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African American Members of the United States Congress: 1870-2018

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Order Code RL30378 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Black Members of the United States Congress: 1789-2001 Updated July 12, 20011870-2004 Updated March 4, 2004 Mildred L. Amer Specialist in American National Government Government and Finance Division Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress Black Members of the United States Congress: 17892001 1870-2004 Summary Thirty-nine black Members serve in the 107th108th Congress, all in the House of Representatives. In 210 years of congressional history, there have been 107 black A total of 112 blacks have served as Members of Congress: 103 108 elected to the House and four to the Senate. The majority of the black Members (85) have been Democrats; the rest (27) have been Republicans. The first black Member of Congress was Hiram Rhodes Revels (R-MS), who served in the Senate in the 41st Congress (1870). The first black Member of the House was Joseph H. Rainey (R-SC). He also served in the 41st Congress. Shirley Chisholm (D-NY), elected to the 91st through 97th Congresses (1969-1983), was the first black woman in Congress. Since that time, 2022 other black women have been elected, including Senator Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999), who was the first first black woman, as well as the first black Democrat, elected to the Senate. The majority of the black Members have been Democrats. There have been 80 black Democrats and 27 black Republicans. The black Members of Congress have served on all major committees. Sixteen have served as committee chairmen, 15 in the House and one in the Senate. This report will be updated at the commencement of the 109th Congress unless there are significant changes in the 108th Congress. Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Female Members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Relationships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Committees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tables and Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Alphabetical Listing of Black Members, Selected Biographical Information, and Committee Assignments During Their Tenure in Office . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 List of Tables Table 1. Black Members of CongressSenate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Table 2. Black Members of Congress — House of Representatives . . . . . . . . . 38 Table 3. Number and Names of Black Members of Congress By, by Congress . . . 43 Table 4. Number and Names of Black Members of Congress By, by State . . . . . . . 52 Table 5. Number of Black Members in the U.S. Congress, 41st-107th108th Congresses (1870-20012004) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 36 41 50 53 . . 56 Black Members of the United States Congress: 1789-2001 Introduction In 210 years of congressional history, 1071870-2004 Introduction One hundred twelve black Americans have been elected to the U.S. Congress: 103 108 to the House and four to the Senate.1 Of these, 2122 have been women. Thirty-nine black Members serve in the 107th Congress, all in the House of Representatives. There were 39 black Members of the 106th Congress, all in the House; 40 in the 105th Congress, 39 in the House and one in the Senate; and a record number of 41108th Congress, all in the House of Representatives, and the same number as served in the 107th Congress. A record number of 41black Members served in the 104th Congress: 40 in the House and one in the Senate.2 The largest number of black Members elected as freshmen was 17 in the 103rd Congress. Sixteen were elected to the House, and one, Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999), was elected to the Senate. Senator Moseley-Braun was also the first black woman and black Democrat to serve in the Senate. The first black Member of Congress was Hiram Rhodes Revels (R-MS), who served in the Senate in the 41st Congress (1870). He also has the distinction of being the first black Member of the Senate and the first black Member of Congress from Mississippi. Joseph H. Rainey (R-SC) was the first black Member of the House of Representatives. He also served in the 41st Congress. Shirley Chisholm (D-NY), elected to the 91st through the 97th Congresses (1969-831983), was the first black woman to serve in Congress. Edward Brooke (R-MA) was the first black person elected to the Senate after the passage of the TwelfthSeventeenth Amendment, which provided for the direct direct election of Senators. He served in the 90th through the 95th Congresses (1967-197919671979). The majority of the black Members of Congress (85) have been Democrats. There have been 80 black Democrats and 27 black; the rest (27) have been Republicans. All of the black Democrats have been elected in the 20th Century. There have been five black Republicans elected to Congress in this century, four in the House and one in the Senate 20th and 21st centuries. Five black Republican men were elected to Congress in the 20th century, four to the House and one to the Senate. One of them was reelected to one term in the 21st century before retiring from Congress. 1 Includes three Delegates from the U.S. Virgin Islands and two from the District of Columbia. 2 A record number of 43 black Members was elected to the House of Representatives in the 104th Congress. Only 40, however, actually served at any one time. Representative Mel Reynolds Rep. Melvin Reynolds (D-IL) resigned in OctoberOct. 1995, and was replaced by RepresentativeRep. Jesse Jackson, Jr. (D-IL); RepresentativeRep. Walter Tucker (D-CA) resigned in DecemberDec. 1995 and was replaced by RepresentativeRep. Juanita Millender-McDonaldMillenderMcDonald (D-CA); and RepresentativeRep. Kweisi Mfume (D-MD) resigned in FebruaryFeb. 1996 and was replaced by RepresentativeRep. Elijah Cummings (D-MD). CRS-2 John Conyers, Jr. (D-MI) holds the record for longevitylength of service by a black Member (3639 years). He was first elected to the 89th Congress and has served since January 3, 1965. A record number of 15 black women serve in the House in the 107th Congress. A total of 22 black women have served in Congress. The first was Representative Shirley Chisholm (D-NY, 1969-1983). Senator Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 19931999) is only black woman to have served in the Senate. The black female Members of the 107th Congress include Representatives Maxine Waters (D-CA), Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC), Carrie Meek (D-FL), Corinne Brown (D-FL), Cynthia McKinney (D-FL), Eva Clayton (D-NC), Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX), Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX), Barbara Lee (D-CA), Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA), Julia Carson (D-IN), Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D-MI), Donna ChristianChristiensen (D-VI), Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH), and Diane Watson (D-CA). Other black women Members were Cardiss Collins (D-IL, 1973-1997), Barbara-Rose Collins (D-MI, 1991-1997), Yvonne Brathwaite Burke (D-CA, 1973-1979), Katie Hall (D-IN, 1982-1985), and Barbara Jordan (D-TX, 1973-1979). Two incumbent black Members are the sons of former Members: Representative Harold Ford, Jr. (D-TN, 1997- ), the son of former Representative Harold Ford Sr. (D-TN, 1975-1997), and Representative Wm. Lacy Clay (D-MO, 2001- ), the son of Representative William L. Clay, Sr. (D-MO, 1969-2001). One former black Member, Representative Cardiss Collins (D-IL, 1973-1997) was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Representative George Collins (D-IL, 19701972). Representative George White (R-NC, 1897-1901) was the brother-in-law of Representative Henry Cheatham (R-NC, 1889-1893). In addition to Cardiss Collins, 17 other black Members were first elected to fill vacancies in the House. These include Representatives George Collins (D-IL), Eva Clayton (NC), Katie Hall (D-IN), Robert Nix, Sr. (D-PA); Charles Hayes (D-IL), Bennett Stewart (D-IL), George W. Crockett, Jr. (D-MI), Lucien Blackwell (D-PA), Edolphus Towns (D-NY), Jesse Jackson, Jr. (D-IL), Elijah Cummings (D-MD), Barbara Lee (D-CA), Craig Washington (D-TX), Bennie Thompson (D-MS), Alton Waldon, Jr. (D-NY), Gregory Meeks (D-NY), Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA), and Diane Watson (D-CA). All but Representatives Stewart, Walden, and Watson have been subsequently elected to additional terms.3 The black Members of the Congress have served on all major committees. Fifteen, all Representatives, have chaired congressional committees. These include Representatives Yvonne B. Burke (D-CA, 1973-1979), William L. Clay (D-MO, 1969-2001 ), John Conyers, Jr. (D-MI, 1965- ), William L. Dawson (D-IL, 19431970), Ronald V. Dellums (D-CA, 1971-1998), Charles C. Diggs, Jr. (D-MI, 19551980), Julian Dixon (D-CA, 1979- ), William H. Gray, III (D-PA, 1979-1991), Augustus F. Hawkins (D-CA, 1963-1991), George T. (Mickey) Leland (D-TX, 19791989), Parren J. Mitchell (D-MD, 1971-1987), Robert N.C. Nix, Sr. (D-PA, 19581979), Adam Clayton Powell (D-NY, 1945-1967, 1969-1971), Charles B. Rangel (DNY, 1971- ), and Louis Stokes (D-OH, 1969-1999). 3 Rep. Watson was sworn in on June 7, 2001, and has not yet stood for reelection. CRS-3 This report provides information on black Members of Congress including the dates they were first elected, the Congresses in which they served, the committees on which they served, and, where relevant, an indication of the committees they have chaired. In addition, four tables summarize information about black Members. Tables 1 and Eighteen black Members were first elected to fill vacancies in the House. They include Representative Cardiss Collins (D-IL, 1973-1997), who was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Representative George Collins (D-IL, 1970-1972). The others were Representatives Eva Clayton (D-NC), Katie Hall (DIN), Robert Nix, Sr. (D-PA), George Collins (D-IL), Charles Hayes (D-IL), Bennett Stewart (D-IL), George W. Crockett, Jr. (D-MI), Lucien Blackwell (D-PA), Edolphus Towns (D-NY), Jesse Jackson, Jr. (D-IL), Elijah Cummings (D-MD), Barbara Lee (D-CA), Craig Washington (D-TX), Bennie Thompson (D-MS), Alton Waldon, Jr. (D-NY), Gregory Meeks (D-NY), Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA), and Diane Watson (D-CA). All but Representatives Stewart and Walden were subsequently elected to additional terms. Female Members Thirteen black women serve in the 108th Congress, all in the House. A record number of 15 black women served in the 107th Congress, all in the House. A total of 23 black women have served in Congress. The first was Representative Shirley Chisholm (D-NY, 1969-1983). Senator Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999) is the only black woman to have served in the Senate. The black female Members of the 108th Congress include Delegates Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC) and Donna Christian-Christensen (D-VI) and Representatives Maxine Waters (D-CA), Corinne Brown (D-FL), Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX), Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX), Barbara Lee (D-CA), Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA), Julia Carson (D-IN), Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D-MI), Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH), Diane Watson (D-CA), and Denise Majette (D-GA). Other back female Members were Cardiss Collins (DIL, 1973-1997), Barbara-Rose Collins (D-MI, 1991-1997), Yvonne Brathwaite Burke (D-CA, 1973-1979), Katie Hall (D-IN, 1982-1985), Barbara Jordan (D-TX, 19731979), Eva Clayton (D-NC, 1992-2003), Cynthia McKinney (D-GA, 1993-2003), and Carrie Meek (D-FL, 1993-2003). Relationships Three incumbent black Members are the sons of former Members: Representative William Lacy Clay Jr. (D-MO, 2001- ), the son of Representative William L. Clay Sr. (D-MO, 1969-2001), Representative Harold Ford Jr. (D-TN, 1997- ), the son of Representative Harold Ford Sr. (D-TN, 1975-1997), and Representative Kendrick Meek, the son of Representative Carrie Meek (D-FL, 19932003). All directly succeeded their parents. In addition, Representative Cardiss Collins (D-IL, 1973-1997) succeeded her husband, Representative George Collins (D-IL, 1970-1972). Representative George White (R-NC, 1897-1901) was the brother-in-law of Representative Henry Cheatham (R-NC, 1889-1893). CRS-3 Committees The black Members of Congress have served on all major committees. Fifteen, Representatives and one Senator have chaired congressional committees. These include Senator Blanche Bruce (R-MS, 1875-1881), Representatives Yvonne B. Burke (D-CA, 1973-1979), William L. Clay Sr. (D-MO, 1969-2001), John Conyers Jr. (D-MI, 1965- ), William L. Dawson (D-IL, 1943-1970), Ronald V. Dellums (DCA, 1971-1998), Charles C. Diggs Jr. (D-MI, 1955-1980), Julian Dixon (D-CA, 1979- ), William H. Gray, III (D-PA, 1979-1991), Augustus F. Hawkins (D-CA, 1963-1991), George T. (Mickey) Leland (D-TX, 1979-1989), Parren J. Mitchell (DMD, 1971-1987), Robert N.C. Nix, Sr. (D-PA, 1958-1979), Adam Clayton Powell Jr. (D-NY, 1945-1967, 1969-1971), Charles B. Rangel (D-NY, 1971- ), and Louis Stokes (D-OH, 1969-1999). Tables and Data This report provides information on black Members of Congress, including the Congresses in which they have served, the committees on which they have served, and, where relevant, an indication of the committees they have chaired or co-chaired. In addition, five tables summarize information about black Members. Tables 1 and 2 list selected data about each black Member. Table 3 presents the number and names of black Members by Congress. Table 4 presents the same information by state. Table 5 shows the changing number of black Members serving in Congress since 1870, when the first black Member was elected. Most of the data presented are from the Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1996, available at [http://bioguide.congress.gov]; various editions of the Congressional Directory; and a broad range of Congressional Quarterly publications; and the Congressional Yellowbook, Winter 2001, published by and Leadership Directories, Inc Inc. publications. Information on the committee assignments of the black Members in the 107th Congress was obtained from various editions of the Congressional Record; calls to some Members’ offices; and List Members of the 108th Congress was obtained from the Congressional Yellowbook, Summer 2003, and List of Standing Committees and Select Committees and Their Subcommittees of the House of Representatives Together with the Joint Committees of the Congress with an Alphabetical List of Members and Their Committee Assignments, One Hundred Seventh Eighth Congress, prepared under the direction of Jeff Trandahl, Clerkclerk of the House of Representatives, April 30, 2001 [http://clerkweb.house.gov/107/oal/.php3mbrcmtee/mbrcmtee/htm]. House committee assignments for the 107th Congress reflect the name change of two Committees. The Banking and Financial Services Committee was renamed the Financial Services Committee, and the Commerce Committee was renamed the Energy and Commerce Committee. House committee assignments for the 106th Congress reflect the name change of the Committee on House Oversight back to the Committee on House Administration, the Committee on National Security back to the Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight to the Committee on Government Reform. CRS-4 Alphabetical Listing of Black Members, Selected Biographical Information, and Committee Assignments During Their Tenure in Office BISHOP, SANFORD D., a Representative from Georgia. Born on Feb. 4, 1947. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through106th Congresses, reelected to the 107th Congress; has served since Jan.June 6, 2003 (available online from the clerk’s website, at [http://clerk.house.gov/committee/index.php]). Note that the names and jurisdictions of House and Senate committees have changed many times over the years covered by this report. In the interest of brevity, the report does not identify all historical name changes. Each committee name listed is the one in effect at the time a particular Member served on a panel. CRS-4 Alphabetical Listing of Black Members, Selected Biographical Information, and Committee Assignments During Their Tenure in Office BALLANCE, FRANK W. Jr., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on February 15, 1942. Elected as a Democrat to the 108th Congress; has served since January 7, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Small Business Congress 108th 108th BISHOP, SANFORD D. Jr., a Representative from Georgia. Born on February 4, 1947. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through107th Congresses; reelected to the 108th Congress; has served since January 5, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Select Intelligence H. Appropriations Congress 103rd-107th 103rd 103rd-104th 105th-107th 108th BLACKWELL, LUCIEN E., a Representative from Pennsylvania. Born on Aug. 1, August 1, 1931. Elected as a Democrat to the 102nd Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep.Representative William Gray; reelected to the 103rd Congress; served from Nov.November 11, 1991, to Jan.January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Public Works and Transportation H. Budget Congress 102nd 102nd-103rd 103rd CRS-5 BROOKE, EDWARD W., a Senator from Massachusetts. Born on Oct. 26, 1919. Elected as a Republican in 1966 and served in the 90th through 95th Congresses; served from Jan. 3, 1967, to Jan. 3, 1979. First black Member of Congress from October 26, 1919. First elected as a Republican to the 90th Congress and served through the 95th Congress, from January 3, 1967, to January 3, 1979. First black Member of Congress from Massachusetts. Committee Assignments S. Aeronautical and Space Sciences S. Banking and Currency S. Government Operations S. Armed Services S. Select Equal Education Opportunity S. Appropriations S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Special Aging S. Select Standards and Conduct Jt. Bicentennial Arrangements Jt. Defense Production Congress 90th 90th-91st 90th 91st 91st-92nd 92nd-95th 92nd-95th 92nd-95th 93rd-94th 94th 94th-95th CRS-5 BROWN, CORRINE, a Representative from Florida. Born on Nov. 11, 1946. November 11, 1946. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 5, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Public Works and Transportation H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 103rd 103rd 103rd-107th108th 104th-107th108th BRUCE, BLANCHE K., a Senator from Mississippi. Born on March 1, 1841, died ; died on March 17, 1898. ElectedFirst elected as a Republican in 1874 to the 44th Congress and served in the 44th through 46th Congresses; servedthrough the 46th Congress, from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881. Committee Assignments S. Manufactures S. Pensions S. Education and Labor S. Select Mississippi River S. Select To Investigate the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company Congress 44th 44th-45th 44th-46th 45th-46th 46th (committee chair) CRS-6 BURKE, YVONNE B., a Representative from California. Born on Oct. 5, 1932. October 5, 1932. Elected as a Democrat to the 93rd through 95th Congresses; served from Jan. 3, January 3, 1973, to Jan.January 3, 1979. First womanfemale chair of the Congressional Black Caucus, 94th Congress (1976), 1976. Committee Assignments H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Public Works H. Appropriations H. Select Assassinations H. Select Beauty Shop Congress 93rd 93rd 94th-95th 94th-95th 94th-95th (Committee Chaircommittee chair, 94th-95th) CAIN, RICHARD H., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on April 12, 1825,; died on Jan.January 18, 1887. Elected as a Republican to the 43rd and 45th Congresses; served from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1875, and from March 4, 4, 1877, to March 3, 1879. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Private Land Claims Congress 43rd 45th CRS-6 CARSON, JULIA M., a Representative from Indiana. Born on July 8, 1938. Elected as a Democrat to the 105th through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since January 9, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Veterans’ Affairs Congress 105th-107th 105th-107thFinancial Services H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 105th-106th 107th -108th 105th-107th 108th CHEATHAM, HENRY P., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on Dec. 27, 1857, died on Nov. December 27, 1857; died on November 29, 1935. Elected as a Republican to the 51st and 52nd Congresses; served from March 4, 1889, to March 3, 1893. Committee Assignments H. Expenditures on Public Buildings H. Education H. Agriculture Congress 51st-52nd 51st-52nd 52nd CRS-7 CHISHOLM, SHIRLEY A., a Representative from New York. Born on Nov. 30, November 30, 1924. Elected as a Democrat to the 91st through 97th Congresses; served from Jan. January 3, 1969, to Jan.January 3, 1983. First black woman elected to Congress and first black female presidential candidate (1972), 1972. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 96th Congress, (1977-1979). Committee Assignments H. Veterans' Affairs H. Education and Labor H. Rules Congress 91st-92nd 92nd-94th 95th-97th CHRISTIAN-CHRISTENSEN, DONNA M., a Delegate from the Virgin Islands. Born on September 19, 1945. Elected as a Democrat to the 105th Congress through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th108th Congress; has served since Jan. January 7, 1997. First woman elected from the Virgin Islands and first woman female doctor in Congress. Committee Assignments H. Resources H. Small Business H. Homeland Security Congress 105th-107th108th 106th -107th108th 108th CHRISTIAN-GREEN, DONNA. See CHRISTIAN-CHRISTENSEN, DONNA. CLAY, WILLIAM L Sr., a Representative from Missouri. Born on April 30, 1931. Elected as a Democrat to the 91st through 106th Congresses,; served from Jan. 3, January 3, 1969, to Jan.January 3, 2001. First black Member of Congress from Missouri. CRS-7 CLAY, WILLIAM L.—Continued Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Education and the Workforce H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Select to Study the Committee System H. House Administration H. Jt. Library Congress 91st-103rd 105th-106th 104th 93rd-103rd (Committee Chaircommittee chair, 102nd-103rd) 96th 99th-103rd 101st CLAY, WM. Lacy, CRS-8 CLAY, William Lacy Jr., a Representative from Missouri. Born on July 27, 1956; succeeded his father, William ClayRepresentative William L. Clay Sr. Elected as a Democrat to the 107th Congress; reelected to the 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 3, 2001. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. Government Reform Congress 107th 107th -108th 107th -108th CLAYTON, EVA M., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on Sept. 16, September 16, 1934. Elected as a Democrat to the 102nd Congress to fill the vacancy caused caused by the death of Representative Walter Jones,; reelected to the 103rd through 107th Congresses; has served since Nov. 5, 1992from November 5, 1992, to January 3, 2003. Co-chair of the House Democratic Policy Committee in the 104th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Small Business H. Budget Congress 103rd-107th 103rd 105th-107th CLYBURN, JAMES E., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on July 21, 1940. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th108th Congress; has served since Jan. 5, 1993.January 5, 1993. Vice chair of the House Democratic Caucus in the 108th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Small Business H. Appropriations Congress 103rd 103rd-105th 104th-105th 104th 106th-107th108th CRS-89 COLLINS, BARBARA-ROSE, a Representative from Michigan. Born on April 13, 1939. Elected as a Democrat to the 102nd through 104th Congresses; served from Jan. served from January 3, 1991, to Jan.January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 102nd-103rd 104th H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Select Children, Youth, and Families Congress 102nd-103rd 104th 103rd 104th 102nd-103rd 102nd 102nd COLLINS, CARDISS, a Representative from Illinois. Born on September 24, 1931. Elected as a Democrat to the 93rd through 104th Congresses,; served from June 7, 1973, to Jan.January 3, 1997. She was firstFirst elected to succeed her husband, Rep. Representative George Collins. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus during the 96th Congress, 1979-1980. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Public Works H. International Relations H. Foreign Affairs H. District of Columbia H. Energy and Commerce H. Commerce H. Select Population H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control Congress 93rd-103rd 104th 93rd 94th-95th 96th 95th 97th-103rd 104th 95th 96th-102nd COLLINS, GEORGE W., a Representative from Illinois. Born on March 5, 1926,; died on Dec.December 8, 1972. Elected as a Democrat to the 91st Congress to fill the the vacancy by the death of Rep.Representative Daniel Ronan,; reelected to the 92nd and 93rd Congresses; served from Nov.November 16, 1970, to Dec. 8, 1972. He was succeeded by his wife, December 8, 1972. Succeeded by his wife, Representative Cardiss Collins. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Public Works Congress 91st-92nd 92nd CRS-910 CONYERS, JOHN Jr., a Representative from Michigan. Born on May 16, 1929. Elected as a Democrat to the 89th through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 3, 1965. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary H. Government Operations H. Small Business Congress 89th-107th108th 92nd-103rd, (Committee Chair (committee chair, 101st-103rd) 100th-103rd CROCKETT, GEORGE W., a Representative from Michigan. Born on Aug. 10, August 10, 1909. Elected as a Democrat to the 96th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep.Representative Charles Diggs,; reelected to the 97th through 101st Congresses; served from Nov.November 12, 1980, to Jan 3, January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs H. Judiciary H. Small Business H. Select Aging Congress 96th-101st 97th-101st 97th 97th-101st CUMMINGS, ELIJAH E., a Representative from Maryland. Born on Jan. 18, 1951. January 18, 1951. Elected as a Democrat to the 104th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep.Representative Kweisi Mfume; reelected to the 105th through 107th through 108th Congresses; has served since April 25, 1996. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 108th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Government Reform Congress 104th-105th 104th-107th108th 106th-107th DAVIS, 108th DAVIS, ARTUR, a Representative from Alabama. Born on October 9, 1967. Elected as a Democrat to the 108th Congress; has served since January 7, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Financial Services Congress 108th 108th CRS-11 DAVIS, DANNY K., a Representative from Illinois. Born on Sept.September 6, 1941. Elected Elected as a Democrat to the 105th-106th through 107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 7, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Small Business H. Government Reform H. Education and the Workforce Congress 105th 105th- 107th 106th-107th CRS-10 108th 106th-108th 108th DAWSON, WILLIAM L., a Representative from Illinois. Born on April 26, 1886, 1886; died on Nov.November 9, 1970. Elected as a Democrat to the 78th through 91st 91st Congresses; served from Jan.January 3, 1943, to Nov.November 9, 1970. Committee Assignments H. Expenditures in the Executive Departments H. Government Operations H. Coinage, Weights, and Measures H. Invalid Pensions H. Insular Affairs H. Irrigation and Reclamation H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. District of Columbia Congress 78th-82nd (Committee Chaircommittee chair, 81st, 82nd ) 83rd-91st (Committee Chaircommittee chair, 84th-91st) 78th-79th 78th-79th 78th-79th 78th-79th 82nd 84th-91st DeLARGE, ROBERT C., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on March 15, 1842, 15, 1842; died on Feb.February 14, 1874. Elected as a Republican to the 42nd Congress; served from March 4, 1871, until Jan.January 24, 1873, when his seat was declared vacant after his election was successfully contested by former Representative Christopher C. Bowen. Committee Assignment H. Manufactures Congress 42nd CRS-12 DELLUMS, RONALD V., a Representative from California. Born on Nov. 25, November 25, 1935. Elected as a Democrat to the 92nd through 105th Congresses, ; served from Jan. January 3, 1971, until Feb.February 6, 1998, when he resigned from the House. Served as chairChair of the Congressional Black Caucus during the 101st Congress, 1989-1990. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Foreign Affairs H. Armed Services H. National Security H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Select Intelligence Congress 92nd-103rd (Committee Chaircommittee chair, 96th-102nd) 92nd 93rd-103rd (Committee Chaircommittee chair, 103rd) 104th-105th 97th-98th 94th-102nd CRS-11 DePRIEST, OSCAR S., a Representative from Illinois. Born on March 9, 1871, died ; died on May 12, 1951. Elected as a Republican to the 71st through 73rd Congresses; served from March 4, 1929, to March 3, 1935. First black Member of Congress from Illinois. Committee Assignments H. Enrolled Bills H. Invalid Pensions H. Indian Affairs H. Post Office and Post Roads Congress 71st-73rd 71st-73rd 71st-73rd 73rd DIGGS, CHARLES C., Jr., a Representative from Michigan. Born on Dec. December 2, 1922, ; died on Aug.August 24 1998. Elected as a Democrat to the 84th through 96th 96th Congresses; served from Jan.January 3, 1955, until his resignation on June 3, 1980. First black Member of Congress from Michigan and first chair of the Congressional Black Caucus, 92nd Congress, 1971-1972. Committee Assignments H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. District of Columbia, Congress 84th-85th 84th-85th 86th-93rd 94th-96th 88th-96th (Committee Chaircommittee chair, 93rd-95th) CRS-13 DIXON, JULIAN C., a Representative from California. Born on Aug.August 8, 1934; died on Dec. died on December 8, 2000. Elected as a Democrat to the 96th through 106th Congresses, Congresses; reelected to the 107th Congress, but died before the commencement of the 107th Congress; served since Jan.from January 3, 1979, until his death. Served as chair death. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus during the 98th Congress, 1983-1984. Committee Assignments H. Appropriations H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Select Intelligence Congress 96th-106th 98th-101st (Committee Chaircommittee chair, 99th-101st) 103rd-106th DYMALLY, MERVYN M., a Representative from California. Born on May 12, 1926. Elected as a Democrat to the 97th through 102nd Congresses,; served from Jan. from January 3, 1981, to Jan.January 3, 1993. Served as chairChair of the Congressional Black Caucus during the 100th Congress, 1987-1988. CRS-12 DYMALLY, MERVYN M.—Continued Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Foreign Affairs H. Science and Technology H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Education and Labor Congress 97th-102nd 97th-102nd 97th-98th 98th-102nd 99th ELLIOTT, ROBERT B., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on Aug. 11, 1842,August 11, 1842; died on Aug.August 9, 1884. Elected as a Republican to the 42nd and 43rd 43rd Congresses; served from March 4, 1871, until his resignation Nov.on November 1, 1874. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Militia Congress 42nd-43rd 43rd ESPY, ALBERT MICHAEL (MIKE), a Representative from Mississippi. Born on Nov. on November 28, 1953. Elected as a Democrat to the 100th through 103rd Congresses. Served from Jan.January 6, 1987, to Jan.January 25, 1993, when he resigned to become Secretary of Agriculture. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Budget H. Select Hunger Jt. Deficit Reduction Congress 100th-102nd 101st-102nd 101st-102nd 100th CRS-14 EVANS, MELVYN H., a Delegate from the Virgin Islands. Born on Aug. 7, 1917, died on Nov.August 7, 1917; died on November 27, 1984. Elected as a Republican to the 96th Congress; served from Jan.January 3, 1979, to Jan.January 3, 1981. First black Member of Congress Delegate from the Virgin Islands and first black physician to serve in Congress. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries Congress 96th 96th 96th FATTAH, CHAKA, a Representative from Pennsylvania. Born on Nov. 21, 1956. November 21, 1956. Elected as a Democrat to the 104th through 106th107th Congresses; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since Jan. 3, 1995. CRS-13 FATTAH, CHAKA —ContinuedJanuary 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Education and the Workforce H. Small Business H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Administration H. Government Reform Jt. Printing H. Appropriations Congress 104th-105th 104th 105th-106th 104th 105th-106th 106th-107th 106th 106th -107th 107th-108th FAUNTROY, WALTER E., a Delegate from the District of Columbia. Born on Feb. February 6, 1933. Elected as a Democrat to the 92nd Congress in a special election after the District of Columbia was authorized to elect a delegate to Congress, Congress; reelected to the 93rd through 101st Congresses; served from April 19, 1971, to Jan. January 3, 1991. First black Member of CongressDelegate from the District of Columbia. Served as chair Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus during the 97th Congress, 1981-1982. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Banking and Currency H. Banking, Currency, and Housing H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Select Assassinations H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control Congress 92nd-101st 93rd 94th 95th-101st 94th-95th 98th-101st CRS-15 FIELDS, CLEO, a Representative from Louisiana. Born on Nov.November 22, 1962. Elected Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd and 104th Congresses; served from Jan. January 5, 1993, to Jan. January 3, 1997. At age 30, he was the youngest Member of the 103rd Congress. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Small Business Congress 103rd 104th 103rd-104th FLAKE, FLOYD H., a Representative from New York. Born on Jan. 30, 1945. January 30, 1945. Elected as a Democrat to the 100th through 105th Congresses; served from Jan. from January 6, 1987, to Nov.November 15, 1997, when he resigned from the House. CRS-14 FLAKE, FLOYD H.—Continued House. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Small Business H. Government Operations H. Select Children, Youth, and Families H. Select Hunger Congress 100th-103rd 104th-105th 100th-105th 103rd 100th 100th-102nd FORD, HAROLD E., Sr., a Representative from Tennessee. Born on May 20, 1945. Elected as a Democrat to the 94th through 104th Congresses; served from Jan. 3, January 3, 1975, to Jan.January 3, 1997. First black Member of Congress from Tennessee. Succeeded by his son, Harold E. Ford, Jr. Committee Assignments H. Veterans' Affairs H. Banking, Currency, and Housing H. Ways and Means H. Select Aging H. Select Assassinations Congress 94th, 1st 94th, 1st 94th-104th 94th-102nd 94th-95th CRS-16 FORD, HAROLD E., Jr., a Representative from Tennessee. Born on May 11, 1970. Elected as a Democrat to the 105th -106ththrough 107th Congresses; reelected to the 107th Congress, to the 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 7, 1997. At age 27, he was the youngest Member of the 105th Congress. Succeeded his father, Harold E. Ford, Ford Sr. Committee Assignments H. Education and the Workforce H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Financial Services H. Budget Congress 105th-107th 105th 106th 107th-108th 108th FRANKS, GARY A., a Representative from Connecticut. Born on Feb. 9, 1953. February 9, 1953. Elected as a Republican to the 102nd Congress through 104th Congresses; served from Jan.January 3, 1991, to Jan.January 3, 1997. First black Member of Congress from Connecticut. CRS-15 FRANKS, GARY A.—Continued from Connecticut. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Small Business H. Energy and Commerce H. Commerce H. Select Committee on Aging Congress 102nd 102nd 103rd 104th 102nd FRAZER, VICTOR O., a Delegate from the U.S.Virgin Islands. Born on May 24, 1943. Elected as a Democrat to the 104th Congress; served from Jan. 3, 1995, to Jan.January 3, 1995, to January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments H. International Relations Congress 104th CRS-17 GRAY, WILLIAM H., III, a Representative from Pennsylvania. Born on Aug. 20, August 20, 1941. Elected as a Democrat to the 96th through 102nd Congresses; served from Jan. January 3, 1979, to Sept.September 11, 1991, when he resigned to become president of the United Negro College Fund. Served as chairmanChair of the House Democratic Democratic Caucus and later as Majority Whipmajority whip in the 101st Congress. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. District of Columbia H. Foreign Affairs H. Appropriations H. House Administration Jt. Deficit Reduction Congress 96th, 98th-100th (Committee Chaircommittee chair, 99th-100th) 96th-102nd 96th 97th-102nd 102nd 100th HALL, KATIE B., a Representative from Indiana. Born on April 3, 1938. Elected Elected as a Democrat to the 97th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Representative Adam Benjamin,; reelected to the 98th Congress; served from Nov. 29, November 29, 1982, to Jan.January 3, 1985. First black Member of Congress from Indiana. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works and Transportation Congress 98th 98th CRS-16 HARALSON, JEREMIAH, a Representative from Alabama. Born on April 1, 1846, died in 1916. Elected as a Republican to the 44th Congress; served from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1877. Committee Assignments H. Public Expenditures Congress 44th HASTINGS, ALCEE L., a Representative from Florida. Born on Sept. 5, 1936. September 5, 1936. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 5, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Science H. Select Intelligence H. Rules Congress 103rd 104th-107th 103rd 103rd 104th-105th 106th-107th 107th 108th 107th-108th CRS-18 HAWKINS, AUGUSTUS F., a Representative from California. Born on Aug. 31, August 31, 1907. Elected as a Democrat to the 88th through 101st Congresses; served from Jan. from January 3, 1963, to Jan.January 3, 1991. First black Member of Congress from California. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. House Administration Jt. Committee on Printing Jt. Committee on the Library Jt. Economic Congress 88th-101st (Committee Chairmancommittee chair, 98th, 2nd sess. - 101st) 91st-98th (Committee Chairman, 97th 98th, committee chair, 97th - 98th, 2nd sess.) 95th-98th (Committee Chairman, 96th, committee chair, 96th, 98th) 97th-98th (Committee Chairmancommittee chair, 97th) 97th-101st CRS-17 HAYES, CHARLES A., a Representative from Illinois. Born on Feb. 17, 1918, died February 17, 1918; died on April 8, 1997. Elected as a Democrat to the 98th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Harold Washington,Representative Harold Washington; reelected to the 99th through 102nd Congresses; served from Sept. September 12, 1983, to Jan.January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Small Business H. Post Office and Civil Service Congress 98th-102nd 98th-101st 101st-102nd HILLIARD, EARL F., a Representative from Alabama. Born on April 9, 1942. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 106th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th Congress; has served since Jan. 5, 1993served from January 5, 1993, to January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Small Business H. International Relations Congress 103rd-107th 103rd-104th 105th-107th CRS-19 HYMAN, JOHN ADAMS, a Representative from North Carolina. Born on July 23, 1840, 23, 1840; died on Sept.September 14, 1891. Elected as a Republican to the 44th Congress; served from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1877. First black Member of Congress from North Carolina. Committee Assignments H. Manufactures Congress 44th JACKSON, JESSE L., JR., a Representative from Illinois. Born on March 11, 1965. Elected as a Democrat to the 104th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. MelRepresentative Melvin Reynolds,; reelected to the 105th through 107th 108th Congresses; has served since December 14, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Small Business H. Appropriations Congress 104th-105th 105th 106th-107th CRS-18 108th JACKSON LEE, SHEILA, a Representative from Texas. Born on Jan. 12, 1950. January 12, 1950. Elected as a Democrat to the 104th through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary H. Science H. Homeland Security Congress 104th-107th108th 104th-107th108th 108th JEFFERSON, WILLIAM J., a Representative from Louisiana. Born on March 14, 1947. Elected as a Democrat to the 102nd through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. District of Columbia H. Ways and Means H. National Security H. House Oversight Jt. Printing Congress 102nd 102nd 103rd 103rd, 105th-107th108th 104th 104th 104th CRS-20 JOHNSON, EDDIE BERNICE, a Representative from Texas. Born on Dec. December 3, 1935. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 106th107th Congresses, ; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 5, 1993. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 107th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Science Congress 103rd 104th-107th108th 103rd 104th-107th108th JONES, STEPHANIE TUBBS, a Representative from Ohio. Born on Sept. 10, September 10, 1949. Elected as a Democrat to the 106th Congress, through 107th Congresses; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 3, 1999.. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Small Business H. Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Conduct H. Ways and Means Congress 106th 107th 106th 107th CRS-19 - 108th 108th JORDAN, BARBARA C., a Representative from Texas. Born on Feb. 21, 1936, died on Jan.February 21, 1936; died on January 17, 1996. Elected as a Democrat to the 93rd through 95th 95th Congresses; served from Jan.January 3, 1973, to Jan.January 3, 1979. First black Member of Congress from Texas. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary H. Government Operations Congress 93rd-95th 94th-95th KILPATRICK, CAROLYN CHEEKS, a Representative from Michigan. Born on June 25, 1945. Elected as a Democrat to the 105th through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 7, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. House Oversight Jt. Committee on the Library H. Appropriations Congress 105th 105th 105th 106th-107th 108th CRS-21 LANGSTON, JOHN M., a Representative from Virginia. Born on Dec. 14, 1829, died on Nov.December 14, 1829; died on November 15, 1897. Elected as a Republican to the 51st Congress; served from Sept.September 23, 1890, to March 3, 1891, after he successfully contested the election of Edward Venable. First black Member of Congress from Virginia. Committee Assignments H. Education Congress 51st LEE, BARBARA, a Representative from California. Born on July 16, 1946. Elected Elected as a Democrat to the 105th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of resignation of Representative Ronald Dellums,; reelected to the 106th -107ththrough 108th Congresses; has served since April 20, 1998. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Science H. International Relations Congress 105th-106th 107th-108th 105th 106th-107th CRS-20 108th LELAND, GEORGE T. (MICKEY), a Representative from Texas. Born on Nov. November 27, 1944,; died on Aug.August 7, 1989. Elected as a Democrat to the 96th through 101st Congresses; served from Jan.January 3, 1979, to Aug. 7, 1989. Served as chair of the August 7, 1989. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus during the 99th Congress, 1985-1986. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Interstate and Foreign Commerce H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Select Hunger H. Select Children, Youth, and Families Congress 96th-99th 96th-101st 96th-101st 98th-101st (Committee Chairman, 98th101st) 98th LEWIS, JOHN Lcommittee chair, 98th-101st) 98th CRS-22 LEWIS, JOHN R., a Representative from Georgia. Born on Feb.February 19, 1940. Elected Elected as a Democrat to the 100th through 106th107th Congresses; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 6, 1987. A Democratic chief deputy whip in the 102nd-107th 102nd through 108th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Select Aging H. District of Columbia H. Ways and Means H. Budget Congress 100th-102nd 100th-102nd 101st-102nd 103rd 103rd-107th108th 108th LONG, JEFFERSON F., a Representative from Georgia. Born on March 3, 1836,; died on Feb.February 5, 1900. Elected as a Republican to the 41st Congress after the the House declared that Representative Samuel Gove was not entitled to his seat; served from Jan. January 16, 1871, to March 3, 1871. First black Member of Congress from Georgia. Committee Assignments None Congress — LYNCH, JOHN R., a Representative from Mississippi. Born on Sept. 10, 1846, died on Nov.September 10, 1847; died on November 2, 1939. Elected as a Republican to the 43rd, 44th, and 47th Congresses; served from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1877, and from April 29, 1882, to March 3, 1883, after he successfully contested the election of Rep. James of Representative James Chalmers. At age 26, he was the youngest Member of the 43rd Congress. First black Member of the House of Representatives from Mississippi CRS-21 LYNCH, JOHN R.—Continued. Committee Assignments H. Mines and Mining H. Militia H. Education and Labor Congress 43rd-44th 47th 47th CRS-23 McKINNEY, CYNTHIA A., a Representative from Georgia. Born on March 17, 1955. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 106th Congresses, reelected to the 107th Congress; has served since Jan. 5, 1993107th Congresses; served from January 5, 1993, to January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. Banking and Financial Services H. National Security H. Armed Services Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-107th 104th-105th 105th 106th-107th MAJETTE, DENISE L., a Representative from Georgia. Born on May 18, 1955. Elected as a Democrat to the 108th Congress; has served since January 7, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Education and the Workforce H. Small Business Congress 108th 108th 108th MEEK, CARRIE P., a Representative from Florida. Born on April 29, 1926. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 106th Congresses, reelected to the 107th Congress; has served since Jan. 5, 1993107th Congresses; served from January 5, 1993, to January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Appropriations H. Budget H. Government Reform and Oversight Congress 103rd, 105th-107th 104th 104th MEEK, KENDRICK, a Representative from Florida. Born on September 6, 1966. Elected to the 108th Congress; has served since January 7, 2003. Succeeded his mother, Representative Carrie Meek. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Homeland Security Congress 108th 108th CRS-24 MEEKS, GREGORY, a Representative from New York. Born on Sept. 25, 1953. September 25, 1953. Elected as a Democrat to the 105th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative Floyd Flake,; reelected to the 106th-107th through108th Congresses; has served since Feb.February 5, 1998. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. International Relations Congress 105th-106th 107th-108th 106th-107th108th METCALFE, RALPH H., a Representative from Illinois. Born on May 30, 1910,; died on Oct.October 10, 1978. Elected as a Democrat to the 92nd through 95th Congresses; served from Jan.January 3, 1971, to Oct. 10, 1978. CRS-22 METCALFE, RALPH H.—ContinuedOctober 10, 1978. Committee Assignments H. Interstate and Foreign Commerce H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Post Office and Civil Service Congress 92nd-95th 92nd-95th 95th MFUME, KWEISI, a Representative from Maryland. Born on Oct.October 24, 1948. Elected as a Democrat to the 100th through 104th Congresses; served from Jan. January 6, 1987, to Feb.February 16, 1996, when he resigned to become Executive Director of the NAACP. Served as chairChair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 103rd Congress, 1993-1994. Served as a coCo-chair of the Democratic Policy Committee Committee in the 104th Congress, 1995-1996. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Small Business H. Education and Labor H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control Jt. Economic H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Select Hunger Congress 100th-103rd 104th 100th-104th 101st 101st-102nd 102nd-104th 103rd 100th CRS-25 MILLENDER-McDONALD, JUANITA, a RepresentativesRepresentative from California. Born on Sept.September 7, 1938. Elected as a Democrat to the 104th Congress to fill the vacancy vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep.Representative Walter Tucker; reelected to the 105th through 107th 108th Congresses; has served since April 16, 1996. Committee Assignments H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Administration Jt. Library Congress 104th-107th108th 104th-107th108th 108th 108th MILLER, THOMAS E., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on June 17, 1849,; died on April 8, 1936. Elected as a Republican to the 51st Congress; served from Sept.September 24, 1890, to March 3, 1891, when he successfully contested contested the election of William Elliott. Committee Assignments H. Library of Congress Congress 51st CRS-23 MITCHELL, ARTHUR W., a Representative from Illinois. Born on Dec. December 22, 1883, ; died on May 9, 1968. Elected as a Democrat to the 74th through 77th 77th Congresses; served from JanJanuary 3, 1935, to Jan.January 3, 1943. First black Democrat elected to Congress. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Post Roads Congress 74th-77th MITCHELL, PARREN J., a Representative from Maryland. Born on April 29, 1922. Elected as a Democrat to the 92nd through 99th Congresses; served from Jan. 3, January 3, 1971, to Jan.January 3, 1987. First black Member of Congress from Maryland. Served as chairChair of the Congressional Black Caucus during the 95th Congress, 197719781977-1978. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Currency H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Select Small Business H. Budget H. Small BusinessSmall Business H. Budget Jt. Defense Production Jt. Economic Congress 92nd-93rd 94th-99th 92nd-93rd 93rd-95th 94th, 96th-99th (Committee Chaircommittee chair, 97th-99th) 93rd -95th 94th-95th 95th-99th CRS-26 MOSELEY-BRAUN, CAROL, a Senator from Illinois. Born on Aug. 16, 1947. Elected as a Democrat in 1992 and served in the 103rd through 105th Congresses from Jan. 5, 1993, to Jan. 3, 1999. She was the first black woman and black Democrat to serve in the Senate.August 16, 1947. First elected as a Democrat to the 103rd Congress and served through the105th Congress; from January 5, 1993, to January 3, 1999. First black woman and black Democrat to serve in the Senate. Ambassador to New Zealand from 1999-2001; candidate for U.S. President in 2004. Committee Assignments S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Judiciary S. Small Business S. Finance S. Special Aging Congress 103rd-105th 103rd 103rd 104th-105th 104th-105th MURRAY, GEORGE W., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on Sept. 22, 1853, September 22, 1853; died on April 21, 1926. Elected as a Republican to the 53rd and 54th Congresses; served from March 4, 1893, to March 3, 1895, and from June 4, 1896, to March 3, 1897 (successfully contested an election). CRS-24 MURRAY, GEORGE W.—Continued Committee Assignments H. Education H. Expenditures in the Treasury Department Congress 53rd-54th 54th NASH, CHARLES E., a Representative from Louisiana. Born on May 23, 1844,; died on June 21, 1913. Elected as a Republican to the 44th Congress; served from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1877. First black Member of Congress from from Louisiana. Committee Assignment H. Education and Labor Congress 44th CRS-27 NIX, ROBERT N.C., Sr., a Representative from Pennsylvania. Born on Aug.August 9, 1905,; died on June 22, 1987. Elected as a Democrat to the 85th Congress to fill fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep.Representative Earl Chudoff, ; reelected to the 86th through 95th Congresses; served from June 4, 1958, to Jan. January 3, 1979. First black Member of Congress from Pennsylvania. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Select Standards and Conduct H. Crime Congress 85th-86th 87th-93rd 94th-95th 85th-86th 88th-95th (Committee Chaircommittee chair, 95th) 89th 91st NORTON, ELEANOR HOLMES, a Delegate from the District of Columbia. Born Born on June 13, 1937. Elected as a Democrat to the 102nd through 106th Congresses, 107th Congresses; reelected to the 107th108th Congress; has served since Jan. 3, 1991. CRS-25 NORTON, ELEANOR HOLMES—ContinuedJanuary 3, 1991. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works and Transportation H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Small Business Jt. Committee on the Organization of Congress H. Government Reform H. Homeland Security Congress 102nd-103rd 102nd-103rd 102nd-103rd 104th-107th108th 104th-105th 104th 102nd-103rd 106th-107th108th 108th O’HARA, JAMES E., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on Feb. February 26, 1844, ; died on Sept.September 15, 1905. Elected as a Republican to the 48th and 49th Congresses; served from March 4, 1883, to March 3, 1887. Committee Assignments H. Mines and Mining H. Expenditures on Public Buildings H. Invalid Pensions Congress 48th 49th 49th CRS-28 OWENS, MAJOR R., a Representative from New York. Born on June 28, 1936. Elected as a Democrat to the 98th through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 3, 1983. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Education and the Workforce H. Government Reform Congress 98th-103rd 104th 98th-103rd 104th-105th 105th-107th108th 106th-107th108th PAYNE, DONALD M., a Representative from New Jersey. Born on July 16, 1934. Elected as a Democrat to the 101st through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 3, 1989. First black Member of Congress from New Jersey. Served as chairChair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 104th Congress. CRS-26 PAYNE, DONALD M.—Continued the 104th Congress, 1995-1996. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Education and the Workforce H. Foreign Affairs H. Government Operations H. International Relations Congress 101st-103rd 104th 105th-107th108th 101st-103rd 101st-103rd 104th-107th108th POWELL, ADAM CLAYTON Jr., a Representative from New York. Born on Nov. 29, 1908, November 29, 1908; died on April 4, 1972. Elected as a Democrat to the 79th through 90th Congresses, but was not seated in the 90th Congress (excluded from that Congress on Mar.March 1, 1967). He served from Jan.January 3, 1945, to Jan. January 3, 1967. In April 1967, he was reelected in a special election to the seat from which he had been excluded, but he did not attempt to take the oath of office. He was reelected to the 91st Congress and served from Jan. 3, January 3, 1969, to Jan.January 3, 1971. First black Member of Congress from New York. Committee Assignments H. Indian Affairs H. Invalid Pensions H. Labor H. Education and Labor H. Interior and Insular Affairs Congress 79th 79th 79th 80th-89th, 91st (Committee Chaircommittee chair, 87th-89th) 84th-86th CRS-29 RAINEY, JOSEPH H., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on June 21, 1832,; died on Aug.August 2, 1887. Elected as a Republican to the 41st Congress when when the House declared the seat of Representative Benjamin Whittemore vacant, vacant; reelected to the 42nd through 45th Congresses; served from Dec. December 12, 1870, to March 3, 1879. He was the firstFirst black Member of the House of Representatives as well as the first and first black Member of Congress from South Carolina. Committee Assignments H. Freedmen’s Affairs H. Indian Affairs H. Invalid Pensions H. Select Celebration of Proposed National Census of 1875 Congress 41st-42nd 43rd 44th-45th 43rd CRS-27 RANGEL, CHARLES B., a Representative from New York. Born on June 11, 1930. Elected as a Democrat to the 92nd through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th to the 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 3, 1971. Served as chairChair of the Congressional Black Caucus during the 94th Congress, 1975. Committee Assignments H. Public Works H. Science and Astronautics H. Judiciary H. District of Columbia H. Ways and Means H. Select Crime H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control Jt. Taxation Congress 92nd 92nd 92nd-93rd 93rd 94th-107th108th 92nd-93rd 94th-102nd (Committee Chairman, 98th102ndcommittee chair, 98th-102nd) 104th-105th RANSIER, ALONZO J., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on Jan. 3, 1834,January 3, 1834; died on Aug.August 17, 1882. Elected as a Republican to the 43rd Congress; served from March 3, 1873, to March 3, 1875. Committee Assignments H. Manufactures Congress 43rd RAPIER, JAMES T., a Representative from Alabama. Born on Nov. 13, 1837, died November 13, 1837; died on May 31, 1883. Elected as a Republican to the 43rd Congress; served from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1875. Committee Assignment H. Education and Labor Congress 43rd CRS-30 REVELS, HIRAM R., a Senator from Mississippi. Born on Sept.September 27, 1827, ; died on Jan. January 16, 1901. Elected as a Republican in 1870 and served into the 41st Congress after after Mississippi was readmitted to the union;, and served from Feb.February 25, 1870, to March 3, 1871. He was the first black Member of the U.S. Congress, the first to March 3, 1871. First black Member of Congress; first black Republican elected to Congress, and the; first black Member of Congress from Mississippi. Committee Assignments S. Education and Labor S. District of Columbia Congress 41st 41st CRS-28 REYNOLDS, MELVIN J., a Representative from Illinois. Born on Jan. 8, 1952. January 8, 1952. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd and 104th Congresses; served from Jan. 5, January 5, 1993, until his resignation on Oct.October 1, 1995. Committee Assignment H. Ways and Means H. Economic and Educational Opportunities Congress 103rd 104th RUSH, BOBBY L., a Representative from Illinois. Born on Nov.November 23, 1946. Elected Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 5, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Government Operations H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce Congress 103rd 103rd 103rd 104th-106th 107th-108th SAVAGE, GUS, a Representative from Illinois. Born on Oct.October 30, 1925. Elected as a Democrat to the 97th through 102nd Congresses; served from Jan. January 3, 1981, to Jan. January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works and Transportation H. Small Business Congress 97th 97th-102nd 97th-102nd CRS-31 SCOTT, DAVID, a Representative from Georgia. Born on June 27, 1946. Elected as a Democrat to the 108th Congress; has served since January 7, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Financial Services Congress 108th 108th SCOTT, ROBERT C., a Representative from Virginia. Born on April 30, 1947. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 5, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Judiciary H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Education and the Workforce H. Select U.S. National Security and Military/ Commercial Concerns with the People’s Republic of China H. Budget Congress 103rd 103rd-107th108th 103rd 104th 105th-107th 106th CRS-29 108th SMALLS, ROBERT, a Representative from South Carolina. Born on April 5, 1839, 1839; died on Feb.February 22, 1915. Elected as a Republican to the 44th, 45th, and 47th through 49th Congresses. He served from March 4, 1875, to Mar. March 3, 1879; from July 19, 1882, to March 3, 1883, after he successfully contested the election of reelection of Representative George Tillman,; and from March 18, 1884, to March 3, 1887, after he was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Representative Edmund Mackey. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Militia H. Manufactures H. War Claims Congress 44th, 47th 45th 48th 49th STEWART, BENNETT M., a Representative from Illinois. Born on Aug. 6, 1912, diedAugust 6, 1912; died on April 26, 1988. Elected as a Democrat to the 96th Congress; served from Jan. January 3, 1979, to Jan.January 3, 1981. Committee Assignment H. Appropriations Congress 96th CRS-32 STOKES, LOUIS, a Representative from Ohio. Born on Feb.February 23, 1925. Elected as a Democrat to the 91st through 105th Congresses; served from Jan. January 3, 1969, to Jan. January 3, 1999. First black Member of Congress from Ohio. Served as chair Ohio. Chair of the Congressional blackBlack Caucus during the 92nd and 93rd Congresses, 1972-1974. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Internal Security H. Appropriations H. Budget H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Select Assassinations H. Select Intelligence H. Select to Investigate Arms Transactions to Iran Congress 91st 91st 92nd-105th 95th-96th 96th-98th, 102nd (Committee Chairman, 97th98th, committee chair, 97th-98th, 102nd) 94th-95th (Committee Chairmancommittee chair, 95th) 98th-100th 100th THOMPSON, BENNIE G., a Representative from Mississippi. Born on Jan. 28, January 28, 1948. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd Congress to fill the vacancy caused caused by the resignation of Rep.Representative Mike Espy to become Secretary of Agriculture, ; reelected to the 104th through 107th108th Congresses; has served since April 20, 1993. CRS-30 THOMPSON, BENNIE G.—Continued Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Small Business H. Budget H. Homeland Security Congress 103rd-107th108th 103rd 103rd-104th 105th-107th 108th TOWNS, EDOLPHUS, a Representative from New York. Born on July 21, 1934. Elected as a Democrat to the 98th through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 3, 1983. Served as chairChair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 102nd Congress, 1991-1992. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Public Works and Transportation H. Energy and Commerce H. Commerce H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control Congress 98th-103rd 104th-105th 106th-107th108th 98th-104th 101st-103rd, 107th-108th 104th-106th 98th-102nd CRS-33 TUCKER, WALTER R., a Representative from California. Born on May 28, 1957. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd and 104th Congresses; served from Jan. 5, January 5, 1993, until his resignation on Dec.December 15, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 103rd 103rd-104th 104th TURNER, BENJAMIN S., a Representative from Alabama. Born on March 17, 1825,; died on March 21, 1894. Elected as a Republican to the 42nd Congress; served from March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1873. First black Member of Congress from Alabama. Committee Assignment H. Invalid Pensions Congress 42nd WALDON, ALTON R., Jr., a Representative from New York. Born on Dec. 21, December 21, 1936. Elected as a Democrat to the 99th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep.Representative Joseph Addabo; served from July 29, 1986, to Jan. 3, 1987. CRS-31 WALDON, ALTON R., Jr.—ContinuedJanuary 3, 1987. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Small Business Congress 99th 99th WALLS, JOSIAH T., a Representative from Florida. Born on Dec. 30, 1842, died December 30, 1842; died on May 5, 1905. Elected as a Republican to the 42nd through 44th Congresses; served from March 4, 1871, to Jan.January 29, 1873 (when his election was successfully contested); from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1875; and and from March 4, 1875, to April 19, 1876 (when his election was successfully contested). First black Member of Congress from Florida. Committee Assignments H. Militia H. Mileage Congress 42nd-43rd 44th CRS-34 WASHINGTON, CRAIG A., a Representative from Texas. Born on Oct. 12, 1941. October 12, 1941. Elected as a Democrat to the 101st Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep.Representative Mickey Leland,; reelected to the 102nd and 103rd Congresses; served from Dec.December 9, 1989, to Jan.January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Judiciary H. Energy and Commerce H. Government Operations H. Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control Congress 101st-102nd 101st-103rd 103rd 103rd 102nd WASHINGTON, HAROLD D., a Representative from Illinois. Born on April 15, 1922,; died on Nov.November 25, 1987. Elected as a Democrat to the 97th and 98th 98th Congresses; served from Jan.January 3, 1981, to April 29, 1983, when he resigned to become Mayor of Chicago, Illinois. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Education and Labor H. Judiciary Congress 97th 97th-98th 97th-98th WATERS, MAXINE, a Representative from California. Born on Aug. 31, 1938. August 31, 1938. Elected as a Democrat to the 102nd through 106th107th Congresses, reelected to the CRS-32 107th to the 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 3, 1991. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 105th Congress,; vice chair of the Democratic Steering Committee in the 105th-107th Congresses, and a through 108th Congresses; a Democratic chief deputy whip in the 106th107th106th through 108th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Veterans Affairs H. Small Business H. Judiciary Congress 102nd-103rd 104th-106th 107th-108th 102nd-104th 103rd-104th 105th-107th 108th CRS-35 WATSON, DIANE E., a Representative from California. Born on Nov. 12, 1933. November 12, 1933. Elected as a Democrat to the 107th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Representative Julian Dixon; reelected to the 108th Congress; has served since June 7, 2001. Committee Assignments H. International Relations H. Government Reform Congress 107th 107th-108th 107th-108th WATT, MELVIN L., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on Aug. 26, 1945. August 26, 1945. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 5, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Judiciary Jt. Economic Congress 103rd 104th-106th 107th-108th 103rd 103rd-106th108th 107th-108th WATTS, J.C., Jr., a Representative from Oklahoma. Born on Nov. 18, 1957. November 18, 1957. Elected as a Republican to the 104th through 106th Congresses, reelected to the 107th Congress; has served since Jan. 3, 1995107th Congresses; served from January 3, 1995, to January 3, 2003. First black Member of Congress from Oklahoma. Chair of the House Republican Conference in the 106th-107th Congresses. CRS-33 WATTS, J.C., Jr.—Continued through 107th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. National Security H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Armed Services Congress 104th 104th-105th 105th-106th 106th-107th WHEAT, ALAN D., a Representative from Missouri. Born on Oct.October 16, 1951. Elected as a Democrat to the 98th through 103rd Congresses; served from Jan. January 3, 1983, to Jan.January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Rules H. Select Children, Youth, and Families H. Select Hunger Congress 98th-103rd 98th-103rd 98th-102nd 101st-102nd CRS-36 WHITE, GEORGE H., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on Dec. 18, 1852,December 18, 1852; died on Dec.December 28, 1918. Elected as a Republican to the 55th and 56th Congresses; served from March 4, 1897, to March 3, 1901. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. District of Columbia Congress 55th 55th-56th WYNN, ALBERT R., a Representative from Maryland. Born on Sept. 10, 1951. September 10, 1951. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 106th107th Congresses,; reelected to the 107th 108th Congress; has served since Jan.January 5, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. Post Office and Civil Service H. International Relations H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce Congress 103rd 104th 103rd 103rd 104th104th 103rd 105th-106th 107th CRS-34 -108th YOUNG, ANDREW, a Representative from Georgia. Born on March 12, 1932. Elected as a Democrat to the 93rd through 95th Congresses; served from Jan. 3, January 3, 1973, to Jan.January 29, 1977, when he resigned to become U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. Elected Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, in 1981. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Currency, and Housing H. Rules Congress 93rd 94th CRS-3537 Table 1. Black Members of CongressSenate Name a Congress(es) Years State Party Brooke, Edward W. 90th-95th 1967-1979 MA Rep.R Bruce, Blanche K. 44th-46th 1875-1881 MS Rep.R Moseley-Braun, Carol 103rd-105th 1993-1999 IL Dem.D Revels, Hiram R.a 41st 1870-1871 MS Rep. R a. Seated after Mississippi was readmitted to the Union on FebruaryFeb. 23, 1870; first black Member of of Congress. CRS-3638 Table 2. Black Members of Congress — House of Representatives Name Congress(es) Years State District* Party 1993- GA 2nd Dem. 1991-1995 PA 2nd Dem. 1993- FL 3rd Dem. Party Ballance, Frank W. Jr. 108th- 2003- NC 1st D Bishop, Sanford D. Jr. 103rd- 1993- GA 2nd D Blackwell, Lucien E.a 102nd-103rd Brown, Corrine 103rd-1991-1995 PA 2nd D Brown, Corrine 103rd- 1993- FL 3rd D Burke, Yvonne B. 93rd-95th 1973-1979 CA 28th Dem.D Cain, Richard Harvey 43rd 45th 1873-1875 1877-1879 SC A.L. Rep.R Carson, Julia M. 105th- 1997- IN 10th Dem.D Cheatham, Henry P. 51st-52nd 1889-1893 NC 2nd Rep.R Chisholm, Shirley A.b 91st-97th 1969-1983 NY 12th Dem.D 1997- VI -- Dem. Christian-Christiansen— D 1969-2001 MO 1st D 2001- MO 1st D 1992-2003 NC 1st D 1993- SC 6th D Christian-Christensen, Donna 105thClay, William L., Sr. 91st- 1969-2001 MO 1st Dem. Clay, Wm. Lacy 107th 2001- MO 1st Dem. Sr. 91st-106th Clay, William Lacy Jr. 107th- Clayton, Eva M.c 102nd- 1992- NC 1st Dem.107th Clyburn, James E. 103rd- 1993- SC 6th Dem. Collins, Barbara-Rose 102nd-104th 1991-1997 MI 15th Dem.D Collins, Cardissd 93rd-104th 1973-1997 IL 7th Dem.D Collins, George W.e 91st-92nd 1970-1972 IL 6th Dem.D Conyers, John, Jr. 89th- 1965- MI 14th Dem.D Crockett, George W.f 96th-101st 1980-1991 MI 13th Dem.D Cummings, Elijah E.g 104th- 1996- MD 7th Dem.D Davis, Artur 108th- 2003- AL 7th D Davis, Danny K. 105th- 1997- IL 7th Dem.D Dawson, William L.h 78th-91st 1943-1970 IL 1st Dem.D DeLarge, Robert C.i 42nd 1871-1873 SC 2nd Rep.R Dellums, Ronald V. 92nd-105th 1971-1998 CA 8th Dem.D DePriest, Oscar S. 71st-73rd 1929-1935 IL 1st Rep.R Diggs, Charles C., Jr.j 84th-96th 1955-1980 MI 13th Dem.D Dixon, Julian C.k 96th-106th 1979-2000 CA 32nd Dem. Dymally, Mervyn M. 97th-102nd 1981-1993 CA 31st Dem. CRS-37 Name Congress(es) Years State District* PartyD CRS-39 Name Congress(es) Years State District* Party Dymally, Mervyn M. 97th-102nd 1981-1993 CA 31st D Elliott, Robert B.l 42nd-43rd 1871-1874 SC 3rd Rep.R Espy, Albert M. (Mike)m 100th-103rd 1987-1993 MS 2nd Dem.D Evans, Melvin H. 96th 1979-1981 VI AL Rep.R Fattah, Chaka 104th- 1995- PA 2nd Dem.D Fauntroy, Walter E.n 92nd-101st 1971-1991 DC AL Dem.D Fields, Cleo 103rd-104th 1993-1997 LA 4th Dem.D Flake, Floyd H. 100th-105th 1987-1997 NY 6th Dem.D Ford, Harold E., Jr. 105th- 1997- TN 9th Dem.D Ford, Harold E., Sr. 94th-104th 1975-1997 TN 9th Dem.D Franks, Gary A. 102nd-104th 1991-1997 CT 5th Rep.R Frazer, Victor O. 104th 1995 VI AL Dem.D Gray, William H. IIIo 96th-102nd 1979-1991 PA 2nd Dem.D Hall, Katie B.p 97th-98th 1982-1985 IN 1st Dem.D Haralson, Jeremiah 44th 1875-1877 AL 1st Rep.R Hastings, Alcee L. 103rd- 1993- FL 23rd Dem.D Hawkins, Augustus F. 88th-101st 1963-1991 CA 29th Dem.D Hayes, Charles A. q 98th-102nd 1983-1993 IL 1st Dem.D Hilliard, Earl F. 103rd-107th 1993-2003 AL 7th Dem.D Hyman, John Adams 44th 1875-1877 NC 2nd Rep.R Jackson, Jesse L., Jr.r 104th- 1995- IL 2nd Dem.D Jackson Lee, Sheila 104th- 1995- TX 18th Dem.D Jefferson, William J. 102nd- 1991- LA 2nd Dem.D Johnson, Eddie Bernice 103rd- 1993- TX 30th Dem.D Jones, Stephanie Tubbs 106th- 1999- OH 11th Dem.D Jordan, Barbara C. 93rd-95th 1973-1979 TX 18th Dem.D Kilpatrick, Carolyn C. 105th- 1997- MI 15th Dem.D Langston, John M.s 51st 1890-1891 VA 4th Rep.R Lee, Barbarat 105th- 1998- CA 9th Dem.D Leland, George T. (Mickey)u 96th-101st 1979-1989 TX 18th Dem. Lewis, John R. 100th- 1987- GA 5th Dem. CRS-38 Name Congress(es) Years State District* Party Long, Jefferson F.vD CRS-40 Name Congress(es) Lewis, John R. 100th- Long, Jefferson F.v Years State District* Party 1987- GA 5th D 41st 1870-1871 GA 4th Rep.R Lynch, John R.w 43rd-44th 47th 1873-1877 1882-1883 MS 7th Rep.R McKinney, Cynthia A. 103rd-107th 1993-2003 GA 4th Dem.D Majette, Denise L. 108th- 2003- GA 4th D Meek, Carrie P. 103rd-107th 1993-2003 FL 17th Dem. Meeks, GregoryxD Meek, Kendrick 108th- 2003- FL 17th D Meeks, Gregory 105th- 1998- NY 6th Dem.D Metcalfe, Ralph H.y 92nd-95th 1971-1978 IL 1st Dem.D Mfume, Kweisiz 100th-104th 1987-1996 MD 7th Dem.D Millender-McDonald, Juanitaaa 104th- 1996- CA 37th Dem.D Miller, Thomas E.ab 51st 1890-1891 SC 7th Rep.R Mitchell, Arthur W. 74th-77th 1935-1943 IL 1st Dem.D Mitchell, Parren J. 92nd-99th 1971-1987 MD 7th Dem.D Murray, George W.ac 53rd-54th 1893-1895 1896-1897 SC 7th Rep.R Nash, Charles E. 44th 1875-1877 LA 6th Rep.R Nix, R.N.C., Sr.ad 85th-95th 1958-1979 PA 2nd Dem.D Norton, Eleanor Holmes 102nd- 1991- DC AL Dem.D O’Hara, James E. 48th-49th 1883-1887 NC 2nd Rep.R Owens, Major R. 98th- 1983- NY 11th Dem.D Payne, Donald M. 101st- 1989- NJ 10th Dem.D Powell, Adam C. Jr.ae 79th-89th 91st 1945-1967 1969-1971 NY 18th Dem.D Rainey, Joseph H.af 41st-45th 1870-1879 SC 1st Rep.R Rangel, Charles B. 92nd- 1971- NY 15th Dem.D Ransier, Alonzo J. 43rd 1873-1875 SC 2nd Rep.R Rapier, James T. 43rd 1873-1875 AL 2nd Rep.R Reynolds, Melvin J. (Mel)ag 103rd-104th 1993-1995 IL 2nd Dem.D Rush, Bobby L. 103rd- 1993- IL 1st Dem. Savage, Gus 97th-102nd 1981-1993 IL 2nd Dem. Scott, Robert C. 103rd- 1993- VA 3rd Dem. CRS-39 Name * Congress(es) Years State District* PartyD CRS-41 Name Congress(es) Savage, Gus 97th-102nd Scott, David Years State District* Party 1981-1993 IL 2nd D 108th- 2003- GA 13th D Scott, Robert C. 103rd- 1993- VA 3rd D Smalls, Robertah 44th-45th 47th 48th-49th 1875-1879 1882-1883 1884-1887 SC 5th Rep.R Stewart, Bennett M. 96th 1979-1981 IL 1st Dem.D Stokes, Louis 91st-105th 1969-1999 OH 21st Dem.D Thompson, Bennie G.ai 103rd- 1993- MS 2nd Dem.D Towns, Edolphus 98th- 1983- NY 10th Dem.D Tucker, Walter R.aj 103rd-104th 1993-1995 CA 37th Dem.D Turner, Benjamin S. 42nd 1871-1873 AL 1st Rep.R Waldon, Alton R., Jr.ak 99th 1986-1987 NY 6th Dem.D Walls, Josiah T.al 42nd 43rd 44th 1871-1873 1873-1875 1875-1876 FL AL Rep.R Washington, Craig A. am 101st-103rd 1989-1995 TX 18th Dem.D Washington, Harold D.an 97th-98th 1981-1983 IL 1st Dem.D Waters, Maxine 102nd- 1991- CA 35th Dem.D Watson, Dianeao 107th - 2001- CA 32nd Dem.D Watt, Melvin L. 103rd- 1993- NC 12th Dem.D Watts, J.C., Jr. 104th-107th 1995-2003 OK 4th Rep.R Wheat, Alan D. 98th-103rd 1983-1995 MO 5th Dem.D White, George H. 55th-58th 1897-1901 NC 2nd Rep.R Wynn, Albert R. 103rd- 1993- MD 4th Dem.D Young, Andrew J.ap 93rd-95th 1973-1977 GA 5th Dem. D * The number noted for a Member's congressional district is that which is now assigned to it or was was assigned to it when he/ or she was last in Congress. a . Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. William Gray; seated on Nov. 13, 1991. b . First black woman elected to Congress and first black womanfemale presidential candidate (1972). c , 1972. c. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Walter Jones; took office on Nov. 5, 1992. d . Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Rep. George W. Collins; seated on June 7, 1973. e . Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Daniel J. Ronan; seated on Nov. 16, 1970. He was subsequently killed in an airplane crash on Dec. 8, 1972. f CRS-42 f. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Charles C. Diggs, Jr.,; seated on Nov. 12, 1980. g . Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Kweisi Mfume; seated on AprilApr. 25, 1996. h . Died on Nov. 9, 1970. i . Seat declared vacant on Jan.January 24, 1873, after Rep. Robert DeLarge’s election was successfully contested. j . Resigned from office on June 3, 1980. k . Died on Dec. 8, 2000. CRS-40 l l. Resigned from office, effective Nov. 1, 1874. m. Resigned from office on Jan.January 25, 1993, to become Secretary of Agriculture. n . Delegate from the District of Columbia. Elected in a special election and sworn in on AprilApr. 19, 1971. o . Resigned from office on Sept. 11, 1991. P p. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Adam Benjamin; seated on Nov. 29, 1982. q . Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Harold Washington; seated on Sept. 12, 1983. r . Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Mel Reynolds; seated on Dec. 14, 1995. s . Successfully contested the election of Rep. Edward C. Venable and served from Sept. 23, 1890, to March to Mar. 3, 1891. t . Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Ronald Dellums; seated on AprilApr. 20, 1998. u . Died in a plane crash on Aug.August 7, 1989, while in Ethiopia on a fact-finding tour investigating hunger among refugees. vu v. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the House declaring that Rep. Samuel GroveGove was not entitled to his seat; served from Dec. 22, 1870, to MarchMar. 3, 1871. v w w. Successfully contested the election of Rep. James R. Chalmers to the 47th Congress; served from April Apr. 29, 1882, to MarchMar. 3, 1883. x . Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Floyd Flake; seated on Feb. 5, 1998. y . Died on Oct.October 10, 1978. z . Resigned from office on Feb. 16, 1996. aa . Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Walter Tucker; seated on AprilApr. 16, 1996. ab . Successfully contested an election; served from Sept. 24, 1890, to MarchMar. 3, 1891. ac . Successfully contested an election; served from June 4, 1896, to MarchMar. 3, 1897. ad . First elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Earl Chudoff; seated on June 4, 1958. ae . Elected to the 90th Congress, but excluded and not seated. Reelected to the seat vacated by his exclusion, but never took the oath of office. Reelected to the 91st Congress and seated. Defeated for renomination to the 92nd Congress in 1970. af . First black Member of the U.S. House of RepresentativesReps. Elected to the 41st Congress to fill the vacancy vacancy caused by the House declaring the seat of Rep. Benjamin WhittemorWhittemore vacant. Seated on Dec. 12, 1870. ag . Resigned from office on Oct. 1, 1995. ah . Successfully contested an election and seated in the 47th Congress on July 19, 1882. Subsequently Subsequently elected to the 48th-49th Congresses; first elected to the 48th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Edmund Mackey; seated on MarchMar. 18, 1884. ai . Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Mike Espy; seated Aprilon Apr. 20, 1993. aj . Resigned from office on DecemberDec. 15, 1995. al ak ak. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Joseph Addabbo; seated on July 29, 1986. al . Served from MarchMar. 4, 1871, until Jan.January 29, 1873, when seat was lost to Rep. Silas L. Niblack who , who successfully challenged his election. Served from MarchMar. 4, 1875, until AprilApr. 19, 1876, when when seat was lost to Rep. Jesse J. Finley, who successfully challenged his election. am . Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Mickey Leland; seated on Dec. 9, 1989. an . Resigned on AprilApr. 29, 1983, to become Mayor of Chicago, IL. ao . Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Julian Dixon; seated on June 7, 2001. ap . Resigned his seat on Jan. 29, 1977, to become U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. m CRS-4143 Table 3. Number and Names of Black Members of Congress By Congress No. Chamber Names 107th CONGRESS (2001-2003)a 39 House: Sanford Bishop Corrine Brown Julia Carson WM. Lacy Clay, Jr. Eva Clayton James Clyburn John Conyers Donna ChristianChristiansen Elijah Cummings Danny K. Davis Chaka Fattah Harold Ford, Jr. Alcee Hastings Earl Hilliard Jesse Jackson, Jr. Sheila Jackson Lee William , by Congress No. Chamber Names 108th Congress (2003-2005) 39 House Frank W. Ballance Jr. Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Corrine Brown Julia M. Carson Donna ChristianChristensen William Lacy Clay Jr. James E. Clyburn John Conyers Jr. Elijah E. Cummings Artur Davis Danny K. Davis Chaka Fattah Harold E. Ford Jr. Alcee L. Hastings Senate None Jesse L. Jackson Jr. Sheila Jackson Lee William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee John Lewis Denise L. Majette Kendrick Meek Gregory W. Meeks Juanita MillenderMcDonald Eleanor Holmes Norton Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Bobby L. Rush David Scott Robert C. Scott Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Maxine Waters Diane E. Watson Melvin L. Watt Albert R. Wynn 107th Congress (2001-2003)a 39 House Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Corrine Brown Julia Carson Donna ChristianChristensen William Lacy Clay Jr. Eva M. Clayton James E. Clyburn John Conyers Jr. Elijah E. Cummings Danny K. Davis Chaka Fattah Harold E. Ford Jr. Alcee L. Hastings Earl Hilliard Senate None Jesse L. Jackson Jr. Sheila Jackson Lee William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee John Lewis Cynthia McKinney CarrieA. McKinney Carrie P. Meek Gregory W. Meeks Juanita MillenderMcDonald Eleanor Holmes Norton Major Owens DonaldR. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Bobby L. Rush Robert C. Scott Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Maxine Waters Diane Watson MelE. Watson Melvin L. Watt J.C. Watts, Jr. Al Wynn 106th CONGRESS (1999-2001) 39 House: Sanford Bishop Corrine Brown Julia Carson William Clay Eva Clayton James Clyburn John Conyers Donna ChristianChristiansen Elijah Cummings Danny K. Davis Julian Dixonb Chaka Fattah Harold Ford, Jr. Alcee Hastings Earl Hilliard Jesse Jackson, Jr. Sheila Jackson Lee William Jr. Albert R. Wynn CRS-44 No. Chamber Names 106th Congress (1999-2001) 39 House Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Corrine Brown Julia M. Carson Donna ChristianChristensen William L. Clay Sr. Eva M. Clayton James E. Clyburn John Conyers Jr. Elijah Cummings Danny K. Davis Julian C. Dixonb Chaka Fattah Harold E. Ford Jr. Senate None Alcee L. Hastings Earl Hilliard Jesse L. Jackson Jr. Sheila Jackson Lee William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee John Lewis Cynthia A. McKinney Carrie Meek GregoryP. Meek Gregory W. Meeks Juanita MillenderMcDonald Eleanor Holmes Norton Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Bobby Rush RobertL. Rush Robert C. Scott Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Maxine Waters MelMelvin L. Watt J.C. Watts, Jr. Al Wynn CRS-42 No. Chamber Names 105th CONGRESS Jr. Albert R. Wynn 105th Congress (1997-1999)c 39 House: Sanford Bishop Corrine Brown Julia Carson William Clay Eva Clayton James Clyburn John Conyers Donna M. ChristianGreen Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Corrine Brown Julia M. Carson Donna M. ChristianGreen William L. Clay Sr. Eva M. Clayton James E. Clyburn John Conyers Jr. Elijah Cummings Danny K. Davis Ronald V. Dellumsd Julian C. Dixon Chaka Fattah 1 Senate: Carol Moseley-Braun Floyd Flakee Harold E. Ford, Jr. Alcee L. Hastings Earl Hilliard Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. Sheila Jackson Lee William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee John Lewis Cynthia A. McKinney Carrie P. Meek Gregory W. Meeks Juanita MillenderMcDonald Eleanor Holmes Norton Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Bobby Rush Robert Scott Louis Stokes Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Maxine Waters MelMelvin L. Watt J.C. Watts, Jr. Al Wynn 104th CONGRESS (1995-1997)f 40 House: Sanford Bishop Corrine Brown William Clay Eva Clayton James Jr. Albert R. Wynn CRS-45 No. Chamber Names 104th Congress (1995-1997)f 40 House Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Corrine Brown William L. Clay Sr. Eva M. Clayton James E. Clyburn Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins John Conyers Elijah Cummings Ronald Jr. Elijah E. Cummings Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Chaka Fattah Cleo Fields Floyd H. Flake Harold E. Ford, Sr. 1 Senate: Carol Moseley-Braun Gary Franks Victor Frazer Alcee L. Hastings Earl F. Hilliard Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson Sheila Jackson Lee John Lewis Cynthia A. McKinney Carrie P. Meek Kweisi Mfumeg Juanita MillenderMcDonald Eleanor Holmes Norton Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles Rangel MelB. Rangel Melvin J. Reynoldsh Bobby L. Rush Robert Scott Louis Stokes Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Walter Tucker iTuckeri Maxine Waters MelMelvin L. Watt J.C. Watts, Jr. Al Wynn CRS-43 No. Chamber Names 103rd CONGRESS Jr. Albert R. Wynn 103rd Congress (1993-1995)j 39 House: Sanford BishopD. Bishop Jr. Lucien Blackwell Corrine Brown William Clay EvaL. Clay Sr. Eva M. Clayton James E. Clyburn Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins John Conyers Ronald Jr. Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Mike Espyk Cleo Fields Floyd H. Flake 1 Senate: Carol Moseley-Braun Harold E. Ford, Sr. Gary Franks Alcee Hastings Earl Hilliard WilliamEarl F. Hilliard Alcee L. Hastings William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson John Lewis Cynthia A. McKinney Carrie P. Meek Kweisi Mfume Eleanor Holmes Norton Major Owens Donald Payne Charles Rangel MelR. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Melvin J. Reynolds Bobby L. Rush Robert Scott Louis Stokes Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Walter Tucker Craig Washington Maxine Waters MelMelvin L. Watt Alan Wheat AlD. Wheat Albert R. Wynn 102nd CONGRESSCongress (1991-1993)l 27 House: Lucien Blackwell William Clay EvaL. Clay Sr. Eva M. Clayton Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins John Conyers Ronald Dellums Julian Jr. Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Mervyn M. Dymally Mike Espy Senate: None Floyd H. Flake Harold E. Ford, Sr. Gary Franks William Gray, III Charles A. Hayes William J. Jefferson John Lewis Kweisi Mfume Eleanor Holmes Norton Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Gus Savage Louis Stokes Edolphus Towns Craig A. Washington Maxine Waters Alan Wheat 101st CONGRESS (1989-1991)m 24 House: William ClayD. Wheat CRS-46 No. Chamber Names 101st Congress (1989-1991)m 24 House William L. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. George Crockett Ronald Dellums JulianV. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Mervyn M. Dymally Mike Espy Walter E. Fauntroy Senate: None Floyd H. Flake Harold E. Ford, Sr. William H. Gray, III Augustus F. Hawkins Charles A. Hayes Mickey Leland John Lewis Kweisi Mfume Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Gus Savage Louis Stokes Edolphus Towns Craig A. Washington Alan Wheat CRS-44 No. Chamber Names 100th CONGRESSD. Wheat 100th Congress (1987-1989) 23 House: William ClayL. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers George Crockett Ronald, Jr. George W. Crockett Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Mervyn M. Dymally Mike Espy Walter E. Fauntroy Senate: None Floyd H. Flake Harold E. Ford, Sr. William H. Gray, III Augustus Hawkins CharlesF. Hawkins Charles A. Hayes Mickey Leland John Lewis Kweisi Mfume Major R. Owens Charles B. Rangel Gus Savage Louis Stokes Edolphus Towns Alan D. Wheat 99th CONGRESSCongress (1985-1987) 21 House: William ClayL. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers George, Jr. George W. Crockett Ronald V. Dellums Julian Dixon MervynC. Dixon Mervyn M. Dymally Senate: None Walter E. Fauntroy Harold E. Ford, Sr. William H. Gray, III Augustus F. Hawkins Charles A. Hayes Mickey Leland Parren Mitchell MajorJ. Mitchell Major R. Owens Charles B. Rangel Gus Savage Louis Stokes Edolphus Towns Alton Waldon, Jr. Alan D. Wheat 98th CONGRESSCongress (1983-1985)n 21 House: William ClayL. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers George, Jr. George W. Crockett Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Mervyn M. Dymally Walter E. Fauntroy Senate: None Harold E. Ford, Sr. William H. Gray, III Katie Hall Augustus F. Hawkins Charles A. Hayes Mickey Leland Parren J. Mitchell Major Owens CharlesR. Owens Charles B. Rangel Gus Savage Louis Stokes Edolphus Towns Harold D. Washington Alan Wheat 97th CONGRESS (1981-1983) 19 House: Shirley Chisholm William ClayD. Wheat CRS-47 No. Chamber Names 97th Congress (1981-1983) 19 House Shirley A. Chisholm William L. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers George, Jr. George W. Crockett Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Senate: None Mervyn M. Dymally Walter E. Fauntroy Harold E. Ford, Sr. William H. Gray, III Katie B. Hall Augustus F. Hawkins Mickey Leland Parren J. Mitchell Charles R. Rangel Gus Savage Louis Stokes Harold Washington CRS-45 No. Chamber Names 96th CONGRESSD. Washington 96th Congress (1979-1981)o 17 House: Shirley A. Chisholm William ClayL. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers George Jr. George W. Crockett Ronald V. Dellums Senate: None Charles C. Diggs, Jr. Julian C. Dixon Melvin Evans WalterH. Evans Walter E. Fauntroy Harold E. Ford, Sr. William H. Gray, III Augustus F. Hawkins Mickey Leland Parren J. Mitchell Charles Rangel BennettB. Rangel Bennett M. Stewart Louis Stokes 95th CONGRESSCongress (1977-1979) 17 House: Yvonne B. Burke Shirley A. Chisholm William ClayL. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers Ronald Jr. Ronald V. Dellums 1 Senate: Edward W. Brooke Charles C. Diggs, Jr. Walter E. Fauntroy Harold E. Ford, Sr. Augustus F. Hawkins Barbara Jordan RalphC. Jordan Ralph H. Metcalfe Parren J. Mitchell Robert Nix CharlesN.C. Nix Sr. Charles B. Rangel Louis Stokes Andrew J. Young 94th CONGRESSCongress (1975-1977) 17 House: Yvonne B. Burke Shirley A. Chisholm William ClayL. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers Ronald Jr. Ronald V. Dellums 1 Senate: Edward W. Brooke Charles C. Diggs, Jr. Walter E. Fauntroy Harold E. Ford, Sr. Augustus F. Hawkins Barbara Jordan RalphC. Jordan Ralph W. Metcalfe Parren J. Mitchell Robert Nix CharlesN.C. Nix Sr. Charles B. Rangel Louis Stokes Andrew J. Young 93rd CONGRESSCongress (1973-1975) 16 House: Yvonne B. Burke Shirley A. Chisholm William ClayL. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers Ronald Jr. Ronald V. Dellums 1 Senate: Edward W. Brooke Charles C. Diggs, Jr. Walter E. Fauntroy Augustus F. Hawkins Barbara C. Jordan Ralph H. Metcalfe Parren J. Mitchell Robert Nix Charles Rangel Louis Stokes Andrew Young 92nd CONGRESS (1971-1973) 13 House: Shirley Chisholm William Clay George Collins John Conyers Ronald Dellums 1 Senate: Edward Brooke Charles Diggs, Jr. Walter Fauntroy Augustus Hawkins Ralph Metcalfe Parren Mitchell Robert Nix Charles Rangel Louis Stokes CRS-46 No. Chamber Names 91st CONGRESS (1969-1971) 10 House: Shirley Chisholm William Clay George Collins Augustus Hawkins 1 Senate: Edward Brooke John Conyers William Dawson Charles Diggs, Jr. Robert Nix Adam Clayton Powell Louis Stokes 90th CONGRESS (1967-1969)p 5 House: John Conyers William Dawson 1 Senate: Edward Brooke Charles Diggs, Jr. Augustus Hawkins Robert Nix 89th CONGRESS (1965-1967) 6 House: John Conyers William Dawson Senate: None Charles Diggs, Jr. Augustus Hawkins Robert Nix Adam Clayton Powell 88th CONGRESS (1963-1965) 5 House: William Dawson Charles Diggs, Jr. Senate: None Augustus Hawkins Robert Nix Adam Clayton Powell 85th - 87th CONGRESSES (1957-1963) 4 House: William Dawson Charles Diggs, Jr. Senate: None Robert Nix Adam Clayton Powell 84th CONGRESS (1955-1957) 3 House: William Dawson Charles Diggs, Jr. 79th - 83rd CONGRESSES (1945-1955) 2 House: William Dawson Senate: None Adam Clayton Powell 78th CONGRESS (1943-1945) 1 House: William Dawson Senate: None 74th - 77th CONGRESSES (1935-1943) 1 House: Arthur Mitchell Senate: None Adam Clayton Powell CRS-47 No. Chamber Names 71st - 73rd CONGRESSES (1929-1935) 1 House: Oscar DePriest Senate: None 57th - 70th CONGRESSES (1901-1929) House: None Senate: None 55th - 56th CONGRESSES (1897-1901) 1 House: George White Senate: None 53rd - 54th CONGRESSES (1893-1897) 1 House: George Murray Senate: None 52nd CONGRESS (1891-1893) 1 House: Henry Cheatham Senate: None 51st CONGRESS (1889-1891) 3 House: Henry Cheatham Senate: None John Langston 50th CONGRESS (1887-1889) House: None Senate: None 48th - 49th CONGRESSES (1883-1887) 2 House: James O’Hara Senate: None Robert Smalls 47th CONGRESS (1881-1883) 2 House: John Lynch Senate: None Robert Smalls 46th CONGRESS (1879-1881) 1 House: None Senate: Blanche Bruce Thomas Miller CRS-48 No. Chamber Names 45th CONGRESS (1877-1879) 3 House: Richard Cain Joseph Rainey 1 Senate: Blanche Bruce Robert Smalls 44th CONGRESS (1875-1877) 7 House: Jeremiah Haralson John Hyman John Lynch 1 Senate: Blanche Bruce Charles Nash Joseph Rainey Robert Smalls Josiah Walls 43rd CONGRESS (1873-1875) 7 House: Richard Cain Robert Elliott John Lynch Senate: None Joseph Rainey Alonzo Ransier James Rapier Josiah Walls 42nd CONGRESS (1871-1873) 5 House: Robert DeLarge Robert Elliott Senate: None Joseph Rainey Benjamin Turner Josiah Walls 41st CONGRESS (1869-1871)q a 2 House: Jefferson Long 1 Senate: Hiram Revels Joseph Rainey Although 40 black individuals were elected to the House for the 107th Congress, 39 was the highest number to serve at any one time. Julian Dixon, who was reelected to the 107th Congress, died before the commencement of the Congress and was later replaced by Diane Watson. b Died on Dec. 8, 2000. c Although 41 individuals were elected to the House in the 105th Congress, 39 was the highest number to serve at any one time. Floyd Flake resigned and was replaced by Gregory Meeks, and Ron Dellums resigned and was replaced by Barbara Lee. d Resigned on Feb. 6, 1998. e Resigned on Nov. 15, 1997. f Although 43 black individuals were elected to the House in the 104th Congress, 40 was the highest number to serve at any one time. Mel Reynolds resigned and was replaced by Jesse Jackson Jr., Walter Tucker resigned and was replaced by Juanita Millender-McDonald, and Kweis Mfume resigned and was replaced by Elijah Cummings. g Resigned Feb. 16, 1996. h Resigned Oct. 1, 1995. i Resigned Dec. 15, 1995. J Although there were 40 black individuals elected to the House in the 103rd Congress, 39 was the largest number to serve at any one time as Bennie Thompson replaced Mike Espy. k Resigned Jan. 25, 1993, to become Secretary of Agriculture. l Although there were 28 black individuals elected to the House in the 102nd Congress, 27 was the largest number to serve at any one time as Lucien Blackwell replaced William Gray. m Although there were 25 black individuals elected to the House in the 101st Congress, 24 was the largest number to serve at any one time as Craig Washington replaced Mickey Leland. CRS-49 n Although there were 22 black Members elected to the House in the 98th Congress, 21 was the largest number to serve at one time during that Congress because Charles Hayes replaced Harold Washington. o Although there were 18 black Members elected to the House in the 96th Congress, 17 was the largest number to serve at one time during that Congress as George Crockett replaced Charles Diggs, Jr. P Adam Clayton Powell was elected to the 90th Congress, but never took his seat. q There were no black Members of the U.S. Congress until 1870, the 41st Congress, 2nd Session. CRS-50 Table 4. Number and Names of Black Members of Congress By State State Number Names Years of Service Alabama 4 Benjamin S. Turner James T. Rapier Jeremiah Haralson Earl F. Hilliard 1871-1873 1873-1875 1875-1877 1993-N.C. Nix Sr. Charles B. Rangel Louis Stokes Andrew J. Young CRS-48 No. Chamber Names 92nd Congress (1971-1973) 13 House Shirley A. Chisholm William L. Clay Sr. George W. Collins John Conyers Jr. Ronald V. Dellums 1 Senate Edward W. Brooke Charles C. Diggs Jr. Walter E. Fauntroy Augustus F. Hawkins Ralph H. Metcalfe Parren J. Mitchell Robert N.C. Nix Sr. Charles B. Rangel Louis Stokes 91st Congress (1969-1971) 10 House Shirley A. Chisholm William L. Clay Sr. George W. Collins Augustus F. Hawkins 1 Senate Edward W. Brooke John Conyers Jr. William L. Dawson Charles C. Diggs Jr. Robert N.C. Nix Adam Clayton Powell Louis Stokes 90th Congress (1967-1969)p 5 House John Conyers Jr. William L. Dawson 1 Senate Edward W. Brooke Charles C. Diggs Jr. Augustus F. Hawkins Robert N.C. Nix Sr, 89th Congress (1965-1967) 6 House John Conyers Jr. William L. Dawson Senate None Charles Diggs Jr. Augustus F. Hawkins Robert N.C. Nix Sr. Adam Clayton Powell 88th Congress (1963-1965) 5 House: William L. Dawson Charles C. Diggs Jr. Senate None Augustus F. Hawkins Robert N.C. Nix Sr. Adam Clayton Powell 85th - 87th Congresses (1957-1963) 4 House William L. Dawson Charles C. Diggs, Jr. Senate None Robert N.C. Nix, Sr. Adam Clayton Powell 84th Congress (1955-1957) 3 House William L. Dawson Charles C. Diggs Jr. 79th - 83rd Congresses (1945-1955) 2 House William L. Dawson Senate None Adam Clayton Powell Adam Clayton Powell CRS-49 No. Chamber Names 78th Congress (1943-1945) 1 House William L. Dawson Senate None 74th - 77th Congresses (1935-1943) 1 House Arthur W. Mitchell Senate None 71st - 73rd Congresses (1929-1935) 1 House Oscar S. DePriest Senate None 57th - 70th Congresses (1901-1929) House None Senate None 55th - 56th Congresses (1897-1901) 1 House George H. White Senate None 53rd - 54th Congresses (1893-1897) 1 House George W. Murray Senate None 52nd Congress (1891-1893) 1 House Henry P. Cheatham Senate None 51st Congress (1889-1891) 3 House Henry P. Cheatham Senate None John M. Langston 50th Congress (1887-1889) House None Senate None 48th - 49th Congresses (1883-1887) 2 House James E. O’Hara Senate None Robert Smalls Thomas E. Miller CRS-50 No. Chamber Names 47th Congress (1881-1883) 2 House John R. Lynch Senate None Robert Smalls 46th Congress (1879-1881) 1 House None Senate Blanche K. Bruce 45th Congress (1877-1879) 3 House Richard H. Cain 1 Senate Blanche K. Bruce Joseph H. Rainey Robert Smalls 44th Congress (1875-1877) 7 House Jeremiah Haralson John A. Hyman John R. Lynch 1 Senate Blanche K. Bruce Charles E. Nash Joseph H. Rainey Robert Smalls Josiah T. Walls 43rd Congress (1873-1875) 7 House Richard H. Cain Robert B. Elliott John R. Lynch Senate None Joseph H. Rainey Alonzo J. Ransier James T. Rapier Josiah T. Walls 42nd Congress (1871-1873) 5 House Robert C. DeLarge Robert B. Elliott Senate None Joseph H. Rainey Benjamin S. Turner Josiah T. Walls 41st Congress (1869-1871)q 2 House Jefferson F. Long 1 Senate Hiram R. Revels Joseph H. Rainey a. Although 40 black individuals were elected to the House for the 107th Congress, 39 was the highest number to serve at any one time. Rep. Julian Dixon, who was reelected to the 107th Congress, died before the commencement of the Congress and was later replaced by Rep. Diane Watson. b. Died on Dec. 8, 2000. c. Although 41black individuals were elected to the House in the 105th Congress, 39 was the highest number to serve at any one time. Rep. Floyd Flake resigned and was replaced by Rep. Gregory Meeks, and Rep. Ron Dellums resigned and was replaced by Rep. Barbara Lee. d. Resigned on Feb. 6, 1998. e. Resigned on Nov. 15, 1997. f. Although 43 black individuals were elected to the House in the 104th Congress, 40 was the highest number to serve at any one time. Rep. Melvin J. Reynolds resigned and was replaced by Rep. Jesse L. Jackson Jr.; Rep. Walter CRS-51 Tucker resigned and was replaced by Rep. Juanita Millender-McDonald; and Rep. Kweisi Mfume resigned and was replaced by Rep. Elijah Cummings. g. Resigned on Feb. 16, 1996. h. Resigned on Oct. 1, 1995. i. Resigned on Dec. 15, 1995. j. Although 40 black individuals were elected to the House in the 103rd Congress, 39 was the largest number to serve at any one time because Rep. Bennie Thompson replaced Rep. Mike Espy. k. Resigned on Jan. 25, 1993, to become Secretary of Agriculture. l. Although 28 black individuals were elected to the House in the 102nd Congress, 27 was the largest number to serve at any one time because Rep. Lucien Blackwell replaced Rep. William Gray. m. Although 25 black individuals were elected to the House in the 101st Congress, 24 was the largest number to serve at any one time because Rep. Craig Washington replaced Rep. Mickey Leland. n. Although 22 black individuals were elected to the House in the 98th Congress, 21 was the largest number to serve at any one time because Rep. Charles Hayes replaced Rep. Harold Washington. o. Although 18 individuals were elected to the House in the 96th Congress, 17 was the largest number to serve at any one time because Rep. George Crockett replaced Rep. Charles Diggs Jr. p. Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr. was reelected to the 90th Congress, but never took his seat. q. There were no black Members of the U.S. Congress until 1870, the 41st Congress, 2nd session. CRS-52 Table 4. Number and Names of Black Members of Congress, by State State Number Names Years of Service Alabama 5 Benjamin S. Turner James T. Rapier Jeremiah Haralson Earl F. Hilliard Artur Davis 1871-1873 1873-1875 1875-1877 1993-2003 2003- California 10 Augustus F. Hawkins Ronald V. Dellums Yvonne B. Burke Julian C. Dixon Mervyn M. Dymally Maxine Waters Walter R. Tucker Juanita Millender-McDonald Barbara Lee Diane Watson 1963-1991 1971-1998 1973-1979 1979-2000 1981-1993 19911993-1995 199619982001- Connecticut 1 Gary A. Franks 1991-1997 District of Columbia 2 Walter E. Fauntroy Eleanor Holmes Norton 1971-1991 1991- Florida 45 Josiah T. Walls Carrie P. MeekAlcee L. Hastings Corrine Brown Alcee L. HastingsCarrie P. Meek Kendrick Meek 1871-1876 199319931993-2003 2003- Georgia 57 Jefferson F. Long Andrew J. Young John R. Lewis Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Cynthia A. McKinney 1870-1871 1973-1977 198719931993- Denise L. Majette David Scott 1870-1871 1973-1977 198719931993-2003 20032003- CRS-53 State Number Names Years of Service Illinois 15 Oscar S. DePriest Arthur W. Mitchell William L. Dawson Danny K. Davis George W. Collins Ralph H. Metcalfe Cardiss Collins Bennett M. Stewart Gus Savage Harold D. Washington Charles A. Hayes Carol Moseley-Braun1Brauna Melvin (Mel) J. Reynolds Bobby L. Rush Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. Jr. Danny K. Davis 1929-1935 1935-1943 1943-1970 199719701970-1972 1971-1978 1973-1997 1979-1981 1981-1993 1981-1983 1983-1993 1993-1999 1993-1995 19931995199319951997- Indiana 2 Katie B. Hall Julia Carson 1982-1985 1997- CRS-51 State Number Names Years of Service Louisiana 3 Charles E. Nash William J. Jefferson Cleo Fields 1875-1877 19911993-1997 Maryland 4 Parren J. Mitchell Kweisi Mfume Albert R. Wynn Elijah E. Cummings 1971-1987 1987-1996 19931996- Massachusetts 1 Edward W. Brookea 1967-1979 Michigan 5 Charles C. Diggs, Jr. John Conyers Jr. George W. Crockett Barbara-Rose Collins Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick 1955-1980 19651980-1991 1991-1997 1997- Mississippi 5 Hiram R. Revels1Revelsa John R. Lynch Blanche K. Bruce1Brucea Albert M. (Mike) Espy Bennie G. Thompson 1870-1871 1873-1877 1882-1883 1875-1881 1987-1993 1993- Missouri 3 William L. Clay, Sr. Alan D. Wheat Wm.William Lacy Clay Jr. 1969-2001 1983-1995 2001- New Jersey 1 Donald M. Payne 1989- North Carolina 6 John A. Hyman James E. O’Hara Henry P. Cheatham George H. White Eva M. Clayton Melvin L. Watt 1875-1877 1883-1887 1889-1893 1897-1901 19921993- New York 8 Adam Clayton Powell CRS-54 State New York Number 8 Names Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Years of Service Shirley A. Chisholm Charles B. Rangel Major R. Owens Edolphus Towns Alton R. Waldon, Jr. Floyd H. Flake Gregory Meeks 1945-1967 1969-1971 1969-1983 1971198319831986-1987 1987-1997 1998- North Carolina 7 John A. Hyman James E. O’Hara Henry P. Cheatham George H. White Eva M. Clayton Melvin L. Watt Frank W. Ballance Jr. 1875-1877 1883-1887 1889-1893 1897-1901 1992-2003 19932003- Ohio 2 Louis Stokes Stephanie Tubbs Jones 1969-1999 1999- Oklahoma 1 J.C. Watts, Jr. 1995- CRS-52 State Number Names2003 Pennsylvania 4 Robert N.C. Nix, Sr. William H. Gray, III Lucien E. Blackwell Chaka Fattah 1958-1979 1979-1991 1991-1995 1995- South Carolina 9 Joseph H. Rainey Robert C. DeLarge Robert B. Elliott Richard H. Cain James E. Clyburn 1870-1879 1871-1873 1871-1874 1873-1875 1877-1879 1873-1875 1875-1879 1882-1883 1884-1887 1890-1891 1893-1895 1896-1897 1993- Alonzo J. Ransier Robert Smalls Thomas E. Miller George W. Murray a Years of Service Tennessee 2 Harold E. Ford, Sr. Harold E. Ford, Jr. 1975-1997 1997- Texas 5 Barbara C. Jordan George T. (Mickey) Leland Craig A. Washington Eddie Bernice Johnson Sheila Jackson Lee 1973-1979 1979-1989 1991-1995 19931995- Virginia 2 John M. Langston Robert C. Scott 1890-1891 1993- Virgin Islands 3 CRS-55 State Virgin Islands a. Served in the Senate. Number 3 Names Melvin H. Evans Victor O. Frazer Donna M. ChristianChristiansen Christian-Christensen Years of Service 1979-1981 1995-1997 1997- Served in the Senate. CRS-53 CRS-56 Table 5. Number of Black Members in the U.S. Congress, 41st-107th108th Congresses (1870-20012004) Congress Year Total Black Members of Congress Black Members of House Black Members of Senate 41st 1869-1871 3 2 1 42nd 1871-1873 5 5 - 43rd 1873-1875 7 7 - 44th 1875-1877 8 7 1 45th 1877-1879 4 3 1 46th 1879-1881 1 - 1 47th 1881-1883 2 2 - 48th 1883-1885 2 2 - 49th 1885-1887 2 2 - 50th 1887-1889 - - - 51st 1889-1891 3 3 - 52nd 1891-1893 1 1 - 53rd 1893-1895 1 1 - 54th 1895-1897 1 1 - 55th 1897-1899 1 1 - 56th 1899-1901 1 1 - 57th 1901-1903 - - - 58th 1903-1905 - - - 59th 1905-1907 - - - 60th 1907-1909 - - - 61st 1909-1911 - - - 62nd 1911-1913 - - - 63rd 1913-1915 - - - 64th 1915-1917 - - - 65th 1917-1919 - - - 66th 1919-1921 - - - 67th 1921-1923 - - - CRS-5457 Congress Year Total Black Members of Congress Black Members of House Black Members of Senate 68th 1923-1925 - - - 69th 1925-1927 - - - 70th 1927-1929 - - - 71st 1929-1931 1 1 - 72nd 1931-1933 1 1 - 73rd 1933-1935 1 1 - 74th 1935-1937 1 1 - 75th 1937-1939 1 1 - 76th 1939-1941 1 1 - 77th 1941-1943 1 1 - 78th 1943-1945 1 1 - 79th 1945-1947 2 2 - 80th 1947-1949 2 2 - 81st 1949-1951 2 2 - 82nd 1951-1953 2 2 - 83rd 1953-1955 2 2 - 84th 1955-1957 3 3 - 85th 1957-1959 4 4 - 86th 1959-1961 4 4 - 87th 1961-1963 4 4 - 88th 1963-1965 5 5 - 89th 1965-1967 6 6 - 90th 1967-1969 6 5 1 91st 1969-1971 11 10 1 92nd 1971-1973 14 13 1 93rd 1973-1975 17 16 1 94th 1975-1977 18 17 1 95th 1977-1979 18 17 1 96th 1979-1981 17 17 - CRS-5558 Congress Year Total Black Members of Congress Black Members of House Black Members of Senate 97th 1981-1983 19 19 - 98th 1983-1985 21 21 - 99th 1985-1987 21 21 - 100th 1987-1989 23 23 - 101st 1989-1991 24 24 - 102nd 1991-1993 27 27 - 103rd 1993-1995 40 39 1 104th 1995-1997 4140 39 1 105th 1997-1999 40 39 1 106th 1999-2001 39 39 0 107th 2001-2003 39 39 0 108th 2003-2005 39 39 0