Homeland Security Act of 2002: Legislative History and Pagination Key

Order Code RL31645 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Homeland Security Act of 2002: Legislative History and Pagination Key Updated April 11, 2003 Sharon S. Gressle Specialist in American National Government Government and Finance Division Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress Homeland Security Act of 2002: Legislative History and Pagination Key Summary President George W. Bush, on November 25, 2002, signed the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296). On November 22, 2002, Congress completed its action on the proposal to establish a Department of Homeland Security when the House agreed to the amendment to H.R. 5005, as passed by the Senate on November 19, 2002. H.R. 5005, as amended, passed the House on July 26, 2002. H.R. 5710, an expanded proposal, was introduced November 13, 2002 and passed the House, with one amendment, the same day. An amendment (S.Amdt. 4901) identical to H.R. 5710 was offered in the Senate to H.R. 5005 on November 13. On November 19, 2002, the Senate adopted that amendment and passed H.R. 5005. This report presents an abbreviated legislative history of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, providing information on the sequence of events leading up to passage and references to related legislative proposals. A pagination key is provided. The pagination is based on the text of P.L. 107296, as published by the Government Printing Office. It can be referenced under H.R. 5005, as enacted (enrolled version), accessible on the Legislative Information System (LIS) at [http://www.congress.gov]. Also available at that site is a link to the CRS Web page, which links to CRS Current Legislative Issues and the Homeland Security topic. The author recognizes the invaluable assistance provided by Mildred Boyle in the research and production of this report. Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Legislative History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Incorporated Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Other Related Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Pagination Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Title I — Department of Homeland Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Title II — Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Subtitle A — Directorate for Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection; Access to Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Subtitle B — Critical Infrastructure Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Subtitle C — Information Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Subtitle D — Office of Science and Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Title III — Science and Technology in Support of Homeland Security . . . . . . . . 7 Title IV — Directorate of Border and Transportation Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Subtitle A — Under Secretary for Border and Transportation Security . . . . 8 Subtitle B — United States Customs Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Subtitle C — Miscellaneous Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Subtitle D — Immigration Enforcement Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Subtitle E — Citizenship and Immigration Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Subtitle F — General Immigration Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Title V — Emergency Preparedness and Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Title VI — Treatment of Charitable Trusts for Members of the Armed Forces of the United States and Other Governmental Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Title VII — Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Title VIII — Coordination with Non-Federal Entities; Inspector General; United States Secret Service; Coast Guard; General Provisions . . . . . . . . . 12 Subtitle A — Coordination with Non-Federal Entities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Subtitle B — Inspector General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Subtitle C — United States Secret Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Subtitle D — Acquisitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Subtitle E — Human Resources Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Subtitle F — Federal Emergency Procurement Flexibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Subtitle G — Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 (SAFETY Act) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Subtitle H — Miscellaneous Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Subtitle I — Information Sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Title IX — National Homeland Security Council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Title X — Information Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Title XI — Department of Justice Divisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Subtitle A — Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) . . . . . . . . 15 Subtitle B — Transfer of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms to the Department of Justice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Subtitle C — Explosives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Title XII — Airline War Risk Insurance Legislation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Title XIII — Federal Workforce Improvement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Subtitle A — Chief Human Capital Officers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Subtitle B — Reforms Relating to Federal Human Capital Management . . 17 Subtitle C — Reforms Relating to the Senior Executive Service . . . . . . . . 17 Subtitle D — Academic Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Title XIV — Arming Pilots Against Terrorism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Title XV — Transition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Subtitle A — Reorganization Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Subtitle B — Transitional Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Title XVI — Corrections to Existing Law Relating to Airline Transportation Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Title XVII — Conforming and Technical Amendments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Homeland Security Act of 2002: Legislative History and Pagination Key Introduction On November 22, 2002, Congress completed its legislative action on the proposal to establish a Department of Homeland Security when the House agreed to the amendment to H.R. 5005, as passed by the Senate on November 19, 2002. P.L. 107-296, the Homeland Security Act of 2002, was signed by President George W. Bush on November 25, 2002. H.R. 5005, as amended, passed the House on July 26, 2002. H.R. 5710, an expanded proposal, was introduced November 13, 2002 and passed the House, with one amendment, the same day. An amendment (S.Amdt. 4901), identical to H.R. 5710, was offered in the Senate to H.R. 5005 on November 13. On November 19, 2002, the Senate adopted that amendment and passed H.R. 5005. This report presents an abbreviated legislative history of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, providing information on the sequence of legislative events leading up to passage and references to related legislative proposals. It also provides a pagination key to the legislation. The versions referenced are the Statutes at Large citation for P.L. 107-296 (116 Stat. 2135) and the text of H.R. 5005, as enacted (enrolled version), accessible on the Legislative Information System (LIS) at [http://www.congress.gov]. Also available at that site is a link to the CRS Web page, which links to CRS Current Legislative Issues and the Homeland Security topic. Legislative History Several bills were offered during the 107th Congress for the purpose of establishing the Department of Homeland Security. H.R. 5005 is the vehicle through which the proposals are being enacted. However, the legislation has changed and expanded from the version introduced during the summer of 2002.1 The following legislation is presented in reverse chronological order. It is intended to provide the basic information on the sequence of events and does not purport to be an encompassing legislative history. 1 For an overview of the development of the departmental legislation, see CRS Report RL31493, Homeland Security: Department Organization and Management, by Harold C. Relyea. CRS-2 November 25, 2002 President Bush signs P.L. 107-296, the Homeland Security Act of 2002; 116 Stat. 2135. November 22, 2002 House completes action on H.R. 5005, clearing it for the President. November 19, 2002 Senate passes H.R. 5005, amended, Vote no. 249, 90-9. Senate adopts amendment S.Amdt. 4901 (Thompson substitute – language identical, except for minimal technical differences, to H.R. 5710, as passed by the House), Vote no. 247, 73-26. November 14, 2002 H.R. 5710 received in the Senate. November 13, 2002 Senate agrees to motion to table S.Amdt. 4471 (Lieberman substitute), Vote no. 241, 50-47. S.Amdt. 4738 (GrammMiller substitute) fell when S.Amdt. 4471 was tabled. S.Amdt. 4901 offered. House agrees to closed rule (H.Res. 600), considers and passes H.R. 5710, Roll no. 477, 299-121. There is no record of committee consideration or report prior to floor consideration. November 12, 2002 September 4 October 1, 2002 H.R. 5710 introduced, referred to the Select Committee on Homeland Security. S.Amdt. 4471 offered. S.Amdt. 4471, and amendments thereto, considered in the Senate. August 1, 2002 S.Amdt. 4467 (Lieberman substitute to H.R. 5005) offered. July 30, 2002 H.R. 5005 received in the Senate. July 25-26, 2002 H.R. 5005, after consideration and debate, passes the House, amended, Roll no. 367, 295-132. July 25, 2002 Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, in a business meeting, agrees to language of a Lieberman substitute (S.Amdt. 4467, filed August 1, 2002) to H.R. 5005. House Rules Committee reports H.Res. 502, H.Rept. 107615. July 24, 2002 H.R. 5005 reported, amended, H.Rept. 107-609, Part I, by Select Committee on Homeland Security. CRS-3 June 24 July 12, 2002 June 24, 2002 Committees conduct hearings and draft recommendations to be submitted to House Select Committee on Homeland Security. H.R. 5005, to establish the Department of Homeland Security and for other purposes introduced by Representative Armey (by request). Pursuant to H.Res. 449, referred to Select Committee on Homeland Security and Committees on Agriculture, Appropriations, Armed Services, Energy and Commerce, Financial Services, Government Reform, Intelligence, International Relations, Judiciary, Science, Transportation and Infrastructure, and Ways and Means. S. 2452 reported by the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, S.Rept. 107-175. June 18, 2002 Administration Department of Homeland Security proposal transmitted to Congress. June 6, 2002 President Bush announces intention to send Congress legislation for the purpose of establishing a Department of Homeland Security. May 22, 2002 S. 2452 ordered reported by the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee. May 2, 2002 S. 2452, to establish the Department of National Homeland Security and the National Office for Combating Terrorism, introduced by Senator Lieberman. Referred to Committee on Governmental Affairs. H.R. 4660, to establish the Department of National Homeland Security and the National Office for Combating Terrorism, introduced by Representative Thornberry. Referred to Committee on Government Reform. October 11, 2001 S. 1534, to establish the Department of National Homeland Security, introduced by Senator Lieberman. Referred to Committee on Governmental Affairs. October 10, 2001 H.R. 3078, to establish the National Office for Combating Terrorism, introduced by Representative Hastings. Referred to Committee on Government Reform. September 21, 2001 S. 1449, to establish the National Office for Combating Terrorism, introduced by Senator Graham. Referred to Committee on Governmental Affairs. CRS-4 March 21, 2001 H.R.1158, to establish the National Homeland Security Agency, introduced by Representative Thornberry. Referred to Committee on Government Reform. Incorporated Measures The “Custom Bill Track Report”2 available through Congressional Quarterly, Inc., cites the following measures as having been incorporated into H.R. 5005, as enacted. S. 803 E-Government Act of 2002. Introduced May 1, 2001, by Senator Lieberman, to enhance the management and promotion of electronic government services and processes by establishing an Office of Electronic Government within the Office of Management and Budget, and by establishing a broad framework of measures that require using Internet-based information technology to enhance citizen access to government information and services, and for other purposes. S. 2554 Arming Pilots Against Terrorism and Cabin Defense Act of 2002. Introduced May 23, 2002, by Senator Smith, to establish a program for federal flight deck officers, and for other purposes. H. R. 1259 Computer Security enhancement Act of 2001. Introduced March 28, 2001, by Representative Morella, to amend the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act to enhance the ability of the National Institute of Standards and Technology to improve computer security, and for other purposes. H.R. 3482 Cyber Security Enhancement Act of 2002. Introduced December 13, 2001, by Representative Smith, to provide greater cybersecurity. H.R. 3844 Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002. Introduced March 5, 2002, by Representative Davis, to strengthen federal government information security, including through the requirement for the development of mandatory information security risk management standards. H.R. 4598 Homeland Security Information Sharing Act. Introduced April 25, 2002, by Representative Chambliss, to provide for the sharing of homeland security information by federal intelligence and law enforcement agencies with state and local entities. 2 Available at [http://oncongress.cq.com/gateway.jsp?cmd=crs-custom-billtrack&billnums= hr5005&congress=107], visited Nov. 23, 2002. CRS-5 Other Related Measures The “Custom Bill Track Report”3 available through Congressional Quarterly, Inc., cites the following measures as being related to H.R. 5005, as enacted. S. 2746 First Responders Support Act of 2002. Introduced July 17, 2002, by Senator Feingold, to establish a federal liaison on Homeland Security in each state, to provide coordination between the Department of Homeland Security and state and local first responders. S. 2794 Homeland Security Act of 2002. Introduced July 25, 2002, by Senator Gramm, to establish a Department of Homeland Security. S. 2887 Homeland Security Information Sharing Act. Introduced August 1, 2002, by Senator Feinstein, to provide for the sharing of homeland security information by federal intelligence and law enforcement agencies with state and local entities. H.R. 5490 Tribal Government Homeland Security Coordination and Integration Act. Introduced September 26, 2002, by Representative Pallone, to ensure the coordination and integration of Indian tribes in the national Homeland Security strategy and to establish an Office of Tribal Government Homeland Security within the Department of Homeland Security. H.R. 5671 Information Security Act. Introduced October 16, 2002, by Representative John, to promote the secure sharing of information and communications within the Department of Homeland Security. 3 Available at [http://oncongress.cq.com/gateway.jsp?cmd=crs-custom-billtrack&billnums= hr5005&congress=107], visited Nov. 23, 2002. CRS-6 Pagination Key P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents 2135 1 Sec. 2. Definitions 2140 6 Sec. 3. Construction; severability 2141 7 Sec. 4. Effective date 2142 8 2142 8 Sec. 101. Executive department; mission 2142 8 Sec. 102. Secretary; functions 2142 8 Sec. 103. Other officers 2144 10 2145 11 2145 11 Sec. 201. Directorate for Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection 2145 11 Sec. 202. Access to information 2149 15 Subtitle B — Critical Infrastructure Information 2150 16 Sec. 211. Short title 2150 16 Sec. 212. Definitions 2150 16 Sec. 213. Designation of critical infrastructure protection program 2152 18 Sec. 214. Protection of voluntarily shared critical infrastructure information 2152 18 Sec. 215. No private right of action 2155 21 Title I — Department of Homeland Security Title II — Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection Subtitle A — Directorate for Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection; Access to Information CRS-7 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page Subtitle C — Information Security 2155 21 Sec. 221. Procedures for sharing information 2155 21 Sec. 222. Privacy Officer 2155 21 Sec. 223. Enhancement of non-federal cybersecurity 2156 22 Sec. 224. Net Guard 2156 22 Sec. 225. Cyber Security Enhancement Act of 2002 2156 22 Subtitle D — Office of Science and Technology 2159 25 Sec. 231. Establishment of office; director 2159 25 Sec. 232. Mission of office; duties 2159 25 Sec. 233. Definition of law enforcement technology 2161 27 Sec. 234. Abolishment of Office of Science and Technology of National Institute of Justice; transfer of functions 2161 27 Sec. 235. National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Centers 2162 28 Sec. 236. Coordination with other entities within Department of Justice 2162 28 Sec. 237. Amendments relating to National Institute of Justice 2162 28 2163 29 Sec. 301. Under Secretary for Science and Technology 2163 29 Sec. 302. Responsibilities and authorities for the Under Secretary for Science and Technology 2163 29 Sec. 303. Functions transferred 2164 30 Sec. 304. Conduct of certain public health-related activities 2165 31 Sec. 305. Federally funded research and development centers 2168 34 Sec. 306. Miscellaneous provisions 2168 34 Title III — Science and Technology in Support of Homeland Security CRS-8 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page Sec. 307. Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency 2168 34 Sec. 308. Conduct of research, development, demonstration, testing and evaluation 2170 36 Sec. 309. Utilization of Department of Energy national laboratories and sites in support of homeland security activities 2172 38 Sec. 310. Transfer of Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Department of Agriculture 2174 40 Sec. 311. Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee 2174 40 Sec. 312. Homeland Security Institute 2176 42 Sec. 313. Technology clearinghouse to encourage and support innovative solutions to enhance homeland security 2176 42 2177 43 Subtitle A — Under Secretary for Border and Transportation Security 2177 43 Sec. 401. Under Secretary for Border and Transportation Security 2177 43 Sec. 402. Responsibilities 2177 43 Sec. 403. Functions transferred 2178 44 Subtitle B — United States Customs Service 2178 44 Sec. 411. Establishment; Commissioner of Customs 2178 44 Sec. 412. Retention of customs revenue functions by Secretary of the Treasury 2179 45 Sec. 413. Preservation of customs funds 2180 46 Sec. 414. Separate budget request for customs 2180 46 Sec. 415. Definition 2180 46 Sec. 416. GAO report to Congress 2181 47 Title IV — Directorate of Border and Transportation Security CRS-9 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page Sec. 417. Allocation of resources by the Secretary 2181 47 Sec. 418. Reports to Congress 2181 47 Sec. 419. Customs user fees 2181 47 Subtitle C — Miscellaneous Provisions 2182 48 Sec. 421. Transfer of certain agricultural inspection functions of the Department of Agriculture 2182 48 Sec. 422. Functions of Administrator of General Services 2184 50 Sec. 423. Functions of Transportation Security Administration 2185 51 Sec. 424. Preservation of Transportation Security Administration as a distinct entity 2185 51 Sec. 425. Explosive detection systems 2185 51 Sec. 426. Transportation security 2186 52 Sec. 427. Coordination of information and information technology 2187 53 Sec. 428. Visa issuance 2187 53 Sec. 429. Information on visa denials required to be entered into electronic data system 2191 57 Sec. 430. Office for Domestic Preparedness 2191 57 Subtitle D — Immigration Enforcement Functions 2192 58 Sec. 441. Transfer of functions to Under Secretary for Border and Transportation Security 2192 58 Sec. 442. Establishment of Bureau of Border Security 2193 59 Sec. 443. Professional responsibility and quality review 2194 60 Sec. 444. Employee discipline 2194 60 Sec. 445. Report on improving enforcement functions 2194 60 Sec. 446. Sense of Congress regarding construction of fencing near San Diego, California 2195 61 CRS-10 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page 2195 61 Sec. 451. Establishment of Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services 2195 61 Sec. 452. Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman 2197 63 Sec. 453. Professional responsibility and quality review 2199 65 Sec. 454. Employee discipline 2200 66 Sec. 455. Effective date 2200 66 Sec. 456. Transition 2200 66 Sec. 457. Funding for citizenship and immigration services 2201 67 Sec. 458. Backlog elimination 2201 67 Sec. 459. Report on improving immigration services 2201 67 Sec. 460. Report on responding to fluctuating needs 2201 67 Sec. 461. Application of Internet-based technologies 2202 68 Sec. 462. Children’s affairs 2202 68 Subtitle F — General Immigration Provisions 2205 71 Sec. 471. Abolishment of INS 2205 71 Sec. 472. Voluntary separation incentive payments 2205 71 Sec. 473. Authority to conduct a demonstration project relating to disciplinary action 2208 74 Sec. 474. Sense of Congress 2209 75 Sec. 475. Director of Shared Services 2209 75 Sec. 476. Separation of funding 2209 75 Sec. 477. Reports and implementation plans 2209 75 Sec. 478. Immigration functions 2211 77 Subtitle E — Citizenship and Immigration Services CRS-11 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section Title V — Emergency Preparedness and Response H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page 2212 78 Sec. 501. Under Secretary for Emergency Preparedness and Response 2212 78 Sec. 502. Responsibilities 2212 78 Sec. 503. Functions transferred 2213 79 Sec. 504. Nuclear incident response 2213 79 Sec. 505. Conduct of certain public health-related activities 2213 79 Sec. 506. Definition 2214 80 Sec. 507. Role of Federal Emergency Management Agency 2214 80 Sec. 508. Use of national private sector networks in emergency response 2215 81 Sec. 509. Use of commercially available technology, goods, and services 2215 81 2215 81 2215 81 2218 84 Sec. 701. Under Secretary for Management 2218 84 Sec. 702. Chief Financial Officer 2219 85 Sec. 703. Chief Information Officer 2219 85 Sec. 704. Chief Human Capital Officer 2219 85 Title VI — Treatment of Charitable Trusts for Members of the Armed Forces of the United States and Other Governmental Organizations Sec. 601. Treatment of charitable trusts for members of the Armed Forces of the United States and other governmental organizations Title VII — Management CRS-12 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page Sec. 705. Establishment of Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties 2219 85 Sec. 706. Consolidation and co-location of offices 2220 86 2220 86 Subtitle A — Coordination with Non-Federal Entities 2220 86 Sec. 801. Office for State and Local Government Coordination 2220 86 Subtitle B — Inspector General 2221 87 Sec. 811. Authority of the Secretary 2221 87 Sec. 812. Law enforcement powers of Inspector General agents 2222 88 Subtitle C — United States Secret Service 2224 90 Sec. 821. Functions transferred 2224 90 Subtitle D — Acquisitions 2224 90 Sec. 831. Research and development projects 2224 90 Sec. 832. Personal services 2225 91 Sec. 833. Special streamlined acquisition authority 2225 91 Sec. 834. Unsolicited proposals 2227 93 Sec. 835. Prohibition on contracts with corporate expatriates 2227 93 Subtitle E — Human Resources Management 2229 95 Sec. 841. Establishment of Human Resources Management System 2229 95 Sec. 842. Labor-management relations 2234 100 Title VIII — Coordination with Non-Federal Entities; Inspector General; United States Secret Service; Coast Guard; General Provisions CRS-13 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page Subtitle F — Federal Emergency Procurement Flexibility 2235 101 Sec. 851. Definition 2235 101 Sec. 852. Procurements for defense against or recovery from terrorism or nuclear, biological, chemical, or radiological attack 2235 101 Sec. 853. Increased simplified acquisition threshold for procurements in support of humanitarian or peacekeeping operations or contingency operations 2235 101 Sec. 854. Increased micro-purchase threshold for certain procurements 2236 102 Sec. 855. Application of certain commercial items authorities to certain procurements 2236 102 Sec. 856. Use of streamlined procedures 2237 103 Sec. 857. Review and report by Comptroller General 2237 103 Sec. 858. Identification of new entrants into the federal marketplace 2238 104 Subtitle G — Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 (SAFETY Act) 2238 104 Sec. 861. Short title 2238 104 Sec. 862. Administration 2238 104 Sec. 863. Litigation management 2239 105 Sec. 864. Risk management 2240 106 Sec. 865. Definitions 2241 107 Subtitle H — Miscellaneous Provisions 2243 109 Sec. 871. Advisory committees 2243 109 Sec. 872. Reorganization 2243 109 Sec. 873. Use of appropriated funds 2243 109 Sec. 874. Future Year Homeland Security Program 2244 110 Sec. 875. Miscellaneous authorities 2244 110 CRS-14 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page Sec. 876. Military activities 2244 110 Sec. 877. Regulatory authority and preemption 2244 110 Sec. 878. Counternarcotics Officer 2245 111 Sec. 879. Office of International Affairs 2245 111 Sec. 880. Prohibition of the Terrorism Information and Prevention System (TIPS) 2245 111 Sec. 881. Review of pay and benefit plans 2246 112 Sec. 882. Office for National Capital Region Coordination 2246 112 Sec. 883. Requirement to comply with laws protecting equal employment opportunity and providing whistleblower protections 2247 113 Sec. 884. Federal Law Enforcement Training Center 2247 113 Sec. 885. Joint Interagency Task Force 2247 113 Sec. 886. Sense of Congress reaffirming the continued importance and applicability of the Posse Comitatus Act 2248 114 Sec. 887. Coordination with the Department of Health and Human Services under the Public Health Service Act 2248 114 Sec. 888. Preserving Coast Guard mission performance 2249 115 Sec. 889. Homeland security funding analysis in President’s budget 2250 116 Sec. 890. Air Transportation Safety and System Stabilization Act 2251 117 Subtitle I — Information Sharing 2252 118 Sec. 891. Short title; findings; and sense of Congress 2252 118 Sec. 892. Facilitating homeland security information sharing procedures 2253 119 Sec. 893. Report 2255 121 Sec. 894. Authorization of appropriations 2256 122 Sec. 895. Authority to share grand jury information 2256 122 Sec. 896. Authority to share electronic, wire, and oral interception information 2257 123 CRS-15 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page Sec. 897. Foreign intelligence information 2257 123 Sec. 898. Information acquired from an electronic surveillance 2258 124 Sec. 899. Information acquired from a physical search 2258 124 2258 124 Sec. 901. National Homeland Security Council 2258 124 Sec. 902. Function 2258 124 Sec. 903. Membership 2258 124 Sec. 904. Other functions and activities 2259 125 Sec. 905. Staff composition 2259 125 Sec. 906. Relation to the National Security Council 2259 125 2259 125 Sec. 1001. Information security 2259 125 Sec. 1002. Management of information technology 2268 134 Sec. 1003. National Institute of Standards and Technology 2269 135 Sec. 1004. Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board 2271 137 Sec. 1005. Technical and conforming amendments 2272 138 Sec. 1006. Construction 2273 139 2273 139 Subtitle A — Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) 2273 139 Sec. 1101. Legal status of EOIR 2273 139 Sec. 1102. Authorities of the Attorney General 2273 139 Sec. 1103. Statutory construction 2274 140 Title IX — National Homeland Security Council Title X — Information Security Title XI — Department of Justice Divisions CRS-16 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section Subtitle B — Transfer of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms to the Department of Justice H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page 2274 140 Sec. 1111. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives 2274 140 Sec. 1112. Technical and conforming amendments 2275 141 Sec. 1113. Powers of agents of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives 2279 145 Sec. 1114. Explosives training and research facility 2280 146 Sec. 1115. Personnel management demonstration project 2280 146 Subtitle C — Explosives 2280 146 Sec. 1121. Short title 2280 146 Sec. 1122. Permits for purchasers of explosives 2280 146 Sec. 1123. Persons prohibited from receiving or possessing explosive materials 2283 149 Sec. 1124. Requirement to provide samples of explosive materials and ammonium nitrate 2285 151 Sec. 1125. Destruction of property of institutions receiving federal financial assistance 2285 151 Sec. 1126. Relief from disabilities 2285 151 Sec. 1127. Theft reporting requirement 2285 151 Sec. 1128. Authorization of appropriations 2286 152 2286 152 Sec. 1201. Air carrier liability for third party claims arising out of acts of terrorism 2286 152 Sec. 1202. Extension of insurance policies 2286 152 Sec. 1203. Correction of reference 2287 153 Title XII — Airline War Risk Insurance Legislation CRS-17 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page Sec. 1204. Report 2287 153 Title XIII — Federal Workforce Improvement 2287 153 Subtitle A — Chief Human Capital Officers 2287 153 Sec. 1301. Short title 2287 153 Sec. 1302. Agency Chief Human Capital Officers 2287 153 Sec. 1303. Chief Human Capital Officers Council 2288 154 Sec. 1304. Strategic human capital management 2289 155 Sec. 1305. Effective date 2289 155 Subtitle B — Reforms Relating to Federal Human Capital Management 2289 155 Sec. 1311. Inclusion of agency human capital strategic planning in performance plans and programs performance reports 2289 155 Sec. 1312. Reform of the competitive service hiring process 2290 156 Sec. 1313. Permanent extension, revision, and expansion of authorities for use of voluntary separation incentive pay and voluntary early retirement 2291 157 Sec. 1314. Student volunteer transit subsidy 2296 162 Subtitle C — Reforms Relating to the Senior Executive Service 2296 162 Sec. 1321. Repeal of recertification requirements of senior executives 2296 162 Sec. 1322. Adjustment of limitation on total annual compensation 2297 163 Subtitle D — Academic Training 2298 164 Sec. 1331. Academic training 2298 164 Sec. 1332. Modifications to National Security Education Program 2299 165 CRS-18 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page Title XIV — Arming Pilots Against Terrorism 2300 166 Sec. 1401. Short title 2300 166 Sec. 1402. Federal Flight Deck Officer Program 2300 166 Sec. 1403. Crew training 2305 171 Sec. 1404. Commercial airline security study 2306 172 Sec. 1405. Authority to arm flight deck crew with less-than-lethal weapons 2307 173 Sec. 1406. Technical amendments 2307 173 2307 173 Subtitle A — Reorganization Plan 2307 173 Sec. 1501. Definitions 2307 173 Sec. 1502. Reorganization plan 2308 174 Sec. 1503. Review of congressional committee structures 2309 175 Subtitle B — Transitional Provisions 2309 175 Sec. 1511 Transitional authorities 2309 175 Sec. 1511(a) Provision of assistance by officials 2309 175 Sec. 1511(b) Services and personnel 2309 175 Sec. 1511(c) Acting officials 2309 175 Sec. 1511(d) Transfer of personnel, assets, obligations, and functions 2309 175 Sec. 1511(e) Prohibition on use of transportation trust funds 2309 175 Sec. 1512. Savings provisions 2310 176 Sec. 1512(a) Completed administrative actions 2310 176 Sec. 1512(b) Pending proceedings 2310 176 Sec. 1512(c) Pending civil actions 2310 176 Title XV — Transition CRS-19 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page Sec. 1512(d) References 2310 176 Sec. 1512(e) Employment provisions 2311 177 Sec. 1512(f) Statutory reporting requirements 2311 177 Sec. 1513. Terminations 2311 177 Sec. 1514. National identification system not authorized 2311 177 Sec. 1515. Continuity of Inspector General oversight 2311 177 Sec. 1516. Incidental transfers 2311 177 Sec. 1517. Reference 2311 177 2312 178 Sec. 1601. Retention of security sensitive information authority at Department of Transportation 2312 178 Sec. 1602. Increase in civil penalties 2312 178 Sec. 1603. Allowing U.S. citizens and U.S. nationals as screeners 2313 179 Title XVII — Conforming and Technical Amendments 2313 179 Sec. 1701. Inspector General Act of 1978 2313 179 Sec. 1702. Executive Schedule 2313 179 Sec. 1703. United States Secret Service 2313 179 Sec. 1704. Coast Guard. 2314 180 Sec. 1705. Strategic National Stockpile and smallpox vaccine development 2316 182 Sec. 1706. Transfer of certain security and law enforcement functions and authorities 2316 182 Sec. 1707. Transportation security regulations 2318 184 Sec. 1708. National Bio-Weapons Defense Analysis Center 2318 184 Title XVI — Corrections to Existing Law Relating to Airline Transportation Security CRS-20 P.L. 107-296/H.R. 5005, enacted Section H.R. 116 5005 Stat. page Sec. 1709. Collaboration with the Secretary of Homeland Security 2318 184 Sec. 1710. Railroad safety to include railroad security 2319 185 Sec. 1711. Hazmat safety to include hazmat security 2319 185 Sec. 1712. Office of Science and Technology Policy 2320 186 Sec. 1713. National Oceanographic Partnership Program 2320 186 Sec. 1714. Clarification of definition of manufacturer 2320 186 Sec. 1715. Clarification of definition of vaccine-related injury or death 2320 186 Sec. 1716. Clarification of definition of vaccine 2321 187 Sec. 1717. Effective date 2321 187