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Women in Congress, 1917-2018: Service Dates and Committee Assignments by Member, and Lists by State and Congress

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Order Code RL30261 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2008 Updated November 26, 2008 Mildred L. Amer Specialist in American National Government Government and Finance Division2009 Jennifer E. Manning Information Research Specialist Colleen J. Shogan Senior Specialist in Government and Finance December 23, 2009 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov RL30261 CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2008 2009 Summary A record 9193 women currently serve in the 110th111th Congress: 7576 in the House (5559 Democrats and 20 and 17 Republicans) and 1617 in the Senate (1113 Democrats and 54 Republicans). A record 95Ninety-five women were initially elected to the 110th Congress, but four died: Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA), Jo Ann Davis (R-VA), Julia Carson (D-IN), and Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH). The first woman elected to Congress was Representative Jeanette Rankin (RMT, 1917-1919, 1941-1943). The first woman to serve in the Senate was Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA). She was appointed in 1922 and served for only one day. A total of 247 women have served in Congress, 159 Democrats and 88 Republicans. Of these women, 212 have served only in the House, 28 only in the Senate, and seven in both houses. The figures include one Delegate each from Guam, Hawaii, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Of the 219 women who have served in the House, 38 were elected to fill vacancies caused by the death of their husbands. Sixteen of the 38 were subsequently elected to additional terms. Twenty-six women have filled other vacancies. Edith Nourse Rogers (R-MA), who served in the House for 35 years, holds the record for length of service by a woman in Congress. Margaret Chase Smith (RME), the first woman elected to the House and Senate, holds the record for Senate service by a woman with 24 years. Of the 35 women who have served in the Senate, 13 were first appointed, and five were first elected, to fill unexpired terms. Nine were chosen to fill vacancies caused by the death of their husbands, and one to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of her father. Of these 10, three were subsequently elected to additional terms. Hattie Caraway (D-AR) was the first Senator to succeed her husband and the first woman elected to a six-year Senate term. A total of 28 African American or black women have served in Congress (one in the Senate, 27 in the House), including the 14 serving in the 110th Congress. Seven Hispanic women have been elected to the House; all are serving in the 110th Congress. Four Asian American women have served in the House, including two in the 110th Congress. Fourteen women have chaired House committees, and six women have chaired Senate committees, including four chairs of standing House committees and two chairs of standing Senate committees during the 110th Congress. Representative Millender-McDonald was the chair of the House Administration Committee at the time of her death, and Representative Stephanie Tubbs Jones was chair of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct at the time of her death. This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 247 women who have served in Congress. It will be updated as events warrant. Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Women Representatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Women Senators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Women Who Have Served In Both Houses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Women in Leadership Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 African American Women in Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Asian American Women in Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Hispanic Women in Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Women Members Whose Relatives Served in Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Husbands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Fathers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Sons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Grandparents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Sisters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Members Who Gave Birth in Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Oldest and Youngest Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Tables and Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Alphabetical Listing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 List of Tables Table 1. Women in Congress, 65th-110th Congresses, by Congress . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Table 2. Women in Congress, 65th-110th Congresses, by State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Table 3. Number of Women in Congress, 65th-110th Congresses (1917-2008) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Women in the United States Congress:1917-2008 Introduction Two hundred forty-seven women have been elected or appointed to the U.S. Congress.1 Jeanette Rankin (R-MT) has the distinction of being the first woman elected to serve in Congress. On November 9, 1916, she was elected to the House of Representatives as Montana’s Representative-at-Large to the 65th Congress (19171919).2 A record 91 women serve in the 110th Congress; 75 in the House (55 Democrats and 20 Republicans), and 16 in the Senate (11 Democrats and 5 Republicans).3 Of the 247 women who have served in Congress, 159 have been Democrats, and 88 have been Republicans. In addition, 212 (137 Democrats, 75 Republicans) have served only in the House of Representatives; 28 (17 Democrats, 11 Republicans) have served only in the Senate; and 7 (5 Democrats, 2 Republicans) have served in both houses.4 1 For additional information on the women who have served in Congress, please refer to U .S. Congress, House, Office of History and Preservation, Women in Congress, 1917-2006 (Washington: GPO, 2006), [http://womenincongress.house.gov], visited Nov. 15, 2008. 2 Reps. Rankin (R-MT), Patsy Mink (D-HI), Jane Harman (D-CA), and Cynthia McKinney (D-GA) are the only women to serve non-consecutive terms in the same house of Congress. Rep. Rankin served from 1917-1919 and from 1941-1943. Rep. Rankin was also the only Member of Congress to vote against America’s entry into both World Wars. Rep. Mink served from 1965-1977 and from September 1990, when she was seated following a special election, until her death in September 2002. Rep. Harman served from 1993-1999, and from 2001 to the present. Rep. McKinney served from 1993-2003 and from 2005-2007. 3 Ninety-five different women have served in the 110th Congress; 79 in the House and 16 in the Senate. However, only 91 have served at any one time. Rep. Juanita MillenderMcDonald (D-CA) died on April 22, 2007, and was replaced by Rep. Laura Richardson (DCA) on September 4, 2007; Rep. Jo Ann Davis (R-VA) died on October 6, 2007, and was replaced by Rep. Rob Wittman (D-VA) on December 13, 2007; Rep. Martin Meehan (DMA), resigned on July 1, 2007, and was replaced by Rep. Niki Tsongas (D-MA) on October 18, 2007; Rep. Julia Carson (D-IN) died on December 15, 2007, and was replaced by her grandson Rep. André Carson on March 13, 2008; Rep. Tom Lantos (D-CA) died on February 11, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Jackie Speier on April 10, 2008; Rep. Albert Wynn (D-MD) resigned on May 31, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Donna Edwards (DMD)on June 19, 2008; and Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH) died on August 20, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Marcia L. Fudge (D-OH) on November 19, 2008. 4 The number of representatives includes one Delegate to the House of Representatives from (continued...) CRS-2 Edith Nourse Rogers (R-MA) holds the record for length of service by a woman in Congress (35 years). She was elected to the House to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Jacob Rogers (R-MA, 1913-1925). Mrs. Rogers served from June 25, 1925, until her death on September 10, 1960. Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) holds the record for length of Senate service by a woman (24 years). She was also first elected to the House to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband. She succeeded Clyde H. Smith (R-ME, 1937-1940) and was subsequently elected to the Senate. Her House service ran from June 10, 1940, until January 3, 1949. Her Senate service ran from January 3, 1949, until January 3, 1973. Women Representatives Of the 219 women who have served in the House, 38 were elected to fill vacancies caused by the death of their husbands.5 Sixteen of the 38 were subsequently elected to additional terms. Twenty-six women have been elected to fill other vacancies caused by death or resignation. One of these, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA, 1987-present), was first elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of another woman, Sala Burton (D-CA, 1983-1987). Nine additional women have directly succeeded other women by defeating them or being elected to open seats.6 Women Senators Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA) was the first woman to serve in the Senate. She was appointed in 1922 to fill the unexpired term of a Senator who had died in office. In addition to being the first female Senator, Mrs. Felton holds two other Senate records. Her tenure in the Senate remains the shortest ever (one day), and, at the age of 87, she is the oldest person ever to begin Senate service. 4 (...continued) Hawaii, one from the District of Columbia, one from Guam, and one from the U.S. Virgin Islands. 5 This number includes current Members: Rep. Jo Ann Emerson (R-MO), first elected to the 104th Congress in 1996; Reps. Lois Capps (D-CA) and Mary Bono (R-CA ), both first elected to the 105th Congress in 1998; and Rep. Doris Matsui (D-CA), first elected to the 109th Congress in 2005. 6 Rep. Enid Greene (R-UT, 1995-1997) defeated Rep. Karen Shepherd (D-UT, 1993-1995); Rep. Linda Smith (R-WA, 1995-1999) defeated Rep. Jolene Unsoeld (D-WA, 1989-1995); Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D-MI, 1997-present ) defeated Rep. Barbara-Rose Collins (D-MI, 1991-1997); Rep. Diana DeGette (D-CO, 1997-present) succeeded Rep. Patricia Schroeder (D-CO, 1973-1997); Rep. Denise Majette (D-GA, 2003-2005) defeated Rep. Cynthia McKinney (D-GA, 1993-2003); Rep. Ginny Brown-Waite (R-FL, 2003-present ) defeated Rep. Karen Thurman (D-FL, 1993-2003); Rep. Cynthia McKinney (D-GA, 19932003, 2005-2007) was elected to the seat vacated by Rep. Majette, who had defeated her two years earlier; Rep. Laura Richardson (D-CA, 2007-present) succeeded Rep. Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA, 1996-2007), who died in office; and Rep. Marcia L. Fudge (DOH, 2008-present) succeeded Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones (1999-2008), who died in office. CRS-3 Besides Mrs. Felton, 34 other women, including 16 in the 110th Congress, have served in the Senate. Of these 35 women, 13 were initially appointed to the Senate, including Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), who was appointed to the 108th Congress by her father, Frank Murkowski (R-AK, 1981-2003), to succeed him after he was elected governor of Alaska. She was subsequently elected to her own six-year term in 2004. Five, including current Senators Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) and Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX), were first elected to fill unexpired terms. Two of the women were first elected and seven were first appointed to fill vacancies caused by the death of their husbands, including Jean Carnahan (D-MO, 2001-2004), who was appointed to the 107th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by her husband’s posthumous election to the Senate.7 Two women were appointed to the Senate by their husbands to fill vacancies. Senator Dixie Bibb Graves (D-AL, 1937-1938) was appointed in 1937 by her husband, then-Governor David Bibb Graves, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Hugo Black (D-AL, 1927-1937), who was appointed to the Supreme Court. Senator Elaine Edwards (D-LA, 1972) was appointed by her husband, then-Governor Edwin Edwards, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Allen Ellender (D-LA, 1937-1972). Eva Bowring (R-NE, 1954), who had been appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Dwight Griswold (R-NE, 1952-1954), was succeeded by another woman, Hazel Abel (R-NE, 1954), who was elected to fill the remaining months of Senator Griswold’s term. Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS, 1979-1997) was the first of the 10 women elected to the Senate without first having been elected to the House or having been elected or appointed to fill an unexpired Senate term. The others are Susan Collins (R-ME ), Mary Landrieu (D-LA), Patty Murray (D-WA), Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-NY), Elizabeth Dole (R-NC), Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), and Claire McCaskill (D-MO), all Members of the 110th Congress, as well as Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999) and Paula Hawkins (R-FL, 1981-1987). Hattie Caraway (D-AR, 1931-1945) was not only the first woman to succeed her spouse in the Senate but also the first of the 20 women initially elected to a full sixyear Senate term. She was first appointed in 1931 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thaddeus H. Caraway (D-AR, House, 1913-1921; Senate, 1921-1931), and then was subsequently elected to two six-year terms. The other women first elected to six-year terms are Barbara Mikulski (D-MD), Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX ), Susan Collins (RME), Patty Murray (D-WA), Olympia Snowe (R-ME), Mary Landrieu (D-LA), Blanche Lambert Lincoln (D-AR), Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-NY), Debbie Stabenow (D-MI), Maria Cantwell (D-WA), Elizabeth Dole (R-NC), Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), and Claire McCaskill, (D-MO), all Members of the 110th Congress, as well as Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME, 1949-1973), Maurine Neuberger (D-OR, 1960- 7 Two of the nine female Senators, first elected or appointed to succeed their husbands, were subsequently elected to additional terms. CRS-4 1967), Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS, 1978-1997), Paula Hawkins (R-FL, 19811987), and Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999). Four states (California, Kansas, Maine, and Washington) have been represented by two women Senators serving in the same Congress. In the 110th Congress, Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein represent California, Susan Collins and Olympia Snowe represent Maine, and Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell represent Washington. In the 104th Congress, Nancy Landon Kassebaum and Sheila Frahm represented Kansas.8 Women Who Have Served In Both Houses Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) was the first woman to serve in both houses of Congress, as well as the first woman elected to the Senate without first having been elected or appointed to fill a vacant Senate seat. Senator Smith was first elected to the House to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband (Clyde Smith, RME, 1937-1940), and served from June 10, 1940, until January 3, 1949, when she began her Senate service. When Senator Smith left the Senate on January 3, 1973, she had served there longer than any other woman. Her 24 years of service is still a record for Senate service by a woman. Barbara Mikulski, Barbara Boxer, Olympia Snowe, Blanche Lambert Lincoln, Debbie Stabenow, and Maria Cantwell are the other women who have served in both houses. Senator Mikulski was a Member of the House from 1977-1987, Senator Boxer from 1983-1993, Senator Snowe from 1979-1995, Senator Lincoln from 19931997, Senator Stabenow from 1997-2001, and Senator Cantwell from 1993-1995. All are Members of the 110th Congress, and all but Senators Lincoln and Cantwell were elected while still serving in the House. Women in Leadership Positions9 A significant number of women in Congress have held positions of leadership.10 However, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) holds the highest position of leadership ever held by a woman in the U.S. government. Prior to becoming Speaker in the 110th Congress, Representative Pelosi was elected House Democratic whip, in the 107th Congress, on October 10, 2001, effective January 15, 2002. In the 108th and 109th Congresses, she was elected the House Democratic leader, at that time the highest position ever held by a woman in the House. She was also the first woman nominated to be Speaker of the House. Senator Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME), as 8 Sen. Frahm was appointed in 1996 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Sen. Robert Dole (R-KS, 1969-1996), and served for five months. 9 More detailed information on the leadership positions held by women in Congress can be found in the individual entries contained in this report. 10 Office of History and Preservation, Women in Congress, 1917-2006, pp. 992-993. CRS-5 chair of the Senate Republican Conference from 1967 to 1972, holds the Senate record for the highest leadership position held by a woman Senator. In the 110th Congress, Senator Patty Murray (D-WA) is the secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference, Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX) is the chair of the Senate Republican Policy Committee, and Representative Kay Granger (R-TX) is vice chair of the House Republican Conference. In the 107th-109th Congresses, Senator Hutchison was vice chair of the Senate Republican Conference. In the 108th and 109th Congresses, Representative Deborah Pryce (R-OH) was chair of the House Republican Conference. In the 109th Congress, Senator Elizabeth Dole (R-NC) was the chair of the Republican Senatorial Committee, and Senator Barbara Boxer (DCA) was chief deputy Democratic whip. Twenty women have chaired congressional committees, including a record six in the 110th Congress. A record of four female Representatives were selected to chair House committees. They were Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA), chair of the Committee on House Administration; Louise Slaughter (D-NY), chair of the Committee on Rules; Nydia Velázquez (D-NY), chair of the Committee on Small Business; and Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH), chair of the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct. However, Representative Millender-McDonald died during the first session of the 110th Congress on April 22, 2007, and Representative Tubbs Jones died during the second session of the 110th Congress on August 20, 2008. In the Senate in the 110th Congress, Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) chairs the Committee on the Environment and Public Works, and Senator Dianne Feinstein (DCA) chairs the Committee on Rules and Administration. This is the second time that two women from the same state have chaired Senate committees. Senator Susan Collins (R-ME) chaired the Committee on Governmental Affairs in the 108th Congress, and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs in the 109th Congress. In the 108th and 109th Congresses, Senator Olympia Snowe chaired the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship. The most recent record for committee chairs was in the the 104th Congress when three women chaired standing committees. They were Nancy Landon Kassebaum, chair of the Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee; Jan Meyers (R-KS, 1985-1997), chair of the House Small Business Committee; and Nancy Johnson (RCT, 1983-2007), chair of the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct. Others who have chaired committees are Senator Hattie Caraway (D-AR, 1931-1945) and Representatives Edith Nourse Rogers (R-MA, 1925-1960), Mae Ella Nolan (RCA, 1923-1925), Mary T. Norton (D-NJ, 1925-1951), Caroline L. O’Day (D-NY, 1935-1943), Leonor K. Sullivan (D-MO, 1953-1977), Martha W. Griffiths (D-MI, 1955-1974), Yvonne Brathwaite Burke (D-CA, 1973-1979), and Patricia Schroeder (D-CO, 1973-1997).11 11 As chair of the Senate Enrolled Bills Committee (73rd-78th Congresses), Sen. Hattie Caraway was the first woman to chair a Senate as well as any congressional committee. As chair of the House District of Columbia Committee (72nd-74th Congresses), Rep. Mary T. Norton was the first woman to chair a House committee. CRS-6 African American Women in Congress A record number of 17 African American women were elected to the House in the 110th Congress, although 14 is the highest number to serve at any one time.12 A record 15 African American women served in the House in the 107th Congress; and 13 served in the 108th Congress. A total of 28 African American women have served in Congress. The first was Representative Shirley Chisholm (D-NY, 1969-1983). Senator Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999) is the only black woman to have served in the Senate. The African American women Members of the 110th Congress are Representatives Maxine Waters (D-CA), Corinne Brown (D-FL), Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX), Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX), Barbara Lee (D-CA), Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D-MI), Diane Watson (D-CA), Gwen Moore (D-WI), Yvette Clarke (DNY), Laura Richardson (D-CA, 2007-present), Donna Edwards (D-MD), and Marcia Fudge (D-OH), as well as Delegates Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC) and Donna Christian-Christensen (D-VI). Other black women Members were Cardiss Collins (D-IL, 1973-1997), Barbara-Rose Collins (D-MI, 1991-1997), Eva Clayton (D-NC, 1992-2003), Carrie Meek (D-FL, 1993-2003), Cynthia McKinney (D-GA, 19932003, 2005-2007), Denise Majette (D-GA, 2003-2005), Yvonne Brathwaite Burke (D-CA, 1973-1979), Katie Hall (D-IN, 1982-1985), Barbara Jordan (D-TX, 19731979), Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA, 1996-2007), Julia Carson (D-IN, 19972007), and Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH, 1999-2008). Asian American Women in Congress Patsy Mink (D-HI) was the first of four Asian Pacific American women to have served in Congress, all in the House. Representative Mink served in the House from 1965-1977, and from 1990-2002. The other Asian Pacific American women are Representatives Doris O. Matsui (D-CA) and Mazie Hirono (D-HI), Members of the 110th Congress, and Patricia Saiki (R-HI), who served from 1987-1991.13 Hispanic Women in Congress Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) is the first of the seven Hispanic women as well as the first Cuban-American to serve in Congress. Nydia Velázquez (D-NY ) is the first Puerto Rican-born woman to serve in Congress. Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-CA,) is 12 Rep. Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA, 1996-2007) died on April 22, 2007, and was replaced by Rep. Laura Richardson (D-CA, 2007-present); Rep. Julia Carson (D-IN, 19972007) died on Dec. 15, 2007, and was replaced by her grandson, Rep. André Carson (D-IN, 2008-present) on Mar. 13, 2008; Rep. Albert Wynn (D-MD, 1993-2008) resigned on May 31, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Donna Edwards (D-MD, 2008-present); and Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH, 1999-2008) died on Aug. 20, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Marcia L. Fudge (D-OH, 2008-present) on Nov. 19, 2008. 13 Rep. Matsui was first elected to the 109th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Rep. Robert Matsui (D-CA, 1979-2005). CRS-7 the first Mexican-American woman to serve. Loretta Sanchez (D-CA), Grace Napolitano (D-CA), Hilda Solis (D-CA), and Linda Sánchez (D-CA) are the other women Hispanic Members. All are serving in the 110th Congress. Representatives Loretta Sanchez and Linda Sánchez are sisters. Women Members Whose Relatives Served in Congress Husbands14 Seven women married while in Congress, three of whom married other Members of the same Congress, and three of whom married Members with whom they had served.15 Five other women Members were married to Members with whom they had not served and whom they did not directly succeed.16 Representative Ruth McCormick (R-IL, 1929-1931) married two Members of Congress. She was married to Representative and Senator Medill McCormick (R-IL, House, 1917-1919, Senate, 1919-1925) prior to his becoming a Member of Congress. Medill McCormick died while serving in the Senate. Subsequently, Mrs. McCormick was elected to Congress. Later she and Representative Albert Gallatin Simms (RNM, 1929-1931), with whom she had served, were married after they both had left 14 This section does not include information on women who directly succeeded their husbands who died in office. 15 Rep. Mary Bono (R-CA, 1998-present) married Rep. Connie Mack IV (R-FL, 2005present) in 2007, Rep. Susan Molinari (R-NY, 1990-1997) married Rep. Bill Paxon (R-NY, 1989-1999) in 1994, and Rep. Martha Keys (D-KS, 1975-1979) married Rep. Andrew Jacobs (D-IN, 1965-1973, 1975-1997) in 1975. All were serving in Congress at the time of their marriages. Sen. Olympia Snowe (R-ME, House, 1979-1995, Senate, 1995-present) married former Rep. John McKernan Jr. (R-ME, 1983-1987) in 1989 after he left Congress and while he was the governor of Maine and she was in the House. They served together in the House for four years. Sen. Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS, 1978-1997) married former Sen. Howard Baker (R-TN, 1967-1985) in 1996 after he left office and while she was still in the Senate. They had served together for six years. Rep. Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (D-SD, 2004-present) married former Rep. Max Sandlin (D-TX, 1997-2005) in 2007 after he left office and while she was still in the House. They served together for a few months in the 108th Congress in 2004. Rep. Cathy McMorris Rogers (R-WA, 2005-present) married a non-Member of Congress in 2006. 16 Senator Elizabeth Dole (R-NC) was preceded in the Senate by her husband, Senator Robert Dole (R-KS, House, 1961-1969, Senate, 1969-1996). Rep. Katherine Langley (RKY, 1927-1931) was preceded in the House by her husband, Rep. John Langley (R-KY, 1907-1926); Rep. Leonor Sullivan (D-MO, 1953-1977) was preceded in the House by her husband, Rep. John Sullivan (D-MO, 1941-1943, 1945-1947, and 1949-1951); Rep. Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky (D-PA, 1993-1995) was preceded in the House by her husband, former Rep. Ed Mezvinsky (D-IA, 1973-1977); and Rep. Niki Tsongas (D-MA2007) was preceded in the House by her husband former Rep. and Sen. Paul Tsongas (DMA, House, 1975-1979, Senate, 1979-1985). CRS-8 Congress. Finally, Representative Emily Taft Douglas (D-IL, 1945-1947) preceded her husband, Senator Paul Douglas (D-IL, 1949-1967), in Congress. Fathers Four women have directly succeeded their fathers in Congress. Two of them were elected and one was appointed to complete the terms of their fathers. Representative Winnifred Mason Huck (R-IL, 1922-1923) was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her father, William E. Mason (R-IL, House, 18871891, Senate, 1897-1903, House, 1917-1921); Representative Susan Molinari (RNY, 1990-1997) was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of her father, Guy Molinari (R-NY, 1981-1989), and Senator Lisa Murkowski (R-AK, 2003-present ) was appointed by her father Frank Murkowski (R-AK, 1981-2003) to complete his Senate term after he was elected governor of Alaska. Representative Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-CA, 1993-present), daughter of Representative Edward Roybal (D-CA, 1963-1993), was elected to her father’s seat after he declined to seek reelection. Seven other women Members of the House have had fathers who served as Representatives. These include three current Members: Speaker Nancy Pelosi (DCA), daughter of Representative Thomas D’Alesandro (D-MD, 1939-1947); and Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV), daughter of Representative Arch A. Moore (D-WV, 1957-1969).17 Representative Ruth McCormick (R-IL, 1929-193) was the daughter of Senator Marcus Hanna (R-OH, 1897-1904). Sons Five women Representatives and one Senator had sons who served in Congress. Of these women, only Frances Bolton (R-OH, 1940-1969) served simultaneously with her son, Representative Oliver Bolton (R-OH, 1953-1957, 1963-1965). The other women were Carrie Meek (D-FL, 1993-2003), mother of Representative Kendrick Meek (D-FL, 2003-present); Katharine Byron (D-MD, 1941-1943), mother of Representative Goodloe Byron (D-MD, 1971-1978); Maude Kee (D-WV, 19511965), mother of Representative James Kee (D-WV, 1965-1973); and Irene Baker (R-TN, 1964-1965), stepmother of Senator Howard Baker (R-TN, 1967-1985). Senator Rose McConnell Long (D-LA, 1936-1937) was the mother of Senator Russell B. Long (D-LA, 1948-1987), the only Senator to succeed both parents in the Senate. 17 The others were Rep. Katherine Langley (R-KY, 1927-1931), daughter of Rep. James Gudger Jr. (D-NC, 1903-1907, 1911-1915); Rep. Ruth Owen (D-FL), daughter of Rep. William Jennings Bryan (D-NE, 1891-1895); Rep. Louise Reece (R-TN, 1961-1963), daughter of Sen. Guy Goff (R-WV, 1925-1931); Rep. Elizabeth Patterson (D-SC, 19871993), daughter of Sen. Olin Johnston (D-SC, 1945-1965); and Rep. Clare Boothe Luce (RCT, 1943-1947), stepdaughter of Rep. Elmer Austin (R-CT, 1939-1941). CRS-9 Grandparents Three Congresswomen were granddaughters of former Members and one Congresswoman was the grandmother of a Member. Frances Bolton was the granddaughter of Representative and Senator Henry Payne (D-OH, House, 18751877, Senate, 1885-1891); Katharine Byron was the granddaughter of Representative and Senator Louis McComas (R-MD, House, 1883-1891, Senate, 1899-1905); and Louise Reece (R-TN, 1961-1963) was the granddaughter of Representative and Senator Nathan Goff (R-WV, House, 1883-1889, Senate, 1913-1919). Representative Julia Carson was the grandmother of Representative André Carson (D-IN, 2008-present). Representative Carson died in office on December 15, 2007, and was replaced by her grandson on March 13, 2008. Sisters Representative Loretta Sanchez (D-CA) and her sister, Representative Linda Sánchez (D-CA), are not only the first set of sisters to serve together in Congress, they are the only sisters ever to serve. No sister of any other Member of the House or Senate has been elected to Congress. Members Who Gave Birth in Office Six Members of the House have had babies while serving in Congress, including two Members during the 110th Congress. Representative Cathy McMorris Rogers (RWA, 2005-present) gave birth in 2007 and Representative Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY, 2007-present) in 2008. The first Member of Congress to have a baby in office was Representative Yvonne Braithwaite Burke (D-CA, 1973-1979) in 1973. She was followed by Representative Enid Greene Waldholtz (R-UT, 1995-1997) in 1995, Representative Susan Molinari (R-NY, 1990-1997) in 1996, and Senator Blanche Lincoln (D-AR, House, 1993-1997; Senate, 1999-present) who delivered twins in 1996 while a Member of the House. Oldest and Youngest Women The youngest woman elected to the Senate was Senator Blanche Lincoln (D-AR, 1999-present). She was first elected in 1998 at the age of 38. She previously served in the House. The oldest woman elected to the Senate is Senator Elizabeth Dole (RNC, 2003-present) who was elected in 2002 at age 66. Rebecca Felton (D-GA) is the oldest woman to have served in the Senate. She was appointed for one day in 1922 at age 87. Elizabeth Holtzman (D-NY, 1973-1981) was the youngest woman to serve in the House. She was elected at age 31 years, two months. Senator Olympia Snowe (R-ME) was first elected to the House in 1978 at age 31 years and nine months. Susan Molinari (R-NY, 1990-1997) was elected to the House at age 31, one week before she turned 32. CRS-10 Delegate Madeleine Bordallo, (D-Guam, 2003-present) is the oldest woman elected to the House. She was 69 when first elected in 2002. Corinne Riley (D-SC, 1962-1963) was elected at age 68 years, nine months. Tables and Data The list and tables that follow provide information on women Members of Congress, including the dates they were first elected, the Congresses in which they served, the committees on which they served, and, where relevant, the committees they chaired. Most of the data presented are from the Biographical Directory of the American Congress, [http://bioguide.congress.gov], various editions of the Congressional Directory, a broad range of Congressional Quarterly and Leadership Directories Inc. publications, and Women in Congress, 1917-2006, [http://womenincongress.house.gov], published by the Office of History and Preservation under the jurisdiction of the clerk of the House. For 110th Congress committee assignments, the sources are List of Standing Committees and Select Committees and Their Subcommitees of the House of Representatives Together With Joint Committees, One Hundred Tenth Congress, prepared under the direction of Lorraine C. Miller, clerk of the House of Representatives, June 19, 2008 (available online from the clerk’s website at [http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.pdf]); and Committee Assignments for the One Hundred Tenth Congress for the Senate available on the Senate’s website at [http://www.senate.gov/general/committee_assignments/assignments.htm] The names and jurisdiction of House and Senate committees have changed many times over the years. In the interest of brevity, this report does not identify all historical name changes. The committee names listed are those in effect at the time a Member served on the panel. CRS-11 Alphabetical Listing18 ABEL, HAZEL HEMPEL. Republican; Nebraska, Senator. Elected to the 83rd Congress November 2, 1954, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Dwight P. Griswold and filled in the interim by Eva Bowring; sworn in and seated November 8, 1954; resigned December 31, 1954. Committee Assignments S. Finance S. Interstate and Foreign Commerce Congress 83rd 83rd ABZUG, BELLA S. Democrat; New York, 19th Congressional District (92nd Congress) and 20th Congressional District (93rd-94th Congresses). Elected to the 92nd Congress November 3, 1970; sworn in and seated January 21, 1971; reelected to the 93rd-94th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1977. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Public Works Congress 92nd-94th 92nd-94th ALLEN, MARYON PITTMAN. Democrat; Alabama, Senator. Appointed to the 95th Congress June 8, 1978, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, James B. Allen; sworn in and seated June 12, 1978; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry S. Judiciary 18 Congress 95th 95th Prior to the adoption of the Twentieth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, effective October 15, 1933, the terms of Representatives and Senators began on March 4, in conformance with a resolution of the Continental Congress implementing the Constitution (adopted September 13, 1788). The Twentieth Amendment provides inter alia that the terms of Representatives and Senators shall commence at noon on January 3, in the year following their election. The first Congress affected by the Twentieth Amendment was the 74th (19351937). However, Congress sometimes sets a date other than January 3 for commencement of a new Congress; thus, in this report, dates sworn in are sometimes later than January 3 for Members elected in the general election. In addition, Members elected to fill a vacancy are sworn in and commence their terms as soon as possible, as do Senators appointed to fill a vacancy. CRS-12 ANDREWS, ELIZABETH B. Democrat; Alabama, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 92nd Congress in a special election held April 4, 1972, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, George W. Andrews; sworn in and seated April 10, 1972; term expired January 3, 1973. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service Congress 92nd ASHBROOK, JEAN. Republican; Ohio, 17th Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress in a special election held June 29, 1982, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Milan Ashbrook; sworn in and seated July 12, 1982; term expired January 3, 1983. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries Congress 97th BACHMANN, MICHELE. Republican; Minnesota, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 110th BAKER, IRENE BAILEY. Republican; Tennessee, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 88th Congress in a special election held March 10, 1964, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Howard H. Baker, Sr.; sworn in and seated March 10, 1964; term expired January 3, 1965. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations Congress 88th BAKER, NANCY KASSEBAUM. See KASSEBAUM, NANCY LANDON. BALDWIN, TAMMY. Democrat; Wisconsin, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in and seated January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Judiciary H. Energy and Commerce Congress 106th-108th 106th-108th 109th-110th BEAN, MELISSA L. Democrat; Illinois, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. Small Business Congress 109th-110th 109th-110th CRS-13 BENTLEY, HELEN DELICH. Republican; Maryland, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 99th Congress November 6, 1984; sworn in and seated January 3, 1985; reelected to the 100th-103rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Public Works and Transportation H. Select Aging H. Budget H. Appropriations Congress 99th-103rd 99th-100th, 102nd 99th-102nd 101st-102nd 103rd BERKLEY, SHELLEY. Democrat; Nevada, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in and seated January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Veterans’ Affairs H. International Relations H. Ways and Means Congress 106th 106th-109th 106th-110th 107th- 109th 110th BIGGERT, JUDY. Republican; Illinois, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in and seated January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Government Reform H. Financial Services H. Science H. Science and Technology H. Education and the Workforce H. Education and Labor H. Standards of Official Conduct Congress 106th 106th 107th-110th 106th-109th 110th 107th-109th 110th 107th-109th BLACKBURN, MARSHA. Republican; Tennessee, 7th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th -110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Education and the Workforce H. Government Reform H. Judiciary H. Energy and Commerce H. Select Energy Independence and Global Warming Congress 108th 108th 108th 109th-110th 110th CRS-14 BLITCH, IRIS FAIRCLOTH. Democrat; Georgia, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress November 2, 1954; sworn in and seated January 5, 1955; reelected to the 85th-87th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. Public Works Congress 84th-87th BOGGS, CORINNE C. (LINDY). Democrat; Louisiana, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress in a special election held March 20, 1973, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thomas Hale Boggs, Sr.; sworn in and seated March 27, 1973; reelected to the 94th-101st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Currency H. Banking, Currency, and Housing H. House Administration H. Appropriations H. Select Children, Youth, and Families Jt. Bicentennial Arrangements (committee chair) Commission of the Bicentenary of the U.S. House (chair) Congress 93rd 94th 94th 95th-101st 99th-101st 94th 99th-100th BOLAND, VERONICA GRACE. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 77th Congress, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Patrick J. Boland; sworn in and seated November 19, 1942; term expired January 3, 1943. Committee Assignments None listed Congress 77th BOLTON, FRANCES PAYNE. Republican; Ohio, 22nd Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a special election held February 27, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Chester C. Bolton; sworn in and seated March 5, 1940; reelected to the 77th-90th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1969. Committee Assignments H. Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives in Congress H. Expenditures in Executive Departments H. Foreign Affairs Congress 76th 76th 77th-90th CRS-15 BONO MACK, MARY. Republican; California, 44th Congressional District (105th-107th Congresses) and 45th Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress in a special election held on April 7, 1998, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Sonny Bono; sworn in and seated April 20, 1998; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. National Security H. Judiciary H. Armed Services H. Small Business H. Energy and Commerce Congress 105th 105th-106th 106th 106th 107th-110th BORDALLO, MADELEINE Z. Democrat; Non-voting Delegate from Guam. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th- 110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Resources H. Natural Resources H. Small Business Congress 108th-110th 108th-109th 110th 108th-109th BOSONE, REVA ZILPHA BECK. Democrat; Utah, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 81st Congress November 2, 1948; sworn in and seated January 3, 1949; reelected to the 82nd Congress; term expired January 3, 1953. Committee Assignments H. Public Lands H. Administration H. Interior and Insular Affairs Congress 81st 82nd 82nd BOWRING, EVA KELLY. Republican; Nebraska, Senator. Appointed to the 83rd Congress April 16, 1954, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Dwight P. Griswold; sworn in and seated April 16, 1954; term ended November 8, 1954, after the election to fill Senator Griswold’s unexpired term. Committee Assignments S. Interstate and Foreign Commerce S. Labor and Public Welfare S. Post Office and Civil Service Congress 83rd 83rd 83rd BOYDA, NANCY. Republican; Kansas, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Armed Services Congress 110th 110th CRS-16 BOXER, BARBARA. Democrat; California, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 98th Congress November 2, 1982; sworn in and seated January 3, 1983; reelected to the 99th-102nd Congresses. Ms. Boxer was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993. She was reelected to the Senate in 1998 and 2004. Chief deputy Democratic whip in the 109th Congress and a deputy whip in the 103rd Congress. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Government Operations H. Budget H. Select Children, Youth, and Families H. Armed Services S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Budget S. Environment and Public Works (chair, 110th Congress) S. Appropriations S. Foreign Relations S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation S. Select Ethics (acting committee chair, 110th Congress) Congress 98th 98th-102nd 99th-101st 99th-102nd 102nd 103rd-105th 103rd-106th 103rd-110th 105th 106th-110th 107th-110th 110th BROWN, CORRINE. Democrat; Florida, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Public Works and Transportation H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Veterans’Affairs Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-110th 103rd-110th BROWN-WAITE, GINNY. Republican; Florida, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th -110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Financial Services H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Homeland Security Congress 108th-109th 108th-110th 108th-110th 109th-110th BUCHANAN, VERA DAERR. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 30th Congressional District. Elected to the 82nd Congress in a special election held July 24, 1951, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Frank Buchanan; sworn in and seated August 1, 1951; reelected to the 83rd-84th Congresses; died in office November 26, 1955. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Public Works H. Banking and Currency Congress 82nd, 1st Sess. 82nd, 1st Sess. 82nd, 2nd Sess.-83rd 84th CRS-17 BURDICK, JOCELYN BIRCH. Democrat; North Dakota, Senator. Appointed to the 102nd Congress September 12, 1992, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband Quentin Burdick; sworn in and seated September 16, 1992; term expired December 4, 1992, with the election of Kent Conrad to the vacancy she filled. Committee Assignments S. Environment and Public Works Congress 102nd BURKE, YVONNE BRATHWAITE. Democrat; California, 37th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in and seated January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-95th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments H. Public Works H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Appropriations H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop (committee chair) Congress 93rd 93rd 94th-95th 94th-95th BURTON, SALA. Democrat; California, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 98th Congress in a special election held June 21, 1983, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Phillip Burton; sworn in and seated June 28, 1983; reelected to the 99th-100th Congresses; died in office February 1, 1987. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Select Committee on Hunger H. Rules Congress 98th 98th 98th-99th 99th-100th BUSHFIELD, VERA CAHALAN. Republican; South Dakota, Senator. Appointed to the 80th Congress October 6, 1948, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Harlan J. Bushfield; resigned December 26, 1948. Committee Assignments None listed Congress 80th BYRNE, LESLIE. Democrat; Virginia, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works and Transportation Congress 103rd 103rd CRS-18 BYRON, BEVERLY BARTON BUTCHER. Democrat; Maryland, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 96th Congress November 7, 1978, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Goodloe E. Byron; sworn in and seated January 15, 1979; reelected to the 97th-102nd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Select Committee on Aging H. Interior and Insular Affairs Congress 96th-102nd 96th-102nd 97th-102nd BYRON, KATHARINE EDGAR. Democrat; Maryland, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 77th Congress in a special election held May 27, 1941, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William Devereux Byron; sworn in and seated June 11, 1941; term expired January 3, 1943. Committee Assignments H. Civil Service H. War Claims Congress 77th 77th CANTWELL, MARIA. Democrat; Washington, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Ms. Cantwell was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated on January 3, 2001. She was reelected to the Senate in 2006. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Public Works and Transportation S. Judiciary S. Energy and Natural Resources S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship S. Indian Affairs S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation S. Finance Congress 103rd 103rd 103rd 107th 107th-110th 107th-110th 107th-110th 108th-110th 110th CAPITO, SHELLEY MOORE. Republican; West Virginia, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Rules Congress 107th-110th 107th-108th 107th-110th 109th CRS-19 CAPPS, LOIS. Democrat; California, 22nd Congressional District (105th-107th Congresses) and 23rd Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress in a special election held March 9, 1998, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Walter Capps; sworn in and seated March 17, 1998; reelected to the 106th110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. International Relations H. Science H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce H. Budget H. Natural Resources Congress 105th 105th 106th 107th-110th 109th 110th CARAWAY, HATTIE WYATT. Democrat; Arkansas, Senator. Appointed to the 72nd Congress November 13, 1931, and elected January 12, 1932, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thaddeus H. Caraway; sworn in and seated December 8, 1931; reelected to two full Senate terms; term expired January 3, 1945. Committee Assignments S. Agriculture and Forestry S. Commerce S. Enrolled Bills (committee chair, 73rd-78th) S. Library Congress 72nd-78th 72nd-78th 72nd-78th 72nd-78th CARNAHAN, JEAN. Democrat; Missouri, Senator. Appointed to the Senate December 4, 2000, to fill the vacancy cause by her husband’s (Gov. Mel Carnahan) posthumous election to the Senate; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; served until November 25, 2003, when the elected successor for the remainder of the term took office. Committee Assignments S. Armed Services S. Commerce, Science and Transportation S. Governmental Affairs S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship S. Special Committee on Aging Congress 107th 107th 107th 107th 107th CARSON, JULIA. Democrat; Indiana, 10th Congressional District (105th-107th Congresses) and 7th Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; first swearing in delayed because of illness, oath of office administered January 9, 1997; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses; died in office on December 15, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 105th-106th 107th-110th 105th-107th 108th-110th CRS-20 CASTOR, KATHY. Democrat; Florida, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Rules Congress 110th 110th CHENOWETH, HELEN. Republican; Idaho, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-106th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2001. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Resources H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Government Reform Congress 104th-106th 104th-106th 105th-106th 106th CHISHOLM, SHIRLEY ANITA. Democrat; New York, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 91st Congress November 5, 1968; sworn in and seated January 3, 1969; reelected to the 92nd-97th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1983. Secretary to the Democratic Caucus in the 96th Congress. First black female candidate for U.S. President (1972). Committee Assignments H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Education and Labor H. Rules Congress 91st-92nd 92nd-94th 95th-97th CHRISTIAN-CHRISTENSEN, DONNA. Democrat; non-voting Delegate from the Virgin Islands. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses. First woman doctor in Congress. Committee Assignment H. Resources H. Natural Resources H. Small Business H. Homeland Security Congress 105th-109th 110th 105th-109th 108th-110th CHRISTIAN-GREEN, DONNA. See CHRISTIAN-CHRISTENSEN, DONNA. CHURCH, MARGUERITE STITT. Republican; Illinois, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 82nd Congress November 8, 1950; sworn in and seated January 3, 1951; reelected to the 83rd-87th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1963. Rep. Church succeeded her husband, Ralph E. Church, who died in office on March 21, 1950. The seat remained vacant from March 21, 1950, to January 3, 1951, the commencement of the 82nd Congress. Committee Assignments H. Expenditures in Executive Departments H. Government Operations H. Foreign Affairs Congress 82nd 83rd 83rd-87th CRS-21 CLARKE, MARIAN WILLIAMS. Republican; New York, 34th Congressional District. Elected to the 73rd Congress in a special election held December 28, 1933, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Davenport Clarke; sworn in and seated January 3, 1934; term expired January 3, 1935. Committee Assignments H. Civil Service H. Claims H. Invalid Pensions Congress 73rd 73rd 73rd CLARKE, YVETTE. Democrat; New York, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Homeland Security H. Small Business Congress 110th 110th 110th CLAYTON, EVA. Democrat; North Carolina, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 3, 1992, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Walter Jones and elected to the 103rd Congress at the same time; took office on November 5, 1992; reelected to the 104th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Small Business H. Budget Congress 103rd-107th 103rd-104th 105th-107th CLINTON, HILLARY RODHAM. Democrat; New York, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001. She was reelected in 2006. First Lady of the United States (1993-2001) and the only First Lady to run for elected political office. Chair of Senate Democratic Steering and Coordination Committee in the 108th Congress. Candidate for U.S. President (2008). Committee Assignments S. Budget S. Environment and Public Works S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions S. Armed Services S. Special Aging Congress 107th 107th-110th 107th-110th 108th-110th 109th-110th CRS-22 COLLINS, BARBARA-ROSE. Democrat; Michigan, 13th Congressional District (102nd Congress) and 15th Congressional District (103rd-104th Congresses). Elected to the 102nd Congress November 7, 1990; sworn in and seated January 3, 1991; reelected to the 103rd-104th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Science, Space and Technology H. Government Operations H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Select Children, Youth, and Families Congress 102nd-103rd 102nd 103rd 103rd 104th 104th 102nd COLLINS, CARDISS. Democrat; Illinois, 7th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress in a special election held June 5, 1973, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, George W. Collins; sworn in and seated June 7, 1973; reelected to the 94th-104th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1997. First female chair of the Congressional Black Caucus, 96th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. International Relations H. District of Columbia H. Foreign Affairs H. Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control H. Energy and Commerce H. Commerce H. Government Reform and Oversight Congress 93rd-103rd 94th-95th 95th 96th 96th-102nd 97th-103rd 104th 104th COLLINS, SUSAN M. Republican; Maine, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 6, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997. She was reelected in 2002. Committee Assignments S. Labor and Human Resources S. Governmental Affairs (committee chair, 108th ) S. Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (committee chair, 109th Congress) S. Special Aging S. Special Committee on the Year 2000 Technology Problems S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions S. Armed Services Jt. Economic Congress 105th 105th-108th 109th-110th 105th-110th 106th 106th-107th 107th-110th 108th CRS-23 CUBIN, BARBARA. Republican; Wyoming, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-110th Congresses. A House deputy majority whip in the 104th-105th Congresses. Secretary of the House Republican Conference in the 107th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Resources H. Science H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce Congress 104th-109th 104th 105th-106th 107th-110th DANNER, PAT. Democrat; Missouri, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-106th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2001. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Small Business H. International Relations Congress 103rd 104th-106th 103rd 105th-106th DAVIS, JO ANN. Republican; Virginia, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-110th Congresses; died in office on October 6, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Government Reform H. International Relations H. Foreign Affairs H. Select Intelligence Congress 107th-110th 107th-108th 107th-109th 110th 108th-109th DAVIS, SUSAN. Democrat; California, 49th Congressional District (107th Congress) and 53rd Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Education and the Workforce H. Education and Labor H. Veterans’ Affairs H. House Administration Jt. Printing Congress 107th-110th 107th-109th 110th 108th 110th 110th CRS-24 DEGETTE, DIANA. Democrat; Colorado, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses. A chief deputy Democratic whip in the 109th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce Congress 105th-106th 107th-110th DELAURO, ROSA. Democrat; Connecticut, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 6, 1990; sworn in and seated January 3, 1991; reelected to the 103rd-110th Congresses. A House chief deputy Democratic whip in the 104th-105th Congresses, assistant to the House Democratic leader in the 106th-107th Congresses, and co-chair of the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee in the 108th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Public Works and Transportation H. Select Committee on Aging H. Appropriations H. National Security H. Budget Congress 102nd 102nd 102nd 103rd, 105th-110th 104th 108th-110th DOLE, ELIZABETH H. Republican; North Carolina, Senate. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003. Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee in the 109th Congress (first woman chair), Member of the Federal Trade Commission (1973-1979), Secretary of Transportation (19831987), Secretary of Labor (1989-1990), and candidate for U.S. President (2000). Committee Assignments S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry S. Armed Services S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Special Aging S. Small Business and Entrpreneurship Congress 108th 108th-110th 108th-110th 108th-110th 110th DOUGLAS, EMILY TAFT. Democrat; Illinois, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 79th Congress November 7, 1944; sworn in and seated January 3, 1945; term expired January 3, 1947. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs Congress 79th DOUGLAS, HELEN GAHAGAN. Democrat; California, 14th Congressional District. Elected to the 79th Congress November 7, 1944; sworn in and seated January 3, 1945; reelected to the 80th-81st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1951. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs Congress 79th-81st CRS-25 DRAKE, THELMA. Republican; Virginia, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Education and the Workforce H. Resources H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 109th-110th 109th 109th 110th DUNN, JENNIFER. Republican; Washington, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-108th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2005. Secretary and later vice chair of the House Republican Conference, 105th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Administration H. Public Works and Transportation H. Science, Space, and Technology Jt. Committee on Congressional Operations H. Oversight H. Ways and Means Jt. Economic H. Homeland Security Congress 103rd 103rd 103rd 103rd 104th 104th-108th 107th-108th 108th DWYER, FLORENCE PRICE. Republican; New Jersey, 6th Congressional District (85th-89th Congresses) and 12th Congressional District (90th-92nd Congresses). Elected to the 85th Congress November 6, 1956; sworn in and seated January 3, 1957; reelected to the 86th-92nd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1973. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Banking and Currency Congress 85th-92nd 85th 86th-92nd EDWARDS, DONNA. Democrat; Maryland, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress June 17, 2008, in a special election to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Albert Wynn; sworn in and seated June 19, 2008. Committee Assignments H. Science and Technology H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 110th 110th CRS-26 EDWARDS, ELAINE. Democrat; Louisiana, Senator. Appointed to the 92nd Congress August 1, 1972, by her husband, Governor Edwin L. Edwards, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Allen J. Ellender; sworn in and seated August 7, 1972; served until November 13, 1972, when the elected successor for the remainder of the term took office. Committee Assignments S. Agriculture and Forestry S. Public Works Congress 92nd 92nd EMERSON, JO ANN. Republican; Missouri, 8th Congressional District. Elected as an Independent to the 104th Congress in a special election November 5, 1996, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Bill Emerson, and to her own seat in the 105th Congress; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997, although certified to serve in the 104th Congress; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Appropriations Congress 105th 105th 105th 106th-110th ENGLISH, KARAN. Democrat; Arizona, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Natural Resources Congress 103rd 103rd ESHOO, ANNA G. Democrat; California, 14th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce H. Intelligence Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-106th 107th-110th 108th-110th ESLICK, WILLA McCORD BLAKE. Democrat; Tennessee, 7th Congressional District. Elected the the 72nd Congress in a special election held August 4, 1932, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Edward Eslick; sworn in and seated December 5, 1932; term expired March 3, 1933. Committee Assignments H. Public Buildings and Grounds H. World War Veterans’ Legislation Congress 72nd 72nd CRS-27 FALLIN, MARY. Republican; Oklahoma, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Natural Resources Congress 110th 110th 110th FARRINGTON, MARY ELIZABETH PRUETT. Republican; Delegate from Hawaii. Elected to the 83rd Congress in a special election held July 31, 1954, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Joseph R. Farrington; sworn in and seated August 4, 1954; reelected to the 84th Congress; term expired January 3, 1957. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Armed Services H. Interior and Insular Affairs Congress 83rd-84th 83rd-84th 83rd-84th FEINSTEIN, DIANNE. Democrat; California, Senator. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 3, 1992, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Pete Wilson to become Governor of California; sworn in November 10, 1992. Subsequently elected to her own six-year term on November 8, 1994, and reelected in 2000 and 2006. Committee Assignments S. Appropriations S. Judiciary S. Rules and Administration (committee chair, 110th Congress ) S. Foreign Relations Jt. Committee on the Library (committee chair, 110th Congress) S. Energy and Natural Resources S. Select Intelligence Jt. Committee on Printing Congress 103rd, 107th-110th 103rd-110th 103rd-110th 104th-105th 105th, 110th 107th-109th 107th-110th 106th-110th FELTON, REBECCA LATIMER. Democrat; Georgia, Senator. Appointed to the 67th Congress on October 3, 1922, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Thomas E. Watson; sworn in and seated November 21, 1922; term expired November 22 with the election of Walter George to the vacancy she filled. Committee Assignments None listed Congress 67th CRS-28 FENWICK, MILLICENT. Republican; New Jersey, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in and seated January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th-97th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1983. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Currency, and Housing H. Small Business H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Standards of Official Conduct H. District of Columbia H. International Relations H. Education and Labor H. Foreign Affairs H. Select Committee on Aging Congress 94th 94th-95th 95th 95th 96th 96th 97th 97th 97th FERRARO, GERALDINE ANN. Democrat; New York, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 96th Congress November 7, 1978; sworn in and seated January 15, 1979; reelected to the 97th-98th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1985. She was the first woman nominated by a major political party for Vice President and was on the Democratic ticket in 1984 with Walter Mondale. Secretary of the House Democratic Caucus in the 97th and 98th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works and Transportation H. Select Committee on Aging H. Budget Congress 96th-97th 96th-98th 96th-97th 98th FIEDLER, BOBBI. Republican; California, 21st Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress November 4, 1980; sworn in and seated January 5, 1981; reelected to the 98th-99th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1987. Committee Assignments H. Budget Jt. Economics Congress 97th-99th 99th FOWLER, TILLIE. Republican; Florida, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-106th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2001. House deputy majority whip and chair of the House Page Board in the 104th-105th Congresses. Vice chair of the House Republican Conference in the 106th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. National Security H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 103rd, 106th 104th-105th 103rd 104th-106th CRS-29 FRAHM, SHEILA. Republican; Kansas, Senator. Appointed to the 104th Congress May 24, 1996, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert Dole; sworn in and seated June 11, 1996; term ended November 5, 1996, after the election to fill the remainder of Senator Dole’s unexpired term. Committee Assignments S. Armed Services S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Congress 104th 104th FOXX, VIRGINIA. Republican; North Carolina, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Education and the Workforce H. Government Reform H. Oversight and Government Reform Congress 109th-110th 109th-110th 109th 110th FUDGE, MARCIA F. Democrat; Ohio, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress in a special election held November 4, 2008, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones; sworn in and seated November 19, 2008. Committee Assignments None Yet Assigned Congress FULMER, WILLA LYBRAND. Democrat; South Carolina, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 78th Congress November 7, 1944, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Hampton P. Fulmer; sworn in and seated November 6, 1944; term expired January 3, 1945. Committee Assignments None listed Congress 78th FURSE, ELIZABETH. Democrat; Oregon, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-105th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1999. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Commerce Congress 103rd 103rd 103rd 104th-105th CRS-30 GASQUE, ELIZABETH HAWLEY. Democrat; South Carolina, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 75th Congress in a special election held September 13, 1938, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Allard H. Gasque; never sworn in or seated, because Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of her term; term expired January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments None listed, never sworn in Congress 76th GIBBS, FLORENCE REVILLE. Democrat; Georgia, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a special election held October 1, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Benjamin Gibbs; sworn in and seated October 3, 1940; term expired January 3, 1941. Committee Assignments None listed Congress 76th GIFFORDS, GABRIELLE. Democrat; Arizona, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Foreign Affairs H. Science and Technology Congress 110th 110th 110th GILLIBRAND, KIRSTEN. Democrat; New York, 20th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Armed Services Congress 110th 110th GRANAHAN, KATHRYN ELIZABETH. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress in a special election held November 6, 1956, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William T. Granahan and to a full two-year term in the 85th Congress; the 84th Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of the term; sworn in and seated January 3, 1957; reelected to the 86th-87th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Government Operations Congress 85th 85th-87th 85th, 2nd Sess.-87th CRS-31 GRANGER, KAY. Republican; Texas, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th110th Congresses. Vice Chair of the House Republican Conference in the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Oversight H. Transportation and Infrastructure Jt. Printing H. National Security H. Appropriations H. Homeland Security Congress 105th, 107th 105th 105th 105th 105th 106th-110th 108th GRASSO, ELLA T. Democrat; Connecticut, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 92nd Congress November 3, 1970; sworn in and seated January 21, 1971; reelected to the 93rd Congress; term expired January 3, 1975. Elected Governor of Connecticut in 1974 and 1978. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1981. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Veterans’ Affairs Congress 92nd-93rd 92nd-93rd GRAVES, DIXIE BIBB. Democrat; Alabama, Senator. Appointed by her husband, Governor David Bibb Graves, to the 75th Congress August 18, 1937, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Hugo L. Black; sworn in and seated August 20, 1937; resigned January 10, 1938. Committee Assignments S. Claims S. Education and Labor S. Mines and Mining Congress 75th 75th 75th GREEN, EDITH. Democrat; Oregon, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress November 2, 1954; sworn in and seated January 5, 1955; reelected to the 85th-93rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1975. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Interior and Insular Affairs Jt. Committee on Disposition of Executive Papers H. House Administration H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop H. District of Columbia H. Appropriations GREENE, ENID. See WALDHOLTZ, ENID GREENE. Congress 84th-92nd 84th-85th 85th 86th-87th 88th-90th 90th-93rd 92nd 93rd CRS-32 GREENWAY, ISABELLA SELMES. Democrat; Arizona, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 73rd Congress in a special election held October 3, 1933, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Lewis W. Douglas; sworn in and seated January 3, 1934; reelected to the 74th Congress; term expired January 3, 1937. Committee Assignments None listed H. Indian Affairs H. Irrigation and Reclamation H. Public Lands Congress 73rd 74th 74th 74th GRIFFITHS, MARTHA WRIGHT. Democrat; Michigan, 17th Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress November 2, 1954; sworn in and seated January 5, 1955; reelected to the 85th-93rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1975. Elected Lieutenant Governor of Michigan in 1982 and 1986. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Currency H. Government Operations Jt. Economic H. Ways and Means H. Select Committee on the Beauty Shop (committee chair, 90th-93rd Congresses) H. Select Committee on Crime Congress 84th-87th 84th-87th 87th-92nd 88th-92nd 90th-93rd 91st HALL, KATIE. Democrat; Indiana, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress in a special election held November 2, 1982, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Adam Benjamin, Jr.; sworn in and seated November 29, 1982; reelected to the 98th Congress; term expired January 3, 1985. Committee Assignments None H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works and Transportation Congress 97th 98th 98th HANSEN, JULIA BUTLER. Democrat; Washington, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 8, 1960, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Russell V. Mack and to the 87th Congress; the 86th Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of the term; sworn in and seated January 3, 1961; reelected to the 88th-93rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1975. Committee Assignments H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Education and Labor H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Appropriations 19 Congress 87th, 1st Sess.19 87th 87th 88th-93rd Rep. Hansen served on the Veteran’s Affairs Committee from Feb. 6, 1961 to March 6, 1961. CRS-33 HARDEN, CECIL MURRAY. Republican; Indiana, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 81st Congress November 2, 1948; sworn in and seated January 3, 1949; reelected to the 82nd-85th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1959. Committee Assignments H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Expenditures in Executive Departments H. Government Operations H. Post Office and Civil Service Congress 81st 82nd 83rd-85th 83rd-85th HARMAN, JANE. Democrat; California, 36th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-105th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1999. Elected to the 107th Congress on November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated on January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Science, Space, and Technology H. National Security H. Science H. Energy and Commerce H. Intelligence H. Homeland Security Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-105th 104th 107th, 110th 104th-105th 107th-109th 108th-110th HARRIS, KATHERINE. Republican; Florida, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th Congress; term expired January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. International Relations H. Homeland Security Congress 108th-109th 108th-109th 109th HART, MELISSA. Republican; Pennsylvania, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-109th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. Judiciary H. Science H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Ways and Means Congress 107th-108th 107th-108th 107th-108th 109th 109th CRS-34 HAWKINS, PAULA. Republican; Florida, Senator. Elected to the Senate on November 4, 1980; sworn in and seated January 5, 1981; term expired on January 3, 1987. Committee Assignments S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry S. Labor and Human Resources Jt. Economic S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Foreign Relations S. Special Aging Congress 97th-99th 97th-99th 97th 98th 98th 99th HECKLER, MARGARET M. Republican; Massachusetts, 19th Congressional District. Elected to the 90th Congress November 8, 1966; sworn in and seated January 10, 1967; reelected to the 91st-97th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1983. Secretary of Health and Human Services (1983-1985) and U.S. Ambassador to Ireland (1985-1989). Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Banking and Currency H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop H. Agriculture Jt. Economic H. Select Committee on Ethics H. Science and Technology Congress 90th 90th-97th 91st-93rd 92nd-93rd 94th-96th 94th, 96th-97th 96th 97th HERSETH SANDLIN, STEPHANIE. Democrat; South Dakota, Congresswoman-atlarge. Elected to the 108th Congress in a special election held June 1, 2004, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William Janklow; sworn in and seated June 3, 2004; reelected to the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Resources H. Natural Resources H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Select Energy, Independence, and Global Warming Congress 108th- 110th 108th- 109th 110th 108th- 110th 110th HICKS, LOUISE DAY. Democrat; Massachusetts, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 92nd Congress November 3, 1970; sworn in and seated January 21, 1971; term expired January 3, 1973. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Veterans’ Affairs Congress 92nd 92nd CRS-35 HIRONO, MAZIE. Democrat; Hawaii, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Small Business Congress 110th 110th 110th HOLT, MARJORIE S. Republican; Maryland, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in and seated January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-99th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1987. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Administration H. Budget H. Select Committee on Aging Jt. Economic H. District of Columbia Congress 93rd-99th 94th 95th-96th 96th 98th 98th HOLTZMAN, ELIZABETH. Democrat; New York, 16th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in and seated January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-96th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1981. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary H. Budget Congress 93rd-96th 94th-96th HONEYMAN, NAN WOOD. Democrat; Oregon, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 75th Congress November 3, 1936; sworn in and seated January 5, 1937; term expired January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments H. Indian Affairs H. Irrigation and Reclamation H. Rivers and Harbors Congress 75th 75th 75th HOOLEY, DARLENE. Democrat; Oregon, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Science H. Science and Technology H. Budget H. Veterans’Affairs H. Energy and Commerce Congress 105th-106th 107th-109th 105th, 109th 110th 106th-108th, 110th 108th-109th 110th CRS-36 HORN, JOAN KELLY. Democrat; Missouri, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 6, 1990; sworn in and seated January 3, 1991; term expired January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Select Children, Youth, and Family Congress 102nd 102nd 102nd HUCK, WINNIFRED SPRAGUE MASON. Republican; Illinois, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 67th Congress in a special election held November 7, 1922, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her father, William E. Mason; sworn in and seated November 20, 1922; term expired March 3, 1923. Committee Assignments H. Expenditures in the Department of Commerce H. Reform in the Civil Service H. Woman Suffrage Congress 67th 67th 67th HUMPHREY, MURIEL BUCK. Democrat; Minnesota, Senator. Appointed to the 95th Congress January 25, 1978, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Hubert H. Humphrey; sworn in and seated February 6, 1978; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments S. Foreign Relations S. Governmental Affairs Congress 95th 95th HUTCHISON, KAY BAILEY. Republican; Texas, Senator. Elected to the 103rd Congress on June 5, 1993, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Lloyd Bentsen to become Secretary of the Treasury; sworn in and seated June 14, 1993. Subsequently elected to a full six year term on November 8, 1994, and reelected in 2000 and 2006. First female vice chair of the Senate Republican Conference (107th-109th Congresses). Chair of the Senate Republican Policy Committee in the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments S. Armed Service S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation S. Small Business S. Select Intelligence S. Appropriations S. Rules and Administration S. Environment and Public Works S. Veterans’ Affairs Congress 103rd-104th 103rd-110th 103rd-104th 104th 105th-110th 105th-110th 106th 107th-110th CRS-37 JACKSON LEE, SHEILA. Democrat; Texas, 18th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary H. Science H. Homeland Security H. Foreign Affairs Congress 104th-110th 104th-109th 108th-110th 110th JENCKES, VIRGINIA ELLIS. Democrat; Indiana, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 73rd Congress November 8, 1932; sworn in and seated March 9, 1933; reelected to the 74th-75th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments H. Civil Service H. District of Columbia H. Mines and Mining Congress 73rd-75th 73rd-75th 73rd-74th JOHNSON, EDDIE BERNICE. Democrat; Texas, 30th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-110th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 107th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Science H. Science and Technology H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-109th 110th 104th-110th JOHNSON, NANCY L. Republican; Connecticut, 6th Congressional District (98th-107th Congresses) and 5th Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 98th Congress November 2, 1982; sworn in and seated January 3, 1983; reelected to the 99th-109th Congresses. Deputy Republican whip in the 103rd Congress; term expired January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Select Children, Youth, and Families H. Budget H. Ways and Means H. Standards of Official Conduct (committee chair, 104th Congress) Jt. Taxation Congress 98th-100th 98th-99th 98th-100th 100th 101st-109th 102nd-104th 109th CRS-38 JONES, STEPHANIE TUBBS. Democrat; Ohio, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in and seated January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-110th Congresses; died in office on August 20, 2008. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Small Business H. Standards of Official Conduct (committee chair, 110th Congress) H. Ways and Means Congress 106th 107th 106th-107th 107th-110th 108th-110th JORDAN, BARBARA C. Democrat; Texas, 18th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in and seated January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th95th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary H. Government Operations Congress 93rd-95th 94th-95th KAHN, FLORENCE PRAG. Republican; California, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 69th Congress in a special election held February 17, 1925, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Julius Kahn; sworn in and seated December 7, 1925; reelected to the 70th-74th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1937. Committee Assignments H. Census H. Coinage, Weights, and Measures H. Education H. Expenditures in the War Department H. War Claims H. Military Affairs H. Appropriations Congress 69th 69th 69th 69th 70th 71st-72nd 73rd-74th KAPTUR, MARCY. Democrat; Ohio, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 98th Congress November 2, 1982. Sworn in and seated January 3, 1983; reelected to the 99th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Budget H. Appropriations Congress 98th-101st 98th-100th 101st, 110th 101st-110th CRS-39 KASSEBAUM, NANCY LANDON. Republican; Kansas, Senator. Elected to the Senate on November 7, 1978; sworn in and seated December 23, 1978. After her election, Senator James Pearson resigned, and Governor Bennett of Kansas appointed Ms. Kassebaum to replace him for the duration of the 95th Congress. She was reelected to the Senate in 1984 and 1990; term expired January 3, 1997. Deputy minority whip in the 103rd Congress. Committee Assignments S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Special Committee on Aging S. Budget S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation S. Select Committee on Ethics S. Foreign Relations S. Labor and Human Resources (committee chair, 104th Congress) S. Indian Affairs Jt. Committee on the Organization of Congress Congress 96th, 101st-102nd 96th-98th, 101st-102nd 96th-100th 96th-100th 99th-100th 97th-104th 101st-104th 102nd-104th 103rd KEE, MAUDE ELIZABETH. Democrat; West Virginia, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 82nd Congress in a special election held July 16, 1951, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Kee; sworn in and seated July 26, 1951; reelected to the 83rd-88th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1965. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 88th Congress, 2nd Session. Committee Assignments H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Government Operations H. Interior and Insular Affairs Congress 82nd-88th 85th-87th 88th KELLY, EDNA FLANNERY. Democrat; New York, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 81st Congress November 8, 1949, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Andrew L. Somers; sworn in and seated January 3, 1950; reelected to the 82nd-90th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1969. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 83rd-84th and 88th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs H. Standards of Official Conduct Congress 81st-90th 90th KELLY, SUE. Republican; New York, 19th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-109th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2007. Chair of the House Page Board in the 106th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 104th-106th 107th-109th 104th-109th 104th-109th CRS-40 KENNELLY, BARBARA BAILEY. Democrat; Connecticut, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress in a special election on January 12, 1982, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William R. Cotter; sworn in and seated January 25, 1982; reelected to the 98th-105th Congresses; term expired on January 3, 1999. Appointed one of three House Democratic chief deputy whips in the 102nd and 103rd Congresses, the first woman to have held the position. Vice chair of the House Democratic Caucus in the 104th-105th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Public Works and Transportation H. Select Intelligence H. Budget H. Administration H. Ways and Means Congress 97th 97th 100th-102nd 103rd 103rd 98th-105th KEYS, MARTHA ELIZABETH. Democrat; Kansas, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in and seated January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th Congress; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments H. Ways and Means Congress 94th-95th KILPATRICK, CAROLYN CHEEKS. Democrat; Michigan, 15th Congressional District (105th-107th Congresses) and 13th Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services H. House Oversight Jt. Library H. Appropriations 105th 105th 105th 106th-110th KLOBUCHAR, AMY. Democrat; Minnesota; Senator. Elected to Senate November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 6, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation S. Environment and Public Works Jt. Economic 110th 110th 110th 110th KNUTSON, COYA GJESDAL. Democrat; Minnesota, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress November 2, 1954; sworn in and seated January 5, 1955; reelected to the 85th Congress; term expired January 3, 1959. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture Congress 84th-85th CRS-41 LANDRIEU, MARY. Democrat; Louisiana, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997. She was reelected to the Senate in 2002. Committee Assignments S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry S. Energy and Natural Resources S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship S. Armed Services S. Appropriations S. Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Congress 105th 105th-110th 105th-110th 106th-107th 107th-110th 110th LANGLEY, KATHERINE GUDGER. Republican; Kentucky, 10th Congressional District. Elected to the 70th Congress November 2, 1926; sworn in and seated December 5, 1927; reelected to the 71st Congress; term expired March 3, 1931. Committee Assignments H. Claims H. Immigration and Naturalization H. Invalid Pensions H. Education Congress 70th-71st 70th-71st 70th-71st 71st LEE, BARBARA. Democrat; California, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress in a special election held April 7, 1998, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Ronald Dellums; sworn in and seated April 20, 1998; reelected to the 106th-110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Science H. International Relations H. Foreign Affairs H. Appropriations Congress 105th-106th 107th-109th 105th 107th-109th 110th 110th LINCOLN, BLANCHE LAMBERT. Democrat; Arkansas, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th Congress; term expired January 3, 1997. Ms. Lincoln was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 3, 1998; sworn in and seated January 6, 1999; reelected in 2004. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Energy and Commerce H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Commerce S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry S. Energy and Natural Resources S. Special Committee on Aging S. Finance S. Select Committee on Ethics Congress 103rd 103rd 103rd 104th 106th-110th 106th, 110th 106th-108th, 110th 107th-110th 107th-108th CRS-42 LLOYD, MARILYN. Democrat; Tennessee, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in and seated January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th-103rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Public Works H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Public Works and Transportation H. Select Committee on Aging H. Armed Services Congress 94th 94th-103rd 95th-99th 96th-102nd 98th-103rd LOFGREN, ZOE. Democrat; California, 16th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary H. Science H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Homeland Security H. Administration Jt. Library Congress 104th-110th 104th-108th 105th-107th 108th-110th 109th-110th 109th-110th LONG, CATHERINE S. Democrat; Louisiana, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 99th Congress in a special election held March 30, 1985, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Gillis Long; sworn in and seated April 4, 1985; term expired January 3, 1987. Committee Assignment H. Public Works H. Small Business Congress 99th 99th LONG, JILL. Democrat; Indiana, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 101st Congress in a special election held March 28, 1989, to fill the vacancy caused by the appointment of Dan Coats to the Senate; sworn in and seated April 5, 1989; reelected to the 102nd103rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Select Committee on Hunger Congress 101st-103rd 101st-103rd 101st-102nd CRS-43 LONG, ROSE McCONNELL. Democrat; Louisiana, Senator. Appointed to the 74th Congress January 31, 1936, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Huey Pierce Long; sworn in and seated February 10, 1936; subsequently elected April 21, 1936, in a special election to fill the remaining months of her husband’s term, took the oath of office for a second time on May 19, 1936; term expired January 3, 1937. Committee Assignments S. Claims S. Immigration S. Interoceanic Canals S. Post Office and Post Roads S. Public Lands and Surveys Congress 74th 74th 74th 74th 74th LOWEY, NITA M. Democrat; New York, 20th Congressional District (101st-102nd Congresses) and 18th Congressional District (103rd-110th Congresses). Elected to the 101st Congress November 8, 1988; sworn in and seated January 3, 1989; reelected to the 102nd-110th Congresses. Chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee in the 107th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control H. Appropriations H. Homeland Security Congress 101st-102nd 101st-102nd 101st-102nd 103rd-110th 108th-110th LUCE, CLARE BOOTHE. Republican; Connecticut, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 78th Congress November 3, 1942; sworn in and seated January 6, 1943; reelected to the 79th Congress; term expired January 3, 1947. Ambassador to Italy 1953-1956; nominated Ambassador to Brazil in 1959, but did not serve; and awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1983. Committee Assignments H. Military Affairs Congress 78th-79th LUSK, GEORGIA LEE. Democrat; New Mexico, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 80th Congress November 5, 1946; sworn in and seated January 3, 1947; term expired January 3, 1949. Committee Assignments H. Veterans’ Affairs Congress 80th MAJETTE, DENISE L. Democrat; Georgia, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; term expired January 3, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Education and the Workforce H. Small Business Congress 108th 108th 108th CRS-44 MALONEY, CAROLYN. Democrat; New York, 14th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Oversight and Government Reform H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services Jt. Economic Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-105th 106th-109th 110th 104th-106th 107th-110th 105th-110th MANKIN, HELEN DOUGLAS. Democrat; Georgia, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 79th Congress in a special election held February 12, 1946, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert Ramspeck; sworn in and seated February 25, 1946; term expired January 3, 1947. Committee Assignments H. Civil Service H. Claims H. Elections H. Revision of Laws Congress 79th 79th 79th 79th MARGOLIES-MEZVINSKY, MARJORIE. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Energy and Commerce H. Government Operations H. Small Business Congress 103rd 103rd 103rd MARTIN, LYNN M. Republican; Illinois, 16th Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress November 4, 1980; sworn in and seated January 5, 1981; reelected to the 98th101st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1991. Vice chair of the House Republican Conference (99th-100th Congresses) and Secretary of Labor (1991-1993). Committee Assignments H. Administration H. Budget H. Armed Services H. Rules H. Bipartisan Task Force on Ethics (vice chair) Congress 97th-98th 97th-99th 99th-100th 101st 101st CRS-45 MATSUI, DORIS O. Democrat; California, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress in a special election held March 8, 2005, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Robert Matsui; sworn in and seated March 10, 2005; reelected to the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Rules H. Science H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Energy and Commerce Congress 109th-110th 109th 110th 110th MAY, CATHERINE DEAN. Republican; Washington, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 4, 1958; sworn in and seated January 7, 1959; reelected to the 87th-91st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1971. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. District of Columbia H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop Jt. Atomic Energy Congress 86th-91st 91st, 1st Sess. 91st 91st MCCARTHY, CAROLYN. Democrat; New York, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Education and the Workforce H. Education and Labor H. Small Business H. Financial Services Congress 105th-109th 110th 105th-106th 108th-110th MCCARTHY, KAREN. Democrat; Missouri, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-108th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Science H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce H. Homeland Security Congress 104th 104th 104th 105th-106th 107th-108th 108th CRS-46 MCCARTHY, KATHYRN O’LOUGHLIN. Democrat; Kansas, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 73rd Congress November 8, 1932; sworn in and seated March 9, 1933; term expired January 3, 1935. Committee Assignments H. Education H. Public Buildings and Grounds H. World War Veterans’ Legislation Congress 73rd 73rd 73rd MCCASKILL, CLAIRE. Democrat; Missouri, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments S. Armed Services S. Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs S. Indian Affairs S. Special Aging Congress 110th 110th 110th 110th MCCOLLUM, BETTY. Democrat; Minnesota, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Education and the Workforce H. Resources H. International Relations H. Appropriations H. Oversight and Government Reform Congress 107th-109th 107th-108th 108th-109th 110th 110th MCCORMICK, RUTH HANNA. Republican; Illinois, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 71st Congress November 6, 1928; sworn in and seated April 15, 1929; term expired March 3, 1931. Committee Assignments H. Naval Affairs Congress 71st MCKINNEY, CYNTHIA. Democrat; Georgia, 11th Congressional District (103rd-104th Congresses) and 4th Congressional District (105th-107th Congress and 109th Congress). Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Elected to the 109th Congress November 2, 2004; sworn and seated January 4, 2005; term expired January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Foreign Affairs H. Banking and Finance H. International Relations H. National Security H. Armed Services H. Budget Congress 103rd-104th 103rd 104th-105th 104th-107th 105th 106th-107th , 109th 109th CRS-47 MCMILLAN, CLARA GOODING. Democrat; South Carolina, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a special election held November 7, 1939, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thomas S. McMillan; sworn in and seated January 3, 1940; term expired January 3, 1941. Committee Assignments H. Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives in Congress H. Insular Affairs H. Patents H. Public Buildings and Grounds Congress 76th 76th 76th 76th MCMORRIS ROGERS, CATHY. Republican; Washington, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Education and the Workforce H. Education and Labor H. Resources H. Natural Resources Congress 109th -110th 109th 110th 109th 110th MEEK, CARRIE. Democrat; Florida, 17th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-107th Congresses; term expired Januay 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Appropriations H. Budget H. Government Reform and Oversight Congress 103rd, 105th-107th 104th 104th MEYERS, JAN. Republican; Kansas, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 99th Congress November 6, 1984; sworn in and seated January 3, 1985; reelected to the 100th-104th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Science and Technology H. Select Aging H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Small Business (committee chair, 104th) Congress 99th 99th-102nd 99th-103rd 104th 104th 99th-104th MEYNER, HELEN STEVENSON. Democrat; New Jersey, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in and seated January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th Congress; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations Congress 94th-95th 94th 95th CRS-48 MIKULSKI, BARBARA ANN. Democrat; Maryland, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 95th Congress November 2, 1976; sworn in and seated January 4, 1977; reelected to the 97th-99th Congresses. Ms. Mikulski was subsequently elected to the Senate November 4, 1986; sworn in and seated January 6, 1987. She was reelected to the Senate in 1992, 1996, and 2002. Elected assistant Senate Democratic floor leader in the 103rd Congress; the only woman to have held that position. Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference in the 104th-108th Congresses, which was the highest position held by a woman, Democratic Senator up to that time. Committee Assignments H. Interstate and Foreign Commerce H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Energy and Commerce S. Environmental and Public Works S. Appropriations S. Labor and Human Resources S. Small Business S. Select Ethics S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions S. Select Intelligence Congress 95th-97th 95th-99th 97th-99th 100th 100th-110th 100th-105th 100th-102nd 103rd-104th, 109th 106th-110th 107th-110th MILLENDER-McDONALD, JUANITA. Democrat; California, 37th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress in a special election held March 26, 1996, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Walter Tucker; sworn in and seated April 16, 1996; reelected to the 105th-110th Congresses; died in office April 22, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Administration (committee chair, 110th Congress) Jt. Library Jt. Printing Congress 104th-110th 104th-110th 108th-110th 108th-110th 109th-110th MILLER, CANDICE S. Republican; Michigan, 10th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Government Reform H. House Administration H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Select Energy Independence and Global Warming H. Homeland Security Jt. Library Jt. Printing Congress 108th-110th 108th-109th 109th 110th 110th 110th 109th 109th CRS-49 MINK, PATSY TAKEMOTO. Democrat; Hawaii, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 89th Congress November 3, 1964; sworn in and seated January 4, 1965; reelected to the 90th-94th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1977. She was subsequently elected to the 101st Congress in a special election held September 22, 1990, to fill the vacancy caused by the appointment of Daniel Akaka to the Senate; sworn in and seated September 27, 1990; reelected to the 102nd-107th Congresses; died in office on September 28, 2002. Secretary to the House Democratic Caucus in the 94th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Budget H. Government Operations H. Natural Resources H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Education and the Workforce H. Government Reform Congress 89th-94th, 101st-103rd 90th-94th 94th, 103rd-105th 101st-102nd 103rd 104th 105th-107th 106th-107th MOLINARI, SUSAN. Republican; New York, 14th Congressional District (101st-102nd Congresses) and 13th Congressional District (103rd-105th Congresses). Elected to the 101st Congress in a special election held March 20, 1990, to fill the term of her father, Guy Molinari, who resigned to become Staten Island Borough president; sworn in and seated March 27, 1990; reelected to the 102nd-105th Congresses. Vice chair of the House Republican Conference in the 104th-105th Congresses, resigned from the 105th Congress August 1, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Small Business H. Public Works and Transportation H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Education and Labor H. Budget Congress 101st 101st-103rd 104th -105th 102nd-103rd 104th-105th MOORE, GWEN. Democrat; Wisconsin, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. Small Business H. Budget Congress 109th-110th 109th-110th 110th CRS-50 MORELLA, CONSTANCE A. Republican; Maryland, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 100th Congress November 4, 1986; sworn in and seated January 6, 1987; reelected to the 101st-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. In 2003, she was appointed as U.S. Representative to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Select Aging H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Science Congress 100th-103rd 100th-103rd 100th-102nd 104th-105th 106th-107th 104th-107th MOSELEY-BRAUN, CAROL. Democrat; Illinois, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1999. Ambassador to New Zealand from 1999-2001; candidate for U.S. President in 2004. Committee Assignments S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Judiciary S. Small Business S. Finance S. Special Aging Congress 103rd-105th 103rd 103rd 104th-105th 104th-105th MURKOWSKI, LISA. Republican; Alaska, Senate. Appointed to the 108th Congress December 20, 2002. She was appointed by her father, Frank Murkowski, to the seat he had held before he was elected governor of Alaska on November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003. She was reelected on November 2, 2004, to a six-year term. Committee Assignments S. Energy and Natural Resources S. Environment and Public Works S. Veterans’ Affairs S. Indian Affairs S. Foreign Relations S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Congress 108th-110th 108th-109th 108th 108th-110th 109th-110th 110th CRS-51 MURRAY, PATTY. Democrat; Washington, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected in 1998 and 2004. Senate Democratic deputy whip in the 103rd Congress and a deputy Democratic whip in the 104th-106th Congresses. Chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee in the 107th Congress. Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference in the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments S. Appropriations S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Budget S. Labor and Human Resources S. Veterans Affairs S. Select Ethics S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions S. Foreign Relations S. Indian Affairs Jt. Printing Congress 103rd-110th 103rd-104th 103rd-109th 105th 105th-109th 105th 106th-110th 110th 110th 110th MUSGRAVE, MARILYN. Republican; Colorado, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th -110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Education and the Workforce H. Small Business H. Resources Congress 108th-110th 108th-109th 108th-110th 109th MYRICK, SUE. Republican; North Carolina, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Science H. Small Business H. Rules H. Energy and Commerce Congress 104th 104th 104th 105th-108th 109th-110th NAPOLITANO, GRACE. Democrat; California, 34th Congressional District (106th-107th Congresses) and 38th Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in and seated January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-110th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus in the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Resources H. Natural Resources H. Small Business H. International Relations H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 106th-109th 110th 106th-108th 107th-109th 110th CRS-52 NEUBERGER, MAURINE BROWN. Democrat; Oregon, Senator. Elected to the 86th Congress November 8, 1960, in a special election held to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Richard L. Neuberger, and for the ensuing six-year term; sworn in November 9, 1960; term expired January 3, 1967. Committee Assignments S. Agriculture and Forestry S. Banking and Currency S. Special Committee on Aging S. Committee on Parliamentary Conference with Canada S. Commerce Congress 87th-88th 87th-89th 87th 87th, 2nd Sess. 89th NOLAN, MAE ELLA. Republican; California, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 67th Congress in a special election held January 23, 1923, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Nolan, and also to the 68th Congress; sworn in and seated February 2, 1923; term expired March 3, 1925. First woman to chair a congressional committee Committee Assignments H. Expenditures in the Post Office Department, (committee chair, 68th ) H. Labor Congress 67th-68th 67th-68th NORRELL, CATHERINE DORRIS. Democrat; Arkansas, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 87th Congress in a special election April 18, 1961, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William Frank Norrell; sworn in and seated April 25, 1961; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service Congress 87th NORTHUP, ANNE M. Republican; Kentucky 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Appropriations Congress 105th-109th NORTON, ELEANOR HOLMES. Democrat; Non-voting Delegate from the District of Columbia. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 6, 1990; sworn in and seated January 3, 1991; reelected to the 103rd-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works and Transportation Jt. Committee on the Organization of Congress H. Small Business H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Oversight and Government Reform H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Homeland Security Congress 102nd-103rd 102nd-103rd 102nd-103rd 103rd 104th 104th-105th 106th-109th 110th 104th-110th 108th-110th CRS-53 NORTON, MARY TERESA. Democrat; New Jersey, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 69th Congress November 4, 1924; sworn in and seated December 7, 1925; reelected to the 70th-81st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1951. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia (committee chair, 72nd-74th) H. Labor (committee chair, 75th-79th) H. World War Veterans Legislation H. Memorials H. Education H. Enrolled Bills H. Administration (committee chair, 81st) Congress 69th-74th 69th-79th 69th-72nd 71st-79th 78th-79th 78th-79th 80th-81st OAKAR, MARY ROSE. Democrat; Ohio, 20th Congressional District. Elected to the 95th Congress November 2, 1976; sworn in and seated January 4, 1977; reelected to the 96th102nd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1993. Elected secretary of the House Democratic Caucus in the 99th Congress and vice chair of the caucus in the 100th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Select Committee on Aging H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Administration Congress 95th-102nd 96th-102nd 97th-102nd 98th-102nd O’DAY, CAROLINE LOVE GOODWIN. Democrat; New York, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 74th Congress November 6, 1934; sworn in and seated January 3, 1935; reelected to the 75th-77th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1943. Committee Assignments H. Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives in Congress (committee chair, 75th-77th) H. Immigration and Naturalization H. Insular Affairs Congress 74th-77th 75th-77th 75th-77th OLDFIELD, PEARL PEDEN. Democrat; Arkansas, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 70th Congress in a special election held January 9, 1929, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William Allen Oldfield, and also to the 71st Congress; sworn in and seated January 11, 1929; term expired March 3, 1931. Committee Assignments H. Coinage, Weights, and Measures H. Expenditures in the Executive Departments H. Public Buildings and Grounds Congress 71st 71st 71st CRS-54 OWEN, RUTH BRYAN. Democrat; Florida, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 71st Congress November 6, 1928; sworn in and seated April 15, 1929; reelected to the 72nd Congress; term expired March 3, 1933. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs Congress 71st-72nd PATTERSON, ELIZABETH J. Democrat; South Carolina, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 100th Congress November 4, 1986; sworn in and seated January 6, 1987; reelected to the 101st-102nd Congresses, term expired January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Select Hunger Congress 100th-102nd 100th-102nd 100th-102nd PELOSI, NANCY. Democrat; California, 5th Congressional District (100th-102nd Congresses) and 8th Congressional District (103rd-110th Congresses). Elected to the 100th Congress in a special election June 2, 1987, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Sala Burton; sworn in and seated June 9, 1987; reelected to the 101st-110th Congresses. Elected Speaker of the House in the 110th Congress, making her the first female Speaker of the House. Elected House Democratic whip on Oct.10, 2001, effective January 15, 2002, and elected House Democratic leader for the 108th and 109th Congresses. Both were the highest House leadership positions ever held by a woman at that time. Representative Pelosi is also the only woman nominated to be Speaker of the House. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Government Operations H. Appropriations H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Intelligence H. Intelligence (Ex Officio) Congress 100th-101st 100th-101st 102nd-107th 102nd-104th 104th-107th 108th-109th PETTIS, SHIRLEY N. Republican; California, 37th Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress April 29,1975, in a special election to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Jerry L. Pettis; sworn in and seated May 6, 1975; reelected to the 95th Congress; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Education and Labor H. International Relations Congress 94th 95th 95th PFOST, GRACIE BOWERS. Democrat; Idaho, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 83rd Congress November 4, 1952; sworn in and seated January 3, 1953; reelected to the 84th87th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works Congress 83rd-87th 84th-85th 86th-87th CRS-55 PRATT, ELIZA JANE. Democrat; North Carolina, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 79th Congress in a special election held May 25, 1946, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William O. Burgin; sworn in and seated June 3, 1946; term expired January 3, 1947. Committee Assignments H. Flood Control H. Pensions H. Territories Congress 79th 79th 79th PRATT, RUTH SEARS BAKER. Republican; New York, 17th Congressional District. Elected to the 71st Congress November 6, 1928; sworn in and seated April 15, 1929; reelected to the 72nd Congress; term expired March 3, 1933. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Currency H. Library H. Education Congress 71st 71st-72nd 72nd PRYCE, DEBORAH. Republican; Ohio, 15th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-110th Congresses. A deputy Republican whip in the 105th-106th Congresses, secretary of the House Republican Conference in the 106th Congress, House Republican Conference vice chair in the 107th Congress, and chair of the House Republican Conference in the 108th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Government Operations H. Rules H. Financial Services Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-108th 109th-110th PYLE, GLADYS. Republican; South Dakota, Senator. Elected to the 75th Congress November 8, 1938, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Peter Norbeck; never sworn in and seated, because Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of the term; term expired January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments None listed, never sworn in Congress 75th RANKIN, JEANNETTE. Republican; Montana, Congresswoman-at-large (65th Congress) and 1st Congressional District (77th Congress). Elected to the 65th Congress November 9, 1916; sworn in and seated April 2, 1917; term expired March 4, 1919. Elected to the 77th Congress November 5, 1940; sworn in and seated January 3, 1941; term expired January 3, 1943. Committee Assignments H. Public Lands H. Woman Suffrage H. Insular Affairs Congress 65th, 77th 65th 77th CRS-56 REECE, LOUISE GOFF. Republican; Tennessee, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 87th Congress in a special election on May 16, 1961, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, B. Carroll Reece; sworn in and seated May 23, 1961; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. Public Works Congress 87th REID, CHARLOTTE THOMPSON. Republican; Illinois, 15th Congressional District. Elected to the 88th Congress November 6, 1962; sworn in and seated January 9, 1963; reelected to the 89th-92nd Congresses; resigned October 7, 1971, to become a member of the Federal Communication Commission. Committee Assignments H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Public Works H. Appropriations H. Standards of Official Conduct Congress 88th-89th 89th 90th-92nd 91st-92nd RICHARDSON, LAURA. Democrat, California, 37th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress in a special election August 21, 2007, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Juanita Millender-McDonald; sworn in and seated September 4, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Science and Technology H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 110th 110th RILEY, CORINNE BOYD. Democrat; South Carolina, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 87th Congress in a special election on April 10, 1962, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Jacob Riley; sworn in and seated April 12, 1962; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. Science and Transportation Congress 87th RIVERS, LYNN. Democrat; Michigan, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Science H. Education and the Workforce Congress 104th-106th 104th-107th 107th CRS-57 ROBERTSON, ALICE MARY. Republican; Oklahoma, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 67th Congress on November 2, 1920; sworn in and seated April 11, 1921; term expired March 3, 1923. Committee Assignments H. Expenditures in the Interior Department H. Indian Affairs H. Woman Suffrage Congress 67th 67th 67th ROGERS, EDITH NOURSE. Republican; Massachusetts, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 69th Congress in a special election held June 30, 1925, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Jacob Rogers; sworn in and seated December 7, 1925; reelected to the 70th-86th Congresses; died in office September 10, 1960. Committee Assignments H. Expenditures in the Navy Department H. Industrial Arts and Expositions H. Woman Suffrage H. World War Veterans’ Legislation H. Civil Service H. Indian Affairs H. Foreign Affairs H. Veterans’ Affairs (committee chair, 80th, 83rd) Congress 69th 69th 69th 69th-79th 70th-77th 70th 73rd-79th 80th-86th ROS-LEHTINEN, ILEANA. Republican; Florida, 18th Congressional District. Elected to the 101st Congress in a special election held August 29, 1989, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Claude Pepper; sworn in and seated September 6, 1989; reelected to the 102nd-110th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Conference in the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Budget Congress 101st-103rd, 110th 104th-109th 101st-103rd 104th-105th 106th-109th 109th ROUKEMA, MARGARET (MARGE) SCAFATI. Republican; New Jersey, 7th Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress November 4, 1980; sworn in and seated January 5, 1981; reelected to the 98th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Education and Labor H. Select Hunger H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Education and the Workforce Congress 97th-103rd 97th-103rd 98th-102nd 104th-106th 107th 104th 105th-107th CRS-58 ROYBAL-ALLARD, LUCILLE. Democrat; California, 33rd Congressional District (103rd-107th Congresses) and 34th Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Small Business H. Banking and Financial Services H. Budget H. Select U.S. National Security and Military/Commercial Concerns with the People’s Republic of China H. Appropriations H. Standards of Official Conduct 103rd 103rd 104th-105th 104th-105th 105th-106th 106th-110th 108th-110th SAIKI, PATRICIA F. Republican; Hawaii, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 100th Congress November 4, 1986; sworn in and seated January 6, 1987; reelected to the 101st Congress; term expired January 3, 1991. Served as head of the Small Business Administration (1991-1993). Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Select Aging Congress 100th-101st 100th-101st 100th-101st ST. GEORGE, KATHARINE PRICE COLLIER. Republican; New York, 28th Congressional District. Elected to the 80th Congress November 5, 1946; sworn in and seated January 3, 1947; reelected to the 81st-88th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1965. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Government Operations H. Armed Services H. Rules Congress 80th-84th, 86th-89th 83rd 85th-86th 87th-89th SANCHEZ, LINDA. Democrat; California, 39th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th SÁ Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th-110th Congresses. Sister of Representative Loretta Sanchez. Committee Assignments H. Government Reform H. Judiciary H. Small Business H. Education and Labor H. Foreign Affairs Congress 108th-109th 108th-110th 108th-109th 110th 110th CRS-59 SANCHEZ, LORETTA. Democrat; California, 46th Congressional District (105th -107th Congresses) and 47th Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses. Sister of Representative Linda Sánchez. Committee Assignments H. Education and the Workforce H. National Security H. Armed Services H. Homeland Security Jt. Economic Congress 105th-107th 105th 106th-110th 108th-110th 109th SCHAKOWSKY, JANICE. Democrat; Illinois, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in and seated January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-110th Congresses. A Democratic chief deputy whip in the 108th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Government Reform H. Small Business H. Energy and Commerce H. Intelligence Congress 106th 107th 106th-107th 106th 108th -110th 110th SCHENK, LYNN. Democrat; California, 49th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Energy and Commerce H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries Congress 103rd 103rd SCHMIDT, JEAN. Republican, Ohio, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress in a special election held August 2, 2005, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rob Portman; sworn in and seated September 6, 2005; reelected to the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Government Reform H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 109th-110th 109th 109th-110th SCHNEIDER, CLAUDINE CMARADA. Republican; Rhode Island, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress November 4, 1980; sworn in and seated January 5, 1981; reelected to the 98th-101st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Science and Technology H. Special Committee on Aging Congress 97th-101st 97th-101st 98th-101st CRS-60 SCHROEDER, PATRICIA S. Democrat; Colorado, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in and seated January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-104th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1997. Candidate for U.S. President in 1987 for the 1988 nomination. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Judiciary H. Select Children, Youth, and Families (committee chair, 102nd) H. National Security Congress 93rd-103rd 93rd-103rd 97th-104th 100th-102nd 104th SCHWARTZ, ALLYSON Y. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Ways and Means Congress 109th-110th 109th 110th SEASTRAND, ANDREA, Republican; California, 22nd Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Science H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 104th 104th SEKULA GIBBS, SHELLEY, Republican; Texas, 22nd Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress in a special election held November 7, 2006, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Tom Delay; sworn in and seated November 13, 2006; term expired January 3, 2007. Second woman doctor elected to Congress. Committee Assignments H. Education and the Workforce H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 109th 109th SHEA-PORTER, CAROL, Democrat; New Hampshire, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Education and Labor Congress 110th 110th CRS-61 SHEPHERD, KAREN. Democrat; Utah, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Natural Resources H. Public Works and Transportation Congress 103rd 103rd SIMPSON, EDNA OAKES. Republican; New York, 28th Congressional District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 4, 1958; sworn in and seated January 7, 1959; term expired January 3, 1961. Rep. Simpson succeeded her husband, Sidney Simpson, who died on October 26, 1958. The seat remained vacant from October 26, 1958, to January 7, 1959, the beginning of 86th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Administration H. Interior and Insular Affairs Congress 86th 86th SLAUGHTER, LOUISE MCINTOSH. Democrat; New York, 30th Congressional District (100th-102nd Congresses) and 28th Congressional District (103rd-110th Congresses). Elected to the 100th Congress November 4, 1986; sworn in and seated January 6, 1987; reelected to the 101st-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Public Works and Transportation H. Select Aging H. Budget H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Rules (committee chair, 110th Congress) H. Homeland Security Congress 100th-101st 100th-101st 100th-102nd 102nd-104th 104th 102nd-110th 108th SMITH, LINDA. Republican; Washington, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th Congress; term expired January 3, 1999. Committee Assignments H. Resources H. Small Business Congress 104th-105th 104th-105th CRS-62 SMITH, MARGARET CHASE. Republican; Maine, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a special election held June 3, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Clyde H. Smith; sworn in and seated June 10, 1940; reelected to the 77th-80th Congresses. Ms. Smith was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 2, 1948; sworn in and seated on January 3, 1949. She was reelected to the Senate in 1954, 1960, and 1966; term expired January 3, 1973. Chair of the Senate Republican Conference, 1967-1972 (the highest Senate leadership post held by a woman), and candidate for U.S. President (1964). Committee Assignments H. Election of the President, Vice President, Representatives in Congress H. War Claims H. Revision of the Laws H. Invalid Pensions H. Education H. Post Office and Post Roads H. Naval Affairs H. Armed Services S. District of Columbia S. Expenditures in Executive Departments S. Rules and Administration S. Appropriations S. Armed Services S. Government Operations S. Aeronautical and Space Sciences Congress 76th 76th 76th 76th-77th 77th 77th 78th-79th 80th 81st 81st-82nd 82nd 83rd-92nd 83rd-92nd 83rd-85th 86th-92nd SMITH, VIRGINIA. Republican; Nebraska, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in and seated January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th-101st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Appropriations Congress 94th 94th 95th-101st CRS-63 SNOWE, OLYMPIA J. Republican; Maine, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 96th Congress November 7, 1978; sworn in and seated January 15, 1979; reelected to the 97th-103rd Congresses. Ms. Snowe was subsequently elected to the Senate November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 3, 1995. She was reelected to the Senate in 2000 and 2006. Counsel to the Senate majority whip in the 105th-107th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Small Business H. Select Committee on Aging H. Foreign Affairs Jt. Economic H. Budget S. Budget S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation S. Foreign Relations S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship (Committee chair, 108th- 109th Congresses ) S. Armed Services S. Finance S. Select Intelligence Congress 96th 96th-97th 96th-102nd 97th-103rd 98th-102nd 103rd 104th-107th 104th-110th 104th 104th-110th 105th-106th 107th-109th 108th -110th SOLIS, HILDA. Democrat; California, 31st Congressional District (107th Congress) and 32nd Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Education and the Workforce H. Resources H. Natural Resources H. Energy and Commerce H. Select Energy Independence and Global Warming Congress 107th 107th 110th 108th-110th 110th SPEIER, JACKIE. Democrat; California, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress in a special election held April 8, 2008, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Tom Lantos; sworn in and seated April 10, 2008. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. Oversight and Government Reform Congress 110th 110th SPELLMAN, GLADYS NOON. Democrat; Maryland, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in and seated January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th-97th Congresses. Unable to be sworn in and seated in 97th Congress due to disability; seat declared vacant February 24, 1981. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Currency, and Housing H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Democratic Steering and Policy Congress 94th 94th-95th 95th-96th 96th CRS-64 STABENOW, DEBBIE. Democrat; Michigan, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th Congress. Ms Stabenow was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated on January 3, 2001. She was reelected to the Senate in 2006. Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference in the 109th Congress and vice chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee in the 108th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Science S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Budget S. Special Committee on Aging S. Finance Congress 105th-106th 105th-106th 107th-110th 107th-109th 107th-110th 107th-108th 110th STANLEY, WINIFRED CLAIRE. Republican; New York, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 78th Congress November 3, 1942; sworn in and seated January 6, 1943; term expired January 3, 1945. Committee Assignments H. Civil Service H. Patents Congress 78th 78th SULLIVAN, LEONOR KRETZER. Democrat; Missouri, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 83rd Congress November 4, 1952; sworn in and seated January 3, 1953; reelected to the 84th-94th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1977. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 86th-93rd Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries (committee chair, 93rd-94th) H. Banking and Currency Jt. Committee on Defense Production Congress 83rd, 89th-94th 84th-94th 91st-94th SUMNER, JESSIE. Republican; Illinois, 18th Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress November 8, 1938; sworn in and seated January 3, 1939; reelected to the 77th79th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1947. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Currency Congress 76th-79th SUTTON, BETTY. Democrat; Ohio, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Rules Congress 110th 110th CRS-65 TAUSCHER, ELLEN. Democrat; California, 10th Congressional District. Elected to 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. National Security H. Science H. Armed Services H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 105th 105th 106th-110th 105th-110th THOMAS, LERA MILLARD. Democrat; Texas, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 89th Congress in a special election held March 26, 1966, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Albert Thomas; sworn in and seated March 30, 1966; term expired January 3, 1967. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries Congress 89th THOMPSON, RUTH. Republican; Michigan, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 82nd Congress November 8, 1950; sworn in and seated January 3, 1951; reelected to the 83rd and 84th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1957. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary Jt. Committee on Immigration and Nationality Policy Congress 82nd-84th 84th THURMAN, KAREN L. Democrat; Florida, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Ways and Means Congress 103rd-104th 103rd 104th 105th-107th TSONGAS, NIKI. Democrat; Massachusetts, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress October 16, 2007, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Martin Meehan; sworn in and seated October 18, 2007. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Budget Congress 110th 110th UNSOELD, JOLENE. Democrat; Washington, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 101st Congress November 8, 1988; sworn in and seated January 3, 1989; reelected to the 102nd-103rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Select Aging Congress 101st-103rd 101st-103rd 101st-102n CRS-66 VELÁZQUEZ, NYDIA M. Democrat; New York, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Small Business (committee chair, 110th Congress) Congress 103rd 104rd-106th 107th-110th 103rd-110th VUCANOVICH, BARBARA. Republican; Nevada, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 98th Congress November 2, 1982; sworn in and seated January 3, 1983; reelected to the 99th-104th Congresses. Secretary of the House Republican Conference in the 104th Congress; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Administration H. Select Children, Youth, and Families H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Appropriations H. Natural Resources Congress 98th-101st 98th-101st 98th-102nd 102nd-104th 103rd WALDHOLTZ, ENID GREENE. Republican; Utah, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Rules Congress 104th WASSERMAN SCHULTZ, DEBBIE. Democrat, Florida, 20th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th Congress. A chief deputy Democratic whip in the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. Appropriations H. Judiciary Congress 109th 110th 110th CRS-67 WATERS, MAXINE. Democrat; California, 29th Congressional District (102nd Congress) and 35th Congressional District (103rd-110th Congresses). Elected to the 102nd Congress November 6, 1990; sworn in and seated January 3, 1991; reelected to the 103rd-110th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 105th Congress; a vice chair of the Democratic Steering Committee in the 105th-109th Congresses; and a chief deputy Democratic whip in the 106th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Veterans’ Affairs H Small Business H. Judiciary Congress 102nd-103rd 104th-106th 107th-110th 102nd-104th 103rd-104th 105th-110th WATSON, DIANE. Democrat; California, 32nd Congressional District (107th Congress) and 33rd Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 107th Congress June 5, 2001, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Julian Dixon; sworn in and seated June 7, 2001; reelected to the 108th -110th Congresses. Former ambassador to Micronesia. Committee Assignments H. Government Reform H. Oversight and Government Reform H. International Relations H. Foreign Affairs Congress 107th-109th 110th 107th-109th 110th WEIS, JESSICA McCULLOUGH. Republican; New York, 38th Congressional District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 4, 1958; sworn in and seated January 3, 1959; reelected to the 87th Congress; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Government Operations H. Science and Astronautics Congress 86th-87th 86th 87th WILSON, HEATHER. Republican; New Mexico, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress in a special election held June 23, 1998, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Steven Schiff; sworn in and seated June 25, 1998; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Commerce H. Intelligence H. Armed Services H. Energy and Commerce Congress 105th-106th 106th, 109th-110th 107th-108th 107th-110th CRS-68 WINGO, EFFIEGENE LOCKE. Democrat; Arkansas, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 71st Congress November 4, 1930, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Otis Wingo, and to the 72nd Congress; sworn in and seated December 1, 1930; term expired March 3, 1933. Committee Assignments H. Accounts H. Insular Affairs H. Foreign Affairs Congress 71st 71st 72nd WOODHOUSE, CHASE GOING. Democrat; Connecticut, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 79th Congress November 7, 1944; sworn in and seated January 3, 1945; term expired January 3, 1947. Elected to the 81st Congress November 2, 1948; term expired January 3, 1951. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 81st Congress. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Currency H. Administration Congress 79th and 81st 81st WOOLSEY, LYNN. Democrat; California, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th110th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Education and Labor H. Education and the Workforce H. Government Operations H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Science H. Science and Technology H. Foreign Affairs Congress 103rd-105th 103rd, 110th 105th-109th 103rd 104th 106th-109th 110th 110th CRS-69 Table 1. Women in Congress, 65th-110th Congresses, by Congress Congress Dates House Senate 110th 2007-2009 Michelle Bachmann Tammy Baldwin Melissa Bean Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Mack Madeleine Z. Bordallo Nancy Boyda Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Cathy Castor Julia Carsona Donna Christian-Christensen Yvette Clarke Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davisb Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Thelma D. Drake Donna Edwardsc Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Mary Fallin Virginia Foxx Marcia L. Fudgec Gabrielle Giffords Kirsten Gillibrand Kay Granger Jane Harman Stephanie Herseth Sandlin Mazie Hirono Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jonesd Marcy Kaptur Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Doris Matsui Carolyn McCarthy Betty McCollum Cathy McMorris Rogers Juanita Millender-McDonalde Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Elizabeth Dole Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Amy Klobuchar Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Claire McCaskill Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow CRS-70 Congress Dates House Senate Candice S. Miller Gwen Moore Marilynn Musgrave Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Laura Richardsonc Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Jean Schmidt Allyson Schwartz Carol Shea-Porter Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Jackie Speierc Betty Sutton Ellen Tauscher Niki Tsongasc Nydia M. Velázquez Debbie Wasserman Schultz Maxine Waters Diane Watson Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 109th 2005-2007 Tammy Baldwin Melissa Bean Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Mack Madeleine Z. Bordallo Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carson Donna Christian-Christensen Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davis Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Thelma D. Drake Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Virginia Foxx Kay Granger Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Elizabeth Dole Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow CRS-71 Congress Dates House Senate Jane Harman Katherine Harris Melissa Hart Stephanie Herseth Sandlin Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Doris Matsuic Carolyn McCarthy Betty McCollum Cynthia McKinney Cathy McMorris Rogers Juanita Millender-McDonald Candice S. Miller Gwen Moore Marilynn Musgrave Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Shelley Sekula Gibbsc Janice Schakowsky Jean Schmidt Allyson Schwartz Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Ellen Tauscher Nydia M. Velázquez Debbie Wasserman Schultz Maxine Waters Diane Watson Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 108th 2003-2005 Tammy Baldwin Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins CRS-72 Congress Dates House Senate Mary Bono Mack Madeleine Z. Bordallo Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carson Donna Christian-Christensen Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davis Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Kay Granger Jane Harman Katherine Harris Melissa Hart Stephanie Herseth Sandlinc Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Denise L. Majette Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Betty McCollum Juanita Millender-McDonald Candice S. Miller Marilynn Musgrave Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda T. Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Elizabeth Dole Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow CRS-73 Congress Dates House Senate Ellen Tauscher Nydia M. Velázquez Maxine Waters Diane Watson Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 107th 2001-2003 Tammy Baldwin Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Mary Bono Mack Corrine Brown Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carson Donna Christian-Christensen Eva Clayton Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davis Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Kay Granger Jane Harman Melissa Hart Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Betty McCollum Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Juanita Millender-McDonald Patsy T. Minkf Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Jean Carnahan Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow CRS-74 Congress Dates House Senate Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Lucille Roybal-Allard Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Ellen Tauscher Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velázquez Maxine Waters Diane Watsonc Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 106th 1999-2001 Tammy Baldwin Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Mary Bono Mack Corrine Brown Lois Capps Julia Carson Helen Chenoweth Donna Christian-Christensen Eva Clayton Barbara Cubin Pat Danner Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Kay Granger Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson-Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Juanita Millender-McDonald Barbara Boxer Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe CRS-75 Congress Dates House Senate Patsy T. Mink Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Lucille Roybal-Allard Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Louise M. Slaughter Debbie Stabenow Ellen Tauscher Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velázquez Maxine Waters Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 105th 1997-1999 Mary Bono Mackc Corrine Brown Lois Cappsc Julia Carson Helen Chenoweth Donna Christian-Christensen Eva Clayton Barbara Cubin Pat Danner Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Elizabeth Furse Kay Granger Jane Harman Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson-Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Barbara B. Kennelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Leec Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Barbara Boxer Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kay Baily Hutchison Mary Landrieu Barbara Mikulski Carol Moseley-Braun Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe CRS-76 Congress Dates House Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Juanita Millender-McDonald Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinarig Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Loretta Sanchez Louise M. Slaughter Linda Smith Debbie Stabenow Ellen Tauscher Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velázquez Maxine Waters Heather Wilsonc Lynn Woolsey Senate CRS-77 Congress Dates House Senate 104th 1995-1997 Corrine Brown Helen Chenoweth Eva Clayton Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins Barbara Cubin Pat Danner Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emersonc Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Elizabeth Furse Jane Harman Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Barbara B. Kennelly Blanche Lambert Lincoln Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Karen McCarthy Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Jan Meyers Juanita Millender-McDonaldc Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia S. Schroeder Andrea Seastrand Louise M. Slaughter Linda Smith Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velázquez Barbara F. Vucanovich Enid Greene Waldholtz Maxine Waters Lynn Woolsey Barbara Boxer Dianne Feinstein Sheila Frahmh Kay Bailey Hutchison Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski Carol Moseley-Braun Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe CRS-78 Congress Dates House Senate 103rd 1993-1995 Helen Delich Bentley Corrine Brown Leslie Byrne Maria Cantwell Eva Clayton Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins Pat Danner Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Karan English Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Elizabeth Furse Jane Harman Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Blanche Lambert Lincoln Marilyn Lloyd Jill Long Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Jan Meyers Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Lucille Roybal-Allard Lynn Schenk Patricia S. Schroeder Karen Shepherd Louise M. Slaughter Olympia J. Snowe Karen L. Thurman Jolene Unsoeld Nydia M. Velázquez Barbara Vucanovich Maxine Waters Lynn Woolsey Barbara Boxer Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchisonc Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski Carol Moseley-Braun Patty Murray CRS-79 Congress Dates House Senate 102nd 1991-1993 Helen Delich Bentley Barbara Boxer Beverly Barton Byron Eva Claytond Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins Rosa DeLauro Joan Kelly Horn Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Jill Long Nita M. Lowey Jan Meyers Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Eleanor Holmes Norton Mary Rose Oakar Elizabeth J. Patterson Nancy Pelosi Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia S. Schroeder Louise M. Slaughter Olympia J. Snowe Jolene Unsoeld Barbara Vucanovich Maxine Waters Jocelyn Burdickh Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski CRS-80 Congress Dates House Senate 101st 1989-1991 Helen Delich Bentley Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Jill Longd Nita M. Lowey Lynn M. Martin Jan Meyers Patsy T. Minkc Susan Molinaric Constance A. Morella Mary Rose Oakar Elizabeth J. Patterson Nancy Pelosi Ileana Ros-Lehtinenc Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia F. Saiki Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Louise M. Slaughter Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Jolene Unsoeld Barbara Vucanovich Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski 100th 1987-1989 Helen Delich Bentley Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Sala Burtoni Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Lynn M. Martin Jan Meyers Constance A. Morella Mary Rose Oakar Elizabeth J. Patterson Nancy Pelosic Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia F. Saiki Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Louise M. Slaughter Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski CRS-81 Congress Dates House Senate Barbara Vucanovich 99th 1985-1987 Helen Delich Bentley Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Sala Burton Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Bobbi Fiedler Marjorie S. Holt Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Marilyn Lloyd Cathy Longc Lynn M. Martin Jan Meyers Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Barbara Vucanovich Paula Hawkins Nancy L. Kassebaum 98th 1983-1985 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Sala Burtonc Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Geraldine Ann Ferraro Bobbi Fiedler Katie Hall Marjorie S. Holt Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Lynn M. Martin Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Barbara Vucanovich Paula Hawkins Nancy L. Kassebaum CRS-82 Congress Dates House Senate 97th 1981-1983 Jean Ashbrookc Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Beverly Barton Byron Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Geraldine Ann Ferraro Bobbi Fiedler Katie Hall Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Barbara B. Kennellyc Marilyn Lloyd Lynn M. Martin Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia Snowe Paula Hawkins Nancy L. Kassebaum 96th 1979-1981 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Beverly Barton Byronc Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Geraldine Ferraro Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Marilyn Lloyd Barbara Ann Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Gladys Noon Spellmanj Nancy L. Kassebaum 95th 1977-1979 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Barbara C. Jordan Martha Elizabeth Keys Marilyn Lloyd Helen Stevenson Meyner Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Maryon P. Allenh Muriel Humphreyh CRS-83 Congress Dates House Senate Shirley N. Pettis Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Gladys Noon Spellman 94th 1975-1977 93rd 92nd Bella S. Abzug Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Barbara C. Jordan Martha Elizabeth Keys Marilyn Lloyd Helen Stevenson Meyner Patsy T. Mink Shirley N. Pettisc Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Gladys Noon Spellman Leonor K. Sullivan Bella S. Abzug Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggsc Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Shirley Chisholm Cardiss Collinsd Ella T. Grasso Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Barbara C. Jordan Patsy T. Mink Patricia S. Schroeder Leonor Kretzer Sullivan 1971-1973 Bella S. Abzug Elizabeth B. Andrewsc Shirley Anita Chisholm Florence Price Dwyer Ella T. Grasso Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Louise Day Hicks Patsy T. Mink Elaine Edwardsh Margaret Chase Smith CRS-84 Congress Dates House Senate Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor Kretzer Sullivan 91st 1969-1971 Shirley Anita Chisholm Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Catherine Dean May Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor K. Sullivan Margaret Chase Smith 90th 1967-1969 Frances Payne Bolton Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor K. Sullivan Margaret Chase Smith 89th 1965-1967 Frances Payne Bolton Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor K. Sullivan Lera Millard Thomasd Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith 88th 1963-1965 Irene Bailey Bakerc Frances Payne Bolton Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Charlotte Thompson Reid Katherine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith CRS-85 Congress Dates House Senate 87th 1961-1963 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Marguerite Stitt Church Florence Price Dwyer Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Catherine Dorris Norrellc Gracie Bowers Pfost Louise Goff Reecec Corrine Boyd Rileyc Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Jessica McCullough Weis Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith 86th 1959-1961 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Marguerite Stitt Church Florence Price Dwyer Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansenc Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogersck Katharine Price St. George Edna Oakes Simpson Leonor K. Sullivan Jessica McCullough Weis Maurine Neubergerg Margaret Chase Smith 85th 1957-1959 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Marguerite Stitt Church Florence Price Dwyer Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Coya Gjesdal Knutson Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Margaret Chase Smith CRS-86 Congress Dates House Senate 84th 1955-1957 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Vera Daerr Buchanan Marguerite Stitt Church Mary Elizabeth Farrington Kathryn Elizabeth Granahanc Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Coya Gjesdal Knutson Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Ruth Thompson Margaret Chase Smith 83rd 1953-1955 Frances Payne Bolton Vera Daerr Buchanan Marguerite Stitt Church Mary Elizabeth Farringtonc Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Ruth Thompson Hazel Hempel Abelh Eva Kelly Bowringhl Margaret Chase Smith 82nd 1951-1953 Frances Payne Bolton Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone Vera Daerr Buchananc Marguerite Stitt Church Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Keec Edna Flannery Kelly Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Ruth Thompson Margaret Chase Smith 81st 1949-1951 Frances Payne Bolton Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone Helen Gahagan Douglas Cecil Murray Harden Edna Flannery Kellyc Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Chase Going Woodhouse Margaret Chase Smith CRS-87 Congress Dates House Senate 80th 1947-1949 Frances Payne Bolton Helen Gahagan Douglas Georgia Lee Lusk Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Margaret Chase Smith Vera Bushfieldh 79th 1945-1947 Frances Payne Bolton Emily Taft Douglas Helen Gahagan Douglas Clare Boothe Luce Helen Douglas Mankinc Mary Teresa Norton Eliza Jane Prattc Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smith Jessie Sumner Chase Going Woodhouse 78th 1943-1945 Frances Payne Bolton Willa Lybrand Fulmerc Clare Boothe Luce Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smith Winifred Claire Stanley Jessie Sumner 77th 1941-1943 Veronica Grace Bolandc Frances Payne Bolton Katharine Edgar Byronc Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Jeannette Rankin Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smith Jessie Sumner Hattie W. Caraway 76th 1939-1941 Frances Payne Boltonc Florence Reville Gibbsc Clara Gooding McMillanc Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smithd Jessie Sumner Hattie W. Caraway 75th 1937-1939 Elizabeth Hawley Gasquec Nan Wood Honeyman Virginia Ellis Jenckes Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Edith Nourse Rogers Hattie W. Caraway Dixie B. Gravesh Gladys Pylec CRS-88 Congress Dates House Senate 74th 1935-1937 Isabella Selmes Greenway Virginia Ellis Jenckes Florence Prag Kahn Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Edith Nourse Rogers Hattie W. Caraway Rose M. Longg 73rd 1933-1935 Marian Williams Clarkec Isabella Selmes Greenwayc Virginia Ellis Jenckes Florence Prag Kahn Kathryn O’Loughlin McCarthy Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Hattie W. Caraway 72nd 1931-1933 Willa McCord Eslickc Florence Prag Kahn Mary Teresa Norton Ruth Bryan Owen Ruth Sears Pratt Edith Nourse Rogers Effiegene Locke Wingo Hattie W. Carawayh 71st 1929-1931 Florence Prag Kahn Katherine Gudger Langley Ruth Hanna McCormick Mary Teresa Norton Pearl Peden Oldfield Ruth Bryan Owen Ruth Sears Pratt Edith Nourse Rogers Effiegene Locke Wingo 70th 1927-1929 Florence Prag Kahn Katherine Gudger Langley Mary Teresa Norton Pearl Peden Oldfieldc Edith Nourse Rogers 69th 1927-1929 Florence Prag Kahnc Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogersc 68th 1923-1925 Mae Ella Nolan 67th 1921-1923 Winnifred Mason Huckc Mae Ella Nolanc Alice Mary Robertson 66th 1919-1921 None 65th 1917-1919 Jeanette Rankin a. Died on December 15, 2007 Rebecca Feltonhm CRS-89 b. Died on October 6, 2007 c. Elected to fill a vacancy. d. Died on August 20, 2008. e. Died on April 22, 2007. f. Died on September 28, 2002. g. Resigned on August 1, 1997. h. Appointed to fill a vacancy. i. Died on February 1, 1987. j. Gladys Spellman was elected also to the 97th Congress, but she was unable to be sworn in because of a disability and her seat was declared vacant on February 24, 1981. k. Died on September 10, 1960. l. Eva Bowring was appointed to serve until a successor was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Dwight Griswold. Hazel Abel was elected to fill that vacancy. m. Appointed to fill a vacancy at the end of the 67th Congress, and served for one day. CRS-90 Table 2. Women in Congress, 65th-110th Congresses, by State State/DC, VI, GU California Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-110th Congresses 32 Name of Female Members Mary Bono Mack Barbara Boxera Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Sala Burton Lois Capps Susan Davis Helen Gahagan Douglas Anna G. Eshoo Bobbi Fiedler Dianne Feinsteinb Jane Harman Florence Prag Kahn Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Doris O. Matsui Juanita Millender-McDonald Grace Napolitano Mae Ella Nolan Nancy Pelosi Shirley N. Pettis Laura Richardson Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Andrea Seastrand Lynn Schenk Hilda Solis Jackie Speier Ellen Tauscher Maxine Waters Diane Watson Lynn Woolsey CRS-91 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-110th Congresses Name of Female Members New York 22 Bella S. Abzug Shirley Anita Chisholm Yvette Clarke Marian Williams Clarke Hillary Rodham Clintonb Geraldine Ann Ferraro Kirsten Gillibrand Elizabeth Holtzman Edna Flannery Kelly Sue Kelly Nita Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Susan Molinari Caroline Love Goodwin O’Day Ruth Sears Baker Pratt Katharine Price St. George Edna Oakes Simpson Louise Slaughter Winifred Claire Stanley Jessica McCullough Weis Nydia Velázquez Illinois 12 Melissa L. Bean Judy Biggert Marguerite Stitt Church Cardiss Collins Emily Taft Douglas Winnifred Sprague Huck Lynn Martin Ruth Hanna McCormick Carol Moseley-Braunb Charlotte Thompson Reid Jan Schakowsky Jessie Sumner Florida 11 Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Kathy Castor Tillie Fowler Katherine Harris Paula Hawkinsb Carrie Meek Ruth Bryan Owen Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Karen Thurman Debbie Wasserman-Schultz CRS-92 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-110th Congresses Name of Female Members Ohio 9 Jean Ashbrook Frances Payne Bolton Marcia L. Fudge Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Mary Rose Oakar Deborah Pryce Jean Schmidt Betty Sutton Washington 8 Maria Cantwella Jennifer Dunn Julia Butler Hansen Catherine Dean May Cathy McMorris Patty Murrayb Linda Smith Jolene Unsoeld Maryland 8 Helen Delich Bentley Beverly Barton Byron Katharine Edgar Byron Donna Edwards Marjorie S. Holt Barbara Ann Mikulskia Constance A. Morella Gladys Noon Spellman Ohio 9 Jean Ashbrook Frances Payne Bolton Marcia L. Fudge Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Mary Rose Oakar Deborah Pryce Jean Schmidt Betty Sutton Michigan 7 Barbara-Rose Collins Martha Wright Griffiths Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Candice Miller Lynn Rivers Debbie Stabenowa Ruth Thompson Missouri 7 Jean Carnahanb Pat Danner Jo Ann Emerson Joan Kelly Horn Karen McCarthy Claire McCaskilla Leonor Kretzer Sullivan CRS-93 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-110th Congresses Name of Female Members Texas 7 Kay Granger Kay Bailey Hutchisonb Eddie Bernice Johnson Barbara C. Jordan Sheila Jackson Lee Shelley Sekula Gibbs Lera Millard Thomas Connecticut 6 Rosa DeLauro Ella T. Grasso Nancy L. Johnson Barbara Bailey Kennelly Clare Boothe Luce Chase Going Woodhouse Georgia 6 Iris Faircloth Blitch Rebecca Latimer Feltonb Florence Reville Gibbs Denise Majette Helen Douglas Mankin Cynthia McKinney Pennsylvania 6 Veronica Grace Boland Vera Daerr Buchanan Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky Melissa Hart Allyson Y. Schwartz Kansas 6 Nancy Boyda Sheila Frahmb Nancy Landon Kassebaumb Martha Elizabeth Keys Kathryn O. McCarthy Jan Meyers Arkansas 5 Hattie Wyatt Carawayb Blanche Lambert Lincolna Catherine Dorris Norrell Pearl Peden Oldfield Effiegene Locke Wingo Indiana 5 Julia Carson Katie Hall Cecil Murray Harden Virginia Ellis Jenckes Jill Long Louisiana 5 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Elaine Edwardsb Mary Landrieub Rose McConnell Longb Cathy Long CRS-94 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-110th Congresses Name of Female Members Minnesota 5 Michelle Bachmann Betty McCollum Muriel Buck Humphreyb Amy Kloubuchara Coya Gjesdal Knutson New Jersey 5 Florence Prince Dwyer Millicent Fenwick Helen Stevenson Meyner Mary Teresa Norton Marge Scafati Roukema Oregon 5 Elizabeth Furse Edith Green Nan Wood Honeyman Darlene Hooley Maurine Brown Neubergerb South Carolina 5 Willa Lybrand Fulmer Elizabeth Hawley Gasque Clara Gooding McMillan Elizabeth Patterson Corrine Boyd Riley Tennessee 5 Irene Bailey Baker Marsha Blackburn Marilyn Lloyd Willa McCord Eslick Louise Goff Reece North Carolina 5 Eva Clayton Elizabeth Doleb Virginia Foxx Sue Myrick Eliza Jane Pratt Hawaii 4 Mary Elizabeth Farringtonc Mazie Hirono Patsy Takemoto Mink Patricia Saiki Massachusetts 4 Margaret M. Heckler Louise Day Hicks Edith Nourse Rogers Niki Tsongas Alabama 3 Maryon Pittman Allenb Elizabeth B. Andrews Dixie Bibb Gravesb Arizona 3 Karen English Gabrielle Giffords Isabella Selmes Greenway Maine 3 Susan M. Collinsb Margaret Chase Smitha Olympia J. Snowea CRS-95 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-110th Congresses Name of Female Members Nebraska 3 Hazel Hempel Abelb Eva Kelly Bowringb Virginia Smith Utah 3 Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone Karen Shepherd Enid Greene Waldholtz South Dakota 3 Vera Calahan Bushfieldb Gladys Pyleb Stephanie Herseth Sandlin Colorado 3 Diana DeGette Marilyn Musgrave Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia 3 Leslie Byrne Jo Ann Davis Thelma Drake Idaho 2 Helen Chenoweth Gracie Bowers Pfost Kentucky 2 Katherine Gudger Langley Anne M. Northup New Mexico 2 Georgia Lee Lusk Heather Wilson Nevada 2 Shelley Berkley Barbara Vucanovich West Virginia 2 Shelley Moore Capito Maude Elizabeth Kee Wisconsin 2 Tammy Baldwin Gwen Moore Oklahoma 2 Mary Fallin Alice Mary Robertson District of Columbia 1 Eleanor Holmes Nortonc Montana 1 Jeannette Rankin North Dakota 1 Jocelyn Burdickb New Hampshire 1 Carol Shea -Porter Rhode Island 1 Claudine Cmarada Schneider Virgin Islands 1 Donna Christian-Christensenc Wyoming 1 Barbara Cubin Alaska 1 Lisa Murkowskib Guam 1 Madeleine Bordalloc Delaware 0 CRS-96 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-110th Congresses Iowa 0 Mississippi 0 Vermont 0 a. Senator and Representative. b. Senator. c. Delegate. Name of Female Members CRS-97 Table 3. Number of Women in Congress, 65th-110th Congresses (1917-2008) Congress Years Total Number of Women in Congress Number of Women in House Number of Women in Senate 65th 1917-1919 1 1 0 66th 1919-1921 0 0 0 67th 1921-1923 4 3 1 68th 1923-1925 1 1 0 69th 1925-1927 3 3 0 70th 1927-1929 5 5 0 71st 1929-1931 9 9 0 72nd 1931-1933 8 7 1 73rd 1933-1935 8 7 1 74th 1935-1937 8 6 2 75th 1937-1939 9 6 3 76th 1939-1941 9 8 1 77th 1941-1943 10 9 1 78th 1943-1945 9 8 1 79th 1945-1947 11 11 0 80th 1947-1949 8 7 1 81st 1949-1951 10 9 1 82nd 1951-1953 11 10 1 83rd 1953-1955 15 12 3 84th 1955-1957 18 17 1 85th 1957-1959 16 15 1 86th 1959-1961 19 17 2 87th 1961-1963 20 18 2 88th 1963-1965 14 12 2 89th 1965-1967 13 11 2 90th 1967-1969 12 11 1 91st 1969-1971 11 10 1 92nd 1971-1973 15 13 2 93rd 1973-1975 16 16 0 94th 1975-1977 19 19 0 CRS-98 Congress Years Total Number of Women in Congress Number of Women in House Number of Women in Senate 95th 1977-1979 20 18 2 96th 1979-1981 17 16 1 97th 1981-1983 23 21 2 98th 1983-1985 24 22 2 99th 1985-1987 25 23 2 100th 1987-1989 25 23 2 101st 1989-1991 31 29 2 102nd 1991-1993 33 30 3 103rd 1993-1995 55 48 7 104th 1995-1997 59 50 9 105th 1997-1999 65 56 9 106th 1999-2001 67 58 9 107th 2001-2003 75 62 13 108th 2003-2005 77 63 14 109th 2005-2007 85 71 14 110th 2007-2009 91 75 16 Notes: The figures for each Congress reflect the total number of women serving at the conclusion of that Congress. For the 110th Congress, the figures are current as of the date of publication of this report.111th Congress. Since the 111th Congress convened, two of these—Senator Hillary Clinton (D-NY) and Representative Hilda Solis (D-CA)—resigned to take cabinet positions in the administration of President Obama, and a third, Representative Ellen Tauscher (D-CA), resigned to become Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security. Also, Representative Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) resigned from the House when she was appointed to fill the seat vacated by Senator Clinton, and Representative Judy Chu (D-CA) was elected in July 2009 to fill the seat vacated by Representative Solis. The first woman elected to Congress was Representative Jeannette Rankin (R-MT, 1917-1919, 1941-1943). The first woman to serve in the Senate was Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA). She was appointed in 1922 and served for only one day. A total of 260 women have served in Congress, 170 Democrats and 90 Republicans. Of these women, 222 (145 Democrats, 77 Republicans) have served only in the House of Representatives; 30 (19 Democrats, 11 Republicans) have served only in the Senate; and 8 (6 Democrats, 2 Republicans) have served in both houses. These figures include one Delegate each from Guam, Hawaii, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Edith Nourse Rogers (R-MA), who served in the House for 35 years, holds the record for length of service by a woman in Congress. Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME), the first woman elected to the House and Senate, holds the record for Senate service by a woman with 24 years. Of the 38 women who have served in the Senate, 14 were first appointed, and 5 were first elected to fill unexpired terms. Nine were chosen to fill vacancies caused by the death of their husbands, and 1 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of her father. Of these 10, 3 were subsequently elected to additional terms. Hattie Caraway (D-AR) was the first Senator to succeed her husband and the first woman elected to a six-year Senate term. A total of 28 African American or black women have served in Congress (1 in the Senate, 27 in the House), including the 14 serving in the 111th Congress. Seven Hispanic women have been elected to the House; six serve in the 111th Congress. Five Asian American women have served in the House, including two in the 111th Congress. Sixteen women in the House, and eight women in the Senate, have chaired committees, including three chairs of standing House committees and seven chairs of standing Senate committees. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) is the first woman to serve as Speaker of the House. She holds the highest position in the House of Representatives, and is second in the presidential line of succession. This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 260 women who have served in Congress. It will be updated when there are changes in the makeup of Congress. Congressional Research Service Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Contents Introduction ................................................................................................................................1 Historical Overview of Women in Congress ................................................................................1 Female Firsts in Congress ...........................................................................................................3 Length of Service........................................................................................................................4 How Women Enter Congress.......................................................................................................4 Women Who Have Served In Both Houses..................................................................................5 Women in Leadership Positions...................................................................................................6 African American Women in Congress ........................................................................................7 Asian American Women in Congress...........................................................................................7 Hispanic Women in Congress......................................................................................................8 Tables and Data...........................................................................................................................8 Alphabetical Listing....................................................................................................................9 Figures Figure 1. Number of Women in Congress ....................................................................................2 Figure 2. Gender Composition in Congress, 1789-2009...............................................................3 Figure 3. Gender Composition in the 111th Congress ...................................................................3 Figure 4. Women’s Initial Entrance to the Senate.........................................................................5 Tables Table 1. Women in Congress, 65th-111th Congresses, by Congress.............................................. 79 Table 2. Women in Congress, 65th-111th Congresses, by State or Territory.................................. 98 Table 3. Number of Women in Congress, 65th-111th Congresses (1917-2009)........................... 103 Contacts Author Contact Information .................................................................................................... 104 Acknowledgments .................................................................................................................. 104 Congressional Research Service Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Introduction Two hundred sixty women have been elected or appointed to the U.S. Congress.1 Jeannette Rankin (R-MT) has the distinction of being the first woman elected to serve in Congress. On November 9, 1916, she was elected to the House of Representatives as Montana’s Representativeat-Large to the 65th Congress (1917-1919).2 Since Rankin’s election, 259 additional women have served in Congress. These 260 women include 170 Democrats and 90 Republicans. Two hundred twenty-two (145 Democrats, 77 Republicans) have served only in the House of Representatives; 30 (19 Democrats, 11 Republicans) have served only in the Senate; and eight (6 Democrats, 2 Republicans) have served in both houses. Of those in the House, four (3 Democrats, 1 Republican) have been Delegates to Congress.3 A record 93 women serve in the 111th Congress; 76 in the House (59 Democrats and 17 Republicans), and 17 in the Senate (13 Democrats and 4 Republicans). Three of the women who serve in the House are delegates, representing the District of Columbia, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Excluding delegates, women currently hold 73 (16.8%) seats in the House of Representatives and 17 seats in the Senate. Women currently hold 90 (16.8%) of the 535 voting seats in the 111th Congress. Including delegates, women currently hold 76 seats in the House of Representatives, totaling 93 seats (17.2%) in the entire Congress. Historical Overview of Women in Congress The number of women serving in Congress, as Figure 1 shows, has increased incrementally until the 103rd Congress (1993-1994), when the number of female Members rose from 32 in the previous Congress to 54. The 1992 election came to be known popularly as the “Year of the Woman” due to the large electoral increase of women in Congress.4 1 For additional information on the women who have served in Congress, please refer to U.S. Congress, House, Office of History and Preservation, Women in Congress, 1917-2006 (Washington: GPO, 2006), http://womenincongress.house.gov. 2 Reps. Rankin (R-MT), Patsy Mink (D-HI), Jane Harman (D-CA), and Cynthia McKinney (D-GA) are the only women to serve non-consecutive terms in the same house of Congress. Rep. Rankin served from 1917-1919 and from 1941-1943. Rep. Rankin was also the only Member of Congress to vote against America’s entry into both World Wars. Rep. Mink served from 1965-1977 and from September 1990, when she was seated following a special election, until her death in September 2002. Rep. Harman served from 1993-1999, and from 2001 to the present. Rep. McKinney served from 1993-2003 and from 2005-2007. 3 The total number of female representatives (260) includes one Delegate to the House of Representatives from Hawaii, one from the District of Columbia, one from Guam, and one from the U.S. Virgin Islands. 4 The Year of the Woman: Myths and Realities, ed. Elizabeth Adell Cook, Sue Thomas, and Clyde Wilcox (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994). Congressional Research Service 1 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Figure 1. Number of Women in Congress 1917-2009 100 90 80 Number of Female Members 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 Congress Senate House Total Number of Female Members Source: “Women in the U.S. Congress 2009” fact sheet, Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers University. Figure compiled by CRS. Note: Delegates are not included in the data. The percentage of voting female representation in Congress (16.8%) is slightly lower than averages of female representation in other countries. Women represent 18.4% of national legislative seats across the entire world. The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), which maintains a database of worldwide female representation, ranks the United States 70th worldwide. The Nordic countries (Sweden, Iceland, Finland, Denmark, Norway) lead the world regionally with 41.4% female representation in national legislatures.5 Rwanda has the only national legislature in the world with a majority of women holding seats (56.3%).6 5 Inter-Parliamentary Union, Women in National Parliaments, May 2009, http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm. For more information on the female majority in Rwanda’s legislature, see Josh Ruxin, “When It Comes to Women Lawmakers, Rwanda Leads the World,” New York Times, October 7, 2008. 6 Congressional Research Service 2 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Figure 2. Gender Composition in Congress, 1789-2009 Figure 3. Gender Composition in the 111th Congress Source: Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers University. Figures compiled by CRS. Notes: Delegates are not included in the data. Despite increases in the number of women serving in Congress over time, Figure 2 shows that 2.1% of Members in United States history have been women. Figure 3 shows the current gender composition of the 111th Congress, with 16.8% voting female Members. Female Firsts in Congress The first woman elected to Congress was Representative Jeannette Rankin (R-MT, 1917-1919, 1941-1943). Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA) was the first woman to serve in the Senate. She was appointed in 1922 to fill the unexpired term of a Senator who had died in office. In addition to being the first female Senator, Mrs. Felton holds two other Senate records. Her tenure in the Senate remains the shortest ever (one day), and, at the age of 87, she is the oldest person ever to begin Senate service. Hattie Caraway (D-AR, 1931-1945) was the first woman to succeed her spouse in the Senate and also the first female initially elected to a full six-year Senate term. She was first appointed in 1931 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thaddeus H. Caraway (D-AR, House, 1913-1921; Senate, 1921-1931), and then was subsequently elected to two six-year terms. Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) was the first woman elected to the Senate without having first been appointed to serve in that body. Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS, 1979-1997) was the first woman elected to the Senate without first having been elected to the House or having been elected or appointed to fill an unexpired Senate term. As chair of the Senate Enrolled Bills Committee (73rd-78th Congresses), Hattie Caraway was the first woman to chair a Senate as well as any congressional committee. As chair of the House District of Columbia Committee (72nd-74th Congresses), Mary T. Norton was the first woman to chair a House committee. Congressional Research Service 3 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 In 1998, Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) became the first openly gay or lesbian person elected to an initial term in Congress. Length of Service Edith Nourse Rogers (R-MA) holds the record for length of service by a woman in Congress (35 years). She was elected to the House to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Jacob Rogers (R-MA, 1913-1925). Mrs. Rogers served from June 25, 1925, until her death on September 10, 1960. Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) holds the record for length of Senate service by a woman (24 years). She was also first elected to the House to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband. She succeeded Clyde H. Smith (R-ME, 1937-1940) and was subsequently elected to the Senate. Her House service ran from June 10, 1940, until January 3, 1949. Her Senate service ran from January 3, 1949, until January 3, 1973. How Women Enter Congress Article I, section 2, clause 4 of the United States Constitution states that “[W]hen vacancies happen in the Representation from any state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.” Therefore, all Representatives enter office through election, even those who enter after a seat becomes open during a Congress. By contrast, the Seventeenth Amendment gives state legislatures the option to empower governors to fill Senate vacancies by temporary appointment. The 38 women who have served in the Senate entered initially through three different routes: 19 entered through regular elections, 14 were appointed to unexpired terms, and 5 were elected during a special election. Congressional Research Service 4 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Figure 4. Women’s Initial Entrance to the Senate 13% 50% 37% Regular Elections Appointments Special Elections Source: Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers University. Figure compiled by CRS. As Figure 4 shows, approximately 63% of all women who have served in the Senate initially entered Senate service by winning an election. A little over a third (37%) of women entered the Senate initially through an appointment. Women Who Have Served In Both Houses Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) was the first of eight women to serve in both houses of Congress, as well as the first woman elected to the Senate without first having been elected or appointed to fill a vacant Senate seat. Senator Smith was first elected to the House to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband (Clyde Smith, R-ME, 1937-1940), and served from June 10, 1940, until January 3, 1949, when she began her Senate service. When Senator Smith left the Senate on January 3, 1973, she had served there longer than any other woman. Her 24 years of service is still a record for Senate service by a woman. Barbara Mikulski, Barbara Boxer, Olympia Snowe, Blanche Lambert Lincoln, Debbie Stabenow, Maria Cantwell, and Kirsten Gillibrand are the other women who have served in both houses. All are Members of the 111th Congress. Senators Lincoln and Cantwell were the only ones not elected while still serving in the House, and Senator Gillibrand is the only one to have been appointed to the Senate while serving in the House. Congressional Research Service 5 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Women in Leadership Positions7 A significant number of women in Congress have held positions of party leadership other than committee chairman. 8 House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) holds the highest position of leadership ever held by a woman in the United States government. As Speaker of the House, she is second in the line of succession for the presidency. Prior to becoming Speaker in the 110th Congress, Representative Pelosi was elected House Democratic whip, in the 107th Congress, on October 10, 2001, effective January 15, 2002. In the 108th and 109th Congresses, she was elected the House Democratic leader, at that time the highest position ever held by a woman in the House. She was also the first woman nominated to be Speaker of the House. Senator Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME), as chair of the Senate Republican Conference from 1967 to 1972, holds the Senate record for the highest leadership position held by a female Senator. Senator Patty Murray (D-WA) has served as the secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference in the 110th and 111th Congresses. Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) has served as chief deputy majority whip in the 110th and 111th Congresses. Senator Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) is the current vice chair of the Senate Republican Conference. Senator Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) was secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference in the 109th Congress and has served as chair of the Senate Democratic Steering and Outreach Committee in the 110th and 111th Congresses. Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX) was the chair of the Senate Republican Policy Committee during the 110th Congress, and vice chair of the Senate Republican Conference in the 107th-109th Congresses. Representative Kathy McMorris Rogers (R-WA) is vice chair of the House Republican Conference, the position held by Representative Kay Granger (R-TX) in the 110th Congress. In the 108th and 109th Congresses, Representative Deborah Pryce (R-OH) was chair of the House Republican Conference. Twenty-four women have chaired congressional committees. In the 111th Congress, there are eight women leading committees: three in the House, four in the Senate, and one joint committee. Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) chairs two committees. In the 110th Congress, six women chaired committees, four in the House and two in the Senate. Currently, Representative Louise Slaughter (D-NY) chairs the House Committee on Rules, Representative Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) chairs the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, and Representative Nydia Velázquez (D-NY) chairs the House Committee on Small Business. In the Senate, Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) chairs the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works and the Select Committee on Ethics, Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) chairs the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Senator Mary Landrieu (D-LA) 7 For additional information, refer to CRS Report RL30567, Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789-2009, by Valerie Heitshusen, Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789-2009, by Valerie Heitshusen; CRS Report RL30607, Major Leadership Election Contests in the House of Representatives, 94th - 111th Congresses, by Mildred Amer, Major Leadership Election Contests in the House of Representatives, 94th-111th Congresses, by Mildred Amer; and CRS Report RL30704, Major Leadership Election Contests In the Senate, 94th - 111th Congresses, by Mildred Amer, Major Leadership Election Contests in the Senate, 94th-111th Congresses, by Mildred Amer. Limited information on the leadership positions held by women in Congress can also be found in the individual entries contained in this report. 8 Office of History and Preservation, Women in Congress, 1917-2006, pp. 992-993. Congressional Research Service 6 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 chairs the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship, and Senator Blanche Lincoln (D-AR) chairs the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry. Representative Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) chairs the Joint Economic Committee. This is the second time that two women from the same state have chaired Senate committees. Senator Susan Collins (R-ME) chaired the Committee on Governmental Affairs in the 108th Congress, and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs in the 109th Congress. In the 108th and 109th Congresses, Senator Olympia Snowe (R-ME) chaired the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship. African American Women in Congress Fourteen African American women serve in the 111th Congress, the same number as in the 110th Congress. A record number of 17 African American women were elected to the House in the 110th Congress, although 14 was the highest number to serve at any one time. 9 A record 15 African American women served in the House in the 107th Congress; and 13 served in the 108th Congress. A total of 28 African American women have served in Congress. The first was Representative Shirley Chisholm (D-NY, 1969-1983). Senator Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999) is the only black woman to have served in the Senate. The African American women Members of the 111th Congress are Representatives Maxine Waters (D-CA), Corinne Brown (D-FL), Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX), Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX), Barbara Lee (D-CA), Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D-MI), Diane Watson (D-CA), Gwen Moore (D-WI), Yvette Clarke (D-NY), Laura Richardson (D-CA), Donna Edwards (D-MD), and Marcia Fudge (D-OH), as well as Delegates Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC) and Donna Christensen (D-VI).10 Asian American Women in Congress Patsy Mink (D-HI) was the first of five Asian Pacific American women to serve in Congress, all in the House. Representative Mink served in the House from 1965-1977, and from 1990-2002. The other Asian Pacific American women are Representatives Judy Chu (D-CA), Mazie Hirono (D-HI), and Doris O. Matsui (D-CA), all Members of the 111th Congress, and Patricia Saiki (RHI), who served from 1987-1991. 11 9 Rep. Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA, 1996-2007) died on April 22, 2007, and was replaced by Rep. Laura Richardson (D-CA, 2007-present); Rep. Julia Carson (D-IN, 1997-2007) died on Dec. 15, 2007, and was replaced by her grandson, Rep. André Carson (D-IN, 2008-present) on Mar. 13, 2008; Rep. Albert Wynn (D-MD, 1993-2008) resigned on May 31, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Donna Edwards (D-MD, 2008-present); and Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH, 1999-2008) died on Aug. 20, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Marcia L. Fudge (D-OH, 2008present) on Nov. 19, 2008. 10 For additional information on African American women who have served in Congress, please refer to the “Women of Color in Congress” section of the Office of History and Preservation’s Women in Congress website, http://womenincongress.house.gov/data/women-of-color.html 11 Rep. Matsui was first elected to the 109th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Rep. Robert Matsui (D-CA, 1979-2005). Congressional Research Service 7 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Hispanic Women in Congress Seven Hispanic women have served in Congress, and all seven were elected to the 111th Congress. However, Representative Hilda Solis (D-CA, 2001-2009) resigned to become Secretary of Labor. Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL, 1989-present) is the first Cuban-American and first Hispanic woman to serve in Congress. Nydia Velázquez (D-NY, 1993-present) is the first Puerto Rican-born woman to serve in Congress. Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-CA, 1993-present) is the first Mexican-American woman to serve. Loretta Sanchez (D-CA, 1997-present), Grace Napolitano (D-CA, 1999-present), and Linda Sánchez (D-CA, 2003-present) are the other female Hispanic Members. Representatives Loretta Sanchez and Linda Sánchez are sisters.12 Tables and Data The list and tables that follow provide information on women Members of Congress, including the dates they were first elected, the Congresses in which they served, the committees on which they served, and, where relevant, the committees they chaired. Most of the data presented are from the Biographical Directory of the American Congress, http://bioguide.congress.gov, various editions of the Congressional Directory, a broad range of Congressional Quarterly and Leadership Directories Inc. publications, and Women in Congress, 1917-2006, http://womenincongress.house.gov, published by the Office of History and Preservation under the jurisdiction of the clerk of the House. For 111th Congress committee assignments, the sources are Official Alphabetical List of the House of Representatives of the United States , One Hundred Eleventh Congress, prepared under the direction of Lorraine C. Miller, clerk of the House of Representatives, February 25, 2009 (available online from the clerk’s website at http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.pdf); and for the Senate, Committee Assignments for the One Hundred Eleventh Congress (available at the Senate website http://www.senate.gov/general/committee_assignments/assignments.htm). The names and jurisdiction of House and Senate committees have changed many times over the years. In the interest of brevity, this report does not identify all historical name changes. The committee names listed are those in effect at the time a Member served on the panel. 12 Linda Sánchez uses an accent in her last name; Loretta Sanchez does not. Congressional Research Service 8 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Alphabetical Listing13 ABEL, HAZEL HEMPEL. Republican; Nebraska, Senator. Elected to the 83rd Congress November 2, 1954, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Dwight P. Griswold and filled in the interim by Eva Bowring; sworn in November 8, 1954; resigned December 31, 1954. Committee Assignments Congress S. Finance 83rd S. Interstate and Foreign Commerce 83rd ABZUG, BELLA S. Democrat; New York, 19th Congressional District (92nd Congress) and 20th Congressional District (93rd-94th Congresses). Elected to the 92nd Congress November 3, 1970; sworn in January 21, 1971; reelected to the 93rd-94th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1977. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 92nd-94th H. Public Works 92nd-94th ALLEN, MARYON PITTMAN. Democrat; Alabama, Senator. Appointed to the 95th Congress June 8, 1978, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, James B. Allen; sworn in June 12, 1978; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 95th S. Judiciary 95th ANDREWS, ELIZABETH B. Democrat; Alabama, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 92nd Congress in a special election held April 4, 1972, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, George W. Andrews; sworn in April 10, 1972; term expired January 3, 1973. Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 92nd 13 Prior to the adoption of the Twentieth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, effective October 15, 1933, the terms of Representatives and Senators began on March 4, in conformance with a resolution of the Continental Congress implementing the Constitution (adopted September 13, 1788). The Twentieth Amendment provides inter alia that the terms of Representatives and Senators shall commence at noon on January 3, in the year following their election. The first Congress affected by the Twentieth Amendment was the 74th (1935-1937). However, Congress sometimes sets a date other than January 3 for commencement of a new Congress; thus, in this report, dates sworn in are sometimes later than January 3 for Members elected in the general election. In addition, Members elected to fill a vacancy are sworn in and commence their terms as soon as possible, as do Senators appointed to fill a vacancy. Congressional Research Service 9 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 ASHBROOK, JEAN. Republican; Ohio, 17th Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress in a special election held June 29, 1982, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Milan Ashbrook; sworn in July 12, 1982; term expired January 3, 1983. Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 97th BACHMANN, MICHELE. Republican; Minnesota, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in January 4, 2007; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 110 - 111th BAKER, IRENE BAILEY. Republican; Tennessee, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 88th Congress in a special election held March 10, 1964, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Howard H. Baker, Sr.; sworn in March 10, 1964; term expired January 3, 1965. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 88th BAKER, NANCY KASSEBAUM. See KASSEBAUM, NANCY LANDON. BALDWIN, TAMMY. Democrat; Wisconsin, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 106th-108th H. Judiciary 106th-111th H. Energy and Commerce 109th-111th BEAN, MELISSA L. Democrat; Illinois, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 109th-111th H. Small Business 109th-111th BENTLEY, HELEN DELICH. Republican; Maryland, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 99th Congress November 6, 1984; sworn in January 3, 1985; reelected to the 100th-103rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1995. Congressional Research Service 10 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 99th-103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 99th-100th, 102nd H. Select Aging 99th-102nd H. Budget 101st-102nd H. Appropriations 103rd BERKLEY, SHELLEY. Democrat; Nevada, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Small Business 106th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 106th-109th H. Veterans’ Affairs 106th-110th H. International Relations 107th-109th H. Foreign Affairs 111th H. Ways and Means 110th-111th BIGGERT, JUDY. Republican; Illinois, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 106th H. Government Reform 106th H. Financial Services 107th-111th H. Science 106th-109th H. Science and Technology 110th-111th H. Education and the Workforce 107th-109th H. Education and Labor 110th -111th H. Standards of Official Conduct 107th-109th BLACKBURN, MARSHA. Republican; Tennessee, 7th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th -111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 108th H. Government Reform 108th Congressional Research Service 11 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 108th H. Energy and Commerce 109th-111th H. Select Energy Independence and Global Warming 111th BLITCH, IRIS FAIRCLOTH. Democrat; Georgia, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress November 2, 1954; sworn in January 5, 1955; reelected to the 85th-87th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works 84th-87th BOGGS, CORINNE C. (LINDY). Democrat; Louisiana, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress in a special election held March 20, 1973, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thomas Hale Boggs, Sr.; sworn in March 27, 1973; reelected to the 94th101st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Currency 93rd H. Banking, Currency, and Housing 94th H. House Administration 94th H. Appropriations 95th-101st H. Select Children, Youth, and Families 99th-101st Jt. Bicentennial Arrangements (committee chair) 94th Commission of the Bicentenary of the U.S. House (chair) 99th-100th BOLAND, VERONICA GRACE. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 77th Congress, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Patrick J. Boland; sworn in November 19, 1942; term expired January 3, 1943. Committee Assignments Congress None listed 77th BOLTON, FRANCES PAYNE. Republican; Ohio, 22nd Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a special election held February 27, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Chester C. Bolton; sworn in March 5, 1940; reelected to the 77th-90th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1969. Congressional Research Service 12 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives in Congress 76th H. Expenditures in Executive Departments 76th H. Foreign Affairs 77th-90th BONO MACK, MARY. Republican; California, 44th Congressional District (105th-107th Congresses) and 45th Congressional District (108th-111th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress in a special election held on April 7, 1998, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Sonny Bono; sworn in April 20, 1998; reelected to the 106th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. National Security 105th H. Judiciary 105th-106th H. Armed Services 106th H. Small Business 106th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-111th BORDALLO, MADELEINE Z. Democrat; Non-voting Delegate from Guam. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 108th-111th H. Resources 108th-109th H. Natural Resources 111th H. Small Business 108th-109th BOSONE, REVA ZILPHA BECK. Democrat; Utah, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 81st Congress November 2, 1948; sworn in January 3, 1949; reelected to the 82nd Congress; term expired January 3, 1953. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Lands 81st H. Administration 82nd H. Interior and Insular Affairs 82nd BOWRING, EVA KELLY. Republican; Nebraska, Senator. Appointed to the 83rd Congress April 16, 1954, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Dwight P. Griswold; sworn in April Congressional Research Service 13 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 16, 1954; term ended November 8, 1954, after the election to fill Senator Griswold’s unexpired term. Committee Assignments Congress S. Interstate and Foreign Commerce 83rd S. Labor and Public Welfare 83rd S. Post Office and Civil Service 83rd BOYDA, NANCY. Democrat; Kansas, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 110thCongress November 7, 2006; sworn in January 4, 2007; term expired January 3, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 110th H. Armed Services 110th BOXER, BARBARA. Democrat; California, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 98th Congress November 2, 1982; sworn in January 3, 1983; reelected to the 99th-102nd Congresses. Ms. Boxer was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993. She was reelected to the Senate in 1998 and 2004. Chief deputy Democratic whip in the 109th-111th Congresses and a deputy whip in the 103rd Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 98th H. Government Operations 98th-102nd H. Budget 99th-101st H. Select Children, Youth, and Families 99th-102nd H. Armed Services 102nd S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 103rd-105th S. Budget 103rd-106th S. Environment and Public Works (chair, 110th-111th Congress) 103rd-111th S. Appropriations 105th S. Foreign Relations 106th-111th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 107th-111th S. Select Ethics (committee chair, 110th-111th Congress) 110th -111th BROWN, CORRINE. Democrat; Florida, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 103rd Congressional Research Service 14 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-111th H. Veterans’ Affairs 103rd-111th BROWN-WAITE, GINNY. Republican; Florida, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th -111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 108th-109th H. Financial Services 108th-110th H. Veterans’ Affairs 108th-110th H. Homeland Security 109th-110th H. Ways and Means 111th BUCHANAN, VERA DAERR. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 30th Congressional District. Elected to the 82nd Congress in a special election held July 24, 1951, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Frank Buchanan; sworn in August 1, 1951; reelected to the 83rd-84th Congresses; died in office November 26, 1955. Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 82nd, 1st Sess. H. Veterans’ Affairs 82nd, 1st Sess. H. Public Works 82nd, 2nd Sess.-83rd H. Banking and Currency 84th BURDICK, JOCELYN BIRCH. Democrat; North Dakota, Senator. Appointed to the 102nd Congress September 12, 1992, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband Quentin Burdick; sworn in September 16, 1992; term expired December 4, 1992, with the election of Kent Conrad to the vacancy she filled. Committee Assignments Congress S. Environment and Public Works 102nd BURKE, YVONNE BRATHWAITE. Democrat; California, 37th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-95th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1979. Congressional Research Service 15 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works 93rd H. Interior and Insular Affairs 93rd H. Appropriations 94th-95th H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop (committee chair) 94th-95th BURTON, SALA. Democrat; California, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 98th Congress in a special election held June 21, 1983, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Phillip Burton; sworn in June 28, 1983; reelected to the 99th-100th Congresses; died in office February 1, 1987. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 98th H. Interior and Insular Affairs 98th H. Select Committee on Hunger 98th-99th H. Rules 99th-100th BUSHFIELD, VERA CAHALAN. Republican; South Dakota, Senator. Appointed to the 80th Congress October 6, 1948, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Harlan J. Bushfield; resigned December 26, 1948. Committee Assignments Congress None listed 80th BYRNE, LESLIE. Democrat; Virginia, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd BYRON, BEVERLY BARTON BUTCHER. Democrat; Maryland, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 96th Congress November 7, 1978, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Goodloe E. Byron; sworn in January 15, 1979; reelected to the 97th-102nd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 96th-102nd H. Select Committee on Aging 96th-102nd Congressional Research Service 16 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Interior and Insular Affairs 97th-102nd BYRON, KATHARINE EDGAR. Democrat; Maryland, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 77th Congress in a special election held May 27, 1941, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William Devereux Byron; sworn in June 11, 1941; term expired January 3, 1943. Committee Assignments Congress H. Civil Service 77th H. War Claims 77th CANTWELL, MARIA. Democrat; Washington, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Ms. Cantwell was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 7, 2000; sworn in January 3, 2001. She was reelected to the Senate in 2006. Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 103rd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd S. Judiciary 107th S. Energy and Natural Resources 107th-111th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship 107th-111th S. Indian Affairs 107th-111th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 108th-111th S. Finance 110th-111th CAPITO, SHELLEY MOORE. Republican; West Virginia, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 107th-111th H. Small Business 107th-108th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 107th-111th H. Rules 109th H. Select Committee on Energy and Global Warming 111th Congressional Research Service 17 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 CAPPS, LOIS. Democrat; California, 22nd Congressional District (105th-107th Congresses) and 23rd Congressional District (108th-111th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress in a special election held March 9, 1998, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Walter Capps; sworn in March 17, 1998; reelected to the 106th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. International Relations 105th H. Science 105th H. Commerce 106th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-111th H. Budget 109th H. Natural Resources 110th -111th CARAWAY, HATTIE WYATT. Democrat; Arkansas, Senator. Appointed to the 72nd Congress November 13, 1931, and elected January 12, 1932, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thaddeus H. Caraway; sworn in December 8, 1931; reelected to two full Senate terms; term expired January 3, 1945. Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture and Forestry 72nd-78th S. Commerce 72nd-78th S. Enrolled Bills (committee chair, 73rd-78th) 72nd-78th S. Library 72nd-78th CARNAHAN, JEAN. Democrat; Missouri, Senator. Appointed to the Senate December 4, 2000, to fill the vacancy cause by her husband’s (Gov. Mel Carnahan) posthumous election to the Senate; sworn in January 3, 2001; served until November 25, 2003, when the elected successor for the remainder of the term took office. Committee Assignments Congress S. Armed Services 107th S. Commerce, Science and Transportation 107th S. Governmental Affairs 107th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship 107th S. Special Committee on Aging 107th CARSON, JULIA. Democrat; Indiana, 10th Congressional District (105th-107th Congresses) and 7th Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; first swearing in delayed because of illness, oath of office administered January 9, 1997; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses; died in office on December 15, 2007. Congressional Research Service 18 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 105th-106th H. Financial Services 107th-110th H. Veterans’ Affairs 105th-107th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 108th-110th CASTOR, KATHY. Democrat; Florida, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in January 4, 2007; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 110th H. Rules 110th H. Energy and Commerce 111th H. Standards of Official Conduct 111th CHENOWETH, HELEN. Republican; Idaho, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-106th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2001. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 104th-106th H. Resources 104th-106th H. Veterans’ Affairs 105th-106th H. Government Reform 106th CHISHOLM, SHIRLEY ANITA. Democrat; New York, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 91st Congress November 5, 1968; sworn in January 3, 1969; reelected to the 92nd-97th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1983. Secretary to the Democratic Caucus in the 96th Congress. First black female candidate for U.S. President (1972). Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs 91st-92nd H. Education and Labor 92nd-94th H. Rules 95th-97th CHRISTENSEN, DONNA. Democrat; non-voting Delegate from the Virgin Islands. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-111th Congresses. First woman doctor in Congress. Congressional Research Service 19 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignment Congress H. Resources 105th-109th H. Natural Resources 110th-111th H. Small Business 105th-109th H. Homeland Security 108th-110th H. Energy and Commerce 111th CHRISTIAN-GREEN, DONNA and CHRISTIAN-CHRISTENSEN, DONNA See CHRISTENSEN, DONNA. CHU, JUDY. Democrat; California, 32nd Congressional District. Elected to the 111th Congress in a special election held July 14, 2009, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Hilda Solis; sworn in July 16, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 111th H. Judiciary 111th H. Oversight and Government Reform 111th CHURCH, MARGUERITE STITT. Republican; Illinois, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 82nd Congress November 8, 1950; sworn in January 3, 1951; reelected to the 83rd-87th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1963. Rep. Church succeeded her husband, Ralph E. Church, who died in office on March 21, 1950. The seat remained vacant from March 21, 1950, to January 3, 1951, the commencement of the 82nd Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Expenditures in Executive Departments 82nd H. Government Operations 83rd H. Foreign Affairs 83rd-87th CLARKE, MARIAN WILLIAMS. Republican; New York, 34th Congressional District. Elected to the 73rd Congress in a special election held December 28, 1933, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Davenport Clarke; sworn in January 3, 1934; term expired January 3, 1935. Committee Assignments Congress H. Civil Service 73rd H. Claims 73rd H. Invalid Pensions 73rd Congressional Research Service 20 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 CLARKE, YVETTE. Democrat; New York, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in January 4, 2007; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 110th-111th H. Homeland Security 110th-111th H. Small Business 110th-111th CLAYTON, EVA. Democrat; North Carolina, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 3, 1992, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Walter Jones and elected to the 103rd Congress at the same time; took office on November 5, 1992; reelected to the 104th107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 103rd-107th H. Small Business 103rd-104th H. Budget 105th-107th CLINTON, HILLARY RODHAM. Democrat; New York, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 7, 2000; sworn in January 3, 2001. She was reelected in 2006. First Lady of the United States (1993-2001) and the only First Lady to run for elected political office. Chair of Senate Democratic Steering and Coordination Committee in the 108th Congress. Candidate for U.S. President (2008). Resigned January 21, 2009, to become Secretary of State. Committee Assignments Congress S. Budget 107th S. Environment and Public Works 107th-110th S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 107th-110th S. Armed Services 108th-110th S. Special Aging 109th-110th COLLINS, BARBARA-ROSE. Democrat; Michigan, 13th Congressional District (102ndCongress) and 15th Congressional District (103rd-104th Congresses). Elected to the102nd Congress November 7, 1990; sworn in January 3, 1991; reelected to the 103rd-104th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 102nd-103rd H. Science, Space and Technology 102nd H. Government Operations 103rd Congressional Research Service 21 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 103rd H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th H. Select Children, Youth, and Families 102nd COLLINS, CARDISS. Democrat; Illinois, 7th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress in a special election held June 5, 1973, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, George W. Collins; sworn in June 7, 1973; reelected to the 94th-104th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1997. First female chair of the Congressional Black Caucus, 96th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 93rd-103rd H. International Relations 94th-95th H. District of Columbia 95th H. Foreign Affairs 96th H. Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control 96th-102nd H. Energy and Commerce 97th-103rd H. Commerce 104th H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th COLLINS, SUSAN M. Republican; Maine, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 6, 1996; sworn in January 7, 1997. She was reelected in 2002 and 2008. Committee Assignments Congress S. Labor and Human Resources 105th S. Governmental Affairs (committee chair, 108th ) 105th-108th S. Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (committee chair, 109th) 109th-111th S. Special Aging 105th-111th S. Special Committee on the Year 2000 Technology Problems 106th S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 106th-107th S. Armed Services 107th-111th Jt. Economic 108th S. Appropriations 111th CUBIN, BARBARA. Republican; Wyoming, At Large. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-110th Congresses; term expired January Congressional Research Service 22 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 3, 2009. A House deputy majority whip in the 104th-105th Congresses. Secretary of the House Republican Conference in the 107th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Resources 104th-109th H. Science 104th H. Commerce 105th-106th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-110th DAHLKEMPER, KATHLEEN A. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 111th Congress November 4, 2008; sworn in January 6, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 111th H. Science and Technology 111th H. Small Business 111th DANNER, PAT. Democrat; Missouri, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-106th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2001. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-106th H. Small Business 103rd H. International Relations 105th-106th DAVIS, JO ANN. Republican; Virginia, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-110th Congresses; died in office on October 6, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 107th-110th H. Government Reform 107th-108th H. International Relations 107th-109th H. Foreign Affairs 110th H. Select Intelligence 108th-109th Congressional Research Service 23 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 DAVIS, SUSAN. Democrat; California, 49th Congressional District (107th Congress) and 53rd Congressional District (108th-111th Congresses). Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 107th-111th H. Education and the Workforce 107th-109th H. Education and Labor 110th-111th H. Veterans’ Affairs 108th H. House Administration 110th-111th Jt. Printing 110th DEGETTE, DIANA. Democrat; Colorado, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-111th Congresses. A chief deputy Democratic whip in the 109th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Commerce 105th-106th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-111th H. Natural Resources 111th DELAURO, ROSA. Democrat; Connecticut, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 6, 1990; sworn in January 3, 1991; reelected to the 103rd-111th Congresses. A House chief deputy Democratic whip in the 104th-105th Congresses, assistant to the House Democratic leader in the 106th-107th Congresses, and co-chair of the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee in the 108th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 102nd H. Public Works and Transportation 102nd H. Select Committee on Aging 102nd H. Appropriations 103rd, 105th-111th H. National Security 104th H. Budget 108th-111th DOLE, ELIZABETH H. Republican; North Carolina, Senate. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in January 7, 2003; term expired January 3, 2009. Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee in the 109th Congress (first woman chair), Member of the Federal Trade Commission (1973-1979), Secretary of Transportation (1983-1987), Secretary of Labor (1989-1990), and candidate for U.S. President (2000). Congressional Research Service 24 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 108th S. Armed Services 108th-110th S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 108th-110th S. Special Aging 108th-110th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship 110th DOUGLAS, EMILY TAFT. Democrat; Illinois, At Large. Elected to the 79th Congress November 7, 1944; sworn in January 3, 1945; term expired January 3, 1947. Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 79th DOUGLAS, HELEN GAHAGAN. Democrat; California, 14th Congressional District. Elected to the 79th Congress November 7, 1944; sworn in January 3, 1945; reelected to the 80th-81st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1951. Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 79th-81st DRAKE, THELMA. Republican; Virginia, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th Congress; term expired January 3, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 109th-110th H. Education and the Workforce 109th H. Resources 109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th DUNN, JENNIFER. Republican; Washington, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-108th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2005. Secretary and later vice chair of the House Republican Conference, 105th Congress; term expired January 3, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Administration 103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd H. Science, Space, and Technology 103rd Congressional Research Service 25 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress Jt. Committee on Congressional Operations 103rd H. Oversight 104th H. Ways and Means 104th-108th Jt. Economic 107th-108th H. Homeland Security 108th DWYER, FLORENCE PRICE. Republican; New Jersey, 6th Congressional District (85th-89th Congresses) and 12th Congressional District (90th-92nd Congresses). Elected to the 85th Congress November 6, 1956; sworn in January 3, 1957; reelected to the 86th-92nd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1973. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 85th-92nd H. Veterans’ Affairs 85th H. Banking and Currency 86th-92nd EDWARDS, DONNA. Democrat; Maryland, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress June 17, 2008, in a special election to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Albert Wynn; sworn in June 19, 2008; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Science and Technology 110th-111th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th-111th EDWARDS, ELAINE. Democrat; Louisiana, Senator. Appointed to the 92nd Congress August 1, 1972, by her husband, Governor Edwin L. Edwards, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Allen J. Ellender; sworn in August 7, 1972; served until November 13, 1972, when the elected successor for the remainder of the term took office. Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture and Forestry 92nd S. Public Works 92nd EMERSON, JO ANN. Republican; Missouri, 8th Congressional District. Elected as an Independent to the 104th Congress in a special election November 5, 1996, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Bill Emerson, and to her own seat in the 105th Congress; sworn in January 7, 1997, although certified to serve in the 104th Congress; reelected to the 106th111th Congresses. Congressional Research Service 26 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 105th H. Small Business 105th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 105th H. Appropriations 106th-111th ENGLISH, KARAN. Democrat; Arizona, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 103rd H. Natural Resources 103rd ESHOO, ANNA G. Democrat; California, 14th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 103rd H. Science, Space, and Technology 103rd H. Commerce 104th-106th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-111th H. Intelligence 108th-111th ESLICK, WILLA McCORD BLAKE. Democrat; Tennessee, 7th Congressional District. Elected the 72nd Congress in a special election held August 4, 1932, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Edward Eslick; sworn in December 5, 1932; term expired March 3, 1933. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Buildings and Grounds 72nd H. World War Veterans’ Legislation 72nd FALLIN, MARY. Republican; Oklahoma, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in January 4, 2007; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Small Business 110th-111th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th-111th H. Natural Resources 110th Congressional Research Service 27 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 111th FARRINGTON, MARY ELIZABETH PRUETT. Republican; Delegate from Hawaii. Elected to the 83rd Congress in a special election held July 31, 1954, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Joseph R. Farrington; sworn in August 4, 1954; reelected to the 84th Congress; term expired January 3, 1957. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 83rd-84th H. Armed Services 83rd-84th H. Interior and Insular Affairs 83rd-84th FEINSTEIN, DIANNE. Democrat; California, Senator. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 3, 1992, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Pete Wilson to become Governor of California; sworn in November 10, 1992. Subsequently elected to her own six-year term on November 8, 1994, and reelected in 2000 and 2006. Committee Assignments Congress S. Appropriations 103rd, 107th-111th S. Judiciary 103rd-111th S. Rules and Administration (committee chair, 110th ) 103rd-111th S. Foreign Relations 104th-105th Jt. Committee on the Library (committee chair, 110th ) 105th, 111th S. Energy and Natural Resources 107th-109th S. Select Intelligence (committee chair, 111th) 107th-111th Jt. Committee on Printing 106th-111th FELTON, REBECCA LATIMER. Democrat; Georgia, Senator. Appointed to the 67th Congress on October 3, 1922, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Thomas E. Watson; sworn in November 21, 1922; term expired November 22 with the election of Walter George to the vacancy she filled. Committee Assignments Congress None listed 67th FENWICK, MILLICENT. Republican; New Jersey, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th-97th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1983. Congressional Research Service 28 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Currency, and Housing 94th H. Small Business 94th-95th H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 95th H. Standards of Official Conduct 95th H. District of Columbia 96th H. International Relations 96th H. Education and Labor 97th H. Foreign Affairs 97th H. Select Committee on Aging 97th FERRARO, GERALDINE ANN. Democrat; New York, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 96th Congress November 7, 1978; sworn in January 15, 1979; reelected to the 97th-98th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1985. She was the first woman nominated by a major political party for Vice President and was on the Democratic ticket in 1984 with Walter Mondale. Secretary of the House Democratic Caucus in the 97th and 98th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 96th-97th H. Public Works and Transportation 96th-98th H. Select Committee on Aging 96th-97th H. Budget 98th FIEDLER, BOBBI. Republican; California, 21st Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress November 4, 1980; sworn in January 5, 1981; reelected to the 98th-99th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1987. Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 97th-99th Jt. Economics 99th FOWLER, TILLIE. Republican; Florida, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-106th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2001. House deputy majority whip and chair of the House Page Board in the 104th-105th Congresses. Vice chair of the House Republican Conference in the 106th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 103rd, 106th H. National Security 104th-105th Congressional Research Service 29 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 103rd H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-106th FRAHM, SHEILA. Republican; Kansas, Senator. Appointed to the 104th Congress May 24, 1996, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert Dole; sworn in June 11, 1996; term ended November 5, 1996, after the election to fill the remainder of Senator Dole’s unexpired term. Committee Assignments Congress S. Armed Services 104th S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 104th FOXX, VIRGINIA. Republican; North Carolina, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 109th-110th H. Education and the Workforce 109th-110th H. Government Reform 109th H. Oversight and Government Reform 110th H. Rules 111th FUDGE, MARCIA F. Democrat; Ohio, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress in a special election held November 4, 2008, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones; sworn in November 19, 2008; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 111th H. Science and Technology 111th FULMER, WILLA LYBRAND. Democrat; South Carolina, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 78th Congress November 7, 1944, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Hampton P. Fulmer; sworn in November 6, 1944; term expired January 3, 1945. Committee Assignments Congress None listed 78th Congressional Research Service 30 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 FURSE, ELIZABETH. Democrat; Oregon, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-105th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1999. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 103rd H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 103rd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 103rd H. Commerce 104th-105th GASQUE, ELIZABETH HAWLEY. Democrat; South Carolina, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 75th Congress in a special election held September 13, 1938, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Allard H. Gasque; never sworn in or seated, because Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of her term; term expired January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments Congress None listed, never sworn in 76th GIBBS, FLORENCE REVILLE. Democrat; Georgia, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a special election held October 1, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Benjamin Gibbs; sworn in October 3, 1940; term expired January 3, 1941. Committee Assignments Congress None listed 76th GIFFORDS, GABRIELLE. Democrat; Arizona, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in January 4, 2007; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 110th-111th H. Foreign Affairs 110th-111th H. Science and Technology 110th-111th GILLIBRAND, KIRSTEN. Democrat; New York, 20th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th -111th Congresses. November 7, 2006; sworn in January 4, 2007; reelected to the 111th Congress; resigned on January 26, 2009, after being appointed to the Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Hillary Clinton to become Secretary of State; sworn in January 27, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 110th Congressional Research Service 31 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 110th S. Foreign Relations 111th S. Environment and Public Works 111th S. Special Aging 111th S. Agriculture and Forestry 111th GRANAHAN, KATHRYN ELIZABETH. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress in a special election held November 6, 1956, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William T. Granahan, and to a full two-year term in the 85th Congress; the 84th Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of the term; sworn in January 3, 1957; reelected to the 86th-87th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia 85th H. Post Office and Civil Service 85th-87th H. Government Operations 85th, 2nd Sess.-87th GRANGER, KAY. Republican; Texas, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-111th Congresses. Vice Chair of the House Republican Conference in the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 105th, 107th H. Oversight 105th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 105th Jt. Printing 105th H. National Security 105th H. Appropriations 106th-111th H. Homeland Security 108th GRASSO, ELLA T. Democrat; Connecticut, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 92nd Congress November 3, 1970; sworn in January 21, 1971; reelected to the 93rd Congress; term expired January 3, 1975. Elected Governor of Connecticut in 1974 and 1978. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1981. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 92nd-93rd Congressional Research Service 32 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs 92nd-93rd GRAVES, DIXIE BIBB. Democrat; Alabama, Senator. Appointed by her husband, Governor David Bibb Graves, to the 75th Congress August 18, 1937, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Hugo L. Black; sworn in August20, 1937; resigned January 10, 1938. Committee Assignments Congress S. Claims 75th S. Education and Labor 75th S. Mines and Mining 75th GREEN, EDITH. Democrat; Oregon, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress November 2, 1954; sworn in January 5, 1955; reelected to the 85th-93rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1975. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 84th-92nd H. Interior and Insular Affairs 84th-85th Jt. Committee on Disposition of Executive Papers 85th H. House Administration 86th-87th H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 88th-90th H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop 90th-93rd H. District of Columbia 92nd H. Appropriations 93rd GREENE, ENID. See WALDHOLTZ, ENID GREENE. GREENWAY, ISABELLA SELMES. Democrat; Arizona, At Large. Elected to the 73rd Congress in a special election held October 3, 1933, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Lewis W. Douglas; sworn in January 3, 1934; reelected to the 74th Congress; term expired January 3, 1937. Committee Assignments Congress None listed 73rd H. Indian Affairs 74th H. Irrigation and Reclamation 74th H. Public Lands 74th Congressional Research Service 33 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 GRIFFITHS, MARTHA WRIGHT. Democrat; Michigan, 17th Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress November 2, 1954; sworn in January 5, 1955; reelected to the 85th-93rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1975. Elected Lieutenant Governor of Michigan in 1982 and 1986. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Currency 84th-87th H. Government Operations 84th-87th Jt. Economic 87th-92nd H. Ways and Means 88th-92nd H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop (committee chair, 90th-93rd Congresses) 90th-93rd H. Select Committee on Crime 91st HAGAN, KAY. Democrat; North Carolina; Senator. Elected to Senate November 4, 2008; sworn in January 6, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress S. Armed Services 111th S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 111th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship 111th HALL, KATIE. Democrat; Indiana, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress in a special election held November 2, 1982, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Adam Benjamin, Jr.; sworn in November 29, 1982; reelected to the 98th Congress; term expired January 3, 1985. Committee Assignments Congress None 97th H. Post Office and Civil Service 98th H. Public Works and Transportation 98th HALVORSON, DEBBIE, Democrat; Illinois, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 111th Congress November 4, 2008; sworn in January 6, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 111th H. Small Business 111th H. Veteran’s Affairs 111th Congressional Research Service 34 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 HANSEN, JULIA BUTLER. Democrat; Washington, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 8, 1960, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Russell V. Mack and to the 87th Congress; the 86th Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of the term; sworn in January 3, 1961; reelected to the 88th-93rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1975. Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs 87th, 1st Sess.14 H. Education and Labor 87th H. Interior and Insular Affairs 87th H. Appropriations 88th-93rd HARDEN, CECIL MURRAY. Republican; Indiana, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 81st Congress November 2, 1948; sworn in January 3, 1949; reelected to the 82nd-85th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1959. Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs 81st H. Expenditures in Executive Departments 82nd H. Government Operations 83rd-85th H. Post Office and Civil Service 83rd-85th HARMAN, JANE. Democrat; California, 36th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-105th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1999. Elected to the 107th Congress on November 7, 2000; sworn in January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 103rd H. Science, Space, and Technology 103rd H. National Security 104th-105th H. Science 104th H. Energy and Commerce 107th, 111th H. Intelligence 104th-105th ; 107th-109th H. Homeland Security 108th-111th 14 Rep. Hansen served on the Veteran’s Affairs Committee from Feb. 6, 1961 to March 6, 1961. Congressional Research Service 35 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 HARRIS, KATHERINE. Republican; Florida, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th Congress; term expired January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 108th-109th H. International Relations 108th-109th H. Homeland Security 109th HART, MELISSA. Republican; Pennsylvania, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-109th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 107th-108th H. Judiciary 107th-108th H. Science 107th-108th H. Standards of Official Conduct 109th H. Ways and Means 109th HAWKINS, PAULA. Republican; Florida, Senator. Elected to the Senate on November 4, 1980; sworn in January 5, 1981; term expired on January 3, 1987. Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 97th-99th S. Labor and Human Resources 97th-99th Jt. Economic 97th S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 98th S. Foreign Relations 98th S. Special Aging 99th HECKLER, MARGARET M. Republican; Massachusetts, 19th Congressional District. Elected to the 90th Congress November 8, 1966; sworn in January 10, 1967; reelected to the 91st-97th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1983. Secretary of Health and Human Services (1983-1985) and U.S. Ambassador to Ireland (1985-1989). Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 90th H. Veterans’ Affairs 90th-97th H. Banking and Currency 91st-93rd Congressional Research Service 36 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop 92nd-93rd H. Agriculture 94th-96th Jt. Economic 94th, 96th-97th H. Select Committee on Ethics 96th H. Science and Technology 97th HERSETH SANDLIN, STEPHANIE. Democrat; South Dakota, At-Large. Elected to the 108th Congress in a special election held June 1, 2004, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William Janklow; sworn in June 3, 2004; reelected to the 110th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 108th-111th H. Resources 108th-109th H. Natural Resources 111th H. Veterans’ Affairs 108th-111th H. Select Energy, Independence, and Global Warming 110th-111th HICKS, LOUISE DAY. Democrat; Massachusetts, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 92nd Congress November 3, 1970; sworn in and seated January 21, 1971; term expired January 3, 1973. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 92nd H. Veterans’ Affairs 92nd HIRONO, MAZIE. Democrat; Hawaii, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in and seated January 4, 2007; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 110th-111th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th-111th H. Small Business 110th HOLT, MARJORIE S. Republican; Maryland, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in and seated January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-99th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1987. Congressional Research Service 37 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 93rd-99th H. Administration 94th H. Budget 95th-96th H. Select Committee on Aging 96th Jt. Economic 98th H. District of Columbia 98th HOLTZMAN, ELIZABETH. Democrat; New York, 16th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in and seated January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-96th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1981. Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 93rd-96th H. Budget 94th-96th HONEYMAN, NAN WOOD. Democrat; Oregon, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 75th Congress November 3, 1936; sworn in and seated January 5, 1937; term expired January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments Congress H. Indian Affairs 75th H. Irrigation and Reclamation 75th H. Rivers and Harbors 75th HOOLEY, DARLENE. Democrat; Oregon, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 105th-106th H. Financial Services 107th-109th H. Science 105th, 109th H. Science and Technology 110th H. Budget 106th-108th, 110th H. Veterans’ Affairs 108th-109th H. Energy and Commerce 110th Congressional Research Service 38 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 HORN, JOAN KELLY. Democrat; Missouri, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 6, 1990; sworn in and seated January 3, 1991; term expired January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 102nd H. Science, Space, and Technology 102nd H. Select Children, Youth, and Family 102nd HUCK, WINNIFRED SPRAGUE MASON. Republican; Illinois, At Large. Elected to the 67th Congress in a special election held November 7, 1922, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her father, William E. Mason; sworn in November 20, 1922; term expired March 3, 1923. Committee Assignments Congress H. Expenditures in the Department of Commerce 67th H. Reform in the Civil Service 67th H. Woman Suffrage 67th HUMPHREY, MURIEL BUCK. Democrat; Minnesota, Senator. Appointed to the 95th Congress January 25, 1978, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Hubert H. Humphrey; sworn in February 6, 1978; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments Congress S. Foreign Relations 95th S. Governmental Affairs 95th HUTCHISON, KAY BAILEY. Republican; Texas, Senator. Elected to the 103rd Congress on June 5, 1993, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Lloyd Bentsen to become Secretary of the Treasury; sworn in June 14, 1993. Subsequently elected to a full six year term on November 8, 1994, and reelected in 2000 and 2006. First female vice chair of the Senate Republican Conference (107th-109th Congresses). Chair of the Senate Republican Policy Committee in the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress S. Armed Service 103rd-104th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 103rd-111th S. Small Business 103rd-104th S. Select Intelligence 104th S. Appropriations 105th-111th S. Rules and Administration 105th-111th S. Environment and Public Works 106th Congressional Research Service 39 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress S. Veterans’ Affairs 107th-110th S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 111th JACKSON LEE, SHEILA. Democrat; Texas, 18th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 104th-111th H. Science 104th-109th H. Homeland Security 108th-111th H. Foreign Affairs 110th-111th JENCKES, VIRGINIA ELLIS. Democrat; Indiana, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 73rd Congress November 8, 1932; sworn in March 9, 1933; reelected to the 74th-75th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments Congress H. Civil Service 73rd-75th H. District of Columbia 73rd-75th H. Mines and Mining 73rd-74th JENKINS, LYNN. Republican; Kansas, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 111th Congress November 4, 2008; sworn in January 6, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 111th JOHNSON, EDDIE BERNICE. Democrat; Texas, 30th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-111th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 107th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd H. Science, Space, and Technology 103rd H. Science 104th-109th H. Science and Technology 110th-111th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-111th Congressional Research Service 40 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 JOHNSON, NANCY L. Republican; Connecticut, 6th Congressional District (98th-107th Congresses) and 5th Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 98th Congress November 2, 1982; sworn in January 3, 1983; reelected to the 99th-109th Congresses. Deputy Republican whip in the 103rd Congress; term expired January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 98th-100th H. Veterans’ Affairs 98th-99th H. Select Children, Youth, and Families 98th-100th H. Budget 100th H. Ways and Means 101st-109th H. Standards of Official Conduct (committee chair, 104th Congress) 102nd-104th Jt. Taxation 109th JONES, STEPHANIE TUBBS. Democrat; Ohio, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-110th Congresses; died in office on August 20, 2008. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 106th H. Financial Services 107th H. Small Business 106th-107th H. Standards of Official Conduct (committee chair, 110th Congress) 107th-110th H. Ways and Means 108th-110th JORDAN, BARBARA C. Democrat; Texas, 18th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-95th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 93rd-95th H. Government Operations 94th-95th KAHN, FLORENCE PRAG. Republican; California, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 69th Congress in a special election held February 17, 1925, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Julius Kahn; sworn in December 7, 1925; reelected to the 70th-74th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1937. Committee Assignments Congress H. Census 69th Congressional Research Service 41 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Coinage, Weights, and Measures 69th H. Education 69th H. Expenditures in the War Department 69th H. War Claims 70th H. Military Affairs 71st-72nd H. Appropriations 73rd-74th KAPTUR, MARCY. Democrat; Ohio, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 98th Congress November 2, 1982. Sworn in January 3, 1983; reelected to the 99th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 98th-101st H. Veterans’ Affairs 98th-100th H. Budget 101st, 111th H. Appropriations 101st-111th KASSEBAUM, NANCY LANDON. Republican; Kansas, Senator. Elected to the Senate on November 7, 1978; sworn in December 23, 1978. After her election, Senator James Pearson resigned, and Governor Bennett of Kansas appointed Ms. Kassebaum to replace him for the duration of the 95th Congress. She was reelected to the Senate in 1984 and 1990; term expired January 3, 1997. Deputy minority whip in the 103rd Congress. Committee Assignments Congress S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 96th, 101st-102nd S. Special Committee on Aging 96th-98th, 101st-102nd S. Budget 96th-100th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 96th-100th S. Select Committee on Ethics 99th-100th S. Foreign Relations 97th-104th S. Labor and Human Resources (committee chair, 104th Congress) 101st-104th S. Indian Affairs 102nd-104th Jt. Committee on the Organization of Congress 103rd KEE, MAUDE ELIZABETH. Democrat; West Virginia, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 82nd Congress in a special election held July 16, 1951, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Kee; sworn in July 26, 1951; reelected to the 83rd-88th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1965. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 88th Congress, 2nd Session. Congressional Research Service 42 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs 82nd-88th H. Government Operations 85th-87th H. Interior and Insular Affairs 88th KELLY, EDNA FLANNERY. Democrat; New York, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 81st Congress November 8, 1949, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Andrew L. Somers; sworn in January 3, 1950; reelected to the 82nd-90th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1969. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 83rd-84th and 88th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 81st-90th H. Standards of Official Conduct 90th KELLY, SUE. Republican; New York, 19th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-109th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2007. Chair of the House Page Board in the 106th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 104th-106th H. Financial Services 107th-109th H. Small Business 104th-109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-109th KENNELLY, BARBARA BAILEY. Democrat; Connecticut, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress in a special election on January 12, 1982, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William R. Cotter; sworn in January 25, 1982; reelected to the 98th-105th Congresses; term expired on January 3, 1999. Appointed one of three House Democratic chief deputy whips in the 102nd and 103rd Congresses, the first woman to have held the position. Vice chair of the House Democratic Caucus in the 104th-105th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 97th H. Public Works and Transportation 97th H. Select Intelligence 100th-102nd H. Budget 103rd H. Administration 103rd H. Ways and Means 98th-105th Congressional Research Service 43 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 KEYS, MARTHA ELIZABETH. Democrat; Kansas, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th Congress; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments Congress H. Ways and Means 94th-95th KILPATRICK, CAROLYN CHEEKS. Democrat; Michigan, 15th Congressional District (105th107th Congresses) and 13th Congressional District (108th-111th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 105th H. House Oversight 105th Jt. Library 105th H. Appropriations 106th-111th KILROY, MARY JO. Democrat; Ohio, 15th Congressional District. Elected to the 111th Congress November 4, 2008; sworn in January 6, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 111th H. Homeland Security 111th KIRKPATRICK, ANN. Democrat; Arizona, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 111th Congress November 4, 2008; sworn in January 6, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Homeland Security 111th H. Small Business 111th H. Veteran’s Affairs 111th KLOBUCHAR, AMY. Democrat; Minnesota; Senator. Elected to Senate November 7, 2006; sworn in January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry 110th-111th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 110th-111th S. Environment and Public Works 110th-111th Congressional Research Service 44 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress Jt. Economic 110th-111th S. Judiciary 111th KNUTSON, COYA GJESDAL. Democrat; Minnesota, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress November 2, 1954; sworn in January 5, 1955; reelected to the 85th Congress; term expired January 3, 1959. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 84th-85th KOSMAS, SUZANNE. Democrat; Florida, 24th Congressional District. Elected to the 111th Congress November 4, 2008; sworn in January 6, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Finance Services 111th H. Science and Technology 111th LANDRIEU, MARY. Democrat; Louisiana, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 5, 1996; sworn in January 7, 1997. She was reelected to the Senate in 2002 and 2008. Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 105th S. Energy and Natural Resources 105th-111th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship (committee chair, 111th Congress) 105th-111th S. Armed Services 106th-107th S. Appropriations 107th-111th S. Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 110th-111th LANGLEY, KATHERINE GUDGER. Republican; Kentucky, 10th Congressional District. Elected to the 70th Congress November 2, 1926; sworn in December 5, 1927; reelected to the 71st Congress; term expired March 3, 1931. Committee Assignments Congress H. Claims 70th-71st H. Immigration and Naturalization 70th-71st H. Invalid Pensions 70th-71st H. Education 71st Congressional Research Service 45 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 LEE, BARBARA. Democrat; California, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress in a special election held April 7, 1998, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Ronald Dellums; sworn in April 20, 1998; reelected to the 106th-111th Congress. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 105th-106th H. Financial Services 107th-109th H. Science 105th H. International Relations 107th-109th H. Foreign Affairs 110th-111th H. Appropriations 110th-111th LINCOLN, BLANCHE LAMBERT. Democrat; Arkansas, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th Congress; term expired January 3, 1997. Ms. Lincoln was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 3, 1998; sworn in January 6, 1999; reelected in 2004. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 103rd H. Energy and Commerce 103rd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 103rd H. Commerce 104th S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry (committee chair, 111th Congress) 106th-111th S. Energy and Natural Resources 106th, 111th S. Special Committee on Aging 106th-111th S. Finance 107th-111th S. Select Committee on Ethics 107th-108th LLOYD, MARILYN. Democrat; Tennessee, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th-103rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works 94th H. Science, Space, and Technology 94th-103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 95th-99th H. Select Committee on Aging 96th-102nd H. Armed Services 98th-103rd Congressional Research Service 46 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 LOFGREN, ZOE. Democrat; California, 16th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 104th-111th H. Science 104th-108th H. Standards of Official Conduct (committee chair, 111th Congress) 105th-107th, 111th H. Homeland Security 108th-111th H. Administration 109th-111th Jt. Library 109th-110th LONG, CATHERINE S. Democrat; Louisiana, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 99th Congress in a special election held March 30, 1985, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Gillis Long; sworn in April 4, 1985; term expired January 3, 1987. Committee Assignment Congress H. Public Works 99th H. Small Business 99th LONG, JILL. Democrat; Indiana, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 101st Congress in a special election held March 28, 1989, to fill the vacancy caused by the appointment of Dan Coats to the Senate; sworn in April 5, 1989; reelected to the 102nd-103rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 101st-103rd H. Veterans’ Affairs 101st-103rd H. Select Committee on Hunger 101st-102nd LONG, ROSE McCONNELL. Democrat; Louisiana, Senator. Appointed to the 74th Congress January 31, 1936, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Huey Pierce Long; sworn in February 10, 1936; subsequently elected April 21, 1936, in a special election to fill the remaining months of her husband’s term, took the oath of office for a second time on May 19, 1936; term expired January 3, 1937. Committee Assignments Congress S. Claims 74th S. Immigration 74th S. Interoceanic Canals 74th S. Post Office and Post Roads 74th Congressional Research Service 47 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress S. Public Lands and Surveys 74th LOWEY, NITA M. Democrat; New York, 20th Congressional District (101st-102nd Congresses) and 18th Congressional District (103rd-111th Congresses). Elected to the 101st Congress November 8, 1988; sworn in January 3, 1989; reelected to the 102nd-111th Congresses. Chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee in the 107th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 101st-102nd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 101st-102nd H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control 101st-102nd H. Appropriations 103rd-111th H. Homeland Security 108th-110th LUCE, CLARE BOOTHE. Republican; Connecticut, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 78th Congress November 3, 1942; sworn in January 6, 1943; reelected to the 79th Congress; term expired January 3, 1947. Ambassador to Italy 1953-1956; nominated Ambassador to Brazil in 1959, but did not serve; and awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1983. Committee Assignments Congress H. Military Affairs 78th-79th LUMMIS, CYNTHIA. Republican; Wyoming, At Large. Elected to the 111th Congress November 4, 2008; sworn in January 6, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 111th H. Budget 111th H. Natural Resources 111th LUSK, GEORGIA LEE. Democrat; New Mexico, At Large. Elected to the 80th Congress November 5, 1946; sworn in January 3, 1947; term expired January 3, 1949. Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs 80th Congressional Research Service 48 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 MAJETTE, DENISE L. Democrat; Georgia, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in January 7, 2003; term expired January 3, 2005. Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 108th H. Education and the Workforce 108th H. Small Business 108th MALONEY, CAROLYN. Democrat; New York, 14th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 103rd H. Government Operations 103rd H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th-105th H. Government Reform 106th-109th H. Oversight and Government Reform 110th-111th H. Banking and Financial Services 104th-106th H. Financial Services 107th-111th Jt. Economic (committee chair, 111th Congress) 105th-111th MANKIN, HELEN DOUGLAS. Democrat; Georgia, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 79th Congress in a special election held February 12, 1946, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert Ramspeck; sworn in February 25, 1946; term expired January 3, 1947. Committee Assignments Congress H. Civil Service 79th H. Claims 79th H. Elections 79th H. Revision of Laws 79th MARGOLIES-MEZVINSKY, MARJORIE. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Energy and Commerce 103rd H. Government Operations 103rd H. Small Business 103rd Congressional Research Service 49 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 MARKEY, BETSY. Democrat; Colorado, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 111th Congress November 4, 2008; sworn in January 6, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 111th H. Transportation and Infrasturcture 111th MARTIN, LYNN M. Republican; Illinois, 16th Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress November 4, 1980; sworn in January 5, 1981; reelected to the 98th-101st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1991. Vice chair of the House Republican Conference (99th-100th Congresses) and Secretary of Labor (1991-1993). Committee Assignments Congress H. Administration 97th-98th H. Budget 97th-99th H. Armed Services 99th-100th H. Rules 101st H. Bipartisan Task Force on Ethics (vice chair) 101st MATSUI, DORIS O. Democrat; California, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress in a special election held March 8, 2005, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Robert Matsui; sworn in March 10, 2005; reelected to the 110th -111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Rules 109th-111th H. Science 109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th H. Energy and Commerce 110th-111th MAY, CATHERINE DEAN. Republican; Washington, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 4, 1958; sworn in January 7, 1959; reelected to the 87th-91st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1971. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 86th-91st H. District of Columbia 91st, 1st Sess. H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop 91st Jt. Atomic Energy 91st Congressional Research Service 50 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 MCCARTHY, CAROLYN. Democrat; New York, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 105th-109th H. Education and Labor 110th-111th H. Small Business 105th-106th H. Financial Services 108th-111th MCCARTHY, KAREN. Democrat; Missouri, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-108th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2005. Committee Assignments Congress H. Science 104th H. Small Business 104th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th H. Commerce 105th-106th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-108th H. Homeland Security 108th MCCARTHY, KATHYRN O’LOUGHLIN. Democrat; Kansas, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 73rd Congress November 8, 1932; sworn in March 9, 1933; term expired January 3, 1935. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education 73rd H. Public Buildings and Grounds 73rd H. World War Veterans’ Legislation 73rd MCCASKILL, CLAIRE. Democrat; Missouri, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 7, 2006; sworn in January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress S. Armed Services 110th-111th S. Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 110th-111th S. Indian Affairs 110th S. Special Aging 110th-111th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 111th Congressional Research Service 51 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 MCCOLLUM, BETTY. Democrat; Minnesota, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 107th-109th H. Resources 107th-108th H. International Relations 108th-109th H. Appropriations 110th-111th H. Oversight and Government Reform 110th H. Budget 111th MCCORMICK, RUTH HANNA. Republican; Illinois, At Large. Elected to the 71st Congress November 6, 1928; sworn in April 15, 1929; term expired March 3, 1931. Committee Assignments Congress H. Naval Affairs 71st MCKINNEY, CYNTHIA. Democrat; Georgia, 11th Congressional District (103rd-104th Congresses) and 4th Congressional District (105th-107th Congress and 109th Congress). Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Elected to the 109th Congress November 2, 2004; sworn January 4, 2005; term expired January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 103rd-104th H. Foreign Affairs 103rd H. Banking and Finance 104th-105th H. International Relations 104th-107th H. National Security 105th H. Armed Services 106th-107th , 109th H. Budget 109th MCMILLAN, CLARA GOODING. Democrat; South Carolina, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a special election held November 7, 1939, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thomas S. McMillan; sworn in January 3, 1940; term expired January 3, 1941. Committee Assignments Congress H. Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives in Congress 76th H. Insular Affairs 76th Congressional Research Service 52 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Patents 76th H. Public Buildings and Grounds 76th MCMORRIS ROGERS, CATHY. Republican; Washington, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th -111th Congresses. Vice chair of the House Republican Conference in the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 109th-111th H. Education and the Workforce 109th H. Education and Labor 110th-111th H. Resources 109th H. Natural Resources 110th-111th MEEK, CARRIE. Democrat; Florida, 17th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments Congress H. Appropriations 103rd, 105th-107th H. Budget 104th H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th MEYERS, JAN. Republican; Kansas, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 99th Congress November 6, 1984; sworn in January 3, 1985; reelected to the 100th-104th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments Congress H. Science and Technology 99th H. Select Aging 99th-102nd H. Foreign Affairs 99th-103rd H. International Relations 104th H. Economic and Educational Opportunities 104th H. Small Business (committee chair, 104th) 99th-104th Congressional Research Service 53 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 MEYNER, HELEN STEVENSON. Democrat; New Jersey, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th Congress; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia 94th-95th H. Foreign Affairs 94th H. International Relations 95th MIKULSKI, BARBARA ANN. Democrat; Maryland, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 95th Congress November 2, 1976; sworn in January 4, 1977; reelected to the 97th-99th Congresses. Ms. Mikulski was subsequently elected to the Senate November 4, 1986; sworn in January 6, 1987. She was reelected to the Senate in 1992, 1996, and 2002. Elected assistant Senate Democratic floor leader in the 103rd Congress; the only woman to have held that position. Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference in the 104th-108th Congresses, which was the highest position held by a woman, Democratic Senator up to that time. Committee Assignments Congress H. Interstate and Foreign Commerce 95th-97th H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 95th-99th H. Energy and Commerce 97th-99th S. Environmental and Public Works 100th S. Appropriations 100th-111th S. Labor and Human Resources 100th-105th S. Small Business 100th-102nd S. Select Ethics 103rd-104th, 109th S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 106th-111th S. Select Intelligence 107th-111th MILLENDER-McDONALD, JUANITA. Democrat; California, 37th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress in a special election held March 26, 1996, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Walter Tucker; sworn in April 16, 1996; reelected to the 105th-110th Congresses; died in office April 22, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Small Business 104th-110th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-110th H. Administration (committee chair, 110th Congress) 108th-110th Jt. Library 108th-110th Jt. Printing 109th-110th Congressional Research Service 54 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 MILLER, CANDICE S. Republican; Michigan, 10th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 108th-110th H. Government Reform 108th-109th H. House Administration 109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th-111th H. Select Energy Independence and Global Warming 110th-111th H. Homeland Security 110th-111th Jt. Library 109th Jt. Printing 109th MINK, PATSY TAKEMOTO. Democrat; Hawaii, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 89th Congress November 3, 1964; sworn in January 4, 1965; reelected to the 90th-94th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1977. She was subsequently elected to the 101st Congress in a special election held September 22, 1990, to fill the vacancy caused by the appointment of Daniel Akaka to the Senate; sworn in September 27, 1990; reelected to the 102nd-107th Congresses; died in office on September 28, 2002. Secretary to the House Democratic Caucus in the 94th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 89th-94th, 101st-103rd H. Interior and Insular Affairs 90th-94th H. Budget 94th, 103rd-105th H. Government Operations 101st-102nd H. Natural Resources 103rd H. Economic and Educational Opportunities 104th H. Education and the Workforce 105th-107th H. Government Reform 106th-107th MOLINARI, SUSAN. Republican; New York, 14th Congressional District (101st-102nd Congresses) and 13th Congressional District (103rd-105th Congresses). Elected to the 101st Congress in a special election held March 20, 1990, to fill the term of her father, Guy Molinari; sworn in March 27, 1990; reelected to the 102nd-105th Congresses. Vice chair of the House Republican Conference in the 104th-105th Congresses, resigned from the 105th Congress August 1, 1997. Committee Assignments Congress H. Small Business 101st H. Public Works and Transportation 101st-103rd H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th -105th Congressional Research Service 55 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 102nd-103rd H. Budget 104th-105th MOORE, GWEN. Democrat; Wisconsin, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th -111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 109th-110th H. Small Business 109th-111th H. Budget 110th-111th MORELLA, CONSTANCE A. Republican; Maryland, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 100th Congress November 4, 1986; sworn in January 6, 1987; reelected to the 101st-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. U.S. Representative to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, 2003-2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 100th-103rd H. Science, Space, and Technology 100th-103rd H. Select Aging 100th-102nd H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th-105th H. Government Reform 106th-107th H. Science 104th-107th MOSELEY-BRAUN, CAROL. Democrat; Illinois, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1999. Ambassador to New Zealand from 1999-2001; candidate for U.S. President in 2004. Committee Assignments Congress S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 103rd-105th S. Judiciary 103rd S. Small Business 103rd S. Finance 104th-105th S. Special Aging 104th-105th MURKOWSKI, LISA. Republican; Alaska, Senate. Appointed to the 108th Congress December 20, 2002. She was appointed by her father, Frank Murkowski, to the seat he had held before he Congressional Research Service 56 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 was elected governor of Alaska on November 5, 2002; sworn in January 7, 2003. She was reelected on November 2, 2004, to a six-year term. Committee Assignments Congress S. Energy and Natural Resources 108th-111th S. Environment and Public Works 108th-109th S. Veterans’ Affairs 108th S. Indian Affairs 108th-111th S. Foreign Relations 109th-110th S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 110th-111th S. Appropriations 111th MURRAY, PATTY. Democrat; Washington, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected in 1998 and 2004. Senate Democratic deputy whip in the 103rd Congress and a deputy Democratic whip in the 104th-106th Congresses. Chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee in the 107th Congress. Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference in the 110th -111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress S. Appropriations 103rd-111th S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 103rd-104th S. Budget 103rd-111th S. Labor and Human Resources 105th S. Veterans Affairs 105th-111th S. Select Ethics 105th S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 106th-111th S. Foreign Relations 110th S. Indian Affairs 110th Jt. Printing 111th S. Rules and Administration 111th MUSGRAVE, MARILYN. Republican; Colorado, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th -110th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 108th-110th H. Education and the Workforce 108th-109th H. Small Business 108th-110th H. Resources 109th Congressional Research Service 57 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 MYRICK, SUE. Republican; North Carolina, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 104th H. Science 104th H. Small Business 104th H. Rules 105th-108th H. Energy and Commerce 109th-111th H. Intelligence 111th NAPOLITANO, GRACE. Democrat; California, 34th Congressional District (106th-107th Congresses) and 38th Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-111th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus in the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Resources 106th-109th H. Natural Resources 110th-111th H. Small Business 106th-108th H. International Relations 107th-109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th-111th NEUBERGER, MAURINE BROWN. Democrat; Oregon, Senator. Elected to the 86th Congress November 8, 1960, in a special election held to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Richard L. Neuberger, and for the ensuing six-year term; sworn in November 9, 1960; term expired January 3, 1967. Committee Assignments Congress S. Agriculture and Forestry 87th-88th S. Banking and Currency 87th-89th S. Special Committee on Aging 87th S. Committee on Parliamentary Conference with Canada 87th, 2nd Sess. S. Commerce 89th NOLAN, MAE ELLA. Republican; California, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 67th Congress in a special election held January 23, 1923, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Nolan, and also to the 68th Congress; sworn in February 2, 1923; term expired March 3, 1925. First woman to chair a congressional committee. Congressional Research Service 58 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Expenditures in the Post Office Department (committee chair, 68th ) 67th-68th H. Labor 67th-68th NORRELL, CATHERINE DORRIS. Democrat; Arkansas, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 87th Congress in a special election April 18, 1961, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William Frank Norrell; sworn in April 25, 1961; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 87th NORTHUP, ANNE M. Republican; Kentucky 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Appropriations 105th-109th NORTON, ELEANOR HOLMES. Democrat; Non-voting Delegate from the District of Columbia. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 6, 1990; sworn in January 3, 1991; reelected to the 103rd-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia 102nd-103rd H. Post Office and Civil Service 102nd-103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 102nd-103rd Jt. Committee on the Organization of Congress 103rd H. Small Business 104th H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th-105th H. Government Reform 106th-109th H. Oversight and Government Reform 110th- 111th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-111th H. Homeland Security 108th-111th NORTON, MARY TERESA. Democrat; New Jersey, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 69th Congress November 4, 1924; sworn in December 7, 1925; reelected to the 70th-81st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1951. Congressional Research Service 59 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia (committee chair, 72nd-74th) 69th-74th H. Labor (committee chair, 75th-79th) 69th-79th H. World War Veterans Legislation 69th-72nd H. Memorials 71st-79th H. Education 78th-79th H. Enrolled Bills 78th-79th H. Administration (committee chair, 81st) 80th-81st OAKAR, MARY ROSE. Democrat; Ohio, 20th Congressional District. Elected to the 95th Congress November 2, 1976; sworn in January 4, 1977; reelected to the 96th-102nd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1993. Elected secretary of the House Democratic Caucus in the 99th Congress and vice chair of the caucus in the 100th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 95th-102nd H. Select Committee on Aging 96th-102nd H. Post Office and Civil Service 97th-102nd H. Administration 98th-102nd O’DAY, CAROLINE LOVE GOODWIN. Democrat; New York, At Large. Elected to the 74th Congress November 6, 1934; sworn in January 3, 1935; reelected to the 75th-77th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1943. Committee Assignments Congress H. Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives in Congress 74th-77th (committee chair, 75th-77th) H. Immigration and Naturalization 75th-77th H. Insular Affairs 75th-77th OLDFIELD, PEARL PEDEN. Democrat; Arkansas, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 70th Congress in a special election held January 9, 1929, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William Allen Oldfield, and also to the 71st Congress; sworn in January 11, 1929; term expired March 3, 1931. Committee Assignments Congress H. Coinage, Weights, and Measures 71st H. Expenditures in the Executive Departments 71st H. Public Buildings and Grounds 71st Congressional Research Service 60 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 OWEN, RUTH BRYAN. Democrat; Florida, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 71st Congress November 6, 1928; sworn in April 15, 1929; reelected to the 72nd Congress; term expired March 3, 1933. Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 71st-72nd PATTERSON, ELIZABETH J. Democrat; South Carolina, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 100th Congress November 4, 1986; sworn in January 6, 1987; reelected to the 101st-102nd Congresses, term expired January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 100th-102nd H. Veterans’ Affairs 100th-102nd H. Select Hunger 100th-102nd PELOSI, NANCY. Democrat; California, 5th Congressional District (100th-102nd Congresses) and 8th Congressional District (103rd-111th Congresses). Elected to the 100th Congress in a special election June 2, 1987, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Sala Burton; sworn in June 9, 1987; reelected to the 101st-111th Congresses. Elected Speaker of the House in the 110th and 111th Congresses, making her the first female Speaker of the House. Elected House Democratic whip on Oct.10, 2001, effective January 15, 2002, and elected House Democratic leader for the 108th and 109th Congresses. Both were the highest House leadership positions ever held by a woman at that time. Representative Pelosi is also the only woman nominated to be Speaker of the House. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 100th-101st H. Government Operations 100th-101st H. Appropriations 102nd-107th H. Standards of Official Conduct 102nd-104th H. Intelligence 104th-107th H. Intelligence (Ex Officio) 108th-109th PETTIS, SHIRLEY N. Republican; California, 37th Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress April 29,1975, in a special election to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Jerry L. Pettis; sworn in May 6, 1975; reelected to the 95th Congress; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments Congress H. Interior and Insular Affairs 94th H. Education and Labor 95th Congressional Research Service 61 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. International Relations 95th PFOST, GRACIE BOWERS. Democrat; Idaho, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 83rd Congress November 4, 1952; sworn in January 3, 1953; reelected to the 84th-87th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments Congress H. Interior and Insular Affairs 83rd-87th H. Post Office and Civil Service 84th-85th H. Public Works 86th-87th PINGREE, CHELLIE. Democrat; Maine, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 111th Congress November 4, 2008; sworn in January 6, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 111th H. Rules 111th PRATT, ELIZA JANE. Democrat; North Carolina, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 79th Congress in a special election held May 25, 1946, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William O. Burgin; sworn in June 3, 1946; term expired January 3, 1947. Committee Assignments Congress H. Flood Control 79th H. Pensions 79th H. Territories 79th PRATT, RUTH SEARS BAKER. Republican; New York, 17th Congressional District. Elected to the 71st Congress November 6, 1928; sworn in April 15, 1929; reelected to the 72nd Congress; term expired March 3, 1933. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Currency 71st H. Library 71st-72nd H. Education 72nd Congressional Research Service 62 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 PRYCE, DEBORAH. Republican; Ohio, 15th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-110th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2009. A deputy Republican whip in the 105th-106th Congresses, secretary of the House Republican Conference in the 106th Congress, House Republican Conference vice chair in the 107th Congress, and chair of the House Republican Conference in the 108th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 103rd H. Government Operations 103rd H. Rules 104th-108th H. Financial Services 109th-110th PYLE, GLADYS. Republican; South Dakota, Senator. Elected to the 75th Congress November 8, 1938, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Peter Norbeck; never sworn in and seated, because Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of the term; term expired January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments Congress None listed, never sworn in 75th RANKIN, JEANNETTE. Republican; Montana, At Large (65th Congress) and 1st Congressional District (77th Congress). Elected to the 65th Congress November 9, 1916; sworn in April 2, 1917; term expired March 4, 1919. Elected to the 77th Congress November 5, 1940; sworn in January 3, 1941; term expired January 3, 1943. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Lands 65th, 77th H. Woman Suffrage 65th H. Insular Affairs 77th REECE, LOUISE GOFF. Republican; Tennessee, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 87th Congress in a special election on May 16, 1961, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, B. Carroll Reece; sworn in May 23, 1961; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works 87th REID, CHARLOTTE THOMPSON. Republican; Illinois, 15th Congressional District. Elected to the 88th Congress November 6, 1962; sworn in January 9, 1963; reelected to the 89th-92nd Congressional Research Service 63 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congresses; resigned October 7, 1971, to become a member of the Federal Communication Commission. Committee Assignments Congress H. Interior and Insular Affairs 88th-89th H. Public Works 89th H. Appropriations 90th-92nd H. Standards of Official Conduct 91st-92nd RICHARDSON, LAURA. Democrat, California, 37th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress in a special election August 21, 2007, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Juanita Millender-McDonald; sworn in September 4, 2007; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Science and Technology 110th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th-111th H. Homeland Security 111th RILEY, CORINNE BOYD. Democrat; South Carolina, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 87th Congress in a special election on April 10, 1962, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Jacob Riley; sworn in April 12, 1962; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments Congress H. Science and Transportation 87th RIVERS, LYNN. Democrat; Michigan, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 104th-106th H. Science 104th-107th H. Education and the Workforce 107th ROBERTSON, ALICE MARY. Republican; Oklahoma, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 67th Congress on November 2, 1920; sworn in April 11, 1921; term expired March 3, 1923. Committee Assignments Congress H. Expenditures in the Interior Department 67th Congressional Research Service 64 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Indian Affairs 67th H. Woman Suffrage 67th ROGERS, EDITH NOURSE. Republican; Massachusetts, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 69th Congress in a special election held June 30, 1925, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Jacob Rogers; sworn in December 7, 1925; reelected to the 70th-86th Congresses; died in office September 10, 1960. Committee Assignments Congress H. Expenditures in the Navy Department 69th H. Industrial Arts and Expositions 69th H. Woman Suffrage 69th H. World War Veterans’ Legislation 69th-79th H. Civil Service 70th-77th H. Indian Affairs 70th H. Foreign Affairs 73rd-79th H. Veterans’ Affairs (committee chair, 80th, 83rd) 80th-86th ROS-LEHTINEN, ILEANA. Republican; Florida, 18th Congressional District. Elected to the 101st Congress in a special election held August 29, 1989, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Claude Pepper; sworn in September 6, 1989; reelected to the 102nd-111th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Conference in the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs 101st-103rd, 110th-111th H. International Relations 104th-109th H. Government Operations 101st-103rd H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th-105th H. Government Reform 106th-109th H. Budget 109th ROUKEMA, MARGARET (MARGE) SCAFATI. Republican; New Jersey, 7th Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress November 4, 1980; sworn in January 5, 1981; reelected to the 98th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 97th-103rd H. Education and Labor 97th-103rd Congressional Research Service 65 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Select Hunger 98th-102nd H. Banking and Financial Services 104th-106th H. Financial Services 107th H. Economic and Educational Opportunities 104th H. Education and the Workforce 105th-107th ROYBAL-ALLARD, LUCILLE. Democrat; California, 33rd Congressional District (103rd-107th Congresses) and 34th Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 103rd H. Small Business 103rd H. Banking and Financial Services 104th-105th H. Budget 104th-105th H. Select U.S. National Security and Military/Commercial Concerns with the People’s Republic of China 105th-106th H. Appropriations 106th-110th-111th H. Standards of Official Conduct 108th-110th SAIKI, PATRICIA F. Republican; Hawaii, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 100th Congress November 4, 1986; sworn in January 6, 1987; reelected to the 101st Congress; term expired January 3, 1991. Head of the Small Business Administration, 1991-1993. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs 100th-101st H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 100th-101st H. Select Aging 100th-101st ST. GEORGE, KATHARINE PRICE COLLIER. Republican; New York, 28th Congressional District. Elected to the 80th Congress November 5, 1946; sworn in January 3, 1947; reelected to the 81st-88th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1965. Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 80th-84th, 86th-89th H. Government Operations 83rd H. Armed Services 85th-86th Congressional Research Service 66 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Rules 87th-89th SÁNCHEZ, LINDA. Democrat; California, 39th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th-111th Congresses. Sister of Representative Loretta Sanchez. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Reform 108th-109th H. Judiciary 108th-111th H. Small Business 108th-109th H. Education and Labor 110th H. Foreign Affairs 110th H. Ways and Means 111th SANCHEZ, LORETTA. Democrat; California, 46th Congressional District (105th -107th Congresses) and 47th Congressional District (108th-110th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-111th Congresses. Sister of Representative Linda Sánchez. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 105th-107th H. National Security 105th H. Armed Services 106th-111th H. Homeland Security 108th-111th Jt. Economic 109th; 111th SCHAKOWSKY, JANICE. Democrat; Illinois, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-111th Congresses. A Democratic chief deputy whip in the 108th-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 106th H. Financial Services 107th H. Government Reform 106th-107th H. Small Business 106th H. Energy and Commerce 108th -111th H. Intelligence 110th - 111th Congressional Research Service 67 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 SCHENK, LYNN. Democrat; California, 49th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Energy and Commerce 103rd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 103rd SCHMIDT, JEAN. Republican, Ohio, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress in a special election held August 2, 2005, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rob Portman; sworn in September 6, 2005; reelected to the 110th -111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 109th-111th H. Government Reform 109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 109th-111th SCHNEIDER, CLAUDINE CMARADA. Republican; Rhode Island, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress November 4, 1980; sworn in January 5, 1981; reelected to the 98th101st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 97th-101st H. Science and Technology 97th-101st H. Special Committee on Aging 98th-101st SCHROEDER, PATRICIA S. Democrat; Colorado, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-104th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1997. Candidate for U.S. President in 1987 for the 1988 nomination. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 93rd-103rd H. Post Office and Civil Service 93rd-103rd H. Judiciary 97th-104th H. Select Children, Youth, and Families (committee chair, 102nd) 100th-102nd H. National Security 104th SCHWARTZ, ALLYSON Y. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th -111th Congresses. Congressional Research Service 68 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 109th-111th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 109th H. Ways and Means 110th-111th SEASTRAND, ANDREA, Republican; California, 22nd Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in January 4, 1995; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments Congress H. Science 104th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th SEKULA GIBBS, SHELLEY, Republican; Texas, 22nd Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress in a special election held November 7, 2006, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Tom Delay; sworn in November 13, 2006; term expired January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 109th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 109th SHAHEEN, JEANNE D. Democrat; New Hampshire; Senator. Elected to Senate November 4, 2008; sworn in January 6, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress S. Energy and Natural Resources 111th S. Foreign Relations 111th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship 111th SHEA-PORTER, CAROL, Democrat; New Hampshire, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in January 4, 2007; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 110th-111th H. Education and Labor 110th-111th H. Natural Resources 111th Congressional Research Service 69 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 SHEPHERD, KAREN. Democrat; Utah, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Natural Resources 103rd H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd SIMPSON, EDNA OAKES. Republican; Ohio, 28th Congressional District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 4, 1958; sworn in January 7, 1959; term expired January 3, 1961. Rep. Simpson succeeded her husband, Sidney Simpson, who died on October 26, 1958. The seat remained vacant from October 26, 1958, to January 7, 1959, the beginning of 86th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Administration 86th H. Interior and Insular Affairs 86th SLAUGHTER, LOUISE MCINTOSH. Democrat; New York, 30th Congressional District (100th102nd Congresses) and 28th Congressional District (103rd-111th Congresses). Elected to the 100th Congress November 4, 1986; sworn in January 6, 1987; reelected to the 101st-111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 100th-101st H. Public Works and Transportation 100th-101st H. Select Aging 100th-102nd H. Budget 102nd-104th H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th H. Rules (committee chair, 110th-111th Congresses) 102nd-111th H. Homeland Security 108th SMITH, LINDA. Republican; Washington, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th Congress; term expired January 3, 1999. Committee Assignments Congress H. Resources 104th-105th H. Small Business 104th-105th SMITH, MARGARET CHASE. Republican; Maine, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a special election held June 3, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Clyde H. Smith; sworn in June 10, 1940; reelected to the 77th-80th Congresses. Ms. Congressional Research Service 70 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Smith was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 2, 1948; sworn in on January 3, 1949. She was reelected to the Senate in 1954, 1960, and 1966; term expired January 3, 1973. Chair of the Senate Republican Conference, 1967-1972 (the highest Senate leadership post held by a woman), and candidate for U.S. President (1964). Committee Assignments Congress H. Election of the President, Vice President, Representatives in Congress 76th H. War Claims 76th H. Revision of the Laws 76th H. Invalid Pensions 76th-77th H. Education 77th H. Post Office and Post Roads 77th H. Naval Affairs 78th-79th H. Armed Services 80th S. District of Columbia 81st S. Expenditures in Executive Departments 81st-82nd S. Rules and Administration 82nd S. Appropriations 83rd-92nd S. Armed Services 83rd-92nd S. Government Operations 83rd-85th S. Aeronautical and Space Sciences 86th-92nd SMITH, VIRGINIA. Republican; Nebraska, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th-101st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 94th H. Interior and Insular Affairs 94th H. Appropriations 95th-101st SNOWE, OLYMPIA J. Republican; Maine, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 96th Congress November 7, 1978; sworn in January 15, 1979; reelected to the 97th-103rd Congresses. Ms. Snowe was subsequently elected to the Senate November 8, 1994; sworn in January 3, 1995. She was reelected to the Senate in 2000 and 2006. Counsel to the Senate majority whip in the 105th-107th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 96th H. Small Business 96th-97th Congressional Research Service 71 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Select Committee on Aging 96th-102nd H. Foreign Affairs 97th-103rd Jt. Economic 98th-102nd H. Budget 103rd S. Budget 104th-107th S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation 104th-111th S. Foreign Relations 104th S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship (committee chair, 108th-109th ) 104th-111th S. Armed Services 105th-106th S. Finance 107th-111th S. Select Intelligence 108th -111th SOLIS, HILDA. Democrat; California, 31st Congressional District (107th Congress) and 32nd Congressional District (108th-111th Congresses). Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-111th Congresses. Resigned on February 23, 2009, to become Secretary of Labor. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 107th H. Resources 107th H. Natural Resources 110th H. Energy and Commerce 108th-110th H. Select Energy Independence and Global Warming 110th SPEIER, JACKIE. Democrat; California, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress in a special election held April 8, 2008, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Tom Lantos; sworn in April 10, 2008; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 110th-111th H. Oversight and Government Reform 110th-111th H. Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming 111th SPELLMAN, GLADYS NOON. Democrat; Maryland, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th-97th Congresses. Unable to be sworn in and seated in 97th Congress due to disability; seat declared vacant February 24, 1981. Congressional Research Service 72 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Currency, and Housing 94th H. Post Office and Civil Service 94th-95th H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 95th-96th H. Democratic Steering and Policy 96th STABENOW, DEBBIE. Democrat; Michigan, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th Congress. Subsequently elected to the Senate on November 7, 2000; sworn in on January 3, 2001. Reelected to the Senate in 2006. Chair of the Democratic Steering and Outreach Committee in the 110th and 111th Congresses; Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference in the 109th Congress, and vice chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee in the 108th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 105th-106th H. Science 105th-106th S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 107th-111th S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 107th-109th S. Budget 107th-111th S. Special Committee on Aging 107th-108th S. Finance 110th-111th S. Energy and Natural Resources 111th STANLEY, WINIFRED CLAIRE. Republican; New York, At Large. Elected to the 78th Congress November 3, 1942; sworn in January 6, 1943; term expired January 3, 1945. Committee Assignments Congress H. Civil Service 78th H. Patents 78th SULLIVAN, LEONOR KRETZER. Democrat; Missouri, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 83rd Congress November 4, 1952; sworn in January 3, 1953; reelected to the 84th-94th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1977. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 86th-93rd Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries (committee chair, 93rd-94th) 83rd, 89th-94th H. Banking and Currency 84th-94th Jt. Committee on Defense Production 91st-94th Congressional Research Service 73 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 SUMNER, JESSIE. Republican; Illinois, 18th Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress November 8, 1938; sworn in January 3, 1939; reelected to the 77th-79th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1947. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Currency 76th-79th SUTTON, BETTY. Democrat; Ohio, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress November 7, 2006; sworn in January 4, 2007; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 110th H. Rules 110th H. Energy and Commerce 111th TAUSCHER, ELLEN. Democrat; California, 10th Congressional District. Elected to 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-111th Congresses. Resigned on June 26, 2009 to become Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security. Committee Assignments Congress H. National Security 105th H. Science 105th H. Armed Services 106th-111th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 105th-111th THOMAS, LERA MILLARD. Democrat; Texas, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 89th Congress in a special election held March 26, 1966, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Albert Thomas; sworn in March 30, 1966; term expired January 3, 1967. Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 89th THOMPSON, RUTH. Republican; Michigan, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 82nd Congress November 8, 1950; sworn in January 3, 1951; reelected to the 83rd and 84th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1957. Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 82nd-84th Jt. Committee on Immigration and Nationality Policy 84th Congressional Research Service 74 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 THURMAN, KAREN L. Democrat; Florida, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 103rd-104th H. Government Operations 103rd H. Government Reform and Oversight 104th H. Ways and Means 105th-107th TITUS, DINA. Democrat; Nevada, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 111th Congress November 4, 2008; sworn in January 6, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 111th H. Homeland Security 111th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 111th TSONGAS, NIKI. Democrat; Massachusetts, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 110th Congress October 16, 2007, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Martin Meehan; sworn in October 18, 2007; reelected to the 111th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services 110th-111th H. Budget 110th-111th H. Natural Resources 111th UNSOELD, JOLENE. Democrat; Washington, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 101st Congress November 8, 1988; sworn in January 3, 1989; reelected to the 102nd-103rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 101st-103rd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 101st-103rd H. Select Aging 101st-102n VELÁZQUEZ, NYDIA M. Democrat; New York, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-111th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus in the 111th Congress. Congressional Research Service 75 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 103rd H. Banking and Financial Services 104rd-106th H. Financial Services 107th-111th H. Small Business (committee chair, 110th -111th Congresses) 103rd-111th VUCANOVICH, BARBARA. Republican; Nevada, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 98th Congress November 2, 1982; sworn in January 3, 1983; reelected to the 99th-104th Congresses. Secretary of the House Republican Conference in the 104th Congress; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments Congress H. Administration 98th-101st H. Select Children, Youth, and Families 98th-101st H. Interior and Insular Affairs 98th-102nd H. Appropriations 102nd-104th H. Natural Resources 103rd WALDHOLTZ, ENID GREENE. Republican; Utah, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in January 4, 1995; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments Congress H. Rules 104th WASSERMAN SCHULTZ, DEBBIE. Democrat, Florida, 20th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in January 4, 2005; reelected to the 110th -111th Congresses. A chief deputy Democratic whip in the 110th -111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 109th H. Appropriations 110th-111th H. Judiciary 110th-111th WATERS, MAXINE. Democrat; California, 29th Congressional District (102nd Congress) and 35th Congressional District (103rd-110th Congresses). Elected to the 102nd Congress November 6, 1990; sworn in January 3, 1991; reelected to the 103rd-111th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 105th Congress; a vice chair of the Democratic Steering Committee in the 105th-109th Congresses; and a chief deputy Democratic whip in the 106th-111th Congresses. Congressional Research Service 76 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs 102nd-103rd H. Banking and Financial Services 104th-106th H. Financial Services 107th-111th H. Veterans’ Affairs 102nd-104th H Small Business 103rd-104th H. Judiciary 105th-111th WATSON, DIANE. Democrat; California, 32nd Congressional District (107th Congress) and 33rd Congressional District (108th-111th Congresses). Elected to the 107th Congress June 5, 2001, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Julian Dixon; sworn in June 7, 2001; reelected to the 108th -111th Congresses. Former ambassador to Micronesia. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Reform 107th-109th H. Oversight and Government Reform 110th-111th H. International Relations 107th-109th H. Foreign Affairs 110th-111th WEIS, JESSICA McCULLOUGH. Republican; New York, 38th Congressional District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 4, 1958; sworn in January 3, 1959; reelected to the 87th Congress; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia 86th-87th H. Government Operations 86th H. Science and Astronautics 87th WILSON, HEATHER. Republican; New Mexico, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress in a special election held June 23, 1998, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Steven Schiff; sworn in June 25, 1998; reelected to the 106th-110th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2009. Committee Assignments Congress H. Commerce 105th-106th H. Intelligence 106th, 109th-110th H. Armed Services 107th-108th H. Energy and Commerce 107th-110th Congressional Research Service 77 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 WINGO, EFFIGENE LOCKE. Democrat; Arkansas, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 71st Congress November 4, 1930 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Otis Wingo, and to the 72nd Congress; sworn in December 1, 1930; term expired March 3, 1933. Committee Assignments Congress H. Accounts 71st H. Insular Affairs 71st H. Foreign Affairs 72nd WOODHOUSE, CHASE GOING. Democrat; Connecticut, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 79th Congress November 4, 1944; sworn in January 3, 1945; term expired January 3, 1947. Elected to the 81st Congress November 2, 1948; term expired January 3, 1951. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 81st Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Currency 79th and 81st H. Administration 81st WOOLSEY, LYNN. Democrat; California, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th – 111th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 103rd - 105th H. Education and Labor 103rd, 110th-111th H. Education and the Workforce 105th – 109th H. Government Operations 103rd H. Economic and Educational Opportunities 104th H. Science 106th – 109th H. Science and Technology 110th – 111th H. Foreign Affairs 110th Congressional Research Service 78 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Table 1. Women in Congress, 65th-111th Congresses, by Congress Congress Dates House Senate 111th 2009-2011 Michelle Bachmann Tammy Baldwin Melissa Bean Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Mack Madeleine Z. Bordallo Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Kathy Castor Julia Carson Donna Christensen Judy Chug Yvette Clarke Kathy Dahlkemper Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Donna Edwards Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Mary Fallin Virginia Foxx Marcia L. Fudge Gabrielle Giffords Kay Granger Debbie Halvorson Jane Harman Stephanie Herseth Sandlin Mazie Hirono Sheila Jackson Lee Lynn Jenkins Eddie Bernice Johnson Marcy Kaptur Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Mary Jo Kilroy Ann Kirkpatrick Suzanne Kosmos Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Cynthia Lummis Carolyn Maloney Doris Matsui Carolyn McCarthy Betty McCollum Cathy McMorris Rogers Betsey Markey Candice S. Miller Gwen Moore Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clintonc Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kristen Gillibrandd Kay Hagan Kay Bailey Hutchison Amy Klobuchar Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Claire McCaskill Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray Jeanne Shaheen Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow Congressional Research Service 79 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Chellie Pingree Laura Richardson Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Jean Schmidt Allyson Schwartz Carol Shea-Porter Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solisa Jackie Speier Betty Sutton Dina Titus Ellen Tauscherb Niki Tsongas Nydia M. Velázquez Debbie Wasserman Schultz Maxine Waters Diane Watson Lynn Woolsey 110th 2007-2009 Congressional Research Service Michelle Bachmann Tammy Baldwin Melissa Bean Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Mack Madeleine Z. Bordallo Nancy Boyda Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelly Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carsone Kathy Castor Donna Christensen Yvette Clark Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davisf Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Thelma Drake Edwards, Donnag Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Mary Fallin Virginia Foxx Gabrielle Giffords Kirstin Gillibrand Kay Granger Jane Harman Stephanie Herseth Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Elizabeth Dole Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Amy Klobuchar Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Claire McCaskill Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow 80 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Mazie Hirono Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jonesh Marcy Kaptur Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita Lowey Carolyn McCarthy Betty McCollum Cathy McMorris Carolyn Maloney Doris Matsui Juanita Millender McDonaldi Candice Miller Gwen Moore Marilyn Musgrave Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Laura Richardsong Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Jean Schmidt Allyson Schwartz Carol Shea-Porter Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Jackie Speierg Betty Sutton Ellen Tauscher Niki Tsongasg Nydia M. Velázquez Debbie Wasserman Schultz Maxine Waters Diane Watson Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 109th 2005-2007 Congressional Research Service Tammy Baldwin Melissa Bean Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Mack Madeleine Z. Bordallo Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carson Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Elizabeth Dole Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray 81 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates Congressional Research Service House Senate Donna Christensen Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davis Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Thelma Drake Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Virginia Foxx Kay Granger Jane Harman Katherine Harris Melissa Hart Stephanie Herseth Sandlin Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Doris Matsui Carolyn McCarthy Betty McCollum Cynthia McKinney Cathy McMorris Rogers Juanita Millender-McDonald Candice S. Miller Gwen Moore Marilynn Musgrave Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Shelley Sekula Gibbsg Janice Schakowsky Jean Schmidt Allyson Schwartz Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Ellen Tauscher Nydia M. Velázquez Debbie Wasserman Schultz Maxine Waters Diane Watson Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow 82 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 108th 2003-2005 Congressional Research Service Tammy Baldwin Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Mack Madeleine Z. Bordallo Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carson Donna Christensen Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davis Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Kay Granger Jane Harman Katherine Harris Melissa Hart Stephanie Herseth Sandling Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Denise L. Majette Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Betty McCollum Juanita Millender-McDonald Candice S. Miller Marilynn Musgrave Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda T. Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Elizabeth Dole Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow 83 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Ellen Tauscher Nydia M. Velázquez Maxine Waters Diane Watson Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 107th 2001-2003 Congressional Research Service Tammy Baldwin Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Mary Bono Mack Corrine Brown Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carson Donna Christian-Christensen Eva Clayton Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davis Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Kay Granger Jane Harman Melissa Hart Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Betty McCollum Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Juanita Millender-McDonald Patsy T. Minkj Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Jean Carnahan Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow 84 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Lucille Roybal-Allard Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Ellen Tauscher Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velázquez Maxine Waters Diane Watsong Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 106th 1999-2001 Congressional Research Service Tammy Baldwin Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Mary Bono Mack Corrine Brown Lois Capps Julia Carson Helen Chenoweth Donna Christensen Eva Clayton Barbara Cubin Pat Danner Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Kay Granger Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson-Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Juanita Millender-McDonald Patsy T. Mink Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Barbara Boxer Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe 85 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Lucille Roybal-Allard Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Louise M. Slaughter Debbie Stabenow Ellen Tauscher Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velázquez Maxine Waters Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 105th 1997-1999 Congressional Research Service Mary Bono Mackg Corrine Brown Lois Cappsg Julia Carson Helen Chenoweth Donna Christensen Eva Clayton Barbara Cubin Pat Danner Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Elizabeth Furse Kay Granger Jane Harman Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson-Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Barbara B. Kennelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Leeg Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Juanita Millender-McDonald Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinarik Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Barbara Boxer Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kay Baily Hutchison Mary Landrieu Barbara Mikulski Carol Moseley-Braun Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe 86 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Loretta Sanchez Louise M. Slaughter Linda Smith Debbie Stabenow Ellen Tauscher Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velázquez Maxine Waters Heather Wilsong Lynn Woolsey 104th 1995-1997 Congressional Research Service Corrine Brown Helen Chenoweth Eva Clayton Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins Barbara Cubin Pat Danner Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emersong Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Elizabeth Furse Jane Harman Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Barbara B. Kennelly Blanche Lambert Lincoln Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Karen McCarthy Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Jan Meyers Juanita Millender-McDonaldg Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia S. Schroeder Andrea Seastrand Louise M. Slaughter Barbara Boxer Dianne Feinstein Sheila Frahml Kay Bailey Hutchison Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski Carol Moseley-Braun Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe 87 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Linda Smith Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velázquez Barbara F. Vucanovich Enid Greene Waldholtz Maxine Waters Lynn Woolsey 103rd 1993-1995 Helen Delich Bentley Corrine Brown Leslie Byrne Maria Cantwell Eva Clayton Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins Pat Danner Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Karan English Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Elizabeth Furse Jane Harman Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Blanche Lambert Lincoln Marilyn Lloyd Jill Long Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Jan Meyers Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Lucille Roybal-Allard Lynn Schenk Patricia S. Schroeder Karen Shepherd Louise M. Slaughter Olympia J. Snowe Karen L. Thurman Jolene Unsoeld Nydia M. Velázquez Barbara Vucanovich Maxine Waters Lynn Woolsey Barbara Boxer Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchisong Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski Carol Moseley-Braun Patty Murray 102nd 1991-1993 Helen Delich Bentley Jocelyn Burdickl Congressional Research Service 88 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress 101st Dates 1989-1991 Congressional Research Service House Senate Barbara Boxer Beverly Barton Byron Eva Claytong Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins Rosa DeLauro Joan Kelly Horn Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Jill Long Nita M. Lowey Jan Meyers Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Eleanor Holmes Norton Mary Rose Oakar Elizabeth J. Patterson Nancy Pelosi Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia S. Schroeder Louise M. Slaughter Olympia J. Snowe Jolene Unsoeld Barbara Vucanovich Maxine Waters Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski Helen Delich Bentley Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Jill Longg Nita M. Lowey Lynn M. Martin Jan Meyers Patsy T. Minkg Susan Molinarig Constance A. Morella Mary Rose Oakar Elizabeth J. Patterson Nancy Pelosi Ileana Ros-Lehtineng Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia F. Saiki Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Louise M. Slaughter Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Jolene Unsoeld Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski 89 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Barbara Vucanovich 100th 1987-1989 Helen Delich Bentley Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Sala Burtonm Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Lynn M. Martin Jan Meyers Constance A. Morella Mary Rose Oakar Elizabeth J. Patterson Nancy Pelosi Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia F. Saiki Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Louise M. Slaughter Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Barbara Vucanovich Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski 99th 1985-1987 Helen Delich Bentley Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Sala Burton Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Bobbi Fiedler Marjorie S. Holt Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Cathy Longg Lynn M. Martin Jan Meyers Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Barbara Vucanovich Paula Hawkins Nancy L. Kassebaum 98th 1983-1985 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Sala Burtong Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Geraldine Ann Ferraro Bobbi Fiedler Paula Hawkins Nancy L. Kassebaum Congressional Research Service 90 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Katie Hall Marjorie S. Holt Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Lynn M. Martin Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Barbara Vucanovich 97th 1981-1983 Jean Ashbrookg Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Beverly Barton Byron Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Geraldine Ann Ferraro Bobbi Fiedler Katie Hallg Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Barbara B. Kennellyg Marilyn Lloyd Lynn M. Martin Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia Snowe Paula Hawkins Nancy L. Kassebaum 96th 1979-1981 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Beverly Barton Byrong Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Geraldine Ferraro Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Marilyn Lloyd Barbara Ann Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Gladys Noon Spellmann Nancy L. Kassebaum 95th 1977-1979 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Shirley Anita Chisholm Maryon P. Allenl Muriel Humphreyl Congressional Research Service 91 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Barbara C. Jordan Martha Elizabeth Keys Marilyn Lloyd Helen Stevenson Meyner Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Shirley N. Pettis Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Gladys Noon Spellman 94th 1975-1977 Bella S. Abzug Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggsg Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Shirley Chisholm Cardiss Collinsg Ella T. Grasso Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Barbara C. Jordan Patsy T. Mink Patricia S. Schroeder Leonor Kretzer Sullivan 93rd 92nd Bella S. Abzug Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Barbara C. Jordan Martha Elizabeth Keys Marilyn Lloyd Helen Stevenson Meyner Patsy T. Mink Shirley N. Pettis Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Gladys Noon Spellman Leonor K. Sullivan 1971-1973 Congressional Research Service Bella S. Abzug Elizabeth B. Andrewsg Shirley Anita Chisholm Florence Price Dwyer Ella T. Grasso Elaine Edwardsl Margaret Chase Smith 92 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Louise Day Hicks Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor Kretzer Sullivan 91st 1969-1971 Shirley Anita Chisholm Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Catherine Dean May Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor K. Sullivan Margaret Chase Smith 90th 1967-1969 Frances Payne Bolton Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor K. Sullivan Margaret Chase Smith 89th 1965-1967 Frances Payne Bolton Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor K. Sullivan Lera Millard Thomasg Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith 88th 1963-1965 Irene Bailey Bakerg Frances Payne Bolton Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Charlotte Thompson Reid Katherine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith 87th 1961-1963 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith Congressional Research Service 93 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Marguerite Stitt Church Florence Price Dwyer Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Catherine Dorris Norrellg Gracie Bowers Pfost Louise Goff Reeceg Corrine Boyd Rileyg Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Jessica McCullough Weis 86th 1959-1961 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Marguerite Stitt Church Florence Price Dwyer Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hanseng Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogerso Katharine Price St. George Edna Oakes Simpson Leonor K. Sullivan Jessica McCullough Weis Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith 85th 1957-1959 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Marguerite Stitt Church Florence Price Dwyer Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Coya Gjesdal Knutson Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Margaret Chase Smith 84th 1955-1957 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Vera Daerr Buchanan Marguerite Stitt Church Mary Elizabeth Farrington Kathryn Elizabeth Granahang Edith Green Margaret Chase Smith Congressional Research Service 94 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Martha Wright Griffiths Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Coya Gjesdal Knutson Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Ruth Thompson 83rd 1953-1955 Frances Payne Bolton Vera Daerr Buchanan Marguerite Stitt Church Mary Elizabeth Farringtong Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Ruth Thompson Hazel Hempel Abelg Eva Kelly Bowringp Margaret Chase Smith 82nd 1951-1953 Frances Payne Bolton Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone Vera Daerr Buchanang Marguerite Stitt Church Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Keeg Edna Flannery Kelly Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Ruth Thompson Margaret Chase Smith 81st 1949-1951 Frances Payne Bolton Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone Helen Gahagan Douglas Cecil Murray Harden Edna Flannery Kellyg Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Chase Going Woodhouse Margaret Chase Smith 80th 1947-1949 Frances Payne Bolton Helen Gahagan Douglas Georgia Lee Lusk Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Margaret Chase Smith Vera Bushfieldl 79th 1945-1947 Frances Payne Bolton Emily Taft Douglas Helen Gahagan Douglas Clare Boothe Luce Helen Douglas Manking Mary Teresa Norton Congressional Research Service 95 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Eliza Jane Prattg Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smith Jessie Sumner Chase Going Woodhouse 78th 1943-1945 Frances Payne Bolton Willa Lybrand Fulmerg Clare Boothe Luce Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smith Winifred Claire Stanley Jessie Sumner 77th 1941-1943 Veronica Grace Bolandg Frances Payne Bolton Katharine Edgar Byrong Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Jeannette Rankin Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smith Jessie Sumner Hattie W. Caraway 76th 1939-1941 Frances Payne Boltong Florence Reville Gibbsg Clara Gooding McMillang Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smithg Jessie Sumner Hattie W. Caraway 75th 1937-1939 Elizabeth Hawley Gasqueg Nan Wood Honeyman Virginia Ellis Jenckes Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Edith Nourse Rogers Hattie W. Caraway Dixie B. Gravesl Gladys Pyleg 74th 1935-1937 Isabella Selmes Greenway Virginia Ellis Jenckes Florence Prag Kahn Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Edith Nourse Rogers Hattie W. Caraway Rose M. Longg 73rd 1933-1935 Marian Williams Clarkeg Isabella Selmes Greenwayg Virginia Ellis Jenckes Florence Prag Kahn Kathryn O’Loughlin McCarthy Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Hattie W. Caraway 72nd 1931-1933 Willa McCord Eslickg Florence Prag Kahn Mary Teresa Norton Hattie W. Carawayl Congressional Research Service 96 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Dates House Senate Ruth Bryan Owen Ruth Sears Pratt Edith Nourse Rogers Effiegene Locke Wingo a. 71st 1929-1931 Florence Prag Kahn Katherine Gudger Langley Ruth Hanna McCormick Mary Teresa Norton Pearl Peden Oldfield Ruth Bryan Owen Ruth Sears Pratt Edith Nourse Rogers Effiegene Locke Wingo 70th 1927-1929 Florence Prag Kahn Katherine Gudger Langley Mary Teresa Norton Pearl Peden Oldfieldg Edith Nourse Rogers 69th 1927-1929 Florence Prag Kahng Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogersg 68th 1923-1925 Mae Ella Nolan 67th 1921-1923 Winnifred Mason Huckg Mae Ella Nolang Alice Mary Robertson 66th 1919-1921 None 65th 1917-1919 Jeannette Rankin Rebecca Feltonq Resigned February 23, 2009, to become Secretary of Labor. b. Resigned June 26, 2009, to become Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security. c. Resigned January 21, 2009, to become Secretary of State. d. Initially elected to the House, then appointed to the Senate on Jan, 27, 2009 to fill a vacancy. e. Died on December 15, 2007. f. Died on October 6, 2007. g. Elected to fill a vacancy. h. Died on August 20, 2008. i. Died on April 22, 2007. j. Died on September 28, 2002. k. Resigned on August 1, 1997. l. Appointed to fill a vacancy. m. Died on February 1, 1987. n. Gladys Spellman was elected also to the 97th Congress, but was unable to be sworn in because of a disability and her seat was declared vacant on February 24, 1981. o. Died on September 10, 1960. p. Eva Bowring was appointed to serve until a successor was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death or Dwight Griswold. Hazel Abel was elected to fill that vacancy. q. Appointed to fill a vacancy at the end of the 67th Congress, and served for one day. Congressional Research Service 97 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Table 2. Women in Congress, 65th-111th Congresses, by State or Territory California (33 women) Mary Bono Mack Barbara Boxera Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Sala Burton Lois Capps Judy Chu Susan Davis Helen Gahagan Douglas Anna G. Eshoo Bobbi Fiedler Dianne Feinsteinb Jane Harman Florence Prag Kahn Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Doris O. Matsui Juanita Millender-McDonald Grace Napolitano Mae Ella Nolan Nancy Pelosi Shirley N. Pettis Laura Richardson Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sánchez Loretta Sanchez Andrea Seastrand Lynn Schenk Hilda Solis Jackie Speier Ellen Tauscher Maxine Waters Diane Watson Lynn Woolsey New York (21 women) Bella S. Abzug Shirley Anita Chisholm Yvette Clarke Marian Williams Clarke Hillary Rodham Clintonb Geraldine Ann Ferraro Kirsten Gillibranda Elizabeth Holtzman Edna Flannery Kelly Sue Kelly Nita Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Susan Molinari Caroline Love Goodwin O’Day Ruth Sears Baker Pratt Katharine Price St. George Louise Slaughter Winifred Claire Stanley Jessica McCullough Weis Nydia Velázquez Illinois (14 women) Melissa L. Bean Judy Biggert Marguerite Stitt Church Cardiss Collins Emily Taft Douglas Debbie Halvorson Winnifred Sprague Huck Lynn Martin Ruth Hanna McCormick Carol Moseley-Braunb Charlotte Thompson Reid Jan Schakowsky Edna Oakes Simpson Jessie Sumner Florida (12 women) Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Kathy Castor Tillie Fowler Katherine Harris Paula Hawkinsb Suzanne Kosmas Carrie Meek Ruth Bryan Owen Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Karen Thurman Debbie Wasserman Schultz Ohio (10 women) Jean Ashbrook Frances Payne Bolton Marcia L. Fudge Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Mary Jo Kilroy Mary Rose Oakar Deborah Pryce Jean Schmidt Betty Sutton Washington (8 women) Maria Cantwella Jennifer Dunn Julia Butler Hansen Catherine Dean May Cathy McMorris Patty Murrayb Linda Smith Jolene Unsoeld Maryland (8 women) Helen Delich Bentley Beverly Barton Byron Congressional Research Service Donna Edwards Marjorie S. Holt Constance A. Morella Gladys Noon Spellman 98 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Katharine Edgar Byron Barbara Ann Mikulskia Michigan (7 women) Barbara-Rose Collins Martha Wright Griffiths Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Candice Miller Lynn Rivers Debbie Stabenowa Ruth Thompson Missouri (7 women) Jean Carnahanb Pat Danner Jo Ann Emerson Joan Kelly Horn Karen McCarthy Claire McCaskilla Leonor Kretzer Sullivan Pennsylvania (7 women) Veronica Grace Boland Vera Daerr Buchanan Kathy Dahlkemper Kathryn Granahan Melissa Hart Marjorie Margolis-Mezvinsky Allyson Y. Schwartz Texas (7 women) Kay Granger Kay Bailey Hutchisonb Eddie Bernice Johnson Barbara C. Jordan Sheila Jackson Lee Shelley Sekula Gibbs Lera Millard Thomas Kansas (7 women) Nancy Boyda Sheila Frahmb Lynn Jenkins Nancy Landon Kassebaumb Martha Elizabeth Keys Kathryn O. McCarthy Jan Meyers Connecticut (6 women) Rosa DeLauro Ella T. Grasso Nancy L. Johnson Barbara Bailey Kennelly Clare Boothe Luce Chase Going Woodhouse Georgia ( 6 women) Iris Faircloth Blitch Rebecca Latimer Feltonb Florence Reville Gibbs Denise Majette Helen Douglas Mankin Cynthia McKinney North Carolina (6 women) Eva Clayton Elizabeth Doleb Virginia Foxx Kay Haganb Sue Myrick Eliza Jane Pratt Arkansas (5 women) Hattie Wyatt Carawayb Blanche Lambert Lincolna Catherine Dorris Norrell Pearl Peden Oldfield Effiegene Locke Wingo Indiana (5 women) Julia Carson Katie Hall Cecil Murray Harden Virginia Ellis Jenckes Jill Long Louisiana (5 women) Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Elaine Edwardsb Mary Landrieub Rose McConnell Longb Cathy Long Minnesota (5 women) Congressional Research Service 99 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Michelle Bachmann Betty McCollum Muriel Buck Humphreyb Amy Kloubuchara Coya Gjesdal Knutson New Jersey ( 5 women) Florence Prince Dwyer Millicent Fenwick Helen Stevenson Meyner Mary Teresa Norton Marge Scafati Roukema Oregon ( 5 women) Elizabeth Furse Edith Green Nan Wood Honeyman Darlene Hooley Maurine Brown Neubergerb South Carolina (5 women) Willa Lybrand Fulmer Elizabeth Hawley Gasque Clara Gooding McMillan Elizabeth Patterson Corrine Boyd Riley Tennessee (5 women) Irene Bailey Baker Marsha Blackburn Marilyn Lloyd Willa McCord Eslick Louise Goff Reece Colorado (4 women) Diana DeGette Betsy Markey Marilyn Musgrave Patricia S. Schroeder Hawaii (4 women) Mary Elizabeth Farringtonc Mazie Hirono Patsy Takemoto Mink Patricia Saiki Massachusetts (4 women) Margaret M. Heckler Louise Day Hicks Edith Nourse Rogers Niki Tsongas Arizona (4 women) Karen English Gabrielle Giffords Isabella Selmes Greenway Ann Kirkpatrick Maine (4 women) Susan M. Collinsb Chellie Pingree Margaret Chase Smitha Olympia J. Snowea Alabama (3 women) Maryon Pittman Allenb Elizabeth B. Andrews Dixie Bibb Gravesb Nebraska (3 women) Hazel Hempel Abelb Eva Kelly Bowringb Virginia Smith Nevada (3 women) Shelley Berkley Dina Titus Congressional Research Service Barbara Vucanovich 100 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Utah (3 women) Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone Karen Shepherd Enid Greene Waldholtz South Dakota (3 women) Vera Calahan Bushfieldb Gladys Pyleb Stephanie Herseth Sandlin Virginia (3 women) Leslie Byrne Jo Ann Davis Thelma Drake Idaho (2 women) Helen Chenoweth Gracie Bowers Pfost Kentucky (2 women) Katherine Gudger Langley Anne M. Northup New Mexico (2 women) Georgia Lee Lusk Heather Wilson West Virginia ( 2 women) Shelley Moore Capito Maude Elizabeth Kee Wisconsin (2 women) Tammy Baldwin Gwen Moore Oklahoma (2 women) Mary Fallin Alice Mary Robertson New Hampshire (2 women) Carol Shea–Porter Jeanne Shaheenb Wyoming (2 women) Barbara Cubin Cynthia Lummis District of Columbia (1 woman) Eleanor Holmes Nortonc Montana (1 woman) Jeannette Rankin North Dakota (1 woman) Jocelyn Burdickb Congressional Research Service 101 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Rhode Island (1 woman) Claudine Cmarada Schneider Virgin Islands (1 woman) Donna Christensenc Alaska (1 woman) Lisa Murkowskib Guam (1 woman) Madeleine Bordalloc No women sent to Congress (7 states and territories) American Samoa Commonweath of the Northern Mariana Islands Delaware a. Senator and Representative. b. Senator. c. Delegate. Congressional Research Service Iowa Mississippi Puerto Rico Vermont 102 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Table 3. Number of Women in Congress, 65th-111th Congresses (1917-2009) Congress Years Total Number of Women in Congress Number of Women in House Number of Women in Senate 65th 1917-1919 1 1 0 66th 1919-1921 0 0 0 67th 1921-1923 4 3 1 68th 1923-1925 1 1 0 69th 1925-1927 3 3 0 70th 1927-1929 5 5 0 71st 1929-1931 9 9 0 72nd 1931-1933 8 7 1 73rd 1933-1935 8 7 1 74th 1935-1937 8 6 2 75th 1937-1939 9 6 3 76th 1939-1941 9 8 1 77th 1941-1943 10 9 1 78th 1943-1945 9 8 1 79th 1945-1947 11 11 0 80th 1947-1949 8 7 1 81st 1949-1951 10 9 1 82nd 1951-1953 11 10 1 83rd 1953-1955 15 12 3 84th 1955-1957 18 17 1 85th 1957-1959 16 15 1 86th 1959-1961 19 17 2 87th 1961-1963 20 18 2 88th 1963-1965 14 12 2 89th 1965-1967 13 11 2 90th 1967-1969 12 11 1 91st 1969-1971 11 10 1 92nd 1971-1973 15 13 2 93rd 1973-1975 16 16 0 94th 1975-1977 19 19 0 95th 1977-1979 20 18 2 96th 1979-1981 17 16 1 97th 1981-1983 23 21 2 98th 1983-1985 24 22 2 99th 1985-1987 25 23 2 Congressional Research Service 103 Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009 Congress Years Total Number of Women in Congress Number of Women in House Number of Women in Senate 100th 1987-1989 25 23 2 101st 1989-1991 31 29 2 102nd 1991-1993 33 30 3 103rd 1993-1995 55 48 7 104th 1995-1997 59 50 9 105th 1997-1999 65 56 9 106th 1999-2001 67 58 9 107th 2001-2003 75 62 13 108th 2003-2005 77 63 14 109th 2005-2007 85 71 14 110th 2007-2009 91 75 16 111th 2009-2111 93 76 17 Notes: The figures for each Congress reflect the total number of women serving at the conclusion of that Congress. For the 111th Congress, the figures are current as of the date of publication of this report. Author Contact Information Jennifer E. Manning Information Research Specialist jmanning@crs.loc.gov, 7-7565 Colleen J. Shogan Senior Specialist in Government and Finance cshogan@crs.loc.gov, 7-8231 Acknowledgments Linda Carter and Cara Warner provided assistance. Congressional Research Service 104