C R I M E CONTROL:
AND CONGRESSIONAL INITIATIVES
I S S U E BRIEF NUMBER. I B 8 1 1 7 2
T H E LIBRARY OF C O N G R E S S
CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
D A T E ORIGINATED 11/16/81
DATE U P D A T E D 10/21/83
INFORMATION CALL 287-5700
The Reagan Administration announced its major crime Control proposals
1 9 8 1 , shortly after the final report from the Attorney General's Task Force
on Violent Crims, and reiterated support for significant changes in Crime
control legislation in 1983. Congressional initiatives and modifications of
those proposals continue interest and controversy in crime control matters i n
the 98th Congress.
However, concerns have. surfaced over specific proposals,
budget and personnel reductions affecting some agencies, the phaseout or
of certain programs and
jurisdictional responsibility, and the imposition of new
responsibilities without additional resources.
(See also the
specialized issue briefs on law and crime control.)
BACKGROUND AND POLICY ANALYSIS
THE REAGAN ADMINISTRATION'S PROPOSED CRIME CONTROL PROGRAM
Attorney General Smith announced the Administration's initial crime
control program a t hearings before the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on
Criminal Law Oct. 23, 1981, and the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime
Controversy over some of the provisions led to
incroduction of new proposals in September 1982, that concentrated on a
narrower range of issues.
Failure to achieve passage of comprehensive
legislation and the President's veto of a crime control bill in the 97th
Congress, however, did not nullify all action in this area.
President's 1983 State of the Union address, he reiterated support for new
initiatives, especially against drug trafficking and in favor of parole
reform, protection for victims and witnesses, and us'e of surplus Federal
property for prisons.
Some of the major areas of the President's program,
detailed in a 628-page message, are highlighted below:
--The Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1983
1 6 , 1983, the
Reagan Administration submitted a new set of proposals -- the Comprehensive
S. 8 2 9 .
Crime Control Act of 1983 -- introduced, by request, a s S.
contains 16 titles, including most of the provisions of the Violent Crime and
Drug Enforcement Improvements Act of 1982 (S. 2572, 97th Congress) that had
passed the Senate-95-1 but was not acted upon in . t h e House.
ingredients of S. 8 2 9 include changes in the bail law, elimination of parole,
imposition of the death penalty for certain specified crimes, curtailing the
insanity defense, limitations on the impact of the exclusionary rule, limits
on Federal judicial interference in State criminal proceedings, modernizing
international extradition procedures, authority for Federal assistance. to
State and local law enforcement, and specialized labor racketeering and
violent crime controls. A more limited version, S. 1762, has been approved
by the Senate Judiciary Committee.
--Strengthening Narcotics Law Enforcement.
The Administration has favored
legislation to strengthen narcotics law enforcem.ent, including P.L. 97-86, to
ailow specified military assistance for civilian law enforcement authorities,
829 contains relevant provisions to combat drug
Congressional approval of H.R. 3963 late in 1 9 8 2 contained several provisions
f o r combatting drug trafficking.
One of these, -- creation of a new
Cabinet-level office to coordinate such efforts -- however, met with Justice
Department criticism. And President Reagan pocket vetoed the bill, in part
because of his stated opposition to the "drug czar," the additional layer of
bureaucracy it would
create, and its perceived adverse impact on law
Through administrative changes, 1 2 new interagency task forces have been
created to stem the trafficking in illicit drugs.
The task forces, modeled
after one that has been operating in southern Florida, are composed of
agencies from the Justice and Treasury Departments, a s well a s the U.S. Coast
Guard, and are expected to improve and better
coordinate Federal law
enforcement efforts in this regard. Later, after criticism that this effort
had no new funding to carry out the expanded assignments, the Administration
submitted a request for an additional $127.5
million for 9 8 3 and $103
million in FY84.
--Revising the Bail Reform Act of 1966. The Administration program in S.
829 calls for strengthening bail laws, by denying bail to those found to
present a danger to others, by reversing the current standard presumptively
favoring the release of convicted persons awaiting sentencing or appeal, and
by increasing penalties for jumping bail.
To provide additional space for housing prisoners, the
Administration favors making surplus Federal property available a t no cost to
States for criminal justice facilities and has supported legislation to
accomplish this goal.
--Mandatory Sentencing for Using Firearms When Committing Felony. The Administration supports mandatory minimum
sentences for use,
display, or possession of a firearm during and in relation to commission of a
Federal crime of violence.
Prosecution and Control of Youthful Offenders.
Administration has recommended that the criminal code S e amended to allow
Federal courts to proceed against all juveniles who commit Federal crimes.
Under current law, most cases of violations of Federal l a w by
referred to State juvenile courts.
The Administration also supported
proposals allowing for the prosecution of a
juvenile a s an adult if the
offender i s at least 1 7 years of age or is charged with a violent felony or
trafficking in drugs; and it recommends that juveniles convicted of s e r i o u s crimes in Federal Courts be fingerprinted and photographed.
In S. 829, the Administration supported legislation to
restore the death penalty as a sanction for the most serious Federal crimes
committed under aggravating circumstances .(see
--Strengthening Enforcement Against Labor Racketeering.
To facilitate. the
fight against organized crime eiements in
Administration has supported several proposals, including provision
general "labor briberyw offense, that are included in S. 829.
Along with this program, the Reagan
Administration embarked on several reorganizations or transfers affecting
crime control agencies and operation.
The Attorney General, for instance,
ordered the establishment of Law Enforcement Coordinating Committees by U.S.
Attorneys in the 9 5 Federal judicial districts.
These committees a r e to
develop plans on how to use their joint resources against crime problems in
the districts, with plans forwarded t o
implementation by the Attorney General's staff.
In other Justice Department
developments, the Drug Enforcement Administration has been placed under the
supervision of the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation; and the
Law Enforcement Assistance Administration was terminated a s of Apr. 1 5 , 1982,
with its remaining grant programs closed out or administered by the Office
for Justice Assistance, Research, and Statistics
Commission antitrust enforcement has
reduced, - leaving
responsibility in this area with the Justice Department's Antitrust Division.
The Treasury Department law enforcement operations have also been affected
abolished the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
firearms, arson, and explosives law enforcement to the Secret Service and
alcohol and tobacco regulation to the Customs Service.
F Y 8 4 Appropriations.
Unlike the two previous fiscal years under
President Reagan, and in contrast with most other budget categories, the
Administration has requested a substantial increase of 15.2% in funding for
the administration of justice. For the first time, the FBI alone would
surpass $1 billion and a new $90 million anti-crime grant program t o States
and localities would be instituted.
THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S TASK FORCE ON VIOLENT CRIME
In April 1981, Attorney General Smith appointed a bipartisan, eight-member
Task Force on Violent Crime, co-chaired by former U.S.
Griffin B. Bell and Governor James R. Thompson of Illinois. The Task Force
was instructed to make specific recommendations to the Attorney
ways the Federal Government could help control violent
maintaining its efforts against organized crime and white collar crime.
in a report issued Aug. 1 7 , 1981, the Task Force listed 64 recommendations
to the Attorney General on ways in which the Federal Government could do more
to combat violent crime.
Fifteen recommendations focused on measures that
the Department of Justice
(DOJ) could undertake in accordance with i t s
existing structure and mandates.
The remaining recommendations related to
changes in Federal criminal statutes, funding levels, and resources which
would increase the Federal Government's impact on violent crime.
The former recommendations affecting DoJ are primarily concerned with
means of the apprehension of narcotics offenders, coordinating and improving
crime data and research, improving technical assistance to States and local
governments, and using Federal buildings for correctional facilities.
And the latter recommendations regarding the Federal role affect f i v e
Federal law and its enforcement, criminal procedure, federalism in
recommendations here include means to control narcotics traffic, strengthen
firearms control, increase Federal law enforcement and legal personnel, amend
the Bail Reform Act, provide uniform
sentencing guidelines, revise habeas
corpus requirements, provide funds for prison construction, provide various
forms of technical and financial assistance for State and local governments,
strengthen crime research and statistics, strengthen the Federal role i n
various crime areas, and provide support for victims of crime.
The most important recommendation, according to the co-chairmen
Task Force, was that $2 billion be made available to States for the
construction of prisons, the only recommendation that included a cost
estimate. The Task Force also recommended Federal assistance for the
replacement or renovation of outmoded or substandard correctional facilities,
emphasizing the most appropriate use of available space. .
The Attorney General indicated that the DOJ has already- implemented 1 2 of
the 1 5 Task Force recommendations affecting this Department directly but
requiring no additional funds.
These include establishing law enforcement
coordinating committees in each Federal district and expanding the training
and Support programs provided by the ~ e d e r a lGovernment to State and local
law enforcement personnel.
Some of the other program areas addressed by the Administration generally
Conform to those addressed by the remaining Task Force recommendations.
recommended criminal code reform, more stringent narcotics enforcement, gun
Control, arson control, bail reform, limits on the exclusionary rule,
Sentencing reforms, habeas corpus revisions, strengthened prosecution of
juveniles, and other miscellaneous changes.
However, the Administration
has not addressed several of the major
recommendations of the Task Force, primarily those involving expenditures of
For example, the Administration did not express support for the Task
Force recommendations for extensive new funding for prison construction;
funding for research, demonstration, evaluation, and implementation of
innovative programs; funding for personnel increases in
enforcement and prosecutorial agencies; and financial assistance for State
and local governments having a demonstrated criminal justice disaster or
Some Members of Congress have questioned whether, without new
funds, there would be enough manpower in Federal agencies to benefit from
changes in the criminal laws.
Finaily, the Administration's program has addressed some areas that a r e
not targeted by the Task Force, including legislation to deter fraud against
the government and recover Federal funds paid out for false claims;
restoration of the death penalty a s a sanction for the most
crimes committed under aggravating circumstances; and
strengthen Federal enforcement against labor racketeering.
In ad-dition to legislation supporting the Administration's
program, other congressional initiatives have occurred.
In the past, Federal anti-crime assistance to State and local governments
was made available through the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration
(LEAA) under the authority of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act
of 1968, a s amended (42 USC 3701).
Although the LEAA grant programs had been
authorized through FY83, budget reductions beginning in 1 9 8 0 resulted in
their virtual elimination, with only four highly specialized grant programs
remaining to be administered by OJARS, the successor administrative agency to
With the decline of this assistance program, several bills were introduced
in the 97th Congress to create a new program of anti-crime grants for State
and local governments.
In the 97th Congress, the House and Senate approved
different versions of bills reinstituting such assistance.
however, agreed to a compromise version attached to H.R;
3963, which was
approved in the lame duck session of the 97th Congress that included $170
million to fund State and local programs over the next two years. The bill,
however, was pocket vetoed on Jan. 1 4 , 1983.
Despite this, the Reagan Administration.has requested new authority for
such programs in S. 829 along with funding for such assistance programs
$90 million in FY84
although it has called for the elimination of fund'ing
f o r the Juvenile Justice grant program.
Also new bills, H.R.
2175, and S.
range of grant
5 3 , have been introduced to provide authority for a broader
programs than presently exist.
On May 1 0 , 1983, the House overwhelmingly
approved H.R. 2175.
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF)
The Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on the Treasury approved a plan
that modified the Administration's proposal to dismantle BATF, dividing its
jurisdiction between Customs and the Secret Service.
in the 97th Congress,
the Subcommittee, agreeing to a proposal from Senator DeConcini, recommended
that Only arson, bombing, and explosives functions be transferred t o the
Secret Service (along with 717 BATF agents).
Firearms, alcohol, and tobacco
functions would remain with a renamed entity, the Treasury Compliance Agency.
A variety of bills have been introduced over several Congresses to improve
Federal anti-arson efforts. Referred to a s "billion-dollar crime," arson has
been estimated to cause direct property losses of at least $1.7
annually, also killing 1 , 0 0 0 people and injuring more than 3 , 0 0 0 others.
Pending legislation has concentrated on establishing
Committee on Ars0.n Prevention and Control to coordinate Federal programs and
to provide assistance to State and local authorities in
detecting, and controlling arsons.
introduced in the House, it extended Federal criminal code
jurisdiction in this regard and clarified that arson involving property used
in or affecting interstate and foregin commerce constitutes a Federal
offense. A Senate amendment elevated arson to the status of a major
for the 'purposes of the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports.
Congress, however, enacted legislation
. focusea on Federal criminal code changes i n order t o ease the prosecution
Congressional initiatives to create a so-called
"Drug Czar" or central
office responsible for coordinating Federal anti-narcotics law enforcement,
A section of H.R.
for such an
began in the 97th Congress.
In the 98th
cbffice -- one of the reasons President Reagan vetoed it.
C:;ngress the House Judiciary Committee has approved a bill, H.R.
would increase the authority of the existing 0ff.ice.of Drug Abuse Policy ko
aid in coordinating law enforcement efforts, and the Senate Judiciary
Committee has recommended, in S. 1787, creation of a Cabinet-level office for
coordinate such efforts.
Offices of inspector general have been statutorily established in most
Federal departments, beginning in 1976, a s mechanisms to detect waste, fraud
and abuse, among other duties.
Recent congressional initiatives have focused
on expanding such offices to the remaining.departments -- Defense, Justice,
and Treasury -- and to select agencies and on ensuring their independence by
restricting the President's removal powers and creating fixed terms for the
IGs. In both the 96th and 97th Congresses, the House (but not the Senate)
has approved bills extending IGs to the remaining Cabinet Departments.
separate action, a new IG has been created in Defense through P.L.
the-Department's FY83 Authorization Act.
Although somewhat more restricted
than the pre-existing statutory IGs, the DoD IG operates under the same
general authorities a s its counterparts established by P.L. 95-452.
Criminal Adulteration of Drugs and Foods
Because of the poisoning
resulting Ceaths, bills were introduced to clarify and expand Federal
jurisdiction in this area in the 97th Congress. As cleared by both Chambers
during the post-election session, the vetoed bill, H.R.
3963, would have
created.a new Federal crime of tampering with drugs, cosmetics, or other
In the 98th Congress, both Chambers approved separte
anti-tampering bills, H.R. 2174 and S. 216; and the Senate approved the House
amended version on Sept. 30, 1983.
Senate Cemocratic Crime Control Package
On the same date -- Mar. 1 6 , 1983 -- that the Reagan Administration's
crime control proposals
reached the 98th Congress, 29 Senate Democrats
introduced S. 830, a proposal to combat violent crime and organized crime a s
well as to improve the administration of justice.
=Pertinent 97th Congress Legislation
This section tracks major general crime control legislation of the 97th
Congress that receivea congressional action (i.e., hearings have been held).
Further information on legislation relating to specific areas appears i n
IB76061 and IB77119 (illicit drug law enforcement),
I B 7 4 0 1 1 - (gun control),
P.L. 97-86, S. 815
Department of Defense authorizatiqns for FY82 includes a section
amending Title 1 0 , U.S.C., to provide indirect assistance to civilian law
enforcement officials, consistent with the principles established in the
Passe Comitatus Act (18 U.S.C. 1385).
Introduced Mar. 26, 1981; referred to
Committee on Armed Services; reported May 6 , 1981 (S.Rept. 97-58); considered
i n Senate May 1 2 and May 14; and approved, 92-1,. a s amended, May
1 4 , 1981.
Passed House, amended, in lieu of H.R.
3519 July 1 6 , 1981.
A Conference Committee Report (H.Rept. 97-311), filed on Nov. 3 , 1981, was
approved by the Senate on Nov. 5 and by the House on Nov. 1 7 , and was signed
into law (P.L. 97-86) on Dec. 1 , 1981.
The final version modified both
earlier versions permitting the Secretary of Defense and .military units t o
share military intelligence; lend Armed Forces
(except for Coast Guard)
equipment and facilities; train and advise civilians in the operation and
maintenance of such equipment; operate and maintain, under limited emergency
circumstances, equipment previously made available; and transport civilian
agents outside the land areas of the United States; but prohibited the direct
participation of nilitary personnel in civilian law enforcement activities,
such as searches, seizures, and arrests, unless otherwise approved by law.
P.L. 9?-143, S. 1976
Amends 4 0 U.S.C. 1 9 3 a , as amended, to clarify the authority of the U.S.
Capitol Police to extend protection beyond the Capitol Grounds subject t o the
direction of the Capitol Police Board.
Introduced Dec. 1 6 , 1981, and
approved by the House and Senate on that same day.
F.L. 97-252, S. 2248
Department of Defense Authorization Act for FY83 included provision for a n
Office of Inspector Generai, to operate under the Inspector General Act of
1978 (P.L. 95-452).
In specified sensitive and national security related
areas, however, the IG is to serve under the authority direction, and control
of the Secretary of Defense. The Senate on Aug. 17, and the House, on Aug.
1 8 , 1982, agreed to the Conference Committe'e report
containing provision for an IG, which was a compromise between the initial
House (H.Rept. 97-482) and Senate versions (S.Rept. 97-330).
P.L. 97-298, H.R.
Amends the Federal criminal code to extend current offenses involving the
use of explosives to include the use of fire and clarifies that arson
involving property used in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce
Introduced May 20, 1982, and referred to the
constitutes a Federal offense.
House Judiciary Committee which reported the bill on July 28
It passed the House on Aug. 2, and the Senate, a s amended, on Sept.22. The Senate amendment, introduced by Senator Glenn, elevated arson t o the
status of a major crime for purposes of the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports.
House agreed ,to the Senate amendment by voice vote on Oct.
signed into law on Oct. 1 2 , 1982.
2098 (Brooks et al.)
Amends the Inspector General Act of 1978 - t o establish IGs i n . the
Departments of Defense, Justice, and the Treasury, and in the Agency
Introduced Feb. 25, 1981; referred to Committee
on Government Operations.
Subcommittee on Legislation and National
held hearings on Apr. 8 ; an amended bill was sent to the full committee which
considered it and reported it out on May 7 (H.Rept.
The bill was
considered in the House on May 1 8 and approved, 334 to 6 5 , May 1 9 , 1981.
Hearings held on this and a related Senate bill, S. 1327, June 1 8 , 1981, by
the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee.
A bill to amend the Contract Services for Drug Dependent Federal Offenders
Act of 1978 was amended to include: a new grant program for State and local
law enforcement, operating under a new Office of Justice Assistance;
increased fines for drug traffickers and provision for forfeiture of property
related to illegal drug enterprises; new penalties for tampering with drugs,
food, or other consumer products; a new Federal Cabinet-level Office of the
Director of National and International Drug Operations and Policy; and
provision to try armed career criminals in Federal court.
Introduced June 6 ,
1981, and reported by the House Judiciary Committee on Oct. 21, 1981 (H.Rept.
97-283), and by the Senate Judiciary Commi.ttee, without written report, on
Sept. 29, 1982. Approved by the House Oct. 26, 1961, and amended
Senate on Sept. 30, 1982. The House disagreed to the Senate amendment on
Oct. 1 0 , 1982; and a conference was scheduled. Later, on Dec. 20, 1 9 8 2 , the
House receded and concurred in the Senate amenanent with a n amendment, under
a suspension of the rules (271-27). The Senate, on Dec. 20, 1982, agreed to
the House amendment.
On Jan. 1 4 , 1983, President Reagan pocket vetoed H.R.
4481 (Hughes et al.)
Justice Assistance Act of 1981. Amends
title I of the Ominbus Crime
Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968.
Title I of the bill establishes an
Office of Justice Assistance within the Department of Justice under the
general authority of the Attorney General.
discretionary grants for a limited number of anticrime projects.
authorizes State and local governments to apply for emergency Federal law
Appropriations of $170 million for each year,
FY80-83, are authorized for Title I.
Appropriations of $20 million per
fiscal year ending after Sept.
30, 1982, are authorized for title 11.
Initially introduced a s H.R. 3359 on Apr. 3 0 , 1981. Referred to Committee on
Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime.
Subcommittee hearings held May 1 1 , and
field hearings held May and June 1981. Introduced as a clean bill Sept.
FavoraSly reported by Judiciary Committee, a s amended, Oct. 2 6 , 1981 (H.Rept.
97-2931, and approved, a s amended, by House on Feb.
1 0 , 1982; referred t o
Senate Committee on the Judiciary.
The Senate version, S. 2411, a s amended
on the floor, was inserted in lieu of the text of H.R. 4 4 8 1 , which was then
No further action
approved and a conference called for, on Dec. 9 , 1982.
occurred in the 97th Congress.
6 4 5 4 (Hughes et al.)
Amends the Federal criminal code to extend current offenses involving the
Introduced May 20, 1982;
use of ex<losives to include the use of fire.
referred to Committee on the Judiciary, which reported i t favorably July 2 8
Passed House, under a suspension of the rules, Aug.
S. 1554 (Thurmond et al.)
Bail Reform Act of 1981. Specifies conditions for release or detention of
defendant pending trial or pending sentence or appeal; and sets forth other
Eliminates execution of a money bond a s a condition for
pretrial release. Authorizes a judicial officer to consider the Safety of
people or the community when making pretrial release
Establishes a mandatory release condition that the person not commit a crime
during release and expands the discretionary release conditions.
u p to 1 0 days detention of persons presently on pretrial release for a felony
or on probation, parole, or release for any offenses to assure court
appearance and the safety of the community and other people.
pretrial detention under certain circumstances.
Requires a detention hearing
under certain conditions and allows the government t o request a detention
hearing under certain conditions. Lists additional factors to be considered
in making a release determination. Requires the detention of persons who
appeal a conviction unless there i s convincing evidence that they will
neither flee nor pose a danger to others and that the appeal raises
substantial question of law or fact.
Establishes mandatory additional
penalties for offenses committed while on pretrial release.
U.S. attorney to appeal a release order.
Introduced July 31, 1981; referred
to Judiciary Committee.
Hearings held by Subcommittee on the Constitution
Sept. 1 7 and Oct. 21. Reported as amended, to Judiciary Committee Nov.
Judiciary Committe favorably reported the measure, with amendments, Mar.
1982 (S.Rept. 97-31;).
S. 1762 (Thurmond et al.)
Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1983.
Reforms criminal sentencing,
criminal forfeiture, the insanity defense, and
Introduced Aug. 4 , 1983; reported by the Judiciary
98-225) on Sept.
1 4 , and by the Foreign Relations
Committee (S.Rept. 98-241) on Sept. 26, 1983.
S. 1787 (Bidec et al.)
Establishes an Office of the Director of National and International Drug
Operations and Policy.
Authorizes the Director to develop, implement, and
enforce U.S. Grant policy with respect to illegal drugs.
Introduced Aug. 4 ,
1983; reported (without written report) by the Judiciary Committee on the
S. 2411 (Specter et al.)
Amends Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1 9 6 8
to replace the Office of Justice Assistance, Research, and Statistics with a
new Office of Justice Assistance; replaces the formula grant program with a
implementation and replication program;"
current discretionary grant program and retains the training and manpower
development program; and authorizes States to apply for emergency Federal l a w enforcement assistance.
Introduced Apr,. 21, 1982; referred to Committee on
the Judiciary, which reported the bill with amendment on Sept.
24, 1 9 8 2
The full Senate, on Dec. 9 , 1982, passed H.R. 4481 with a n
amended text of S. 2411 as substitute; and a conference was called for, but
no further action on the bill occurred.
S. 2572 (Thurmond et al.)
A bill to revise the Federal criminal code with respect to illicit drug
trafficking and violent crime.
Introduced May 26, 1982; placed. on Senate
It was approved 95-1, on Sept. 30, 1982.
1 3 3 7 (Hughes et al.)
Amends title 1 8 , U.S.
Code, to prohibit tampering with
with intent to cause injury or death.
Introduced Feb. 8 , 1983; referred to
the Committee on the Judiciary.
Subcommittee on Crime held hearings on Mar.
2, 1983. On March 1 7 , the Subcommittee approved a clean bill, H.R. 2174, for
full committee consideration.
1338 (Hughes et,al.)
The Justice Assistance
Safe Streets Act of 1968,
referred to the Committee
1 0 , and Mar. 1 4 , 1983, by
bill, H.R. 2175, for full
Act of 1983. Amends the O m n i b u s - C r i m e Control and
and for other purposes.
8 , 1983;
on the Judiciary.
Hearings held on Feb.
the Subcommittee on Crime, which reported a clean
Committee consideration on Mar. 1 7 , 1983.
2174 (Hughes et al.)
Federal Anti-Tampering Act.
Amends title 1 8 , U.S.C., to prohibit
tampering with consumer products.
consideration by the Subcommittee on Crime, Mar. 1 7 , 1983, a s a clean bill in
lieu of H.R. 1337; reported, a s amended by the full Committee (H.Rept. 98-93)
on Apr. 20, 1983, and approved, a s amended, by the full Chamber
May 9 , 1983. The House inserted the text of H.R. 2174 in S. 216, the Senate
version of the bill, which was later approved by the Senate.
2175 (Huges et al.)
Justice Assistance Act of 1983. Amends the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe
Streets Act of 1983, and for other purposes.
Introduced by the House
Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime a s a clean bill in lieu of H.R. 1338, on Mar.
1 7 , 1983; reportee by the Judiciary Committee on Apr.
Approved (399-16) a s amended by the House on May 1 0 , 1983.
Revises the authority of the office of Drug Abnse Policy, among other
things, and establishes a Deputy Director for Drug Enforcement in that
Introduced Sept. 29, 1983, a s a clean bill, following consideration
of a similar bill, H.R. 3664, and ordered reported by the Judiciary Committee
on Oct. 4, 1983.
S. 5 2 (Specter)
Armed Career Criminals Act.
Establishes a mandatory sentence of 1 5 years
to life imprisonment to combat crimes of armed robery and armed burglary.
Introduced Jan. 26,'1983; referred to the Judiciary Committee, which' held
hearings on May 26 and ordered the bill reported favorably on June 1 6 , 1983.
S. 53 (Specter et al.)
Justice Assistance ~ c of
t 1983. Amends the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe
Streets Act of 1968, by establishing a new Office of Justice .Assistance,
replacing the formula grant program with
and. replication programs," revising the current discretionary grant program,
and authorizing appropriations for emergency law enforcement assistance to
26, 1983; referred to the Committee on the
Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice held hearings on April 1 4 and
approved the bill with an amendment in the nature of a substitute on May 5.
The full Committee ordered i t favorably reported on June 1 6 , 1983.
S. 216 (Thurmond et al.)
The Federal Anti-Tampering Act.
Amends title 1 8 , U.S.
Code, to combat,
deter, and punish individuals who adulterate or otherwise tamper with food,
drug, cosmetic, and other products with intent to cause personal injury,
death, or other harm.
Introduced Jan. 27, 1983; r e f e r r e d - t o the Committee on
the Judiciary, which reported it with amendment in the nature of a substitute
Senate approved, as amended, on May 9 , 1983.
(S.Rept. 98-69) on May 2, 1983.
Later, the House inserted the text of its version
2174) in S. 216,
which the Senate approved on Sept. 30, 1983.
S. 829 (Thurmond, by request)
The Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1983.
Introduced, a t the request
of the Reagan Aeministration, on Mar. 1 6 , 1983; referred to the Committee on
the Judiciary and hearings held, by the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice on
May 19; by the Subcommittee on Administration Practice and Procedure on May
26; and by the Subcommittee on Criminal Law on May 4 , 1 1 , 1 8 , 1 9 , and 2 3 ,
Combats violent crime and crime
administration of the criminal- justice system.
1 6 , 1983;
referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
Committee on the Judiciary.
on Criminal Law.
Attorney General's Task Force on Violent
Hearings, 97th Congress, 1st session. Washington,
U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1981. 8 8 p.
REPORTS AND CONGRESSIONAL DOCUMENTS
Committee on the ~ u d i c i a r y . Justice
Assistance Act of 1981; report together with dissenting
views to accompany H.R. 4481. -Washington, U.S. Govt.
(97th Congress, 1st session.
Print. Off., 1981. 94 p.
Report no. 97-293)
Pretrial Services Act of 1981; report together with
additional and dissenting views to accompany H.R. 3481.
Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1981. 3 2 p.
Congress, 1st session.
Report no. 96-56)
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T h e Federal bail process fosters
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Stronger Federal effort needed in fight against organized crime.
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