also serving on the board are

  • the Secretary of State;
  • the Secretary of the Treasury;
  • the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development;
  • the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation; and
  • the U.S. Trade Representative.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last three years; reappointments last two years.


Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation, Board of Trustees

 

Information

Citation

20 U.S.C. §5603

Summary

The Board oversees the Foundation. The purposes of the Foundation are to (1) increase the awareness, and promote the benefit and enjoyment of, the nation's natural resources; (2) foster a greater recognition and understanding of the role of the environment, public lands, and resources in the development of the United States; (3) identify critical environmental issues; (4) develop resources to train professionals properly in environmental and related fields; (5) provide educational outreach regarding environmental policy; and (6) develop resources to train Native American and Alaska Native professionals in health care and public policy.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.udall.gov

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

13 members

Speaker of the House (recommend)

House Minority Leader (consult)

Two members appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, after considering the recommendation of the Speaker of the House, in consultation with the minority leader of the House.

President Pro Tempore (recommend)

Senate Majority Leader (consult)


Senate Minority Leader (consult)

Two members appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, after considering the recommendation of the President pro tempore of the Senate, in consultation with the majority and minority leaders of the Senate.

Non-Congressional Officials

The board also includes

  • five members, not more than three of whom shall be of the same political party, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, who have shown leadership and interest in the continued use, enjoyment, education, and exploration of our Nation's rich and bountiful natural resources, or the improvement of the health status of Native Americans and Alaska Natives and in strengthening tribal self-governance; and
  • four additional members: the Secretary of the Interior, or the Secretary's designee, who shall serve as a voting ex officio member but shall not be eligible to serve as chairperson; the Secretary of Education, or the Secretary's designee, who shall serve as a voting ex officio member but shall not be eligible to serve as chairperson; the president of the University of Arizona shall serve as a nonvoting, ex officio member and shall not be eligible to serve as chairperson; and the chairperson of the President's Council on Environmental Quality, who shall serve as a nonvoting member and not be eligible to serve as chairperson.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last six years.


National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity

 

Information

Citation

20 U.S.C. §1011c

Summary

The purpose of the Committee is to advise the Secretary of Education with respect to (1) the establishment and enforcement of the standards of accrediting agencies and associations; (2) the recognition of specific accrediting agencies and associations; (3) the preparation and publication of the list of nationally recognized accrediting agencies and associations; (4) the eligibility and certification process for institutions of higher education; and (5) the relationship between the accreditation of institutions of higher education and state licensing responsibilities.

Duration

September 1, 2019

Website

http://www2.ed.gov/about/bdscomm/list/naciqi.html

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

18 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Majority Leader (recommend)

House Minority Leader (recommend)

The Speaker appoints six members, three of whom shall be appointed on the recommendation of the majority leader of the House of Representatives, and three of whom shall be appointed on the recommendation of the minority leader of the House of Representatives.

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

The President pro tempore appoints six members, three of whom shall be appointed on the recommendation of the majority leader of the Senate, and three of whom shall be appointed on the recommendation of the minority leader of the Senate.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Secretary of Education appoints six members.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last six years.


National Capital Planning Commission

 

Information

Citation

40 U.S.C. §8711

Summary

The Commission (NCPC) is the federal government's central planning agency for federal land and buildings in the National Capital Region. NCPC develops planning policies and makes decisions that protect and enhance the extraordinary historical, cultural, and natural resources of the nation's capital.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.ncpc.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

12 members

Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (serve)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (or the chair's designee) serves as an ex-officio member.

House Committee on Oversight and Reform (serve)

The chair of the House Committee on Oversight and Reform (or the chair's designee) serves as an ex-officio member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Commission also includes

  • five citizens with experience in city or regional planning, three of whom shall be appointed by the President and two of whom shall be appointed by the Mayor of the District of Columbia; and
  • ex officio, the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Defense, the Administrator of General Services, the Mayor of the District of Columbia, the Chairman of the Council of the District of Columbia, or an alternate of any of those individuals' designates.

Term of Appointment

Presidential appointments last six years. Mayoral appointments last four years.


National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics

 

Information

Citation

42 U.S.C. §242k

Summary

The Committee was established by Congress to serve as an advisory body to the Department of Health and Human Services on health data, statistics, and national health information policy. It fulfills important review and advisory functions relative to health data and statistical problems of national and international interest, stimulates or conducts studies of such problems, and makes proposals for improvement of the nation's health statistics and information systems. In 1996, the committee was restructured to meet expanded responsibilities under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA).

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.ncvhs.hhs.gov/

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

18 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Minority Leader (consult)

The Speaker appoints one member, after consultation with the House minority leader.

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Minority Leader (consult)

The President pro tempore appoints one member, after consultation with the Senate minority leader.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Secretary of Health and Human Services appoints 16 members.

The members of the Committee shall be appointed from among persons who have distinguished themselves in the fields of health statistics, electronic interchange of health care information, privacy and security of electronic information, population-based public health, purchasing or financing health care services, integrated computerized health information systems, health services research, consumer interests in health information, health data standards, epidemiology, and the provision of health services. Members of the Committee shall be appointed for terms of four years.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last four years.


National Council on Disability

 

Information

Citation

29 U.S.C. §780

Summary

The Council is an independent federal agency charged with advising the President, Congress, and other federal agencies regarding policies, programs, practices, and procedures that affect people with disabilities.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.ncd.gov/

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

Nine members

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints one member.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints one member.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints one member.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints one member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints five members.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last three years.


National Council on the Arts

 

Information

Citation

20 U.S.C. §955

Summary

The Council advises the chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts, who also chairs the Council, on agency policies and programs. It reviews and makes recommendations to the chairman on applications for grants, funding guidelines, and leadership initiatives.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.arts.gov/about/national-council-arts

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

25 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints two Members of the House as nonvoting ex-officio members.

House Minority Leader (appoint)

The House minority leader appoints one Member of the House as a nonvoting ex-officio member.

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

The Senate majority leader appoints two Senators as nonvoting ex-officio members.

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The Senate minority leader appoints one Senator as a nonvoting ex-officio member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The chairperson of the National Endowment for the Arts is a member and serves as chairperson of the council.

The President appoints 18 members with the advice and consent of the Senate, selected from among private citizens of the United States who (1) are widely recognized for their broad knowledge of, or expertise in, or for their profound interest in the arts; and (2) have established records of distinguished service, or achieved eminence, in the arts; (3) so as to include practicing artists, civic cultural leaders, members of the museum profession, and others who are professionally engaged in the arts; and (4) so as collectively to provide an appropriate distribution of membership among major art fields and interested citizens groups.

Term of Appointment

Congressional appointments last two years.


National Historical Publications and Records Commission

 

Information

Citation

44 U.S.C. §2501

Summary

The Commission, a statutory body affiliated with the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), supports a wide range of activities to preserve, publish, and encourage the use of documentary sources, created in every medium ranging from quill pen to computer, relating to the history of the United States.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.archives.gov/nhprc/about/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

15 members

President of the Senate (appoint)

The President of the Senate appoints one Senator.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints one Member of the House.

Other Legislative Branch Officials

The Librarian of Congress (or their designee) serves on the commission.

Non-Congressional Officials

Also serving on the Commission are

  • the Archivist of the United States, who shall be chairman;
  • one member of the judicial branch of the Government, appointed by the Chief Justice of the United States;
  • one representative of the Department of State, appointed by the Secretary of State;
  • one representative of the Department of Defense, appointed by the Secretary of Defense;
  • one member from each of the following organizations, appointed by the governing board of the respective organization: (1) The American Historical Association; (2) The Organization of American Historians; (3) The Society of American Archivists; (4) The American Association for State and Local History; (5) The Association for Documentary Editing; and (6) The National Association for Government Archives and Records Administrators; and
  • two other members, outstanding in the fields of the social or physical science, the arts, or archival or library science, appointed by the President.

Term of Appointment

House appointees serve two-year terms. Senate appointees serve four-year terms.


NATO Parliamentary Assembly, U.S. Group

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §1928a

Summary

The Assembly is the interparliamentary organization of legislators from the member countries of the North Atlantic Alliance as well as 13 associate members. The Assembly provides a critical forum for international parliamentary dialogue on an array of security, political, and economic matters. Its principal objective is to foster mutual understanding among Alliance parliamentarians of the key security challenges facing the transatlantic partnership.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.nato-pa.int/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Not more than 24 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints half of the group from among House Members, no fewer than four of whom shall be from the Committee on Foreign Affairs. The Chairman or Vice Chairman of the House delegation shall be a Member from the Foreign Affairs Committee.

President of the Senate (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

The President of the Senate appoints half of the group from among Senators, upon the recommendations of the majority and minority leaders; no more than seven of the appointees shall be of the same political party. The Chairman or Vice Chairman of the Senate delegation shall be a Member of the Foreign Relations Committee, unless the President of the Senate, upon the recommendation of the Senate majority leader, determines otherwise.

Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (appoint)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations appoints the secretary of the Senate delegation.

House Committee on Foreign Affairs (appoint)

The chair of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs appoints the secretary of the House delegation.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are prior to each meeting.


Office of Congressional Workplace Rights, Board of Directors

 

Information

Citation

2 U.S.C. §1381

Summary

The Board oversees the office. The Office of Congressional Workplace Rights is an independent nonpartisan agency established to administer and enforce the Congressional Accountability Act (CAA).

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.compliance.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Five members

Speaker of the House (joint appointment)

Senate Majority Leader (joint appointment)

Senate Minority Leader (joint appointment)

House Minority Leader (joint appointment)

The Board consists of five individuals appointed jointly by the Speaker of the House, the majority leader of the Senate, and the minority leaders of the House and the Senate.

The Chair shall be appointed from members of the Board jointly by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the majority leader of the Senate, and the minority leaders of the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last five years.


Open World Leadership Center, Board of Trustees

 

Information

Citation

2 U.S.C. §1151

Summary

The Board oversees the Center and the Open World Program. The Open World Program enables emerging leaders from Russia and other Eurasian countries to experience American democracy and civil society in action. Congress established the program in 1999 as a way to increase U.S.-Russian understanding and to expose Russian leaders to American democratic and economic institutions.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.openworld.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

11 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Majority Leader (designate)

House Minority Leader (designate)

Two members appointed by the Speaker of the House, one of whom shall be designated by the majority leader of the House and one of whom shall be designated by the minority leader of the House.

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (designate)

Senate Minority Leader (designate)

Two members appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate, one of whom shall be designated by the majority leader of the Senate and one of whom shall be designated by the minority leader of the Senate.

House Committee on Appropriations (serve)

The chair of the Subcommittee on the Legislative Branch of the House Committee on Appropriations serves on the Board.

Senate Committee on Appropriations (serve)

The chair of the Subcommittee on the Legislative Branch of the Senate Committee on Appropriations serves on the Board.

Other Legislative Branch Officials

The Board also includes

  • the Librarian of Congress; and
  • four private individuals with interests in improving relations between the United States and eligible foreign states, designated by the Librarian of Congress.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last three years.


Senate Commission on Art

 

Information

Citation

2 U.S.C. §2101

Summary

The Commission oversees the Office of the Senate Curator, which develops and implements the museum and preservation programs for the U.S. Senate. The office collects, preserves, and interprets the Senate's fine and decorative arts, historic objects, and architectural features. Through exhibits, publications, and other programs, the office educates the public about the Senate and its collections.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

No website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Five members

President Pro Tempore (serve)

The President pro tempore serves on the Commission.

Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration serve on the Commission.

Senate Majority Leader (serve)

The Senate majority leader serves on the Commission as chair.

Senate Minority Leader (serve)

The Senate minority leader serves on the Commission as vice chair.

Secretary of the Senate (serve)

The Secretary of the Senate serves as executive secretary of the Commission.

Term of Appointment

Not applicable


Smithsonian Institution, Board of Regents

 

Information

Citation

20 U.S.C. §§42-43

Summary

The Board is the governing body of the Smithsonian Institution.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.siarchives.si.edu/research/ah00001board.html

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

17 members

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

The President pro tempore appoints three Senators.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints three Members of the House.

Non-Congressional Officials

The board also includes

  • the Vice President;
  • the Chief Justice of the United States; and
  • nine other persons, other than Members of Congress, two of whom shall be resident in the city of Washington, and seven of whom shall be inhabitants of some state, but no two of them of the same state, appointed by joint resolution.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last two years for House Members and the remainder of their Senate term for Senators. Individuals appointed by joint resolution serve for six years.


Social Security Advisory Board

 

Information

Citation

42 U.S.C. §903

Summary

The Board advises the President, Congress, and the commissioner of Social Security on matters related to the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.ssab.gov

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Seven members

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Committee on Finance (advise)

Two members (each member from a different political party) shall be appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate with the advice of the chairman and the ranking member of the Senate Committee on Finance.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Committee on Ways and Means (advise)

The Speaker appoints two members, each from a different political party, with the advice of the chairman and ranking member of the House Committee on Ways and Means.

Non-Congressional Officials

Three members appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Not more than two of such members shall be from the same political party.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last six years.


State and Local Law Enforcement Congressional Badge of Bravery Board

 

Information

Citation

34 U.S.C. §50323

Summary

The Board oversees the selection process for the State and Local Law Enforcement Congressional Badge of Bravery, and recommends recipients to the Attorney General.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

https://badgeofbravery.ncjrs.gov/

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

Nine members

Senate Majority Leader (joint appointment)

Senate Minority Leader (joint appointment)

The Senate majority leader and Senate minority leader jointly appoint one member.

Speaker of the House (joint appointment)

House Minority Leader (joint appointment)

The Speaker and House minority leader jointly appoint one member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The board also includes

  • one member from the Department of Justice appointed by the Attorney General;
  • two members of the Fraternal Order of Police appointed by the Executive Board of the Fraternal Order of Police;
  • one member of the National Association of Police Organizations appointed by the Executive Board of the National Association of Police Organizations;
  • one member of the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives appointed by the Executive Board of the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives;
  • one member of the International Association of Chiefs of Police appointed by the Board of Officers of the International Association of Chiefs of Police; and
  • one member of the National Sheriffs' Association appointed by the Executive Committee of the National Sheriffs' Association.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last six years.


Tribal Advisory Committee

 

Information

Citation

26 U.S.C. §139e note

Summary

The Committee advises the Secretary of the Treasury on matters relating to the taxation of Indians.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

Seven members

House Committee on Ways and Means (appoint)

The chair of the House Committee on Ways and Means appoints one member.

The ranking member of the House Committee on Ways and Means appoints one member.

Senate Committee on Finance (appoint)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Finance appoints one member.

The ranking member of the Senate Committee on Finance appoints one member.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Secretary of the Treasury appoints three members.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last four years.


United States Air Force Academy, Board of Visitors

 

Information

Citation

10 U.S.C. §9455

Summary

The Board visits the academy annually to inquire into the morale, discipline, curriculum, instruction, physical equipment, fiscal affairs, academic methods, and other matters relating to the academy that the Board decides to consider.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.usafa/edu/about/bov

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

15 members

House Committee on Armed Services (serve)

The chair of the House Committee on Armed Services (or chair's designee) serves on the Board.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints four members, three of whom shall be Members of the House of Representatives and the fourth of whom may not be a Member of the House of Representatives.

Senate Committee on Armed Services (serve)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Armed Services (or chair's designee) serves on the Board.

Vice President or President Pro Tempore (appoint)

The Vice President or the President pro tempore of the Senate appoints three Senators, two of whom are members of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints six members.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last three years for presidential appointments.


United States Capitol Preservation Commission

 

Information

Citation

2 U.S.C. §2081

Summary

The purpose of the Commission is (1) providing for improvements in, preservation of, and acquisitions for, the United States Capitol; (2) providing for works of fine art and other property for display in the United States Capitol and at other locations under the control of Congress; and (3) conducting other activities that directly facilitate, encourage, or otherwise support any purposes specified in paragraph (1) or (2).

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

18 members

President Pro Tempore (serve, appoint)

Speaker of the House (serve, appoint)

Joint Committee on the Library (serve)

Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (serve)

Committee on House Administration (serve)

Senate Majority Leader (serve)

Senate Minority Leader (serve, appoint)

House Majority Leader (serve)

House Minority Leader (serve, appoint)

The Commission comprises

  • the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House, who shall be co-chairmen;
  • the chairman and vice-chairman of the Joint Committee on the Library;
  • the chairman and the ranking minority party member of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, and the chairman and the ranking minority party member of the Committee on House Administration;
  • the majority leader and the minority leader of the Senate;
  • the majority leader and the minority leader of the House;
  • the chairman of the Commission on the Bicentennial of the United States Senate and the chairman of the Commission of the House Bicentenary, to be succeeded upon expiration of such commissions, by a Senator or Member of the House, as appropriate, appointed by the Senate or House co-chairman of the commission;
  • one Senator appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate and one Senator appointed by the minority leader of the Senate; and
  • one Member of the House appointed by the Speaker of the House and one Member of the House appointed by the minority leader of the House.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are made for each new Congress.


United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §7002

Summary

The purpose of the Commission is to monitor, investigate, and submit to Congress an annual report on the national security implications of the bilateral trade and economic relationship between the United States and the People's Republic of China, and to provide recommendations, where appropriate, to Congress for legislative and administrative action.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.uscc.gov/

FACA Applicability

Partial

Appointment Structure

12 members

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

Senate Committee on Finance (consult)

Senate Committee on Armed Services (consult)

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Minority Leader (appoint)

House Committee on Ways and Means (consult)

House Committee on Armed Services (consult)

The commission comprises

  • three persons appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate upon the recommendation of the majority leader of the Senate, after consultation with the chairman of the Committee on Finance and the chairman of the Senate Committee on Armed Services;
  • three persons appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate upon the recommendation of the minority leader of the Senate, after consultation with the ranking minority member of the Committee on Finance and the ranking minority member of the Senate Committee on Armed Services;
  • three persons appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, after consultation with the chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means and the chairman of the House Committee on Armed Services; and
  • three persons appointed by the minority leader of the House, after consultation with the ranking minority member of the Committee on Ways and Means and ranking minority member of the House Committee on Armed Services.

Persons appointed to the Commission shall have expertise in national security matters and U.S.-China relations; expertise in economics, international trade, manufacturing, labor, environment, business; or have other pertinent qualifications or experience.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are for two years.


United States Coast Guard Academy, Board of Visitors

 

Information

Citation

14 U.S.C. §1903

Summary

The Board visits the academy annually to inquire into the morale, discipline, curriculum, instruction, physical equipment, fiscal affairs, academic methods, and other matters relating to the academy that the Board decides to consider.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

15 members

Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation (serve)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation (or chair's designee) serves on the Board.

House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure (serve)

The chair of the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure (or chair's designee) serves on the Board.

Vice President (appoint)

The Vice President appoints three Senators.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints four Members of the House.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints six members.

Term of Appointment

Congressional appointments last for the duration of the Congress in which they occur.

Presidential appointments last three years.


United States Commission on Civil Rights

 

Information

Citation

42 U.S.C. §1975

Summary

The Commission's mission is (1) to investigate allegations that citizens are being deprived of their right to vote by reason of their race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin, or by reason of fraudulent practices; (2) to study and collect information relating to discrimination or a denial of equal protection of the laws under the Constitution because of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin, or in the administration of justice; (3) to appraise federal laws and policies with respect to discrimination or denial of equal protection of the laws because of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin, or in the administration of justice; (4) to serve as a national clearinghouse for information in respect to discrimination or denial of equal protection of the laws because of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin; (5) to submit reports, findings, and recommendations to the President and Congress; and (6) to issue public service announcements to discourage discrimination or denial of equal protection of the laws.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.usccr.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Eight members

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

The President pro tempore appoints two members, upon the recommendations of the majority leader and the minority leader, and of the members appointed not more than one shall be appointed from the same political party.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

House Majority Leader (recommend)


House Minority Leader (recommend)

The Speaker appoints two members upon the recommendations of the majority leader and the minority leader, and of the members appointed not more than one shall be appointed from the same political party.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints four members.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last six years.


United States Commission on International Religious Freedom

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §6431

Summary

The Commission was created by the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (IRFA) to monitor violations of the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion or belief abroad, as defined in IRFA and set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and related international instruments, and to give independent policy recommendations to the President, Secretary of State, and Congress.

Duration

September 30, 2019

Website

http://www.uscirf.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

10 members

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

The President pro tempore appoints three U.S. citizens who are not paid as officers or employees of the United States, of whom two shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the leader in the Senate of the political party that is not the political party of the President, and the remaining one shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the leader in the Senate of the other political party.

Speaker of the House (appoint)


House Majority Leader (recommend)

House Minority Leader (recommend)

The Speaker appoints three U.S. citizens who are not paid as officers or employees of the United States, of which two of the members shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the leader in the House of the political party that is not the political party of the President, and of which one of the members shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the leader in the House of the other political party.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints three U.S. citizens who are not paid as officers or employees of the United States.

The Ambassador at Large serves as an ex-officio, nonvoting member.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last two years.


United States Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §276m

Summary

Members of Congress are appointed to meet jointly and annually with representative parliamentary groups from other Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) member nations for the purposes of (1) assessing the implementation of the objectives of the CSCE; (2) discussing subjects addressed during the meetings of the Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs and the biennial Summit of Heads of State or Government; and (3) initiating and promoting such measures as may further cooperation and security in Europe.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.osce.org/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

17 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

In even-numbered years

  • nine members appointed by the Speaker (no fewer than four of whom, including the chairman of the U.S. Delegation, shall be from the House Committee on Foreign Affairs); and
  • eight members, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate (no fewer than four of whom, including the vice chairman of the U.S. Delegation, shall be from the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, unless the President pro tempore, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leader, determines otherwise).

In odd-numbered years

  • nine members, upon recommendation of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate (no fewer than four of whom, including the chairman of the U.S. Delegation, shall be from the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, unless the President pro tempore, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leader, determines otherwise); and
  • eight members appointed by the Speaker of the House (no fewer than four of whom, including the vice chairman, shall be from the House Committee on Foreign Affairs).

Term of Appointment

Appointments are made prior to each meeting.


United States Group of the United States Senate-China Interparliamentary Group

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §276n

Summary

The group meets annually with representatives of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China for discussion of common problems in the interest of relations between the United States and China. The Senators so appointed shall be referred to as the "United States group" of the United States Senate-China Interparliamentary Group.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Not more than 12 members

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

The President pro tempore appoints not more than 12 Senators, upon the recommendations of the Senate majority and minority leaders.

The President pro tempore designates one Senator as the chair of the Group.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are to be made annually.


United States Group of the United States Senate-Russia Interparliamentary Group

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §276o

Summary

The Group meets annually with representatives of the Federation Council of Russia to discuss common problems in the interest of relations between the United States and Russia.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Not more than 12 members

Senate Majority Leader (appoint)

Senate Minority Leader (appoint)

The majority and minority leaders of the Senate appoint the Senators of the United States Group. The majority leader of the Senate shall designate 1 Senator as the Chair of the United States Group.

Term of Appointment

Appointments are to be made annually.


United States Holocaust Memorial Council

 

Information

Citation

36 U.S.C. §2302

Summary

The Council oversees the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. The museum's primary mission is to advance and disseminate knowledge about the unprecedented Holocaust tragedy; to preserve the memory of those who suffered; and to encourage its visitors to reflect upon the moral and spiritual questions raised by the events of the Holocaust as well as their own responsibilities as citizens of a democracy.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.ushmm.org/museum/council/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

65 members

Speaker of the House (appoint)

Five members appointed by the Speaker from among Members of the House.

President Pro Tempore (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (recommend)

Senate Minority Leader (recommend)

Five members appointed by the President pro tempore upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders from among Members of the Senate.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints 52 members.

The Secretary of the Interior appoints one ex-officio nonvoting member.

The Secretary of State appoints one ex-officio nonvoting member.

The Secretary of Education appoints one ex-officio nonvoting member.

Term of Appointment

The terms of the five members of the U.S. House of Representatives and the five members of the U.S. Senate appointed during any term of Congress shall expire at the end of such term of Congress.


United States International Development Finance Corporation, Board of Directors

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 115-254, §1412

Summary

The Board oversees the United States International Development Finance Corporation.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Nine members

Senate Majority Leader (submit list)

Senate Minority Leader (submit list)

Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (consult)

Speaker of the House (submit list)

House Minority Leader (submit list)

House Committee on Foreign Affairs (consult)

The President appoints four members, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, of which

  • one individual should be appointed from a list of at least five individuals submitted by the majority leader of the Senate after consultation with the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
  • one individual should be appointed from a list of at least five individuals submitted by the minority leader of the Senate after consultation with the ranking member of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
  • one individual should be appointed from a list of at least five individuals submitted by the Speaker of the House after consultation with the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House; and
  • one individual should be appointed from a list of at least five individuals submitted by the minority leader of the House after consultation with the ranking member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House.

Non-Congressional Officials

Also serving on the Board are the following individuals:

  • the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation;
  • the Secretary of State or a designee of the Secretary;
  • the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development or a designee of the Administrator;
  • the Secretary of the Treasury or a designee of the Secretary; and
  • the Secretary of Commerce or a designee of the Secretary.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last three years.


United States Merchant Marine Academy, Board of Visitors

 

Information

Citation

46 U.S.C. §51312

Summary

The Board is a congressionally mandated civilian oversight committee charged with monitoring the academy's military, physical, and academic training.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.usmma.edu/about/leadership/board-visitors

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

19 members (including ex-officio members)

Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation (appoint, consult, serve)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation appoints two Senators, in consultation with the ranking member.

The chair of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation serves as ex-officio member.

House Committee on Armed Services (appoint, consult, serve)

The chair of the House Committee on Armed Services appoints three House Members, in consultation with the ranking member.

The chair of the House Committee on Armed Services serves as ex-officio member.

Vice President (appoint)

Vice President appoints one Senator, who shall be a member of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

Speaker appoints two Members of the House, at least one of whom shall be a member of the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

U.S. Representative of the congressional district in which the Academy is located (serve)

The Member of the House of Representatives for the congressional district in which the Academy is located serves as a nonvoting member, unless such Member of the House of Representatives is appointed as a voting member of the Board.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints five members.

Other ex-officio members include the Commander of the Military Sealift Command, the Deputy Commandant for Operations of the Coast Guard, and the chairman of the Advisory Board to the Academy.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last two years, commencing at the beginning of each Congress.


United States Military Academy, Board of Visitors

 

Information

Citation

10 U.S.C. §7455

Summary

The Board is a congressionally mandated civilian oversight committee charged with monitoring the academy's military, physical, and academic training.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

https://www.usma.edu/bov/sitepages/home.aspx

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

15 members

Senate Committee on Armed Services (serve)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Armed Services (or chair's designee) serves as a member of the Board.

Vice President or President Pro Tempore (appoint)

The Vice President or President Pro Tempore appoints three Senators, two of whom are members of the Senate Committee on Appropriations.

House Committee on Armed Services (serve)

The chair of the House Committee on Armed Services (or chair's designee) serves as a member of the Board.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints four House Members, two of whom are members of the House Committee on Appropriations.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints six members.

Term of Appointment

Presidential appointments last three years.


United States Naval Academy, Board of Visitors

 

Information

Citation

10 U.S.C. §8468

Summary

The Board, similar to a college board of trustees, provides the collective views and recommendations of the board to the superintendent concerning the Naval Academy. The academy's superintendent, a Navy admiral, is the equivalent of a college president. He oversees all of the school's functions.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

https://www.usna.edu/PAO/Superintendent/bov.php

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

15 members

Senate Committee on Armed Services (serve)

The chair of the Senate Committee on Armed Services (or chair's designee) serves as a member of the Board.

Vice President or President Pro Tempore (appoint)

The Vice President or President pro tempore appoints three Senators, two of whom are members of the Senate Committee on Appropriations.

House Committee on Armed Services (serve)

The chair of the House Committee on Armed Services (or chair's designee) serves as a member of the Board.

Speaker of the House (appoint)

The Speaker appoints four House Members, two of whom are members of the House Committee on Appropriations.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints six members.

Term of Appointment

Presidential appointments last three years.


United States Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control

 

Information

Citation

22 U.S.C. §2291 note

Summary

The Caucus was created to monitor and encourage U.S. government and private programs seeking to expand international cooperation against drug abuse and narcotics trafficking and to monitor and promote international compliance with narcotics control treaties.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://drugcaucus.senate.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Seven members

President of the Senate (appoint)

Senate Majority Leader (consult)

Senate Minority Leader (consult)

Seven Senators appointed by the President of the Senate, four of whom (including the member designated as Chairman) shall be selected from the majority party of the Senate, after consultation with the majority leader, and three of whom (including the member designated as Co-chairman) shall be selected from the minority party of the Senate, after consultation with the minority leader.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last for the duration of the Congress in which they occur.


Utah Reclamation Mitigation and Conservation Commission

 

Information

Citation

P.L. 102-575; 106 Stat. 4625

Summary

The Commission is responsible for designing, funding, and implementing projects to offset the impacts to fish, wildlife, and related recreation resources caused by the Central Utah Project and other federal reclamation projects in Utah.

Duration

The Commission shall expire 20 years from the end of the fiscal year during which the Secretary declares the Central Utah Project to be substantially complete.

Website

http://www.mitigationcommission.gov/

FACA Applicability

Not applicable

Appointment Structure

Five members

Speaker of the House (submit list)

U.S. Representatives from Utah (recommend)

Senate Majority Leader (submit list)

U.S. Senators from Utah (recommend)

The President appoints two members:

  • one from a list of residents of the state, who are qualified to serve on the commission by virtue of their training or experience in fish or wildlife matters or environmental conservation matters, submitted by the Speaker of the House upon the recommendation of the Members of the House representing the state; and
  • one from a list of residents of the state, who are qualified to serve on the commission by virtue of their training or experience in fish or wildlife matters or environmental conservation matters, submitted by the majority leader of the Senate upon the recommendation of the Members of the Senate representing the state.

Non-Congressional Officials

The President appoints three other members:

  • one from a list of residents of the state submitted by the governor of the state composed of state wildlife resource agency personnel;
  • one from a list of residents of the state submitted by the District; and
  • one from a list of residents of the state, who are qualified to serve on the commission by virtue of their training or experience in fish and wildlife matters or environmental conservation matters and have been recommended by Utah nonprofit sportsmen's or environmental organizations, submitted by the governor of the state.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last four years.


Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation, Board of Visitors

 

Information

Citation

10 U.S.C. §343

Summary

The Board oversees the curriculum, instruction, physical equipment, fiscal affairs, and academic methods of the Institute, other matters relating to the Institute that the Board decides to consider, and any other matter that the Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.

Duration

No statutory end date

Website

http://www.benning.army.mil/tenant/whinsec/bov.html

FACA Applicability

Applicable

Appointment Structure

At least 12 members

Senate Committee on Armed Services (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the Senate Committee on Armed Services (or their designees) serve as members of the Board.

House Committee on Armed Services (serve)

The chair and ranking member of the House Committee on Armed Services (or their designees) serve as members of the Board.

Non-Congressional Officials

The Board also includes

  • six members appointed by the Secretary of Defense including, to the extent practicable, persons from academia and the religious and human rights communities;
  • one member appointed by the Secretary of State;
  • the senior military officer responsible for training and doctrine for the Army or, if the Secretary of the Navy or the Secretary of the Air Force is designated as the executive agent of the Secretary of Defense under 10 U.S.C. §343(a)(2), the senior military officer responsible for training and doctrine for the Navy or Marine Corps or for the Air Force, respectively, or a designee of the senior military officer concerned; and
  • the commanders of the combatant commands having geographic responsibility for the Western Hemisphere, or the designees of those officers.

Term of Appointment

Appointments last one year.

Table 1. Statutory Role of the Speaker of the House

Name of Commission or Board

Statutory Authority of the Speaker of the House

Adams Memorial Commission

The Speaker appoints four House Members, in consultation with the House majority leader and the House minority leader. No more than two appointees shall be from the same political party.

Advisory Committee on International Exchange Rate Policy

The Speaker appoints three members, upon the recommendation of the chairs and ranking members of the House Committee on Financial Services and the House Committee on Ways and Means.

Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance

The Speaker appoints four members upon the recommendation of the majority leader and the minority leader.

Advisory Committee on the Protection of Presidential and Vice-Presidential Candidates

The Speaker serves on the committee, and has shared appointment power with the rest of the committee for the appointment of the at-large member.

Advisory Committee on the Records of Congress

The Speaker appoints one member.

Alyce Spotted Bear and Walter Soboleff Commission on Native Children

The Speaker appoints three members, in consultation with the chair of the House Committee on Natural Resources.

American Folklife Center in the Library of Congress, Board of Trustees

The Speaker appoints four members from among individuals from private life who are widely recognized by virtue of their scholarship, experience, creativity, or interest in American folklife traditions and arts.

British American Parliamentary Group

The Speaker appoints 12 members from among Members of the House (no fewer than four of whom shall be members of the Committee on Foreign Affairs).

Canada-United States Interparliamentary Group

The Speaker appoints 12 members from among Members of the House (no fewer than four of whom shall be members of the Committee on Foreign Affairs).

Citizen's Coinage Advisory Committee

The Speaker makes a recommendation to the Secretary of the Treasury for one appointment, from among citizens who are specially qualified to serve on the advisory committee by virtue of their education, training, or experience.

Commission for the Judiciary Office Building

The members of the House Office Building Commission (the Speaker and two members appointed by the Speaker) are members of the commission.

Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad

The President appoints seven members after consultation with the Speaker of the House.

Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Commission)

The Speaker appoints nine Members of the House. Five Members shall be selected from the majority party and four Members shall be selected, after consultation with the minority leader of the House, from the minority party.

Commission to Recommend Individuals to the President for Appointment to the Office of Architect of the Capitol

The Speaker serves as a member of the commission.

Commission on Social Impact Partnerships

The Speaker appoints one member.

Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China

The Speaker appoints nine Members of the House. Five Members shall be selected from the majority party and four Members shall be selected, after consultation with the minority leader of the House, from the minority party.

Congressional Advisers for Trade Policy and Negotiations

The Speaker selects five members of the Ways and Means Committee upon the recommendation of the chairman of the committee (no more than three of whom are members of the same political party). The Speaker may select additional Members of the House, for designation as congressional advisers regarding specific trade policy matters or negotiations, from any other committee of the House or joint committee of Congress that has jurisdiction over legislation likely to be affected by such matters or negotiations; not more than three such members (not more than two of whom are members of the same political party) may be selected from any committee of Congress.

Congressional Award Board

The Speaker appoints six members, one of whom shall be a local Congressional Award program volunteer.

Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

The Speaker appoints three members in consultation with the minority leader.

Creating Options for Veterans' Expedited Recovery Commission

The Speaker appoints two members, at least one of whom must be a veteran.

Cyberspace Solarium Commission

The Speaker appoints two members, in consultation with the chair of the House Armed Services Committee, one of whom shall be a Representative and one of whom shall not be.

Denali Commission

The Speaker submits a list of nominations for the position of the Federal Co-chairperson.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission

The Speaker appoints four Members of the House in consultation with the majority leader and minority leader of the House, of which no more than two appointees may be members of the same political party.

Election Assistance Commission

The Speaker of the House submits to the President a candidate recommendation with respect to each vacancy on the commission affiliated with the majority party.

Election Assistance Commission, Board of Advisors

The Speaker appoints one member representing professionals in the field of science and technology.

Federal Judicial Center Foundation Board

The Speaker appoints two members.

Federal Law Enforcement Congressional Badge of Bravery Board

The Speaker jointly appoints one member with the minority leader of the House

Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board

The Speaker, in consultation with the minority leader, recommends one member to the President.

Financial Oversight and Management Board

The Speaker submits two non-overlapping lists of at least three individuals to the President for appointment; one list shall include three individuals who maintain a primary residence in the territory or have a primary place of business in the territory.

Frederick Douglass Centennial Commission

The Speaker appoints three members, one of whom must be a Member of the House of Representatives.

Gallaudet University, Board of Trustees

The Speaker appoints two Members of the House.

Harry S Truman Scholarship Foundation, Board of Trustees

The Speaker appoints two Members of the House, one from each political party.

Health Information Technology (HIT) Advisory Committee

The Speaker appoints two members.

Help America Vote Foundation, Board of Directors

The Speaker appoints two directors.

House Commission on Congressional Mailing Standards

The Speaker appoints six Members of the House, three from the majority party and three from the minority.

House Child Care Center, Advisory Board

The Speaker appoints 15 individuals, seven of whom shall be upon recommendation of the minority leader of the House.

House Office Building Commission

The Speaker serves on the commission and appoints two Members of the House.

Human Space Flight Independent Investigation Commission

The Speaker provides a list of candidates to the President to fill one vacancy.

Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture and Arts Development Board of Trustees

The Speaker appoints two Members of the House in consultation with the minority leader.

James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation, Board of Trustees

The Speaker recommends two Members of the House, in consultation with the minority leader of the House, of different political parties, to the President.

Japan-United States Friendship Commission

The Speaker appoints two Members of the House.

John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development, Board of Trustees

The Speaker appoints two members.

John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Board of Trustees

The Speaker serves on the board and appoints three Members of the House.

Library of Congress Trust Fund Board

The Speaker appoints four persons in consultation with the minority leader of the House.

Medal of Valor Review Board (Public Safety Officer)

The Speaker appoints two members.

Mexico-United States Interparliamentary Group, Delegation

The Speaker appoints 12 Members of the House, no fewer than four of whom shall be from the House Committee on Foreign Affairs.

Migratory Bird Conservation Commission

The Speaker appoints two House Members.

Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation, Board of Trustees

The Speaker, in consultation with the minority leader of the House, recommends two trustees to be appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate.

National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity

The Speaker appoints six members, three upon the recommendation of the majority leader of the House and three upon the recommendation of the minority leader of the House.

National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics

The Speaker appoints one member after consultation with the minority leader of the House.

National Council on Disability

The Speaker appoints one member.

National Council on the Arts

The Speaker appoints two Members of the House.

National Historical Publications and Records Commission

The Speaker appoints one Member of the House.

NATO Parliamentary Assembly, U.S. Group

The Speaker appoints 12 Members of the House (no fewer than four of whom shall be from the Committee on Foreign Affairs).

Office of Congressional Workplace Rights, Board of Directors

The Speaker appoints five members, jointly, with the majority leader of the Senate, and the minority leaders of the House and the Senate.

Open World Leadership Center Board of Trustees

The Speaker appoints two members, one designated by the majority leader of the House and one designated by the minority leader of the House.

Public-Private Advisory Council to End Human Trafficking

The President appoints one member, after consultation with the Speaker.

Public Buildings Reform Board

The President appoints one member recommended by the Speaker.

Smithsonian Institution, Board of Regents

The Speaker appoints three Members of the House.

Social Security Advisory Board

The Speaker appoints two members, each member from a different political party, with the advice of the chairman and the ranking minority Member of the House Committee on Ways and Means.

State and Local Law Enforcement Congressional Badge of Bravery Board

The Speaker jointly appoints one member with the House minority leader.

Syria Study Group

The Speaker appoints one member.

United States Air Force Academy, Board of Visitors

The Speaker designates three Members of the House, and appoints one other member, who may not be a Member of the House.

United States Capitol Preservation Commission

The Speaker serves on the Commission and appoints one Member of the House.

United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission

The Speaker appoints three members after consultation with the chairman of the House Committee on Armed Services, in addition to consultation with the chairman of the House Committee on Ways and Means.

United States Coast Guard Academy, Board of Visitors

The Speaker appoints four Members of the House.

United States Commission on Civil Rights

The Speaker appoints two members upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders.

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom

The Speaker appoints three members, two of whom shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the leader in the House of the political party that is not the political party of the President, and one of whom shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the leader in the House of the other political party.

United States Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

In even-numbered years, the Speaker appoints nine Members of the House (no fewer than four of whom, including the chairman of the United States Delegation, shall be from the House Committee on Foreign Affairs). In odd-numbered years, the Speaker appoints eight Members, (no fewer than four of whom, including the vice chairman, shall be from the House Committee on Foreign Affairs).

United States Holocaust Memorial Council

The Speaker appoints five Members of the House.

United States International Development Finance Corporation

The President appoints one individual, who should be appointed from a list of at least five individuals submitted by the Speaker of the House after consultation with the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House.

United States Merchant Marine Academy, Board of Visitors

The Speaker appoints two Members of the House, one of whom shall be a member of the House Committee on Appropriations.

United States Military Academy, Board of Visitors

The Speaker designates four Members of the House, two of whom are members of the House Committee on Appropriations.

United States Naval Academy, Board of Visitors

The Speaker designates four Members of the House, two of whom are members of the House Committee on Appropriations.

United States Semiquincentennial Commission

The Speaker appoints two Members of the House of Representatives, and four private citizens.

Utah Reclamation Mitigation and Conservation Commission

The President appoints one member from a list of candidates submitted by the Speaker, upon the recommendation of the House Members from the state.

Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Commission

The Speaker appoints two members.

Women's Suffrage Centennial Commission

The Speaker appoints two members.

World War I Centennial Commission

The Speaker appoints two members.

Table 2. Statutory Role of the House Minority Leader

Name of Commission or Board

Statutory Authority of the House Minority Leader

Adams Memorial Commission

The Speaker appoints four House Members, in consultation with the House majority leader and the House minority leader. No more than two appointees shall be from the same political party.

Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance

The Speaker appoints three members upon the recommendation of the majority leader and the minority leader.

Advisory Committee on the Protection of Presidential and Vice-Presidential Candidates

The committee consists of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the minority leader of the House of Representatives, the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, and one additional member selected by the other members of the committee.

Advisory Committee on the Records of Congress

The minority leader appoints one member.

Alyce Spotted Bear and Walter Soboleff Commission on Native Children

The minority leader appoints one member in consultation with the ranking member of the House Committee on Natural Resources.

Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Foundation, Board of Trustees

The minority leader appoints one Member of the House.

Citizen's Coinage Advisory Committee

The Secretary of the Treasury appoints one person recommended by the minority leader.

Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Commission)

Of the members appointed by the Speaker of the House, four members from the minority party shall be selected after consultation with the minority leader of the House.

Commission to Recommend Individuals to the President for Appointment to the Office of Architect of the Capitol

The minority leader is a member.

Commission on Social Impact Partnerships

The minority leader appoints one member.

Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China

Of the members appointed by the Speaker of the House, four members from the minority party shall be selected, after consultation with the minority leader of the House.

Congressional Award Board

The minority leader appoints six members, one of whom shall be a recipient of the Congressional Award.

Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

The Speaker appoints three members after consultation with the minority leader.

Creating Options for Veterans' Expedited Recovery Commission

The minority leader appoints two members, at least one of whom must be a veteran.

Cyberspace Solarium Commission

The minority leader appoints two members, in consultation with the ranking member of the House Armed Services Committee, one of whom shall be a Representative and one of whom shall not be.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission

The Speaker appoints four Members of the House in consultation with the majority leader and minority leader of the House, of which not more than two appointees may be members of the same political party.

Election Assistance Commission

The minority leader submits to the President a candidate recommendation with respect to each vacancy on the commission affiliated with the minority party.

Election Assistance Commission, Board of Advisors

The minority leader appoints one member representing professionals in the field of science and technology.

Federal Law Enforcement Congressional Badge of Bravery Board

The Speaker jointly appoints one member with the minority leader of the House.

Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board

The Speaker, in consultation with the minority leader, recommends one member to the President.

Financial Oversight and Management Board

The minority leader submits a list of at least three individuals to the President for appointment.

Frederick Douglass Centennial Commission

The minority leader appoints two members, at least one of whom must be a Member of the House of Representatives.

Health Information Technology (HIT) Advisory Committee

The minority leader appoints two members.

Help America Vote Foundation, Board of Directors

The minority leader appoints two directors.

House Child Care Center, Advisory Board for the

The Speaker appoints 15 individuals, seven of whom shall be upon recommendation of the minority leader of the House.

Human Space Flight Independent Investigation Commission

The minority leader provides a list of candidates to the President to fill one vacancy.

Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture and Arts Development Board of Trustees

The Speaker appoints two Members of the House in consultation with the minority leader.

International Clean Energy Foundation, Board of Directors

The minority leader recommends a list of individuals to the President, one of whom is appointed to the board, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation, Board of Trustees

The Speaker recommends two Members of the House, after consultation with the minority leader, of different political parties, to the President.

John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development, Board of Trustees

The minority leader appoints one member.

John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Board of Trustees

The minority leader serves on the Board.

Library of Congress Trust Fund Board

The Speaker appoints four persons in consultation with the minority leader of the House.

Medal of Valor Review Board (Public Safety Officer)

The minority leader appoints two members.

Millennium Challenge Corporation, Board of Directors

The minority leader submits a list of individuals from which the President appoints one member, with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation, Board of Trustees

The Speaker, in consultation with the minority leader of the House, recommends two trustees to be appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate.

National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity

The Speaker appoints six members, three upon the recommendation of the majority leader of the House and three upon the recommendation of the minority leader of the House.

National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics

The Speaker appoints one member after consultation with the minority leader of the House.

National Council on Disability

The minority leader appoints one member.

National Council on the Arts

The minority leader appoints one Member of the House.

Office of Congressional Workplace Rights, Board of Directors

The Speaker appoints five members, jointly, with the majority leader of the Senate, and the minority leaders of the House and the Senate.

Open World Leadership Center Board of Trustees

The Speaker appoints two members, one designated by the majority leader of the House and one designated by the minority leader of the House.

Public-Private Partnership Advisory Council to End Human Trafficking

The President appoints one member, after consultation with the House minority leader.

Public Buildings Reform Board

The President appoints one member recommended by the minority leader.

State and Local Law Enforcement Congressional Badge of Bravery Board

The Speaker and minority leader jointly appoint one member.

Syria Study Group

The minority leader appoints one member.

United States Capitol Preservation Commission

The minority leader serves on the Commission and appoints one Member of the House.

United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission

The minority leader appoints three members after consultation with the ranking minority Member of the House Committee on Armed Services, in addition to consultation with the ranking minority Member of the House Committee on Ways and Means.

United States Commission on Civil Rights

The Speaker appoints two members upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders, and of the members appointed not more than one shall be appointed from the same political party.

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom

The Speaker appoints three members, two of whom shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the leader in the House of the political party that is not the political party of the President, and one of whom shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the leader in the House of the other political party.

United States International Development Finance Corporation, Board of Directors

The minority leader submits a list of at least five individuals submitted after consultation with the ranking member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House, from which the President appoints one member, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

United States Semiquincentennial Commission

The minority leader appoints two Members of the House of Representatives, and four private citizens.

Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Commission

The minority leader appoints two members.

Women's Suffrage Centennial Commission

The minority leader appoints two members.

World War I Centennial Commission

The minority leader appoints one member.

Table 3. Statutory Role of the House Majority Leader

Name of Commission or Board

Statutory Authority of the House Majority Leader

Adams Memorial Commission

The Speaker appoints four House Members, in consultation with the House majority leader and the House minority leader. No more than two appointees shall be from the same political party.

Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance

The Speaker appoints four members upon the recommendation of the House majority leader and the minority leader.

Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Foundation, Board of Trustees

The majority leader appoints one member.

Commission to Recommend Individuals to the President for Appointment to the Office of Architect of the Capitol

The majority leader serves on the Commission.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission

The Speaker of the House appoints four members in consultation with the majority leader and minority leader of the House, of whom not more than two may be members of the same political party.

International Clean Energy Foundation, Board of Directors

The majority leader submits a list of individuals submitted to the President for appointment.

Millennium Challenge Corporation, Board of Directors

The President appoints four individuals with relevant international experience, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, of which one individual is appointed from among a list of individuals submitted by the majority leader.

National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity

The Speaker appoints six members, three upon the recommendation of the majority leader and three upon the recommendation of the minority leader.

Open World Leadership Center Board of Trustees

The Speaker of the House appoints two members, one of whom shall be designated by the majority leader.

United States Capitol Preservation Commission

The majority leader serves on the Commission.

United States Commission on Civil Rights

The Speaker appoints two members upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders.

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom

The Speaker appoints three members of the Commission, two upon the recommendation of the leader in the House (majority or minority) of the political party that is not the political party of the President, and one upon the recommendation of the leader in the House (majority or minority) of the other political party.

Table 4. Statutory Role of the President of the Senate or the President Pro Tempore

Name of Commission or Board

Statutory Authority of the Senate President or President pro tempore

Adams Memorial Commission

The President pro tempore appoints four Senators, in consultation with the Senate majority leader and Senate minority leader. Not more than two appointees shall be from the same political party.

Advisory Committee on International Exchange Rate Policy

The President pro tempore appoints three members, upon the recommendation of the chairs and ranking members of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Development and the Senate Committee on Finance.

Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance

The President pro tempore appoints four members upon the recommendation of the majority leader and the minority leader.

American Folklife Center in the Library of Congress, Board of Trustees

The President pro tempore appoints four trustees.

British American Parliamentary Group

The President pro tempore appoints 12 members, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, from among Members of the Senate (no fewer than four of whom shall be members of the Committee on Foreign Relations) unless the majority and minority leaders of the Senate determine otherwise.

Canada-United States Interparliamentary Group

The President of the Senate appoints 12 members, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, from among Members of the Senate (no fewer than four of whom shall be members of the Committee on Foreign Relations).

Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad

The President appoints 21 members, seven of whom shall be appointed after consultation with the President pro tempore of the Senate.

Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Commission)

President of the Senate appoints nine Senators. Five members shall be selected from the majority party of the Senate, after consultation with the majority leader, and four members shall be selected from the minority party, after consultation with the minority leader of the Senate.

Commission to Recommend Individuals to the President for Appointment to the Office of Architect of the Capitol

The President pro tempore serves on the Commission.

Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China

President of the Senate appoints nine Senators. Five members shall be selected from the majority party of the Senate, after consultation with the majority leader, and four members shall be selected from the minority party, after consultation with the minority leader of the Senate.

Congressional Advisers for Trade Policy and Negotiations

The President pro tempore, upon the recommendation of the chairman of the Senate Committee on Finance, appoints five members of such committee, no more than three of whom are members of the same political party. The President pro tempore may select additional members for designation as congressional advisers, regarding specific trade policy matters or negotiations, from any other committees of the Senate that have jurisdiction over legislation likely to be affected by such matters or negotiations; not more than three such members (not more than two of whom are members of the same political party) may be selected from any committee of Congress.

Denali Commission

The President pro tempore submits a list of nominations for the position of the federal co-chairperson.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission

The President pro tempore appoints four Senators in consultation with the majority leader and minority leader of the Senate, of whom not more than two appointees may be members of the same political party.

Federal Judicial Center Foundation Board

The President pro tempore appoints two members.

Gallaudet University, Board of Trustees

The President of the Senate appoints one Senator.

Harry S Truman Scholarship Foundation, Board of Trustees

The President of the Senate appoints two Senators, one from each political party.

Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture and Arts Development Board of Trustees

The President pro tempore appoints two Senators upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leader.

James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation, Board of Trustees

The President appoints two Senators, of different political parties, upon the recommendation of the President pro tempore of the Senate, in consultation with the majority leader and minority leader of the Senate.

Japan-United States Friendship Commission

The President pro tempore appoints two Senators.

John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Board of Trustees

The President of the Senate appoints three Senators.

Mexico-United States Interparliamentary Group, Delegation

The President of the Senate, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, appoints 12 Senators (no fewer than four of whom shall be from the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations).

Migratory Bird Conservation Commission

The President of the Senate appoints two Senators.

Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation, Board of Trustees

The President of the United States appoints two trustees, with the advice and consent of the Senate, after considering the recommendation of the President pro tempore of the Senate, in consultation with the majority and minority leaders of the Senate.

National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity

The President pro tempore appoints six members, three upon the recommendation of the majority leader and three upon the recommendation of the minority leader.

National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics

President pro tempore of the Senate appoints one member after consultation with the minority leader of the Senate.

National Historical Publications and Records Commission

The President of the Senate appoints one Senator.

NATO Parliamentary Assembly, U.S. Group

The President of the Senate, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, appoints 12 Senators. No more than seven of the appointees from the Senate shall be of the same political party.

Open World Leadership Center Board of Trustees

President pro tempore appoints two Senators, one of whom shall be designated by the majority leader of the Senate, and one of whom shall be designated by the minority leader of the Senate.

Public-Private Partnership Advisory Council to End Human Trafficking

The President appoints one member, after consultation with the President pro tempore of the Senate.

Senate Commission on Art

The President pro tempore serves on the Commission.

Smithsonian Institution, Board of Regents

The President of the Senate appoints three Senators.

Social Security Advisory Board

The President pro tempore appoints two members (each member from a different political party), with the advice of the chairman and the ranking minority Member of the Senate Committee on Finance.

United States Air Force Academy, Board of Visitors

The Vice President, or the President pro tempore of the Senate, designates three Senators, two of whom are members of the Senate Committee on Appropriations.

United States Capitol Preservation Commission

The President pro tempore is a member of the Commission, and appoints one Senator.

United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission

The President pro tempore appoints three members upon the recommendation of the majority leader of the Senate, after consultation with the chairman of the Committee on Finance and the chairman of the Senate Committee on Armed Services; and three members upon the recommendation of the minority leader of the Senate, after consultation with the ranking minority Member of the Senate Committee on Armed Services, in addition to consultation with the ranking minority Member of the Senate Committee on Finance.

United States Coast Guard Academy, Board of Visitors

The Vice President appoints one Senator.

United States Commission on Civil Rights

The President pro tempore appoints two members, upon the recommendations of the majority leader and the minority leader, and of the members appointed not more than one shall be appointed from the same political party.

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom

The President pro tempore appoints three members, two upon the recommendation of the leader in the Senate of the political party that is not the political party of the President, and one upon the recommendation of the leader in the Senate of the other political party.

United States Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

In even-numbered years, the President pro tempore appoints eight Senators, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, no fewer than four of whom, including the vice chairman of the United States Delegation, shall be from the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, unless the President pro tempore of the Senate, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, determines otherwise. (In odd-numbered years, the President pro tempore appoints nine Senators, including the chairman of the delegation, in the same manner).

United States Group of the United States Senate-China Interparliamentary Group

The President pro tempore appoints no more than 12 Senators upon the recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate and designates one Senator as the chair of the United States group.

United States Holocaust Memorial Council

The President pro tempore appoints five Senators upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders.

United States Merchant Marine Academy, Board of Visitors

The Vice President appoints one Senator, who shall be a member of the Appropriations Committee.

United States Military Academy, Board of Visitors

The Vice President, or the President pro tempore of the Senate, designates three Senators, two of whom are members of the Senate Committee on Appropriations.

United States Naval Academy, Board of Visitors

The Vice President, or the President pro tempore of the Senate, designates three Senators, two of whom are members of the Senate Committee on Appropriations.

United States Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control

The President of the Senate appoints seven Senators, four upon the recommendation of the majority leader and three upon the recommendation of the minority leader.

Note: For appointments made by the President pro tempore of the Senate, 2 U.S.C. §199 specifies involvement of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate if a statute specifies that the appointment is to be made on the basis of the appointee's affiliation with the majority or minority political party, or if not, upon the joint recommendation of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate (P.L. 96-576; 94 Stat. 3355).

Table 5. Statutory Role of the Senate Majority Leader

Name of Commission or Board

Statutory Authority of the Senate Majority Leader

Adams Memorial Commission

The President pro tempore appoints four Senators, in consultation with the Senate majority leader and Senate minority leader. Not more than two appointees shall be from the same political party.

Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance

The President pro tempore appoints three members upon the recommendation of the majority leader and the minority leader.

Advisory Committee on the Protection of Presidential and Vice-Presidential Candidates

The majority leader serves on the committee, and has shared power of appointment with the rest of the committee for the at-large member.

Advisory Committee on the Records of Congress

The majority leader appoints one member.

Alyce Spotted Bear and Walter Soboleff Commission on Native Children

The Senate majority leader appoints three members, in consultation with the chair of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs.

Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Foundation, Board of Trustees

The majority leader appoints one member.

British American Parliamentary Group

The President pro tempore appoints 12 members, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, from among Members of the Senate (no fewer than four of whom shall be members of the Committee on Foreign Relations) unless the majority and minority leaders of the Senate determine otherwise.

Canada-United States Interparliamentary Group

The President of the Senate appoints 12 members, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, from among Members of the Senate (no fewer than four of whom shall be members of the Committee on Foreign Relations).

Citizen's Coinage Advisory Committee

The majority leader makes a recommendation to the Secretary of the Treasury for one appointment, from among citizens who are specially qualified to serve on the advisory committee by virtue of their education, training, or experience.

Commission for the Judiciary Office Building

The majority leader serves on the Commission.

Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Commission)

The President of the Senate appoints nine Senators. Five Senators shall be selected from the majority party of the Senate, after consultation with the majority leader.

Commission to Recommend Individuals to the President for Appointment to the Office of Architect of the Capitol

The majority leader serves on the Commission.

Commission on Social Impact Partnerships

The majority leader appoints one member.

Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China

The President of the Senate appoints nine Senators. Five Senators shall be selected from the majority party of the Senate, after consultation with the majority leader.

Congressional Award Board

The majority leader appoints six members, one of whom shall be a recipient of the Congressional Award.

Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

The majority leader appoints three members after consultation with the minority leader.

Creating Options for Veterans' Expedited Recovery Commission

The majority leader appoints two members, at least one of whom must be a veteran.

Cyberspace Solarium Commission

The Senate majority leader appoints two members, in consultation with the chair of the Senate Armed Services Committee, one of whom shall be a Senator and one of whom shall not be.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission

The President pro tempore appoints four Senators in consultation with the majority leader and minority leader of the Senate, of whom no more than two appointees may be members of the same political party.

Election Assistance Commission

The majority leader of the Senate, the Speaker of the House, the minority leader of the Senate, and the minority leader of the House shall each submit to the President a candidate recommendation with respect to each vacancy on the commission affiliated with the political party of the Member of Congress involved.

Election Assistance Commission, Board of Advisors

The majority leader appoints one member from the field of science and technology.

Federal Law Enforcement Congressional Badge of Bravery Board

The majority leader and minority leader jointly appoint one member.

Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board

The majority leader, in consultation with the minority leader, recommends one member to the President.

Financial Oversight and Management Board

The majority leader shall submit a list of at least four individuals to the President.

Frederick Douglass Centennial Commission

The majority leader appoints three members, at least one of whom must be a Senator.

Health Information Technology (HIT) Advisory Committee

The majority leader appoints two members.

Help America Vote Foundation, Board of Directors

The majority leader appoints two directors.

Human Space Flight Independent Investigation Commission

The majority leader provides a list of candidates to the President to fill one vacancy.

Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture and Arts Development Board of Trustees

The President pro tempore appoints two Senators upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders.

International Clean Energy Foundation, Board of Directors

The majority leader recommends a list of individuals to the President, one of whom is selected to the board.

James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation, Board of Trustees

The President appoints two Senators, of different political parties, upon the recommendation of the President pro tempore of the Senate, in consultation with the majority leader and minority leader of the Senate.

John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development, Board of Trustees

The majority leader appoints two members.

John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Board of Trustees

The majority leader serves on the Board.

Library of Congress Trust Fund Board

The majority leader appoints four members in consultation with the minority leader of the Senate.

Medal of Valor Review Board (Public Safety Officer)

The majority leader appoints two members.

Mexico-United States Interparliamentary Group, Delegation

The President of the Senate, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, appoints 12 Senators (no fewer than four of whom shall be from the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations).

Millennium Challenge Corporation, Board of Directors

The majority leader submits a list of individuals from which the President appoints one member, with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation, Board of Trustees

The President appoints two trustees, with the advice and consent of the Senate, after considering the recommendation of the President pro tempore of the Senate, in consultation with the majority and minority leaders of the Senate.

National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity

The President pro tempore appoints six members, three upon the recommendation of the majority leader and three upon the recommendation of the minority leader.

National Council on Disability

The majority leader appoints one member.

National Council on the Arts

The majority leader appoints two Senators.

NATO Parliamentary Assembly, U.S. Group

The President of the Senate, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, appoints 12 Senators. No more than seven of the appointees from the Senate shall be of the same political party.

Office of Congressional Workplace Rights, Board of Directors

The Senate Majority Leader appoints five members jointly with the Speaker of the House and the minority leaders of the House and the Senate.

Open World Leadership Center Board of Trustees

President pro tempore appoints two Senators, one of whom shall be designated by the majority leader of the Senate, and one of whom shall be designated by the minority leader of the Senate.

Public Buildings Reform Board

The majority leader recommends two members to the President for appointment.

Senate Commission on Art

The majority leader serves on the Commission as chair.

State and Local Law Enforcement Congressional Badge of Bravery Board

The majority leader and minority leader jointly appoint one member.

Syria Study Group

The majority leader appoints one member.

United States Capitol Preservation Commission

The majority leader serves on the Commission.

United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission

The President pro tempore appoints three members upon the recommendation of the majority leader of the Senate, after consultation with the chairman of the Senate Committee on Armed Services, in addition to consultation with the chairman of the Senate Committee on Finance.

United States Commission on Civil Rights

The President pro tempore appoints two members upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders.

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom

The President pro tempore appoints three members, two upon the recommendation of the leader in the Senate of the political party that is not the political party of the President, and one upon the recommendation of the leader in the Senate of the other political party.

United States Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

In even-numbered years, the President pro tempore appoints eight Senators, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, no fewer than four of whom, including the vice chairman of the United States Delegation, shall be from the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, unless the President pro tempore of the Senate, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, determines otherwise. (In odd-numbered years, the President pro tempore appoints nine Senators, including the chairman of the delegation, in the same manner.)

United States Group of the United States Senate-China Interparliamentary Group

The President pro tempore appoints no more than 12 Senators upon the recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate and designates one Senator as the chair of the United States group.

United States Group of the United States Senate-Russia Interparliamentary Group.

The majority and minority leaders of the Senate appoint the Senators of the United States group. The majority leader of the Senate shall designate one Senator as the chair of the United States group.

United States Holocaust Memorial Council

The President pro tempore appoints five Senators upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders.

United States International Development Finance Corporation, Board of Directors

One individual should be appointed by the President from a list of at least five individuals submitted by the majority leader of the Senate after consultation with the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.

United States Semiquincentennial Commission

The majority leader appoints two Members of the Senate, and four private citizens.

United States Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control

The President of the Senate appoints seven Senators, four upon consultation with the majority leader.

Utah Reclamation Mitigation and Conservation Commission

The President appoints one member from a list of candidates who are residents of the state submitted by the majority leader, upon the recommendation of the Senate Members from the state.

Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Commission

The majority leader appoints two members.

Women's Suffrage Centennial Commission

The majority leader appoints two members.

World War I Centennial Commission

The majority leader appoints two members.

Table 6. Statutory Role of the Senate Minority Leader

Name of Commission or Board

Statutory Authority of the Senate Minority Leader

Adams Memorial Commission

The President pro tempore appoints four Senators, in consultation with the Senate majority leader and Senate minority leader. Not more than two appointees shall be from the same political party.

Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance

The President pro tempore appoints four members upon the recommendation of the majority leader and the minority leader.

Advisory Committee on the Protection of Presidential and Vice-Presidential Candidates

The minority leader serves on the committee, and has shared appointment power with the rest of the committee for the at-large member.

Advisory Committee on the Records of Congress

The minority leader appoints one member.

Alyce Spotted Bear and Walter Soboleff Commission on Native Children

The minority leader appoints one member, in consultation with the vice-chair of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs.

Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Foundation, Board of Trustees

The minority leader appoints one Senator.

British American Parliamentary Group

The President pro tempore appoints 12 members, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, from among Members of the Senate (no fewer than four of whom shall be members of the Committee on Foreign Relations) unless the majority and minority leaders of the Senate determine otherwise.

Canada-United States Interparliamentary Group

The President of the Senate appoints 12 members, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, from among Members of the Senate (no fewer than four of whom shall be members of the Committee on Foreign Relations).

Citizen's Coinage Advisory Committee

The minority leader makes a recommendation to the Secretary of the Treasury for one appointment, from among citizens who are specially qualified to serve on the Advisory Committee by virtue of their education, training, or experience.

Commission for the Judiciary Office Building

The minority leader serves on the Commission.

Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Commission)

The President of the Senate appoints nine Senators. Four Senators shall be selected from the minority party of the Senate, after consultation with the minority leader.

Commission to Recommend Individuals to the President for Appointment to the Office of Architect of the Capitol

The minority leader serves on the Commission.

Commission on Social Impact Partnerships

The minority leader appoints one member.

Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China

The President of the Senate appoints nine Senators. Four Senators shall be selected from the minority party of the Senate, after consultation with the minority leader.

Congressional Award Board

The minority leader appoints six members, one of whom shall be a local Congressional Award program volunteer.

Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

The majority leader appoints three members after consultation with the minority leader.

Creating Options for Veterans' Expedited Recovery Commission

The minority leader appoints two members, at least one of whom must be a veteran.

Cyberspace Solarium Commission

The minority leader appoints two members, in consultation with the ranking member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, one of whom shall be a Senator and one of whom shall not be.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission

The President pro tempore appoints four Senators in consultation with the majority leader and minority leader of the Senate, of whom not more than two appointees may be members of the same political party.

Election Assistance Commission

The majority leader of the Senate, the Speaker of the House, the minority leader of the Senate, and the minority leader of the House shall each submit to the President a candidate recommendation with respect to each vacancy on the Commission affiliated with the political party of the Member of Congress involved.

Election Assistance Commission, Board of Advisors

The minority leader appoints one member from the field of science and technology.

Federal Law Enforcement Congressional Badge of Bravery Board

The majority leader and minority leader jointly appoint one member.

Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board

The majority leader, in consultation with the minority leader, recommends one member to the President.

Financial Oversight and Management Board

The minority leader submits a list of at least three individuals to the President for appointment.

Frederick Douglass Centennial Commission

The minority leader appoints two members, at least one of whom must be a Senator.

Health Information Technology (HIT) Advisory Committee

The minority leader appoints two members.

Help America Vote Foundation, Board of Directors

The minority leader appoints two directors.

Human Space Flight

Independent Investigation Commission

The minority leader provides a list of candidates to the President to fill one vacancy.

Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture and Arts Development Board of Trustees

The President pro tempore appoints two Senators upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders.

International Clean Energy Foundation, Board of Directors

The minority leader recommends a list of individuals to the President, one of whom is selected to the board.

James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation, Board of Trustees

The President appoints two Senators, of different political parties, upon the recommendation of the President pro tempore of the Senate, in consultation with the majority leader and minority leader of the Senate.

John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development, Board of Trustees

The minority leader appoints one member.

John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Board of Trustees

The minority leader serves on the Board.

Library of Congress Trust Fund Board

The majority leader appoints four members in consultation with the minority leader of the Senate.

Medal of Valor Review Board (Public Safety Officer)

The minority leader appoints two members.

Mexico-United States Interparliamentary Group, Delegation

The President of the Senate, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, appoints 12 Senators (no fewer than four of whom shall be from the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations).

Millennium Challenge Corporation, Board of Directors

The minority leader submits a list of individuals from which the President appoints one member, with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation, Board of Trustees

The President appoints two trustees, with the advice and consent of the Senate, after considering the recommendation of the President pro tempore of the Senate, in consultation with the majority and minority leaders of the Senate.

National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity

The President pro tempore appoints six members, three upon the recommendation of the majority leader and three upon the recommendation of the minority leader.

National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics

President pro tempore of the Senate appoints one member after consultation with the minority leader of the Senate.

National Council on Disability

The minority leader appoints one member.

National Council on the Arts

The minority leader appoints one member.

NATO Parliamentary Assembly, U.S. Group

The President of the Senate, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, appoints 12 Senators. No more than seven of the appointees from the Senate shall be of the same political party.

Office of Congressional Workplace Rights, Board of Directors

Five individuals are appointed jointly by the Speaker of the House, the majority leader of the Senate, and the minority leaders of the House and the Senate; the Chair is also selected by this group.

Open World Leadership Center Board of Trustees

The President pro tempore of the Senate appoints two members, one of whom shall be designated by the minority leader of the Senate.

Public-Private Partnership Advisory Council to End Human Trafficking

The President appoints one member after consultation with the minority leader.

Public Buildings Reform Board

The minority leader recommends one member to the President for appointment.

Senate Commission on Art

The minority leader serves on the Commission as vice chair.

State and Local Law Enforcement Congressional Badge of Bravery Board

The minority leader jointly appoints one member with the majority leader.

Syria Study Group

The minority leader appoints one member.

United States Capitol Preservation Commission

The minority leader serves on the Commission and appoints one Senator.

United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission

The President pro tempore appoints three members upon the recommendation of the minority leader of the Senate, after consultation with the ranking member of the Senate Committee on Armed Services, in addition to consultation with the ranking member of the Senate Committee on Finance.

United States Commission on Civil Rights

The President pro tempore appoints two members upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leader, and of the members appointed not more than one shall be appointed from the same political party.

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom

The President pro tempore of the Senate appoints three members, two upon the recommendation of the leader (majority or minority) in the Senate of the political party that is not the political party of the President, and one upon the recommendation of the leader (majority or minority) in the Senate of the other political party.

United States Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

In even-numbered years, the President pro tempore appoints eight Senators, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, no fewer than four of whom, including the vice chairman of the United States Delegation, shall be from the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, unless the President pro tempore of the Senate, upon recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, determines otherwise. (In odd-numbered years, the President pro tempore appoints nine Senators, including the chairman of the delegation, in the same manner).

United States Group of the United States Senate-China Interparliamentary Group

The President pro tempore of the Senate appoints up to 12 Senators upon the recommendations of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate.

United States Group of the United States Senate-Russia Interparliamentary Group

The majority and minority leaders of the Senate appoint up to 12 Senators.

United States Holocaust Memorial Council

The President pro tempore of the Senate appoints five Senators upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders.

United States International Development Finance Corporation, Board of Directors

The President appoints one individual from a list of at least five individuals submitted by the minority leader of the Senate after consultation with the ranking member of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.

United States Semiquincentennial Commission

The minority leader appoints two Members of the Senate, and four private citizens.

United States Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control

The President of the Senate appoints seven Senators, three upon consultation with the minority leader.

Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Commission

The minority leader appoints two members.

Women's Suffrage Centennial Commission

The minority leader appoints two members.

World War I Centennial Commission

The minority leader appoints one member.

Table 7. Statutory Role of Committees

Name of Commission or Board

Statutory Authority of Committees

Advisory Committee on International Exchange Rate Policy

The President pro tempore appoints three members, upon the recommendation of the chairs and ranking members of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Development and the Senate Committee on Finance. The Speaker appoints three members, upon the recommendation of the chairs and ranking members of the House Committee on Financial Services and the House Committee on Ways and Means.

Alyce Spotted Bear and Walter Soboleff Commission on Native Children

The Senate majority leader appoints three members, in consultation with the chair of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs; the Senate minority leader appoints one member, in consultation with the vice-chair of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs; the Speaker appoints three members, in consultation with the chair of the House Committee on Natural Resources; and the House minority leader appoints one member in consultation with the ranking member of the House Committee on Natural Resources.

Commission for the Judiciary Office Building

The chairman and the ranking minority Members of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, and the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure serve on the Commission.

Commission on Farm Transactions-Needs for 2050

The Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate appoints three members, and the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives appoints three members.

Commission to Recommend Individuals to the President for Appointment to the Office of Architect of the Capitol

The chairmen and the ranking minority Members of the Committee on House Administration, the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate serve as members.

Commission on Social Impact Partnerships

The chair and the ranking minority Members of the Senate Committee on Finance and the House Committee on Ways and Means each appoint one member (four total).

Congressional Advisers for Trade Policy and Negotiations

The Speaker selects five Members of the House Committee on Ways and Means upon the recommendation of the chairman of the committee (no more than three of whom are members of the same political party). The President pro tempore, upon the recommendation of the chairman of the Senate Committee on Finance, appoints five members of such committee, no more than three of whom are members of the same political party.

Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

The chair of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs appoints one member, in consultation with the vice chair of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, and the chair and ranking member of the House Committee on Natural Resources.

Cyberspace Solarium Commission

The Senate majority leader appoints two members, in consultation with the chair of the Senate Armed Services Committee, one of whom shall be a Senator and one of whom shall not be; the Senate minority leader appoints two members, in consultation with the ranking member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, one of whom shall be a Senator and one of whom shall not be; the Speaker appoints two members, in consultation with the chair of the House Armed Services Committee, one of whom shall be a Representative and one of whom shall not be; and the House minority leader appoints two members, in consultation with the ranking member of the House Armed Services Committee, one of whom shall be a Representative and one of whom shall not be.

Election Assistance Commission, Board of Advisors

The chairmen and ranking members of the Committee on House Administration and the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration each appoint two members (eight total).

Help America Vote Foundation, Board of Directors

The chairmen and ranking members of the Committee on House Administration and the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration serve as ex-officio members of the Board.

Henry M. Jackson Foundation, Council of Directors

The chairmen and ranking minority members of the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives (or their designees from the membership of such committees) serve as ex-officio members of the Council.

House of Representatives Fine Arts Board

The House members of the Joint Library Committee serve on the Board. The chair of the Committee on House Administration serves as chair of the Board.

John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Board of Trustees

The chairmen and ranking minority Members of the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works serve on the Board.

Library of Congress Trust Fund Board

The chairman and the vice chair of the Joint Committee on the Library serve on the Board.

National Capital Planning Commission

The chairmen of the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs and the House Committee on Government Reform, or their designees, are ex-officio members of the Commission.

National Commission on Military Aviation Safety

The chair and the ranking minority members of the Senate Committee on Armed Services and the House Committee on Armed Services each appoint one member (four total).

National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence

The chair and ranking minority members of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, the Senate Committee on Armed Services, the House Committee on Armed Services, the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, and the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence each appoint one member (12 total).

NATO Parliamentary Assembly, U.S. Group

The secretaries of the Senate and House delegations shall be appointed, respectively, by the chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and the chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs.

Open World Leadership Center Board of Trustees

The chairman of the House Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Legislative Branch, and the chairman of the Senate Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Legislative Branch, serve on the Board.

Senate Commission on Art

The chairman and ranking minority member of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration serve on the Commission.

Social Security Advisory Board

The Speaker appoints two members, each member from a different political party, with the advice of the chairman and the ranking minority Member of the House Committee on Ways and Means. The President pro tempore appoints two members (each member from a different political party), with the advice of the chairman and the ranking minority Member of the Senate Committee on Finance.

Syria Study Group

The chair and ranking minority members of the Senate Committees on Armed Services and Foreign Relations, and of the House Committees on Armed Services and Foreign Affairs each appoint one member (eight total).

Tribal Advisory Committee

The chairman and ranking member of the Senate Finance Committee each appoint one member. The chairman and ranking member of the House Committee on Ways and Means each appoint one member (four total).

United States Air Force Academy, Board of Visitors

The chairmen of the Senate Committee on Armed Services and the House Committee on Armed Services, or their designees, serve on the Board.

United States Capitol Preservation Commission

The chairman and vice-chairman of the Joint Committee on the Library, and the chairmen and ranking Members of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration and the Committee on House Oversight serve on the Commission.

United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission

The Speaker appoints three members after consultation with the chairman of the House Committee on Armed Services, in addition to consultation with the chairman of the House Committee on Ways and Means. The President pro tempore appoints three members upon the recommendation of the majority leader of the Senate, after consultation with the chairman of the Senate Committee on Armed Services, in addition to consultation with the chairman of the Senate Committee on Finance. The President pro tempore appoints three members upon the recommendation of the minority leader of the Senate, after consultation with the ranking member of the Senate Committee on Armed Services, in addition to consultation with the ranking member of the Senate Committee on Finance. The House Minority leader appoints three persons after consultation with the ranking member of the Committee on Ways and Means and ranking member of the House Committee on Armed Services.

United States Coast Guard Academy, Board of Visitors

The chairmen of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure are members.

United States International Development Finance Corporation, Board of Directors

The President appoints four members, with the advice and consent of the Senate, of which one individual should be appointed from a list of at least five individuals submitted by the majority leader of the Senate after consultation with the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; one individual should be appointed from a list of at least five individuals submitted by the minority leader of the Senate after consultation with the ranking member of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; one individual should be appointed from a list of at least five individuals submitted by the Speaker of the House after consultation with the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House; and one individual should be appointed from a list of at least five individuals submitted by the minority leader of the House after consultation with the ranking member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House.

United States Merchant Marine Academy, Board of Visitors

The chairman of the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee appoints two Senators, and the chairman of the House Committee on Armed Services appoints three Members of the House, in consultation with the ranking member. The chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the chairman of the House Committee on Armed Services are ex officio members.

United States Military Academy, Board of Visitors

The chairman of the Senate Committee on Armed Services, or his designee, and the chairman of the House Committee on Armed Services or his designee, serve on the board.

United States Naval Academy, Board of Visitors

The chairman of the Senate Committee on Armed Services, or his designee, and the chairman of the House Committee on Armed Services or his designee, serve on the board.

Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation, Board of Visitors

The chairmen and ranking minority Members of the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives (or their designees) serve on the Board.

Author Contact Information

Jacob R. Straus, Specialist on the Congress ([email address scrubbed], [phone number scrubbed])
William T. Egar, Analyst in American National Government ([email address scrubbed], [phone number scrubbed])

Acknowledgments

This report was initially authored by Matthew E. Glassman, former Analyst on the Congress. The listed authors are available to congressional staff to answer questions about its content.

Footnotes

1.

See, for example, the membership appointment scheme for the Advisory Commission on Drug Free Communities (21 U.S.C. §1543), established by P.L. 105-20 (111 Stat. 232). All appointments to the commission are made by the President with no statutory congressional involvement.

2.

For example, provisions for the establishment of 12 separate advisory bodies were included in the text of the FY1999 Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act (P.L. 105-277; 112 Stat. 2681).

3.

In at least one instance, a commission mandated by law never formally organized. Membership selection for the Commission on State and Private Forests (16 U.S.C. §1601 note; P.L. 101-624; 104 Stat. 3548) was not completed, apparently due to presidential reservations about the appropriateness of the appointment scheme (see "Separation of Powers" below).

4.

2 U.S.C. §1801.

5.

See, for example, the Congressional Award Board. The majority and minority of the House and the Senate each are given the authority to appoint 12 members. 2 U.S.C. §803 (P.L. 96-114; 93 Stat. 852).

6.

Under the appointment scheme for the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission, for example, the majority party enjoys a three-to-two advantage in making appointments to the commission (P.L. 106-173; 114 Stat. 15).

7.

For example, the law creating the Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary Commission (P.L. 107-202; 116 Stat. 739) provided that 8 of the 15 members of the commission be appointed by congressional leaders, and that at least two Senators and two Representatives be among those selected.

8.

For example, the Antitrust Modernization Commission (P.L. 107-273, 116 Stat. 1856) prohibited Members of Congress from serving on this temporary advisory committee.

9.

P.L. 96-576, 94 Stat. 3335; 2 U.S.C. §199. The statute states, "Any provision of law which provides that any member of a commission, board, committee, advisory group, or similar body is to be appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate shall be construed to require that the appointment be made-(1) upon recommendation of the Majority Leader of the Senate, if such provision of law specifies that the appointment is to be made on the basis of the appointee's affiliation with the majority political party, (2) upon the recommendation of the Minority Leader of the Senate, if such provision of law specifies that the appointment is to be made on the basis of the appointee's affiliation with the minority party, and (3) upon the joint recommendation of the Majority Leader of the Senate and the Minority Leader of the Senate, if such provision of law does not specify that the appointment is to be made on the [basis of the] appointee's affiliation with the majority or minority political party."

10.

For example, P.L. 109-58 (119 Stat. 594) prescribes that nominees for the United States Commission on North American Energy Freedom must be "knowledgeable on energy issues, including oil and gas exploration and production, crude oil refining, oil and gas pipelines, electricity production and transmission, coal, unconventional hydrocarbon resources, fuel cells, motor vehicle power systems, nuclear energy, renewable energy, biofuels, energy efficiency, and energy conservation."

11.

See, for example, the membership appointment scheme for the Commission on Broadcasting to the People's Republic of China, which consists of 11 members, three appointed by the President and two each appointed by the Speaker of the House, the majority leader of the Senate, the minority leader of the House, and the minority leader of the Senate (P.L. 102-138; 105 Stat. 705).

12.

P.L. 107-173; 116 Stat. 543.

13.

U.S. President (G. W. Bush), "Statement on Signing the Enhanced Boarder Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002," Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, vol. 38 (March 14, 2002), p. 822, at https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/WCPD-2002-05-20/html/WCPD-2002-05-20-Pg822.htm.

14.

36 U.S.C. note prec. §101; P.L. 107-41; 115 Stat. 226.

15.

U.S. President (G.W. Bush), "Statement on Signing Legislation to Create the Brown v. Board of Education 50th Anniversary Commission," Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, vol. 37, September 24, 2001, pp. 1336-1337, at https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/WCPD-2001-09-24/html/WCPD-2001-09-24-Pg1336.htm.

16.

The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States (P.L. 107-306; 116 Stat. 2408) was established to examine and report upon issues relating to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

17.

See, for example, the Board of Trustees for the American Folklife Center, which is ongoing, but was established in 1976 pursuant to P.L. 94-201 (20 U.S.C. §2103).

18.

5 U.S.C. Appendix; 86 Stat. 770.

19.

The appointment power of the President pro tempore of the Senate is subject to the conditions of 2 U.S.C. §199, which requires involvement of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate if a statute specifies that the appointment is to be made on the basis of the appointee's affiliation with the majority or minority political party, or if not, upon the joint recommendation of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate (P.L. 96-576; 94 Stat. 3355).

20.

See, for example, the Commission for the Judiciary Office Building, the membership of which includes the chairman and the ranking minority member of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, the chairman and the ranking minority member of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, and the chairman and ranking minority Member of the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House (P.L. 100-480; 102 Stat. 2334).