K-12 Education Funding: Authorizations and Appropriations for FY2002

Order Code RL31244 Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web K-12 Education Funding: Authorizations and Appropriations for FY2002 Updated January 15, 2003 Paul M. Irwin Specialist in Social Legislation Domestic Social Policy Division Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress K-12 Education Funding: Authorizations and Appropriations for FY2002 Summary This report lists and totals the authorizations of appropriations for the K-12 education programs that have been reauthorized by the 107th Congress. Most of these programs are authorized by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), as amended and extended by P.L. 107-110 (H.R. 1), the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLBA). As amended, the ESEA includes 45 authorizations of appropriations. Of these, 16 are authorized for such sums as may be necessary, and the remaining 29 are authorized for a total of $26.3 billion for FY2002. All ESEA activities are authorized from FY2002 through FY2007; all but five authorizations are for unspecified amounts (“such sums as may be necessary”) for the years FY2003 through FY2007. With regard to appropriations, the total for ESEA programs was $18.6 billion in FY2001. The total for FY2002 is $21.9 billion for ESEA programs as amended by NCLBA. The number of appropriations is sometimes counted in terms of line items. For FY2001, there were 57 line items in appropriations for ESEA programs; for FY2002, the number is 45. The counts of authorizations and appropriations do not necessarily correspond to the number of programs; other definitions may bring other results. For K-12 programs outside of ESEA — such as the Education for Homeless Children and Youth program or certain Indian education programs administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) — NCLBA includes an additional six authorizations of appropriations. Five of these authorizations are funded in FY2002, for a total appropriation of $225.8 million. In the latest legislative action, H.R. 1 was signed into law by the President on January 8, 2002, as P.L. 107-110. The FY2002 ESEA appropriations are part of H.R. 3061, the Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education (L-HHS-ED) Appropriations Act, 2002. The H.R. 3061 conference report (H.Rept. 107-342, December 18, 2001) was agreed to by the House on December 19, 2001, and by the Senate on December 20, 2001. H.R. 3061 was signed into law by the President on January 10, 2002, as P.L. 107-116. Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 List of Tables Table 1. K-12 Education Programs: FY2001 and FY2002 Appropriations and FY2002 Authorizations of Appropriations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 K-12 Education Funding: Authorizations and Appropriations for FY2002 Introduction This report summarizes the authorizations of appropriations for the K-12 education programs of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), as amended by the 107th Congress. In particular, it lists and totals the specific authorizations of appropriations in P.L. 107-110 (H.R. 1), the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLBA). The NCLBA details are shown in Table 1, which also includes comparable appropriations for FY2001 and FY2002.1 This report will be revised when regular FY2003 appropriations are enacted for ESEA programs; final action on FY2003 appropriations is expected to be high on the list of priorities for the 108th Congress. Table 1 shows that for FY2002, NCLBA includes 45 specific ESEA authorizations of appropriations. The precise number of programs authorized can be an issue, however, in part because several NCLBA authorizations include multiple activities previously authorized, and in some cases funded, as separate programs. Most notably, the ESEA Title V Part D Fund for the Improvement of Education (FIE) authorizes 21 distinct activities; 14 of these were specifically funded in FY2001 and 14 are funded in FY2002 as well. In this report, however, the FIE is counted as a single authorization of appropriations for FY2002. The table summarizes the amounts authorized for FY2002 by NCLBA. Of the 45 specific ESEA authorizations, 16 are authorized for such sums as may be necessary. The authorizations of appropriations total $26.3 billion for FY2002 for the remaining 29 ESEA programs. As amended by NCLBA, all ESEA programs are authorized through FY2007, with virtually all authorized for such sums as may necessary for each of the years FY2003 through FY2007. There are five exceptions where dollar amounts are specified for each year — (1) Title I Part A Grants to Local 1 In the latest legislative action, the H.R. 1 (conference report H.Rept. 107-334, December 13, 2001) was signed into law by the President on January 8, 2002, as P.L. 107-110. The FY2002 appropriations for ESEA programs are part of H.R. 3061, the Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education (L-HHS-ED) Appropriations Act, 2002. The H.R. 3061 conference report (H.Rept. 107-342, December 18, 2001) was agreed to by the House on December 19, 2001, and by the Senate on December 20, 2001, and was signed into law by the President on January 10, 2002, as P.L. 107-116. For NCLBA issues and legislative details, see CRS Issue Brief IB10066, Elementary and Secondary Education: Reconsideration of the Federal Role by the 107th Congress, by Wayne Riddle and James Stedman. For comparable authorization information for the versions of H.R. 1 as passed by the House and the Senate, as well as the FY2002 budget request, see CRS Report RL31047, K-12 Education Funding: FY2002 Authorizations of Appropriations Proposed in H.R. 1 by the House and the Senate, by Paul M. Irwin. CRS-2 Educational Agencies (LEAs); (2) Title IV Part B 21st Century Community Learning Centers; (3) Title V Part A Innovative Programs; (4) Title V Part B Voluntary Public School Choice; and (5) Title V Part D, the FIE. The total FY2003 authorization for these five programs is $18.65 billion. With regard to appropriations, there were 57 line-item amounts for ESEA programs in FY2001, and 45 line items for FY2002. The correspondence of line items to programs is as inexact as the relationship between authorizations and programs. As indicated above, there is a single line item in the FY2002 appropriations for the FIE, but from these funds, specific allocations are made for 14 distinct, program-like activities. In aggregate, the appropriations for all ESEA programs totaled $18.6 billion in FY2001. The FY2002 appropriations for ESEA programs total $21.9 billion, an increase of nearly 18% compared to the FY2001 amount. For K-12 programs outside of ESEA — such as the Education for Homeless Children and Youth program or certain Indian education programs administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) — NCLBA includes an additional six authorizations of appropriations. As Table 1 shows, five of these authorizations are funded in FY2002, for a total appropriation of $225.8 million. Data for Table 1 are based on two conference reports: FY2002 authorization levels are based on H.Rept. 107-334 (December 13, 2001), the NCLBA conference report to reauthorize the ESEA (H.R. 1); and FY2001 and FY2002 appropriations are based on H.Rept. 107-342 (December 18, 2001), the Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education (L-HHS-ED) Appropriations Act, 2002 (H.R. 3061). Several cautions should be exercised when considering NCLBA and ESEA funding provisions. ! ! ! ! An authorization of appropriation is only an authorization; as is obvious from the table, the Congress can and does enact actual appropriations at a different funding level. The number of “programs” that are counted in this report is determined by the specific number of authorizations of appropriations and line items in appropriations tables. These definitions do not take into account the number of programs, projects, or activities under a single authorization or line-item appropriation. Other definitions for “programs” may give different program counts. The use of such sums as may be necessary for the authorization level of several different programs makes it difficult to compare totals, since such unspecified amounts cannot be added into a cumulative total. The FY2002 appropriations are those provided by H.R. 3061 (H.Rept. 107-342), the L-HHS-ED Appropriations for FY2002. These amounts can be modified by the enactment of further legislation during FY2002. CRS-3 Table 1. K-12 Education Programs: FY2001 and FY2002 Appropriations and FY2002 Authorizations of Appropriations Title and Program (Programs without titles are not specifically authorized under NCLBA) FY2001 appropriation Prog. # FY2002 authorization Prog. # Section # FY2002 appropriation Prog. # Title I Part A Grants to Local Educational Agency (LEAs) $8,762,721,000 1 $13,500,000,000 1 1002(a) $10,350,000,000 1 Title I Part A Section 1124 Grants to LEAs, Basic Grants [7,397,690,000] [note a] [note b] [note a] — [7,172,971,000] [note a] Title I Part A Section 1124A Grants to LEAs, Concentration Grants [1,365,031,000] [note a] [note b] [note a] — [1,365,031,000] [note a] Title I Part A Section 1125 Grants to LEAs, Targeted Grants no appropriation — [note b] [note a] — [1,018,499,000] [note a] Title I Part A Section 1125A Education Finance Incentive no appropriation — such sums [note a] 1125A(f) [793,499,000] [note a] Title I Part B-1 Reading First no appropriation — 900,000,000 2 1002(b)(1) 900,000,000 2 Title I Part B-2 Early Reading First no appropriation — 75,000,000 3 1002(b)(2) 75,000,000 3 250,000,000 2 260,000,000 4 1002(b)(3) 250,000,000 4 no appropriation — 250,000,000 5 1002(b)(4) 12,500,000 5 Reading and Literacy Grants 286,000,000 3 [note b] — — no appropriation — Title I Part C Migratory Children 380,000,000 4 410,000,000 6 1002(c) 396,000,000 6 46,000,000 5 50,000,000 7 1002(d) 48,000,000 7 no appropriation — such sums 8 1002(e)(1) no appropriation — Evaluation 8,900,000 6 [note b] — — 8,900,000 8 Title I Part E Section 1504 Close Up Fellowships 1,500,000 7 such sums 9 1002(e)(2) 1,500,000 9 210,000,000 8 such sums 10 1002(f) 235,000,000 10 no appropriation — such sums 11 1002(g) 22,000,000 11 [5,000,000] [note c] 125,000,000 12 1002(h), 1803 10,000,000 12 Title I - Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged Title I Part B-3 Goodling Even Start Family Literacy Title I Part B-4 Literacy Through School Libraries Title I Part D Neglected and Delinquent Title I Part E Section 1501/1502 Evaluation/Demonstration Title I Part F Comprehensive School Reform Title I Part G Advanced Placement Programs (also see non-ESEA “Related Programs”) Title I Part H Dropout Prevention Act CRS-4 Title and Program (Programs without titles are not specifically authorized under NCLBA) FY2001 appropriation Prog. # FY2002 authorization Prog. # Title I Section 1003 School Improvement Grants no appropriation — 500,000,000 13 Population Updates no appropriation [note d] [note b] Section # FY2002 appropriation Prog. # 1002(i) no appropriation — — — no appropriation — Title II - Preparing, Training, and Recruiting High Quality Teachers and Principals Title II Part A Teacher Quality State Grants no appropriation — 3,175,000,000 14 2103(a) 2,850,000,000 13 Title II Part A Teacher Quality National Programs no appropriation — such sums 15 2103(b) no appropriation — Title II Part B Mathematics and Science Partnerships no appropriation — 450,000,000 16 2203 12,500,000 14 Title II Part C-1 Transitions to Teaching (also see non-ESEA “Related Programs”) no appropriation [note e] 150,000,000 17 2321(a) no appropriation — [31,000,000] [note e] [note b] — — 88,000,000 15 1,623,000,000 9 [note b] — — no appropriation [note f] 485,000,000 10 [note b] — — no appropriation — Eisenhower National Activities [note e] 41,000,000 11 [note b] — — no appropriation — Eisenhower Professional Development Federal Activities 23,300,000 12 [note b] — — no appropriation — [10,000,000] [note e] [note b] — — [15,000,000] [note f] 10,000,000 13 15,000,000 18 2332(h) 14,000,000 16 no appropriation — 30,000,000 19 2346 no appropriation — 12,000,000 14 [note b] — — 15,500,000 17 no appropriation — [note b] — — 11,500,000 18 [50,000,000] [note c] such sums 20 2352 100,000,000 19 Title II Part D-1, 2 Enhancing Education Through Technology no appropriation — 1,000,000,000 21 2404(a) 700,500,000 20 Teacher Training in Technology (also see non-ESEA “Related Programs”) 125,000,000 15 [note b] — — no appropriation — Transition to Teaching/Troops to Teachers/National Programs [note f] (also see non-ESEA “Related Programs”) Class Size Reduction (P.L. 105-277, Section 307) Eisenhower Professional Development State Grants Early Childhood Professional Development Title II Part C-2 National Writing Project Title II Part C-3 Civic Education/Cooperative Exchange Program Civic Education Cooperative Education Exchange in Civics and Economics (also see non-ESEA “Related Programs”) Title II Part C-4 Teaching of Traditional American History CRS-5 Title and Program (Programs without titles are not specifically authorized under NCLBA) FY2002 appropriation Prog. # — no appropriation — — — no appropriation — [note b] — — no appropriation — 19 [note b] — — no appropriation — 16,000,000 20 such sums 22 2431(e)(1) 22,000,000 21 8,500,000 21 [note b] — — no appropriation — [5,000,000] [note c] [note b] — — no appropriation — no appropriation — 750,000,000 23 3001(a)(1) 665,000,000 22 180,000,000 22 [note b] — — no appropriation — 16,000,000 23 [note b] — — no appropriation — Bilingual Education, Professional Development 100,000,000 24 [note b] — — no appropriation — Title III Part B-4 Emergency Immigrant Education 150,000,000 25 such sums [note g] 24 3001(a)(2) no appropriation — 439,250,000 26 650,000,000 25 4003(1) 472,017,000 23 no appropriation — such sums 26 4003(2) 172,233,000 24 Safe and Drug-Free Schools Coordinator Initiative 50,000,000 27 [note b] — — no appropriation — Safe and Drug-Free Project SERV (School Emergency Response to Violence) 10,000,000 28 [note b] — — no appropriation — 145,000,000 29 [note b] — — no appropriation — Title IV Part A-2 Section 4126 Community Service for Expelled or Suspended Students no appropriation — [note b] — — 50,000,000 25 Title IV Part A-2 Section 4129 Alcohol Abuse Reduction no appropriation — [note b] — — 25,000,000 26 Technology Leadership Activities Technology Innovation Challenge Grants Regional Technology in Education Consortia Technology Literacy Challenge Fund Title II Part D-3 Ready to Learn Television Telecommunications Demonstration Project for Mathematics High School Reform and Technical Skills FY2001 appropriation Prog. # FY2002 authorization Prog. # 2,000,000 16 [note b] — 136,328,000 17 [note b] 10,000,000 18 450,000,000 Section # Title III - Language Instruction for Limited English Proficient and Immigrant Students Title III Part A, B English Language Acquisition and Instruction Bilingual Education, Instructional Services Bilingual Education, Support Services Title IV - 21st Century Schools Title IV Part A-1 Safe and Drug-Free Schools State Grants Title IV Part A-2 Safe and Drug-Free Schools, National Programs Safe and Drug-Free Schools, Other National Programs CRS-6 Title and Program (Programs without titles are not specifically authorized under NCLBA) FY2001 appropriation Prog. # FY2002 authorization Prog. # no appropriation — [note b] — — 17,500,000 27 845,614,000 30 1,250,000,000 27 4206(1) 1,000,000,000 28 Title V Part A Innovative Programs 385,000,000 31 450,000,000 28 5146(1) 385,000,000 29 Title V Part B-1 Charter Schools 190,000,000 32 300,000,000 29 5211(a) 200,000,000 30 Title V Part B-2 Charter Schools Facilities [25,000,000] [note h] 150,000,000 30 5231 no appropriation — no appropriation — 100,000,000 31 5248 25,000,000 31 Title V Part C Magnet Schools 110,000,000 33 125,000,000 32 5311(a) 110,000,000 32 Title V Part D-1 Fund for the Improvement of Education (FIE) [note c] 338,781,000 34 550,000,000 33 [note i] 5401(1) 832,889,000 33 [note j] Title V Part D-2 Elementary and Secondary School Counseling [30,000,000] [note c] [FIE] [note i] 5421 [32,500,000] [note j] no appropriation — [FIE] [note i] 5431 [25,000,000] [note j] 125,000,000 35 [FIE] [note i] 5441 [142,189,000] [note j] 23,000,000 36 [FIE] [note i] 5451 [24,000,000] [note j] 7,500,000 37 [FIE] [note i] 5461 [11,250,000] [note j] 59,318,000 38 [FIE] [note i] 5471 [27,520,000] [note j] no appropriation — [FIE] [note i] 5481 [12,000,000] [note j] Title V Part D-9 Foreign Language Assistance 14,000,000 39 [FIE] [note i] 5491 [14,000,000] [note j] Title V Part D-10 Carol M. White Physical Education Program [5,000,000] [note c] [FIE] [note i] 5501 [50,000,000] [note j] Title V Part D-11 Community Technology Centers 64,950,000 40 [FIE] [note i] 5511 [32,475,000] [note j] no appropriation — [FIE] [note i] 5521 [5,000,000] [note j] Title IV Part A-2 Section 4130 Mentoring Programs Title IV Part B 21st Century Community Learning Centers Section # FY2002 appropriation Prog. # Title V - Promoting Informed Parental Choice and Innovative Programs Title V Part B-3 Voluntary Public School Choice Title V Part D-3 Character Education Title V Part D-4 Smaller Learning Communities Title V Part D-5 Reading is Fundamental - Inexpensive Book Distribution Title V Part D-6 Javits Gifted and Talented Students Title V Part D-7 Star Schools Title V Part D-8 Ready to Teach Title V Part D-12 Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Education Through Culture and History CRS-7 Title and Program (Programs without titles are not specifically authorized under NCLBA) FY2001 appropriation Prog. # FY2002 authorization Title V Part D-13 Excellence in Economic Education no appropriation — [FIE] [note i] 5531 no appropriation [note j] [note k] Title V Part D-14 Schools and Mental Health Systems Integration no appropriation — [FIE] [note i] 5541 no appropriation [note j] 28,000,000 41 [FIE] [note i] 5551 [30,000,000] [note j] Title V Part D-15 Parental Assistance and Family Information Centers no appropriation — [FIE] [note i] 5561 [40,000,000] [note j] Title V Part D-17 Domestic Violence Witness Program no appropriation — [FIE] [note i] 5571 no appropriation [note j] Title V Part D-18 Healthy, High Performance Schools no appropriation — [FIE] [note i] 5581 no appropriation [note j] Title V Part D-19 Capital Expenses for Equitable Services for Private School Students 6,000,000 42 [FIE] [note i] 5591 no appropriation [note j] Title V Part D-20 Impact Aid Additional Assistance for Certain LEAs 500,000 43 [FIE] [note i] 5601 [500,000] [note j] 3,000,000 44 [FIE] [note i] 5611 [3,000,000] [note j] [50,000,000] [note c] [note b] — — [75,000,000] [note j] Consumer, Economic, and Personal Finance Education [3,000,000] [note c] [note b] — — no appropriation — Comprehensive Regional Assistance Centers 28,000,000 45 [note b] — — no appropriation — Eisenhower Regional Math and Science Consortia 15,000,000 46 [note b] — — no appropriation — 1,200,000,000 47 [note b] — — no appropriation — Title VI Part A-1 State Assessment Administration no appropriation — 72,000,000 34 6113(a)(1) Title VI Part A-1 State Standards and Assessments Grants no appropriation — 490,000,000 35 6113(a)(2) 387,000,000 34 Title VI Part B Rural Education no appropriation — 300,000,000 36 6234 162,500,000 35 92,765,000 48 96,400,000 37 7152(a) 97,133,000 36 Title V Part D-15 Arts in Education Title V Part D-21 Women’s Educational Equity FIE Comprehensive School Reform School Repair and Renovation (P.L. 106-554, Sec. 321) [note h] Prog. # Section # FY2002 appropriation Prog. # Title VI - Flexibility and Accountability no appropriation [note l] Title VII - Native American Education Title VII Part A-1 Indian Education Grants to LEAs CRS-8 Title and Program (Programs without titles are not specifically authorized under NCLBA) FY2001 appropriation Prog. # FY2002 authorization FY2002 appropriation Prog. # no appropriation — 24,000,000 38 7152(b) no appropriation — Title VII Part B Education for Native Hawaiians 28,000,000 49 such sums 39 7205(c)(1) 30,500,000 37 Title VII Part C Alaska Native Education 15,000,000 50 such sums 40 7304(d)(1) 24,000,000 38 Special Programs for Indian Children 20,000,000 51 [note b] — — 20,000,000 39 2,735,000 52 [note b] — — 3,235,000 40 Title VIII Section 8002 Impact Aid Federal Property 40,000,000 53 such sums 41 8014(a) 55,000,000 41 Title VIII Section 8003(b) Impact Aid Basic Support 882,000,000 54 such sums 42 8014(b) 982,500,000 42 Title VIII Section 8003(d) Impact Aid Children with Disabilities 50,000,000 55 such sums 43 8014(c) 50,000,000 43 Title VIII Section 8007 Impact Aid Construction 12,802,000 56 150,000,000 44 8014(e) 48,000,000 44 8,000,000 57 such sums 45 8014(f) 8,000,000 45 18,572,464,000 — 16 such sums, plus 26,347,400,000 — — 21,945,407,000 — Indian Education, Administrative Cost Grants (Education Amendments of 1978) 43,065,000 1 such sums 1 1128(j)(1) 43,065,000 1 Indian Education, Early Childhood (Education Amendments of 1978) 12,107,000 2 such sums 2 1139(g) 12,210,000 2 no appropriation — 2,000,000 3 1140(h) no appropriation — 3,000,000 3 [note b] — — no appropriation — 180,000,000 4 [note b] — — no appropriation — Title VII Part A-1, 2 Indian Education, Special Programs and National Activities Indian Education National Research Activities Prog. # Section # Title VIII - Impact Aid [note m] Title VIII Section 8008 Impact Aid Facilities Maintenance Title IX - General Provisions Note: there are no authorizations of appropriations under this title. Subtotal for All ESEA Programs Related Programs Tribal Departments of Education (Education Amendments of 1978) Troops-to-Teachers Program Act of 1999 (Title XVII of P.L. 106-65) School Resource Officers (Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968) CRS-9 Title and Program (Programs without titles are not specifically authorized under NCLBA) FY2001 appropriation Prog. # FY2002 authorization Prog. # 2,400,000 5 [note b] — Boys and Girls Clubs of America (Economic Espionage Act of 1966) 60,000,000 6 [note b] Advanced Placement (Higher Education Amendments of 1998) 22,000,000 7 Education for Homeless Children and Youth (MVHAA) 35,000,000 Chafee Environmental Education Act of 2001 Preparing Tomorrow’s Teachers to Use Technology (HEA) International Education Exchange in Civics and Economics (G2000) Multiyear Grants and Contracts (ERDDIA) Subtotal for Related Programs TOTAL, All Programs Section # FY2002 appropriation Prog. # — no appropriation — — — no appropriation — [note b] — — no appropriation — 8 70,000,000 4 726 50,000,000 3 no appropriation — such sums 5 224 62,500,000 4 10,000,000 9 [note b] — — no appropriation — no appropriation — such sums 6 995(b) 58,000,000 5 367,572,000 — 4 such sums, plus 72,000,000 — — 225,775,000 — $18,940,036,000 — 20 such sums, plus $26,419,400,000 — — $22,171,182,000 — Source: H.R. 1 authorization levels are specific authorizations of appropriations in the H.Rept. 107-334 conference report (December 13, 2001). FY2001 and FY2002 appropriations are based on specific line-items in the FY2002 conference report, H.Rept. 107-342 (H.R. 3061, December 18, 2001) and the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Glossary: “no appropriation” means there is no specific line item appropriation for this activity; however, part or all of this activity may be funded elsewhere; “such sums” means such sums as may be necessary; ERDDIA = Educational Research, Development, Dissemination, and Improvement Act; ESEA = Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965; G2000 = Goals 2000: Educate America Act; HEA = Higher Education Act; IDEA = Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; and MVHAA = McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. Amounts in brackets are not counted as part of the totals. a The various amounts for Title I Part A Grants to LEAs are administered, and counted, as a single program. No specific authorization is proposed for this activity; however, part or all of this activity may be authorized elsewhere. c The FY2001 appropriation for the Fund for the Improvement of Education (FIE) made the following reservations: High School Reform and Technical Skills, $5 million; Physical Education for Progress, $5 million; School Dropout Prevention, $5 million; American History, $50 million; Comprehensive School Reform, $50 million; Violence Prevention Demonstration, $2 million; Elementary School Counseling Demonstration, $30 million; and Consumer, Economic, and Personal Finance Education, $3 million. d The FY2001 appropriation for ESEA Title I allows the Secretary to reserve from the total appropriation up to $3.5 million for Census population updates. e The FY2001 appropriation for Eisenhower National Activities allocated $31 million for Transition to Teaching and $10 million for Early Childhood Professional Development. f The FY2002 appropriation for Transition to Teaching/Troops to Teachers/National Programs allocates as follows: Troops to Teachers, $18 million; Transition to Teaching, $35 million; National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, $10 million; Early Childhood Professional Development, $15 million; and Principal Recruitment, $10 million. g H.R. 1 separately authorizes Emergency Immigrant Education when the Title III appropriation is $650 million or less. b CRS-10 h The FY2001 appropriation for School Repair and Renovation reserved $25 million for Charter Schools Facilities. Under H.R. 1, Title V Part D (FIE) provides a single authorization of appropriations for FIE (as Part D-1) plus 20 other specific activities; 11 of these 21 activities were funded as separate programs in FY2001. j The FY2002 appropriation for FIE allocates funds for 15 activities specifically authorized as a part of FIE, in addition to the FIE itself and the former Comprehensive School Reform program. k H.R. 3061 conferees “encourage” the Secretary to use FIE funds to support these activities. l Part of the FY2002 appropriation of $107.5 million for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (not shown on table) appears to be available to administer the Title VI Part A-1 State Assessment Administration. m Prior to H.R. 1, Title VIII Impact Aid programs were authorized through FY2003; H.R. 1 extends these programs through FY2007, consistent with other ESEA authorizations. i