Order Code RS22383
Updated March 12, 2007
FY2007 Appropriations for State and Local
Analyst in American National Government
Government and Finance Division
The FY2007 Department of Homeland Security appropriations (P.L. 109-295)
provides approximately $3.0 billion for state and local homeland security assistance
programs — $41 million more than Congress appropriated for these programs in
FY2006. P.L. 109-295 does not modify or alter the distribution method that allocates
funding from the programs to states and localities.
The Administration had proposed approximately $2.6 billion for these programs
and proposed to consolidate the infrastructure security grant programs into the Targeted
Infrastructure Protection Program. Additionally, the Administration had proposed to
change the current distribution method used to allocate State Homeland Security Grant
Program funds to states and did not request funding for the Law Enforcement Terrorism
Prevention Program. The House had proposed approximately $2.8 billion for these
programs, and the Senate had proposed approximately $2.9 billion. Neither the House
or Senate versions of H.R. 5441, nor P.L. 109-295 include appropriations for a
consolidated Targeted Infrastructure Protection Program.
This report will not be updated.
This report is an overview of the FY2007 Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
appropriations (P.L. 109-295); the Administration’s budget request, and the House- and
Senate-passed versions of H.R. 5441 (FY2007 DHS appropriations) for the following
seven homeland security programs designed to provide assistance to state and local first
responders — firefighters, emergency medical personnel, emergency managers, and law
State Homeland Security Grant Program (SHSGP);
Targeted Infrastructure Protection Program (TIPP) — initially proposed
in FY2006, but not given budget authority for that fiscal year;
Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI);
Law Enforcement Terrorism Prevention Program (LETPP);
Assistance to Firefighters (FIRE);
Emergency Management Performance Grants (EMPG); and
Citizen Corps (CCP).1
The seven programs, which are intended to help state and local recipients enhance their
preparedness for terrorist attacks and catastrophic events, are administered by the Office
of Grant Programs (formerly the Office of Grants and Training) in the Department of
Homeland Security (DHS).2
FY2007 Budget Request. The Administration proposed approximately $2.57
billion for state and local homeland security assistance programs for FY2007 — $395
million less than Congress appropriated for the programs in FY2006. This was a 13.3%
reduction in aggregate budget authority.
House-Passed H.R. 5441. In the 109th Congress, the House passed H.R. 5441
which proposed approximately $2.84 billion for state and local homeland security
assistance programs for FY2007 — $129 million less than appropriated in FY2006. This
was a 4.4% reduction in aggregate budget authority.
Senate-Passed H.R. 5441. The Senate-reported version proposed approximately
$2.94 billion for state and local homeland security assistance programs for FY2007 —
$23 million less than appropriated in FY2006. This was a 0.7% reduction in aggregate
P.L. 109-295. The FY2007 DHS appropriation provides approximately $3 billion
for state and local homeland security assistance programs for FY2007 — $41 million
more than appropriated in FY2006. This is a 1.3% increase in aggregate budget authority.
Table 1, on the following page, compares the proposed and actual appropriations for
Citizen Corps programs are now administered by the Office of Citizen Corps within the Federal
Emergency Management Office.
Programs not covered include general assistance programs that are authorized for a broad range
of public safety activities, such as the Justice Assistance Grants and Community-Oriented
Policing Services. Nor does this report track appropriations for bioterrorism preparedness and
National Guard funding.
Table 1. State and Local Homeland Security Assistance Programs:
FY2006 Appropriations, Budget Authority Request, House- and
Senate-passed Appropriations, and Appropriations for FY2007
(amounts in millions)
State Homeland Security Grant
Urban Area Security Initiative
Urban Area Security Initiative
Intercity Bus Security
Buffer Zone Protection
Law Enforcement Terrorism
Assistance to Firefighters
Citizen Corps Programs
Trucking Industry Security
Source: P.L. 109-90 (FY2006 DHS appropriations); U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Fiscal Year
2007 Budget of the United States Government (Washington: GPO, Feb. 2006), Appendix, pp. 507-509;
H.R. 5441 (passed by the House and Senate); and P.L. 109-295 (FY2007 DHS appropriations).
* The Targeted Infrastructure Protection Program was given no budget authority for FY2006, although six
infrastructure security programs, which the Administration proposes to consolidate into the Targeted
Infrastructure Protection Program, had aggregate budget authority of $415 million for FY2006. The
percentage change of 44.6% is relative to $415 million.
P.L. 109-295 does not allocate a specific amount for non-governmental organization security,
instead it directs the DHS Secretary to provide any remaining funding, following the allocation
of UASI grants, to these organizations at the Secretary’s discretion.
The President’s budget also included structural proposals for these programs. First,
the Administration proposed to consolidate six infrastructure security grants into the
Targeted Infrastructure Protection Program (TIPP).4 The consolidation was initially
proposed in the FY2006 budget request, but Congress chose to fund those programs as
part of the budget authority for the Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI) grants. TIPP
allocations would have been at the discretion of the DHS Secretary. Second, the
Administration proposed to change the current distribution formula used to allocate State
Homeland Security Grant Program (SHSGP) funds to states. The Administration would
have reduced the guaranteed amount to each state from 0.75% to 0.25% of total SHSGP
appropriations.5 DHS would have allocated the remaining appropriations for SHSGP on
the basis of risk, threat, vulnerability, and unmet capabilities; and UASI funding would
have also been allocated based on risk, threat, vulnerability, and unmet capabilities, as
determined by the DHS Secretary. P.L. 109-295 does not change the distribution method
for the programs.
In the 109th Congress, the House and Senate passed versions of H.R. 5441 which did
not propose funding for a consolidated Targeted Infrastructure Protection Program. The
House and Senate versions of H.R. 5441 proposed separate appropriations for port, rail,
intercity bus, trucking industry, and buffer zone protection security programs. P.L. 109295 does not consolidate the separate programs into a consolidated TIPP.
In the conference report accompanying P.L. 109-295 (H.Rept. 109-699), the
conferees stated they were disturbed by the delay in issuing the final National
Preparedness Goal,6 and absent the final version of the Goal, national preparedness lacks
clear direction and grant funds cannot be most efficiently allocated to states and localities.
Additionally, the conference report directs DHS to distribute grant funding in the same
manner as FY2006. DHS is to ensure that terrorism-focused program funding is not to
be directed to all-hazard activities, and DHS is to continue to evaluate SHSGP, LETPP,
and UASI applications based on risk and on how effectively these grants will address
identified state and local homeland security needs.7
Congress directs the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to report on the
validity, relevance, reliability, timeliness, and availability of the risk factors, and the
application of those factors in the allocation of UASI, and the six infrastructure security
programs to the Committees on Appropriations no later than 45 days after enactment of
The six UASI sub-grants include port, rail, trucking industry, intercity bus, non-governmental
organizations, and buffer zone protection security programs.
P.L. 109-90 (FY2006 DHS appropriations), Title III, provides a guaranteed amount of 0.75%.
For more information on the National Preparedness Goal, see CRS Report RL33583, Homeland
Security Grants: Evolution of Program Guidance and Grant Allocation Methods, by Shawn
For additional homeland security assistance programs not shown in Table 1,
Congress appropriated the following:
Commercial Equipment Direct Assistance Program — $50 million;
National Domestic Preparedness Consortium — $145 million;
National Exercise Program — $49 million;
Metropolitan Medical Response System — $33 million;
Technical Assistance — $18 million;
Demonstration Training Grants — $30 million;
Continuing Training Grants — $31 million;
Evaluations and Assessments — $19 million; and
Rural Domestic Preparedness Consortium — $12 million.9