The military construction (MilCon) appropriations bill provides funding for (1) military construction projects in the United States and overseas; (2) military family housing operations and construction; (3) U.S. contributions to the NATO Security Investment Program; and (4) the bulk of base realignment and closure (BRAC)costs. On February 4, 2002, the Administration submitted a $379 billion FY2003 defense budget request. Of this, $9.0 billion was designated for accounts falling within the jurisdiction of the Appropriations Committees' subcommittees on military construction. This request was approximately $1.7 billion less than that appropriated for FY2002. The decrease resulted from a $2.1 billion reduction in domestic military construction that was offset somewhat by increases for family housing and for building at military installations overseas. The Department of Defense stated that some projects were withheld anticipating the FY2005 base realignments and closures (BRAC) round. To offset the decrease, DOD increased its request to maintain and rehabilitate existing defense property (funded from other appropriations) by approximately $677 million above the amount enacted in FY2002. $4.2 billion of this year's request is devoted to military construction projects. According to the President's current national defense budget estimate, requests for these same accounts are expected to rise to $12.7 billion by FY2007. Amendments to the FY2003 military construction appropriation are included in H.J.Res. 2 of the 108th Congress. In a separate action for the Defense Emergency Response Fund (DERF), the Administration requested an additional $594 million (subsequently raised to $717 million) in military construction budget authority. This report contains information on how this has been apportioned between the services. For the current status of DERF legislation, see CRS Report RL31305 , Authorization and Appropriations for FY2003: Defense , by Stephen Daggett and Amy Belasco. Authorization of military construction is included within the defense authorization bill. The House passed its version of the bill ( H.R. 4546 ) on May 10. The Senate Armed Services Committee marked its authorization bill ( S. 2514 ) and reported it on May 15. The Senate substituted the text of S. 2514 for that of H.R. 4546 , passed the amended bill, and appointed conferees on June 27, 2002. The House further amended the bill and appointed conferees on July 26. Conferees began meeting on September 5, 2002, reporting the bill on November 12 ( H.Rept. 107-772 ). The President enacted the bill as P.L. 107-314 on December 2. Military construction appropriations markup by the House Appropriations Committee occurred on June 24. The bill ( H.R. 5011 ) was introduced on June 25 and passed on June 26. The Senate Appropriations Committee marked its version of the bill ( S. 2709 ) on June 27. On July 17, the Senate substituted the language of S. 2709 for that of H.R. 5011 , passed the amended bill on July 18, and appointed conferees. The House rejected the Senate amendment on September 10. The House and Senate adopted the conference report ( H.Rept. 107-731 ) on October 10 and 11, respectively, and the bill was enacted by the President on October 23 as P.L. 107-249 . This report will be updated as necessary.
<font size="+1">List of Tables</font>
The military construction (MilCon) appropriations bill provides funding for (1) military construction projects in the United States and overseas; (2) military family housing operations and construction; (3) U.S. contributions to the NATO Security Investment Program; and (4) the bulk of base realignment and closure (BRAC)costs.
On February 4, 2002, the Administration submitted a $379 billion FY2003 defense budget request. Of this, $9.0 billion was designated for accounts falling within the jurisdiction of the Appropriations Committees' subcommittees on military construction. This request was approximately $1.7 billion less than that appropriated for FY2002. The decrease resulted from a $2.1 billion reduction in domestic military construction that was offset somewhat by increases for family housing and for building at military installations overseas. The Department of Defense stated that some projects were withheld anticipating the FY2005 base realignments and closures (BRAC) round. To offset the decrease, DOD increased its request to maintain and rehabilitate existing defense property (funded from other appropriations) by approximately $677 million above the amount enacted in FY2002. $4.2 billion of this year's request is devoted to military construction projects. According to the President's current national defense budget estimate, requests for these same accounts are expected to rise to $12.7 billion by FY2007. Amendments to the FY2003 military construction appropriation are included in H.J.Res. 2 of the 108th Congress.
In a separate action for the Defense Emergency Response Fund (DERF), the Administration requested an additional $594 million (subsequently raised to $717 million) in military construction budget authority. This report contains information on how this has been apportioned between the services. For the current status of DERF legislation, see CRS Report RL31305, Authorization and Appropriations for FY2003: Defense, by [author name scrubbed] and [author name scrubbed].
Authorization of military construction is included within the defense authorization bill. The House passed its version of the bill (H.R. 4546) on May 10. The Senate Armed Services Committee marked its authorization bill (S. 2514) and reported it on May 15. The Senate substituted the text of S. 2514 for that of H.R. 4546, passed the amended bill, and appointed conferees on June 27, 2002. The House further amended the bill and appointed conferees on July 26. Conferees began meeting on September 5, 2002, reporting the bill on November 12 (H.Rept. 107-772). The President enacted the bill as P.L. 107-314 on December 2.
Military construction appropriations markup by the House Appropriations Committee occurred on June 24. The bill (H.R. 5011) was introduced on June 25 and passed on June 26. The Senate Appropriations Committee marked its version of the bill (S. 2709) on June 27. On July 17, the Senate substituted the language of S. 2709 for that of H.R. 5011, passed the amended bill on July 18, and appointed conferees. The House rejected the Senate amendment on September 10. The House and Senate adopted the conference report (H.Rept. 107-731) on October 10 and 11, respectively, and the bill was enacted by the President on October 23 as P.L. 107-249. This report will be updated as necessary.
<center>Key Policy Staff</center>
|Area of Expertise||Name||CRS Division||Telephone
|Base Closure||David Lockwood||FDT*||[phone number scrubbed]
[email address scrubbed]
|Defense Acquisition||Valerie Grasso||FDT||[phone number scrubbed]
[email address scrubbed]
|Def. Budget, Mil. Con./
|[author name scrubbed]||FDT||[phone number scrubbed]
[email address scrubbed]
|Defense Budget||[author name scrubbed]||FDT||[phone number scrubbed]
[email address scrubbed]
|Defense Reform||Gary Pagliano||FDT||[phone number scrubbed]
[email address scrubbed]
|Guard and Reserve Issues||[author name scrubbed]||FDT||[phone number scrubbed]
[email address scrubbed]
* FDT = Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division of the Congressional Research Service.
The President submitted his fiscal year 2003 budget request to Congress on February 4, 2002. The House Subcommittee on Military Construction forwarded its markup to the full Appropriations Committee on June 12, which completed its mark on June 24. The bill (H.R. 5011, H.Rept. 107-533) was introduced to the House on June 25, considered on June 27, and passed 426-1 (Roll No. 277). The Senate received the bill on June 28. The Senate Appropriations Committee marked its version (S. 2709, S.Rept. 107-202) on June 27 and reported on July 3. The Senate substituted the text of S. 2709 and passed the amended H.R. 5011 on July 18 (96-3), appointed conferees, and informed the House of its action. The House rejected the Senate amendment on September 10, 2002, and appointed conferees. Conferees met on October 8. The House accepted the conference report (H.Rept. 107-731) 419-0 on October 10 (Roll No. 458). The Senate adopted the conference report by unanimous consent on October 11. The bill was sent to the President on October 18 and enacted on October 23 as P.L. 107-249, one of the two appropriations bills enacted during the second session of the 107th Congress.
Defense authorization legislation (H.R. 4546) cleared the House Committee on Armed Services and passed by recorded vote (359-58) on May 10. (1) It was received by the Senate on May 14. Equivalent authorization legislation (S. 2514) was marked up by the Senate Committee on the Armed Services on May 9 and reported with additional and minority views on May 15 (S.Rept. 107-151). S. 2514 was debated and amended in the Senate between June 19 and June 27, when it passed with amendments 97-2 (Record Vote No. 165). Its text was incorporated into H.R. 4546 and passed by unanimous consent. On July 25, the House amended the Senate amendment and appointed conferees. The Senate disagreed to the amendment and appointed conferees. Conferees met on September 5 and reported the bill to the House on November 12 (H.Rept. 107-772), where it was agreed to by voice vote. The Defense Authorization Bill was enacted into law (P.L. 107-314) by the President on December 2, 2002.
Text relating to military construction was added by the Senate to H.J.Res. 2 (Omnibus Appropriation, introduced at the opening of the 108th Congress). Conferees began meeting on February 10, 2003 (see below).
The Department of Defense (DOD) manages the world's largest dedicated infrastructure, covering more than 40,000 square miles of land and a physical plant worth more than $500 billion. The military construction appropriations bill provides a large part of the funding to enhance and maintain this infrastructure. The bill funds construction projects and some of the facility sustainment, restoration and modernization of the active Army, Navy and Marine Corps, Air Force, and their reserve components; (2) additional defense-wide construction; U.S. contributions to the NATO Security Investment Program (formerly known as the NATO Infrastructure Program); (3) and military family housing operations and construction. The bill also provides funding for the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) account, which finances most base realignment and closure costs, including construction of new facilities for transferred personnel and functions and environmental cleanup at closing sites. (4)
The military construction appropriations bill is one of several annual pieces of legislation that provide funding for national defense. Other major appropriation legislation includes the defense appropriations bill, which provides funds for all non-construction military activities of the Department of Defense and constitutes more than 90% of national security-related spending, and the energy and water development appropriations bill, which provides funding for atomic energy defense activities of the Department of Energy and for civil projects carried out by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Two other appropriations bills, VA-HUD-Independent Agencies and Commerce-Justice-State, also include small amounts for national defense. (5)
No funds may be expended by any agency of the federal government before they are appropriated. (6) In addition, for nearly half a century Congress has forbidden the Department of Defense to obligate funds for any project or program until specific authorization is granted. (7) This explains why, for defense funds, both authorization and appropriations bills are required. Two separate defense appropriations bills are written annually, a "Military Construction Appropriations Act" dedicated to military construction, and a "National Defense Appropriations Act" covering all other defense appropriations. (8) Normally only one "National Defense Authorization Act" is passed each year to authorize both of these appropriations. (9) Therefore, major debates over defense policy and funding issues, including military construction, can be associated with any of these bills. Because issues in the defense authorization and appropriations bills intertwine, this report includes salient parts of the authorization bill in its discussion of the military construction appropriation process.
The separate military construction appropriations bill dates to the late 1950s. Traditionally, military construction was funded through annual defense or supplemental appropriations bills. However, the Korean War prompted a surge of military construction, followed by a steady increase in military construction appropriations. Given the strong and enduring security threat posed by the Soviet Union, a relatively high level of spending on military infrastructure appeared likely to continue. The appropriations committees established military construction subcommittees and created a separate military construction bill. The first stand-alone military construction bill was written for FY1959 (P.L. 85-852).
Military construction appropriations are not the sole source of funds available to defense agencies for facility investment. The defense appropriations bill funds so-called minor construction and property maintenance within its operations and maintenance accounts. In addition, construction and maintenance of Morale, Welfare, and Recreation-related facilities are partially funded through proceeds of commissaries, recreation user fees, and other non-appropriated income.
Several special accounts are included within the military construction appropriation. Among these are the Homeowners Assistance Fund (Defense), (10) and the Department of Defense Family Housing Improvement Fund, (11) both of which perform functions ancillary to the direct building of military infrastructure.
Most funds appropriated by Congress each year must be obligated in that fiscal year. Military construction appropriations, though, are an exception. Because of the long-term nature of construction projects, these funds can generally be obligated for up to five fiscal years.
Consideration of the military construction budget begins when the President's budget is delivered to Congress each year, usually in early February. This year, the President submitted his budget request on February 4, 2002.
Elective Quality of Life Construction. In recent years, attention has been focused on funding improvements to military housing, workplaces, and installation infrastructure (such as roads, utility services, and the like). Subcommittee hearings during previous congressional sessions contained lengthy discussions of the leveraging of appropriated funds through the privatization of utility services at military installations and of some military family housing. (12) Subcommittees have also addressed the allocation of sufficient budget authority to support improved housing and workplace quality at overseas bases.
During the mid-1990s, the Department of Defense evaluated more than half of its existing family housing as being substandard. In 1996, then-Secretary of Defense William Cohen set FY2010 as the target date for the elimination of all substandard military housing. Private development was seen as a way to speed refurbishment or replacement while concurrently reducing the burden on appropriated funds, and Congress authorized DOD to use a set of "alternative" business practices in its negotiations with private contractors, to include the creation of long-term public-private joint ventures at locations where they might prove beneficial.
Since 1996, when the first agreement was concluded at Naval Air Station Corpus Christi/Naval Air Station Kingsville, Texas, contracts for sixteen separate projects have been awarded under this "Military Housing Privatization Initiative." These range in size from 150 housing units in Phase II of the venture at Naval Air Station Kingsville, Texas, to 5,912 units at Fort Hood, Texas. Projects covering 24,518 housing units are now underway at installations operated by all four military services. An additional 41,503 units in 26 projects are currently pending solicitation, and another 32 projects with 54,193 units are being planned. (13) DOD is exploring ways to extend the privatization program to include the improvement of some unaccompanied housing. (14)
In 1996, DOD set a target of FY2010 for the elimination of all substandard military housing. With recent increases in budget authority appropriated by Congress, DOD has revised this target date to bring it forward to FY2007. The FY2003 budget authority request of $4.25 billion for military family housing exceeds the FY2002 enactment by $151 million.
DOD also created a Defense Reform Initiative (DRI) during the 1990s in order remove itself from ownership, management, and responsibility for the operation of the public utilities at as many military bases as feasible. (15) Congress authorized the service secretaries to do this by conveying these utilities to private ownership by a local utility company or other entity. (16) The award of privatization contracts is expected to be completed by September 30, 2003. (17)
Integrated with quality of life construction is the consolidation of overseas military facilities. By reducing the number of small installations and combining personnel onto fewer large bases, DOD expects to improve living and working conditions for those stationed overseas through more efficient utilization of its funds. Consolidation agreements have been concluded with both the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Korea. The commander of U.S. forces in Europe has requested funds for three construction projects to increase the capacity of the U.S. installation at Grafenwoehr, Germany. "Graf" is expected to accept personnel from 13 separate smaller facilities that will be closed as part of the command's "Efficient Basing East" plan. A similar program, called the "Land Partnership Plan," has been negotiated between the commander of U.S. forces in Korea and the government of the Republic of Korea. (18) This 10-year plan will close approximately half of the U.S. facilities currently located in South Korea and consolidate U.S. military personnel onto the remaining installations, which will be upgraded to accept them.
Environmental Remediation on Closed Military Bases. Through legislation passed during its first session, the 107th Congress authorized a new round of military base realignments and closures (BRAC). Criteria to select bases for inclusion in the new BRAC will be created and members will be appointed to a BRAC review commission during FY2003, with realignment and closure action scheduled to begin during FY2005. (19)
A significant portion of the federal property at closed installations during the 1995 BRAC round has been cleaned under the Defense Environmental Restoration Program (DERP) and title has been transferred, but the process is not yet complete. For example, the 1995 BRAC round tasked the Department of the Army with closing and conveying title to approximately 248,800 acres of Army property. As of February, 2002, the Army had disposed of 115,000 acres, or 46% of its total. Department of the Army has cited environmental remediation requirements as the principal reason that more property had not been conveyed. (20) DOD maintains as its goal the transfer of all 1995 BRAC property before beginning the 2005 round and has requested $545 million in FY2003 BRAC funds. (21)
The President requested $545.1 million in BRAC funding for FY2003, which the House passed. The Senate Appropriations Committee has recommended that an additional $100.0 million be appropriated in a BRAC Environmental Cleanup Acceleration Initiative in order to speed the transfer of ownership of former military property to local authorities. Of this additional funding, $20 million is to be allocated to the Army, $55 million to the Navy, and $25 million to the Air Force for their use at the most pressing unfunded environmental cleanup sites.
Efficient Facilities Initiative. On August 3, 2001, the General Counsel of Department of Defense submitted legislative language to Congress for a program termed the "Efficient Facilities Initiative," or EFI. The EFI included DOD's plan for a round of base realignments and closures during FY2003 and the permanent authorization and expansion to all services of the Brooks Air Force Base Development Demonstration Project. (22) This language would have granted the service secretaries the authority to convey title to some or all of the federal property on a military installation to a non-federal entity (such as a local economic development authority) with the intention of leasing back only those facilities needed to support the base's military mission.
Congress incorporated the authority for both base realignment and closure and the EFI in the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2002 (S. 1438, P.L. 107-107). Title XXX of the Act established the procedure for carrying out a FY2005 (vice FY2003) BRAC round. Section 2813, instead of granting the requested permanent authority for conveyance and lease-back, permitted the three service secretaries to nominate two military installations in each military department for a 4-year pilot project aimed at determining its potential for increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of operations. To date, no facilities have been nominated for the pilot project.
Table 1 shows the key legislative steps necessary for the enactment of the FY2003 military construction appropriations. It will be updated as the appropriation process moves forward.
|Committee Markup||House Report||House Passage||Senate Report||Senate Passage||Conf. Report||Conference Report Approval||Public Law|
|06/24/02||06/27/02||H.Rept. 107-533||06/27/02||S.Rept. 107-202||07/18/02||H.Rept. 107-731||10/10/02||10/11/02||P.L. 107-249|
Dashes indicate no action yet taken.
House Appropriations Action. The House Subcommittee on Military Appropriations held a series of hearings on the budget request dealing with the construction and family housing requirements of the individual services, both active and reserve components, and the European and Pacific commands between February 6 and April 17, 2002. The Subcommittee marked its bill June 12, and the full Committee followed on June 24. The bill (H.R. 5011, H.Rept 107-533) was introduced on June 25, and the Rules Committee introduced a rule (H.Res. 462) on June 26. H.R. 5011 was considered, amended, and passed on a vote of 426-1 (Roll No. 277) on June 27, 2002. The bill was received in the Senate on June 28.The House rejected the Senate amendment on September 10, 2002, and appointed conferees.
Senate Appropriations Action. The Senate Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Military Construction held hearings during March. Committee markup on its version of the bill was completed on June 27, 2002. The bill (S. 2709, S.Rept. 107-202) was reported on July 3 and placed on the Legislative Calendar under General Orders (Order No. 479). The bill was read twice in the Senate and placed on the Legislative Calendar under General Orders on July 8, 2002 (Calendar No. 486). On July 17, the Senate substituted the language of S. 2709 for that of H.R. 5011. The Senate passed the amended H.R. 5011 (96-3, Roll No. 181) in lieu of S. 2709 and appointed conferees on July 18, 2002.
Conference Action. Conferees met on October 8. The House accepted the conference report (H.Rept. 107-731) on October 10 on a 419-0 vote (Roll No. 458). The Senate adopted the conference report by unanimous consent on October 11, 2002. The completed bill was sent to the President on October 18. Its companion authorization bill, H.R. 4546, had not been passed as of that date. The President signed the bill on October 23 as P.L. 107-249.
The Military Construction Appropriation Act and the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2003 each contain more than 700 line items, individual construction projects for which new budget authority has been granted by Congress. Of these, more than 300 were adjusted (increased or decreased) during the period between budget submission in February until enactment in October and December, respectively. In the Appendix, Tables 10 and 11 list the line items that were adjusted during the legislative process, indicating the amount of new budget authority requested by the President, appropriated in the House, the Senate, and the final conference versions of the Military Construction Appropriations Act, and authorized by the National Defense Authorization Act. It is possible to follow the changes in proposed legislation by consulting these tables, ascertaining where each product was introduced, adjusted, or eliminated as the Congress exercised its oversight and funding responsibilities.
A couple of examples may serve to illustrate how these tables can be used.
1. Table 10 shows a presidential budget request of $38 million to fund Phase IV in the construction of an ammunition demilitarization facility at Pueblo Depot, Colorado, an installation intended to disassemble and destroy munitions stockpiles. Congress assigned responsibility for this program to the Department of Defense, and DOD has, in turn, passed executive responsibility for the program to the Department of the Army. The presidential submission placed this construction funding in the Army budget, but Congress neither appropriated nor authorized the funding (zeroing out the request). Instead, Table 10 indicates funding for Pueblo Depot under the Defense-Wide (DOD) budget, with the House granting the full $38 million, the Senate passing a slightly reduced $36.1 million, and both appropriators and authorizers agreeing on the requested amount of $38 million. The effect was to remove the project from the Army's budget and place it under the Department of Defense.
2. A second example is the Air Force alteration of the Graduate Education Facility at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. No funds were requested by the President, but both chambers added $13 million in appropriations and authorization for the project.
Table 11 can be similarly used for examining the military family housing portion of military construction appropriations. The first Army project listed is a single housing unit in Stuttgart, Germany. The budget submission requested $990 thousand for the work. The House passed an appropriation for the full amount, while the Senate reduced the project to $500 thousand. Neither the appropriations conference nor the authorization included any funding (zeroing out the request).
Several issues regarding military construction have gained visibility during the legislative deliberations of the current session of Congress. Among these are: overall and specific account funding levels requested by the Administration; congressional additions to the military construction budget request; military housing (including the encouragement of private sector financing of housing construction and maintenance); and funding requested through the Defense Emergency Response Fund.
Overall and Specific Account Funding Levels. The FY2003 budget submitted by the President on February 4, 2002, requested $8.987 billion in new budget authority, an amount $1.62 billion below the 2002 enactment. Subsequent additional requests included in the Defense Emergency Response Fund (DERF) raised the total request to $9.578 billion in time for House consideration of its bill. An additional $122.5 million in Army DERF requests was later received by Congress and will be considered by the Senate. This raises the total Presidential budget request for FY2003 to $9.66 billion. The Senate is also expected to consider a $200 million Army and Air Force Transformation Initiative intended to appropriate a funding pool to accelerate the creation of infrastructure to support the Army's Interim Brigade Combat Team and Air Force C-17 aircraft mobility programs. This and the upward adjustment of BRAC environmental cleanup funding was not reckoned with by the House. The Senate Appropriations Committee has recommended a total of $10.62 billion in new military construction budget authority for FY2003.
Within the overall military construction appropriation, there was a substantial change in how budget authority was allocated between the FY2002 enactment, the FY2003 request, and the bills as passed by the House and the Senate as reflected in Table 2.
Increases in budget authority are evident in the construction and renovation of military family housing both within the United States and at overseas installations, offset somewhat by a reduction in the unspecified location accounts devoted to maintenance, management, provision of utilities, etc. There is also an increase in funding requested for general military construction overseas, reflecting a DOD effort to increase the quality of life in the workplace for military personnel stationed there.
|House Passed a||Senate Passed a||Enacted a|
|Military Construction, Domestic||4,700,849||3,189,151||3,555,398||3,742,568||4,048,115|
|Military Construction, Overseas||692,480||988,390||955,568||970,700||916,368|
|Military Construction, Location Unspecified a||556,377||611,204||569,261||904,147||562,554|
|Total Military Construction||5,949,706||4,788,745||5,080,227||5,617,415||5,527,037|
|Family Housing, Domestic||321,202||603,639||622,569||603,639||616,339|
|Family Housing, Overseas||28,112||71,122||69,890||69,400||68,900|
|Family Housing, Location Unspecified a||3,682,713||3,578,433||3,578,433||3,578,433||3,516,075|
|Total Family Housing||4,032,027||4,253,194||4,270,892||4,251,472||4,201,314|
|Total, Location Unspecified b||4,239,090||4,189,637||4,147,694||4,482,580||4,078,629|
|Defense-Wide Special Accounts c||807,295||715,338||715,338||815,338||729,338|
a. These figures include the additional requests of the FY2003 DERF as considered by the House and Senate, respectively.
b. Examples of location unspecified projects are energy conservation funding, some major and minor construction projects, and classified projects for military construction; and maintenance, furnishings and utilities accounts for family housing, among others.
c. Special accounts include BRAC, the NATO Security Investment Fund, the Homeowners Assistance Fund (zeroed out this year), and the DOD Family Housing Improvement Fund.
The most noticeable reduction in budget authority is seen in domestic military construction. Table 3 compares military construction budget authority between FY2002 and FY2003 for military construction projects located within the United States, divided between the active duty and reserve (National Guard and federal reserves) components.
|Military Construction, Active Duty||3,878,692||2,372,175||-1,506,517|
|Military Construction, National Guard and Reserve||822,157||231,154||-591,003|
|Total, Active and Reserve||4,700,849||2,603,329||-2,097,520|
Source: DOD Comptroller, Construction Programs (C-1), Department of Defense Budget, Fiscal Year 2003, February 2002.
a. These figures do not include the additional funds requested for the FY2003 DERF.
These figures represent decreases of 38.8% in active duty and 71.9% in reserve construction funding between FY2002 and FY2003. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and DOD Comptroller Dov Zakheim stated in a press briefing on February 4, 2002, that they expected a 20 to 25% reduction in military bases during the FY2005 BRAC round and anticipated this with a reduced construction request. (23) This decrease in construction was to be offset by an increase in sustainment funds. (24) Table 4 compares the DOD sustainment funds requested for FY2003 with those actually expended in FY2001 and appropriated for FY2002. (25)
|Change from previous year||266,537||677,150|
Source: DOD Comptroller, Operation and Maintenance Programs (O-1): Department of Defense Budget for Fiscal Year 2003, February 2002.
Note: Total Obligational Authority (TOA). Sustainment includes all DOD facilities sustainment, restoration, and modernization (FSRM) accounts.
* These figures do not include additional funds requested for the FY2003 DERF.
The table shows that sustainment funding rose $267 million between FY2001 and FY2002. If the same rate of increase (4.8%) occurred between FY2002 and FY2003, DOD would have been expected to request $6.089 billion. Instead, DOD requested $6.488 billion, or approximately $398 million beyond the normal expectation. This increase may be considered to constitute the substantive additional funds devoted to maintaining existing property.
In addition, some Members have deemed DOD funding requests for the Army National Guard, the Air National Guard, and the federal reserves particularly inadequate. (26) Until the late 1980s, the amount of military construction funding appropriated by Congress for the Guard and Reserve rose steadily, closely matching the amounts requested by DOD. For FY1989, though, the Administration began to decrease its requests for Guard and Reserve construction. Congress responded by appropriating funds in excess of the request (see Figure 1). Senator Christopher Bond commented during floor debate on FY1996 military construction appropriations that "National Guard forces traditionally have been underfunded" in construction requests submitted by the Pentagon. (27) Since FY1989, Congress has consistently appropriated more than the Administration request, and the gap between request and enactment has grown considerably. The House, after including the DERF request, passed an appropriation for Guard and Reserve construction $210 million above that asked for by the Administration. The Senate Appropriations Committee recommended adding $290 million to the Administration's Guard and Reserve construction request.
Military Housing. Military housing for both families and unaccompanied has been a highly visible military construction issue for several years. In the mid 1990s, then-Secretary of Defense William Cohen announced a goal of the elimination of substandard military housing by 2010. He proposed to do this using an increase in traditional DOD-funded construction and renovation, plus less orthodox methods such as partnering with private enterprise to build and maintain housing and increasing the military Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH) to cover the cost of off-base housing. (28) At the present time, approximately one-third of military families live in government-owned housing.
At the outset of the effort, DOD estimated that more than half of existing military family housing did not meet its own minimum housing standards with respect to living space, amenities, etc. In addition, BAH compensation covered only 85% of the cost (accommodation and utilities) of living off-base. DOD and Congress then initiated several programs to encourage private investment and to increase funding of traditional housing construction for both families and unaccompanied members, and to increase the percentage of off-base housing costs covered by military allowances. DOD now estimates that substandard housing will disappear for all military members and their families by 2007 and that out-of-pocket expenses associated with living on the local economy will be eliminated by 2005. (29)
Because improvement and expansion of adequate housing on military installations may encourage the movement of significant numbers of military families onto bases, some members have expressed concern that local school districts serving large military communities may find their facility and personnel plans unexpectedly disrupted. Language included in the House report for the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act (H.Rept. 107-436 accompanying H.R. 4546) directs DOD to report by March 1, 2003, on the situations at three Army and Air Force installations (Ft. Bragg, North Carolina, Ft. Hood, Texas, and Lackland Air Force Base, Texas) where large housing privatization projects are underway. (30)
Defense Emergency Response Fund. The Administration defense budget request for operations and maintenance (considered part of the defense appropriation, not the military construction appropriation) contained a single new entry for $20.1 billion entitled the Defense Emergency Response Fund (DERF). (31) This is intended for use by DOD to respond to or protect against acts of terrorism. The request contained detailed justification for $10.1 billion, or about half of the total request, of which DOD identified approximately $594 million as appropriate for consideration as military construction to enhance physical security at military installations. (32) The DERF is a transfer fund, which is used to shift appropriations between accounts without adherence to normal congressional reprogramming or notification requirements. The House Appropriations Committee considered $594 million of the DERF to be part of the Administration's military construction appropriation request and added it to the suitable appropriations accounts. The Administration forwarded an additional DERF request too late for House consideration but in time for Senate and conference action. DERF funding, as requested by the President and recommended by the conference committee, is shown in Table 5.
Additional Omnibus Appropriations. Additional defense and military construction appropriations language was included in Division M (Other Matters), Title I (Defense Related Technical Corrections) of the Senate amendment to H.J.Res. 2 of the 108th Congress (the Omnibus Appropriations Act) (January 15, CR S988-S909). Several provisions of the bill amend P.L. 107-249 (the Military Construction Act for FY2003).
Section 103 of the bill amends Section 124 of the original legislation, which had stated that "None of the funds appropriated or made available by this Act may be obligated for Partnership for Peace Programs in the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union," to read "Not more than $2,000,000 of the funds appropriated or made available by this Act may be obligated for Partnership for Peace Programs."
Section 104 reduces the overall appropriation for Air Force military construction by $18,600,000 and transfers it to Air Force Reserve military construction, a 28% increase in the latter account (see Table 7).
Section 105 permits the $15,000,000 appropriated for land acquisition at Nellis Air Force Base to be transferred to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to fulfill obligations under the Military Lands Withdrawal Act of 1999. (33) The USFWS is then permitted to grant these funds to the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to replace public lands withdrawn from public use under the 1999 Act.
The bill also amended P.L. 107-248, the National Defense Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2003. Included under those provisions were changes in various reprogramming thresholds, a raise in the limit placed on expense/investment value for items purchased with Operation and Maintenance funds from $100,000 to $250,000, various transfers of defense appropriations between accounts, and an additional appropriation of $3.89 billion. (34)
|Air National Guard||8,933||8,933|
|Air Force Reserve||6,076||3,576|
|Family Housing O&M, Air Force||29,631||29,631|
Between FY1985 and FY1998, funding devoted to military construction declined steadily as DOD and Congress struggled with a changing strategic environment, a shrinking military force, and the uncertainties associated with several rounds of base realignments and closures. Appropriations began to rise with FY1998 as Congress sought to replace outdated facilities and improve the quality of life for military personnel at home and in the workplace. Administration requests for military construction funding (not including BRAC and family housing) continued to decline until FY2000, but have risen forFY2001 and 2002. The request for FY2003 dips, but DOD projects that its annual construction requests will approximately triple between FY2003 and FY2007 (see Figure 2).
Prior to FY1994, Congress considered Administration requests to exceed real construction requirements, typically appropriating less new budget authority than requested. This pattern reversed with the FY1995 budget. Every year since then, Congress has added to Administration requests, countering what Members have termed "inadequate" funding for military construction. The DOD request for construction funds for FY2003 fell relative to both its FY2002 request and the subsequent enactment, anticipating the FY2005 round of base realignments and closures, according to statements made by Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and DOD Comptroller Dov Zakheim. DOD projects that future requests for military construction will rise steadily and rapidly.
Table 6 shows overall military construction program funding since FY1999 (including BRAC and Family Housing). Table 7 breaks down the FY2003 request by appropriations account and compares it to FY2002 levels. Table 8 shows congressional action on current military construction appropriations by account. Table 9 compares Administration military construction requests and enactments for Guard and Reserve projects from FY1993-2003.
H.R. 4775 (Young). Making supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2002, and for other purposes. This bill does not contain significant military construction funding. Introduced as an original bill on May 20, 2002, by the House Committee on Appropriations with H.Rept. 107-480 and placed on the Union Calendar (Calendar No. 289). Passed in the House on May 24, 2002, 280-138 (Roll No. 206), and laid before the Senate on June 3. The Senate struck all after the Enacting Clause and substituted the text of S. 2551 in its place. It was then placed on the Legislative Calendar under General Orders (Calendar No. 405). Debate and amendment of the bill began on June 4, 2002, and continued through June 6. On June 7, the Senate passed the bill with an amendment, substituting the text of its own version of the bill (S. 2551), by a vote of 71-22 (Record Vote No. 145), insisted on its amendment, and appointed conferees. The House disagreed with the amendment and appointed its own conferees on June 12 (CR H3459-H3461). A conference report was filed on July 19 (H.Rept. 107-593, CR H4935-H4985). The House took up the conference report as unfinished business on July 23 (CR H5201-H5229, H5289) and agreed with it on a roll call vote (397-32, Roll no. 328). The Senate considered the conference report on July 24 (S7263-S7282) and agreed with a 92-7 vote (Record Vote Number 188). The action was reported to the House and the bill was cleared for the President. The bill was enacted by the President on August 2, 2002 (P.L. 107-206).
H.R. 5011 (Hobson). Making appropriations for military construction, family housing, and base realignment and closure for the Department of Defense for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2003, and for other purposes. The House Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Military Construction held a series of hearings between February 6 and April 17, 2002. The Subcommittee markup was forwarded to the full Committee on June 12. The full Committee mark took place on June 24. The bill was reported on June 25 (H.Rept. 107-533, CR H3914, H3927). A rule was reported (H.Res. 462) on the bill on June 26 (CR H4039, H4064, H4067). H.R. 5011 was considered and passed on a 426-1 vote (Roll No. 277). The bill was read twice in the Senate and placed on the Legislative Calendar under General Orders on July 8, 2002 (Calendar No. 486). On July 17, the Senate substituted the language of S. 2709 for that of H.R. 5011 (CR S6931-S6934). The Senate passed the amended H.R. 5011 (96-3, Roll No. 181) and appointed conferees on July 18, 2002 (CR S6972-S6976). The House rejected the Senate amendment and appointed its conferees on September 10, 2002. Conferees met on October 8. The House accepted the conference report (H.Rept. 107-731) on October 10 on a 419-0 vote (Roll No. 458). The Senate adopted the conference report by unanimous consent on October 11. The completed bill was sent to the President on October 18, though without the companion authorization bill (H.R. 4546), which had not been passed as of that date. The President signed the bill on October 23 as P.L. 107-249.
S. 2709 (Feinstein). The Senate Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Military Construction held hearings during March. The Senate received the House Military Construction Appropriations Bill (H.R. 5011) on June 28 (CR S6317). The Senate Appropriations Committee marked its version of the bill, recommending $10.62 billion in new budget authority, on June 27. The bill was reported on July 3 (S.Rept. 107-202, CR July 8, 2002, S6361) and placed on the Legislative Calendar under General Orders (Calendar No. 479). The Senate amended H.R. 5011 by substituting the language of S. 2709 on July 18, 2002, and passed the amended H.R. 5011 in lieu of S. 2709 (see paragraph above).
H.R. 4546 (Stump, by request). (36) To authorize appropriations for FY2003 for military activities of the Department of Defense, and for military construction, to prescribe military personnel strengths for FY2003, and for other purposes. Introduced on April 23, 2002, and referred to the Committee on Armed Services, it was further referred to the Subcommittees on Military Personnel, Military Installations and Facilities, and Military Readiness (amendment added) on April 25 and returned to the full Committee on the same day. The Subcommittee on Military Installations and Facilities, which exercises jurisdiction over the military construction portion of the authorization bill, defeated (3-13-2) an amendment that would have repealed existing authority to conduct an FY2005 round of base realignments and closures (BRAC). The bill was referred to the Subcommittees on Military Procurement and Military Research and Development on April 30 and returned to the full Committee the same day. The full Committee considered the bill on May 1, 2002, and ordered it reported, rejecting an identical BRAC-stopping amendment (19-38). The bill was reported on May 3, 2002 (H.Rept. 107-436, CR H2104-2105), and placed on the Union Calendar (Calendar No. 258). A supplemental report (a dissenting opinion, H.Rept 107-436, Part II, CR H2108) was filed on May 6. Brought to the floor on May 9, 2002, subject to a rule (H.Res.415, H.Rept.107-450). H.R. 4546 was debated, amended, and passed by recorded vote (359-58, Roll no 158) on May 10. The bill was received in the Senate on May 14, 2002, and on May 16 was placed on the Legislative Calendar under General Orders (Calendar No. 379). The bill was amended in the Senate on June 27 by the substitution of the text of S. 2514 (see below) after the enabling clause CR S6225). The bill was passed by unanimous consent and the Senate appointed conferees. A message on the Senate action was sent to the House on July 8. On July 25, the Rules Committee reported to the House (H.Res. 500) the rule for consideration of the amended bill. The House amended the Senate amendment and appointed conferees and voted to instruct them (419-2, Roll no. 349). The Senate disagreed by Unanimous Consent to the House amendment on July 26 and appointed conferees. The conferees began meeting on September 5, 2002. On October 10, the House voted 391-0 to instruct its conferees (Roll No. 463). The Military Construction Appropriations bill (H.R. 5011) was sent to the President on October 18 and enacted as P.L. 107-249. Conferees reported the authorization bill to the House on November 12 (H.Rept. 107-772), where it was agreed to by voice vote. The President enacted the bill as P.L. 107-314 on December 2, 2002.
H.R. 4547 (Stump, by request). To authorize appropriations for FY2003 for military activities of the Department of Defense and to prescribe military personnel strengths for FY2003. Companion bill to H.R. 4546, introduced on April 23, to authorize the $10.0 billion designated as incremental funding for ongoing operations in the war on terrorism (the "war reserve fund"), as specified in the Budget Resolution for FY2003 (H.Con.Res. 353). Also known as the Costs of War/Substitute Amendment, the original bill was amended on May 1 to authorize the war reserve fund. Of this, $3.7 billion would be used to replace equipment destroyed in the war in Afghanistan, upgrade equipment and defray other war-related costs, and offer war-related pay to military personnel. House Armed Services Committee held its markup on July 18, 2002, and reported the bill (H.Rept. 107-603) on July 23 (Union Calendar, Calendar No. 365). On a motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill (2/3 required), the bill was passed (413-3, Roll no. 335) early on July 24. The bill was received in the Senate on July 24 and referred to the Committee on Armed Services.
S. 2514 (Levin). (37) An original bill to authorize appropriations for FY2003 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe personnel strengths for such fiscal year for the Armed Forces, and for other purposes. Introduced as an original measure by the Senate Committee on Armed Forces on May 15, 2002 (S.Rept. 107-151, CR S4387). Placed on the Legislative Calendar under General Orders (Calendar No. 370). Debate on the defense authorization bill began in the Senate on June 19 (CR beginning S5727). S. 2514 was passed on June 27 with amendments on a vote of 97-2 (Record Vote No. 165). It was then incorporated into H.R. 4546 and passed by unanimous consent (CR S6178-80, S6182).
H.J.Res. 2 (Young). The 107th Congress passed only two (defense and military construction) of the usual 13 appropriations bills for FY2003. At the convening of the 108th Congress on January 7, 2003, the chairman of the House Appropriations Committee introduced a bill making further appropriations for FY2003. The bill was passed on January 8 (CR H121) and received in the Senate on January 9. It was placed on the Legislative Calendar under General Orders (Calendar No. 1) and laid before the Senate be unanimous consent on January 15 (CR S340-S839). Senator Stevens offered an amendment in the nature of a substitute. Numerous additional amendments were offered between January 15 and January 23, when the Senate passed the amended bill by a Yea-Nay vote of 69-29 (Record Vote Number 28, CR S1379-S1419). The Senate insisted on its amendment and appointed conferees. On January 29, the House disagreed with the Senate amendment and agreed without objection to a conference (CR H224-9). Mr. Obey moved that the conferees be instructed, but the House defeated the motion 200-209 (Roll no. 17). The Speaker then appointed conferees. The conferees began meeting on February 10, 2003.
|FY1999 Actual||FY2000 Actual||FY2001 Actual||FY2002 Estimate||FY2003 Request*||FY2003 Enacted*|
Source: Actual FY1999-2001 data, Estimate FY2002 and Request FY2003 from Department of Defense (DOD), Financial Summary Tables, February 2002 and previous years' reports, H.Rept. 107-731.
Notes: "Actual" and "Estimated" budget authority differs from "Enacted" amounts by funds reprogrammed (transferred) by the Department of Defense between appropriations accounts. Military Construction in this table includes BRAC funding, but not NSIP.
* Includes $612 million in DERF, as considered by the conference committee.
|Account||FY2002 Enacted||FY2003 Request*||FY2003 Enacted*|
|MilCon, Air Force||1,224,112||834,687||1,066,966|
|MilCon, Army National Guard||400,994||101,595||241,377|
|MilCon, Air National Guard||250,530||62,406||203,813|
|MilCon, Army Reserve||165,136||58,779||100,554|
|MilCon, Navy Reserve||51,676||58,671||74,921|
|MilCon, Air Force Reserve||74,013||37,976||67,226|
|BRAC Acct., Total||632,713||545,138||561,138|
|NATO Security Investment Program||162,600||168,200||167,200|
|Foreign Curr. Fluct., Constr., Def.||(60,000)|
|Total: Military Construction||6,554,826||5,417,581||6,292,986|
|Family Housing Const., Army||309,217||283,346||275,436|
|Family Housing Operation & Debt, Army||1,077,292||1,119,007||1,106,007|
|Family Housing Const., Navy & Marine Corps||328,040||375,700||373,816|
|Family Housing Operation & Debt, Navy & Marine Corps||899,837||867,788||861,788|
|Family Housing Const., AF||544,496||676,694||676,042|
|Family Housing Operation & Debt, AF||835,194||874,050||863,050|
|Family Housing Const., Def-wide||247||5,480||5,480|
|Family Housing Operation & Debt, Def-wide||43,269||42,395||42,395|
|DOD Family Housing Improvement Fund||1,977||2,000||2,000|
|Total: Family Housing||4,039,569||4,246,460||4,206,014|
Source: Data for FY2002 Enacted from FY2003 Budget Request, Conference Report from H.Rept. 107-731.
Note: FY2002 Enacted includes P.L. 107-64 Sec. 130 (here listed as "Foreign Curr. Fluct.") and Sec. 132 rescissions.
* Includes $692 million in DERF, as considered by the conference committee, does not include additional appropriations included in H.J.Res 2 of the 108th Congress.
|MilCon, Air Force||834,687||954,021||1,165,336||1,066,966|
|MilCon, Army Nat'l. Guard||101,595||159,672||208,482||241,377|
|MilCon, Air National Guard||62,406||119,613||217,988||203,813|
|MilCon, Army Reserve||58,779||99,059||66,487||100,554|
|MilCon, Navy Reserve||58,671||75,821||51,554||74,921|
|MilCon, Air Force Reserve||37,976||75,276||58,209||67,226|
|NATO Security Investment Program||168,200||168,200||168,200||167,200|
|Total: Military Construction||5,417,581||5,835,196||6,386,499||6,292,986|
|Family Housing Const., Army||283,346||278,426||277,936||275,436|
|Family Housing Ops & Debt, Army||1,119,007||1,119,007||1,119,007||1,106,007|
|Family Housing Const.,
Navy and Marine Corps
|Family Housing Ops &
Navy and Marine Corps
|Family Housing Const.,
|Family Housing Ops &
|Family Housing Const, Defense-wide||5,480||5,480||5,480||5,480|
|Family Housing Ops & Debt, Defense-wide||42,395||42,395||42,395||42,395|
|DOD Family Housing Improvement Fund||2,000||2,000||2,000||2,000|
|Total: Family Housing||4,246,460||4,247,804||4,228,384||4,206,014|
* Includes $712 million in DERF, as considered by the Senate, and $692 million as considered by the conference committee, does not include additional appropriations included in H.J.Res 2 of the 108th Congress.
|Fiscal Year||Army National Guard||Air National Guard||Army Reserve||Naval Reserve||Air Force Reserve||Total||Total Change from Request|
Source: Department of Defense, Financial Summary Tables, successive years.
* Includes DERF requests of $594 million (House) and $717 million (Request and Senate), does not include additional appropriations included in H.J.Res 2 of the 108th Congress.
CRS Report RL31010. Appropriations for FY2002: Military Construction, by Daniel Else.
CRS Report RL31305. Authorization and Appropriations for FY2003: Defense, by [author name scrubbed] and [author name scrubbed].
CRS Report RL31349(pdf). Defense Budget for FY2003: Data Summary, by [author name scrubbed] and [author name scrubbed].
CRS Report RL31187(pdf). Terrorism Funding: Congressional Debate on Emergency Supplemental Allocations, by [author name scrubbed] and Larry Q. Nowels,
CRS Report RL31005. Appropriations and Authorization for FY2002: Defense, coordinated by [author name scrubbed] and [author name scrubbed].
CRS Report RL30002(pdf). A Defense Budget Primer, by [author name scrubbed] and [author name scrubbed].
CRS Report RL30440. Military Base Closures: Where Do We Stand, by [author name scrubbed].
CRS Report RL30051. Military Base Closures: Time for Another Round?, by [author name scrubbed].
CRS Issue Brief IB96022. Defense Acquisition Reform: Status and Current Issues, by [author name scrubbed].
Legislative Branch Sites
House Committee on Appropriations
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CRS Appropriations Products Guide
Congressional Budget Office
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U.S. Department of Defense Sites
U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), FY2003 Budget Materials
U.S. Department of Defense, Installations Home Page
White House Sites
Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget, Budget Materials
Office of Management & Budget
These tables include only those projects and other line items that were either requested by the President or appropriated or authorized by Congress. Table 10 shows changes to military construction projects and line items, while Table 11 does the same for family housing. Many DERF items show presidential requests and no House-recommended appropriations. This was caused by the late submission by the President of much of the DERF request.
|Fort Richardson||Perimeter Fencing (DERF)||AK||5,011||0||5,011||5,011||5,011|
|Fort Greely||Fencing (DERF)||AK||2,700||0||2,700||2,700||2,700|
|Fort Wainwright||Fencing Installation Boundary (DERF)||AK||6,896||0||6,896||6,896||6,896|
|Fort Richardson||Community Center||AK||0||0||15,000||15,000||15,000|
|Fort Wainwright||Vehicle Maintenance Shop Phase II||AK||0||0||0||0||22,000|
|Fort Rucker||UH-60 Parking Apron||AL||0||3,050||3,050||3,050||3,050|
|Fort Rucker||Cantonment Fencing (DERF)||AL||9,258||0||9,258||9,258||9,258|
|Fort Rucker||Physical Fitness Center||AL||0||0||3,500||3,500||3,500|
|Redstone Arsenal||Cafeteria Addition||AL||0||1,950||0||1,950||1,950|
|Pine Bluff Arsenal||Non-stockpile Ammunition Demolition Shop||AR||18,937||0||0||0||0|
|Fort Huachuca||Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Training Facilities||AZ||0||10,400||0||10,400||10,400|
|Yuma Proving Ground||Aircraft Armament Test/Maintenance Facilities||AZ||0||4,500||0||4,500||4,500|
|Monterey Defense Language Institute||Water Diversion||CA||0||1,500||0||0||0|
|Fort Irwin||Fencing (DERF)||CA||2,522||0||2,522||2,522||2,522|
|Fort Carson||Fencing (DERF)||CO||4,348||0||4,348||4,348||4,348|
|Pueblo Depot||Ammunition Demilitarization Facility Phase IV||CO||38,000||0||0||0||0|
|Fort Carson||Fire Station||CO||0||4,250||0||4,250||4,250|
|Walter Reed Army Medical Center||Physical Security, Main Section (DERF)||DC||3,844||0||3,844||3,844||3,844|
|Fort Benning||Cantonment Fencing (DERF)||GA||11,986||0||11,986||5,500||5,500|
|Pohakuloa Training Area||Access Road (Saddle Road) Ph I||HI||0||0||13,000||13,000||13,000|
|Newport Army Ammunition Plant||Ammunition Demilitarization Facility-Ph V||IN||61,494||0||0||0||0|
|Fort Leavenworth||Cantonment Fencing (DERF)||KS||4,829||0||4,829||4,829||4,829|
|Fort Riley||Deployment Facility, Ramp Expansion||KS||0||4,950||0||0||0|
|Fort Riley||Cantonment Fencing (DERF)||KS||7,095||0||7,095||7,095||7,095|
|Fort Riley||Combined Arms Collective Training Facility, Ph I||KS||0||0||13,800||13,800||13,800|
|Blue Grass Army Depot||Ammunition Demilitarization Facility Ph III||KY||10,300||0||0||0||0|
|Blue Grass Army Depot||Ammunition Demilitarization Support Ph III||KY||8,300||0||0||0||0|
|Fort Knox||Access Control (DERF)||KY||2,529||0||2,529||2,529||2,529|
|Fort Knox||Cantonment Fencing (DERF)||KY||3,344||0||3,344||3,344||3,344|
|Fort Knox||Child Development Center||KY||0||0||6,800||0||0|
|Fort Campbell||Purchase Restrictive Easements||KY||0||7,300||0||7,300||7,300|
|Fort Polk||Fencing (DERF)||LA||6,620||0||6,620||6,620||6,620|
|Nantic Soldier Support Center||Food Engineering Lab||MA||0||4,100||0||4,100||4,100|
|Aberdeen Proving Ground||Ammunition Demilitarization Fac Ph V||MD||30,600||0||0||0||0|
|Fort Detrick||Add/Alter Fire Station||MD||0||2,800||0||2,800||2,800|
|Fort Leonard Wood||Access Control Points 4 Locations (DERF)||MO||9,493||0||9,493||9,493||9,493|
|Fort Bragg||Soldier Support Center||NC||0||9,400||0||9,400||9,400|
|Picatinny Arsenal||High Energy Propellant Formulation Fac (Ph II)||NJ||0||7,500||0||7,500||7,500|
|White Sands Missile Range||Launcher Complex Revitalization (Ph II-A)||NM||0||4,500||0||0||0|
|West Point||Fencing West Point Proper (DERF)||NY||4,991||0||4,991||4,991||4,991|
|Fort Drum||Barracks Expansion||NY||0||8,000||0||8,000||8,000|
|Fort Drum||Taxiway Construction||NY||0||8,800||0||8,800||8,800|
|Fort Sill||Cantonment Fencing (DERF)||OK||4,652||0||4,652||4,652||4,652|
|Fort Sill||Logistics Maintenance Facility (Ph I)||OK||0||10,000||10,000||10,000||10,000|
|Fort Jackson||Cantonment Fencing (DERF)||SC||3,051||0||3,051||3,051||3,051|
|Fort Bliss||Cantonment Fencing (DERF)||TX||4,291||0||4,291||0||0|
|Fort Hood||Brigade Command and Control Facilities||TX||0||16,000||0||11,600||11,600|
|Fort Hood||Fencing (DERF)||TX||0||0||0||2,461||2,461|
|Fort Bliss||Upgrade Water Systems||TX||0||10,200||0||10,200||5,200|
|Fort Eustis||Fencing and Access Roads (Serf)||VA||4,133||0||4,133||4,133||4,133|
|Fort Lee||Cantonment Fencing (DERF)||VA||1,903||0||1,903||1,903||1,903|
|Fort Lee||Fire and Emergency Services Center (Ph I)||VA||0||5,200||0||5,200||5,200|
|Fort Lewis||Fencing (DERF)||WA||2,395||0||2,395||2,395||2,395|
|Yakima Training Center||Shoot House||WA||0||0||0||0||1,500|
|Yakima Training Center||Urban Assault Course||WA||0||0||0||0||1,500|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design (DERF)||ZU||9,381||0||9,381||9,381||9,381|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Recision||ZU||0||0||0||-35,700||0|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Sbct Transformation, Various Facilities||ZU||0||0||100,000||25,000||0|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Civilian Personnel Accural Accounting Adjustment||ZU||0||0||0||-26,083||-26,083|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Recision (Foreign Currency Fluctuation)||ZU||0||0||0||-13,676||-13,676|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Revised Economic Assumptions (Mid-session Review, Construction)||ZU||0||0||0||-8,000||-8,000|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design||ZU||119,824||119,824||122,114||124,714||121,892|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Unspecified Minor Construction||ZU||20,500||20,500||20,500||26,975||21,550|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Supervision, Inspection and Overhead Reduction||ZU||0||0||0||0||-16,740|
|Yuma||Combat Aircraft Loading Apron, Phase II||AZ||3,000||3,000||0||3,000||3,000|
|Camp Pendleton||Child Development Center||CA||0||0||8,230||0||0|
|Barstow Marine Corps Logistics Base||Combat Vehicle Welding Shop||CA||0||4,450||0||4,450||4,450|
|China Lake Naval Air Warfare Center||Propellants and Explosives Lab (Ph II)||CA||0||10,100||0||10,100||10,100|
|Miramar||Refueling Vehicle Shop||CA||0||3,510||0||3,510||3,510|
|Monterey Naval Postgraduate School||Educational Facility Replacement (Ph I)||CA||0||7,000||0||7,000||7,000|
|Twentynine Palms||Aircraft Surveillance Radar||CA||0||15,100||0||13,700||13,700|
|Port Hueneme||Seabee Training Facility||CA||0||0||10,170||10,170||10,170|
|Whiting Field Naval Air Station||Aircraft Maintenance Officer School||FL||0||1,780||0||0||0|
|Jacksonville Naval Air Station||Aviation Support Equip Maint Training Facility||FL||0||6,572||0||6,572||6,572|
|Panama City Naval Surface Warfare Center||Special Operations Facility||FL||0||0||10,700||10,700||10,700|
|Larissa||BEQ and Support Facility||GR||14,800||14,800||0||6,800||6,800|
|Ford Island||Site Improvements (Utility Systems)||HI||0||0||19,400||19,400||19,400|
|Marine Corps Base/Oahu||Religious Ministry Facility (Chapel)||HI||0||0||9,500||9,500||9,500|
|Pearl Harbor||Waterfront/Mechanical Shop (Bravo Pier)||HI||0||18,500||0||18,500||18,500|
|Great Lakes Naval Training Center||Recruit Barracks||IL||41,740||41,740||36,740||36,740||36,740|
|Great Lakes Naval Training Center||Recruit Barracks||IL||43,360||43,360||38,360||38,360||38,360|
|Crane Naval Surface Warfare Center||Electrochemistry Engineering Facility||IN||0||11,610||0||11,610||11,610|
|Sigonella||Off Base Access Road Improvements (DERF)||IT||11,300||0||11,300||0||0|
|U.S. Naval Academy||Ethical Center Classroom||MD||0||1,800||0||1,800||1,800|
|Carderock (NSWC)||National Maritime Technical Information Center||MD||0||0||12,900||12,900||12,900|
|Brunswick Naval Air Station||Control Tower Upgrade||ME||0||0||9,830||9,830||9,830|
|Gulfport Naval Construction Battalion Center||Bachelor Enlisted Quarters (Ph I)||MS||0||12,000||0||0||0|
|Meridian Naval Air Station||Control Tower and Beacon Facility||MS||0||2,850||2,850||2,850||2,850|
|Pascagoula Naval Station||Bachelor Enlisted Quarters (100 Units)||MS||0||0||10,500||10,500||10,500|
|Cherry Point Marine Corps Air Station||High Explosives Magazines||NC||0||4,430||0||0||0|
|Camp Lejeune||Land Acquisition||NC||0||4,200||0||4,200||4,200|
|Lakehurst Naval Air Warfare Center||Combined Structural/Aircraft Fire Rescue Station||NJ||0||5,200||5,200||5,200||5,200|
|Fallon Naval Air Station||High Explosives Magazines||NV||0||4,010||0||0||0|
|Newport Naval Station||Consolidated Police/Fire/Security Facility||RI||0||0||9,030||9,030||9,030|
|Newport Naval Station||Child Development Center||RI||0||6,870||0||6,870||6,870|
|Torrejon AB||NEX/MWR Facility||SP||2,890||0||0||0||0|
|Fort Worth Naval Air Station/Joint Reserve Base||Aircraft Engine Maintenance Shop||TX||8,850||0||0||0||0|
|Corpus Christi Naval Air Station||Public Safety Facility||TX||0||7,150||0||7,150||7,150|
|Ingleside||Mine Warfare Training Center||TX||0||0||5,480||5,000||5,000|
|Dam Neck||Special Operations Building||VA||3,900||0||0||0||0|
|Norfolk Naval Shipyard||Ship Component Service Facility||VA||0||0||16,810||16,810||16,810|
|Quantico Marine Corps Base||Candidate Instruction Facility||VA||0||5,310||0||5,310||5,310|
|Puget Sound||AT/FP Improvements||WA||21,670||21,670||21,670||24,670||21,670|
|Bangor||Small Arms Collective Training Facility (DERF)||WA||29,800||29,800||16,410||16,410||16,410|
|Keyport Naval Undersea Warfare Center||Undersea Water System Dependability Center||WA||0||10,500||0||7,500||7,500|
|Puget Sound||AT/FP Parking||WA||0||0||0||0||3,000|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Unspecified Minor Construction||ZU||23,262||23,262||26,187||26,187||26,187|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Civilian Personnel Accural Accounting Adjustment||ZU||0||0||0||-10,470||-10,470|
|Various Worldwide Locations||Recision (Foreign Currency Fluctuation)||ZU||0||0||0||-1,340||-1,340|
|Various Worldwide Locations||Revised Economic Assumptions (Mid-session Review, Construction)||ZU||0||0||0||-5,000||-5,000|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design||ZU||68,573||68,573||73,990||69,423||77,940|
|Various Worldwide Locations||Supervision, Inspection and Overhead Reductions||ZU||0||0||0||0||-15,017|
|Eielson AFB||Blair Lakes Range Maintenance Complex||AK||0||0||19,500||19,500||19,500|
|Maxwell AFB||Physical Fitness Center-Gunter Annex||AL||0||8,000||0||0||0|
|Davis-Monthan AFB||HH-60 Maintenance Hangar||AZ||6,440||6,440||0||6,440||6,440|
|Davis-Monthan AFB||HH-60 Apron/Taxiway D Shoulders||AZ||3,720||3,720||0||3,720||3,720|
|Davis-Monthan AFB||Dormitory (120 Rm)||AZ||9,110||9,110||0||9,110||9,110|
|Luke AFB||Land Acquisition||AZ||0||13,000||0||13,000||13,000|
|Travis AFB||C-17 Flight Simulator||CA||0||4,600||4,596||4,600||4,600|
|Travis AFB||C-17 Parts Store||CA||0||8,000||7,998||8,000||8,000|
|Travis AFB||Electrical/Utilities and Supporting Infrastructure||CA||0||11,269||11,297||11,269||11,269|
|Travis AFB||Squadron Operation/Aircraft Maintenance Unit||CA||0||9,600||0||9,600||9,600|
|Peterson AFB||AT/FP Site Improvements for HQ Complex (DERF)||CO||2,000||0||2,000||2,000||2,000|
|Peterson AFB||NORAD Battle Management Center (DERF)||CO||3,500||0||3,500||3,500||3,500|
|Schriever AFB||Visitors Center/Entry Control Gates (DERF)||CO||5,700||0||5,700||5,700||5,700|
|U S Air Force Academy||Perimeter Fence-Cadet Area (Ph I) (DERF)||CO||4,200||0||4,200||4,200||4,200|
|Bolling AFB||Perimeter Wall, North Gate to Navy Line (DERF)||DC||1,500||1,500||0||1,500||1,500|
|Bolling AFB||Security Forces Operations Facility (DERF)||DC||3,500||3,500||0||3,500||3,500|
|Tyndall AFB||Physical Fitness Center||FL||0||8,100||0||0||0|
|Avon Park Air Force Range||Defense Access Road, Arbuckle Creek Bridge||FL||0||2,000||0||2,000||2,000|
|MacDill AFB||Control Tower/Fire Crash Rescue Station||FL||0||13,000||0||13,000||13,000|
|Robins AFB||Corrosion Paint/Depaint Facility||GA||0||0||24,000||24,000||24,000|
|Aviano AB||Consolidate Area A-1/Area A-2 for Force PRT (DERF)||IT||5,000||0||5,000||5,000||5,000|
|Aviano AB||Large Vehicle Security Inspection Station (DERF)||IT||1,600||0||1,600||1,600||1,600|
|McConnell AFB||Corrosion Control Facilities (Ph I)||KY||0||7,500||0||7,500||7,500|
|Barksdale AFB||Parking Apron||LA||0||0||12,000||12,000||12,000|
|Fourth Cliff Recreation Area||Erosion Control/Retaining Wall||MA||0||0||9,476||0||0|
|Seymour Johnson||Fire/Crash Rescue Station||NC||0||0||10,600||0||0|
|Minot AFB||Cruise Missile Storage Facility||ND||0||0||18,000||0||0|
|Minot AFB||Munitions Storage Igloos||ND||0||0||0||5,000||5,000|
|Offutt AFB||Fire/Crash Rescue Station||NE||0||0||0||11,000||11,000|
|Pease Air Base||Fire Station||NH||0||0||4,450||0||0|
|Mcguire AFB||C-17 Add/Alter 3-bay Hangar||NJ||0||0||0||0||5,200|
|Holloman AFB||Survival Equipment Shop||NM||0||4,650||4,650||4,650||4,650|
|Kirtland AFB||Visiting Quarters||NM||0||8,450||8,400||8,400||8,400|
|Nellis AFB||Land Acquisition||NV||0||0||19,500||19,500||19,500|
|Wright-Patterson AFB||Alter Graduate Education Facility||OH||0||13,000||13,000||13,000||13,000|
|Wright-Patterson AFB||Dormitory (144 Rm)||OH||10,400||0||0||0||0|
|Wright-Patterson AFB||Consolidate Materials Computations Research Fac||OH||0||0||15,200||0||0|
|Wright-Patterson AFB||Dormitory (144 Rm)||OH||12,000||12,000||0||0||0|
|Wright-Patterson AFB||Fully Contained Small Arms Range Complex (DERF)||OH||12,000||0||9,700||12,000||12,000|
|Tinker AFB||Consolidated Integrated Support Facility||OK||0||7,500||0||0||0|
|Altus AFB||Consolidate Base Engineer Complex (Ph I)||OK||0||0||7,700||7,700||7,700|
|Vance AFB||Road Repair (Elam Road)||OK||0||0||4,800||4,800||4,800|
|Shaw AFB||Fighter Squadron Maintenance Facilities||SC||0||6,800||6,800||6,800||6,800|
|Ellsworth AFB||Operations Facility||SD||0||0||13,200||13,200||13,200|
|Sheppard AFB||Airfield Operations Complex (Ph I)||TX||0||8,000||0||0||0|
|Camp Bullis||MOUT Training Facility (DERF)||TX||6,000||0||0||6,000||6,000|
|Camp Bullis||Visiting Quarters (DERF)||TX||4,000||0||0||4,000||0|
|Goodfellow AFB||Wing Support Complex||TX||0||0||10,600||10,600||10,600|
|Lackland AFB||Physical Fitness Center||TX||0||5,800||0||5,800||5,800|
|Laughlin AFB||Consolidated Wing Support Facility||TX||0||8,000||0||8,000||8,000|
|Camp Bullis||Visiting Quarters||TX||0||0||0||0||4,000|
|Hill Air Force Base||Consolidated Software Support Facility||UT||0||0||16,500||0||0|
|Hill Air Force Base||Depot Maintenance Hangar (Ph Ib)||UT||0||14,500||0||14,500||14,500|
|Langley AFB||Air Combat Command Operations Support Ctr (DERF)||VA||24,000||24,000||24,000||23,000||23,000|
|Warren AFB||Stormwater Drainage System||WY||0||0||10,000||0||0|
|Classified Location||Classified Milcon Project||ZC||1,993||0||1,993||1,993||1,993|
|Classified Location||C-17 Various Facilities||ZC||30,569||0||30,569||0||0|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Air Mobility Modernization, Various Facilities||ZU||0||0||0||25,000||0|
|Various Worldwide Locations||C-17 Transformation, Various Facilities||ZU||0||0||100,000||0||0|
|Various Worldwide Locations||Recision (Foreign Currency Fluctuation)||ZU||0||0||0||-10,281||0|
|Various Worldwide Locations||Unspecified Minor Construction||ZU||11,500||11,500||12,620||12,620||11,500|
|Various Worldwide Locations||Revised Economic Assumptions (Mid-session Review, Construction)||ZU||0||0||0||-5,000||-5,000|
|Various Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design||ZU||41,496||41,496||65,758||51,486||62,023|
|Various Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design (DERF)||ZU||21,797||21,797||21,797||20,797||0|
|Various Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design||ZU||0||0||0||0||15,797|
|Various Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design (Predator Beddown)||ZU||0||0||0||0||5,000|
|Various Worldwide Locations||Recision||ZU||0||0||0||-3,000||-10,281|
|Various Worldwide Locations||Supervision, Inspection and Overhead Reductions||ZU||0||0||0||0||-15,306|
|Fort Wainwright||Hospital Replacement (Phase IV)||AK||53,000||53,000||53,000||53,000||0|
|Pine Bluff Arsenal||Non-stockpile Ammunition Demolition Shop||AR||0||18,937||17,990||18,937||18,937|
|Pueblo Depot||Ammunition Demilitarization Facility Phase IV||CO||0||38,000||36,100||38,000||38,000|
|Peterson AFB||Fac Refurbishment Homeland Security Cinc (DERF)||CO||25,000||0||23,000||25,000||25,000|
|District of Columbia||Parking Garage||DC||2,500||2,500||0||2,500||2,500|
|Bolling AFB||DIA Analysis Center||DC||121,958||121,958||121,958||111,958||111,958|
|Newport Army Ammunition Plant||Ammunition Demilitarization Facility-Ph V||IN||0||61,494||58,420||61,494||61,494|
|Blue Grass Army Depot||Ammunition Demilitarization Facility Ph III||KY||0||10,300||9,758||10,300||10,300|
|Blue Grass Army Depot||Ammunition Demilitarization Support Ph III||KY||0||8,300||7,885||8,300||8,300|
|Aberdeen Proving Ground||Ammunition Demilitarization Fac Ph V||MD||0||30,600||29,070||20,600||20,600|
|Stennis Space Center (Bay St Louis)||Land/Water Ranges||MS||0||0||5,000||5,000||5,000|
|Columbus||Physical Fitness Facility||OH||5,021||5,021||5,021||0||0|
|Def Fuel Support Point Lajes Field Azores||Replace Hydrant Fuel System||PO||19,000||0||19,000||0||0|
|Dam Neck||Special Operations Building||VA||0||3,900||0||3,900||3,900|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design (Tricare Management Facility)||ZU||14,200||14,200||17,200||18,500||14,200|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design (DERF)||ZU||0||0||2,000||2,000||0|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Energy Conservation Improvement Program||ZU||49,531||49,531||49,531||34,531||34,531|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design (Soc)||ZU||4,932||4,932||5,032||4,932||5,032|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Recision (Foreign Currency Fluctuation)||ZU||0||0||0||-2,976||-2,976|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations, OSD||Revised Economic Assumptions (Mid-session Review, Construction)||ZU||0||0||0||-3,000||-3,000|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design (Undistributed)||ZU||20,000||20,000||28,557||20,000||21,300|
|Supervision, Inspection, & Overhead Reduction, OSD||Revised Economic Assumptions (Mid-session Review)||ZU||0||0||0||0||-7,414|
|Army National Guard|
|Gadsen||Readiness Center, Add/Alt||AL||1,781||2,261||1,781||2,261||2,261|
|Camp Blanding||Combined Support Maintenance Shop (Ph I)||FL||0||5,000||0||5,000||5,000|
|Gowan Field/Boise||Readiness Center||ID||0||0||1,500||1,500||1,500|
|Camp Atterbury||Battle Simulation Center||IN||0||8,327||0||8,327||8,327|
|Patuxent River||Readiness Center||MD||0||6,740||0||6,740||6,740|
|Shiawasse County Owosso||Readiness Center||MI||0||4,700||0||0||0|
|Lansing||Joint/Multi-Unit Readiness Center||MI||0||0||16,928||16,928||16,928|
|Fort Leonard Wood||Aviation Support Facility||MO||0||0||14,767||14,767||14,767|
|Connelsville||Readiness Center (Ph II)||PA||0||1,750||0||1,700||1,700|
|Camp Rapid||Barracks/Dining/Admin & Parking (Ph I)||SD||0||0||10,593||10,593||10,593|
|Fort Pickett||Maneuver & Equipment Training Site||VA||0||0||8,957||8,957||8,957|
|South Burlington||Readiness Center (Ph I)||VT||0||0||11,241||11,241||11,241|
|Spokane||Readiness Center (Ph I)||WA||0||8,800||11,598||8,800||8,800|
|Madison||United States Property and Fiscal Office||WI||5,245||5,245||5,245||5,245||0|
|Madison||United States Property and Fiscal Office||WI||0||0||0||0||5,245|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Unspecified Minor Construction||ZU||4,930||4,930||13,399||13,985||13,985|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Revised Economic Assumptions (Mid-session Review, Construction)||ZU||0||0||0||-1,000||-1,000|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design||ZU||14,724||14,724||29,543||32,183||27,042|
|Air National Guard|
|Little Rock AFB||Operations and Training Facility||AR||0||5,100||5,100||5,100||5,100|
|Fort Smith Map||Operations and Training Facility||AR||0||0||6,000||6,000||6,000|
|Sepulveda||Communications and Electronics Training Facility||CA||0||0||7,000||7,000||7,000|
|Buckley Air Force Base||Control Tower||CO||0||0||5,900||5,900||5,900|
|New Castle County Airport||Parking Apron||DE||0||0||10,800||10,800||10,800|
|Homestead ARB||Services Complex||FL||0||2,500||0||2,500||2,500|
|Des Moines||Airfield Facilities Upgrade||IA||0||0||9,200||6,000||6,000|
|Gowan Field/Boise||Air Support Squadron (Beddown)||ID||0||0||6,700||6,700||6,700|
|Greater Peoria Regional Airport||Composite Support Training Facility||IL||0||8,800||0||0||0|
|Springfield (Capitol Airport)||Composite Support Facility||IL||0||0||10,000||10,000||10,000|
|New Orleans Joint Reserve Base Belle Chasse||Vehicle Maintenance Support Equipment Shop||LA||0||0||5,500||0||0|
|Selfridge ANGB||Joint Dining Facility||MI||0||0||8,500||8,500||8,500|
|W K Kellogg Airport||Vehicle Maintenance Shop||MI||0||3,800||0||3,800||3,800|
|Duluth International Airport||Aircraft Maintenance Hangar & Shop (Ph II)||MN||0||0||15,000||6,100||6,100|
|St Louis/Lambert Field||Base Relocation/Facilities Upgrade||MO||0||0||4,000||0||0|
|Gore Hills/Great Falls||Munitions Load Crew Training Facility||MT||0||0||0||3,500||3,500|
|Hancock Field||Upgrade Base Force Protection and Infrastructure||NY||0||0||0||8,600||8,600|
|Toledo Express Airport||Replace Logistics Complex||OH||0||6,900||0||0||0|
|Mansfield Lahm Airport||Vehicle Maintenance Complex||OH||0||3,500||0||3,500||3,500|
|Springfield-Beckley Municipal Airport||Fire Station||OH||0||6,100||0||6,100||6,100|
|Rickenbacker ANGB||Fire Station||OH||0||6,000||0||6,000||6,000|
|Pittsburgh||Squadron Operations & Support Facility||PA||0||0||7,700||7,700||7,700|
|McEntire Air National Guard Base||Replace Operations & Training Facility||SC||0||0||10,200||0||0|
|Fort Bliss||Base Defense Training Center||TX||0||0||8,700||8,000||8,000|
|Martinsburg Airbase||Site Improvement and Utilities||WV||0||0||12,200||12,200||12,200|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Unspecified Minor Construction||ZU||4,400||4,400||5,400||5,900||5,900|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design||ZU||8,273||8,273||22,405||16,680||17,082|
|Fort Dix||Add/Alter Parking Apron/Taxiway||NJ||0||10,000||0||10,000||10,000|
|Fort Dix||Vehicle/Pallet Facility||NJ||0||4,012||0||4,012||4,012|
|North Canton||Reserve Center/OMS/AMSA/Storage||OH||0||11,998||0||11,998||11,998|
|Johnstown||Upgrade Aircraft Parking/Ramp||PA||0||12,270||0||12,270||12,270|
|Fort McCoy||Battle Simulation Center||WI||0||0||3,863||0||0|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design||ZU||6,965||6,965||10,810||10,460||9,305|
|New Orleans||Joint Reserve Center (Ph III)||LA||0||7,400||0||7,400||7,400|
|Fort Worth Naval Air Station/Joint Reserve Base||Aircraft Engine Maintenance Shop||TX||0||8,850||0||8,850||8,850|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design||ZU||2,509||2,509||2,509||2,509||3,389|
|Air Force Reserve|
|March AFB||Taxiway Repair||CA||0||4,350||0||0||0|
|March AFB||C-17 Alter Squadron Operations Facility||CA||0||1,700||1,696||1,700||1,700|
|March AFB||C-17 Alter Co-located Life Support Building||CA||0||3,000||3,026||3,000||3,000|
|March AFB||C-17 Alter General Maintenance Shops||CA||0||2,000||2,004||2,000||2,000|
|March AFB||Runway Repair||CA||0||2,550||0||2,550||2,550|
|March AFB||C-17 Multifunctional Hangar||CA||0||0||0||0||15,100|
|March AFB||Add/Alter C-17 Simulator Facility||CA||0||0||0||0||1,900|
|Schriever AFB||Consolidated Space Group Operations Facility||CO||0||0||0||6,900||6,900|
|Grissom Air Reserve Base||Addition/Alteration Aircraft Maintenance Hangar||IN||0||0||6,000||0||0|
|Westover ARB||Security Forces Operations Complex||MA||0||3,850||0||3,850||3,850|
|Minneapolis-St Paul ARS||Consolidated Lodging Facility (Ph IV)||MN||0||6,300||0||6,300||6,300|
|Niagra Falls Air Reserve Station||Visiting Airmen Quarters (Ph I)||NY||0||0||9,000||0||0|
|Youngstown ARS||Visitors Center (DERF)||OH||2,500||2,500||2,500||0||0|
|Charleston AFB||Medical Training Facility||SC||0||2,150||0||2,150||2,150|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Unspecified Minor Construction||ZU||5,160||5,160||5,960||5,960||5,960|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Planning and Design||ZU||3,656||3,656||3,863||3,656||5,079|
a. Standard postal abbreviations for states are used. GR=Greece; IT=Italy; ZC=Unspecified Location, Classified Project; ZU=Unspecified Location, Unclassified Project.
|Stuttgart||Stuttgart, Germany (1)||GY||990||990||500||0||0|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Construction Improvements||ZU||239,751||239,751||239,751||239,751||239,721|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Privatization Support Costs||ZU||25,926||25,926||25,926||20,926||20,926|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Rescission (Foreign Currency Fluctuation)||ZU||0||0||0||-4,920||-4,920|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Revised Economic Assumptions (Mid-session Review, Operations & Debt)||ZU||0||0||0||-2,000||-2,000|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Civilian Personnel Accrual Accounting Adjustment||ZU||0||0||0||-3,267||-3,267|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Revised Economic Assumptions (Mid-session Review, Operations & Debt)||ZU||0||0||0||-8,000||-8,000|
|Navy & Marine Corps|
|Larissa||Greece - Larissa||GR||1,232||0||0||0||0|
|Brunswick NAS||26 Units||ME||0||5,800||0||5,000||5,000|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Rescission (Foreign Currency Fluctuation)||ZU||0||0||0||-2,652||-2,652|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Revised Economic Assumptions (Mid-session Review, Construction Improvements)||ZU||0||0||0||-3,000||-3,000|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Revised Economic Assumptions (Mid-session Review, Operating Expenses)||ZU||0||0||0||-6,000||-6,000|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Privatization Support Costs||ZU||7,071||7,071||7,071||11,398||7,071|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Maintenance of Real Property||ZU||381,388||381,388||381,388||377,061||381,388|
|Whiteman AFB||75 Units||MO||0||13,130||0||13,130||0|
|Whiteman AFB||Replace Family Housing Ph 3 (22 Units)||MO||3,977||3,977||3,977||3,977||17,107|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Privatization Support Costs||ZU||20,482||20,482||20,482||15,482||15,482|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Rescission (Foreign Currency Fluctuations)||ZU||0||0||0||-8,782||-8,782|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Revised Economic Assumptions (Mid-session Review, Operations & Debt)||ZU||0||0||0||-5,000||-5,000|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Revised Economic Assumptions (Mid-session Review, Operations & Debt)||ZU||0||0||0||-6,000||-6,000|
|Def Distribution Depot New Cumberland||Whole House Revitalization||PA||5,430||5,430||5,430||0||5,430|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Civilian Personnel Accural Accounting Adjustment||ZU||0||0||0||-37||-37|
|Unspecified Worldwide Locations||Construction Improvements||ZU||5,480||5,480||5,480||5,480||50|
a. Standard postal abbreviations for states are used. GY= Federal Republic of Germany; GR=Greece; ZU=Unspecified Location, Unclassified Project.
1. (back)A companion bill, H.R. 4547, authorizing the $10.0 billion incremental funding for ongoing operations in the war on terrorism (the "war reserve fund") specified in H.Con.Res. 353 was introduced on April 26, referred to committee on July 24, and incorporated into H.R. 4546 on July 25.
2. (back)Facility sustainment, restoration, and modernization (SRM) includes the repair and maintenance of buildings, structures, warehouses, roadways, runways, aprons, railway tracks, utility plants, and their associated distribution systems, plus minor construction (cost not to exceed $500 thousand) to create new facilities or expand, alter, or convert existing facilities. A large part of the funding dedicated to the SRM function is requested not as part of the military construction appropriation, but rather as part of the Operations and Maintenance account within the annual defense appropriation.
3. (back)The NATO Security Investment program is the U.S. contribution to Alliance funds for the construction of facilities and the procurement of equipment essential to the wartime support of operational forces in the common defense of the NATO area. Facilities funded by this program include airfields, naval bases, signal and telecom installations, pipelines, war headquarters, as well as early warning radar and missile installations. The U.S. contributes approximately 25% of the total annual NSIP assessment, with the rest coming from the other members of the North Atlantic Alliance.
4. (back)Virtually all costs associated with the latest completed BRAC round (that of FY1995) have been funded. The bulk of current BRAC appropriations (before the next round commences in FY2005) will be dedicated to environmental remediation of closed military installations.
5. (back)See CRS Report RL31005, Appropriations and Authorization for FY2002: Defense, by Amy Belasco, Mary Tyszkiewicz, and [author name scrubbed], for details on the defense authorization and appropriation process.
8. (back)The relevant subcommittees of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees are Military Construction (for the military construction appropriation) and Defense (for the national defense appropriation).
9. (back)The Subcommittee on Military Installations and Facilities in the House Armed Services Committee and the Subcommittee on Readiness and Management Support in the Senate Armed Services Committee draft legislation to authorize military construction appropriations.
10. (back)The Homeowners Assistance Fund (Defense) was established by the Demonstration Cities and Metropolitan Development Act of 1966 (42 USC 3374). It authorizes the Secretary of Defense to acquire the title to, or to reimburse for certain losses upon the sale of, one- and two-family homes owned by federal employees located at or near military installations ordered closed in whole or in part.
11. (back)10 USC 2883 (Department of Defense Housing Funds) is part of subchapter IV (Alternative Authority for Acquisition and Improvement of Military Housing) of the basic law governing the armed forces. It establishes two independent funds: the Department of Defense Family Housing Improvement Fund and the Department of Defense Military Unaccompanied Housing Improvement Fund (unaccompanied members of the military are either unmarried or are married but separated geographically from their families). The funds are sustained by direct appropriation, fund transfers made by the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the Navy from other accounts, proceeds from certain title conveyances or the lease of federal military family housing property, or other financial activity associated with either military family or unaccompanied housing. These funds may be used for the planning, construction, or improvement of military housing as provided for under this particular subchapter of Title 10.
12. (back) CRS Report RL31039(pdf), Military Housing Privatization Initiative: Background and Issues for Congress, by [author name scrubbed], provides a background to the military's housing privatization program.
14. (back)Unaccompanied housing is also referred to as bachelor officer or enlisted quarters, barracks, etc. It lodges unmarried or geographically separated military personnel who live on military installations.
15. (back)These include electric, water, waste water, and natural gas, as well as steam, hot and chilled water, and telecommunications systems at active duty, reserve, and National Guard installations. Privatization is not contemplated for locations where it is economically infeasible or where privatization may create a risk to security.
17. (back)More information on the privatization of utilities at U.S. military installations is available on the Internet at http://www.acq.osd.mil/ie/utilities/privatization.htm.
19. (back)See CRS Report RL30051, Military Base Closures: Time for Another Round?, by David E. Lockwood, and CRS Report RL30440, Military Base Closures: Where Do We Stand?, by David E. Lockwood, for more information on the FY2005 BRAC round.
20. (back)See the testimony of Gen. Robert van Antwerp, Assistant Chief of Staff of the Army for Fort Installation Management before the House Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Military Construction of February 17, 2002.
21. (back)For more information on defense-related environmental programs, see CRS Report RL31198, Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2002, by [author name scrubbed]. DOD maintains a web site with extensive additional information on its environmental cleanup efforts at http://www.dtic.mil/envirodod/COffice/CleanupO.htm.
23. (back)See Political Transcripts, "Secretary Rumsfeld and Comptroller Zakheim Hold a Briefing on the FY2003 Defense Budget." Federal Document Clearing House, February 4, 2002, or at http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Feb2002/t02042002_t0204sd.html. The additional force protection and anti-terrorism funding requested for the DERF raised the total military construction request for active duty components to $4.262 billion and for the reserves to $319 million.
24. (back)Sustainment includes the maintenance, restoration, and modernization of existing structures and is part of the operations and maintenance budget activity of the defense budget. It therefore falls within the jurisdiction of the Appropriations Committees' Subcommittees on Defense, not Military Construction.
25. (back)Operations & Maintenance funds are tracked as "total obligational authority" (TOA). TOA is an accounting term unique to DOD and equals appropriated budget authority adjusted to include credits (transfers) from other accounts and funds left unused from prior years. See CRS Report RL30002(pdf), A Defense Budget Primer, by [author name scrubbed] and [author name scrubbed], for a more comprehensive explanation of defense budget terms.
26. (back)Senator Dianne Feinstein, in questioning the Deputy Director of the Army National Guard at a military construction hearing, remarked, "Many people believe that [deliberate underfunding is] the game that is played in this institution with this particular budget, that they really look at the Congress to kind of plus it up after it's been requested." See the Senate Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Military Construction hearing of March 5, 2002. The Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps Reserves are permanently under the control of the Department of Defense. The Army and Air National Guards are state-controlled organizations until such time as they are called into federal service.
28. (back)For a description of the privatization of military family housing, see CRS Report RL31039(pdf), Military Housing Privatization Initiative: Background and Issues, by [author name scrubbed]. The Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH) is money added to a military member's base pay when he or she is authorized to live outside of government-furnished quarters, or "off-base." The domicile is usually established in a privately-owned apartment or house rented or purchased on the local economy.
31. (back)Like facility sustainment, renovation, and modernization accounts, the DERF is part of the defense appropriation. The $20.1 billion requested for the DERF is not included in the budgetary analyses in this report. The DERF itself was created as a "transfer fund," which means its function is to act as an accounting vehicle for redistributing sums from one account to another. Therefore, it normally does not receive its own appropriation. See CRS Report RL31187(pdf), Terrorism Funding: Congressional Debate on Emergency Supplemental Allocations, by [author name scrubbed] and Larry Q. Nowels, and CRS Report RL31305, Authorization and Appropriations for FY2003: Defense, by [author name scrubbed] and [author name scrubbed].
32. (back)The remaining $10.0 billion of the request was not accompanied by detailed justification. This was funding designated by the Budget Resolution for FY2003 (H.Con.Res. 353) as a "war reserve fund" to support ongoing military operations in and around Afghanistan. A second defense authorization bill (H.R. 4547, see below under Legislation, Defense Authorization) has been created to accommodate an anticipated detailed budget request for this $10.0 billion war reserve.
33. (back)The Act formed part of the National Defense Authorization Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-). Section 3011 (b) of the Act withdrew a portion of the Nellis Air Force Range from all forms of appropriations under public land laws, reserving approximately 2.9 million acres of land in Clark, Lincoln, and Nye Counties, Nevada, for use as a weapons and training range. This appropriation is to be used for the replacement of National Wildlife Refuge System lands included in that withdrawal.
34. (back)See also CR S839. Reprogramming refers to the transfer of funds between appropriations accounts. Congress has set thresholds for DOD increases in accounts below which the Department does not have to request congressional authorization. This bill raises these limits at $20 million in military personnel (up from $10 million), $20 million in operation and maintenance (up from the $15 million set by the 105th Congress), $20 million in procurement (up from the $10 million or 20% of appropriation set by the 100th Congress), and $10 million in research, development, test, and evaluation (up from $4 million set by the 100th Congress). The bill makes no change in the current $2.5 million reprogramming threshold in military construction accounts.
35. (back)In the omnibus measure, the Senate approved an across-the-board rescission of 1.6% (�601, Division N). This cut is augmented by �309 of Division G, which requires an increase in the cut to offset $5 billion in additional education spending. According to CBO, this amount generates an additional 1.252% reduction. Thus, the total across-the-board reduction is currently estimated at 2.852%, which has been calculated by CBO as $11 billion, 392 million. Figures in this report do not reflect the across-the-board cuts in the omnibus measure, as it is unclear how they would be calculated for the Military Construction Appropriations Act overall and for particular departments, agencies, and programs in that bill.
36. (back)S. 2225 corresponds to the Administration's budget request and was introduced by request. H.R. 4546 and S. 2514 are the defense authorization bills from the House and Senate Armed Services Committees respectively.
37. (back) S. 2515, S. 2516, and S. 2517 originated with the Senate Armed Services Committee and correspond to S. 2514 Division A (Department of Defense authorization), S. 2514 Division B (Military Construction authorization), and S. 2514 Division C (Department of Energy and other national security authorizations) respectively. When S. 2514 was considered by the Senate on June 27, Divisions A, B, and C were separated and substituted for the original language in S. 2515, S. 2516, and S. 2517, respectively. These three bills were then passed by unanimous consent. See CR S6225 for June 27, 2002. They were sent to the House on July 8, where they were held at the desk and eventually incorporated into H.R. 4546.
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