FY2003 Consolidated Appropriations Resolution: Reference Guide

Order Code RS21433 Updated February 24, 2003 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web FY2003 Consolidated Appropriations Resolution: Reference Guide Robert Keith Specialist in American National Government Government and Finance Division Summary The House and Senate agreed to the conference report on H.J.Res. 2, the Consolidated Appropriations Resolution for FY2003, on February 13, 2003, thus bringing to a close congressional action on the regular appropriations measures for that fiscal year. President George Bush signed the measure into law on February 20, as P.L. 108-7 (117 Stat. 11-554). The measure incorporates the remaining 11 regular appropriations acts for FY2003 (the defense and military construction appropriations acts were enacted on October 23, 2002), providing $397.4 billion for these activities. The measure includes an across-the-board cut of 0.65%, which is expected to yield $2.647 billion in offsets. Toward the beginning of the 108th Congress, the House and Senate brought the consideration of the regular appropriations acts for FY2003 to a close by incorporating the remaining 11 bills into a single bill, H.J.Res. 2, the Consolidated Appropriations Resolution for FY2003. Two of the regular appropriations acts for that fiscal year were enacted in 2002, during the second session of the 107th Congress, just after the start of the fiscal year.1 In its final form, H.J.Res. 2 provides $397.4 billion in discretionary budget authority.2 The House passed H.J.Res. 2 by voice vote on January 8, 2003. In its House-passed form, H.J.Res. 2 was a continuing resolution for FY2003 providing for the continuation of stop-gap funding through January 31, 2003. It was anticipated, however, that the Senate would use the measure as a vehicle for incorporating the remaining regular appropriations acts. The Senate did so, and passed the measure as amended on January 23 by a vote of 69-29. The House and Senate agreed to the conference report (H.Rept. 1 The Department of Defense Appropriations Act for FY2003 (P.L. 107-248) and the Military Construction Appropriation Act for FY2003 (P.L. 107-249) were enacted into law on October 23, 2002. 2 See the remarks of Representative C.W. Bill Young, the chairman of the House Appropriations Committee, during consideration of H.J.Res. 2 in the Congressional Record of February 13, 2003, at pages H558-559. Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress CRS-2 108-10) on February 13, by votes of 338-83 and 76-20, respectively. H.J.Res. 2 was presented to President Bush on February 19 and he signed it into law on February 20, as P.L. 108-7 (117 Stat. 11-554). An abbreviated listing of the contents of H.J.Res. 2 is provided in Table 1. The act is organized by division, with each division (A through K) corresponding to one of the regular appropriations acts. Further, there are five other divisions (L thorough P), which involve such matters as additional emergency funding, amendments to the Homeland Security Act of 2002 and the Price-Anderson Act, and the United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission. Citations are provided to the pages of the Congressional Record of February 12, 2003 (Vol. 149, No. 26—Book II) where the legislative text of the conference report and the joint explanatory statement are provided. In order to offset part of the costs of the act, an across-the-board cut of 0.65% is included in Section 601 of Division N (the Division is referred to as the Miscellaneous Appropriations Act for FY2003). The cut is expected to yield $2.647 billion in savings.3 Section 601(a) imposes the cut on the regular appropriations provided in Divisions A-K, as well as to advance appropriations for FY2003 that were enacted in prior appropriations acts. Section 601(b) provides that the 0.65% cut is to be applied on a proportionate basis to each account, and to each program, project, and activity within an account. Finally, Section 601(c) exempts from the reductions the budget authority provided in the act for specified programs in the following amounts: ! ! ! ! $4.696 billion for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); $6.668 billion for the Head Start program; $23.889 billion for the Veterans’ Medical Care program; and $3.836 billion for NASA’s space shuttle program. The text of Section 601 is provided in Appendix A. 3 See the table inserted by Representative C.W. Bill Young, the chairman of the House Appropriations Committee, in the Congressional Record of February 13, 2003, on page H658. The Senate included an across-the-board cut of nearly 3% in the version of H.J.Res. 2 which it passed on January 23, 2003. According to the table on page H658, the larger cut would have yielded savings of $11.392 billion. CRS-3 Table 1. Contents of H.J.Res. 2 (P.L. 108-7), the Consolidated Appropriations Resolution for FY2003 (H.Rept. 108-10; February 12, 2003) Congressional Record page number Section/ Division Content Legislative text Joint explanatory statement Sec. 1 Short Title H707 — Sec. 2 Table of Contents H707 — Sec. 3 References H707 — Division A Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Programs Appropriations H707-717 H853-876 Division B Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations H717-732 H877-948 Division C District of Columbia Appropriations H732-739 H948-952 Division D Energy and Water Development Appropriations H740-746 H952-1042 Division E Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations H746-762 H1042-1053 Division F Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations H762-784 H1053-1093 Division G Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations H784-797 H1093-1188 Division H Legislative Branch Appropriations H797-807 H1188-1191 Division I Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations H807-818 H1191-H1226 Division J Treasury and General Government Appropriations H819-831 H1226-1235 Division K Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations H831-845 H1235-1273 Division L Homeland Security Act of 2002 Amendments H845-846 H1273-1274 CRS-4 Section/ Division Congressional Record page number Content Legislative text Joint explanatory statement Division M Defense Matters H847-848 H1274-1275 Division N Emergency Relief and Offsets H848-852 H1275-1276 Division O Price-Anderson Act Amendments H852 H1276 Division P United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission H852 H1276 CRS-5 Appendix A. Text of the 0.65% Across-the-Board Cut Provision in H.J.Res. 2 (P.L. 108-7), the Consolidated Appropriations Resolution for FY2003 (Division N, Title VI, Section 601) Title VI—Offsets Sec. 601. (a) ACROSS-THE-BOARD RESCISSIONS.—There is hereby rescinded an amount equal to 0.65 percent of— (1) the budget authority provided (or obligation limitation imposed) for fiscal year 2003 for any discretionary account in divisions A through K of this joint resolution; (2) the budget authority provided in any advance appropriation for fiscal year 2003 for any discretionary account in any prior fiscal year appropriations Act; and (3) the contract authority provided in fiscal year 2003 for any program subject to limitation contained in this joint resolution. (b) PROPORTIONATE APPLICATION.—Any rescission made by subsection (a) shall be applied proportionately— (1) to each discretionary account and each item of budget authority described in subsection (a); and (2) within each such account and item, to each program, project, and activity (with programs, projects, and activities as delineated in the appropriation Act or accompanying reports for the relevant fiscal year covering such account or item, or for accounts and items not included in appropriation Acts, as delineated in the most recently submitted President's budget). (c) The rescission in subsection (a) shall not apply to budget authority appropriated or otherwise made available by this joint resolution in the following amounts in the following activities or accounts: $4,696,000,000 provided for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in the Department of Agriculture in division A; $6,667,533,000 provided for the Head Start Act in the Department of Education in division G; $23,889,304,000 provided for medical care in the Department of Veterans Affairs in division K; and $3,836,000,000 provided for the Shuttle program in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in division K.