Presidential Grave Sites: Maintenance and Congressional District Locations

Order Code RS21005 Updated January 16, 2007 Presidential Grave Sites: Maintenance and Congressional District Locations Joseph J. Schwarz Information Research Specialist Knowledge Services Group Summary This report1 lists all U.S. Presidents, their terms of service, information concerning their grave sites, such as the address and the congressional districts of the grave sites, and the names and the telephone numbers of the burial locations or organizations or groups that maintain the burial sites. Information on presidential wreath laying ceremonies is also included. This report will be updated as events warrant. Introduction Reports of private and state run organizations experiencing financial difficulty in maintaining the nation’s historic grave sites of former U.S. Presidents have caused concern in Congress.2 Consequently, legislation was proposed in the 107th Congress, H.R. 2806, to provide federal assistance to help the various federal agencies and private and state run organizations in maintaining the nation’s presidential grave sites, but it died in committee. Currently, no legislation has been introduced on this issue in the 110th Congress. The grave sites of U.S. Presidents are either maintained by the federal or a state government or a private organization or foundation. Privately owned presidential grave sites can be maintained by the descendants of a former President’s family, by a private association or corporation, or by a church or memorial foundation. Presidential grave sites, which are not maintained privately, are maintained by the state government, the state historical society or a federal government agency such as the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. National Park Service, the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, and the U.S. Army. 1 2 This report originally was authored by Marilyn L. Nelson (retired) and Thomas Coipuram Jr. Doug Pokorski, “Presidents’ Gravesites May Win Federal Funding: Proposals to go Before Congress,” The State Journal-Register (Springfield, IL), July 27, 2001, p. 13. CRS-2 Currently, only 10 of the 37 presidential grave sites are maintained by the federal government.3 Due to the high number of privately managed presidential grave sites and the cost involved in maintaining them, federal assistance may be necessary in the upkeep and preservation of these presidential grave sites.4 One of the costs currently being absorbed by the U.S. Army is the annual presidential wreath-laying ceremony at the grave site on the birthday of the deceased President. Thirty wreaths are laid on the grave sites of 29 Presidents in a formal ceremony as mandated by Army regulations. (One wreath is laid at the Lincoln Memorial and another at the grave site in Springfield, Illinois.) The laying of wreaths on presidential grave sites had been a tradition for many years before it was written into Army Regulation 360-61 of October 15, 1980.5 The table below lists all the U.S. Presidents, their terms of service, information concerning their grave sites, such as the address and the congressional districts of the grave sites, and the names and the telephone numbers of the burial locations or organizations or groups that maintain the burial sites. Table 1. Presidential Grave Sites President and Term of Office Burial Site Location Maintenance Cong. Dist. George Washington 1789-1797 Mount Vernon Mount Vernon, VA 22121 Tel. 703-780-2000 Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association VA 8th John Adams 1797-1801 United First Parish Church 1306 Hancock Street Quincy, MA 02169 Tel. 617-773-1290 United First Parish Church MA 10th Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809 Monticello Charlottesville, VA 22902 Tel. 434-984-9822 Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation VA 5th James Madison 1809-1817 Montpelier 11407 Constitution Highway Montpelier Station, VA 22957 Tel. 540-672-2728 Montpelier Foundation VA 7th James Monroe 1817-1825 Hollywood Cemetery 412 South Cherry Street Richmond, VA 23220-6214 Tel. 804-648-8501 Nonprofit corporation VA 3rd 3 Jones, Jack B., and Joy E. Jones, On the Trail of the Presidents: An Historical Guide to Burial Sites and Monuments (San Luis Obispo, CA, J. B. and J. E. Jones, 1994). 4 Kurt Erickson, “U.S. May Shoulder Cost of Presidents’ Graves Upkeep,” The Pantagraph (Bloomington, IL), July 26, 2001, p. A6. 5 U.S. Department of the Army, Army Public Affairs Program, Army Regulation 360-1. Appendix I, “Presidential Wreath-Laying Ceremony,” Oct. 15, 2000. CRS-3 President and Term of Office Burial Site Location Maintenance Cong. Dist. John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 United First Parish Church 1306 Hancock Street Quincy, MA 02169 Tel. 617-773-1290 United First Parish Church MA 10th Andrew Jackson 1829-1837 The Hermitage 4580 Rachel’s Lane Nashville, TN 37076 Tel. 615-889-9909 Ladies Hermitage Association TN 5th Martin Van Buren 1837-1841 Kinderhook Cemetery U.S. Highway 9 Kinderhook, NY 12106 Tel. 518-758-6401 Kinderhook Reformed Church NY 22nd William Henry Harrison 1841-1841 William Henry Harrison Memorial U.S. Route 50 North Bend, Ohio 45052 Tel. 614-297-2630 Ohio Historical Society OH 1st John Tyler 1841-1845 Hollywood Cemetery 412 South Cherry Street Richmond, VA 23220 Tel. 804-648-8501 Nonprofit corporation VA 3rd James Polk 1845-1849 State Capitol Grounds Capitol Hill Nashville, TN 37243 Tel. 615-741-2901 State of Tennessee TN 5th Zachary Taylor 1849-1850 Zachary Taylor National Cemetery 4701 Brownsboro Road Louisville, KY 40207 Tel. 502-893-3852 Department of Veterans Affairs KY 3rd Millard Fillmore 1850-1853 Forest Lawn Group 1411 Delaware Avenue Buffalo, NY 14209 Tel. 716-885-1600 Private nonprofit corporation NY 29th Franklin Pierce 1853-1857 Old North Cemetery Concord, NH 03302 Tel. 603-224-5984 Old North Cemetery/ Pierce Manse NH 2nd James Buchanan 1857-1861 Woodward Hill Cemetery 538 E. Strawberry Street Lancaster, PA 17602 Tel. 717-295-7220 Private nonprofit corporation PA 16th CRS-4 President and Term of Office Burial Site Location Maintenance Cong. Dist. Abraham Lincoln 1861-1865 Lincoln Tomb State Historic Site Oak Ridge Cemetery 1500 Monument Avenue Springfield, IL 62702 Tel. 217-782-2717 Illinois Historic Preservation Agency IL 20th Andrew Johnson 1865-1869 Andrew Johnson National Cemetery U.S. Route 411 Greenville, TN 37744 Tel. 423-638-3551 U.S. National Park Service TN 1st Ulysses S. Grant 1869-1877 General Grant National Memorial Riverside Drive at W. 122nd New York, NY 10027 Tel. 212-666-1640 U.S. National Park Service NY 15th Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-1881 Rutherford Hayes Home 1337 Hayes Avenue Fremont, OH 43420 Tel. 419-332-2081 Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center in conjunction with Ohio Historical Society OH 5th James A. Garfield 1881-1881 Lake View Cemetery 12316 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, OH 44106 Tel. 216-421-2665 Private OH 11th Chester A. Arthur 1881-1885 Albany Rural Cemetery 12204 Cemetery Avenue Albany, NY 12204 Tel. 518-463-7017 Nonprofit corporation NY 21th Grover Cleveland 1885-1889 Princeton Cemetery 29 Greenview Avenue Princeton, NJ 08542 Tel. 609-924-1369 Nassau Presbyterian Church NJ 12th Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893 Crown Hill Cemetery 700 West 38th Street Indianapolis, IN 46208 Tel. 317-925-8231 Nonprofit corporation IN 10th Grover Cleveland 1893-1897 Princeton Cemetery 29 Greenview Avenue Princeton, NJ 08542 Tel. 609-924-1369 Nassau Presbyterian Church NJ 12th CRS-5 President and Term of Office Burial Site Location Maintenance Cong. Dist. William McKinley 1897-1901 McKinley Memorial Mausoleum Seventh Street N.W. and Monument Road Canton, Ohio 44701 Tel. 330-455-7043 Stark Country Historical Society OH 16th Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909 Young’s Memorial Cemetery Cove Road and Oyster Bay Oyster Bay, NY 11771 Tel. 516-922-1474 Private corporation NY 3rd William H. Taft 1909-1913 Arlington National Cemetery Fort Myer, VA 22211 Tel. 703-695-3175 U.S. Army VA 8th Woodrow Wilson 1913-1921 Washington Cathedral Wisconsin Avenue and Woodley Road Washington, D.C. 20016 Tel. 202-537-5550 Protestant Episcopal Cathedral Foundation Wash. DC Warren G. Harding 1921-1923 Harding Memorial U.S. Route 23 and Vernon Heights Boulevard Marion, OH 43302 Tel. 740-387-9630 Ohio Historical Society OH 4th Calvin Coolidge 1923-1929 Plymouth Notch Cemetery South of Route 100A Plymouth, VT 05056 Tel. 802-672-3773 State of Vermont VT Herbert Hoover 1929-1933 Herbert Hoover National Historical Site 210 Parkside Drive West Branch, IA 52358 Tel. 319-643-2541 U.S. National Park Service IA 1st Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site 4097 Albany Post Road Hyde Park, NY 12538 Tel. 914-229-9115 U.S. National Park Service NY 22nd Harry S. Truman 1945-1953 Harry S. Truman Presidential Museum and Library 500 W. U.S. Route 24 Independence, MO 64050 Tel. 816-833-1400 U.S. National Archives and Records Administration MO 6th At large CRS-6 President and Term of Office Burial Site Location Maintenance Cong. Dist. Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953-1961 Eisenhower Center S.E. Fourth Street Abilene, KS 67410 Tel. 785-263-4751 U.S. National Archives and Records Administration KS 1st John F. Kennedy 1961-1963 Arlington Cemetery Fort Myer, VA 22211 Tel. 703-695-3175 U.S. Army VA 8th Lyndon B. Johnson 1963-1969 Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park Johnson City, TX 78671 Tel. 830-868-7128 U.S. National Park Service TX 21st Richard M. Nixon 1969-1974 Richard M. Nixon Library and Birthplace 18001 Yorba Linda Blvd. Yorba Linda, CA 92886 Tel. 714-993-3393 Richard M. Nixon Library and Birthplace Foundation CA 41st Gerald R. Ford 1974-1977 Gerald R. Ford Museum 303 Pearl Street NW Grand Rapids, MI 49504 Tel. 616-451-9263 Gerald R. Ford Foundation MI 3rd Jimmy Cartera 1977-1981 To be determined Ronald Reagan 1981-1989 Ronald Reagan Presidential Library 40 Presidential Drive Simi Valley, CA 93065 Tel. 800-410-8354 U.S. National Archives and Records Administration CA 23rd George H. W. Busha 1989-1993 George Bush Presidential Library and Museum 1000 George Bush Drive W. College Station, TX 77845 Tel. 979-260-9552 Texas A&M University TX 8th William J. Clintona 1993-2001 To be determined George W. Bush 2001- To be determined Source: Table data compiled by CRS. a. Living former President.