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Women in Congress, 1917-2018: Service Dates and Committee Assignments by Member, and Lists by State and Congress

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Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Jennifer E. Manning Information Research Specialist Colleen J. Shogan Assistant Director/Senior Specialist in Government and Finance Susan Navarro Smelcer Analyst on the Federal Judiciary February 24March 18, 2011 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov RL30261 CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Summary Ninety-one women currently serve in the 112th Congress: 74 in the House (50 Democrats and 24 Republicans) and 17 in the Senate (12 Democrats and 5 Republicans). Ninety-two women were initially sworn in to the 112th Congress, but one Democratic House Member has since resigned. This number (92) is lower than the record number of 95 women who were initially elected to the 111th Congress. The first woman elected to Congress was Representative Jeannette Rankin (R-MT, 1917-1919, 1941-1943). The first woman to serve in the Senate was Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA). She was appointed in 1922 and served for only one day. A total of 274 women have served in Congress, 174 Democrats and 100 Republicans. Of these women, 235 (149 Democrats, 86 Republicans) have served only in the House of Representatives; 31 (19 Democrats, 12 Republicans) have served only in the Senate; and 8 (6 Democrats, 2 Republicans) have served in both houses. These figures include one non-voting Delegate each from Guam, Hawaii, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Edith Nourse Rogers (R-MA), who served in the House for 35 years, holds the record for length of service by a woman in Congress. Currently serving Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) holds the record for Senate service by a woman with 24 years. Of the 39 women who have served in the Senate, 14 were first appointed, and 5 were first elected to fill unexpired terms. Nine were chosen to fill vacancies caused by the death of their husbands, and 1one to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of her father. Of these 10, 3 were subsequently subsequently elected to additional terms. Hattie Caraway (D-AR, 1931-1945) was the first Senator to succeed her husband and the first woman elected to a six-year Senate term. A total of 31 African American or black women have served in Congress (1 in the Senate, 30 in the House), including the 15 serving in the 112th Congress. Eight Hispanic women have been elected to the House; seven serve in the 112th Congress. Six Asian American women have served in the House, including four in the 112th Congress. Eighteen women in the House, and ten10 women in the Senate, have chaired committees. In the 112th Congress, one woman chairs a House committee, and five women chair Senate committees, with one female Senator chairing two committees. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) was the first woman to serve as Speaker of the House, in the 110th and 111th Congresses. This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 274 women who have served in Congress. It will be updated when there are relevant changes in the makeup of Congress. Congressional Research Service Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Contents Introduction ................................................................................................................................1 Historical Overview of Women in Congress ................................................................................1 Women in Congress as Compared with Women in Other Legislative Bodies................................3 Female Firsts in Congress ...........................................................................................................4 Length of Service........................................................................................................................5 How Women Enter Congress.......................................................................................................5 Women Who Have Served In Both Houses..................................................................................6 Women in Leadership Positions...................................................................................................7 African American Women in Congress ........................................................................................8 Asian American Women in Congress...........................................................................................8 Hispanic Women in Congress......................................................................................................8 Tables and Data...........................................................................................................................9 Alphabetical Listing.................................................................................................................. 10 Figures Figure 1. Number of Women in Congress ....................................................................................2 Figure 2. Gender Composition in Congress, 1789-2011 ...............................................................3 Figure 3. Gender Composition in the 112th Congress ...................................................................3 Figure 4. Women in Congress and State Legislatures ...................................................................4 Figure 5. Women’s Initial Entrance to the Senate.........................................................................6 Tables Table 1. Women in Congress, 65th-112th Congresses, by Congress.............................................. 81 Table 2. Women in Congress, 65th-112th Congresses, by State or Territory................................ 101 Table 3. Number of Women in Congress, 65th-112th Congresses (1917-2013)........................... 106 Contacts Author Contact Information .................................................................................................... 107 Acknowledgments .................................................................................................................. 107 Congressional Research Service Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Introduction Two hundred seventy four women have been elected or appointed to the U.S. Congress.1 Jeannette Rankin (R-MT) has the distinction of being the first woman elected to serve in Congress. On November 9, 1916, she was elected to the House of Representatives as Montana’s Representative-at-Large to the 65th Congress (1917-1919).2 Since Rankin’s election, 273 additional women have served in Congress. These 274 women include 174 Democrats and 100 Republicans. Two hundred thirty-five (149 Democrats, 86 Republicans) have served only in the House of Representatives; 31 (19 Democrats, 12 Republicans) have served only in the Senate; and eight (6 Democrats, 2 Republicans) have served in both houses. Of those in the House, four (3 Democrats, 1 Republican) have been Delegates to Congress.3 Ninety-one women4 serve in the 112th Congress; 74 in the House (50 Democrats and 24 Republicans), and 17 in the Senate (12 Democrats and 5 Republicans). Three of the women who serve in the House are delegatesDelegates, representing the District of Columbia, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands; all are Democrats. Excluding delegatesDelegates, women currently hold 71 (16.3%) seats in the House of Representatives and 17 (17%) seats in the Senate, totaling 88 (16.4%) of the 535 voting seats in the 112th Congress. Including delegatesDelegates, women currently hold 74 seats in the House of Representatives, and 17 in the the Senate, totaling 91 seats (16.8%) in the entire Congress. Historical Overview of Women in Congress Between the 65th Congress (1917-1918) and the 103rd Congress, the number of women serving in Congress increased incrementally, and on one occasion, dropped slightly from 20 women (3.7%) in the 95th Congress to 17 women (3.2%) in the 96th Congress (see Figure 1). In the 103rd Congress (1993-1994), however, the number of female Members rose dramatically from 32 in the previous Congress to 54. The 1992 election came to be known popularly as the “Year of the Woman” due to the large electoral increase of women in Congress.5 1 For additional information on the women who have served in Congress, please refer to U.S. Congress, House, Office of History and Preservation, Women in Congress, 1917-2006 (Washington: GPO, 2006), http://womenincongress.house.gov. The web version of this publication includes current information and is continually updated. 2 Reps. Rankin (R-MT), Patsy Mink (D-HI), Jane Harman (D-CA), and Cynthia McKinney (D-GA) are the only women to serve non-consecutive terms in the same house of Congress. Rep. Rankin served from 1917 to 1919 and from 1941 to 1943. Rep. Rankin was also the only Member of Congress to vote against America’s entry into both World Wars. Rep. Mink served from 1965 to 1977 and from September 1990, when she was seated following a special election, until her death in September 2002. Rep. Harman served from 1993 to 1999, and from 2001 to February, 2011. Rep. McKinney served from 1993 to 2003 and from 2005 to 2007. 3 The total number of female representatives (274) includes one Delegate to the House of Representatives from Hawaii, one from the District of Columbia, one from Guam, and one from the U.S. Virgin Islands. 4 The 112th Congress began with 92 women Members, but one woman Democratic Representative has since resigned. 5 The Year of the Woman: Myths and Realities, ed. Elizabeth Adell Cook, Sue Thomas, and Clyde Wilcox (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994). Congressional Research Service 1 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Figure 1. Number of Women in Congress 1917-2011 100 90 Number of Female Members 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 Congress Senate House Total Number of Female Members Source: “Women in the U.S. Congress 2011” fact sheet, Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers University. Figure compiled by CRS. Note: Delegates are not included in the data. 112th Congress numbers are for the beginning of the Congress. Despite increases in the number of women serving in Congress over time, Figure 2 shows that only 2.1% of Members in United States history have been women. The gender composition at the beginning of the 112th Congress, with 16.6% voting female Members, is shown in Figure 3. Notably, for only the second time since the 65th Congress (1917-1918), the number of women dropped from the previous Congress. In the 111th Congress, 90 of the 435 voting Members were women, as compared with 89 at the beginning of the 112th Congress Congressional Research Service 2 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Figure 2. Gender Composition in Congress, 1789-2011 Figure 3. Gender Composition in the 112th Congress 2.2% 16.6% Men Women 97.8% 83.4% Source: Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers University. Figures compiled by CRS. Notes: Delegates are not included in the data. 112th Congress numbers are for the beginning of the Congress Women in Congress as Compared with Women in Other Legislative Bodies The percentage of voting female representation in Congress (16.6%) is slightly lower than averages of female representation in other countries. Women represent 19.2% of national legislative seats across the entire world. The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), which maintains a database of worldwide female representation, ranks the United States 72nd worldwide. The Nordic countries (Sweden, Iceland, Finland, Denmark, and Norway) lead the world regionally with 41.6% female representation in national legislatures.6 Rwanda has the only national legislature in the world with a majority of women holding seats (56.3%).7 The percentage of women comprising Congress also lags behind the number of women holding seats in state legislaturelegislatures. Of the total 7,382 seats in state legislatures, women currently hold 1,178 (23.3%). Across the 50 states, this figure ranges from 9.4% in South Carolina to 40.0% in Colorado.8 Compared with the legislatures of the 50 states, Congress ties for 41st in the percentage of women comprising its legislature—tied for the 9th lowest—barely surpassing West Virginia (16.4%) and tying with Pennsylvania (16.6%). Since the beginning of the 92nd Congress (1971-72), the first Congress for which state legislature data isare available, the percentage of women comprising state legislatures has eclipsed the percentage of women comprising Congress (see Figure 4). The greatest disparity between the percentage of female voting representation in state legislatures as compared with Congress occurred in the 100th Congress (1987-1988), in which women comprised only 4.7% of Congress 6 Inter-Parliamentary Union, Women in National Parliaments, December 2010, http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm. 7 For more information on the female majority in Rwanda’s legislature, see Josh Ruxin, “When It Comes to Women Lawmakers, Rwanda Leads the World,” New York Times, October 7, 2008. 8 Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers University, Women in State Legislatures 2011, January 2011, http://www.cawp.rutgers.edu/fast_facts/levels_of_office/documents/stleg.pdf. Congressional Research Service 3 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 but 15.7% of state legislatures. The smallest disparity occurred in the current Congress (16.6% as compared with 23.3% in state legislatures). Figure 4. Women in Congress and State Legislatures 92nd Congress-112th Congress (1971-2013) 30.0% 25.0% %Women 20.0% 15.0% 10.0% 5.0% 99 10 0 10 1 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 10 7 10 8 10 9 11 0 11 1 11 2 98 97 96 95 94 93 92 0.0% Congress U.S. Congress State Legislatures Source: Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers University. Figures compiled by CRS. Notes: Delegates are not included in the data. Female Firsts in Congress The first woman elected to Congress was Representative Jeannette Rankin (R-MT, 1917-1919, 1941-1943). Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA) was the first woman to serve in the Senate. She was appointed in 1922 to fill the unexpired term of a Senator who had died in office. In addition to being the first female Senator, Mrs. Felton holds two other Senate records. Her tenure in the Senate remains the shortest ever (one day), and, at the age of 87, she is the oldest person ever to begin Senate service. Hattie Caraway (D-AR, 1931-1945) was the first woman to succeed her spouse in the Senate and also the first female initially elected to a full six-year Senate term. She was first appointed in 1931 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thaddeus H. Caraway (D-AR, House, 1913-1921; Senate, 1921-1931), and then was subsequently elected to two six-year terms. Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) was the first woman elected to the Senate without having first been appointed to serve in that body. Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS, 1979-1997) was the first woman elected to the Senate without first having been elected to the House or having been elected or appointed to fill an unexpired Senate term. Congressional Research Service 4 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 As chair of the Senate Enrolled Bills Committee (73rd-78th Congresses), Hattie Caraway was the first woman to chair a Senate as well as any congressional committee. As chair of the House District of Columbia Committee (72nd-74th Congresses), Mary T. Norton was the first woman to chair a House committee. As Speaker of the House in the 110th and 111th Congresses (2007-2010), Nancy Pelosi held the highest position of leadership ever held by a woman in the United States government. In 1998, Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) became the first openly gay or lesbian person elected to an initial term in Congress. Length of Service Edith Nourse Rogers (R-MA) holds the record for length of service by a woman in Congress (35 years). She was elected to the House to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Jacob Rogers (R-MA, 1913-1925). Mrs. Rogers served from June 25, 1925, until her death on September 10, 1960. Currently serving Senator Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) holds the record for length of Senate service by a woman (24 years and counting). Her Senate service began January 3, 1987. On January 3, 2011, she broke the service record previously held by Senator Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME). How Women Enter Congress Article I, section 2, clause 4 of the United States Constitution states that “[W]hen vacancies happen in the Representation from any state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.” Therefore, all Representatives enter office through election, even those who enter after a seat becomes open during a Congress. By contrast, the Seventeenth Amendment gives state legislatures the option to empower governors to fill Senate vacancies by temporary appointment. The 39 women who have served in the Senate entered initially through three different routes: 20 entered through regular elections, 14 were appointed to unexpired terms, and 5 were elected during a special election. As Figure 5 shows, approximately 64% of all women who have served in the Senate initially entered Senate service by winning an election. A little over a third (36%) of women entered the Senate initially through an appointment. Congressional Research Service 5 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Figure 5. Women’s Initial Entrance to the Senate 13% 51% 36% Regular Elections Appointments Special Elections Source: Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers University. Figure compiled by CRS. Women Who Have Served In Both Houses Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) was the first of eight women to serve in both houses of Congress, as well as the first woman elected to the Senate without first having been elected or appointed to fill a vacant Senate seat. Senator Smith was first elected to the House to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband (Clyde Smith, R-ME, 1937-1940), and served from June 10, 1940, until January 3, 1949, when she began her Senate service. When Senator Smith left the Senate on January 3, 1973, she had served there longer than any other woman. Barbara Mikulski (D-MD), Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Olympia Snowe (R-ME), Blanche Lambert Lincoln (D-AR), Debbie Stabenow (D-MI), Maria Cantwell (D-WA), and Kirsten Gillibrand (DNY) are the other women who have served in both houses. All but Lincoln are Members of the 112th Congress. Senators Lincoln and Cantwell were the only ones not elected while still serving in the House, and Senator Gillibrand is the only one to have been appointed to the Senate while serving in the House. Congressional Research Service 6 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Women in Leadership Positions9 A significant number of women in Congress have held positions of party leadership other than committee chairman. 10 House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) held the highest position of leadership ever held by a woman in the United States government. As Speaker of the House in the 110th and 111th Congresses, she was second in the line of succession for the presidency. Prior to becoming Speaker, Representative Pelosi was elected House Democratic whip, in the 107th Congress, on October 10, 2001, effective January 15, 2002. In the 108th, 109th, and 112th Congresses, she was elected the House Democratic leader. She was also the first woman nominated to be Speaker of the House. Senator Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME), chair of the Senate Republican Conference from 1967 to 1972, holds the Senate record for the highest leadership position held by a female Senator. Senator Patty Murray (D-WA) has served as the secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference in the 110th, 111th, and 112th Congresses. Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) has served as chief deputy majority whip in the 110th, 111th, and 112th Congresses. Senator Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) is the current vice chair of the Senate Republican Conference. Senator Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) is the current vice chair of the Senate Democratic Policy Committee, was secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference in the 109th Congress, and served as chair of the Senate Democratic Steering and Outreach Committee in the 110th and 111th Congresses. Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX) was the chair of the Senate Republican Policy Committee during the 110th Congress, and vice chair of the Senate Republican Conference in the 107th-109th Congresses. Representative Kathy McMorris Rogers (R-WA) has served as vice chair of the House Republican Conference in the 111th and 112th Congresses, the position held by Representative Kay Granger (R-TX) in the 110th Congress. In the 108th and 109th Congresses, Representative Deborah Pryce (R-OH) was chair of the House Republican Conference. Twenty-eight women have chaired congressional committees11.committees. 11 In the 112th Congress, there are six women leading committees: one in the House and five in the Senate, with one woman chairing two Senate committees. In the 111th Congress, eight women led committees: three in the House, four in the Senate, and one joint committee. One woman Senator chaired two committees. In the 110th Congress, six women chaired committees, four in the House and two in the Senate. 9 For additional information, refer to CRS Report RL30567, Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789-2011, by Valerie Heitshusen, Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789-2009, by Valerie Heitshusen; CRS Report RL30607, Major Leadership Election Contests in the House of Representatives, 94th - 111th Congresses, by Mildred Amer, Major Leadership Election Contests in the House of Representatives, 94th-111th Congresses, by Mildred Amer; and CRS Report RL30704, Major Leadership Election Contests In the Senate, 94th - 111th Congresses, by Mildred Amer, Major Leadership Election Contests in the Senate, 94th-111th Congresses, by Mildred Amer. Limited information on the leadership positions held by women in Congress can also be found in the individual entries contained in this report. 10 Office of History and Preservation, Women in Congress, 1917-2006, pp. 992-993. 11 For additional information, refer to the “Women Who Have Chaired Congressional Committees, 1923-present” table of the Women in Congress website at http://womenincongress.house.gov/historical-data/congressional-committeechairs.html. Congressional Research Service 7 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Currently, Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) chairs the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. In the Senate, Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) chairs the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works and the Select Committee on Ethics, Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) chairs the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Senator Mary Landrieu (D-LA) chairs the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship, Senator Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) chairs the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry, and Senator Patty Murray (D-WA) chairs the Senate Committee on Veterans’ Affairs. African American Women in Congress Fifteen African American women serve in the 112th Congress, the same number as in the past two Congresses. A record number of 17 African American women were elected to the House in the 110th Congress, although 14 was the highest number to serve at any one time. 12 A total of 31 African American women, all Democrats, have served in Congress. The first was Representative Shirley Chisholm (D-NY, 1969-1983). Senator Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999) is the only black woman to have served in the Senate. The African American women Members of the 112th Congress are Representatives Karen Bass (D-CA), Corinne Brown (D-FL), Yvette Clarke (D-NY), Donna Edwards (D-MD), Marcia Fudge (D-OH), Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX), Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX), Barbara Lee (D-CA), Gwen Moore (D-WI), Laura Richardson (D-CA), Terri Sewell (D-AL), Maxine Waters (D-CA), and Frederica Wilson (D-FL), as well as Delegates Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC) and Donna Christensen (D-VI).13 Asian American Women in Congress Patsy Mink (D-HI) was the first of six Asian Pacific American women to serve in Congress, all in the House. Representative Mink served in the House from 1965 to 1977, and from 1990 to 2002. The other Asian Pacific American women are Representatives Judy Chu (D-CA), Colleen Hanabusa (D-HI), Mazie Hirono (D-HI), and Doris O. Matsui (D-CA), all Members of the 112th Congress, and Patricia Saiki (R-HI), who served from 1987 to 1991.14 Hispanic Women in Congress Eight Hispanic women have served in Congress, all in the House, and seven of them serve in the 112th Congress. Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL, 1989-present) is the first Cuban12Cuban 12 Rep. Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA, 1996-2007) died on April 22, 2007, and was replaced by Rep. Laura Richardson (D-CA, 2007-present); Rep. Julia Carson (D-IN, 1997-2007) died on December 15, 2007, and was replaced by her grandson, Rep. André Carson (D-IN, 2008-present) on March 13, 2008; Rep. Albert Wynn (D-MD, 1993-2008) resigned on May 31, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Donna Edwards (D-MD, 2008-present); and Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH, 1999-2008) died on August 20, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Marcia L. Fudge (D-OH, 2008present) on November 19, 2008. 13 For additional information on African American women who have served in Congress, please refer to the “Women of Color in Congress” section of the Office of History and Preservation’s Women in Congress website, http://womenincongress.house.gov/data/women-of-color.html 14 Rep. Matsui was first elected to the 109th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Rep. Robert Matsui (D-CA, 1979-2005). Congressional Research Service 8 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 American and first Hispanic woman to serve in Congress. Nydia Velázquez (D-NY, 1993-present) is the first Puerto Rican-born woman to serve in Congress. Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-CA, 1993present) is the first Mexican- American woman to serve. Loretta Sanchez (D-CA, 1997-present), Grace Napolitano (D-CA, 1999-present), Linda Sánchez (D-CA, 2003-present), and Jamie Herrera Beutler (2011-present) are the other currently serving female Hispanic Members. Hilda Solis (D-CA) served in the House until her 2009 resignation to become Secretary of Labor. Representatives Loretta Sanchez and Linda Sánchez are sisters.15 Tables and Data The list and tables that follow provide information on women Members of Congress, including the dates they were first elected, the Congresses in which they served, the committees on which they served, and, where relevant, the committees they chaired or served on as ranking Member. Most of the data presented are from the Biographical Directory of the American Congress, http://bioguide.congress.gov, various editions of the Congressional Directory, a broad range of Congressional Quarterly and Leadership Directories Inc. publications, and Women in Congress, 1917-2006, http://womenincongress.house.gov, published by the Office of History and Preservation under the jurisdiction of the clerk of the House. For 112th Congress committee assignments, the sources are, for the House, Official Alphabetical List of the Members with Committee Assignments in the 112th Congress (available online from the Clerk of the House’s website at http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.pdf); and for the Senate, Committee Assignments for the One Hundred Twelfth Congress (available at the Senate website http://www.senate.gov/general/committee_assignments/assignments.htm). The names and jurisdiction of House and Senate committees have changed many times over the years. In the interest of brevity, this report does not identify all historical name changes. The committee names listed are for the most part those in effect at the time a Member served on the panel. 15 Linda Sánchez uses an accent in her last name; Loretta Sanchez does not. Congressional Research Service 9 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Alphabetical Listing16 ABEL, HAZEL HEMPEL. Republican; Nebraska, Senator. Elected to the 83rd Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Dwight P. Griswold and filled in the interim by Eva Bowring. (served November 8, 1954 until her resignation December 31, 1954) Committee Assignments Congress S. Finance 83rd S. Interstate and Foreign Commerce 83rd ABZUG, BELLA S. Democrat; New York, 19th District (92nd Congress) and 20th District (93rd-94th Congresses). Elected to the 92nd - 94th Congresses. (served January 3, 1971- January 3, 1977) Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 92nd-94th H. Public Works 92nd-94th ADAMS, SANDY. Republican; Florida, 24th District. Elected to the 112th Congress. (served January 3, 2011- present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 112th H. Science, Space and Technology 112th ALLEN, MARYON PITTMAN. Democrat; Alabama, Senator. Appointed to the 95th Congress June 8, 1978 to fill vacancy caused by the death of husband James B. Allen. (served June 12, 1978 - January 3, 1979) Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 95th S. Judiciary 95th 16 Prior to the adoption of the Twentieth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, effective October 15, 1933, the terms of Representatives and Senators began on March 4, in conformance with a resolution of the Continental Congress implementing the Constitution (adopted September 13, 1788). The Twentieth Amendment provides inter alia that the terms of Representatives and Senators shall commence at noon on January 3, in the year following their election. The first Congress affected by the Twentieth Amendment was the 74th (1935-1937). However, Congress sometimes sets a date other than January 3 for commencement of a new Congress; thus, in this report, dates sworn in are sometimes later than January 3 for Members elected in the general election. In addition, Members elected to fill a vacancy are sworn in and commence their terms as soon as possible, as do Senators appointed to fill a vacancy. Congressional Research Service 10 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 ANDREWS, ELIZABETH B. Democrat; Alabama, 3rd District. Elected to the 92nd Congress in a April 4, 1972 special election to fill vacancy caused by the death of husband George W. Andrews. (served April 10, 1972 - January 3, 1973) Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 92nd ASHBROOK, JEAN. Republican; Ohio, 17th District. Elected to the 97th Congress in a June 29, 1982 special election to fill vacancy caused by the death of husband John Milan Ashbrook. (served July 12, 1982 - January 3, 1983) Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 97th AYOTTE, KELLY. Republican; New Hampshire, Senator. Elected to the 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 2011- present) Committee Assignments Congress S. Armed Services 112th S. Commerce, Science and Transportation 112th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship 112th S. Special Aging 112th BACHMANN, MICHELE. Republican; Minnesota, 6th District. Elected to the 110th - 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 2007 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 110 - 112th H. Intelligence 112th BAKER, IRENE BAILEY. Republican; Tennessee, 2nd District. Elected to the 88th Congress in a March 10, 1964 special election, to fill vacancy caused by the death of husband Howard H. Baker, Sr. (served March 10, 1964 - January 3, 1965) Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 88th BAKER, NANCY KASSEBAUM. See KASSEBAUM, NANCY LANDON. Congressional Research Service 11 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 BALDWIN, TAMMY. Democrat; Wisconsin, 2nd District. Elected to the 106th -112th Congresses. (served January 3, 1999 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 106th-108th H. Judiciary 106th-111th H. Energy and Commerce 109th-112th BASS, KAREN. Democrat; California, 33rd District (92nd Congress). Elected to the 112th Congress. (served January 3, 2011 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 112th H. Foreign Affairs 112th BEAN, MELISSA L. Democrat; Illinois, 8th District. Elected to the 109th -111th Congresses. (served January 4, 2005 – January 3, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 109th-111th H. Small Business 109th-111th BENTLEY, HELEN DELICH. Republican; Maryland, 2nd District. Elected to the 99th – 103rd Congresses. (served January 3, 1985 - January 3, 1995) Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 99th-103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 99th-100th, 102nd H. Select Aging 99th-102nd H. Budget 101st-102nd H. Appropriations 103rd BERKLEY, SHELLEY. Democrat; Nevada, 1st District. Elected to the 106th -112th Congresses. (served January 3, 1999 to present). A Senior Democratic Whip, 112th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Small Business 106th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 106th-109th H. Veterans’ Affairs 106th-110th Congressional Research Service 12 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. International Relations 107th-109th H. Foreign Affairs 111th H. Ways and Means 110th-112th BIGGERT, JUDY. Republican; Illinois, 13th District. Elected to the 106th – 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 1999 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 106th H. Government Reform 106th H. Financial Services 107th-112th H. Science / Science and Technology / Science, Space and Technology 106th-112th H. Education and the Workforce / and Labor 107th-112th H. Standards of Official Conduct 107th-109th BLACK, DIANE. Republican; Tennessee, 6th District Elected to the 112th Congress. (served January 3, 2011- present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 112th H. Ways and Means 112th BLACKBURN, MARSHA. Republican; Tennessee, 7th District. Elected to the 108th – 112th Congresses. (served January 7, 2003 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 108th H. Government Reform 108th H. Judiciary 108th H. Energy and Commerce 109th-112th H. Select Energy Independence and Global Warming 111th BLITCH, IRIS FAIRCLOTH. Democrat; Georgia, 8th District. Elected to the 84th – 87th Congresses. (served January 5, 1955 - January 3, 1963) Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works 84th-87th Congressional Research Service 13 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 BOGGS, CORINNE C. (LINDY). Democrat; Louisiana, 2nd District. Elected to the 93rd Congress in a March 20, 1973 special election, to fill vacancy caused by the death of husband Thomas Hale Boggs, Sr.; reelected to the 94th-101st Congresses. (served March 27, 1973 - January 3, 1991) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Currency / Banking, Currency, and Housing 93rd -94th H. House Administration 94th H. Appropriations 95th-101st H. Select Children, Youth, and Families 99th-101st Jt. Bicentennial Arrangements ( chair) 94th Commission of the Bicentenary of the U.S. House (chair) 99th-100th BOLAND, VERONICA GRACE. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 11th District. Elected to the 77th Congress, to fill vacancy caused by the death of husband Patrick J. Boland (served November 19, 1942 - January 3, 1943) Committee Assignments Congress None listed 77th BOLTON, FRANCES PAYNE. Republican; Ohio, 22nd District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a February 27, 1940 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband Chester C. Bolton; reelected to the 77th-90th Congresses. (served March 5, 1940 - January 3, 1969) Committee Assignments Congress H. Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives in Congress 76th H. Expenditures in Executive Departments 76th H. Foreign Affairs (ranking Member, 88th-90th) 77th-90th BONO MACK, MARY. Republican; California, 44th District (105th-107th Congresses) and 45th District (108th-112th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress in an April 7, 1998 special election, to fill vacancy caused by the death of husband Sonny Bono; reelected to the 106th-112th Congresses. (served April 20, 1998 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. National Security 105th H. Judiciary 105th-106th H. Armed Services 106th H. Small Business 106th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-112th Congressional Research Service 14 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 BORDALLO, MADELEINE Z. Democrat; Delegate from Guam. Elected to the 108th - 112th Congresses. (served January 7, 2003 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 108th-112th H. Resources / Natural Resources 108th-109th , 111th-112th H. Small Business 108th-109th BOSONE, REVA ZILPHA BECK. Democrat; Utah, 2nd District. Elected to the 81st and 82nd Congresses. (served January 3, 1949 - January 3, 1953) Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Lands 81st H. Administration 82nd H. Interior and Insular Affairs 82nd BOWRING, EVA KELLY. Republican; Nebraska, Senator. Appointed to the Senate April 16, 1954, to fill vacancy caused by death of Dwight Griswold. (served April 16 -November 8, 1954). Committee Assignments Congress S. Interstate and Foreign Commerce 83rd S. Labor and Public Welfare 83rd S. Post Office and Civil Service 83rd BOYDA, NANCY. Democrat; Kansas, 2nd District. Elected to the 110th Congress. (served January 4, 2007 -January 3, 2009). Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 110th H. Armed Services 110th BOXER, BARBARA. Democrat; California, 6th District. Elected to the 98th – 102nd Congresses (served in House January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1993). Subsequently elected to the Senate in 1992 and reelected in 1998, 2004 and 2010. Chief deputy Democratic whip in the 109th-112th Congresses and a deputy whip in the 103rd Congress. (served in Senate January 5, 1993 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 98th H. Government Operations 98th-102nd Congressional Research Service 15 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 99th-101st H. Select Children, Youth, and Families 99th-102nd H. Armed Services 102nd S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 103rd-105th S. Budget 103rd-106th S. Environment and Public Works (chair, 110th-112th) 103rd-112th S. Appropriations 105th S. Foreign Relations 106th-112th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 107th-112th S. Select Ethics (chair, 110th-112th) 110th -112th BROWN, CORRINE. Democrat; Florida, 3rd District. Elected to the 103rd - 112th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-112th H. Veterans’ Affairs 103rd-112th BROWN-WAITE, GINNY. Republican; Florida, 5th District. Elected to the 108th - 111th Congresses. (served January 7, 2003 – January 3, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 108th-109th H. Financial Services 108th-110th H. Veterans’ Affairs 108th-110th H. Homeland Security 109th-110th H. Ways and Means 111th BUCHANAN, VERA DAERR. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 30th District. Elected to the 82nd Congress in a July 24, 1951 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband Frank Buchanan; reelected to the 83rd-84th Congresses. (served August 1, 1951 until her death November 26, 1955) Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 82nd, 1st Sess. Congressional Research Service 16 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs 82nd, 1st Sess. H. Public Works 82nd, 2nd Sess.-83rd H. Banking and Currency 84th BUERKLE, ANN MARIE. Republican; New York, 25th District. Elected to the 112th Congress. (served January 3, 2011 - present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 112th H. Oversight and Government Reform 112th H. Veterans’ Affairs 112th BURDICK, JOCELYN BIRCH. Democrat; North Dakota, Senator. Appointed to Senate September 12, 1992, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband Quentin Burdick. (served September 16, 1992 - December 4, 1992) Committee Assignments Congress S. Environment and Public Works 102nd BURKE, YVONNE BRATHWAITE. Democrat; California, 37th District. Elected to the 93rd – 95th Congresses. (served January 3, 1973 - January 3, 1979) Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works 93rd H. Interior and Insular Affairs 93rd H. Appropriations 94th-95th H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop (committee chair) 94th-95th BURTON, SALA. Democrat; California, 5th District. Elected to the 98th Congress in a June 21, 1983 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband Phillip Burton; reelected to the 99th-100th Congresses. (served June 28, 1983 until her death February 1, 1987) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 98th H. Interior and Insular Affairs 98th H. Select Committee on Hunger 98th-99th H. Rules 99th-100th Congressional Research Service 17 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 BUSHFIELD, VERA CAHALAN. Republican; South Dakota, Senator. Appointed to the Senate October 6, 1948, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband Harlan J. Bushfield; resigned December 26, 1948. Committee Assignments Congress None listed 80th BYRNE, LESLIE. Democrat; Virginia, 11th District. Elected to the 103rd Congress. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 1995) Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd BYRON, BEVERLY BARTON BUTCHER. Democrat; Maryland, 6th District. Elected to the 96th Congress to fill vacancy caused by death of husband Goodloe E. Byron; reelected to the 97th102nd Congresses. (served January 15, 1979 - January 3, 1993) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 96th-102nd H. Select Committee on Aging 96th-102nd H. Interior and Insular Affairs 97th-102nd BYRON, KATHARINE EDGAR. Democrat; Maryland, 6th District. Elected to the 77th Congress in a May 27, 1941 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband William Devereux Byron. (served June 11, 1941 - January 3, 1943) Committee Assignments Congress H. Civil Service 77th H. War Claims 77th CANTWELL, MARIA. Democrat; Washington, 1st District. Elected to the 103rd Congress (served in House January 5, 1993 - January 3, 1995). Subsequently elected to the Senate in 2000 and reelected in 2006. (served in Senate January 3, 2001 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 103rd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd S. Judiciary 107th Congressional Research Service 18 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress S. Energy and Natural Resources 107th-112th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship 107th-112th S. Indian Affairs 107th-112th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 108th-112th S. Finance 110th-112th CAPITO, SHELLEY MOORE. Republican; West Virginia, 2nd District. Elected to the 107th – 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 2001 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 107th-112th H. Small Business 107th-108th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 107th-112th H. Rules 109th H. Select Committee on Energy and Global Warming 111th CAPPS, LOIS. Democrat; California, 22nd District (105th-107th Congresses) and 23rd District (108th-112th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress in a March 9, 1998 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband Walter Capps; reelected to the 106th-112th Congresses (served March 17, 1998 to present). Committee Assignments Congress H. International Relations 105th H. Science 105th H. Commerce 106th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-112th H. Budget 109th H. Natural Resources 110th -111th CARAWAY, HATTIE WYATT. Democrat; Arkansas, Senator. Appointed to the Senate November 13, 1931, and elected January 12, 1932, to fill the vacancy caused by death of husband Thaddeus H. Caraway; reelected to two full Senate terms. (served December 8, 1931 - January 3, 1945) Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture and Forestry 72nd-78th S. Commerce 72nd-78th S. Enrolled Bills (committee chair, 73rd-78th) 72nd-78th Congressional Research Service 19 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress S. Library 72nd-78th CARNAHAN, JEAN. Democrat; Missouri, Senator. Appointed to the Senate December 4, 2000, to fill vacancy caused by her husband’s (Gov. Mel Carnahan) posthumous election to the Senate. (served January 3, 2001 - November 25, 2003) Committee Assignments Congress S. Armed Services 107th S. Commerce, Science and Transportation 107th S. Governmental Affairs 107th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship 107th S. Special Committee on Aging 107th CARSON, JULIA. Democrat; Indiana, 10th District (105th-107th Congresses) and 7th District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 105th – 110th Congresses. (served January 9, 1997 until her death December 15, 2007) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 105th-106th H. Financial Services 107th-110th H. Veterans’ Affairs 105th-107th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 108th-110th CASTOR, KATHY. Democrat; Florida, 11th District. Elected to the 110th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 2007 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 110th ,112th H. Rules 110th H. Energy and Commerce 111th H. Standards of Official Conduct 111th H. Budget 112th Congressional Research Service 20 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 CHENOWETH, HELEN. Republican; Idaho, 1st District. Elected to the 104th – 106th Congresses. (served January 4, 1995 - January 3, 2001) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 104th-106th H. Resources 104th-106th H. Veterans’ Affairs 105th-106th H. Government Reform 106th CHISHOLM, SHIRLEY ANITA. Democrat; New York, 12th District. Elected to the 91st – 97th Congresses (served January 3, 1969 - January 3, 1983). Democratic Caucus Secretary, 96th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs 91st-92nd H. Education and Labor 92nd-94th H. Rules 95th-97th CHRISTENSEN, DONNA. Democrat; Delegate from the Virgin Islands. Elected to the 105th – 112th Congresses. (served January 7, 1997 to present) Committee Assignment Congress H. Resources / Natural Resources 105th-112th (1st session) H. Small Business 105th-109th H. Homeland Security 108th-110th,112th (1st session) H. Energy and Commerce 111th -112th CHRISTIAN-GREEN, DONNA and CHRISTIAN-CHRISTENSEN, DONNA See CHRISTENSEN, DONNA. CHU, JUDY. Democrat; California, 32nd District. Elected to the 111th Congress in a July 14, 2009 special election to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Hilda Solis; reelected to 112th Congress. Chair of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus, 112th Congress. (served July 16, 2009 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 111th H. Judiciary 111th - 112th H. Oversight and Government Reform 111th H. Small Business 112th Congressional Research Service 21 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 CHURCH, MARGUERITE STITT. Republican; Illinois, 13th l District. Elected to the 82nd – 87th Congresses (served January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1963). Rep. Church succeeded her husband, Ralph E. Church, who died in office on March 21, 1950. Committee Assignments Congress H. Expenditures in Executive Departments 82nd H. Government Operations 83rd H. Foreign Affairs 83rd-87th CLARKE, MARIAN WILLIAMS. Republican; New York, 34th District. Elected to the 73rd Congress in a December 28, 1933 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband John Davenport Clarke. (served January 3, 1934 - January 3, 1935) Committee Assignments Congress H. Civil Service 73rd H. Claims 73rd H. Invalid Pensions 73rd CLARKE, YVETTE. Democrat; New York, 11th District. Elected to the 110th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 2007 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 110th-111th H. Homeland Security 110th-112th H. Small Business 110th-112th CLAYTON, EVA. Democrat; North Carolina, 1st District. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 3, 1992, to fill vacancy caused by death of Walter Jones; simultaneously elected to the 103rd Congress; reelected to the 104th-107th Congresses. (served November 5, 1992 - January 3, 2003) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 103rd-107th H. Small Business 103rd-104th H. Budget 105th-107th Congressional Research Service 22 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 CLINTON, HILLARY RODHAM. Democrat; New York, Senator. Elected to the Senate in 2000 and reelected in 2006. (Served January 3, 2001 until her resignation January 21, 2009, to become Secretary of State). First Lady of the United States , 1993-2001. Chair of Senate Democratic Steering and Coordination Committee, 108th Congress. Candidate for U.S. President, 2008. Committee Assignments Congress S. Budget 107th S. Environment and Public Works 107th-110th S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 107th-110th S. Armed Services 108th-110th S. Special Aging 109th-110th COLLINS, BARBARA-ROSE. Democrat; Michigan, 13th District (102nd Congress) and 15th District (103rd-104th Congresses). Elected to the102nd – 104th Congresses. (served January 3, 1991 - January 3, 1997) Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 102nd-103rd H. Science, Space and Technology 102nd H. Government Operations 103rd H. Post Office and Civil Service 103rd H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th H. Select Children, Youth, and Families 102nd COLLINS, CARDISS. Democrat; Illinois, 7th District. Elected to the 93rd Congress in a June 5, 1973 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband George W. Collins; reelected to the 94th-104th Congresses (served June 7, 1973 - January 3, 1997). First female chair of the Congressional Black Caucus, 96th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 93rd-103rd H. International Relations 94th-95th H. District of Columbia 95th H. Foreign Affairs 96th H. Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control 96th-102nd H. Energy and Commerce 97th-103rd H. Commerce 104th H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th Congressional Research Service 23 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 COLLINS, SUSAN M. Republican; Maine, Senator. Elected to the Senate in 1996; reelected in 2002 and 2008. (served January 7, 1997 to present) Committee Assignments Congress S. Labor and Human Resources 105th S. Governmental Affairs (chair, 108th ) 105th-108th S. Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (chair, 109th; ranking Member, 110th-112th) 109th-112th S. Special Aging 105th-112th S. Special Committee on the Year 2000 Technology Problems 106th S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 106th-107th S. Armed Services 107th-112th Jt. Economic 108th S. Appropriations 111th -112th CUBIN, BARBARA. Republican; Wyoming, At Large. Elected to the 104th – 110th Congresses. (served January 4, 1995 - January 3, 2009). A House deputy majority whip in the 104th-105th Congresses. Secretary of the House Republican Conference, 107th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Resources 104th-109th H. Science 104th H. Commerce 105th-106th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-110th DAHLKEMPER, KATHLEEN A. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 3rd District. Elected to the 111th Congress. (served January 6, 2009 – January 3, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 111th H. Science and Technology 111th H. Small Business 111th DANNER, PAT. Democrat; Missouri, 6th District. Elected to the 103rd – 106th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 2001) Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-106th H. Small Business 103rd Congressional Research Service 24 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. International Relations 105th-106th DAVIS, JO ANN. Republican; Virginia, 1st District. Elected to the 107th – 110th Congresses. (served January 3, 2001 until her death on October 6, 2007) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 107th-110th H. Government Reform 107th-108th H. International Relations 107th-109th H. Foreign Affairs 110th H. Select Intelligence 108th-109th DAVIS, SUSAN. Democrat; California, 49th District (107th Congress) and 53rd District (108th112th Congresses). Elected to the 107th – 112th Congresses (served January 3, 2001 – present). Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 107th-112th H. Education and the Workforce / Education and Labor 107th-112th H. Veterans’ Affairs 108th H. House Administration 110th-111th Jt. Printing 110th DEGETTE, DIANA. Democrat; Colorado, 1st District. Elected to the 105th – 112th Congresses (served January 7, 1997 to present). A chief deputy Democratic whip, 109th-112th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Commerce 105th-106th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-112th H. Natural Resources 111th DELAURO, ROSA. Democrat; Connecticut, 3rd District. Elected to the 102nd – 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 1991 to present) A House chief deputy Democratic whip, 104th-105th Congresses, assistant to the House Democratic leader, 106th-107th Congresses, and co-chair of the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee, 108th-112th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 102nd Congressional Research Service 25 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 102nd H. Select Committee on Aging 102nd H. Appropriations 103rd, 105th-112th H. National Security 104th H. Budget 108th-111th DOLE, ELIZABETH H. Republican; North Carolina, Senate. Elected to the Senate in 2002. (served January 7, 2003 - January 3, 2009). First woman to Chair the National Republican Senatorial Committee, 109th Congress. Candidate for U.S. President (2000). Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 108th S. Armed Services 108th-110th S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 108th-110th S. Special Aging 108th-110th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship 110th DOUGLAS, EMILY TAFT. Democrat; Illinois, At Large. Elected to the 79th Congress. (served January 3, 1945 - January 3, 1947) Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 79th DOUGLAS, HELEN GAHAGAN. Democrat; California, 14th District. Elected to the 79th – 81st Congresses. (served January 3, 1945 - January 3, 1951) Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 79th-81st DRAKE, THELMA. Republican; Virginia, 2nd District. Elected to the 109th – 110th Congresses. (served January 4, 2005 - January 3, 2009) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 109th-110th H. Education and the Workforce 109th H. Resources 109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th Congressional Research Service 26 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 DUNN, JENNIFER. Republican; Washington, 8th District. Elected to the 103rd – 108th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 2009) Secretary and later vice chair of the House Republican Conference, 105th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Administration 103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd H. Science, Space, and Technology 103rd Jt. Committee on Congressional Operations 103rd H. Oversight 104th H. Ways and Means 104th-108th Jt. Economic 107th-108th H. Homeland Security 108th DWYER, FLORENCE PRICE. Republican; New Jersey, 6th District (85th-89th Congresses) and 12th District (90th-92nd Congresses). Elected to the 85th – 92nd Congresses. (served January 3, 1957 - January 3, 1973) Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations (ranking Member, 90th -92nd) 85th-92nd H. Veterans’ Affairs 85th H. Banking and Currency 86th-92nd EDWARDS, DONNA. Democrat; Maryland, 4th District. Elected to the 110th Congress in a June 17, 2008special2008 special election to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Albert Wynn; reelected to to the 111th – 112th Congresses. (served June 19, 2008 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Science and Technology / Science, Space and Technology 110th-112th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th-112th H. Ethics 112th EDWARDS, ELAINE. Democrat; Louisiana, Senator. Appointed to the Senate August 1, 1972, by her husband, Governor Edwin L. Edwards, to fill vacancy caused by death of Allen J. Ellender. (served August 7, 1972 - November 13, 1972) Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture and Forestry 92nd S. Public Works 92nd Congressional Research Service 27 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 ELLMERS, RENEE. Republican; North Carolina, 2nd District. Elected to the 112th Congress. (served January 3, 2011- present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 112th H. Foreign Affairs 112th H. Small Business 112th EMERSON, JO ANN. Republican; Missouri, 8th District. Elected to the 104th Congress in a November 5, 1996 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Bill Emerson, and simultaneously to the 105th Congress; reelected to the 106th-112th Congresses. (served January 8, 1997 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 105th H. Small Business 105th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 105th H. Appropriations 106th-112th ENGLISH, KARAN. Democrat; Arizona, 6th District. Elected to the 103rd Congress. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 1995) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 103rd H. Natural Resources 103rd ESHOO, ANNA G. Democrat; California, 14th District. Elected to the 103rd – 112th Congresses (served January 5, 1993 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 103rd H. Science, Space, and Technology 103rd H. Commerce 104th-106th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-112th H. Intelligence 108th-111th Congressional Research Service 28 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 ESLICK, WILLA McCORD BLAKE. Democrat; Tennessee, 7th District. Elected the 72nd Congress in an August 4, 1932 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband Edward Eslick. (served December 5, 1932 - March 3, 1933) Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Buildings and Grounds 72nd H. World War Veterans’ Legislation 72nd FALLIN, MARY. Republican; Oklahoma, 5th District. Elected to the 110th – 111th Congresses. (served January 4, 2007 – January 3, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Small Business 110th-111th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th-111th H. Natural Resources 110th H. Armed Services 111th FARRINGTON, MARY ELIZABETH PRUETT. Republican; Delegate from Hawaii. Elected to the 83rd Congress in a July 31, 1954 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Joseph R. Farrington; reelected to the 84th Congress. (served August 4, 1954 - January 3, 1957) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 83rd-84th H. Armed Services 83rd-84th H. Interior and Insular Affairs 83rd-84th FEINSTEIN, DIANNE. Democrat; California, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 3, 1992, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Pete Wilson. Subsequently elected to her own sixyear term on November 8, 1994, and reelected in 2000 and 2006. (served November 10, 1992 – present) Committee Assignments Congress S. Appropriations 103rd, 107th-112th S. Judiciary 103rd-112th S. Rules and Administration (chair, 110th ) 103rd-112th S. Foreign Relations 104th-105th Jt. Committee on the Library (chair, 110th ) 105th, 111th S. Energy and Natural Resources 107th-109th S. Select Intelligence (chair, 111th – 112th) 107th-112th Jt. Committee on Printing (vice chair, 110th) 106th-111th Congressional Research Service 29 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 FELTON, REBECCA LATIMER. Democrat; Georgia, Senator. Appointed to the Senate on October 3, 1922, to fill vacancy caused by death of Thomas E. Watson; sworn in November 21, 1922; term expired November 22 with the election of Walter George to the vacancy she filled. Committee Assignments Congress None listed 67th FENWICK, MILLICENT. Republican; New Jersey, 5th District. Elected to the 94th – 97th Congresses. (served January 14, 1975 - January 3, 1983) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Currency, and Housing 94th H. Small Business 94th-95th H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 95th H. Standards of Official Conduct 95th H. District of Columbia 96th H. International Relations 96th H. Education and Labor 97th H. Foreign Affairs 97th H. Select Committee on Aging 97th FERRARO, GERALDINE ANN. Democrat; New York, 9th District. Elected to the 96th – 98th Congresses. (served January 15, 1979 - January 3, 1985). First woman nominated by a major political party for Vice President (1984). House Democratic Caucus Secretary, 97th and 98th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 96th-97th H. Public Works and Transportation 96th-98th H. Select Committee on Aging 96th-97th H. Budget 98th FIEDLER, BOBBI. Republican; California, 21st District. Elected to the 97th – 99th Congresses. (served January 5, 1981- January 3, 1987) Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 97th-99th Jt. Economics 99th Congressional Research Service 30 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 FOWLER, TILLIE. Republican; Florida, 4th District. Elected to the 103rd – 106th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 2001) House deputy majority whip and chair of the House Page Board, 104th-105th Congresses. Vice chair of the House Republican Conference, 106th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 103rd, 106th H. National Security 104th-105th H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 103rd H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-106th FOXX, VIRGINIA. Republican; North Carolina, 5th District. Elected to the 109th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 2005 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 109th-110th H. Education and the Workforce 109th-110th , 112th H. Government Reform 109th H. Oversight and Government Reform 110th H. Rules 111th - 112th FRAHM, SHEILA. Republican; Kansas, Senator. Appointed to the Senate May 24, 1996, to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Robert Dole. (served June 11, 1996 - November 5, 1996) Committee Assignments Congress S. Armed Services 104th S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 104th FUDGE, MARCIA F. Democrat; Ohio, 11th District. Elected to the 110th Congress in a November 4, 2008 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of Stephanie Tubbs Jones; reelected to the 111th – 112th Congresses. (served November 19, 2008 to present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 111th H. Science and Technology / Science, Space and Technology 111th - 112th H. Agriculture 112th Congressional Research Service 31 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 FULMER, WILLA LYBRAND. Democrat; South Carolina, 2nd District. Elected to the 78th Congress November 7, 1944, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Hampton P. Fulmer. (served November 6, 1944 - January 3, 1945) Committee Assignments Congress None listed 78th FURSE, ELIZABETH. Democrat; Oregon, 1st District. Elected to the 103rd – 105th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 1999) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 103rd H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 103rd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 103rd H. Commerce 104th-105th GASQUE, ELIZABETH HAWLEY. Democrat; South Carolina, 6th District. Elected to the 75th Congress in a September 13, 1938 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of her husband, Allard H. Gasque; never sworn in or seated, because Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of her term. Committee Assignments Congress None listed, never sworn in 76th GIBBS, FLORENCE REVILLE. Democrat; Georgia, 8th District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a October 1, 1940 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Benjamin Gibbs. (served October 3, 1940 - January 3, 1941) Committee Assignments Congress None listed 76th GIFFORDS, GABRIELLE. Democrat; Arizona, 8th District. Elected to the 110th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 2007 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 110th-112th H. Foreign Affairs 110th-111th H. Science and Technology / Science, Space and Technology 110th-112th Congressional Research Service 32 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 GILLIBRAND, KIRSTEN. Democrat; New York, 20th District. Elected to the 110th -111th Congresses. (served in House January 4, 2007 until resignation on January 26, 2009) Appointed to the Senate to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Hillary Clinton; reelected to remainder of term in 2010. (served in Senate January 27, 2009 - present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 110th H. Armed Services 110th S. Foreign Relations 111th S. Environment and Public Works 111th -112th S. Special Aging 111th -112th S. Agriculture and Forestry 111th -112th S. Armed Services 112th GRANAHAN, KATHRYN ELIZABETH. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 2nd District. Elected to the 84th Congress in a November 6, 1956 special election, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William T. Granahan, and to the 85th Congress; reelected to the 86th-87th Congresses. (served January 3, 1957- January 3, 1963) Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia 85th H. Post Office and Civil Service 85th-87th H. Government Operations 85th, 2nd Sess.-87th GRANGER, KAY. Republican; Texas, 12th District. Elected to the 105th – 112th Congresses. (served January 7, 1997 – present) Vice Chair of the House Republican Conference, 110th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 105th, 107th H. Oversight 105th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 105th Jt. Printing 105th H. National Security 105th H. Appropriations 106th-112th H. Homeland Security 108th Congressional Research Service 33 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 GRASSO, ELLA T. Democrat; Connecticut, 6th District. Elected to the 92nd – 93rd Congresses (served January 21, 1971 - January 3, 1975). Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 92nd-93rd H. Veterans’ Affairs 92nd-93rd GRAVES, DIXIE BIBB. Democrat; Alabama, Senator. Appointed by her husband, Governor David Bibb Graves, to the Senate August 18, 1937, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Hugo L. Black. (served August 20, 1937 until her resignation January 10, 1938) Committee Assignments Congress S. Claims 75th S. Education and Labor 75th S. Mines and Mining 75th GREEN, EDITH. Democrat; Oregon, 3rd District. Elected to the 84th – 93rd Congresses. (served January 5, 1955 - January 3, 1975). Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 84th-92nd H. Interior and Insular Affairs 84th-85th Jt. Committee on Disposition of Executive Papers 85th H. House Administration 86th-87th H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 88th-90th H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop 90th-93rd H. District of Columbia 92nd H. Appropriations 93rd GREENE, ENID. See WALDHOLTZ, ENID GREENE. GREENWAY, ISABELLA SELMES. Democrat; Arizona, At Large. Elected to the 73rd Congress in a October 3, 1933 special election to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Lewis W. Douglas; reelected to the 74th Congress (served January 3, 1934 - January 3, 1937) Committee Assignments Congress None listed 73rd H. Indian Affairs 74th H. Irrigation and Reclamation 74th H. Public Lands 74th Congressional Research Service 34 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 GRIFFITHS, MARTHA WRIGHT. Democrat; Michigan, 17th District. Elected to the 84th – 93rd Congresses. (served January 5, 1955 - January 3, 1975) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Currency 84th-87th H. Government Operations 84th-87th Jt. Economic 87th-92nd H. Ways and Means 88th-92nd H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop (chair, 90th-93rd Congresses) 90th-93rd H. Select Committee on Crime 91st HAGAN, KAY. Democrat; North Carolina; Senator. Elected in 2008 (served January 6, 2009 – present). Committee Assignments Congress S. Armed Services 111th -112th S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 111th -112th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship 111th -112th S. Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs 112th HALL, KATIE. Democrat; Indiana, 1st District. Elected to the 97th Congress in a November 2, 1982 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of Adam Benjamin, Jr.; reelected to the 98th Congress. (served November 29, 1982 - January 3, 1985) Committee Assignments Congress None 97th H. Post Office and Civil Service 98th H. Public Works and Transportation 98th HALVORSON, DEBBIE, Democrat; Illinois, 11th District. Elected to the 111th Congress. (served January 6, 2009 – January 3, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 111th H. Small Business 111th H. Veteran’s Affairs 111th Congressional Research Service 35 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 HANABUSA, COLLEEN. Democrat; Hawaii, 1st District. Elected to the 112th Congress. (served January 3, 2011 - present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 112th H. Natural Resources 112th HANSEN, JULIA BUTLER. Democrat; Washington, 3rd District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 8, 1960, to fill vacancy caused by death of Russell V. Mack, and to the 87th Congress; reelected to the 88th-93rd Congresses. (served January 3, 1961 - January 3, 1975) Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs 87th, 1st Sess.17 H. Education and Labor 87th H. Interior and Insular Affairs 87th H. Appropriations 88th-93rd HARDEN, CECIL MURRAY. Republican; Indiana, 6th District. Elected to the 81st – 95th Congresses. (served January 3, 1949 - January 3, 1959) Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs 81st H. Expenditures in Executive Departments 82nd H. Government Operations 83rd-85th H. Post Office and Civil Service 83rd-85th HARMAN, JANE. Democrat; California, 36th District. Elected to the 103rd – 105th Congresses and the 107th – 112th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 1999; January 3, 2001 until her resignation February 28, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 103rd H. Science, Space, and Technology / Science 103rd -104th H. National Security 104th-105th H. Energy and Commerce 107th, 111th -112th H. Intelligence 104th-105th ; 107th-109th H. Homeland Security 108th-112th 17 Rep. Hansen served on the Veteran’s Affairs Committee from February 6, 1961 to March 6, 1961. Congressional Research Service 36 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 HARRIS, KATHERINE. Republican; Florida, 13th District. Elected to the 108th – 109th Congresses. (served January 7, 2003 - January 3, 2007) Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 108th-109th H. International Relations 108th-109th H. Homeland Security 109th HART, MELISSA. Republican; Pennsylvania, 4th District. Elected to the 107th – 109th Congresses (served January 3, 2001 - January 3, 2007) Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 107th-108th H. Judiciary 107th-108th H. Science 107th-108th H. Standards of Official Conduct 109th H. Ways and Means 109th HARTZLER, VICKY. Republican; Missouri, 4th District.. Elected to the 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 2011- present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 112th H. Armed Services 112th HAWKINS, PAULA. Republican; Florida, Senator. Elected to the Senate in 1980. (served January 5, 1981- January 3, 1987) Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 97th-99th S. Labor and Human Resources 97th-99th Jt. Economic 97th S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 98th S. Foreign Relations 98th S. Special Aging 99th Congressional Research Service 37 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 HAYWORTH, NAN. Republican; New York, 19th District. Elected to the 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 2011- present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 112th HECKLER, MARGARET M. Republican; Massachusetts, 19th District. Elected to the 90th – 97th Congresses. (served January 10, 1967- January 3, 1983) Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 90th H. Veterans’ Affairs 90th-97th H. Banking and Currency 91st-93rd H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop 92nd-93rd H. Agriculture 94th-96th Jt. Economic 94th, 96th-97th H. Select Committee on Ethics 96th H. Science and Technology 97th HERRERA BEUTLER, JAIME. Republican; Washington, 3rd District. Elected to the 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 2011- present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Small Business 112th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 112th HERSETH SANDLIN, STEPHANIE. Democrat; South Dakota, At-Large. Elected to the 108th Congress in a June 1, 2004 special election, to fill vacancy caused by resignation of William Janklow; reelected to the 110th-111th Congresses. (served June 3, 2004 – Jan. 3, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 108th-111th H. Resources 108th-109th H. Natural Resources 111th H. Veterans’ Affairs 108th-111th H. Select Energy, Independence, and Global Warming 110th-111th Congressional Research Service 38 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 HICKS, LOUISE DAY. Democrat; Massachusetts, 9th District. Elected to the 92nd Congress (served January 21, 1971 - January 3, 1973) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 92nd H. Veterans’ Affairs 92nd HIRONO, MAZIE. Democrat; Hawaii, 2nd District. Elected to the 110th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 2007 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor / Education and the Workforce 110th-112th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th-112th H. Small Business 110th H. Ethics 112th HOLT, MARJORIE S. Republican; Maryland, 4th District. Elected to the 93rd – 99th Congresses. (served January 3, 1973 - January 3, 1987) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 93rd-99th H. Administration 94th H. Budget 95th-96th Jt. Economic 98th H. District of Columbia 98th HOLTZMAN, ELIZABETH. Democrat; New York, 16th District. Elected to the 93rd – 96th Congresses. (served January 3, 1973 - January 3, 1981) Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 93rd-96th H. Budget 94th-96th H. Select Committee on Aging 96th HONEYMAN, NAN WOOD. Democrat; Oregon, 3rd District. Elected to the 75th Congress. (served January 5, 1937 - January 3, 1939) Committee Assignments Congress H. Indian Affairs 75th Congressional Research Service 39 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. Irrigation and Reclamation 75th H. Rivers and Harbors 75th HOOLEY, DARLENE. Democrat; Oregon, 5th District. Elected to the 105th – 110th Congresses. (served January 7, 1997 - January 3, 2009) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 105th-106th H. Financial Services 107th-109th H. Science / Science and Technology 105th, 109th-110th H. Budget 106th-108th, 110th H. Veterans’ Affairs 108th-109th H. Energy and Commerce 110th HORN, JOAN KELLY. Democrat; Missouri, 2nd District. Elected to the 102nd Congress. (served January 3, 1991 - January 3, 1993) Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 102nd H. Science, Space, and Technology 102nd H. Select Children, Youth, and Family 102nd HUCK, WINNIFRED SPRAGUE MASON. Republican; Illinois, At Large. Elected to the 67th Congress in a November 7, 1922 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of her father, William E. Mason. (served November 20, 1922 - March 3, 1923) Committee Assignments Congress H. Expenditures in the Department of Commerce 67th H. Reform in the Civil Service 67th H. Woman Suffrage 67th HUMPHREY, MURIEL BUCK. Democrat; Minnesota, Senator. Appointed to the Senate January 25, 1978, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Hubert H. Humphrey. (served February 6, 1978 - January 3, 1979) Committee Assignments Congress S. Foreign Relations 95th Congressional Research Service 40 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress S. Governmental Affairs 95th HUTCHISON, KAY BAILEY. Republican; Texas, Senator. Elected to the 103rd Congress on June 5, 1993, to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Lloyd Bentsen. Subsequently elected to a full term in 1994, and reelected in 2000 and 2006. First female vice chair of the Senate Republican Conference (107th-109th Congresses). Chair of the Senate Republican Policy Committee, 110th Congress. (served June 14, 1993 - present) Committee Assignments Congress S. Armed Service 103rd-104th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation (ranking Member, 111th – 112th ) 103rd-112th S. Small Business 103rd-104th S. Select Intelligence 104th S. Appropriations 105th-112th S. Rules and Administration 105th-112th S. Environment and Public Works 106th S. Veterans’ Affairs 107th-110th S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 111th JACKSON LEE, SHEILA. Democrat; Texas, 18th District. Elected to the 104th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 1995 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 104th-112th H. Science 104th-109th H. Homeland Security 108th-112th H. Foreign Affairs 110th-111th JENCKES, VIRGINIA ELLIS. Democrat; Indiana, 6th District. Elected to the 73rd – 75th Congresses. (served March 9, 1933 - January 3, 1939) Committee Assignments Congress H. Civil Service 73rd-75th H. District of Columbia 73rd-75th H. Mines and Mining 73rd-74th Congressional Research Service 41 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 JENKINS, LYNN. Republican; Kansas, 2nd District. Elected to the 111th – 112th Congresses. (served January 6, 2009 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 111th H. Ways and Means 112th JOHNSON, EDDIE BERNICE. Democrat; Texas, 30th District. Elected to the 103rd – 112th Congresses (served January 5, 1993 – present) Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus, 107th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd H. Science, Space, and Technology / Science / Science and Technology (ranking Member, 112th) 103rd -112th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-112th JOHNSON, NANCY L. Republican; Connecticut, 6th District (98th-107th Congresses) and 5th District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 98th – 109th Congresses. (served January 3, 1983 – January 3, 2007) Deputy Republican whip, 103rd Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 98th-100th H. Veterans’ Affairs 98th-99th H. Select Children, Youth, and Families 98th-100th H. Budget 100th H. Ways and Means 101st-109th H. Standards of Official Conduct (chair, 104th Congress) 102nd-104th Jt. Taxation 109th JONES, STEPHANIE TUBBS. Democrat; Ohio, 11th District. Elected to the 106th – 110th Congresses. (served January 3, 1999 until her death on August 20, 2008) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 106th H. Financial Services 107th H. Small Business 106th-107th H. Standards of Official Conduct (chair, 110th Congress) 107th-110th H. Ways and Means 108th-110th Congressional Research Service 42 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 JORDAN, BARBARA C. Democrat; Texas, 18th District. Elected to the 93rd – 95th Congresses. (served January 3, 1973 - January 3, 1979) Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 93rd-95th H. Government Operations 94th-95th KAHN, FLORENCE PRAG. Republican; California, 4th District. Elected to the 69th Congress in a February 17, 1925 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Julius Kahn; reelected to the 70th-74th Congresses. (served December 7, 1925 - January 3, 1937) Committee Assignments Congress H. Census 69th H. Coinage, Weights, and Measures 69th H. Education 69th H. Expenditures in the War Department 69th H. War Claims 70th H. Military Affairs 71st-72nd H. Appropriations 73rd-74th KAPTUR, MARCY. Democrat; Ohio, 9th District. Elected to the 98th – 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 1983 - present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 98th-101st H. Veterans’ Affairs 98th-100th H. Budget 101st, 112th H. Appropriations 101st-112th KASSEBAUM, NANCY LANDON. Republican; Kansas, Senator. Elected to the Senate on November 7, 1978. Reelected to the Senate in 1984 and 1990 (served December 23, 1978 January 3, 1997) Deputy minority whip, 103rd Congress. Committee Assignments Congress S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 96th, 101st-102nd S. Special Committee on Aging 96th-98th, 101st-102nd S. Budget 96th-100th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 96th-100th S. Select Committee on Ethics 99th-100th Congressional Research Service 43 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress S. Foreign Relations 97th-104th S. Labor and Human Resources (ranking Member, 103rd; chair, 104th) 101st-104th S. Indian Affairs 102nd-104th Jt. Committee on the Organization of Congress 103rd KEE, MAUDE ELIZABETH. Democrat; West Virginia, 5th District. Elected to the 82nd Congress in a July 16, 1951 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, John Kee; reelected to the 83rd-88th Congresses. (served July 26, 1951 - January 3, 1965) Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 88th Congress, 2nd Session. Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs 82nd-88th H. Government Operations 85th-87th H. Interior and Insular Affairs 88th KELLY, EDNA FLANNERY. Democrat; New York, 12th District. Elected to the 81st Congress November 8, 1949, to fill vacancy caused by death of Andrew L. Somers; reelected to the 82nd90th Congresses. (served January 3, 1950 - January 3, 1969) Secretary of the Democratic Caucus, 83rd-84th and 88th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 81st-90th H. Standards of Official Conduct 90th KELLY, SUE. Republican; New York, 19th District. Elected to the 104th – 109th Congresses. (served January 4, 1995 - January 3, 2007) Chair of the House Page Board, 106th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services / Financial Services 104th-109th H. Small Business 104th-109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-109th KENNELLY, BARBARA BAILEY. Democrat; Connecticut, 1st District. Elected to the 97th Congress in a January 12, 1982 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of William R. Cotter; reelected to the 98th-105th Congresses. (served January 25, 1982 - January 3, 1999). Appointed one of three Democratic chief deputy whips in the 102nd and 103rd Congresses, the first woman to have held the position. Vice chair, House Democratic Caucus, 104th-105th Congresses. Congressional Research Service 44 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 97th H. Public Works and Transportation 97th H. Select Intelligence 100th-102nd H. Budget 103rd H. Administration 103rd H. Ways and Means 98th-105th KEYS, MARTHA ELIZABETH. Democrat; Kansas, 2nd District. Elected to the 94th – 95th Congresses. (served January 14, 1975 - January 3, 1979) Committee Assignments Congress H. Ways and Means 94th-95th KILPATRICK, CAROLYN CHEEKS. Democrat; Michigan, 15th District (105th-107th Congresses) and 13th District (108th-111th Congresses). Elected to the 105th – 111th Congresses. (served January 7, 1997 – January 3, 2011). Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 105th H. House Oversight 105th Jt. Library 105th H. Appropriations 106th-111th KILROY, MARY JO. Democrat; Ohio, 15th District. Elected to the 111th Congress. (served January 6, 2009 – January 3, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 111th H. Homeland Security 111th KIRKPATRICK, ANN. Democrat; Arizona, 1st District. Elected to the 111th Congress. (served January 6, 2009 – January 3, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Homeland Security 111th H. Small Business 111th H. Veteran’s Affairs 111th Congressional Research Service 45 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 KLOBUCHAR, AMY. Democrat; Minnesota; Senator. Elected to Senate in 2006. (served January 4, 2007 – present) Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry 110th-112th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 110th-112th S. Environment and Public Works 110th-111th Jt. Economic 110th-112th S. Judiciary 111th -112th KNUTSON, COYA GJESDAL. Democrat; Minnesota, 9th District. Elected to the 84th – 85th Congresses. (served January 5, 1955 - January 3, 1959) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 84th-85th KOSMAS, SUZANNE. Democrat; Florida, 24th District. Elected to the 111th Congress. (served January 6, 2009 – January 3, 2011). Committee Assignments Congress H. Finance Services 111th H. Science and Technology 111th LANDRIEU, MARY. Democrat; Louisiana, Senator. Elected to the Senate in 1996; reelected in 2002 and 2008. (served January 7, 1997 – present) Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 105th S. Energy and Natural Resources 105th-112th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship (chair, 111th – 112th) 105th-112th S. Armed Services 106th-107th S. Appropriations 107th-112th S. Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 110th-112th LANGLEY, KATHERINE GUDGER. Republican; Kentucky, 10th District. Elected to the 70th – 71st Congresses. (served December 5, 1927 - March 3, 1931) Committee Assignments Congress H. Claims 70th-71st Congressional Research Service 46 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. Immigration and Naturalization 70th-71st H. Invalid Pensions 70th-71st H. Education 71st LEE, BARBARA. Democrat; California, 9th District. Elected to the 105th Congress in an April 7, 1998 special election to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Ronald Dellums; reelected to the 106th-112th Congresses. (served April 20, 1998 – present). Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus, 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 105th-106th H. Financial Services 107th-109th H. Science 105th H. International Relations 107th-109th H. Foreign Affairs 110th-111th H. Appropriations 110th-112th LINCOLN, BLANCHE LAMBERT. Democrat; Arkansas, 1st District. Elected to the 103rd – 104th Congresses (served in House January 5, 1993 - January 3, 1997) Subsequently elected to the Senate in 1998 and reelected in 2004. (served in Senate January 6, 1999 – January 3, 2011). Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 103rd H. Energy and Commerce 103rd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 103rd H. Commerce 104th S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry (committee chair, 111th Congress) 106th-111th S. Energy and Natural Resources 106th, 111th S. Special Committee on Aging 106th-111th S. Finance 107th-111th S. Select Committee on Ethics 107th-108th LLOYD, MARILYN. Democrat; Tennessee, 3rd District. Elected to the 94th – 103rd Congresses. (served January 14, 1975 - January 3, 1995) Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works 94th Congressional Research Service 47 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. Science, Space, and Technology 94th-103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 95th-99th H. Select Committee on Aging 96th-102nd H. Armed Services 98th-103rd LOFGREN, ZOE. Democrat; California, 16th District. Elected to the 104th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 1995 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 104th-112th H. Science / Science, Space and Technology 104th-108th ,112th H. Standards of Official Conduct (chair, 111th;) 105th-107th, 111th H. Homeland Security 108th-111th H. Administration 109th-112th Jt. Library 109th-110th LONG, CATHERINE S. Democrat; Louisiana, 8th District. Elected to the 99th Congress in a March 30, 1985 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Gillis Long. (served April 4, 1985- January 3, 1987) Committee Assignment Congress H. Public Works 99th H. Small Business 99th LONG, JILL. Democrat; Indiana, 4th District. Elected to the 101st Congress in a March 28, 1989 special election, to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Dan Coats; reelected to the 102nd-103rd Congresses. (served April 5, 1989 - January 3, 1995) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 101st-103rd H. Veterans’ Affairs 101st-103rd H. Select Committee on Hunger 101st-102nd Congressional Research Service 48 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 LONG, ROSE McCONNELL. Democrat; Louisiana, Senator. Appointed to the Senate January 31, 1936, to fill vacancy caused by death of her husband, Huey Pierce Long; subsequently elected April 21, 1936, in a special election to fill the remaining months of his term. (served February 10, 1936 - January 3, 1937) Committee Assignments Congress S. Claims 74th S. Immigration 74th S. Interoceanic Canals 74th S. Post Office and Post Roads 74th S. Public Lands and Surveys 74th LOWEY, NITA M. Democrat; New York, 20th District (101st-102nd Congresses) and 18th District (103rd-112th Congresses). Elected to the 101st - 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 1989 – present) Chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, 107th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 101st-102nd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 101st-102nd H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control 101st-102nd H. Appropriations 103rd-112th H. Homeland Security 108th-110th LUCE, CLARE BOOTHE. Republican; Connecticut, 4th District. Elected to the 78th – 79th Congresses. (served January 6, 1943 - January 3, 1947) Committee Assignments Congress H. Military Affairs 78th-79th LUMMIS, CYNTHIA. Republican; Wyoming, At Large. Elected to the 111th – 112th Congresses. (served January 6, 2009 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 111th H. Budget 111th H. Natural Resources 111th H. Appropriations 112th Congressional Research Service 49 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 LUSK, GEORGIA LEE. Democrat; New Mexico, At Large. Elected to the 80th Congress. (served January 3, 1947 - January 3, 1949) Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs 80th MAJETTE, DENISE L. Democrat; Georgia, 4th District. Elected to the 108th Congress. (served January 7, 2003 - January 3, 2005) Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 108th H. Education and the Workforce 108th H. Small Business 108th MALONEY, CAROLYN. Democrat; New York, 14th District. Elected to the 103rd – 112th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 103rd H. Government Operations 103rd H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th-105th H. Government Reform / Oversight and Government Reform 106th-112th H. Banking and Financial Services 104th-106th H. Financial Services 107th-112th Jt. Economic (vice chair, 110ths; chair, 111th) 105th-111th112th MANKIN, HELEN DOUGLAS. Democrat; Georgia, 5th District. Elected to the 79th Congress in a February 12, 1946 special election, to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Robert Ramspeck. (served February 25, 1946 - January 3, 1947) Committee Assignments Congress H. Civil Service 79th H. Claims 79th H. Elections 79th H. Revision of Laws 79th Congressional Research Service 50 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 MARGOLIES-MEZVINSKY, MARJORIE. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 13th District. Elected to the 103rd Congress. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 1995) Committee Assignments Congress H. Energy and Commerce 103rd H. Government Operations 103rd H. Small Business 103rd MARKEY, BETSY. Democrat; Colorado, 4th District. Elected to the 111th Congress. (served January 6, 2009 – January 3, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 111th H. Transportation and Infrasturcture 111th MARTIN, LYNN M. Republican; Illinois, 16th District. Elected to the 97th – 101st Congresses. (served January 5, 1981 - January 3, 1991) Vice chair of the House Republican Conference, 99th100th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Administration 97th-98th H. Budget 97th-99th H. Armed Services 99th-100th Jt. Printing 98th H. Rules 101st H. Bipartisan Task Force on Ethics (vice chair) 101st MATSUI, DORIS O. Democrat; California, 5th District. Elected to the 109th Congress in a March 8, 2005 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Robert Matsui; reelected to the 110th -112th Congresses. (served March 10, 2005 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Rules 109th-111th H. Science 109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th H. Energy and Commerce 110th-112th Congressional Research Service 51 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 MAY, CATHERINE DEAN. Republican; Washington, 4th District. Elected to the 86th – 91st Congresses. (served January 7, 1959 - January 3, 1971) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 86th-91st H. District of Columbia 91st, 1st Sess. H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop 90th-91st Jt. Atomic Energy 91st MCCARTHY, CAROLYN. Democrat; New York, 4th District. Elected to the 105th – 112th Congresses. (served January 7, 1997 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce / Education and Labor 105th-112th H. Small Business 105th-106th H. Financial Services 108th-112th MCCARTHY, KAREN. Democrat; Missouri, 5th District. Elected to the 104th – 108th Congresses. (served January 4, 1995 - January 3, 2005) Committee Assignments Congress H. Science 104th H. Small Business 104th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th H. Commerce 105th-106th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-108th H. Homeland Security 108th MCCARTHY, KATHYRN O’LOUGHLIN. Democrat; Kansas, 6th District. Elected to the 73rd Congress. (served March 9, 1933 - January 3, 1935) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education 73rd H. Public Buildings and Grounds 73rd H. World War Veterans’ Legislation 73rd Congressional Research Service 52 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 MCCASKILL, CLAIRE. Democrat; Missouri, Senator. Elected to the Senate in 2006. (served January 4, 2007 - present) Committee Assignments Congress S. Armed Services 110th-112th S. Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 110th-112th S. Indian Affairs 110th S. Special Aging 110th-112th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 111th-112th MCCOLLUM, BETTY. Democrat; Minnesota, 4th District. Elected to the 107th -1112th Congresses (served January 3, 2001 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 107th-109th H. Resources 107th-108th H. International Relations 108th-109th H. Appropriations 110th-112th H. Oversight and Government Reform 110th H. Budget 111th -112th MCCORMICK, RUTH HANNA. Republican; Illinois, At Large. Elected to the 71st Congress. (served April 15, 1929 - March 3, 1931) Committee Assignments Congress H. Naval Affairs 71st MCKINNEY, CYNTHIA. Democrat; Georgia, 11th District (103rd-104th Congresses) and 4th District (105th-107th Congress and 109th Congress). Elected to the 103rd – 107th Congresses and to the 109th Congress. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 2003; January 4, 2005 - January 3, 2007) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 103rd-104th H. Foreign Affairs 103rd H. Banking and Finance 104th-105th H. International Relations 104th-107th H. National Security 105th H. Armed Services 106th-107th , 109th H. Budget 109th Congressional Research Service 53 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 MCMILLAN, CLARA GOODING. Democrat; South Carolina, 1st District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a November 7, 1939 special election, to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Thomas S. McMillan. (served January 3, 1940 - January 3, 1941) Committee Assignments Congress H. Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives in Congress 76th H. Insular Affairs 76th H. Patents 76th H. Public Buildings and Grounds 76th MCMORRIS ROGERS, CATHY. Republican; Washington, 5th District. Elected to the 109th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 2005 – present) Vice chair of the House Republican Conference, 111th – 112th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 109th-111th H. Education and the Workforce / Education and Labor 109th -111th H. Resources / Natural Resources 109th -111th H. Energy and Commerce 112th MEEK, CARRIE. Democrat; Florida, 17th District. Elected to the 103rd – 107th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 2003) Committee Assignments Congress H. Appropriations 103rd, 105th-107th H. Budget 104th H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th MEYERS, JAN. Republican; Kansas, 3rd District. Elected to the 99th - 104th Congresses. (served January 3, 1985 - January 3, 1997) Committee Assignments Congress H. Science and Technology 99th H. Select Aging 99th-102nd H. Foreign Affairs 99th-103rd H. International Relations 104th H. Economic and Educational Opportunities 104th H. Small Business (ranking Member; 103rd; chair, 104th) 99th-104th Congressional Research Service 54 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 MEYNER, HELEN STEVENSON. Democrat; New Jersey, 13th District. Elected to the 94th – 95th Congresses. (served January 14, 1975 - January 3, 1979) Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia 94th-95th H. Foreign Affairs 94th H. International Relations 95th MIKULSKI, BARBARA ANN. Democrat; Maryland, 3rd District. Elected to the 95th – 99th Congresses (served in House January 4, 1977 – January 3, 1987) Subsequently elected to the Senate in 1986 and reelected in 1992, 1996, 2004 and 2010. (served in Senate January 6, 1987 – present) Assistant Senate Democratic floor leader, 103rd Congress. Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference,104th-108th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Interstate and Foreign Commerce 95th-97th H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 95th-99th H. Energy and Commerce 97th-99th S. Environmental and Public Works 100th S. Appropriations 100th-112th S. Labor and Human Resources 100th-105th S. Small Business 100th-102nd S. Select Ethics 103rd-104th, 109th S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 106th-112th S. Select Intelligence 107th-112th MILLENDER-McDONALD, JUANITA. Democrat; California, 37th District. Elected to the 104th Congress in a March 26, 1996 special election to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Walter Tucker; reelected to the 105th-110th Congresses. (served April 16, 1996 until her death April 22, 2007) Committee Assignments Congress H. Small Business 104th-110th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-110th H. Administration (ranking Member, 109th; chair, 110th Congress) 108th-110th Jt. Library 108th-110th Jt. Printing 109th-110th Congressional Research Service 55 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 MILLER, CANDICE S. Republican; Michigan, 10th District. Elected to the 108th – 112th Congresses. (served January 7, 2003 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 108th-110th H. Government Reform 108th-109th H. House Administration 109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th-112th H. Select Energy Independence and Global Warming 110th-111th H. Homeland Security 110th-112th Jt. Library 109th Jt. Printing 109th MINK, PATSY TAKEMOTO. Democrat; Hawaii, 2nd District. Elected to the 89th – 94th Congresses; elected to the 101st Congress in a September 22, 1990 special election to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Daniel Akaka; reelected to the 102nd-107th Congresses; posthumously reelected to the 108th Congress. (served January 4, 1965 - January 3, 1977; September 27, 1990 until her death September 28, 2002) Secretary to the House Democratic Caucus, 94th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 89th-94th, 101st-103rd H. Interior and Insular Affairs 90th-94th H. Budget 94th, 103rd-105th H. Government Operations 101st-102nd H. Natural Resources 103rd H. Economic and Educational Opportunities 104th H. Education and the Workforce 105th-107th H. Government Reform 106th-107th MOLINARI, SUSAN. Republican; New York, 14th District (101st-102nd Congresses) and 13th District (103rd-105th Congresses). Elected to the 101st Congress in a March 20, 1990 special election to fill vacancy caused by resignation of father, Guy Molinari; reelected to the 102nd-105th Congresses. (served March 27, 1990 until her resignation August 1, 1997) Vice chair of the House Republican Conference,104th-105th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Small Business 101st H. Public Works and Transportation 101st-103rd H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th -105th H. Education and Labor 102nd-103rd Congressional Research Service 56 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 104th-105th MOORE, GWEN. Democrat; Wisconsin, 4th District. Elected to the 109th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 2005 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 109th-112th H. Small Business 109th-111th H. Budget 110th-112th MORELLA, CONSTANCE A. Republican; Maryland, 8th District. Elected to the 100th – 107th Congresses. (served January 6, 1987- January 3, 2003) Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 100th-103rd H. Science, Space, and Technology / Science 100th-107th H. Select Aging 100th-102nd H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th-105th H. Government Reform 106th-107th MOSELEY-BRAUN, CAROL. Democrat; Illinois, Senator. Elected to the Senate in 1992. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 1999) Candidate for U.S. President, 2004. Committee Assignments Congress S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 103rd-105th S. Judiciary 103rd S. Small Business 103rd S. Finance 104th-105th S. Special Aging 104th-105th MURKOWSKI, LISA. Republican; Alaska, Senate. Appointed to the Senate December 20, 2002, by her father, Frank Murkowski, to the seat he had held before he was elected governor of Alaska. Reelected to a six-year term in 2004, and reelected in 2010 as a write-in candidate. (served January 7, 2003 – present) Committee Assignments Congress S. Energy and Natural Resources (ranking Member, 111th -112th) 108th-112th Congressional Research Service 57 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress S. Environment and Public Works 108th-109th S. Veterans’ Affairs 108th S. Indian Affairs (ranking Member, part of 110th) 108th-112th S. Foreign Relations 109th-110th S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 110th-112th S. Appropriations 111th -112th MURRAY, PATTY. Democrat; Washington, Senator. Elected to the Senate in 1992 and reelected in1998, 2004 and 2010. (served January 5, 1993 – present) Senate Democratic deputy whip,103rd Congress and a deputy Democratic whip, 104th-106th Congresses. Chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, 107th and 112th Congresses. Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference, 110th -112th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress S. Appropriations 103rd-111th S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 103rd-104th S. Budget 103rd-112th S. Labor and Human Resources 105th S. Veterans Affairs (chair, 112th) 105th-112th S. Select Ethics 105th S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 106th-112th S. Foreign Relations 110th S. Indian Affairs 110th Jt. Printing 111th -112th S. Rules and Administration 111th -112th MUSGRAVE, MARILYN. Republican; Colorado, 4th District. Elected to the 108th – 110th Congresses. (served January 7, 2003 - January 3, 2009) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 108th-110th H. Education and the Workforce 108th-109th H. Small Business 108th-110th H. Resources 109th Congressional Research Service 58 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 MYRICK, SUE. Republican; North Carolina, 9th District. Elected to the 104th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 1995 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 104th H. Science 104th H. Small Business 104th H. Rules 105th-108th H. Energy and Commerce 109th-112th H. Intelligence 112th NAPOLITANO, GRACE. Democrat; California, 34th District (106th-107th Congresses) and 38th District (108th-112th Congresses). Elected to the 106th – 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 1999 – present) Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, 109th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Resources / Natural Resources 106th-112th H. Small Business 106th-108th H. International Relations 107th-109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th-112th NEUBERGER, MAURINE BROWN. Democrat; Oregon, Senator. Elected to the Senate in a November 8, 1960 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Richard L. Neuberger, and for the ensuing six-year term. (served November 9, 1960 - January 3, 1967) Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture and Forestry 87th-88th S. Banking and Currency 87th-89th S. Special Committee on Aging 87th S. Committee on Parliamentary Conference with Canada 87th, 2nd Sess. S. Commerce 89th NOEM, KRISTI. Republican; South Dakota, At Large. Elected to the 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 2011- present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 112th H. Natural Resources 112th Congressional Research Service 59 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 NOLAN, MAE ELLA. Republican; California, 5th District. Elected to the 67th Congress in a January 23, 1923 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, John Nolan, and also to the 68th Congress. (served February 2, 1923 - March 3, 1925). First woman to chair a congressional committee. Committee Assignments Congress H. Expenditures in the Post Office Department (committee chair, 68th ) 67th-68th H. Labor 67th-68th NORRELL, CATHERINE DORRIS. Democrat; Arkansas, 6th District. Elected to the 87th Congress in an April 18, 1961 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, William Frank Norrell. (served April 25, 1961 - January 3, 1963) Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 87th NORTHUP, ANNE M. Republican; Kentucky 3rd District. Elected to the 105th – 109th Congresses. (served January 7, 1997 - January 3, 2007) Committee Assignments Congress H. Appropriations 105th-109th NORTON, ELEANOR HOLMES. Democrat; Delegate from the District of Columbia. Elected to the 102nd – 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 1991 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia 102nd-103rd H. Post Office and Civil Service 102nd-103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 102nd-103rd Jt. Committee on the Organization of Congress 103rd H. Small Business 104th H. Government Reform and Oversight / Government Reform 104th-109th H. Oversight and Government Reform 110th- 112th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-112th H. Homeland Security 108th-111th Congressional Research Service 60 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 NORTON, MARY TERESA. Democrat; New Jersey, 13th District. Elected to the 69th – 81st Congresses. (served December 7, 1925 - January 3, 1951) Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia (committee chair, 72nd-74th) 69th-74th H. Labor (committee chair, 75th-79th) 69th-79th H. World War Veterans Legislation 69th-72nd H. Memorials 71st-79th H. Education 78th-79th H. Enrolled Bills 78th-79th H. Administration (ranking Member, 80th; chair, 81st) 80th-81st Jt. Printing 81st Jt. Library 80th OAKAR, MARY ROSE. Democrat; Ohio, 20th District. Elected to the 95th – 102nd Congresses. (served January 4, 1977 - January 3, 1993) Secretary of the House Democratic Caucus, 99th Congress and vice chair of the caucus, 100th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 95th-102nd H. Select Committee on Aging 96th-102nd H. Post Office and Civil Service 97th-102nd H. Administration 98th-102nd O’DAY, CAROLINE LOVE GOODWIN. Democrat; New York, At Large. Elected to the 74th 77th Congresses. (served January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1943) Committee Assignments Congress H. Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives (chair, 75th-77th) 74th-77th H. Immigration and Naturalization 75th-77th H. Insular Affairs 75th-77th OLDFIELD, PEARL PEDEN. Democrat; Arkansas, 2nd District. Elected to the 70th Congress in a January 9, 1929 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, William Allen Oldfield, and also to the 71st Congress. (served January 11, 1929 - March 3, 1931) Committee Assignments Congress H. Coinage, Weights, and Measures 71st H. Expenditures in the Executive Departments 71st Congressional Research Service 61 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Buildings and Grounds 71st OWEN, RUTH BRYAN. Democrat; Florida, 4th District. Elected to the 71st – 72nd Congresses. (served April 15, 1929 - March 3, 1933) Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 71st-72nd PATTERSON, ELIZABETH J. Democrat; South Carolina, 4th District. Elected to the 100th – 102nd Congresses. (served January 6, 1987 - January 3, 1993) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 100th-102nd H. Veterans’ Affairs 100th-102nd H. Select Hunger 100th-102nd PELOSI, NANCY. Democrat; California, 5th District (100th-102nd Congresses) and 8th District (103rd-111th Congresses). Elected to the 100th Congress in a June 2, 1987 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of Sala Burton; reelected to the 101st-112th Congresses. (served June 9, 1987 – present) First female Speaker of the House, 110th and 111th Congresses. House Democratic whip, 107th Congress, 2nd session; House Democratic leader, 108th, 109th and 112th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 100th-101st H. Government Operations 100th-101st H. Appropriations 102nd-107th H. Standards of Official Conduct 102nd-104th H. Intelligence 104th-107th H. Intelligence (Ex Officio) 108th-112th PETTIS, SHIRLEY N. Republican; California, 37th District. Elected to the 94th Congress in a April 29,1975 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Jerry L. Pettis; reelected to the 95th Congress. (served May 6, 1975- January 3, 1979) Committee Assignments Congress H. Interior and Insular Affairs 94th H. Education and Labor 95th H. International Relations 95th Congressional Research Service 62 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 PFOST, GRACIE BOWERS. Democrat; Idaho, 1st District. Elected to the 83rd – 87th Congresses. (served January 3, 1953 - January 3, 1963) Committee Assignments Congress H. Interior and Insular Affairs 83rd-87th H. Post Office and Civil Service 84th-85th H. Public Works 86th-87th PINGREE, CHELLIE. Democrat; Maine, 1st District. Elected to the 111th – 112th Congresses. (served January 6, 2009 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 111th -112th H. Rules 111th -112th H. Agriculture 112th PRATT, ELIZA JANE. Democrat; North Carolina, 8th District. Elected to the 79th Congress in a May 25, 1946 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of William O. Burgin. (served June 3, 1946 -January 3, 1947) Committee Assignments Congress H. Flood Control 79th H. Pensions 79th H. Territories 79th PRATT, RUTH SEARS BAKER. Republican; New York, 17th District. Elected to the 71st – 72nd Congresses. (served April 15, 1929 - March 3, 1933) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Currency 71st H. Library 71st-72nd H. Education 72nd Congressional Research Service 63 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 PRYCE, DEBORAH. Republican; Ohio, 15th District. Elected to the 103rd – 110th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 2009) A deputy Republican whip, 105th-106th Congresses, Secretary of the House Republican Conference, 106th Congress, House Republican Conference vice chair, 107th Congress, and chair of the House Republican Conference, 08th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 103rd H. Government Operations 103rd H. Rules 104th-108th H. Financial Services 109th-110th PYLE, GLADYS. Republican; South Dakota, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 8, 1938, to fill vacancy caused by death of Peter Norbeck; never sworn in and seated, because Congress was not in session between her election and the expiration of the term on January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments Congress None listed, never sworn in 75th RANKIN, JEANNETTE. Republican; Montana, At Large (65th Congress) and 1st District (77th Congress). Elected to the 65th Congress and the 77th Congress. (served April 2, 1917 - March 4, 1919; January 3, 1941 - January 3, 1943) First woman elected to Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Lands 65th, 77th H. Woman Suffrage 65th H. Insular Affairs 77th REECE, LOUISE GOFF. Republican; Tennessee, 1st District. Elected to the 87th Congress in a May 16, 1961 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of her husband, B. Carroll Reece. (served May 23, 1961 - January 3, 1963) Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works 87th REID, CHARLOTTE THOMPSON. Republican; Illinois, 15th District. Elected to the 88th – 92nd Congresses. (served January 9, 1963 until her resignation on October 7, 1971) Committee Assignments Congress H. Interior and Insular Affairs 88th-89th H. Public Works 89th Congressional Research Service 64 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. Appropriations 90th-92nd H. Standards of Official Conduct 91st-92nd RICHARDSON, LAURA. Democrat, California, 37th District. Elected to the 110th Congress in a August 21, 2007 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of Juanita Millender-McDonald; reelected to the 111th – 112th Congresses. (served September 4, 2007 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Science and Technology 110th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th-112th H. Homeland Security 111th-112th RILEY, CORINNE BOYD. Democrat; South Carolina, 2nd District. Elected to the 87th Congress in a April 10, 1962 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, John Jacob Riley. (served April 12, 1962 - January 3, 1963) Committee Assignments Congress H. Science and Transportation 87th RIVERS, LYNN. Democrat; Michigan, 13th District. Elected to the 104th – 107th Congresses. (served January 4, 1995 - January 3, 2003) Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 104th-106th H. Science 104th-107th H. Education and the Workforce 107th ROBERTSON, ALICE MARY. Republican; Oklahoma, 2nd District. Elected to the 67th Congress. (served April 11, 1921 - March 3, 1923) Committee Assignments Congress H. Expenditures in the Interior Department 67th H. Indian Affairs 67th H. Woman Suffrage 67th Congressional Research Service 65 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 ROBY, MARTHA. Republican; Alabama, 2nd District.. Elected to the 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 2011- present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 112th H. Armed Services 112th H. Education and the Workforce 112th ROGERS, EDITH NOURSE. Republican; Massachusetts, 5th District. Elected to the 69th Congress in a June 30, 1925 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, John Jacob Rogers; reelected to the 70th-86th Congresses. (served December 7, 1925 until her death September 10, 1960) Committee Assignments Congress H. Expenditures in the Navy Department 69th H. Industrial Arts and Expositions 69th H. Woman Suffrage 69th H. World War Veterans’ Legislation 69th-79th H. Civil Service 70th-77th H. Indian Affairs 70th H. Foreign Affairs 73rd-79th H. Veterans’ Affairs (ranking Member, 81st-82nd and 84th-86th; chair, 80th, 83rd) 80th-86th ROS-LEHTINEN, ILEANA. Republican; Florida, 18th District. Elected to the 101st Congress in an August 29, 1989 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of Claude Pepper; reelected to the 102nd-112th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Conference in the 109th Congress. (served September 6, 1989 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs (ranking Member,110th-111th; committee chair, 112th) 101st-103rd, 110th-112th H. International Relations 104th-109th H. Government Operations 101st-103rd H. Government Reform and Oversight / Government Reform 104th-109h H. Budget 109th ROUKEMA, MARGARET (MARGE) SCAFATI. Republican; New Jersey, 7th District. Elected to the 97th – 107th Congresses. (served January 5, 1981 - January 3, 2003) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 97th-103rd Congressional Research Service 66 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 97th-103rd H. Select Hunger (vice chair, 100th) 98th-102nd H. Banking and Financial Services 104th-106th H. Financial Services 107th H. Economic and Educational Opportunities 104th H. Education and the Workforce 105th-107th ROYBAL-ALLARD, LUCILLE. Democrat; California, 33rd District (103rd-107th Congresses) and 34th District (108th-112th Congresses). Elected to the 103rd – 112th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 – present ) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 103rd H. Small Business 103rd H. Banking and Financial Services 104th-105th H. Budget 104th-105th H. Select U.S. National Security and Military/Commercial Concerns with … China 105th-106th H. Appropriations 106th-112th H. Standards of Official Conduct 108th-110th SAIKI, PATRICIA F. Republican; Hawaii, 1st District. Elected to the 100th – 101st Congresses. (served January 6, 1987 - January 3, 1991) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs 100th-101st H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 100th-101st H. Select Aging 100th-101st ST. GEORGE, KATHARINE PRICE COLLIER. Republican; New York, 28th District. Elected to the 80th – 88th Congresses. (served January 3, 1947 - January 3, 1965) Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 80th-84th, 86th-89th H. Government Operations 83rd H. Armed Services 85th-86th H. Rules 87th-89th Congressional Research Service 67 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 SÁNCHEZ, LINDA. Democrat; California, 39th District. Elected to the 108th – 112th Congresses. (served January 7, 2003 – present) Sister of Representative Loretta Sanchez. A senior Democratic whip, 112th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Reform 108th-109th H. Judiciary 108th-112th H. Small Business 108th-109th H. Education and Labor 110th H. Foreign Affairs 110th H. Ways and Means 111th H. Veterans’ Affairs 112th H. Ethics 112th SANCHEZ, LORETTA. Democrat; California, 46th District (105th -107th Congresses) and 47th District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 105th – 112th Congresses. (served January 7, 1997 – present) Sister of Representative Linda Sánchez. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 105th-107th H. National Security 105th H. Armed Services 106th-112th H. Homeland Security 108th-112th Jt. Economic 109th; 111th-112th SCHAKOWSKY, JANICE. Democrat; Illinois, 9th District. Elected to the 106th – 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 1999 – present) A Democratic chief deputy whip, 108th-112th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 106th H. Financial Services 107th H. Government Reform 106th-107th H. Small Business 106th H. Energy and Commerce 108th -112th H. Intelligence 110th - 112th Congressional Research Service 68 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 SCHENK, LYNN. Democrat; California, 49th District. Elected to the 103rd Congress. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 1995) Committee Assignments Congress H. Energy and Commerce 103rd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 103rd SCHMIDT, JEAN. Republican, Ohio, 2nd District. Elected to the 109th Congress in a August 2, 2005 special election to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Rob Portman; reelected to the 110th -112th Congresses. (served September 6, 2005 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 109th-112th H. Government Reform 109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 109th-112th H. Foreign Affairs 112th SCHNEIDER, CLAUDINE CMARADA. Republican; Rhode Island, 2nd District. Elected to the 97th – 101st Congresses. (served January 5, 1981 - January 3, 1991) Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 97th-101st H. Science and Technology 97th-101st H. Special Committee on Aging 98th-101st SCHROEDER, PATRICIA S. Democrat; Colorado, 1st District. Elected to the 93rd – 104th Congresses. (served January 3, 1973 - January 3, 1997) Candidate for U.S. President, 1987. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 93rd-103rd H. Post Office and Civil Service 93rd-103rd H. Judiciary 97th-104th H. Select Children, Youth, and Families (committee chair, 102nd) 100th-102nd H. National Security 104th Congressional Research Service 69 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 SCHWARTZ, ALLYSON Y. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 13th District. Elected to the 109th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 2005 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 109th-112th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 109th H. Ways and Means 110th-111th H. Foreign Affairs 112th SEASTRAND, ANDREA, Republican; California, 22nd District. Elected to the 104th Congress. (served January 4, 1995 - January 3, 1997) Committee Assignments Congress H. Science 104th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th SEKULA GIBBS, SHELLEY, Republican; Texas, 22nd District. Elected to the 109th Congress in a November 7, 2006 special election to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Tom Delay. (served November 13, 2006 - January 3, 2007) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 109th SEWELL, TERRYCINA “TERRI.” Democrat; Alabama, 7th District. Elected to the 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 2011- present) A senior Democratic whip, 112th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 112th H. Science, Space and Technology 112th SHAHEEN, JEANNE D. Democrat; New Hampshire; Senator. Elected to Senate in 2008. (served January 6, 2009 – present) Committee Assignments Congress S. Energy and Natural Resources 111th -112th S. Foreign Relations 111th -112th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship 111th -112th S. Armed Services 112th Congressional Research Service 70 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 SHEA-PORTER, CAROL, Democrat; New Hampshire, 1st District. Elected to the 110th – 111th Congresses. (served January 4, 2007 – January 3, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 110th-111th H. Education and Labor 110th-111th H. Natural Resources 111th SHEPHERD, KAREN. Democrat; Utah, 2nd District. Elected to the 103rd Congress. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 1995) Committee Assignments Congress H. Natural Resources 103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd SIMPSON, EDNA OAKES. Republican; Ohio, 28th District. Elected to the 86th Congress. (served January 7, 1959 - January 3, 1961) Rep. Simpson succeeded her husband, Sidney Simpson, who died on October 26, 1958 Committee Assignments Congress H. Administration 86th H. Interior and Insular Affairs 86th SLAUGHTER, LOUISE MCINTOSH. Democrat; New York, 30th District (100th-102nd Congresses) and 28th District (103rd-112th Congresses). Elected to the 100th - 112th Congresses. (served January 6, 1987 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 100th-101st H. Public Works and Transportation 100th-101st H. Select Aging 100th-102nd H. Budget 102nd-104th H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th H. Rules (committee chair, 110th-111th; ranking Member, 109th, 112th) 102nd-112th H. Homeland Security 108th Congressional Research Service 71 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 SMITH, LINDA. Republican; Washington, 3rd District. Elected to the 104th – 105th Congresses. (served January 4, 1995 - January 3, 1999) Committee Assignments Congress H. Resources 104th-105th H. Small Business 104th-105th SMITH, MARGARET CHASE. Republican; Maine, 2nd District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a June 3, 1940 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Clyde H. Smith; reelected to the 77th-80th Congresses. (served in House June 10, 1940 – January 3, 1949) Subsequently elected to the Senate in 1948 and reelected in 1954, 1960, and 1966. (served in Senate January 3, 1949 - January 3, 1973) Chair of the Senate Republican Conference, 1967-1972 (the highest Senate leadership post held by a woman), and candidate for U.S. President (1964). Committee Assignments Congress H. Election of the President, Vice President, Representatives in Congress 76th H. War Claims 76th H. Revision of the Laws 76th H. Invalid Pensions 76th-77th H. Education 77th H. Post Office and Post Roads 77th H. Naval Affairs 78th-79th H. Armed Services 80th S. District of Columbia 81st S. Expenditures in Executive Departments 81st-82nd S. Rules and Administration 82nd S. Select Senate Employees Compensation Rates (chair, 83rd) 83rd S. Appropriations 83rd-92nd S. Armed Services (ranking Member, 90th-92nd) 83rd-92nd S. Government Operations 83rd-85th S. Aeronautical and Space Sciences (ranking Member, 88th-91st) 86th-92nd SMITH, VIRGINIA. Republican; Nebraska, 3rd District. Elected to the 94th – 101st Congresses. (served January 14, 1975 - January 3, 1991) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 94th H. Interior and Insular Affairs 94th H. Appropriations 95th-101st Congressional Research Service 72 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 SNOWE, OLYMPIA J. Republican; Maine, 2nd District. Elected to the 96th – 103rd Congresses. (served in House January 15, 1979 – January 3, 1995) Subsequently elected to the Senate in 1994 and reelected in 2000 and 2006. (served in Senate January 3, 1995 – present) A deputy Republican whip, 112th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 96th H. Small Business 96th-97th H. Select Committee on Aging 96th-102nd H. Foreign Affairs 97th-103rd Jt. Economic 98th-102nd H. Budget 103rd S. Budget 104th-107th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 104th-112th S. Foreign Relations 104th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship (chair, 108th-109th; ranking Member, 110th -112th ) 104th-112th S. Armed Services 105th-106th S. Finance 107th-112th S. Select Intelligence 108th -112th SOLIS, HILDA. Democrat; California, 31st District (107th Congress) and 32nd District (108th-111th Congresses). Elected to the 107th – 111th Congresses. (served January 3, 2001 until her resignation on February 23, 2009, to become Secretary of Labor) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 107th H. Resources / Natural Resources 107th; 110th H. Energy and Commerce 108th-110th H. Select Energy Independence and Global Warming 110th SPEIER, JACKIE. Democrat; California, 12th District. Elected to the 110th Congress in an April 8, 2008 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of Tom Lantos; reelected to the 111th – 112th Congresses. (served April 10, 2008 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 110th-111th H. Oversight and Government Reform 110th-112th H. Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming 111th H. Homeland Security 112th Congressional Research Service 73 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 SPELLMAN, GLADYS NOON. Democrat; Maryland, 5th District. Elected to the 94th – 97th Congresses. Began service January 14, 1975. Unable to be sworn in and seated in 97th Congress due to disability; seat declared vacant February 24, 1981. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Currency, and Housing 94th H. Post Office and Civil Service 94th-95th H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 95th-96th H. Democratic Steering and Policy 96th STABENOW, DEBBIE. Democrat; Michigan, 8th District. Elected to the 105th – 106th Congresses. (served in House January 7, 1997 - January 3, 2001) Subsequently elected to the Senate in 2000 and reelected in 2006. (served in Senate January 3, 2001 – present) Vice chair of the Senate Democratic Policy Committee, 112th Congress; Chair of the Democratic Steering and Outreach Committee, 110th and 111th Congresses; Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference,109th Congress, and vice chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, 108th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 105th-106th H. Science 105th-106th S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry (chair, 112th) 107th-112th S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 107th-109th S. Budget 107th-112th S. Special Committee on Aging 107th-108th S. Finance 110th-112th S. Energy and Natural Resources 111th -112th STANLEY, WINIFRED CLAIRE. Republican; New York, At Large. Elected to the 78th Congress. (served January 6, 1943 - January 3, 1945) Committee Assignments Congress H. Civil Service 78th H. Patents 78th Congressional Research Service 74 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 SULLIVAN, LEONOR KRETZER. Democrat; Missouri, 3rd District. Elected to the 83rd – 94th Congresses. (served January 3, 1953 - January 3, 1977) Secretary of the Democratic Caucus, 86th93rd Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries (committee chair, 93rd-94th) 83rd, 89th-94th H. Banking and Currency 84th-94th Jt. Committee on Defense Production 91st-94th SUMNER, JESSIE. Republican; Illinois, 18th District. Elected to the 76th – 79th Congresses. (served January 3, 1939 - January 3, 1947) Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Currency 76th-79th SUTTON, BETTY. Democrat; Ohio, 13th District. Elected to the 110th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 2007 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 110th H. Rules 110th H. Energy and Commerce 111th H. Armed Services 112th H. Natural Resources 112th TAUSCHER, ELLEN. Democrat; California, 10th District. Elected to the 105th – 111th Congresses. (served January 7, 1997 until her resignation on June 26, 2009 to become Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security) Committee Assignments Congress H. National Security 105th H. Science 105th H. Armed Services 106th-111th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 105th-111th Congressional Research Service 75 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 THOMAS, LERA MILLARD. Democrat; Texas, 8th District. Elected to the 89th Congress in a March 26, 1966 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Albert Thomas. (served March 30, 1966 - January 3, 1967) Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 89th THOMPSON, RUTH. Republican; Michigan, 9th District. Elected to the 82nd – 84th Congresses. (served January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1957) Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 82nd-84th Jt. Committee on Immigration and Nationality Policy 84th THURMAN, KAREN L. Democrat; Florida, 5th District. Elected to the 103rd – 107th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 - January 3, 2003) Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 103rd-104th H. Government Operations / Government Reform and Oversight 103rd -104th H. Ways and Means 105th-107th TITUS, DINA. Democrat; Nevada, 3rd District. Elected to the 111th Congress. (served January 6, 2009 – January 3, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 111th H. Homeland Security 111th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 111th TSONGAS, NIKI. Democrat; Massachusetts, 5th District. Elected to the 110th Congress in a October 16, 2007 special election to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Martin Meehan; reelected to the 111th – 112th Congresses. (served October 18, 2007 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 110th-112th H. Budget 110th-111th H. Natural Resources 111th -112th Congressional Research Service 76 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 UNSOELD, JOLENE. Democrat; Washington, 3rd District. Elected to the 101st – 103rd Congresses. (served January 3, 1989 - January 3, 1995) Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 101st-103rd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 101st-103rd H. Select Aging 101st-102nd VELÁZQUEZ, NYDIA M. Democrat; New York, 12th District. Elected to the 103rd – 112th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 – present) Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 103rd H. Banking and Financial Services 104th-106th H. Financial Services 107th-112th H. Small Business (chair, 110th -111th; ranking Member, 105th-109th,112th) 103rd-112th VUCANOVICH, BARBARA. Republican; Nevada, 2nd District. Elected to the 98th – 104th Congresses. (served January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1997) Secretary of the House Republican Conference, 104th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Administration 98th-101st H. Select Children, Youth, and Families 98th-101st H. Interior and Insular Affairs 98th-102nd H. Appropriations 102nd-104th H. Natural Resources 103rd WALDHOLTZ, ENID GREENE. Republican; Utah, 2nd District. Elected to the 104th Congress. (served January 4, 1995 - January 3, 1997) Committee Assignments Congress H. Rules 104th Congressional Research Service 77 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 WASSERMAN SCHULTZ, DEBBIE. Democrat, Florida, 20th District. Elected to the 109th – 112th Congresses. (served January 4, 2005 – present) A chief deputy Democratic whip, 110th 112th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 109th Jt. Library 110th H. Appropriations 110th-111th H. Judiciary 110th-112th H. Budget 112th WATERS, MAXINE. Democrat; California, 29th District (102nd Congress) and 35th District (103rd-110th Congresses). Elected to the 102nd – 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 1991 – present) Chair, Congressional Black Caucus, 105th Congress; a vice chair of the Democratic Steering Committee, 105th-109th Congresses; and a chief deputy Democratic whip, 106th-112th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 102nd-103rd H. Banking and Financial Services 104th-106th H. Financial Services 107th-112th H. Veterans’ Affairs 102nd-104th H Small Business 103rd-104th H. Judiciary 105th-112th WATSON, DIANE. Democrat; California, 32nd District (107th Congress) and 33rd District (108th111th Congresses). Elected to the 107th Congress in a June 5, 2001 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of Julian Dixon; reelected to the 108th -111th Congresses. (served June 7, 2001 – January 3, 2011) Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Reform / Oversight and Government Reform 107th-111th H. International Relations 107th-109th H. Foreign Affairs 110th-111th WEIS, JESSICA McCULLOUGH. Republican; New York, 38th District. Elected to the 86th – 97th Congresses. (served January 3, 1959 - January 3, 1963) Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia 86th-87th Congressional Research Service 78 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 86th H. Science and Astronautics 87th WILSON, FREDERICA. Democrat; Florida, 17th District. Elected to the 112th Congresses. (served January 3, 2011- present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 112th H. Science, Space and Technology 112th WILSON, HEATHER. Republican; New Mexico, 1st District. Elected to the 105th Congress in a June 23, 1998 special election to fill vacancy caused by death of Steven Schiff; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses. (served June 25, 1998 - January 3, 2009) Committee Assignments Congress H. Commerce 105th-106th H. Intelligence 106th, 109th-110th H. Armed Services 107th-108th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-110th WINGO, EFFIGENE LOCKE. Democrat; Arkansas, 4th District. Elected to the 71st Congress November 4, 1930 to fill vacancy caused by death of husband, Otis Wingo, and to the 72nd Congress. (served December 1, 1930 - March 3, 1933) Committee Assignments Congress H. Accounts 71st H. Insular Affairs 71st H. Foreign Affairs 72nd WOODHOUSE, CHASE GOING. Democrat; Connecticut, 2nd District. Elected to the 79th and 81st Congresses. (served January 3, 1945- January 3, 1947 and January 3, 1949 - January 3, 1951) Secretary of the Democratic Caucus, 81st Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Currency 79th and 81st H. Administration 81st Congressional Research Service 79 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 WOOLSEY, LYNN. Democrat; California, 6th District. Elected to the 103rd – 112th Congresses. (served January 5, 1993 – present) Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 103rd - 105th H. Education and Labor / Education and the Workforce 103rd, 105th-112th H. Government Operations 103rd H. Economic and Educational Opportunities 104th H. Science / Science and Technology / Science, Space and Technology 106th – 112th H. Foreign Affairs 110th Congressional Research Service 80 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Table 1. Women in Congress, 65th-112th Congresses, by Congress Congress Dates House Senate 112th 2011-2013 Sandy Adams Michelle Bachmann Tammy Baldwin Karen Bass Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Diane Black Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Mack Madeleine Z. Bordallo Corrine Brown Ann Marie Buerkle Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Kathy Castor Judy Chu Donna Christensen Yvette Clarke Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Donna Edwards Renee Ellmers Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Virginia Foxx Marcia L. Fudge Gabrielle Giffords Kay Granger Colleen Hanabusa Jane Harmana Vicky Hartzler Nan Hayworth Jaime Herrera Beutler Mazie Hirono Sheila Jackson Lee Lynn Jenkins Eddie Bernice Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Cynthia Lummis Carolyn Maloney Doris Matsui Carolyn McCarthy Betty McCollum Cathy McMorris Rogers Candice S. Miller Gwen Moore Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Kristi Noem Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Kelly Ayotte Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kristen Gillibrand Kay Hagan Kay Bailey Hutchison Amy Klobuchar Mary Landrieu Claire McCaskill Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray Jeanne Shaheen Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow Congressional Research Service 81 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Chellie Pingree Laura Richardson Martha Roby Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Jean Schmidt Allyson Schwartz Terri Sewell Louise M. Slaughter Jackie Speier Betty Sutton Niki Tsongas Nydia M. Velázquez Debbie Wasserman Schultz Maxine Waters Diane Watson Frederica Wilson Lynn Woolsey 111th 2009-2011 Congressional Research Service Michelle Bachmann Tammy Baldwin Melissa Bean Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Mack Madeleine Z. Bordallo Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Kathy Castor Julia Carson Donna Christensen Judy Chuh Yvette Clarke Kathy Dahlkemper Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Donna Edwards Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Mary Fallin Virginia Foxx Marcia L. Fudge Gabrielle Giffords Kay Granger Debbie Halvorson Jane Harman Stephanie Herseth Sandlin Mazie Hirono Sheila Jackson Lee Lynn Jenkins Eddie Bernice Johnson Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clintond Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kristen Gillibrande Kay Hagan Kay Bailey Hutchison Amy Klobuchar Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Claire McCaskill Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray Jeanne Shaheen Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow 82 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Marcy Kaptur Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Mary Jo Kilroy Ann Kirkpatrick Suzanne Kosmos Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Cynthia Lummis Carolyn Maloney Doris Matsui Carolyn McCarthy Betty McCollum Cathy McMorris Rogers Betsey Markey Candice S. Miller Gwen Moore Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Chellie Pingree Laura Richardson Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Jean Schmidt Allyson Schwartz Carol Shea-Porter Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solisb Jackie Speier Betty Sutton Dina Titus Ellen Tauscherc Niki Tsongas Nydia M. Velázquez Debbie Wasserman Schultz Maxine Waters Diane Watson Lynn Woolsey 110th 2007-2009 Congressional Research Service Michelle Bachmann Tammy Baldwin Melissa Bean Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Mack Madeleine Z. Bordallo Nancy Boyda Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelly Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carsonf Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Elizabeth Dole Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Amy Klobuchar Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Claire McCaskill Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray 83 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates Congressional Research Service House Senate Kathy Castor Donna Christensen Yvette Clark Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davisg Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Thelma Drake Edwards, Donnah Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Mary Fallin Virginia Foxx Gabrielle Giffords Kirstin Gillibrand Kay Granger Jane Harman Stephanie Herseth Mazie Hirono Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jonesi Marcy Kaptur Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita Lowey Carolyn McCarthy Betty McCollum Cathy McMorris Carolyn Maloney Doris Matsui Juanita Millender McDonaldj Candice Miller Gwen Moore Marilyn Musgrave Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Laura Richardsonh Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Jean Schmidt Allyson Schwartz Carol Shea-Porter Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Jackie Speierh Betty Sutton Ellen Tauscher Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow 84 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Niki Tsongash Nydia M. Velázquez Debbie Wasserman Schultz Maxine Waters Diane Watson Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 109th 2005-2007 Congressional Research Service Tammy Baldwin Melissa Bean Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Mack Madeleine Z. Bordallo Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carson Donna Christensen Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davis Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Thelma Drake Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Virginia Foxx Kay Granger Jane Harman Katherine Harris Melissa Hart Stephanie Herseth Sandlin Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Doris Matsui Carolyn McCarthy Betty McCollum Cynthia McKinney Cathy McMorris Rogers Juanita Millender-McDonald Candice S. Miller Gwen Moore Marilynn Musgrave Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Elizabeth Dole Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow 85 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Shelley Sekula Gibbsh Janice Schakowsky Jean Schmidt Allyson Schwartz Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Ellen Tauscher Nydia M. Velázquez Debbie Wasserman Schultz Maxine Waters Diane Watson Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 108th 2003-2005 Congressional Research Service Tammy Baldwin Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Mack Madeleine Z. Bordallo Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carson Donna Christensen Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davis Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Kay Granger Jane Harman Katherine Harris Melissa Hart Stephanie Herseth Sandlinh Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Elizabeth Dole Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow 86 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Denise L. Majette Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Betty McCollum Juanita Millender-McDonald Candice S. Miller Marilynn Musgrave Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda T. Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Ellen Tauscher Nydia M. Velázquez Maxine Waters Diane Watson Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 107th 2001-2003 Congressional Research Service Tammy Baldwin Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Mary Bono Mack Corrine Brown Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carson Donna Christian-Christensen Eva Clayton Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davis Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Kay Granger Jane Harman Melissa Hart Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Jean Carnahan Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow 87 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Betty McCollum Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Juanita Millender-McDonald Patsy T. Minkk Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Lucille Roybal-Allard Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Ellen Tauscher Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velázquez Maxine Waters Diane Watsonh Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 106th 1999-2001 Congressional Research Service Tammy Baldwin Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Mary Bono Mack Corrine Brown Lois Capps Julia Carson Helen Chenoweth Donna Christensen Eva Clayton Barbara Cubin Pat Danner Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Kay Granger Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson-Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Barbara Boxer Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe 88 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Juanita Millender-McDonald Patsy T. Mink Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Lucille Roybal-Allard Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Louise M. Slaughter Debbie Stabenow Ellen Tauscher Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velázquez Maxine Waters Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 105th 1997-1999 Congressional Research Service Mary Bono Mackh Corrine Brown Lois Cappsh Julia Carson Helen Chenoweth Donna Christensen Eva Clayton Barbara Cubin Pat Danner Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Elizabeth Furse Kay Granger Jane Harman Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson-Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Barbara Boxer Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kay Baily Hutchison Mary Landrieu Barbara Mikulski Carol Moseley-Braun Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe 89 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Barbara B. Kennelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Leeh Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Juanita Millender-McDonald Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinaril Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Loretta Sanchez Louise M. Slaughter Linda Smith Debbie Stabenow Ellen Tauscher Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velázquez Maxine Waters Heather Wilsonh Lynn Woolsey 104th 1995-1997 Congressional Research Service Corrine Brown Helen Chenoweth Eva Clayton Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins Barbara Cubin Pat Danner Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emersonh Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Elizabeth Furse Jane Harman Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Barbara B. Kennelly Blanche Lambert Lincoln Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Barbara Boxer Dianne Feinstein Sheila Frahmm Kay Bailey Hutchison Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski Carol Moseley-Braun Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe 90 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Karen McCarthy Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Jan Meyers Juanita Millender-McDonaldh Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia S. Schroeder Andrea Seastrand Louise M. Slaughter Linda Smith Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velázquez Barbara F. Vucanovich Enid Greene Waldholtz Maxine Waters Lynn Woolsey 103rd 1993-1995 Congressional Research Service Helen Delich Bentley Corrine Brown Leslie Byrne Maria Cantwell Eva Clayton Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins Pat Danner Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Karan English Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Elizabeth Furse Jane Harman Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Blanche Lambert Lincoln Marilyn Lloyd Jill Long Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Jan Meyers Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Barbara Boxer Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchisonh Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski Carol Moseley-Braun Patty Murray 91 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Lucille Roybal-Allard Lynn Schenk Patricia S. Schroeder Karen Shepherd Louise M. Slaughter Olympia J. Snowe Karen L. Thurman Jolene Unsoeld Nydia M. Velázquez Barbara Vucanovich Maxine Waters Lynn Woolsey 102nd 1991-1993 Helen Delich Bentley Barbara Boxer Beverly Barton Byron Eva Claytonh Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins Rosa DeLauro Joan Kelly Horn Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Jill Long Nita M. Lowey Jan Meyers Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Eleanor Holmes Norton Mary Rose Oakar Elizabeth J. Patterson Nancy Pelosi Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia S. Schroeder Louise M. Slaughter Olympia J. Snowe Jolene Unsoeld Barbara Vucanovich Maxine Waters Jocelyn Burdickm Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski 101st 1989-1991 Helen Delich Bentley Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski Congressional Research Service 92 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Jill Longh Nita M. Lowey Lynn M. Martin Jan Meyers Patsy T. Minkh Susan Molinarih Constance A. Morella Mary Rose Oakar Elizabeth J. Patterson Nancy Pelosi Ileana Ros-Lehtinenh Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia F. Saiki Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Louise M. Slaughter Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Jolene Unsoeld Barbara Vucanovich 100th 1987-1989 Helen Delich Bentley Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Sala Burtonn Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Lynn M. Martin Jan Meyers Constance A. Morella Mary Rose Oakar Elizabeth J. Patterson Nancy Pelosi Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia F. Saiki Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Louise M. Slaughter Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Barbara Vucanovich Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski 99th 1985-1987 Helen Delich Bentley Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Sala Burton Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Bobbi Fiedler Marjorie S. Holt Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Paula Hawkins Nancy L. Kassebaum Congressional Research Service 93 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Cathy Longh Lynn M. Martin Jan Meyers Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Barbara Vucanovich 98th 1983-1985 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Sala Burtonh Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Geraldine Ann Ferraro Bobbi Fiedler Katie Hall Marjorie S. Holt Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Lynn M. Martin Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Barbara Vucanovich Paula Hawkins Nancy L. Kassebaum 97th 1981-1983 Jean Ashbrookh Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Beverly Barton Byron Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Geraldine Ann Ferraro Bobbi Fiedler Katie Hallh Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Barbara B. Kennellyh Marilyn Lloyd Lynn M. Martin Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia Snowe Paula Hawkins Nancy L. Kassebaum 96th 1979-1981 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Nancy L. Kassebaum Congressional Research Service 94 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Beverly Barton Byronh Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Geraldine Ferraro Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Marilyn Lloyd Barbara Ann Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Gladys Noon Spellmano 95th 1977-1979 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Barbara C. Jordan Martha Elizabeth Keys Marilyn Lloyd Helen Stevenson Meyner Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Shirley N. Pettis Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Gladys Noon Spellman 94th 1975-1977 Bella S. Abzug Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Barbara C. Jordan Martha Elizabeth Keys Marilyn Lloyd Helen Stevenson Meyner Patsy T. Mink Shirley N. Pettis Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Gladys Noon Spellman Leonor K. Sullivan 93rd Congressional Research Service Maryon P. Allenm Muriel Humphreym Bella S. Abzug Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggsh Yvonne Brathwaite Burke 95 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Shirley Chisholm Cardiss Collinsh Ella T. Grasso Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Barbara C. Jordan Patsy T. Mink Patricia S. Schroeder Leonor Kretzer Sullivan 92nd 1971-1973 Bella S. Abzug Elizabeth B. Andrewsh Shirley Anita Chisholm Florence Price Dwyer Ella T. Grasso Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Louise Day Hicks Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor Kretzer Sullivan Elaine Edwardsm Margaret Chase Smith 91st 1969-1971 Shirley Anita Chisholm Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Catherine Dean May Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor K. Sullivan Margaret Chase Smith 90th 1967-1969 Frances Payne Bolton Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor K. Sullivan Margaret Chase Smith 89th 1965-1967 Frances Payne Bolton Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Patsy T. Mink Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith Congressional Research Service 96 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor K. Sullivan Lera Millard Thomash 88th 1963-1965 Irene Bailey Bakerh Frances Payne Bolton Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Charlotte Thompson Reid Katherine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith 87th 1961-1963 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Marguerite Stitt Church Florence Price Dwyer Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Catherine Dorris Norrellh Gracie Bowers Pfost Louise Goff Reeceh Corrine Boyd Rileyh Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Jessica McCullough Weis Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith 86th 1959-1961 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Marguerite Stitt Church Florence Price Dwyer Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansenh Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogersp Katharine Price St. George Edna Oakes Simpson Leonor K. Sullivan Jessica McCullough Weis Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith 85th 1957-1959 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Marguerite Stitt Church Florence Price Dwyer Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Margaret Chase Smith Congressional Research Service 97 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Coya Gjesdal Knutson Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan 84th 1955-1957 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Vera Daerr Buchanan Marguerite Stitt Church Mary Elizabeth Farrington Kathryn Elizabeth Granahanh Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Coya Gjesdal Knutson Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Ruth Thompson Margaret Chase Smith 83rd 1953-1955 Frances Payne Bolton Vera Daerr Buchanan Marguerite Stitt Church Mary Elizabeth Farringtonh Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Ruth Thompson Hazel Hempel Abelh Eva Kelly Bowringq Margaret Chase Smith 82nd 1951-1953 Frances Payne Bolton Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone Vera Daerr Buchananh Marguerite Stitt Church Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Keeh Edna Flannery Kelly Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Ruth Thompson Margaret Chase Smith 81st 1949-1951 Frances Payne Bolton Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone Helen Gahagan Douglas Cecil Murray Harden Edna Flannery Kellyh Mary Teresa Norton Margaret Chase Smith Congressional Research Service 98 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Chase Going Woodhouse 80th 1947-1949 Frances Payne Bolton Helen Gahagan Douglas Georgia Lee Lusk Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Margaret Chase Smith 79th 1945-1947 Frances Payne Bolton Emily Taft Douglas Helen Gahagan Douglas Clare Boothe Luce Helen Douglas Mankinh Mary Teresa Norton Eliza Jane Pratth Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smith Jessie Sumner Chase Going Woodhouse 78th 1943-1945 Frances Payne Bolton Willa Lybrand Fulmerh Clare Boothe Luce Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smith Winifred Claire Stanley Jessie Sumner 77th 1941-1943 Veronica Grace Bolandh Frances Payne Bolton Katharine Edgar Byronh Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Jeannette Rankin Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smith Jessie Sumner Hattie W. Caraway 76th 1939-1941 Frances Payne Boltonh Florence Reville Gibbsh Clara Gooding McMillanh Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smithh Jessie Sumner Hattie W. Caraway 75th 1937-1939 Elizabeth Hawley Gasqueh Nan Wood Honeyman Virginia Ellis Jenckes Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Edith Nourse Rogers Hattie W. Caraway Dixie B. Gravesm Gladys Pyleh Congressional Research Service Vera Bushfieldm 99 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Dates House Senate 74th 1935-1937 Isabella Selmes Greenway Virginia Ellis Jenckes Florence Prag Kahn Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Edith Nourse Rogers Hattie W. Caraway Rose M. Longh 73rd 1933-1935 Marian Williams Clarkeh Isabella Selmes Greenwayh Virginia Ellis Jenckes Florence Prag Kahn Kathryn O’Loughlin McCarthy Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Hattie W. Caraway 72nd 1931-1933 Willa McCord Eslickh Florence Prag Kahn Mary Teresa Norton Ruth Bryan Owen Ruth Sears Pratt Edith Nourse Rogers Effiegene Locke Wingo Hattie W. Carawaym 71st 1929-1931 Florence Prag Kahn Katherine Gudger Langley Ruth Hanna McCormick Mary Teresa Norton Pearl Peden Oldfield Ruth Bryan Owen Ruth Sears Pratt Edith Nourse Rogers Effiegene Locke Wingo 70th 1927-1929 Florence Prag Kahn Katherine Gudger Langley Mary Teresa Norton Pearl Peden Oldfieldh Edith Nourse Rogers 69th 1927-1929 Florence Prag Kahnh Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogersh 68th 1923-1925 Mae Ella Nolan 67th 1921-1923 Winnifred Mason Huckh Mae Ella Nolanh Alice Mary Robertson 66th 1919-1921 None 65th 1917-1919 Jeannette Rankin Rebecca Feltonr a. Resigned February 28, 2011, to become President of the Woodrow Wilson Center. b. Resigned February 23, 2009, to become Secretary of Labor. c. Resigned June 26, 2009, to become Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security. d. Resigned January 21, 2009, to become Secretary of State. e. Initially elected to the House, then appointed to the Senate on Jan, 27, 2009 to fill a vacancy. f. Died on December 15, 2007. Congressional Research Service 100 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 g. Died on October 6, 2007. h. Elected to fill a vacancy. i. Died on August 20, 2008. j. Died on April 22, 2007. k. Died on September 28, 2002. l. Resigned on August 1, 1997. m. Appointed to fill a vacancy. n. Died on February 1, 1987. o. Gladys Spellman was elected also to the 97th Congress, but was unable to be sworn in because of a disability and her seat was declared vacant on February 24, 1981. p. Died on September 10, 1960. q. Eva Bowring was appointed to serve until a successor was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death or Dwight Griswold. Hazel Abel was elected to fill that vacancy. r. Appointed to fill a vacancy at the end of the 67th Congress, and served for one day. Table 2. Women in Congress, 65th-112th Congresses, by State or Territory California (34 women) Karen Bass Mary Bono Mack Barbara Boxera Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Sala Burton Lois Capps Judy Chu Susan Davis Helen Gahagan Douglas Anna G. Eshoo Bobbi Fiedler Dianne Feinsteinb Jane Harman Florence Prag Kahn Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Doris O. Matsui Juanita Millender-McDonald Grace Napolitano Mae Ella Nolan Nancy Pelosi Shirley N. Pettis Laura Richardson Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Andrea Seastrand Lynn Schenk Hilda Solis Jackie Speier Ellen Tauscher Maxine Waters Diane Watson Lynn Woolsey New York (23 women) Bella S. Abzug Anne Marie Buerkle Shirley Anita Chisholm Yvette Clarke Marian Williams Clarke Hillary Rodham Clintonb Geraldine Ann Ferraro Kirsten Gillibranda Nan Hayworth Elizabeth Holtzman Edna Flannery Kelly Sue Kelly Nita Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Susan Molinari Caroline Love Goodwin O’Day Ruth Sears Baker Pratt Katharine Price St. George Louise Slaughter Winifred Claire Stanley Jessica McCullough Weis Nydia Velázquez Illinois (14 women) Melissa L. Bean Judy Biggert Marguerite Stitt Church Cardiss Collins Emily Taft Douglas Debbie Halvorson Winnifred Sprague Huck Lynn Martin Ruth Hanna McCormick Carol Moseley-Braunb Charlotte Thompson Reid Jan Schakowsky Edna Oakes Simpson Jessie Sumner Florida (14 women) Sandy Adams Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Congressional Research Service Katherine Harris Paula Hawkinsb Suzanne Kosmas Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Karen Thurman Debbie Wasserman Schultz 101 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Kathy Castor Tillie Fowler Carrie Meek Ruth Bryan Owen Frederica Wilson Ohio (10 women) Jean Ashbrook Frances Payne Bolton Marcia L. Fudge Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Mary Jo Kilroy Mary Rose Oakar Deborah Pryce Jean Schmidt Betty Sutton Washington (9 women) Maria Cantwella Jennifer Dunn Julia Butler Hansen Jamie Herrera Beutler Catherine Dean May Cathy McMorris Patty Murrayb Linda Smith Jolene Unsoeld Maryland (8 women) Helen Delich Bentley Beverly Barton Byron Katharine Edgar Byron Donna Edwards Marjorie S. Holt Barbara Ann Mikulskia Constance A. Morella Gladys Noon Spellman Missouri (8 women) Jean Carnahanb Pat Danner Jo Ann Emerson Vicky Hartzler Joan Kelly Horn Karen McCarthy Claire McCaskilla Leonor Kretzer Sullivan Michigan (7 women) Barbara-Rose Collins Martha Wright Griffiths Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Candice Miller Lynn Rivers Debbie Stabenowa Claire McCaskilla Leonor Kretzer Sullivan Ruth Thompson North Carolina (7 women) Eva Clayton Elizabeth Doleb Renee Ellmers Virginia Foxx Kay Haganb Sue Myrick Eliza Jane Pratt Pennsylvania (7 women) Veronica Grace Boland Vera Daerr Buchanan Kathy Dahlkemper Kathryn Granahan Melissa Hart Marjorie Margolis-Mezvinsky Allyson Y. Schwartz Texas (7 women) Kay Granger Kay Bailey Hutchisonb Eddie Bernice Johnson Barbara C. Jordan Sheila Jackson Lee Shelley Sekula Gibbs Lera Millard Thomas Kansas (7 women) Nancy Boyda Sheila Frahmb Lynn Jenkins Nancy Landon Kassebaumb Martha Elizabeth Keys Kathryn O. McCarthy Jan Meyers Connecticut (6 women) Rosa DeLauro Ella T. Grasso Congressional Research Service Nancy L. Johnson Barbara Bailey Kennelly Clare Boothe Luce Chase Going Woodhouse 102 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Georgia ( 6 women) Iris Faircloth Blitch Rebecca Latimer Feltonb Florence Reville Gibbs Denise Majette Helen Douglas Mankin Cynthia McKinney Tennessee (6 women) Irene Bailey Baker Diane Black Marsha Blackburn Marilyn Lloyd Willa McCord Eslick Louise Goff Reece Alabama (5 women) Allenb Maryon Pittman Elizabeth B. Andrews Dixie Bibb Gravesb Martha Roby Terri Sewell Arkansas (5 women) Hattie Wyatt Carawayb Blanche Lambert Lincolna Catherine Dorris Norrell Pearl Peden Oldfield Effiegene Locke Wingo Hawaii (5 women) Farringtonc Mary Elizabeth Colleen Hanabusa Mazie Hirono Patsy Takemoto Mink Patricia Saiki Indiana (5 women) Julia Carson Katie Hall Cecil Murray Harden Virginia Ellis Jenckes Jill Long Louisiana (5 women) Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Elaine Edwardsb Mary Landrieub Rose McConnell Longb Cathy Long Minnesota (5 women) Michelle Bachmann Betty McCollum Muriel Buck Humphreyb Amy Kloubuchara Coya Gjesdal Knutson New Jersey ( 5 women) Florence Prince Dwyer Millicent Fenwick Helen Stevenson Meyner Mary Teresa Norton Marge Scafati Roukema Oregon ( 5 women) Elizabeth Furse Edith Green Nan Wood Honeyman Darlene Hooley Maurine Brown Neubergerb South Carolina (5 women) Willa Lybrand Fulmer Elizabeth Hawley Gasque Clara Gooding McMillan Elizabeth Patterson Corrine Boyd Riley Colorado (4 women) Diana DeGette Betsy Markey Marilyn Musgrave Patricia S. Schroeder Massachusetts (4 women) Margaret M. Heckler Louise Day Hicks Congressional Research Service Edith Nourse Rogers Niki Tsongas 103 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Arizona (4 women) Karen English Gabrielle Giffords Isabella Selmes Greenway Ann Kirkpatrick Maine (4 women) Susan M. Collinsb Chellie Pingree Margaret Chase Smitha Olympia J. Snowea South Dakota (4 women) Vera Calahan Bushfieldb Kristi Noem Gladys Pyleb Stephanie Herseth Sandlin Nebraska (3 women) Hazel Hempel Abelb Eva Kelly Bowringb Virginia Smith Nevada (3 women) Shelley Berkley Dina Titus Barbara Vucanovich New Hampshire (3 women) Kelly Ayotteb Carol Shea–Porter Jeanne Shaheenb Utah (3 women) Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone Karen Shepherd Enid Greene Waldholtz Virginia (3 women) Leslie Byrne Jo Ann Davis Thelma Drake Idaho (2 women) Helen Chenoweth Gracie Bowers Pfost Kentucky (2 women) Katherine Gudger Langley Anne M. Northup New Mexico (2 women) Georgia Lee Lusk Heather Wilson West Virginia ( 2 women) Shelley Moore Capito Maude Elizabeth Kee Wisconsin (2 women) Tammy Baldwin Congressional Research Service Gwen Moore 104 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Oklahoma (2 women) Mary Fallin Alice Mary Robertson Wyoming (2 women) Barbara Cubin Cynthia Lummis District of Columbia (1 woman) Eleanor Holmes Nortonc Montana (1 woman) Jeannette Rankin North Dakota (1 woman) Jocelyn Burdickb Rhode Island (1 woman) Claudine Cmarada Schneider Virgin Islands (1 woman) Donna Christensenc Alaska (1 woman) Lisa Murkowskib Guam (1 woman) Madeleine Bordalloc No women sent to Congress (7 states and territories) American Samoa Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands a. Senator and Representative. b. Senator. c. Delegate. Congressional Research Service Delaware Iowa Mississippi Puerto Rico Vermont 105 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Table 3. Number of Women in Congress, 65th-112th Congresses (1917-2013) Congress Years Total Number of Women in Congress Number of Women in House Number of Women in Senate 65th 1917-1919 1 1 0 66th 1919-1921 0 0 0 67th 1921-1923 4 3 1 68th 1923-1925 1 1 0 69th 1925-1927 3 3 0 70th 1927-1929 5 5 0 71st 1929-1931 9 9 0 72nd 1931-1933 8 7 1 73rd 1933-1935 8 7 1 74th 1935-1937 8 6 2 75th 1937-1939 9 6 3 76th 1939-1941 9 8 1 77th 1941-1943 10 9 1 78th 1943-1945 9 8 1 79th 1945-1947 11 11 0 80th 1947-1949 8 7 1 81st 1949-1951 10 9 1 82nd 1951-1953 11 10 1 83rd 1953-1955 15 12 3 84th 1955-1957 18 17 1 85th 1957-1959 16 15 1 86th 1959-1961 19 17 2 87th 1961-1963 20 18 2 88th 1963-1965 14 12 2 89th 1965-1967 13 11 2 90th 1967-1969 12 11 1 91st 1969-1971 11 10 1 92nd 1971-1973 15 13 2 93rd 1973-1975 16 16 0 94th 1975-1977 19 19 0 95th 1977-1979 20 18 2 96th 1979-1981 17 16 1 97th 1981-1983 23 21 2 98th 1983-1985 24 22 2 99th 1985-1987 25 23 2 Congressional Research Service 106 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011 Congress Years Total Number of Women in Congress Number of Women in House Number of Women in Senate 100th 1987-1989 25 23 2 101st 1989-1991 31 29 2 102nd 1991-1993 33 30 3 103rd 1993-1995 55 48 7 104th 1995-1997 59 50 9 105th 1997-1999 65 56 9 106th 1999-2001 67 58 9 107th 2001-2003 75 62 13 108th 2003-2005 77 63 14 109th 2005-2007 85 71 14 110th 2007-2009 91 75 16 111th 2009-2011 93 76 17 112th 2011-2013 92 75 17 Notes: The figures for each Congress reflect the total number of women serving at the conclusion of that Congress. For the 112th Congress, the figures are current as of the date of publication of this report. Author Contact Information Jennifer E. Manning Information Research Specialist jmanning@crs.loc.gov, 7-7565 Susan Navarro Smelcer Analyst on the Federal Judiciary ssmelcer@crs.loc.gov, 7-8958 Colleen J. Shogan Assistant Director/Senior Specialist in Government and Finance cshogan@crs.loc.gov, 7-8231 Acknowledgments Linda Carter, Elli Ludwigson and Cara Warner provided assistance. Congressional Research Service 107