Salaries of Federal Officials: A Fact Sheet

Order Code 98-53 GOV Updated January 11, 2005 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Salaries of Federal Officials: A Fact Sheet Barbara L. Schwemle Analyst in American National Government Government and Finance Division The Ethics Reform Act of 1989 provides for an annual salary adjustment for all positions on the Executive Schedule as well as for Members and leaders of the Senate and the House of Representatives (103 Stat. 1716, at 1769).1 Adjustments are based on the percent of change in the private sector wages and salaries element of the Employment Cost Index (ECI) minus 0.5%. They are to go into effect at the same time as, and at a rate no greater than, the basic pay rate adjustments for the General Schedule (GS). By law (95 Stat. 1183, at 1200), judges’ salaries must be authorized separately. 1994. Congress legislated a freeze on the salaries of Members of Congress for calendar year 1994. With no GS base salary adjustment, there was no “automatic” adjustment in 1994 for officials in the three branches (107 Stat. 35 and 107 Stat. 1253). 1995. Projected adjustment: 2.6%. The FY1995 Treasury Appropriations Act provided that there would be no adjustment for federal officials (108 Stat. 2328, at 2424). 1996. Projected adjustment: 2.3%. The FY1996 Treasury Appropriations Act provided that there would be no adjustment for federal officials (109 Stat. 468, at 507). 1997. Projected adjustment: 2.3%. The FY1997 Treasury Appropriations Act provided that there would be no adjustment for federal officials (110 Stat. 3009-364). 1998. Adjustment: 2.3%, a rate equal to the January 1998 adjustment for GS base pay. No legislation was enacted to withhold the pay adjustment for federal officials. 1999. Projected adjustment: 3.1%. The FY1999 Treasury Appropriations Act provided that there would be no adjustment for federal officials (112 Stat. 2681-58). 2000. Adjustment: 3.4%. (P.L. 106-113 authorized judicial pay adjustment.) 2001. Adjustment: 2.7%. Projected 3.0% adjustment limited by GS base pay rate. P.L. 106-553 authorized the judicial salary adjustment. 2002. Adjustment: 3.4%. (P.L. 107-77 authorized the judicial salary adjustment.) 2003. Adjustment: 3.1%. Projected 3.3% adjustment limited by GS base pay rate. Judicial adjustment authorized through P.L. 108-6. 2004. Adjustment: 2.2%. Adjusted, temporarily, at 1.5% pending enactment of P.L. 108-99. Judicial pay adjustment authorized under P.L. 108-167 (12/06/03). 2005. Adjustment: 2.5%. Judicial pay adjustment authorized under P.L. 108-447 (12/08/04). 1 This report was authored by Sharon S. Gressle until her retirement from the Congressional Research Service in September 2004. Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress CRS-2 Table 1. Salaries of Federal Officials Position Legislative Branch Vice President of the United States (President of the Senate) Speaker of the House of Representatives President Pro Tempore of the Senate Majority and Minority Leaders — House and Senate Senators, Representatives, Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico, and Delegates Judicial Branch Chief Justice of the United States Associate Justices of the Supreme Court Judges, U.S. Courts of Appeal Judges, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Services Judges, U.S. District Courts Judges, United States Court of Federal Claims Judges, United States Court of International Trade Judges, Tax Court of the United States Judges, U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims Bankruptcy Judges Magistrate Judges Executive Branch President of the United States a Executive Schedule Level I: Cabinet-level officials Level II: Deputy secretaries of departments, secretaries of military departments, & heads of major agencies Level III: Under secretaries of departments & heads of middle-level agencies Level IV: Assistant secretaries & general counsels of departments, heads of minor agencies, members of certain boards & commissions Level V: Administrators, commissioners, directors, & members of boards, commissions, or units of agencies Jan. 2003 Jan. 2004 Jan. 2005 $198,600 198,600 171,900 $203,000 203,000 175,700 $208,100 208,100 180,100 171,900 175,700 180,100 154,700 158,100 162,100 $198,600 190,100 164,000 $203,000 194,300 167,600 $208,100 199,200 171,800 164,000 154,700 154,700 167,600 158,100 158,100 171,800 162,100 162,100 154,700 154,700 158,100 158,100 162,100 162,100 154,700 142,300 142,300 158,100 145,500 145,500 162,100 149,132 149,132 $400,000 $400,000 $400,000 $171,900 $175,700 $180,100 154,700 158,100 162,100 142,500 145,600 149,200 134,000 136,900 140,300 125,400 128,200 131,400 CRS-3 Senior Executive Service (SES) Basic Pay Range Effective January 2004 b Minimum Maximum $104,927 $145,600 Agencies without a certified performance appraisal system $104,927 $158,100 Agencies with a certified performance appraisal system Effective January 2005 $107,550 $149,200 Agencies without a certified performance appraisal system $107,550 $162,100 Agencies with a certified performance appraisal system a. Effective noon, January 20, 2001. b. Pursuant to P.L. 108-136, §1125, the pay system for SES was changed to a system in which the agency head determines the salary rate for each individual once a year. See 69 FR 2048-2052 (Jan. 13, 2004) for interim regulations and 69 FR 70355-70367 (Dec. 6, 2004) for final regulations. The range includes a maximum rate equal to Level II when OPM, as directed by P.L. 107-296, certifies that the agency has an appropriate performance appraisal system in place. Members of the SES in agencies with certified performance appraisal systems may earn total compensation up to $208,100.