Salaries of Federal Officials: A Fact Sheet

Order Code 98-53 GOV Updated June 25, 2004 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Salaries of Federal Officials: A Fact Sheet Sharon S. Gressle Specialist in American National Government Government and Finance Division The Ethics Reform Act of 1989 provides for an annual salary adjustment for all positions on the Executive Schedule as well as for Members and leaders of the Senate and the House of Representatives (103 Stat. 1716, at 1769). Adjustments are based on the percent of change in the private sector wages and salaries element of the Employment Cost Index (ECI) minus 0.5%. They are to go into effect at the same time as, and at a rate no greater than, the basic pay rate adjustments for the General Schedule (GS). By law (95 Stat. 1183, at 1200), judges’ salaries must be authorized separately. 1994. Congress legislated a freeze on the salaries of Members of Congress for calendar year 1994. With no GS base salary adjustment, there was no “automatic” adjustment in 1994 for officials in the three branches (107 Stat. 35 and 107 Stat. 1253). 1995. Projected adjustment: 2.6%. The FY1995 Treasury Appropriations Act provided that there would be no adjustment for federal officials (108 Stat. 2328, at 2424). 1996. Projected adjustment: 2.3%. The FY1996 Treasury Appropriations Act provided that there would be no adjustment for federal officials (109 Stat. 468, at 507). 1997. Projected adjustment: 2.3%. The FY1997 Treasury Appropriations Act provided that there would be no adjustment for federal officials (110 Stat. 3009-364). 1998. Adjustment: 2.3%, a rate equal to the January 1998 adjustment for GS base pay. No legislation was enacted to withhold the pay adjustment for federal officials. 1999. Projected adjustment: 3.1%. The FY1999 Treasury Appropriations Act provided that there would be no adjustment for federal officials (112 Stat. 2681-58). 2000. Adjustment: 3.4%. (P.L. 106-113 authorized judicial pay adjustment.) 2001. Adjustment: 2.7%. Projected 3.0% adjustment limited by GS base pay rate. P.L. 106-553 authorized the judicial salary adjustment. 2002. Adjustment: 3.4%. (P.L. 107-77 authorized the judicial salary adjustment.) 2003. Adjustment: 3.1%. Projected 3.3% adjustment limited by GS base pay rate. Judicial adjustment authorized through P.L. 108-6. 2004. Adjustment: 2.2%. Adjusted, temporarily, at 1.5% pending enactment of P.L. 108-99. Judicial pay adjustment authorized under P.L. 108-167 (12/06/03). 2005. Projected adjustment: 2.5% Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress CRS-2 Table 1. Salaries of Federal Officials Position Legislative Branch Vice President of the United States (President of the Senate) Speaker of the House of Representatives President Pro Tempore of the Senate Majority and Minority Leaders — House and Senate Senators, Representatives, Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico, and Delegates Judicial Branch Chief Justice of the United States Associate Justices of the Supreme Court Judges, U.S. Courts of Appeal Judges, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces Judges, U.S. District Courts Judges, United States Claims Court Judges, Court of International Trade Judges, Tax Court of the United States Bankruptcy Judges Executive Branch President of the United States a Executive Schedule Level I: Cabinet-level officials Level II: Deputy secretaries of departments, secretaries of military departments, & heads of major agencies Level III: Under secretaries of departments & heads of middlelevel agencies Level IV: Assistant secretaries & general counsels of departments, heads of minor agencies, members of certain boards & commissions Level V: Administrators, commissioners, directors, & members of boards, commissions, or units of agencies Jan. 2003 Jan. 2004 $198,600 198,600 171,900 171,900 $203,000 203,000 175,700 175,700 154,700 158,100 $198,600 190,100 164,000 164,000 154,700 154,700 154,700 154,700 142,300 203,000 194,300 167,600 167,600 158,100 158,100 158,100 158,100 145,500 $400,000 $400,000 $171,900 $175,700 154,700 158,100 142,500 145,600 134,000 136,900 125,400 128,200 Senior Executive Service (SES) Basic Pay Range Effective January 2004 b Minimum Maximum $104,927 $145,600 Agencies without a certified performance appraisal system $104,927 $158,100 Agencies with a certified performance appraisal system a. Effective noon, January 20, 2001. b. Pursuant to P.L. 108-136, §1125, the pay system for SES was changed to a system in which the agency head determines the salary rate for each individual once a year. See 69 Federal Register 2048-2052 for interim regulations. The range includes a maximum rate equal to Level II when OPM, as directed by P.L. 107-296, certifies that the agency has an appropriate performance appraisal system in place.