Speech Material -- Fourth of July

I n r e s p o n s e t o numerous r e q u e s t s f o r background t h a t would b e u s e f u l i n w r i t i n g s p e e c h e s on t h e F o u r t h of J u l y , we h a v e p r e p a r e d t h i s I n f o Pack f o r Members o f C o n g r e s s . The e n c l o s e d m a t e r i a l s i n c l u d e h i s t o r i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h i s h o l i d a y , a s w e l l a s a random sample o f s p e e c h e s g i v e n by U.S. P r e s i d e n t s and v a r i o u s Members o f C o n g r e s s . A d d i t i o n a l s p e e c h e s c a n b e found t h r o u g h u s e o f t h e C o n g r e s s i o n a l Record I n d e x , a p u b l i c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e i n CRS r e f e r e n c e c e n t e r s . We h o p e t h i s i n f o r m a t i o n w i l l b e h e l p f u l . Congressional Reference Division COMPLIMENTS O F Gene Snyder Reproduced w i t h p e r m i s s i o n o f c o p y r i g h t c l a i m a n t by t h e L i b r a r y o f C o n g r e s s , Congressional Research S e r v i c e . 1'378 NEW YOHK TI1E H. W. WILSON COMPANY Compiled and Edited by J A N E M . IIATCH THIRD EDITION American Book of Days The Political independence was not the goal of the American colonists, but rather an alternative accepted only as a last resort. The authorities in England. speaking as much frum worry as from knowledge. o~rasionallywhispered that their transatlantic cousins wanted a separate existence, but there is little evidenm that many provincial patriots seriously considered severing the ties before 1778. Thomas Jefferson, the author of the Declsration of Independence. could write even in June 1775 that "I am sincerely one of t h w . . . who would rather be in dependerm on Creat Britain, properly limited, than on any other nation on earth, or than on no ~mtion." Early arguments in defense of the American position had stressed the colonists' allegianc%to the British king and Parliament and blamed wonening relations on overzealous and unprincipled adviserr who unduly influenced the British government. As late as 1773 no st provincials still rcoognized Parliament's right to regulate trade and to make laws allectirrg them, save in the sensitive area of taxation. They denied principally EaglundP power to raise money from colouies separated from the mother country by 3.000 miles - colonies that could never expect to enjoy a&quate representation in the House 01Commons. American grievances agaimt Engla~dhad nc- Independence Day JULY 4 cumulated in the years after the mclusion d the French and Indian War in 1763. The British government, in severe financial distress as a rn s d t of military expenditures, sought to streamline its colonial administration and make tho colonies pay more money into the empire's coffers. In particular, King George 111 and his ministen wanted the provincials to pay at least part of the enormous w t s of defending England's New World settlements. The Americans professed their willingness to help, but objected stre~mwslyto British attempts to hvy tpres on them unilaterally. Measures such as the Stamp A a of 1765 (see March 22) drew especially strong opposition. The Stamp Act WIU repeated in 1786. but the Townsherrd Acts of 1787 levied new duties. Merchants retaliated by boycotting British imports, and by 1770 aU the Townshend duties were repealed except that on ten. Troop were sent to maintain order, end clashes between patriots nod British soldiers broke out. In 1770 the h t o n Massacre (sea March 5) was the consequence of a struggle between angry citizens and solders. who fired into the m w d . Attenrpts at reconciliation wem nrade, but the revolution~eacontinued their agitation. In 1773 resistance to the hated t u on tea-and to the monopoly of the East India Company - led a group of citizens to stage tho b t o n Tea Party (see December 18). In order to punish the rebelling colonists. Parliament pvsed the 'Coercive' or 'Intolerable" Acts of 1774. which authorized the closing of the port of Boston and prohibited town meetings without the govmmr's consent. On September 5. 1774. the Fint h t i n e n t d Congress convened in Philadelphia. The Congress, representing 12 mlonies, condemned the Coercive Acts; denounced Britain's imposition of taxes during the past decade; and adopted a declaration of rights which included the rights of "life. liberty and property." Crvdually the colonists reconsidered their opinion of King George's benevolenoe. Patriut blood shed at Lexington. Concord, and Bunker Hill. Massachusetts. in 1775 (see April 19 and June 17), and the king's proclamation of Augwt 23. 1775, stating that the Americam were in rebellion, badly weakened the b o d between England and the Americnn colonies. By 1776 the cvlooists were ready to accept the idamrnatory Common Serwe by Thomas Paine (see January 29). with its description of King George M the "royal brute" and its call for an end to hk reign in the New World. In the spring of 1778 the colonists advanced, step by step, toward independence. On Apnl 12 the North Carolina convention instructed itr delegutes to the Second Continental C o n g m , Vital Speeches of t h e Day, July 15, 1941. Vital Speeches of the Day A Pledge to Country and to Flag WE C A N N O T SAVE F R E E D O M WITH P I T C H F O R K S By P R E S I D E N T F R A N K L I N D . R O O S E V E L T d Fourth of July dddress Broadcast from H y d e Park, N . Y . M Y fellow Americans: I n 1776, on the Fourth day of July, the representatives of the several States in Congress assembled, declaring our independence, asserted that a decent respect for the opinion of mankind required that they should declare the reasons for their action. I n this new crisis, we have a like duty. I n 1776 we waged war in behalf of the great principle that government should derive its just powen from the consent of the governed. I n other words, representation chosen in free election. I n the century and a half that followed, this cause of human freedom swept across the world. But now, in our- generation-in the past few y e a r e a their lives and their government would be allowed to live when the juggernaut of force came their way. It is simple-I could almost say simple-minded-for us Americans to wave the flag, to reassert our belief in the cause of freedom-and to let it go at that. Yet, all of us who lie awake at night-all of us who study and study again-know full well that in these days we cannot save freedom with pitchforks and muskets alone after a dictator combination has gained control of the rest of the world. W e know that we cannot save freedom in our own midst, in our own land, if all around u s - o u r neighbor nationshave lost their freedom. new resistance, in the form of several new practices of tyranny, has been making such headway that the fundamentals of 1776 are being struck down abroad and, definitely, they are threatened here. It is, indeed, a fallacy, based on no logic a t all, for my American to suggest that the rule of force can defeat human freedom in all the other parts of the world and permit it to survive in the United States alone. But it has been that has childlike fantasy itself-that misdirected faith-which let nation after nation to go about their peaceful tasks, relying on the thought, and even the promise, that they and T h a t is why we are engaged in a serious, in a mighty, in a unified action in the cause of the defense of the hemisphere and the freedom of the seas. W e need not the loyalty and unity alone, we need speed and efficiency and toil-and an end to backbiting, an end to the sabotage that runs far deeper than the blowing up of munitions plants. I tell the American people solemnly that the United states will never survive as a happy and fertile oasis of liberty surrounded by a cruel desert of dictatorship. And so it is that when we repeat the great pledge to our country and to our flag, it must be our deep conviction that we pledge as well our work, our mill and, if it be necessary, our very lives. cn One hundred eighty-three years ago a dramatic cvent took place in our country-the proclanlation of our independence and the establishment of our Nation. to Today I speak to eacl! of you-American citizens abroad-fust, convey the greetinp of all of us at home on this special occasion; and second, to acknowledge a keen appreciation of your important role as our rcprcsentativcs to the r a t of the world. Approximately two and a half rnillion of you are outside tlie United States today, all guebts in foreign lands. Whetlier you are ovefieas in an official capacity, serving at one of our diplomatic missions or consular pobts; or in uniform, helping to securc the common drfense of freedom; or studying or teaching at a foreign school; or contributing knowledge to help improve the health or productivity of one of the n t our world's newly developing lands; or working as a c ~ n & ~ o n d e of free press; or crigaged in commerce; or traveling as a visitor to enhance your understanding of our neighbors on earth-you are, in foreign eyes, guests of those nations in which you rcside. I trust that your hosts may ever co~lsideryou welcome representatives of the Unitcd States and of everything we cherish. O n tkii national boliday, I take t h i s opportunity to talk to you directly a b u t what you represent. M y Fellow Americans: I52 ΒΆ Message Recorded for Broadcast to Americans Overseas. July 4, I 959 Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1959 First of dl,the signilicrutce of Judy fourth. 'lliiv date annually cornInenlorates and renews our dedicntion to the principla of freedom, of government elected by tile people, of equal opportunity lor dl. These are not static principles. What began in I 776 was a continuing, dynamic experiment. Let us look at the United Statu: today, to see what we have accomplislied, since 1776, in carrying out the Americal rxpcriment, I n these 183 years wc have developed an i~dustriltlizcdsociety while maintaining our personal freedoms. Dcspite the prrdictioru of Karl hlarx, our economy has developed swiftly through unprecedr~itcd teamwork on the part of those who toil and tliosc who irivest and manage. During this development, the working man has obtained an increasingly larger share of the fruits of his labon. \Ve live under the rule of law, wluch jealously p a r d s our freedom from illegal resuairrt. It guarantees our freedom of information, our frredorn of movement. I do not shggcst that all of these acliievernertlv utisl constaridy or uriiforrrlly I, throughout our laid. The goah for wllch Anluica strivca are not always easy of attainment. But we have an abiding determination to reach those go& without sacrifice of principle, and to further the cause of freedom at home and abroad. We have &?-own in the realization of iriterdcpendericc among nations as well as among individuals. We helped establish and steadfastly support thc United Nations in applying the concept of collrctive security to preserve freedom and inteb.rity. We felt it our duty to extend help to those who need and desire it. In the forms of economic, scientific, technolog.ical, and defense assistance, we try to help other peoples realize their legitimate aspirations. Our major goal iy the achievement of a lasting peace with justice. 'I'liis, thcn, is what you represent abroad. You can be proud of tlic American experiment, dynamic, vital, constructivc, hopeful. I ask you to tell that story. But let the facts speak for themselves. I t is traditional with us not to impose ideas on other peoples. And in those countries engaged in social experiments of their own, let them know &at we wish t h a n well in their efforts toward the peaceful enhancement of the individual. Givc our encouragement to all nations to solve their problcnls in their own way, in accordance with their own traditions--as wc do ourselves. If my message to you on this Fourth of July could bc put into PIX utr.ncrt.wnUld be this : State the face of frcedorn and trust in God, as wc h a w cvcr donc. Thus, we know that truth will triumph. Cod b l m you all. lnq J>C II 3111 01 $,IIVIWN XII! 1 1 ~ ~ ~ 1 1 1 ~ ~ II~~IJ Ill 3 q t d t ~ ~ I ~ I I I J ~ I ~ J J , [ 'JJXII c lyl JIJ lniv firm sf11 lln l[l:llIISII .>>I] a w 1 1 1111r J I IX X I I I l A t h2111 AVII 331) JJC )O I l ~ l ! U r l o11m ' 1 9 ~ 1ll! ~ c ~ I ~ ~ sI , Jl lI n~l ~ f 1 l l l ~I!() 5 ~ ~ t111:11rqv -p!lrls JJC aII! 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I ~ I ~ qPl 1 , n p w ~ l I~II.IA i ~ r ~ i r wrnn l p r i ~ : ~ > n p f ~ t t11 .w 111np1 JO JIOIII~JI~ !pltwt - 1 1 n 3~ P u b l i c Pa?srs o f t h e ? r e s i d e n t s , 1 9 7 0 Richard ?ikon, 19jo 2I I >lessage to the "Honor .lmzIT;,ca Day" Cerc~ories. doze in order :o - 4 e Hacor .Amzica Day h e b d oi special ocrvion we di want i t to be. It h ny hope 5 a c a& of us U-3- d e away 2ot oidy our ?mud z e z c orics of t i day, but a h -he i i i k 3 q3t minced oi what p a sr:rXc:s hzve been n a d e to d e *his day ~ors;'sle,azc &a Iet m tu.m acce more :o 'At i - ~ x r t ,in- .3kd by what tSfs day Eem ; to w and :o ail hose who love ir-dor;l t?ronghout tie worid, Congressional Record EXTENSIONS OF REMARKS HON. JACK EDWARDS or ALABAMA HOWBE OF aEPIUCSENTATIVES Fhutsduy, June 29, 1472 Mr. EDWARDS of Alabama. Mr. Speaker, since the House of Representatlves will be recessed when our country ceIebtates its 196th birthday, I thlnlr it b fitting that a few words be said today b commemoration of the Fourth of July. 1972. When viewing our Nation through the lens of history, We often think of America as a Young nation. But author James Michener has pointed out that the United Btates has the oldest existing form of government in the world. AU other nations have aeen their form of government interrupted or radically changed since 1776. 1 raise this fact to rtress the durability of our governmental process, to point out how the American way of U e has stood the test of time as compared with other governmenb. The Fourth of July in any year 16 a day in which we take special pride in k i n g Americans, fn being free. In being shoppers a t the Oreatest opuortuntty marketplace In the world. But July 4, 1972, should be a day for pledging to nurture that pride we feel In our Nation 8nd to dedicate ourselves to exprwing it in every aspect of our lives an every day of the year. Like ell birthdays. &is is a time to nflect on the accomplishments of the past and the challenges of the future. America Is not perfect, perhaps, but it still has the greatest potential for perfection in the world. There are more avenues available dor change than in any other nation./i'here a& also adequatk means of aafeguardlng our cherished ideals. At times we forget these facts and fall to put out mbfakes in perspective. The Jplportant thing is that we live in s country where m i s t a b can be ope* discwed and then corrected, There pre undisciplined dissidents in our country who ullow the rush of p m q t events to blur their Mew of America's hiJtorg to such an extent that the basic values on whlch our Nation was founded become obscured. Perhaps one of the meatest functions of Independence Day is to bring back lnto proper focus ahat America stands for. It gives each citizen an opportunity to reflect on his or her own responsibilities a d obligations as well as the rights and privileges which are part of the American system. Mr. Speaker. may July 4,1972, be a day of special pride for all Americans and may that pride and rededication sustain our efforts throughout the year. June SO, 1972 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD H O U S E DAY The SPZ%K&Rpro tcmpore. Uhder 4 pevious order of the House the gentlemsr! from m o t s (Mr.PUT) l 8m e atzed for S minntu. Mr. FARY. W. Speaker, it h~ bscn 4 ycus since our Nation's Bicmteanial. The Fourth of Juls of 1980 awrorchcs tn marked conttsstttsstto the rrtm&ihere of celebration and ssmbolism nuroundfM our Bicmtcnnial 4 yean 40.k we d& snut for the holidav to the time with our famQ aad Mends. let us not forget the purpose behind July 4, Independence Day. Two hundred and four ycan ago. in Phitedetphia. 56 Representatives met in Congress under the lcsrdershlp of Thomas Jefferson. Ben FranLUn. and John Adams to dectare their Independence from colonfsl rule. That declaration forged the banning of democracy in the modern world: proclaimed the subotdtnaflon of polltical authority to the rights of man: validated the moral oWention to rwolt aga-t o v u r a rPd stt new asplratlons for civlltzed rociety. Amerlca is unique. We an young as b nation. &nd yet at the same time we ars the world's oldet continuously DraCticlng paI?icipatorg deinocrac~. Back in 1778, wt Nation was founded not on 4 feell&u of nationallstlc fenor. but on prlncipla whtch our Founding Fathers felt were inherent In human rights: Freedom. Sustice. Uberty and equality. h u e rights coupled with our democratic form of government and the resourcefulness of the Amerlcan people have produced unparallded p r o m for our Nation. Out achievements haw created a standard of Uving om ancestor3 could not even dream of. These same principles must be put to vork for us today and in the future. For the future holds many great challcngu that will twt both US and generations to come. The experlencm from the past wUI help us face them and solve them. Let us ga forward utilizing the principles UWn which our country was founded 204 y e a n ago and meet these challengu.* A CALL FOR PATRIOTISM Mr. MATRIAS. Mr. President, America's Independence Day, July 4, is cus- tomarily reserved for looking back and celebrating the glories of our past. I have a young constituent, Unda Allnock, a student at the Thomas Stone High School. in Waldorf. Md, who has marked Independence Day this year by looking instead to the future. She asks what she and her friends can do to improve our power to meet the challenges that are in store for us. Linda has written down and sent me her thoughtful conclusions on what she calls "Americanism." and I would like to share them with my colleagues as we approach Independence Day, 1980. I ask unanimous consent they be printed in tiie RECORD. There being no objection, the materid was ordered to be printed fn the RECORD. es follows: Ax~ICANIsar "Patrlotlsm 1s emy to understand i n Arnerl a ; It means looking out for yourself b9 looklng out for your country."-Calvin Coolidge How many Americana today are truly looking out for their country? How much pride and value do we actually feel In being citizen of the Untted States? Apparently Americanism Is not wldely practiced any more. Votlng. the right struggled for in years past. has become a tedious ritual ignored by many (too busy) Americaru. 40 percent of those eligible to vote do not vote. Why? Perhaps there was dlnner to prepare or T.V. to watch. Maybe there's shopplng t o do. or maybe r nap on the couch sound8 tempting. In the majority of cmes, It's just plain laziness or apathy that keeps a healthy normal American away from the polls. Apathy la the root of our American eVU. Since the Depression yean. act8 of caring between fellow Americans have steadily decUned. In our good time society. we have no tlme to think of others' feelings or nceda. Most would have no deallngs wlth a public omclal they do not trust. when actually they should be working with him and others to lmprova our country. I t taker caring, time. and involvement with others to raise O u r Unlted States ta the level our forefathers dreamed of. As the youth of America we must didplaj the enthusiasm our country needa so desperately. We have to show our devotion to our freedom and our bellefr ln small and large ways by voicing our opinions to each other and our leaders, by pledging our allegiance and observing our na:ional anthem and ilag. by getting involved in our government. not only through votes, but by running for political ofice and changing and reforming the subjects we constantly a m plaln about. All Americans need to support, belleve in. and love their country in the face of Soviet threats and American danger overseas. But the most important part of America is its youth. Though now only in high school. we are the next decade's leaders. Let us face any threats to America together as loyal CitiZens instead of opinionated apathetic ideologues unwUllng t o even listen to each other. We are Americana descendants of the a n t believers of freedom and democracy. The free Spirit 1s there, we have to find it together. CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-Exhsiqns - of Remarks PATXO'ITSM IS N O T DEAD o r UUfORA XH THE HOUSE O F H E P R E S Z T A T I W Tuesday, July 23.1980 Mr. RUDD. Mr: Speaker. I would like to share with my colleagues the good work of an Arizona company. 0 Roy H. Long Realty Co. of Tucson. The line Amerfcans that are employees of this company have taken it upon theyelves to do their part In seeing that each American home has our country's flag and its history. They have volunteered to knock on doors and dve families in the Tucson area a flag and the country's history. The good efforts of these citizens to instill a sense of patrfotism in their neighbors is most laudable and praiseworthy in a day when our Nation's people are becoming increasingly more skeptical and apathetic about the vfrtues of patriotism. At t U point I would U e to share wfth my colleagues a portion of the material that these good Americans are distributing regardlng our flw HntdRrmmesab&? Some people call me Old Glory. others call me The Star Spanekd Banner, but a h a t w e r they call me. I am your flag. the nag of The Umted Sbtw of h e r l c a Something has been bothering me, so I thought I might hllr it over with you.. because it b about you and m e I remember some t h e ago. people lined up on both sides of the street to watch the p d e . and naturally I a-81 leading every parade, proudly w a m g In the breeze. When your d e saw me camfng, he fmmtdlately removed his hat and placed it against his left shoulder so that the haad aas directly' over his heart. . . Remember? And you. I remember xoa. standfng there straight as a soldier. You didn't have a haL. but you w e n giving the n g h t salute. Remember your llttle sister? Not to be outdone. she was saluting the same as you with her right hand over her heart . Remem- .. .. ber? What bppened? I'm s t U the same old stars since you were a boy. A lot more blood har been shed since those pamdes of long ago. But now I don't feel as proud as I used to. When I come down your street you just stand there w t h your hands m your pockets and I may get a small glance ond then you look away. Then I see the chrldren running around and shoutrng . . They don't seem toknowwhoIam.. I saw one man take h b hat off then look around, he didn't see anybody else 6 t h thelrs off. so he puickiy put hls hack o n Is it a sin to be patnotic anymore? Have you forgotten what I stand for and where I've been? Anzio. GuadalcanaL Korea and now Vietnam Take WA look a t the memorial honor rolls sometime. of those who never came back to see this republic free.. . . One nation under God. . . When you salute me. y w are actually saluting them. Well it won't be long until I11 be coming down the street waul So, when you see me. stand atra~ght.place your rlght hand over and 111 salute you by waving your heart. back. . and Ill then know that . You Remembered! -Author Unknown. nau. Oh. I have a few more .. . .. - Ln's E s w n t nn m HON. ELDON RUDD .. -- z or A u c w t c x WORDBY Wonn L' Me. yl individual-a committee of one P M g c Dedicate d l my worldly goods to give wlthout pity. AtLcgfance:My lore and devotion. TO the Rag: O u Standard-old glory-& symbol of freedom-whenever she waves t h e n Is respect b e c a w your loyalty has given her dignity that shouts freedom Is everybody's job. . 01 a Unite& Tnat mesns that We have . 1 lgrown together. Sla&r. Indiridual communities that have united the 50 great states. 50 individual communities. w t h pride and dignity p m undivided, 51th imzWnarY b0-d.rfer yet united to a common DUZVOSe: and that l s love for country. of A M O to Lhr Republic- A state in which sovereign power b lnvested in rrpm scntatives chosen by the people povem. and government Is the people. and it is from the people to the l a d m not fmm the leade a to the people. For WAich if Slands-One Nation Under Cod. Meaninp so bleved by God I n d t r l r i b k Incapable of be- divided. With Liberty: Which fs freedom and the right of power to live ones own life wlthout threats or fear of some sort of retPliatioa And JwtiK: The principle of equality of