Budget FY2002: A Chronology with Internet Access

This is a select chronology of, and a finding guide for information on, congressional and presidential actions and documents related to major budget events in calendar year 2001, covering the FY2002 budget. Brief information is provided for the President’s budget, congressional budget resolutions, appropriations measures (regular, continuing, supplementals, and rescissions), budget reconciliation, House and Senate votes, line-item vetoes, publications, testimony, charts, and tables.

Order Code RL30999 Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Budget FY2002: A Chronology with Internet Access Updated September 17, 2002 Justin Murray Senior Research Librarian Information Research Division Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress Budget FY2002: A Chronology with Internet Access Summary This report is a select chronology of, and a finding guide for information on, congressional and presidential actions and documents related to major budget events in calendar year 2001, covering the FY2002 budget (October 1, 2001-September 30, 2002). Brief information is provided that identifies the President’s budget actions, congressional budget resolutions, appropriations measures (regular, continuing, supplementals, and rescissions), budget reconciliation, House and Senate votes, publications, testimony, charts, and tables. Congressional users of the Internet version, accessible via the CRS appropriations page [http://www.crs.gov/products/appropriations/apppage.shtml] can click on the highlighted (underlined) section and be connected to the full-text CRS products, documents, publications, testimony, and data tables cited. Internet addresses are provided in the printed copy of this report, so that the reader can consult cited information. Examples of Internet connections to full-text material found in this report include CRS products on the budget process, reconciliation, and each of the 13 appropriations bills; pie charts such as “The Federal Dollar—Where the Money Comes From and Where it Goes”; Congressional Budget Office (CBO) publications including the Economic and Budget Outlook: Fiscal Years 2002-2011; and General Accounting Office (GAO) reports such as Federal Debt: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions. Other Internet links provide data tables and charts on the budget and debt, selected congressional testimony, bills, reports, and public laws for FY1999-FY2001 appropriations legislation. If Internet access is not available, addresses and phone numbers are listed for congressional committees and executive branch agencies mentioned in this report, and the sources of other publications are given. This report will no longer be updated. Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Chronology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Where Can I Find ... on the Internet? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Appropriations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Budget . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Financial Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Debt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Cost Estimates of Legislation (CBO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Glossaries of Appropriations and Budget Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Pie Charts, Graphs, and Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Statements of Administration Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Executive Agency Budget Sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Selected CRS Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 CRS Budget Fact Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 List of Tables Table 1. Budget Resolution Chart of Legislative Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Table 2. Addresses and Phone Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Budget FY2002: A Chronology with Internet Access Introduction Congressional Offices: Use the Legislative Information Service (LIS) for access to legislation and CRS analysis. [http://www.congress.gov/] Appropriations Status: An overview and summary of the status of all appropriations bills, providing bill and public law numbers, dates of passage, votes, and hypertext links to full texts of the bills, public laws, and related reports. [http://www.crs.gov/products/appropriations/appover.shtml] CRS Appropriations/Budget Products: There is a CRS report on each of the 13 appropriations bills for FY2002 for Members of Congress and their staffs only. [http://www.crs.gov/products/appropriations/apppage.shtml] Public: Use THOMAS. [http://thomas.loc.gov/] The federal budget cycle for FY2002 began in July 2000 when the Office of Management and Budget issued Circular No. A11 to the heads of all executive departments and establishments, giving instructions on preparing FY2002 budget requests. After review, analysis, and negotiation, the President’s budget is prepared and submitted to Congress. See CRS Report 98-721, Introduction to the Federal Budget Process, for information on the congressional budget process timetable. Federal agency Internet sites are provided below. Acronyms used in this report include Congressional Budget Office, (CBO); General Accounting Office, (GAO); and Congressional Record, (CR). Locating Agencies, Departments, and Programs in Appropriations Bills “I’m looking for a particular program, but I don’t know which appropriation bill it’s in.” Indexes for finding specific entities in the 13 appropriations bills can be consulted at [http://www.crs.gov/products/appropriations/appprogs.shtml]. CRS-2 Status Table 1. Budget Resolution Chart of Legislative Action FY2002 Budget Resolutions and Votes House Senate H.Con.Res. 83; passed by a vote of 222-205, H. Vote 70, CR, 3/28/01, p. H1271. H. Con. Res. 83; passed by a vote of 65-35, S. Vote 86, CR, 4/6/01, p. S3696. Rejected amendments: Amendments: Kucinich (Progressive Caucus) amendment in the nature of a substitute rejected by a vote of 79-343, H. Vote 66, CR, 3/28/01, p. H1229. Domenici amendment in the nature of a substitute (S. Amdt. 170), amended numerous times by amendments to the amendment, agreed to by voice vote, CR, 4/6/200, p. S3281. Stenholm (Blue Dog Coalition) amendment in the nature of a substitute rejected by a vote of 204-221, H. Vote 67, CR, 3/28/01, p. H1239. Conference Report H.Rept. 107-60, filed 5/8/2001 House Vote Senate Vote Passed 221-207, H. Vote 104, CR, 5/9/01, p. H2049. Passed 53-47, S. Vote 98, CR, 5/10/01 p. S4793. Flake (Republican Study Committee) amendment in the nature of a substitute rejected by a vote of 81-341, H. Vote 68, CR 3/28/01, p. H1252. Spratt (Democratic Alternative) amendment in the nature of a substitute rejected by a vote of 183243, H. Vote 69, CR 3/28/01, p. H1269. Note: The President does not sign congressional budget resolutions. CRS-3 Chronology 01/19/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing: The Final Clinton Report on the Economy.1 01/25/01—Hearing: Evolving Fiscal Challenges. Greenspan, Chairman, Federal Reserve Board. Testimony of Alan 01/30/01—Hearing: Analysis of the Economy by Sector. 01/31/01—CBO testimony presented to the Senate Budget Committee on the budget and economic outlook for FY2002-FY2011 based on the report, The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2002-2011. Statement and testimony of Barry B. Anderson, CBO Deputy Director. [http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=2728&from=3&sequence=0] 01/31/01—CBO releases The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 20022011. The CBO projects that the total surplus will reach $281 billion in 2001. Surpluses are projected to rise in the future, approaching $889 billion in FY2011 and accumulating to $5.6 trillion over the FY2002-FY2011 period. [http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=2727&sequence=0&from=7] 02/07/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing: Demographic Trends & Fiscal Policy. 02/08/01—Hearing: Budget and Economic Outlook. 02/12/01—Hearing: National Defense Spending. 02/13/01—Hearing: Budget Outlook and Tax Policy. 02/13/01—CBO releases Monthly Budget Review.2 02/13/01—House Ways and Means Committee hearing: Bush Tax Proposal. 02/23/01—Senate Budget Committee publishes Views and Estimates with Respect to the Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2002, S.Prt 107-25. 02/26/01—CBO releases Budget Options, February 2001, intended to help inform policymakers about options for the federal budget. The report presents a broad range of possibilities, focusing on the effects of paying down the debt, options to cut spending or to increase it, and options to cut taxes or to increase revenues. This volume is available in multiple formats on CBO’s Web site [www.cbo.gov], including an “interactive” version with an enhanced search capability at 1 Information on additional hearings is available on the House and Senate Budget Committee Internet sites at [http://www.house.gov/budget/hearingstatements.htm] and [http://www.senate.gov/~budget/democratic/hearingstate.html]. 2 The CBO Monthly Budget review reports budget activities from the previous month. CRS-4 [http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=2731&sequence=0&from=7]. 02/28/01—The White House releases A Blueprint for New Beginnings: A Responsible Budget for America’s Priorities. A broad outline of budget priorities presented during the President’s address to a joint session of Congress on February 27, 2001. It includes an overview of the President’s 10-year budget plan, major policy initiatives, summaries by executive agency, summary tables for the surplus and debt, discretionary and mandatory dollar amounts, and economic assumptions. The full text of the report is available at [http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/usbudget/blueprint/budtoc.html]. 03/01-03/02/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing on the President’s FY2002 budget. Testimony of Mitchell Daniels, director, Office of Management and Budget (OMB); Paul O’Neill, Secretary of the Treasury; Alan Greenspan, Chairman, Federal Reserve Board. 03/06/01—Hearing: FY2002 Health and Human Services Budget. Testimony of Tommy Thompson, Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). 03/07/01—House Budget Committee hearing on the FY2002 HHS budget. Testimony of Tommy Thompson, Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). 03/08/01—Hearing: FY2002 Economic Outlook. 03/08/01—Hearing on the House Members’ Views on the FY2002 Budget. 03/08/01—Hearing on the FY2002 Department of Education Budget. Testimony of Rod Paige, Secretary of Education. 03/08/01—House Financial Services Committee releases Views and Estimates on Matters to Be Set Forth in the Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2002. [http://www.house.gov/financialservices/budget02.pdf] 03/13/01—CBO releases Monthly Budget Review. 03/13/01—House Budget Committee hearing: FY2002 Department of Education Budget. Testimony of Rod Paige, Secretary of Education. 03/14/01—Hearing: FY2002 Department of Agriculture Budget. Testimony of Ann Veneman, Secretary of Agriculture. 03/14/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing: FY2002 State Department Budget. Testimony of Colin Powell, Secretary of State. 03/15/01—House Budget Committee hearing on the FY2002 State Department Budget. Testimony of Colin Powell, Secretary of State. CRS-5 03/21/01—Hearing on the FY2002 State Department budget priorities. Testimony of former Senator Warren Rudman and former Representative Lee Hamilton. 03/22/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing: Debt Management. Testimony of Gary Gensler, former Undersecretary of Treasury. 03/28/01—House passes FY2002 Budget Resolution, H.Con. Res. 83, by a vote of 222-205, H. Vote 70, CR, p. H1271. (See Table 1.) [http://clerkweb.house.gov/cgi-bin/vote.exe?year=2001&rollnumber=70] 03/29/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing: Debt Reduction and Its Impact on the Federal Budget and the Economy. 04/06/01—President’s FY2001 Budget released. For a description of, and access to the budget documents, supporting documents, and spreadsheet files, go to [http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/]. These documents are also available on the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) “OMB FY2002" Home Page at [http://w3.access.gpo.gov/usbudget/]. Search across budget documents on the GPO FY2002 Budget Home Page: [http://w3.access.gpo.gov/usbudget/fy2002/fy2002_srch.html]. Printed copies of budget documents are sold by the GPO. Prepaid orders are accepted by phone at (202-512-1800) or fax (202-512-2250) with the following credit cards: Discover/NOVUS, Mastercard, or VISA. Prepaid written orders are also accepted at: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. These are the FY2002 documents: Analytical Perspectives, FY2002 S/N, 041-001-00554-4, $49 Budget of the United States Government—Appendix FY2002 S/N, 041-001-00553-6, $64 Budget of the United States Government, FY2002 S/N, 041-001-00552-8, $44 Budget System and Concepts, FY2002 Budget CD-ROM, S/N, 041-001-00558-7, $19 Citizen’s Guide to the Federal Budget, FY2002 S/N, 041-001-00556-1, $3.50 Historical Tables, FY2002 S/N, 041-001-00555-2, $36 04/06/01—Senate passes FY2002 Budget Resolution, H.Con.Res 83, by a vote of 65-35. CR, p. S. 3696. See Budget Resolution Chart of Legislative Action above. [http://www.senate.gov/legislative/vote1071/vote_00086.html] 04/09/01—CBO releases Monthly Budget Review. 04/24/01—CBO releases The Standardized Budget: Details of Projections, supplement to The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2002-2011. [http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=2797&sequence=0&from=5] CRS-6 05/09/01—House passes the conference report, H.Rept. 107-60, on the FY2002 Budget Resolution, H.Con.Res. 83, by a vote of 221-207. CR, p. H2049. See Budget Resolution Chart of Legislative Action above. [http://clerkhouse.house.gov/votes/votes2.asp?year=2001&roll=104] 05/10/01—Senate passes the conference report, H.Rept. 107-60, on the FY2002 Budget Resolution, H.Con.Res. 83, by a vote of 53-47. CR, p. S4793. See Budget Resolution Chart of Legislative Action above. [http://www.senate.gov/legislative/vote1071/vote_00098.html] 05/10/01—CBO releases Monthly Budget Review. 05/18/01—CBO releases An Analysis of the President’s Budgetary Proposals for Fiscal Year 2002. [http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdoc.cfm?index=2819&type=1] 06/01/01—President submits supplemental appropriations for the Departments of Agriculture, Defense, Energy, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, the Interior, Transportation, the Treasury, Veterans Affairs, International Assistance Programs, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The supplemental request is primarily for defense activities related to pay, support, training, and quality of life for military personnel, as well as the coverage of regular operations costs in the current fiscal year. [http://w3.access.gpo.gov/usbudget/fy2002/amndsup.html] 6/10/01—CBO releases Monthly Budget Review. 6/27/01—House Budget Committee hearing: Forthcoming Extension/Modification for the Budget Enforcement Act. Testimony of Mitchell Daniels, Director, OMB, and Dan L. Crippen, director, Congressional Budget Office. 6/27/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing: Reassessing the Economic Outlook. 6/28/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing: How Big is the Remaining Surplus? 7/11/01—CBO releases Monthly Budget Review. 7/11/01—House Budget Committee hearing: U.S. Department of Defense Budget Priorities for FY 2002. Testimony by Paul D. Wolfowitz, Deputy Secretary of Defense. 7/12/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing on the economic and budget update. Testimony by Mitchell Daniels, Director, OMB. 7/18/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing: Defense Spending and the Budget Outlook. Testimony by Paul Wolfowitz, Deputy Secretary of Defense. 7/19/01—House Budget Committee hearing: Federal Budget Process Structural Reform. CRS-7 07/24/01—The President signs the 2001 Supplemental Appropriations Act, P.L. 107-20. On July 19, House and Senate conferees agreed to $6.5 billion in new budget authority in H.R. 2216, H.Rept.107-148. 08/09/01—CBO releases Monthly Budget Review. 08/22/01—OMB releases Mid-Session Review. This update of the President’s FY2002 Budget contains revised estimates of the budget surplus, receipts, outlays, budget authority for FY2001 through FY2011, and other summary information as required by statute. The OMB estimate for the 2001 surplus is estimated to be $158 billion, $123 billion lower than the $281 billion surplus estimated in the April Budget. “The lower surplus is due largely to the year-long economic slowdown and the decision to incorporate immediate fiscal stimulus, the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act.” (p. 1) [http://w3.access.gpo.gov/usbudget/] 08/28/01—CBO releases the Budget and Economic Outlook: An Update, August 2001. The CBO projects that the total budget surplus in FY2001 will be $153 billion, the second largest surplus in U.S. history. However, it is $122 billion lower than CBO estimated in May. The on-budget surplus is projected to run a deficit of $9 billion. About two-thirds of the decrease results from new legislation (including recent tax cuts enacted on June 7, 2001, in the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, P.L. 107-16); one-third comes from a weaker economy and other factors ... If current tax and spending policies are maintained and the economy performs as CBO estimates, the projected surpluses would allow all public debt that is available for redemption to be retired by 2010. CBO projects small deficits or surpluses in on-budget accounts for the next 4 years; however, steadily increasing on-budget surpluses reemerge by the middle of the decade. [http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdoc.cfm?index=3019&type=1] 09/04/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing: the Budget and Economic Outlook: An Update. Testimony by Dan L. Crippen, Director, CBO. 09/05/01—House Budget Committee hearing: the Mid-Session Review and the Budget and Economic Outlook: An Update. Testimony by Mitchell Daniels, Director, OMB, and Dan L. Crippen, Director, CBO. 09/06/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing: the Budget and Economic Outlook: An Update. Testimony by Dan L. Crippen, Director, CBO. 09/12/01—CBO releases Monthly Budget Review. 09/14/01—Congress approves a $40 billion emergency supplemental appropriations bill (H.R. 2888/S. 1426) to aid victims of the September 11 terrorist attacks, to bolster security at airports and other sites, to pursue the investigation and prosecution of those responsible, and to strengthen counter-terrorism capabilities. The President had asked Congress to provide an immediate $20 billion in emergency funding, for which the President would retain a high degree of flexibility in how the money would be spent. [http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/09/20010913-6.html] CRS-8 The House passed the measure by a vote of 422-0 (H. Vote 341, CR, p. H5630), and the Senate passed the measure by a vote of 96-0 (S. Vote 280, CR, p. S9415). Fact sheets on the emergency supplemental appropriations and the budget to combat terrorism may be accessed under the Budget and Appropriations heading in the CRS Terrorism Electronic Briefing Book at [http://www.congress.gov/brbk/html/ebter1.shtml]. 09/18/01—President signs emergency supplemental appropriations bill, P.L. 107-38. 09/26/01—CBO releases updated surplus estimates. As a result of falling revenues in September CBO substantially changed its surplus estimates for FY2001. The total budget surpluses for the fiscal year, according to CBO, will be in the vicinity of $121 billion, well below the $153 billion CBO projected in August. [http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=3061&sequence=0&from=7] 09/28/01—President signs 1st Continuing Appropriations for FY2002 Act, P.L. 107-44. This legislation provides continuing appropriations for all agencies at the FY2001 level from October 1 through October 16. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 10/02/01—Senate Budget Committee hearing: The Economic Outlook. Testimony by R. Glenn Hubbard, Chairman, Council of Economic Advisors. 10/12/01—President signs 2nd Continuing Appropriations for FY2002 Act, P.L. 107-48. This legislation provides continuing appropriations for all agencies at the FY2001 level from October 17 through October 23. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 10/22/01—President signs 3rd Continuing Appropriations for FY2002 Act, P.L. 107-53. This legislation provides continuing appropriations for all agencies at the FY2001 level from October 24 through October 31. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 10/29/01—Treasury Secretary Paul O’Neil and OMB Director Mitch Daniels announce actual financial totals for fiscal year 2001, which ended September 30, 2001. These figures note a federal surplus of $127 billion, total receipts for FY2001 of $1.990 billion, total outlays of $1.863 billion, and a reduction in the debt held by the public totaling $90 billion. [http://www.ustreas.gov/press/releases/po734.htm] 10/31/01—President signs 4th Continuing Appropriations for FY2002 Act, P.L. 107-58. This legislation provides continuing appropriations for all agencies at the FY2001 level from November 1 through November 16. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 11/05/01—President signs the Department of Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002, P.L. 107-63. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] CRS-9 11/05/01—President signs the Military Construction Appropriations Act, 2002, P.L. 107-64. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 11/12/01—President signs the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 2002, P.L. 107-66. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 11/12/01—President signs the Treasury and Appropriations Act, 2002, P.L. 107-67. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] General Government 11/12/01—President signs the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2002, P.L. 107-68. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 11/14/2001—CBO releases Monthly Budget Review. 11/17/01—President signs the 5th Continuing Appropriations for 2002 Act, P.L. 107-70. This legislation provides continued appropriations at the FY2001 level from November 17 through December 7. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 11/26/01—President signs the Department of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development Appropriations Act, 2002, P.L. 107-73. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 11/28/01—President signs the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Act, 2002, P.L. 107-76. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 11/28/01—President signs the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002, P.L. 107-77. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 12/07/01—President signs the 6th Continuing Appropriations for 2002 Act, P.L. 107-79. This legislation provides continued appropriations at the FY2001 level from December 8 through December 15, 2001. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 12/10/01—CBO releases Monthly Budget Review. 12/15/01—President signs the 7th Continuing Appropriations for 2002 Act, P.L. 107-83. This legislation provides continued appropriations at the FY2001 level from December 16, 2001, through December 21, 2001. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 12/18/01—President signs the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002, P.L. 107-87. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] CRS-10 12/21/01—President signs the 8th Continuing Appropriations for 2002 Act, P.L. 107-97. This legislation provides continued appropriations at the FY2001 level from December 21, 2002, through January 10, 2002. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 12/21/01—President signs the District of Columbia Appropriations Act, 2002, P.L. 107-96. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 01/09/02—CBO releases Monthly Budget Review. 01/10/02—President signs the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriation Act, 2002, P.L. 107-115. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 01/10/02—President signs the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002, P.L. 107-116. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 01/10/02—President signs the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2002, P.L. 107-117. [http://www.congress.gov/billsumm/107browse.html] 01/15/02—CBO releases the Final Sequestration Report for Fiscal Year, 2002. [http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=3269&sequence=0&from=7] Where Can I Find ... on the Internet? Links to other useful sources on the Internet not previously cited in this report. Appropriations Full-text FY1997-2002 Appropriations Bills, Reports, Laws [http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/legislation/appro02.html] [http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/legislation/appro01.html] [http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/legislation/appro00.html] [http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/legislation/99appro.html] [http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/legislation/98appro.html] [http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/legislation/97appro.html] House and Senate Appropriations Committees Home Pages [http://www.house.gov/appropriations/] [http://www.senate.gov/~appropriations/ ] Appropriations “7-Day-After Reports,” issued by the White House on appropriations legislation within seven days of enactment. [http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/legislative/7day/index.html] CRS-11 Discretionary Appropriations (CBO). Estimates of discretionary appropriations, budget authority and outlays. (Located on the CBO Home Page under “Data Highlights.”) [http://www.cbo.gov/] Unauthorized Appropriations and Expiring Authorizations (CBO). “The purpose of the report is to help the Congress adopt authorizing legislation that should be in place before it considers the 13 regular appropriation bills for fiscal year 2002, which begins October 1, 2002.” [http://www.cbo.gov/byclasscat.cfm?class=0&cat=6] Budget Budget and Supporting Documents [http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/index.html] Budget Amendments and Supplementals [http://www.access.gpo.gov/usbudget/fy2002/amndsup.html] Supplemental Appropriations in the 1990s Report by the CBO covering FY990 through FY1999, issued March 2001. [http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=2768&sequence=0&from=7] Budget Time Line [http://www.senate.gov/~budget/republican/reference/cliff_notes/cliffape.htm] Congressional Budget Office (CBO) [http://www.cbo.gov/] Congressional Committees House and Senate Budget Committees Home Pages [http://www.house.gov/budget/] [http://www.senate.gov/~budget/] House Ways and Means Committee Home Page [http://www.house.gov/ways_means/] Senate Finance Committee Home Page [http://www.senate.gov/~finance/] Monthly Budget Review Access to the current edition and archives of the Monthly Budget Review (CBO). Go to the CBO Home Page section listed as “Data Highlights.” [http://www.cbo.gov/] CRS-12 Financial Statements Financial Management Service (U.S. Treasury) Access to the Monthly Treasury Statement, Treasury Bulletin, Financial Report of the United States Government, and Annual Report of the U.S. Government. [http://www.fms.treas.gov/fmsnews.html] Financial Statements of the U.S. Government Access to federal financial statements: [http://www.financenet.gov/docsstmt/] and [http://fms.treas.gov/cfs/] General Accounting Office (GAO) [http://www.gao.gov/] Office of Management and Budget (OMB) [http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/] Debt “Debt to the Penny.” The Bureau of the Debt provides daily and historical data. [http://www.publicdebt.treas.gov/opd/opdpenny.htm] The gross federal debt as of September 28, 2001, was $5,807,463,412,200.06. The debt as of September 29, 2000, the end of FY2000, was $5,674,178,209,886.86. “Debt held by the Public.” Federal debt consists of two components: debt held by the public and debt held by intra-governmental holdings such as Social Security and other trust funds. [http://www.publicdebt.treas.gov/opd/opdpdodt.htm] The debt held by the public as of September 28, 2001, was $3,339,310,176,094.74. This component of the gross federal debt was reduced by $453 billion between the beginning of FY1998 and the end of FY2001. Debt Per Capita To find the debt per capita, divide the debt by the population, using these two sites: [http://www.publicdebt.treas.gov/opd/opdpenny.htm] [http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/popclock] Federal Debt: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions—An Update (GAO) is an “... attempt to provide the information in a clear, concise and easily understandable manner for a nontechnical audience.” GAO/OCG-99-27, 5/28/99. [http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml] (Type “OCG-99-27” in Report Number Box.) CRS-13 CRS Reports CRS Report RS20645. Changes in Federal Debt, 1996-2000. Provides statistics on both components (debt held by the public and debt held by government accounts) of gross federal debt from FY1996-FY2000. CRS Report RS20767. How Budget Surpluses Change the Federal Debt. Includes a discussion of the two components of federal debt (debt held by the public and debt held by government accounts). CRS Report RL30520. The National Debt: Who Bears Its Burden?. Includes a statistical overview for FY1980-FY2004 showing federal outlays and receipts, deficits or surpluses, and the debt and interest on the debt in billions of dollars and as a percent of GDP. CRS Report RS20654. Paying Off the National Debt, Some Intergenerational Consequences. Examines trends in fiscal policy of the last 40 years in relation to federal debt accumulation, as well as the fiscal policy forecast for the next 10 years. CRS Report RL30925. Surpluses, Zero National Debt, and Unfunded Liabilities: What are the Policy Options? Examines the three primary options the federal government has if it decides to maintain the budget surplus to increase national saving after the publicly held debt has been retired. CRS Report RL30614. What If the National Debt Were Eliminated? Some Economic Consequences. Examines the debate on the macroeconomic consequences of eliminating the national debt and the issues surrounding the elimination of the debt. Cost Estimates of Legislation (CBO) “CBO prepares cost estimates and mandates statements for all bills ordered reported by a full committee of the Congress ... Unless listed separately, intergovernmental and private-sector mandates statements for each bill are included in the cost estimate.” Search by bill number, word or phrase, committee, or budget function. [http://www.cbo.gov/cost.shtml] Glossaries of Appropriations and Budget Terms [http://www.senate.gov/~budget/republican/reference/cliff_notes/cliffapi.htm] Pie Charts, Graphs, and Tables The Federal Dollar—Where the Money Comes From and Where It Goes. Includes charts and tables covering budget, deficit, debt, and economic data. [http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2002/guide02.html] Financial Report to the Citizens. Released by the Financial Management Service, Department of the Treasury, April 3, 2001. Includes an “easy-to-understand report CRS-14 on federal finances ...” Contains charts and graphs presenting budgetary and economic data. [http://www.fms.treas.gov/citizensreport/index.html] Statements of Administration Policy Statements and veto indicators on 107th legislation scheduled for House or Senate floor action. Covers the 105th to the 107th Congresses. [http://www.whitehouse.gov/OMB/legislative/sap/index.html] Executive Agency Budget Sites Locating Agencies, Departments, and Programs in Appropriations Bills “I’m looking for a particular program, but I don’t know which appropriation bill it’s in.” Indexes for finding specific entities in the 13 appropriations bills can be consulted at [http://www.crs.gov/products/appropriations/appprogs.shtml]. Budgets of the cabinet departments and agencies are available at the sites listed below. Agency performance plans required by the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (P.L. 103-62), if not included at these sites, may be found at [http://www.govexec.com/results/index.htm]. Agriculture [http://www.usda.gov/agency/obpa/Home-Page/obpa.html] Commerce [http://www.doc.gov/bmi/budget] Defense [http://www.dtic.mil/comptroller/fy2002budget/] Education [http://www.ed.gov/offices/OUS/Budget02/] Energy [http://www.cfo.doe.gov/budget/02budget/index.htm] Health and Human Services [http://www.hhs.gov/budget/docbudget.htm] Housing and Urban Development [http://www.hud.gov/fy2002budget.cfm] Interior [http://www.doi.gov/budget/2002/index_for_2002.html] Justice [http://www.usdoj.gov/jmd/2002summary] Labor [http://www.dol.gov/_sec/media/congress/010522ec.htm] State [http://www.state.gov/m/fmp/rls/bib/] Transportation [http://ostpxweb.dot.gov/budget/4budget.htm] Treasury [http://www.ustreas.gov/budget/whatnew.htm] Veterans Affairs [http://www.va.gov/budget/summary/] Budget information on Independent agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration, etc. may CRS-15 be found in the FY2002 Budget of the United States, Appendix volume. On the Internet connect to the address below, click on Executive agencies listed by name, or click on the Independent agencies link for those smaller agencies not listed. [http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2002/appendix.html] Table 2. Addresses and Phone Numbers Appropriations Committee, House H-218 The Capitol Washington, D.C. 20515-6015 (202) 225-2771 Appropriations Committee, Senate S-128 The Capitol Washington, D.C. 20510-6025 (202) 224-3471 Budget Committee, House 309 Cannon House Office Building Washington, D.C. 20515-6065 (202) 226-7270 Budget Committee, Senate 621 Dirksen Senate Office Building Washington, D.C. 20510-6100 (202) 224-0642 Bureau of the Census Federal Center Suitland, MD 20233 Publications: (301) 457-4100 Bureau of the Public Debt 999 E Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20239-0001 (202) 691-3502 Congressional Budget Office (CBO) 410 Ford House Office Building Washington, D.C. 20515 Publications: (202) 226-2809 Federal Reserve 20th and Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20551 Publications: (202) 452-3245 General Accounting Office (GAO) P.O. Box 6015 Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents P.O. Box 371954 (GPO) Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954 Publications: congressional offices: (202) 512-4400 Public: (202) 512-6000 Publications: congressional offices: (202) 512-1808 Public: (202) 512-1800 Joint Committee on Taxation 1015 Longworth House Office Building Washington, D.C. 20515-6453 (202) 225-3621 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Old Executive Office Building 17th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20503 (202) 395-3080 Treasury Department 1500 Pennsylvania Avenue N.W. Washington, D.C. 20220 Publications: (202) 622-2970 CRS-16 Selected CRS Products CRS Report RL31000. Appropriations for FY2002: An Overview, by Mary Frances Bley. CRS Report RL30500. Appropriations for FY2001: An Overview, by Mary Frances Bley. CRS Report RS20168. Biennial Budgeting: Background and Legislative History in the 106th Congress, by James V. Saturno. CRS Report RS21084. Budget Enforcement for FY2002: An Overview of Procedural Developments, by Robert Keith. CRS Info Pack 538B. Budget for FY2001. CRS Info Pack 543B. Budget for FY2002. CRS Report RL31566. The Budget for Fiscal Year 2002, by Philip D. Winters. CRS Info Pack 012B. Budget Process. CRS Report RL30458. The Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Legislative Action, by Robert Keith. CRS Report RS20398. Budget Sequesters: FY1986-2000, by Robert Keith. CRS Report 97-684. Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction, by Sandy Streeter. CRS Report RS20095. The Congressional Budget Process: A Brief Overview, by James V. Saturno. CRS Report RL30343. Continuing Appropriations Acts: Brief Overview of Recent Practices, by Sandy Streeter. CRS Report RS20008. Discretionary Spending Limits, by Bill Heniff, Jr. CRS Report RL30239. Economic Forecasts and the Budget, by Brian W. Cashell. CRS Report RL30583. The Economics of the Federal Budget Surplus, by Brian W. Cashell. CRS Info Pack 540F. Federal Debt and the Budget Surplus. CRS Report RS20767. How Surpluses Change the Federal Debt, by Philip D. Winters. CRS Report 98-721. Introduction to the Federal Budget Process, by Robert Keith. CRS Report 98-720. Manual on the Federal Budget Process, by Robert Keith. CRS-17 CRS Report RS20302. Paying Down the Federal Debt: A Discussion of Methods, by James M. Bickley. CRS Report RL30223. Presidential Rescission Authority: Efforts to Modify the 1974 Framework, by Virginia A. McMurtry. CRS Report RL30901. Projecting the Surplus: A Discussion of Issues, by Marc Labonte and Phillip D. Winters. CRS Report RL30925. Surpluses, Zero National Debt, and Unfunded Liabilities: What Are the Policy Options? by Marc Labonte. CRS Report RL30854. Uncertainty in Budget Projections, by Phillip D. Winters. CRS Budget Fact Sheets Fact sheets summarizing more than 40 different topics related to the budget and appropriations process are available to congressional staff on the CRS Web site: [http://www.crs.gov/products/guides/budget/explanations/BudgetExplanations.sht ml]. An overview and summary of the status of all appropriations bills, providing bill and public law numbers, dates of passage, votes, and hypertext links to full texts of the bills, public laws, and related reports are also available on the CRS Web site at [http://www.crs.gov/products/appropriations/appover.shtml].