U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations: Resubmissions, 1977-2003

Order Code RL32134 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations: Resubmissions, 1977-2003 Updated February 12, 2004 Mitchel A. Sollenberger Analyst in American National Government Government and Finance Division Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations: Resubmissions, 1977-2003 Summary At the beginning of the 108th Congress, President George W. Bush resubmitted 13 U.S. circuit court and 16 U.S. district court nominations of persons previously nominated by him or other Presidents to the same positions. These nominations represent a rare, but occasional, occurrence in the judicial appointment process. The Senate usually confirms the judicial nominations it receives from the President during each Congress. There are, however, occasions when a nomination does not receive Senate confirmation. At these times, the nomination may be either withdrawn by the President or returned to him by the Senate. Many of these nominations are never submitted again, but others are, in the same or a subsequent Congress. These nominations are often called resubmissions or resubmitted nominations. In most cases, a resubmission is made by the same President who submitted the original nomination. In a few cases, however, the resubmission is made by a different President. Individuals nominated to different positions are not considered to have been renominated. In total, 175 individuals were nominated two or more times to circuit or district judgeships during the period from 1977 through 2003. Fifty-five nominees were resubmitted for circuit court positions and 120 for district court positions. In 11 of the 175 cases, two Presidents of opposing political parties nominated the same individuals to the same positions. In the remaining cases, individuals were nominated more than once to judgeships by the same President or by Presidents of the same political party. The resubmission tables in this report may be used to complement CRS Report RL31635, Judicial Nomination Statistics: U.S. District and Circuit Courts, 19772003, by Denis Steven Rutkus and Mitchel A. Sollenberger; and CRS Report RL31868, U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations by President George W. Bush During the 107th and 108th Congresses, by Denis Steven Rutkus and Mitchel A. Sollenberger. This report will be updated at the close of the second session of the 108th Congress. Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Nominees and Nominations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Resubmissions in the 107th Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Structure and Content of the Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Findings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Resubmissions from One Congress to the Next . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Resubmissions in the Same Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 U.S. Circuit Court Resubmissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 U.S. District Court Resubmissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 List of Tables Table 1. Number of U.S. District and Circuit Court Nominees Resubmitted, 95th Congress to 108th Congress, First Session (1977-2003) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Table 2. Number of U.S. District and Circuit Court Nominations Resubmitted in an Immediately Succeeding Congress After Nominations of Same Persons in the Previous Congress Failed to Be Confirmed, 95th Congress to 108th Congress (1977-December 9, 2003) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Table 3. Number of U.S. District and Circuit Court Nominations in a Congress Resubmitted Within the Same Congress, 95th Congress to 108th Congress (1977-December 9, 2003) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Table 4. U.S. Circuit Court Nominations Resubmitted, 95th Congress to 108th Congress (1977-2003) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Table 5. U.S. District Court Nominations Resubmitted, 95th Congress to 108th Congress (1977-2003) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations: Resubmissions, 1977-2003 Introduction As with other presidential nominations to positions that require the advice and consent of the Senate, nominations to federal judgeships sometimes fail to advance through the entire advice-and-consent process.1 After referral to committee, a nomination might fail to receive a hearing or, after receiving a hearing, might fail to receive a committee vote on whether it should be reported. Even if reported, it might fail to receive a vote by the Senate on whether to confirm. If it fails to receive a Senate vote, the nomination ultimately will be withdrawn by the President or returned to the President by the Secretary of the Senate upon a Senate adjournment or recess of more than 30 days.2 Presidents may choose to renominate the same person to the same position. These renominations are known as resubmissions or resubmitted nominations.3 A majority of the judicial nominees withdrawn by the President or returned to him by the Senate are submitted again. A President’s ability to resubmit a nomination is not subject to time limits: resubmissions may occur during the same Congress as the original submission or during any subsequent Congress.4 Nor is a President limited to resubmitting his own original nominations: although most resubmissions are made by the President who made the original nomination, a few have been made by a different President.5 1 The process for making lifetime appointments to judgeships in the U.S. district courts and U.S. circuit courts of appeals involves a number of formal steps that closely parallel those in the appointment of justices to the Supreme Court of the United States. For a discussion of the process, see CRS Report RL31989, Supreme Court Appointment Process: Roles of the President, Judiciary Committee, and Senate, by Denis Steven Rutkus. 2 Rule XXXI, paragraph 6, Standing Rules of the Senate, provides, in part, that “if the Senate shall adjourn or take a recess for more than thirty days, all nominations pending and not finally acted upon at the time of taking such adjournment or recess shall be returned by the Secretary to the President and shall not again be considered unless they shall again be made to the Senate by the President.” See CRS Report RL31980, Senate Consideration of Presidential Nominations: Committee and Floor Procedure, by Elizabeth Rybicki. 3 Nomination of a previously nominated person to a different position is not considered to be a resubmission. 4 For instance, President George W. Bush nominated Jay S. Bybee of Nevada to a U.S. circuit court on May 23, 2002, during the 107th Congress, and resubmitted the nomination on Jan. 7, 2003, in the 108th Congress. See Table 4. 5 For example, in the 96th Congress, James P. Jones was nominated on May 16, 1979, by (continued...) CRS-2 Historically, resubmissions account for a relatively small proportion of all U.S. district and U.S. circuit court nominations. Since the opening of the 95th Congress, for example, Presidents have submitted 1,759 district or circuit nominations, of which 175 (9.9%) were resubmissions. As one would expect, however, the number varies from President to President. President Carter resubmitted seven nominations (2.4% of his 289 nominations); President Reagan, 42 (9.6% of his 438 nominations); President George H. W. Bush, 10 (4.0% of his 253 nominations); and President Clinton, 53 (10.7% of his 497 nominations). As of this writing, President George W. Bush has resubmitted 68 nominations (24.1% of his 282 nominations). On the other hand, Presidents are about as likely as not to resubmit a nomination that was withdrawn or returned. Since the opening of the 95th Congress, 346 district and circuit court nominations have been either withdrawn by the President or returned by the Secretary of the Senate.6 Of those 346 nominations, 175 were resubmitted (50.6%). This report compiles information on and tracks U.S. district and circuit court nominations that have been resubmitted from 1977 through 2003 (95th Congress through the first session of the 108th Congress). Nominees and Nominations Debate on the efficiency of the Senate’s consideration of proposed judges sometimes hangs on the words nominee and nomination. When these words are used interchangeably and without regard for their different meaning, the debate can become confusing. By definition, a nominee is the person who is selected by the President to fill a position requiring Senate advice and consent. Each time the person is nominated by the President to a fill a position, that instance is called a nomination. Because of the possibility of resubmissions, the number of nominations in any given period can be greater than the number of nominees. During the period covered by this report, 175 nominees were nominated two or three times — a total of 366 nominations (see Tables 4 and 5, below). Resubmissions in the 107th Congress During most Congresses, resubmissions account for only a few of the total number of nominations submitted. During the 107th Congress, however, the number of resubmissions was unusually high — 20 district court and 21 circuit court nominations. Reportedly, this resulted from the inability of the majority and minority leaders to reach consensus on a unanimous consent agreement to maintain the status 5 (...continued) President Jimmy Carter to be U.S. district judge for Western Virginia; eight Congresses later, on Dec. 12, 1995, President William J. Clinton renominated Jones for this position. See Table 5. 6 310 of the 346 nominations were returned, while the remaining 36 were withdrawn. CRS-3 quo on all the nominations during the 33-day recess of August 3- September 4, 2001.7 Since an agreement could not be reached, the nominations pending before the recess were returned to the President.8 Shortly after Congress reconvened, the President resubmitted the nominations. Because the nominations were returned and then resubmitted, the total number of nominations in the Congress increased. The increase in nominations meant that the confirmation percentages for judicial nominations in the 107th Congress are notably lower than the confirmation percentages for judicial nominees. Differences between confirmation percentages for nominations and nominees, however, do exist in other Congresses, but to a lesser degree than in the 107th Congress. For example, the 107th Congress recorded more than four times as many resubmissions (41) as the next highest number of resubmissions (9) in the 99th Congress. Structure and Content of the Tables Table 1 lists, for U.S. district and circuit court nominees, the number of times their nominations were resubmitted. That is, it breaks down district and circuit court nominees, respectively, into “Times Nominated.” Each nominee is accounted for only once. Depending on the number of times nominated, the nominee will appear in either the column for two nominations, three nominations, or four nominations. No nominee during this 1977-2003 time period has been nominated five times. Table 2 and Table 3 focus on the numbers of resubmissions and confirmations. Table 2, starting with the 95th Congress, shows the number of unconfirmed U.S. district and circuit court nominations in each Congress that were resubmitted in the next Congress, and the number of those resubmitted nominations that were confirmed. Table 3, also starting with the 95th Congress, shows the number of unconfirmed district and circuit court nominations in each Congress that were resubmitted later in the same Congress, and the number of these resubmissions that were confirmed. Table 2, resubmissions in the next Congress, is arranged chronologically by the Congress in which each nomination was first received in the Senate. From left to right, columns one, two, and three show the President, Congress in which the nomination was first submitted, and Congress in which the nomination was resubmitted. Columns four and six provide the number of resubmitted nominations received for district and circuit court positions, respectively. Columns five and seven show the number of district and circuit court nominees confirmed by the Senate. 7 See “Unanimous Consent Request,” daily edition, vol. 147, Aug. 3, 2001, pp. S8889S8893. 8 “[I]f the Senate shall adjourn or take a recess for more than thirty days, all nominations pending and not finally acted upon at the time of taking such adjournment or recess shall be returned by the Secretary to the President and shall not again be considered unless they shall again be made to the Senate by the President.” Rule XXXI, paragraph 6, Standing Rules of the Senate. CRS-4 Table 3, resubmissions in the same Congress, is arranged chronologically by the Congress in which each nomination was first received in the Senate. From left to right, columns one and two show the President and Congress in which the nomination was first submitted. Columns three and four provide the number of resubmitted district court nominations received and the number confirmed by the Senate. The next two columns provide this information for circuit court nominations. Table 4 and Table 5, respectively, provide information concerning every U.S. circuit and district court nominee, from 1977 through 2003, who was nominated more than once to the same judgeship. The tables list the dates each of these persons was nominated, as well as the dates for any hearing, committee action,9 or Senate action taken on each nomination, including roll call votes.10 Nominees in both tables are listed chronologically by the date that their first nomination was received in the Senate. The tables were created using data from the final committee calendars for the 95th to 106th Congresses and the daily editions of the Congressional Record for the 107th and 108th Congresses. For each nominee listed, information on the initial and resubmitted nominations is provided on split rows. For example, the first nominee listed in Table 4, Sherman E. Unger, is shown to have been nominated to a federal circuit judgeship a first time in the 97th Congress. This nomination, however, as the table shows, failed to receive a committee hearing or a committee vote to report and was returned to the President on December 23, 1982, at the end of the 97th Congress. Unger’s nomination to the same judgeship was resubmitted twice in the 98th Congress. The first of these two nominations, which also received no committee hearing or committee action, was returned to the President on August 4, 1983 (at the start of the Senate’s August recess). The second resubmitted nomination, received by the Senate on September 13, 1983, experienced five days of hearings, but received no subsequent committee action and was returned to the President on November 18, 1983 (at the end of the first session of the 98th Congress). All three of the Unger nominations were returned pursuant to Senate Rule XXXI(6), which provides for the return to the President of all nominations pending at the time the Senate adjourns or takes recess for more than 30 days. 9 The committee action date for each nomination listed in the tables is the date on which the Senate Judiciary Committee voted to report the nomination favorably. 10 The Senate action column provides the date on which the Senate confirmed the nomination, the Senate returned the nomination to the President, or the President withdrew the nomination. A Senate confirmation date, unaccompanied by a roll call vote, indicates that the Senate confirmed the nominee by voice vote or by unanimous consent. A number of nominations resubmitted in the 108th Congress, as of this writing, had yet to receive final action, and are listed as “Pending.” CRS-5 Findings Resubmissions from One Congress to the Next During the 99th, 105th, and 108th Congresses, far more U.S. district court nominations were resubmitted by the President than during the other Congresses. The 108th Congress recorded the highest resubmission total of 27. This number was four more than the next highest total, 23, in the 105th Congress. The 99th Congress had 15 resubmissions. President William J. Clinton had the most instances of resubmissions between Congresses at 53, almost twice the number of the next President, George W. Bush, with 27 resubmissions. The President with the fewest resubmissions between Congresses was President Jimmy Carter, with a total of 3. Resubmissions in the Same Congress Table 3 shows that one or more resubmissions occurred within a Congress during six of the 14 Congresses covered in this report. The 107th Congress recorded the most instances of resubmissions within a Congress (41), more than four times as many as the next highest number of resubmissions (9) in the 99th Congress. The high number of resubmissions in the 107th Congress occurred because the Senate, upon adjourning for its August 2001 recess, returned 20 district court nominations and 20 circuit court nominations to President George W. Bush, who in turn resubmitted all 40 nominations to the Senate when it reconvened on September 4, 2001. U.S. Circuit Court Resubmissions During the 1977-2003 time period, Presidents Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, William J. Clinton, and George W. Bush renominated a total of 55 U.S. circuit court nominees (see Tables 1 and 4, below). One of those nominees was nominated by two Presidents of opposing political parties to the same position.11 The remaining 54 individuals were nominated to judgeships more than once by the same President or by Presidents of the same political party. Two individuals were nominated four times.12 Twelve individuals were nominated three times, and the remaining 41 individuals were nominated two times. Thirty-four out of the 55 resubmitted nominees were confirmed. U.S. District Court Resubmissions During the 1977-2003 time period, Presidents Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, William J. Clinton, and George W. Bush renominated a total of 121 U.S. district court nominees (see Tables 1 and 5, below). In 10 of the 121 cases, two Presidents of opposing political parties nominated the same individual to the 11 The nominee was Roger L. Gregory. He was initially nominated by Democratic President William J. Clinton in the 106th Congress and again in the 107th Congress. After withdrawing Gregory’s nomination, Republican President George W. Bush resubmitted it later in the 107th Congress. See Table 4. 12 The nominees were Terrence W. Boyle and John G. Roberts. See Table 4. CRS-6 same position.13 In the remaining cases, individuals were nominated more than once to a judgeship by the same President or by Presidents of the same political party. Six individuals were nominated three times.14 The remaining 115 were nominated two times. Out of the 121 resubmitted nominees, 103 were confirmed. Table 1. Number of U.S. District and Circuit Court Nominees Resubmitted, 95th Congress to 108th Congress, First Session (1977-2003) Number of nominees whose nominations were resubmitted Times nominated District court nominees Circuit court nominees Total 2 115 41 156 3 6 12 18 4 — 2 2 Total 121 55 176 For complete lists of nominees whose nominations were resubmitted, see Table 4 (circuit court) and Table 5 (district court). 13 The nominees were Walter Meheula Heen, John E. Spizzo, Israel Leo Glasser, Ralph W. Nimmons, David G. Trager, Raymond L. Finch, Richard Conway Casey, Joanna Seybert, George A. O’Toole, Jr., and William P. Dimitrouleas. See Table 5. 14 The nominees were John P. Vukasin, Vaughn R. Walker, James R. McGregor, William D. Quarles, Larry R. Hicks, and James H. Payne. See Table 5. CRS-7 Table 2. Number of U.S. District and Circuit Court Nominations Resubmitted in an Immediately Succeeding Congress After Nominations of Same Persons in the Previous Congress Failed to Be Confirmed, 95th Congress to 108th Congress (1977-December 9, 2003)a President Congress First nomination Jimmy Carter Ronald Reagan th George W. Bush th District Court Circuit Court Received Confirmed Received Confirmed — — — — 96 96th 97th 3 2 — — 97th 98th 1 1 1 0 th th 12 12 3 3 99 th 100 2 2 — — 100th 101st 6 4 — — 101st 102nd 2 1 1 0 nd 102 103 rd 3 3 — — 103rd 104th 6 5 3 3 104th 105th 16 12 7 5 105th 106th 7 3 5 3 th 106 th 107 — — 9 1 107th 108th 15 11 14 5 th William J. Clinton Resubmitted nomination 95 98 George H. W. Bush Number of Resubmitted Nominations Received and Confirmed by Senate 99 th th Source: Congressional Research Service, from the Senate Committee on the Judiciary’s final committee calendars for the 95 to 106 Congresses and from the daily editions of the Congressional Record for the 107th and 108th Congresses. a. At the final adjournment of a Congress, pending nominations not having received Senate confirmation are returned to the President. It is not uncommon, however, for a President, in the case of such returned nominations, to renominate the nominees (or “resubmit” the nominations) during the subsequent Congress. This table accounts for all such resubmissions of district and circuit court nominations during the period from 1977 through Dec. 9, 2003. CRS-8 Table 3. Number of U.S. District and Circuit Court Nominations in a Congress Resubmitted Within the Same Congress, 95th Congress to 108th Congress (1977-December 9, 2003)a President Congress Resubmitted Nominations District Court Jimmy Carter Received Confirmed Received Confirmed 95th 3 3 — — th 1 1 — — 97th — — — — 98th 5 4 3 2 th 96 Ronald Reagan 8 7 1 1 th — — — — 101st — — — — 102nd 99 100 George H. W. Bush William J. Clinton 1 1 — — rd — — — — th — — — — 105th — — — — 106th — — — — b 103 104 George W. Bush Circuit Court th 107 20 20 108th d — — th 21 12 c — — th Source: Congressional Research Service, from the Senate Committee on the Judiciary’s final committee calendars for the 95 to 106 Congresses and from the daily editions of the Congressional Record for the 107th and 108th Congresses. a. This table accounts for the number of instances in which Presidents from Jimmy Carter to George W. Bush renominated individuals to particular judgeships during the same Congress. These instances typically arose when, prior to the final adjournment of a Congress, the Senate returned a nomination to the President upon a Senate recess or adjournment of more than 30 days, thus affording the President an opportunity to “resubmit” the nomination in the same Congress. b. Includes renomination by President George W. Bush on May 9, 2001 of Roger L. Gregory to the Fourth Circuit. Gregory initially had been nominated by President William J. Clinton on Jan 3, 2001, at the start of the 107th Congress but near the end of the Clinton presidency. Although the nomination was withdrawn by President Bush on March 19, 2001, he subsequently resubmitted the nomination, which the Senate confirmed on July 19, 2001. c. Includes confirmation by the Senate of Roger L. Gregory to the Fourth Circuit on July 19, 2001. See preceding note. d. Current through Dec. 9, 2003. CRS-9 Table 4. U.S. Circuit Court Nominations Resubmitted, 95th Congress to 108th Congress (1977-2003)a Name Sherman E. Unger of Ohio Circuit Federal Congress Date Received Hearings Committee Action Senate Action 97th 12/15/82 — — Returned 12/23/82 98th 04/21/83 — — Returned 08/04/83 98th 09/13/83 09/29/83 — Returned 11/18/83 09/30/83 10/05/83 10/06/83 10/27/83 Kenneth W. Starr of Virginia James Harvie Wilkinson III of Virginia DC Fourth 98th 98th 07/13/83 07/22/83 — Returned 08/04/83 09/13/83 — 09/15/83 Confirmed 09/20/83 11/10/83 11/16/83 — Returned 11/18/83 01/30/84 02/22/84 03/15/84 Confirmed, 58-39, 08/09/84 08/07/84 Frank H. Easterbrook of Illinois Seventh Edith H. Jones of Texas Fifth Melvin T. Brunetti of Nevada Ninth Danny J. Boggs of Kentucky Sixth 98th 08/01/84 09/05/84 09/28/84 Returned 10/18/84 99th 02/25/85 — 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/03/85 98th 09/17/84 09/26/84 — Returned 10/18/84 99th 02/27/85 — 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/03/85 98th 10/05/84 — — Returned 10/18/84 99th 02/26/85 03/06/85 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/03/85 99th 12/09/85 — — Returned 12/20/85 01/29/86 02/05/86 02/27/86 Confirmed 03/03/86 CRS-10 Name Kenneth J. Ryskamp of Florida Circuit Eleventh Congress Date Received Hearings Committee Action Senate Action 101st 04/26/90 — — Returned 10/28/90 102nd 01/08/91 03/19/91 Motion to report favorably, (6-8), 04/11/91 Returned 08/02/91 Motion to report without recommendation, (7-7), 04/11/91 Franklin S. Van Antwerpen of Pennsylvania Third Terrence W. Boyle of North Carolina Fourth John G. Roberts, Jr., of Maryland DC 102nd 09/11/91 108th 11/21/03 102nd 10/22/91 — — Returned 10/08/92 107th 05/09/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 — — Returned 11/20/02 Fifth — Returned 10/08/92 Pending 108th 01/07/03 102nd 01/27/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 107th 05/09/01 05/23/01 — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 — — Returned 11/20/02 01/07/03 01/29/03 02/27/03 — 04/30/03 05/08/03 Confirmed 05/08/03 108th James L. Dennis of Louisiana — Pending 103rd 06/08/94 09/14/94 — Returned 11/14/94 104th 01/31/95 — 07/20/95 Confirmed 09/28/95 Motion to recommit, 46-54, 09/28/95 Karen Nelson Moore of Ohio Sixth 103rd 09/14/94 — — Returned 11/14/94 104th 01/24/95 02/27/95 03/16/95 Confirmed 03/24/95 CRS-11 Name Circuit Sandra L. Lynch of Massachusetts First William A. Fletcher of California Ninth Merrick B. Garland of Maryland DC James A. Beaty, Jr. of North Carolina Fourth Richard A. Paez of California Ninth Eric L. Clay of Michigan Sixth M. Margaret McKeown of Washington Ninth Arthur Gajarsa of Maryland Federal Congress Date Received Hearings Committee Action Senate Action 103rd 09/14/94 — — Returned 11/14/94 104th 01/11/95 02/08/95 02/23/95 Confirmed 03/17/95 104th 04/25/95 12/19/95 05/16/96 Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 04/29/98 05/21/98 Confirmed, 57-41, 10/08/98 104th 09/05/95 11/30/95 12/14/95 Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 — 03/06/97 Confirmed, 76-23, 03/19/97 104th 12/22/95 — — Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 — — Returned 10/21/98 104th 01/25/96 07/31/96 — Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 02/25/98 03/19/98 Returned 10/21/98 106th 01/26/99 — 07/29/99 Confirmed, 59-39, 03/09/00 104th 03/06/96 03/27/96 04/25/96 Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 05/07/97 05/22/97 Confirmed 07/31/97 104th 03/29/96 — — Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 02/04/98 02/26/98 Confirmed, 80-11, 03/27/98 104th 04/18/96 06/25/96 06/27/96 Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 05/07/97 05/22/97 Confirmed 07/31/97 CRS-12 Name Helene N. White of Michigan Circuit Sixth Ronald M. Gould of Washington Ninth Marsha L. Berzon of California Ninth Barry P. Goode of California Ninth H. Alston Johnson, III, of Louisiana Fifth James E. Duffy, Jr., of Hawaii Ninth James A. Wynn, Jr., of North Carolina Fourth Enrique Moreno of Texas Fifth Kathleen McCree Lewis of Michigan Sixth Congress Date Received Hearings Committee Action Senate Action 105th 01/07/97 10/29/97 — Returned 10/21/98 106th 01/26/99 — — Returned 12/15/00 107th 01/03/01 — — Withdrawn 03/19/01 105th 11/08/97 — — Returned 10/21/98 106th 01/26/99 09/14/99 10/07/99 Confirmed 11/17/99 105th 01/27/98 07/30/98 — Returned 10/21/98 106th 01/26/99 06/16/99 07/01/99 Confirmed, 64-34, 03/09/00 105th 06/24/98 — — Returned 10/21/98 106th 01/26/99 — — Returned 12/15/00 107th 01/03/01 — — Withdrawn 03/19/01 106th 04/22/99 — — Returned 12/15/00 107th 01/04/01 — — Withdrawn 03/19/01 106th 06/17/99 — — Returned 12/15/00 107th 01/03/01 — — Withdrawn 03/19/01 106th 08/05/99 — — Returned 12/15/00 107th 01/03/01 — — Withdrawn 03/19/01 106th 09/16/99 — — Returned 12/15/00 107th 01/03/01 — — Withdrawn 03/19/01 106th 09/16/99 — — Returned 12/15/00 107th 01/03/01 — — Withdrawn 03/19/01 CRS-13 Name Circuit Bonnie J. Campbell of Iowa Eighth Roger L. Gregory of California Fourth Barrington D. Parker, Jr., of Connecticut Second Dennis W. Shedd of South Carolina Fourth Edith Brown Clement of Louisiana Fifth Michael W. McConnell of Utah Tenth Sharon Prost of the District of Columbia Lavenski R. Smith of Arkansas Federal Eighth Congress Date Received Hearings Committee Action Senate Action 106th 03/02/00 05/25/00 — Returned 12/15/00 107th 01/03/01 — — Withdrawn 03/19/01 106th 06/30/00 — — Returned 12/15/00 107th 01/03/01 — — Withdrawn 03/19/01 05/09/01 07/11/01 07/19/01 Confirmed 07/20/01 05/09/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 09/13/01 10/04/01 Confirmed, 100-0, 10/11/01 05/09/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 06/27/02 11/14/02 Confirmed, 55-44, 11/19/02 05/09/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/04/01 11/01/01 Confirmed 11/13/01 05/09/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 09/18/02 11/14/02 Confirmed 11/15/02 05/21/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 — 08/27/01 — — 09/04/01 — 09/06/01 Confirmed, 97-0, 09/21/01 05/22/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 05/24/02 06/27/02 Confirmed 07/15/02 107th 107th 107th 107th 107th 107th CRS-14 Name Jeffrey S. Sutton of Ohio Deborah L. Cook of Ohio Priscilla Richman Owen of Texas Circuit Sixth Sixth Fifth Congress Date Received Hearings Committee Action Senate Action 05/09/01 05/23/01 — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 01/29/03 02/13/03 Confirmed, 52-41, 04/29/03 107th 05/09/01 05/23/01 — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 01/29/03 02/27/03 Confirmed, 66-25, 05/05/03 107th 05/09/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 07/23/02 Motion to report favorably, 9-10, 09/05/02 Returned 11/20/02 107th Motion to report without recommendation, 9-10, 09/05/02 Motion to report unfavorably, 9-10, 09/05/02 108th 01/07/03 03/13/03 03/27/03 Cloture, 52-45, 05/01/03 Cloture, 52-45, 05/08/03 Cloture, 53-43, 07/29/03 Pending CRS-15 Name Miguel A. Estrada of Virginia Circuit DC Congress 107th 108th Date Received Hearings Committee Action Senate Action 05/09/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 09/26/02 — Returned 11/20/02 01/07/03 — 01/30/03 Cloture, 55-44, 03/06/03 Cloture, 55-42, 03/13/03 Cloture, 55-45, 03/18/03 Cloture, 55-44, 04/02/03 Cloture, 52-39, 05/05/03 Cloture, 54-43, 05/08/03 Cloture, 55-43, 07/30/03 Withdrawn, 09/04/03 Timothy M. Tymkovich of Colorado Tenth 107th 108th 05/25/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 — — Returned 11/20/02 01/07/03 02/12/03 03/06/03 Confirmed, 58-41, 04/01/03 CRS-16 Name Charles W. Pickering, Sr. of Mississippi Circuit Fifth Congress 107th Date Received Hearings Committee Action Senate Action 05/25/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/18/01 Motion to report favorably, 9-10, 03/14/02 Returned 11/20/02 02/07/02 Motion to report without recommendation, 9-10, 03/14/02 Motion to report unfavorably, 9-10, 03/14/02 108th 01/07/03 — 10/02/03 Cloture, 54-43, 10/30/03 Pending Harris L. Hartz of New Mexico Tenth Richard R. Clifton of Hawaii Ninth Carolyn A. Kuhl of California Ninth 107th 107th 107th 108th 06/21/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/25/01 11/29/01 Confirmed, 99-0, 12/06/01 06/22/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 05/09/02 05/16/02 Confirmed, 98-0, 07/18/02 06/22/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 — — Returned 11/20/02 01/07/03 04/01/03 05/08/03 Cloture, vitiated, 07/31/03 cloture, 53-43, 11/14/03 Pending CRS-17 Name Circuit Michael J. Melloy of Iowa Eighth Terrence L. O’Brien of Wyoming Tenth Jeffrey R. Howard of New Hampshire First Henry W. Saad of Michigan Sixth David W. McKeague of Michigan Sixth Susan Bieke Neilson of Michigan Sixth Jay S. Bybee of Nevada Ninth Richard A. Griffin of Michigan Sixth Congress Date Received Hearings Committee Action Senate Action 07/10/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 01/24/02 02/07/02 Confirmed, 91-0, 02/11/02 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 03/19/02 04/11/02 Confirmed, 98-0, 04/15/02 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 04/11/02 04/18/02 Confirmed, 99-0, 04/23/02 107th 11/08/01 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 07/30/03 107th 11/08/01 — 108th 01/07/03 107th 11/08/01 108th 01/07/03 107th 05/23/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 02/05/03 02/27/03 Confirmed, 74-19, 03/13/03 107th 06/26/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 107th 107th 107th Pending — Returned 11/20/02 Pending — — Returned 11/20/02 Pending Pending Source: Congressional Research Service, from the Senate Committee on the Judiciary’s final committee calendars for the 95th to 106th Congresses and from the daily editions of the Congressional Record for the 107th and 108th Congresses. a. Current through Dec. 9, 2003. CRS-18 Table 5. U.S. District Court Nominations Resubmitted, 95th Congress to 108th Congress (1977-2003)a Name Robert F. Collins District East. LA Congress 95th Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 11/02/77 — — Returned 12/15/77 01/26/78 02/07/78 Motion to report favorably, 5-5, 04/14/78 Confirmed 05/17/78 Motion to report favorably, 13-1, 05/16/78 David A. Mazzone Paul A. Simmons Joyce Hens Green James P. Jones Walter Meheula Heen John E. Sprizzo Israel Leo Glasser MA 95th 11/21/77 — — Returned 12/15/77 01/26/78 02/07/78 02/07/78 Confirmed 02/07/78 11/22/77 — — Returned 12/15/77 01/26/78 02/09/78 04/05/78 Confirmed 04/06/78 03/05/79 — — Withdrawn 03/06/79 03/06/79 04/25/79 05/08/79 Confirmed 05/10/79 96th 05/16/79 08/26/80 — Returned 12/16/80 104th 12/12/95 02/28/96 03/13/96 Confirmed 07/18/96 96th 02/27/80 — — Returned 12/16/80 97th 01/08/81 — — Withdrawn 01/21/81 South. NY 96th 06/02/80 08/05/80 — Returned 12/16/80 97th 07/29/81 09/15/81 09/23/81 Confirmed 09/25/81 East. NY 96th 09/17/80 — — Returned 12/16/80 97th 11/23/81 12/04/81 12/08/81 Confirmed 12/09/81 West. PA DC West. VA HI 95th 96th CRS-19 Name Ralph W. Nimmons John P. Vukasin Morton R. Galane John F. Keenan John R. Hargrove Stanley Sporkin District Mid. FL North. CA NV Congress Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 96th 09/17/80 — — Returned 12/16/80 102nd 05/23/91 06/20/91 06/27/091 Confirmed 06/28/91 97th 12/16/82 — — Returned 12/23/82 98th 01/31/83 06/22/83 07/21/83 Returned 08/04/83 08/08/83 — 09/15/83 Confirmed 09/20/83 07/21/83 — — Returned 08/04/83 09/13/83 — — Withdrawn 10/18/83 07/21/83 08/01/83 — Returned 08/04/83 09/13/83 — 09/15/83 Confirmed 09/20/83 11/10/83 11/16/83 — Returned 11/22/83 01/30/84 — 02/08/84 Confirmed 02/09/84 98th 06/28/84 — — Returned 10/18/84 99th 04/05/85 10/29/85 12/12/85 Confirmed 12/16/85 98th South. NY 98th MD 98th DC Date 11/07/85 11/15/85 11/20/85 12/10/85 James F. Holderman, Jr. Howell Cobb North. IL East. TX 98th 09/06/84 09/18/84 09/28/84 Returned 10/18/84 99th 02/25/85 — 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/03/85 98th 09/10/84 09/18/84 — Returned 10/18/84 99th 02/26/85 — 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/03/85 CRS-20 Name R. Allan Edgar George La Plata Ronald E. Meredith William G. Young Joseph H. Rodriguez Herman J. Weber Alice M. Batchelder Donald E. Walter Ann C. Williams District Congress Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 98th 09/11/84 09/19/84 09/28/84 Returned 10/18/84 99th 02/26/85 — 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/15/85 98th 09/11/84 09/19/84 09/28/84 Returned 10/18/84 02/27/85 — 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/03/85 98th 09/11/84 09/19/84 09/28/84 Returned 10/18/84 99th 02/27/85 — 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/03/85 98th 09/11/84 09/19/84 09/28/84 Returned 10/18/84 99th 03/14/85 — 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/03/85 98th 09/17/84 09/26/84 — Returned 10/18/84 99th 02/28/85 04/17/85 05/02/85 Confirmed 05/03/85 South. OH 98th 09/17/84 09/26/84 — Returned 10/18/84 99th 02/28/85 — 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/03/85 North. OH 98th 10/05/84 — — Returned 10/18/84 99th 02/28/85 03/06/85 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/03/85 West. LA 98th 10/05/84 — — Returned 10/18/84 99th 05/15/85 06/19/85 06/20/85 Confirmed 07/10/85 98th 10/05/84 — — Returned 10/18/84 99th 03/14/85 03/26/85 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/03/85 East. TN East. MI West. KY MA NJ North. IL CRS-21 Name Mark L. Wolf Jefferson B. Sessions III District MA South. AL Congress Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 98th 10/05/84 — — Returned 10/18/84 99th 03/14/85 03/20/85 04/03/85 Confirmed 04/03/85 99th 10/23/85 11/22/85 — Returned 12/20/85 01/29/86 03/13/86 Motion to report favorably, 8-10, 06/05/86 Withdrawn 07/31/86 03/19/86 03/20/86 Sidney A. Fitzwater Thomas J. McAvoy Robert J. Bryan Miriam G. Cedarbaum Walter J. Gex III North. TX 99th North. NY 99th West. WA 99th South. NY 99th South. MS 99th 05/06/86 Motion to report without recommendation, 9-9, 06/05/86 10/29/85 11/22/85 — Returned 12/20/85 01/29/86 02/05/86 02/27/86 Confirmed, 52-42, 03/18/86 10/29/85 — — Returned 12/20/85 01/29/86 02/05/86 02/27/86 Confirmed 03/03/86 12/04/85 — — Returned 12/20/85 02/03/86 02/19/86 02/27/86 Confirmed 04/24/86 12/04/85 — — Returned 12/20/85 02/03/86 02/19/86 02/27/86 Confirmed 03/03/86 12/04/85 — — Returned 12/20/85 01/29/86 02/05/86 02/20/86 Confirmed 02/25/86 CRS-22 Name David R. Hansen William L. Dwyer District North. IA West. WA Congress Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 12/04/85 — — Returned 12/20/85 02/03/86 02/19/86 02/27/86 Confirmed 03/03/86 99th 09/26/86 — — Returned 10/18/86 100th 07/28/87 09/11/87 10/29/87 Confirmed 11/05/87 99th 10/22/87 Reena Raggi Vaughn R. Walker James R. McGregor Robert C. Bonner Adriane J. Dudley Melinda Harmon East. NY North. CA West. PA Cent. CA VI South. TX 99th 10/03/86 — — Returned 10/18/86 100th 01/20/87 04/01/87 04/29/87 Confirmed 04/29/87 100th 12/19/87 06/13/88 — Returned 10/22/88 101st 02/28/89 — — Returned 08/04/89 09/07/89 11/09/89 11/16/89 Confirmed 11/22/89 100th 03/14/88 08/09/88 10/05/88 Returned 10/22/88 101st 10/15/90 — — Returned 10/28/90 102nd 01/08/91 — — Returned 08/02/91 100th 06/15/88 — — Returned 10/22/88 101st 02/28/89 04/05/89 05/18/89 Confirmed 5/18/89 100th 06/20/88 — — Returned 10/22/88 101st 03/08/90 — — Returned 08/04/90 100th 06/23/88 — — Returned 10/22/88 101st 02/28/89 04/05/89 05/18/89 Confirmed 05/18/89 CRS-23 Name Marvin J. Garbis Oliver W. Wanger Jimm Larry Hendren David G. Trager Percy Anderson Andrew S. Hanen John F. Walter Ronald B. Leighton District MD East. CA East. AR East. NY Cent. CA South. TX Cent. CA West. WA Congress Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 100th 07/06/88 — — Returned 10/22/88 101st 08/04/89 09/26/89 10/18/89 Confirmed 10/24/89 101st 09/21/90 — — Returned 10/28/90 102nd 01/08/91 03/13/91 03/21/91 Confirmed 03/21/91 102nd 10/24/91 — — Withdrawn 11/05/91 11/05/91 03/04/92 03/12/92 Confirmed 03/13/92 102nd 11/27/91 — — Returned 10/08/92 103rd 08/06/93 11/09/93 11/18/93 Confirmed 11/20/93 102nd 03/20/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 107th 01/23/02 04/11/02 04/18/02 Confirmed, 99-0, 04/25/02 102nd 03/20/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 107th 01/23/02 04/25/02 05/02/02 Confirmed, 97-0, 05/09/02 102nd 03/20/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 107th 01/23/02 04/11/02 04/18/02 Confirmed, 99-0, 04/25/02 102nd 04/30/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 107th 01/23/02 10/07/02 10/08/02 Confirmed 11/14/02 CRS-24 Name William D. Quarles Leonard E. Davis Raymond L. Finch Larry R. Hicks Richard Conway Casey Joanna Seybert Richard E. Dorr District MD East. TX VI NV Congress Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 102nd 06/02/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 107th 09/12/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 02/05/03 02/27/03 Confirmed, 91-0, 03/12/03 102nd 06/03/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 107th 01/23/02 04/25/02 05/02/02 Confirmed, 97-0, 05/09/02 102nd 06/19/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 103rd 03/22/94 04/29/94 05/05/94 Confirmed 05/06/94 102nd 07/02/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 107th 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/18/01 11/01/01 Confirmed, 83-0, 11/05/01 South. NY 102nd 07/02/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 105th 07/16/97 09/30/97 10/09/97 Confirmed 10/21/97 East. NY 102nd 07/27/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 103rd 09/27/93 11/09/93 11/18/93 Confirmed 11/20/93 102nd 09/09/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 107th 03/21/02 05/24/02 06/13/02 Confirmed 08/01/02 West. MO CRS-25 Name James H. Payne George A. O’Toole, Jr. William P. Dimitrouleas Maxine M. Chesney Sidney H. Stein John D. Snodgrass David Folsom Lacy H. Thornburg Thad Heartfield District Congress Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 102nd 09/17/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 107th 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/04/01 10/18/01 Confirmed, 100-0, 10/23/01 102nd 09/24/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 104th 04/04/95 05/04/95 05/18/95 Confirmed 05/25/95 102nd 10/02/92 — — Returned 10/08/92 105th 01/27/98 04/29/98 05/07/98 Confirmed 05/14/98 North. CA 103rd 09/14/94 — — Returned 11/14/94 104th 01/24/95 03/28/95 04/05/95 Confirmed 05/08/95 South. NY 103rd 09/14/94 — — Returned 11/14/94 104th 01/11/95 02/08/95 02/23/95 Confirmed 03/17/95 North. AL 103rd 09/22/94 — — Returned 11/14/94 104th 01/11/95 — — Withdrawn 09/05/95 103rd 10/05/94 — — Returned 11/14/94 104th 01/11/95 02/08/95 02/23/95 Confirmed 03/17/95 103rd 10/05/94 — — Returned 11/14/94 104th 01/11/95 02/08/95 02/23/95 Confirmed 03/17/95 103rd 10/05/94 — — Returned 11/14/94 104th 01/11/95 02/08/95 02/23/95 Confirmed 03/17/95 North., East., & West. OK MA South. FL East. TX West. NC East. TX CRS-26 Name John H. Bingler, Jr. Hilda G. Tagle Clarence J. Sundram Ann L. Aiken Faith S. Hochberg Michael D. Schattman Susan Oki Mollway Anabelle RodriguezRodriguez District West. PA South. TX North. NY OR NJ North. TX HI PR Congress Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 104th 07/21/95 — — Returned 10/04/96 105th 07/31/97 — — Withdrawn 02/12/98 104th 08/10/95 — — Returned 10/04/96 105th 03/21/97 02/25/98 03/05/98 Confirmed 03/11/98 104th 09/29/95 07/31/96 — Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 06/25/97 — Returned 10/21/98 104th 11/27/95 09/24/96 — Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 10/28/97 11/06/97 Confirmed, 67-30, 01/28/98 104th 11/27/95 — — Returned 10/04/96 106th 04/22/99 10/26/99 11/04/99 Confirmed 11/10/99 104th 12/19/95 — — Returned 10/04/96 105th 03/21/97 — — Withdrawn 07/31/98 104th 12/21/95 03/27/96 04/25/96 Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 02/04/97 04/30/98 Confirmed, 56-34, 06/22/98 104th 01/26/96 — — Returned 10/04/96 105th 03/21/97 10/01/98 — Returned 10/21/98 CRS-27 Name Joseph F. Bataillon Colleen Kollar-Kotelly Richard A. Lazzara Margaret M. Morrow Christina A. Snyder Thomas W. Thrash, Jr. Jeffrey T. Miller Robert W. Pratt District Congress Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 104th 03/06/96 07/31/96 — Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 07/22/97 07/31/97 Confirmed, 100-0, 09/11/97 104th 03/29/96 07/31/96 09/19/96 Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 — 05/06/97 Confirmed 05/20/97 104th 05/09/96 — — Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 09/05/97 09/18/97 Confirmed 09/26/97 104th 05/09/96 06/25/96 06/27/96 Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 03/18/97 06/12/97 Confirmed, 67-28, 02/11/98 104th 05/15/96 — — Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 07/22/97 09/18/97 Confirmed, 93-6, 11/07/97 North. GA 104th 05/16/96 07/31/96 — Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 05/07/97 05/22/97 Confirmed 07/31/97 South. CA 104th 07/19/96 — — Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 03/18/97 04/17/97 Confirmed 05/23/97 104th 08/02/96 — — Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 03/18/97 04/17/97 Confirmed 05/23/97 NE DC Mid. FL Cent. CA Cent. CA South. IA CRS-28 Name District Donald M. Middlebrooks South. FL Ronnie L. White East. MO James W. Klein Lynette Norton Virginia A. Phillips Legrome D. Davis Matthew F. Kennelly William J. Hibbler DC West. PA Cent. CA East. PA North. IL North. IL Congress Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 104th 09/05/96 — — Returned 10/04/96 105th 01/07/97 03/18/97 04/17/97 Confirmed 05/23/97 105th 06/26/97 05/14/98 05/21/98 Returned 10/21/98 106th 01/26/99 — 07/22/99 Rejected, 45-54, 10/05/99 105th 01/27/98 — — Returned 10/21/98 106th 03/25/99 — — Returned 12/15/00 105th 04/29/98 — — Returned 10/21/98 106th 01/26/99 — — Returned 12/15/00 105th 05/11/98 — — Returned 10/21/98 106th 01/26/99 10/26/99 11/04/99 Confirmed 11/10/99 105th 07/30/98 — — Returned 10/21/98 106th 01/26/99 — — Returned 12/15/00 105th 09/16/98 10/06/98 — Returned 10/21/98 106th 01/26/99 — 03/25/99 Confirmed 04/15/99 105th 09/16/98 10/06/98 10/08/98 Returned 10/21/98 106th 01/26/99 — 03/25/99 Confirmed 04/15/99 CRS-29 Name Terry L. Wooten Laurie Smith Camp Paul G. Cassell John D. Bates Reggie B. Walton James E. Gritzner Michael P. Mills District SC NE UT DC DC South. IA North. MS Congress 107th 107th 107th 107th 107th 107th 107th Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 06/18/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 — 08/27/01 — — 09/04/01 — 11/08/01 Confirmed, 98-0, 11/08/01 06/19/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/04/01 10/18/01 Confirmed, 100-0, 10/23/01 06/19/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 03/19/02 05/02/02 Confirmed, 67-20, 05/13/02 06/20/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/25/01 11/29/01 Confirmed, 97-0, 12/11/01 06/20/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 — 08/22/01 — — 09/04/01 — 09/06/01 Confirmed, 97-0, 09/21/01 07/10/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 01/24/02 02/07/02 Confirmed 02/14/02 07/10/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 09/13/01 10/04/01 Confirmed, 98-0, 10/11/01 CRS-30 Name M. Christina Armijo Karon O. Bowdre David L. Bunning Karen K. Caldwell Clair V. Eagan Kurt D. Engelhardt Stephen P. Friot Callie V. Granade District NM North. AL East. KY East. KY Congress 107th 107th 107th 107th North. OK 107th East. LA 107th West. OK South. AL 107th 107th Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/18/01 11/01/01 Confirmed, 100-0, 11/06/01 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/18/01 11/01/01 Confirmed, 98-0, 11/06/01 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 12/10/01 02/07/02 Confirmed 02/14/02 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/04/01 10/18/01 Confirmed, 100-0, 10/23/01 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/04/01 10/18/01 Confirmed, 99-0, 10/23/01 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/25/01 11/29/01 Confirmed 12/11/01 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/18/01 11/01/01 Confirmed, 98-0, 11/06/01 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 12/05/01 12/13/01 Confirmed, 75-0, 02/04/02 CRS-31 Name Joe L. Heaton Danny C. Reeves William P. Johnson Frederick W. Rohlfing III Cormac J. Carney Thomas A. Varlan J. Daniel Breen John R. Adams District West. OK East. KY NM HI Cent. CA East. TN West. TN North. OH Congress Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 11/07/01 11/29/01 Confirmed 12/06/01 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 11/07/01 11/29/01 Confirmed 12/06/01 08/02/01 — — Returned 08/03/01 09/04/01 10/25/01 11/29/01 Confirmed 12/13/01 107th 01/23/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 107th 10/10/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 03/12/03 03/20/03 Confirmed, 80-0, 04/07/03 107th 10/10/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 02/12/03 03/06/03 Confirmed, 97-0, 03/13/03 107th 10/10/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 02/12/03 03/06/03 Confirmed, 92-0, 03/13/03 107th 10/10/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 01/29/03 02/06/03 Confirmed, 91-0, 02/10/03 107th 107th 107th Pending CRS-32 Name James C. Dever III S. James Otero Robert A. Junell Sandra J. Feuerstein Gregory L. Frost Richard J. Holwell Thomas L. Ludington S. Maurice Hicks, Jr. District Congress Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 107th 05/22/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 107th 07/18/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 01/29/03 02/06/03 Confirmed, 94-0, 02/10/03 107th 07/18/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 01/29/03 02/06/03 Confirmed, 91-0, 02/10/03 107th 07/25/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 07/22/03 07/31/03 Confirmed, 93-0, 09/17/03 South. OH 107th 08/01/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 02/05/03 02/27/03 Confirmed, 91-0, 03/10/03 South. NY 107th 08/01/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 07/22/03 07/31/03 Confirmed 09/17/03 East. MI 107th 09/12/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 107th 09/12/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 04/30/03 05/08/03 Confirmed, 86-0, 05/19/03 East. NC Cent. CA West. TX East. NY West. LA Pending Pending CRS-33 Name Ralph R. Erickson District ND Congress Date Received Hearings Committee action Senate action 107th 09/12/02 — — Returned 11/20/02 108th 01/07/03 02/05/03 02/27/03 Confirmed 03/12/03 Source: Congressional Research Service, from the Senate Committee on the Judiciary’s final committee calendars for the 95th to 106th Congresses and from the daily editions of the Congressional Record for the 107th and 108th Congresses. a. Current through Dec. 9, 2003.