FY2007 Budget Documents: Internet Access and GPO Availability

Order Code RS22390 Updated September 14, 2006 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web FY2007 Budget Documents: Internet Access and GPO Availability Jennifer Teefy Information Research Specialist Knowledge Services Group Summary Every year, the President submits to Congress a series of volumes that provide the text of the President’s proposed budget for the coming fiscal year. By law, the proposal is due by the first Monday in February. Neither the Congressional Research Service (CRS) nor the Library of Congress can provide giveaway copies of the budget documents. This report provides brief descriptions of the budget volumes and related documents, together with Internet addresses, Government Printing Office (GPO) stock numbers, and prices to obtain these publications. It also tells how to find locations of government depository libraries, which can provide both printed copies for reference use and Internet access to the text. This report will be updated as events warrant. Introduction The President’s budget for FY2007 consists of a multivolume set of materials issued by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The materials contain information on new budget proposals, summary tables, detailed financial information on individual programs and accounts, economic analysis, historical data, explanations of the budget processes, and supporting documents. Every year, the President submits these materials to Congress at the start of the budget cycle for the next fiscal year. The President’s submission is required on or after the first Monday in January, but not later than the first Monday in February (31 U.S.C. Sec. 1105a). Other budget-related documents released early each calendar year include the annual Economic Report of the President, issued in February by the Council of Economic Advisors, and the Budget and Economic Outlook, an annual publication issued by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO). See below for details about these publications. The President’s Budget Documents, Fiscal Year 2007 Both the OMB and the Government Printing Office (GPO) provide Internet access to the main and supporting budget documents, spreadsheet files, the public budget Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress CRS-2 database, and budget amendments and supplementals proposed by the President. See, res p ect i vel y, [ ht t p: / / www.whi t ehous e.gov/ om b/budget/fy2007/] and [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy07/browse.html]. To perform word searches across budget documents online, go to [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy07/index.html] and scroll down to the search box. Budget of the United States Government, FY2007; GPO stock number 041-001-00624-9, $67, 352 pages. This document contains information and color photos, charts, and graphs on the President’s new budget proposals and overviews of government activities by agency and topic (e.g., “Expanding Economic Opportunity,” the “Nation’s Fiscal Outlook,” and “Managing for Results”). Summary tables (pp. 313-335) contain projections of budget baselines, receipts, and outlays; deficits; debt; discretionary spending; and economic assumptions from FY2006 to FY2011 and, in some cases, to FY2016. Budget of the United States Government CD-ROM, FY2007; GPO stock number 041-001-00628-1, $21. The FY2007 Budget CD-ROM contains the budget documents and software required to support reading, printing, and searching the documents; presents many of the tables in spreadsheet form; and contains the material included on the Analytical Perspectives CD-ROM described below. Budget of the United States Government, FY2007 Appendix; GPO stock number 041-001-00625-7, $85, 1,296 pages. Designed primarily for the use of the House and Senate appropriations committees, the FY2007 Appendix contains more detailed financial information on individual programs and appropriations accounts than any of the other budget documents. For each agency, it provides the following: ! ! ! ! ! the proposed text of the appropriation language, budget schedules for each account, new legislative proposals, explanations of the work to be performed and the funds needed, and proposed general provisions applicable to the appropriations of entire agencies or groups of agencies. These elements are distinguished by varying the font and typeface, so that proposed appropriations and prior year funding can be compared at a glance. The box below provides an example from the FY2007 Appendix. Language printed in roman type is used as a base, [brackets] enclose material proposed for deletion, and italic type indicates proposed new language. For expenses necessary for the Office of Civil Rights, as authorized by section 203 of the Department of Education Organization Act, [$91,526,000] $92,866,000. (Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2006)1 1 Excerpt from p. 375, FY2007 Budget Appendix, Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights. CRS-3 Analytical Perspectives, Budget of the United States Government, FY2007; GPO stock number 041-001-00626-5, $65, 406 pages (includes Chapters 27 and 28 on CD-ROM). This volume includes economic and accounting and “crosscutting” analyses of government programs and activities designed to highlight specific subject areas and provide other significant presentations of budget data to place the budget in perspective. It includes information on federal receipts and collections, detailed information on borrowing and debt, homeland security funding, baseline or current service estimates, economic assumptions, budget reform proposals, tax expenditures, trust funds, budget systems and concepts, and other technical presentations. Chapter 8, “Aid to State and Local Governments,” contains a series of tables (pp. 120149) that provide information on state-by-state obligations for major federal formula grant programs. The FY2007 Analytical Perspectives volume includes a CD-ROM with certain information that in previous years was published in other parts of the budget. The CDROM contains Chapters 27 and 28 of the volume, which include detailed function tables, federal programs by agency and account tables, and individual pages of program summaries of federal agencies using the Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART). Chapters 27 and 28 are also available at [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy07/ spec.html] and [http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2007/spec.html]. Historical Tables, Budget of the United States Government, FY2007; GPO stock number 041-001-00627-3, $47, 336 pages. Detailed tables cover budget deficit/surplus, outlays, receipts, discretionary and mandatory spending, federal debt, federal employment, payments for individuals, spending by function and agency, and grants to states and local governments. Provides some data from 1940 (or earlier) to estimates for FY2011. Data are adjusted by OMB to be consistent with the 2007 budget and to provide comparability over time. Mid-Session Review, Budget of the United States Government, FY2007. Released by OMB on July 11, 2006, this update of the President’s FY2007 budget projections contains OMB revised estimates of the budget deficit, receipts, outlays, budget authority for FY2006 through FY2011, and other summary information, as required by statute. GPO does not offer this publication in its catalog; it is only available online at [http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2007/pdf/07msr.pdf]. Economic Report of the President Economic Report of the President, 2006; GPO stock number 040-00000774-1, $35, 410 pages. This year’s annual Economic Report of the President, transmitted to Congress on February 13, 2006, presents the Administration’s report on its economic policies and contains the annual report of the Council of Economic Advisors. Appendix B of the Economic Report includes current and historical statistics on major aspects of economic activity (pp. 273-410). Statistics include national income and expenditures from 1959 to 2006, government finance, population, employment, wages, productivity, prices, debt measures, corporate finance, and international statistics, in some cases back to 1929. The report is available from the GPO website at [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/ eop/index.html]. A searchable database of the Economic Report of the President for each CRS-4 year from 1996 to the present is also available at this site. Spreadsheet files from the Appendix B of the report can be searched and retrieved at [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/ eop/tables06.html]. The entire report is available from the White House website at [http://www.whitehouse.gov/cea/pubs.html]. Congressional Budget Office Budget and Economic Outlook: FY2007-FY2016; GPO stock number 052-070-07472-8, $28, 189 pages. CBO’s baseline budget projections run for 10 years in its budget reports. The report includes separate chapters on the economic outlook, outlays, and receipts. The data cover FY2006 through FY2016. In addition to chapters on the budget and economic, revenue, and spending outlooks, this publication also includes a glossary and historical budget and economic data. The report is available on the CBO website at [http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=7027&sequence=0]. An Analysis of the President’s Budgetary Proposals for Fiscal Year 2007. This report provides an analysis of the President’s budgetary proposals and CBO’s updated baseline budget projections. The report is available on the CBO website at [http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=7069&sequence=0]. Budget and Economic Outlook: An Update. This update to CBO’s Budget and Economic Outlook provides revised baseline budget projections, including deficit and surplus projections. The report also includes CBO's revised economic forecast and projections through 2016. The report is available on the CBO website at [http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=7492&sequence=0]. GPO Ordering Information Printed copies of these government publications are available from GPO and may be purchased using Discover, MasterCard, Visa, or American Express cards: ! ! ! ! ! online at the GPO website [http://bookstore.gpo.gov/]; by telephone, (866) 512-1800; by fax, (202) 512-2104; by mail (check or money order), addressed to Superintendent of Documents P.O. Box 371954 Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954; and by teletype (710) 822-9413; ANSWERBACK USGPO WSH. Depository Libraries These documents are often available for reference use at large public or university libraries, or at a federal government depository library. Addresses of the closest depository libraries can be obtained through a local library or from the office of depository services of the U.S. Government Printing Office, (202) 512-1119. Internet users may obtain this information from the GPO Access website ([http://www.gpoaccess.gov/libraries.html]), which can be searched by state or area code. CRS-5 Websites on Budget Legislation Congressional Staff. The Congressional Research Service (CRS) has developed (for Members of Congress and their staffs) two websites covering the budget and appropriations process for congressional offices: ! Appropriations Analysis and Status Table. For the most current information, congressional staff can access the Appropriations and Budget Web page, with active links to CRS appropriations analysis and the Status Table of Appropriations, with links to votes, committee and conference reports, and public laws. Available from the CRS website at [http://beta.crs.gov/cli/level_2.aspx?PRDS_CLI_ITEM_ID=73]. ! CRS Budget Fact Sheets. Short explanations of budget concepts, terminology, the congressional and executive budget process, congressional budget timetable, budget resolutions and reconciliation, the authorization and appropriations process, entitlements and discretionary spending, the Budget Enforcement Act, sequestration, and surpluses/deficits are available from the CRS website at [http://www.crs.gov/products/guides/guidehome.shtml]. Public Use. Constituents have access to THOMAS ([http://thomas.loc.gov]), the legislative website produced by the Library of Congress with data from the House and Senate, which provides a Status Table of Appropriations with links to bills, committee and conference reports, and votes for the 12 regular and any supplemental appropriations bills.