Cybersecurity: Legislation and Hearings, 115th-116th Congresses

Most major cybersecurity legislative provisions were enacted prior to 2002, despite many recommendations having been made over the past decade. More recently, in the 115th and 116th Congresses, cybersecurity legislation has received either committee or floor action or final passage, and various hearings have been held.

In the 116th Congress, five House and four Senate bills have received committee consideration. Seven Senate hearings and nine House hearings have been held.

In the 115th Congress, 31 bills received some type of action (committee consideration or passage by one or both chambers). Five bills became public law. The House held 54 hearings on cybersecurity issues and the Senate held 40 hearings.

Cybersecurity: Legislation and Hearings, 115th-116th Congresses

Updated March 20, 2019 (R43317)
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Contents

Summary

Most major cybersecurity legislative provisions were enacted prior to 2002, despite many recommendations having been made over the past decade. More recently, in the 115th and 116th Congresses, cybersecurity legislation has received either committee or floor action or final passage, and various hearings have been held.

In the 116th Congress, five House and four Senate bills have received committee consideration. Seven Senate hearings and nine House hearings have been held.

In the 115th Congress, 31 bills received some type of action (committee consideration or passage by one or both chambers). Five bills became public law. The House held 54 hearings on cybersecurity issues and the Senate held 40 hearings.


Legislative Action

Most major cybersecurity legislative provisions were enacted prior to 2002, despite many recommendations having been made over the past decade. This report covers legislation that has received either committee or floor action or final passage and hearings held in the 115th and 116th Congresses.

116th Congress: Legislative Action

Three House bills and three Senate bills have received committee consideration in the 116th Congress. See Table 1 for a list of House bills and Table 2 for a list of Senate bills in the 116th Congress.

115th Congress: Legislative Action

Thirty-one bills received committee consideration or passed one or both chambers in the 115th Congress. Five bills became public laws:

On September 28, 2018, the Department of Energy Research and Innovation Act was signed into law (P.L. 115-246). The law establishes a Department of Energy policy for science and energy research and development programs; reforms National Laboratory management and technology transfer programs; and directs DOE to report to Congress on integrated research programs in cybersecurity and national security, among other issues.

On August 13, 2018, the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 was signed into law (P.L. 115-232). The bill authorizes appropriations and sets forth policies regarding Department of Defense's military activities, including cybersecurity matters.

On December 12, 2017, the President signed the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (P.L. 115-91), which establishes several cybersecurity efforts and new rules and programs related to information security. These include an official ban on Kaspersky Lab software (Section 1634); definition by the President of "cyberwar" (Section 1633); the Pentagon's reexamination of the department's internal organizational structure surrounding its cybersecurity related missions (Section 1641, Section 1644, and others); and the National Science Foundation and Office of Personnel Management's launch of a joint pilot scholarship program aimed at educating and recruiting talent directly out of universities (Section 1649).

On November 21, 2017, the FITARA Enhancement Act of 2017 became law (P.L. 115-88). Among other things, it requires the chief information officer of each covered agency for information technology to conduct a risk management review of those investments that have received a high-risk rating for four consecutive quarters.

On November 2, 2017, Congress passed the Strengthening State and Local Cyber Crime Fighting Act of 2017 (P.L. 115-76), which authorizes a National Computer Forensics Institute within the U.S. Secret Service. The institute will disseminate information related to the investigation and prevention of cyber and electronic crime and related threats.

CRS Products: Legislation

Legislation in the 116th and 115th Congresses

The following tables list House and Senate bills in the 116th and 115th Congresses that received some type of action (i.e., in a committee, on the floor, in a chamber, or signed into law). In the 116th Congress, three House bills and three Senate bills have received committee consideration. In the 115th Congress, 31 bills received committee consideration or passed one or both chambers. Table 1 lists House bills in the 116th Congress. Table 2 lists Senate bills in the 116th Congress. Table 3 list House bills in the 115th Congress. Table 4 lists Senate bills in the 115th Congress.

Table 1. 116th Congress Legislation: House

Bill No.

Title

Committee(s)

Date Introduced

Latest Major Action

Date

H.R. 1

For the People Act of 2019

House Administration; Intelligence (Permanent Select); Judiciary; Oversight and Reform; Science, Space, and Technology; Education and Labor; Ways and Means; Financial Services; Ethics; Homeland Security

January 3, 2019

Passed House. Roll Call Vote 118

March 8, 2019

H.R. 247

Federal CIO Authorization Act of 2019

Oversight and Reform

January 4, 2019

Passed House by voice vote

January 15, 2019

H.R. 328

Hack Your State Department Act

Foreign Affairs

January 8, 2019

Passed House. Roll Call Vote 45

January 22, 2019

H.R. 769

Counterterrorism Advisory Board Act of 2019

Homeland Security

January 29, 2019

Passed House. Roll Call Vote 58

January 29, 2019

Source: Compiled by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) from Congress.gov.

Note: This list includes bills with committee action or a House vote.

Table 2. 116th Congress Legislation: Senate

Bill No.

Title

Committee(s)

Date Introduced

Latest Major Action

Date

S. 315

DHS Cyber Hunt and Incident Response Teams Act of 2019

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

January 31, 2019

Ordered to be reported with an amendment in the nature of a substitute favorably.

February 13, 2019

S. 333

National Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium Act of 2019

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

February 5, 2019

Ordered to be reported without amendment favorably.

February 13, 2019

S. 406

Federal Rotational Cyber Workforce Program Act of 2019

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

February 7, 2019

Ordered to be reported without amendment favorably

February 13, 2019

S. 592

Cybersecurity Disclosure Act of 2019

Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs

February 28, 2019

Hearings held

February 28, 2019

Source: CRS from Congress.gov.

Note: This list includes bills with committee action or a Senate vote.

Table 3. 115th Congress Legislation: House

Bill No.

Title

Committee(s)

Date Introduced

Latest Major Action

Date

H.R. 239

Support for Rapid Innovation Act of 2017

Homeland Security

January 4, 2017

Passed House

January 10, 2017

H.R. 387

Email Privacy Act

Judiciary

January 9, 2017

Passed House by voice vote

February 6, 2017

H.R. 584

Cyber Preparedness Act of 2017

Homeland Security

January 17, 2017

Passed House

January 31, 2017

H.R. 589

Department of Energy Research and Innovation Act

Science, Space, and Technology

January 20, 2017

P.L. 115-246

September 28, 2018

H.R. 600

Digital GAP Act

Foreign Affairs

January 23, 2017

Passed House by voice vote

January 24, 2017

H.R. 612

United States-Israel Cybersecurity Cooperation Enhancement Act of 2017

Homeland Security

January 23, 2017

Passed House

January 31, 2017

H.R. 678

Department of Homeland Security Support to Fusion Centers Act of 2017

Homeland Security

January 24, 2017

Passed House by voice vote

January 31, 2017

H.R. 1224

NIST Cybersecurity Framework, Assessment, and Auditing Act of 2017

Science, Space, and Technology

February 27, 2017

Ordered to be reported by Yeas and Nays: 19-14

March 1, 2017

H.R. 1616

Strengthening State and Local Cyber Crime Fighting Act of 2017

Judiciary; Homeland Security

May 16, 2017

P.L. 115-76

November 2, 2017

H.R. 2105

NIST Small Business Cybersecurity Act

Science, Space and Technology

April 20, 2017

Passed House by voice vote

October 11, 2017

H.R. 2227

Modernizing Government Technology Act

Appropriations

April 28, 2017

Passed House by voice vote

May 17, 2017

H.R. 2470

Homeland Threat Assessment Act

Homeland Security

May 16, 2017

Passed House by voice vote

September 12, 2017

H.R. 2810

National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018

Armed Services

June 7, 2017

P.L. 115-91

December 12, 2017

H.R. 2910

Promoting Interagency Coordination for Review of Natural Gas Pipelines Act

Energy and Commerce

June 15, 2017

Passed House. Roll call vote 402

July 19, 2017

H.R. 3050

Enhancing State Energy Security Planning and Emergency Preparedness Act of 2017

Energy and Commerce

June 23, 2017

Passed House by voice vote

July 18, 2017

H.R. 3101

Strengthening Cybersecurity Information Sharing and Coordination in Our Ports Act of 2017

House Homeland Security; House Transportation and Infrastructure; Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation

June 28, 2017

Passed House by voice vote

October 24, 2017

H.R. 3180

Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018

Intelligence (Permanent Select)

July 11, 2017

Passed House. Roll call vote 437

July 28, 2017

H.R. 3202

Cyber Vulnerability Disclosure Reporting Act

Homeland Security

July 12, 2017

Passed House by voice vote

January 9, 2018

H.R. 3243

FITARA Enhancement Act of 2017

Oversight and Government Reform

July 14, 2017

P.L. 115-88

November 21, 2017

H.R. 3359

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency Act of 2017

Homeland Security; Energy and Commerce; Oversight and Government Reform; Transportation and Infrastructure

July 24, 2017

P.L. 115-278

November 16, 2018

H.R. 3776

Cyber Diplomacy Act of 2017

Foreign Affairs

September 14, 2017

Passed House by voice vote

January 17, 2018

H.R. 5515

John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019

Armed Services

April 13, 2018

P.L. 115-232

August 13, 2018

H.R. 5576

Cyber Deterrence and Response Act of 2018

Foreign Affairs; Financial Services; Oversight and Government Reform; Judiciary

April 18, 2018

Passed House by voice vote

September 5, 2018

H.R. 6443

Advancing Cybersecurity Diagnostics and Mitigation Act

Homeland Security

July 19, 2018

Passed House by voice vote

September 4, 2018

H.R. 6735

Public-Private Cybersecurity Cooperation Act

Homeland Security

September 7, 2018

Passed House by voice vote

September 25, 2018

Source: Compiled by CRS from Congress.gov.

Note: This list includes bills with committee action or a House vote.

Table 4. 115th Congress Legislation: Senate

Bill No.

Title

Committee(s)

Date Introduced

Latest Major Action

Date

S. 79

Securing Energy Infrastructure Act

Energy and Natural Resources

January 10, 2017

Subcommittee hearing held

March 28, 2017

S. 88

DIGIT Act

Commerce, Science, and Transportation

January 10, 2017

Passed Senate by voice vote

August 3, 2017

S. 442

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Transition Authorization Act of 2017

Passed without amendment by Unanimous Consent and sent to the House

February 17, 2017

P.L. 115-10

March 21, 2017

S. 770

NIST Small Business Cybersecurity Act

Commerce, Science, and Transportation

March 29, 2017

P.L. 115-236

August 14, 2016

S. 782

PROTECT Our Children Act of 2017

Judiciary

March 30, 2017

P.L. 115-82

November 2, 2017

S. 1281

Hack the Department of Homeland Security Act of 2017

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

May 25, 2017

Passed Senate by voice vote

April 17, 2018

Source: Compiled by CRS from Congress.gov.

Note: This list includes bills with committee action or a Senate vote.

Hearings in the 116th Congress

The following tables list cybersecurity hearings in the 116th Congress. Table 5 lists House hearings arranged by date in reverse chronological order. Table 6 lists House hearings arranged by committee. Table 7 lists Senate hearings arranged by date in reverse chronological order, and Table 8 lists Senate hearings arranged by committee.

Table document titles are active links to the committee's website for that particular hearing.

Table 5. 116th Congress, House Hearings by Date

Title

Date

Committee

Subcommittee

Fiscal Year 2020 Budget Request for U.S. Cyber Command and Operations in Cyberspace

March 13, 2019

Armed Services

Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities

Securing Federal Networks and State Election Systems

March 13, 2019

Appropriations

Homeland Security

Securing Our Nation's Chemical Facilities: Building on the Progress of the CFATS Program

March 12, 2019

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Innovation

Election Security: Ensuring the Integrity of U.S. Election Systems

February 27, 2019

Appropriations

 

Securing U.S. Surface Transportation from Cyber Attacks

February 26, 2019

Homeland Security

JOINT: Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Innovation and Transportation and Maritime Security

Department of Defense Information Technology, Cybersecurity, and Information Assurance

February 26, 2019

Armed Services

Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities

Field Hearing on Voting Rights and Election Administration in Georgia

February 19, 2019

House Administration

 

Defending Our Democracy: Building Partnerships to Protect America's Elections (Updated)

February 13, 2019

Homeland Security

 

Source: Compiled by CRS from Congress.gov.

Table 6. 116th Congress, House Hearings by Committee

Committee

Subcommittee

Title

Date

Appropriations

Homeland Security

Securing Federal Networks and State Election Systems

March 13, 2019

Appropriations

 

Election Security: Ensuring the Integrity of U.S. Election Systems

February 27, 2019

Armed Services

 

Fiscal Year 2020 Budget Request for U.S. Cyber Command and Operations in Cyberspace

March 13, 2019

Armed Services

Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities

Department of Defense Information Technology, Cybersecurity, and Information Assurance

February 26, 2019

Homeland Security

 

Securing Our Nation's Chemical Facilities: Building on the Progress of the CFATS Program

March 12, 2019

Homeland Security

JOINT: Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Innovation and Transportation and Maritime Security

Securing U.S. Surface Transportation from Cyber Attacks

February 26, 2019

Homeland Security

 

Defending Our Democracy: Building Partnerships to Protect America's Elections (Updated)

February 13, 2019

House Administration

 

Field Hearing on Voting Rights and Election Administration in Georgia

February 19, 2019

Source: Compiled by CRS from Congress.gov.

Table 7. 116th Congress, Senate Hearings by Date

Title

Date

Committee

Subcommittee

Cyber Crime: An Existential Threat to Small Business

March 13, 2019

Small Business and Entrepreneurship

 

Examining Private Sector Data Breaches

March 7, 2019

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee

 

Roundtable: Perspectives on Protecting the Electric Grid from an Electromagnetic Pulse or Geomagnetic Disturbance

February 27, 2019

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee

 

United States Special Operations Command and United States Cyber Command

February 14, 2019

Armed Services

 

Hearing to Consider the Status and Outlook for Cybersecurity Efforts in the Energy Industry

February 14, 2019

Energy & Natural Resources

 

CLOSED: Cyber Operations to Defend the Midterm Elections

February 13, 2019

Armed Services

 

Defense Department Cybersecurity Policies and Architecture

January 29, 2019

Armed Services

Investigations

Source: Compiled by CRS from Congress.gov.

Table 8. 116th Congress, Senate Hearings by Committee

Committee

Subcommittee

Title

Date

Armed Services

 

United States Special Operations Command and United States Cyber Command

February 14, 2019

Armed Services

 

CLOSED: Cyber Operations to Defend the Midterm Elections

February 13, 2019

Armed Services

 

Defense Department Cybersecurity Policies and Architecture

January 29, 2019

Energy & Natural Resources

 

Hearing to Consider the Status and Outlook for Cybersecurity Efforts in the Energy Industry

February 14, 2019

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee

Investigations

Examining Private Sector Data Breaches

March 7, 2019

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee

 

Roundtable: Perspectives on Protecting the Electric Grid from an Electromagnetic Pulse or Geomagnetic Disturbance

February 27, 2019

Small Business and Entrepreneurship

 

Cyber Crime: An Existential Threat to Small Business

March 13, 2019

Source: Compiled by CRS from Congress.gov.

Hearings in the 115th Congress

Table 9 lists House hearings arranged by date in reverse chronological order, and Table 10 lists House hearings arranged by committee. Table 11 lists Senate hearings by date. Table 12 lists Senate hearings arranged by committee.

In the tables, the document titles are active links to the committee's website for that particular hearing.

Table 9. 115th Congress, House Hearings by Date

Title

Date

Committee

Subcommittee

Interagency Cyber Cooperation: Roles, Responsibilities and Authorities of the Department of Defense & the Department of Homeland Security

November 14, 2018

Armed Services

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

DOE Modernization: The Office of Cybersecurity, Energy Security, and Emergency Response

September 27, 2018

Energy and Commerce

 

Understanding Cybersecurity Threats to America's Aviation Sector

September 6, 2018

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection; Transportation and Protective Security (Joint Hearing)

Assessing the State of Federal Cybersecurity Risk Determination

July 25, 2018

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

GAO High Risk Focus: Cybersecurity

July 25, 2018

Oversight and Government Reform

Government Operations; Information Technology (Joint Hearing)

Cyber-securing the Vote: Ensuring the Integrity of the U.S. Election System

July 24, 2018

Oversight and Government Reform

 

DHS's Progress in Securing Election Systems and Other Critical Infrastructure

July 11, 2018

Homeland Security

 

Examination of the GAO Audit Series of HHS Cybersecurity

June 20, 2018

Energy and Commerce

 

Cyber Operations Today: Preparing for 21st Century Challenges in an Information-Enabled Society

April 11, 2018

Armed Services

Emerging Threats and Capabilities

CDM [Continuous Diagnostics and Mitigation]: Government Perspectives on Security and Modernization

March 20, 2018

Oversight and Government Reform

Information Technology

DOE Modernization: Legislation Addressing Cybersecurity and Emergency Response

March 14, 2018

Energy and Commerce

 

DHS Efforts to Strengthen Its Cybersecurity Workforce

March 8, 2018

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection; Oversight and Management Efficiency (Joint hearing)

Legislative Proposals to Reform the Current Data Security and Breach Notification Regulatory Regime

March 7, 2018

Financial Services

Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit

A Review and Assessment of the Department of Defense Budget, Strategy, Policy, and Programs for Cyber Operations and U.S. Cyber Command for Fiscal Year 2019

February 28, 2018

Armed Services

Emerging Threats and Capabilities

Beyond Bitcoin: Emerging Applications for Blockchain Technology

February 14, 2018

Science, Space and Technology

Oversight; Research and Technology

U.S. Cyber Diplomacy in an Era of Growing Threats

February 6, 2018

Foreign Affairs

 

Small Business Information Sharing: Combating Foreign Cyber Threats

January 30, 2018

Small Business

 

CDM, The Future of Federal Cybersecurity?

January 17, 2018

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

Oversight of IT and Cybersecurity at the Department of Veterans Affairs

December 7, 2017

Oversight and Government Reform

Information Technology

Implementation and Cybersecurity Protocols of the Consolidated Audit Trail

November 30, 2017

Financial Services

Capital Markets, Securities, and Investment

Cybersecurity of Voting Machines

November 29, 2017

Oversight and Government Reform

Information Technology

Maximizing the Value of Cyber Threat Information Sharing

November 15, 2017

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

Federal Government and Small Businesses: Promoting Greater Information Sharing for Stronger Cybersecurity

November 15, 2017

Small Business

 

Bolstering the Government's Cybersecurity: A Survey of Compliance with the DHS Directive

November 14, 2017

Science, Space and Technology

Oversight

Securing Consumers' Credit Data in the Age of Digital Commerce

November 1, 2017

Energy and Commerce

Digital and Consumer Protection

Data Security: Vulnerabilities and Opportunities for Improvement

November 1, 2017

Financial Services

Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit

Examining Physical Security and Cybersecurity at Our Nation's Ports (Field Hearing)

October 30, 2017

Homeland Security

 

Bolstering the Government's Cybersecurity: Assessing the Risk of Kaspersky Lab Products to the Federal Government

October 25, 2017

Science, Space and Technology

Oversight

Continuation of Hearing entitled "Examining the Equifax Data Breach"

October 25, 2017

Financial Services

 

Public-Private Solutions to Educating a Cyber Workforce

October 24, 2017

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

Examining the Equifax Data Breach

October 5, 2017

Financial Services

 

Examining DHS's Cybersecurity Mission

October 3, 2017

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

Oversight of the Equifax Data Breach: Answers for Consumers

October 3, 2017

Energy and Commerce

Digital Commerce and Consumer Protection

Cybersecurity of the Internet of Things

October 3, 2017

Oversight and Government Reform

Information Technology

Challenges of Recruiting and Retaining a Cybersecurity Workforce

September 7, 2017

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

Protecting Small Businesses from Cyber Attacks: The Cybersecurity Insurance Option

July 26, 2017

Small Business

 

Russia Investigative Task Force Hearing with Former Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson (Open)

June 21, 2017

Intelligence

 

Cybersecurity Regulation Harmonization

June 21, 2017

Homeland Security

 

Bolstering the Government's Cybersecurity: Lessons Learned from WannaCry

June 15, 2017

Science, Space and Technology

Research and Technology; Oversight (Joint hearing)

Examining the Role of the Department of Health and Human Services in Health Care Cybersecurity

June 8, 2017

Energy and Commerce

Oversight and Investigations

Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Request for U.S. Cyber Command: Cyber Mission Force Support to Department of Defense Operations

May 23, 2017

Armed Services

Emerging Threats and Capabilities

Reviewing the FAFSA Data Breach

May 3, 2017

Oversight and Government Reform

 

Reviewing Federal IT Workforce Challenges and Possible Solutions

April 4, 2017

Oversight and Government Reform

Information Technology

The Current State of DHS's Efforts to Secure Federal Networks

March 28, 2017

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

A Borderless Battle: Defending Against Cyber Threats

March 22, 2017

Homeland Security

 

The Current State of DHS Private Sector Engagement for Cybersecurity

March 9, 2017

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

Coordinating Federal Cybersecurity Resources for Small Businesses

March 8, 2017

Small Business

 

Cyber Warfare in the 21st Century: Threats, Challenges and Opportunities

March 1, 2017

Armed Services

 

Strengthening U.S. Cybersecurity Capabilities

February 14, 2017

Science, Space, and Technology

Research and Technology

The Electricity Sector's Efforts to Respond to Cybersecurity Threats

February 1, 2017

Energy and Commerce

 

Source: Compiled by CRS from Congress.gov.

Table 10. 115th Congress, House Hearings by Committee

Committee

Subcommittee

Title

Date

Armed Services

Emerging Threats and Capabilities

Interagency Cyber Cooperation: Roles, Responsibilities and Authorities of the Department of Defense & the Department of Homeland Security

November 14, 2018

Armed Services

Emerging Threats and Capabilities

Cyber Operations Today: Preparing for 21st Century Challenges in an Information-Enabled Society

April 11, 2018

Armed Services

Emerging Threats and Capabilities

A Review and Assessment of the Department of Defense Budget, Strategy, Policy, and Programs for Cyber Operations and U.S. Cyber Command for Fiscal Year 2019

February 28, 2018

Armed Services

Emerging Threats and Capabilities

Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Request for U.S. Cyber Command: Cyber Mission Force Support to Department of Defense Operations

May 23, 2017

Armed Services

 

Cyber Warfare in the 21st Century: Threats, Challenges and Opportunities

March 1, 2017

Energy and Commerce

 

DOE Modernization: The Office of Cybersecurity, Energy Security, and Emergency Response

September 27, 2018

Energy and Commerce

 

Examination of the GAO Audit Series of HHS Cybersecurity

June 20, 2018

Energy and Commerce

 

DOE Modernization: Legislation Addressing Cybersecurity and Emergency Response

March 14, 2018

Energy and Commerce

Digital and Consumer Protection

Securing Consumers' Credit Data in the Age of Digital Commerce

November 1, 2017

Energy and Commerce

Digital and Consumer Protection

Oversight of the Equifax Data Breach: Answers for Consumers

October 3, 2017

Energy and Commerce

Oversight and Investigations

Examining the Role of the Department of Health and Human Services in Health Care Cybersecurity

June 8, 2017

Energy and Commerce

 

The Electricity Sector's Efforts to Respond to Cybersecurity Threats

February 1, 2017

Financial Services

Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit

Legislative Proposals to Reform the Current Data Security and Breach Notification Regulatory Regime

March 7, 2018

Financial Services

Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit

Implementation and Cybersecurity Protocols of the Consolidated Audit Trail

November 30, 2017

Financial Services

Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit

Data Security: Vulnerabilities and Opportunities for Improvement

November 1, 2017

Financial Services

 

Continuation of Hearing entitled "Examining the Equifax Data Breach"

October 25, 2017

Financial Services

 

Examining the Equifax Data Breach

October 5, 2017

Foreign Affairs

 

U.S. Cyber Diplomacy in an Era of Growing Threats

February 6, 2018

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection; Transportation and Protective Security (Joint Hearing)

Understanding Cybersecurity Threats to America's Aviation Sector

September 6, 2018

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

Assessing the State of Federal Cybersecurity Risk Determination

July 25, 2018

Homeland Security

 

DHS's Progress in Securing Election Systems and Other Critical Infrastructure

July 11, 2018

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

DHS Efforts to Strengthen Its Cybersecurity Workforce

March 8, 2018

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

CDM, The Future of Federal Cybersecurity?

January 17, 2018

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

Maximizing the Value of Cyber Threat Information Sharing

November 15, 2017

Homeland Security

 

Examining Physical Security and Cybersecurity at Our Nation's Ports (Field hearing)

October 30, 2017

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

Public-Private Solutions to Educating a Cyber Workforce

October 24, 2017

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

Examining DHS's Cybersecurity Mission

October 3, 2017

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

Challenges of Recruiting and Retaining a Cybersecurity Workforce

September 7, 2017

Homeland Security

 

Cybersecurity Regulation Harmonization

June 21, 2017

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

The Current State of DHS's Efforts to Secure Federal Networks

March 28, 2017

Homeland Security

 

A Borderless Battle: Defending Against Cyber Threats

March 22, 2017

Homeland Security

Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection

The Current State of DHS Private Sector Engagement for Cybersecurity

March 9, 2017

Intelligence

 

Russia Investigative Task Force Hearing with Former Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson (Open)

June 21, 2017

Oversight and Government Reform

Government Operations; Information Technology (Joint Hearing)

GAO High Risk Focus: Cybersecurity

July 25, 2018

Oversight and Government Reform

 

Cyber-securing the Vote: Ensuring the Integrity of the U.S. Election System

July 24, 2018

Oversight and Government Reform

Information Technology

CDM [Continuous Diagnostics and Mitigation]: Government Perspectives on Security and Modernization

March 20, 2018

Oversight and Government Reform

Information Technology

Oversight of IT and Cybersecurity at the Department of Veterans Affairs

December 7, 2017

Oversight and Government Reform

Information Technology

Cybersecurity of Voting Machines

November 29, 2017

Oversight and Government Reform

Information Technology

Cybersecurity of the Internet of Things

October 3, 2017

Oversight and Government Reform

 

Reviewing the FAFSA Data Breach

May 3, 2017

Oversight and Government Reform

Information Technology

Reviewing Federal IT Workforce Challenges and Possible Solutions

April 4, 2017

Science, Space, and Technology

Oversight; Research and Technology

Beyond Bitcoin: Emerging Applications for Blockchain Technology

February 14, 2018

Science, Space, and Technology

Oversight

Bolstering the Government's Cybersecurity: A Survey of Compliance with the DHS Directive

November 14, 2017

Science, Space, and Technology

Oversight

Bolstering the Government's Cybersecurity: Assessing the Risk of Kaspersky Lab Products to the Federal Government

October 25, 2017

Science, Space, and Technology

Research and Technology; Oversight (Joint hearing)

Bolstering the Government's Cybersecurity: Lessons Learned from WannaCry

June 15, 2017

Science, Space, and Technology

Research and Technology

Strengthening U.S. Cybersecurity Capabilities

February 14, 2017

Small Business

 

Small Business Information Sharing: Combating Foreign Cyber Threats

January 30, 2018

Small Business

 

Federal Government and Small Businesses: Promoting Greater Information Sharing for Stronger Cybersecurity

November 15, 2017

Small Business

 

Protecting Small Businesses from Cyber Attacks: The Cybersecurity Insurance Option

July 26, 2017

Small Business

 

Coordinating Federal Cybersecurity Resources for Small Businesses

March 8, 2017

Source: Compiled by CRS from Congress.gov.

Table 11. 115th Congress, Senate Hearings by Date

Title

Date

Committee

Subcommittee

Department of Defense's Cybersecurity Acquisition and Practices from the Private Sector

November 14, 2018

Armed Services

 

Exploring the Cryptocurrency and Blockchain Ecosystem

October 11, 2018

Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs

 

Cyber Operational Readiness of the Department of Defense

September 26, 2018

Armed Services

Cybersecurity; Personnel (Joint Hearing)

CLOSED: Interagency Coordination in the Protection of Critical Infrastructure

September 18, 2018

Armed Services

Cybersecurity

The China Challenge, Part 2: Security and Military Developments

September 5, 2018

Foreign Relations

East Asia, The Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy

Cyber Threats to Critical Infrastructure

August 21, 2018

Judiciary

 

Complex Cybersecurity Vulnerabilities: Lessons Learned from Spectre and Meltdown

July 11, 2018

Commerce, Science, and Transportation

 

Election Security Preparations: A State and Local Perspective

June 20, 2018

Rules and Administration

 

Election Interference: Ensuring Law Enforcement Is Equipped to Target Those Seeking to Do Harm

June 12, 2018

Judiciary

 

Cybersecurity: Risks to the Financial Services Industry and Its Preparedness

May 24, 2018

Banking, Housing, and Urban Affair

 

Preparing Small Businesses for Cybersecurity Success

April 25, 2018

Small Business and Entrepreneurship

 

Mitigating America's Cybersecurity Risk

April 24, 2018

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

 

Election Security

March 21, 2018

Select Committee on Intelligence

 

Cyber Posture of the Services

March 13, 2018

Armed Services

 

United States Cyber Command

February 27, 2018

Armed Services

 

Department of Defense's Role in Protecting Democratic Elections

February 13, 2018

Armed Services

 

Data Security and Bug Bounty Programs: Lessons Learned from the Uber Breach and Security Researchers

February 6, 2018

Commerce, Science and Transportation

Consumer Protection, Product Safety, Insurance, and Data Security

Protecting Consumers in the Era of Major Data Breaches

November 8, 2017

Commerce, Science and Transportation

 

2020 Census: Examining Cost Overruns, Information Security, and Accuracy

October 31, 2017

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

 

Cyber Technology and Energy Infrastructure

October 26, 2017

Energy and Natural Resources

 

Roles and Responsibilities for Defending the Nation from Cyber Attack

October 19, 2017

Armed Services

 

Consumer Data Security and the Credit Bureaus Files

October 17, 2017

Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs

 

An Examination of the Equifax Cybersecurity Breach

October 4, 2017

Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs

 

Equifax: Continuing to Monitor Data-Broker Cybersecurity

October 4, 2017

Judiciary

Privacy, Technology and the Law

Examining the Fintech Landscape

September 12, 2017

Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs

 

Open Hearing: Russian Interference in the 2016 U.S. Elections

June 21, 2017

Select Committee on Intelligence

 

State-Sponsored Cyberspace Threats: Recent Incidents and U.S. Policy Response

June 13, 2017

Foreign Relations

East Asia, the Pacific, and International Cybersecurity

Cyber Posture of the Services

May 23, 2017

Armed Services

 

Cyber Policy, Strategy, and Organization

May 11, 2017

Armed Services

 

Worldwide Threats

May 11, 2017

Select Committee on Intelligence

 

Cyber Threats Facing America: An Overview of the Cybersecurity Threat Landscape

May 10, 2017

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

 

United States Cyber Command

May 9, 2017

Armed Services

 

Cyber-enabled Information Operations

April 27 2017

Armed Services

Cybersecurity

American Leadership in the Asia-Pacific, Part 1: Security Issues

March 29, 2017

Foreign Relations

East Asia, The Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy

Cybersecurity Threats to the U.S. Electric Grid and Technology Advancements to Maximize Such Threats, including S. 79, the "Securing Energy Infrastructure Act"

March 28, 2017

Energy and Natural Resources

Energy

The Promises and Perils of Emerging Technologies for Cybersecurity

March 22, 2017

Commerce, Science and Transportation

 

Cyber Strategy and Policy

March 2, 2017

Armed Services

 

CLOSED: Cyber Threats

February 7, 2017

Armed Services

 

Foreign Cyber Threats to the United States

January 5, 2017

Armed Services

 

Source: Compiled by CRS from Congress.gov.

Table 12. 115th Congress, Senate Hearings by Committee

Committee

Subcommittee

Title

Date

Armed Services

 

Department of Defense's Cybersecurity Acquisition and Practices from the Private Sector

November 14, 2018

Armed Services

Cybersecurity; Personnel (Joint Hearing)

Cyber Operational Readiness of the Department of Defense

September 26, 2018

Armed Services

Cybersecurity

CLOSED: Interagency Coordination in the Protection of Critical Infrastructure

September 18, 2018

Armed Services

 

Cyber Posture of the Services

March 13, 2018

Armed Services

 

United States Cyber Command

February 27, 2018

Armed Services

 

Department of Defense's Role in Protecting Democratic Elections

February 13, 2018

Armed Services

 

Roles and Responsibilities for Defending the Nation from Cyber Attack

October 19, 2017

Armed Services

 

Cyber Posture of the Services

May 23, 2017

Armed Services

 

United States Cyber Command

May 9, 2017

Armed Services

Cybersecurity

Cyber-enabled Information Operations

April 27 2017

Armed Services

 

Cyber Strategy and Policy

March 2, 2017

Armed Services

 

CLOSED: Cyber Threats

February 7, 2017

Armed Services

 

Foreign Cyber Threats to the United States

January 5, 2017

Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs

 

Exploring the Cryptocurrency and Blockchain Ecosystem

October 11, 2018

Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs

 

Cybersecurity: Risks to the Financial Services Industry and Its Preparedness

May 24, 2018

Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs

 

Consumer Data Security and the Credit Bureaus Files

October 17, 2017

Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs

 

An Examination of the Equifax Cybersecurity Breach

October 4, 2017

Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs

 

Examining the Fintech Landscape

September 12, 2017

Commerce, Science and Transportation

 

Complex Cybersecurity Vulnerabilities: Lessons Learned from Spectre and Meltdown

July 11, 2018

Commerce, Science and Transportation

Consumer Protection, Product Safety, Insurance, and Data Security

Data Security and Bug Bounty Programs: Lessons Learned from the Uber Breach and Security Researchers

February 6, 2018

Commerce, Science and Transportation

 

Protecting Consumers in the Era of Major Data Breaches

November 8, 2017

Commerce, Science and Transportation

 

The Promises and Perils of Emerging Technologies for Cybersecurity

March 22, 2017

Energy and Natural Resources

 

Cyber Technology and Energy Infrastructure

October 26, 2017

Energy and Natural Resources

Energy

Cybersecurity Threats to the U.S. Electric Grid and Technology Advancements to Maximize Such Threats, including S. 79, the "Securing Energy Infrastructure Act"

March 28, 2017

Foreign Relations

East Asia, The Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy

The China Challenge, Part 2: Security and Military Developments

September 5, 2018

Foreign Relations

East Asia, The Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy

State-Sponsored Cyberspace Threats: Recent Incidents and U.S. Policy Response

June 13, 2017

Foreign Relations

East Asia, The Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy

American Leadership in the Asia-Pacific, Part 1: Security Issues

March 29, 2017

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

 

Mitigating America's Cybersecurity Risk

April 24, 2018

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

 

2020 Census: Examining Cost Overruns, Information Security, and Accuracy

October 31, 2017

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

 

Cyber Threats Facing America: An Overview of the Cybersecurity Threat Landscape

May 10, 2017

Judiciary

 

Cyber Threats to Critical Infrastructure

August 21, 2018

Judiciary

 

Election Interference: Ensuring Law Enforcement Is Equipped to Target Those Seeking to Do Harm

June 12, 2018

Judiciary

Privacy, Technology and the Law

Equifax: Continuing to Monitor Data-Broker Cybersecurity

October 4, 2017

Rules and Administration

 

Election Security Preparations: A State and Local Perspective

June 20, 2018

Select Committee on Intelligence

 

Election Security

March 21, 2018

Select Committee on Intelligence

 

Open Hearing: Russian Interference in the 2016 U.S. Elections

June 21, 2017

Select Committee on Intelligence

 

Worldwide Threats

May 11, 2017

Small Business and Entrepreneurship

 

Preparing Small Businesses for Cybersecurity Success

April 25, 2018

Source: Compiled by CRS from Congress.gov.

Author Contact Information

Rita Tehan, Senior Research Librarian ([email address scrubbed], [phone number scrubbed])

Acknowledgments

The author would like to thank Rebecca Annis, Information Research Specialist, for her assistance with formatting and reorganizing this report.