Outdoor Recreation: Is a New Commission Needed?

CRS- 1 K a n y o f t h e m a j o r p o l i c y e l e m e n t s o f c u t 2 o e r recreatior. n o w i n l ~ aw r e k 2 e r e s u l t o f a ,.cL-onwide a s s e s s ~ r , e ~ . to f recreatioc undertaken in 1936 an2 conpleted in 1562. That assessment was d o n e by che Cucdoor Recreation R e s o u r c e s R e v i e w C o m m i s s i o n (ORF?IIC), a L i p a r t i s a n S o d y consisting of ei9P.t m e m b e r s of C o n g r e s s a n d s e v e n p r i v a c e c i t i z e n s a p p o i n t e d by the President. L a u r a n c e S. R o c k e f e l l e r s e r v e d a s c h a i r m a n o f t h e C o m m i s s i o n . - - A ; considera'sle changes in demogr~phics, Since c h a t t i m e , there have been ecorIoaic r e s o u r c e s , a n d t e c h n o l o g y . There is some inyerest at present ic a comprehensive scrvey of recreation creating a new commission t o make m resources in the United States. ,his minibrief examines the history ant. acconplishments of the f i r s t comnission, a n d describes the Rockefeller Report of 19E3 calling for a n e w commission. W!-!~K O R S R C w a s a'cthorized by P.L. 85-47?, A m e r i c a faced a bsrgeonixg d o r ~ a n d f o r o u t d o o r recreatior. o n p o r t u n i t i e s . Tkis demand was felt at all the population enjoyee l e v e l s of g o v e r ~ n e n t ,F e d e r a l , S t a t e a n d l o c a l , a s increased aifiuence, mobility, anc? l e i s u r e cine. Traditional outdoor r e c r e a ~ i o np u r s ~ i r s s u c h a s c a r p i n g , s w i m m i n g , h u n t i n g , fishing and hiking were popular activities. The problems lay in the facts thaz, outside the s c i t a b l e recreatior: p u b l i c larids S t a t e s , t h e r e w a s o n l y a l i ~ i t e d s u p p l y of 1 a P . d ~2 n d f a c i l i t i e s , a n d p u b l i c f u n d s f o r r e c r e a t i o n w e r e in short s u ~ p l y everywhere. T h e H o u s e r e p o r t o n t h e 1 9 5 8 legislatior. (E.iiepc. 8 5 - 1 3 8 6 ) cited another e 1 e F e r ~05 c o n c e r n i n a d d l t i o c to rapiC?y iccreasing demands on outdoor recreation sites: "we have experienced a steacy, and alarning decrease in the quality and quantity of these resources and opportunities". It continxes: It is imperacive that the outd~or-recreaticriresources o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s h e n c e f o r t h be a c c o r d e d t h e s a m e r e c o g n i t i ~ r a~ n 2 c o n s i d e r a c i c n a s a l l o t 5 e r r e s o u r c e s ~ h l c ?a~r e e s s e r t i a l t o t h e e c c n o x i c a n d s o c i a l w e l f a r e of t h e K a ~ i o n . O u t d o o r - r e c r e a t i o n r e s o c r c e u s e a n d developmert ngsr S e evaluated a n 2 carefully planned on a ionq-rzzge basis. Cur Nation can no longer affore the e x t r a v a g a r ~ c e o f t h e p i e c e m e a l p l a n n i ~ q ,n e g l e c t , a c d indifierer.ce wP.icP. h a s p r e v a i i e e i?. t h e p a s t . T h e War:< o f t h e C s m m i s s i o c The Outdoor Recreztion Rescurces Revie?: C o ~ ~ i s s l o r .c o n t r a c t e d for the p r o d u c t i z z of 2 5 s p e c i f i c recreaticri r e p o r t s . TP,ese r e p o r t s s t i l l serve a s 2 ,.. n I r ~ c r t a ~ .Senc?,nark t ~n vzny sreas cf recreatlcn resezrcp a ~olicy forRulaticr.. CRS- 2 KB83223 ~~~AT~-11/29/ with recreaticn. was its report, T h e c a p s c o n e of o v e r 3 y e a r s of work by t h e Cornnission Ontdoor 2ecreacion for Azerica, issued in January 1952. "he f i n d i n g s of the C o m ~ ~ i s s i o lna r g e l y s h a p e d t h e tF.inking of r e c r e a t i o n p o l i c y makers for the follcwiI?g 20 y e a r s , a n d t h e l e g i s l a t z v e e n a c t m e n t of its recomrnendatio~~s C r e a t e d t h e c o r e of F e d e r a l recreation programs. A x o n g t h e l e g i s l a t i v e r e c o n m e n d a t i o n s n a d e by O R R R C were: 1. c r e a t i o n of a B u r e a u o f O u t d o o r R e c r e a t i o n i n t h e Federal government; 2. e s t a b l i s h m e n t of a f i n a n c i a l a s s i s t a c c e p r o g r a m f o r c h e States for recreation land acquisition and facility developme~t; 3. p r e s e r v a t i o n of c e r t a i n f r e e - f l o w i n g r i v e r s i n t h e i r i nacural settins; 4. p r e s e r v a t i o n of c e r t a i n primitive a r e a s a s s i l d e r n e s s areas; and 5. i n i t l a t i o n of c o s p r e h e n s i v e r e c r e a t i o n ~ l a n n l n g a t t h e S t a L e a n d Feeera: l e v e l s . Additionally, the Commission reccmnended macy policy and management c h a n g e s a n d i n n o v a t i o n s to i n c r e a s e t h e m a g n i t u d e a n d d i v e r s i t y of r e c r e a t i o n o p p c r t u n i t i e s a v a i l a b l e to the p u b l i c . Concressicnal Lction on the C R R 4 C R e c o s ~ e n d a t r o n s The Congressional mev.bers o f the Commission when it concluded were Senators Clictoc Anderson, Benry Dworshak, Zenry Jackson, and Jack Killer, and R e p r e s e n t a t i v e s J o h n S a y l o r , G r a c i e P f o s t , R a l p h R i v e r s , and John Ryl. mirie l e g i s l a t i v e w o r k l o a d s t e m m i n g fro^ O R R R C consisted of a variety of r e c r e a t i o n a n d c o n s e r v a t i o n m e a s c r e s C u r i n g t h e d e c a d e of t h e 1 9 6 3 s . A m o n g t h e e n a c t m e n t s i ~ p l e m e n t i n gr e c o m m e n d a t i o n s of t h e Comrcission wer.e: 1. C u t d o o r S e c r e a t i c n P r o g r a m s , P.L,. 88-29. T h i s a u t h o r i z e d he S e c r e t a r y of t h e I n t e r i o r to d e v e l o p and coordinate Federal recreation programs, f a c i 7 ' t a t e recreation research, and develop and update a nationwide outdoor recreation plan. T h e E u r e a u of O u t d o o r R e c r e a z i o n was a5mizistratively designated within the Department of t h e I n t e r i o r on t h e b a s i s of t h e a u t h o r i t y c o n t a i c e d in t h i s Ac:. A 2. A The Land and k2ter Conservation Fund Act, P . 5 . 88-576. his p r o v i d e d f o r F e d e r a l f c x d i n g s c p p o r t of S z a t e a n d l o c a l r e c r e a t i c c plar,ning, a c q c i s i t i c n , and dey,7elcpmenc p r o g r a ~ s o n a r,a:chFnc b a s i s , a n d F o r t h e a c q c i s i t i o n of lands and waters for Federal recreaticz areas. r- 3. The Wilderness Act, P.L. 81-577. T h i s G ~ t h o r i z e Ze s t a b l i s k ~ ~ e of ~ t a za;iorAal w i l d e r n e s s CRS- 3 p r e s e r v a t i o ? ! s y s t e r c e n c o ~ p a s s i n gC o n g r e s s i o n a l l y d e s i g n a t e d l a n C s w i t h i p . tP.e X a ~ i o n a l P a r k , X a t i o n a l F o r e s t , a n d N a t i o n a l Wlldlife "eiuge s y s t e ~ . ~ . 4. , . h e Wile a n d S c e n i c R i v e r s A c t , P . L . 9 0 - 5 4 2 . ,,iis CesignateC elq? r i v e r s as off l i m i t s t o Federally b u i l t o r a s s i s t 2 2 w a t e r ~ r c j e c t st h a t w o u l e d e s t r o y t h e f r e e - f l o u i n g c h a r a c t e r of t h e r i v e r s , and p r o v i d e d f o r t h e s t u d y o f o z k e r r i v e r s f c r p o s s i S l e congressional a d d i t i o n t o t h e system. m "'r C t h e r e n a c t m e n t s S y t h e C o n g r e s s h a v e e x ~ a n d e dx p o n t h e s y s t e m s a u t h o r i z e d by t h e a b c v e l a w s . T h e r e ?,as a l s o S e e n a m a r k e d groccth o f t h e K a t i o n a l Park its, p a r t i c ~ l a r l yi n t h e E a s t , h a v e b e e n a p p r o v e d . S y s t e x a s new they Seyond the clearly recreatior~al prograns and policies that t il e established since ORRRZ, scme legislative enactments demonstrate the environmental protectloc i n f l u e n c e of t h e C o m c i s s i o n a n e i t s work upon e f f o r t of t h e l a t e 60s a n e t h e 70s. The C l e a c Water A c t ' s g o a l of s w i n m a b l e , of the new recreation laws thaz fishaSle waters i s seen a s an exzension a u t h o r i z e d new s y s t e ~ s or unlts. To an exterLt, the old conservation ORR2C o r g a n i z a t i o n s t h a t worked to secure the passaqe of the original l e g i s l a t i o n a?.d t o e n s G r e i ~ , p l e m e n t a : i o ~ . o f i t s r e c o m r ? . e n e a z i o n s h a v e Seccme f r o n f l i n e proponez:s o f e c v i r o r , I r , e ~ . c a ll e g i s l a t i o n t o d a y . O u t d a o r R e c r e a t : ~ ~ .2 0 Y e a r s L a t e r based upon estimates of recreation T h e g u i d a n c e p r o v i c e 5 by G R R R C w a s supc;y a n d demand f o r t h e y e a r s 1 9 7 5 a n d 2000. For that first date, the estimates, w h i l e n c t or, t a r g e t , w e r e q u i t e u s e f u l . The differences betweer. p r c j e c t i o r ~ a n d r e a l i t y f o r tjF.e y e a r 2 0 0 0 n a y b e c o n s i d e r a S l e . T h e m a r g i n may b e s o m l ~ c h t h a t t h e p r o j e c t i o n s i f n o t s o o c a d j c s t e d may s e r v e l i t t l e p u r p o s e ' n ~ l a r ! r , i n go r p o l i c y f o r i a u l a t i o r . T h e r e a s o n s f o r t h e d e v i a t i . c n fro^ t h e e s t i m a t e s a r e f o u n d i n t h e sizak,ie c h a n g e s t h a t h a v e t a k e n p l a c e i n t h e A ~ e r i c a ze c o n o m y a n d d e m o g r a p h i c s a n e i n t h e s o c i a l and c u l t u r a l changes t k a c kave occurred s i n c e 1962. demand I n t h e r e c r e a t i o n a r e a a l o c e , new t e c h n o l o g i e s h a v e g e n e r a c e d h i g h f o r r e c r e a t i o n a l a c t i v i t i e s t h a t t h e Ccnrrission eitrLer e i d n o t consider, or a n t i c i p a t e d a s ~ i c i n a l . Eanc g l i d i n q and w h i t e - w a t e r b o z t i n g are examples of rhe unfcreseen, as are s n o w ~ o b i l e s and wheeled off-read vehicles. X o S i l i z y b e c a x e a byword f o r A x e r i c a r r e c r e a c : o c i s c s . T h i s r r , o b i l i t y , w h e t p ~ e r f o r r e c r e a t i o n o r c o m n u t i n g t o w o r k , was t r , r e a t e n f = Z b y t w o e n e r g y s u p p l y c r i s e s S ~ r i n gt h e 1 9 7 0 s . Fuel c o s t s becane a n a t t e r f c r c c n s i d e r a ~ i o n i n p l a n r . i n g r e c r e a t i c n 2r.d t r a v e l a s t h e A z e r i c a n t r a d i t _4 o n cf cheap enerqy caze t o an ece. T h e p o s t - S l R I 1 S a 3 y hoom s u r q e d Into the n a r k e t ~ l a c e a s - younq a d ~ l t s ~ ~ a L w i d~ e r ~a n g . e o~f r ~e c r e a t l ~ r i a l o p p o r t u r - i t i e s r e a Z i i y a v a i l a b l e t o t h f r , . I E C r e a s i c g l y , t k e s z p s l i e r cf t h c s e r e c r e a t i c c a l c ~ p o r c s r . : : ~. e s c a n e t o S e t 5 e At t h e same c i n e , t h e r e was a b l u r r i n g c f t h e d i s t i n c t i o n c f private seccor. 2nd 0 ~ t d 0 o rr e c r e z . t i o r . a n d l n d c e r r e c r e a t i o ~ . Swicxicq, tennis, running, s k a z i n q , i t v a s fo51-.2, s e r e e r j c y a S i e XI--aer c o v e r a s c e l l as in t3e spen. The C o n g r e s s d e b a t e 2 o v e r several years the approzriateness of a:lot4.Ji~q S t s t e s a c e l c c a l i t i e s t a c s e L a n e a n 5 K a c e r C a c s e r * < a t i c x r- l ~ n lr , c ~ i e st o 9 i ; i : C 7 . N - A.; ? " , s h e l t e r e d r e c r e a t i c r f a Lml7l i t i e s . n i 3 e rcajor chanqes in A ~ e r i c a n society have led to an i n t e r e s t In c o n d u c t i n g , c n c e a g a i n , a n a t i o n w i d e e x a m i n a t i o n of recreaticn in America, f o c u s i n g u ~ o nt h e r o l e s s f a 1 1 l e v e l s of g o v e r n m e n t a n d ,the p r i v a t e sector a n d u p o n he policy and p r o ~ r a n ~ a t i cf r a n e w o r k that has been creaced. I n t e r e s t e d i n d i v i d u ~ l sand o r g a n i z a t i o n s a r e a s k i n q w h a t w o u l d be the best ~ i of x roles, poiicies, and programs to ensure a f u l l r a n g e of recreation o p p o r t u n i t i e s u n t i l t h e y e a r 2000. S o m e f i n d t h i s a n a n o m a l o u s t i n e to b e . c o n c e r n e d w i t h r e c r e a t i o n , i n t h a t seeing indicatio?-.s of recovery. T h e y f e e l o t h e r s o c i a l , e c o n o m i c a n C riatiocal policy concerrs a r e of f a r h i g h e r p r i o r i t y , a n d n o t e t h a t t h e 12s: c w o d e c a d e s h a v e s e e n ar" e x t e r ~ s i v e prograr. o f F e d e r a l a s s i s L a n c e i c r e c r e a t i o n . w e h a v e just u n d e r g o n e a d e e p r e c e s s i o n a n d a r e only n o w P r o p o n e x t s cf r e n e w e d a t t e n t i o n to r e c r e a t i o n c l a l x t h i s a t t i t c d e ignores the economic ixportance of recreatioc and l e i s u r e am' ,Livity. They note $250 S i l l i o n is spent 2 n n u Z l l ~ on leisure e s t i m a t e s t h a t a s much as a c t i v i t i e s i n A m e r i c a a n d t h a t o n e c u t of e v e r y 15 j o S s is associated w i Z 5 t h e r e c r e a t i o n i n d u s t r y . F u r t h e r , they c l a i m , t p i s a r e a of a c t i v i t y h o l d s t h e p o z e n t i a l f o r c r e a t i o c of m a r y n e w j o b s , u n l i k e the p r o s p e c t s f o r n a r y o f o u r o l d e r , traeitional indxstries. ,he R o c k e f e l l e r R e ~ o r tof 1 9 E 3 $7 T h e u c i l i t y of a r e a s s e s s m e n ? of r e c r e a t i o c in A m e r i c a h a s been a r g x e d in a n z l y s e s f r o m a n u K b e r of s o u r c e s i n c l u d i n g t h e A m e r i c a n E e c r e a t i o n C o a l i t i o n and the National Recreation and Park A s s o c i a t i o ~ . Such a reassessnent has Katural Resources S e e n r e c c n f i e ~ ~ d eby d the Kational Conference on Renewable o r g a ~ i z e d in 1 9 8 C by c h e A m e r i c a n F o r e s t r y A s s o c i a t i o n a n d a s c o r e of other c o n s e r v z t i c n , e n v i r o x m e n t a l , a x d r e s o c r c e u s e r grcups. recreation cane T h e most r e c e c t i ~ i t i a t i v e i n s u p p o r t of a cew r e v i e w of f r o m t h e O x t d o o r R e c r e a t i o n "clicy R e v i e w G r o u p . T h i s s e v e ~ nan conmittee was organized Sy Laurance S . R o c k e i e l i e r , chairr<an o f the 1958-1962 Comz,ission. T h e g r o u p &as f o r m e e b e c a u s e o f R o c k e f e l l e r ' s i n t e r e s t in the e f f o r t s of W a s h i n g ~ o ~ - S a s e d organizations t o s e c u r e a r e a s s e s s n e n t . The Policy Review Group met through the Fast fall acd winter, listened to presentations from specialists, discussed the topic among thesselves and with o t h e r s , a n d r e a c p e d ~?!e ccr:cLusion t h a t " i n l i g h t o f new rea;ities there s h o u l d be a n e w , hard look a t o ~ t d o o r r e c r e a t i o ~p o l i c y . " Tt,e g r o u p o f f e r e d t h e s e f l n d l n g s z s a r e s z l t cf ~ t s revlew: 1. T i e t w o d e c a d e s s i n c e C 3 9 R C h a v e been a p e r i c d of g r e a t social and economic change. 2. C h a n g e s IT, hcw a n d w:',h.erew e l;ve, w c r k , a n d p l a y Pawve had a profcur.d e f f e c t oc o ~ t e o a r r e c r e a t ~ c z . 3. D e s p i t e 5 F . o c h a n g e s o v e r ? h e p s s t 23 y e a r s , c r p e r h a p s b e c a u s e of tF:es, o c t c o o r r e c r e a t i o c i s m o r e i ~ p o r t a ~ t i n America?. l i f e t L a n i t \;as i n 1962. CRS- 5 EBB3223 UPDATE-Ll/29/83 r e c r e a t i o n than i s r e q u i r e d to m e e t t h e need. 5. r 6. T h e p r i v a t e s e c t o r i s providing m o r e o c t d o o r r e c r e a t i o n t h a n ~t d ~ d2 0 y e a r s a g o ; i t c o u l d d o e v e n m o r e w i t h Government cooperation. 7. There a r e ways in which outdoor recreation could be provided to meet increased demands which would not r e q u i r e h u g e public e x p e n s e . 8. T h e r e i s a n e e d for l m p r c v e d i ~ ~ f o r m a t i o acs t h e b a s i s f 3 r o u t d o o r r e c r e a t ~ o np l a n n i n g a n 5 m a n a g e m e e t . - h e r o l e o f t h e F e d e r a l G o ~ e r r ~ m e n nte e d s to be r e a s s e s s e c , r e d e f ~ n e d ,a n d r e v i v e d . for :he T h e recornneedation of t h e g r o u p , b a s e d u p o n t h e s e f i n d i n g s , w a s c r e a t i o n by t h e C o n g r e s s of a n e w , b i p a r t i s a n c o m m i s s i o n , o n the model of O R R R C , t o r e - e x a m i n e n a t i o ~ w i d et h e p r o b l e m s a n d opportunities associated While suggesting ORRRC a s the organizational model, the with r e c r e a t i o c . g r o u p r e c o g c i z e d :he g r e a t cl-,ange t h a t h a s t a k e n p l a c e i n d e f i n i ~ g recreatior. n o w , a s c o m p a r e d w i t h 2 0 y e a r s ago. I t s r e p o r t stated: T h e n a n d a t e of :he n e w commissioi-i s h o u l d b e b r o a d e r t 5 a n the criginai ORZRC. It c a n n o t i g n o r e , f o r e x a m p l e , t h e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s and o v e r l a p s of o u t d o o r r e c r e a t i o n w i t h many indoor activities associated with physical fitness. T h e n e w s t u d y s h o ~ l da l s o r e c o g n i z e t h a t o u t d o o r r e c r e a t i o n i s just o n e u s e of l e i s u r e t i m e - - a l b e i t a n i m p o r t a n t o n e - - and that i t is related to other leisure time activities. F u r t h e r , o u t d o o r r e c r e a t i o n i s l i n k e d , i n w a y s t?,at h a v e n o t been a d e q u a t e l y r e s e a r c h e d , to such f a c t o r s a s jok satisfaction and productivity, and family and social cohesioc. U r b a c r e c r e a t i o n a l s o i s a n i m p o r t a n t p a r t of c h e leisure time equatioc. The link between outdoor recreation, e n v i r o n R e n z a l q u a l i t y , a n d r e s o u r c e s m a n a g e m e ~ ta l s o i s a n irnportanc s c S j e c t f o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n . All t h e s e f a c t o r s s h o u l d be e x a m i n e d , 5 u t t h e f o c u s of t h e n e w O R R 2 C T s w o r k s h o u l d be o n t h e i n t e r a c t i o n of p e o p l e a n d o u t d o o r r e s o u r c e s . D r a f t l e g i s l a t i o n t o a u t h o r i z e a n e w liational O u t d o o r R e c r e a t i o n R e s o u r c e s 2 e v i e w Connissior, w a s p r e p a r e d a n d circulated among ?!em>ers of Congress. S e n a t o r K a l c o l n W a l l o p a n d 2? c o - s p o n s o r s i n t r o d u c e d t h e ~ e a s u r ea s S.1090 o n Apr. 1 3 , 1 9 C 3 . Represer.ta:ive Xorris Udall and 2 cosponsors introduceC a c o m p a n i o n m e a s u r e , E.R. 283.7, o n B p r . 2 8 , 1 9 3 3 . -. h e a r i n g s or? S. 1 0 9 3 w e r e held S y the Senate Committee on Governmentcl kffairs on Z u n e 28, 1983. A i l witnesses testified in support of the neasure, i!' a l t h c u g h s o m e s u g q e s t e d c h a n g e s in tFle s c o p e of t k e Comrr.issionTs x o r k a n d c h e s i z e a n d rceans of a p p c i n t i n g t h e C o ~ m i s s i c n . In m a r k i n g u p t h e > i l l , t h e Governrcental A f f a i r s C o m r ~ i t t e e a d e r e s s e d t h e l a t t e r p o i n t s . - T h e cornnittee aner.5ed S. 1 0 9 0 by i n c r e a s i ? ~ t h e s i z e of t h e p r o p o s e c C o m ~ i s s i o n fror, 1 5 t o 21 rneRSers. The Senate ace the Focse were azthorizee to nane the six 2ddi:i.cnal c o m ~ i s s i o n e r s ,eacp. charcber t o pick three private citizens in cdditicr? t o f o u r h!emSers f r o s each c k a m S e r . CRS- 6 K583223 UPDATE-11/29/83 r e s e a r c h a n e a c a d e ~ ~ i ci n s t i t u t i o n s w i t h special knowiedge of leisure, r r e s o u r c e s a n d t h e e n v i r o n m e n t . O c h e r c h a n g e s m a d e by t h e - e - c - -r e a t i o E , n a t u r a l cor.mittee w e r e e s s e n t i a l l y t e c h n L c a l or p e r f e c t i n g i n c a t c r e . S. 1C93 w a s r e f e r r e d to the S e n a t e Cornmlttee c c E n e r g y and Hatural h e s o u r c e s f o r a p e r i o d of 6 0 d a y s b e g i n n i n g w h e n C o n g r e s s r e c o n v e n e d o n Sep:. ~ k e 1 2 , 1983. Sencitcr Yaicclm W a l l o p , bil' sponsor and chairman of Subcorxmittee o n P u b l i c L a n e s a c d R e s e r v e d W a t e r , h e l e a h e a r i n g o n t h e bL:l A g a i n , a l l w i t n e s s e s t e s t i f i e e in s u p p o r t of he m e a s u r e , on Sept. 2 3 , 1983. suggesting some additional refinements or broadeninq of scope of the C o m m i s s i o n ' s work. 4, 1983 (S.Rept. 98-299) wir?. T h e b i l l w a s f a v o r a b l y r e p o r t e d on Nov. a d d i t i c c a l a m e n d ~ , e n z s . Among t h e c h a n g e s w e r e s e v e r a l e m p h a s i z i n g chat the in bozh Comrnissioc w a s L O be p r i n a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w i t h ''outdoor" r e c r e a t i o n " c r b a n o r n o n - u r S a n areas1'. T h e P r e s i d e n t pro rerpore, rather than tFie P r e s i d e n t of t h e S e n a t e , '%as designacee as the individual to n a m e the Senators and three Senate-designatee private citizen members to tne Comr,ission, w i t h t h e a d v i c e of t h e m a j o r i t y l e a d e r . S. 1 0 9 0 by unanirno~s The Senace adopted tkese a m e ~ d m e n t s and passed The measure was s e ~ to ~ the Xouse c0nser.t on 1;ov. i E , 1 5 8 3 . of R e p r e s e n t a t i v e s w h e r e o v e r 100 K e n b e r s h a v e c o s p o s s o r e B 3 . 2837, a bill i d e n t i c a l tc t h a t f i r s t I n t r o e c c e e i n r h e S e n a t e . R e f e r r a l i n t h e H o u s e was to r h e C o m x i t c e e o n I n t e r i o r a n C I c s u l a r A f f a i r s .