Informal Congressional Groups and Member Organizations: 109th Congress, 2nd Session

Order Code RL32263 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Informal Congressional Groups and Member Organizations: 109th Congress, 2nd Session Updated November 1, 2006 Jerry W. Mansfield Information Research Specialist Knowledge Services Group Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress Informal Congressional Groups and Member Organizations: 109th Congress, 2nd Session Summary Informal congressional groups and Member organizations are voluntary associations of Members of Congress that operate without direct recognition in chamber rules or line item appropriations (unlike formal leadership and party groups). These informal groups and organizations are often collectively referred to as congressional caucuses. Some groups have chosen names containing words such as coalition, ad hoc committee, task force, working group, or study group. Approximately 417 informal groups and congressional Member organizations were operating during the second session of the 109th Congress. Of those groups, 282 were registered with the Committee on House Administration as congressional Member organizations (CMOs) as of the last update to the 109th Congress Congressional Member Organizations (CMOs) Website dated May 5, 2005, available at [http://cha.house.gov/oversight/109cmo.htm]. In the House of Representatives, the term congressional Member organization refers to House and bicameral informal groups that meet registration requirements set forth in regulations adopted by the Committee on House Administration. Registration with the Committee is required in order for an informal group of House Members to be recognized as a CMO. The Senate has no comparable registration requirement or recognition for its informal groups. This report lists the following data for each group: leaders (e.g., officers or coordinators), approximate number of members (when readily available from sources consulted), and year organized (when readily available from sources consulted). Questions regarding the status, operations, organization, and regulation of informal groups should be directed to the following committees: Committee on House Administration (202 225-8281); House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct (202 225-7103); Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (202 2246352); and Senate Select Committee on Ethics (202 224-2981). This report will be updated annually. A related product, CRS Report RL30301, Informal Congressional Groups and Member Organizations: Selected Questions and Responses, by Sula P. Richardson, provides information on the purposes, organization, operations, funding, staffing, and regulation of informal congressional groups and Member organizations. This report was originally authored by Sula P. Richardson and Colton C. Campbell, no longer employed with CRS. Contributions to the compilation of this report were made by Betsy Palmer, CRS Government and Finance Analyst; Greg Benoit; Brandon Huffman; Anthony Parr; Reginald Faison; Terence Lisbeth; and Maria Lanzeritsch. Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 How to Use This Compilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 List of Tables Table 1. House Informal Groups and Congressional Member Organizations . . . 4 Table 2. Bicameral Informal Groups and Congressional Member Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Table 3. Senate Informal Congressional Groups and Member Organizations . . 59 Informal Congressional Groups and Member Organizations: 109th Congress, 2nd Session Introduction Approximately 417 informal congressional groups and Member organizations operated in the 109th Congress.1 Over the years, these unofficial Member organizations have also been known as caucuses, coalitions, or ad hoc task forces.2 Of the known House, Senate, and bicameral groups identified, 282 House and bicameral groups were registered as congressional Member organizations, as of May 2005.3 According to the Committee on House Administration, the term congressional Member organization (CMO) refers solely to those House and bicameral informal groups that have registered with the committee. This list was prepared by consulting the list of registered CMOs and by making telephone calls to each CMO listed to obtain figures and dates. This list of CMOs is more 1 The non-official status and informal nature of some groups make it virtually impossible to know exactly how many groups actually exist. Sometimes founding members formally announce a group’s establishment in a press release, in an interview for a news article, in a newsletter, or in the Congressional Record. A group may function for some time, however, before its existence is known to those outside its own membership. By the same token, the abolition of a group may not be announced or readily determined. 2 Prior to the 104th Congress (1995-1997), the terms congressional Member organizations (CMOs), informal groups, and congressional caucuses were virtually synonymous, referring to all informal groups. Currently, however, in the House of Representatives, “congressional Member organization” refers solely to an informal group that registers with the Committee on House Administration and that meets the reporting requirements set forth in the committee’s regulations. From 1979 through 1994 (96th through 103rd Congresses), informal groups could gain recognition as legislative service organizations (LSOs), with special administrative arrangements accorded groups on that basis. On Jan. 4, 1995, the House adopted rules that included a prohibition of the establishment or continuation of LSOs as defined and authorized in the 103rd Congress (1993-1994) (“Rules of the House, H.Res. 6, Abolition of Legislative Service Organizations,” Congressional Record, vol. 141, Jan. 4, 1995, p. 469). Former LSOs were allowed to convert their operations into informal groups, and they could choose to become CMOs by registering with the Committee on House Oversight (now named Committee on House Administration). 3 Data are based upon an online listing of CMOs which was last updated on May 5, 2005, by the Committee on House Administration. The number of CMOs is subject to frequent change. Updated lists may be obtained online from the committee; see Members’ Congressional Handbook, at Committee on House Administration, Publications, Directories, Congressional Member Organizations, 108th Congress, “Members (CMOs),” [http://cha.house.gov/services/memberhandbook.htm#161], visited October 2, 2006. CRS-2 comprehensive than that prepared by the Committee on House Administration. At least 135 informal groups are not registered as CMOs. Thirty-nine of that number are Senate entities; the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration has no comparable recognition or registration requirement for Senate informal groups. Registration with the Committee on House Administration is not necessary, but the House leadership recommends it. Therefore, data for this compilation were obtained from several sources: directly from the staffs of the various groups; materials supplied by the groups; the Committee on House Administration’s website at [http://cha.house.gov/oversight/109cmo.htm]; and Leadership Directories, Inc.’s Congressional Yellow Book, Spring 2006. Note that in the following tables, informal groups registered as congressional Member organizations with the Committee on House Administration, as of May 2005, 109th Congress, 1st session, are identified by a “Y” in the column with the heading “CMO.” The Committee on House Administration has promulgated the requirements for registration as a CMO, and other provisions related to CMO funding, resources, and communications, in regulations set forth in the Members’ Congressional Handbook.4 Under the regulations, CMOs must register with the Committee on House Administration each Congress and provide the group’s name, statement of purpose, officers, and employee(s) designated to work on issues related to the CMO. Further, the regulations stipulate that CMOs: ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! 4 have no separate corporate or legal identity; are not employing authorities; may not be assigned separate office space; may not use the frank (nor may a Member lend his or her frank to CMOs); may not have independent Web pages (but Members may use part of their official website for CMO issues); may not accept goods, funds, or services from private organizations or individuals to support the CMOs; may not use official funds to print or pay for CMO stationery; and may not be directly supported (as independent entities) from the Members’ representational allowance (MRA).5 See Members’ Congressional Handbook [http://cha.house.gov/services/memberhandbook.htm#161], visited October 2, 2006. 5 Ibid. CRS-3 How to Use This Compilation This compilation of congressional Member organizations comprises three tables of information about the following currently active groups: (1) House informal groups; (2) bicameral informal groups; and (3) Senate informal groups. The tables of Member organizations present the following information for each group: ! ! ! ! name; leader(s) (e.g., chair, president, coordinator, sponsor, etc., as appropriate); approximate number of members (if available); and year organized (if available at the time). Several groups have more than one leader. In some instances, the tables list the leadership and sponsors through whose offices the group’s business is coordinated. The organizations in each house are listed alphabetically. A keyword arrangement was used for listing the groups in the tables and index to assist the reader in identifying organizations by subject matter and recognizing similar or parallel groups in the two houses of Congress. Therefore, groups have been listed so that certain first words in a group’s name (e.g., congressional, House, Senate, ad hoc committee, bipartisan, and bicameral) are preceded by the rest of the group’s name and a comma. For example, the House Army Caucus is listed as, “Army Caucus, House.” Similarly, the Congressional Caucus for Women’s Issues is listed as, “Women’s Issues, Congressional Caucus for.” The abbreviation NA (not available) has been used to indicate instances when information was not readily available (e.g., data could not be determined from electronic or printed sources consulted, data could not be confirmed by group staff at this time, the group is relatively new and information is not available at this time, or the informal nature of the group is such that the group does not have the data). Explanatory notes and a key to abbreviations and symbols appear at the end of each table. CRS-4 Table 1. House Informal Groups and Congressional Member Organizations Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed 4-H Caucus Rep. Marcy Kaptur (D-OH) Rep. Richard Pombo (R-CA) Y 55 2004 9/11 Commission Caucus Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) Rep. Christopher Shays (R-CT) Y NA NA 21st Century Health Care Caucus Rep. Patrick Kennedy (D-RI) Rep. Tim Murphy (R-PA) Y 43 2004 2015 Caucus 3 Rep. Collin C. Peterson (DFL-MN) Rep. E. Clay Shaw Jr. (R-FL) Y 35 2003 Addiction, Treatment and Recovery Caucus Rep. Patrick Kennedy (D-RI) Rep. Jim Ramstad (R-MN) Y NA 2005 Adopt a Country Caucus Rep. Mike McIntyre (D-NC) Rep. Donald Payne (D-NJ) Rep. Joseph Pitts (R-PA) Rep. John Shimkus (R-IL) Y NA NA Aerospace and Space Caucus, Congressional Rep. Norman D. Dicks (D-WA) Rep. Dennis Kucinich (D-OH) Rep. Dave Weldon (R-FL) Y NA NA CRS-5 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed African Trade and Investment Caucus Rep. William Jefferson (D-LA) Rep. Charles Rangel (D-NY) Rep. Edward Royce (R-CA) Rep. E. Clay Shaw Jr. (R-FL) Y NA NA Afterschool Caucus Reo. Nita Lowey (D-NY) Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) Y NA NA Agriculture Energy Users Caucus, House Rep. Sam Graves (R-MO) Rep. Steve King (R-IA) Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) Y NA NA Air Force Caucus Rep. Sam Johnson (R-TX) Rep. Cliff Stearns (R-FL) Y 67 1998 Air Medical Caucus, Congressional Rep. Tom Allen (D-ME) Rep. J.D. Hayworth (R-AZ) Y NA NA Air Power Caucus, Congressional Rep. Norman D. Dicks (D-WA) — 30 1997 Airport Noise Caucus 4 Rep. Nita M. Lowey (D-NY) — 28 1996 Albanian Issues Caucus Rep. Eliot L. Engel (D-NY) Rep. Sue W. Kelly (R-NY) Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) Rep. John W. Olver (D-MA) — 20 1991 CRS-6 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Alzheimer’s Disease, Congressional Task Force on Rep. Edward J. Markey (D-MA) Rep. Christopher H. Smith (R-NJ) Y 208 1999 American Heritage Rivers Caucus 4 Rep. Paul E. Kanjorski (D-PA) — NA NA Andean Region Caucus, Congressional Rep. Joseph Crowley (D-NY) Rep. Lincoln Diaz-Balart (R-FL) — 11 2001 Animals, Congressional Friends of Rep. Tom Lantos (D-CA) Rep. Christopher Shays (R-CT) — 22 1989 Anti-Semitism, Congressional Task Force Against 5 Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) Rep. Tom Lantos (D-CA) Rep. John Lewis (D-GA) Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) Rep. Henry Waxman (D-CA) — 100 NA Anti-Terrorist Finance Task Force, Congressional Rep. Luis Gutierrez (R-NY) Rep. Sue Kelly (R-NY) Rep. Nita Lowey (D-NY) Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) Rep. Rick Renzi (R-AZ) Rep. Edward Royce (R-CA) Y NA NA Anti-Value Added Tax Caucus (Anti-VAT Caucus) Rep. Wally Herger (R-CA) Y 63 1995 Arab Boycott, Congressional Task Force to End the 4 Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) — NA 1991 CRS-7 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Armenian Issues, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Joe Knollenberg (R-MI) Rep. Frank Pallone Jr. (D-NJ) Y 148 1995 Army Caucus, House Rep. Chet Edwards (D-TX) Rep. John M. McHugh (R-NY) Y 104 1987 Army Corps Modernization Caucus (also known as the Army Corps Reform Caucus) Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) Rep. Wayne T. Gilchrest (R-MD) Rep. Ron Kind (D-WI) Rep. Thomas G. Tancredo (R-CO) Rep. Ellen O. Tauscher (D-CA) Y 16 2001 Arts Caucus, Congressional (formerly Congressional Member Organization for the Arts) Rep. Christopher Shays (R-CT) Rep. Louise Slaughter (D-NY) Y 190 1981 Asian Pacific American Caucus, Congressional Del. Madeleine Bordallo (D-GU) Rep. Ed Case (D-HI) Del. Eni F. H. Faleomavaega (D-AS) Rep. Michael Honda (D-CA) Y 113 1994 Autism Research and Education, Coalition on (CARE) Rep. Michael F. Doyle (D-PA) Rep. Christopher H. Smith (R-NJ) Y 180 2001 Automotive Caucus, Congressional Rep. Dale E. Kildee (D-MI) Rep. Fred Upton (R-MI) Y 67 1981 CRS-8 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Aviation and Space Caucus, Congressional (formerly known as the Congressional Space Caucus) Rep. Dennis J. Kucinich (D-OH) Rep. Dave Weldon (R-FL) — 48 1981 Azerbaijan Caucus, Congressional Rep. Solomon Ortiz (D-TX) Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA) Y 14 2004 Baltic Caucus, House Rep. Dennis J. Kucinich (D-OH) Rep. John Shimkus (R-IL) Y 69 1997 Bangladesh Caucus, Congressional Rep. Joseph Crowley (D-NY) Rep. Peter T. King (D-NY) Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) — 30 2001 Battlefield Caucus, Congressional Rep. Bart Gordon (D-TN) Rep. Gil Gutknecht (R-MN) Rep. Steve Israel (D-NY) Rep. Gary Miller (R-CA) Y NA NA Bearing Caucus, Congressional Rep. Nancy L. Johnson (R-CT) Rep. John M. Spratt Jr. (D-SC) — NA 1986 Beef Caucus, House Rep. Bob Beauprez (R-CO) Rep. Dennis Cardoza (D-CA) Y NA NA Bike (Bicycle) Caucus, Congressional Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) Y 124 1997 CRS-9 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Biofuels Caucus, House 6 (formerly bipartisan, bicameral Congressional Alcohol Fuels Caucus); see also Biofuels Caucus, Senate Rep. Lane Evans (D-IL) Rep. Dennis Moore (D-KS) Rep. Tom Osborne (R-NE) Rep. John Shimkus (R-IL) Y NA 1979 Biomedical Research Caucus, Congressional Rep. Sherwood Boehlert (R-NY) Rep. Lois Capps (D-CA) Rep. Michael N. Castle (R-DE) Rep. Rush D. Holt (D-NJ) Y 45 1991 Biotechnology Caucus, House Rep. Robert W. “Bob” Goodlatte (R-VA) Rep. Bobby L. Rush (D-IL) Rep. John Shimkus (R-IL) Y 105 1991 Blue Dog Coalition (also known as the Blue Dog Democrats) Rep. Dennis Cardoza (D-CA) Rep. Jim Cooper (D-TN) Rep. Jim Matheson (D-UT) Rep. Mike Ross (D-AR) Y 37 1995 Border Caucus, Congressional 7 Rep. Solomon P. Ortiz (D-TX) Y 11 NA Brazil Caucus, Congressional Rep. Kevin Brady (R-TX) Rep. Jim Davis (D-FL) Rep. Phil English (R-PA) Rep. William J. Jefferson (D-LA) Y 48 1999 CRS-10 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Budget Group, Democratic Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) Rep. David E. Price (D-NC) Y NA 1983 Building a Better America Caucus 8 Rep. Gary G. Miller (R-CA) Y 20 2000 Bulgaria Caucus, Congressional Rep. Ellen O. Tauscher (D-CA) Rep. Joe Wilson (R-SC) — 15 2002 Canada Caucus, Congressional Friends of Rep. Henry E. Brown (R-SC) Rep. Don Manzullo (R-IL) Rep. Michael Michaud (D-ME) Rep. James Oberstar (DFL-MN) Y 84 2006 Cancer Caucus, House (formerly House Cancer Awareness Working Group) Rep. Lois Capps (D-CA) Rep. Steve Israel (D-NY) Rep. Sue Wilkins Myrick (R-NC) Rep. Deborah Pryce (R-OH) — 77 1997 Caribbean Caucus Rep. Robert W. Ney (R-OH) Rep. Donald M. Payne (D-NJ) Y 18 2003 Cement Caucus Rep. Spencer Bachus (R-AL) Rep. Bart Stupak (D-MI) Y 44 2000 Center Aisle Caucus, House 9 Rep. Steve Israel (D-NY) Rep. Tim Johnson (R-IL) Y 54 2005 CRS-11 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Central America, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) Y NA NA Central and Eastern Europe, Congressional Caucus on (formerly Congressional Caucus on Central Europe) Rep. Daniel Lipinski (D-IL) Rep. Thaddeus G. McCotter (R-MI) Y 26 1999 Chesapeake Bay Watershed Task Force Rep. Tom Davis (R-VA) Rep. Wayne Gilchrest (D-MD) Rep. Robert Scott (D-VA) Rep. Chris Van Hollen (D-MD) Y 20 2001 Children’s Caucus, Congressional Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee (D-TX) Y 80 1996 Children’s Environmental Health Caucus Rep. Rush Holt (D-NJ) Rep. Jim Saxton (R-NJ) Y 17 2004 China Caucus, Congressional Rep. J. Randy Forbes (R-VA) Rep. Ike Skelton (D-MO) Y 36 2005 Climate Change Caucus, Congressional Rep. Wayne T. Gilchrest (R-MD) Rep. John W. Olver (D-MA) Y 76 2001 Coastal Caucus, Congressional Rep. Frank Pallone Jr. (D-NJ) Rep. E. Clay Shaw Jr. (R-FL) Y 77 1995 Community College Caucus Rep. Michael N. Castle (R-DE) Rep. Brad Miller (D-NC) Rep. David Wu (D-OR) Y 117 2005 CRS-12 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Community Health Care Centers, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Michael Bilirakis (R-FL) Rep. Henry Bonilla (R-TX) Rep. Michael E. Capuano (D-MA) Rep. Danny K. Davis (D-IL) Y 113 NA Community Solutions and Initiatives Caucus Rep. Harold Ford (D-TN) Rep. Mark Green (R-WI) Y 27 2004 Commuter Caucus, House Rep. Sherwood Boehlert (R-NY) Rep. John W. Olver (D-MA) — NA 1996 Conservative Opportunity Society Rep. Steve King (R-IA) — 100 1984 Constitution Caucus, Congressional 4 Rep. J. D. Hayworth (R-AZ) — NA 1995 Correctional Officers Caucus, Congressional Rep. Mark Green (R-WI) Rep. Tim Holden (D-PA) Rep. Ted Strickland (D-OH) Rep. John E. Sweeney (R-NY) Y 40 1999 Côte d’Ivoire Congressional Caucus Rep. John Boozman (R-AZ) Rep. G. K. Butterfield Jr. (D-NC) Y 10 2006 Croatian Caucus, Congressional Rep. George Radanovich (R-CA) Rep. Peter Viscloskey (D-IN) Y 52 2005 CRS-13 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Cystic Fibrosis Caucus, Congressional Rep. Edward Markey (D-MA) Rep. Cliff Stearns (R-FL) Y 88 2006 Defense Industrial Base Caucus Rep. Donald A. Manzullo (R-IL) Rep. Timothy J. Ryan (D-OH) — 20 2003 Defense Study Group Rep. Vic Snyder (D-AR) Rep. Mac Thornberry (R-TX) — 100 1997 Delaware River Basin Task Force Rep. Michael Fitzpatrick (R-PA) Y NA NA Denmark, Congressional Friends of Rep. Steny H. Hoyer (D-MD) Rep. Tom Lantos (R-CA) Rep. Jim Nussle (R-IA) Y NA NA Department of Energy Facilities Caucus Rep. Michael F. Doyle (D-PA) Rep. Ellen O. Tauscher (D-CA) Rep. Zach Wamp (R-TN) — NA NA Diabetes Caucus, Congressional Rep. Xavier Becerra (D-CA) Rep. Michael N. Castle (R-DE) Rep. Diana DeGette (D-CO) Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA) Y 278 1996 CRS-14 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Dietary Supplement Caucus, Congressional Rep. Dan Burton (R-IN) Rep. Chris Cannon (R-UT) Rep. Frank Pallone Jr. (D-NJ) Rep. Edolphus Towns (D-NY) Y 12 NA Digestive Diseases Caucus, Congressional Rep. Sue W. Kelly (R-NY) Rep. Frank Pallone Jr. (D-NJ) Rep. Vic Snyder (D-AR) Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) — NA 2003 Disabilities Caucus, Bipartisan Rep. Nancy L. Johnson (R-CT) Rep. James R. Langevin (D-RI) Rep. Major R. Owens (D-NY) Rep. Jim Ramstad (R-MN) Y 47 2001 Disaster Recovery and Response, Bipartisan Working Group on Rep. William Lacy Clay (D-MO) Rep. Bob Ney (R-OH) — 10 2005 Distributed Energy, Congressional Caucus on 11 Rep. Michael F. Doyle (D-PA) Rep. Lee Terry (R-NE) — 20 2003 Duma - Congress Study Group Rep. Steny H. Hoyer (D-MD) Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA) Y NA 1996 E-Waste Working Group11 Rep. Louise Slaughter (D-NY) Rep. Mike Thompson (D-CA) Y NA NA CRS-15 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed Economic Competitiveness Caucus Rep. Todd Tiahrt (R-KS) Y NA NA Education Caucus, House Rep. Timothy H. Bishop (D-NY) — NA 1997 Electronic Warfare Working Group Rep. Norman D. Dicks (D-WA) Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) Rep. Rick Larsen (D-WA) Rep. Joseph R. Pitts (R-PA) Y 23 2000 Empowered Communities Caucus Rep. Michael E. Capuano (D-MA) — NA NA Entertainment Industries Caucus, Congressional Rep. Diane E. Watson (D-CA) Y 35 2003 Ethiopia and Ethiopian - Americans, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Michael M. Honda (D-CA) Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) — 18 NA Everglades Caucus, Congressional Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart (R-FL) Rep. Alcee Hastings (D-FL) Y 9 2006 Fair Alliance for Intermodal Reinvestment (FAIR) Rep. Sherwood Boehlert (R-NY) — 35 2003 Fatherhood Promotion, Congressional Task Force on Rep. Robert B. Aderholt (R-AL) Rep. Mike McIntyre (D-NC) Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC) Rep. Joseph R. Pitts (R-PA) Rep. John Sullivan (R-OK) — 45 1997 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Caucus Rep. Jim Ramstad (R-MN) Y 42 2005 CRS-16 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Financial and Economic Literacy Caucus Rep. Judy Biggert (R-IL) Rep. Rubén Hinojosa (D-TX) Y 79 2005 Fitness Caucus, Congressional Rep. Mark Udall (D-CO) Rep. Zach Wamp (R-TN) Y 85 2003 Food Safety Caucus Rep. Sherrod Brown (D-OH) Rep. Rosa L. DeLauro (D-CT) — 29 2003 Forest Task Force, Congressional Rep. Robert W. “Bob” Goodlatte (R-VA) Rep. Collin Peterson (DFL-MN) Rep. Mike Thompson (D-CA) Rep. Greg Walden (R-OR) Y 100 NA Former Mayors Caucus, Congressional Rep. Michael E. Capuano (D-MA) Rep. Michael Turner (R-OH) Y Fraternal Caucus, Congressional Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH) Rep. Pete Sessions (R-TX) Y 29 2003 Freedom of the Press, Congressional Caucus for Rep. Mike Pence (R-IN) Rep. Adam Schiff (D-CA) Y NA NA Frozen Food Caucus Rep. David Nunes (R-CA) Rep. Collin Peterson (DFL-MN) — 21 2003 CRS-17 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Furnishings Caucus, Congressional Rep. Howard Coble (R-NC) Rep. Melvin L. Watt (D-NC) — 26 2003 Future of American Media Caucus Rep. Sherrod Brown (D-OH) Rep. Maurice Hinchey (D-NY) Rep. Jay Inslee (D-WA) Rep. David Price (D-NC) Rep. Barnard Sanders (I-VT) Y NA NA Gaming Caucus, Congressional Rep. Shelley Berkley (D-NV) Rep. Jim Gibbons (R-NV) Rep. Frank A. LoBiondo (D-NJ) Y 23 1995 Generic Drug Equity Caucus Rep. Ken Calvert (R-CA) Rep. Alan B. Mollohan (D-WV) Y 34 1999 Global Health Caucus, Congressional Del. Donna Christensen (D-VI) Rep. Wayne Gilchrest (D-MD) Rep. Betty McCollum (DFL-MN) Rep. Joe Schwarz (R-MI) Rep. Vic Snyder (D-AR) — 22 2005 Global Road Safety, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Sherrod Brown (D-OH) Rep. Robert Wexler (D-FL) Y NA NA Goods Movement Caucus Rep. Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA) Rep. David G. Reichert (R-WA) Y 31 2003 CRS-18 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed Grains Caucus, Congressional Rep. Jerry Moran (R-KS) Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) Y NA NA Great Lakes Task Force Rep. John Dingell (D-MI) Rep. Vernon Ehlers (R-MI) Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) Rep. Louise Slaughter (D-NY) Y 25 1987 Green Scissors Caucus (formerly known as the Green Scissors Coalition) 12 Rep. Robert E. Andrews (D-NJ) Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) Rep. Steve Chabot (R-OH) Rep. Christopher Shays (R-CT) Y 19 1996 Gulf Coast Rebuilding and Recovery Caucus Rep. Bennie Thompson (D-MS) Y 9 2006 Hazards Caucus, Congressional Rep. Jo Bonner (R-AL) Rep. Wayne Gilchrest (R-MD) Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rep. Dennis Moore(D-KS) — 40 2005 Hellenic Issues, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Michael Bilirakis (R-FL) Rep. Carolyn B. Maloney (D-NY) Y 139 1996 Hispanic Conference, Congressional Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart (R-FL) Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) Y 6 2003 CRS-19 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Historic Preservation Caucus Rep. Brad Miller (D-NC) Rep. Michael R. Turner (R-OH) Y 93 2003 Homeland Security Caucus Rep. Norman D. Dicks (D-WA) Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA) — 48 2003 Horse Caucus, Congressional Rep. Ben Chandler (D-KY) Rep. John E. Sweeney (R-NY) Y 62 2001 HUBZone Caucus, Congressional Rep. Roscoe Bartlett (R-MD) Rep. Alan Mollohan (D-WV) Y NA NA Hudson River Caucus Rep. Nita M. Lowey (D-NY) Rep. John E. Sweeney (R-NY) Y 13 2003 Humanities Caucus, Congressional Rep. James A. Leach (R-IA) Rep. David Price (D-NC) Y 71 2004 Hungarian American Caucus Rep. Steny H. Hoyer (D-MD) Rep. Ernest J. Istook, Jr. (R-OK) Rep. Tom Lantos (D-CA) Rep. Christopher Shays (R-CT) Y 13 2003 CRS-20 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Hunger Caucus, House Rep. Jo Ann Emerson (R-MO) Rep. Ray LaHood (R-IL) Rep. James McGovern (D-WA) Rep. Tom Osborne (R-NE) Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) Rep. Hilda Solis (D-CA) Y NA NA Hydrogen Fuel Cell Caucus Rep. Charles Dent (R-PA) Rep. Bob Inglis (R-SC) Rep. John Larson (D-CT) Rep. Albert Wynn (D-MD) Y 49 2005 Immigration Reform Caucus, Congressional Rep. Thomas G. Tancredo (R-CO) Y 102 1999 Impact Aid Coalition Rep. Norman D. Dicks (D-WA) Rep. Chet Edwards (D-TX) Rep. Robin Hayes (R-NC) Rep. J.D. Hayworth (R-AZ) Rep. Patrick J. Kennedy (D-RI) Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) Rep. Jim Saxton (R-NJ) Rep. Ike Skelton (D-MO) Rep. Lee Terry (R-NE) — 131 1995 India and Indian Americans, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Gary L. Ackerman (D-NY) Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) Y 185 1993 CRS-21 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed Insurance Caucus, Congressional Rep. Dan Burton (R-IN) Y 6 2005 Intellectual Property Promotion and Piracy Prevention, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Mary Bono (R-CA) Rep. Tom Feeney (R-FL) Rep. Adam Smith (D-WA) Rep. Robert Wexler (D-FL) — 36 2003 Intelligent Transportation Systems Caucus, Congressional Rep. Mike Rogers (R-MI) Rep. Ellen O. Tauscher (D-CA) Y 53 2001 International HIV/AIDS, Congressional Task Force on Rep. Jim McDermott (D-WA) Y 64 1990 International Conservation Caucus Rep. Edward R. Royce (R-CA) Rep. E. Clay Shaw Jr. (R-FL) Rep. John S. Tanner (D-TN) Rep. Tom Udall (D-NM) Y 127 2003 International Worker’s Rights Caucus Rep. Lane Evans (D-IL) Rep. George Miller (D-CA) Y 59 NA Interstate 69 Mid-Continent Highway Caucus (also known as the I-69 Caucus) Rep. Roger F. Wicker (R-MS) Y 30 1995 Iran Human Rights and Democracy Caucus Rep. Bob Filner (D-CA) Rep. Tom Tancredo (R-CO) Y 5 2004 CRS-22 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Iran Working Group Rep. Robert Andrews (D-NJ) Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) Y 30 2002 Iraqi Women’s Caucus, Congressional Rep. Kay Granger (R-TX) Rep. Tom Osborne (R-NE) Rep. Ellen O. Tauscher (D-CA) Y 15 2003 Irish Affairs, Ad Hoc Congressional Committee for Rep. Joseph Crowley (D-NY) Rep. Peter T. King (R-NY) Rep. Richard E. Neal (D-MA) — NA 1977 Israel Caucus, House Republican 13 Rep. Roy Blunt (R-MO) Rep. Eric Cantor (R-VA) Rep. Tom Davis (R-VA) Rep. Thomas M. Reynolds (R-NY) Rep. Jerry Weller (R-IL) Y 63 1995 Israel Working Group, Democratic Rep. Gene Green (D-TX) Rep. Alcee Hastings (D-FL) Rep. Linda T. Sanchez (D-CA) Rep. Henry A. Waxman (D-CA) Y 89 2003 Jobs and Fair Trade Caucus, Congressional, 4, 14 Rep. Duncan L. Hunter (R-CA) Rep. Marcy Kaptur (D-OH) — 120 1992 Judicial Accountability, House Working Group on Rep. Steve Chabot (R-OH) Rep. Lamar S. Smith (R-TX) — 13 2003 CRS-23 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed Judicial Branch, Congressional Caucus on the Rep. Judy Biggert (R-IL) Rep. Adam B. Schiff (D-CA) Y 46 2003 Kashmir Forum Rep. Kevin Brady (R-TX) Rep. Joseph R. Pitts (R-PA) Y 3 2002 Kenya Caucus Rep. Gregory Meeks (D-NY) Rep. Tom Tancredo (R-CO) Y 2 2005 Kidney Caucus, Congressional Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) Rep. Jim McDermott (D-WA) Y 68 2002 Korea, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Dan Burton (R-IN) Rep. Michael E. Capuano (D-MA) Rep. Vito Fossella (R-NY) Rep. Charles B. Rangel (D-NY) Y 70 2003 Labor and Working Families Caucus, Congressional Rep. Stephen F. Lynch (D-MA) Rep. Michael H. Michaud (D-ME) Rep. Linda T. Sanchez (D-CA) Y 60 2003 Land Trust Caucus, House Rep. Jim Gerlach (R-PA) Rep. Tim Holden (D-PA) Y NA NA Law Enforcement Caucus Rep. Jim Ramstad (R-MN) Rep. Bart Stupak (D-MI) Y 100 1994 CRS-24 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Caucus, House Rep. Brian Baird (D-WA) Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) — NA 1998 Liberty Caucus Rep. Ron Paul (R-TX) — 24 1998 Life Insurance Caucus Rep. Nancy L. Johnson (R-CT) Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) — NA 2003 Livable Communities Task Force 15 Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) Rep. Jim Davis (D-FL) Rep. Ron Kind (D-WI) Rep. Adam Smith (D-WA) — 73 1996 Long Island Sound Caucus, Congressional Rep. Steve Israel (D-NY) Rep. Rob Simmons (R-CT) Y 13 1987 Long-Term Care Caucus, Congressional Rep. Tom Allen (D-ME) Rep. Shelly Moore Capito (R-WV) Rep. Nancy Johnson (R-CT) Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) Y 20 2006 Lyme Disease Caucus Rep. Sue Kelly (R-NY) Y 13 2005 Malaysia Trade, Security, and Economic Cooperation Caucus Rep. Gregory W. Meeks (D-NY) Rep. Pete Sessions (R-TX) Y 13 2002 Management Caucus, Congressional Rep. Todd Russell Platts (R-PA) Y NA NA CRS-25 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Manufacturing Caucus, Congressional Rep. Donald A. Manzullo (R-IL) Rep. Timothy J. Ryan (D-OH) Y 88 2003 Manufacturing, Congressional Task Force on Rep. Sherwood Boehlert (R-NY) Rep. Mike Doyle (D-PA) Rep. Steve LaTourette (R-OH) Rep. Martin T. Meehan (D-MA) Y 92 1992 Medical and Dental Doctors in Congress Caucus Rep. Phil Gingrey (R-GA) Rep. Vic Snyder (D-AR) Y 14 2005 Medical Malpractice Crisis Task Force Rep. Allen Boyd (D-FL) Rep. Ginny Brown-Waite (R-FL) Y 32 2004 Medical Technology Caucus Rep. Anna G. Eshoo (D-CA) Rep. Jim Ramstad (R-MN) Y 43 1993 Mental Health Caucus, Congressional Rep. Peter A. DeFazio (D-OR) Rep. Tim Murphy (R-PA) Rep. Grace F. Napolitano (D-CA) Y 96 1991 Mentoring Caucus, Congressional Rep. Susan A. Davis (D-CA) Rep. Ric Keller (R-FL) Rep. Betty McCollum (DFL-MN) Rep. Tom Osborne (R-NE) Y 19 2002 CRS-26 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed Methamphetamine, Congressional Caucus to Fight and Control Rep. Leonard L. Boswell (D-IA) Rep. Ken Calvert (R-CA) Rep. Chris Cannon (R-UT) Rep. Rick Larsen(D-WA) Y 142 2001 Metro Congestion Caucus Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) Rep. John L. Mica (R-FL) Y 5 2005 Middle East Economic Partnership Caucus Rep. Ben Chandler (D-KY) Rep. Phil English (R-PA) Rep. Darrell Issa (R-CA) Rep. William Jefferson (D-LA) Rep. Gregory Meeks (D-NY) Rep. Paul Ryan (R-WI) Y 6 2005 Military Depot and Industrial Facilities Caucus, House 16 Rep. Walter Jones (R-NC) Rep. Solomon Ortiz (D-TX) Y 73 1986 Military Veterans Caucus Rep. Michael Bilirakis (R-FL) Rep. Charlie Norwood (R-GA) Rep. Collin C. Peterson (DFL-MN) Rep. Mike Thompson (D-CA) Y 90 2001 Mine Warfare Caucus, Congressional Rep. Solomon Ortiz (D-TX) Y 23 NA Mining Caucus, Congressional 17 Rep. Jim Gibbons (R-NV) Rep. Jim Matheson (D-UT) Y 60 1997 CRS-27 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Missing and Exploited Children’s Caucus, Congressional Rep. Robert E. (Bud) Cramer Jr. (D-AL) Y 140 1997 Mississippi River Caucus Rep. Lane Evans (D-IL) Rep. Kenny Hulshof (R-MO) — 35 1997 Mississippi River Delta Caucus Rep. Jo Ann Emerson (R-MO) Rep. Harold Ford Jr. (D-TN) Y NA NA Modeling and Simulation Training Caucus Rep. J. Randy Forbes (R-VA) Y 28 2005 Morocco Caucus, Congressional Rep. Lincoln Diaz-Balart (R-FL) Rep. Phil English (R-PA) Rep. Steven R. Rothman (D-NJ) Y 40 2003 National Guard and Reserve Components Caucus Rep. Steve Buyer (R-IN) Rep. Howard Coble (R-NC) Del. Eni F. H. Faleomavaega (D-AS) Rep. Ralph M. Hall (R-TX) Rep. John S. Tanner (D-TN) Rep. Gene Taylor (D-MS) Y 161 1996 National Landscape Conservation System Caucus Rep. Mary Bono (R-CA) Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva (D-AZ) Rep. James P. Moran (D-VA) Rep. Rick Renzi (R-AZ) Y NA NA CRS-28 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed National Marine Sanctuary Caucus Rep. Lois Capps (D-CA) Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) Y 17 2006 National Parks Caucus, Congressional Rep. Brian Baird (D-WA) Rep. Mark E. Souder (R-IN) Y 39 2003 National Security, Democratic Study Group on Rep. Steve Israel (D-NY) Rep. Adam B. Schiff (D-CA) Rep. David Scott (D-GA) — NA 2003 National Service Congressional Caucus Rep. Harold Ford Jr. (D-TN) Rep. Tom Osborne (R-NE) Rep. David Price (D-NC) Rep. Christopher Shays (R-CT) Y 38 2005 Native American Caucus, Congressional Rep. J. D. Hayworth (R-AZ) Rep. Dale E. Kildee (D-MI) Y 111 1997 Naval Network Working Group Caucus Rep. Ander Crenshaw (R-FL) Rep. Steve Israel (D-NY) Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) Rep. Rick Larsen (D-WA) Y 4 2006 Navy/Marine Corps Caucus Rep. Susan A. Davis (D-CA) Rep. J. Randy Forbes (R-VA) Y 91 2002 CRS-29 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Netherlands, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Pete Hoekstra (R-MI) Rep. Chris Van Hollen (D-MD) Y 29 2006 New Democrat Coalition Rep. Artur Davis (D-AL) Rep. Ron Kind (D-WI) Rep. Adam Smith (D-WA) Rep. Ellen O. Tauscher (D-CA) Y 45 1997 Nigeria, Congressional Caucus on Rep. William J. Jefferson (D-LA) Rep. Edward R. Royce (R-CA) — 17 1999 North America’s Super Corridor Caucus 18 Rep. Sam Graves (R-MO) Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) Y 10 2001 Northeast Agriculture Caucus Rep. Sherwood Boehlert (R-NY) Rep. Tim Holden (D-PA) — NA 1986 Northeast-Midwest Congressional Coalition Rep. Steven LaTourette R-OH) Rep. Martin T. Meehan (D-MA) Y 44 1976 Northern Border Caucus, 19 Rep. Bart Stupak (D-MI) Rep. John Sweeney (R-NY) Y 52 1994 Northwest Energy Caucus Rep. Peter A. DeFazio (D-OR) Rep. Doc Hastings (R-WA) — 17 1997 CRS-30 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Norway Caucus, Friends of Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) Rep. Jim Ramstad (R-MN) Rep. Martin Olav Sabo (DFL-MN) Y 54 1999 Nuclear Issues Caucus Rep. Joe Knollenberg (R-MI) Rep. John M. Spratt Jr. (D-SC) Y 18 NA Nuclear Cleanup Caucus 20 Rep. Doc Hastings (R-WA) — 25 2000 Nursing Caucus, House Rep. Lois Capps (D-CA) Rep. Steve LaTourette (R-OH) Y 97 2003 Oceans Caucus, House Rep. Thomas H. Allen (D-ME) Rep. Sam Farr (D-CA) Rep. Wayne Gilchrest (R-MD) Rep. Jay Inslee (D-WA) Rep. Jim Saxton (R-NJ) Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA) Y 64 1999 Oil and National Security Caucus Rep. Eliot L. Engel (D-NY) Rep. Jim Saxton (R-NJ) Y 20 2005 Older Americans Caucus Rep. Shelley Berkley (D-NV) Rep. William D. Delahunt (D-MA) Rep. Ralph Regula (R-OH) — 100 1994 CRS-31 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed Open Space Caucus Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) Rep. Mike Fitzpatrick (R-PA) Rep. Rob Simmons (R-CT) Rep. Mark Udall (D-CO) Y 12 2005 Oral Health Caucus Rep. John Linder (R-GA) Rep. Charlie Norwood (R-GA) Rep. Michael K. Simpson (R-ID) Y 3 2002 Organic Caucus, Congressional Rep. Peter DeFazio (D-OR) Rep. Sam Farr (D-OR) Rep. Wayne Gilchrest (R-MD) Rep. Ron Kind (D-WI) Rep. James Walsh (R-NY) Y 49 2003 Out of Iraq Caucus Rep. Maxine Waters (D-CA) — 72 2006 POW/MIA Caucus Rep. Neil Abercrombie (D-HI) Rep. Jeff Miller (R-FL) Y 50 2005 Pakistan Caucus, Congressional Rep. Dan Burton (R-IN) Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee (D-TX) Y 72 2004 Panama, Trade, Security, and Economic Cooperation Caucus Rep. Jim Matheson (D-UT) Rep. Jerry Weller (R-IL) Y 7 2005 CRS-32 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Paraguay Caucus, Friends of Rep. Dan Burton (R-IN) Rep. Robert Wexler (D-FL) Y NA NA Parkinson’s Disease, Congressional Working Group on Rep. Lane Evans (D-IL) Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) Y NA NA Passenger Rail Caucus Rep. Rob Andrews (D-NJ) Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) Rep. Michael N. Castle (R-DE) Rep. Mike Fitzpatrick (R-PA) Y 40 2005 Patriot Act Reform Caucus Rep. Jeff Flake (R-AZ) Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) Rep. Ron Paul (R-TX) Rep. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) Y NA NA Peak Oil Caucus, Congressional Rep. Roscoe Bartlett (R-MD) Rep. Tom Udall (D-NM) Y 13 2006 Peanut Caucus, Congressional Rep. Sanford D. Bishop (D-GA) Rep. Terry Everett (R-AL) — 10 1993 Pell Grant Caucus Rep. Ric Keller (R-FL) Y 17 2001 Philatelic Caucus Rep. Gary L. Ackerman (D-NY) Rep. Joseph R. Pitts (R-PA) — 30 1991 CRS-33 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed Poland Caucus, Congressional Rep. Daniel Lipinski (D-IL) Rep. Christopher H. Smith (R-NJ) Y 7 2006 Porkbusters Coalition Rep. Peter A. DeFazio (D-OR) Rep. Edward R. Royce (R-CA) — NA 1991 Portuguese American Caucus, House Rep. Patrick Kennedy (D-RI) Rep. Richard W. Pombo (R-CA) — 30 NA Prayer Caucus, Congressional Rep. Randy Forbes (R-VA) Y 22 2005 Prescription Drug Caucus, Congressional Rep. Thomas H. Allen (D-ME) Rep. Marion Berry (D-AR) — 22 2005 Pro-Choice Caucus, Bipartisan 21 Rep. Diana DeGette (D-CO) Rep. Nancy L. Johnson (R-CT) Rep. Louise Slaughter (D-NY) Y NA 1995 Property Rights Task Force Rep. C.L. “Butch” Otter (R-ID) — 10 2005 Public Broadcasting Caucus Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) Rep. Paul Gillmor (R-OH) Rep. Joe Schwartz (R-MI) Y 113 2001 Public Pension Reform Caucus Rep. Jim Kolbe (R-AZ) — 70 1995 Public Private Partnerships Caucus, Congressional Rep. Chris Cannon (R-UT) Y 28 2003 CRS-34 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Qatari-American Economic, Strategic Defense, Cultural and Educational Partnership Caucus Rep. Nick J. Rahall, II (D-WV) Y 35 2002 Reading Caucus, House Rep. Anne M. Northup (R-KY) Y 32 1998 Real Estate Caucus, Congressional Rep. Richard E. Neal (D-MA) Y 106 1998 Recording Arts and Sciences Congressional Caucus Rep. Mary Bono (R-CA) Rep. Steny Hoyer (D-MD) Y 20 2004 Recycling Caucus, House Rep. Paul Gillmor (R-OH) Rep. Frank Pallone (D-NJ) Y 57 2006 Refugee Caucus, Bipartisan Congressional Rep. John Conyers Jr. (D-MI) Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) Rep. Christopher H. Smith (R-NJ) Y 58 2003 Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Caucus, House Rep. Mark Udall (D-CO) Rep. Zach Wamp (R-TN) Y 218 1996 Republican Study Committee (RSC) 22 (formerly known as the Conservative Action Team [CATS]) Rep. Mike Pence (R-IN) Y 100 1995 Research and Development Caucus Rep. Judy Biggert (R-IL) Rep. Rush D. Holt (D-NJ) Y 40 2004 CRS-35 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed Results Caucus 4, 23 Rep. Pete Sessions (R-TX) Y 8 1997 River of Trade Corridor Congressional Caucus Rep. Ralph Hall (R-TX) Y 10 2005 Rural Caucus, Congressional Rep. Allen Boyd (D-FL) Rep. Tom Osborne (R-NE) Rep. John Peterson (R-PA) Y 140 NA Rural Health Care Coalition, House Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) Rep. Greg Walden (R-OR) Y 23 1987 Rural Housing Caucus, Congressional Rep. Artur Davis (D-AL) Rep. Rubén Hinojosa (D-TX) Y 27 2003 Rural Working Group Rep. Bob Etheridge (D-NC) Rep. Stephanie Herseth (D-SD) — 28 2003 Russia Democracy Caucus, Congressional (The Russia Democracy Caucus is affiliated with the Congressional Human Rights Caucus) Rep. Tom Lantos (D-CA) — NA 2003 Saudi Arabia Study Group Rep. Bob Ney (R-OH) Rep. Nick Rahall (D-WV) Y NA NA CRS-36 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Savings and Ownership Caucus, Congressional Rep. Chris Chocola (R-IN) Rep. Jim Cooper (D-TN) Rep. Phil English (R-PA) Rep. Harold Ford Jr. (D-TN) Y NA NA School Health and Safety Caucus, Bipartisan Congressional Rep. Lois Capps (D-CA) Rep. Phil English (R-PA) Y 49 2000 Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Caucus, House Rep. Vernon Ehlers (R-MI) Rep. Mark Udall (D-CO) Y 110 2004 Scotland Caucus, Friends of Rep. John Duncan (R-TN) Rep. Mike McIntyre (D-NC) Y NA NA Scouting Caucus, Congressional Rep. W. Todd Akin (R-MO) Rep. Ike Skelton (D-MO) Y 38 2000 Second Amendment Caucus, Congressional Rep. Virgil Goode (R-VA) Rep. Marilyn Musgrave (R-CO) Y NA NA Serbian Caucus, Congressional Rep. Dan Burton (R-IN) Rep. Rahm Emmanuel (D-IL) Y NA NA Sex and Violence in the Media Caucus Rep. Joe Baca (D-CA) Rep. Tom Osborne (R-NE) Y 18 2003 CRS-37 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Sexual Assault Violence Elimination (SAVE) Task Force Rep. Paul Gillmor (R-OH) Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) Y NA NA Shellfish Caucus Rep. Brian Baird (D-WA) Rep. Henry Brown (R-SC) Rep. Thelma Drake (R-VA) Rep. Bobby Jindal (R-LA) Rep. John Larson (D-CT) Rep. Mike Thompson (D-CA) Y 23 2005 Shipbuilding Caucus, Congressional Rep. Jo Ann Davis (R-VA) Rep. Gene Taylor (D-MS) Y NA NA Singapore Caucus, Congressional Rep. Solomon P. Ortiz (D-TX) Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA) Y 60 2002 Ski and Snowboard Caucus, Congressional Rep. John E. Sweeney (R-NY) Rep. Mark Udall (D-CO) Y 20 2003 Soccer Caucus, Congressional Rep. Sherwood L. Boehlert (R-NY) Rep. Mary Bono (R-CA) Rep. George Miller (D-CA) Rep. Mark Udall (D-CO) — 40 2006 Soils Caucus, Congressional Rep. Jim Costa (D-CA) Y 19 2006 Sound Science Caucus Rep. Chris Cannon (R-UT) — NA 2003 CRS-38 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Spain Caucus, Congressional Friends of Rep. Xavier Becerra (D-CA) Rep. Luis Fortuño (R-PR) Y 14 2006 Special Operations Forces Caucus Rep. Jim Davis (D-FL) Rep. Robin Hayes (R-NC) Rep. Mike McIntyre (D-NC) Rep. Jeff Miller (R-FL) Y 55 2002 Specialty Crops Caucus, House Rep. Allen Boyd (D-FL) Rep. Dennis Cardoza (D-CA) Rep. Richard Pombo (R-CA) Rep. Adam Putnam (R-FL) Y NA NA Spina Bifida Caucus, Congressional Rep. Christopher H. Smith (R-NJ) Rep. Bart Stupak (D-MI) Y 20 2003 Sri Lanka and Sri Lankan Americans, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Frank Pallone Jr. (D-NJ) Rep. Jerry Weller (R-IL) Y 25 1999 State Maritime Academy Caucus Rep. Dave Camp (R-MI) Rep. William D. Delahunt (D-MA) Y 12 2003 Steel Caucus, Congressional Rep. Phil English (R-PA) Rep. Peter J. Visclosky (D-IN) Y 106 1977 Stop DUI, Congressional Caucus to Rep. Shelley Berkley (D-NV) Rep. Jon Christopher Porter Sr. (R-NV) Y 28 2004 CRS-39 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Strengthening the Mid-Atlantic Region for Tomorrow (SMART) Caucus Rep. Robert E. Andrews (D-NJ) Rep. Michael N. Castle (R-DE) Rep. Steny H. Hoyer (D-MD) Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA) — 41 2001 Students to Citizens Caucus Rep. Michael N. Castle (R-DE) Rep. Dale Kildee (D-MI) Y NA 2005 Study Group on Germany, Congressional Rep. Gil Gutknecht (R-MN) — NA NA Submarine Caucus, Congressional Rep. Jim Langevin (D-RI) Rep. Rob Simmons (R-CT) Y NA NA Suburban Agenda Caucus Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) Y NA NA Sudan Caucus Rep. Michael E. Capuano (D-MA) Rep. Donald Payne (D-NJ) Rep. Tom Tancredo(R-CO) Rep. Frank Wolf (R-VA) Y 50 2005 Sugar Caucus, House Rep. Michael K. Simpson (R-ID) — NA NA Sustainable Development Caucus 24 Rep. Wayne T. Gilchrest (R-MD) Rep. Martin T. Meehan (D-MA) — 36 1997 Switzerland Caucus, Friends of Rep. Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) Rep. Melissa A. Hart (R-PA) Y 35 2003 CRS-40 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed TRIO Caucus, Congressional 25 Rep. Donald Payne (D-NJ) Rep. Michael K. Simpson (R-ID) Y 20 2004 Taiwan Caucus, Congressional Rep. Sherrod Brown (D-OH) Rep. Steve Chabot (R-OH) Y 112 2002 Teen Pregnancy, Congressional Advisory Panel to the National Campaign to Reduce (formerly known as the Congressional Advisory Panel to Reduce Teen Pregnancy) Rep. Michael N. Castle (R-DE) Rep. Nita M. Lowey (D-NY) — 15 1996 Terrorism and Unconventional Warfare, Task Force on Rep. Eric Cantor (R-VA) Rep. Geoff Davis (R-KY) Y 2 NA Testing and Evaluation Caucus 4 Rep. Steny H. Hoyer (D-MD) Rep. Jeff Miller (R-FL) — 35 2002 Tobacco and Health, Congressional Task Force on Rep. Martin T. Meehan (D-MA) Rep. Todd Russell Platts (R-PA) — 69 1989 Trails Caucus, House Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) Y 46 1997 Travel and Tourism Caucus, Congressional Rep. Sam Farr (D-CA) Y 102 1979 Tri-Caucus, Congressional 26 Rep. Michael Honda (D-CA) Rep. Grace Napolitano (D-CA) Rep. Melvin Watt (D-NC) Y NA NA CRS-41 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Tuesday Group (formerly known as the Tuesday Lunch Bunch) 27 Rep. Charles F. Bass (R-NH) Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) — 40 1993 Turkey and Turkish Americans, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Kay Granger (R-TX) Rep. Robert Wexler (D-FL) Rep. Ed Whitfield (R-KY) Y 70 2001 U.S.- Afghan Caucus Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee (D-TX) Rep. Robert W. Ney (R-OH) Y 18 2003 U.S. - India Investment and Trade Relations, Congressional Task Force on Rep. Chris Cannon (R-UT) Del. Eni F.H. Faleomavega Y NA NA U.S./Israel Security Caucus, House Rep. Robert E. Andrews (D-NJ) Rep. Jim Saxton (R-NJ) — 50 2003 U.S.- Mexico Congressional Caucus Rep. Howard L. Berman (D-CA) Rep. Chris Cannon (R-UT) Rep. Tom Davis (R-VA) Rep. David Dreier (R-CA) Rep. Grace F. Napolitano (D-CA) — 24 2003 U.S. - Mongolia Friendship Caucus Rep. Joseph Pitts (R-PA) Rep. Joe Wilson (R-SC) Y 5 2005 USO Caucus Rep. Jeff Miller (R-FL) Rep. Silvestre Reyes (D-TX) — 137 2003 CRS-42 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Uganda, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Christopher H. Smith (R-NJ) Rep. Edolphus Towns (D-NY) Y 23 2004 Ukrainian Caucus, Congressional Rep. Roscoe Bartlett (R-MD) Rep. Marcy Kaptur (D-OH) Rep. Sander Levin (D-MI) Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA) — 43 1997 Unexploded Ordnance Caucus Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) Rep. Sam Farr (D-CA) Rep. Donald Manzullo (R-IL) Rep. Gary Miller (R-CA) Y 15 2005 United Kingdom Caucus, Congressional Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) Rep. Diane Watson (D-CA) Y NA NA United Nations Working Group Rep. Eliot L. Engel (D-NY) Rep. James A. Leach (R-IA) Rep. Anita Lowey (D-NY) Rep. Christopher Shays (R-CT) — NA 1996/ 1997 Upper Mississippi River Basin Task Force Rep. Jerry F. Costello (D-IL) Rep. Gil Gutnecht (R-MN) Rep. Ron Kind (D-WI) Rep. James A. Leach (R-IA) Y 27 1997/ 1998 CRS-43 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed Urban Caucus, Congressional Rep. Carolyn C. Kilpatrick (D-MI) Rep. Deborah Pryce (R-OH) — 55 1991 Victim’s Rights Caucus, Congressional Rep. Jim Costa (D-CA) Rep. Katherine Harris (R-FL) Rep. Ted Poe (R-TX) Y 18 2005 Victory in Iraq Caucus Rep. Joe Wilson (R-SC) Y 118 2005 Vietnam Caucus, Congressional Rep. Tom Davis (R-VA) Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rep. Loretta Sanchez (D-CA) Rep. Christopher H. Smith (R-NJ) Y NA 2003 Vision Caucus, Congressional Rep. Gene Green (D-TX) Rep. David E. Price (D-NC) Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) Rep. Patrick J. Tiberi (R-OH) Y 87 2003 Washington Waste Watchers Caucus Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart (R-FL) Y 7 2003 Water Infrastructure Caucus Rep. Jerry F. Costello (D-IL) Rep. John J. Duncan, Jr. (R-TN) Rep. Paul E. Gillmor (R-OH) Rep. Hilda L. Solis (D-CA) — 80 2000 Waterfront Development Caucus Rep. Brian M. Higgins (D-NY) Y 1 2006 CRS-44 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Waterways Caucus, Congressional Rep. John Doolittle (R-CA) Rep. Mike McIntyre (D-NC) Y 69 2004 West Africa Caucus, Congressional Rep. John Boozman (R-AZ) Rep. Jeff Fortenberry (R-NE) Rep. Gregory Meeks (D-NY) Rep. Diane Watson (D-CA) Y 10 2006 Western Caucus, Congressional Rep. Chris Cannon (R-UT) Rep. Jeff Flake (R-AZ) Y 56 1993 Wildlife Refuge Caucus, Congressional Rep. Michael N. Castle (R-DE) Rep. Ron Kind (D-WI) Rep. Jim Saxton (R-NJ) Rep. Mike Thompson (D-CA) Y 107 2006 Youth Challenge Caucus Rep. Richard H. Baker (R-LA) Rep. Darlene Hooley (D-OR) Y NA NA Youth Sports, Congressional Caucus on Rep. Mike McIntyre (D-NC) Rep. John Shimkus (R-IL) Y 34 2005 Zoo and Aquarium Caucus, Congressional Rep. Spencer Bachus (R-AL) Rep. Julia M. Carson (D-IN) Y 65 2005 CRS-45 Notes: 1 Groups with a “Y” in this column were registered with the Committee on House Administration as congressional Member organizations (CMOs) as of 5/18/2005 when the Committee last updated its list online at [http://cha.house.gov/oversight/109cmo.htm]. 2 In most instances, the number of Members is an approximate number rather than a precise number. Further, the number of members who belong to a group often changes throughout a Congress. 3 The 2015 Caucus is named for the National Institutes of Health’s goal of treating cancer as a manageable disease rather than a life-threatening illness by the year 2015. The group is a forum for Members of Congress who are cancer survivors or who are currently battling cancer. Issues with which the 2015 Caucus is concerned include cancer awareness, treatment, and funding for research. 4 The Airport Noise Caucus, the American Heritage Rivers Caucus, the Congressional Constitution Caucus, the Congressional Jobs and Fair Trade Caucus, the Congressional Task Force to End the Arab Boycott, the Results Caucus, and the Testing and Evaluation Caucus are inactive at this time. 5 The Congressional Task force Against Anti-Semitism is part of the Congressional Human Rights Caucus. 6 The House Biofuels Caucus was formerly part of the bicameral, bipartisan Congressional Alcohol Fuels Caucus, which was created in 1979. During the 107th Congress (2001-2003), the Alcohol Fuels Caucus changed its name and two separate entities — the House Biofuels Caucus and the Senate Biofuels Caucus — were formed. 7 The Congressional Border Caucus is a group of Members from congressional districts next to or near an international border. A group known as the Congressional Border Caucus or House Border Caucus was created in 1983. It became inactive in 1996. It is unclear whether this is a reactivated group or a totally new group. 8 The Building a Better America Caucus focuses on building and construction issues (e.g., homebuilding; construction materials; construction related occupations, regulations, and compliance; and affordable housing development). 9 The Center Aisle Caucus is a bipartisan group of Representatives who seek to meet, to promote civility, and work better together. 10 The Congressional Caucus on Distributed Energy focuses on issues related to small scale energy production. 11 The E-Waste Working Group attempts to persuade Congress to reuse, reduce, recycle. The group leads the way in dealing with old computers and televisions by recycling and reusing obsolete electronic equipment. 12 According to staff, in terms of focal issues, the current Green Scissors Caucus is essentially the same as an earlier group — the Green Scissors Coalition. The earlier group had been formed in 1996, when leaders described it as “concerned with identifying wasteful and environmentally harmful government programs and eliminating such programs to ensure both a sound economy and a sound ecology.” (Join the Bipartisan “Green Scissors Coalition,” Dear Colleague letter from Representatives Dick Zimmer, Martin Meehan, Scott Klug, and Joseph Kennedy, May 20, 1996.) 13 The House Republican Israel Caucus was created in 1995. It became dormant for a time but was revived in late 1998. 14 Information on the status of the Jobs and Fair Trade Caucus varies. According to staff in Rep. Kaptur’s office, this group is inactive at present time. 15 The Livable Communities Task Force seeks to educate Members on the federal role in enhancing community habitability. Issues with which the group has been concerned include mass transit tax credit; revitalization of cities through enhancing parks; preservation of affordable housing for low-income families; tax credits for homeowners who rehabilitate or buy historic houses; and designing high performance school facilities. This task force exists only under the “New Democrat Coalition” and the chairs listed are for that organization. CRS-46 16 The House Military Depot and Industrial Facilities Caucus is a forum for Members representing districts where military storage and maintenance facilities (i.e., depots) are located. Issues with which the group is concerned include the prevention of closing depots and the prevention of an increase in outsourcing the work done at depots. 17 An earlier group with the same name as the Congressional Mining Caucus was organized in 1985. In 1995/1996, it became inoperative after one co-chair (Rep. Barbara Vucanovich of Nevada) retired and the other co-chair (Rep. Bill Emerson of Missouri) died. With renewed interest in mining issues, the current group was organized in 1997. 18 North America’s Super Corridor Caucus is a forum for Members whose districts are located along Interstate-35. (Interstate 35 extends from Laredo, Texas, near the Mexican border, through Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Iowa, and Minnesota, to Duluth, Minnesota.) 19 The Northern Border Caucus is a group of Members who represent states that share a border with Canada. 20 The Nuclear Cleanup Caucus is a group of Members who have nuclear sites in their districts. 21 Membership is based more upon Members’ voting records than responses to an invitation to join the group. 22 The current Republican Study Committee was known as the Conservative Action Team (CATs), when it was formed in 1995. A group known as the Republican Study Committee (RSC) was organized in 1973, recognized as a legislative service organization (LSO), and remained active through 1994. One political observer described the RSC’s status in January 1995 (when LSO status was abolished as part of a House Rules change) as follows: “the Republican Study Committee basically disbanded, and its informational activities were taken over by the Republican Policy Committee.” (Susan Webb Hammond, Congressional Caucuses in National Policy Making, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998, p. 212. 23 The Results Caucus is a group of “reform minded Members who share the common goal of realizing a small, smarter, more common sense government through implementation of the Results Act.” (Rep. Richard K. Armey, “Results Act,” remarks in the House, Congressional Record, vol. 143, Sept. 5, 1997, p. 1789). 24 The Sustainable Development Caucus is a group “whose goal is to educate Members about the success stories that can and do happen when citizens sit down together and collectively balance their needs with those of the natural environment and future generations. The caucus sponsors periodic briefings and Dear Colleague letters highlighting local successes, which help Members make policy decisions that foster and facilitate, rather than hinder, local sustainability efforts.” (Congressional Yellow Book, Spring 2006, vol. 32, p. 1010). 25 TRIO programs are federally funded programs that help at-risk students complete high school or go on to college. Created during the Johnson administration’s war on poverty, the original program has expanded to include Upward Bound, Northwest Nations Upward Bound, Upward Bound Math Science and Educational Talent Search. 26 The Congressional Tri-Caucus was formed by the union of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, the Congressional Black Caucus, and the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus to identify shared policy and political goals across multi-racial lines. 27 The Tuesday Group is made up of House Republicans who meet weekly to discuss and coordinate passage of responsible public policy. (Congressional Yellow Book, Spring 2006, p. 1010). CRS-47 Key Abbreviations and Symbols Party Affiliation D Democrat DFL Democrat-Farmer-Labor I Independent R Republican Other Abbreviations and Symbols CMO Congressional Member Organization (informal group registered with the Committee on House Administration) NA Not Available (information was not available from sources at this time) — Not Applicable CRS-48 Table 2. Bicameral Informal Groups and Congressional Member Organizations Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Adoption, Congressional Coalition on Sen. Larry E. Craig (R-ID) Sen. Mary L. Landrieu (D-LA) Rep. Dave Camp (R-MI) Rep. James L. Oberstar (DFL-MN) Y 100 1985 Automotive Performance and Motorsports Caucus, Congressional Sen John Ensign (R-NV) Rep. Sander Levin (D-MI) Y 100 1996 Black Caucus, Congressional Rep. Corrine Brown (D-FL) Rep. Danny K. Davis (D-IL) Rep. Carolyn Kilpatrick (D-MI) Rep. Barbara Lee (D-CA) Rep. Melvin L. Watt (D-NC) Y 39 1971 Boating Caucus, Congressional Sen. Trent Lott (R-MS) Rep. E. Clay Shaw Jr. (R-FL) Rep. Gene Taylor (D-MS) Y 121 1990 Brain Injury Task Force, Congressional Rep. Bill Pascrell, Jr. (D-NJ) Rep. Todd Russell Platts (R-PA) Y 65 2001 California Democratic Congressional Delegation Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) — 33 1979 3 California Republican Congressional Delegation Rep. Ken Calvert (R-CA) Rep. David Dreier (R-CA) — 20 CRS-49 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Caucus, Congressional Sen. Mike Crapo (R-ID) Sen. Blanche Lincoln (D-AR) Rep. John Lewis (D-GA) Rep. Cliff Stearns (R-FL) Y 52 2004 Coast Guard Caucus, Congressional Rep. Howard Coble (R-NC) Rep. William D. Delahunt (D-MA) Rep. Gene Taylor (D-MS) — NA 1997 Competitiveness Caucus, Congressional Sen. Max Baucus (D-MT) Sen. Charles E. Grassley (R-IA) Rep. Jim Kolbe (R-AZ) — 82 1986 Complementary and Alternative Medicine Caucus, Congressional Sen. Tom Harkin (D-IA) Sen. Orrin Hatch (R-UT) Rep. Dan Burton (R-IN) Rep. Dennis Kucinich (D-OH) Y NA NA Dairy Farmer Caucus, Congressional Sen. Diane Feinstein (D-CA) Sen. Arlen Specter (R-PA) Rep. John R. Kuhl Jr. (R-NY) Rep. Rick Larsen (D-WA) Rep. Devin Nunes (R-CA) Rep. Collin Peterson (DFL-MN) Y NA NA CRS-50 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed E-911 Caucus, Congressional 4 Sen. Conrad Burns (R-MT) Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-NY) Rep. Anna G. Eshoo (D-CA) Rep. John Shimkus (R-IL) Y 23 2003 Farmer Cooperative Caucus, Congressional Sen. Larry E. Craig (R-ID) Sen. Blanche L. Lincoln (D-AR) Rep. Sam Graves (R-MO) Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) Y 64 2002 Fire Services Caucus, Congressional Sen. John McCain (R-AZ) Sen. Paul S. Sarbanes (D-MD) Rep. Robert E. Andrews (D-NJ) Rep. Sherwood Boehlert (R-NY) Rep. Steny H. Hoyer (D-MD) Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA) Y 360 1987 Flat Tax Caucus 5 Rep. Michael C. Burgess (R-TX) Rep. Ralph M. Hall (R-TX) Y 9 2003 French Caucus, Congressional Sen. Mike Crapo (R-ID) Rep. Jim Oberstar (DFL-MN) Rep. Tom Petri (R-WI) Y 30 2003 CRS-51 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Glaucoma Caucus, Congressional Rep. John Boozman (R-AR) Rep. Elijah Cummings (D-MD) Rep. Charles B. Rangel (D-NY) Rep. Edolphus Towns (D-NY) Y 68 2000 Global AIDS Emergency Task Force Sen. Richard Durbin (D-IL) Sen. Gordon H. Smith (R-OR) Rep. Jim McDermott (D-WA) Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) Rep. Jim Leach (R-IA) Rep. Barbara Lee (D-CA) Y NA NA Gulf of Mexico Caucus, Congressional Rep. Katherine Harris (R-FL) Y NA NA Hearing Health Caucus, Congressional Rep. Lois Capps (D-CA) Rep. Carolyn McCarthy (D-NY) Rep. Jim Ryun (R-KS) Rep. James T. Walsh (R-NY) Y 25 2001 Heart and Stroke Coalition, Congressional Sen. Mike Crapo (R-ID) Sen. Byron L. Dorgan (D-ND) Rep. Lois Capps (D-CA) Y 347 1996 Hispanic Caucus, Congressional Rep. Joe Baca (D-CA) Rep. Raúl M.Grijalva (D-AZ) Rep. Grace F. Napolitano (D-CA) Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-CA) Y 20 1976 CRS-52 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Hong Kong, Congressional Caucus on Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman (D-CT) — NA 1996 Human Rights Caucus, Congressional Sen. Sam Brownback (R-KS) Sen. Tom Harkin (D-IA) Rep. Tom Lantos (D-CA) Rep. Frank R. Wolf (R-VA) Y 251 1983 Indonesia Caucus Rep. Dan Burton (R-IN) Rep. Robert Wexler (D-FL) Y 26 2004 International Anti-Piracy Caucus, Congressional Sen. Joseph R. Biden Jr. (D-DE) Sen. Gordon H. Smith (R-OR) Rep. Robert W. “Bob” Goodlatte (R-VA) Rep. Adam B. Schiff (D-CA) Y 65 2003 International Education Study Group, House/Senate Sen. Thad Cochran (R-MS) Sen. Christopher J. Dodd (D-CT) Rep. Sam Farr (D-CA) Rep. James A. Leach (R-IA) — 65 1980 International Religious Freedom Working Group 6 Rep. Emanual Cleaver (D-MO) Rep. Trent Franks (R-AZ) — NA NA Internet Caucus, Congressional Sen. Patrick J. Leahy (D-VT) Sen. Conrad Burns (R-MT) Rep. Rick Boucher (D-VA) Rep. Robert W. “Bob” Goodlatte (R-VA) Y 175 1996 CRS-53 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Interstate 49 Caucus (also known as the I-49 Caucus) Rep. Charles W. Boustany (R-LA) Rep. John Boozman (R-AR) Rep. Jim McCrery (R-LA) Rep. Mike Ross (D-AR) — 20 2003 Ireland, Friends of Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-MA) Rep. J. Dennis Hastert (R-IL) Rep. James T. Walsh (R-NY) — NA 1981 Manufactured Housing Caucus, Congressional Sen. Richard C. Shelby (R-AL) Rep. Ken Calvert (R-CA) Rep. Bob Etheridge (D-NC) — 83 1997 Naval Mine Warfare Caucus, Congressional Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX) Rep. Jeff Miller (R-FL) Rep. Solomon P. Ortiz (D-TX) — 29 1998 New York State Congressional Delegation Rep. Gary L. Ackerman (D-NY) Rep. Charles B. Rangel (D-NY) — 29 1979 3 Oil and Gas Caucus, Congressional (formerly known as Congressional Oil and Gas Forum) Sen. Craig Thomas (R-WY) Rep. Barbara Cubin (R-WY) Rep. Mac Thornberry (R-TX) — NA 1994 Organ and Tissue Donation, Congressional Task Force on Sen. Bill Frist (R-TN) — NA 1995 Pork Industry Congressional Caucus Sen. Charles E. Grassley (R-IA) — NA 1993 CRS-54 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Port Security Caucus, Congressional Sen. Susan M. Collins (R-ME) Rep. Mike Ferguson (R-NJ) Y 90 2003 Potato Caucus, Congressional Sen. Larry E. Craig (R-ID) Rep. Tom Osborne (R-NE) Rep. Collin C. Peterson (DFL-MN) Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) Rep. Michael K. Simpson (R-ID) — 26 2003 Prevention Coalition, Congressional Sen. Mike DeWine (R-OH) Rep. James A. Leach (R-IA) Rep. James P. Moran (D-VA) — 65 1998 Privacy Caucus, Congressional Sen. Christopher J. Dodd (D-CT) Sen. Richard C. Shelby (R-AL) Rep. Joe Barton (R-TX) Rep. Edward J. Markey (D-MA) — NA 2001 Progressive Caucus, Congressional Rep. Peter A. DeFazio (D-OR) Rep. Jesse L. Jackson Jr. (D-IL) Rep. Dennis J. Kucinich (D-OH) Rep. Barbara Lee (D-CA) Rep. Major R. Owens (D-NY) Rep. Bernard Sanders (I-VT) Rep. Hilda L. Solis (D-CA) Rep. Lynn C. Woolsey (D-CA) Y 53 1993 CRS-55 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Property Rights Coalition, Congressional Sen. Larry E. Craig (R-ID) Rep. Lamar S. Smith (R-TX) Public Service Caucus, Congressional Sen. Daniel A. Akaka (D-HI) Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman (D-CT) Sen. Ted Stevens (R-AK) Rep. Danny K. Davis (D-IL) Rep. Steny Hoyer (D-MD) Rep. Henry A. Waxman (D-CA) Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed — 5 1994 — 40 2005 Religious Prisoners Congressional Task Force Sen. Sam Brownback (R-KS) Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman (D-CT) Rep. Joseph R. Pitts (R-PA) — NA 1998 Renewal Alliance Sen. Rick Santorum (R-PA) Rep. Joseph R. Pitts (R-PA) — 21 1997 Russia Working Group 7 Rep. Lloyd Doggett (D-TX) Rep. Roger Wicker (R-AL) — NA NA Silk Road Caucus 8 Sen. Sam Brownback (R-KS) Sen. Mary L. Landrieu (D-LA) Rep. Gary L. Ackerman (D-NY) Rep. Joseph R. Pitts (R-PA) Y 27 2000 CRS-56 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators CMO1 Number of Members2 Year Formed Songwriter’s Caucus, Congressional Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-TN) Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) Rep. Lloyd Doggett (D-TX) Y NA 2003 Soybean Caucus, Congressional Sen. Christopher S. “Kit” Bond (R-MO) Sen. Richard J. Durbin (D-IL) Sen. Charles E. Grassley (R-IA) Sen. Tim Johnson (R-IL) Rep. Marion Berry (D-AR) — 100 1986 Space Power Caucus Sen. Wayne Allard (R-CO) Sen. Ben Nelson (D-NE) Rep. Robert E. (Bud) Cramer Jr. (D-AL) Rep. Terry Everett (R-AL) Rep. Jane Harman (D-CA) Rep. Dave Weldon (R-FL) — 85 2003 Sportsmen’s Caucus, Congressional Sen. Larry E. Craig (R-ID) Sen. Richard C. Shelby (R-AL) Rep. Leonard Boswell (D-IA) Rep. Jim Gibbons (R-NV) Rep. Adam Putnam (R-FL) Rep. Don Young (R-AK) Y 315 1989 Telehealth, Ad Hoc Steering Committee on Sen. Kent Conrad (D-ND) — NA 1994 Tennessee Valley Authority Congressional Caucus Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-TN) — 34 1982 CRS-57 Group Leader(s)/Officers/Coordinators Number of Members2 CMO1 Year Formed Tex-21 Congressional Caucus 9 Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX) Rep. John A. Culberson (R-TX) Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) Rep. Pete Sessions (R-TX) Y 27 2001 Vietnam Era Veterans in Congress Sen. John F. Kerry (D-MA) Rep. Lane Evans (D-IL) — 64 1978 WTO (World Trade Organization) Caucus for Farmers and Ranchers, Congressional Sen. Larry E. Craig (R-ID) Sen. Byron L. Dorgan (D-ND) Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) Rep. Michael K. Simpson (R-ID) — 60 1999 Wine Caucus, Congressional Rep. George Radanovich (R-CA) Rep. Mike Thompson (D-CA) — 200 1998 Wireless Telecommunications Caucus, Congressional Sen. Byron L. Dorgan (D-ND) Rep. Charles W. “Chip” Pickering Jr. (R-MS) Rep. Albert Russell Wynn (D-MD) Y 41 2000 Women’s Issues, Congressional Caucus for Rep. Ginny Brown-Waite (R-FL) Rep. Lois Capps (D-CA) Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) Rep. Hilda Solis (D-CA) Y NA NA Zero AMT (Alternative Minimum Tax) Caucus (also known as AMT Abolition Caucus) Rep. Phil English (R-PA) — 5 2002 Zero Capital Gains Tax Caucus Sen. Richard C. Shelby (R-AL) Rep. David Dreier (R-CA) Rep. Ralph M. Hall (R-TX) Y 105 2002 CRS-58 Notes: 1 Groups with a “Y” in this column were registered with the Committee on House Administration as congressional Member organizations (CMOs) as of May 18, 2005. In most instances, the number of members is an approximate number rather than an exact number. Further the number of members who belong to a group often changes throughout the Congress. 3 The year cited for formation of the California Democratic Congressional Delegation is the year the group was recognized by the Committee on House Administration as a legislative service organization (LSO) because the year it was organized could not be determined. Note, however, that state delegations have been forming as informal groups since the earliest Congresses, but it would be difficult to clearly determine the year formed for the various states. 4 The E-911 Caucus (or E9-1-1 Caucus) focuses on issues surrounding 9-1-1 services and strengthening our country’s ability to better respond and communicate in times of local and national emergencies. 5 The Flat Tax Caucus was founded in 2003 and should not be confused with an earlier group that had the same title. 6 The International Religious Freedom Working Group is a subset of the Congressional Human Rights Caucus. 7 The Russia Working Group is a subset of the bicameral Congressional Human Rights Caucus. 8 The Silk Road refers to the ancient trade route through Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan first explored by Marco Polo. A goal of the Silk Road Caucus is “to help connect Central and South Asia... with the U.S., in an effort to encourage economic, cultural, and political exchange between our countries.” (Congressional Silk Road Caucus, “About the Silk Road Caucus,”[http://www.house.gov/pitts/silkroad.htm], visited Sept. 14, 2006). 9 The Tex-21 Congressional Caucus is concerned with the achievement of transportation excellence for the 21st century in Texas. Focal issues for the group include the Transportation Equity Act (TEA-21) reauthorization, traffic congestion, air quality, security and safety in transportation, and economic development. 2 Key Abbreviations and Symbols Party Affiliation D Democrat I Independent R Republican Other Abbreviations and Symbols CMO Congressional Member Organization (informal group registered with the Committee on House Administration) NA Not Available (information was not available from sources at this time) — Not Applicable CRS-59 Table 3. Senate Informal Congressional Groups and Member Organizations Group Officers/Leader(s)/Coordinators Number of Members1 Year Formed Anti-Methcathinone Caucus, Senate Sen. Joseph R. Biden Jr. (D-DE) Sen. Conrad Burns (R-MT) Sen. Kent Conrad (D-ND) Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) Sen. Charles E. Grassley (R-IA) Sen. James M. Talent (R-MO) 39 2005 Auto Caucus, Senate Sen. Carl Levin (D-MI) Sen. George V. Voinovich (R-OH) 22 NA Beef Caucus, Senate Sen. Max Baucus (D-MT) Sen. Christopher “Kit” Bond (R-MO) NA 1986 Biofuels Caucus, Senate Sen. Tom Harkin (D-IA) Sen. Norm Coleman (R-MN) Sen. Blanche L. Lincoln (D-AR) Sen. James M. Talent (R-MO) 10 2003 Biotechnology Caucus, Senate Sen. Christopher J. Dodd (D-CT) NA 2000 Cancer Coalition, Senate Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) Sen. Sam Brownback (R-KS) 26 1994 Centrist Coalition Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman (D-CT) Sen. Olympia J. Snowe (R-ME) 43 1995 Children’s Caucus, Senate Sen. Christopher J. Dodd (D-CT) Sen. Arlen Specter (R-PA) 30 1983 CRS-60 Group Officers/Leader(s)/Coordinators Number of Members1 Year Formed Cuba, Senate Working Group on Sen. Max Baucus (D-MT) Sen. Mike Enzi (R-WY) Sen. Byron L. Dorgan (D-ND) Sen. Chuck Hagel (R-NE) Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-WA) Sen. Norm Coleman (R-MN) Sen. Blanche L. Lincoln (D-AR) Sen. James M. Talent (R-MO) Sen. Jeff Bingaman (D-NM) Sen. Pat Roberts (R-KS) 10 2003 Fatherhood Promotion, Bipartisan Senate Task Force on Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman (D-CT) NA 1997 Great Lakes Task Force 2 Sen. Mike DeWine (R-OH) Sen. Carl Levin (D-MI) NA NA International Narcotics Control, Senate Caucus on Sen. Norm Coleman (R-MN) Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Caucus, Senate Sen. Conrad Burns (R-MT) Sen. Larry E. Craig (R-ID) NA 1998 Manufactured Housing Caucus, Senate Sen. Richard Shelby (R-AL) Sen. Evan Bayh (D-IN) 15 1998 Manufacturing, Senate Task Force on 2 Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman (D-CT) Sen. Olympia J. Snowe (R-ME) 21 NA Missing, Exploited and Runaway Children, Senate Caucus on Sen. Mike DeWine (R-OH) Sen. Blanche L. Lincoln (D-AR) Sen. Richard C. Shelby (R-AL) 17 2003 NATO Observer Group, Senate Sen. Joseph R. Biden Jr. (D-DE) Sen. Gordon H. Smith (R-OR) 28 1996 CRS-61 Group Officers/Leader(s)/Coordinators Number of Members1 Year Formed National Guard Caucus, Senate Sen. Christopher “Kit” Bond (R-MO) Sen. Patrick J. Leahy (D-VT) 81 1989 Natural Hazards Caucus, Congressional Sen. Ted Stevens (R-AK) Sen. John Edwards (D-NC) 18 NA Northeast-Midwest Senate Coalition Sen. Jack Reed (D-RI) Sen. Susan M. Collins (R-ME) 36 1977 Norway Caucus, Senate Friends of Sen. Kent Conrad (D-ND) Sen. Tim Johnson (R-IL) 11 1999 Nuclear Waste Cleanup, Senate Sen. Mike Crapo (R-ID) Sen. Patty Murray (D-WA) 15 NA Portugal, Senate Friends of Sen. Jack Reed (D-RI) 10 1997 Recycling Caucus, Senate Sen. Tom Carper (D-DE) Sen. Olympia Snowe (R-ME) 2 2006 Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Caucus, Senate Sen. Wayne Allard (R-CO) Sen. Jeff Bingaman (D-NM) Sen. Susan M. Collins (R-ME) Sen. Byron L. Dorgan (D-ND) Sen. James M. Jeffords (I-VT) Sen. Tim Johnson (R-IL) 33 1997 Reserve Caucus, Senate 3 Sen. Saxby Chambliss (R-GA) NA 2003 Rural Education Caucus, Senate Sen. Mike Enzi (R-WY) Sen. Susan M. Collins (R-ME) Sen. Kent Conrad (D-ND) NA NA CRS-62 Group Officers/Leader(s)/Coordinators Number of Members1 Year Formed Rural Health Caucus, Senate Sen. Tom Harkin (D-IA) Sen. Craig Thomas (R-WY) 76 1985 Science and Technology Caucus, Senate Sen. Bill Frist (R-TN) NA NA Smart Growth Task Force, Senate 2 Sen. James M. Jeffords (I-VT) Sen. Carl Levin (D-MI) 20 1999 Social Security, Senate Democratic Task Force on Sen. Jeff Bingaman (D-NM) NA NA Southwestern States Border Caucus, Senate Sen. Diane Feinstein (D-CA) NA NA Steel Caucus, Senate Sen. Arlen Specter (R-PA) Sen. John D. “Jay” Rockefeller, IV (D-WV) 34 NA Steering Committee, Senate 4 Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-AL) NA 1974 Sweetener Caucus, Senate Sen. Kent Conrad (D-ND) Sen. Larry Craig (R-ID) Sen. Mary Landrieu (D-LA) Sen. Mel R. Martinez (R-FL) NA NA Taiwan Caucus, Senate Sen. George Allen (R-VA) 10 2003 Tourism Caucus, Senate Sen. Conrad Burns (R-MT) 74 1980 U.S./Israel Security, Senate Caucus on Sen. Jon Kyl (R-AZ) Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) NA 2003 Western Senate Coalition Sen. Max Baucus (D-MT) Sen. Byron L. Dorgan (D-ND) Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) Sen. Orrin G. Hatch (R-UT) Sen. Ted Stevens (R-AK) 38 1977 CRS-63 Notes: 1 In most instances, the number of members is an approximate number rather than an exact number. Further, the number of members who belong to a group often changes throughout the Congress. 2 The Great Lakes Task Force, Senate Task Force on Manufacturing and Senate Smart Growth Task Force are subunits of the Senate Northeast-Midwest Coalition. 3 The Senate Reserve Caucus was created to focus on issues and provide support to United States military reserve forces and their families. 4 The Senate Steering Committee serves as a forum for discussion on issues of concern or interest to conservative Senators. “Because of the group’s informal nature, no membership list is available.” (Congressional Yellow Book, Spring 2006, p.957). Key Abbreviations and Symbols Party Affiliation D Democrat I Independent R Republican Other Abbreviations and Symbols NA Not Available (information was not available from sources at this time) — Not Applicable CRS-64 Index 4-H Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 9/11 Commission Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 21st Century Health Care Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2015 Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 37 Addiction, Treatment and Recovery Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Adopt a Country Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Adoption, Congressional Coalition on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Aerospace and Space Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 African Trade and Investment Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Afterschool Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Agriculture Energy Users Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Air Force Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Air Medical Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Air Power Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Airport Noise Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5, 37 Albanian Issues Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Alzheimer’s Disease, Congressional Task Force on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 American Automotive Performance and Motorsports Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 American Heritage Rivers Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5, 37 Andean Region Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Animals, Congressional Friends of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Anti-Methcathinone Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Anti-Semitism, Congressional Task Force Against . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 37 Anti-Terrorist Finance Task Force, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Anti-Value Added Tax Caucus (Anti-VAT Caucus) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Arab Boycott, Congressional Task Force to End the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 37 Armenian Issues, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Army Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Army Corps Modernization Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Arts Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Asian Pacific American Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Autism Research and Education, Coalition on (CARE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Auto Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Automotive Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Automotive Performance and Motorsports Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Aviation and Space Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Azerbaijan Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Baltic Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Bangladesh Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Battlefield Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Bearing Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Beef Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Beef Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Bike (Bicycle) Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Biofuels Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 37 Biofuels Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8, 50 Biomedical Research Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Biotechnology Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Biotechnology Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Black Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Blue Dog Coalition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Boating Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Border Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 37 Brain Injury Task Force, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Brazil Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Budget Group, Democratic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Building a Better America Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 37 CRS-65 Bulgaria Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 California Democratic Congressional Delegation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40, 48 California Republican Congressional Delegation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Canada Caucus, Congressional Friends of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Cancer Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Cancer Coalition, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Caribbean Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Cement Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Center Aisle Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 37 Central America, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Central and Eastern Europe, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Centrist Coalition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Chesapeake Bay Watershed Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Children’s Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Children’s Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Children’s Environmental Health Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 China Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Climate Change Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Coast Guard Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Coastal Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Community College Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Community Health Care Centers, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Community Solutions and Initiatives Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Commuter Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Competitiveness Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Complementary and Alternative Medicine Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Conservative Opportunity Society . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Constitution Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 37 Correctional Officers Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Côte D’Ivoire Congressional Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Croatian Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Cuba, Senate Working Group on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Cystic Fibrosis Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Dairy Farmer Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Defense Industrial Base Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Defense Study Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Delaware River Basin Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Denmark, Congressional Friends of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Department of Energy Facilities Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Diabetes Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Dietary Supplement Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Digestive Diseases Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Disabilities Caucus, Bipartisan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Disaster Recovery and Response, Bipartisan Working Group on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Distributed Energy, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 38 Duma - Congress Study Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 E-911 Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41, 48 E-Waste Working Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 38 Economic Competitiveness Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Education Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Electronic Warfare Working Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Empowered Communities Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Entertainment Industries Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Ethiopia and Ethiopian - Americans, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Everglades Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Fair Alliance for Intermodal Reinvestment (FAIR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Farmer Cooperative Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Fatherhood Promotion, Bipartisan Senate Task Force on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Fatherhood Promotion, Congressional Task Force on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 CRS-66 Financial and Economic Literacy Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Fire Services Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Fitness Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Flat Tax Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42, 48 Food Safety Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Forest Task Force, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Former Mayors Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Fraternal Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Freedom of the Press, Congressional Caucus for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 French Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Frozen Food Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Furnishings Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Future of American Media Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Gaming Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Generic Drug Equity Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Glaucoma Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Global AIDS Emergency Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Global Health Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Global Road Safety, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Goods Movement Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Grains Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Great Lakes Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 51, 54 Green Scissors Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 38 Gulf Coast Rebuilding and Recovery Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Gulf of Mexico Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Hazards Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Hearing Health Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Heart and Stroke Coalition, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Hellenic Issues, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Hispanic Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Hispanic Conference, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Historic Preservation Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Homeland Security Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Hong Kong, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Horse Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 HUBZone Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Hudson River Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Human Rights Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Humanities Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Hungarian American Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Hunger Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Immigration Reform Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Impact Aid Coalition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 India and Indian Americans, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Indonesia Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Insurance Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Intellectual Property Promotion and Piracy Prevention, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . 17 Intelligent Transportation Systems Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 International HIV/AIDS, Congressional Task Force on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 International Anti-Piracy Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 International Conservation Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 International Education Study Group, House/Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 International Narcotics Control, Senate Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 International Religious Freedom Working Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43, 48 International Worker’s Rights Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Internet Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Interstate 49 Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Interstate 69 Mid-Continent Highway Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Iran Human Rights and Democracy Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Iran Working Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 CRS-67 Iraqi Women’s Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Ireland, Friends of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Irish Affairs, Ad Hoc Congressional Committee for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Israel Caucus, House Republican . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19, 38 Israel Working Group, Democratic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Jobs and Fair Trade Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19, 37, 38 Judicial Accountability, House Working Group on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Judicial Branch, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Kashmir Forum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Kenya Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Kidney Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Korea, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Labor and Working Families Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Land Trust Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Law Enforcement Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Liberty Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Life Insurance Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Livable Communities Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20, 38 Long Island Sound Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Long-Term Care Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Lyme Disease Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Malaysia Trade, Security, and Economic Cooperation Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Management Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Manufactured Housing Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Manufactured Housing Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Manufacturing Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Manufacturing, Congressional Task Force on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Manufacturing, Senate Task Force on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51, 54 Medical and Dental Doctors in Congress Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Medical Malpractice Crisis Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Medical Technology Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Mental Health Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Mentoring Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Methamphetamine, Congressional Caucus to Fight and Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Metro Congestion Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Middle East Economic Partnership Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Military Depot and Industrial Facilities Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22, 38 Military Veterans Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Mine Warfare Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Mining Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22, 38 Missing and Exploited Children’s Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Missing, Exploited and Runaway Children, Senate Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Mississippi River Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Mississippi River Delta Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Modeling and Simulation Training Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Morocco Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 NATO Observer Group, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 National Guard and Reserve Components Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 National Guard Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 National Landscape Conservation System Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 National Marine Sanctuary Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 National Parks Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 National Security, Democratic Study Group on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 National Service Congressional Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Native American Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Natural Hazards Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Naval Mine Warfare Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Naval Network Working Group Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Navy /Marine Corps Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 CRS-68 Netherlands, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 New Democrat Coalition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 New York State Congressional Delegation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Nigeria, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 North America’s Super Corridor Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24, 38 Northeast Agriculture Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Northeast - Midwest Congressional Coalition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Northeast - Midwest Senate Coalition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Northern Border Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25, 38 Northwest Energy Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Norway Caucus, Friends of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Norway Caucus, Senate Friends of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Nuclear Cleanup Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25, 38 Nuclear Issues Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Nuclear Waste Cleanup, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Nursing Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Oceans Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Oil and Gas Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Oil and National Security Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Older Americans Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Open Space Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Oral Health Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Organ and Tissue Donation, Congressional Task Force on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Organic Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Out of Iraq Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 POW/MIA Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Pakistan Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Panama, Trade Security, and Economic Cooperation Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Paraguay Caucus, Friends of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Parkinson’s Disease, Congressional Working Group on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Passenger Rail Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Patriot Act Reform Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Peak Oil Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Peanut Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Pell Grant Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Philatelic Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Poland Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Pork Industry Congressional Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Porkbusters Coalition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Port Security Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Portugal, Senate Friends of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Portuguese American Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Potato Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Prayer Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Prescription Drug Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Prevention Coalition, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Privacy Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Pro-Choice Caucus, Bi-Partisan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28, 38 Progressive Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Property Rights Coalition, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Property Rights Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Public Broadcasting Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Public Pension Reform Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Public Private Partnerships Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Public Service Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Qatari-American Economic, Strategic Defense, Cultural and Educational Partnership Caucus . 28 Reading Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Real Estate Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Recording Arts and Sciences Congressional Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Recycling Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Recycling Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 CRS-69 Refugee Caucus, Bipartisan Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Religious Prisoners Congressional Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Renewal Alliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Republican Study Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29, 38 Research and Development Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Reserve Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52, 54 Results Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29, 37, 38 River of Trade Corridor Congressional Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Rural Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Rural Education Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Rural Health Care Coalition, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Rural Health Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Rural Housing Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Rural Working Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Russia Democracy Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Russia Working Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46, 48 Saudi Arabia Study Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Savings and Ownership Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 School Health and Safety Caucus, Bipartisan Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Science and Technology Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Caucus, House . . . . . 30 Scotland Caucus, Friends of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Scouting Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Second Amendment Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Serbian Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Sex and Violence in the Media Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Sexual Assault Violence Elimination (SAVE) Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Shellfish Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Shipbuilding Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Silk Road Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46, 48 Singapore Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Ski and Snowboard Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Smart Growth Task Force, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53, 54 Social Security, Senate Democratic Task Force on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Soccer Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Soils Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Songwriter’s Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Sound Science Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Southwestern States Border Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Soybean Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Space Power Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Spain Caucus, Congressional Friends of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Special Operations Forces Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Specialty Crops Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Spina Bifida Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Sportsmen’s Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Sri Lanka and Sri Lankan Americans, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 State Maritime Academy Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Steel Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Steel Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Steering Committee, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53, 54 Stop DUI, Congressional Caucus to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Strengthening the Mid-Atlantic Region for Tomorrow (SMART) Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Students to Citizens Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Study Group on Germany, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Submarine Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Suburban Agenda Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Sudan Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Sugar Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 CRS-70 Sustainable Development Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33, 38 Sweetener Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Switzerland Caucus, Friends of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 TRIO Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33, 38 Taiwan Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Taiwan Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Teen Pregnancy, Congressional Advisory Panel to the National Campaign to Reduce . . . . . . . 33 Telehealth, Ad Hoc Steering Committee on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Tennessee Valley Authority Congressional Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Terrorism and Unconventional Warfare, Task Force on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Testing and Evaluation Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33, 37 Tex-21 Congressional Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47, 49 Tobacco and Health, Congressional Task Force on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Tourism Caucus, Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Trails Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Travel and Tourism Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Tri-Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34, 38 Tuesday Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34, 39 Turkey and Turkish Americans, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 U.S. - Afghan Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 U.S. - India Investment and Trade Relations, Congressional Task Force on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 U.S./Israel Security Caucus, House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 U.S./Israel Security, Senate Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 U.S. - Mexico Congressional Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 U.S. - Mongolia Friendship Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 USO Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Uganda, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Ukrainian Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Unexploded Ordnance Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 United Kingdom Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 United Nations Working Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Upper Mississippi River Basin Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Urban Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Victim’s Rights Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Victory in Iraq Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Vietnam Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Vietnam Era Veterans in Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Vision Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 WTO Caucus for Farmers and Ranchers, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Washington Waste Watchers Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Water Infrastructure Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Waterfront Development Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Waterways Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 West Africa Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Western Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Western Senate Coalition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Wildlife Refuge Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Wine Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Wireless Telecommunications Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Women’s Issues, Congressional Caucus for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Youth Challenge Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Youth Sports, Congressional Caucus on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Zero AMT (Alternative Minimum Tax) Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Zero Capital Gains Tax Caucus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Zoo and Aquarium Caucus, Congressional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 crsphpgw