CRS Report for Congress
Received through the CRS Web
Public Speaking and Speechwriting:
December 20, 1996
Jean M. Bowers
Information Resource Specialist, Government and Law
Library Services Division
Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress
Public Speaking and Speechwriting: Selected References
This bibliography lists books and articles which offer advice on the presentation
of a speech and provide materials from which to develop a speech. It includes how-to
manuals, examples and critiques of great speeches, and anthologies of quotations and
humorous stories for use in speechwriting. The last section is a listing of materials
prepared by CRS which might help to prepare the speaker for specific occasions and
Books listed are selected from the Library of Congress Computerized files and
a few articles have been selected from the CRS Public Policy Literature file.
Congressional staff may request copies of items listed by calling 5-5700 or FAX (76745). Because of limited photocopy resources, please limit items requested to 10.
Other users should contact a local public or university library.
I. Public Speaking: Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
II. Speechwriting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
A. Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
B. Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1. Famous speakers and speeches: text and analyses . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2. Directories of Quotations and Humor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3. CRS Prepared Info Packs for holiday speechgiving . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Public Speaking and Speechwriting: Selected
I. Public Speaking: Method
Axon, David E. Stine, Richard L.
The public speaking process: computer-assisted speech organization and
development. Fort Worth, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, 1993.
Ayres, Joe. Miller, Janice.
Effective public speaking. Madison, Wis. W. C. Brown, 1994. 349 p.
Blake, Cecil A.
Public speaking: a twenty-first century perspective. Dubuque, Iowa,
Kendall/Hunt, 1995. 346 p.
Bordeaux, Jean. Allen, Roberta.
How to talk more effectively. [Chicago] American School, 1993. 239 p.
Accept no limitations. Glendora, CA, Royal Pub., 347 p. 1995.
Breaden, Barbara L.
Speaking to persuade. Fort Worth, TX, Harcourt Brace College, 1996. 274 p.
Carlile, Clark Stites.
38 basic speech experiences. Topeka, Kan., Clark Pub., 1993. 218 p.
DeVito, Joseph A.
The elements of public speaking. New York, Longman, 1997. 486 p.
Successful public speaking. Belmont, Wadsworth Pub. Co., 1996. 432 p.
Includes section on persuasive speaking.
The confident speaker: how to master fear and persuade an audience.
Bradenton, Fla., McGuinn & McGuire Pub., 1993. 274 p.
The audience, the message, the speaker. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1993. 224
Hilton, Jack C.
How to meet the press: a survival guide. Champaign, Ill., Sagamore Pub., 1990.
How to become an effective speaker. Ramsey, NJ, Alexander Hamilton Institute,
1995. 208 p.
Humes, James C.
The Sir Winston method: the five secrets of speaking the language of leadership.
New York, Quill/William Morrow, 1993. 189 p.
Public speaking in a diverse society. Mountain View, Calif, Mayfield Pub. Co.,
1996. 481 p.
Klepper, Michael M.
I’d rather die than give a speech. Secaucus, N.J., Carol Pub. Group, 1995. 177
Maloney, Stephen R.
Speaker’s portable answer book. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice Hall, 1993.
Building a speech. Fort Worth, Tex., Harcourt Press, 1994. 484 p.
Going public: a practical guide to developing personal charisma. Deerfield
Beach, Fla. Health Communications, 1995. 147 p.
Public speaking; acting.
Mira, Thomas K.
Speak now, or forever fall to pieces. 1st ed. New York, Random House, 1995.
Nadeau, Ray E.
Speaking effectively in public settings: a modern rhetoric with a traditional base.
Lanham, Md., University Press of America, 1993. 277 p. PN4121.N243 1993
Payne, James. Carlin, Diana Prentice.
Getting started in public speaking. Lincolnwood, Ill., National Textbook Co.,
1994. 128 p.
Leading out loud: the authentic speaker, the credible leader. 1st ed. San
Francisco; Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1995. 174 p.
Powers, John H.
Public speaking: the lively art. New York, Harper Collins College Publishers,
1994. 455 p.
Speak easy: a guide to successful performances, presentations, speeches, and
lectures. Washington, D.C. Starrhill Press, 1995. 96 p. PN4121.R58 1995
Public speaking: a traditional approach in a modern world. Needham Heights,
MA. Simon & Schuster Custom Pub., 1996. 247 p.
The Speech: a guide to effective speaking. By the faculty in effective speaking at
Cazenovia College. Dubuque, Iowa, Kendall/Hunt, 1993. 84 p.
The speaker’s handbook. 4th ed. Fort Worth, Harcourt Brace, 1996. 457 p.
Successful speech. Edited by Michelle Bailey, Ted Scutti and Frank Irizarry. Taos,
NM, CDE, 1995. 261 p.
Compilation of essays by speech educators.
Open your mouth but don’t say “ah!”: RX for public speaking. New York,
Igaku-Shoin, 1994. 70 p.
Verderber, Rudolph F.
The challenge of effective speaking. Belmont, Calif., Wadsworth Pub. Co.,
1997. 488 p.
Secrets of successful speakers: how you can motivate, captivate, and persuade.
New York, McGraw-Hill, 1993. 216 p.
The presentations kit: 10 steps for selling your ideas. New York, Wiley, 1994.
Wolvin, Andrew D.
The public speaker, the public listener. Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co., 1993.
Public speaking: strategies for success. Needham Heights, MA, Allyn and
Bacon, 1996. 511 p.
Author is a professor at Northwestern University.
Cook, Jeff Scott.
The elements of speechwriting and public speaking. New York, Collier Books,
1991. 242 p.
Dance, Frank E. X.
Speaking your mind: private thinking and public speaking. 2nd ed. Dubuque,
Iowa, Kendall/Hunt, 1996. 356 p.
Speech preparation and delivery.
How to write and give a speech: a practical guide for executives, PR people,
managers, fund-raisers, politicians, educators, and anyone who has to make
every word count. New York, St. Martin’s Press, 1992. 204 p.
Writing effective speeches. New York, Paragon House, 1992. 214 p.
Are quotes sacred? American journalism review, v. 17, Sept. 1995: 34-37.
“Some journalists say it’s fine to `improve’ quotations as long as the
meaning isn’t changed. Others argue that the practice is dishonest.”
Get to the point: how to say what you mean and get what you want. Dubuque,
Iowa, Kendall/Hunt, 1995. 244 p.
Message suggestions and speech delivery.
Gotschall, Mary G.
The lost art of speechmaking. Campaigns & elections, v. 14, June-July 1993:
“Four veteran wordsmiths reveal the secrets of writing and delivering
Merrill, Norman W.
Who was that woman I didn’t see you with last night? New England journal of
public policy, v. 6, fall-winter 1990: 61-76.
Presents a short history of negative campaigning in America.
Miller, N. Edd. Boyd, Stephen.
Public speaking: a practical handbook. Bloomington Ind., Tichenor Pub. Group,
1989. 148 p.
Minnick, Dale L.
Speaking without fear. Woodward, OK, 1995. 196 p.
Speechwriting and delivery.
Outzs, Lori L.
A principled use of congressional floor speeches in statutory interpretation.
Columbia journal of law and social problems, v. 28, winter 1995: 297-338.
Comment “suggests that floor statements, which are crucial pieces of
legislative history for federal statutes, be used in a principled manner that
analyzes the role of the statement’s speaker and the context of the statement.
The Author demonstrates this interpretational method through a review of the
opinions of Justices Brennan and Rehnquist in United Steelworkers of America
v. Weber. The Author recommends . . . that the Congress amend its recordkeeping procedures to facilitate this usage.”
Pendleton, Winston K.
Speaker’s handbook of successful openers and closers. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,
Prentice-Hall, 1984. 261 p.
Samples of opening and closing statements.
State government news, v. 36, July 1993: 15-29.
Contents.—The positive side of negative advertising: campaigns can be
won by exposing an opponent’s weak points, by Greg Stevens.—Swiss cheese
journalism: the outlook is bleak for expanding statehouse coverage, by Doris A.
Graber.—Doubts about doublespeak: confusion, not communication, is the point
of this art, by William Lutz.—Statehouse news: how to turn the media’s
attention to issues of substance, by David Yepsen.—Mixed messages: the
language of politics is not all that it appears, by Julie C. Olberding.
Rackleff, Robert B.
The art of speech writing. Vital speeches of the day, v. 54, Mar. 1, 1988: 311314.
A speech on the steps to writing a good speech.
Speeches that leave them speechless. State government news, v. 37, no. 6, June
“A great speech appeals to your imagination as well as your ear.”
Strother, David B.
The quality of expression: a guide to practical criticism. Dubuque, Iowa,
Kendall/Hunt Pub. Co., 1990. 104 p.
University of Kansas. Communication Studies Dept.
Virtual presentation assistant [online] (as of Dec. 5, 1996). available internet:
topic.—Researching your topic.—Analyzing your audience.—Supporting your
points.—Outlining your points.—Using visual aids.—Presenting your speech.
Reference material on the Internet for which CRS is providing an address only.
1. Famous speakers and speeches: text and analyses
American orators before 1900: critical studies and sources. Edited by Bernard K.
Duffy and Halford R. Ryan. New York, Greenwood Press, 1987. 481 p.
American public discourse: a multicultural perspective. Lanham, Md., University
Press of America, 1992. 328 p.
Includes speeches by Native American females, males, African American
females and males, Mexican American females and males and White American
Richard Nixon: rhetorical stategist. New York, Greenwood Press, 1990. 223
Braude, Jacob Morton.
Complete speaker’s and toastmaster’s library. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice
Speech material by subject.
Contemporary American public discourse: a collection of speeches and critical essays
by Halford Ross Ryan. Prospect Heights, Ill., Waveland Press, 1992. 384 p.
Fleser, Arthur F.
A rhetorical study of the speaking of Calvin Coolidge. Lewistown, N.Y., E.
Mellen Press, 1990. 118 p.
Friedenberg, Robert V.
Theodore Roosevelt and the rhetoric of militant decency. New York,
Greenwood Press, 1990. 209 p.
Theodore Roosevelt: presidential messages.
All the Presidents’ words. Wilson quarterly, v. 19, spring 1995: 68-79.
Goldzwig, Steven R. Dionisopoulos, George N.
In a perilous hour: the public address of John F. Kennedy. Westport, Conn.,
Greenwood Press, 1995. 219 p.
The Great American priorities. Edited by George L. Berg, Jr. Lanham, Md.,
University Press of America, 1992. 364 p.
Collects “speeches on a variety of subjects, ranging from agriculture to
refugees, and from youth to patriotism.”
Great American speeches. Edited, with introduction by Gregory R. Suriano. New
York, Gramercy Books, 1993. 308 p.
Great speeches for criticism and analysis. Selected by Lloyd E. Rohler and Roger
Cook. Greenwood, Ind., Alister Press, 1988. 336 p.
Kinds of speeches included: campaign, rally, political, national crises,
defense, legislative, ceremonial.
The Great thoughts. Compiled by George Seldes. Foreword by Henry Steele
Commager. Rev. and updated. New York, Ballantine books, 1996. 543 p.
“From Abelard to Zula, from ancient Greece to contemporary America, the
ideas that have shaped the history of the world.”
Lend me your ears: great speeches in history. Selected and introduced by William
Safire. 1st ed. New York, Norton, 1992. 957 p.
McCants, David A.
Patrick Henry, the orator. New York, Greenwood Press, 1990. 172 p.
The Modern presidency and crisis rhetoric. Edited by Amis Kiewe. Westport, Conn.,
Praeger, 1994. 246 p.
Looks at presidential discourse with examples from several administrations.
Oratory in the Old South, 1828-1860. Prepared under the auspices of the Speech
Association of America. Edited by Waldo W. Braden. Baton Rouge, Louisiana
State University Press, 1970. 311 p.
A treasury of the world’s great speeches. Each speech prefaced with its
dramatic and biographical setting and placed in its full historical perspective.
New York, Simon and Schuster, 1965. 866 p.
Representative American speeches, 1991-1992. Edited by Owen Peterson. New
York, H.W. Wilson Co., 1992. 216 p.
Seventeen speeches on current events and issues.
The Rhetoric of struggle: public address by African American women. Edited by
Robbie Jean Walker. New York, Garland, 1992. 445 p. PS663.N4R47 1992
Text of speeches.
The rhetoric of the post-Presidency: Herbert Hoover’s campaign against the
New Deal, 1934-1936. Presidential studies quarterly, v. 21, spring 1991: 333350.
“In evaluating Hoover’s campaign against the New Deal, this case study
will examine the rhetorical dimensions of the post-presidency in American
Smith, Craig Allen. Smith, Kathy B.
The White House speaks: presidential leadership as persuasion. Westport,
Conn., Praeger, 1994. 263 p.
“This book takes Richard Neustadt’s dictum that presidential power is the
power to persuade and Jeffrey Tulis’s description of The Rhetorical Presidency
seriously enough to argue that we can profitably study presidential leadership
Speeches of the American presidents. Edited by Janet Podell and Steven Anzovin.
New York, H.W. Wilson Co., 1988. 820 p.
Springen, Donald K.
William Jennings Bryan: orator of small-town America. New York, Greenwood
Press, 1991. 194 p. (Great American orators, 0898-8277; no. 11)
Churchill on courage: timeless wisdom for persevering. Nashville, Tenn.
Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1996. 1 v (unpaged)
DA566.9C5 T25 1996
Vallin, Marlene Boyd.
Mark Twain: protagonist for the popular culture. Westport, Conn., Greenwood
Press, 1992. 184 p.
After the Civil War, Americans witnessed an age known for its “silvertongued oratory”, Mark Twain was such a nineteenth-century speaker. Includes
Voices of multicultural America: notable speeches delivered by African, Asian,
Hispanic, and Native Americans, 1790-1995. Deborah G. Straub, editor. New
York, Gale Research, 1996. 1372 p.
PS663.M55 V64 1996
Waggenspack, Beth Marie.
The search for self-sovereignty: the oratory of Elizabeth Cady Stanton. New
York, Greenwood Press, 1989. 204 p. (Great American orators, 0898-8277;
Wisdom of the great chiefs: the classic speeches of Red Jacket, Chief Joseph, and
Chief Seattle. Collected and with introductions by Kent Nerburn. San Rafael,
Calif., New World Library, 1994.
Women public speakers in the United States, 1925-1993: a bio-critical sourcebook.
Edited by Karlyn Kohrs Campbell. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1994.
Includes quotations by famous American women.
2. Directories of Quotations and Humor
The Athena treasury: 101 inspiring quotations by women. Edited by Marty Maskall.
Fair Oaks, Calif., Attitude Works Pub. Co., 1993. 111 p.
Familiar quotations: passages, phrases, and proverbs traced to their sources
Copyright 1995-1996. Older quotations to 1871. Reference material on
—— Familiar quotations: a collection of passages, phrases, and proverbs traced to
their sources in ancient and modern literature. Boston, Little, Brown, 1992.
Blakely, James “Doc”
How the platform professionals keep’em laughin’. Houston, Tex., Rich Pub.
Co., 1987. 294 p.
How to develop and present a humorous speech. Over 2000 jokes and
Bushisms. Compiled by Jonathan Bines, Andrew Sullivan and Jacob Weisberg. New
York, N.Y., Workman Pub., 1992. 87 p.
Cohen, J. M.
The Penguin dictionary of twentieth-century quotations. London; New York,
Penguin Books, 1995. 628 p.
Famous Black quotations. Edited, selected, and compiled by Janet Cheatham Bell.
New York, Warner Books, 1995.
Hatlen, Theodore W.
You’re on!: a speaker’s handbook plus one thousand quips and jokes. Santa
Barbara, Calif., Dorcas Press, 1993. 292 p.
Humes, James C.
More podium humor: using wit and humor in every speech you make. New
York, HarperPerennial, 1993. 244 p.
Humorous quotations. Compiled by Des MacHale. Cork: Mercier Press, 1994. 221
PN6084.H8 H8 1994
Short section of political quotations.
David Letterman’s new book of top ten lists and wedding dress patterns for the
husky bride. New York, Bantam Books, 1996. 160 p.
The quotable Bob Dole: witty, wise, and otherwise. New York, Avon Books,
1996. 154 p.
E840.8D64 A25 1996
Thatcher’s reign: a bad case of the blues. London, Chatto & Windus, 1984. 128
The Merriam-Webster dictionary of quotations.
Webster, 1992. 501 p.
Springfield, Mass., MerriamPN6081.M494 1992
Native wisdom. Edited by Joseph Bruchac. San Francisco, HarperSanFrancisco,
Mr. Kaplan, tear down this wall: Bartlett’s missing quotations. Policy review, no. 66,
fall 1993: 4-19.
Objects to the apparent omission of quotations by Ronald Reagan and other
conservatives in the new 16th edition of Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations, edited
by Justin Kaplan. “Policy Review here offers a sampling of conservative
quotations from the past 50 years that ought to be considered for Bartlett’s
Powell, Colin L.
In his own words. 1st ed. New York, Berkley Pub. Group, 1995.
E840.5.P68 A25 1995
May not be in LC.
Prochnow, Hebert Victor.
Speaker’s and toastmaster’s handbook. Rocklin, Calif., Prima Pub., 1992. 357
Respectfully quoted: a dictionary of quotations requested from the Congressional
Research Service. Washington, Library of Congress, for sale by the Supt. of
Docs., G.P.O., 1992. 520 p.
The 2100 quotations in this book are drawn from the Quotation File created
and maintained by the Congressional Reference Division for use in the
Congressional Reading Room of the Library of Congress. Covering a variety of
subjects of interest to Members of Congress, they include quotation citations
that have been requested over and over again. Copies of this book are kept in
all congressional reference centers.
Revolution song: Thomas Jefferson’s legacy. Summit, N.J., Ashland Press,
1992. 126 p.
Sunbeams: a book of quotations. Edited by Sy Safransky. Berkeley, Calif., North
Atlantic Books, 1990. 159 p.
Wilstach, Frank Jenners.
A dictionary of similes. Detroit, Omnigraphics, 1990. 578 p.
Friendly advice. New York, Plume, 1992. 300 p.
The Wit & wisdom of politics. Collected, compiled, and arranged by Charles
Henning. Golden, Colo., Fulcrum, 1992. 306 p.
3. CRS Prepared Info Packs for holiday speechgiving
Speech material: Abraham Lincoln’s and George Washington’s birthdays; info pack.
Updated as needed.
Speech material: Fourth of July; info pack. Updated as needed.
Speech material: graduation; info pack. Updated as needed.
Speech material: Labor Day; info pack. Updated as needed.
Speech material: Martin Luther King’s Birthday; info pack. Updated as needed.
Speech material: Memorial Day; info pack. Updated as needed.
Speech material: Thanksgiving Day; info pack. Updated as needed.