Senate Committee Activity: Action on Measures Referred, 1973-2000

This report discusses the use of committees as crucial centers of policymaking, oversight of federal agencies, and public education is an organizing principle of the contemporary Congress.

Order Code RL31075 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Senate Committee Activity: Action on Measures Referred, 1973-2000 August 9, 2001 R. Eric Petersen Analyst in American National Government Government and Finance Division Richard S. Beth Specialist in the Legislative Process Government and Finance Division Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress Senate Committee Activity: Action on Measures Referred, 1973-2000 Summary The use of committees as crucial centers of policymaking, oversight of federal agencies, and public education is an organizing principle of the contemporary Congress. Committees are presumed to be the primary locus through which the work of Congress is organized, and where public policy proposals first receive substantive consideration. By using committees, the Senate enables itself to manage a large volume of legislative, investigative and oversight activity, and support the representational duties of and Senators. The focus of the workload and activity indicators presented in this report is action on legislative measures referred to committees. These indicators illuminate certain kinds of congressional workload and activity. Generally, the numbers of measures referred vary considerably from committee to committee. This variation is mainly a function of the committee’s jurisdiction; the wider the jurisdiction, the more measures will likely be referred to it. The forms of measures referred also vary with committee jurisdiction. The rates of reporting bills also vary significantly from committee to committee. As with figures for referrals to committees, these variations probably reflect different jurisdictionalcharacteristics, as well as intensified activity in different jurisdictions over time. Also, some committees’ percentage of the total reported is much lower than their percentage of the total referred. As with measures reported, the data on measures enacted into law reveal no consistent pattern. Variable committee workloads, along with the impact of social, economic, and political changes or demands, all appear to contribute to committee activity levels. What can be said is that measures enacted are consistently a small percentage of measures referred. For example, in the 106th Congress, 744 bills and joint resolutions, or 10.43% of the 7,132 measures referred to Senate committees, were enacted into law. Committee indicators illuminate only certain kinds of congressional workload and activity. By themselves, none of the indicators presented may be regarded as sufficient indicators of the intensity or quality of overall Senate committee activity. Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Measures Referred . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Forms of Measure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Referral Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Action on Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Measures Reported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Measures Enacted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Measures Referred and Committee Workloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 What the Indicators Tell Us . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Committee Activity Not Fully Captured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Aspects of Workload Not Considered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Senate Committee Legislative Activity: By Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Senate Measures Referred . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 House Measures Referred . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Senate Committee Legislative Activity: By Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Measures Referred . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions by Senate Committee . . . . . . . . . 84 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions by Senate Committee . . . . . . . . . 103 List of Figures Figure 1. Public Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred and Reported in Senate, and Enacted into Law, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Figure 2. Public Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate: Percent Reported and Enacted, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 List of Tables Table 1. Presentations of Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Table 2. Summary of Legislative Measures Referred to Senate Committees, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: . . . . . . . . 13 Table 3. 106th Congress (1999-2000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Table 4. 105th Congress (1997-1998) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Table 5. 104th Congress (1995-1996) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Table 6. 103rd Congress (1993-1994) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Table 7. 102nd Congress (1991-1992) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Table 8. 101st Congress (1989-1990) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Table 9. 100th Congress (1987-1989) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Table 10. 99th Congress (1985-1986) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Table 11. 98th Congress (1983-1984) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Table 12. 97th Congress (1981-1982) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Table 13. 96th Congress (1979-1980) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Table 14. 95th Congress (1977-1978) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Table 15. 94th Congress (1975-1976) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Table 16. 93rd Congress (1973-1974) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 House Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: . . . . . . . . 27 Table 17. 106th Congress (1999-2000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Table 18. 105th Congress (1997-1998) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Table 19. 104th Congress (1995-1996) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Table 20. 103rd Congress (1993-1994) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Table 21. 102nd Congress (1991-1992) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Table 22. 101st Congress (1989-1990) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Table 23. 100th Congress (1987-1989) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Table 24. 99th Congress (1985-1986) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Table 25. 98th Congress (1983-1984) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Table 26. 97th Congress (1981-1982) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Table 27. 96th Congress (1979-1980) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Table 28. 106th Congress (1999-2000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Table 29. 105th Congress (1997-1998) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Table 30. 104th Congress (1995-1996) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Table 31. 103rd Congress (1993-1994) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Table 32. 102nd Congress (1991-1992) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Table 33. 101st Congress (1989-1990) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Table 34. 100th Congress (1987-1989) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Table 35. 99th Congress (1985-1986) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Table 36. 98th Congress (1983-1984) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Table 37. 97th Congress (1981-1982) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Table 38. 96th Congress (1979-1980) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Table 39. 95th Congress (1977-1978) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Table 40. 94th Congress (1975-1976) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Table 41. 93rd Congress (1973-1974) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Table 42. 106th Congress (1999-2000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Table 43. 105th Congress (1997-1998) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Table 44. 104th Congress (1995-1996) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Table 45. 103rd Congress (1993-1994) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Table 46. 102nd Congress (1991-1992) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Table 47. 101st Congress (1989-1990) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Table 48. 100th Congress (1987-1989) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Table 49. 99th Congress (1985-1986) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Table 50. 98th Congress (1983-1984) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Table 51. 97th Congress (1981-1982) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Table 52. 96th Congress (1979-1980) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Measures Referred to Committees: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Table 53. Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Table 54. Appropriations, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Table 55. Armed Services, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Table 56. Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . 66 Table 57. Budget, 94th-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Table 58. Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . 68 Table 59. Energy and Natural Resources, 96th-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Table 60. Interior and Insular Affairs, 93rd-95th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Table 61. Environment and Public Works, 96th-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Table 62. Public Works, 93rd-95th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Table 63. Finance, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Table 64. Foreign Relations, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Table 65. Governmental Affairs, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Table 66. District of Columbia, 93rd-94th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Table 67. Post Office and Civil Service, 93rd-94th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Table 68. Indian Affairs, 95th-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Table 69. Select Committee on Intelligence, 95th-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Table 70. Judiciary, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Table 71. Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . 80 Table 72. Rules and Administration, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Table 73. Select Committee on Small Business, 95th-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . 82 Table 74. Veterans’ Affairs, 93rd-106th Congresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Table 75. Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Table 76. Appropriations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Table 77. Armed Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Table 78. Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Table 79. Budget . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Table 80. Commerce, Science, and Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Table 81. Energy and Natural Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Table 82. Interior and Insular Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Table 83. Environment and Public Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Table 84. Public Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Table 85. Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 Table 86. Foreign Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Table 87. Governmental Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Table 88. District of Columbia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Table 89. Post Office and Civil Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Table 90. Indian Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 Table 91. Select Committee on Intelligence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Table 92. Judiciary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Table 93. Health, Education, Labor and Pensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Table 94. Rules and Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Table 95. Select Committee on Small Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Table 96. Veterans’ Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Table 97. Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Table 98. Appropriations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Table 99. Armed Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Table 100. Table 101. Table 102. Table 103. Table 104. Table 105. Table 106. Table 107. Table 108. Table 109. Table 110. Table 111. Table 112. Table 113. Table 114. Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 Budget . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 Commerce, Science, and Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Energy and Natural Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Environment and Public Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Foreign Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Governmental Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Select Committee on Indian Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Select Committee on Intelligence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Judiciary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 Health Education, Labor and Pensions, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 Rules and Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Select Committee on Small Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Veterans’ Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 Senate Committee Activity: Action on Measures Referred, 1973-2000 Introduction In an often repeated summary of the work of Congress, political scientist and future President Woodrow Wilson observed that “... Congress in its committee-rooms is Congress at work.”1 The use of committees as crucial centers of policy making, oversight of federal agencies, and public education continues to be an organizing principle of the contemporary Congress. Committees are presumed to be the primary locus through which the work of Congress is organized, and where public policy proposals first receive substantive consideration. From the introduction of a legislative initiative, committees and their Members are involved in: ! deciding which initiatives will go forward, and which will receive no further consideration; ! managing the progress of an initiative through floor consideration; ! resolving differences in initiatives passed by both chambers; and ! overseeing the implementation of public policies. The committee work of the Senate is dispersed among standing and select or special committees. Standing committees are permanent committees established by Senate Rule XXV that handle the majority of the work. Select committees are usually established by separate resolutions of the Senate. Often a select committee is established because the existing standing committee system does not provide for an issue to be addressed comprehensively by a single committee, or because a particular event sparks interest in an investigation. A select committee may be permanent or temporary.2 1 Woodrow Wilson, Congressional Government, A Study in American Politics (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981. Originally published 1885), p. 69. 2 Instead of “select,” the Senate sometimes uses the term “special” committee. There is no substantive difference between a select and a special committee; the designation depends merely on what the resolution creating the committee calls it. CRS-2 Committees enable the Senate to manage a large volume of legislative, investigative and oversight activity, and support the representational duties of Senators.3 In the Senate, the committee system handles several thousand legislative measures and nearly 100,000 nominations submitted during each 2-year Congress. Senate Rule XXV defines the jurisdiction of each standing committee and details the topic areas in which a committee may consider legislation and conduct oversight. When a legislative measure is introduced in the Senate, it is typically referred to one or more standing committees according to their jurisdictions.4 Referrals are made by matching the subject matter of the measure to the committee with jurisdiction over that subject. Most standing committees authorize and recommend funding levels for government operations and for new and existing programs.5 The resolutions which create select and special committees typically assign specific areas of investigation or study. Legislative activity in the Senate usually begins with the introduction of a measure (bill or resolution) and its referral to a committee. All data on bills and resolutions in this report take account only of measures that receive referral to a Senate committee. Committees typically act on measures referred to them by determining which to report to the Senate for further action. Committees are also principally responsible for coordinating both the consideration by the full Senate of measures within their respective jurisdictions and the subsequent progress of those measures to enactment or final approval. The referral, reporting, and enactment of measures represent key dimensions of Senate committees’ workload and activity. Data on these subjects shed light on overall patterns, highlight significant trends, and suggest the effects of institutional changes over time, such as rules changes and shifts in committee jurisdictions. Data in this report on both measures referred and action taken thereon are presented in two distinct ways: (1) by Congress, and (2) by committee. Each of these presentations permits considering the work of Senate committees in a different context. Where the data are organized by Congress, each table covers a single Congress, and gives data for all committees in that Congress. Where they are organized by committee, each table covers a single committee, and gives data for the entire period covered. Examining committee activity by Congress offers a committee-oriented perspective on the legislative activity of the entire body, and reveals detailed patterns for the entire committee system across time. Data presented by committee demonstrate the ebb and flow of activity by individual 3 For a discussion of the roles of committees in Congress, see Roger H. Davidson and Walter J. Oleszek, Congress and Its Members, 7th ed. (Washington: CQ Press, 2000), pp. 197-226. 4 See CRS Report 98-242, Committee Jurisdiction and Referral in the Senate. 5 A few Senate committees have other functions. For example, the Senate Budget Committee establishes aggregate levels for total spending and revenue and, within functional budget categories, new budget authority and outlays; these aggregates serve as guidelines for the work of the authorizing and appropriating panels. CRS-3 committees, permit the work of specific committees to be tracked, and illuminate differences among committees in how they carry out their work. Data are also broken down by the chamber (Senate or House) in which the measures originated. They cover the 93rd through 106th Congress (1973-2000), and include all Senate standing, select, and special committees that received referrals.6 Information regarding measures was collected through searching the Bill Summary and Status sections of the Legislative Information System (LIS).7 Table 1 summarizes these distinctions, and provides a guide to the presentation of data, by identifying which tables below display figures in each of the various forms described. Table 1. Presentations of Data Indicator Presentation Measures referred to Senate committees Chamber of origin of measures Tables Senate 3-16 House 17-27 Senate 28-41 House 42-52 Both 53-74 Senate 75-96 House 97-114 by Congress Action on legislative measures referred to Senate committees Measures referred to Senate committees by committee Action on legislative measures referred to Senate committees 6 Most select and special committees are not authorized to consider and report legislative measures to the Senate. However, the Senate has given legislative reporting authority to the Ethics and Intelligence committees. 7 The LIS is an Internet-based database of congressional activity maintained by Congress and the Congressional Research Service (CRS). Congressional users can access the data base at [http://www.congress.gov/]. Public users can access the database through THOMAS, a service of the Library of Congress, at [http://thomas.loc.gov/]. Data from LIS were collected from the earliest available records through the end of the 106th Congress (1999-2000). Information for Senate-originated measures is available on LIS from the 93rd Congress, 1973-1974. Information on House measures adopted by the House and subsequently referred to Senate committees is available from the 96th Congress (1979-1980). CRS-4 All data presented cover only measures that were referred to a Senate committee.8 As detailed in the Appendix, however, measures not referred may, under a variety of circumstances, still be reported from Senate committees, considered on the Senate floor, or enacted. Even in the absence of referral, these forms of Senate action normally still entail activity by the committees under whose jurisdiction the measures fall. The data presented do not reflect this activity, and to that extent tend to understate the level of work Senate committees may perform. Generally, these omissions arise from obstacles in the data compilation process. As currently deployed, LIS offers the ability to track measures originated by Senate committees only since the 104th Congress. The disposition of measures passed by the House and held at the desk in the Senate or Senate measures sent directly to the floor cannot be identified through available electronic search strategies. With a combination of manual search and changes in LIS search strategies, it may be possible to develop indicators which account for these data. The eventual development of additional measures of committee activity would help to paint a more complete, nuanced picture of Senate committees, and Congress in general. Measures Referred Forms of Measure Data on measures referred are broken down according to the types of measure Congress considers: bills, joint resolutions, concurrent resolutions, and simple resolutions.9 Of these, only bills and joint resolutions are lawmaking vehicles. These measures are introduced10 when the intent is to enact law. Because both bills and joint resolutions are 8 All data on bills and resolutions exclude private measures, which are those that propose to confer specified benefits on named individuals. For further information on private legislation see Richard S. Beth, “Private Bill,” in The Encyclopedia of the United States Congress, Donald C. Bacon, Roger H. Davidson and Morton Keller, eds. (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995) pp. 1626-1627; and Congressional Quarterly, Congressional Quarterly’s Guide to Congress, 5th ed. (Washington: CQ Press, 2000), pp. 526-527. The data on matters referred to and receiving action by Senate committees exclude information on the executive business of the Senate (nominations and treaties). See CRS Report 98-709, Senate Executive Business and the Executive Calendar and CRS Report 98-384, Senate Consideration of Treaties. 9 See CRS Report 98-706, Bills and Resolutions: Examples of How each Kind is Used and CRS Report 98-728, Bills, Resolutions, Nominations and Treaties: Origins, Deadlines, Requirements and Uses. 10 Formally, bills are introduced, while any kind of resolution is submitted. In contexts referring to both bills and resolutions, and where the distinction is not material, the following pages sometimes use the term “introduced” to encompass also the submission of resolutions. CRS-5 lawmaking vehicles, the data presentations in this report combine measures of both kinds into one class.11 Measures originating in the House of Representatives reach the Senate only if the House passes them.12 Accordingly, the present data take account only of House bills, joint resolutions, and concurrent resolutions that pass the House. Due to the fact simple resolutions of the House are never transmitted to the Senate for action, they are never referred to Senate committees, and the tables on House measures referred to Senate committees do not include figures on simple resolutions. In the tables on measures referred that are organized by Congress, the number of measures of each type referred to each Senate committee is also presented as a percentage of the total number of measures of that type that were referred to all Senate committees in each Congress. These percentages, read vertically, reveal the distribution of legislative measures by committee in each Congress. Referral Trends Generally, the numbers of measures referred vary considerably from committee to committee (Tables 3-27). This variation is mainly a function of the committee’s jurisdiction; the wider the jurisdiction, the more measures will likely be referred to it. For example, the Committee on Finance receives many bills because tax policy attracts so many legislative proposals. The forms of measures referred also vary with committee jurisdiction. Due to the fact the management and rule setting of the Senate falls within its jurisdiction, the Committee on Rules and Administration receives a disproportionate share of the simple resolutions referred to committees. Similarly, a greater percentage of concurrent resolutions are referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations than to other committees, because these measures often express the non-binding sense of Congress in matters of international relations. Table 2 shows the aggregate number of Senate and House measures referred to Senate committees in each Congress. In general, Senate-originated bills and joint resolutions reveal no consistent pattern across the period observed. At the beginning of the period, there is a pattern of irregular growth between the 93rd and 101st Congresses 11 Joint resolutions also are used to propose constitutional amendments. These are not lawmaking measures, in the strict sense of the term. If passed, they are not presented to the President for action, but rather transmitted to the States for ratification. The data in this report include joint resolutions referred to committees and reported to the Senate for purposes of amending the Constitution, but not their ratification. This affects chiefly the Committee on the Judiciary, which has jurisdiction over proposed constitutional amendments. No constitutional amendments were adopted by Congress between 1973 and 2000. The 27th Amendment, regulating congressional salaries, was ratified on May 7, 1992. It was adopted by the First Congress (1789-1790) on September 25, 1789. 12 As with the introduction of measures, bills are passed, while resolutions are adopted. In contexts referring to both bills and resolutions, and where the distinction is not material, the report sometimes uses “passed” to encompass agreement to resolutions as well. CRS-6 (1979-1990), before a brief leveling in the 102nd Congress (1991-1992). Sharp decreases followed in the 103rd and 104th Congresses (1993-1996). At the end of the period, an upturn occurs in the 106th Congress (1999-2000). The data reveal a relatively irregular pattern in the numbers of Senate concurrent resolutions referred, as well. Unlike the pattern for bills and joint resolutions, it includes a sharp drop of nearly 50% between the 102nd and 103rd Congresses, (1991-1994). This was followed by a more gradual but significant decline in the 103rd through 105th Congresses (1993-1998). In the 106th Congress, the number of referrals returned to levels seen before the decline. After a period of steady growth through the 1970s, the number of simple resolutions handled by Senate committees peaked at 540 in the 96th Congress (1979-1980). They fell steadily throughout the 1980s. Through the 1990s, the number of Senate simple resolutions was relatively flat. The Senate referred between one half and one quarter as many House concurrent resolutions, joint resolutions and bills as Senate measures to its committees. Among House measures referred to Senate committees, House concurrent resolution referrals peaked in the 100th Congress (1987-1988), after several years of growth. There followed a period of declining referrals of this type of measure until the 104th Congress (1995-1996), and increases during the 105th and 106th Congresses (1997-2000). Referral of House joint resolutions and bills generally rose, peaking at 450 during the 102nd Congress (19911992), before declining sharply during the 103rd through 105th Congresses (1993-1998). In the 106th Congress (1999-2000), the trend reversed with the number of referrals of House bills and joint resolutions higher than in the previous three Congresses. In the aggregate, the referral activity indicators do not reveal consistent patterns. This irregularity may reflect the limited scope of the indicators themselves, rather than being an explicit statement of actual committee workload. Nevertheless, some preliminary conclusions may be drawn. For example, the downward trend in public bills and joint resolutions referred during the middle and late 1990s appears connected at least in part with the adoption by the House of a ban on consideration of legislation designating special days, weeks, or months for commemoration. Over the years, the Senate has revised its procedures for introducing commemorative legislation as well.13 In the period after the House decision, Senate-originated action on commemorative legislation declined significantly, presumably because the chamber recognized that the House would not consider those measures. The change was demonstrated in the workload of the Senate Committee on Judiciary, which has jurisdiction over commemorative legislation. The Judiciary Committee saw a 60.5% decrease in bills and joint resolutions referred to it in the 104th Congress. The lack of consistent pattern is also demonstrated by the number of referrals to the Committee on Judiciary. Following the commemorative ban and decline in referrals during the 104th Congress, the number of measures referred to the committee in the 105th and 106th Congresses returned to levels seen prior to the commemorative ban. 13 See CRS Report 98-662, Commemorative Legislation: Evolution and Procedures, by Stephen Stathis. CRS-7 Table 2. Summary of Legislative Measures Referred to Senate Committees, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress House Concurrent Resolutions House-Passed Bills and Joint Resolutions Senate Simple Resolutions Senate Concurrent Resolutions Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions 93rd (1973-1974) NA NA 246 98 3542 94th (1975-1976) NA NA 411 162 3085 95th (1977-1978) NA NA 387 84 3838 96th (1979-1980) 37 385 540 114 2733 97th (1981-1982) 38 284 435 108 2789 98th (1983-1984) 29 381 393 127 2934 99th (1985-1986) 38 370 332 130 2731 100th (1987-1988) 54 435 298 120 2778 101st (1989-1990) 41 374 167 118 3124 102nd (1991-1992) 39 450 185 106 3281 103rd (1993-1994) 27 365 144 58 2466 104th (1995-1996) 24 284 118 65 1943 105th (1997-1998) 53 293 174 97 2004 106th (1999-2000) 81 374 214 112 3194 S o u r c e : Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93rd-95th Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. CRS-8 Action on Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Data presented here about action that occurred on the measures referred to Senate committees relate only to bills and joint resolutions. These are the only measures that can become law, and for most committees, represent the great preponderance of measures referred. Specifically, the pertinent tables report the numbers of bills and joint resolutions that were: (1) referred to committee, (2) reported from committee, and (3) enacted into law.14 The first group of data, on bills and joint resolutions referred, repeats the corresponding figures from the tables on referrals. The remaining data reflect only actions that occurred on these referred measures. Excluded, accordingly, are any bills and joint resolutions originated by Senate committees, because these are reported without having been referred. Also excluded are any measures that were enacted into law without having been referred to a Senate committee. For this reason, total legislative activity for all committees, as presented here, falls short, in general, of the aggregate legislative activity of the Senate as a whole.15 14 Joint resolutions introduced to amend the Constitution are included in referral columns and, if they are reported to the Senate, the reported column. Those passed by both houses and sent to the states for ratification, however, are not included in the enacted columns. 15 Generally, measures are referred to committee for consideration. In at least three circumstances, however, a measure may receive consideration by the Senate without being referred. First, bills and joint resolutions may avoid Senate committee referral by being placed directly on the Senate Calendar when introduced, under Rule XIV. Similarly, simple and concurrent resolutions may, when submitted, be “laid over, under the rule” rather than referred. Also, measures of any form may, by unanimous consent, receive immediate floor consideration when introduced. Even if the data took account of these measures, none would appear as a measure referred. Also, even though these measures become available for floor consideration, no committee reports them. As a result, even if the data took account of these measures, they would still not appear as measures reported. On the other hand, those enacted into law would appear as additional to the ones counted in the tables. Second, Senate rules permit committees to report original measures. By this means, committees may in effect introduce new bills and resolutions through the act of reporting them. These measures are accordingly reported without being referred. Even if the data took account of them, they would not appear as measures referred. They would, however, appear as measures reported, in addition to those reflected in the present data. Similarly, those enacted would appear as additional to the ones counted in the present tables. Finally, when the Senate receives a measure passed by the House, it often holds the (continued...) CRS-9 In the tables on action on measures referred that are organized by Congress, the number of measures of each type referred to each Senate committee is also presented as a percentage of the total number of measures of that type that were referred to all Senate committees in the given Congress. These percentages reveal the distribution of legislative measures reported and enacted by committees in that Congress. In the tables on actions that are organized by committee, the number of measures at each stage after referral to each Senate committee is also presented as a percentage of the total number of measures that were referred to that committee in that Congress. These percentages reveal that the process of selection among measures referred results in a low number of measures reported, and a still lower number of measures enacted into law. Measures Reported Once a measure is referred to committee, it normally can reach the Senate floor only if the committee reports it back to the Senate. Committees, however, have no general obligation to report any measure referred. Also, because any Senator may introduce a measure on any subject at any time, a committee may have before it numerous alternative proposals dealing with any given issue. Committees are usually unlikely to report more than one of the proposals. Accordingly, the summary tables for the House and Senate in each Congress, Tables 28-52, show a large number of bills that received no further action. In the 106th Congress, approximately one in five measures was reported back to the Senate for further consideration. The rates of reporting bills also vary significantly from committee to committee. Like figures for referrals to committees, these variations probably reflect different jurisdictional characteristics, as well as intensified activity in different jurisdictions over time. Also, some committees’ percentage of the total reported is much lower than their percentage of the total referred. For instance, in the 106th Congress the Finance Committee received more than one quarter of all measures referred to Senate committees, but reported less than 3% of all Senate measures reported by Senate committees. This pattern mainly reflects the committee’s role of screening large numbers of discrete revenue and tariff measures. Conversely, in the 102nd Congress the Judiciary Committee received 18.67% of all bills and joint resolutions passed by the House and referred to the Senate and 14.68% of similar Senate-originated measures referred to Senate committees, but reported 63.1% of 15 (...continued) measure at the desk rather than referring it. This action facilitates the subsequent process of resolving differences between the House measure and a Senate companion measure. When the two houses initially act on separate measures in this way, further action normally occurs on only one of them. Whichever measure proceeds to enactment, the present data count the referral and reporting of the Senate measure. The House measure does not appear as referred or reported, and would not so appear even if the data did take account of these House measures. Finally, however, in cases when the Senate measure is enacted, the present data record this outcome, but when the House measure is enacted, they do not record the enactment at all. If the data reflected these House measures, those enacted would appear as additional to the ones counted in the present tables. CRS-10 House measures and 33.52% of Senate measures to the Senate. A large reason for these levels was the Committee’s jurisdiction over commemorative legislation; many of these reported measures were joint resolutions commemorating certain days or occasions. After the curtailment of commemorative legislation in both chambers, the Judiciary Committee in the 104th Congress (1995-1996) considered 9.51% of House-passed measures referred to the Senate and reported 37.04% of all House measures reported to the Senate. During the same period, the Committee considered 9.55% of Senate measures referred to committees and reported 21.43% of all Senate measures reported. Measures Enacted As with measures reported, the data on measures enacted into law reveal no consistent pattern. Variable committee workloads, along with the impact of social, economic, and political changes or demands, all appear to contribute to committee activity levels. Further, the procedural practice of referring, reporting and passing legislation on the same subject matter in both chambers, but using one chamber’s bill number for final enactment, has the effect of depressing the percentage enacted of the other chamber.16 What can be said is that measures enacted are consistently a small percentage of measures referred. For example, in the 106th Congress, 744 bills and joint resolutions, or 10.43% of the 7,132 measures referred to Senate committees, were enacted into law. 17 Figure 1 displays the numerical relationship among measures referred, reported and enacted in the 93rd-106th Congresses. Figure 2 displays the same data as percentages of measures referred over the same period. 16 17 Ibid. The total number of public laws enacted during the 106th Congress was 580. In some cases several of the measures passed by Congress were enacted as components larger, omnibus measures. CRS-11 Figure 2. Public Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate: Percent Reported and Enacted, 93rd-106th Congresses Figure 1. Public Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred and Reported in Senate, and Enacted into Law, 93rd-106th Congresses Measures Referred and Committee Workloads Each of the indicators for which this report provides data reflects an aspect of the workload of Senate committees, broadly understood. By themselves, none may be CRS-12 regarded as a sufficient indicator of the intensity or quality of overall Senate committee activity; each has its own limitations. Focusing on one or two indicators could lead to faulty or incomplete conclusions. Any meaningful assessment of workload must take into account several indicators, and must reflect a clear understanding of what each is describing. Generalizing about specific aspects of activity or workload may better rest on combined use of all appropriate indicators, rather than on any one. What the Indicators Tell Us. Data on measures referred to committee may only with caution be interpreted as providing information about actual workloads. Sizable shifts in numbers may reflect changes in Senate practice, rather than in political conditions or emergent policy issues. Increase or decrease in the number of bills or joint resolutions referred, reported or enacted need not mean that policy demands have abated or multiplied. Perhaps issues that were previously subject to legislative activity have merely been transferred to administrative fora. Perhaps the Senate is “packaging” its legislation differently, incorporating several measures which, in the past, might have been enacted individually, into longer, and more complex omnibus forms. In some cases, an upturn in the activity of a committee in one Congress may be an artifact of the routine reconsideration of significant legislationin the committee’s jurisdiction. In the 107th Congress, for example, the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry is considering the “farm bill,” an omnibus measure which reexamines a basket of agricultural and food programs that are reauthorized every 5 to 7 years. One can track the figures for a given committee over time to determine the effects of bursts of activity in its jurisdiction on its workload, but it is difficult to explain the patterns clearly because many factors influence committee workloads. It may be the case that when particularly momentous, technical or detailed legislation works its way through a committee, numerical measures of activity decline, because committee energy and resources are concentrated, instead of dispersed over several initiatives within the committee’s jurisdiction. In this case, a decline in overall numbers would be an indication of more intensive committee activity. Committee Activity Not Fully Captured. The data presented do not fully capture all the work of committees. To take an important example, committees’ activity on legislative measures fail to capture the level or intensity of oversight and investigative activity. Even in relation to legislative activity, committees sometimes originate measures that are reported directly to the Senate floor calendars. Additionally, there is little systematic understanding of the work of committee Members assigned to conference committee. Activity of these kinds fails to be reflected in data on measures referred. Aspects of Workload Not Considered. Even to the extent that statistics on committee activity demonstrate productivity in one arena of congressional service, they may still afford an incomplete picture of the overall work of Congress and its Members. For example, data on the number of bills or resolutions referred to committees from 1973 to 2000 could be taken to imply that productivity has declined. Yet trends in Senate floor votes and pages per statute, which are not considered in this report, point to a rise in legislative activity. Similarly, the data presented here do not fully capture all aspects of the work of a Senator, because they do not account for representational duties carried out in Washington, DC, and home States, or constituent services carried out through Senators’ CRS-13 offices.18 Yet this representational activity is related to, and may often be carried out simultaneously with, investigations and lawmaking activities occurring in committee. In conclusion, while data about measures referred and actions thereon illuminate certain aspects of committee workload and activity, other quantitative indicators would be needed for a more rounded picture. Also lacking are more illuminating qualitative indicators, both at the committee level and beyond. Additional collection of these kinds of data could yield further insight into the legislative environment, although the full intensity and quality of Senate work will likely remain elusive. 18 For a discussion of the roles of Members of Congress, see Davidson and Oleszek, Congress and Its Members, pp. 13-39, 127-140 and 160-194. CRS-14 Senate Committee Legislative Activity: By Congress Senate Measures Referred Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 3. 106th Congress (1999-2000) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Health Education, Labor and Pensions Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 1 2 8 0 2 5 3 1 11 60 6 1 0 78 3 32 0 1 214 Percent 0.47% 0.93% 3.74% 0.00% 0.93% 2.34% 1.40% 0.47% 5.14% 28.04% 2.80% 0.47% 0.00% 36.45% 1.40% 14.95% 0.00% 0.47% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 3 0 5 1 2 3 3 1 10 51 7 1 0 14 6 3 0 2 112 Percent 2.68% 0.00% 4.46% 0.89% 1.79% 2.68% 2.68% 0.89% 8.93% 45.54% 6.25% 0.89% 0.00% 12.50% 5.36% 2.68% 0.00% 1.79% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 145 4.48% 25 0.77% 79 2.44% 111 3.43% 31 0.96% 206 6.37% 338 10.45% 164 5.07% 921 28.48% 96 2.97% 170 5.26% 70 2.16% 4 0.12% 411 12.71% 349 10.79% 43 1.33% 20 0.62% 51 1.58% 3,234 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 149 27 92 112 35 214 344 166 942 207 183 72 4 503 358 78 20 54 3,560 Percent 4.19% 0.76% 2.58% 3.15% 0.98% 6.01% 9.66% 4.66% 26.46% 5.81% 5.14% 2.02% 0.11% 14.13% 10.06% 2.19% 0.56% 1.52% 100.00% CRS-15 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 4. 105th Congress (1997-1998) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals Senate Simple Resolutions Referred Percent 2 1.15% 1 0.57% 1 0.57% 2 1.15% 4 2.30% 3 1.72% 4 2.30% 0 0.00% 10 5.75% 42 24.14% 5 2.87% 2 1.15% 0 0.00% 57 32.76% 11 6.32% 29 16.67% 0 0.00% 1 0.57% 174 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred Percent 0 0.00% 1 1.03% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 4 4.12% 4 4.12% 1 1.03% 1 1.03% 9 9.28% 44 45.36% 12 12.37% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 10 10.31% 4 4.12% 7 7.22% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 97 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 78 3.80% 32 1.56% 70 3.41% 79 3.85% 28 1.36% 180 8.77% 246 11.98% 170 8.28% 169 8.23% 68 3.31% 144 7.01% 46 2.24% 4 0.19% 353 17.19% 281 13.69% 43 2.09% 13 0.63% 49 2.39% 2,053 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 80 34 71 81 36 187 251 171 188 154 161 48 4 420 296 79 13 50 2,324 Percent 3.44% 1.46% 3.06% 3.49% 1.55% 8.05% 10.80% 7.36% 8.09% 6.63% 6.93% 2.07% 0.17% 18.07% 12.74% 3.40% 0.56% 2.15% 100.00% CRS-16 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 5. 104th Congress (1995-1996) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 1 0 1 4 3 3 0 0 6 29 5 0 0 38 2 26 0 0 118 Percent 0.85% 0.00% 0.85% 3.39% 2.54% 2.54% 0.00% 0.00% 5.08% 24.58% 4.24% 0.00% 0.00% 32.20% 1.69% 22.03% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 1 0 3 0 2 2 0 0 3 40 0 0 0 3 2 9 0 0 65 Percent 1.54% 0.00% 4.62% 0.00% 3.08% 3.08% 0.00% 0.00% 4.62% 61.54% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 4.62% 3.08% 13.85% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 85 4.25% 15 0.75% 69 3.45% 82 4.10% 30 1.50% 127 6.35% 253 12.64% 161 8.05% 455 22.74% 38 1.90% 144 7.20% 39 1.95% 7 0.35% 210 10.49% 191 9.55% 38 1.90% 9 0.45% 48 2.40% 2,001 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 87 15 73 86 35 132 253 161 464 107 149 39 7 251 195 73 9 48 2,184 Percent 3.98% 0.69% 3.34% 3.94% 1.60% 6.04% 11.58% 7.37% 21.25% 4.90% 6.82% 1.79% 0.32% 11.49% 8.93% 3.34% 0.41% 2.20% 100.00% CRS-17 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 6. 103rd Congress (1993-1994) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 0 0 1 4 0 8 1 1 8 41 1 1 0 12 10 56 0 0 144 Percent 0.00% 0.00% 0.69% 2.78% 0.00% 5.56% 0.69% 0.69% 5.56% 28.47% 0.69% 0.69% 0.00% 8.33% 6.94% 38.89% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 1 0 3 2 6 1 1 0 6 22 4 0 0 4 4 4 0 0 58 Percent 1.72% 0.00% 5.17% 3.45% 10.34% 1.72% 1.72% 0.00% 10.34% 37.93% 6.90% 0.00% 0.00% 6.90% 6.90% 6.90% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 101 3.77% 15 0.56% 75 2.80% 128 4.78% 31 1.16% 162 6.05% 225 8.40% 187 6.99% 604 22.56% 88 3.29% 197 7.36% 51 1.91% 14 0.52% 411 15.35% 254 9.49% 43 1.61% 17 0.64% 74 2.76% 2,677 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 102 15 79 134 37 171 227 188 618 151 202 52 14 427 268 103 17 74 2,879 Percent 3.54% 0.52% 2.74% 4.65% 1.29% 5.94% 7.88% 6.53% 21.47% 5.24% 7.02% 1.81% 0.49% 14.83% 9.31% 3.58% 0.59% 2.57% 100.00% CRS-18 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 7. 102nd Congress (1991-1992) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 3 0 1 4 2 1 0 7 16 78 2 0 0 10 5 55 1 0 185 Percent 1.62% 0.00% 0.54% 2.16% 1.08% 0.54% 0.00% 3.78% 8.65% 42.16% 1.08% 0.00% 0.00% 5.41% 2.70% 29.73% 0.54% 0.00% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 0 0 2 0 5 2 2 0 6 55 3 1 0 15 3 10 2 0 106 Percent 0.00% 0.00% 1.89% 0.00% 4.72% 1.89% 1.89% 0.00% 5.66% 51.89% 2.83% 0.94% 0.00% 14.15% 2.83% 9.43% 1.89% 0.00% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 111 3.09% 117 3.25% 128 3.56% 169 4.70% 131 3.64% 194 5.39% 288 8.01% 208 5.78% 916 25.47% 140 3.89% 189 5.26% 64 1.78% 9 0.25% 528 14.68% 228 6.34% 50 1.39% 17 0.47% 109 3.03% 3,596 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 114 117 131 173 138 197 290 215 938 273 194 65 9 553 236 115 20 109 3,887 Percent 2.93% 3.01% 3.37% 4.45% 3.55% 5.07% 7.46% 5.53% 24.13% 7.02% 4.99% 1.67% 0.23% 14.23% 6.07% 2.96% 0.51% 2.80% 100.00% CRS-19 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 8. 101st Congress (1989-1990) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 0 3 4 2 0 5 3 6 14 48 5 1 1 16 4 53 1 1 167 Percent 0.00% 1.80% 2.40% 1.20% 0.00% 2.99% 1.80% 3.59% 8.38% 28.74% 2.99% 0.60% 0.60% 9.58% 2.40% 31.74% 0.60% 0.60% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 2 0 0 0 5 5 1 2 12 57 3 0 0 9 9 12 0 1 118 Percent 1.69% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 4.24% 4.24% 0.85% 1.69% 10.17% 48.31% 2.54% 0.00% 0.00% 7.63% 7.63% 10.17% 0.00% 0.85% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 182 5.20% 15 0.43% 114 3.26% 154 4.40% 40 1.14% 210 6.01% 272 7.78% 223 6.38% 784 22.42% 122 3.49% 193 5.52% 63 1.80% 8 0.23% 608 17.39% 340 9.72% 65 1.86% 11 0.31% 93 2.66% 3,497 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 184 18 118 156 45 220 276 231 810 227 201 64 9 633 353 130 12 95 3,782 Percent 4.87% 0.48% 3.12% 4.12% 1.19% 5.82% 7.30% 6.11% 21.42% 6.00% 5.31% 1.69% 0.24% 16.74% 9.33% 3.44% 0.32% 2.51% 100.00% CRS-20 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 9. 100th Congress (1987-1989) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 6 11 4 3 10 7 2 10 22 51 5 4 3 13 4 140 1 2 298 Percent 2.01% 3.69% 1.34% 1.01% 3.36% 2.35% 0.67% 3.36% 7.38% 17.11% 1.68% 1.34% 1.01% 4.36% 1.34% 46.98% 0.34% 0.67% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 0 0 3 2 6 5 0 2 10 58 3 1 0 6 12 10 1 1 120 Percent 0.00% 0.00% 2.50% 1.67% 5.00% 4.17% 0.00% 1.67% 8.33% 48.33% 2.50% 0.83% 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 8.33% 0.83% 0.83% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 168 5.33% 17 0.54% 64 2.03% 119 3.78% 28 0.89% 210 6.67% 279 8.86% 210 6.67% 676 21.46% 138 4.38% 175 5.56% 61 1.94% 9 0.29% 566 17.97% 272 8.63% 44 1.40% 15 0.48% 99 3.14% 3,150 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 174 28 71 124 44 222 281 222 708 247 183 66 12 585 288 194 17 102 3,568 Percent 4.88% 0.78% 1.99% 3.48% 1.23% 6.22% 7.88% 6.22% 19.84% 6.92% 5.13% 1.85% 0.34% 16.40% 8.07% 5.44% 0.48% 2.86% 100.00% CRS-21 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 10. 99th Congress (1985-1986) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence-Government Operations Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 13 7 5 5 35 14 7 9 39 59 8 2 2 21 11 88 4 3 332 Percent 3.92% 2.11% 1.51% 1.51% 10.54% 4.22% 2.11% 2.71% 11.75% 17.77% 2.41% 0.60% 0.60% 6.33% 3.31% 26.51% 1.20% 0.90% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 8 2 0 2 3 8 0 0 13 56 1 0 0 15 12 9 0 1 130 Percent 6.15% 1.54% 0.00% 1.54% 2.31% 6.15% 0.00% 0.00% 10.00% 43.08% 0.77% 0.00% 0.00% 11.54% 9.23% 6.92% 0.00% 0.77% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 159 5.10% 21 0.67% 102 3.27% 165 5.29% 25 0.80% 193 6.19% 221 7.08% 190 6.09% 655 20.99% 137 4.39% 199 6.38% 43 1.38% 2 0.06% 639 20.48% 245 7.85% 41 1.31% 9 0.29% 74 2.37% 3,120 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 180 30 107 172 63 215 228 199 707 252 208 45 4 675 268 138 13 78 3,582 Percent 5.03% 0.84% 2.99% 4.80% 1.76% 6.00% 6.37% 5.56% 19.74% 7.04% 5.81% 1.26% 0.11% 18.84% 7.48% 3.85% 0.36% 2.18% 100.00% CRS-22 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 11. 98th Congress (1983-1984) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence-Government Operations Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 13 7 4 4 70 16 15 8 22 63 15 9 2 39 16 85 1 4 393 Percent 3.31% 1.78% 1.02% 1.02% 17.81% 4.07% 3.82% 2.04% 5.60% 16.03% 3.82% 2.29% 0.51% 9.92% 4.07% 21.63% 0.25% 1.02% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 1 5 3 8 3 10 0 1 10 49 9 0 1 11 5 10 0 1 127 Percent 0.79% 3.94% 2.36% 6.30% 2.36% 7.87% 0.00% 0.79% 7.87% 38.58% 7.09% 0.00% 0.79% 8.66% 3.94% 7.87% 0.00% 0.79% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 159 5.01% 18 0.57% 77 2.43% 150 4.72% 20 0.63% 189 5.95% 262 8.25% 226 7.12% 689 21.70% 106 3.34% 196 6.17% 63 1.98% 9 0.28% 591 18.61% 276 8.69% 45 1.42% 28 0.88% 71 2.24% 3,175 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 173 30 84 162 93 215 277 235 721 218 220 72 12 641 297 140 29 76 3,695 Percent 4.68% 0.81% 2.27% 4.38% 2.52% 5.82% 7.50% 6.36% 19.51% 5.90% 5.95% 1.95% 0.32% 17.35% 8.04% 3.79% 0.78% 2.06% 100.00% CRS-23 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 12. 97th Congress (1981-1982) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence-Government Operations Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 11 10 13 16 80 15 19 12 26 59 18 6 5 48 0 90 2 5 435 Percent 2.53% 2.30% 2.99% 3.68% 18.39% 3.45% 4.37% 2.76% 5.98% 13.56% 4.14% 1.38% 1.15% 11.03% 0.00% 20.69% 0.46% 1.15% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 5 1 3 9 8 4 1 2 8 35 4 0 0 16 8 3 0 1 108 Percent 4.63% 0.93% 2.78% 8.33% 7.41% 3.70% 0.93% 1.85% 7.41% 32.41% 3.70% 0.00% 0.00% 14.81% 7.41% 2.78% 0.00% 0.93% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 135 4.45% 15 0.49% 103 3.40% 160 5.28% 34 1.12% 157 5.18% 253 8.34% 200 6.59% 712 23.48% 88 2.90% 228 7.52% 41 1.35% 5 0.16% 516 17.01% 220 7.25% 44 1.45% 19 0.63% 103 3.40% 3,033 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 151 26 119 185 122 176 273 214 746 182 250 47 10 580 228 137 21 109 3,576 Percent 4.22% 0.73% 3.33% 5.17% 3.41% 4.92% 7.63% 5.98% 20.86% 5.09% 6.99% 1.31% 0.28% 16.22% 6.38% 3.83% 0.59% 3.05% 100.00% CRS-24 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 13. 96th Congress (1979-1980) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 17 12 24 18 113 25 41 21 19 64 26 3 0 27 9 113 6 2 540 Percent 3.15% 2.22% 4.44% 3.33% 20.93% 4.63% 7.59% 3.89% 3.52% 11.85% 4.81% 0.56% 0.00% 5.00% 1.67% 20.93% 1.11% 0.37% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 0 0 1 7 5 4 4 0 10 52 5 0 0 12 3 11 0 0 114 Percent 0.00% 0.00% 0.88% 6.14% 4.39% 3.51% 3.51% 0.00% 8.77% 45.61% 4.39% 0.00% 0.00% 10.53% 2.63% 9.65% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 151 5.16% 10 0.34% 84 2.87% 169 5.78% 25 0.85% 196 6.70% 365 12.47% 230 7.86% 652 22.28% 65 2.22% 290 9.91% 38 1.30% 0 0.00% 382 13.06% 124 4.24% 53 1.81% 22 0.75% 70 2.39% 2,926 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 168 22 109 194 143 225 410 251 681 181 321 41 0 421 136 177 28 72 3,580 Percent 4.69% 0.61% 3.04% 5.42% 3.99% 6.28% 11.45% 7.01% 19.02% 5.06% 8.97% 1.15% 0.00% 11.76% 3.80% 4.94% 0.78% 2.01% 100.00% CRS-25 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 14. 95th Congress (1977-1978) Senate Committee Agriculture and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Government Affairs Government Operations intelligence Interior and Insular Affairs Human Resources Select Committee on Indian Affairs Judiciary Labor and Public Welfare Public Works Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Total Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 7 8 2 3 119 6 8 1 11 46 19 0 3 6 2 14 0 1 125 3 3 387 Percent 1.81% 2.07% 0.52% 0.78% 30.75% 1.55% 2.07% 0.26% 2.84% 11.89% 4.91% 0.00% 0.78% 1.55% 0.52% 3.62% 0.00% 0.26% 32.30% 0.78% 0.78% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 0 0 1 5 0 3 3 1 7 32 8 0 0 6 0 7 0 1 10 0 0 84 Percent 0.00% 0.00% 1.19% 5.95% 0.00% 3.57% 3.57% 1.19% 8.33% 38.10% 9.52% 0.00% 0.00% 7.14% 0.00% 8.33% 0.00% 1.19% 11.90% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 233 5.83% 7 0.18% 85 2.13% 184 4.61% 5 0.13% 284 7.11% 318 7.96% 198 4.96% 592 14.82% 681 17.05% 253 6.33% 3 0.08% 39 0.98% 282 7.06% 79 1.98% 369 9.24% 51 1.28% 219 5.48% 40 1.00% 36 0.90% 36 0.90% 3,994 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 240 15 88 192 124 293 329 200 610 759 280 3 42 294 81 390 51 221 175 39 39 4.465 Percent 5.38% 0.34% 1.97% 4.30% 2.78% 6.56% 7.37% 4.48% 13.66% 17.00% 6.27% 0.07% 0.94% 6.58% 1.81% 8.73% 1.14% 4.95% 3.92% 0.87% 0.87% 100.00% CRS-26 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 15. 94th Congress (1975-1976) Senate Committee Aeronautical and Space Sciences Agriculture and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation District of Columbia Finance Foreign Relations Government Operations Interior and Insular Affairs Judiciary Labor and Public Welfare Post Office and Civil Service Public Works Committees Total Veterans’ Affairs Totals Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 0 19 36 5 10 64 7 1 5 52 6 19 16 11 3 5 152 0 411 Percent 0.00% 4.62% 8.76% 1.22% 2.43% 15.57% 1.70% 0.24% 1.22% 12.65% 1.46% 4.62% 3.89% 2.68% 0.73% 1.22% 36.98% 0.00% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 0 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 12 83 2 3 16 6 1 2 21 0 162 Percent 0.00% 1.23% 1.23% 1.23% 1.85% 1.23% 1.23% 1.85% 7.41% 51.23% 1.23% 1.85% 9.88% 3.70% 0.62% 1.23% 12.96% 0.00% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 14 0.43% 193 5.90% 9 0.27% 100 3.06% 214 6.54% 2 0.06% 397 12.13% 12 0.37% 590 18.03% 122 3.73% 186 5.68% 528 16.13% 154 4.71% 322 9.84% 108 3.30% 193 5.90% 45 1.37% 84 2.57% 3,273 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 14 214 47 107 227 68 406 16 607 257 194 550 186 339 112 200 218 84 3,846 Percent 0.36% 5.56% 1.22% 2.78% 5.90% 1.77% 10.56% 0.42% 15.78% 6.68% 5.04% 14.30% 4.84% 8.81% 2.91% 5.20% 5.67% 2.18% 100.00% CRS-27 Senate Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 16. 93rd Congress (1973-1974) Senate Committee Aeronautical and Space Sciences Agriculture and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Commerce, Science, and Transportation District of Columbia Finance Foreign Relations Government Operations Interior and Insular Affairs Judiciary Labor and Public Welfare Post Office and Civil Service Public Works Rules and Administration Veterans’ Affairs Committees Total Senate Simple Resolutions Referred 0 7 0 6 6 16 0 5 36 4 3 6 2 11 1 140 3 246 Percent 0.00% 2.85% 0.00% 2.44% 2.44% 6.50% 0.00% 2.03% 14.63% 1.63% 1.22% 2.44% 0.81% 4.47% 0.41% 56.91% 1.22% 100.00% Senate Concurrent Resolutions Referred 1 2 0 5 4 7 0 4 23 5 4 11 5 0 2 24 1 98 Percent 1.02% 2.04% 0.00% 5.10% 4.08% 7.14% 0.00% 4.08% 23.47% 5.10% 4.08% 11.22% 5.10% 0.00% 2.04% 24.49% 1.02% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 14 0.37% 172 4.57% 3 0.08% 162 4.30% 301 7.99% 437 11.60% 34 0.90% 515 13.67% 101 2.68% 179 4.75% 530 14.07% 491 13.04% 374 9.93% 120 3.19% 170 4.51% 67 1.78% 96 2.55% 3,766 100.00% Total Senate Measures Referred 15 181 3 173 311 460 34 524 160 188 537 508 381 131 173 231 100 4,110 Percent 0.36% 4.40% 0.07% 4.21% 7.57% 11.19% 0.83% 12.75% 3.89% 4.57% 13.07% 12.36% 9.27% 3.19% 4.21% 5.62% 2.43% 100.00% CRS-28 House Measures Referred House Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 17. 106th Congress (1999-2000) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Health Education, Labor and Pensions Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Concurrent Resolutions Referred Percent 0 0.00% 1 1.23% 1 1.23% 1 1.23% 1 1.23% 4 4.94% 3 3.70% 0 0.00% 1 1.23% 23 28.40% 2 2.47% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 21 25.93% 10 12.35% 13 16.05% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 81 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 3 0.78% 9 2.35% 1 0.26% 9 2.35% 0 0.00% 36 9.40% 74 19.32% 51 13.32% 19 4.96% 18 4.70% 76 19.84% 8 2.09% 0 0.00% 40 10.44% 16 4.18% 3 0.78% 13 3.39% 7 1.83% 383 100.00% Total House Measures Referred Percent 3 0.65% 10 2.16% 2 0.43% 10 2.16% 1 0.22% 40 8.62% 77 16.59% 51 10.99% 20 4.31% 41 8.84% 78 16.81% 8 1.72% 0 0.00% 61 13.15% 26 5.60% 16 3.45% 13 2.80% 7 1.51% 464 100.00% CRS-29 House Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 18. 105th Congress (1997-1998) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Concurrent Resolutions Referred Percent 1 1.89% 0 0.00% 2 3.77% 1 1.89% 0 0.00% 3 5.66% 0 0.00% 2 3.77% 1 1.89% 32 60.38% 2 3.77% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 6 11.32% 2 3.77% 1 1.89% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 53 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 6 2.05% 2 0.68% 2 0.68% 11 3.75% 1 0.34% 24 8.19% 52 17.75% 32 10.92% 13 4.44% 15 5.12% 42 14.33% 7 2.39% 2 0.68% 50 17.06% 17 5.80% 2 0.68% 2 0.68% 13 4.44% 293 100.00% Total House Measures Referred Percent 7 2.02% 2 0.58% 4 1.16% 12 3.47% 1 0.29% 27 7.80% 52 15.03% 34 9.83% 14 4.05% 47 13.58% 44 12.72% 7 2.02% 2 0.58% 56 16.18% 19 5.49% 3 0.87% 2 0.58% 13 3.76% 346 100.00% CRS-30 House Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 19. 104th Congress (1995-1996) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Concurrent Resolutions Referred Percent 0 0.00% 1 4.17% 1 4.17% 0 0.00% 1 4.17% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1 4.17% 8 33.33% 3 12.50% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2 8.33% 1 4.17% 6 25.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 24 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 8 2.82% 24 8.45% 2 0.70% 8 2.82% 4 1.41% 24 8.45% 49 17.25% 48 16.90% 21 7.39% 11 3.87% 23 8.10% 5 1.76% 1 0.35% 27 9.51% 9 3.17% 6 2.11% 0 0.00% 14 4.93% 284 100.00% Total House Measures Referred Percent 8 2.60% 25 8.12% 3 0.97% 8 2.60% 5 1.62% 24 7.79% 49 15.91% 48 15.58% 22 7.14% 19 6.17% 26 8.44% 5 1.62% 1 0.32% 29 9.42% 10 3.25% 12 3.90% 0 0.00% 14 4.55% 308 100.00% CRS-31 House Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 20. 103rd Congress (1993-1994) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Concurrent Resolutions Referred Percent 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1 3.70% 2 7.41% 1 3.70% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 16 59.26% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 3 11.11% 2 7.41% 2 7.41% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 27 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 9 2.47% 31 8.49% 0 0.00% 18 4.93% 6 1.64% 50 13.70% 49 13.42% 54 14.79% 3 0.82% 8 2.19% 49 13.42% 8 2.19% 1 0.27% 41 11.23% 12 3.29% 3 0.82% 4 1.10% 19 5.21% 365 100.00% Total House Measures Referred Percent 9 2.30% 31 7.91% 0 0.00% 18 4.59% 7 1.79% 52 13.27% 50 12.76% 54 13.78% 3 0.77% 24 6.12% 49 12.50% 8 2.04% 1 0.26% 44 11.22% 14 3.57% 5 1.28% 4 1.02% 19 4.85% 392 100.00% CRS-32 House Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 21. 102nd Congress (1991-1992) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Concurrent Resolutions Referred Percent 1 2.56% 3 7.69% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1 2.56% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1 2.56% 29 74.36% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2 5.13% 0 0.00% 2 5.13% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 39 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 12 2.67% 31 6.89% 11 2.44% 15 3.33% 1 0.22% 44 9.78% 77 17.11% 32 7.11% 45 10.00% 9 2.00% 34 7.56% 5 1.11% 2 0.44% 84 18.67% 20 4.44% 5 1.11% 4 0.89% 19 4.22% 450 100.00% Total House Measures Referred Percent 13 2.66% 34 6.95% 11 2.25% 15 3.07% 2 0.41% 44 9.00% 77 15.75% 32 6.54% 46 9.41% 38 7.77% 34 6.95% 5 1.02% 2 0.41% 86 17.59% 20 4.09% 7 1.43% 4 0.82% 19 3.89% 489 100.00% CRS-33 House Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 22. 101st Congress (1989-1990) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Concurrent Resolutions Referred Percent 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1 2.44% 1 2.44% 1 2.44% 1 2.44% 0 0.00% 1 2.44% 0 0.00% 21 51.22% 1 2.44% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2 4.88% 2 4.88% 10 24.39% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 41 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 16 4.28% 28 7.49% 9 2.41% 15 4.01% 2 0.53% 42 11.23% 82 21.93% 33 8.82% 7 1.87% 15 4.01% 31 8.29% 7 1.87% 0 0.00% 40 10.70% 18 4.81% 4 1.07% 0 0.00% 25 6.68% 374 100.00% Total House Measures Referred Percent 16 3.86% 28 6.75% 10 2.41% 16 3.86% 3 0.72% 43 10.36% 82 19.76% 34 8.19% 7 1.69% 36 8.67% 32 7.71% 7 1.69% 0 0.00% 42 10.12% 20 4.82% 14 3.37% 0 0.00% 25 6.02% 415 100.00% CRS-34 House Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 23. 100th Congress (1987-1989) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Concurrent Resolutions Referred Percent 0 0.00% 1 1.85% 3 5.56% 1 1.85% 1 1.85% 1 1.85% 0 0.00% 2 3.70% 0 0.00% 25 46.30% 1 1.85% 1 1.85% 0 0.00% 3 5.56% 2 3.70% 9 16.67% 2 3.70% 2 3.70% 54 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 26 5.98% 27 6.21% 12 2.76% 12 2.76% 1 0.23% 32 7.36% 99 22.76% 28 6.44% 9 2.07% 14 3.22% 30 6.90% 15 3.45% 1 0.23% 95 21.84% 14 3.22% 7 1.61% 0 0.00% 13 2.99% 435 100.00% Total House Measures Referred Percent 26 5.32% 28 5.73% 15 3.07% 13 2.66% 2 0.41% 33 6.75% 99 20.25% 30 6.13% 9 1.84% 39 7.98% 31 6.34% 16 3.27% 1 0.20% 98 20.04% 16 3.27% 16 3.27% 2 0.41% 15 3.07% 489 100.00% CRS-35 House Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 24. 99th Congress (1985-1986) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence-Government Operations Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Concurrent Resolutions Referred Percent 2 5.26% 0 0.00% 2 5.26% 0 0.00% 1 2.63% 1 2.63% 1 2.63% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 15 39.47% 0 0.00% 1 2.63% 0 0.00% 7 18.42% 3 7.89% 5 13.16% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 38 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 14 3.78% 32 8.65% 10 2.70% 15 4.05% 0 0.00% 21 5.68% 72 19.46% 35 9.46% 13 3.51% 9 2.43% 15 4.05% 11 2.97% 0 0.00% 88 23.78% 19 5.14% 4 1.08% 1 0.27% 11 2.97% 370 100.00% Total House Measures Considered Percent 16 3.92% 32 7.84% 12 2.94% 15 3.68% 1 0.25% 22 5.39% 73 17.89% 35 8.58% 13 3.19% 24 5.88% 15 3.68% 12 2.94% 0 0.00% 95 23.28% 22 5.39% 9 2.21% 1 0.25% 11 2.70% 408 100.00% CRS-36 House Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 25. 98th Congress (1983-1984) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence-Government Operations Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Concurrent Resolutions Referred Percent 0 0.00% 2 6.90% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2 6.90% 2 6.90% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1 3.45% 18 62.07% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2 6.90% 0 0.00% 2 6.90% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 29 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 26 6.82% 27 7.09% 10 2.62% 17 4.46% 1 0.26% 32 8.40% 47 12.34% 43 11.29% 23 6.04% 8 2.10% 28 7.35% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 74 19.42% 25 6.56% 8 2.10% 2 0.52% 10 2.62% 381 100.00% Total House Measures Referred Percent 26 6.34% 29 7.07% 10 2.44% 17 4.15% 3 0.73% 34 8.29% 47 11.46% 43 10.49% 24 5.85% 26 6.34% 28 6.83% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 76 18.54% 25 6.10% 10 2.44% 2 0.49% 10 2.44% 410 100.00% CRS-37 House Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 26. 97th Congress (1981-1982) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence-Government Operations Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules And Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Concurrent Resolutions Referred Percent 2 5.26% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1 2.63% 0 0.00% 2 5.26% 0 0.00% 2 5.26% 0 0.00% 21 55.26% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 3 7.89% 2 5.26% 4 10.53% 0 0.00% 1 2.63% 38 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 14 4.93% 24 8.45% 11 3.87% 10 3.52% 1 0.35% 19 6.69% 43 15.14% 20 7.04% 20 7.04% 11 3.87% 21 7.39% 15 5.28% 0 0.00% 57 20.07% 9 3.17% 4 1.41% 0 0.00% 5 1.76% 284 100.00% Total House Measures Referred Percent 16 4.97% 24 7.45% 11 3.42% 11 3.42% 1 0.31% 21 6.52% 43 13.35% 22 6.83% 20 6.21% 32 9.94% 21 6.52% 15 4.66% 0 0.00% 60 18.63% 11 3.42% 8 2.48% 0 0.00% 6 1.86% 322 100.00% CRS-38 House Measures Referred to Senate Committees, by Committee: Table 27. 96th Congress (1979-1980) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules And Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Concurrent Resolutions Referred Percent 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1 2.70% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2 5.41% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2 5.41% 17 45.95% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1 2.70% 2 5.41% 12 32.43% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 37 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Percent 11 2.86% 40 10.39% 27 7.01% 10 2.60% 2 0.52% 29 7.53% 40 10.39% 42 10.91% 59 15.32% 16 4.16% 35 9.09% 8 2.08% 0 0.00% 36 9.35% 16 4.16% 7 1.82% 2 0.52% 5 1.30% 385 100.00% Total House Measures Referred Percent 11 2.61% 40 9.48% 28 6.64% 10 2.37% 2 0.47% 31 7.35% 40 9.48% 42 9.95% 61 14.45% 33 7.82% 35 8.29% 8 1.90% 0 0.00% 37 8.77% 18 4.27% 19 4.50% 2 0.47% 5 1.18% 422 100.00% CRS-39 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 28. 106th Congress (1999-2000) Senate Committee Total Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Health Education, Labor and Pensions Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals 145 25 79 111 31 206 338 164 921 96 170 70 4 411 349 43 20 51 3234 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 4.48% 17 3.30% 4 2.33% 0.77% 20 3.88% 0 0.00% 2.44% 13 2.52% 2 1.16% 3.43% 15 2.91% 2 1.16% 0.96% 4 0.78% 0 0.00% 6.37% 42 8.16% 7 4.07% 10.45% 151 29.32% 66 38.37% 5.07% 40 7.77% 19 11.05% 28.48% 15 2.91% 0 0.00% 2.97% 19 3.69% 2 1.16% 5.26% 31 6.02% 12 6.98% 2.16% 34 6.60% 14 8.14% 0.12% 4 0.78% 0 0.00% 12.71% 70 13.59% 27 15.70% 10.79% 19 3.69% 10 5.81% 1.33% 6 1.17% 3 1.74% 0.62% 8 1.55% 3 1.74% 1.58% 7 1.36% 1 0.58% 100.00% 515 100.00% 172 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-40 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 29. 105th Congress (1997-1998) Senate Committee Total Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals 78 32 70 79 28 180 246 170 169 68 144 46 4 353 281 43 13 49 2,053 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 3.80% 6 1.65% 3 2.31% 1.56% 29 7.99% 0 0.00% 3.41% 10 2.75% 1 0.77% 3.85% 14 3.86% 8 6.15% 1.36% 3 0.83% 0 0.00% 8.77% 40 11.02% 8 6.15% 11.98% 68 18.73% 36 27.69% 8.28% 52 14.33% 14 10.77% 8.23% 10 2.75% 1 0.77% 3.31% 12 3.31% 5 3.85% 7.01% 22 6.06% 7 5.38% 2.24% 11 3.03% 5 3.85% 0.19% 4 1.10% 1 0.77% 17.19% 50 13.77% 29 22.31% 13.69% 17 4.68% 7 5.38% 2.09% 2 0.55% 0 0.00% 0.63% 1 0.28% 1 0.77% 2.39% 12 3.31% 4 3.08% 100.00% 363 100.00% 130 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-41 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 30. 104th Congress (1995-1996) Senate Committee Total Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals 85 15 69 82 30 127 253 161 455 38 144 39 7 210 191 38 9 48 2,001 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 4.25% 3 0.88% 1 1.61% 0.75% 7 2.05% 0 0.00% 3.45% 13 3.80% 1 1.61% 4.10% 10 2.92% 1 1.61% 1.50% 6 1.75% 2 3.23% 6.35% 31 9.06% 4 6.45% 12.64% 95 27.78% 7 11.29% 8.05% 29 8.48% 9 14.52% 22.74% 9 2.63% 0 0.00% 1.90% 9 2.63% 1 1.61% 7.20% 26 7.60% 6 9.68% 1.95% 19 5.56% 7 11.29% 0.35% 3 0.88% 0 0.00% 10.49% 45 13.16% 14 22.58% 9.55% 24 7.02% 4 6.45% 1.90% 5 1.46% 2 3.23% 0.45% 3 0.88% 1 1.61% 2.40% 5 1.46% 2 3.23% 100.00% 342 100.00% 62 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-42 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 31. 103rd Congress (1993-1994) Senate Committee Total Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals 101 15 75 128 31 162 225 187 604 88 197 51 14 411 254 43 17 74 2,677 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Referred Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 3.77% 33 6.33% 31 19.02% 0.56% 2 0.38% 0 0.00% 2.80% 16 3.07% 2 1.23% 4.78% 21 4.03% 3 1.84% 1.16% 3 0.58% 0 0.00% 6.05% 44 8.45% 4 2.45% 8.40% 84 16.12% 25 15.34% 6.99% 32 6.14% 6 3.68% 22.56% 13 2.50% 1 0.61% 3.29% 12 2.30% 4 2.45% 7.36% 34 6.53% 5 3.07% 1.91% 28 5.37% 8 4.91% 0.52% 5 0.96% 0 0.00% 15.35% 111 21.31% 49 30.06% 9.49% 38 7.29% 10 6.13% 1.61% 17 3.26% 8 4.91% 0.64% 5 0.96% 3 1.84% 2.76% 23 4.41% 4 2.45% 100.00% 521 100.00% 163 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-43 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 32. 102nd Congress (1991-1992) Senate Committee Total Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals 111 117 128 169 131 194 288 208 916 140 189 64 9 528 228 50 17 109 3,596 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Referred Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 3.09% 12 1.98% 6 3.77% 3.25% 5 0.83% 0 0.00% 3.56% 41 6.78% 1 0.63% 4.70% 18 2.98% 6 3.77% 3.64% 5 0.83% 0 0.00% 5.39% 53 8.76% 9 5.66% 8.01% 79 13.06% 23 14.47% 5.78% 25 4.13% 4 2.52% 25.47% 22 3.64% 0 0.00% 3.89% 20 3.31% 3 1.89% 5.26% 27 4.46% 6 3.77% 1.78% 37 6.12% 7 4.40% 0.25% 3 0.50% 0 0.00% 14.68% 177 29.26% 74 46.54% 6.34% 46 7.60% 14 8.81% 1.39% 13 2.15% 1 0.63% 0.47% 2 0.33% 1 0.63% 3.03% 20 3.31% 4 2.52% 100.00% 605 100.00% 159 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-44 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 33. 101st Congress (1989-1990) Senate Committee Total Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals 182 15 114 154 40 210 272 223 784 122 193 63 8 608 340 65 11 93 3,497 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 5.20% 13 1.76% 2 0.83% 0.43% 3 0.41% 0 0.00% 3.26% 35 4.73% 1 0.42% 4.40% 19 2.57% 4 1.67% 1.14% 13 1.76% 0 0.00% 6.01% 64 8.65% 11 4.58% 7.78% 85 11.49% 33 13.75% 6.38% 43 5.81% 13 5.42% 22.42% 9 1.22% 2 0.83% 3.49% 27 3.65% 5 2.08% 5.52% 34 4.59% 7 2.92% 1.80% 30 4.05% 9 3.75% 0.23% 1 0.14% 0 0.00% 17.39% 267 36.08% 127 52.92% 9.72% 66 8.92% 16 6.67% 1.86% 24 3.24% 10 4.17% 0.31% 1 0.14% 0 0.00% 2.66% 6 0.81% 0 0.00% 100.00% 740 100.00% 240 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-45 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 34. 100th Congress (1987-1989) Senate Committee Total Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals 168 17 64 119 28 210 279 210 676 138 175 61 9 566 272 44 15 99 3,150 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 5.33% 19 2.96% 5 1.96% 0.54% 4 0.62% 0 0.00% 2.03% 16 2.50% 0 0.00% 3.78% 15 2.34% 2 0.78% 0.89% 3 0.47% 0 0.00% 6.67% 49 7.64% 9 3.53% 8.86% 91 14.20% 39 15.29% 6.67% 40 6.24% 18 7.06% 21.46% 11 1.72% 0 0.00% 4.38% 28 4.37% 4 1.57% 5.56% 28 4.37% 8 3.14% 1.94% 28 4.37% 10 3.92% 0.29% 3 0.47% 0 0.00% 17.97% 232 36.19% 146 57.25% 8.63% 49 7.64% 8 3.14% 1.40% 11 1.72% 3 1.18% 0.48% 4 0.62% 0 0.00% 3.14% 10 1.56% 3 1.18% 100.00% 641 100.00% 255 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-46 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 35. 99th Congress (1985-1986) Senate Committee Total Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence-Government Operations Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals 159 21 102 165 25 193 221 190 655 137 199 43 2 639 245 41 9 74 3,120 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 5.10% 14 2.11% 2 0.75% 0.67% 4 0.60% 0 0.00% 3.27% 15 2.26% 5 1.87% 5.29% 28 4.22% 8 2.99% 0.80% 4 0.60% 1 0.37% 6.19% 55 8.30% 16 5.97% 7.08% 62 9.35% 27 10.07% 6.09% 43 6.49% 8 2.99% 20.99% 11 1.66% 0 0.00% 4.39% 35 5.28% 11 4.10% 6.38% 32 4.83% 6 2.24% 1.38% 18 2.71% 8 2.99% 0.06% 2 0.30% 0 0.00% 20.48% 272 41.03% 154 57.46% 7.85% 45 6.79% 16 5.97% 1.31% 15 2.26% 6 2.24% 0.29% 2 0.30% 0 0.00% 2.37% 6 0.90% 0 0.00% 100.00% 663 100.00% 268 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-47 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 36. 98th Congress (1983-1984) Senate Committee Total Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence-Government Operations Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals 159 18 77 150 20 189 262 226 689 106 196 63 9 591 276 45 28 71 3,175 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 5.01% 18 2.77% 5 1.92% 0.57% 11 1.69% 0 0.00% 2.43% 13 2.00% 4 1.53% 4.72% 18 2.77% 4 1.53% 0.63% 2 0.31% 0 0.00% 5.95% 70 10.77% 22 8.43% 8.25% 70 10.77% 31 11.88% 7.12% 52 8.00% 18 6.90% 21.70% 8 1.23% 0 0.00% 3.34% 28 4.31% 17 6.51% 6.17% 28 4.31% 8 3.07% 1.98% 26 4.00% 18 6.90% 0.28% 3 0.46% 0 0.00% 18.61% 240 36.92% 110 42.15% 8.69% 40 6.15% 14 5.36% 1.42% 6 0.92% 4 1.53% 0.88% 10 1.54% 5 1.92% 2.24% 7 1.08% 1 0.38% 100.00% 650 100.00% 261 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-48 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 37. 97th Congress (1981-1982) Senate Committee Total Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence-Government Operations Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals 135 15 103 160 34 157 253 200 712 88 228 41 5 516 220 44 19 103 3,033 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 4.45% 16 3.04% 3 1.79% 0.49% 12 2.28% 0 0.00% 3.40% 17 3.23% 4 2.38% 5.28% 15 2.85% 4 2.38% 1.12% 4 0.76% 0 0.00% 5.18% 59 11.20% 17 10.12% 8.34% 64 12.14% 32 19.05% 6.59% 38 7.21% 11 6.55% 23.48% 9 1.71% 0 0.00% 2.90% 25 4.74% 8 4.76% 7.52% 33 6.26% 12 7.14% 1.35% 22 4.17% 7 4.17% 0.16% 4 0.76% 0 0.00% 17.01% 151 28.65% 55 32.74% 7.25% 36 6.83% 6 3.57% 1.45% 11 2.09% 6 3.57% 0.63% 4 0.76% 1 0.60% 3.40% 7 1.33% 2 1.19% 100.00% 527 100.00% 168 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-49 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 38. 96th Congress (1979-1980) Senate Committee Total Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals 151 10 84 169 25 196 365 230 652 65 290 38 0 382 124 53 22 70 2,926 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 5.16% 24 4.64% 11 5.14% 0.34% 2 0.39% 0 0.00% 2.87% 15 2.90% 11 5.14% 5.78% 35 6.77% 14 6.54% 0.85% 3 0.58% 0 0.00% 6.70% 63 12.19% 33 15.42% 12.47% 64 12.38% 23 10.75% 7.86% 47 9.09% 29 13.55% 22.28% 7 1.35% 0 0.00% 2.22% 23 4.45% 6 2.80% 9.91% 37 7.16% 9 4.21% 1.30% 23 4.45% 16 7.48% 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 13.06% 112 21.66% 35 16.36% 4.24% 29 5.61% 12 5.61% 1.81% 19 3.68% 13 6.07% 0.75% 5 0.97% 1 0.47% 2.39% 9 1.74% 1 0.47% 100.00% 517 100.00% 214 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-50 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 39. 95th Congress (1977-1978) Senate Committee Total Agriculture and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Government Affairs Government Operations intelligence Interior and Insular Affairs Human Resources Select Committee on Indian Affairs Judiciary Labor and Public Welfare Public Works Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Committees Total 233 7 85 184 5 284 318 198 592 681 253 3 39 282 79 369 51 219 40 36 36 3,994 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 5.83% 32 7.32% 24 12.12% 0.18% 2 0.46% 1 0.51% 2.13% 11 2.52% 8 4.04% 4.61% 13 2.97% 7 3.54% 0.13% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 7.11% 41 9.38% 17 8.59% 7.96% 55 12.59% 20 10.10% 4.96% 29 6.64% 15 7.58% 14.82% 5 1.14% 0 0.00% 17.05% 15 3.43% 3 1.52% 6.33% 36 8.24% 18 9.09% 0.08% 2 0.46% 1 0.51% 0.98% 3 0.69% 2 1.01% 7.06% 42 9.61% 14 7.07% 1.98% 24 5.49% 21 10.61% 9.24% 61 13.96% 24 12.12% 1.28% 2 0.46% 1 0.51% 5.48% 36 8.24% 12 6.06% 1.00% 16 3.66% 10 5.05% 0.90% 6 1.37% 0 0.00% 0.90% 6 1.37% 0 0.00% 100.00% 437 100.00% 198 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-51 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 40. 94th Congress (1975-1976) Senate Committee Total Aeronautical and Space Sciences Agriculture and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation District of Columbia Finance Foreign Relations Government Operations Government. Ops Intelligence Interior and Insular Affairs Judiciary Labor and Public Welfare Post Office and Civil Service Public Works Committees Total Veterans’ Affairs Totals 14 193 9 100 214 2 397 12 590 122 186 0 528 154 322 108 193 45 84 3,273 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 0.43% 1 0.23% 0 0.00% 5.90% 33 7.48% 14 8.14% 0.27% 1 0.23% 1 0.58% 3.06% 9 2.04% 4 2.33% 6.54% 23 5.22% 9 5.23% 0.06% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 12.13% 70 15.87% 26 15.12% 0.37% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 18.03% 5 1.13% 1 0.58% 3.73% 16 3.63% 8 4.65% 5.68% 21 4.76% 7 4.07% 0.00% 0 0.00% 0.00% 16.13% 103 23.36% 43 25.00% 4.71% 70 15.87% 22 12.79% 9.84% 38 8.62% 9 5.23% 3.30% 6 1.36% 2 1.16% 5.90% 25 5.67% 13 7.56% 1.37% 13 2.95% 11 6.40% 2.57% 7 1.59% 2 1.16% 100.00% 441 100.00% 172 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-52 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 41. 93rd Congress (1973-1974) Senate Committee Total Aeronautical and Space Sciences Agriculture and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Commerce, Science, and Transportation District of Columbia Finance Foreign Relations Government Operations Interior and Insular Affairs Judiciary Labor and Public Welfare Post Office and Civil Service Public Works Rules and Administration Veterans’ Affairs Committees Total 14 172 3 162 301 437 34 515 101 179 530 491 374 120 170 67 96 3,766 Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 0.37% 1 0.28% 1 0.48% 4.57% 21 5.85% 10 4.76% 0.08% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 4.30% 20 5.57% 13 6.19% 7.99% 28 7.80% 14 6.67% 11.60% 28 7.80% 25 11.90% 0.90% 4 1.11% 2 0.95% 13.67% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2.68% 17 4.74% 13 6.19% 4.75% 11 3.06% 7 3.33% 14.07% 66 18.38% 42 20.00% 13.04% 51 14.21% 24 11.43% 9.93% 42 11.70% 23 10.95% 3.19% 13 3.62% 6 2.86% 4.51% 29 8.08% 19 9.05% 1.78% 18 5.01% 7 3.33% 2.55% 10 2.79% 4 1.90% 100.00% 359 100.00% 210 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-53 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 42. 106th Congress (1999-2000) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Health Education, Labor and Pensions Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate Total Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 3 0.78% 1 0.43% 1 0.50% 9 2.35% 7 3.03% 6 3.00% 1 0.26% 1 0.43% 1 0.50% 9 2.35% 9 3.90% 9 4.50% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 36 9.40% 11 4.76% 7 3.50% 74 19.32% 54 23.38% 45 22.50% 51 13.32% 27 11.69% 27 13.50% 19 4.96% 7 3.03% 2 1.00% 18 4.70% 11 4.76% 11 5.50% 76 19.84% 58 25.11% 55 27.50% 8 2.09% 6 2.60% 4 2.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 40 10.44% 26 11.26% 21 10.50% 16 4.18% 1 0.43% 1 0.50% 3 0.78% 2 0.87% 2 1.00% 13 3.39% 5 2.16% 3 1.50% 7 1.83% 5 2.16% 5 2.50% 383 100.00% 231 100.00% 200 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-54 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 43. 105th Congress (1997-1998) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate Total Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 6 2.05% 2 1.34% 2 1.82% 2 0.68% 2 1.34% 2 1.82% 2 0.68% 2 1.34% 0 0.00% 11 3.75% 4 2.68% 2 1.82% 1 0.34% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 24 8.19% 10 6.71% 10 9.09% 52 17.75% 36 24.16% 32 29.09% 32 10.92% 13 8.72% 12 10.91% 13 4.44% 5 3.36% 3 2.73% 15 5.12% 5 3.36% 3 2.73% 42 14.33% 30 20.13% 16 14.55% 7 2.39% 3 2.01% 3 2.73% 2 0.68% 2 1.34% 1 0.91% 50 17.06% 19 12.75% 12 10.91% 17 5.80% 11 7.38% 9 8.18% 2 0.68% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2 0.68% 2 1.34% 0 0.00% 13 4.44% 3 2.01% 3 2.73% 293 100.00% 149 100.00% 110 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-55 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 44. 104th Congress (1995-1996) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate Total Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 8 2.82% 4 2.58% 4 3.77% 24 8.45% 21 13.55% 13 12.26% 2 0.70% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 8 2.82% 2 1.29% 1 0.94% 4 1.41% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 24 8.45% 8 5.16% 7 6.60% 49 17.25% 25 16.13% 6 5.66% 48 16.90% 34 21.94% 31 29.25% 21 7.39% 17 10.97% 14 13.21% 11 3.87% 7 4.52% 3 2.83% 23 8.10% 9 5.81% 7 6.60% 5 1.76% 3 1.94% 2 1.89% 1 0.35% 1 0.65% 1 0.94% 27 9.51% 10 6.45% 6 5.66% 9 3.17% 5 3.23% 2 1.89% 6 2.11% 5 3.23% 5 4.72% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 14 4.93% 4 2.58% 4 3.77% 284 100.00% 155 100.00% 106 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-56 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 45. 103rd Congress (1993-1994) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate Total Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 9 2.47% 2 1.10% 2 1.32% 31 8.49% 30 16.48% 30 19.87% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 18 4.93% 4 2.20% 4 2.65% 6 1.64% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 50 13.70% 19 10.44% 13 8.61% 49 13.42% 29 15.93% 18 11.92% 54 14.79% 26 14.29% 22 14.57% 3 0.82% 1 0.55% 1 0.66% 8 2.19% 3 1.65% 3 1.99% 49 13.42% 30 16.48% 27 17.88% 8 2.19% 6 3.30% 5 3.31% 1 0.27% 1 0.55% 1 0.66% 41 11.23% 17 9.34% 16 10.60% 12 3.29% 5 2.75% 1 0.66% 3 0.82% 3 1.65% 2 1.32% 4 1.10% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 19 5.21% 6 3.30% 6 3.97% 365 100.00% 182 100.00% 151 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-57 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 46. 102nd Congress (1991-1992) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate Total Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 12 2.67% 8 3.11% 5 2.50% 31 6.89% 28 10.89% 27 13.50% 11 2.44% 5 1.95% 4 2.00% 15 3.33% 5 1.95% 4 2.00% 1 0.22% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 44 9.78% 19 7.39% 11 5.50% 77 17.11% 51 19.84% 26 13.00% 32 7.11% 16 6.23% 16 8.00% 45 10.00% 12 4.67% 7 3.50% 9 2.00% 5 1.95% 4 2.00% 34 7.56% 21 8.17% 18 9.00% 5 1.11% 4 1.56% 3 1.50% 2 0.44% 2 0.78% 2 1.00% 84 18.67% 53 20.62% 50 25.00% 20 4.44% 11 4.28% 9 4.50% 5 1.11% 4 1.56% 3 1.50% 4 0.89% 3 1.17% 2 1.00% 19 4.22% 10 3.89% 9 4.50% 450 100.00% 257 100.00% 200 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-58 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 47. 101st Congress (1989-1990) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate Total Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 16 4.28% 9 3.86% 8 4.02% 28 7.49% 26 11.16% 24 12.06% 9 2.41% 3 1.29% 3 1.51% 15 4.01% 6 2.58% 5 2.51% 2 0.53% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 42 11.23% 20 8.58% 15 7.54% 82 21.93% 50 21.46% 38 19.10% 33 8.82% 22 9.44% 21 10.55% 7 1.87% 3 1.29% 3 1.51% 15 4.01% 4 1.72% 4 2.01% 31 8.29% 16 6.87% 13 6.53% 7 1.87% 6 2.58% 4 2.01% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 40 10.70% 48 20.60% 44 22.11% 18 4.81% 15 6.44% 12 6.03% 4 1.07% 2 0.86% 2 1.01% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 25 6.68% 3 1.29% 3 1.51% 374 100.00% 233 100.00% 199 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-59 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 48. 100th Congress (1987-1989) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate Total Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 26 5.98% 14 5.28% 14 5.86% 27 6.21% 26 9.81% 15 6.28% 12 2.76% 3 1.13% 2 0.84% 12 2.76% 9 3.40% 7 2.93% 1 0.23% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 32 7.36% 15 5.66% 10 4.18% 99 22.76% 70 26.42% 63 26.36% 28 6.44% 22 8.30% 19 7.95% 9 2.07% 5 1.89% 5 2.09% 14 3.22% 6 2.26% 6 2.51% 30 6.90% 15 5.66% 13 5.44% 15 3.45% 15 5.66% 14 5.86% 1 0.23% 1 0.38% 1 0.42% 95 21.84% 50 18.87% 59 24.69% 14 3.22% 9 3.40% 7 2.93% 7 1.61% 2 0.75% 1 0.42% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 13 2.99% 3 1.13% 3 1.26% 435 100.00% 265 100.00% 239 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-60 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 49. 99th Congress (1985-1986) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence-Government Operations Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals 14 32 10 15 0 21 72 35 13 9 15 11 0 88 19 4 1 11 370 House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate Total Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 3.78% 6 2.75% 5 2.84% 8.65% 29 13.30% 14 7.95% 2.70% 7 3.21% 6 3.41% 4.05% 8 3.67% 7 3.98% 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 5.68% 10 4.59% 7 3.98% 19.46% 41 18.81% 37 21.02% 9.46% 13 5.96% 12 6.82% 3.51% 2.43% 4.05% 2.97% 0.00% 23.78% 5.14% 1.08% 0.27% 2.97% 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. 8 5 15 7 0 56 8 3 0 2 218 3.67% 2.29% 6.88% 3.21% 0.00% 25.69% 3.67% 1.38% 0.00% 0.92% 100.00% 6 3 14 3 0 54 5 3 0 0 176 3.41% 1.70% 7.95% 1.70% 0.00% 30.68% 2.84% 1.70% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00% CRS-61 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 50. 98th Congress (1983-1984) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence-Government Operations Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules and Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate Total Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 26 6.82% 21 9.33% 19 10.80% 27 7.09% 26 11.56% 19 10.80% 10 2.62% 5 2.22% 5 2.84% 17 4.46% 7 3.11% 4 2.27% 1 0.26% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 32 8.40% 20 8.89% 15 8.52% 47 12.34% 25 11.11% 21 11.93% 43 11.29% 25 11.11% 22 12.50% 23 6.04% 11 4.89% 8 4.55% 8 2.10% 6 2.67% 2 1.14% 28 7.35% 11 4.89% 2 1.14% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 74 19.42% 46 20.44% 43 24.43% 25 6.56% 9 4.00% 6 3.41% 8 2.10% 7 3.11% 5 2.84% 2 0.52% 2 0.89% 1 0.57% 10 2.62% 4 1.78% 4 2.27% 381 100.00% 225 100.00% 176 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-62 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 51. 97th Congress (1981-1982) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence-Government Operations Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules And Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate Total Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 14 4.93% 12 6.25% 11 6.63% 24 8.45% 22 11.46% 18 10.84% 11 3.87% 5 2.60% 5 3.01% 10 3.52% 5 2.60% 3 1.81% 1 0.35% 1 0.52% 1 0.60% 19 6.69% 9 4.69% 9 5.42% 43 15.14% 23 11.98% 21 12.65% 20 7.04% 14 7.29% 14 8.43% 20 7.04% 15 7.81% 11 6.63% 11 3.87% 4 2.08% 4 2.41% 21 7.39% 15 7.81% 13 7.83% 15 5.28% 14 7.29% 12 7.23% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 57 20.07% 48 25.00% 40 24.10% 9 3.17% 2 1.04% 2 1.20% 4 1.41% 3 1.56% 2 1.20% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 5 1.76% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 284 100.00% 192 100.00% 166 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-63 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions, by Committee: Table 52. 96th Congress (1979-1980) Senate Committee Agriculture, Nutrition, And Forestry Appropriations Armed Services Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science, And Transportation Energy And Natural Resources Environment And Public Works Finance Foreign Relations Governmental Affairs Indian Affairs Intelligence Judiciary Labor and Human Resources Rules And Administration Small Business Veterans’ Affairs Totals House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred in Senate Total Reported Enacted into Law Percent Percent Percent 11 2.86% 11 3.90% 11 4.20% 40 10.39% 35 12.41% 27 10.31% 27 7.01% 21 7.45% 19 7.25% 10 2.60% 6 2.13% 5 1.91% 2 0.52% 2 0.71% 2 0.76% 29 7.53% 25 8.87% 22 8.40% 40 10.39% 36 12.77% 31 11.83% 42 10.91% 33 11.70% 30 11.45% 59 15.32% 30 10.64% 30 11.45% 16 4.16% 14 4.96% 14 5.34% 35 9.09% 24 8.51% 25 9.54% 8 2.08% 6 2.13% 5 1.91% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 0.00% 36 9.35% 15 5.32% 27 10.31% 16 4.16% 12 4.26% 8 3.05% 7 1.82% 9 3.19% 4 1.53% 2 0.52% 2 0.71% 1 0.38% 5 1.30% 1 0.35% 1 0.38% 385 100.00% 282 100.00% 262 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-64 Senate Committee Legislative Activity: By Committee Measures Referred Measures Referred to Committees: Table 53. Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) Simple Resolution s Senate 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Concurrent Resolutions Senate 7 19 7 17 11 13 13 6 6 0 0 1 2 1 2 2 0 0 5 1 8 0 0 2 1 1 0 3 House NA NA NA 0 2 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total Senate 2 2 0 0 7 1 10 0 0 3 1 1 1 3 172 193 233 151 135 159 159 168 168 182 101 85 78 145 House NA NA NA 11 14 26 14 26 16 12 9 8 6 3 Totals Total 172 193 233 162 149 185 173 194 184 194 110 93 84 148 Senate 181 214 240 168 151 173 180 174 174 184 102 87 80 149 House NA NA NA 11 16 26 16 26 16 13 9 8 7 3 Grand Total 181 214 240 179 167 199 196 200 190 197 111 95 87 152 Sourc e : Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93rd-95th Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. CRS-65 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 54. Appropriations, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 0 36 8 12 10 7 7 11 3 0 0 0 1 2 House 0 2 0 0 1 5 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 NA NA NA 0 0 2 0 1 0 3 0 1 0 1 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total Senate 0 2 0 0 1 7 2 1 0 3 0 1 1 1 3 9 7 10 15 18 21 17 15 117 15 15 32 25 House NA NA NA 0 24 27 32 27 28 31 31 24 2 9 Totals Total 3 9 7 10 39 45 53 44 43 148 46 39 34 34 Senate 3 47 15 22 26 30 30 28 18 117 15 15 34 27 House NA NA NA 0 24 29 32 28 28 34 31 25 2 10 Grand Total 3 47 15 22 50 59 62 56 46 151 46 40 36 37 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 r d -95 t h Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. CRS-66 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 55. Armed Services, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 0 36 8 24 13 4 5 4 4 1 1 1 1 8 House 0 2 0 1 3 3 0 3 0 2 3 3 0 5 NA NA NA 0 0 2 0 1 0 3 0 1 0 1 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total Senate 0 2 0 1 3 5 0 4 0 5 3 4 0 6 3 9 7 84 103 77 102 64 114 128 75 69 70 79 House NA NA NA 40 24 27 32 27 28 31 31 24 2 9 Totals Total 3 9 7 124 127 104 134 91 142 159 106 93 72 88 Senate 3 47 15 109 119 84 107 71 118 131 79 73 71 92 House NA NA NA 40 24 29 32 28 28 34 31 25 2 10 Grand Total 3 47 15 149 143 113 139 99 146 165 110 98 73 102 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 r d -95 t h Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. CRS-67 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 56. Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 6 10 3 18 16 4 5 3 2 4 4 4 2 0 House 4 3 5 7 9 8 2 2 0 0 2 0 0 1 NA NA NA 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total 4 3 5 7 10 8 2 3 1 0 2 0 1 2 Senate 301 214 184 169 160 150 165 119 154 169 128 82 79 111 House NA NA NA 10 10 17 15 12 15 15 18 8 11 9 Totals Total 301 214 184 179 170 167 180 131 169 184 146 90 90 120 Senate 311 227 192 194 185 162 172 124 156 173 134 86 81 112 House NA NA NA 10 11 17 15 13 16 15 18 8 12 10 Grand Total 311 227 192 204 196 179 187 137 172 188 152 94 93 122 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 r d -95 t h Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. CRS-68 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 57. Budget, 94th-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 64 119 113 80 70 35 10 0 2 0 3 4 2 House 2 0 5 8 3 3 6 5 5 6 2 4 2 NA NA 0 0 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total Senate 2 0 5 8 5 4 7 6 6 7 2 4 3 2 5 25 34 20 25 28 40 131 31 30 28 31 House NA NA 2 1 1 0 1 2 1 6 4 1 0 Totals Total 5 25 34 20 25 28 40 131 31 30 28 31 0 Senate 120 105 109 63 38 31 48 136 39 40 32 35 2 NA NA 1 1 2 2 Grand Total 120 105 110 64 40 33 3 51 2 138 7 46 5 45 1 33 0 35 1 3 House Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 rd-95th Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. Note: The committee on the Budget did not exist before the 94th Congress. CRS-69 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 58. Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 16 0 6 25 15 16 14 7 5 1 8 3 3 5 7 0 3 4 4 10 8 5 5 2 1 2 4 3 House NA NA NA 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 3 4 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total 7 0 3 6 6 12 9 6 5 2 1 2 7 7 Senate 437 34 284 196 157 189 193 210 210 194 162 127 180 206 House NA NA NA 29 19 32 21 32 44 44 50 24 24 36 Totals Total 437 34 284 225 176 221 214 242 254 238 212 151 204 242 Senate 460 34 293 225 176 215 215 222 220 197 171 132 187 214 House NA NA NA 31 21 34 22 33 44 44 50 24 27 40 Grand Total 460 34 293 256 197 249 237 255 264 241 221 156 214 254 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 r d -95 t h Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. CRS-70 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 59. Energy and Natural Resources, 96th-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 41 19 15 7 2 3 0 1 0 4 3 House 4 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 0 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 Senate 4 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 3 3 365 253 262 221 279 272 288 225 253 246 338 House 40 43 47 72 99 82 77 49 49 52 74 Totals Total 405 296 309 293 378 354 365 274 302 298 412 Senate 410 272 278 228 281 275 289 226 253 253 341 House 40 43 47 73 99 82 77 50 49 52 77 Grand Total 450 315 325 301 380 357 366 276 302 305 418 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Note: The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources was created at the beginning of the 95 t h Congress. Under S. RES. 4, 95th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the new committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Activity data of the two committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. CRS-71 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 60. Interior and Insular Affairs, 93rd-95th Congresses Congress and (Years) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) Senate 3 19 3 House 4 3 0 NA NA NA Bills and Joint Resolutions Total Senate 4 3 0 530 528 39 House NA NA NA Totals Total 530 528 39 Senate 537 550 42 House NA NA NA Grand Total 537 550 42 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93rd-95th Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. Note: The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources was created at the beginning of the 95th Congress. Under S. RES. 4, 95 th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the new committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Activity data of the two committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. CRS-72 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 61. Environment and Public Works, 96th-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 21 12 8 9 10 6 7 1 0 0 21 House 0 2 1 0 2 2 0 0 0 1 1 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total 0 2 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 2 0 Senate 0 4 1 0 4 3 0 0 0 3 1 230 200 226 190 210 223 208 208 187 161 170 House 42 20 43 35 28 33 32 54 48 32 51 Totals Total 272 220 269 225 238 256 240 262 235 193 221 Senate 251 214 235 199 222 231 215 209 187 162 192 House 42 22 43 35 30 34 32 54 48 34 51 Grand Total 293 236 278 234 252 265 247 263 235 196 243 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Note: The Committee on Environment and Public Works was created at the beginning of the 95th Congress. Under S. RES. 4, 95th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the new committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committee on Public Works. Activity data of the two committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. CRS-73 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 62. Public Works, 93rd-95th Congresses Congress and (Years) 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 1 5 1 House 2 2 1 NA NA NA Bills and Joint Resolutions Total Senate 2 2 1 170 193 219 House NA NA NA Totals Total 170 193 219 Senate 173 200 221 House NA NA NA Grand Total 173 200 221 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93rd-95th Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. Note: The Committee on Environment and Public Works was created at the beginning of the 95th Congress. Under S. RES. 4, 95th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the new committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committee on Public Works. Activity data of the two committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. CRS-74 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 63. Finance, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 5 5 11 19 26 22 39 22 14 16 8 6 10 11 4 12 7 10 8 10 13 10 12 6 6 3 9 10 House NA NA NA 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total 4 12 7 12 8 11 13 10 12 7 6 4 10 11 Senate 515 590 592 652 712 689 655 676 784 916 604 455 169 921 House NA NA NA 59 20 23 13 9 7 45 3 21 13 19 Totals Total 515 590 592 711 732 712 668 685 791 961 607 476 182 940 Senate 524 607 610 681 746 721 707 708 810 938 618 464 188 942 House NA NA NA 61 20 24 13 9 7 46 3 22 14 20 Grand Total 524 607 610 742 766 745 720 717 817 984 621 486 202 962 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 r d -95 t h Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. CRS-75 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 64. Foreign Relations, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Bills and Joint Resolutions Totals 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 36 52 46 64 59 63 59 51 48 78 23 83 32 52 35 49 56 58 57 55 NA NA NA 17 21 18 15 25 21 29 23 83 32 69 56 67 71 83 78 84 101 122 681 65 88 106 137 138 122 140 NA NA NA 16 11 8 9 14 15 9 101 122 681 81 99 114 146 152 137 149 160 257 759 181 182 218 252 247 227 273 NA NA NA 33 32 26 24 39 36 38 Grand Total 160 257 759 214 214 244 276 286 263 311 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) 41 29 42 60 22 40 44 51 0 8 32 23 22 48 76 74 88 38 68 96 8 11 15 18 96 49 83 114 151 107 154 207 8 19 47 41 159 126 201 248 Senate Senate House Total Senate House Total Senate House Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 r d -95 t h Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. CRS-76 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 65. Governmental Affairs, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 4 6 19 26 18 15 8 5 5 2 1 5 5 6 5 2 8 5 4 9 1 3 3 3 4 0 12 7 House NA NA NA 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 3 2 2 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total 5 2 8 5 4 9 1 4 4 3 4 3 14 9 Senate 179 186 253 290 228 196 199 175 193 189 197 144 144 170 House NA NA NA 35 21 28 15 30 31 34 49 23 42 76 Totals Total 179 186 253 325 249 224 214 205 224 223 246 167 186 246 Senate 188 194 280 321 250 220 208 183 201 194 202 149 161 183 House NA NA NA 35 21 28 15 31 32 34 49 26 44 78 Grand Total 188 194 280 356 271 248 223 214 233 228 251 175 205 261 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 r d -95 t h Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. N o t e : The Committee on Government Operations was renamed Governmental Affairs at the beginning of the 95th Congress. Under S. RES. 4, 95th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committees on the District of Columbia, and Post Office and Civil Service. Activity data of the newer committee and the two predecessor committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. CRS-77 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 66. District of Columbia, 93rd-94th Congresses Congress and (Years) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 0 1 House 0 3 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total NA NA Senate 0 3 34 12 House Totals Total NA NA 34 12 Senate 34 16 House NA NA Grand Total 34 16 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93rd-95th Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. Note: The Committee on Government Operations was renamed Governmental Affairs at the beginning of the 95th Congress. Under S. RES. 4, 95th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committees the District of Columbia, and Post Office and Civil Service. Activity data of the newer committee and the two predecessor committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. Measures Referred to Committees: Table 67. Post Office and Civil Service, 93rd-94th Congresses Congress and (Years) 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 11 3 House 0 1 NA NA Bills and Joint Resolutions Total Senate 0 1 120 108 House NA NA Totals Total 120 108 Senate 131 112 House NA NA Grand Total 131 112 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93rd-95th Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. Note: The Committee on Government Operations was renamed Governmental Affairs at the beginning of the 95th Congress. Under S. RES. 4, 95th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committees the District of Columbia, and Post Office and Civil Service. Activity data of the newer committee and the two predecessor committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. CRS-78 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 68. Indian Affairs, 95th-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 95th (1977-1978 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 2 3 5 2 2 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 House 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 NA 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total Senate 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 79 38 41 63 43 61 63 64 51 39 46 70 House NA 8 15 0 11 15 7 5 8 5 7 8 Totals Total 79 38 41 63 54 76 70 69 59 44 53 78 Senate 81 41 46 65 45 65 64 65 51 39 46 71 House NA 8 15 0 12 16 7 5 8 5 7 8 Grand Total 81 49 61 65 57 81 71 70 59 44 53 79 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 rd-95th Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. Note: The Committee on the Indian Affairs did not exist before the 95th Congress. CRS-79 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 69. Select Committee on Intelligence, 95th-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 0 0 5 2 2 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 House 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total Senate 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 House 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 1 1 2 0 NA 0 5 9 2 9 8 14 7 4 4 4 Totals Total 3 0 5 9 2 10 8 16 8 5 6 4 Senate House 3 0 5 2 2 4 1 2 1 1 2 0 NA 0 5 10 2 9 8 14 7 4 4 4 Grand Total 3 0 10 12 4 13 9 16 8 5 6 4 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 rd-95th Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. Note: The Select Committee on Intelligence did not exist before the 95th Congress. CRS-80 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 70. Judiciary, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 6 16 14 27 48 39 21 13 16 10 12 38 57 78 11 16 7 12 16 11 15 6 9 15 4 3 10 14 House NA NA NA 1 3 2 7 3 2 2 0 2 6 21 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total 11 16 7 13 19 13 22 9 11 17 4 5 16 35 Senate 491 154 369 382 516 591 639 566 608 528 411 210 353 411 House NA NA NA 36 57 74 88 95 40 84 41 27 50 40 Totals Total 491 154 369 418 573 665 727 661 648 612 452 237 403 451 Senate 508 186 390 421 580 641 675 585 633 553 427 251 420 503 House NA NA NA 37 60 76 95 98 42 86 41 29 56 61 Grand Total 508 186 390 458 640 717 770 683 675 639 468 280 476 564 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 r d -95 t h Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. CRS-81 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 71. Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Bills and Joint Resolutions Totals 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 2 11 5 6 NA NA 5 6 374 322 NA NA 374 322 381 339 NA NA Grand Total 381 339 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) 6 9 0 16 11 4 4 5 10 2 11 3 6 3 8 5 12 12 9 3 4 2 4 6 NA 2 2 0 3 2 2 0 0 1 2 10 6 5 10 5 15 14 11 3 4 3 6 16 333 124 220 276 245 272 340 228 254 191 281 349 NA 16 9 25 19 14 18 20 12 9 17 16 333 140 229 301 264 286 358 248 266 200 298 365 345 136 228 297 268 288 353 236 268 195 296 358 NA 18 11 25 22 16 20 20 12 10 19 26 345 154 239 322 290 304 373 256 280 205 315 384 Senate Senate House Total Senate House Total Senate House Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 r d -95 t h Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. CRS-82 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 72. Rules and Administration, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 140 152 125 113 90 85 88 140 53 55 56 26 29 32 24 21 10 11 3 10 9 10 12 10 4 9 7 3 House NA NA NA 12 4 2 5 9 10 2 0 6 1 13 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total 24 21 10 23 7 12 14 19 22 12 4 15 8 16 Senate 67 45 40 53 44 45 41 44 65 50 43 38 43 43 House NA NA NA 7 4 8 4 7 4 5 3 6 2 3 Totals Total 67 45 40 60 48 53 45 51 69 55 46 44 45 46 Senate 231 218 175 177 137 140 138 194 130 115 103 73 79 78 House NA NA NA 19 8 10 9 16 14 7 3 12 3 16 Grand Total 231 218 175 196 145 150 147 210 144 122 106 85 82 94 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 r d -95 t h Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. CRS-83 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 73. Select Committee on Small Business, 95th-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 3 6 2 1 4 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 House 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 NA 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total Senate 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 22 19 28 9 15 11 17 17 9 13 20 House NA 2 0 2 1 0 0 4 4 0 2 13 Totals Total 2 24 19 30 10 15 11 21 21 9 15 33 Senate 5 28 21 29 13 17 12 20 17 9 13 20 House NA 2 0 2 1 2 0 4 4 0 2 13 Grand Total 5 30 21 31 14 19 12 24 21 9 15 33 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 95th Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. Note: The Committee on Small Business did not exist before the 95th Congress. CRS-84 Measures Referred to Committees: Table 74. Veterans’ Affairs, 93rd-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Simple Resolutions Concurrent Resolutions Senate Senate 3 0 3 2 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 1 1 1 House 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 NA NA NA 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 Bills and Joint Resolutions Total Senate 1 0 0 0 2 1 1 3 1 0 0 0 0 2 96 84 36 70 103 71 74 99 93 109 74 48 49 51 House NA NA NA 5 5 10 11 13 25 19 19 14 13 7 Totals Total 96 84 36 75 108 81 85 112 118 128 93 62 62 58 Senate 100 84 39 72 109 76 78 102 95 109 74 49 50 54 House NA NA NA 5 6 10 11 15 25 19 19 14 13 7 Grand Total 100 84 39 77 115 86 89 117 120 128 93 63 63 61 Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. In the 93 r d -95 t h Congresses, information on referral to Senate committees of House passed measures is unavailable through LIS. NA indicates information not available. All private measures are excluded. CRS-85 Action on Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions by Senate Committee Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 75. Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry 93rd-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Tota l Reported Enacted into Law 172 21 Percent of Referred 12.21% 94 (1975-1976) 95th (1977-1978) 193 233 33 32 17.10% 13.73% 14 24 7.25% 10.30% 96th (1979-1980) 93rd (1973-1974) th 10 Percent of Referred 5.81% 151 24 15.89% 11 7.28% th 135 16 11.85% 3 2.22% th 159 18 11.32% 5 3.14% th 159 14 8.81% 2 1.26% th 100 (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 168 168 19 19 11.31% 11.31% 5 5 2.98% 2.98% 102nd (1991-1992) 182 13 7.14% 2 1.10% 103rd (1993-1994) 97 (1981-1982) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 101 33 32.67% 31 30.69% th 85 3 3.53% 1 1.18% th 78 6 7.69% 3 3.85% th 145 17 11.72% 4 2.76% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information Sy stem (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private CRS-86 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 76. Appropriations 93rd-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 3 0 0.00% 0 Percent of Referred 0.00% th 9 1 11.11% 1 11.11% th 95 (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 7 10 2 2 28.57% 20.00% 1 0 14.29% 0.00% 97th (1981-1982) 93rd (1973-1974) 94 (1975-1976) Percent of Referred 15 12 80.00% 0 0.00% th 18 11 61.11% 0 0.00% th 21 4 19.05% 0 0.00% th 100 (1987-1988) 17 4 23.53% 0 0.00% 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 15 117 3 5 20.00% 4.27% 0 0 0.00% 0.00% 103rd (1993-1994) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 15 2 13.33% 0 0.00% th 15 7 46.67% 0 0.00% th 32 29 90.63% 0 0.00% th 25 20 80.00% 0 0.00% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information Syst em (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private CRS-87 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 77. Armed Services 93rd-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 3 0 Percent of Referred 0.00% th 9 1 11.11% 1 11.11% th 95 (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 7 84 2 15 28.57% 17.86% 1 11 14.29% 13.10% 97th (1981-1982) 93rd (1973-1974) 94 (1975-1976) 0 Percent of Referred 0.00% 103 17 16.50% 4 3.88% th 77 13 16.88% 4 5.19% th 102 15 14.71% 5 4.90% th 100 (1987-1988) 64 16 25.00% 0 0.00% 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 114 128 35 41 30.70% 32.03% 1 1 0.88% 0.78% 103rd (1993-1994) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 75 16 21.33% 2 2.67% th 69 13 18.84% 1 1.45% th 70 10 14.29% 1 1.43% th 79 13 16.46% 2 2.53% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information Syst em (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private CRS-88 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 78. Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs 93rd-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 301 28 9.30% 14 Percent of Referred 4.65% th 214 23 10.75% 9 4.21% th 95 (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 184 169 13 35 7.07% 20.71% 7 14 3.80% 8.28% 97th (1981-1982) 93rd (1973-1974) 94 (1975-1976) Percent of Referred 160 15 9.38% 4 2.50% th 150 18 12.00% 4 2.67% th 165 28 16.97% 8 4.85% th 100 (1987-1988) 119 15 12.61% 2 1.68% 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 154 169 19 18 12.34% 10.65% 4 6 2.60% 3.55% 103rd (1993-1994) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 128 21 16.41% 3 2.34% th 82 10 12.20% 1 1.22% th 79 14 17.72% 8 10.13% th 111 15 13.51% 2 1.80% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information Syst em (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private CRS-89 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 79. Budget 95th-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 5 0 Percent of Referred 0.00% 96 (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 25 34 3 4 12.00% 11.76% 0 0 0.00% 0.00% 98th (1983-1984) 20 2 10.00% 0 0.00% 99th (1985-1986) 25 4 16.00% 1 4.00% 100th (1987-1988) 95th (1977-1978) th 0 Percent of Referred 0.00% 28 3 10.71% 0 0.00% st 40 13 32.50% 0 0.00% nd 102 (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 131 31 5 3 3.82% 9.68% 0 0 0.00% 0.00% 104th (1995-1996) 101 (1989-1990) 30 6 20.00% 2 6.67% th 28 3 10.71% 0 0.00% th 31 4 12.90% 0 0.00% 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. Note: The committee on the Budget did not exist before the 94th Congress. All private CRS-90 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee; Table 80. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 93rd-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 437 28 6.41% 25 Percent of Referred 5.72% th 397 70 17.63% 26 6.55% th 95 (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 284 196 41 63 14.44% 32.14% 17 33 5.99% 16.84% 97th (1981-1982) 93rd (1973-1974) 94 (1975-1976) Percent of Referred 157 59 37.58% 17 10.83% th 189 70 37.04% 22 11.64% th 193 55 28.50% 16 8.29% th 100 (1987-1988) 210 49 23.33% 9 4.29% 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 210 194 64 53 30.48% 27.32% 11 9 5.24% 4.64% 103rd (1993-1994) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 162 44 27.16% 4 2.47% th 127 31 24.41% 4 3.15% th 180 40 22.22% 8 4.44% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private CRS-91 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 81. Energy and Natural Resources 96th-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 365 64 Percent of Referred 17.53% th 253 64 25.30% 32 12.65% th 98 (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 262 221 70 62 26.72% 28.05% 31 27 11.83% 12.22% 100th (1987-1988) 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) Percent of Referred 23 6.30% 279 91 32.62% 39 13.98% st 272 85 31.25% 33 12.13% nd 288 79 27.43% 23 7.99% rd 103 (1993-1994) 225 84 37.33% 25 11.11% 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 253 246 95 68 37.55% 27.64% 7 36 2.77% 14.63% 106th (1999-2000) 338 151 44.67% 66 19.53% 101 (1989-1990) 102 (1991-1992) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://ww w.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private Note: The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources was created at the beginning of the 95th Congress. Under S. RES. 4, 95th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the new committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Activity data of the two committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 82. Interior and Insular Affairs 93rd-95th Congresses Congress and (Years) Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Total Reported Enacted into Law 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 530 528 66 103 Percent of Referred 12.45% 19.51% 95th (1977-1978) 39 3 7.69% 42 43 2 Percent of Referred 7.92% 8.14% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. 5.13% All private Note: The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources was created at the beginning of the 95th Congress. Under S. Res. 4, 95th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the new committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Activity data of the two committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. CRS-92 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 83. Environment and Public Works 96th-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 230 47 20.43% 29 Percent of Referred 12.61% th 200 38 19.00% 11 5.50% th 98 (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 226 190 52 43 23.01% 22.63% 18 8 7.96% 4.21% 100th (1987-1988) 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) Percent of Referred 210 40 19.05% 18 8.57% st 223 43 19.28% 13 5.83% nd 208 25 12.02% 4 1.92% rd 103 (1993-1994) 187 32 17.11% 6 3.21% 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 161 170 29 52 18.01% 30.59% 9 14 5.59% 8.24% 106th (1999-2000) 164 40 24.39% 19 101 (1989-1990) 102 (1991-1992) 11.59% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private Note: The Committee on Environment and Public Works was created at the beginning of the 95th Congress. Under S. Res. 4, 95th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the new committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committee on Public Works. Activity data of the two committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 84. Public Works 93rd-95th Congresses Senate Measures Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 170 29 Percent of Referred 17.06% 94 (1975-1976) 193 25 12.95% 13 6.74% 95th (1977-1978) 219 36 16.44% 12 5.48% 93rd (1973-1974) th 19 Percent of Referred 11.18% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private Note: The Committee on Environment and Public Works was created at the beginning of the 95th Congress. Under S. Res. 4, 95th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the new committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committee on Public Works. Activity data of the two committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. CRS-93 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 85. Finance 93rd-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Totals Reported Enacted into Law 515 0 Percent of Referred 0.00% th 590 5 0.85% 1 0.17% th 95 (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 592 652 5 7 0.84% 1.07% 0 0 0.00% 0.00% 97th (1981-1982) 93rd (1973-1974) 94 (1975-1976) 0 Percent of Referred 0.00% 712 9 1.26% 0 0.00% th 689 8 1.16% 0 0.00% th 655 11 1.68% 0 0.00% th 100 (1987-1988) 676 11 1.63% 0 0.00% 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 784 916 9 22 1.15% 2.40% 2 0 0.26% 0.00% 103rd (1993-1994) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 604 13 2.15% 1 0.17% th 455 9 1.98% 0 0.00% th 169 10 5.92% 1 0.59% th 921 15 1.63% 0 0.00% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information Syst em (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private CRS-94 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 86. Foreign Relations 93rd-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 101 17 Percent of Referred 16.83% th 122 16 13.11% 8 6.56% th 95 (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 681 65 15 23 2.20% 35.38% 3 6 0.44% 9.23% 97th (1981-1982) 93rd (1973-1974) 94 (1975-1976) 13 Percent of Referred 12.87% 88 25 28.41% 8 9.09% th 106 28 26.42% 17 16.04% th 137 35 25.55% 11 8.03% th 100 (1987-1988) 138 28 20.29% 4 2.90% 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 122 140 27 20 22.13% 14.29% 5 3 4.10% 2.14% 103rd (1993-1994) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 88 12 13.64% 4 4.55% th 38 9 23.68% 1 2.63% th 68 12 17.65% 5 7.35% th 96 19 19.79% 2 2.08% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information Syst em (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private CRS-95 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 87. Governmental Affairs 93rd-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 179 11 6.15% 7 Percent of Referred 3.91% th 186 21 11.29% 7 3.76% th 95 (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 253 290 36 37 14.23% 12.76% 18 9 7.11% 3.10% 97th (1981-1982) 93rd (1973-1974) 94 (1975-1976) Percent of Referred 228 33 14.47% 12 5.26% th 196 28 14.29% 8 4.08% th 199 32 16.08% 6 3.02% th 100 (1987-1988) 175 28 16.00% 8 4.57% 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 193 189 34 27 17.62% 14.29% 7 6 3.63% 3.17% 103rd (1993-1994) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 197 34 17.26% 5 2.54% th 144 26 18.06% 6 4.17% th 144 22 15.28% 7 4.86% th 170 31 18.24% 12 7.06% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information Syst em (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private Note: The Committee on Government Operations was renamed Governmental Affairs at the beginning of the 95 t h Congress. Under S. Res. 4, 95th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments , adopted February 4, 1977, the committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committees on the District of Columbia, and Post Office and Civil Service. Activity data of the newer committee and the two predecessor committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. CRS-96 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 88. District of Columbia 93rd-94th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) 93rd (1973-1974) th 94 (1975-1976) Total Reported Enacted into Law 34 4 Percent of Referred 11.76% 12 0 0.00% 2 Percent of Referred 5.88% 0 0.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://ww w.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private Note: The Committee on Government Operations was renamed Governmental Affairs at the beginning of the 95th Congress. Under S. Res. 4, 95 t h Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committees on the District of Columbia, and Post Office and Civil Service. Activity data of the newer committee and the two predecessor committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 89. Post Office and Civil Service 93rd-94th Congresses Congress and (Years) Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Total 93rd (1973-1974) th 94 (1975-1976) Reported Enacted into Law 120 13 Percent of Referred 10.83% 108 6 5.56% 6 Percent of Referred 5.00% 2 1.85% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private Note: The Committee on Government Operations was renamed Governmental Affairs at the beginning of the 95th Congress. Under S. Res. 4, 95th Congress, Committee System Reorganization Amendments, adopted February 4, 1977, the committee incorporated the jurisdiction of the Committees on the District of Columbia, and Post Office and Civil Service. Activity data of the newer committee and the two predecessor committees may not be directly comparable because the newer committee has broader jurisdictional responsibility. CRS-97 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 90. Indian Affairs 96th-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Total Reported Enacted into Law 38 23 Percent of Referred 60.53% th 41 22 53.66% 7 17.07% th 63 26 41.27% 18 28.57% th 99 (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 43 61 18 28 41.86% 45.90% 8 10 18.60% 16.39% 101st (1989-1990) 63 30 47.62% 9 14.29% 102nd (1991-1992) 64 37 57.81% 7 10.94% 103rd (1993-1994) 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) 98 (1983-1984) 16 Percent of Referred 42.11% 51 28 54.90% 8 15.69% th 39 19 48.72% 7 17.95% th 46 70 11 34 23.91% 48.57% 5 14 10.87% 20.00% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. Note: The Committee on Indian Affairs did not exist before the 95th Congress. All private CRS-98 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 91. Select Committee on Intelligence 95th-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 3 2 Percent of Referred 66.67% 96 (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 0 5 0 4 0.00% 80.00% 0 0 0.00% 0.00% 98th (1983-1984) 9 3 33.33% 0 0.00% 99th (1985-1986) 2 2 100.00% 0 0.00% 100th (1987-1988) 95th (1977-1978) th 1 Percent of Referred 33.33% 9 3 33.33% 0 0.00% st 8 1 12.50% 0 0.00% nd 102 (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 9 14 3 5 33.33% 35.71% 0 0 0.00% 0.00% 104th (1995-1996) 101 (1989-1990) 7 3 42.86% 0 0.00% th 4 4 100.00% 1 25.00% th 4 4 100.00% 0 0.00% 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. Note: The Select Committee on Intelligence did not exist before the 95th Congress. All private CRS-99 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 92. Judiciary 93rd-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 491 51 Percent of Referred 10.39% th 154 70 45.45% 22 14.29% th 95 (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 369 382 61 112 16.53% 29.32% 24 35 6.50% 9.16% 97th (1981-1982) 93rd (1973-1974) 94 (1975-1976) 24 Percent of Referred 4.89% 516 151 29.26% 55 10.66% th 591 240 40.61% 110 18.61% th 639 272 42.57% 154 24.10% th 100 (1987-1988) 566 232 40.99% 146 25.80% 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 608 528 267 177 43.91% 33.52% 127 74 20.89% 14.02% 103rd (1993-1994) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 411 111 27.01% 49 11.92% th 210 45 21.43% 14 6.67% th 353 50 14.16% 29 8.22% th 411 70 17.03% 27 6.57% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information Syst em (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private CRS-100 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 93. Health, Education, Labor and Pensions 93rd-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 93rd (1973-1974) 94th (1975-1976) 374 322 42 38 Percent of Referred 11.23% 11.80% 23 9 Percent of Referred 6.15% 2.80% 95th (1977-1978) 333 44 18.82% 15 7.58% 96th (1979-1980) 124 29 23.39% 12 9.68% th 220 36 16.36% 6 2.73% th 276 40 14.49% 14 5.07% th 99 (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 245 272 45 49 18.37% 18.01% 16 8 6.53% 2.94% 101st (1989-1990) 97 (1981-1982) 98 (1983-1984) 340 66 19.41% 16 4.71% nd 228 46 20.18% 14 6.14% rd 254 38 14.96% 10 3.94% th 104 (1995-1996) 191 24 12.57% 4 2.09% 105th (1997-1998) 281 17 6.05% 7 2.49% 349 19 5.44% 10 2.87% 102 (1991-1992) 103 (1993-1994) th 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private Note : The Committee on Health Education, Labor and Pensions was called Labor and Human Resources before the 105th Congress. CRS-101 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 94. Rules and Administration 93rd-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 67 18 Percent of Referred 26.87% th 45 13 28.89% 11 24.44% th 95 (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 40 53 16 19 40.00% 35.85% 10 13 25.00% 24.53% 97th (1981-1982) 93rd (1973-1974) 94 (1975-1976) 7 Percent of Referred 10.45% 44 11 25.00% 6 13.64% th 45 6 13.33% 4 8.89% th 41 15 36.59% 6 14.63% th 100 (1987-1988) 44 11 25.00% 3 6.82% 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 65 50 24 13 36.92% 26.00% 10 1 15.38% 2.00% 103rd (1993-1994) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 43 17 39.53% 8 18.60% th 38 5 13.16% 2 5.26% th 43 2 4.65% 0 0.00% th 43 6 13.95% 3 6.98% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information Syst em (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private CRS-102 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 95. Select Committee on Small Business 95th-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 36 6 Percent of Referred 16.67% th 22 5 22.73% 1 4.55% th 97 (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 19 28 4 10 21.05% 35.71% 1 5 5.26% 17.86% 99th (1985-1986) 95th (1977-1978) 96 (1979-1980) 0 Percent of Referred 0.00% 9 2 22.22% 0 0.00% th 15 4 26.67% 0 0.00% st 11 1 9.09% 0 0.00% nd 102 (1991-1992) 17 2 11.76% 1 5.88% 103rd (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 17 9 5 3 29.41% 33.33% 3 1 17.65% 11.11% 105th (1997-1998) 13 1 7.69% 1 7.69% 20 8 40.00% 3 15.00% 100 (1987-1988) 101 (1989-1990) th 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. Note: The Select Committee on Small Business did not exist before the 95th Congress. All private CRS-103 Action on Senate Measures Referred to Committee: Table 96. Veterans’ Affairs 93rd-106th Congresses Senate Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 96 10 Percent of Referred 10.42% th 84 7 8.33% 2 2.38% th 95 (1977-1978) 96th (1979-1980) 36 70 6 9 16.67% 12.86% 0 1 0.00% 1.43% 97th (1981-1982) 93rd (1973-1974) 94 (1975-1976) 4 Percent of Referred 4.17% 103 7 6.80% 2 1.94% th 71 7 9.86% 1 1.41% th 74 6 8.11% 0 0.00% th 100 (1987-1988) 99 10 10.10% 3 3.03% 101st (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 93 109 6 20 6.45% 18.35% 0 4 0.00% 3.67% 103rd (1993-1994) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 74 23 31.08% 4 5.41% th 48 5 10.42% 2 4.17% th 49 12 24.49% 4 8.16% th 51 7 13.73% 1 1.96% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information Syst em (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private CRS-104 Action on House Bills and Joint Resolutions by Senate Committee Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 97. Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 11 11 Percent of Referred 100.00% th 14 12 85.71% 11 78.57% th 98 (1983-1984) 26 21 80.77% 19 73.08% 99th (1985-1986) 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) 11 Percent of Referred 100.00% 14 6 42.86% 5 35.71% th 26 14 53.85% 14 53.85% st 101 (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 16 12 9 8 56.25% 66.67% 8 5 50.00% 41.67% 103rd (1993-1994) 100 (1987-1988) 9 2 22.22% 2 22.22% th 8 4 50.00% 4 50.00% th 6 2 33.33% 2 33.33% th 3 1 33.33% 1 33.33% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private CRS-105 Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 98. Appropriations 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 0 0 Percent of Referred 0.00% th 24 22 91.67% 18 75.00% th 98 (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 27 32 26 29 96.30% 90.63% 19 14 70.37% 43.75% 100th (1987-1988) 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) 0 Percent of Referred 0.00% 27 26 96.30% 15 55.56% st 28 26 92.86% 24 85.71% nd 31 28 90.32% 27 87.10% rd 103 (1993-1994) 31 30 96.77% 30 96.77% 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 24 2 21 2 87.50% 100.00% 13 2 54.17% 100.00% 106th (1999-2000) 9 7 77.78% 6 66.67% 101 (1989-1990) 102 (1991-1992) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 99. Armed Services 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 40 35 Percent of Referred 87.50% th 24 22 91.67% 18 75.00% th 27 26 96.30% 19 70.37% th 99 (1985-1986) 32 29 90.63% 14 43.75% 100th (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 27 28 26 26 96.30% 92.86% 15 24 55.56% 85.71% 102nd (1991-1992) 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) 98 (1983-1984) 27 Percent of Referred 67.50% 31 28 90.32% 27 87.10% rd 31 30 96.77% 30 96.77% th 24 21 87.50% 13 54.17% th 2 2 100.00% 2 100.00% th 9 7 77.78% 6 66.67% 103 (1993-1994) 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. measures are excluded. All private CRS-106 Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 100. Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 10 6 Percent of Referred 60.00% th 10 5 50.00% 3 30.00% th 17 7 41.18% 4 23.53% th 99 (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 15 12 8 9 53.33% 75.00% 7 7 46.67% 58.33% 101st (1989-1990) 15 6 40.00% 5 33.33% 102nd (1991-1992) 15 5 0.00% 4 0.00% 103rd (1993-1994) 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) 98 (1983-1984) 5 Percent of Referred 50.00% 18 4 22.22% 4 22.22% th 8 2 25.00% 1 12.50% th 11 9 4 9 36.36% 100.00% 2 9 18.18% 100.00% 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 101. Budget 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 2 2 Percent of Referred 100.00% th 1 1 100.00% 1 100.00% th 1 0 0.00% 0 0.00% th 0 0 0.00% 0 0.00% th 1 0 0.00% 0 0.00% st 101 (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 2 1 0 0 0.00% 0.00% 0 0 0.00% 0.00% 103rd (1993-1994) 6 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 104 (1995-1996) 4 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 105th (1997-1998) 1 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 106th (1999-2000) 0 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 100 (1987-1988) th 2 Percent of Referred 100.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-107 Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 102. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 96th-106th Congresses Congress and (Years) House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Total Reported Enacted into Law 29 25 Percent of Referred 86.21% th 19 9 47.37% 9 47.37% th 98 (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 32 21 20 10 62.50% 47.62% 15 7 46.88% 33.33% 100th (1987-1988) 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) 22 Percent of Referred 75.86% 32 15 46.88% 10 31.25% st 44 19 43.18% 11 25.00% nd 44 19 43.18% 11 25.00% rd 103 (1993-1994) 50 19 38.00% 13 26.00% 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 24 24 8 10 33.33% 41.67% 7 10 29.17% 41.67% 106th (1999-2000) 36 11 30.56% 7 19.44% 101 (1989-1990) 102 (1991-1992) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 103. Energy and Natural Resources 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 96th (1979-1980) 40 36 Percent of Referred 90.00% 31 Percent of Referred 77.50% 97th (1981-1982) 43 23 53.49% 21 48.84% 98th (1983-1984) 47 25 53.19% 21 44.68% th 72 41 56.94% 37 51.39% th 100 (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 99 82 70 50 70.71% 60.98% 63 38 63.64% 46.34% 102nd (1991-1992) 99 (1985-1986) 77 51 66.23% 26 33.77% rd 49 29 59.18% 18 36.73% th 49 25 51.02% 6 12.24% th 52 36 69.23% 32 61.54% th 74 54 72.97% 45 60.81% 103 (1993-1994) 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-108 Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 104. Environment and Public Works 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 42 20 33 14 Percent of Referred 78.57% 70.00% 98th (1983-1984) Enacted into Law 30 14 Percent of Referred 71.43% 70.00% 43 25 58.14% 22 51.16% th 35 13 37.14% 12 34.29% th 28 22 78.57% 19 67.86% st 33 22 66.67% 21 63.64% nd 32 16 50.00% 16 50.00% rd 103 (1993-1994) 104th (1995-1996) 54 48 26 34 48.15% 70.83% 22 31 40.74% 64.58% 105th (1997-1998) 32 13 40.63% 12 37.50% 51 27 52.94% 27 52.94% 99 (1985-1986) 100 (1987-1988) 101 (1989-1990) 102 (1991-1992) th 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 105. Finance 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 59 30 Percent of Referred 50.85% th 20 15 75.00% 11 55.00% th 98 (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 23 13 11 8 47.83% 61.54% 8 6 34.78% 46.15% 100th (1987-1988) 9 5 55.56% 5 55.56% 101st (1989-1990) 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) 30 Percent of Referred 50.85% 7 3 42.86% 3 42.86% nd 45 12 26.67% 7 15.56% rd 3 1 33.33% 1 33.33% th 21 17 80.95% 14 66.67% th 13 19 5 7 38.46% 36.84% 3 2 23.08% 10.53% 102 (1991-1992) 103 (1993-1994) 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-109 Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 106. Foreign Relations 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law Percent of Referred Percent of Referred 96th (1979-1980) 16 14 87.50% 14 87.50% 97th (1981-1982) 11 4 36.36% 4 36.36% th 8 6 75.00% 2 25.00% th 9 5 55.56% 3 33.33% th 100 (1987-1988) 14 6 42.86% 6 42.86% 101st (1989-1990) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 15 4 26.67% 4 26.67% nd 9 5 55.56% 4 44.44% rd 103 (1993-1994) 8 3 37.50% 3 37.50% 104th (1995-1996) 102 (1991-1992) 11 7 63.64% 3 27.27% th 15 5 33.33% 3 20.00% th 18 11 61.11% 11 61.11% 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 107. Governmental Affairs 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 35 24 Percent of Referred 68.57% 97 (1981-1982) 98th (1983-1984) 21 28 15 11 0.00% 39.29% 13 2 0.00% 7.14% 99th (1985-1986) 15 15 100.00% 14 93.33% 100th (1987-1988) 96th (1979-1980) th 25 Percent of Referred 71.43% 30 15 50.00% 13 43.33% st 31 16 51.61% 13 41.94% nd 34 21 61.76% 18 52.94% rd 49 30 61.22% 27 55.10% th 104 (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 23 42 9 30 39.13% 71.43% 7 16 30.43% 38.10% 106th (1999-2000) 76 58 76.32% 55 72.37% 101 (1989-1990) 102 (1991-1992) 103 (1993-1994) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-110 Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 108. Select Committee on Indian Affairs 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 41 22 Percent of Referred 53.66% th 63 26 41.27% 18 28.57% th 99 (1985-1986) 100th (1987-1988) 43 61 18 28 41.86% 45.90% 8 10 18.60% 16.39% 101st (1989-1990) 97th (1981-1982) 98 (1983-1984) 7 Percent of Referred 17.07% 63 30 47.62% 9 14.29% nd 64 37 57.81% 7 10.94% rd 51 28 54.90% 8 15.69% th 104 (1995-1996) 39 19 48.72% 7 17.95% 105th (1997-1998) 106th (1999-2000) 46 70 11 34 23.91% 48.57% 5 14 10.87% 20.00% 102 (1991-1992) 103 (1993-1994) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 109. Select Committee on Intelligence 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) 96th (1979-1980) 97th (1981-1982) 3 5 Reported Percent of Referred 2 66.67% 4 80.00% 98th (1983-1984) 9 3 33.33% 0 0.00% 99 (1985-1986) 2 2 100.00% 0 0.00% 100th (1987-1988) th Total Enacted into Law Percent of Referred 1 33.33% 0 0.00% 9 3 33.33% 0 0.00% st 8 1 12.50% 0 0.00% nd 102 (1991-1992) 103rd (1993-1994) 9 14 3 5 33.33% 35.71% 0 0 0.00% 0.00% 104th (1995-1996) 101 (1989-1990) 7 3 42.86% 0 0.00% th 4 4 100.00% 1 25.00% th 4 4 100.00% 0 0.00% 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-111 Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 110. Judiciary 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 36 15 Percent of Referred 41.67% th 57 48 84.21% 40 70.18% th 98 (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 74 88 46 56 62.16% 63.64% 43 54 58.11% 61.36% 100th (1987-1988) 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) 27 Percent of Referred 75.00% 95 50 52.63% 59 62.11% st 40 48 0.00% 44 0.00% nd 84 53 63.10% 50 59.52% rd 103 (1993-1994) 41 17 41.46% 16 39.02% 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 27 50 10 19 37.04% 38.00% 6 12 22.22% 24.00% 106th (1999-2000) 40 26 65.00% 21 52.50% 101 (1989-1990) 102 (1991-1992) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 111. Health Education, Labor and Pensions, 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 96th (1979-1980) 16 12 Percent of Referred 75.00% 8 Percent of Referred 50.00% 97th (1981-1982) 9 2 22.22% 2 22.22% 98th (1983-1984) 25 9 36.00% 6 24.00% th 19 8 42.11% 5 26.32% th 100 (1987-1988) 101st (1989-1990) 14 18 9 15 64.29% 0.00% 7 12 50.00% 0.00% 102nd (1991-1992) 99 (1985-1986) 20 11 55.00% 9 45.00% rd 12 5 41.67% 1 8.33% th 9 5 55.56% 2 22.22% th 17 11 64.71% 9 52.94% th 16 1 6.25% 1 6.25% 103 (1993-1994) 104 (1995-1996) 105 (1997-1998) 106 (1999-2000) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-112 Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 112. Rules and Administration 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 7 4 Percent of Referred 57.14% th 4 3 75.00% 2 50.00% th 98 (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 8 4 7 3 87.50% 75.00% 5 3 62.50% 75.00% 100th (1987-1988) 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) 4 Percent of Referred 57.14% 7 2 28.57% 1 14.29% st 4 2 50.00% 2 50.00% nd 5 4 80.00% 3 60.00% rd 103 (1993-1994) 3 3 100.00% 2 66.67% 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 6 2 5 0 83.33% 0.00% 5 0 83.33% 0.00% 106th (1999-2000) 3 2 66.67% 2 66.67% 101 (1989-1990) 102 (1991-1992) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 113. Select Committee on Small Business 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 2 2 Percent of Referred 100.00% th 0 0 0.00% 0 0.00% th 2 2 100.00% 1 50.00% th 1 0 0.00% 0 0.00% th 0 0 0.00% 0 0.00% st 101 (1989-1990) 102nd (1991-1992) 0 4 0 3 0.00% 75.00% 0 2 0.00% 50.00% 103rd (1993-1994) 4 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 104 (1995-1996) 0 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 105th (1997-1998) 2 2 100.00% 0 0.00% 13 5 38.46% 3 23.08% 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) 98 (1983-1984) 99 (1985-1986) 100 (1987-1988) th th 106 (1999-2000) 1 Percent of Referred 50.00% Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded. CRS-113 Action on House Measures Referred to Committee: Table 114. Veterans’ Affairs 96th-106th Congresses House Bills and Joint Resolutions Referred Congress and (Years) Total Reported Enacted into Law 5 1 Percent of Referred 20.00% th 5 0 0.00% 0 0.00% th 98 (1983-1984) 99th (1985-1986) 10 11 4 2 40.00% 18.18% 4 0 40.00% 0.00% 100th (1987-1988) 96th (1979-1980) 97 (1981-1982) 1 Percent of Referred 20.00% 13 3 23.08% 3 23.08% st 25 3 12.00% 3 12.00% nd 19 10 52.63% 9 47.37% rd 103 (1993-1994) 19 6 31.58% 6 31.58% 104th (1995-1996) 105th (1997-1998) 14 13 4 3 28.57% 23.08% 4 3 28.57% 23.08% 106th (1999-2000) 7 5 71.43% 5 71.43% 101 (1989-1990) 102 (1991-1992) Source: Legislative Information System (LIS) database, at [http://www.congress.gov/]. All private measures are excluded.