For almost six decades, the United States has played a leading role in global efforts to alleviate
hunger and malnutrition and to enhance world food security through international food aid
and promoting agricultural development and food security.
U.S. international food aid has
administered either by the Foreign Agricultural Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture
Successive Administrations have not requested funding for any new Title I food aid programs
. In contrast, since the late 1980s Title II
for U.S. food aid shipments. This pattern was reinforced by the
A Food Aid Consultative Group (FACG) advises the USAID Administrator on food aid policy
with the FACG at least twice per year. The
representatives from U.S. agricultural producer groups;
representatives from the U.S. agricultural processing sector involved in providing
The 2014 farm bill specified that USAID is to consult with FACG on the implementation of food
U.S. International Food Assistance Report, various years.
to support programs that promote economic development and food security, including
development of agricultural markets, school feeding programs, nutrition programs, and
infrastructure programs. The
No funding request has been made for Title III activities since FY2002.
through FY2018. In addition, the 2014 farm bill added a requirement for a Government
Accountability Office (GAO) report to review the program and provide recommendations to
improve the monitoring and evaluation of the program.
carry out school feeding programs and maternal, infant, and child nutrition programs in foreign
. The 2014 farm bill
, and foreign governments.
for direct feeding or, in limited situations, for local sale to generate proceeds to
support school feeding and nutrition projects. Priority countries
of commodities (e.g., soybean oil, rice, potatoes, lentils, wheat, dark red kidney