Major Leadership Election Contests in the House of Representatives, 94th-111th Congresses

This report contains data on votes for Speaker of the House for the 94th through 110th Congresses and elections in party conferences or caucuses for major leaders within each party for the 94th through 111th Congresses. It reflects actual balloting on the House floor for Speaker and in the Democratic Caucus and Republican Conference for other positions.

ȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœǰȱşŚ‘ȱȬȱŗŗŗ‘ȱ ˜—›ŽœœŽœȱ ’•›Žȱ–Ž›ȱ ™ŽŒ’Š•’œȱ˜—ȱ‘Žȱ˜—›Žœœȱ ŽŒŽ–‹Ž›ȱřŗǰȱŘŖŖŞȱ ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŝȬśŝŖŖȱ    ǯŒ›œǯ˜Ÿȱ řŖŜŖŝȱ ȱŽ™˜›ȱ˜›ȱ˜—›Žœœ Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ ž––Š›¢ȱ This report contains data on votes for Speaker of the House for the 94th through 110th Congresses and elections in party conferences or caucuses for major leaders within each party for the 94th through 111th Congresses. It reflects actual balloting on the House floor for Speaker and in the Democratic Caucus and Republican Conference for other positions. Table 1 identifies the votes for Speaker. Tables 2-14 provide the names and states of the candidates for each of the major party offices, the Congress(es) in which they ran, and the votes they received. Also noted are Members elected with no opposition. Although most caucus or conference balloting for leadership positions took place prior to the convening of a new Congress, in some cases leadership elections were held to fill vacancies during a Congress. The 14 tables herein provide data on the individuals receiving votes for Speaker and the party elections for the following positions: • House Democratic Floor Leader, • House Republican Floor Leader, • House Democratic Whip, • House Republican Whip, • House Democratic Caucus Chairman, • House Republican Conference Chairman, • House Democratic Caucus Secretaries/Vice Chairman, • House Republican Conference Vice Chairman, • House Republican Conference Secretary, • House Republican Policy Committee Chairman, • House Republican Research Committee Chairman, • House National Republican Congressional Committee Chairman, and • House Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chairman. Since 1974, there have been no formal contests within either party for the election of the Speaker of the House. Where there were contested races for other positions, most were decided after one ballot. In a few races, two ballots were needed. Three ballots were necessary before a Democratic floor leader was elected for the 95th Congress, before a Republican leader was elected for the 106th Congress, and for the election of the chair of the House Republican Conference in the 110th Congress. The data do not include notices of announced candidacies that were abandoned before caucus or conference voting took place. This report will be updated as necessary. ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ˜—Ž—œȱ Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 1 Š‹•Žœȱ Table 1. Speaker of the House Elections ......................................................................................... 2 Table 2. House Democratic Floor Leader Elections........................................................................ 4 Table 3. House Republican Floor Leader Elections ........................................................................ 5 Table 4. House Democratic Whip Elections.................................................................................... 7 Table 5. House Republican Whip Elections .................................................................................... 8 Table 6. House Democratic Caucus Chairman Elections ................................................................ 9 Table 7. House Republican Conference Chairman Elections........................................................ 10 Table 8. House Democratic Caucus Secretary/Vice Chairman Elections.......................................11 Table 9. House Republican Conference Vice Chairman Elections................................................ 13 Table 10. House Republican Conference Secretary Elections....................................................... 14 Table 11. House Republican Policy Committee Chairman Elections............................................ 16 Table 12. House Republican Research Committee Chairman Elections....................................... 17 Table 13. House National Republican Congressional Committee Chairman Elections ................ 18 Table 14. House Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chairman Appointments ............................................................................................................................. 19 ˜—ŠŒœȱ Author Contact Information .......................................................................................................... 20 ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ —›˜žŒ’˜—ȱ This report contains data on votes for Speaker of the House for the 94th through the 110th Congress and elections in party conferences or caucuses for major leaders within each party for the 94th through 111th Congresses. It reflects actual balloting on the House floor for Speakers and in the Democratic Caucus and Republican Conference for other positions. Table 1 identifies the votes for Speaker. Tables 2-14 provide the names and states of the candidates for each of the major party offices, the Congress(es) in which they ran, and the votes they received. Also noted are Members elected with no opposition. Although most caucus or conference balloting for leadership positions took place prior to the convening of a new Congress, in some cases leadership elections were held to fill vacancies during a Congress. The 14 tables herein provide data on the individuals receiving votes for Speaker and the party elections for the following positions: • House Democratic Floor Leader, • House Republican Floor Leader, • House Democratic Whip, • House Republican Whip, • House Democratic Caucus Chairman, • House Republican Conference Chairman, • House Democratic Caucus Secretaries/Vice Chairman, • House Republican Conference Vice Chairman, • House Republican Conference Secretary, • House Republican Policy Committee Chairman, • House Republican Research Committee Chairman, • House National Republican Congressional Committee Chairman, and • House Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chairman. Since 1974, there have been no formal contests within either party for the election of the Speaker of the House. Where there were contested races for other positions, most were decided after one ballot. In a few races, two ballots were needed. Three ballots were necessary before a Democratic floor leader was elected for the 95th Congress, before a Republican leader was elected for the 106th Congress, and for the chair of the House Republican Conference in the 110th Congress. In many of the Congresses, at least one leader was selected without opposition or by acclamation. In those instances where published accounts did not mention a contest for a particular office or provide vote totals, a candidate is listed as having been selected without opposition. In a few instances, published sources did not provide data on votes cast in a particular contest. The data also do not include notices of announced candidacies that were abandoned before caucus or conference voting took place. ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗȱ ȱ Table 1. Speaker of the House Elections Congress Democratic Nominee 94th Carl B. Albert 95th 96th 97th Thomas P. O’Neill Thomas P. O’Neill Thomas P. O”Neill Thomas P. O’Neill Thomas P. O’Neill Jim Wright 98th 99 th 100th State Votes OK 287 MA MA MA MA MA 290 268 233 260 247 TX 254 Republican Nominee State Votes Others Receiving Votes AZ AZ AZ 143 142 152 — — — — — — Robert H. Michel IL 183 — — Robert H. Michel IL 155 — — Robert H. Michel IL 175 — — Robert H. Michel IL 173 — — 170 — — — — — — — — — — John J. Rhodes John J. Rhodes John J. Rhodes 101st th TX 106 107th 108 109th 110th th 253 Robert H. Michel IL Replacement Election of June 6, 1989 Thomas S. Foley Thomas S. Foley Thomas S. Foley WA WA WA 251 262 255 Robert H. Michel Robert H. Michel Robert H. Michel Richard Gephardt MO 202 Newt Gingrich Richard Gephardt MO 205 Newt Gingrich — — — th Richard Gephardt MO 205 Richard Gephardt Nancy Pelosi Nancy Pelosi MO CA CA CA 206 201 199 233 Nancy Pelosid — Dennis Hastertc Dennis Hastert Dennis Hastert Dennis Hastert John A. Boehner IL IL IL GA GA 164 165 174 228 216 — — James Leach Note: Elected candidates in italics. ȬŘȱ Representative Wright resigned as Speaker of the House on June 6, 1989. R-IA 2 Robert Michelb 1 Robert Walkerb 1 IL 220 — IL IL IL OH 222 228 226 202 John P. Murtha John P. Murtha John P. Murtha — Source: Journals of the House of Representatives. Party designations are taken from the Congressional Directory for the respective years. a. Votes Initial Election Jim Wrighta 102nd 103rd 104th 105 Party/State D-PA D-PA D-PA 1 1 1 — ȱ b. Not a member of the House at the time. c. Speaker Gingrich announced his intention to resign from the House at the end of the 105th Congress and was not a candidate for Speaker for the 106th Congress. The House Republican Conference unanimously selected Representative Robert Livingston (D-LA) as its nominee for Speaker. However, before the end of the 105th Congress, Representative Livingston announced his resignation, effective March 1, 1999. Subsequently, Representative Hastert was nominated by the Republican Conference to be Speaker and was elected on the first day of the 106th Congress by the House of Representatives. d. Speaker Pelosi is expected to be reelected to the same position on the opening day of the 111th Congress (Janurary 6, 2009). Ȭřȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ . House Democratic Floor Leader Elections Table 2 Congress 94th 95th Candidates State Thomas P. O’Neill MA 1 Phillip Burton Richard Bolling Jim Wright John McFall Votes no opposition st Ballot CA MO TX CA 106 votes 81 votes 77 votes 31 votes 2nd Ballot Phillip Burton Jim Wright Richard Bolling CA TX MO 107 votes 95 votes 93 votes 3rd Ballot 96th 97th 98th 99th 100th 101st Jim Wright Phillip Burton Jim Wright Jim Wright Jim Wright Jim Wright Thomas S. Foley 105th 106th 107th 108th 148 votes 147 votes no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition Initial Election Thomas S. Foley 102nd 103rd 104th TX CA TX TX TX TX WA a Richard Gephardt Ed Jenkins Lee Hamilton Richard Gephardt Richard Gephardt Richard Gephardt Charles Rose Richard Gephardt Richard Gephardt Richard Gephardt Nancy Pelosi Harold Ford ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ WA no opposition MO GA IN MO MO MO NC MO MO MO CA TN 181 votes 76 votes one write-in vote no opposition no opposition 150 votes 50 votes no opposition no opposition no opposition 177 votes 29 votes Replacement Election of June 14, 1989 Śȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ Congress 109th 110th 111th Candidates Nancy Pelosi Steny H. Hoyer John P. Murtha Steny H. Hoyer State CA MD PA MD Votes no opposition 149 votes 86 votes no oppostion Source: Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc., and various editions of the Congressional Record, Congressional Staff Directories, and Journals of the House of Representatives a. Representative Foley was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives on June 6, 1989. Table 3. House Republican Floor Leader Elections Congress 94th 95th 96th 97th 98th 99th 100th 101st 102nd 103rd 104th 105th 106th Candidates John Rhodes John Rhodes John Rhodes Robert Michel Guy Vander Jagt Robert Michel Robert Michel Robert Michel Robert Michel Robert Michel Robert Michel Richard Armey Richard Armey State AZ AZ AZ IL MI IL IL IL IL IL IL TX TX Votes no opposition no opposition no opposition 103 votes 87 votes no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition 1st Ballot Richard Armey Steve Largent Jennifer Dunn Dennis Hasterta TX OK WA IL 100 votes 58 votes 45 votes 18 votes 2nd Ballot Richard Armey Steve Largent Jennifer Dunn TX OK WA 99 votes 73 votes 49 votes 3rd Ballot 107th Richard Armey Steve Largent Richard Armey ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ TX OK TX 127 votes 95 votes no opposition śȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ Congress 108th 109th Candidates State Tom Delay TX Votes no opposition Initial Election Tom Delay Roy Bluntb TX MO b no opposition NA Replacement Election of February 2, 2006- 1 Ballot st Roy Blunt John A. Boehner John Shadegg Jim Ryun 110th 111th MO OH AZ NE 110 votes 79 votes 40 votes 2 votes OH MO OH IN TX OH CA 122 votes 109 votes 168 votes 27 votes 1 vote — — Replacement Election of February 2, 2006 - 2nd Ballot John A. Boehner Roy Blunt John Boehner Mike Pence Joe Barton John A. Boehnerc Daniel E. Lundgrenc Source: Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc., and various editions of the Congressional Record, Congressional Staff Directories, and Journals of the House of Representatives Representative Dennis Hastert initially ran for House Majority Leader for the 106th Congress when it appeared that Representative Robert Livingston would be the new Speaker of the House. Subsequently, prior to the opening of the 106th Congress, Representative Livingston announced he would resign during that Congress and Representative Hastert was elected Speaker of the House on the opening day of the 106th Congress, January 6, 1999. b. On September 28, 2005, Representative Tom Delay stepped aside as House Majority Leader, and Representative Roy Blunt became acting Majority Leader. On January 7, 2006, Representative Delay decided not to reclaim his old job. On February 2, 2006, Representative John Boehner was elected House Republican (Majority) Leader. c. Representative Boehner was reelected House Republican Leader for the 111th Congress, but the vote was not announced. a. ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Ŝȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ . House Democratic Whip Elections Table 4 Congress Candidatesa State 100th Tony Coehlo CA 167 votes Charles Rangel NY 78 votes W.G. (Bill) Hefner NC 15 votes 101 st Initial Election Tony Coehlob William Gray David Bonior Beryl Anthony 102nd c David Boniord 105th 106th 107 th Steny H. Hoyer David Bonior David Bonior Charles Stenholm David Bonior David Bonior David Boniore Nancy Pelosi 108 109 110 111 th th th th CA no opposition PA MI AK 134 votes 97 votes 30 votes Replacement Election of June 14, 1989 Initial Election William Gray 103rd 104th Votes f Steny H. Hoyer Steny H. Hoyer Steny H. Hoyer James E. Clyburn James E. Clyburn PA no opposition MI MD MI MI TX MI MI MI 160 votes 109 votes no opposition 145 votes 58 votes no opposition no opposition no opposition CA MD MD MD SC SC 118 votes 95 votes no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition Replacement Election of July 11, 1991 Replacement Election of October 10, 2001 Source: Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc.,and various editions of the Congressional Record, Congressional Staff Directories, and Journals of the House of Representatives. Beginning with the organization for the 100th Congress, House Democratic whips have been elected. Prior to the 100th Congress, Democratic whips were appointed. b. Representative Coehlo resigned from the House on June 15, 1989. c. Representative Gray resigned from the House on September 11, 1991. d. Representative Bonior was elected Democratic whip on July 11, 1991, but did not assume that position until September 11, 1991. e. Representative Bonior announced plans to resign as Democratic whip, effective January 15, 2002. f. Representative Pelosi election as the Democratic whip became effective on January 15, 2002. a. ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŝȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ Table 5. House Republican Whip Elections Congress 94th 95th 96th 97th 98th 99th 100th 101st Candidates Robert Michel Jerry Pettis John Erlenborn Robert Michel Robert Michel Trent Lott Bud Shuster Trent Lott Trent Lott Trent Lott State IL CA IL IL IL MS PA MS MS MS Votes 75 votes 38 votes 22 votes no opposition no opposition 96 votes 90 votes no opposition no opposition no opposition Initial Election Richard Cheneya WY no opposition Replacement Election of March 22, 1989 Newt Gingrichb 102nd 103rd 104th 105th 106th 107th 108th 109th 110th 111th Edward Madigan Newt Gingrich Newt Gingrich Tom DeLay Robert Walker Bill McCollum Tom DeLay Tom DeLay Tom DeLay Roy Blunt Roy Bluntc Roy Blunt John Shadegg Eric Cantor GA IL GA GA TX PA FL TX TX TX MO MO MO AZ VA 87 votes 85 votes no opposition no opposition 119 votes 80 votes 28 votes no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition 137 57 no opposition Source: Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc.,and various editions of the Congressional Record, and Journals of the House of Representatives. a. Representative Cheney resigned from Congress on March 17, 1989. b. Representative Gingrich was elected to replace Representative Cheney as Republican whip on March 22, 1989. c. Representative Blunt served as acting House Republican Leader from September 28, 2005, to February 2, 2006. Congressional Staff Directories, ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Şȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ . House Democratic Caucus Chairman Elections Table 6 Congress 94th 95th 96th 97th 98th 99th 100th 101st Candidates State Phillip Burton B.F. Sisk Thomas S. Foley Shirley Chisholm Thomas Foley Gillis Long Charlie Rose Matthew McHugh Gillis Long Richard Gephardta Richard Gephardt CA CA WA NY WA LA NC NY LA MO MO Votes 162 votes 11 votes 194 votes 96 votes no opposition 146 votes 53 votes 41 votes no opposition no opposition no opposition Initial Election William Gray b PA 146 votes Mary Rose Oakar OH 80 votes Mike Synar OK 33 votes Replacement Election of June 21, 1989 Steny Hoyerc 102 103rd 104th nd 105th 106th 107th 108th 109th 110th 111th Barbara Kennelly Steny Hoyer Steny Hoyer Vic Fazio Kweisi Mfume Vic Fazio Martin Frost Rosa Delauro Martin Frost Robert Menendez Rosa DeLauro Robert Menendezd James E. Clyburne Rahm Emanuel John B. Larson MD CT MD MD CA MD CA TX CT TX NJ CT NJ SC IL CT 165 votes 82 votes no opposition no opposition 149 votes 57 votes no opposition 108 votes 97 votes no opposition 104 votes 103 votes no opposition no opposition no opposition no oppositiion Source: Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc.,and various editions of the Congressional Record, and Journals of the House of Representatives. a. Although Representative Gephardt had no opposition in the 99th Congress, the secret ballot for the chairmanship was 208-5. b. Representative Gray was elected Democratic whip on June 14, 1989, and resigned his caucus post. Congressional Staff Directories, ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ şȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ Representative Hoyer was elected chairman of the House Democratic Caucus on June 21, 1989, to fill the vacancy caused by Representative Gray’s election as Democratic whip. d. On January 16, 2006, Representative Menendez resigned from the House after he was appointed to the Senate. e. Representative Clyburn was selected Chairman of the House Democratic Caucus on December 16, 2005, effective January 18, 2006. c. . House Republican Conference Chairman Elections Table 7 Congress 94th 95th 96th Candidate State John Anderson Charles Wiggins John Anderson IL CA IL Votes 85 votes 52 votes no opposition Initial Election John Andersona Thomas Kindness IL OH 87 votes 55 votes Replacement Election of June 20, 1979 - 1 Ballot st Samuel Devine Henry Hyde Edward Derwinski 97th 98th 99th 69 votes 47 votes 32 votes OH IL NY CA NY NY 75 votes 72 votes 107 votes 77 votes no opposition no opposition Replacement Election of June 20, 1979 - 2nd Ballot Samuel Devineb Henry Hyde Jack Kemp John Rousselot Jack Kemp Jack Kemp 100th Initial Election Jack Kemp NY no opposition WY no opposition CA IL CA 81 votes 79 votes 7 votes CA IL CA MI TX 85 votes 82 votes 98 votes 64 votes 88 votes c Replacement Election of June 4, 1987 Richard Cheneyd 101 OH IL IL 1st Ballot st Jerry Lewis Lynn Martin William Dannemeyer 2nd Ballot 102nd 103rd Jerry Lewis Lynn Martin Jerry Lewis Carl Pursell Richard Armey ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗŖȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ Congress 104 th 105th 106th 107th 108th 109th 110th Candidate State Jerry Lewis John Boehner Duncan Hunter John Boehner J.C. Watts John Boehner J.C. Watts Deborah Pryce J.D. Hayworth Jim Ryun Deborah Pryce Votes CA OH CA OH OK OH OK OH AZ KS OH 84 votes 122 votes 102 votes no opposition 121 votes 93 votes no opposition 133 votes 61 votes 28 votes no opposition FL GA TN CA 81 votes 58 votes 31 votes 29 votes 1st Ballot Adam H. Putnam Jack Kingston Marsha Blackburn Dan Lungren 2nd Ballot Adam H. Putnam Jack Kingston Marsha Blackburn FL GA TN 89 votes 74 votes 30 votes FL GA IN 100 votes 91 votes no opposition 3rd Ballot 111th Adam H. Putnam Jack Kingston Mike Pence Source: Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc.,and various editions of the Congressional Record, and Journals of the House of Representatives. a. Representative Anderson resigned as chairman of the House Republican Conference on June 8, 1979. b. Representative Devine was elected chairman of the Republican Conference on June 20, 1979. c. Representative Kemp resigned as Republican Conference chairman on June 4, 1987. d. The same day that Representative Kemp resigned, Representative Cheney was elected Republican Conference chairman without opposition. Congressional Staff Directories, Table 8. House Democratic Caucus Secretary/Vice Chairman Elections Congress 94th 95th 96th 97th Candidatea Patsy Mink Shirley Chisholm Shirley Chisholm Geraldine Ferraro ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ State HI NY NY NY Votes no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition ŗŗȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ Congress Candidatea State Votes 98th Geraldine Ferraro NY no opposition 99th Mary Rose Oakar OH no opposition 100th Mary Rose Oakar OH no opposition 101st Initial Election Steny Hoyerb MD no opposition Replacement Election of June 22, 1989 - 1 Ballot st Vic Fazio Martin Frost Marcy Kaptur Richard Durbin 102nd 103rd 104th 105th 106th CA TX OH IL 113 votes 69 votes 37 votes 34 votes CA TX OH CA CA CT NY CT 147 votes 74 votes 32 votes no opposition no opposition 93 votes 90 votes no opposition Replacement Election of June 22, 1989 - 2nd Ballot Vic Fazio Martin Frost Marcy Kaptur Vic Fazio Vic Fazio Barbara Kennelly Louise Slaughter Barbara Kennelly 1st Ballot Robert Menendez Calvin Dooley Albert Wynn NJ CA MD 92 votes 65 votes 50 votes 2nd Ballot Robert Menendez 107th 108th 109th Calvin Dooley Robert Menendez James E. Clyburnc Gregory Meeks Zoe Lofgren James E. Clyburnd NJ CA NJ SC NY CA SC 124 votes 81 votes no opposition 95 56 53 no opposition Replacement Election of February 1, 2006- 1 Ballot st Joseph Crowley NY 79 John B. Larson CT 66 IL 55 Jan Schakowsky Replacement Election of February 1, 2006 - 2nd Ballot John B. Larson ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ CT 116 ŗŘȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ Congress 110 Congress 111th Congress th Candidatea State Votes Joseph Crowley NY 87 John B. Larson Xavier Becerra Marcy Kaptur CT CA OH no opposition 175 67 Source: Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc.,and various editions of the Congressional Record, Congressional Staff Directories, and Journals of the House of Representatives. Since the 100th Congress (1987-1989), the caucus secretary position has been known as vice chairman of the House Democratic Caucus. b. Representative Hoyer was elected chairman of the Democratic Caucus on June 21, 1989, and was succeeded as vice chairman of the caucus by Representative Fazio. c. After the first ballot, Representatives Meeks and Lofgren withdrew and Representative Clyburn was elected by acclamation. d. Representative Clyburn was selected Chairman of the House Democratic Caucus on December 16, 2005, effective January 18, 2006. a. Table 9. House Republican Conference Vice Chairman Elections Congress Candidate State 94th 95th Samuel Devine Samuel Devine OH OH 96th 102nd 103rd 104th no opposition no opposition Initial Election Samuel Devinea 97th 98th 99th 100th 101st Votes no opposition AL AL AL IL IL FL CA FL FL NY FL no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition vote not announced-elected vote not announced no opposition no opposition 124 votes 100 votes Replacement Election of June 20, 1979 Jack Edwards Jack Edwards Jack Edwards Lynn Martin Lynn Martin Bill McCollumb Robert Lagomarsino Bill McCollum Bill McCollum Susan Molinari Cliff Stearns ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ OH ŗřȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ Congress Candidate State 105th Votes Initial Election Susan Molinaric NY no opposition Replacement Election of July 16, 1997 Jennifer Dunn Jim Nussle WA IA 106th 129 votes 85 votes 1st Ballot Tillie Fowler FL 90 votes Ann Northup Peter Hoekstra Sue Myrick KY MI SC 43 votes 39 votes 38 votes 2nd Ballot 107th 108th 109th 110th 111th Tillie Fowler FL Ann Northup Peter Hoekstra Deborah Pryce Jack Kingston Melissa A. Hart Jack Kingston Kay Granger Steve Pearce Kathy McMorris Rogers KY MI OH GA PA GA TX NM WA 108 votes 58 votes 42 votes no opposition 159 votes 56 votes no opposition 124 votes 63 votes no opposition Source: Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc.,and various editions of the Congressional Record, and Journals of the House of Representatives. a. Representative Devine was elected chairman of the House Republican Conference on June 20, 1979. b. Representative McCollum was elected vice chairman of the Republican Conference in 1989, but the vote was not announced. c. Representative Molinari resigned from the House, effective on August 1, 1997. On July 16, 1997, Representative Dunn was elected to replace her as vice chairman. Congressional Staff Directories, Table 10. House Republican Conference Secretary Elections Congress 94th 95th Candidate State Jack Edwards Jack Edwards AL AL 96th no opposition no opposition Initial Election Jack Edwards 97th Votes a Clair Burgener Clair Burgener ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ AL no opposition CA CA no opposition no opposition Replacement Election of June 20, 1979 ŗŚȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ Congress 98th 99th 100th 101st 102nd 103rd 104th Candidate State Clair Burgener Robert Lagomarsino Robert Lagomarsino Vin Weber Joseph McDade Vin Weber Tom DeLay Willis Gradison Barbara Vucanovich Tim Hutchinson 108th 109th 110th 111th no opposition no opposition no opposition vote not announced-elected vote not announced no opposition 95 votes 71 votes 138 votes 90 votes WA no opposition Replacement Election of July 16, 1997 - 1 st Ballot Deborah Pryceb Sue Myrick Randy (Duke) Cunningham Jerry Weller OH NC WA IL vote not announced vote not announced vote not announced vote not announced Deborah Pryce Sue Myrick Randy (Duke) Cunningham Deborah Pryce Barbara Cubin Judy Biggert John T. Doolittle John T. Doolittle John Carter John Carter OH NC WA OH WY IL CA CA TX TX 110 votes 65 votes 42 votes no opposition 123 76 no opposition no opposition no oppostion no oppositon Replacement Election of July 16, 1997 - 2nd Ballot 105th 106th 107th CA CA CA MN PA MN TX OH NV AR Initial Election 105th Jennifer Dunn Votes Source: Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc.,and various editions of the Congressional Record, and Journals of the House of Representatives. a. Representative Edwards was elected vice chairman of the House Republican Conference on June 20, 1979, and was succeeded as secretary by Representative Burgener the same day. b. Representative Dunn was elected vice chairman of the Republican Conference on July 16, 1997, and was succeeded as secretary by Representative Pryce the same day. Congressional Staff Directories, ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗśȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ . House Republican Policy Committee Chairman Elections Table 11 Congress 94th 95th 96th 97th 98th 99th 100th Candidate Barber Conable Del Clawson Louis Frey Bud Shuster Bill Frenzel Richard Cheney Marjorie Holt Richard Cheney Richard Cheney 105th 106th 107th 108th 109th NY CA FL PA MN WY MD WY WY Vote no opposition 71 votes 63 votes 80 votes 55 votes 99 votes 68 votes no opposition no opposition Initial Election R 101st 102nd 103rd 104th State ichard Cheneya Jerry Lewis Duncan Hunter Mickey Edwards Mickey Edwards Henry Hyde Christopher Cox Jim Kolbe Christopher Cox Christopher Cox Christopher Cox Christopher Cox John Shadeggb WY no opposition Replacement Election of June 4, 1987 CA CA OK OK IL CA AZ CA CA CA CA AZ 88 votes 82 votes no opposition no opposition no opposition 148 votes 77 votes no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition Replacement Election of February 2, 2006- 1 Ballot st Adam Putnam Thaddeus McCotter Darrell Issa Phil Gingrey John Shadegg Eric Cantor FL MI CA GA AZ VA 95 58 40 24 1 1 Adam Putnam Thaddeus E. McCotter Darrell Issa FL MI CA 118 75 22 Replacement Election of February 2, 2006- 2nd Ballott ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗŜȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ Congress 110th 111th Candidate State Thaddeus E. McCotter Darrell Issa Thaddeus E. McCotterc Michael C. Burgess MI CA MI TX Vote 132 63 — — Source: Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc.,and various editions of the Congressional Record, and Journals of the House of Representatives. a. Representative Cheney was elected chairman of the House Republican Conference on June 4, 1987, and was succeeded as chairman of the House Republican Policy Committee by Representative Jerry Lewis the same day. b. Representative Shadegg was unanimously approved by the House Republican Conference on January 26, 2005, after Representative Christopher Cox became the chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee. Republican Conference rules prohibit Members from simultaneously being the chairman of a standing committee and in an elected leadership position. Subequently, Representative Shadegg resigned as chairman of the House Republican Policy Committee on January 13, 2006, in order to run for House Republican (Majority) Leader. c. Representative McCotter was reelected chair of the House Republican Policy Committee for the 111th Congressional Staff Directories, Congress, but the vote was not announced. Table 12. House Republican Research Committee Chairman Elections Congress 94th 95th 96th 97th 98th 99th 100th Candidate Louis Frey Bill Frenzel Marjorie Holt Trent Lott Lawrence Coughlin Willis Gradison Edward Madigan Robert Walker James Martin Jerry Lewis State FL MN MD MS PA OH IL PA NC CA Votes no opposition 77 votes 53 votes vote not announced-elected vote not announced vote not announced vote not announced-elected vote not announced no opposition no opposition Initial Election Jerry Lewisa CA no opposition Replacement Election of June 4, 1989 - 1 Ballot st Mickey Edwards OK 72 votes Steve Bartlett TX 57 votes Steve Gunderson WI 42 votes Replacement Election of June 4, 1989 - 2nd Ballot 101st Mickey Edwards Steve Bartlett Duncan Hunter ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ OK TX CA 93 votes 71 votes vote not announced-elected ŗŝȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ Congress 102 103rd nd Candidate Steve Bartlett Duncan Hunter Duncan Hunter State TX CA CA Votes vote not announced no opposition no opposition Source: Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc.,and various editions of the Congressional Record, Congressional Staff Directories, and Journals of the House of Representatives. The committee was abolished after the 103rd Congress. Representative Lewis was elected chairman of the Republican Policy Committee on June 4, 1989, and was succeeded as House Republican Research Committee chairman by Representative Edwards the same day. Note: a. . House National Republican Congressional Committee Chairman Elections Table 13 Congress 94th 95 96th 97th 98th 99th 100th 101st 102nd th 103rd 104th 105th 106th 107th 108th 109th 110th Candidatea State Guy Vander Jagt Guy Vander Jagt Guy Vander Jagt Guy Vander Jagt Guy Vander Jagt Guy Vander Jagt Guy Vander Jagt Guy Vander Jagt Guy Vander Jagt Donald K. Sundquist Leon William (Bill) Paxon Leon William (Bill) Paxon John E. Linderb Thomas M. Davisc John E. Linder Thomas M. Davis Thomas M. Reynolds Jerry Weller Thomas M. Reynolds Votes MI MI MI MI MI MI MI MI MI TN NY NY GA VA GA VA NY IL NY no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition no opposition 98 votes 66 votes no opposition no opposition — 130 votes 77 votes no opposition 119 votes 90 votes no opposition OK TX PA 80 votes 73 votes 32 votes Tom Cole OK 102 votes Pete Sessions TX 81 votes Pete Sessions TX no opposition 1st Ballot Tom Cole Pete Sessions Phil English 2nd Ballot 111th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗŞȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ȱ Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc.,and various editions of the Congressional Record, and Journals of the House of Representatives. a. From the 94th through the 100th Congress, the chairmen of the House National Republican Congressional Committee were appointed by House leaders. b. In November 1996, during the organizational meetings for the 105th Congress, the chairman of the House National Republican Congressional Committee was appointed by Speaker of the House, Newt Gingrich (See Jackie Koszczuk, “Despite Rumblings, Gingrich Has No Serious Challenger,” Congressional Quarterly Source: Congressional Staff Directories, Weekly Report, vol. 54, Nov. 16, 1996, p. 3277). c. In November 1998, during its organizational meetings for the 106th Congress, the Republican Conference changed its rules to make the chairmanship of the committee an elected position rather than an appointed one (See Jeffrey L. Katz and Carroll J. Doherty, “New GOP Leaders’ Watchword Is Realism, Not Revolution,” Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol. 56, Nov. 21, 1998, p. 3166). Table 14. House Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chairman Appointments Congress 94th 95th 96th 97th 98th 99th 100th 101st 102nd 103rd 104th 105th 106th 107th 108th 109th 110th 111th Candidate Wayne L. Hays James C. Corman James C. Corman Anthony L. (Tony) Coelho Anthony L. (Tony) Coelho Anthony L. (Tony) Coelho Beryl F. Anthony, Jr. Beryl F. Anthony, Jr. Vic H. Fazio, Jr. Vic H. Fazio, Jr. Martin Frost Martin Frost Patrick J. Kennedy Nita Lowey Robert T. Matsui Rahm Emanuel Chris Van Hollen Chris Van Hollen State Votes OH CA CA CA CA CA AR AR CA CA TX TX RI NY CA IL MD MD — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — Source: Various publications of Congressional Quarterly, Inc.,and various editions of the Congressional Record, Congressional Staff Directories, and Journals of the House of Representatives. Thus far, the chairmen of the House Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee have always been appointed by the House Democratic leadership. Note: ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗşȱ ȱ Š“˜›ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ•ŽŒ’˜—ȱ˜—Žœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ˜ȱŽ™›ŽœŽ—Š’ŸŽœȱ ž‘˜›ȱ˜—ŠŒȱ —˜›–Š’˜—ȱ Mildred Amer Specialist on the Congress mamer@crs.loc.gov, 7-8304 ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŘŖȱ