The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010

The total U.S. civilian non-institutionalized population in 2010 was estimated to be slightly more than 304 million, of whom 15.5%, or 47.2 million, were estimated by the American Community Survey to be without health insurance or uninsured. The uninsured are far more likely than those with health insurance to report problems getting needed medical care, less likely to follow recommended treatments because of costs, have less access to care, receive less preventive care, and are more likely to be hospitalized for avoidable health problems. Moreover, it is widely believed that the uninsured, when they need care, are less able to pay for their care since they do not have health insurance and therefore it is further assumed that other payers take on the financial burden of their care through higher prices.

Many Americans obtain their health insurance through employers. Local factors such as labor market conditions, the mix of firms and firm sizes, and demographic factors such as age, play a role in the proportion of uninsured among those of working age. The Medicare program has effectively provided health insurance to almost all elderly Americans, while the Medicaid program and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program have expanded health insurance coverage to both the poor and to children. State policies to expand coverage, including implementing Medicaid waivers to expand coverage, account for some of the differences across states in the proportion of uninsureds. Similarly, state policies to expand coverage, such as employer or personal mandates to purchase insurance in Hawaii and Massachusetts, further explain some of the differences in the number of uninsureds across states.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148, as amended), through an expansion of Medicaid and the creation of state health insurance exchanges, is projected by the Congressional Budget Office to reduce the share of legal non-elderly residents without health insurance to 6% of the population by 2019.

This report, using the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2010 American Community Survey, details differences in the number and proportion of uninsured across states, within states, and across demographic groups.

The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 (name redacted) Analyst in Health Care Financing November 17, 2011 Congressional Research Service 7-.... www.crs.gov R42102 CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Summary The total U.S. civilian non-institutionalized population in 2010 was estimated to be slightly more than 304 million, of whom 15.5%, or 47.2 million, were estimated by the American Community Survey to be without health insurance or uninsured. The uninsured are far more likely than those with health insurance to report problems getting needed medical care, less likely to follow recommended treatments because of costs, have less access to care, receive less preventive care, and are more likely to be hospitalized for avoidable health problems. Moreover, it is widely believed that the uninsured, when they need care, are less able to pay for their care since they do not have health insurance and therefore it is further assumed that other payers take on the financial burden of their care through higher prices. Many Americans obtain their health insurance through employers. Local factors such as labor market conditions, the mix of firms and firm sizes, and demographic factors such as age, play a role in the proportion of uninsured among those of working age. The Medicare program has effectively provided health insurance to almost all elderly Americans, while the Medicaid program and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program have expanded health insurance coverage to both the poor and to children. State policies to expand coverage, including implementing Medicaid waivers to expand coverage, account for some of the differences across states in the proportion of uninsureds. Similarly, state policies to expand coverage, such as employer or personal mandates to purchase insurance in Hawaii and Massachusetts, further explain some of the differences in the number of uninsureds across states. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148, as amended), through an expansion of Medicaid and the creation of state health insurance exchanges, is projected by the Congressional Budget Office to reduce the share of legal non-elderly residents without health insurance to 6% of the population by 2019. This report, using the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2010 American Community Survey, details differences in the number and proportion of uninsured across states, within states, and across demographic groups. Congressional Research Service The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Contents Background...................................................................................................................................... 1 The Uninsured ........................................................................................................................... 1 Methodology.................................................................................................................................... 3 The Survey Question ................................................................................................................. 3 The ACS and Other Surveys of the Uninsured.......................................................................... 4 The Uninsured: National Analysis 2010.......................................................................................... 5 Estimates of the Number of Uninsured, by Selected Demographic Characteristics ................. 5 The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Uninsured ......................................... 6 The Uninsured: Comparisons Across States .................................................................................... 8 Number and Percentage of Uninsureds by State ....................................................................... 8 Two-Year Change in Uninsureds............................................................................................... 8 The Uninsured: Characteristics by State, 2010.............................................................................. 15 The Uninsured: Characteristics by Congressional District (111th Congress)................................. 31 Alabama................................................................................................................................... 33 Alaska...................................................................................................................................... 35 Arizona .................................................................................................................................... 37 Arkansas .................................................................................................................................. 39 California................................................................................................................................. 41 Colorado .................................................................................................................................. 44 Connecticut.............................................................................................................................. 46 Delaware.................................................................................................................................. 48 District of Columbia ................................................................................................................ 50 Florida ..................................................................................................................................... 52 Georgia .................................................................................................................................... 54 Hawaii ..................................................................................................................................... 56 Idaho ........................................................................................................................................ 58 Illinois...................................................................................................................................... 60 Indiana ..................................................................................................................................... 62 Iowa ......................................................................................................................................... 64 Kansas ..................................................................................................................................... 66 Kentucky.................................................................................................................................. 68 Louisiana ................................................................................................................................. 70 Maine....................................................................................................................................... 72 Maryland.................................................................................................................................. 74 Massachusetts.......................................................................................................................... 76 Michigan.................................................................................................................................. 78 Minnesota ................................................................................................................................ 80 Mississippi............................................................................................................................... 82 Missouri................................................................................................................................... 84 Montana................................................................................................................................... 86 Nebraska.................................................................................................................................. 88 Nevada..................................................................................................................................... 90 New Hampshire ....................................................................................................................... 92 New Jersey............................................................................................................................... 94 New Mexico ............................................................................................................................ 96 Congressional Research Service The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 New York................................................................................................................................. 98 North Carolina ....................................................................................................................... 100 North Dakota ......................................................................................................................... 102 Ohio ....................................................................................................................................... 104 Oklahoma .............................................................................................................................. 106 Oregon ................................................................................................................................... 108 Pennsylvania.......................................................................................................................... 110 Rhode Island.......................................................................................................................... 112 South Carolina....................................................................................................................... 114 South Dakota ......................................................................................................................... 116 Tennessee............................................................................................................................... 118 Texas...................................................................................................................................... 120 Utah ....................................................................................................................................... 122 Vermont ................................................................................................................................. 124 Virginia .................................................................................................................................. 126 Washington ............................................................................................................................ 128 West Virginia ......................................................................................................................... 130 Wisconsin .............................................................................................................................. 132 Wyoming ............................................................................................................................... 134 Figures Figure 1. The Uninsured, by State, 2010 ....................................................................................... 13 Tables Table 1. Estimates of the Uninsured by Selected Demographic Characteristics, 2010 ................... 7 Table 2. Number and Percentage of Uninsured, by State, 2010 ...................................................... 9 Table 3. Ranking of States, by Percentage Uninsured, 2010 ......................................................... 11 Table 4. Two-year Change in Percentage Uninsured, by State, 2008-2010................................... 14 Table 5. Percentage Uninsured by Age, by State, 2010 ................................................................. 17 Table 6. Ranking of States by Percentage Uninsured by Age, 2010.............................................. 19 Table 7. Percentage Uninsured, by Income by State, 2010............................................................ 22 Table 8. Ranking of States by Percentage Uninsured by Income, 2010 ........................................ 24 Table 9. Percentage Uninsured by Marital and Employment Status by State, 2010...................... 26 Table 10. Ranking of States by Percentage Uninsured by Marital Status, 2010............................ 28 Table 11. Ranking of States by Percentage Uninsured by Employment Status, 2010 ................... 30 Table A-1. Alabama: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010........................................................ 33 Table A-2. Alabama: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ................................. 34 Table A-3. Alaska: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ........................................................... 35 Table A-4. Alaska: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010..................................... 36 Table A-5. Arizona: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ......................................................... 37 Congressional Research Service The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-6. Arizona: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010................................... 38 Table A-7. Arkansas: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ....................................................... 39 Table A-8. Arkansas: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010................................. 40 Table A-9. California: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010...................................................... 41 Table A-10. California: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ............................. 42 Table A-11. Colorado: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ..................................................... 44 Table A-12. Colorado: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010............................... 45 Table A-13. Connecticut: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010................................................. 46 Table A-14. Connecticut: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 .......................... 47 Table A-15. Delaware: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010..................................................... 48 Table A-16. Delaware: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 .............................. 49 Table A-17. District of Columbia: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010................................... 50 Table A-18. District of Columbia; Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ............ 51 Table A-19. Florida: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ........................................................ 52 Table A-20. Florida: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010.................................. 53 Table A-21. Georgia: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ....................................................... 54 Table A-22. Georgia: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010................................. 55 Table A-23. Hawaii: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ........................................................ 56 Table A-24. Hawaii: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010.................................. 57 Table A-25. Idaho: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010........................................................... 58 Table A-26. Idaho: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 .................................... 59 Table A-27. Illinois: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010......................................................... 60 Table A-28. Illinois: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 .................................. 61 Table A-29. Indiana: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ........................................................ 62 Table A-30. Indiana: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010.................................. 63 Table A-31. Iowa: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ............................................................ 64 Table A-32. Iowa: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ..................................... 65 Table A-33. Kansas: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ........................................................ 66 Table A-34. Kansas: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010.................................. 67 Table A-35. Kentucky: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 .................................................... 68 Table A-36. Kentucky: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010.............................. 69 Table A-37. Louisiana: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 .................................................... 70 Table A-38. Louisiana: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010.............................. 71 Table A-39. Maine: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010.......................................................... 72 Table A-40. Maine: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ................................... 73 Table A-41. Maryland: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 .................................................... 74 Table A-42. Maryland: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010.............................. 75 Congressional Research Service The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-43. Massachusetts: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010............................................. 76 Table A-44. Massachusetts: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ...................... 77 Table A-45. Michigan: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010..................................................... 78 Table A-46. Michigan: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 .............................. 79 Table A-47. Minnesota: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ................................................... 80 Table A-48. Minnesota: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010............................. 81 Table A-49. Mississippi: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010.................................................. 82 Table A-50. Mississippi: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ........................... 83 Table A-51. Missouri: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010...................................................... 84 Table A-52. Missouri: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ............................... 85 Table A-53. Montana: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010...................................................... 86 Table A-54. Montana: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ............................... 87 Table A-55. Nebraska: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010..................................................... 88 Table A-56. Nebraska: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 .............................. 89 Table A-57. Nevada: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010........................................................ 90 Table A-58. Nevada: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ................................. 91 Table A-59. New Hampshire: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010.......................................... 92 Table A-60. New Hampshire: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ................... 93 Table A-61. New Jersey: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ................................................. 94 Table A-62. New Jersey: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010........................... 95 Table A-63. New Mexico: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ............................................... 96 Table A-64. New Mexico: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010......................... 97 Table A-65. New York: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010.................................................... 98 Table A-66. New York: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ............................. 99 Table A-67. North Carolina: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010.......................................... 100 Table A-68. North Carolina: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ................... 101 Table A-69. North Dakota: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ............................................ 102 Table A-70. North Dakota: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010...................... 103 Table A-71. Ohio: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 .......................................................... 104 Table A-72. Ohio: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ................................... 105 Table A-73. Oklahoma: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ................................................. 106 Table A-74. Oklahoma: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010........................... 107 Table A-75. Oregon: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ...................................................... 108 Table A-76. Oregon: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010................................ 109 Table A-77. Pennsylvania: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010............................................. 110 Table A-78. Pennsylvania: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ...................... 111 Table A-79. Rhode Island: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010............................................. 112 Congressional Research Service The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-80. Rhode Island: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ...................... 113 Table A-81. South Carolina: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010.......................................... 114 Table A-82. South Carolina: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ................... 115 Table A-83. South Dakota: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ............................................ 116 Table A-84. South Dakota: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010...................... 117 Table A-85. Tennessee: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010.................................................. 118 Table A-86. Tennessee: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ........................... 119 Table A-87. Texas: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010......................................................... 120 Table A-88. Texas: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 .................................. 121 Table A-89. Utah: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 .......................................................... 122 Table A-90. Utah: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010.................................... 123 Table A-91. Vermont: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 .................................................... 124 Table A-92. Vermont: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010.............................. 125 Table A-93. Virginia: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ..................................................... 126 Table A-94. Virginia: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010............................... 127 Table A-95. Washington: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ............................................... 128 Table A-96. Washington: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010......................... 129 Table A-97. West Virginia: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ............................................ 130 Table A-98. West Virginia: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010...................... 131 Table A-99. Wisconsin: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ................................................. 132 Table A-100. Wisconsin: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010......................... 133 Table A-101. Wyoming: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 ................................................ 134 Table A-102. Wyoming: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010.......................... 135 Appendixes Appendix. State and Congressional District Data Tables .............................................................. 33 Contacts Author Contact Information......................................................................................................... 135 Acknowledgments ....................................................................................................................... 135 Congressional Research Service The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Background The Uninsured Roughly 15.5% of Americans are not covered by health insurance.1 The uninsured are more likely to2 • report problems getting needed medical care, and • be hospitalized for avoidable health problems. In addition, they are less likely, among other things, to • follow recommended treatments because of costs, • have access to care, or • receive preventive care. Moreover, it is widely believed that the uninsured, when they need care, face higher prices since they do not benefit from negotiated discounts.3 In addition, they are less able to pay for their care since they do not have health insurance and therefore other payers are forced indirectly to assume the financial burden of their care through higher prices. While two-thirds of the uninsured are poor or near poor (i.e., with family incomes less than 133% of federal poverty level [FPL]), in 2008 it was estimated that “the uninsured contributed $30 billion toward their own medical care. In addition, they benefited from $56 billion in uncompensated care—$43 billion of which was government spending for care on behalf of the uninsured (Medicaid disproportionate share hospital (DSH) and supplemental payment programs, Medicare DSH and indirect medical education (IME) payments,4 various direct care programs, and state and local tax appropriations).”5 The Institute of Medicine has estimated that among 1 While the actual proportion of uninsured varies somewhat from survey to survey, the various federally sponsored surveys provide consistent and reliable estimates over time. See Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Understanding Estimates of the Uninsured: Putting the Differences in Context, Department of Health and Human Services, ASPE Issue Brief, Washington, DC, September 2005, http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/05/ uninsured-understanding-ib/index.htm. 2 The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, The Uninsured: A Primer, Washington, DC, October 2009, http://www.kff.org/uninsured/upload/7451-05.pdf. 3 L. Lagnado, “Hospitals Try Extreme Measures to Collect Their Overdue Debts,” The Wall Street Journal, October 30, 2003, but also see Glenn A. Melnick and Katya Fonkych , “Hospital Pricing And The Uninsured: Do The Uninsured Pay Higher prices?,” Health Affairs, vol. 27, no. 2 (2008), pp. w116-w122 . 4 Medicaid DSH payments or disproportionate share hospital payments are additional payments made to hospitals that serve a large number of low-income patients. See Christie Provost Peters, The Basics: Medicaid Disproportionate Hospital (DSH) Payments, National Health Policy Forum, Washington, DC, June 15, 2009, http://www.nhpf.org/ library/the-basics/Basics_DSH_06-15-09.pdf. Indirect Medical Education payments, or IME payments, are additional Medicare payments to teaching hospitals for the higher cost of patient care in those facilities. 5 Jack Hadley, John Holahan, and Teresa Coughlin et al., “Covering The Uninsured In 2008: Current Costs, Sources Of Payment, And Incremental Costs,” Health Affairs Web Exclusive, August 25, 2008, pp. W411-W413. Congressional Research Service 1 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 individuals aged 25-64, approximately 18,000 excess deaths per year can be attributed to the lack of health insurance.6 As this report details, there are considerable differences across states, within states, and across demographic groups in the proportion of uninsured. The Medicare program has effectively provided health insurance to almost all elderly Americans, while the Medicaid program and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program have expanded health insurance coverage to both the poor and to children. State policies to expand health insurance coverage, including Medicaid waivers, account for some of the differences across states in the proportion of uninsureds.7 For instance, Vermont has extended Medicaid benefits to childless adults with incomes up to 150% of FPL and 8.0% of the state’s population is uninsured.8 Similarly, state policies such as employer or personal mandates to purchase health insurance in Hawaii and Massachusetts further explain some of the differences. The explanation for variations in health insurance coverage among working adults is complex because it must include decisions on the part of employers to offer coverage and decisions regarding the nature of the coverage, including cost sharing, if insurance is offered. In addition, it needs to take into consideration employees’ decisions to purchase insurance. According to the Kaiser Family Foundation, 61% of the non-elderly population received employer-sponsored health insurance in 2010.9 While employer-based health insurance is nearly universally offered by large employers (over 200 employees), only 59% of small firms (three to nine employees) offered health insurance.10 Thus, the working uninsured, poor, and unemployed who are not otherwise eligible for a public program, covered under a family member’s policy, or cannot afford coverage are either relegated to the more expensive individual market or to do without coverage. To understand those who are employed and have health insurance, one needs to understand the decision-making process that firms engage in when deciding whether to offer employees health insurance and how to share these costs. While many policy analysts have focused on the tax treatment of health insurance premiums as one impetus for employer provided health insurance, other factors such as local labor market conditions and company image are also likely to play a role in these decisions. Even if one is employed and works for a firm that offers health insurance, there is a further set of calculations that employees make regarding whether to take-up the offer of health insurance. These considerations include one’s current health status, one’s expectation of future health insurance requirements, cost (including cost sharing of the premium, deductibles, and coinsurance), and the availability of other benefits through Section 125 cafeteria plans (where employees can personalize benefits from a set of offerings). In 2005, it was estimated that about 7% of those who are offered employer health insurance are actually uninsured.11 All of these 6 Institute of Medicine, Care without Coverage: Too Little, Too Late, Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2002. 7 For additional background on Medicaid waivers, see CRS Report RL33202, Medicaid: A Primer, by (name redacted). 8 See Kaiser State Health Facts–Income Eligibility–Childless Adults. http://www.statehealthfacts.org/comparetable.jsp? ind=749&cat=4. 9 Jonathan Gruber, The Tax Exclusion for Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance, National Bureau Of Economic Research, Working Paper 15766, Cambridge, MA, February 2010, http://www.nber.org/papers/w15766 citing Kaiser Family Foundation. 10 Smaller firms also tend to have higher employee contributions to premiums and less generous benefits. See Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research & Educational Trust, Employer Health Benefits: 2010 Summary of Findings, 2010, http://ehbs.kff.org/pdf/2010/8086.pdf. 11 Jonathan Gruber and Ebonya Washington, “Subsidies to Employee Health Insurance Premiums and the Health (continued...) Congressional Research Service 2 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 factors, in addition to others, will affect the proportion of working-age Americans without health insurance. Methodology This report employs the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2010 American Community Survey (ACS) to describe the characteristics of the uninsured and provide estimates of the number and percentage of uninsureds at the national, state, and congressional district level.12 The survey is briefly described below and more fully documented at the U.S. Census Bureau’s website.13 The ACS is representative of the civilian non-institutionalized population and is designed to produce reliable estimates of the number of uninsured at the time of the survey. Respondents in the 2010 survey were sampled between January 1 and December 31, 2010. The ACS is a mailout/mailback survey with telephone and in-person nonresponse follow-up, conducted continuously throughout the year, with results consolidated to produce annual estimates using 90% confidence intervals. This is the second year that the Congressional Research Service (CRS) has used the ACS to generate these estimates. While this year CRS reports the state-level change in the proportion of uninsured in 2010 compared to 2008 (see Table 4), in future years CRS will use the ACS to track changes in the number and proportion of uninsured over a longer period of time.14 The Survey Question The ACS contains a single multipart question (question 16) addressing health insurance coverage. The question is replicated below. Someone who responds “no” to every item is characterized as uninsured as of the date of the survey.15 (...continued) Insurance Market,” Journal of Health Economics, vol. 24, no. 2 (2005), p. 590. 12 The 2010 American Community Survey dataset was released by the U.S. Census Bureau in September 2011. 13 http://www.census.gov/acs/www. 14 Please refer to CRS Report R41621, The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, by (name redacted) for a comparison of 2008 and 2009 data. 15 In the American Community Survey, individuals with no coverage other than access to the Indian Health Service (IHS) are considered uninsured. Congressional Research Service 3 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 ACS Health Insurance Question 16. Is this person CURRENTLY covered by any of the following types of health insurance or health coverage plans? Mark “Yes” or “No” for EACH type of coverage for items a – h. Item Yes No Insurance through a current or former employer or union (of this person or another family member) [] [] b. Insurance purchased directly from an insurance company (by this person or another family member) [] [] c. Medicare, for people 65 or older, or people with certain disabilities [] [] d. Medicaid, Medical Assistance, or any kind of governmentassistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability [] [] e. TRICARE or other military health care [] [] f. VA (including those who have ever used or enrolled for VA health care) [] [] g. Indian Health Service [] [] h. Any other type of health insurance or health coverage plan – [] [] a. Specify ______________________________ Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). The ACS and Other Surveys of the Uninsured There are several national surveys that estimate the uninsured, including the Current Population Survey (CPS), the American Community Survey (ACS), and the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Each of these efforts have limitations—many of which have been well documented and acknowledged by the Census Bureau and other research organizations.16 For example, the CPS and NHIS have historically undercounted Medicaid beneficiaries, and estimates are less reliable for small states.17 The ACS, with a sample size of roughly 2 million completed surveys per year, allows for reasonably accurate estimates of areas with a population of 65,000 or more. Therefore, the ACS does a better job of reducing error associated with small sample size as compared to either the CPS or NHIS. However, regardless of the survey used, discrepancies exist between survey estimates of the number of uninsureds and estimates based on state and national administrative data. 16 See Thomas J. Plewes, Rapporteur, National Research Council and National Research Council, “Federal Surveys,” in Databases for Estimating Health Insurance Coverage for Children: A Workshop Summary, http://www.nap.edu/ catalog.php?record_id=13024 ed. (Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2010). 17 U.S. Census Bureau, “Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2008,” Current Population Reports P60-236(RV), Washington, DC, 2009, at http://www.census.gov/prod/2009pubs/p60-236.pdf, p. 20 and p. 57. Congressional Research Service 4 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 The ACS is not without its limitations, including that18 • it is primarily a mail survey completed without the assistance of an interviewer; • there is a single health insurance question that uses an itemized list of coverage types; • the survey does not clearly delineate the coverage categories or clearly direct respondents that “direct purchase” of insurance should be completely independent of a current or former employer; and • the characterization of uninsured is not collected directly, rather uninsured status is derived from the answers to the various types of coverage and the result is not verified. Despite these limitations, the ACS produces results that are generally very similar to those obtained from other surveys and the larger sample size allows for reliable state and congressional district estimates of the uninsured.19 The Uninsured: National Analysis 2010 Estimates of the Number of Uninsured, by Selected Demographic Characteristics The total U.S. civilian non-institutionalized population in 2010 was estimated to be slightly more than 304 million, of whom 15.5%, or 47.2 million, were uninsured (see Table 1). Men were about 23% more likely to be uninsured than women, with 17.2% of men being uninsured compared to 13.9% of women. Older Americans, above age 65, were least likely to be uninsured (about 1%) because of the near universal coverage offered by Medicare. Those under age 19 were also less likely to be uninsured (8.5%), with only about 4.8% of those under age 1 and 6.4% of those under age 6 being uninsured. Individuals aged 19 through 21 were most likely to be uninsured (30.1%). Low income is associated with not having health insurance, and individuals with incomes equal to or less than 133% of FPL are least likely to have health insurance (28.1%) compared to other income groups. Almost 95% of those at 400% or more of FPL have health insurance. Marital and employment status are also associated with being uninsured. Single individuals, aged 18-64, were twice as likely to be uninsured compared to married individuals and those working part-time were almost twice as likely to be uninsured compared to individuals working fulltime.20 18 Thomas J. Plewes, Rapporteur, National Research Council and National Research Council, “Federal Surveys,” in Databases for Estimating Health Insurance Coverage for Children: A Workshop Summary, http://www.nap.edu/ catalog.php?record_id=13024 ed. (Washington , DC: National Academies Press, 2010). 19 Ibid. 20 Full time is defined in ACA §1513(c)(4) as working at least 30 hours a week. To align with ACA’s definition, full time is defined in this report as working 30 or more hours a week for 50 or more weeks and part-time is defined as working fewer than 30 hours a week or less than 50 weeks per year. Congressional Research Service 5 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Uninsured The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148, as amended) was designed, in part, to expand access to health insurance. For instance, beginning with renewals from September 23, 2010, ACA provides that dependent children up to age 26 can remain on their parent’s health insurance generally beginning with the next subsequent renewal. Beginning in 2014, or sooner at state option, ACA requires states to expand Medicaid to certain individuals who are under age 65 with income up to 133% of FPL. This reform not only expands eligibility to a group that is not currently eligible for Medicaid (e.g., low-income childless adults who are not categorically eligible even though some states have expanded Medicaid eligibility to cover them), but also raises Medicaid’s mandatory income eligibility level for certain existing groups to 133% of the FPL.21 The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) and Joint Committee on Taxation estimated that the coverage expansion provisions in the health reform law would result in a Medicaid enrollment increase, over what otherwise would have been the case, of approximately 16 million by FY2019.22 Under ACA, health insurance exchanges are to be established in each state to that provide eligible individuals and small businesses with access to health insurance. In addition, certain individuals with incomes greater than 133% of FPL up to 400% of FPL are eligible for premium tax credits and cost-sharing subsidies. CBO estimates that 24 million individuals will obtain health insurance through an exchange and 5 million more will obtain their insurance through their employer’s participation in an exchange. While some individuals who are currently privately insured will be covered through an exchange in the future, CBO estimated that, on net, ACA will reduce the number of uninsured by 32 million by 2019, leaving 23 million (or 6%) of non-elderly Americans uninsured.23 21 ACA extended Medicaid coverage of children 6 through 18 up to 133% of FPL but the subsequent Medicare and Medicaid Extenders Act of 2010 (P.L. 111-309) delayed this extension until 2014. 22 Congressional Budget Office, letter to Honorable Nancy Pelosi, March 20, 2010, available at http://www.cbo.gov/ doc.cfm?index=11379. 23 Ibid. Congressional Research Service 6 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table 1. Estimates of the Uninsured by Selected Demographic Characteristics, 2010 Above (+), At (x), Below (-) Overall National Averageb Total Population Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured 304,287,835 47,208,220 15.5 Female 155,834,210 21,667,855 13.9 (-) Male 148,453,625 25,540,370 17.2 (+) Under 1 Year 3,720,350 178,485 4.8 (-) Under Age 6 24,223,050 1,543,480 6.4 (-) Under Age 19 78,695,715 6,650,225 8.5 (-) Under Age 26 108,270,690 16,228,680 15.0 (-) Age 19 through 21 13,337,190 4,008,315 30.1 (+) Age 21 through 64 177,487,780 37,577,725 21.2 (+) Age 65 and over 39,132,250 387,105 1.0 (-) 300,810,100 46,943,220 15.6 ≤133% FPL 65,181,935 18,306,065 28.1 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 129,887,965 23,001,435 17.7 (+) ≥400% + FPL 105,740,200 5,635,715 5.3 (-) Total Populationa Poverty Statusc Total Population Age 18-64 191,138,060 40,902,730 21.4 Singled 93,094,440 26,747,865 28.7 (+) Married 98,043,620 14,154,865 14.4 (-) Employed Full-timee 98,015,420 14,336,330 14.6 (-) Employed Part-time 33,711,960 9,319,395 27.6 (+) Source: CRS analysis of data from 2010 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. a. All figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with a confidence interval around the estimate. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured as compared to the overall national average. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup and the national average. c. The population estimates based on poverty status are less than the total population estimates since these estimates exclude people in military group quarters, people in college dormitories, and unrelated individuals under 15 years old as well as institutionalized individuals. d. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. e. Full-time: working at least 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year; Part-time: working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 7 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 The Uninsured: Comparisons Across States Number and Percentage of Uninsureds by State There is wide variation across states in terms of the percentage of each state’s civilian noninstitutionalized population not having insurance (see Table 2). For instance, residents of Texas are five times more likely not to have health insurance as residents of Massachusetts. Table 3 rank orders the states from lowest to highest in terms of each state’s percent uninsured population, and Figure 1 presents the same data on a map of the United States. While there are many factors that can potentially influence these estimates, 2 of the 10 states with the lowest percentage of uninsureds, Massachusetts and Hawaii, have insurance mandates (see Table 3). Hawaii has had an employer health insurance mandate since 1974 that covers employees who work 20 hours a week or more,24 and Massachusetts adopted an individual mandate beginning in July 2007. The District of Columbia has a low proportion of uninsureds, in part due to its low-income childless-adult Medicaid waiver and the District’s Healthcare Alliance Program, which provides care to non-disabled childless-adults, non-qualified aliens, and some individuals who are over-income for Medicaid. Most of the remaining states in the top 10, with the exception of Iowa, also have Medicaid waivers that cover low-income childless adults. Iowa has a high percentage of non-elderly adults covered by private health insurance and a low percentage of uninsured children. Two-Year Change in Uninsureds While in aggregate there was 0.4% increase in the percentage of uninsureds in the United States between 2008 and 2010, several states experienced either a disproportionate increase or decrease in the number of uninsureds. Table 4 presents the percentage of uninsured in each state in 2008, 2009, and 2010, the two-year (2008-2010) percentage point change in the uninsured and the twoyear percentage change in the percentage uninsured. Arizona, Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, and West Virginia experienced the largest declines in the percentage uninsured—all decreased at least 1.2 percentage points—while Hawaii, Kansas, Kentucky, Nevada, and Rhode Island experienced the largest increases in the percentage of uninsured (column 5)—all increased at least 1.2 percentage points. Arizona, Colorado, Maine, New Mexico, Vermont, and West Virginia experienced the largest two-year percentage declines— each more than 7% (column 6). Hawaii, Kansas, Rhode Island, and Virginia experienced the largest two-year percentage increases—each more than 9% (column 6). 24 Gardiner Harris, “In Hawaii’s Health System, Lessons for Lawmakers ,” The New York Times, October 16, 2009, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/17/health/policy/17hawaii.html. Congressional Research Service 8 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table 2. Number and Percentage of Uninsured, by State, 2010 Uninsured State Total Populationa Number Percent 304,287,836 47,208,222 15.51% 4,702,769 686,592 14.60% Alaska 689,249 136,840 19.90% Arizona 6,310,174 1,065,132 16.90% Arkansas 2,867,611 500,613 17.50% California 36,815,569 6,824,913 18.50% Colorado 4,956,873 789,109 15.90% Connecticut 3,519,913 320,133 9.10% Delaware 885,232 85,801 9.70% District of Columbia 594,282 45,164 7.60% Florida 18,534,081 3,941,060 21.30% Georgia 9,519,836 1,875,566 19.70% Hawaii 1,315,677 103,764 7.90% Idaho 1,551,635 275,404 17.70% Illinois 12,673,245 1,745,556 13.80% Indiana 6,391,470 947,920 14.80% Iowa 3,004,885 279,811 9.30% Kansas 2,804,461 389,446 13.90% Kentucky 4,242,714 647,041 15.30% Louisiana 4,440,314 790,987 17.80% Maine 1,313,037 133,065 10.10% Maryland 5,687,998 640,861 11.30% Massachusetts 6,478,067 285,717 4.40% Michigan 9,763,683 1,207,384 12.40% Minnesota 5,252,092 476,259 9.10% Mississippi 2,902,907 528,095 18.20% Missouri 5,879,864 773,894 13.20% Montana 975,562 168,981 17.30% Nebraska 1,802,049 207,653 11.50% Nevada 2,668,966 603,700 22.60% New Hampshire 1,302,639 145,013 11.10% New Jersey 8,693,541 1,151,158 13.20% New Mexico 2,032,699 398,558 19.60% New York 19,134,281 2,277,382 11.90% North Carolina 9,360,661 1,569,837 16.80% United States Alabama Congressional Research Service 9 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Uninsured State Total Populationa Number Percent 660,611 64,535 9.80% Ohio 11,358,640 1,398,943 12.30% Oklahoma 3,677,206 693,551 18.90% Oregon 3,799,107 651,504 17.10% Pennsylvania 12,506,000 1,271,180 10.20% Rhode Island 1,036,743 126,184 12.20% South Carolina 4,536,835 795,275 17.50% South Dakota 798,141 98,886 12.40% Tennessee 6,259,546 898,561 14.40% Texas 24,779,450 5,875,474 23.70% Utah 2,750,354 421,924 15.30% 619,886 49,880 8.00% Virginia 7,807,416 1,020,130 13.10% Washington 6,638,081 945,589 14.20% West Virginia 1,823,372 266,161 14.60% Wisconsin 5,613,402 529,200 9.40% Wyoming 555,010 82,836 14.90% North Dakota Vermont Source: CRS analysis of data from 2010 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. a. All figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate, and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. Congressional Research Service 10 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table 3. Ranking of States, by Percentage Uninsured, 2010 (lowest to highest) Ranking/Statea Total Population Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured 6,478,067 285,717 4.40% 594,282 45,164 7.60% 1,315,677 103,764 7.90% 619,886 49,880 8.00% 5. Connecticut 3,519,913 320,133 9.10% 5. Minnesota 5,252,092 476,259 9.10% 7. Iowa 3,004,885 279,811 9.30% 8. Wisconsin 5,613,402 529,200 9.40% 9. Delaware 885,232 85,801 9.70% 10. North Dakota 660,611 64,535 9.80% 11. Maine 1,313,037 133,065 10.10% 12. Pennsylvania 12,506,000 1,271,180 10.20% 13. New Hampshire 1,302,639 145,013 11.10% 14. Maryland 5,687,998 640,861 11.30% 15. Nebraska 1,802,049 207,653 11.50% 16. New York 19,134,281 2,277,382 11.90% 17. Rhode Island 1,036,743 126,184 12.20% 18. Ohio 11,358,640 1,398,943 12.30% 19. Michigan 9,763,683 1,207,384 12.40% 798,141 98,886 12.40% 21. Virginia 7,807,416 1,020,130 13.10% 22. Missouri 5,879,864 773,894 13.20% 22. New Jersey 8,693,541 1,151,158 13.20% 24. Illinois 12,673,245 1,745,556 13.80% 25. Kansas 2,804,461 389,446 13.90% 26. Washington 6,638,081 945,589 14.20% 27. Tennessee 6,259,546 898,561 14.40% 28. Alabama 4,702,769 686,592 14.60% 28. West Virginia 1,823,372 266,161 14.60% 30. Indiana 6,391,470 947,920 14.80% 31. Wyoming 555,010 82,836 14.90% 32. Kentucky 4,242,714 647,041 15.30% 32. Utah 2,750,354 421,924 15.30% 304,287,836 47,208,222 15.51% 4,956,873 789,109 15.90% 1. Massachusetts 2. District of Columbia 3. Hawaii 4. Vermont 19. South Dakota United States 34. Colorado Congressional Research Service 11 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Ranking/Statea Total Population Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured 35. North Carolina 9,360,661 1,569,837 16.80% 36. Arizona 6,310,174 1,065,132 16.90% 37. Oregon 3,799,107 651,504 17.10% 38. Montana 975,562 168,981 17.30% 39. Arkansas 2,867,611 500,613 17.50% 39. South Carolina 4,536,835 795,275 17.50% 41. Idaho 1,551,635 275,404 17.70% 42. Louisiana 4,440,314 790,987 17.80% 43. Mississippi 2,902,907 528,095 18.20% 44. California 36,815,569 6,824,913 18.50% 45. Oklahoma 3,677,206 693,551 18.90% 46. New Mexico 2,032,699 398,558 19.60% 47. Georgia 9,519,836 1,875,566 19.70% 48. Alaska 689,249 136,840 19.90% 49. Florida 18,534,081 3,941,060 21.30% 50. Nevada 2,668,966 603,700 22.60% 51. Texas 24,779,450 5,875,474 23.70% Source: CRS analysis of data from 2010 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. a. All figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate, and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. Congressional Research Service 12 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Figure 1. The Uninsured, by State, 2010 Source: CRS analysis of data from 2010 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. Congressional Research Service 13 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table 4. Two-year Change in Percentage Uninsured, by State, 2008-2010 2008 Estimate of Percentage Uninsured (%) 2009 Estimate of Percentage Uninsured (%) 2010 Estimate of Percentage Uninsured (%) 2008-2010 Change in Percentage Uninsured (Percentage Points) 2008-2010 Percentage Change in Percentage Uninsured (Percentage Change) United States 15.1 15.1 15.5 0.4 2.65% Alabama 14.0 13.8 14.6 0.6 4.29% Alaska 20.1 21.1 19.9 -0.2 -1.00% Arizona 18.7 17.3 16.9 -1.8 -9.63% Arkansas 18.0 17.0 17.5 -0.5 -2.78% California 17.8 18.0 18.5 0.7 3.93% Colorado 17.2 15.8 15.9 -1.3 -7.56% Connecticut 9.0 8.8 9.1 0.1 1.11% Delaware 10.3 10.2 9.7 -0.6 -5.83% District of Columbia 8.0 7.0 7.6 -0.4 -5.00% Florida 20.8 20.9 21.3 0.5 2.40% Georgia 18.8 19.1 19.7 0.9 4.79% Hawaii 6.7 7.0 7.9 1.2 17.91% Idaho 17.8 17.4 17.7 -0.1 -0.56% Illinois 12.8 13.3 13.8 1.0 7.81% Indiana 13.9 14.3 14.8 0.9 6.47% Iowa 9.1 8.6 9.3 0.2 2.20% Kansas 12.2 13.2 13.9 1.7 13.93% Kentucky 14.1 14.5 15.3 1.2 8.51% Louisiana 17.8 17.4 17.8 0.0 0.00% Maine 10.9 10.5 10.1 -0.8 -7.34% Maryland 11.1 11.1 11.3 0.2 1.80% Massachusetts 4.1 4.2 4.4 0.3 7.32% Michigan 11.5 12.2 12.4 0.9 7.83% Minnesota 8.7 9.1 9.1 0.4 4.60% Mississippi 17.9 17.9 18.2 0.3 1.68% Missouri 13.0 13.2 13.2 0.2 1.54% Montana 18.5 18.2 17.3 -1.2 -6.49% Nebraska 11.1 11.9 11.5 0.4 3.60% Nevada 21.3 21.9 22.6 1.3 6.10% New Hampshire 10.8 10.2 11.1 0.3 2.78% Statea Congressional Research Service 14 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 2008 Estimate of Percentage Uninsured (%) 2009 Estimate of Percentage Uninsured (%) 2010 Estimate of Percentage Uninsured (%) 2008-2010 Change in Percentage Uninsured (Percentage Points) 2008-2010 Percentage Change in Percentage Uninsured (Percentage Change) New Jersey 12.4 12.6 13.2 0.8 6.45% New Mexico 21.4 19.7 19.6 -1.8 -8.41% New York 11.8 11.4 11.9 0.1 0.85% North Carolina 15.9 16.1 16.8 0.9 5.66% North Dakota 10.5 9.7 9.8 -0.7 -6.67% Ohio 11.8 12.2 12.3 0.5 4.24% Oklahoma 19.5 18.7 18.9 -0.6 -3.08% Oregon 16.4 17.0 17.1 0.7 4.27% Pennsylvania 9.4 9.9 10.2 0.8 8.51% Rhode Island 10.5 11.3 12.2 1.7 16.19% South Carolina 17.4 16.8 17.5 0.1 0.57% South Dakota 11.7 13.1 12.4 0.7 5.98% Tennessee 13.6 14.3 14.4 0.8 5.88% Texas 24.1 23.8 23.7 -0.4 -1.66% Utah 15.5 14.6 15.3 -0.2 -1.29% Vermont 9.1 8.6 8.0 -1.1 -12.09% Virginia 12.0 11.9 13.1 1.1 9.17% Washington 13.1 13.4 14.2 1.1 8.40% West Virginia 15.8 14.2 14.6 -1.2 -7.59% Wisconsin 9.1 9.4 9.4 0.3 3.30% Wyoming 13.9 15.2 14.9 1.0 7.19% Statea Source: CRS analysis of data from 2008, 2009, and 2010 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. a. Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The reported year-on-year changes are based solely on the point estimates and therefore should be interpreted with the understanding that these differences may be within the confidence interval and therefore may not be statistically significant. The Uninsured: Characteristics by State, 2010 Table 5 presents the percentage uninsured in each state by four age categories: under age 6, under age 19, age 21 through age 64, and age 65 and above.25 The first two categories depict two 25 The under age 6 category is relevant as there is mandatory eligibility for Medicaid for these children with family incomes up to 133% of FPL. The under age 19 category is relevant since there is also mandatory eligibility for Medicaid for children ages 6 through 18 with family incomes between 100% and 133% of FPL beginning January 1, 2014, although states can choose to extend this coverage prior to 2014. Congressional Research Service 15 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 overlapping groups of children, the third category generally captures working adults, and the final category describes the elderly who are typically covered by Medicare. Table 6 rank orders states by the percentage uninsured in each of the age categories, from lowest to highest. Nationally, 6.4% of children under age 6 and 8.5% of children under age 19 were uninsured. Of the states, Massachusetts had the lowest proportion of uninsured children, 1.2% under age 6 and 1.7% under age 19. Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Iowa, Maine, and Vermont also had low rates of uninsured children. Nevada had the highest proportion of uninsured children, 14.8% under age 6 and 18.0% under age 19. Alaska, Arizona, Florida, Idaho, Montana, Texas, and Utah also had high rates of uninsured children. Among those adults age 21 through 64, nationally 21.2% were uninsured (see Table 5). Massachusetts had the lowest proportion of non-elderly adults uninsured, with 6.2%, followed by the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Minnesota, and Vermont. Texas, with 30.9%, had the highest proportion of non-elderly adults uninsured followed by Florida, Nevada, New Mexico, and Georgia (see Table 6). While no state had more than 2.3% of its elderly population, over age 65, uninsured, the proportion across the states ranged from 0.1% in Maine and Vermont to 2.3% in Alaska. Table 7 presents the percentage uninsured in each state by three income categories: under 133% of FPL , between 133% and 400% of FPL, and above 400% of FPL. Table 8 rank orders the states by the percentage uninsured in each of the three income categories, from lowest to highest. Nationally, 28.1% of individuals with incomes under 133% of FPL were uninsured, 17.7% of individuals with incomes between 133% and 400% of FPL were uninsured, and 5.3% of individuals with incomes over 400% of FPL were uninsured. Massachusetts had the lowest proportion of uninsured individuals with incomes under 133% of FPL, 8.4%, followed by the District of Columbia, Vermont, Maine, and Hawaii. Nevada had the highest proportion of individuals with incomes under 133% of FPL uninsured, 41.6%, followed by Texas, Florida, Georgia, and Alaska (see Table 8). Table 9 presents the percentage uninsured in each state by marital status (single/married) among the adult population age 18 through 64. Table 10 rank orders the states by the percentage uninsured by marital status, lowest to highest. Nationally, 28.7% of those individuals not married (single, separated, divorced, or widowed) were uninsured, whereas 14.4% of those individuals who were married were uninsured. Massachusetts had the lowest proportion of single adults uninsured, with 9.1%, followed by the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Vermont, and Delaware. Texas, with 38.6%, had the highest proportion of single adults uninsured followed by Florida, Alaska, Nevada, and Georgia. Massachusetts had the lowest proportion of married adults uninsured, with 3.2%, followed by North Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Vermont. Texas, with 25.0%, had the highest proportion of married adults uninsured followed by Florida, New Mexico, Nevada, and California. Table 9 also presents the percentage uninsured in each state by employment status (full/part-time) among the adult population age 18 though 64 and Table 11 rank orders the states by the percentage uninsured by employment status, lowest to highest. Nationally, 14.5% of those employed full-time were uninsured, while 27.6% of those employed part-time were uninsured.26 26 Individuals did not necessarily obtain their health insurance coverage from their employer, and an insured individual working part-time may have been covered by another family member working full-time. Congressional Research Service 16 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Massachusetts had the lowest proportion of full-time employed adults, age 18 through 64 uninsured, with 4.2%, followed by Hawaii, the District of Columbia, Connecticut, and Minnesota. Texas, with 23.4%, had the highest proportion of full-time employed adults uninsured followed by Florida, New Mexico, Louisiana and Oklahoma. Massachusetts had the lowest proportion of part-time employed adults uninsured, with 7.9%, followed by the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Vermont, and Wisconsin. Texas, with 41.7%, had the highest proportion of part-time employed adults uninsured followed by Florida, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Nevada. Table 5. Percentage Uninsured by Age, by State, 2010 Under Age 6 (%) Under Age 19 (%)b Age 21 Through 64 (%) Age 65 and Over (%) United States 6.4 8.5 21.2 1.0 Alabama 4.8 6.3 20.9 0.3 Alaska 9.3 12.8 24.5 2.3 Arizona 9.9 13.2 21.9 1.1 Arkansas 4.6 7.5 25.4 0.2 California 6.4 9.5 25.1 1.7 Colorado 8.3 10.7 20.4 0.6 Connecticut 2.4 3.2 13.1 0.9 Delaware 3.1 5.3 13.5 0.2 District of Columbia 1.0 2.4 10.2 1.4 Florida 9.9 13.4 29.6 1.4 Georgia 7.7 10.3 26.5 1.1 Hawaii 3.1 4.0 10.6 1.6 Idaho 10.1 11.0 24.5 0.2 Illinois 3.4 4.9 19.6 1.3 Indiana 8.4 9.2 19.9 0.5 Iowa 2.9 4.4 13.3 0.3 Kansas 6.7 8.5 18.9 0.4 Kentucky 5.1 6.6 21.4 0.3 Louisiana 4.2 6.3 25.9 0.7 Maine 2.8 4.2 14.7 0.1 Maryland 4.1 5.2 15.3 1.5 Massachusetts 1.2 1.7 6.2 0.3 Michigan 3.6 4.5 18.2 0.3 Minnesota 6.1 6.7 11.6 0.3 Mississippi 6.7 9.1 25.6 0.4 Missouri 5.0 6.6 18.5 0.4 Montana 13.5 12.6 23.1 0.3 Nebraska 4.6 5.9 16.3 0.3 Statea Congressional Research Service 17 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Under Age 6 (%) Under Age 19 (%)b Age 21 Through 64 (%) Age 65 and Over (%) Nevada 14.8 18.0 27.8 2.1 New Hampshire 4.8 6.3 20.9 0.3 New Jersey 4.6 6.3 18.2 1.9 New Mexico 7.7 10.9 27.0 1.3 New York 4.4 5.1 16.6 1.1 North Carolina 5.6 8.3 23.4 0.6 North Dakota 5.5 6.6 13.2 0.2 Ohio 4.9 6.3 17.2 0.5 Oklahoma 7.2 10.6 26.3 0.6 Oregon 6.5 9.2 23.6 0.7 Pennsylvania 5.1 5.4 14.2 0.4 Rhode Island 6.0 6.1 16.6 0.9 South Carolina 7.5 9.8 24.0 0.6 South Dakota 7.4 8.6 16.5 0.2 Tennessee 4.2 5.7 20.7 0.7 Texas 10.7 15.2 30.9 2.1 Utah 9.7 11.1 19.8 0.6 Vermont 1.9 2.0 11.7 0.1 Virginia 1.9 2.0 11.7 0.1 Washington 5.0 6.8 19.4 0.7 West Virginia 3.0 5.2 21.2 0.4 Wisconsin 4.8 5.4 12.7 0.3 Wyoming 7.2 8.8 20.0 0.7 Statea Source: CRS analysis of data from 2010 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. a. All figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate, and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. Under age 19 includes those under age 6 (i.e., the first two columns are not mutually exclusive). See footnote 25 for the justification for these age categories. Congressional Research Service 18 Table 6. Ranking of States by Percentage Uninsured by Age, 2010 Under Age 19 (lowest to highest)b Under Age 6 (lowest to highest) Ranking/Statea Percent (%) Ranking/State Percent (%) Age 21 Through 64 (lowest to highest) Age 65 and Over (lowest to highest) Ranking/State Percent (%) Ranking/State Percent (%) 1. District of Columbia 1.0 1. Massachusetts 1.7 1. Massachusetts 6.2 1. Maine 0.1 2. Massachusetts 1.2 2. Vermont 2.0 2. District of Columbia 10.2 1. Vermont 0.1 3. Vermont 1.9 3. District of Columbia 2.4 3. Hawaii 10.6 5. Arkansas 0.2 4. Connecticut 2.4 4. Connecticut 3.2 4. Minnesota 11.6 5. Delaware 0.2 5. Maine 2.8 5. Hawaii 4.0 5. Vermont 11.7 5. Idaho 0.2 6. Iowa 2.9 6. Maine 4.2 6. Wisconsin 12.7 5. North Dakota 0.2 7. West Virginia 3.0 7. Iowa 4.4 7. Connecticut 13.1 5. South Dakota 0.2 8. Delaware 3.1 8. Michigan 4.5 8. North Dakota 13.2 10. Alabama 0.3 8. Hawaii 3.1 9. Illinois 4.9 9. Iowa 13.3 10. Iowa 0.3 10. Illinois 3.4 10. New York 5.1 10. Delaware 13.5 10. Kentucky 0.3 11. Michigan 3.6 11. Maryland 5.2 11. Pennsylvania 14.2 10. Massachusetts 0.3 12. Maryland 4.1 11. West Virginia 5.2 12. Maine 14.7 10. Michigan 0.3 13. Louisiana 4.2 13. Delaware 5.3 13. Maryland 15.3 10. Minnesota 0.3 13. Tennessee 4.2 14. Pennsylvania 5.4 14. Nebraska 16.3 10. Montana 0.3 15. New York 4.4 14. Wisconsin 5.4 15. South Dakota 16.5 10. Nebraska 0.3 17. Arkansas 4.6 16. Tennessee 5.7 16. New York 16.6 10. New Hampshire 0.3 17. Nebraska 4.6 17. Nebraska 5.9 16. Rhode Island 16.6 10. Wisconsin 0.3 17. New Jersey 4.6 18. Rhode Island 6.1 18. Ohio 17.2 20. Kansas 0.4 20. Alabama 4.8 21. Alabama 6.3 19. Virginia 17.6 20. Mississippi 0.4 CRS-19 Under Age 19 (lowest to highest)b Under Age 6 (lowest to highest) Ranking/Statea Percent (%) Ranking/State Percent (%) Age 21 Through 64 (lowest to highest) Age 65 and Over (lowest to highest) Ranking/State Percent (%) Ranking/State Percent (%) 20. New Hampshire 4.8 21. Louisiana 6.3 20. Michigan 18.2 20. Missouri 0.4 20. Wisconsin 4.8 21. New Hampshire 6.3 20. New Jersey 18.2 20. Pennsylvania 0.4 22. Ohio 4.9 21. New Jersey 6.3 22. Missouri 18.5 20. West Virginia 0.4 23. Missouri 5.0 21. Ohio 6.3 23. Kansas 18.9 23. Indiana 0.5 23. Washington 5.0 25. Kentucky 6.6 24. Washington 19.4 23. Ohio 0.5 25. Kentucky 5.1 25. Missouri 6.6 25. Illinois 19.6 27. Colorado 0.6 25. Pennsylvania 5.1 25. North Dakota 6.6 26. Utah 19.8 27. North Carolina 0.6 27. North Dakota 5.5 27. Minnesota 6.7 27. Indiana 19.9 27. Oklahoma 0.6 28. North Carolina 5.6 28. Washington 6.8 28. Wyoming 20.0 27. South Carolina 0.6 28. Virginia 5.6 29. Virginia 6.9 29. Colorado 20.4 27. Utah 0.6 30. Rhode Island 6.0 30. Arkansas 7.5 30. Tennessee 20.7 32. Louisiana 0.7 31. Minnesota 6.1 31. North Carolina 8.3 31. Alabama 20.9 32. Oregon 0.7 United States 6.4 United States 8.5 31. New Hampshire 20.9 32. Tennessee 0.7 32. California 6.4 32. Kansas 8.5 United States 21.2 32. Washington 0.7 33. Oregon 6.5 33. South Dakota 8.6 33. West Virginia 21.2 32. Wyoming 0.7 34. Kansas 6.7 34. Wyoming 8.8 34. Kentucky 21.4 35. Connecticut 0.9 34. Mississippi 6.7 35. Mississippi 9.1 35. Arizona 21.9 35. Rhode Island 0.9 36. Oklahoma 7.2 36. Indiana 9.2 36. Montana 23.1 United States 1.0 36. Wyoming 7.2 36. Oregon 9.2 37. North Carolina 23.4 Virginia 1.0 CRS-20 37. Under Age 19 (lowest to highest)b Under Age 6 (lowest to highest) Ranking/Statea Percent (%) Ranking/State Percent (%) Age 21 Through 64 (lowest to highest) Age 65 and Over (lowest to highest) Ranking/State Percent (%) Ranking/State Percent (%) 38. South Dakota 7.4 38. California 9.5 38. Oregon 23.6 39. Arizona 1.1 39. South Carolina 7.5 39. South Carolina 9.8 39. South Carolina 24.0 39. Georgia 1.1 40. Georgia 7.7 40. Georgia 10.3 40. Alaska 24.5 39. New York 1.1 40. New Mexico 7.7 41. Oklahoma 10.6 40. Idaho 24.5 41. Illinois 1.3 42. Colorado 8.3 42. Colorado 10.7 42. California 25.1 41. New Mexico 1.3 43. Indiana 8.4 43. New Mexico 10.9 43. Arkansas 25.4 43. District of Columbia 1.4 44. Alaska 9.3 44. Idaho 11.0 44. Mississippi 25.6 43. Florida 1.4 45. Utah 9.7 45. Utah 11.1 45. Louisiana 25.9 45. Maryland 1.5 46. Arizona 9.9 46. Montana 12.6 46. Oklahoma 26.3 46. Hawaii 1.6 46. Florida 9.9 47. Alaska 12.8 47. Georgia 26.5 47. California 1.7 48. Idaho 10.1 48. Arizona 13.2 48. New Mexico 27.0 48. New Jersey 1.9 49. Texas 10.7 49. Florida 13.4 49. Nevada 27.8 49. Nevada 2.1 50. Montana 13.5 50. Texas 15.2 50. Florida 29.6 49. Texas 2.1 51. Nevada 14.8 51. Nevada 18.0 51. Texas 30.9 51. Alaska 2.3 Source: CRS analysis of data from 2010 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. a. All rankings are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. While the rankings are based on the point estimates, there is a confidence interval around each estimate, and therefore the rankings should be interpreted as indicative. Although the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. Columns sorted initially by percent uninsured and then alphabetically. b. Under age 19 is includes those under age 6 (i.e., the first two columns are not mutually exclusive). See footnote 25 for the justification for these age categories. CRS-21 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table 7. Percentage Uninsured, by Income by State, 2010 Under 133% of the FPL Between 133%-400% of the FPL Greater than 400% of the FPL United States 28.1 17.7 5.3 Alabama 27.4 14.2 3.9 Alaska 33.9 26.1 9.0 Arizona 27.9 18.3 5.8 Arkansas 29.6 17.1 6.0 California 30.4 22.7 6.5 Colorado 32.4 18.8 5.0 Connecticut 18.5 13.3 3.6 Delaware 16.2 12.6 4.1 District of Columbia 9.1 11.8 4.2 Florida 35.6 23.1 7.7 Georgia 35.1 20.8 6.1 Hawaii 15.6 8.6 4.6 Idaho 33.0 16.9 5.7 Illinois 26.0 16.6 4.6 Indiana 28.5 15.3 4.7 Iowa 21.2 9.7 2.3 Kansas 30.7 14.1 4.0 Kentucky 27.4 14.9 4.6 Louisiana 27.9 19.2 7.6 Maine 14.4 12.6 4.7 Maryland 22.5 16.9 4.3 Massachusetts 8.4 6.3 1.9 Michigan 22.4 13.1 4.4 Minnesota 17.8 11.5 3.1 Mississippi 28.2 17.3 6.9 Missouri 25.6 13.6 4.1 Montana 31.0 18.2 6.2 Nebraska 24.9 12.2 3.6 Nevada 41.6 23.4 8.9 New Hampshire 27.4 14.2 3.9 New Jersey 26.6 18.8 5.5 New Mexico 31.1 19.7 7.6 New York 18.1 15.4 5.5 North Carolina 30.4 17.6 4.9 Statea Congressional Research Service 22 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Under 133% of the FPL Between 133%-400% of the FPL Greater than 400% of the FPL North Dakota 21.4 10.6 2.9 Ohio 23.0 13.2 4.1 Oklahoma 32.2 19.4 6.6 Oregon 31.4 18.6 5.4 Pennsylvania 19.3 11.7 3.9 Rhode Island 20.9 16.5 4.1 South Carolina 30.3 18.1 5.6 South Dakota 26.4 12.5 3.2 Tennessee 25.3 14.5 4.9 Texas 38.5 26.8 7.8 Utah 30.5 15.6 5.4 Vermont 10.5 10.9 3.7 Virginia 28.1 17.1 4.2 Washington 28.1 17.0 4.9 West Virginia 25.3 13.8 5.8 Wisconsin 19.2 10.5 3.2 Wyoming 27.7 17.7 6.1 Statea Source: CRS analysis of data from 2010 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. a. All figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population—all ages. Each value in the table is an estimate, and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. Congressional Research Service 23 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table 8. Ranking of States by Percentage Uninsured by Income, 2010 (lowest to highest) Under 133% of the FPLa Ranking/State Between 133%-400% of the FPL Percent (%) Ranking/State Greater than 400% of the FPL Percent (%) Ranking/State Percent (%) 1. Massachusetts 8.4 1. Massachusetts 6.3 1. Massachusetts 1.9 2. DC 9.1 2. Hawaii 8.6 2. Iowa 2.3 3. Vermont 10.5 3. Iowa 9.7 3. North Dakota 2.9 4. Maine 14.4 4. Wisconsin 10.5 4. Minnesota 3.1 5. Hawaii 15.6 5. North Dakota 10.6 5. South Dakota 3.2 6. Delaware 16.2 6. Vermont 10.9 5 Wisconsin 3.2 7. Minnesota 17.8 7. Minnesota 11.5 7. Connecticut 3.6 8. New York 18.1 8. Pennsylvania 11.7 7 Nebraska 3.6 9. Connecticut 18.5 9. DC 11.8 9 Vermont 3.7 10. Wisconsin 19.2 10. Nebraska 12.2 11. Alabama 3.9 11. Pennsylvania 19.3 11. South Dakota 12.5 11. New Hampshire 3.9 12. Rhode Island 20.9 12. Delaware 12.6 11. Pennsylvania 3.9 13. Iowa 21.2 12. Maine 12.6 13. Kansas 4.0 14. North Dakota 21.4 14. Michigan 13.1 15. Delaware 4.1 15. Michigan 22.4 15. Ohio 13.2 15. Missouri 4.1 16. Maryland 22.5 16. Connecticut 13.3 15. Ohio 4.1 17. Ohio 23.0 17. Missouri 13.6 15. Rhode Island 4.1 18. Nebraska 24.9 18. West Virginia 13.8 18. DC 4.2 19. Tennessee 25.3 19. Kansas 14.1 18. Virginia 4.2 19. West Virginia 25.3 20. Alabama 14.2 20. Maryland 4.3 21. Missouri 25.6 20. New Hampshire 14.2 21. Michigan 4.4 22. Illinois 26.0 22. Tennessee 14.5 23. Hawaii 4.6 23. South Dakota 26.4 23. Kentucky 14.9 23. Illinois 4.6 24. New Jersey 26.6 24. Indiana 15.3 23. Kentucky 4.6 26. Alabama 27.4 25. New York 15.4 25. Indiana 4.7 26. Kentucky 27.4 26. Utah 15.6 25. Maine 4.7 26. New Hampshire 27.4 27. Rhode Island 16.5 28. North Carolina 4.9 28. Wyoming 27.7 28. Illinois 16.6 28. Tennessee 4.9 29. Arizona 27.9 29. Idaho 16.9 28. Washington 4.9 30. Louisiana 27.9 29. Maryland 16.9 30. Colorado 5.0 31. Virginia 28.1 31. Washington 17.0 United States 5.3 31 Washington 28.1 32. Arkansas 17.1 31. Oregon 5.4 United States 28.1 32. Virginia 17.1 31. Utah 5.4 Congressional Research Service 24 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Under 133% of the FPLa Ranking/State Percent (%) 33. Mississippi 28.2 34. Indiana 35. Between 133%-400% of the FPL Ranking/State Percent (%) 34. Mississippi 17.3 28.5 35. North Carolina Arkansas 29.6 36. 36. South Carolina 30.3 37. California 30.4 37. North Carolina 39. Greater than 400% of the FPL Ranking/State Percent (%) 33. New Jersey 5.5 17.6 33. New York 5.5 Wyoming 17.7 35. South Carolina 5.6 United States 17.7 36. Idaho 5.7 37. South Carolina 18.1 37. Arizona 5.8 30.4 38. Montana 18.2 37. West Virginia 5.8 Utah 30.5 39. Arizona 18.3 39. Arkansas 6.0 40. Kansas 30.7 40. Oregon 18.6 40. Georgia 6.1 41. Montana 31.0 41. Colorado 18.8 40. Wyoming 6.1 42. New Mexico 31.1 41. New Jersey 18.8 42. Montana 6.2 42. Oregon 31.4 43. Louisiana 19.2 43. California 6.5 44. Oklahoma 32.2 44. Oklahoma 19.4 44. Oklahoma 6.6 45. Colorado 32.4 45. New Mexico 19.7 45. Mississippi 6.9 46. Idaho 33.0 46. Georgia 20.8 46. Louisiana 7.6 47. Alaska 33.9 47. California 22.7 46. New Mexico 7.6 48. Georgia 35.1 48. Florida 23.1 48. Florida 7.7 49. Florida 35.6 49. Nevada 23.4 49. Texas 7.8 50. Texas 38.5 50. Alaska 26.1 50. Nevada 8.9 51. Nevada 41.6 51. Texas 26.8 51. Alaska 9.0 Source: CRS analysis of data from 2010 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. a. Rankings are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. While rankings are based on the point estimates, there is a confidence interval around each estimate, and therefore the rankings should be interpreted as indicative. Although the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. Columns sorted initially by percent uninsured and then alphabetically. Congressional Research Service 25 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table 9. Percentage Uninsured by Marital and Employment Status by State, 2010 Single Married Employed Fulltimeb Employed Parttime United States 28.7 14.4 14.5 27.6 Alabama 29.7 12.7 13.0 28.1 Alaska 37.7 14.1 16.1 34.8 Arizona 28.5 16.2 17.2 26.4 Arkansas 34.4 18.4 17.7 37.4 California 31.5 19.1 17.7 32.0 Colorado 28.5 14.0 14.1 27.9 Connecticut 19.2 7.4 7.9 19.1 Delaware 18.5 8.5 9.5 18.0 District of Columbia 10.7 7.3 6.4 13.1 Florida 37.9 21.2 21.9 38.2 Georgia 35.8 18.4 17.7 36.5 Hawaii 15.5 6.6 5.7 14.3 Idaho 34.7 17.9 16.5 32.8 Illinois 27.7 12.2 13.0 24.5 Indiana 28.8 12.6 12.6 26.4 Iowa 21.1 7.5 8.6 19.1 Kansas 28.2 11.8 12.5 26.8 Kentucky 31.0 14.0 13.4 29.0 Louisiana 34.6 16.4 19.3 34.7 Maine 21.7 8.3 10.2 22.3 Maryland 22.0 9.0 10.1 22.0 Massachusetts 9.1 3.2 4.2 7.9 Michigan 26.5 10.2 11.5 22.8 Minnesota 18.7 6.1 7.9 16.7 Mississippi 34.4 17.0 16.7 34.7 Missouri 26.4 11.7 11.6 26.3 Montana 31.7 16.2 17.1 29.6 Nebraska 25.2 9.4 11.3 21.9 Nevada 37.1 20.0 17.9 36.9 New Hampshire 29.7 12.7 13.0 28.1 New Jersey 26.2 11.4 12.9 22.8 New Mexico 34.2 20.3 21.2 34.5 New York 21.7 10.9 12.9 20.5 North Carolina 31.4 16.3 15.3 31.3 North Dakota 21.9 6.0 10.2 16.7 Ohio 25.8 9.4 10.6 22.4 Statea Congressional Research Service 26 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Single Married Employed Fulltimeb Employed Parttime Oklahoma 35.4 18.9 18.4 37.6 Oregon 32.5 15.8 15.0 31.1 Pennsylvania 20.6 8.2 9.1 18.9 Rhode Island 23.1 9.3 11.2 21.7 South Carolina 33.5 14.7 16.0 32.4 South Dakota 27.1 8.5 11.1 23.5 Tennessee 28.7 13.4 13.3 28.5 Texas 38.6 25.0 23.4 41.7 Utah 28.4 14.6 14.3 23.7 Vermont 17.3 6.5 10.6 15.1 Virginia 25.3 11.1 11.7 24.6 Washington 28.3 12.3 11.8 26.8 West Virginia 30.4 14.0 15.6 30.6 Wisconsin 20.7 6.4 8.6 16.3 Wyoming 30.8 13.1 13.4 32.5 Statea Source: CRS analysis of data from 2010 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. a. All figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population age 18 through 64. Each value in the table is an estimate, and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. Full-time is defined as working 30 or more hours a week for 50 or more weeks, and part-time is defined as working fewer than 30 hours a week or less than 50 weeks per year. Congressional Research Service 27 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table 10. Ranking of States by Percentage Uninsured by Marital Status, 2010 (lowest to highest) Single Ranking 1. 2. 3. State Massachusetts District of Columbia Hawaii Married Percent Uninsured (%) Rank 9.1 1. Massachusetts 3.2 10.7 2. North Dakota 6.0 15.5 3. Minnesota 6.1 Wisconsin 6.4 State Percent Uninsured (%) 4. Vermont 17.3 4. 5. Delaware 18.5 5. Vermont 6.5 6. Minnesota 18.7 6. Hawaii 6.6 7. Connecticut 19.2 7. District of Columbia 7.3 20.6 8. Connecticut 7.4 20.7 9. Iowa 7.5 21.1 10. Pennsylvania 8.2 21.7 11. Maine 8.3 21.7 12. Delaware 8.5 South Dakota 8.5 8. 9. 10. 11. 11. Pennsylvania Wisconsin Iowa Maine New York 13. North Dakota 21.9 12. 14. Maryland 22.0 14. Maryland 9.0 15. Rhode Island 23.1 15. Rhode Island 9.3 16. Nebraska 25.2 16. Nebraska 9.4 25.3 16. Ohio 9.4 25.8 18. Michigan 10.2 26.2 19. New York 10.9 26.4 20. Virginia 11.1 26.5 21. New Jersey 11.4 Missouri 11.7 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. Virginia Ohio New Jersey Missouri Michigan 22. South Dakota 27.1 22. 23. Illinois 27.7 23. Kansas 11.8 24. Kansas 28.2 24. Illinois 12.2 25. Washington 28.3 25. Washington 12.3 26. Utah 28.4 26. Indiana 12.6 28.5 27. Alabama 12.7 28.5 27. New Hampshire 12.7 28.7 29. Wyoming 13.1 28.7 30. Tennessee 13.4 28.8 32. Colorado 14.0 Kentucky 14.0 West Virginia 14.0 27. 27 29. Arizona Colorado Tennessee United States 30. Indiana 31. Alabama 29.7 32. 31. New Hampshire 29.7 32. Congressional Research Service 28 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Single Ranking State Married Percent Uninsured (%) Rank 34. 33. West Virginia 30.4 34. Wyoming 30.8 35. Kentucky 31.0 36. North Carolina 37. 38. 39. 40. California Montana Oregon South Carolina State Percent Uninsured (%) Alaska 14.1 United States 14.4 35. Utah 14.6 31.4 36. South Carolina 14.7 31.5 37. Oregon 15.8 31.7 38. Arizona 16.2 32.5 38. Montana 16.2 33.5 40. North Carolina 16.3 Louisiana 16.4 41. New Mexico 34.2 41. 42. Arkansas 34.4 42. Mississippi 17.0 42. Mississippi 34.4 43. Idaho 17.9 44. Louisiana 34.6 44. Arkansas 18.4 45. Idaho 34.7 44. Georgia 18.4 35.4 46. Oklahoma 18.9 35.8 47. California 19.1 37.1 48. Nevada 20.0 37.7 49. New Mexico 20.3 Florida 21.2 Texas 25.0 46. 47. 48. 49. Oklahoma Georgia Nevada Alaska 50. Florida 37.9 50. 51. Texas 38.6 51. Source: CRS analysis of data from 2010 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. Notes: Rankings are for the civilian non-institutionalized population age 18-64. While rankings are based on the point estimates, there is a confidence interval around each estimate, and therefore the rankings should be interpreted as indicative. Although the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. Columns sorted initially by percent uninsured and then alphabetically. Congressional Research Service 29 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table 11. Ranking of States by Percentage Uninsured by Employment Status, 2010 (lowest to highest) Employed Full-time Rank State Employed Part-time Percent Uninsured (%) Rank State Percent Uninsured (%) 1. Massachusetts 4.2 1. Massachusetts 7.9 2. Hawaii 5.7 2. District of Columbia 13.1 6.4 3. Hawaii 14.3 7.9 4. Vermont 15.1 7.9 5. Wisconsin 16.3 8.6 6. Minnesota 16.7 8.6 6. North Dakota 16.7 Delaware 18.0 3. 4. 4. 6. 7. District of Columbia Connecticut Minnesota Iowa Wisconsin 8. Pennsylvania 9.1 8. 9. Delaware 9.5 9. Pennsylvania 18.9 10. Maryland 10.1 10. Connecticut 19.1 11. Maine 10.2 10. Iowa 19.1 10.2 12. New York 20.5 10.6 13. Rhode Island 21.7 10.6 14. Nebraska 21.9 11.1 15. Maryland 22.0 11.2 16. Maine 22.3 Ohio 22.4 11. 13. 13. 15. 16. North Dakota Ohio Vermont South Dakota Rhode Island 17. Nebraska 11.3 17. 18. Michigan 11.5 18. Michigan 22.8 19. Missouri 11.6 18. New Jersey 22.8 20. Virginia 11.7 20. South Dakota 23.5 11.8 21. Utah 23.7 12.5 22. Illinois 24.5 12.6 23. Virginia 24.6 12.9 24. Missouri 26.3 12.9 25. Arizona 26.4 Indiana 26.4 21. 22. 23. 24. 24. Washington Kansas Indiana New Jersey New York 27. Alabama 13.0 25. 27. Illinois 13.0 27. Kansas 26.8 27. New Hampshire 13.0 27. Washington 26.8 29. Tennessee 13.3 30. 30. 32. 33. Kentucky Wyoming Colorado Utah Congressional Research Service United States 27.6 13.4 29. Colorado 27.9 13.4 30. Alabama 28.1 14.1 30. New Hampshire 28.1 14.3 32. Tennessee 28.5 30 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Employed Full-time Rank State United States 34. 35. Oregon North Carolina Employed Part-time Percent Uninsured (%) Rank 14.5 33. Kentucky 29.0 15.0 34. Montana 29.6 15.3 35. West Virginia 30.6 Oregon 31.1 State Percent Uninsured (%) 36. West Virginia 15.6 36. 37. South Carolina 16.0 37. North Carolina 31.3 38. Alaska 16.1 38. California 32.0 39. Idaho 16.5 39. South Carolina 32.4 16.7 40. Wyoming 32.5 17.1 41. Idaho 32.8 17.2 42. New Mexico 34.5 17.7 43. Louisiana 34.7 17.7 43. Mississippi 34.7 Alaska 34.8 40. 41. 42. 44. 44. Mississippi Montana Arizona Arkansas California 44. Georgia 17.7 45. 46. Nevada 17.9 46. Georgia 36.5 47. Oklahoma 18.4 47. Nevada 36.9 48. Louisiana 19.3 48. Arkansas 37.4 21.2 49. Oklahoma 37.6 21.9 50. Florida 38.2 23.4 51. Texas 41.7 49. 50. 51. New Mexico Florida Texas Source: CRS analysis of data from 2010 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. Notes: Rankings are for the civilian non-institutionalized population age 18-64. While rankings are based on the point estimates, there is a confidence interval around each estimate, and therefore the rankings should be interpreted as indicative. Although the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. Columns sorted initially by percent uninsured and then alphabetically. The Uninsured: Characteristics by Congressional District (111th Congress) Of the 436 congressional districts (including Washington, DC) 242 had fewer uninsureds in 2010, as a proportion of their population, than the national average of 15.5% and 75 congressional districts had fewer then 10% of their populations uninsured in 2010. Of the 10 congressional districts with the lowest proportion of uninsureds, all 10 were in Massachusetts. The 3rd, 4th, and 6th congressional districts in Massachusetts had the lowest proportion of uninsureds in the country with 3.6% uninsured. The 5th congressional district in Wisconsin, north and west of Milwaukee, ranked number 11 in terms of the lowest proportion of uninsureds, with 5.9% uninsured. Congressional Research Service 31 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 There were 14 congressional districts in 2010 where more than 30% of their populations were uninsured: six in Texas (9, 15, 18, 28, 29, 30), five in Florida (17, 18, 21, 23, and 25) and three in California (31, 34, and 47). Texas’s 29th congressional district, east of Houston, had the highest proportion of uninsureds of any congressional district with 41.1% uninsured. In the Appendix that follows, two tables are presented for each state and the District of Columbia. The first table presents the proportion uninsured in 2010 by gender, age, income, marital status, and employment status. The second table presents the proportion of uninsured for each congressional district in 2010. Both sets of estimates were generated by the Census Bureau based on the 2010 American Community Survey. Congressional Research Service 32 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Appendix. State and Congressional District Data Tables Alabama Table A-1. Alabama: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 4,702,770 686,590 14.6 (-) Female 2,438,485 321,540 13.2 (-) Male 2,264,280 365,055 16.1 (-) Under Age 6 367,235 17,540 4.8 (-) Under Age 19 1,208,040 75,590 6.3 (-) Under Age 26 Total Population 1,673,660 228,290 13.6 (-) Age 19 through 21 222,625 66,045 29.7 (x) Age 21 through 64 2,712,190 566,175 20.9 (x) 637,595 1,920 0.3 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 4,653,595 ≤133% FPL 1,228,370 336,005 27.4 (x) >133 to <400% FPL 2,079,565 294,600 14.2 (-) ≥400% + FPL 1,345,665 52,820 3.9 (-) 1,443,450 428,070 29.7 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 2,931,535 1,488,085 189,645 12.7 (-) Employed Full-timed 1,426,745 185,970 13.0 (-) Employed Part-timee 449,410 126,270 28.1 (x) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significant higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 33 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-2. Alabama: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 4,702,769 686,592 14.60% (-) Congressional District 1 679,983 117,624 17.30% (+) Congressional District 2 642,314 82,889 12.90% (-) Congressional District 3 676,821 100,510 14.90% (-) Congressional District 4 652,387 106,184 16.30% (+) Congressional District 5 707,256 92,672 13.10% (-) Congressional District 6 741,669 79,962 10.80% (-) Congressional District 7 602,339 106,751 17.70% (+) Congressional District Alabama Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 34 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Alaska Table A-3. Alaska: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 689,250 136,840 19.9 (+) Female 338,130 60,935 18.0 (+) Male 351,120 75,905 21.6 (+) Under Age 6 64,460 6,005 9.3 (+) Under Age 19 198,225 25,390 12.8 (+) Under Age 26 264,540 51,620 19.5 (+) Age 19 through 21 28,770 10,610 36.9 (+) Age 21 through 64 420,645 103,225 24.5 (+) Age 65 and over 51,830 1,175 2.3 (+) Poverty Status 683,600 ≤133% FPL 104,600 35,470 33.9 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 283,945 74,080 26.1 (+) ≥400% + FPL 295,055 26,660 9.0 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 449,435 Singlec 209,360 78,880 37.7 (+) Married 240,075 33,940 14.1 (x) Employed Full-timed 217,630 35,080 16.1 (+) Employed Part-timee 103,150 35,920 34.8 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 35 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-4. Alaska: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb Alaska 689,249 136,840 19.90% (+) At Large Alaska 689,249 136,840 19.90% (+) Congressional District Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 36 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Arizona Table A-5. Arizona: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 6,310,175 1,065,130 16.9 (+) Female 3,204,790 495,100 15.4 (+) Male 3,105,385 570,035 18.4 (+) Under Age 6 547,765 54,335 9.9 (+) Under Age 19 1,727,465 228,420 13.2 (+) Under Age 26 2,328,090 425,625 18.3 (+) Age 19 through 21 264,185 87,360 33.1 (+) Age 21 through 64 3,531,220 771,610 21.9 (+) 875,560 9,740 1.1 (x) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 6,259,085 ≤133% FPL 1,578,735 439,995 27.9 (x) >133 to <400% FPL 2,774,715 508,885 18.3 (x) ≥400% + FPL 1,905,635 109,755 5.8 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 3,804,685 Singlec 1,883,775 536,020 28.5 (x) Married 1,920,905 311,405 16.2 (+) Employed Full-timed 1,878,420 322,330 17.2 (+) Employed Part-timee 644,335 170,075 26.4 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 37 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-6. Arizona: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 6,310,174 1,065,132 16.90% (+) Congressional District 1 740,342 133,137 18.00% (+) Congressional District 2 972,287 139,969 14.40% (-) Congressional District 3 687,632 100,536 14.60% (-) Congressional District 4 696,754 205,938 29.60% (+) Congressional District 5 658,860 85,533 13.00% (-) Congressional District 6 967,513 129,093 13.30% (-) Congressional District 7 855,077 187,910 22.00% (+) Congressional District 8 731,709 83,016 11.30% (-) Congressional District Arizona Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 38 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Arkansas Table A-7. Arkansas: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 2,867,610 500,615 17.5 (+) Female 1,472,080 238,060 16.2 (+) Male 1,395,535 262,555 18.8 (+) Under Age 6 238,400 10,860 4.6 (-) Under Age 19 753,530 56,280 7.5 (-) Under Age 26 1,030,155 168,465 16.4 (+) Age 19 through 21 132,970 50,010 37.6 (+) Age 21 through 64 1,620,130 410,880 25.4 (+) 404,805 985 0.2 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 2,833,775 ≤133% FPL 762,380 225,895 29.6 (+) 1,339,020 228,595 17.1 (x) 732,375 44,205 6.0 (x) >133 to <400% FPL ≥400% + FPL Total Population Age 18-64 1,753,435 Singlec 815,015 280,695 34.4 (+) Married 938,415 172,435 18.4 (+) Employed Full-timed 886,015 156,435 17.7 (+) Employed Part-timee 289,085 108,180 37.4 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 39 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-8. Arkansas: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 2,867,611 500,613 17.50% (+) Congressional District 1 673,602 118,798 17.60% (+) Congressional District 2 739,540 120,061 16.20% (+) Congressional District 3 817,006 149,766 18.30% (+) Congressional District 4 637,463 111,988 17.60% (+) Congressional District Arkansas Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 40 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 California Table A-9. California: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 36,815,570 6,824,915 18.5 (+) Female 18,663,090 3,092,915 16.6 (+) Male 18,152,480 3,732,000 20.6 (+) Under Age 6 3,047,215 194,805 6.4 (x) Under Age 19 9,875,595 942,930 9.5 (+) Under Age 26 13,670,805 2,325,015 17.0 (+) Age 19 through 21 1,688,610 576,355 34.1 (+) Age 21 through 64 21,625,155 5,437,380 25.1 (+) Age 65 and over 4,176,970 71,595 1.7 (+) Poverty Status 36,514,380 ≤133% FPL 8,334,430 2,534,080 30.4 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 14,975,350 3,400,410 22.7 (+) ≥400% + FPL 13,204,600 860,835 6.5 (+) 11,774,060 3,710,030 31.5 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 23,349,905 11,575,850 2,210,535 19.1 (+) Employed Full-timed 11,227,590 1,986,800 17.7 (+) Employed Part-timee 4,304,565 1,378,465 32.0 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 41 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-10. California: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Congressional District Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb California 36,815,569 6,824,913 18.50% (+) Congressional District 1 701,403 106,667 15.20% (+) Congressional District 2 698,790 118,083 16.90% (+) Congressional District 3 768,372 89,567 11.70% (-) Congressional District 4 756,885 85,373 11.30% (-) Congressional District 5 690,658 116,043 16.80% (+) Congressional District 6 653,169 81,570 12.50% (-) Congressional District 7 650,626 104,552 16.10% (+) Congressional District 8 663,992 84,787 12.80% (-) Congressional District 9 647,284 103,268 16.00% (+) Congressional District 10 706,306 72,166 10.20% (-) Congressional District 11 777,888 86,619 11.10% (-) Congressional District 12 653,670 67,839 10.40% (-) Congressional District 13 665,236 80,009 12.00% (-) Congressional District 14 648,598 64,929 10.00% (-) Congressional District 15 683,627 72,473 10.60% (-) Congressional District 16 666,097 106,467 16.00% (+) Congressional District 17 643,994 127,612 19.80% (+) Congressional District 18 712,212 156,971 22.00% (+) Congressional District 19 746,054 119,583 16.00% (+) Congressional District 20 697,547 189,264 27.10% (+) Congressional District 21 788,540 151,202 19.20% (+) Congressional District 22 776,711 130,200 16.80% (+) Congressional District 23 690,012 149,957 21.70% (+) Congressional District 24 676,170 80,814 12.00% (-) Congressional District 25 819,052 147,250 18.00% (+) Congressional District 26 696,343 101,510 14.60% (-) Congressional District 27 689,317 144,101 20.90% (+) Congressional District 28 658,398 185,649 28.20% (+) Congressional District 29 634,616 130,453 20.60% (+) Congressional District 30 645,865 66,631 10.30% (-) Congressional District 31 614,049 227,118 37.00% (+) Congressional District 32 636,214 159,941 25.10% (+) Congressional Research Service 42 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Congressional District Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb Congressional District 33 645,580 186,005 28.80% (+) Congressional District 34 631,948 219,267 34.70% (+) Congressional District 35 650,952 189,203 29.10% (+) Congressional District 36 655,925 106,748 16.30% (+) Congressional District 37 643,045 153,278 23.80% (+) Congressional District 38 650,365 172,355 26.50% (+) Congressional District 39 635,594 158,311 24.90% (+) Congressional District 49 661,304 129,183 19.50% (+) Congressional District 41 786,219 144,041 18.30% (+) Congressional District 42 672,452 86,939 12.90% (-) Congressional District 43 738,902 203,672 27.60% (+) Congressional District 44 845,712 163,470 19.30% (+) Congressional District 45 895,131 185,675 20.70% (+) Congressional District 46 643,866 89,522 13.90% (-) Congressional District 47 629,110 195,144 31.00% (+) Congressional District 48 723,048 88,220 12.20% (-) Congressional District 49 766,433 160,163 20.90% (+) Congressional District 50 752,844 109,177 14.50% (-) Congressional District 51 751,125 158,187 21.10% (+) Congressional District 52 659,119 85,101 12.90% (-) Congressional District 53 619,200 132,584 21.40% (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 43 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Colorado Table A-11. Colorado: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 4,956,875 789,110 15.9 (x) Female 2,494,635 354,470 14.2 (x) Male 2,462,240 434,640 17.7 (x) Under Age 6 413,355 34,440 8.3 (+) Under Age 19 1,300,450 139,020 10.7 (+) Under Age 26 1,772,130 290,035 16.4 (+) Age 19 through 21 195,070 59,155 30.3 (x) Age 21 through 64 2,992,205 610,915 20.4 (-) 536,135 3,020 0.6 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 4,914,515 ≤133% FPL 951,445 308,710 32.4 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 2,022,195 379,615 18.8 (+) ≥400% + FPL 1,940,880 97,390 5.0 (x) 1,474,110 420,475 28.5 (x) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 3,194,530 1,720,420 241,485 14.0 (x) Employed Full-timed 1,709,510 240,515 14.1 (x) Employed Part-timee 621,250 173,240 27.9 (x) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 44 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-12. Colorado: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 4,956,873 789,109 15.90% (+) Congressional District 1 659,425 121,587 18.40% (+) Congressional District 2 730,776 109,928 15.00% (-) Congressional District 3 694,534 138,786 20.00% (+) Congressional District 4 716,497 109,805 15.30% (+) Congressional District 5 684,550 101,589 14.80% (-) Congressional District 6 802,241 70,170 8.70% (-) Congressional District 7 668,850 137,244 20.50% (+) Congressional District Colorado Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 45 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Connecticut Table A-13. Connecticut: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 3,519,915 320,135 9.1 (-) Female 1,815,795 133,880 7.4 (-) Male 1,704,115 186,255 10.9 (-) Under Age 6 242,890 5,905 2.4 (-) Under Age 19 865,145 28,010 3.2 (-) Under Age 26 1,182,625 95,700 8.1 (-) Age 19 through 21 141,120 24,275 17.2 (-) Age 21 through 64 2,073,695 272,040 13.1 (-) 484,825 4,590 0.9 (x) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 3,463,165 ≤133% FPL 489,720 90,645 18.5 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 1,245,520 165,715 13.3 (-) ≥400% + FPL 1,727,925 61,355 3.6 (-) 1,077,640 206,760 19.2 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 2,220,080 1,142,435 84,670 7.4 (-) Employed Full-timed 1,195,720 94,035 7.9 (-) Employed Part-timee 430,660 82,130 19.1 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 46 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-14. Connecticut: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 3,519,913 320,133 9.10% (-) Congressional District 1 705,545 61,663 8.70% (-) Congressional District 2 704,258 49,181 7.00% (-) Congressional District 3 702,260 64,851 9.20% (-) Congressional District 4 702,901 79,326 11.30% (-) Congressional District 5 704,949 65,112 9.20% (-) Congressional District Connecticut Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 47 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Delaware Table A-15. Delaware: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 885,230 85,800 9.7 (-) Female 459,025 35,735 7.8 (-) Male 426,205 50,070 11.7 (-) Under Age 6 67,025 2,085 3.1 (-) Under Age 19 221,210 11,750 5.3 (-) Under Age 26 308,395 32,080 10.4 (-) Age 19 through 21 42,110 7,530 17.9 (-) Age 21 through 64 509,630 68,880 13.5 (-) Age 65 and over 125,415 195 0.2 (-) Poverty Status 871,455 ≤133% FPL 139,185 22,505 16.2 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 382,150 48,330 12.6 (-) ≥400% + FPL 350,125 14,365 4.1 (-) 275,210 51,045 18.5 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 553,770 278,560 23,545 8.5 (-) Employed Full-timed 293,180 27,990 9.5 (-) Employed Part-timee 94,780 17,025 18.0 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 48 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-16. Delaware: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb Delaware 885,232 85,801 9.70% (-) At Large Delaware 885,232 85,801 9.70% (-) Congressional District Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 49 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 District of Columbia Table A-17. District of Columbia: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Populationa Total Population Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 594,280 45,165 7.6 (-) Female 315,910 17,290 5.5 (-) Male 278,370 27,870 10.0 (-) Under Age 6 37,855 370 1.0 (-) Under Age 19 113,490 2,695 2.4 (-) Under Age 26 203,125 12,565 6.2 (-) Age 19 through 21 35,795 2,770 7.7 (-) Age 21 through 64 389,285 39,575 10.2 (-) Age 65 and over 67,115 920 1.4 (x) Poverty Status 569,625 ≤133% FPL 134,670 12,195 9.1 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 179,975 21,190 11.8 (-) ≥400% + FPL 254,980 10,785 4.2 (-) 320,170 34,185 10.7 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 426,175 106,005 7,750 7.3 (-) Employed Full-timed 222,210 14,190 6.4 (-) Employed Part-timee 61,460 8,050 13.1 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 50 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-18. District of Columbia; Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb District of Columbia 594,282 45,164 7.60% (-) At Large District of Columbia 594,282 45,164 7.60% (-) Congressional District Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 51 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Florida Table A-19. Florida: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 18,534,080 3,941,060 21.3 (+) Female 9,554,570 1,853,865 19.4 (+) Male 8,979,510 2,087,195 23.2 (+) Under Age 6 1,287,440 127,755 9.9 (+) Under Age 19 4,252,495 570,375 13.4 (+) Under Age 26 5,951,825 1,287,885 21.6 (+) Age 19 through 21 776,255 304,655 39.2 (+) Age 21 through 64 10,552,965 3,125,915 29.6 (+) Age 65 and over 3,208,555 45,910 1.4 (+) Poverty Status 18,397,865 ≤133% FPL 4,318,285 1,537,705 35.6 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 8,456,040 1,953,265 23.1 (+) ≥400% + FPL 5,623,545 431,305 7.7 (+) 5,891,740 2,232,170 37.9 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 11,335,280 5,443,535 1,156,045 21.2 (+) Employed Full-timed 5,645,280 1,237,870 21.9 (+) Employed Part-timee 1,852,555 707,365 38.2 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 52 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-20. Florida: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured 18,534,081 3,941,060 21.30% Congressional District 1 654,922 112,358 17.20% (+) (+) Congressional District 2 707,319 114,241 16.20% (+) Congressional District 3 618,126 139,994 22.60% (+) Congressional District 4 716,420 115,059 16.10% (+) Congressional District 5 931,855 150,491 16.10% (+) Congressional District 6 795,353 130,590 16.40% (+) Congressional District 7 814,872 153,451 18.80% (+) Congressional District 8 815,208 183,637 22.50% (+) Congressional District 9 751,272 125,450 16.70% (+) Congressional District 10 623,621 111,587 17.90% (+) Congressional District 11 667,231 150,043 22.50% (+) Congressional District 12 822,778 167,467 20.40% (+) Congressional District 13 754,564 141,027 18.70% (+) Congressional District 14 851,735 173,470 20.40% (+) Congressional District 15 808,040 155,918 19.30% (+) Congressional District 16 789,460 148,935 18.90% (+) Congressional District 17 624,671 209,955 33.60% (+) Congressional District 18 713,348 218,165 30.60% (+) Congressional District 19 738,261 153,906 20.80% (+) Congressional District 20 681,411 140,755 20.70% (+) Congressional District 21 694,366 215,068 31.00% (+) Congressional District 22 698,179 120,022 17.20% (+) Congressional District 23 664,941 223,494 33.60% (+) Congressional District 24 784,266 127,645 16.30% (+) Congressional District 25 811,862 258,332 31.80% (+) Congressional District Florida Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 53 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Georgia Table A-21. Georgia: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 9,519,835 1,875,565 19.7 (+) Female 4,924,145 887,155 18.0 (+) Male 4,595,690 988,410 21.5 (+) Under Age 6 825,390 63,195 7.7 (+) Under Age 19 2,644,670 272,285 10.3 (+) Under Age 26 3,566,000 649,765 18.2 (+) Age 19 through 21 423,670 169,220 39.9 (+) Age 21 through 64 5,585,580 1,480,975 26.5 (+) Age 65 and over 1,003,530 11,530 1.1 (x) Poverty Status 9,414,770 ≤133% FPL 2,344,390 823,805 35.1 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 4,153,850 863,920 20.8 (+) ≥400% + FPL 2,916,530 176,810 6.1 (+) 2,937,545 1,051,890 35.8 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 6,024,025 3,086,480 568,140 18.4 (+) Employed Full-timed 3,038,950 537,315 17.7 (+) Employed Part-timee 950,320 347,095 36.5 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 54 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-22. Georgia: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 9,519,836 1,875,566 19.70% (+) Congressional District 1 693,733 148,705 21.40% (+) Congressional District 2 597,113 126,072 21.10% (+) Congressional District 3 804,157 123,403 15.30% (-) Congressional District 4 665,925 191,001 28.70% (+) Congressional District 5 620,049 132,019 21.30% (+) Congressional District 6 768,225 102,417 13.30% (-) Congressional District 7 909,976 188,790 20.70% (+) Congressional District 8 689,685 120,893 17.50% (+) Congressional District 9 816,639 151,752 18.60% (+) Congressional District 10 715,734 128,899 18.00% (+) Congressional District 11 780,442 136,952 17.50% (+) Congressional District 12 679,167 140,683 20.70% (+) Congressional District 13 778,991 183,980 23.60% (+) Congressional District Georgia Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 55 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Hawaii Table A-23. Hawaii: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,315,675 103,765 7.9 (-) Female 671,140 44,565 6.6 (-) Male 644,535 59,200 9.2 (-) Under Age 6 101,765 3,185 3.1 (-) Under Age 19 320,830 12,710 4.0 (-) Under Age 26 440,290 34,035 7.7 (-) Age 19 through 21 50,890 7,950 15.6 (-) Age 21 through 64 768,440 81,740 10.6 (-) Age 65 and over 193,835 3,055 1.6 (+) Poverty Status 1,302,285 ≤133% FPL 194,305 30,270 15.6 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 546,900 46,820 8.6 (-) ≥400% + FPL 561,085 25,820 4.6 (-) 401,120 62,035 15.5 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 818,180 417,060 27,555 6.6 (-) Employed Full-timed 449,660 25,480 5.7 (-) Employed Part-timee 145,455 20,740 14.3 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 56 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-24. Hawaii: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,315,677 103,764 7.90% (-) Congressional District 1 628,913 41,527 6.60% (-) Congressional District 2 686,764 62,237 9.10% (-) Congressional District Hawaii Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 57 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Idaho Table A-25. Idaho: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,551,635 275,405 17.7 (+) Female 779,455 132,195 17.0 (+) Male 772,180 143,205 18.5 (+) Under Age 6 146,670 14,850 10.1 (+) Under Age 19 453,380 49,750 11.0 (+) Under Age 26 602,570 103,430 17.2 (+) Age 19 through 21 63,790 21,500 33.7 (x) Age 21 through 64 862,505 210,895 24.5 (+) Age 65 and over 193,025 325 0.2 (-) Poverty Status 1,539,120 ≤133% FPL 361,315 119,270 33.0 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 784,005 132,860 16.9 (x) ≥400% + FPL 393,800 22,350 5.7 (x) 376,885 130,805 34.7 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 930,310 553,425 99,270 17.9 (+) Employed Full-timed 455,245 75,010 16.5 (+) Employed Part-timee 192,485 63,145 32.8 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 58 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-26. Idaho: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,551,635 275,404 17.70% (+) Congressional District 1 831,038 143,906 17.30% (+) Congressional District 2 720,597 131,498 18.20% (+) Congressional District Idaho Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 59 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Illinois Table A-27. Illinois: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 12,673,245 1,745,555 13.8 (-) Female 6,484,865 769,645 11.9 (-) Male 6,188,380 975,910 15.8 (-) Under Age 6 1,000,580 33,910 3.4 (-) Under Age 19 3,306,865 161,665 4.9 (-) Under Age 26 4,534,455 526,205 11.6 (-) Age 19 through 21 546,790 157,695 28.8 (-) Age 21 through 64 7,445,745 1,459,800 19.6 (-) Age 65 and over 1,549,785 20,140 1.3 (+) Poverty Status 12,536,675 ≤133% FPL 2,444,650 636,795 26.0 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 5,305,735 879,120 16.6 (-) ≥400% + FPL 4,786,285 222,545 4.6 (-) 3,926,930 1,088,040 27.7 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 8,001,745 4,074,815 497,270 12.2 (-) Employed Full-timed 4,134,560 535,695 13.0 (-) Employed Part-timee 1,481,410 362,235 24.5 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 60 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-28. Illinois: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Congressional District Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb Illinois 12,673,245 1,745,556 13.80% (-) Congressional District 1 598,167 101,347 16.90% (+) Congressional District 2 606,980 112,936 18.60% (+) Congressional District 3 657,282 111,138 16.90% (+) Congressional District 4 579,040 171,848 29.70% (+) Congressional District 5 641,990 113,937 17.70% (+) Congressional District 6 652,158 80,926 12.40% (-) Congressional District 7 624,967 99,510 15.90% (+) Congressional District 8 733,261 90,899 12.40% (-) Congressional District 9 629,454 109,593 17.40% Congressional District 10 643,687 65,692 10.20% (+) (-) Congressional District 11 742,330 84,826 11.40% (-) Congressional District 12 650,350 76,155 11.70% (-) Congressional District 13 771,176 71,093 9.20% (-) Congressional District 14 834,236 99,719 12.00% (-) Congressional District 15 679,074 74,809 11.00% (-) Congressional District 16 714,781 78,857 11.00% (-) Congressional District 17 616,797 74,602 12.10% (-) Congressional District 18 648,075 63,237 9.80% (-) Congressional District 19 649,440 64,432 9.90% (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 61 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Indiana Table A-29. Indiana: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 6,391,470 947,920 14.8 (-) Female 3,258,965 440,995 13.5 (-) Male 3,132,505 506,925 16.2 (-) Under Age 6 527,070 44,155 8.4 (+) Under Age 19 1,705,740 157,220 9.2 (+) Under Age 26 2,332,565 355,650 15.2 (x) Age 19 through 21 295,000 84,645 28.7 (x) Age 21 through 64 3,683,790 731,515 19.9 (-) 806,785 3,700 0.5 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 6,290,630 ≤133% FPL 1,357,420 386,730 28.5 (x) >133 to <400% FPL 3,031,130 463,080 15.3 (-) ≥400% + FPL 1,902,085 88,485 4.7 (-) 1,848,885 533,000 28.8 (x) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 3,982,365 2,133,485 268,545 12.6 (-) Employed Full-timed 2,012,335 253,335 12.6 (-) Employed Part-timee 729,460 192,410 26.4 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 62 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-30. Indiana: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 6,391,470 947,920 14.80% (-) Congressional District 1 700,774 96,574 13.80% (-) Congressional District 2 660,427 96,907 14.70% (-) Congressional District 3 721,309 128,405 17.80% (+) Congressional District 4 776,936 100,985 13.00% (-) Congressional District 5 803,333 95,187 11.80% (-) Congressional District 6 660,965 102,564 15.50% (x) Congressional District 7 673,265 134,025 19.90% (+) Congressional District 8 676,980 95,213 14.10% (-) Congressional District 9 717,481 98,060 13.70% (-) Congressional District Indiana Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 63 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Iowa Table A-31. Iowa: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 3,004,885 279,810 9.3 (-) Female 1,521,170 124,865 8.2 (-) Male 1,483,715 154,950 10.4 (-) Under Age 6 241,280 7,115 2.9 (-) Under Age 19 772,730 34,190 4.4 (-) Under Age 26 1,065,770 100,370 9.4 (-) Age 19 through 21 135,200 26,935 19.9 (-) Age 21 through 64 1,712,340 227,455 13.3 (-) 428,305 1,235 0.3 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 2,948,535 ≤133% FPL 541,945 115,160 21.2 (-) 1,414,765 137,715 9.7 (-) 991,830 22,965 2.3 (-) 808,500 170,935 21.1 (-) >133 to <400% FPL ≥400% + FPL Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 1,854,815 1,046,315 78,595 7.5 (-) Employed Full-timed 1,075,345 92,985 8.6 (-) Employed Part-timee 363,690 69,560 19.1 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 64 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-32. Iowa: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 3,004,885 279,811 9.30% (-) Congressional District 1 587,921 49,486 8.40% (-) Congressional District 2 610,104 56,821 9.30% (-) Congressional District 3 636,169 60,789 9.60% (-) Congressional District 4 600,398 51,955 8.70% (-) Congressional District 5 570,293 60,760 10.70% (-) Congressional District Iowa Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 65 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Kansas Table A-33. Kansas: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Populationa Total Population Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 2,804,460 389,445 13.9 (-) Female 1,424,920 182,090 12.8 (-) Male 1,379,540 207,355 15.0 (-) Under Age 6 247,415 16,500 6.7 (x) Under Age 19 771,085 65,695 8.5 (x) Under Age 26 1,049,705 146,580 14.0 (-) Age 19 through 21 125,520 32,150 25.6 (-) Age 21 through 64 1,588,430 300,995 18.9 (-) 360,495 1,530 0.4 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 2,761,600 ≤133% FPL 556,960 170,915 30.7 (+) 1,256,960 176,790 14.1 (-) 947,675 37,790 4.0 (-) 767,000 215,950 28.2 (x) >133 to <400% FPL ≥400% + FPL Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 1,718,525 951,525 112,185 11.8 (-) Employed Full-timed 963,710 120,345 12.5 (-) Employed Part-timee 318,580 85,445 26.8 (x) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 66 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-34. Kansas: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 2,804,461 389,446 13.90% (-) Congressional District 1 636,748 90,600 14.20% (-) Congressional District 2 689,730 86,194 12.50% (-) Congressional District 3 767,409 104,253 13.60% (-) Congressional District 4 710,574 108,399 15.30% (+) Congressional District Kansas Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 67 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Kentucky Table A-35. Kentucky: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 4,242,715 647,040 15.3 (x) Female 2,176,870 300,085 13.8 (x) Male 2,065,845 346,955 16.8 (x) Under Age 6 334,010 17,140 5.1 (-) Under Age 19 1,075,570 71,370 6.6 (-) Under Age 26 1,465,050 206,805 14.1 (-) Age 19 through 21 174,155 61,125 35.1 (+) Age 21 through 64 2,492,370 533,545 21.4 (x) 556,360 1,395 0.3 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 4,206,035 ≤133% FPL 1,110,865 304,050 27.4 (x) >133 to <400% FPL 1,914,310 284,805 14.9 (-) ≥400% + FPL 1,180,860 54,740 4.6 (-) 1,235,550 383,555 31.0 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 2,667,980 1,432,430 200,910 14.0 (x) Employed Full-timed 1,283,630 172,525 13.4 (-) Employed Part-timee 438,895 127,185 29.0 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 68 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-36. Kentucky: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 4,242,714 647,041 15.30% (-) Congressional District 1 660,689 107,625 16.30% (+) Congressional District 2 737,271 102,729 13.90% (-) Congressional District 3 714,529 94,499 13.20% (-) Congressional District 4 721,775 97,830 13.60% (-) Congressional District 5 657,174 120,436 18.30% (+) Congressional District 6 751,276 123,922 16.50% (+) Congressional District Kentucky Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 69 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Louisiana Table A-37. Louisiana: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 4,440,315 790,985 17.8 (+) Female 2,293,540 382,350 16.7 (+) Male 2,146,775 408,635 19.0 (+) Under Age 6 377,650 16,045 4.2 (-) Under Age 19 1,183,820 74,405 6.3 (-) Under Age 26 1,643,920 241,280 14.7 (x) Age 19 through 21 201,935 69,195 34.3 (+) Age 21 through 64 2,584,265 668,060 25.9 (+) 538,560 3,555 0.7 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 4,401,010 ≤133% FPL 1,140,585 317,805 27.9 (x) >133 to <400% FPL 1,918,900 368,320 19.2 (+) ≥400% + FPL 1,341,525 101,445 7.6 (+) 1,473,865 510,590 34.6 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 2,788,425 1,314,555 215,125 16.4 (+) Employed Full-timed 1,413,540 272,475 19.3 (+) Employed Part-timee 449,635 155,900 34.7 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 70 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-38. Louisiana: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 4,440,314 790,987 17.80% (+) Congressional District 1 672,762 109,640 16.30% (+) Congressional District 2 502,106 104,754 20.90% (+) Congressional District 3 632,420 106,917 16.90% (+) Congressional District 4 645,154 116,214 18.00% (+) Congressional District 5 611,349 141,795 23.20% (+) Congressional District 6 708,319 104,595 14.80% (-) Congressional District 7 668,204 107,072 16.00% (+) Congressional District Louisiana Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 71 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Maine Table A-39. Maine: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,313,035 133,065 10.1 (-) Female 672,175 53,620 8.0 (-) Male 640,865 79,445 12.4 (-) Under Age 6 84,490 2,380 2.8 (-) Under Age 19 290,390 12,220 4.2 (-) Under Age 26 402,190 37,805 9.4 (-) Age 19 through 21 53,990 10,430 19.3 (-) Age 21 through 64 782,425 115,000 14.7 (-) Age 65 and over 203,460 220 0.1 (-) Poverty Status 1,290,890 ≤133% FPL 249,950 35,880 14.4 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 606,110 76,170 12.6 (-) ≥400% + FPL 434,830 20,340 4.7 (-) 393,260 85,340 21.7 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 836,480 443,220 36,565 8.3 (-) Employed Full-timed 441,670 45,255 10.2 (-) Employed Part-timee 159,600 35,600 22.3 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 72 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-40. Maine: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,313,037 133,065 10.10% (-) Congressional District 1 662,593 60,714 9.20% (-) Congressional District 2 650,444 72,351 11.10% (-) Congressional District Maine Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 73 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Maryland Table A-41. Maryland: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 5,688,000 640,860 11.3 (-) Female 2,957,110 285,160 9.6 (-) Male 2,730,890 355,700 13.0 (-) Under Age 6 436,840 18,095 4.1 (-) Under Age 19 1,433,065 74,515 5.2 (-) Under Age 26 1,974,930 213,820 10.8 (-) Age 19 through 21 234,745 53,740 22.9 (-) Age 21 through 64 3,409,905 522,420 15.3 (-) 687,050 10,610 1.5 (+) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 5,620,210 ≤133% FPL 771,960 173,470 22.5 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 2,012,965 339,520 16.9 (-) ≥400% + FPL 2,835,285 123,095 4.3 (-) 1,817,905 400,320 22.0 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 3,650,940 1,833,030 165,635 9.0 (-) Employed Full-timed 2,108,460 213,205 10.1 (-) Employed Part-timee 613,125 134,755 22.0 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 74 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-42. Maryland: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 5,687,998 640,861 11.30% (-) Congressional District 1 734,328 57,825 7.90% (-) Congressional District 2 699,718 85,927 12.30% (-) Congressional District 3 696,267 73,873 10.60% (-) Congressional District 4 711,030 98,821 13.90% (-) Congressional District 5 754,676 83,453 11.10% (-) Congressional District 6 727,412 53,944 7.40% (-) Congressional District 7 643,227 77,929 12.10% (-) Congressional District 8 721,340 109,089 15.10% (-) Congressional District Maryland Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 75 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Massachusetts Table A-43. Massachusetts: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 6,478,065 285,715 4.4 (-) Female 3,351,145 106,955 3.2 (-) Male 3,126,920 178,765 5.7 (-) Under Age 6 441,885 5,410 1.2 (-) Under Age 19 1,517,630 25,310 1.7 (-) Under Age 26 2,179,425 89,705 4.1 (-) Age 19 through 21 301,800 25,830 8.6 (-) Age 21 through 64 3,895,110 242,360 6.2 (-) 863,790 2,455 0.3 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 6,329,410 ≤133% FPL 1,013,535 85,350 8.4 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 2,237,115 140,150 6.3 (-) ≥400% + FPL 3,078,760 57,540 1.9 (-) 2,158,310 196,480 9.1 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 4,199,535 2,041,220 65,100 3.2 (-) Employed Full-timed 2,205,875 92,050 4.2 (-) Employed Part-timee 822,660 64,715 7.9 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 76 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-44. Massachusetts: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 6,478,067 285,717 4.40% (-) Congressional District 1 628,361 26,720 4.30% (-) Congressional District 2 664,479 31,768 4.80% (-) Congressional District 3 653,614 23,836 3.60% (-) Congressional District 4 649,312 23,185 3.60% (-) Congressional District 5 653,218 27,135 4.20% (-) Congressional District 6 644,675 23,342 3.60% (-) Congressional District 7 639,391 35,804 5.60% (-) Congressional District 8 651,740 38,048 5.80% (-) Congressional District 9 653,320 27,135 4.20% (-) Congressional District 10 639,957 28,744 4.50% (-) Congressional District Massachusetts Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 77 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Michigan Table A-45. Michigan: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 9,763,685 1,207,385 12.4 (-) Female 4,992,255 524,425 10.5 (-) Male 4,771,430 682,960 14.3 (-) Under Age 6 715,385 26,075 3.6 (-) Under Age 19 2,482,370 111,165 4.5 (-) Under Age 26 3,410,685 377,425 11.1 (-) Age 19 through 21 447,975 109,470 24.4 (-) Age 21 through 64 5,646,040 1,024,985 18.2 (-) Age 65 and over 1,325,715 3,995 0.3 (-) Poverty Status 9,652,865 ≤133% FPL 2,209,445 495,435 22.4 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 4,344,125 569,770 13.1 (-) ≥400% + FPL 3,099,295 136,635 4.4 (-) 2,971,245 788,240 26.5 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 6,106,495 3,135,250 320,050 10.2 (-) Employed Full-timed 2,758,725 317,355 11.5 (-) Employed Part-timee 1,181,900 269,695 22.8 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 78 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-46. Michigan: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 9,763,683 1,207,384 12.40% (-) Congressional District 1 633,140 82,794 13.10% (-) Congressional District 2 689,386 85,025 12.30% (-) Congressional District 3 683,370 76,977 11.30% (-) Congressional District 4 674,328 86,894 12.90% (-) Congressional District 5 623,215 72,393 11.60% (-) Congressional District 6 666,603 81,423 12.20% (-) Congressional District 7 664,612 80,418 12.10% (-) Congressional District 8 701,089 61,084 8.70% (-) Congressional District 9 659,999 68,277 10.30% (-) Congressional District 10 715,125 85,600 12.00% (-) Congressional District 11 688,194 72,296 10.50% (-) Congressional District 12 627,510 88,935 14.20% (-) Congressional District 13 509,944 94,929 18.60% (+) Congressional District 14 544,471 98,050 18.00% (+) Congressional District 15 682,697 72,289 10.60% (-) Congressional District Michigan Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 79 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Minnesota Table A-47. Minnesota: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 5,252,090 476,260 9.1 (-) Female 2,650,050 203,760 7.7 (-) Male 2,602,045 272,500 10.5 (-) Under Age 6 427,585 25,965 6.1 (x) Under Age 19 1,357,925 91,165 6.7 (-) Under Age 26 1,849,225 196,960 10.7 (-) Age 19 through 21 213,100 39,560 18.6 (-) Age 21 through 64 3,093,510 359,105 11.6 (-) 656,770 2,150 0.3 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 5,187,015 ≤133% FPL 868,580 154,255 17.8 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 2,202,870 254,200 11.5 (-) ≥400% + FPL 2,115,570 64,785 3.1 (-) 1,489,020 278,305 18.7 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 3,314,300 1,825,280 111,640 6.1 (-) Employed Full-timed 1,870,800 147,400 7.9 (-) Employed Part-timee 676,235 112,660 16.7 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 80 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-48. Minnesota: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 5,252,092 476,259 9.10% (-) Congressional District 1 637,797 51,136 8.00% (-) Congressional District 2 725,699 52,369 7.20% (-) Congressional District 3 652,615 53,806 8.20% (-) Congressional District 4 614,046 62,263 10.10% (-) Congressional District 5 608,317 81,471 13.40% (-) Congressional District 6 746,449 53,244 7.10% (-) Congressional District 7 617,272 56,983 9.20% (-) Congressional District 8 649,897 64,987 10.00% (-) Congressional District Minnesota Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 81 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Mississippi Table A-49. Mississippi: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 2,902,905 528,095 18.2 (+) Female 1,510,970 252,480 16.7 (+) Male 1,391,940 275,615 19.8 (+) Under Age 6 249,870 16,750 6.7 (x) Under Age 19 803,790 73,525 9.1 (x) Under Age 26 1,089,510 188,980 17.3 (+) Age 19 through 21 128,315 49,715 38.7 (+) Age 21 through 64 1,643,525 420,600 25.6 (+) 369,805 1,345 0.4 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 2,867,540 ≤133% FPL 883,190 248,825 28.2 (x) 1,304,660 225,360 17.3 (x) 679,690 46,660 6.9 (+) 918,205 316,155 34.4 (+) >133 to <400% FPL ≥400% + FPL Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 1,781,120 862,910 147,090 17.0 (+) Employed Full-timed 862,615 144,360 16.7 (+) Employed Part-timee 252,575 87,555 34.7 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 82 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-50. Mississippi: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 2,902,907 528,095 18.20% (+) Congressional District 1 777,751 136,281 17.50% (+) Congressional District 2 654,079 136,621 20.90% (+) Congressional District 3 733,712 114,622 15.60% (+) Congressional District 4 737,365 140,571 19.10% (+) Congressional District Mississippi Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 83 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Missouri Table A-51. Missouri: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 5,879,865 773,895 13.2 (-) Female 3,024,310 365,030 12.1 (-) Male 2,855,555 408,865 14.3 (-) Under Age 6 463,860 23,035 5.0 (-) Under Age 19 1,501,945 98,540 6.6 (-) Under Age 26 2,073,405 263,070 12.7 (-) Age 19 through 21 259,410 68,160 26.3 (-) Age 21 through 64 3,398,590 628,190 18.5 (-) 803,625 3,325 0.4 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 5,804,975 ≤133% FPL 1,265,630 324,505 25.6 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 2,708,075 369,430 13.6 (-) ≥400% + FPL 1,831,275 74,410 4.1 (-) 1,724,655 454,810 26.4 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 3,662,510 1,937,855 227,615 11.7 (-) Employed Full-timed 1,941,745 225,685 11.6 (-) Employed Part-timee 636,930 167,565 26.3 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 84 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-52. Missouri: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 a Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 5,879,864 773,894 13.20% (-) Congressional District 1 580,164 87,232 15.00% (-) Congressional District 2 698,555 45,537 6.50% (-) Congressional District 3 620,976 79,834 12.90% (-) Congressional District 4 653,490 91,553 14.00% (-) Congressional District 5 632,650 108,117 17.10% (+) Congressional District 6 673,401 68,683 10.20% (-) Congressional District 7 714,493 120,677 16.90% (+) Congressional District 8 633,596 94,262 14.90% (-) Congressional District 9 672,539 77,999 11.60% (-) Total Population Congressional District Missouri Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 85 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Montana Table A-53. Montana: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 975,560 168,980 17.3 (+) Female 485,275 79,055 16.3 (+) Male 490,285 89,925 18.3 (+) Under Age 6 73,240 9,915 13.5 (+) Under Age 19 238,115 29,900 12.6 (+) Under Age 26 325,085 57,190 17.6 (+) Age 19 through 21 41,420 12,275 29.6 (x) Age 21 through 64 567,555 131,315 23.1 (+) Age 65 and over 142,655 430 0.3 (-) Poverty Status 962,275 ≤133% FPL 211,750 65,700 31.0 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 464,205 84,595 18.2 (x) ≥400% + FPL 286,320 17,775 6.2 (x) 270,330 85,630 31.7 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 611,450 341,120 55,360 16.2 (+) Employed Full-timed 309,620 53,005 17.1 (+) Employed Part-timee 126,330 37,375 29.6 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 86 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-54. Montana: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb Montana 975,562 168,981 17.30% (+) At Large Montana 975,562 168,981 17.30% (+) Congressional District Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 87 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Nebraska Table A-55. Nebraska: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,802,050 207,655 11.5 (-) Female 912,955 93,620 10.3 (-) Male 889,095 114,035 12.8 (-) Under Age 6 156,915 7,175 4.6 (-) Under Age 19 487,720 28,750 5.9 (-) Under Age 26 667,865 76,885 11.5 (-) Age 19 through 21 78,855 18,785 23.8 (-) Age 21 through 64 1,028,695 167,315 16.3 (-) 234,900 705 0.3 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 1,771,860 ≤133% FPL 335,335 83,355 24.9 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 830,765 101,590 12.2 (-) ≥400% + FPL 605,765 21,855 3.6 (-) 486,565 122,750 25.2 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 1,108,280 621,715 58,460 9.4 (-) Employed Full-timed 660,260 74,380 11.3 (-) Employed Part-timee 208,325 45,680 21.9 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 88 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-56. Nebraska: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,802,049 207,653 11.50% (-) Congressional District 1 621,611 62,656 10.10% (-) Congressional District 2 630,922 77,027 12.20% (-) Congressional District 3 549,516 67,970 12.40% (-) Congressional District Nebraska Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 89 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Nevada Table A-57. Nevada: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Populationa Total Population Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 2,668,965 603,700 22.6 (+) Female 1,330,025 282,885 21.3 (+) Male 1,338,940 320,815 24.0 (+) Under Age 6 225,590 33,460 14.8 (+) Under Age 19 702,185 126,190 18.0 (+) Under Age 26 945,245 235,215 24.9 (+) Age 19 through 21 105,895 47,995 45.3 (+) Age 21 through 64 1,575,325 437,190 27.8 (+) 323,215 6,760 2.1 (+) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 2,657,900 ≤133% FPL 564,260 234,690 41.6 (+) 1,240,185 290,635 23.4 (+) 853,455 76,060 8.9 (+) 848,535 315,185 37.1 (+) >133 to <400% FPL ≥400% + FPL Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 1,682,010 833,475 166,420 20.0 (+) Employed Full-timed 866,340 154,720 17.9 (+) Employed Part-timee 271,920 100,240 36.9 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 90 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-58. Nevada: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 2,668,966 603,700 22.60% (+) Congressional District 1 794,263 216,455 27.30% (+) Congressional District 2 824,188 172,670 21.00% (+) Congressional District 3 1,050,515 214,575 20.40% (+) Congressional District Nevada Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 91 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 New Hampshire Table A-59. New Hampshire: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,302,640 686,590 14.6 (-) Female 663,015 321,540 13.2 (-) Male 639,625 365,055 16.1 (-) Under Age 6 367,235 17,540 4.8 (-) Under Age 19 1,208,040 75,590 6.3 (-) Under Age 26 1,673,660 228,290 13.6 (-) Age 19 through 21 222,625 66,045 29.7 (-) Age 21 through 64 2,712,190 566,175 20.9 (-) 637,595 1,920 0.3 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 4,653,595 ≤133% FPL 1,228,370 336,005 27.4 (x) >133 to <400% FPL 2,079,565 294,600 14.2 (-) ≥400% + FPL 1,345,665 52,820 3.9 (-) 1,443,450 428,070 29.7 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 2,931,535 1,488,085 189,645 12.7 (-) Employed Full-timed 1,426,745 185,970 13.0 (-) Employed Part-timee 449,410 126,270 28.1 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 92 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-60. New Hampshire: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,302,639 145,013 11.10% (-) Congressional District 1 649,993 78,253 12.00% (-) Congressional District 2 652,646 66,760 10.20% (-) Congressional District New Hampshire Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 93 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 New Jersey Table A-61. New Jersey: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 8,693,540 1,151,160 13.2 (-) Female 4,481,470 512,110 11.4 (-) Male 4,212,070 639,050 15.2 (-) Under Age 6 651,925 30,165 4.6 (-) Under Age 19 2,175,660 137,885 6.3 (-) Under Age 26 2,922,875 362,730 12.4 (-) Age 19 through 21 324,690 86,055 26.5 (-) Age 21 through 64 5,153,155 937,800 18.2 (-) Age 65 and over 1,152,120 21,700 1.9 (+) Poverty Status 8,620,515 ≤133% FPL 1,241,780 330,825 26.6 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 3,054,890 573,960 18.8 (+) ≥400% + FPL 4,323,845 239,500 5.5 (x) 2,573,975 674,495 26.2 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 5,483,965 2,909,990 331,505 11.4 (-) Employed Full-timed 2,959,700 382,510 12.9 (-) Employed Part-timee 934,730 213,365 22.8 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 94 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-62. New Jersey: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 8,693,541 1,151,158 13.20% (-) Congressional District 1 662,007 78,857 11.90% (-) Congressional District 2 676,398 85,607 12.70% (-) Congressional District 3 666,040 54,349 8.20% (-) Congressional District 4 713,130 70,349 9.90% (-) Congressional District 5 660,361 56,567 8.60% (-) Congressional District 6 662,751 103,816 15.70% (+) Congressional District 7 659,511 56,523 8.60% (-) Congressional District 8 657,480 107,344 16.30% (+) Congressional District 9 660,663 124,442 18.80% (+) Congressional District 10 621,863 122,992 19.80% (+) Congressional District 11 665,598 54,339 8.20% (-) Congressional District 12 702,139 55,785 7.90% (-) Congressional District 13 685,600 180,188 26.30% (+) Congressional District New Jersey Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 95 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 New Mexico Table A-63. New Mexico: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Female Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 2,032,700 398,560 19.6 (+) 1,036,085 187,625 18.1 (+) Male 996,615 210,930 21.2 (+) Under Age 6 172,680 13,330 7.7 (+) Under Age 19 550,200 59,870 10.9 (+) Under Age 26 746,175 136,755 18.3 (+) Age 19 through 21 90,205 34,290 38.0 (+) Age 21 through 64 1,151,070 311,090 27.0 (+) 269,750 3,620 1.3 (+) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 2,018,540 ≤133% FPL 577,720 179,905 31.1 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 875,560 172,515 19.7 (+) ≥400% + FPL 565,260 43,195 7.6 (+) 641,690 219,610 34.2 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 1,245,290 603,605 122,440 20.3 (+) Employed Full-timed 622,360 132,205 21.2 (+) Employed Part-timee 199,040 68,635 34.5 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 96 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-64. New Mexico: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 2,032,699 398,558 19.60% (+) Congressional District 1 706,035 124,195 17.60% (+) Congressional District 2 648,088 132,397 20.40% (+) Congressional District 3 678,576 141,966 20.90% (+) Congressional District New Mexico Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 97 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 New York Table A-65. New York: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 19,134,280 2,277,380 11.9 (-) Female 9,913,320 971,410 9.8 (-) Male 9,220,965 1,305,970 14.2 (-) Under Age 6 1,380,725 60,790 4.4 (-) Under Age 19 4,588,635 235,275 5.1 (-) Under Age 26 6,543,085 728,135 11.1 (-) Age 19 through 21 868,005 184,525 21.3 (-) Age 21 through 64 11,436,830 1,899,160 16.6 (-) Age 65 and over 2,524,685 27,415 1.1 (x) Poverty Status 18,861,070 ≤133% FPL 3,884,365 701,850 18.1 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 7,452,305 1,144,705 15.4 (-) ≥400% + FPL 7,524,400 416,690 5.5 (+) 6,482,405 1,403,735 21.7 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 12,307,935 5,825,530 637,770 10.9 (-) Employed Full-timed 6,358,240 821,720 12.9 (-) Employed Part-timee 2,091,390 428,975 20.5 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 98 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-66. New York: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb Total Populationa 19,134,281 Number Uninsured 2,277,382 Percent Uninsured 11.90% Congressional District 1 702,102 69,114 9.80% (-) Congressional District 2 676,674 74,351 11.00% (-) Congressional District 3 637,792 51,709 8.10% (-) Congressional District 4 663,635 89,629 13.50% (-) Congressional District 5 666,771 119,077 17.90% (+) Congressional District 6 669,899 112,225 16.80% (+) Congressional District 7 627,398 117,044 18.70% (+) Congressional District 8 680,291 67,737 10.00% (-) Congressional District 9 644,872 72,935 11.30% (-) Congressional District 10 685,714 87,162 12.70% (-) Congressional District 11 639,865 99,037 15.50% (x) Congressional District 12 681,238 144,226 21.20% (+) Congressional District 13 681,555 62,559 9.20% (-) Congressional District 14 629,457 62,038 9.90% (-) Congressional District 15 655,747 100,041 15.30% (-) Congressional District 16 698,051 119,690 17.10% (+) Congressional District 17 670,923 88,256 13.20% (-) Congressional District 18 668,903 73,888 11.00% (-) Congressional District 19 670,747 60,674 9.00% (-) Congressional District 20 668,213 61,929 9.30% (-) Congressional District 21 668,500 65,661 9.80% (-) Congressional District 22 666,340 76,104 11.40% (-) Congressional District 23 637,360 66,785 10.50% (-) Congressional District 24 638,373 58,552 9.20% (-) Congressional District 25 661,888 59,077 8.90% (-) Congressional District 26 660,756 43,729 6.60% (-) Congressional District 27 623,196 54,832 8.80% (-) Congressional District 28 601,191 59,345 9.90% (-) Congressional District 29 656,830 59,976 9.10% (-) Congressional District New York (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 99 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 North Carolina Table A-67. North Carolina: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 9,360,660 1,569,835 16.8 (+) Female 4,858,550 735,175 15.1 (+) Male 4,502,110 834,665 18.5 (+) Under Age 6 760,495 42,335 5.6 (-) Under Age 19 2,428,945 201,150 8.3 (x) Under Age 26 3,302,595 505,960 15.3 (x) Age 19 through 21 410,160 132,655 32.3 (+) Age 21 through 64 5,457,460 1,277,090 23.4 (+) Age 65 and over 1,198,870 7,060 0.6 (-) Poverty Status 9,243,280 ≤133% FPL 2,275,485 691,055 30.4 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 4,180,285 736,960 17.6 (x) ≥400% + FPL 2,787,505 135,680 4.9 (-) 2,834,195 890,000 31.4 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 5,881,140 3,046,945 496,080 16.3 (+) Employed Full-timed 2,912,825 446,660 15.3 (+) Employed Part-timee 1,006,585 314,750 31.3 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 100 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-68. North Carolina: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 9,360,661 1,569,837 16.80% (+) Congressional District 1 619,569 114,056 18.40% (+) Congressional District 2 706,566 124,312 17.60% (+) Congressional District 3 692,521 109,133 15.80% (+) Congressional District 4 824,862 104,482 12.70% (-) Congressional District 5 690,734 105,092 15.20% (-) Congressional District 6 708,440 111,229 15.70% (+) Congressional District 7 726,298 136,917 18.90% (+) Congressional District 8 688,243 125,750 18.30% (+) Congressional District 9 849,807 119,599 14.10% (-) Congressional District 10 680,386 108,890 16.00% (+) Congressional District 11 696,221 124,452 17.90% (+) Congressional District 12 726,417 147,499 20.30% (+) Congressional District 13 750,597 138,426 18.40% (+) Congressional District North Carolina Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 101 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 North Dakota Table A-69. North Dakota: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 660,610 64,535 9.8 (-) Female 325,540 26,165 8.0 (-) Male 335,070 38,370 11.5 (-) Under Age 6 55,910 3,095 5.5 (x) Under Age 19 160,745 10,640 6.6 (-) Under Age 26 238,005 25,245 10.6 (-) Age 19 through 21 33,485 4,955 14.8 (-) Age 21 through 64 385,520 50,750 13.2 (-) Age 65 and over 91,960 205 0.2 (-) Poverty Status 648,580 ≤133% FPL 118,660 25,390 21.4 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 299,875 31,915 10.6 (-) ≥400% + FPL 230,045 6,725 2.9 (-) 186,160 40,745 21.9 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 418,540 232,385 13,880 6.0 (-) Employed Full-timed 251,930 25,600 10.2 (-) Employed Part-timee 86,440 14,470 16.7 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 102 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-70. North Dakota: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb North Dakota 660,611 64,535 9.80% (-) At Large North Dakota 660,611 64,535 9.80% (-) Congressional District Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 103 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Ohio Table A-71. Ohio: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 11,358,640 1,398,945 12.3 (-) Female 5,842,675 632,465 10.8 (-) Male 5,515,965 766,475 13.9 (-) Under Age 6 864,800 42,055 4.9 (-) Under Age 19 2,883,405 181,205 6.3 (-) Under Age 26 3,928,575 470,885 12.0 (-) Age 19 through 21 482,070 119,410 24.8 (-) Age 21 through 64 6,591,245 1,131,575 17.2 (-) Age 65 and over 1,560,685 7,430 0.5 (-) Poverty Status 11,216,905 ≤133% FPL 2,443,505 561,685 23.0 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 5,165,490 683,440 13.2 (-) ≥400% + FPL 3,607,910 148,430 4.1 (-) 3,417,745 883,245 25.8 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 7,082,835 3,665,090 346,315 9.4 (-) Employed Full-timed 3,615,535 383,150 10.6 (-) Employed Part-timee 1,278,850 286,040 22.4 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 104 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-72. Ohio: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 11,358,640 1,398,943 12.30% (-) Congressional District 1 587,982 80,390 13.70% (-) Congressional District 2 665,171 71,754 10.80% (-) Congressional District 3 627,726 74,883 11.90% (-) Congressional District 4 613,182 78,393 12.80% (-) Congressional District 5 615,205 65,099 10.60% (-) Congressional District 6 610,644 71,897 11.80% (-) Congressional District 7 658,863 85,500 13.00% (-) Congressional District 8 659,087 74,686 11.30% (-) Congressional District 9 609,635 81,049 13.30% (-) Congressional District 10 591,630 73,657 12.40% (-) Congressional District 11 536,184 75,003 14.00% (-) Congressional District 12 758,105 79,068 10.40% (-) Congressional District 13 630,635 68,518 10.90% (-) Congressional District 14 643,478 63,142 9.80% (-) Congressional District 15 671,288 87,795 13.10% (-) Congressional District 16 643,378 84,107 13.10% (-) Congressional District 17 592,116 73,164 12.40% (-) Congressional District 18 644,331 110,838 17.20% (+) Congressional District Ohio Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 105 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Oklahoma Table A-73. Oklahoma: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 3,677,205 693,550 18.9 (+) Female 1,884,810 331,095 17.6 (+) Male 1,792,400 362,455 20.2 (+) Under Age 6 313,375 22,440 7.2 (+) Under Age 19 989,250 104,590 10.6 (+) Under Age 26 1,347,630 244,360 18.1 (+) Age 19 through 21 161,415 60,780 37.7 (+) Age 21 through 64 2,091,635 549,355 26.3 (+) 491,045 2,910 0.6 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 3,633,965 ≤133% FPL 888,080 285,965 32.2 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 1,728,620 335,420 19.4 (+) ≥400% + FPL 1,017,265 67,340 6.6 (+) 1,045,415 369,650 35.4 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 2,256,810 1,211,395 228,465 18.9 (+) Employed Full-timed 1,194,950 220,355 18.4 (+) Employed Part-timee 369,690 138,970 37.6 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 106 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-74. Oklahoma: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 3,677,206 693,551 18.90% (+) Congressional District 1 751,199 139,049 18.50% (+) Congressional District 2 710,650 151,225 21.30% (+) Congressional District 3 709,969 132,563 18.70% (+) Congressional District 4 756,052 122,373 16.20% (+) Congressional District 5 749,336 148,341 19.80% (+) Congressional District Oklahoma Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 107 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Oregon Table A-75. Oregon: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 3,799,105 651,505 17.1 (+) Female 1,927,140 300,060 15.6 (+) Male 1,871,965 351,445 18.8 (+) Under Age 6 280,290 18,260 6.5 (x) Under Age 19 916,675 84,340 9.2 (+) Under Age 26 1,268,815 210,960 16.6 (+) Age 19 through 21 153,675 50,830 33.1 (+) Age 21 through 64 2,254,825 531,545 23.6 (+) 524,995 3,735 0.7 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 3,762,680 ≤133% FPL 861,070 270,280 31.4 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 1,687,615 313,565 18.6 (+) ≥400% + FPL 1,213,995 65,250 5.4 (x) 1,149,970 373,215 32.5 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 2,408,750 1,258,780 198,805 15.8 (+) Employed Full-timed 1,131,165 169,145 15.0 (x) Employed Part-timee 486,785 151,165 31.1 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 108 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-76. Oregon: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 3,799,107 651,504 17.10% (+) Congressional District 1 796,412 122,814 15.40% (+) Congressional District 2 758,049 148,222 19.60% (+) Congressional District 3 758,741 135,476 17.90% (+) Congressional District 4 738,143 132,939 18.00% (+) Congressional District 5 747,762 112,053 15.00% (-) Congressional District Oregon Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 109 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Pennsylvania Table A-77. Pennsylvania: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 12,506,000 1,271,180 10.2 (-) Female 6,445,280 571,125 8.9 (-) Male 6,060,720 700,055 11.6 (-) Under Age 6 875,125 44,725 5.1 (-) Under Age 19 2,980,825 161,255 5.4 (-) Under Age 26 4,183,050 448,325 10.7 (-) Age 19 through 21 563,355 115,040 20.4 (-) Age 21 through 64 7,252,920 1,027,960 14.2 (-) Age 65 and over 1,886,685 8,085 0.4 (-) Poverty Status 12,292,435 ≤133% FPL 2,320,010 446,940 19.3 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 5,453,200 639,630 11.7 (-) ≥400% + FPL 4,519,225 175,185 3.9 (-) 3,831,235 788,140 20.6 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 7,841,080 4,009,850 330,770 8.2 (-) Employed Full-timed 4,041,365 369,720 9.1 (-) Employed Part-timee 1,435,215 271,530 18.9 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 110 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-78. Pennsylvania: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 12,506,000 1,271,180 10.20% (-) Congressional District 1 648,087 105,622 16.30% (+) Congressional District 2 627,312 81,506 13.00% (-) Congressional District 3 627,487 65,120 10.40% (-) Congressional District 4 638,454 43,837 6.90% (-) Congressional District 5 634,318 68,868 10.90% (-) Congressional District 6 711,622 57,097 8.00% (-) Congressional District 7 661,105 47,948 7.30% (-) Congressional District 8 661,531 44,293 6.70% (-) Congressional District 9 663,840 83,433 12.60% (-) Congressional District 10 650,525 70,943 10.90% (-) Congressional District 11 677,318 78,331 11.60% (-) Congressional District 12 602,946 58,317 9.70% (-) Congressional District 13 675,137 71,083 10.50% (-) Congressional District 14 572,881 61,818 10.80% (-) Congressional District 15 707,548 67,569 9.50% (-) Congressional District 16 726,800 99,561 13.70% (-) Congressional District 17 662,045 65,404 9.90% (-) Congressional District 18 639,631 40,170 6.30% (-) Congressional District 19 717,413 60,260 8.40% (-) Congressional District Pennsylvania Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 111 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Rhode Island Table A-79. Rhode Island: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,036,745 126,185 12.2 (-) Female 537,625 54,990 10.2 (-) Male 499,115 71,195 14.3 (-) Under Age 6 68,850 4,130 6.0 (x) Under Age 19 241,675 14,695 6.1 (-) Under Age 26 355,780 45,940 12.9 (-) Age 19 through 21 58,510 14,055 24.0 (-) Age 21 through 64 610,560 101,130 16.6 (-) Age 65 and over 144,345 1,270 0.9 (x) Poverty Status 1,009,545 ≤133% FPL 196,615 41,080 20.9 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 404,970 66,725 16.5 (x) ≥400% + FPL 407,960 16,840 4.1 (-) 363,710 84,125 23.1 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 668,430 304,720 28,300 9.3 (-) Employed Full-timed 333,155 37,250 11.2 (-) Employed Part-timee 130,750 28,410 21.7 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 112 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-80. Rhode Island: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,036,743 126,184 12.20% (-) Congressional District 1 504,403 55,469 11.00% (-) Congressional District 2 532,340 70,715 13.30% (-) Congressional District Rhode Island Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 113 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 South Carolina Table A-81. South Carolina: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 4,536,835 795,275 17.5 (+) Female 2,360,610 374,770 15.9 (+) Male 2,176,225 420,505 19.3 (+) Under Age 6 358,505 26,740 7.5 (+) Under Age 19 1,151,750 112,980 9.8 (+) Under Age 26 1,602,330 277,345 17.3 (+) Age 19 through 21 202,745 70,205 34.6 (+) Age 21 through 64 2,630,555 630,875 24.0 (+) 616,865 3,600 0.6 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 4,477,640 ≤133% FPL 1,128,875 342,355 30.3 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 2,069,635 374,520 18.1 (x) ≥400% + FPL 1,279,130 71,925 5.6 (x) 1,445,405 483,940 33.5 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 2,841,495 1,396,090 205,875 14.7 (x) Employed Full-timed 1,396,315 222,805 16.0 (+) Employed Part-timee 457,630 148,460 32.4 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 114 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-82. South Carolina: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 4,536,835 795,275 17.50% (+) Congressional District 1 853,291 156,048 18.30% (+) Congressional District 2 785,038 123,237 15.70% (+) Congressional District 3 715,528 115,189 16.10% (+) Congressional District 4 759,494 137,325 18.10% (+) Congressional District 5 755,503 129,828 17.20% (+) Congressional District 6 667,981 133,648 20.00% (+) Congressional District South Carolina Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 115 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 South Dakota Table A-83. South Dakota: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 798,140 98,885 12.4 (-) Female 398,770 45,235 11.3 (-) Male 399,370 53,650 13.4 (-) Under Age 6 68,020 5,055 7.4 (x) Under Age 19 215,555 18,470 8.6 (x) Under Age 26 291,970 38,340 13.1 (-) Age 19 through 21 34,725 8,950 25.8 (-) Age 21 through 64 446,540 73,735 16.5 (-) Age 65 and over 111,405 270 0.2 (-) Poverty Status 785,300 ≤133% FPL 164,585 43,475 26.4 (x) >133 to <400% FPL 374,440 46,730 12.5 (-) ≥400% + FPL 246,275 7,915 3.2 (-) 218,175 59,165 27.1 (x) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 485,845 267,670 22,755 8.5 (-) Employed Full-timed 290,430 32,280 11.1 (-) Employed Part-timee 88,985 20,950 23.5 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 116 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-84. South Dakota: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb South Dakota 798,141 98,886 12.40% (-) At Large South Dakota 798,141 98,886 12.40% (-) Congressional District Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 117 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Tennessee Table A-85.Tennessee: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 6,259,545 898,560 14.4 (-) Female 3,231,435 399,660 12.4 (-) Male 3,028,110 498,900 16.5 (-) Under Age 6 488,515 20,645 4.2 (-) Under Age 19 1,583,835 90,380 5.7 (-) Under Age 26 2,174,615 276,855 12.7 (-) Age 19 through 21 271,825 74,795 27.5 (-) Age 21 through 64 3,656,490 757,565 20.7 (x) 833,420 5,490 0.7 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 6,183,685 ≤133% FPL 1,544,160 390,970 25.3 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 2,879,165 416,350 14.5 (-) ≥400% + FPL 1,760,360 85,410 4.9 (-) 1,870,655 536,455 28.7 (x) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 3,933,030 2,062,375 277,370 13.4 (-) Employed Full-timed 1,949,720 258,675 13.3 (-) Employed Part-timee 643,555 183,195 28.5 (x) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 118 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-86.Tennessee: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 6,259,546 898,561 14.40% (-) Congressional District 1 674,947 98,033 14.50% (-) Congressional District 2 719,786 88,775 12.30% (-) Congressional District 3 686,200 93,307 13.60% (-) Congressional District 4 682,351 94,438 13.80% (-) Congressional District 5 691,951 121,079 17.50% (+) Congressional District 6 784,004 116,782 14.90% (-) Congressional District 7 772,374 73,104 9.50% (-) Congressional District 8 642,432 95,941 14.90% (-) Congressional District 9 605,501 117,102 19.30% (+) Congressional District Tennessee Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 119 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Texas Table A-87.Texas: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 24,779,450 5,875,475 23.7 (+) Female 12,620,380 2,837,575 22.5 (+) Male 12,159,070 3,037,900 25.0 (+) Under Age 6 2,313,710 248,535 10.7 (+) Under Age 19 7,266,725 1,104,685 15.2 (+) Under Age 26 9,761,855 2,222,255 22.8 (+) Age 19 through 21 1,102,590 493,320 44.7 (+) Age 21 through 64 14,239,390 4,393,945 30.9 (+) Age 65 and over 2,536,725 53,575 2.1 (+) Poverty Status 24,585,915 ≤133% FPL 6,227,330 2,398,280 38.5 (+) >133 to <400% FPL 10,626,490 2,847,440 26.8 (+) ≥400% + FPL 7,732,095 601,385 7.8 (+) 7,199,095 2,779,785 38.6 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 15,366,700 8,167,610 2,045,620 25.0 (+) Employed Full-timed 8,275,810 1,933,240 23.4 (+) Employed Part-timee 2,469,925 1,030,325 41.7 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 120 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-88.Texas: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Congressional District Texas Congressional District 1 Congressional District 2 Congressional District 3 Congressional District 4 Congressional District 5 Congressional District 6 Congressional District 7 Congressional District 8 Congressional District 9 Congressional District 10 Congressional District 11 Congressional District 12 Congressional District 13 Congressional District 14 Congressional District 15 Congressional District 16 Congressional District 17 Congressional District 18 Congressional District 19 Congressional District 20 Congressional District 21 Congressional District 22 Congressional District 23 Congressional District 24 Congressional District 25 Congressional District 26 Congressional District 27 Congressional District 28 Congressional District 29 Congressional District 30 Congressional District 31 Congressional District 32 Total Populationa 24,779,450 707,261 766,496 850,114 842,068 706,078 810,120 786,972 813,836 725,355 966,019 687,415 831,427 646,401 763,034 760,143 745,658 742,171 708,828 667,429 689,979 853,415 916,011 829,215 793,728 802,471 896,970 735,009 864,350 682,444 676,662 863,265 649,106 Number Uninsured 5,875,474 165,800 172,819 178,557 166,681 158,769 173,575 158,817 160,941 264,852 188,531 166,140 189,349 142,888 150,518 234,068 218,846 142,747 220,764 143,941 169,597 126,540 174,912 191,421 159,749 177,459 163,392 199,188 283,600 280,654 220,150 138,317 191,892 Percent Uninsured 23.70% 23.40% 22.50% 21.00% 19.80% 22.50% 21.40% 20.20% 19.80% 36.50% 19.50% 24.20% 22.80% 22.10% 19.70% 30.80% 29.30% 19.20% 31.10% 21.60% 24.60% 14.80% 19.10% 23.10% 20.10% 22.10% 18.20% 27.10% 32.80% 41.10% 32.50% 16.00% 29.60% Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (-) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 121 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Utah Table A-89. Utah: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 2,750,355 421,925 15.3 (x) Female 1,372,420 196,515 14.3 (x) Male 1,377,935 225,410 16.4 (-) Under Age 6 316,575 30,555 9.7 (+) Under Age 19 923,900 102,460 11.1 (+) Under Age 26 1,229,560 184,500 15.0 (x) Age 19 through 21 127,920 33,100 25.9 (-) Age 21 through 64 1,496,510 296,620 19.8 (-) 246,460 1,550 0.6 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 2,726,220 ≤133% FPL 509,695 155,670 30.5 (+) 1,404,730 218,625 15.6 (-) 811,795 44,200 5.4 (x) 635,515 180,460 28.4 (x) >133 to <400% FPL ≥400% + FPL Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 1,633,510 997,995 145,225 14.6 (x) Employed Full-timed 833,610 119,410 14.3 (x) Employed Part-timee 336,400 79,585 23.7 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 122 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-90. Utah: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Congressional District Utah Congressional District 1 Congressional District 2 Congressional District 3 Total Populationa 2,750,354 906,436 880,383 963,535 Number Uninsured 421,924 132,041 135,929 153,954 Percent Uninsured 15.30% 14.60% 15.40% 16.00% Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb (-) (-) (-) (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 123 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Vermont Table A-91.Vermont: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 619,885 49,880 8.0 (-) Female 315,025 17,810 5.7 (-) Male 304,860 32,070 10.5 (-) Under Age 6 38,080 720 1.9 (-) Under Age 19 139,060 2,850 2.0 (-) Under Age 26 200,820 15,105 7.5 (-) Age 19 through 21 31,025 5,310 17.1 (-) Age 21 through 64 371,080 43,565 11.7 (-) Age 65 and over 87,710 120 0.1 (-) Poverty Status 600,345 ≤133% FPL 106,870 11,270 10.5 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 272,995 29,770 10.9 (-) ≥400% + FPL 220,480 8,125 3.7 (-) 192,950 33,460 17.3 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 402,515 209,570 13,675 6.5 (-) Employed Full-timed 211,650 22,510 10.6 (-) Employed Part-timee 87,450 13,210 15.1 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 124 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-92.Vermont: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb Vermont 619,886 49,880 8.00% (-) At Large Vermont 619,886 49,880 8.00% (-) Congressional District Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 125 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Virginia Table A-93. Virginia: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 7,807,415 1,020,130 13.1 (-) Female 4,036,435 483,740 12.0 (-) Male 3,770,980 536,390 14.2 (-) Under Age 6 612,170 34,375 5.6 (-) Under Age 19 1,970,085 136,055 6.9 (-) Under Age 26 2,710,495 343,550 12.7 (-) Age 19 through 21 335,935 85,675 25.5 (-) Age 21 through 64 4,651,740 817,315 17.6 (-) 954,850 9,980 1.0 (x) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 7,702,400 ≤133% FPL 1,239,805 348,065 28.1 (x) >133 to <400% FPL 3,051,935 523,100 17.1 (-) ≥400% + FPL 3,410,660 142,455 4.2 (-) 2,336,000 591,850 25.3 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 5,002,900 2,666,900 296,920 11.1 (-) Employed Full-timed 2,814,855 328,700 11.7 (-) Employed Part-timee 799,535 196,870 24.6 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 126 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-94. Virginia: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 7,807,416 1,020,130 13.10% (-) Congressional District 1 753,536 77,275 10.30% (-) Congressional District 2 603,546 78,301 13.00% (-) Congressional District 3 650,212 104,254 16.00% (+) Congressional District 4 715,233 91,046 12.70% (-) Congressional District 5 664,743 91,256 13.70% (-) Congressional District 6 692,521 92,210 13.30% (-) Congressional District 7 749,548 82,691 11.00% (-) Congressional District 8 682,838 100,857 14.80% (-) Congressional District 9 641,921 90,253 14.10% (-) Congressional District 10 862,562 101,585 11.80% (-) Congressional District 11 790,756 110,402 14.00% (-) Congressional District Virginia Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 127 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Washington Table A-95. Washington: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 6,638,080 945,590 14.2 (-) Female 3,362,585 421,830 12.5 (-) Male 3,275,495 523,755 16.0 (-) Under Age 6 527,495 26,115 5.0 (-) Under Age 19 1,678,895 113,815 6.8 (-) Under Age 26 2,305,260 322,070 14.0 (-) Age 19 through 21 273,210 85,135 31.2 (x) Age 21 through 64 3,961,665 768,475 19.4 (-) 810,075 6,000 0.7 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 6,579,735 ≤133% FPL 1,244,295 350,265 28.1 (x) >133 to <400% FPL 2,717,585 461,595 17.0 (-) ≥400% + FPL 2,617,855 129,230 4.9 (-) 1,969,565 557,670 28.3 (x) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 4,245,070 2,275,505 280,305 12.3 (-) Employed Full-timed 2,121,935 250,790 11.8 (-) Employed Part-timee 815,515 218,395 26.8 (x) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 128 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-96. Washington: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 6,638,081 945,589 14.20% (-) Congressional District 1 736,675 82,297 11.20% (-) Congressional District 2 747,614 102,689 13.70% (-) Congressional District 3 778,040 104,905 13.50% (-) Congressional District 4 771,939 164,840 21.40% (+) Congressional District 5 712,395 105,173 14.80% (-) Congressional District 6 685,057 105,836 15.40% (-) Congressional District 7 700,644 95,206 13.60% (-) Congressional District 8 811,294 83,047 10.20% (-) Congressional District 9 694,423 101,596 14.60% (-) Congressional District Washington Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 129 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 West Virginia Table A-97. West Virginia: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,823,370 266,160 14.6 (-) Female 931,480 127,655 13.7 (x) Male 891,895 138,505 15.5 (-) Under Age 6 120,785 3,620 3.0 (-) Under Age 19 413,505 21,475 5.2 (-) Under Age 26 577,350 78,665 13.6 (-) Age 19 through 21 80,300 23,670 29.5 (x) Age 21 through 64 1,066,145 226,450 21.2 (x) 289,850 1,190 0.4 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 1,797,680 ≤133% FPL 462,145 117,115 25.3 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 856,470 118,260 13.8 (-) ≥400% + FPL 479,065 27,950 5.8 (x) 528,025 160,535 30.4 (+) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 1,148,250 620,225 86,920 14.0 (x) Employed Full-timed 535,700 83,490 15.6 (+) Employed Part-timee 175,045 53,625 30.6 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 130 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-98. West Virginia: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 1,823,372 266,161 14.60% (-) Congressional District 1 608,645 85,536 14.10% (-) Congressional District 2 636,381 91,547 14.40% (-) Congressional District 3 578,346 89,078 15.40% (-) Congressional District West Virginia Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 131 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Wisconsin Table A-99. Wisconsin: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 5,613,400 529,200 9.4 (-) Female 2,836,440 218,015 7.7 (-) Male 2,776,965 311,185 11.2 (-) Under Age 6 430,010 20,555 4.8 (-) Under Age 19 1,418,510 76,375 5.4 (-) Under Age 26 1,954,020 198,465 10.2 (-) Age 19 through 21 242,725 52,655 21.7 (-) Age 21 through 64 3,280,650 415,850 12.7 (-) 749,135 2,125 0.3 (-) Age 65 and over Poverty Status 5,532,455 ≤133% FPL 1,027,460 197,315 19.2 (-) >133 to <400% FPL 2,539,055 265,795 10.5 (-) ≥400% + FPL 1,965,940 61,985 3.2 (-) 1,634,450 338,570 20.7 (-) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 3,530,110 1,895,660 121,395 6.4 (-) Employed Full-timed 1,929,980 166,490 8.6 (-) Employed Part-timee 720,985 117,295 16.3 (-) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 132 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-100. Wisconsin: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 5,613,402 529,200 9.40% (-) Congressional District 1 717,921 70,863 9.90% (-) Congressional District 2 741,399 60,199 8.10% (-) Congressional District 3 720,622 71,595 9.90% (-) Congressional District 4 667,602 104,324 15.60% (+) Congressional District 5 703,405 41,765 5.90% (-) Congressional District 6 684,033 52,863 7.70% (-) Congressional District 7 680,262 65,840 9.70% (-) Congressional District 8 698,158 61,751 8.80% (-) Congressional District Wisconsin Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Congressional Research Service 133 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Wyoming Table A-101. Wyoming: Characteristics of the Uninsured, 2010 Total Population Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb 555,010 82,835 14.9 (x) Female 275,270 39,980 14.5 (x) Male 279,740 42,855 15.3 (-) Under Age 6 50,255 3,610 7.2 (x) Under Age 19 146,880 12,960 8.8 (x) Under Age 26 199,300 28,800 14.5 (x) Age 19 through 21 21,100 6,565 31.1 (x) Age 21 through 64 326,025 65,265 20.0 (x) Age 65 and over 67,795 465 0.7 (x) Poverty Status 548,875 ≤133% FPL 92,915 25,730 27.7 (x) >133 to <400% FPL 248,325 43,870 17.7 (x) ≥400% + FPL 207,630 12,600 6.1 (x) 145,205 44,660 30.8 (x) Total Population Age 18-64 Singlec Married 350,985 205,780 26,945 13.1 (x) Employed Full-timed 201,490 27,090 13.4 (x) Employed Part-timee 62,290 20,270 32.5 (+) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate with an associated confidence interval around it. While the confidence intervals are not presented, they are available. b. Above (below) the national level means that subgroup at the state level, has, with a 90% confidence level, a statistically significantly higher (lower) likelihood of being uninsured than the same subgroup at the national level. If a subgroup is at the national level, there is no statistical difference between the proportion of individuals uninsured in the subgroup at the state level as compared to the subgroup at the national level. c. Never married, separated, divorced, or widowed. d. Working 30 or more hours for 50 or more weeks a year. e. Working fewer than 30 hours a week or fewer than 50 weeks a year. Congressional Research Service 134 The Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Table A-102. Wyoming: Uninsured by State and Congressional District, 2010 Total Populationa Number Uninsured Percent Uninsured Above (+), At (x), or Below (-) National Averageb Wyoming 555,010 82,836 14.90% (-) At Large Wyoming 555,010 82,836 14.90% (-) Congressional District Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey. a. Total population figures are for the civilian non-institutionalized population. Each value in the table is an estimate and there is a confidence interval around the estimate. While the intervals at the 90% confidence level are not presented, they are available. b. No statistical test of this difference was performed. Author Contact Information (name redacted) Analyst in Health Care Financing [redacted]@crs.loc.gov, 7-.... Acknowledgments Evelyn Baumrucker and Liza Herz assisted with the design and content of this report. 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