Federal Laws Relating to the Control of Narcotics and Other Dangerous Drugs, Enacted 1961-1985: Brief Summaries

This report contains summaries of enactments, treaties, and reorganization plans, passed from 1961 through 1985, that have some clearly indicated relationship-- either by specific reference or by virtue of legislative history--to the Federal effort to prevent drug misuse through control of the supply of narcotics and other dangerous drugs.

Report N o . 56-12 GOV FEDERAL LAWS RELATING TO THE CONTROL OF NARCOTICS AND OTHER DANGEROUS DRUGS, ENACTED 1961-1985: B R I E F SUMMARIES BY H a r r y I,. H o g a n Specialist in American N a t i o n a l Government Government D i v i s i o n R e v i s e d January 15, 1986 The Congressional Research Service works exclusively for the Congress, conducting research, analyzing legislation, and providing information at the request of committees, Members, and their staffs. The Service makes such research available, without partisan bias, in many forms including studies, reports, compilations, digests, and background briefings. Upon request, CRS assists committees in analyzing legislative proposals and issues, and in assessing the possible effects of these proposals and their alternatives. The Service's senior specialists and subject analysts are also available for personal consultations in their respective fields of expertise. ABSTRACT T h i s r e p o r t c o n t a i n s summaries o f e n a c t m e n t s , t r e a t i e s , and r e o r g a n i z a t i o n p l a n s , p a s s e d from 1 9 6 1 t h r o u g h 1985, t h a t have some c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d r e l a t i o n s h i p - e i t h e r by s p e c i f i c r e f e r e n c e o r by v i r t u e o f l e g i s l a t i v e h i s t o r y - - t o the Federal e f f o r t t o p r e v e n t d r u g m i s u s e t h r o u g h c o n t r o l o f t h e s u p p l y o f n a r c o t i c s and o t h e r dangerous drugs. CONTENTS ABSTRACT.................................................................... iii INTRODUCTION............................................................. 1 BRIEF SUMMARIES OF PUBLIC IAWS 87th Congress P.L. 87-228: Use of Interstate or Foreign Commerce for Racketeering Purposes, Federal Crime.................................................... P.L. 87-274: Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Offenses Control Act............ 2 2 88th Congress P.L. 88-368: 2 Juvenile Delinquency Act Extension............................. 89th Congress P.L. 59-74: Drug Abuse Control Amendments of 1965.......................... P.L. 89-793: Narcotic Addict Rehabiliation Act of 1966 (NARA)..... Reorganization Plan No. 1, effective April 8, 1968........................... .......... 3 3 3 90th Congress P.L. 90-351: (Title I) Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968: Title I, Law Enforcement Assistance........................................ P.L. 90-639: Increased Penalties for Dangerous Drug Offenses................ 3 4 91st Congress P.L. 91-296: Marihuana and Health Reporting Act............................. P.L. 91-452: Organized Crime Control Act of 1970............................ P.L. 91-508: Financial Recordkeeping and Reporting of Currency 4 4 6 Transactions.............................................................. P.L. 91-513: Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 (Controlled Substances Act; Controlled Substances Import and Export Act) ... 7 92nd Congress P.L. 92-13: Increasing Appropriation Authorizations for the Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse P.L. 92-31: Authorizing Certain Activities for Prevention and Control of Juvenile Delinquency P.L. 92-73: Department of Agriculture-- Environmental and Consumer Protection Appropriations Act. 1972 P.L. 92-129: Selective Service Act Amendments P.L. 92-226: Foreign Assistance Act of 1971 P.L. 92-245. 92-246. 92-247: Authorizing U.S. Contributions to the Asian Development Bank. the Inter-American Development Bank. and the International Development Association P.L. 92-255: Drug Abuse Office and Treatment Act of 1972 P.L. 92-293: Relating to Care for Narcotic Addicts on Probation. Parole or Mandatory Release P.L. 92-381: Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act. Extension P.L. 92-420: Increased Treatment Options under NARA ................................................... .................................................... ........................................ .............................. ................................. 8 8 8 9 9 ...................................... 9 .................... 10 ....................................................... 11 ..... 11 ......................... 12 93rd Congress ...................................... 12 ............................... 12 ................................. 13 .......................... 13 .......................... 13 ........ 13 ................................................................... 14 .......................................... 14 . ............................................ 15 P.L. P.L. P.L. P.L. 93-83: Crime Control Act of 1973 93-87: Federal-Aid Highways Act of 1973 93-189: Foreign Assistance Act of 1973 93-218: Disposal of Opium. National Stockpile P.L. 93-281: Narcotic Addict Treatment Act of 1974 P.L. 93-415: Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 P.L. 93-481: Controlled Substances Act Appropriation Authorization. FY 75-77 P.L. 93-618: Trade Act of 1974 Reorganization Plan No 2 of 1973 94th Congress ........ ................................................................ ................. ......................................... ...................................... ................................. .............................................................. P.L. 94-237: Drug Abuse Office and Treatment Act of 1972. Amendments P.L. 94-329: International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1976 P.L. 94-419: Defense Department Appropriations Act. FY 1977 P.L. 94-455: Tax Reform Act of 1976 P.L. 94-503: Crime Control Act of 1976 S Res 578: Bail for Narcotics Offenders H Res 1350: House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control. 94th Congress . . . . 15 16 16 17 17 18 18 95th Congress P.L. 95-92: International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1977 P.L. 95-115: Juvenile Justice Amendments of 1977 ................................................................ ............................ 19 19 P.L. 95-137: Extending Appropriations Authorizations for the Enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act P.L. 95-142: Medicare-Medicaid Anti-Fraud and Abuse Amendments P.L. 95-384: International Security Assistance Act of 1978 P.L. 95-410: Customs Procedural Reform and Simplication Act P.L. 95-461: Drug Abuse Prevention and Treatment Amendments of 1978 P.L. 95-481: Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriation Act. FY 1978 P.L. 95-537: Contract Services for Drug Dependent Federal Offenders Act of 1978 P.L. 95-633: Psychotropic Substances Act of 1977 H Res 77: Continuance of House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control. 95th Congress H Con Res 265: Endorsing Hermosillo Declaration . . ....................................... .............. .................. ................. ......... ................................................................... .................................................................... ............................ . .............................................. . . .......................... 19 19 20 20 21 21 21 21 22 22 96th Congress ............................ 22 .............. 23 .................. 23 .................................................................. 23 ................................. 24 ......................................................... 24 .................................. 25 ..................................... 25 ..................... 25 ............................ 26 .................................................................... 26 . ................................................. 27 P.L. 96-43: Speedy Trial Act Amendments of 1979 P.L. 96-53: International Development Cooperation Act of 1979 P.L. 96-92: International Security Assistance Act of 1979 P.L. 96-132: Department of Justice Appropriation Authorization Act. FY 1980 P.L. 96-157: Justice System Improvement Act P.L. 96-181: Drug Abuse Prevention. Treatment. and Rehabilitation Amendments of 1979 P.L. 96-350: Possession or Transfer of a Controlled Substance. Abroad or on the High Seas. for Import Into the U.S P.L. 96-359: Infant Formula Act of 1980 P.L. 96-509: Violent Juvenile Crime Control Act of 1980 P.L. 96-528: Agriculture Appropriations. FY 1981 P.L. 96-533: International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980 Continuance of the House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse H Res 13: and Control. 96th Congress . 97th Congress P.L. 97-86: Department of Defense Authorization for Appropriations for FY 1982 P.L. 97-113: International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981 P.L. 97-116: Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1981 P.L. 97-248: Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1983 H Res 13: Continuance of the House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control. 97th Congress . .................................................................... .................................................................... ............. ............... . ................................................. 27 27 28 28 28 98th Congress .......................... ..................... ..... .............................................. ......... ........................................... ............................... ............. .......................... ................................... .......................... .............................................. P.L. 98-67 (Title 11): Caribbean Basin Recovery Act P.L. 98-151: Further Continuing Appropriations. FY 1984 P.L. 98-164: Department of State Authorization Act. FY 1984 and FY 1985 P.L. 98-236: Amendment to the Contract Services for Drug Dependent Federal Offenders Act of 1978 P.L. 98-305: Controlled Substance Registrant Protection Act of 1984 P.L. 98-329: Banning Methaqualone P.L. 98-411: Departments of Commerce. Justice. and State. the Judiciary. and Related Agencies Appropriation Act. 1985 P.L. 98-473 (Title 11): Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 P.L. 98-499: Aviation Drug-Trafficking Control Act P.L. 98-509: Alcohol Abuse. Drug Abuse. and Mental Health Amendments of 1984 P.L. 98-573: Trade and Tariff Act of 1984 P.L. 98-596: Criminal Fine Enforcement Act of 1984 H Res 49: Continuance of the House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control. 98th Congress . . 29 29 29 30 30 31 31 31 36 36 36 37 37 99th Congress . ........................ .............................. .................. ..................... P.L. 99-83: International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 P.L. 99-88: Supplemental Appropriations for FY 1985 P.L. 99-93: State Department authorizations. FY 1986 and FY 1957 (International Narcotics Control Commission) P.L. 99-145: Department of Defense authorizations. FY 1986 P.L. 99-190: Further Continuing Appropriations. FY 1986 37 35 38 38 39 BRIEF SUMMARIES OF TREATIES .................................... ......... ........................................ Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. 1961 1972 Protocol Amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. 1961 Convention on Psychotropic Substances 39 40 40 FEDERAL LAWS RELATING TO THE CONTROL OF NARCOTICS AND OTHER DANGEROUS DRUGS, ENACTED 1961-1985: BRIEF SUMMARIES INTRODUCTION During t h e p a s t t w e n t y - f i v e y e a r s , Congress h a s e n a c t e d a l a r g e number o f l a w s i n t e n d e d , i n whole o r i n p a r t , t o p r e v e n t t h e m i s u s e o f n a r c o t i c s and o t h e r dangerous drugs. Of t h e s e e n a c t m e n t s , some a r e d e s i g n e d t o r e d u c e t h e demand f o r s u c h drugs--through t r e a t m e n t , e d u c a t i o n , and i n t e r v e n t i o n e f f o r t s - - and o t h e r s a r e aimed a t r e d u c t i o n of d r u g supply--through r e g u l a t i o n of m a n u f a c t u r e and d i s t r i b u t i o n , by c u r b i n g i l l i c i t t r a f f i c , and by f o r e i g n a s s i s t a n c e f o r t h e c o n t r o l o f d r u g p r o d u c t i o n and t r a f f i c k i n g a b r o a d . T h i s c o m p i l a t i o n p r o v i d e s summaries o f e n a c t m e n t s , t r e a t i e s and r e o r g a n i z a t i o n p l a n s , p a s s e d from 1961 t h r o u g h 1 9 8 5 , t h a t have some c l e a r l y indicated relationship--either by s p e c i f i c r e f e r e n c e o r by v i r t u e o f l e g i s l a t i v e history--to t h e F e d e r a l e f f o r t t o p r e v e n t d r u g m i s u s e by means of s u p p l y reduction. X e a s u r e s For t h e p r e v e n t i o n o f d r u g m i s u s e t h r o u g h demand r e d u c t i o n a r e not i n c l u d e d . A p p r o p r i a t i o n laws a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f t h e y c o n t a i n p r o v i s i o n s h e a r i n g o n t h e s u b s t a n c e of t h e a c t i v i t y o r program f o r which f u n d s a r e b e i n g a p p r o p r i a t e d . I t s h o u l d be n o t e d t h a t many measures of a g e n e r a l nature--such a s broadly d i r e c t e d a n t i - c r i m e l a w s o r l a w s a u t h o r i z i n g t h e a c t i v i t i e s and f u n d i n g o f g e n e r a l l a w e n f o r c e m e n t a g e n c i e s ( C o a s t Guard, Customs S e r v i c e , FBI, etc.)--may a i s o c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e drug c o n t r o l e f f o r t . BRIEF SUMMARIES OF PUBLIC LAWS P.L. 87-228 Makes i t a F e d e r a l c r i m e , p u n i s h a b l e by a f i n e of up t o $10,000 o r 5 y e a r s imprisonment o r b o t h , t o t r a v e l o r u s e communications f a c i l i t i e s i n i n t e r s t a t e o r f o r e i g n commerce t o c a r r y on o r t o a i d r a c k e t e e r i n g a c t i v i t y ( i n c l u d i n g any i l l e g a l organized e n t e r p r i s e involving narcotic drugs). P.L. 87-274: J u v e n i l e Delinquency and Youth O f f e n s e s C o n t r o l Act A u t h o r i z e s $10 m i l l i o n f o r f i s c a l y e a r 1962 and e a c h of t h e two s u c c e e d i n g y e a r s t o make g r a n t s t o F e d e r a l , S t a t e , l o c a l and o t h e r p u b l i c o r n o n p r o f i t a g e n c i e s and o r g a n i z a t i o n s t o pay p a r t of t h e c o s t of c a r r y i n g o u t p r o j e c t s d e m o n s t r a t i n g o r d e v e l o p i n g p r a c t i c e s f o r t h e p r e v e n t i o n , d i m i n u t i o n , and t r e a t m e n t o f j u v e n i l e d e l i n q u e n c y and h o l d i n g promise of making a s u b s t a n t i a l c o n t r i b u t i o n t o t h e s o l u t i o n of j u v e n i l e d e l i n q u e n c y problems ( i n c l u d i n g t h e problem of j u v e n i l e d r u g a b u s e ) . P r o v i d e s t e c h n i c a l a s s i s t a n c e s e r v i c e s t o S t a t e s , m u n i c i p a l i t i e s , and o t h e r agencies--including i n v e s t i g a t i o n s , r e p o r t s and s h o r t term t r a i n i n g . D i r e c t s t h e S e c r e t a r y of t h e Department of H e a l t h , E d u c a t i o n and W e l f a r e , i n a d m i n i s t e r i n g t h e A c t , t o c o n s u l t w i t h t h e P r e s i d e n t ' s Committee o n J u v e n i l e Delinquency and Youth Crime on m a t t e r s of g e n e r a l p o l i c y and p r o c e d u r e . P.L. 88-368: J u v e n i l e Delinquency Act E x t e n s i o n Extends f o r a n a d d i t i o n a l 2 y e a r s t h e J u v e n i l e Delinquency and Youth O f f e n s e s C o n t r o l Act of 1961, w i t h p r o v i s i o n f o r a s p e c i a l d e m o n s t r a t i o n p r o j e c t f o r p r e v e n t i o n and c o n t r o l of j u v e n i l e d e l i n q u e n c y i n t h e D i s t r i c t o f CoLumbia. P.L. 89-74: Drug Abuse Control Amendments of 1965 Amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to provide for special controls over the manufacture and distribution of depressant and stimulant drugs-including increased recordkeeping and inspection requirements, control over intrastate commerce in such drugs as well as interstate--and to make possession of the drugs (other than by the user) illegal outside of the legitimate channels of commerce. P.L. 89-793: Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act of 1966 Provides for the possibility of civil commitment, for treatment, of narcotic addicts charged with Federal law violations; provides for the possibility, under certain circumstances, of civil commitment to Federal care (for treatment purposes) of addicts who are not charged with any criminal offense; and provides for grants to States to assist in developing and maintaining specialized services and programs for addicts. Also, makes Federal marihuana law violators eligible for parole. Reorganization Plan No. 1, effective April 8, 1968 Merges the Bureau of Narcotics (Treasury Department) and the Bureau of Drug Abuse Control (Department of Health, Education and Welfare) into a new agency, the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, in the Department of Justice. P.L. 90-351: (Title I) Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968: Title I, Law Enforcement Assistance Autl~orizesa program of formula grants to States for the purpose of improving and strengthening law enforcement, which may include efforts to treat and r e h a b i l i t a t e n a r c o t i c a d d i c t s w i t h i n S t a t e c r i m i n a l j u s t i c e systems; and a l s o a u t h o r i z e s a program of " d i s c r e t i o n a r y " g r a n t s t o S t a t e s and L o c a l i t i e s f o r i m p l e m e n t a t i o n o f " s p e c i a l e m p h a s i s " l a w e n f o r c e m e n t a c t i v i t i e s , which a l s o may include drug abuse control projects. P.L. 90-639: I n c r e a s e d P e n a l t i e s f o r Dangerous Drug O f f e n s e s P r o v i d e s i n c r e a s e d p e n a l t i e s f o r i l l e g a l t r a f f i c k i n g i n d e p r e s s a n t and s t i m u l a n t d r u g s , i n c l u d i n g LSD and o t h e r h a l l u c i n o g e n s , and makes p o s s e s s i o n of s u c h d r u g s i l l e g a l ( f i r s t o f f e n s e a misdemeanor) u n l e s s o b t a i n e d t h r o u g h a valid prescription. P.L. 91-296: Marihuana and H e a l t h R e ~ o r t i n eAct ( T i t l e V of t h e H o s p i t a l and M e d i c a l F a c i l i t i e s C o n s t r u c t i o n and M o d e r n i z a t i o n Amendments of 1 9 7 0 ) . R e q u i r e s t h e S e c r e t a r y of H e a l t h , E d u c a t i o n , and W e l f a r e t o make a n a n n u a l r e p o r t t o t h e C o n g r e s s o n t h e h e a l t h c o n s e q u e n c e s o f m a r i h u a n a u s e . P.L. 91-452: O r g a n i z e d Crime C o n t r o l Act of 1970 T i t l e I; P r o v i e s f o r t h e summoning of s p e c i a l g r a n d j u r i e s i n m a j o r m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , f o r t h e p u r p o s e of i n v e s t i g a t i n g o r g a n i z e d c r i m e a c t i v i t i e s , and a u t h o r i z e s s u c h j u r i e s t o i s s u e r e p o r t s upon c o n c l u s i o n of t h e i r terms. T i t l e 11: P r o v i d e s t h a t , a n d p r e s c r i b e s t h e manner i n w h i c h , a w i t n e s s i n a F e d e r a l p r o c e e d i n g may be o r d e r e d t o p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n a f t e r a s s e r t i n g h i s privilege against self-incrimination, and d e f i n e s t h e s c o p e of t h e immunity t o be provided such w i t n e s s w i t h r e s p e c t t o i n f o r m a t i o n provided under an o r d e r . T i t le 111: - C o d i f i e s p r e v i o u s l y e x i s t i n g F e d e r a l c i v i l contempt p r o c e d u r e s d e s i g n e d t o d e a l w i t h r e c a l c i t r a n t w i t n e s s e s i n g r a n d j u r y and c o u r t p r o c e e d i n g s , a u t h o r i z i n g c i v i l contempt commitment u n t i l t h e c o u r t o r d e r i s c o m p l i e d w i t h , and makes s u b j e c t t o F e d e r a l p r o c e s s w i t n e s s e s who f l e e S t a t e i n v e s t i g a t i v e commissions t o a v o i d g i v i n g t e s t i m o n y . Title IV: A b o l i s h e s t h e "two-witness" and " d i r e c t e v i d e n c e " r u l e s i n t h e t r y i n g of F e d e r a l p e r j u r y c a s e s , and p r o v i d e s f o r t h e p r o s e c u t i o n o f p e r s o n s making c o n t r a d i c t o r y s t a t e m e n t s u n d e r o a t h , w i t h o u t r e q u i r i n g proof o f t h e f a l s i t y o f one o f t h e s t a t e m e n t s . T i t l e V: A u t h o r i z e s t h e A t t o r n e y G e n e r a l t o p r o t e c t and m a i n t a i n F e d e r a l o r S t a t e government w i t n e s s e s i n o r g a n i z e d c r i m e p r o c e e d i n g s , a l o n g w i t h t h e i r families. Title VI: A u t h o r i z e s t h e t a k i n g of p r e t r i a l d e p o s i t i o n s of F e d e r a l Government w i t n e s s e s i n c r i m i n a l c a s e s a g a i n s t p e r s o n s b e l i e v e d t o h a v e p a r t i c i p a t e d i n o r g a n i z e d c r i m e a c t i v i t y , and t h e u s e of s u c h d e p o s i t i o n s a s evidence i n subsequent p r o s e c u t i o n s . Title VII: P r o v i d e s t h a t i n any l e g a l p r o c e e d i n g o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , t h e c o n s i d e r a t i o n o f c l a i m s t h a t e v i d e n c e i s i n a d m i s s a b l e b e c a u s e d e r i v e d from t h e i l l e g a l u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c , m e c h a n i c a l o r o t h e r d e v i c e s h a l l be l i m i t e d t o t h o s e c a s e s where t h e a l l e g e d i l l e g a l a c t h a s t a k e n p l a c e w i t h i n f i v e y e a r s o f t h e t i m e t h e c l a i m i s made; and l i m i t s d i s c l o s u r e of i n f o r m a t i o n by t h e Government i n s u c h c a s e s t o o n l y s u c h a s i s r e l e v a n t t o d e t e r m i n a t i o n of a d m i s s i b i l i t y o f t h e e v i d e n c e and i s i n t h e i n t e r e s t of j u s t i c e . Title IX: t i t l e 1 8 , U.S.C., R a c k e t e e r I n f l u e n c e d and C o r r u p t O r g a n i z a t i o n s (RICO). Amends t o p r o h i b i t i n f i l t r a t i o n of t h e management o f l e g i t i m a t e o r g a n i z a t i o n s by r a c k e t e e r i n g a c t i v i t y o r by t h e p r o c e e d s of r a c k e e t e r i n g activity where interstate or foreign commerce is affected; provides for criminal penalties (including Eorfeiture of property to the United States) upon conviction of violations o f the prohibitions; and provides for civil remedies (e.g., courtordered divestiture of interest) to prevent and restrain violations of the prohibition provisions. Title X: Provides for additional sentences for habitual, professional, or organized crime offenders convicted of a Federal offense. Title XII: Establishes a Commission on Individual Rights to conduct a comprehensive study and review of Federal laws and practices relating to special grand juries and to special offender sentencing authorized under the Act, wiretapping and electronic surveillance, bail reform and preventive detention, no-knock search warrants, and the accumulation of data on individuals by Federal agencies--to report within 6 years of establishment. Title I: Financial Recordkeeping. Requires the maintenance of records by banks, businesses and other U.S. financial institutions where such records would be useful in criminal, tax, or regulatory investigations or proceedings. Title 11: Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act. Among other things, requires all banks and other financial institutions to file a currency transaction report with the Internal Revenue Service for each deposit, withdrawal or exchange of currency or monetary instruments in excess of $10,000. Requires any individual involved in exporting or importing monetary instruments exceeding $5,000 to report such transactions to the Customs Service. Provides for the seizure and forfeiture of monetary instruments involved in a violation of the CRS -7 r e p o r t i n g requirement. A u t h o r i z e s t h e S e c r e t a r y o f t h e T r e a s u r y t o make i n f o r m a t i o n from t h e r e q u i r e d r e p o r t s a v a i l a b l e t o a n y o t h e r F e d e r a l d e p a r t m e n t o r agency upon r e q u e s t . P.L. 91-513: Comprehensive Drug Abuse P r e v e n t i o n and C o n t r o l Act o f 1970 T i t l e 11: C o n t r o l l e d Substances Act. R e p l a c e s p r e v i o u s n a r c o t i c and d a n g e r o u s d r u g c o n t o l laws ( e x c e p t t h o s e r e l a t i n g t o i m p o r t a t i o n and e x p o r t a t i o n ; s e e T i t l e 1 1 1 ) w i t h a s i n g l e s t a t u t e and makes c e r t a i n c h a n g e s i n t h e s u b s t a n c e o f t h e s e laws, i n c l u d i n g (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t of f i v e s e p a r a t e s c h e d u l e s f o r t h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f a l l n a r c o t i c s and o t h e r d a n g e r o u s d r u g s ( " c o n t r o l l e d s u b s t a n c e s " ) , with the extent of regulation of each drug o r substance varying according t o i t s a s s i g n e d s c h e d u l e ( b u t w i t h d i s t i n c t i o n s between n a r c o t i c s and n o n - n a r c o t i c s in t h e two most r e s t r i c t i v e s c h e d u l e s ) ; ( 2 ) t r a n s f e r t o t h e S e c r e t a r y o f H e a l t h , E d u c a t i o n and W e l f a r e o f a u t h o r i t y t o d e s i g n a t e t h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s u b s t a n c e s proposed t o b e r e g u l a t e d under t h e A c t , i n t h e a b s e n c e o f c o n t r o l r e q u i r e d by t r e a t y i n e f f e c t upon e n a c t m e n t ; ( 3 ) e x t e n s i o n o f e x i s t i n g l a w ' s l i c e n s i n g requirements f o r n a r c o t i c s manufacturers t o apply t o manufacturers of all c o n t r o l l e d d r u g s and t o a l l d i s t r i b u t o r s o f s u c h d r u g s ; ( 4 ) a r e v i s i o n o f p e n a l t i e s , among which i s one making any f i r s t - t i m e s i m p l e p o s s e s s i o n o f f e n s e a misdemeanor, r e g a r d l e s s of t h e d r u g involved--and one e l i m i n a t i n g a l l mandatory minimum sentences, except i n c a s e s involving a s p e c i a l c l a s s of p r o f e s s i o n a l c r i m i n a l ( o n e shown t o have Seen i n v o l v e d i n a " c o n t i n u i n g c r i m i n a l e n t e r p r i s e " ) ; ( 5 ) p r o v i s i o n o f p o s s i b i l i t y of expungement o f p o l i c e r e c o r d , a f t e r s a t i s f a c t o r y p r o b a t i o n , i n t h e c a s e of a f i r s t o f f e n d e r c o n v i c t e d of i l l e g a l p o s s e s s i o n o f a n a r c o t i c d r u g o r marihuana ( s u c h a p o s s i b i l i t y a l r e a d y e x i s t e d f o r o t h e r d r u g o f f e n d e r s ) ; ( 6 ) p r o v i s i o n f o r p o s s i b i l i t y o f u s e o f "no-knock" search warrants by law enforcement officers engaged in enforcing the Act; and ( 7 ) establishment of a commission to conduct a study of marihuana, and to make recommendations regarding its control. For carrying out functions under Title 11, authorizes Justice Department appropriations of $60 million for F Y 1972, $70 million for FY 1973, and $90 million for FY 1974. Separately, authorizes annual appropriations of $ 6 million for specific purpose of increasing Federal narcotics enforcement strength by 300 agents plus support personnel. Title 111: Controlled Substances Import and Export Act. Replaces with a single new provision of law the existing statutes relating to importation and exportation of narcotics and dangerous drugs, conforming to the provisions of Title 11; and repeals other revenue laws relating to narcotics and marihuana. Increases appropriation authorizations for the Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse. Extends the provisions of the Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act of 1968 for an additional year, and establishes an interdepartmental Council of Juvenile Delinquency to coordinate all Federal delinquency control programs. Authorizes appropriations of $75 million for FY 1972. P.L. 92-73: Department of Agriculture--Environmental and Consumer Protection Appropriations Act, 1972 Contains a provision barring the payment of Federal subsidies to farmers who knowingly allow wild marihuana growing on their land to be harvested. CRS-9 P.L. 92-129: Selective Service Act Amendments Contains a provision directing the Armed Forces: to identify drug dependent servicemen and to provide them with treatment; to identify prospective servicemen who are drug or alcohol dependent, refuse them entrance into the Armed Forces, and refer them to civilian treatment facilities; and to report to Congress within 60 days of enactment as to implementation of the provisions and with recommendations for additional legislative action determined necessary "to combat effectively drug and alcohol dependence in the Armed Forces and to treat and rehabilitate effectively any member found to be a drug or alcohol dependent person. P.L. 92-226: Foreign Assistance Act of 1971 Among other things, authorizes suspension of foreign assistance to countries not cooperating in attempts to curb illegal drug traffic to the U.S., and creates an assistance program designed to encourage international narcotics control*. Authorizes U.S. contributions to and participation in the Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the International Development Association, respectively. Each contains a provision instructing the U.S. Executive Director for the relevant institution to vote against any loan (or * Amended by P.L. 92-352 (State Department appropriations authorizations, 1972) to provide for a specific FY 1973 appropriation authorization of $42,500,000 for the assistance program. other utilization of the institution's funds) to any country with respect to which the President has made a determination that its government has failed to take adequate steps to prevent narcotics and other dangerous drugs from entering the United States unlawfully or from being sold unlawfully to any U.S. Government personnel or their dependents within the country's jurisdiction. P.L. 92-255: Drug Abuse Office and Treatment Act of 1972 Title 11: Establishes an office in the Executive Office of the President-- to be called the Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention (SA0DAP)--to coordinate and direct Federal drug abuse control efforts related to rehabilitation of drug-dependent persons, education, training, and research; makes specific appropriation authorizations for the new office. Although "drug traffic prevention" functions (law enforcement activities, diplomatic negotiations, and foreign assistance for controlling drug production and traffic) are excluded from the jurisdiction of the Office, provides that the Director of SAODAP may make recommendations to the President in connection with any drug traffic prevention function, and that he shall consult with and be consulted by all agencies involved in such functions regarding their policies, priorities, and objectives. Also specifically provides that the Director shall report, in writing to the President, the conduct of any agency--be it concerned with abuse prevention or traffic prevention--which "substantially impairs the effective conduct" of any other drug function. Further provides that the Attorney General must give prior notice to the SAODAP Director of any scheduling action (addition, removal, or transfer) under the Controlled Substances Act. date for the Office. Specifies June 30, 1975, as the expiration Title 111: Directs the President to develop a "comprehensive, coordinated long-term Federal strategy" for all drug abuse prevention and drug traffic prevention functions conducted, sponsored, or supported by the Federal Government. Requires such strategy to be promulgated initially no later than nine months after enactment of the title. To assist in preparing strategy, directs the President to establish a Strategy Council, consisting at least of the Director of SAODAP, the Attorney General, the Secretaries of HEW, State, and Defense, and the Administrator of Veterans' Affairs. Provides that the strategy must be reviewed, revised as necessary, and promulgated as revised at least once a year. Authorizes the Attorney General to provide care For narcotic addicts placed on probation, released on parole, or mandatorily released (who are not eligible for handling under the provisions of the Narcotic Addict Rehabiliation Act of 1966). Extending the Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act of 1968 for 2 additional years. The Act provides for grants to assist States and communities (agencies outside the juvenile justice system) in furnishing diagnostic, treatment, rehabilitative, and preventive services to youths who are delinquent or in danger of becoming delinquent--which services may include drug abuse treatment or prevention projects. Amends the Narcotic Addict Rehabiliation Act of 1966 to increase treatment options available through judicial disposition of addicts--especially to allow methadone maintenance. P.L. 93-83: Crime Control Act of 1973 Funds the law enforcement assistance program under the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 for three additional years--authorizing appropriations of $1 billion for fiscal years 1974 and 1975, and $1.25 billion for FY 1976. Reduces State-local matching requirements from 25 to 10 percent except for Part C construction, and increases to 50 percent the local non-Federal share to be paid by the States for both Part B planning and Part C action grants. Contains a provision specifically requiring States receiving grants for correctional programs to provide "necessary arrangements for the development and operation of narcotic and alcoholism treatment programs in correctional institutions and facilities and in connection with probation or other supervisory release programs for all persons, incarcerated or on parole, who are drug addicts, alcoholics, or alcohol abusers." Further contains a Part C amendment referring specifically to "centers for treatment of narcotic addicts" as a possible component of a comprehensive State plan. P.L. 93-87: Federal-Aid Hiahwav Act of 1973 Authorizes, among other changes, funding of research by public or private agencies, institutions and individuals to explore the relationship between drug use and highway safety. P.L. 93-189: Foreign Assistance Act of 1973 Authorizes appropriations of $42.5 million for the international narcotics control program established under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1971, for each of fiscal years 1974 and 1975, and contains a requirement that the President transmit to Congress quarterly and semi-annual reports on all aspects of U.S. international narcotics control programs and activities. Authorizes the disposal of opium from the National Stockpile. P.L. 93-281: Narcotic Addict Treatment Act of 1974 Amends the Controlled Substances Act to provide for the separate registration of practitioners who use narcotic drugs in the treatment of addicts. P.L. 93-415: Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 Replaces and generally expands the programs authorized by the old Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Act. Establishes an Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention within the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, to administer a formula grant and contract program of assistance to States and localities for the development of delinquency prevention and control programs (defined as meaning "any program or activity related to juvenile delinquency prevention, control, diversion, treatment, rehabilitation, planning, education, training, and research, including drug and alcohol abuse programs, the improvement of the juvenile justice system and any program or activity for neglected, abandoned, or dependent youth and other youth who are in danger of becoming delinquent"). Authorizes appropriations of $75 million for FY 1975, $125 million for FY 1976, and $150 million for FY 1977. Creates a Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention to coordinate Federal juvenile delinquency programs, and creates an Advisory Committee for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention to recommend policy and management of Federal programs. Establishes a National Institute for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention to serve as an information clearinghouse and training center. Authorizes the Secretary of HEW to make grants and provide technical assistance to localities and nonprofit private agencies for the development of facilities to serve the needs of runaway youth, outside the justice system--authorizing appropriations for this purpose of $10 million for fiscal years 1975 through 1977. Extends the old Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Act for an additional year. Authorizes appropriations for enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act by the Drug Enforcement Administration--$lo5 million for FY 1975, $175 million for FY 1976, and $200 million for FY 1977. Also, repeals the "no-knock" search warrant provision of the Controlled Substances Act, and extends the possibility of parole to all persons convicted of a narcotic or dangerous drug offense under the Federal laws in force prior to enactment of the Controlled Substances Act. P.L. 93-618: Trade Act of 1974 Among other things, provides for duty-free treatment of any eligible article from any "beneficiary developing country" designated by the President, no country t o be s o d e s i g n a t e d i f i t f a i l s t o t a k e a d e q u a t e s t e p s t o c o o p e r a t e w i t h t h e U.S. t o p r e v e n t t h e u n l a w f u l e n t r y i n t o t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s o f n a r c o t i c d r u g s and o t h e r s u b s t a n c e s c o n t r o l l e d under t h e C o n t r o l l e d S u b s t a n c e s Act which a r e produced, p r o c e s s e d o r t r a n s p o r t e d i n t h a t c o u n t r y . Also r e q u i r e s t h e P r e s i d e n t t o submit a r e p o r t a t l e a s t once e a c h c a l e n d a r y e a r l i s t i n g t h o s e f o r e i g n c o u n t r i e s i n which n a r c o t i c d r u g s and o t h e r c o n t r o l l e d s u b s t a n c e s a r e p r o d u c e d , p r o c e s s e d , o r t r a n s p o r t e d f o r u n l a w f u l e n t r y i n t o t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , and r e q u i r e s t h a t t h e r e p o r t i n c l u d e a d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e m e a s u r e s t a k e n by t h e s e c o u n t r i e s t o p r e v e n t such a c t i v i t i e s . R e o r g a n i z a t i o n P l a n No. 2 of 1973 C o n s o l i d a t e s and e n t r u s t s t o a s i n g l e new agency w i t h i n t h e J u s t i c e Department, t o be known a s t h e Drug Enforcement A d m i n i s t r a t i o n , a l l F e d e r a l a c t i v i t i e s r e l a t i n g t o t h e p r e v e n t i o n of i l l i c i t t r a f f i c i n n a r c o t i c s and dangerous drugs. P.L. 94-237: Drug Abuse O f f i c e and T r e a t m e n t Act o f 1 9 7 2 , Amendments Among o t h e r t h i n g s , e s t a b l i s h e s , on a 3-year b a s i s , a n O f f i c e o f Drug Abuse P o l i c y i n t h e E x e c u t i v e O f f i c e o f t h e P r e s i d e n t , t o s u c c e e d t h e d e f u n c t S p e c i a l A c t i o n O f f i c e f o r Drug Abuse P r e v e n t i o n i n p r o v i d i n g c o o r d i n a t i o n and p o l i c y f o r m u l a t i o n f o r F e d e r a l e f f o r t s t o p r e v e n t and c o n t r o l d r u g a b u s e . A u t h o r i z e s $700,000 f o r FY 1976, $500,000 f o r t h e t r a n s i t i o n , and 2 m i l l i o n f o r e a c h o f FY 1977 and 1978. Specifically authorizes c e r t a i n research e f f o r t s by N I D A , i n c l u d i n g t h o s e t h a t r e l a t e t o t h e development of n o n - a d d i c t i v e s u b s t i t u t e s f o r opium d e r i v a t i v e s - - w i t h $ 7 m i l l i o n a n n u a l l y t h r o u g h FY 1978. a p p r o p r i a t i o n a u t h o r i z a t i o n s of CRS-1 6 P.L. 94-329: of 1976 International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act In addition to other matters, extends the "International Narcotics Control" program under the Foreign Assistance Act, for another two years, with appropriation authorizations of $40 million for FY 1976 and $34 million for FY 1977. Provides that no part of the FY 1976 money may go to any country where illegal traffic in opiates has been a significant problem, absent a Presidential determination and certification to Congress that the country is "signficantly reducing the amount of illegal opiates entering the international market." Prohibits participation by any U.S. official in any "direct police arrest action" in a foreign country with respect to narcotics control efforts. study of methods through which U.S.-funded Directs the President to make a narcotics control programs in foreign countries might instead be assisted through international organizations. P.L. 94-419: Defense Department Appropriations Act, FY 1977 Although the act contains no formal provision, the conference report calls for an end to the random urinalysis testing programs of the armed services, intended for the detection of drug abuse, by October 1, 1976, with funds saved to be redirected to military alcohol abuse programs. The conference committee also agreed that the Department should take "positive steps to make all commanders aware of the fact that participating in a drug or alcohol abuse rehabilitation program is, of itself, not to be considered grounds to deny reenlistment". Moreover, the committee indicated that treatment of civilian employees by the military services should be limited to emergencies and to those places where treatment is unavailable through public and private sources. P.L. 94-455: Tax Reform Act of 1976 Establishes stricter rules of confidentiality with respect to Federal income tax returns. Has the effect of limiting the circumstances under which the Internal Revenue Service may make information available to other Federal agencies. P.L. 94-503: Crime Control Act of 1976 Extends the law enforcement assistance program authorized by the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 for an additional three years and authorizes appropriations of $880 million for FY 1977 and $800 million for each of FY 1978 and 1979 (along with an additional $15 million for each year for a new community anti-crime program authorized by Sec. 103 of the act). Provides that the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) is under the policy direction and control of the Attorney General. Provides for participation by State legislatures in the planning process. Requires inclusion in the State Planning Agency (SPA) of a minimum of three judicial nembers. Provides for voluntary establishment of judicial planning committees to develop annual State judicial plans, to be approved by SPAs and incorporated into State plans. Requires SPAs to allocate $50 million annually to such committees and increases Part B planning block grants accordingly. Specifically authorizes Part C funding for programs for stengthening the courts, for preventing crimes against the elderly, for community anti-crime programs, and for early case assessment programs. Requires that juvenile delinquency programs be allocated 19.15 percent of the total appropriation for LEAA. Requires specific annual authorizations for Justice Department appropriations beginning Oct. 1, 1978. Authorizes the use of Part C funds for the "development of programs to identify drug-dependent offenders (including alcoholics, drug addicts, and drug abusers)"; and requires all States to establish "procedures for effective coordination between State planning agencies and single State agencies designated under section (409)(e)(l) of the Drug Abuse Office and Treatment Act of 1972 ... in responding to the needs" of such offenders. Requires the Institute of Criminal Justice, in consultation with the National Institute on Drug Abuse, to give research priority to determining the relations hi^ between drug abuse and crime and "to evaluate the success of the various types of drug treatment programs in reducing crime." Provides for the removal from the Federal civil service system of all upper-level supervisory personnel in the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). S. Res. 578 (94th Cong.) Urges Federal judges to set more realistic bail for major narcotics law offenders. H. Res. 1350 Provides for the establishment and funding, during the 94th Congress, of the House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control, for the purposes of studying and reviewing the problems of narcotics abuse and control. P.L. 95-92: International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1977 Among other things, extends the appropriation authorization for the International Narcotics Control Program under sec. 482 of the Foreign Assistance Act for one additional year (FY 1978), at the level of $39 million. P.L. 95-115: Juvenile Justice Amendments of 1977 Extends and expands the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, authorizing appropriations of $150 million in FY 1978, $175 million in FY 1979, and $200 million in FY 1980. of the Act. Relaxes certain stringent requirements Increases appropriation authorizations for the Runaway Youth Act. Extends appropriation authorizations for the enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act for two additional years, $188 million for FY 1978 and $215 million for FY 1979. Repeals the annual $6 million authorization under section 103 of the Act. P.L. 95-142: Medicare-Medicaid Anti-Fraud and Abuse Amendments Contains a number of provisions for the general purpose of preventing fraud and abuse under the Medicare and Medicaid programs, including: stricter penalties, requirement of the suspension of practitioners convicted of criminal offenses, establishment of a uniform reporting system for health facilities, and incentives for establishment of State Medicaid fraud units. P.L. 95-384: I n t e r n a t i o n a l S e c u r i t y A s s i s t a n c e Act of 1978 Among o t h e r t h i n g s : authorizes appropriations f o r the International N a r c o t i c s C o n t r o l Program ( s e c t i o n 482 o f t h e F o r e i g n A s s i s t a n c e Act) f o r o n e a d d i t i o n a l y e a r (FY 1 9 7 9 ) , a t t h e l e v e l of $40 m i l l i o n . Amendment" of 1976 t o p r o v i d e s p e c i f i c a l l y t h a t no U.S. Amends t h e " M a n s f i e l d o f f i c e r o r employee may i n t e r r o g a t e o r be p r e s e n t a t t h e i n t e r r o g a t i o n o f a n y U.S. person a r r e s t e d i n any f o r e i g n c o u n t r y w i t h r e s p e c t t o n a r c o t i c s c o n t r o l e f f o r t s w i t h o u t t h e w r i t t e n consent of t h a t person. Also p r o h i b i t s t h e u s e o f any f u n d s a u t h o r i z e d by t h e s e c t i o n i n any program i n v o l v i n g t h e s p r a y i n g of a h e r b i c i d e t o e r a d i c a t e marihuana p l a n t s i f t h e u s e of t h e h e r b i c i d e i s l i k e l y t o c a u s e s e r i o u s harm t o t h e h e a l t h of p e r s o n s who may u s e o r consume t h e s p r a y e d m a r i h u a n a , b u t p r o v i d e s f u r t h e r t h a t t h e p r o h i b i t i o n d o e s n o t a p p l y when t h e h e r b i c i d e i s used i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h a n o t h e r s u b s t a n c e t h a t w i l l p r o v i d e a c l e a r warning t o p o t e n t i a l users. E s t a b l i s h e s p r o c e d u r e s under which t h e u s e of a h e r b i c i d e i n a marihuana e r a d i c a t i o n program funded under t h e s e c t i o n i s t o be e v a l u a t e d by t h e Department o f A g r i c u l t u r e and t h e Environmental P r o t e c t i o n Agency, t o a s c e r t a i n whether t h e p r o h i b i t i o n s h o u l d be invoked; a l s o r e q u i r e s t h e S e c r e t a r y of S t a t e t o s u b m i t a comprehensive r e p o r t t o Congress e a c h y e a r on e f f o r t s t a k e n t o e n s u r e c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s of t h e h e r b i c i d e p r o v i s i o n s and t o p r e v e n t t h e s p r a y i n g of marihuana w i t h h e r b i c i d e s harmful t o humans. P.L. 95-410: Customs P r o c e d u r a l Reform and S i m ~ l i c a t i o nAct Among o t h e r t h i n g s , amends t h e T a r i f f Act o f 1930 t o i n c r e a s e from $ 2 , 5 0 0 t o $10,000 t h e maximum v a l u e of p r o p e r t y ( s e i z e d i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h a v i o l a t i o n of U.S. customs l a w s ) t h a t i s s u b j e c t t o a d m i n i s t r a t i v e a s opposed t o j u d i c i a l forfeiture; makes by reference the same change with respect to all seizures made tlnder the Controlled Substances Act. P.L. 95-461: Drug Abuse Prevention and Treatment Amendments of 1978 Among other things, extends specific authorization for support of certain areas of research--including the creation, development, and testing of synthetic analgesics, antitussives and other drugs which are (A) non-addictive or (B) less addictive than opium or its derivatives, to replace opium and its derivatives in medical use. P.L. 95-481: Foreign Assistance and Related Proarams Amrovriation Act, FY 1978 Contains a provision placing a $3 million ceiling on U.S. contributions, during FY 1978, to the United Nations Fund for Drug Abuse Control. P.L. 95-537: Contract Services for Drug Dependent Federal Offenders Act of 1978 Transfers from the Justice Department to the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts the authority to contract for aftercare services for released Federal offenders who are drug dependent, thus consolidating responsibilities for supervisory care for such offenders in a single agency. P.L. 95-633: Psychotropic Substances Act of 1977 Amends the Controlled Substances Act and other laws to meet obligations under the Convention on Psychotropic Substances relating to regulatory controls o n the manufacture, distribution, importation, and exportation of psychotropic substances. Provides for tighter controls on the manufacture and distribution of the drug phencyclidine (PCP), including increased penalties for illicit trafficking, and places certain restrictions on commerce in the PCP ingredient piperidine. Also provides for seizure and forfeiture of moneys and other negotiable instruments furnished or intended to be furnished in exchange for illicitly transferred controlled substances. H. Res. 77 Provides for the continuance, during the 95th Congress, of the House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control. H. Con. Res. 265 Endorses the Hermosillo Declaration ("on Combating Traffic in Drugs at the International Level," adopted by the seventeenth Mexico-United States Interparliamentary Conference, May 1977) and urges the President to encourage other nations to cooperate in an international effort to eradicate narcotics trafficking and to eliminate illicit production of opium. P.L. 96-43: Speedy Trial Act Amendments of 1979 Amends the Speedy Trial Act of 1974 to modify a number of requirements, particularly to extend the period, from the time of arraignment, during which a trial must commence. Specifically with respect to offenders who might be subject to the provisions of the Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act of 1966, extends the periods of delay that are excluded in computing the time limits for the filing of an information or indictment, and the commencement of trial, to include delay resulting from any proceeding or deferral or prosecution pursuant to that act. P.L. 96-53: International Development Cooperation Act of 1979 Among other things, requires agencies that plan development assistance programs for countries in which there is illicit narcotics cultivation to give priority consideration to programs that would reduce such cultivation by stimulating broader development opportunities. P.L. 96-92: International Security Assistance Act of 1979 In addition to other provisions, extends the appropriation authorization for the International Narcotics Control program under section 482 of the Foreign Assistance Act. Extends the program through FY 1980, a 1-year extension, authorizing $51.7 million, with $16 million earmarked for the Republic of Colombia. Provides that contributions for the U.N. Fund for Drug Abuse Control may not exceed $3 million or 25 percent of total member-nation contributions. Amends the anti-paraquat provision of 1978 to make clear that it is not intended to jeopardize programs aimed at reducing narcotics traffic. P.L. 96-132: Department of Justice Appropriation Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1980 Authorizes appropriations for the Justice Department for FY 1980. the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), authorizes $198.3 million. For Amends the Controlled Substances Act (1) to authorize DEA to pay tort claims arising in foreign countries in connection with the agency's operations, such payment CRS-24 to be made in accordance with the Federal Tort Claims Act, and (2) to repeal the requirement that an award of compensation be made to informers in accordance with the customs laws. P.L. 96-157: Justice System Improvement Act Amends Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act. Establishes a National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and a Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). Transfers the research operations of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) to the new NIJ and its statistics operations to the new BJS. Places all three entities--LEU, NIJ, and BJS--under a new Justice Department agency, the Office of Justice Assistance, Research and Statistics (OJARS). Authorizes $750 million per year for FY 1980 through 1983 for the major assistance activities, education and training, and administration; $25 million for each of these fiscal years for research; $25 million for each year for statistical activities; and $25 million for each year for a community anti-crime program. P.L. 96-181: of 1979 Drug Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Amendments Among other things, transfers to the President the responsibilities of the former Office of Drug Abuse Policy. Expands membership of the Strategy Council on Drug Abuse to include appropriate State and local government officials. Extends specific authorization for the National Institute on Drug Abuse to conduct or support research on designated subjects, including the development of synthetic analgesics, antitussives and other drugs which are non-addictive or less addictive than opium or its derivatives, to replace opium and its derivatives in medical use. Makes it unlawful for any person on board a U.S. vessel or a vessel subject to U.S. jurisdiction--or for a U.S. citizen on any vessel--to possess, manufacture, distribute, dispense, or unlawfully import a controlled substance. Also makes it unlawful for any person anywhere to possess a controlled substance intending or knowing that it will be unlawfully imported into the United States. Provides for first offense penalties of up to 15 years imprisonment, or a fine of up to $25,000, or both, and of double those maximums for a second or subsequent offense. P.L. 96-359: Infant Formula Act of 1980 Among other things, contains provisions (1) to increase the maximum penalty for trafficking in marihuana in amounts exceeding 1,000 lbs., to 15 years in prison, or $125,000, or both (double for a second offense); (2) to extend the 1978 amendments to the Controlled Substances Act relating to the commerce in the PCP constituent piperidine; and (3) to direct the Attorney General to make available to the States additional information on the extent of, and on trends in, the abuse of drugs. P.L. 96-509: Violent Juvenile Crime Control Act of 1980 Title I: Amends the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 to include the finding that the justice system should give additional attention to violent crimes committed by juveniles, particularly in the areas of identification, apprehension, speedy adjudication, sentencing, and rehabilitation. Repeals declarations of purpose relating to the establishment of training programs and centralized research and information services dealing with juvenile delinquency. Title IT: Amends the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, to specify, among other things, that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention shall be (1) under the general authority of the Attorney General and (2) under the direction of an Administrator with final authority over specified administrative functions. for formula grants. Provides for a 3-year planning cycle Requires that 5 years after the enactment of the amendments, States receiving funds may no longer detain juveniles in jails or lockups housing adult offenders. Provides for an emphasis on removing juveniles from jails and lockups, on serious juvenile offenders, on the training of personnel to deal with offenders with learning disabilities, on exemplary activities, and on the implementation of juvenile justice standards. Authorizes appropriations of $200 million each year for FY 1981-1984. Makes appropriations for Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies programs for FY 1981 and for other purposes. Among other things, prohibits the use of funds appropriated pursuant to the act for making production or other payments to persons or corporations that harvest--for illegal use--marihuana or other prohibited drug-producing plants. P.L. 96-533: International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980 Among other things, extends the appropriation authorization for the International Narcotics Control program under section 432 of the Foreign Assistance Act. For FY 1981 authorizes $38.6 million. Makes available certain aircraft, co~nrnunicationsequipment and operational support to t h e Colombian anit-narcotics enforcement program. H . Res. 1 3 P r o v i d e s f o r t h e c o n t i n u a n c e , i n t h e 9 6 t h C o n g r e s s , o f t h e House S e l e c t Committee on N a r c o t i c s Abuse and C o n t r o l . P.L. 97-86: Department o f Defense A u t h o r i z a t i o n f o r A p p r o p r i a t i o n s f o r FY 1982 Among o t h e r t h i n g s , by way o f c l a r i f y i n g t h e P o s s e C o m i t a t u s s t a t u t e , a u t h o r i z e s c e r t a i n k i n d s o f c o o p e r a t i o n by t h e Armed S e r v i c e s w i t h c i v i l i a n law enforcement a u t h o r i t i e s f o r s p e c i f i e d p u r p o s e s , i n c l u d i n g e n f o r c e m e n t o f t h e C o n t r o l l e d S u b s t a n c e s Act. P.L. 97-113: I n t e r n a t i o n a l S e c u r i t y and Development C o o p e r a t i o n Act o f 1981 Among o t h e r t h i n g s , a u t h o r i z e s a p p r o p r i a t i o n s f o r t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l N a r c o t i c s C o n t r o l program u n d e r s e c t i o n 482 o f t h e F o r e i g n A s s i s t a n c e Act: Eor e a c h of t h e f i s c a l y e a r s 1982 and 1983. $37.7 m i l l i o n Repeals t h e p r o v i s i o n of t h e a c t t h a t had p r o h i b i t e d t h e u s e o f a s s i s t a n c e f u n d s f o r d r u g c r o p e r a d i c a t i o n e f f o r t s u s i n g a n h e r b i c i d e shown t o be h a r m f u l t o human h e a l t h ; however, r e q u i r e s t h e S e c r e t a r y o f S t a t e t o i n f o r m t h e S e c r e t a r y o f H e a l t h and Human S e r v i c e s (HHS) o f t h e u s e o r i n t e n d e d u s e , by any c o u n t r y o r i n t e r n a t i o n a l o r g a n i z a t i o n , o f a n y h e r b i c i d e t o e r a d i c a t e marihuana u n d e r a program r e c e i v i n g a s s i s t a n c e . F u r t h e r r e q u i r e s t h e S e c r e t a r y of HHS t o m o n i t o r t h e h e a l t h impact of t h e u s e o f marihuana t h a t h a s b e e n s p r a y e d by a n h e r b i c i d e and t o r e p o r t t o C o n g r e s s any e v i d e n c e o f h a r m f u l e f f e c t s . Allows f u n d s earmarked f o r Colombia u n d e r t h e FYSO a p p r o p r i a t i o n t o b e used f o r m a r i h u a n a e r a d i c a t i o n ( w i t h p a r a q u a t ) . Urges t h e P r e s i d e n t t o spend a t l e a s t $100,000 t o d e v e l o p a s u b s t a n c e t h a t CRS -2 8 c l e a r l y warns p e r s o n s who may u s e o r consume marihuana t h a t i t h a s been s p r a y e d with t h e h e r b i c i d e paraquat o r o t h e r h e r b i c i d e harmful t o t h e h e a l t h of such persons. R e q u i r e s s u c h a s u b s t a n c e , i f d e v e l o p e d , t o b e used w i t h t h e h e r b i c i d e . D i r e c t s t h e P r e s i d e n t t o make a n a n n u a l r e p o r t t o Congress on U.S. policy f o r e s t a b l i s h i n g an i n t e r n a t i o n a l s t r a t e g y t o prevent n a r c o t i c s t r a f f i c k i n g . P.L. 97-116: I m m i g r a t i o n and N a t i o n a l i t y Act Amendments of 1981 Among o t h e r t h i n g s , p e r m i t s t h e w a i v e r of s i m p l e m a r i h u a n a p o s s e s s i o n o f f e n s e s , i n v o l v i n g 30 grams o r l e s s , a s grounds f o r d e p o r t a t i o n of t h e a l i e n s p o u s e , c h i l d , o r p a r e n t o r a U n i t e d S t a t e s c i t i z e n o r permanent r e s i d e n t . P.L. 97-248: Tax E o u i t y and F i s c a l R e s p o n s i b i l i t y Act of 1982 C o n t a i n s p r o v i s i o n s d e s i g n e d t o remove impediments t o I n t e r n a l Revenue S e r v i c e c o o p e r a t i o n w i t h o t h e r F e d e r a l law enforcement a g e n c i e s . Specifically, decentralizes a u t h o r i t y t o apply f o r t a x disclosure orders, eliminates "Catch-22" s t a n d a r d s f o r a c c e p t a b l e a p p l i c a t i o n s f o r d i s c l o s u r e o r d e r s , and s u b s t i t u t e s t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l F e d e r a l employees i n c i v i l damage a c t i o n s f o r u n a u t h o r i z e d d i s c l o s u r e of t a x i n f o r m a t i o n . Also amends t h e I n t e r n a l Revenue Code t o e l i m i n a t e t h e p o s s i b i l i t y of t a k i n g any d e d u c t i o n o r r e c e i v i n g any c r e d i t , i n r e l a t i o n t o t a x e s , f o r any e x p e n d i t u r e made i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e i l l e g a l s a l e of s u b s t a n c e s c o n t r o l l e d under t h e F e d e r a l C o n t r o l l e d Substances A c t o r s i m i l a r S t a t e s t a t u t e . H. Res 1 3 P r o v i d e s f o r t h e c o n t i n u a n c e , i n t h e 9 7 t h C o n g r e s s , of t h e House S e l e c t Committee on N a r c o t i c s Abuse and C o n t r o l . CRS-29 P.L. 98-67 (Title IT): Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act Authorizes the President to proclaim duty-free treatment for all "eligible articles" from any Caribbean country specifically designated under the act unless that country fails to meet certain enumerated requirements. One requirement is that the country must take adequate steps to cooperate with the United States to prevent narcotic drugs and other controlled substances (as listed in 21 U.S.C. 812) produced, processed, or transported in such country from entering the United States unlawfully. P.L. 98-151: Further Continuing A ~ ~ r o ~ r i a t i o n FY s . 1984 Contains a prohibition on the provision of assistance, through programs funded under the Foreign Assistance Appropriations Act as provided for in P.L. 98-377 and P.L. 98-63 and out of funds appropriated under the act, to any country during any three-month period (after October 1, 1983) following a certification by the President to the Congress that the government of such country is failing to take adequate measures to prevent narcotic drugs or other controlled substances (cultivated, produced, or processed in that country, or transported through it) from being sold illegally within the jurisdiction of such country to U.S. Government personnel or their dependents or from entering the United States unlawfully. P.L. 98-164: Department of State Authorization Act, FY 1984 and FY 1985 Contains provisions making U.S. assistance to any country that is a major producer of opium, coca, or marihauana contingent on reductions by that c o u n t r y i n t h e l e v e l s o f such p r o d u c t i o n . a n n u a l l y , a r e p o r t on U.S. Requires t h e President t o submit, e f f o r t s t o e s t a b l i s h and e n c o u r a g e a n i n t e r n a t i o n a l s t r a t e g y t o p r e v e n t t h e i l l i c i t c u l t i v a t i o n and p r o d u c t i o n o f , and t r a f f i c i n , n a r c o t i c s and o t h e r c o n t r o l l e d s u b s t a n c e s . Specifies that reports s h a l l i d e n t i f y s o u r c e c o u n t r i e s and d e t e r m i n e t h e "maximum r e d u c t i o n s i n i l l i c i t d r u g p r o d u c t i o n which a r e a c h i e v a b l e " i n primary s o u r c e c o u n t r i e s ; s u b m i s s i o n of r e p o r t i s t o be f o l l o w e d by c o n s u l t a t i o n s between t h e A d m i n i s t r a t i o n and Congress on a p p r o p r i a t e s t e p s t o b e t a k e n w i t h r e s p e c t t o d e l i n q u e n t c o u n t r i e s . Amends t h e C o n t r a c t S e r v i c e s f o r Drug Dependent F e d e r a l O f f e n d e r s Act of 1978 t o e x t e n d t h e a u t h o r i z a t i o n of a p p r o p r i a t i o n s , t h r o u g h FY 1986, f o r c o n t r a c t s with p u b l i c o r p r i v a t e a g e n c i e s f o r t h e s u p e r v i s i o n of r e l e a s e d drug offenders. P.L. 98-305: C o n t r o l l e d S u b s t a n c e R e g i s t r a n t P r o t e c t i o n Act o f 1984 Makes i t a F e d e r a l c r i m e t o r o b o r b u r g l e a pharmacy o r o t h e r d i s p e n s e r ( r e g i s t e r e d under t h e F e d e r a l C o n t r o l l e d S u b s t a n c e s Act t o m a n u f a c t u r e , d i s t r i b u t e o r d i s p e n s e t h e d r u g s r e g u l a t e d under t h a t s t a t u t e ) o f a s u b s t a n c e c o n t r o l l e d under t h e F e d e r a l C o n t r o l l e d S u b s t a n c e s Act i f (1) t h e r e p l a c e m e n t c o s t of t h e s u b s t a n c e i s a t l e a s t $500, ( 2 ) t h e p e r s o n c o m m i t t i n g t h e o f f e n s e t r a v e l e d i n i n t e r s t a t e o r f o r e i g n commerce o r u s e d any f a c i l i t y i n commerce t o f a c i l i t a t e t h e a c t , o r ( 3 ) a n o t h e r p e r s o n was k i l l e d o r s u f f e r e d s i g n i f i c a n t b o d i l y i n j u r y a s a r e s u l t of t h e o f f e n s e . Authorizes penalties of u p t o 20 y e a r s imprisonment o r $ 2 5 , 0 0 0 , o r b o t h ; where b o d i l y i n j u r y occurs, up to 25 years or up to $35,000, or both; where death occurs, up to life imprisonment o r $50,000, or both. P.L. 98-329 Transfers the drug methaqualone from Schedule IT to Schedule I under the Controlled Substances Act, thus banning it except for specifically approved experimental purposes. P.L. 98-411: Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1985 In addition to making appropriations for the Justice Department for FY 1985, provides that the authorities contained in P.L. 96-132, "The Department of Justice Appropriation Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1980," shall remain in effect until the termination date of the Act or until the effective date of a Department of Justice Appropriation Authorization Act (for FY 1985), whichever is earlier. Also extends exemptions, for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, from certain restrictions on undercover investigative operations, and authorizes their application to similar operations of the Drug Enforcement Administration--requiring from both agencies detailed audits and reports on such operations. P.L. 98-473 (Title 11): Chapter I: Bail. Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 Amends the Bail Reform Act to (1) permit Federal courts to consider the factor of potential danger to the community in determining whether to release an accused individual pending trial (or appeal, i f convicted) o r , i f release is appropriate, i n determining t h e conditions f o r r e l e a s e and ( 2 ) i n c r e a s e p e n a l t i e s f o r jumping b a i l . S e n t e n c i n g Reform. C h a p t e r 11: F o r development of a more uniform and p r e d i c t a b l e F e d e r a l s e n t e n c i n g s y s t e m , e s t a b l i s h e s a s e n t e n c i n g commission t o formuate g u i d e l i n e s f o r u s e by t h e c o u r t s when d e t e r m i n i n g s e n t e n c e s . E l i m i n a t e s p a r o l e and a l l o w s o n l y l i m i t e d "good time" c r e d i t s . Requires g u i d e l i n e s t o r e f l e c t p o s s i b l e e f f e c t s of s e n t e n c e s on F e d e r a l p r i s o n capacities. S p e c i f i e s t h a t d e p a r t u r e f r o n g u i d e l i n e s must be e x p l a i n e d i n w r i t i n g by t h e c o u r t . C h a p t e r 111: Repeals Youth C o r r e c t i o n s Act. Forfeiture. Amends b o t h t h e C o n t r o l l e d S u b s t a n c e s Act and t h e R a c k e t e e r i n g I n f l u e n c e d and C o r r u p t O r g a n i z a t i o n s Act (RICO) s a n c t i o n of c r i m i n a l f o r f e i t u r e f o r a l l f e l o n y drug o f f e n s e s . . Imposes t h e Expands t h e s c o p e of p r e v i o u s l y a u t h o r i z e d c r i m i n a l f o r f e i t u r e s a n c t i o n s under RICO t o i n c l u d e t h e f o r f e i t u r e of r a c k e t e e r i n g a c t i v i t y p r o c e e d s . Raises the c e i l i n g ( t o $100,000) on t h e v a l u e of p r o p e r t y s u b j e c t t o a d m i n i s t r a t i v e f o r f e i t u r e . C r e a t e s two f u n d s from f o r f e i t u r e p r o c e e d s t o m a i n t a i n s e i z e d p r o p e r t y and t o pay f o r c e r t a i n law enforcement e x p e n s e s and i n o t h e r ways f a c i l i t a t e s f o r f e i t u r e s i n d r u g - r e l a t e d and r a c k e t e e r i n g c a s e s . [ S e e a l s o C h a p t e r X X I I I , below. j Chapter V: P a r t A: Drug Enforcement Admendments. C o n t r o l l e d S u b s t a n c e P e n a l t i e s . Amends b o t h t h e C o n t r o l l e d S u b s t a n c e s Act (CSA) and t h e C o n t r o l l e d S u b s t a n c e s Import and Export Act (CSZEA) t o (1) i n c r e a s e t h e maximum p r i s o n p e n a l t i e s f o r t r a f f i c k i n g i n l a r g e amounts of a n o p i a t e , c o c a i n e , p h e n c y c l i d i n e (PCP), o r l y s e r g i c a c i d d i e t h y l a m i d e (LSD), ( 2 ) i n c r e a s e t h e l e v e l o f maximum f i n e s t h a t may be imposed a s p e n a l t i e s f o r trafficking in any c o n t r o l l e d s u b s t a n c e , ( 3 ) i n c r e a s e p r i s o n p e n a l t i e s a n d f i n e s CRS -3 3 for trafficking in any amount of most non-narcotic substances in CSA Schedules I or I1 (such as LSD and PCP), (4) increase penalties for trafficking in marihuana in amounts ranging from 50 to 454 kilograms, (5) permit State and foreign drug convictions to be considered under the enhanced sentencing provisions applying to repeat drug offenders, and (6) create a new offense under the Act of distributing a controlled substance in or on, or within a thousand feet of, "the real property comprising a public or private elementary school," a first offense being subject to double the maximum penalty for a regular trafficking offense and a second offense being subject to a mandatory minimum of three years imprisonment and a life-time maximum. [See also Chapter XXIII, below. ] Part B: Diversion Control Amendments. Amends the Controlled Substances Act to (1) permit the Attorney General to deny an application for practitioner registration if he determines that its issuance would be inconsistent with the public interest, (2) make it easier to revoke or suspend any registration under the CSA (manufacturers, importers, distributors, and practitioners), (3) eliminate some practitioner recordkeeping requirements and tighten others, (4) simplify practitioner registration requirements (allowing a three-year life-span if determined appropriate), (5) clarify the control of isomers, (6) establish new emergency authority for the Attorney General to place under temporary controls any uncontrolled substance not being marketed in the U.S. for medical purposes-including registration, recordkeeping, and criminal sanctions for violation, (7) authorize a program of grants to State and local governments ($6 million a year for FY 1985 and FY 1986) to assist them in suppressing diversion of controlled substances from legitimate medical, scientific and commercial channels, and (8) expand import permit requirements to include the importation of certain non-narcotic Schedule I11 substances. Chapter VI. Division I: Justice Assistance. Among other things, provides for Federal funding, through matching block grants to the States, of State and local law enforcement programs "of proven effectiveness or which offer a high probability of improving the functions of the criminal justice system and which focus primarily on violent crime and serious offenders." Specifically indicates drug trafficking as one of the "critical problems of crime" that funded projects may address. Authorizes appropriations of $70 million for FY 1985. Chapter VI. Division 11: Amendments to the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974. Reauthorizes a program of assistance to States for the development of programs to combat juvenile delinquency, and of alternatives to incarceration of juveniles. Chapter IX: Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act Amendments. Designed principally to prevent the laundering of money by drug traffickers and organized crime figures, (1) prohibits the attempted transport, out of the United States, of monetary instruments exceeding $10,000 (as well as actual transport, as under previously existing law, the minimum being increased from the previous $5,000) absent the prior filing of a report with the Treasury Departaent, (2) allows customs officials to search, without a warrant, for unreported amounts of cash brought into or carried out of the country, (3) authorizes rewards to informants providing original information on a major violation of the Act, and (4) increases the penalties and fines for failure to keep the records and file the reports required under the Act. Chapter X: Part A: Miscellaneous Violent Crime Amendments Murder-for-Hire and Violent Crimes in Aid of Racketeering. Extends previously existing Federal jurisdiction over contract killings and violence to cover those involving travel in interstate or foreign commerce or u s i n g a f a c i l i t y o f commerce, and a l s o t h o s e committed f o r a n y t h i n g o f p e c u n i a r y v a l u e r e c e i v e d from a " r a c k e t e e r i n g " e n t e r p r i s e . P a r t B. C r e a t e s a new o f f e n s e of s o l i c i t i n g t h e commission o f a v i o l e n t Federal felony. Chapter X I : P a r t A. S e r i o u s Non-violent Offenses Makes i t a n o f f e n s e t o warn anyone t h a t h e o r h i s p r o p e r t y i s a b o u t t o be s e a r c h e d by F e d e r a l a u t h o r i t i e s . P a r t H. P r o h i b i t s t h e possession of c e r t a i n contraband a r t i c l e s - - i n c l u d i n g any n a r c o t i c drug--by C h a ~ t e rX I I : P a r t A. a Federal p r i s o n inmate. P r o c e d u r a l Amendments P r o s e c u t i o n of C e r t a i n J u v e n i l e s a s A d u l t s . Provides f o r Federal p r o s e c u t i o n , a s a d u l t s , of c e r t a i n j u v e n i l e defendants charged with s e r i o u s Federal drug o f f e n s e s o r crimes of v i o l e n c e . P a r t B. W i r e t a p Amendments. A u t h o r i z e s emergency w i r e t a p s w i t h o u t a c o u r t order i n c e r t a i n specified s i t u a t i o n s (including i l l e g a l currency transactions and o f f e n s e s r e l a t e d t o v i c t i m - w i t n e s s C h a ~ t e rX I I I . intimidation). N a t i o n a l N a r c o t i c s Act C r e a t e s a N a t i o n a l Drug Enforcement P o l i c y Board, a n i n t e r a g e n c y c o u n c i l t o c o o r d i n a t e F e d e r a l d r u g law e n f o r c e m e n t a c t i v i t i e s , u n d e r t h e c h a i r m a n s h i p of t h e A t t o r n e y G e n e r a l . Gives chairman a u t h o r i t y t o approve budget reprogramming r e q u e s t s of a n y a g e n c y , i f d r u g l a w e n f o r c e m e n t i s i n v o l v e d , and a l l o w s him t o d i r e c t t h e r e a s s i g n m e n t o f p e r s o n n e l , w i t h t h e c o n c u r r e n c e of t h e head o f t h e agency a f f e c t e d . Chapter X X I I I A u t h o r i z e s a n a l t e r n a t i v e s e n t e n c e o f a f i n e of up t o t w i c e t h e p r o c e e d s from a v i o l a t i o n o f t h e C o n t r o l l e d S u b s t a n c e s A c t , t h e C o n t r o l l e d S u b s t a n c e s Import and Export Act, or the Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organization chapter of title 18, U.S. Code. Authorizes the proceeds of forfeited property to be placed in a fund for the maintenance of seized property, the purchase of evidence, and the retro-fitting of seized and forfeited conveyances for law enforcement purposes. P.L. 98-499: Aviation Drug-Trafficking Control Act Amends the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 to (1) require the mandatory revocation, for up to five years, of the airman certificate of someone convicted of a violation of a State or Federal law relating to controlled substances, and (2) provide for additional penalties for the transportation of controlled substances by aircraft. P.L. 98-509: Alcohol Abuse, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Amendments of 1984 Contains a provision for repeal of the statute requiring establishment of a Strategy Council on Drug Abuse and the preparation of an annual "National Drug Abuse Strategy." P.L. 98-573: Trade and Tariff Act of 1984 Contains amendments to the Tariff Act of 1930 to raise the ceiling (from $10,000 to 5100,000) on the value of property subject to administrative forfeiture (unless contested) because of its involvement in a violation of U.S. customs laws and to remove entirely the ceiling in the case of conveyances used to import, export, transport, or store any substance covered by the Controlled Substance Act. Raises (from $250 to $2,500) the amount of the bond required from a claimant who contests such forfeiture and who seeks a judicial hearing and determination. [With the exception of the amount of bond required in contested cases, the provisions are essentially the same as those of Part D of Chapter 111 of P.L. P.L. 98-596: 98-473, the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984.1 Criminal Fine Enforcement Act of 1984 Amends the Federal criminal code to improve the collection of fines and to increase the maximum fine level for certain offenses. H. Res. 49 Provides for the continuance, in the 98th Congress, of the House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control. P.L. 99-83: International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 For the International Narcotics Control program, authorizes appropriatl of $57.5 million for each of fiscal years 1986 and 1987. Makes economic and military assistance to Bolivia contingent on the licensing of coca growers and the limitation of production to pre-established needs, allowing 50 percent of the scheduled payments for FY86 to be made after compliance--with the remaining 50 percent to be provided when the President certifies to Congress that Bolivia has met the eradication targets for 1985 that were specified in a 1983 agreement. For continuation of aid in FY87, Bolivia must have developed a plan to eradicate illicit production. Conditions approximately $90 million of the total amount of FY86 assistance s c h e d u L e d for Peru o n a si!owing of "substantial progress" by Peru in in developing a plan to eliminate unlicensed coca production. To CRS-38 receive full assistance in FY87, Peru must have put the plan into operation. Terminates the ban on participation by U.S. officers or employees in police arrest actions or interrogations in foreign countries where such participation has been aggreed on by the Secretary of State and the government of the country in question. Requires countries receiving assistance for narcotic control to provide at least 25 percent of the cost of any program or project funded with such assistance. Authorizes provision of defense armaments for foreign aircraft being used to combat drugs. Requires a study to determine the feasibility of establishing a Latin American regional narcotics control organization. Requires a number of additional reports to Congress on matters pertaining to drug control. P.L. 99-88: Suvvlemental A~~rovriations for FY 1985 Contains a provision directing the Secretary of Defense to submit a report to Congress on the role of the Department in the drug interdiction and law enforcement activities of the Federal government and also directs the President to make a similar report covering -all . Federal drug enforcement efforts, setting forth "the mechanisms for coordinating the policy and operational control of the elements of each agency in the drug interdiction and law enforcement mission." P.L. 99-93: State De~artmentauthorizations. FY 1986 and FY 1987 Contains a provision establishing the International Narcotics Control Commission, to monitor drug control treaties. P.L. 99-145: Department of Defense authorizations, FY 1986 Authorizes establishment of special airborne surveillance and detection units within the Armed Forces, permitting existing active units to be utilized CRS -3 9 while a l s o allowing f o r t h e p o s s i b i l i t y of using r e s e r v e s . Provides f o r t h e mandatory a s s i g n m e n t o f Coast Guard p e r s o n n e l t o e a c h n a v a l v e s s e l a t s e a i n a d r u g i n t e r d i c t i o n a r e a and a u t h o r i z e s a p p r o p r i a t i o n s f o r 500 a d d i t i o n a l C o a s t Guard p e r s o n n e l f o r t h i s p u r p o s e . Provides f o r a s t u d y on t h e use o f E-2 a i r c r a f t f o r d r u g i n t e r d i c t i o n p u r p o s e s . P.L. 99-190: F u r t h e r C o n t i n u i n g A p p r o p r i a t i o n s , FY 1986 C o n t a i n s p r o v i s i o n s t o (1) earmark $300 m i l l i o n f o r t h e enhancement o f d r u g i n t e r d i c t i o n e f f o r t s by t h e Defense D e p a r t a e n t , o f which $35 m i l l i o n i s f u r t h e r earmarked f o r t h e commencement o f t h e c o n f i g u r a t i o n o f a n AC-130H-30 pressurized d r u g s u r v e i l l a n c e a i r c r a f t and t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f a n " a p p r o p r i a t e " command and c o n t r o l element f o r t h e d r u g i n t e r d i c t i o n m i s s i o n w i t h i n t h e A i r F o r c e , and ( 2 ) r e q u i r e t h a t 50 p e r c e n t of t h e f u n d s ( e x c l u d i n g I n t e r n a t i o n a l N a r c o t i c s C o n t r o l f u n d s ) f o r J a m a i c a and P e r u be w i t h h e l d from o b l i g a t i o n u n l e s s t h e P r e s i d e n t d e t e r m i n e s and r e p o r t s t o Congress t h a t t h e s e Governments a r e " s u f f i c i e n t l y r e s p o n s i v e t o t h e U. S. Government's c o n c e r n s o n d r u g c o n t r o l and t h a t t h e added e x p e n d i t u r e s of t h e funds f o r t h a t c o u n t r y a r e i n t h e n a t i o n a l i n t e r e s t s of t h e United S t a t e s . " BRIEF SUMMARIES OF MULTILATERAL TREATIES S i n g l e C o n v e n t i o n on N a r c o t i c Drugs. 1961 [ E n t e r e d i n t o f o r c e f o r t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s J u n e 2 4 , 19671. Replaces previous m u l t i l a t e r a l i n t e r n a t i o n a l t r e a t i e s f o r t h e c o n t r o l of n a r c o t i c drug t r a f f i c w i t h a s i n g l e new i n s t r u m e n t , d e s i g n e d t o s i m p l i f y and s t r e n g t h e n t h e e x i s t i n g m a c h i n e r y of regulation. General purpose is to limit the production and distribution of opiua, coca, cannabis and their derivatives, along with specified synthetic narcotic compounds. Requires signatories to adopt appropriate legislation to limit production and distribution to such amounts as are necessary for medical and scientific purposes, to introduce necessary administrative and enforcement measures, and to cooperate with the international drug control organs as well as with other countries. [TIAS 62981 1972 Protocol Amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 Increases the authority of the International Narcotics Control Board. [26 UST 1439; T I A S 81181 Convention on Psychotropic Substances [Entered into force for the United States April 16, 19801. Provides for the international control of depressant, stimulant, and hallucinogenic substances not subject to the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. HLH: d b [TIAS 97251