SBA EIDL and Emergency EIDL Grants: Data by State




INSIGHTi
SBA EIDL and Emergency EIDL Grants:
Data by State

Updated September 4, 2020
Congress made COVID-19-related economy injury an eligible expense for the Smal Business
Administration’s (SBA) Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL) in the Coronavirus Preparedness and
Response Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2020 (P.L. 116-123). It also expanded EIDL eligibility for
certain businesses and organizations, and it established an Emergency EIDL Grant program as part of the
Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act; P.L. 116-136).
COVID-19-related EIDL and Emergency EIDL grants are available to al 50 states, U.S. territories, and
Washington, DC.
This Insight provides
 a general overview of SBA EIDL (including eligibility) and the Emergency EIDL Grant
program;
 SBA EIDL data by the number and amount of loans approved by state; and
 Emergency EIDL Grant program (also referred to as EIDL advance) data by the number
and amount of grants approved by state.
EIDL Overview
EIDLs provide up to $2 mil ion, with a loan term of up to 30 years that can be used to pay for expenses
that could have been met had the disaster not occurred, including working capital needs such as fixed debt
and payroll and other operating expenses. COVID-19-related EIDLs have an interest rate of 3.75% for
businesses and 2.75% for nonprofits. EIDLs also have an automatic one-year deferment on repayment
(the first payment is not due for one full year, although interest does accrue). Because of high demand, the
SBA is limiting COVID-19-related EIDLs to $15,000 and, as discussed below, Emergency EIDL grants to
$1,000 per employee, up to the statutory cap of $10,000.
EIDL Eligibility
The CARES Act expanded COVID-19-related EIDL eligibility, through December 31, 2020, to include
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 businesses with 500 or fewer employees,
 sole proprietorships (with or without employees),
 independent contractors,
 cooperatives,
 employee-owned businesses,
 tribal businesses, and
 agricultural enterprises with 500 or fewer employees.
EIDL eligibility also includes smal agricultural cooperatives, smal aquaculture businesses, and nurseries
deriving more than 50% of their annual receipts from the production of nursery or other agricultural
products.
Private nonprofit organizations of any size are also eligible, if they have a ruling letter from the IRS
granting tax exemption under Sections 501(c), (d), or (e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 or
satisfactory evidence from the state that the nonrevenue producing organization or entity is a nonprofit
organization or doing business under state law.
Public nonprofit organizations and several specific business types, such as political and lobbying
businesses and government-owned businesses, are not eligible for EIDL assistance.
Figure 1 shows the number of EIDLs approved and the cumulative loan amount by state as of August 24,
2020.


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Figure 1. Small Business Administration: Economic Injury Disaster Loans for COVID-19
Cumulative Loan Amounts by State as of August 24, 2020

Source: U.S. Smal Business Administration, Office of Congressional and Legislative Affairs.
Note: Not al applicants accept approved loans.
Emergency EIDL Grants
The CARES Act established the Emergency EIDL Grant program to provide EIDL advance payments of
up to $10,000. The advance payment does not need to be repaid, even if the borrower is later denied the
EIDL. Because of high demand, the SBA is limiting the grant to $1,000 per employee, up to the statutory
cap of $10,000. The Emergency EIDL grant (also referred to as an EIDL advance) may be used to keep
employees on payroll, pay for sick leave, meet increased production costs caused by supply chain
disruptions, or pay business obligations, including debts, rent, and mortgage payments. The applicant
must request the advance when applying for an SBA EIDL.
Figure 2 shows the number of EIDL advances by number approved and total dollar amount by state as of
July 15, 2020.



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Figure 2. Small Business Administration: EIDL Advances for COVID-19
Cumulative Advance Amounts by State as of July 15, 2020

Source: U.S. Smal Business Administration, Office of Congressional and Legislative Affairs.


Author Information

Bruce R. Lindsay
Maura Mullins
Analyst in American National Government
Research Librarian







Congressional Research Service
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Disclaimer
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