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Women in Congress, 1917-2018: Service Dates and Committee Assignments by Member, and Lists by State and Congress

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Order Code RL30261 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2005 Updated June 21September 22, 2005 Mildred L. Amer Specialist in American National Government Government and Finance Division Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2005 Summary A record 8384 women serve in the 109th Congress: 6970 in the House (46 Democrats and 2324 Republicans) and 14 in the Senate (9 Democrats and 5 Republicans). Representative Jeanette Rankin (R-MT, 1917-1919, 1941-1943) was the first woman elected to Congress. Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA) was the first woman to serve in the Senate. She was appointed in 1922 and served for only one day. A total of 228229 women have served in Congress, 144 Democrats and 8485 Republicans. Of these women, 195196 have served only in the House; 26 have served only in the Senate; and seven have served in both houses. The figures include one Delegate each from Guam, Hawaii, District of Columbia, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Of the 202203 women who have served in the House, 36 were elected to fill vacancies caused by the death of their husbands. Fifteen of the 36 were subsequently elected to additional terms. NineteenTwenty women have been elected to fill other vacancies. Edith Nourse Rogers (R-MA), who served in the House for 35 years, holds the record for length of service by a woman in Congress. Margaret Chase Smith (RME), the first woman elected to the House and Senate, holds the record for Senate service by a woman with 24 years. Of the 33 women who have served in the Senate, 13 were first appointed, and five were first elected to fill unexpired terms including Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), who was appointed to the 108th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of her father, Frank Murkowski (R-AK), and then elected in 2004 to her own six-year term. Nine were chosen to fill vacancies caused by the death of their husbands. Of the nine, two were subsequently elected to additional terms. Hattie Caraway (D-AR) was the first spouse to succeed her husband and the first woman elected to a six-year Senate term. A total of 24 black women have served in Congress, including 14 in the 109th Congress. Seven Hispanic women have been elected to the House; all are serving in the 109th Congress. Three Asian American women have served in the House, including Doris Matsui (D-CA), who was elected to the 109th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Robert Matsui. Ten women Representatives and four women Senators have chaired congressional committees. This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 228229 women Members of Congress. It will be updated as events warrant. Contents Women Representatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Women Senators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Women Who Have Served In Both Houses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Women in Leadership Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Black Women in Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Asian American Women in Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Hispanic Women in Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Women Members Whose Relatives Served in Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Husbands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Fathers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Sons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Grandfathers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Oldest and Youngest Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Tables and Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 8 Alphabetical Listing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 List of Tables Table 1. Women in Congress, 65th-109th Congresses, by Congress . . . . . . . . . 61. . 62 Table 2. Women in Congress, 65th-109th Congresses, by State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8281 Table 3. Number of Women in Congress, 65th-109th Congresses (1917-2005) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Women in the United States Congress:1917-2005 Two hundred twenty-eightnine women have been elected or appointed to the U.S. Congress. Jeanette Rankin (R-MT) has the distinction of being the first woman elected to serve in Congress. On November 9, 1916, she was elected to the House of Representatives as Montana’s Representative-at-Large to the 65th Congress (19171919).1 Since that time, 227228 other women have served in Congress. A record 8384 women serve in the 109th Congress; 6970 in the House (46 Democrats and 2324 Republicans), and 14 in the Senate (9 Democrats and 5 Republicans). Of the 228 women who have served in Congress, 144 have been Democrats, and 84 have been Republicans. In addition, 195196 (124 Democrats, 7172 Republicans) have served only in the House of Representatives; 26 (15 Democrats, 11 Republicans) have served only in the Senate; and 7 (5 Democrats, 2 Republicans) have served in both houses.2 Edith Nourse Rogers (R-MA) holds the record for length of service by a woman in Congress (35 years). She was elected to the House to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Jacob Rogers (R-MA, 1913-1925). Mrs. Rogers served from June 25, 1925, until her death on September 10, 1960. Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME), holds the record for length of Senate service by a woman (24 years). She was also first elected to the House to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Clyde H. Smith (R-ME, 1937-1940), and was subsequently elected to the Senate. Her House service was from June 10, 1940, until January 3, 1949. Her Senate service was from January 3, 1949, until January 3, 1973. Women Representatives Of the 202 women who have served in the House, 36 were elected to fill vacancies caused by the death of their husbands.3 Fifteen of the 36 were 1 Reps. Rankin (R-MT), Patsy Mink (D-HI), Jane Harman (D-CA), and Cynthia McKinney (D-GA) are the only women to serve non-consecutive terms in the same house of Congress. Rep. Rankin served from 1917-1919 and from 1941-1943. Rep. Rankin was also the only Member of Congress to vote against America’s entry into both World Wars. Rep. Mink served from 1965-1977 and from Sept. 1990, when she was seated following a special election, until her death in Sept. 2002. Rep. Harman served from 1993-1999, and Rep. McKinney served from 1993 -2003. Both are Members of the 109th Congress. Rep. Harman was reelected to Congress in 2000; Representative McKinney in 2004. 2 These numbers include one Delegate to the House of Representatives from Hawaii, one from the District of Columbia, one from Guam, and one from the U.S. Virgin Islands. 3 This number includes Reps. Lois Capps (D-CA) and Mary Bono (R-CA ), both first elected (continued...) CRS-2 CRS-2 Women Representatives Of the 203 women who have served in the House, 36 were elected to fill vacancies caused by the death of their husbands.3 Fifteen of the 36 were subsequently elected to additional terms. NineteenTwenty women have been elected to fill other vacancies caused by death or resignation. Of these, Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) was first elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of another woman, Sala Burton (D-CA, 1983-1987). Representative Pelosi, a Member of the 109th Congress, began her service in 1987. Seven additional women have directly succeeded other women by defeating them or being elected to open seats.4 Women Senators Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA) was the first woman to serve in the Senate. She was appointed in 1922 to fill the unexpired term of a Senator who had died in office. In addition to being the first female Senator, Ms. Felton holds two other Senate records. Her tenure in the Senate remains the shortest ever (one day), and at the age of 87, she was the oldest person ever to begin Senate service. Besides Ms. Felton, 32 other women, including the 14 in the 109th Congress, have served in the Senate. Of these 33 women, 13 were initially appointed to the Senate, including Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), who was appointed to the 108th Congress by her father, Frank Murkowski (R-AK, 1981-2003), to succeed him after he was elected governor of Alaska. She was subsequently elected to her own six-year term in 2004. Five, including Dianne Feinstein (D-CA, 1992-present) and Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX, 1993- present ) were first elected to fill unexpired terms. Two of the women were first elected and seven were first appointed to fill vacancies caused by the death of their husbands, including Jean Carnahan (D-MO), who was appointed to the 107th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by her husband’s posthumous election to the Senate.5 Two women have been appointed to the Senate by their husbands to fill vacancies. Senator Dixie Bibb Graves (D-AL, 1937-1938) was appointed in 1937 by her husband, then-Governor David Bibb Graves, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Hugo Black (D-AL, 1927-1937), who was appointed to the Supreme Court; and Senator Elaine Edwards (D-LA, 1972)), was appointed by her husband, then-Governor Edwin Edwards, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Allen Ellender (D-LA, 1937-1972). Eva Bowring (R-NE, 1954), who had been appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Dwight Griswold 3 (...continued) to the 105th Congress in 1998, and Rep. Jo Ann Emerson (R-MO), first elected to the 104th Congress in 1996 3 This number includes Rep. Jo Ann Emerson (R-MO), first elected to the 104th Congress in 1996, Reps. Lois Capps (D-CA) and Mary Bono (R-CA ), both first elected to the 105th Congress in 1998, and Rep. Doris Matsui (D-CA), first elected to the 109th Congress in 2005. 4 Rep. Enid Greene (R-UT, 1995-1997) defeated Rep. Karen Shepherd (D-UT, 1993-1995), Rep. Linda Smith (R-WA, 1995-1999) defeated Rep. Jolene Unsoeld (D-WA, 1989-1995), Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D-MI, 1997-present ) defeated Rep. Barbara-Rose Collins (D-MI, 1991-1997), Rep. Diana DeGette (D-CO, 1997- ) succeeded Rep. Patricia Schroeder (D-CO, 1973-1997), Rep. Denise Majette (D-GA, 2003-2005) defeated Rep. Cynthia McKinney (D-GA, 1993-2003), Rep. Ginny Brown-Waite (R-FL, 2003-present ) defeated Rep. Karen Thurman (D-FL, 1993-2003), and Rep. Cynthia McKinney (D-GA, 1993-2003, 2005-present ) was elected to the seat vacated by Rep. Denise Majette (D-GA). 5 Two of the nine were subsequently elected to additional terms. CRS-3 by her husband, then-Governor David Bibb Graves, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Hugo Black (D-AL, 1927-1937), who was appointed to the Supreme Court; and Senator Elaine Edwards (D-LA, 1972)), was appointed by her husband, then-Governor Edwin Edwards, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Allen Ellender (D-LA, 1937-1972). Eva Bowring (R-NE, 1954), who had been appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Dwight Griswold (R-NE, 1952-1954), was succeeded by another woman, Hazel Abel (R-NE, 1954), who was elected to fill the remaining months of Senator Griswold’s term. Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS, 1979-1997) was the first of the eight women elected to the Senate without first having been elected to the House or having been elected or appointed to fill an unexpired Senate term. The others are Susan Collins (R-ME ), Mary Landrieu (D-LA), Patty Murray (D-WA), Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-NY), and Elizabeth Dole (R-NC), all Members of the 109th Congress, as well as Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999) and Paula Hawkins (R-FL, 1981-1987). Hattie Caraway (D-AR, 1931-1945) was the first woman to succeed her spouse in the Senate as well as the first of the 18 women to be elected to a full six-year Senate term. She was first appointed in 1931 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thaddeus H. Caraway (D-AR, House, 1913-1921; Senate, 19211931), and then was subsequently elected to two six-year terms. The other women elected to six-year terms are Barbara Mikulski (D-MD), Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX ), Susan Collins (R-ME), Patty Murray (D-WA), Olympia Snowe (R-ME), Mary Landrieu (D-LA), Blanche Lambert Lincoln (D-AR), Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-NY), Debbie Stabenow (DMI), Maria Cantwell (D-WA), and Elizabeth Dole (R-NC), all Members of the 109th Congress, as well as Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME, 1949-1973), Maurine Neuberger (D-OR, 1960-1967), Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS, 1978-1997), Paula Hawkins (R-FL, 1981-1987), and Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999). Four states (California, Kansas, Maine, and Washington) have been represented by two women Senators serving in the same Congress. In the 109th Congress, Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein represent California; Susan Collins and Olympia Snowe represent Maine, and Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell represent Washington. In the 104th Congress, Nancy Landon Kassebaum and Sheila Frahm represented Kansas6. Women Who Have Served In Both Houses Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) was the first woman to serve in both houses of Congress, as well as the first woman elected to the Senate without first having been elected or appointed to fill a vacant Senate seat. Senator Smith was first elected to the House to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband (Clyde Smith, RME, 1937-1940), and served from June 10, 1940, until January 3, 1949, when she began her Senate service. When Senator Smith left the Senate on January 3, 1973, 6 Sen. Frahm was appointed in 1996, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Sen. Robert Dole (R-KS,1969-1996), and served for five months. CRS-4 she had served there longer than any other woman. Her 24 years of service is still a record for Senate service by a woman. Barbara Mikulski, Barbara Boxer, Olympia Snowe, Blanche Lambert Lincoln, Debbie Stabenow, and Maria Cantwell are the other women who have served in both houses. Senator Mikulski was a Member of the House from 1977-1987, Senator Boxer from 1983-1993, Senator Snowe from 1979-1995, Senator Lincoln from 19936 Sen. Frahm was appointed in 1996, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Sen. Robert Dole (R-KS,1969-1996), and served for five months. CRS-4 199719931997, Senator Stabenow from 1997-2001, and Senator Cantwell from 1993-1995. All are Members of the 109th Congress, and all but Senators Lincoln and Cantwell were elected while still serving in the House. Women in Leadership Positions A significant number of women in Congress have held positions of leadership. Former Senator Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) and Representative Nancy Pelosi (DCA) have been elected to the highest leadership positions held thus far by women. Representative Pelosi was elected House Democratic whip, in the 107th Congress, on October 10, 2001, effective January 15, 2002. In the 108th and 109th Congresses, she was elected the House Democratic leader. She was also the first woman Member to be nominated to be Speaker of the House. Senator Smith was elected chair of the Senate Republican Conference and served from 1967 to 1972. Fourteen women have chaired congressional committees. In the 109th Congress (as well as the 108th Congress), both Senators from Maine, Senators Snowe and Collins, chair committees. This is the first time that two women Members from the same state have been committee chairs. Susan Collins was the chair of the Committee on Governmental Affairs in the 108th Congress and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, as it is now known in the 109th Congress. Olympia Snowe is the chair of the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship. During the 104th Congress, a record three women chaired committees. They were Nancy Landon Kassebaum, chair of the Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee; Jan Meyers (R-KS, 1985-1997), chair of the House Small Business Committee; and Nancy Johnson (R-CT, 1983-present), chair of the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct. Others who have chaired committees include Senator Hattie Caraway (D-AR, 1931-1945) and Representatives Edith Nourse Rogers (R-MA, 1925-1960), Mae Ella Nolan (R-CA, 1923-1925), Mary T. Norton (D-NJ, 1925-1951), Caroline L. O’Day (D-NY, 1935-1943), Leonor K. Sullivan (DMO, 1953-1977), Martha W. Griffiths (D-MI, 1955-1974), Yvonne Brathwaite Burke (D-CA, 1973-1979), and Patricia Schroeder (D-CO, 1973-1997). CRS-5 Black Women in Congress A record number of 15 black women served in the House in the 107th Congress; 14 serve in the 109th Congress, and 13 served in the 108th Congress. A total of 24 black women have served in Congress. The first was Representative Shirley Chisholm (D-NY, 1969-1983). Senator Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999) is only black woman to have served in the Senate. The black women Members of the 109th Congress include Representatives Maxine Waters (D-CA), Corinne Brown (DFL), Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX), Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX), Barbara Lee (DCA), Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA), Julia Carson (D-IN), Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D-MI), Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH), Diane Watson (D-CA), Cynthia McKinney (D-GA), and Gwen Moore (D-WI), as well as Delegates Eleanor Holmes CRS-5 Norton (D-DC) and Donna Christian-Christensen (D-VI). Other black women Members were Cardiss Collins (D-IL, 1973-1997), Barbara-Rose Collins (D-MI, 1991-1997), Eva Clayton (D-NC, 1992-2003), Carrie Meek (D-FL, 1993-2003), Yvonne Brathwaite Burke (D-CA, 1973-1979), Katie Hall (D-IN, 1982-1985), and Barbara Jordan (D-TX, 1973-1979). Asian American Women in Congress Patsy Mink (D-HI) was the first of three Asian Pacific American women to have served in Congress, all in the House. Representative Mink served in the House from 1965-1977, and from 1990-2002. The other Asian-American women are Representative Doris O. Matsui, who was elected to the 109th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Representative Robert Matsui (D-CA, 1979-2005), and Patricia Saiki (R-HI), who served in the House from 1987-1991. Hispanic Women in Congress Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL, 1989- ) is the first of the seven Hispanic women as well as the first Cuban-American to serve in Congress. Nydia Velazquez (D-NY, 1993-present ) is the first Puerto Rican-born woman to serve in Congress. Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-CA, 1993-present ) is the first Mexican-American woman to serve. Loretta Sanchez (D-CA, 1997-present ), Grace Napolitano (D-CA, 1999-present ), Hilda Solis (D-CA, 2001-present ), and Linda Sanchez (D-CA, 2003-present ) are the other female Hispanic Members. All are Members of the 109th Congress. Representatives Loretta and Linda Sanchez are the first sisters to serve in Congress. CRS-6 Women Members Whose Relatives Served in Congress Husbands7 Four women married while in Congress. Two married other Members of the same Congress, and two married Members with whom they served.8 Four other 7 This section does not include information on women who directly succeeded their husbands who died in office. 8 Rep. Susan Molinari (R-NY, 1990-1997) married Rep. Bill Paxon (R-NY, 1989-1999) in 1994, and Rep. Martha Keys (D-KS, 1975-1979) married Rep. Andrew Jacobs (D-IN, 19651973, 1975-1997) in 1975. All were serving in Congress at the time of their marriages. Sen. Olympia Snowe (R-ME, House, 1979-1995, Senate, 1995-present ) married former Rep. John McKernan, Jr. (R.-ME, 1983-1987) in 1989 after he left Congress and while he was the Governor of Maine and she was in the House. They served together in the House for four years. Sen. Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS, 1978-1997) married former Sen. Howard Baker (R-TN, 1967-1985) in 1996 after he left office and while she was still in the Senate. They had served together for six years. CRS-6 women Members were married to Members with whom they had not served and whom they did not directly succeed.9 Representative Ruth McCormick (R-IL, 1929-1931) married two Members of Congress. She was married to Representative and Senator Medill McCormick (R-IL, House, 1917-1919, Senate, 1919-1925) prior to becoming a Member of Congress. Medill McCormick died while serving in the Senate. Subsequently, Ms. McCormick was elected to Congress. Later she and Representative Albert Gallatin Simms (RNM, 1929-1931), with whom she had served, were married after they both had left Congress. Finally, Representative Emily Taft Douglas (D-IL, 1945-1947) preceded her husband, Senator Paul Douglas (D-IL, 1949-1967), in Congress. Fathers Two women have been elected and one woman has been appointed to complete the terms of their fathers. Representative Winnifred Mason Huck (R-IL, 1922-1923) was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her father, William E. Mason (R-IL, House, 1887-1891, Senate, 1897-1903, House, 1917-1921); Representative Susan Molinari (R-NY, 1990-1997) was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of her father, Guy Molinari (R-NY, 1981-1989), and Senator Lisa Murkowski (R-AK, 2003-present ) was appointed by her father Frank Murkowski (RAK, 1981-2003) to complete his Senate term after he was elected governor of Alaska. Representative Ruth McCormick, discussed above, was also the daughter of Senator Marcus Hanna (R-OH, 1897-1904). Nine other women Members of the House have had fathers who served as Representatives. These include three current Members, Lucille Roybal-Allard (DCA, 1993-present ), daughter of Representative Edward Roybal (D-CA, 1963-1993), Nancy Pelosi (D-CA, 1987- present), daughter of Representative Thomas D’Alesandro (D-MD, 1939-1947), and Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV, 2001-present), daughter of Representative Arch A. Moore (D-WV, 1957-1969).10 7 This section does not include information on women who directly succeeded their husbands who died in office. 8 Rep. Susan Molinari (R-NY, 1990-1997) married Rep. Bill Paxon (R-NY, 1989-1999) in 1994, and Rep. Martha Keys (D-KS, 1975-1979) married Rep. Andrew Jacobs (D-IN, 19651973, 1975-1997) in 1975. All were serving in Congress at the time of their marriages. Sen. Olympia Snowe (R-ME, House, 1979-1995, Senate, 1995-present ) married former Rep. John McKernan, Jr. (R.-ME, 1983-1987) in 1989 after he left Congress and while he was the Governor of Maine and she was in the House. They served together in the House for four years. Sen. Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS, 1978-1997) married former Sen. Howard Baker (R-TN, 1967-1985) in 1996 after he left office and while she was still in the Senate. They had served together for six years. 9 Senator Elizabeth Dole (R-NC, 2003-present ) was preceded in the Senate by her husband, Senator Robert Dole (R-KS, House, 1961-1969, Senate, 1969-1996). Rep. Katherine Langley (R-KY, 1927-1931) was preceded in the House by her husband, Rep. John Langley (R-KY, 1907-1926); Rep. Leonor Sullivan (D-MO, 1953-1977) was preceded in the House by her husband, Rep. John Sullivan (D-MO, 1941-1943, 1945-1947, and 1949-1951); and Rep. Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky (D-PA, 1993-1995) was preceded in the House by her husband, former Rep. Ed Mezvinsky (D-IA, 1973-1977). 10 The others were Rep. Katherine Langley (R-KY, 1927-1931), daughter of Rep. James Gudger, Jr. (D-NC, 1903-1907, 1911-1915); Rep. Ruth McCormick (R-IL, 1929-1931), daughter of Sen. Marcus Hanna (R-OH, 1897-1904); Rep. Ruth Owen (D-FL), daughter of Rep. William Jennings Bryan (D-NE, 1891-1895) Rep. Louise Reece (R-TN, 1961-1963), daughter of Sen. Guy Goff (R-WV, 1925-1931), Rep. Elizabeth Patterson (D-SC, 19871993), daughter of Sen. Olin Johnston (D-SC, 1945-1965)and Rep. Clare Boothe Luce (RCT, 1943-1947), stepdaughter of Rep. Elmer Austin (R-CT, 1939-1941). CRS-7 CRS-7 Representative Ruth McCormick, discussed above, was also the daughter of Senator Marcus Hanna (R-OH, 1897-1904). Nine other women Members of the House have had fathers who served as Representatives. These include three current Members, Lucille Roybal-Allard (DCA, 1993-present ), daughter of Representative Edward Roybal (D-CA, 1963-1993), Nancy Pelosi (D-CA, 1987- present), daughter of Representative Thomas D’Alesandro (D-MD, 1939-1947), and Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV, 2001-present), daughter of Representative Arch A. Moore (D-WV, 1957-1969).10 Sons Five women Representatives and one Senator had sons who served in Congress. Of these women, only Frances Bolton (R-OH, 1940-1969) served simultaneously with her son, Representative Oliver Bolton (R-OH, 1953-1957, 1963-1965). The other women were Carrie Meek (D-FL, 1993-2003), mother of Representative Kendrick Meek (D-FL, 2003-present ), Katharine Byron (D-MD, 1941-1943), mother of Representative Goodloe Byron (D-MD, 1971-1978); Maude Kee (D-WV, 19511965), mother of Representative James Kee (D-WV, 1965-1973); and Irene Baker (R-TN, 1964-1965), stepmother of Senator Howard Baker (R-TN, 1967-1985). Senator Rose McConnell Long (D-LA, 1936-1937) was the mother of Senator Russell B. Long (D-LA, 1948-1987), the only Senator to succeed both parents in the Senate. Grandfathers Three Congresswomen were granddaughters of former Members. They were Frances Bolton, granddaughter of Representative and Senator Henry Payne (D-OH, House, 1875-1877, Senate, 1885-1891); Katharine Byron, granddaughter of Representative and Senator Louis McComas (R-MD, House, 1883-1891, Senate, 1899-1905); and Louise Reece (R-TN, 1961-1963), granddaughter of Representative and Senator Nathan Goff (R-WV, House, 1883-1889, Senate, 1913-1919). Oldest and Youngest Women The youngest woman elected to the Senate is Senator Blanche Lincoln (D-AR, 1999-present). She was first elected in 1998 at the age of 38. She previously served in the House. The oldest woman elected to the Senate is Senator Elizabeth Dole (RNC, 2003- ) who was elected in 2002 at age 66. Rebecca Felton (D-GA) is the oldest 10 The others were Rep. Katherine Langley (R-KY, 1927-1931), daughter of Rep. James Gudger, Jr. (D-NC, 1903-1907, 1911-1915); Rep. Ruth McCormick (R-IL, 1929-1931), daughter of Sen. Marcus Hanna (R-OH, 1897-1904); Rep. Ruth Owen (D-FL), daughter of Rep. William Jennings Bryan (D-NE, 1891-1895) Rep. Louise Reece (R-TN, 1961-1963), daughter of Sen. Guy Goff (R-WV, 1925-1931), Rep. Elizabeth Patterson (D-SC, 19871993), daughter of Sen. Olin Johnston (D-SC, 1945-1965)and Rep. Clare Boothe Luce (RCT, 1943-1947), stepdaughter of Rep. Elmer Austin (R-CT, 1939-1941). CRS-8 woman to have served in the Senate. She was appointed for one day in 1922 at age 87. Elizabeth Holtzman (D-NY, 1973-1981) is the youngest woman to serve in the House. She was elected at age 31 years, two months. Senator Olympia Snowe (RME) was first elected to the House in 1978 at age 31 years and nine months. Susan Molinari (R-NY-1990-1997) was elected to the house at age 31, one week before she turned 32. Delegate Madeleine Bordallo, (D-Guam, 2003-present) is the oldest woman elected to the House. She was 69 when first elected in 2002. Corinne Riley (D-SC, 1962-1963) was elected at age 68 years, nine months. Tables and Data The list and tables that follow provide information on women Members of Congress, including the dates they were first elected, the Congresses in which they served, the committees on which they served, and an indication, where relevant, of the committees they have chaired. CRS-8 Most of the data presented are from the Biographical Directory of the American American Congress, 1774-1996 [http://bioguide.congress.gov], various editions of the the Congressional Directory, and a broad range of Congressional Quarterly and Leadership Directories, Inc. publications. Information on the committee assignments of the women in the 109th Congress was obtained from the Congressional Yellow Book, winter 2005, the website of the U.S. Senate available at [http://www.senate.gov/general/committee_assignments/assignments.htm]; and List of Standing Committees and Select Committees and Their Subcommitees of the House of Representatives Together With Joint Committees, One Hundred Ninth Congress, prepared under the direction of Jeff Trandahl, Clerk of the House of Representatives, April 29, 2005 (available online from the clerk’s website at [http://clerk.house.gov/committee/scsoal.pdf]). Note that the names and jurisdiction of House and Senate committees have changed many times over the years covered by this report. In the interest of brevity, this report does not identify all historical name changes. The committee names that are listed are those that were in effect at the time a particular member served on a panel. CRS-9 Alphabetical Listing11 ABEL, HAZEL HEMPEL. Republican; Nebraska, Senator. Elected to the 83rd Congress November 2, 1954, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Dwight P. Griswold and filled in the interim by Eva Bowring; sworn in and seated November 8, 1954; resigned December 31, 1954. Committee Assignments S. Finance S. Interstate and Foreign Commerce Congress 83rd 83rd ABZUG, BELLA S. Democrat; New York, 19th Congressional District (92nd Congress) and 20th Congressional District (93rd-94th Congresses). Elected to the 92nd Congress November 3, 1970; sworn in and seated January 21, 1971; reelected to the 93rd-94th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1977. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Public Works Congress 92nd-94th 92nd-94th ALLEN, MARYON PITTMAN. Democrat; Alabama, Senator. Appointed to the 95th Congress June 8, 1978, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, James B. Allen; sworn in and seated June 12, 1978; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry S. Judiciary 11 Congress 95th 95th Note: Prior to the adoption of the Twentieth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, effective October effective Oct. 15, 1933, the terms of Representatives and Senators began on March 4, Mar. 4, in conformance with a resolution of the Continental Congress implementing the Constitution (adopted September 13, Sept. 13, 1788). The Twentieth Amendment provides inter alia that the terms of Representatives and Senators shall commence at noon on JanuaryJan. 3, in the year following their election. The first Congress affected by the Twentieth Amendment was the 74th (193519371935-1937). However, Congress sometimes sets a date other than JanuaryJan. 3 for commencement of a new Congress; thus, in this report, dates sworn in are sometimes later than January 3 Jan. 3 for Members elected in the general election. In addition, Members elected to fill a vacancy are sworn in and commence their terms as soon as possible, as do Senators appointed to fill a vacancy. CRS-10 ANDREWS, ELIZABETH B. Democrat; Alabama, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 92nd Congress in a special election held April 4, 1972, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, George W. Andrews; sworn in and seated April 10, 1972; term expired January 3, 1973. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service Congress 92nd ASHBROOK, JEAN. Republican; Ohio, 17th Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress in a special election held June 29, 1982, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Milan Ashbrook; sworn in and seated July 12, 1982; term expired January 3, 1983. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries Congress 97th BAKER, IRENE BAILEY. Republican; Tennessee, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 88th Congress in a special election held March 10, 1964, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Howard H. Baker, Sr.; sworn in and seated March 10, 1964; term expired January 3, 1965. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations Congress 88th BAKER, NANCY KASSEBAUM. See KASSEBAUM, NANCY LANDON. BALDWIN, TAMMY. Democrat; Wisconsin, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in and seated January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Judiciary H. Energy and Commerce Congress 106th-108th 106th-108th 109th BEAN, MELISSA L. Democrat; Illinois, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. Small Business Congress 109th 109th CRS-11 BENTLEY, HELEN DELICH. Republican; Maryland, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 99th Congress November 6, 1984; sworn in and seated January 3, 1985; reelected to the 100th-103rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Public Works and Transportation H. Select Aging H. Budget H. Appropriations Congress 99th-103rd 99th-100th, 102nd 99th-102nd 101st-102nd 103rd BERKLEY, SHELLEY. Democrat; Nevada, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in and seated January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Veterans’ Affairs H. International Relations Congress 106th 106th-109th 106th-109th 107th- 109th BIGGERT, JUDY. Republican; Illinois, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in and seated January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Government Reform H. Financial Services H. Science H. Education and the Workforce H. Standards of Official Conduct Congress 106th 106th 107th-109th 106th-109th 107th-109th 107th-109th BLACKBURN, MARSHA. Republican; Tennessee, 7th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Education and the Workforce H. Government Reform H. Judiciary H. Energy and Commerce Congress 108th 108th 108th 109th CRS-12 BLITCH, IRIS FAIRCLOTH. Democrat; Georgia, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress November 2, 1954; sworn in and seated January 5, 1955; reelected to the 85th-87th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. Public Works Congress 84th-87th BOGGS, CORINNE C. (LINDY). Democrat; Louisiana, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress in a special election held March 20, 1973, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thomas Hale Boggs, Sr.; sworn in and seated March 27, 1973; reelected to the 94th-101st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Currency H. Banking, Currency, and Housing H. House Administration H. Appropriations H. Select Children, Youth, and Families Jt. Bicentennial Arrangements (committee chair) Commission of the Bicentenary of the U.S. House (chair) Congress 93rd 94th 94th 95th-101st 99th-101st 94th 99th-100th BOLAND, VERONICA GRACE. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 77th Congress, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Patrick J. Boland; sworn in and seated November 19, 1942; term expired January 3, 1943. Committee Assignments None listed Congress 77th BOLTON, FRANCES PAYNE. Republican; Ohio, 22nd Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a special election held February 27, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Chester C. Bolton; sworn in and seated March 5, 1940; reelected to the 77th-90th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1969. Committee Assignments H. Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives in Congress H. Expenditures in Executive Departments H. Foreign Affairs Congress 76th 76th 77th-90th CRS-13 BONO, MARY. Republican; California, 44th Congressional District (105th-107th Congresses) and 45th Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress in a special election held on April 7, 1998, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Sonny Bono; sworn in and seated April 20, 1998; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. National Security H. Judiciary H. Armed Services H. Small Business H. Energy and Commerce Congress 105th 105th-106th 106th 106th 107th-109th BORDALLO, MADELEINE Z. Democrat; Non-voting Delegate from Guam. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Resources H. Small Business Congress 108th-109th 108th-109th 108th-109th BOSONE, REVA ZILPHA BECK. Democrat; Utah, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 81st Congress November 2, 1948; sworn in and seated January 3, 1949; reelected to the 82nd Congress; term expired January 3, 1953. Committee Assignments H. Public Lands H. Administration H. Interior and Insular Affairs Congress 81st 82nd 82nd BOWRING, EVA KELLY. Republican; Nebraska, Senator. Appointed to the 83rd Congress April 16, 1954, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Dwight P. Griswold; sworn in and seated April 16, 1954; term ended November 8, 1954, after the election to fill Senator Griswold’s unexpired term. Committee Assignments S. Interstate and Foreign Commerce S. Labor and Public Welfare S. Post Office and Civil Service Congress 83rd 83rd 83rd CRS-14 BOXER, BARBARA. Democrat; California, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 98th Congress November 2, 1982; sworn in and seated January 3, 1983; reelected to the 99th-102nd Congresses. Ms. Boxer was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993. She was reelected to the Senate in 1998 and 2004. Chief deputy Democratic whip in the 109th Congress and a deputy whip in the 103rd Congress Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Government Operations H. Budget H. Select Children, Youth, and Families H. Armed Services S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Budget S. Environment and Public Works S. Appropriations S. Foreign Relations S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation Congress 98th 98th-102nd 99th-101st 99th-102nd 102nd 103rd-105th 103rd-106th 103rd-109th 105th 106th-109th 107th-109th BROWN, CORRINE. Democrat; Florida, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Public Works and Transportation H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Veterans’Affairs Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-109th 103rd-109th BROWN-WAITE, GINNY. Republican; Florida, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Financial Services H. Veterans’ Affairs Congress 108th-109th 108th -109th 108th -109th BUCHANAN, VERA DAERR. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 30th Congressional District. Elected to the 82nd Congress in a special election held July 24, 1951, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Frank Buchanan; sworn in and seated August 1, 1951; reelected to the 83rd-84th Congresses; died in office November 26, 1955. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Public Works H. Banking and Currency Congress 82nd, 1st Sess. 82nd, 1st Sess. 82nd, 2nd Sess.-83rd 84th CRS-15 BURDICK, JOCELYN BIRCH. Democrat; North Dakota, Senator. Appointed to the 102nd Congress September 12, 1992, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband Quentin Burdick; sworn in and seated September 16, 1992; term expired December 4, 1992, with the election of Kent Conrad to the vacancy she filled. Committee Assignments S. Environment and Public Works Congress 102nd BURKE, YVONNE BRATHWAITE. Democrat; California, 37th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in and seated January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-95th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments H. Public Works H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Appropriations H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop (committee chair) Congress 93rd 93rd 94th-95th 94th-95th BURTON, SALA. Democrat; California, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 98th Congress in a special election held June 21, 1983, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Phillip Burton; sworn in and seated June 28, 1983; reelected to the 99th-100th Congresses; died in office February 1, 1987. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Select Committee on Hunger H. Rules Congress 98th 98th 98th-99th 99th-100th BUSHFIELD, VERA CAHALAN. Republican; South Dakota, Senator. Appointed to the 80th Congress October 6, 1948, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Harlan J. Bushfield; resigned December 26, 1948. Committee Assignments None listed Congress 80th BYRNE, LESLIE. Democrat; Virginia, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works and Transportation Congress 103rd 103rd CRS-16 BYRON, BEVERLY BARTON BUTCHER. Democrat; Maryland, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 96th Congress November 7, 1978, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Goodloe E. Byron; sworn in and seated January 15, 1979; reelected to the 97th-102nd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Select Committee on Aging H. Interior and Insular Affairs Congress 96th-102nd 96th-102nd 97th-102nd BYRON, KATHARINE EDGAR. Democrat; Maryland, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 77th Congress in a special election held May 27, 1941, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William Devereux Byron; sworn in and seated June 11, 1941; term expired January 3, 1943. Committee Assignments H. Civil Service H. War Claims Congress 77th 77th CANTWELL, MARIA. Democrat; Washington, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Ms. Cantwell was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated on January 3, 2001. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Public Works and Transportation S. Judiciary S. Energy and Natural Resources S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship S. Indian Affairs S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation Congress 103rd 103rd 103rd 107th 107th-109th 107th-109th 107th-109th 108th-109th CAPITO, SHELLEY MOORE. Republican; West Virginia, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Rules Congress 107th-108th 107th-108th 107th-108th 109th CRS-17 CAPPS, LOIS. Democrat; California, 22nd Congressional District (105th-107th Congresses) and 23rd Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress in a special election held March 9, 1998, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Walter Capps; sworn in and seated March 17, 1998; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. International Relations H. Science H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce H. Budget Congress 105th 105th 106th 107th-109th 109th CARAWAY, HATTIE WYATT. Democrat; Arkansas, Senator. Appointed to the 72nd Congress November 13, 1931, and elected January 12, 1932, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thaddeus H. Caraway; sworn in and seated December 8, 1931; reelected to two full Senate terms; term expired January 3, 1945. Committee Assignments S. Agriculture and Forestry S. Commerce S. Enrolled Bills (committee chair, 73rd-78th) S. Library Congress 72nd-78th 72nd-78th 72nd-78th 72nd-78th CARNAHAN, JEAN. Democrat; Missouri, Senator. Appointed to the Senate December 4, 2000, to fill the vacancy cause by her husband’s (Gov. Mel Carnahan) posthumous election to the Senate; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; served until November 25, 2003, when the elected successor for the remainder of the term took office. Committee Assignments S. Armed Services S. Commerce, Science and Transportation S. Governmental Affairs S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship S. Special Committee on Aging Congress 107th 107th 107th 107th 107th CARSON, JULIA. Democrat; Indiana, 10th Congressional District (105th-107th Congresses) and 7th Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; first swearing in delayed because of illness, oath of office administered January 9, 1997; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 105th-106th 107th-109th 105th-107th 108th-109th CRS-18 CHENOWETH, HELEN. Republican; Idaho, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-106th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2001. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Resources H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Government Reform Congress 104th-106th 104th-106th 105th-106th 106th CHISHOLM, SHIRLEY ANITA. Democrat; New York, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 91st Congress November 5, 1968; sworn in and seated January 3, 1969; reelected to the 92nd-97th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1983. Secretary to the Democratic Caucus in the 96th Congress. First black female candidate for U.S. President (1972). Committee Assignments H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Education and Labor H. Rules Congress 91st-92nd 92nd-94th 95th-97th CHRISTIAN-CHRISTENSEN, DONNA. Democrat; non-voting Delegate from the Virgin Islands. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. First woman doctor in Congress. Committee Assignment H. Resources H. Small Business H. Homeland Security Congress 105th-109th 105th- 109th 108th-109th CHRISTIAN-GREEN, DONNA. See CHRISTIAN-CHRISTENSEN, DONNA. MARGUERITE STITT. Republican; Illinois, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 82nd Congress November 8, 1950; sworn in and seated January 3, 1951; reelected to the 83rd-87th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1963. CHURCH, Committee Assignments H. Expenditures in Executive Departments H. Government Operations H. Foreign Affairs Congress 82nd 83rd 83rd-87th CLARKE, MARIAN WILLIAMS. Republican; New York, 34th Congressional District. Elected to the 73rd Congress in a special election held December 28, 1933, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Davenport Clarke; sworn in and seated January 3, 1934; term expired January 3, 1935. Committee Assignments H. Civil Service H. Claims H. Invalid Pensions Congress 73rd 73rd 73rd CRS-19 CLAYTON, EVA. Democrat; North Carolina, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 3, 1992, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Walter Jones and elected to the 103rd Congress at the same time; took office on November 5, 1992; reelected to the 104th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Small Business H. Budget Congress 103rd-107th 103rd-104th 105th-107th CLINTON, HILLARY RODHAM. Democrat; New York, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001. First Lady of the United States (1993-2001) and the only First Lady to run for elected political office. Chair of Senate Democratic Steering and Coordination Committee in the 108th Congress. Committee Assignments S. Budget S. Environment and Public Works S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions S. Armed Services S. Special Aging Congress 107th 107th-109th 107th-109th 108th-109th 109th COLLINS, BARBARA-ROSE. Democrat; Michigan, 13th Congressional District (102nd Congress) and 15th Congressional District (103rd-104th Congresses). Elected to the 102nd Congress November 7, 1990; sworn in and seated January 3, 1991; reelected to the 103rd-104th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Science, Space and Technology H. Government Operations H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Select Children, Youth, and Families Congress 102nd-103rd 102nd 103rd 103rd 104th 104th 102nd COLLINS, CARDISS. Democrat; Illinois, 7th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress in a special election held June 5, 1973, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, George W. Collins; sworn in and seated June 7, 1973; reelected to the 94th-104th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1997. First female chair of the Congressional Black Caucus, 96th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. International Relations H. District of Columbia H. Foreign Affairs H. Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control H. Energy and Commerce H. Commerce H. Government Reform and Oversight Congress 93rd-103rd 94th-95th 95th 96th 96th-102nd 97th-103rd 104th 104th CRS-20 COLLINS, SUSAN M. Republican; Maine, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 6, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected in 2002. Committee Assignments S. Labor and Human Resources S. Governmental Affairs (committee chair, 108th ) S. Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (committee chair, 109th) S. Special Aging S. Special Committee on the Year 2000 Technology Problems S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions S. Armed Services Jt. Economic Congress 105th 105th-108th 109th 105th-109th 106th 106th-107th 107th-109th 108th CUBIN, BARBARA. Republican; Wyoming, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-109th Congresses. A House deputy majority whip in the 104th-105th Congresses. Secretary of the House Republican Conference in the 107th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Resources H. Science H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce Congress 104th-109th 104th 105th-106th 107th-109th DANNER, PAT. Democrat; Missouri, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-106th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2001. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Small Business H. International Relations Congress 103rd 104th-106th 103rd 105th-106th DAVIS, JO ANN. Republican; Virginia, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Government Reform H. International Relations H. Select Intelligence Congress 107th-109th 107th-108th 107th-109th 108th-109th CRS-21 DAVIS, SUSAN. Democrat; California, 49th Congressional District (107th Congress) and 53rd Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Education and the Workforce H. Veterans’ Affairs Congress 107th-109th 107th-109th 108th DEGETTE, DIANA. Democrat; Colorado, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. A chief deputy Democratic whip in the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce Congress 105th-106th 107th-109th DELAURO, ROSA. Democrat; Connecticut, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 6, 1990; sworn in and seated January 3, 1991; reelected to the 103rd-109th Congresses. A House chief deputy Democratic whip in the 104th105th Congresses, assistant to the House Democratic leader in the 106th-107th Congresses, and co-chair of the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee in the 108th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Public Works and Transportation H. Select Committee on Aging H. Appropriations H. National Security H. Budget Congress 102nd 102nd 102nd 103rd, 105th-109th 104th 108th-109th DOLE, ELIZABETH H. Republican; North Carolina, Senate. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003. Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee in the 109th Congress (first woman chair),Member of the Federal Trade Commission (1973-1979), Secretary of Transportation (1983-1987), Secretary of Labor (1989-1990), and candidate for U.S. President (2000). Committee Assignments S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry S. Armed Services S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Special Aging Congress 108th 108th-109th 108th-109th 108th-109th CRS-22 DOUGLAS, EMILY TAFT. Democrat; Illinois, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 79th Congress November 7, 1944; sworn in and seated January 3, 1945; term expired January 3, 1947. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs Congress 79th DOUGLAS, HELEN GAHAGAN. Democrat; California, 14th Congressional District. Elected to the 79th Congress November 7, 1944; sworn in and seated January 3, 1945; reelected to the 80th-81st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1951. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs Congress 79th-81st DRAKE, THELMA. Republican; Virginia, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Education and the Workforce H. Resources Congress 109th 109th 109th DUNN, JENNIFER. Republican; Washington, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-108th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2005. Secretary and later vice chair of the House Republican Conference, 105th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Administration H. Public Works and Transportation H. Science, Space, and Technology Jt. Committee on Congressional Operations H. Oversight H. Ways and Means Jt. Economic H. Homeland Security Congress 103rd 103rd 103rd 103rd 104th 104th-108th 107th-108th 108th DWYER, FLORENCE PRICE. Republican; New Jersey, 6th Congressional District (85th89th Congresses) and 12th Congressional District (90th-92nd Congresses). Elected to the 85th Congress November 6, 1956; sworn in and seated January 3, 1957; reelected to the 86th-92nd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1973. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Banking and Currency Congress 85th-92nd 85th 86th-92nd CRS-23 EDWARDS, ELAINE. Democrat; Louisiana, Senator. Appointed to the 92nd Congress August 1, 1972, by her husband, Governor Edwin L. Edwards, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Allen J. Ellender; sworn in and seated August 7, 1972; served until November 13, 1972, when the elected successor for the remainder of the term took office. Committee Assignments S. Agriculture and Forestry S. Public Works Congress 92nd 92nd EMERSON, JO ANN. Republican; Missouri, 8th Congressional District. Elected as an Independent to the 104th Congress in a special election November 5, 1996, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Bill Emerson, and to her own seat in the 105th Congress; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997, although certified to serve in the 104th Congress; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Appropriations Congress 105th 105th 105th 106th-109th ENGLISH, KARAN. Democrat; Arizona, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Natural Resources Congress 103rd 103rd ESHOO, ANNA G. Democrat; California, 14th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce H. Intelligence Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-106th 107th-109th 108th-109th ESLICK, WILLA McCORD BLAKE. Democrat; Tennessee, 7th Congressional District. Elected the the 72nd Congress in a special election held August 4, 1932, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Edward Eslick; sworn in and seated December 5, 1932; term expired March 3, 1933. Committee Assignments H. Public Buildings and Grounds H. World War Veterans’ Legislation Congress 72nd 72nd CRS-24 FARRINGTON, MARY ELIZABETH PRUETT. Republican; Delegate from Hawaii. Elected to the 83rd Congress in a special election held July 31, 1954, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Joseph R. Farrington; sworn in and seated August 4, 1954; reelected to the 84th Congress; term expired January 3, 1957. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Armed Services H. Interior and Insular Affairs Congress 83rd-84th 83rd-84th 83rd-84th FEINSTEIN, DIANNE. Democrat; California, Senator. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 3, 1992, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Pete Wilson to become Governor of California; sworn in November 10, 1992. Subsequently elected to her own six-year term on November 8, 1994, and reelected in 2000. Committee Assignments S. Appropriations S. Judiciary S. Rules and Administration S. Foreign Relations Jt. Library S. Energy and Natural Resources S. Select Intelligence Jt. Committee on Printing (committee chair, 107th ) Congress 103rd, 107th-109th 103rd-109th 103rd-109th 104th -105th 105th 107th-109th 107th-109th 106th-107th FELTON, REBECCA LATIMER. Democrat; Georgia, Senator. Appointed to the 67th Congress on October 3, 1922, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Thomas E. Watson; sworn in and seated November 21, 1922; term expired November 22 with the election of Walter George to the vacancy she filled. Committee Assignments None listed Congress 67th FENWICK, MILLICENT. Republican; New Jersey, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in and seated January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th-97th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1983. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Currency, and Housing H. Small Business H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Standards of Official Conduct H. District of Columbia H. International Relations H. Education and Labor H. Foreign Affairs H. Select Committee on Aging Congress 94th 94th-95th 95th 95th 96th 96th 97th 97th 97th CRS-25 FERRARO, GERALDINE ANN. Democrat; New York, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 96th Congress November 7, 1978; sworn in and seated January 15, 1979; reelected to the 97th-98th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1985. She was the first woman nominated by a major political party for Vice President and was on the Democratic ticket in 1984 with Walter Mondale. Secretary of the House Democratic Caucus in the 97th and 98th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works and Transportation H. Select Committee on Aging H. Budget Congress 96th-97th 96th-98th 96th-97th 98th FIEDLER, BOBBI. Republican; California, 21st Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress November 4, 1980; sworn in and seated January 5, 1981; reelected to the 98th-99th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1987. Committee Assignments H. Budget Jt. Economic Congress 97th-99th 99th FOWLER, TILLIE. Republican; Florida, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-106th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2001. House deputy majority whip and chair of the House Page Board in the 104th-105th Congresses. Vice chair of the House Republican Conference in the 106th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. National Security H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 103rd, 106th 104th-105th 103rd 104th-106th FRAHM, SHEILA. Republican; Kansas, Senator. Appointed to the 104th Congress May 24, 1996, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert Dole; sworn in and seated June 11, 1996; term ended November 5, 1996, after the election to fill the remainder of Senator Dole’s unexpired term. Committee Assignments S. Armed Services S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Congress 104th 104th FOXX, VIRGINIA. Republican; North Carolina, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Education and the Workforce H. Government Reform Congress 109th 109th 109th CRS-26 FULMER, WILLA LYBRAND. Democrat; South Carolina, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 78th Congress November 7, 1944, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Hampton P. Fulmer; sworn in and seated November 6, 1944; term expired January 3, 1945. Committee Assignments None listed Congress 78th FURSE, ELIZABETH. Democrat; Oregon, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-105th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1999. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Commerce Congress 103rd 103rd 103rd 104th-105th GASQUE, ELIZABETH HAWLEY. Democrat; South Carolina, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 75th Congress in a special election held September 13, 1938, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Allard H. Gasque; never sworn in or seated, because Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of her term; term expired January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments None listed, never sworn in Congress 76th GIBBS, FLORENCE REVILLE. Democrat; Georgia, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a special election held October 1, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Benjamin Gibbs; sworn in and seated October 3, 1940; term expired January 3, 1941. Committee Assignments None listed Congress 76th GRANAHAN, KATHRYN ELIZABETH. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress in a special election held November 6, 1956, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William T. Granahan and to a full two-year term in the 85th Congress; the 84th Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of the term; sworn in and seated January 3, 1957; reelected to the 86th-87th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Government Operations Congress 85th 85th-87th 85th, 2nd Sess.-87th CRS-27 GRANGER, KAY. Republican; Texas, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Oversight H. Transportation and Infrastructure Jt. Printing H. National Security H. Appropriations H. Homeland Security Congress 105th, 107th 105th 105th 105th 105th 106th-109th 108th GRASSO, ELLA T. Democrat; Connecticut, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 92nd Congress November 3, 1970; sworn in and seated January 21, 1971; reelected to the 93rd Congress; term expired January 3, 1975. Elected Governor of Connecticut in 1974 and 1978. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1981. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Veterans’ Affairs Congress 92nd-93rd 92nd-93rd GRAVES, DIXIE BIBB. Democrat; Alabama, Senator. Appointed by her husband, Governor David Bibb Graves, to the 75th Congress August 18, 1937, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Hugo L. Black; sworn in and seated August 20, 1937; resigned January 10, 1938. Committee Assignments S. Claims S. Education and Labor S. Mines and Mining Congress 75th 75th 75th GREEN, EDITH. Democrat; Oregon, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress November 2, 1954; sworn in and seated January 5, 1955; reelected to the 85th-93rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1975. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Interior and Insular Affairs Jt. Committee on Disposition of Executive Papers H. House Administration H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop H. District of Columbia H. Appropriations GREENE, ENID. See WALDHOLTZ, ENID GREENE. Congress 84th-92nd 84th-85th 85th 86th-87th 88th-90th 90th-93rd 92nd 93rd CRS-28 GREENWAY, ISABELLA SELMES. Democrat; Arizona, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 73rd Congress in a special election held October 3, 1933, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Lewis W. Douglas; sworn in and seated January 3, 1934; reelected to the 74th Congress; term expired January 3, 1937. Committee Assignments None listed H. Indian Affairs H. Irrigation and Reclamation H. Public Lands Congress 73rd 74th 74th 74th GRIFFITHS, MARTHA WRIGHT. Democrat; Michigan, 17th Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress November 2, 1954; sworn in and seated January 5, 1955; reelected to the 85th-93rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1975. Elected Lieutenant Governor of Michigan in 1982 and 1986. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Currency H. Government Operations Jt. Economic H. Ways and Means H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop (committee chair) H. Select Committee on Crime Congress 84th-87th 84th-87th 87th-92nd 88th-92nd 90th-93rd 91st HALL, KATIE. Democrat; Indiana, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress in a special election held November 2, 1982, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Adam Benjamin, Jr.; sworn in and seated November 29, 1982; reelected to the 98th Congress; term expired January 3, 1985. Committee Assignments None H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works and Transportation Congress 97th 98th 98th HANSEN, JULIA BUTLER. Democrat; Washington, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 8, 1960, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Russell V. Mack and to the 87th Congress; the 86th Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of the term; sworn in and seated January 3, 1961; reelected to the 88th-93rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1975. Committee Assignments H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Education and Labor H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Appropriations 12 Congress 87th, 1st Sess.12 87th 87th 88th-93rd Rep. Hansen served on the Veteran’s Affairs Committee from Feb. 6, 1961 to March 6, 1961. CRS-29 HARDEN, CECIL MURRAY. Republican; Indiana, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 81st Congress November 2, 1948; sworn in and seated January 3, 1949; reelected to the 82nd-85th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1959. Committee Assignments H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Expenditures in Executive Departments H. Government Operations H. Post Office and Civil Service Congress 81st 82nd 83rd-85th 83rd-85th HARMAN, JANE. Democrat; California, 36th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-105th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1999. Elected to the 107th Congress on November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated on January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Science, Space, and Technology H. National Security H. Science H. Energy and Commerce H. Intelligence H. Homeland Security Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-105th 104th 107th 104th-105th 107th-109th 108th-109th HARRIS, KATHERINE. Republican; Florida, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. International Relations H. Homeland Security Congress 108th-109th 108th-109th 109th HART, MELISSA. Republican; Pennsylvania, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th- 109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. Judiciary H. Science H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Ways and Means Congress 107th-108th 107th-108th 107th-108th 109th 109th CRS-30 HAWKINS, PAULA. Republican; Florida, Senator. Elected to the Senate on November 4, 1980; sworn in and seated January 5, 1981; term expired on January 3, 1987. Committee Assignments S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry S. Labor and Human Resources Jt. Economic S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Foreign Relations S. Special Aging Congress 97th-99th 97th-99th 97th 98th 98th 99th HECKLER, MARGARET M. Republican; Massachusetts, 19th Congressional District. Elected to the 90th Congress November 8, 1966; sworn in and seated January 10, 1967; reelected to the 91st-97th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1983. Secretary of Health and Human Services (1983-1985) and U.S. Ambassador to Ireland (19851989). Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Banking and Currency H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop H. Agriculture Jt. Economic H. Select Committee on Ethics H. Science and Technology Congress 90th 90th-97th 91st-93rd 92nd-93rd 94th-96th 94th, 96th-97th 96th 97th HERSETH, STEPHANIE. Democrat; South Dakota, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected vacancy to the 108th Congress in a special election held June 1, 2004, to fill the caused by the resignation of William Janklow; sworn in and seated June 3, 2004; reelected to the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Resources H. Veterans’ Affairs Congress 108th- 109th 108th- 109th 108th- 109th HICKS, LOUISE DAY. Democrat; Massachusetts, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 92nd Congress November 3, 1970; sworn in and seated January 21, 1971; term expired January 3, 1973. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Veterans’ Affairs Congress 92nd 92nd CRS-31 HOLT, MARJORIE S. Republican; Maryland, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in and seated January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-99th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1987. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Administration H. Budget H. Select Committee on Aging Jt. Economic H. District of Columbia Congress 93rd-99th 94th 95th-96th 96th 98th 98th HOLTZMAN, ELIZABETH. Democrat; New York, 16th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in and seated January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-96th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1981. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary H. Budget Congress 93rd-96th 94th-96th HONEYMAN, NAN WOOD. Democrat; Oregon, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 75th Congress November 3, 1936; sworn in and seated January 5, 1937; term expired January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments H. Indian Affairs H. Irrigation and Reclamation H. Rivers and Harbors Congress 75th 75th 75th HOOLEY, DARLENE. Democrat; Oregon, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Science H. Budget H. Veterans’Affairs Congress 105th-106th 107th-109th 105th, 109th 106th-108th 108th-109th HORN, JOAN KELLY. Democrat; Missouri, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 6, 1990; sworn in and seated January 3, 1991; term expired January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Select Children, Youth, and Family Congress 102nd 102nd 102nd CRS-32 HUCK, WINNIFRED SPRAGUE MASON. Republican; Illinois, Congresswoman-atlarge. Elected to the 67th Congress in a special election held November 7, 1922, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her father, William E. Mason; sworn in and seated November 20, 1922; term expired March 3, 1923. Committee Assignments H. Expenditures in the Department of Commerce H. Reform in the Civil Service H. Woman Suffrage Congress 67th 67th 67th HUMPHREY, MURIEL BUCK. Democrat; Minnesota, Senator. Appointed to the 95th Congress January 25, 1978, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Hubert H. Humphrey; sworn in and seated February 6, 1978; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments S. Foreign Relations S. Governmental Affairs Congress 95th 95th HUTCHISON, KAY BAILEY. Republican; Texas, Senator. Elected to the 103rd Congress on June 5, 1993, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Lloyd Bentsen to become Secretary of the Treasury; sworn in and seated June 14, 1993. Subsequently elected to a full six year term on November 8, 1994, and reelected in 2000. First female Vice Chair of the Senate Republican Conference (107th-109th Congresses). Committee Assignments S. Armed Service S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation S. Small Business S. Select Intelligence S. Appropriations S. Rules and Administration S. Environment and Public Works S. Veterans’ Affairs Congress 103rd-104th 103rd-109th 103rd-104th 104th 105th-109th 105th-109th 106th 107th-109th JACKSON LEE, SHEILA. Democrat; Texas, 18th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary H. Science H. Homeland Security Congress 104th-109th 104th-109th 108th-109th JENCKES, VIRGINIA ELLIS. Democrat; Indiana, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 73rd Congress November 8, 1932; sworn in and seated March 9, 1933; reelected to the 74th-75th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments H. Civil Service H. District of Columbia H. Mines and Mining Congress 73rd-75th 73rd-75th 73rd-74th CRS-33 JOHNSON, EDDIE BERNICE. Democrat; Texas, 30th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-109th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 107th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Science H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-109th 104th-109th JOHNSON, NANCY L. Republican; Connecticut, 6th Congressional District (98th-107th Congresses) and 5th Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 98th Congress November 2, 1982; sworn in and seated January 3, 1983; reelected to the 99th-109th Congresses. Deputy Republican whip in the 103rd Congress. Committee Assignments H. Public Works and Transportation H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Select Children, Youth, and Families H. Budget H. Ways and Means H. Standards of Official Conduct (committee chair, 104th) Jt. Taxation Congress 98th-100th 98th-99th 98th-100th 100th 101st-109th 102nd-104th 109th JONES, STEPHANIE TUBBS. Democrat; Ohio, 11th Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in and seated January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Small Business H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Ways and Means Congress 106th 107th 106th-107th 107th-109th 108th-109th JORDAN, BARBARA C. Democrat; Texas, 18th Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in and seated January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-95th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary H. Government Operations Congress 93rd-95th 94th-95th CRS-34 KAHN, FLORENCE PRAG. Republican; California, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 69th Congress in a special election held February 17, 1925, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Julius Kahn; sworn in and seated December 7, 1925; reelected to the 70th-74th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1937. Committee Assignments H. Census H. Coinage, Weights, and Measures H. Education H. Expenditures in the War Department H. War Claims H. Military Affairs H. Appropriations Congress 69th 69th 69th 69th 70th 71st-72nd 73rd-74th KAPTUR, MARCY. Democrat; Ohio, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 98th Congress November 2, 1982. Sworn in and seated January 3, 1983; reelected to the 99th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Budget H. Appropriations Congress 98th-101st 98th-100th 101st 101st-109th KASSEBAUM, NANCY LANDON. Republican; Kansas, Senator. Elected to the Senate on November 7, 1978; sworn in and seated December 23, 1978. After her election, Senator James Pearson resigned, and Governor Bennett of Kansas appointed Ms. Kassebaum to replace him for the duration of the 95th Congress. She was reelected to the Senate in 1984 and 1990; term expired January 3, 1997. Deputy minority whip in the 103rd Congress. Committee Assignments S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Special Committee on Aging S. Budget S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation S. Select Committee on Ethics S. Foreign Relations S. Labor and Human Resources (committee chair, 104th Congress) S. Indian Affairs Jt. Committee on the Organization of Congress Congress 96th, 101st-102nd 96th-98th, 101st-102nd 96th-100th 96th-100th 99th-100th 97th-104th 101st-104th 102nd-104th 103rd CRS-35 KEE, MAUDE ELIZABETH. Democrat; West Virginia, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 82nd Congress in a special election held July 16, 1951, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Kee; sworn in and seated July 26, 1951; reelected to the 83rd-88th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1965. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 88th Congress, 2nd Session. Committee Assignments H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Government Operations H. Interior and Insular Affairs Congress 82nd-88th 85th-87th 88th KELLY, EDNA FLANNERY. Democrat; New York, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 81st Congress November 8, 1949, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Andrew L. Somers; sworn in and seated January 3, 1950; reelected to the 82nd-90th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1969. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 83rd-84th and 88th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs H. Standards of Official Conduct Congress 81st-90th 90th KELLY, SUE. Republican; New York, 19th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-109th Congresses. Chair of the House Page Board in the 106th-108th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 104th-106th 107th-109th 104th-109th 104th-109th KENNELLY, BARBARA BAILEY. Democrat; Connecticut, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress in a special election on January 12, 1982, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William R. Cotter; sworn in and seated January 25, 1982; reelected to the 98th-105th Congresses; term expired on January 3, 1999. Appointed one of three House Democratic chief deputy whips in the 102nd and 103rd Congresses, the first woman to have held the position. Vice chair of the House Democratic Caucus in the 104th-105th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Public Works and Transportation H. Select Intelligence H. Budget H. Administration H. Ways and Means Congress 97th 97th 100th-102nd 103rd 103rd 98th-105th CRS-36 KEYS, MARTHA ELIZABETH. Democrat; Kansas, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in and seated January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th Congress; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments H. Ways and Means Congress 94th-95th KILPATRICK, CAROLYN CHEEKS. Democrat; Michigan, 15th Congressional District (105th-107th Congresses) and 13th Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services H. House Oversight Jt. Library H. Appropriations 105th 105th 105th 106th-109th KNUTSON, COYA GJESDAL. Democrat; Minnesota, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 84th Congress November 2, 1954; sworn in and seated January 5, 1955; reelected to the 85th Congress; term expired January 3, 1959. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture Congress 84th-85th LANDRIEU, MARY. Democrat; Louisiana, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected in 2002. Committee Assignments S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry S. Energy and Natural Resources S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship S. Armed Services S. Appropriations Congress 105th 105th-109th 105th-109th 106th-107th 107th-109th LANGLEY, KATHERINE GUDGER. Republican; Kentucky, 10th Congressional District. Elected to the 70th Congress November 2, 1926; sworn in and seated December 5, 1927; reelected to the 71st Congress; term expired March 3, 1931. Committee Assignments H. Claims H. Immigration and Naturalization H. Invalid Pensions H. Education Congress 70th-71st 70th-71st 70th-71st 71st CRS-37 LEE, BARBARA. Democrat; California, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress in a special election held April 7, 1998, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Ronald Dellums; sworn in and seated April 20, 1998; reelected to the 106th-109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Science H. International Relations Congress 105th-106th 107th-109th 105th 107th-109th LINCOLN, BLANCHE LAMBERT. Democrat; Arkansas, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th Congress; term expired January 3, 1997. Ms. Lincoln was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 3, 1998; sworn in and seated January 6, 1999; reelected in 2004. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Energy and Commerce H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Commerce S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry S. Energy and Natural Resources S. Special Committee on Aging S. Finance S. Select Committee on Ethics Congress 103rd 103rd 103rd 104th 106th-109th 106th 106th-108th 107th-109th 107th-108th LLOYD, MARILYN. Democrat; Tennessee, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in and seated January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th-103rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Public Works H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Public Works and Transportation H. Select Committee on Aging H. Armed Services Congress 94th 94th-103rd 95th-99th 96th-102nd 98th-103rd LOFGREN, ZOE. Democrat; California, 16th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary H. Science H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Homeland Security H. Administration Jt. Library Congress 104th-109th 104th-108th 105th-107th 108th-109th 109th 109th CRS-38 LONG, CATHERINE S. Democrat; Louisiana, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 99th Congress in a special election held March 30, 1985, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Gillis Long; sworn in and seated April 4, 1985; term expired January 3, 1987. Committee Assignment H. Public Works H. Small Business Congress 99th 99th LONG, JILL. Democrat; Indiana, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 101st Congress in a special election held March 28, 1989, to fill the vacancy caused by the appointment of Dan Coats to the Senate; sworn in and seated April 5, 1989; reelected to the 102nd-103rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Select Committee on Hunger Congress 101st-103rd 101st-103rd 101st-102nd LONG, ROSE McCONNELL. Democrat; Louisiana, Senator. Appointed to the 74th Congress January 31, 1936, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Huey Pierce Long; sworn in and seated February 10, 1936; subsequently elected April 21, 1936, in a special election to fill the remaining months of her husband’s term, took the oath of office for a second time on May 19, 1936; term expired January 3, 1937. Committee Assignments S. Claims S. Immigration S. Interoceanic Canals S. Post Office and Post Roads S. Public Lands and Surveys Congress 74th 74th 74th 74th 74th LOWEY, NITA M. Democrat; New York, 20th Congressional District (101st-102nd Congresses) and 18th Congressional District (103rd-109th Congresses). Elected to the 101st Congress November 8, 1988; sworn in and seated January 3, 1989; reelected to the 102nd-109th Congresses. Chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee in the 107th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control H. Appropriations H. Homeland Security Congress 101st-102nd 101st-102nd 101st-102nd 103rd-109th 108th-109th CRS-39 LUCE, CLARE BOOTHE. Republican; Connecticut, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 78th Congress November 3, 1942; sworn in and seated January 6, 1943; reelected to the 79th Congress; term expired January 3, 1947. Ambassador to Italy 1953-1956; nominated Ambassador to Brazil in 1959, but did not serve; and awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1983. Committee Assignments H. Military Affairs Congress 78th-79th LUSK, GEORGIA LEE. Democrat; New Mexico, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 80th Congress November 5, 1946; sworn in and seated January 3, 1947; term expired January 3, 1949. Committee Assignments H. Veterans’ Affairs Congress 80th MAJETTE, DENISE L. Democrat; Georgia, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; term expired January 3, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Education and the Workforce H. Small Business Congress 108th 108th 108th MALONEY, CAROLYN. Democrat; New York, 14th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services Jt. Economic Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-105th 106th-109th 104th-106th 107th-109th 105th-109th MANKIN, HELEN DOUGLAS. Democrat; Georgia, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 79th Congress in a special election held February 12, 1946, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert Ramspeck; sworn in and seated February 25, 1946; term expired January 3, 1947. Committee Assignments H. Civil Service H. Claims H. Elections H. Revision of Laws Congress 79th 79th 79th 79th CRS-40 MARGOLIES-MEZVINSKY, MARJORIE. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Energy and Commerce H. Government Operations H. Small Business Congress 103rd 103rd 103rd MARTIN, LYNN M. Republican; Illinois, 16th Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress November 4, 1980; sworn in and seated January 5, 1981; reelected to the 98th-101st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1991. Vice chair of the House Republican Conference (99th-100th Congresses) and Secretary of Labor (19911993). Committee Assignments H. Administration H. Budget H. Armed Services H. Rules H. Bipartisan Task Force on Ethics (vice chair) Congress 97th-98th 97th-99th 99th-100th 101st 101st MATSUI, DORIS O. Democrat; California, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress in a special election held March 8, 2005, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Robert Matsui; sworn in and seated March 10, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Rules Congress 109th MAY, CATHERINE DEAN. Republican; Washington, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 4, 1958; sworn in and seated January 7, 1959; reelected to the 87th-91st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1971. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. District of Columbia H. Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop Jt. Atomic Energy Congress 86th-91st 91st, 1st Sess. 91st 91st MCCARTHY, CAROLYN. Democrat; New York, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Education and the Workforce H. Small Business H. Financial Services Congress 105th-109th 105th-106th 108th-109th CRS-41 MCCARTHY, KAREN. Democrat; Missouri, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-108th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Science H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce H. Homeland Security Congress 104th 104th 104th 105th-106th 107th-108th 108th MCCARTHY, KATHYRN O’LOUGHLIN. Democrat; Kansas, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 73rd Congress November 8, 1932; sworn in and seated March 9, 1933; term expired January 3, 1935. Committee Assignments H. Education H. Public Buildings and Grounds H. World War Veterans’ Legislation Congress 73rd 73rd 73rd MCCOLLUM, BETTY. Democrat; Minnesota, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th Congress; reelected to the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Education and the Workforce H. Resources H. International Relations Congress 107th-109th 107th-108th 108th-109th MCCORMICK, RUTH HANNA. Republican; Illinois, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 71st Congress November 6, 1928; sworn in and seated April 15, 1929; term expired March 3, 1931. Committee Assignments H. Naval Affairs Congress 71st MCKINNEY, CYNTHIA. Democrat; Georgia, 11th Congressional District (103rd-104th Congresses) and 4th Congressional District (105th-107th Congress and 109th Congress). Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Elected to the 109th Congress November 2, 2004; sworn and seated January 4, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Foreign Affairs H. Banking and Finance H. International Relations H. National Security H. Armed Services H. Budget Congress 103rd-104th 103rd 104th-105th 104th-107th 105th 106th-107th , 109th 109th CRS-42 MCMILLAN, CLARA GOODING. Democrat; South Carolina, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a special election held November 7, 1939, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thomas S. McMillan; sworn in and seated January 3, 1940; term expired January 3, 1941. Committee Assignments H. Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives in Congress H. Insular Affairs H. Patents H. Public Buildings and Grounds Congress 76th 76th 76th 76th MCMORRIS, CATHY. Republican; Washington, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Education and the Workforce H. Resources Congress 109th 109th 109th MEEK, CARRIE. Democrat; Florida, 17th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-107th Congresses; term expired Januay 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Appropriations H. Budget H. Government Reform and Oversight Congress 103rd, 105th-107th 104th 104th MEYERS, JAN. Republican; Kansas, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 99th Congress November 6, 1984; sworn in and seated January 3, 1985; reelected to the 100th-104th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Science and Technology H. Select Aging H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Small Business (committee chair, 104th) Congress 99th 99th-102nd 99th-103rd 104th 104th 99th-104th MEYNER, HELEN STEVENSON. Democrat; New Jersey, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in and seated January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th Congress; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations Congress 94th-95th 94th 95th CRS-43 MIKULSKI, BARBARA ANN. Democrat; Maryland, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 95th Congress November 2, 1976; sworn in and seated January 4, 1977; reelected to the 97th-99th Congresses. Ms. Mikulski was subsequently elected to the Senate November 4, 1986; sworn in and seated January 6, 1987. She was reelected to the Senate in 1992, 1996, and 2002. Elected assistant Senate democratic floor leader in the 103rd Congress; the only woman to have held that position. Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference in the 104th-108th Congresses, which was the highest position held by a woman, Democratic Senator up to that time. Committee Assignments H. Interstate and Foreign Commerce H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Energy and Commerce S. Environmental and Public Works S. Appropriations S. Labor and Human Resources S. Small Business S. Select Ethics S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions S. Select Intelligence Congress 95th-97th 95th-99th 97th-99th 100th 100th-109th 100th-105th 100th-102nd 103rd-104th 106th-109th 107th-109th MILLENDER-McDONALD, JUANITA. Democrat; California, 37th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress in a special election held March 26, 1996, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Walter Tucker; sworn in and seated April 16, 1996; reelected to the 105th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Administration Jt. Library Jt. Printing Congress 104th-109th 104th-109th 108th-109th 108th-109th 109th MILLER, CANDICE S. Republican; Michigan, 10th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Government Reform H. House Administration Jt. Library Jt. Printing Congress 108th-109th 108th-109th 109th 109th 109th CRS-44 MINK, PATSY TAKEMOTO. Democrat; Hawaii, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 89th Congress November 3, 1964; sworn in and seated January 4, 1965; reelected to the 90th-94th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1977. She was subsequently elected to the 101st Congress in a special election held September 22, 1990, to fill the vacancy caused by the appointment of Daniel Akaka to the Senate; sworn in and seated September 27, 1990; reelected to the 102nd-107th Congresses; died in office on September 28, 2002. Secretary to the House Democratic Caucus in the 94th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Budget H. Government Operations H. Natural Resources H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Education and the Workforce H. Government Reform Congress 89th-94th, 101st-103rd 90th-94th 94th, 103rd-105th 101st-102nd 103rd 104th 105th-107th 106th-107th MOLINARI, SUSAN. Republican; New York, 14th Congressional District (101st-102nd Congresses) and 13th Congressional District (103rd-105th Congresses). Elected to the 101st Congress in a special election held March 20, 1990, to fill the term of her father, Guy Molinari, who resigned to become Staten Island Borough president; sworn in and seated March 27, 1990; reelected to the 102nd-105th Congresses. Vice chair of the House Republican Conference in the 104th-105th Congresses, resigned from the 105th Congress August 1, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Small Business H. Public Works and Transportation H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Education and Labor H. Budget Congress 101st 101st-103rd 104th -105th 102nd-103rd 104th-105th MOORE, GWEN. Democrat; Wisconsin, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services H. Small Business Congress 109th 109th MORELLA, CONSTANCE A. Republican; Maryland, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 100th Congress November 4, 1986; sworn in and seated January 6, 1987; reelected to the 101st-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Appointed in 2003 as U.S. Representative to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Select Aging H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Science Congress 100th-103rd 100th-103rd 100th-102nd 104th-105th 106th-107th 104th-107th CRS-45 MOSELEY-BRAUN, CAROL. Democrat; Illinois, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1999. Ambassador to New Zealand from 1999-2001; candidate for U.S. President in 2004. Committee Assignments S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Judiciary S. Small Business S. Finance S. Special Aging Congress 103rd-105th 103rd 103rd 104th-105th 104th-105th MURKOWSKI, LISA. Republican; Alaska, Senate. Appointed to the 108th Congress December 20, 2002. She was appointed by her father, Frank Murkowski, to the seat he held after he was elected governor of Alaska on November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; elected on November 2, 2004, to a six-year term. Committee Assignments S. Energy and Natural Resources S. Environment and Public Works S. Veterans’ Affairs S. Indian Affairs S. Foreign Relations Congress 108th-109th 108th-109th 108th 108th-109th 109th MURRAY, PATTY. Democrat; Washington, Senator. Elected to the Senate November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected in1998 and 2004. Senate Democratic deputy whip in the 103rd Congress and a deputy Democratic whip in the 104th-106th Congresses. Chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee in the 107th Congress. Committee Assignments S. Appropriations S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Budget S. Labor and Human Resources S. Veterans Affairs S. Select Ethics S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Congress 103rd-109th 103rd-104th 103rd-109th 105th 105th-109th 105th 106th-109th MUSGRAVE, MARILYN. Republican; Colorado, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Education and the Workforce H. Small Business H. Resources Congress 108th-109th 108th-109th 108th-109th 109th CRS-46 MYRICK, SUE. Republican; North Carolina, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Science H. Small Business H. Rules H. Energy and Commerce Congress 104th 104th 104th 105th-108th 109th NAPOLITANO, GRACE. Democrat; California, 34th Congressional District (106th-107th Congresses) and 38th Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in and seated January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-109th Congress. Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus in the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Resources H. Small Business H. International Relations Congress 106th-109th 106th-108th 107th-109th NEUBERGER, MAURINE BROWN. Democrat; Oregon, Senator. Elected to the 86th Congress November 8, 1960, in a special election held to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Richard L. Neuberger, and for the ensuing six-year term; sworn in November 9, 1960; term expired January 3, 1967. Committee Assignments S. Agriculture and Forestry S. Banking and Currency S. Special Committee on Aging S. Committee on Parliamentary Conference with Canada S. Commerce Congress 87th-88th 87th-89th 87th 87th, 2nd Sess. 89th NOLAN, MAE ELLA. Republican; California, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 67th Congress in a special election held January 23, 1923, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Nolan, and also to the 68th Congress; sworn in and seated February 2, 1923; term expired March 3, 1925. Committee Assignments H. Expenditures in the Post Office Department, (committee chair) H. Labor Congress 67th-68th 67th-68th NORRELL, CATHERINE DORRIS. Democrat; Arkansas, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 87th Congress in a special election April 18, 1961, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William Frank Norrell; sworn in and seated April 25, 1961; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service Congress 87th CRS-47 NORTHUP, ANNE M. Republican; Kentucky 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Appropriations Congress 105th-109th NORTON, ELEANOR HOLMES. Democrat; Non-voting Delegate from the District of Columbia. Elected to the 102nd Congress November 6, 1990; sworn in and seated January 3, 1991; reelected to the 103rd-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works and Transportation Jt. Committee on the Organization of Congress H. Small Business H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Homeland Security Congress 102nd-103rd 102nd-103rd 102nd-103rd 103rd 104th 104th-105th 106th-109th 104th-109th 108th-109th NORTON, MARY TERESA. Democrat; New Jersey, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 69th Congress November 4, 1924; sworn in and seated December 7, 1925; reelected to the 70th-81st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1951. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia (committee chair, 72nd-74th) H. Labor (committee chair, 75th-79th) H. World War Veterans Legislation H. Memorials H. Education H. Enrolled Bills H. Administration (committee chair, 81st) Congress 69th-74th 69th-79th 69th-72nd 71st-79th 78th-79th 78th-79th 80th-81st OAKAR, MARY ROSE. Democrat; Ohio, 20th Congressional District. Elected to the 95th Congress November 2, 1976; sworn in and seated January 4, 1977; reelected to the 96th-102nd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1993. Elected secretary of the House Democratic Caucus in the 99th Congress and vice chair of the caucus in the 100th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Select Committee on Aging H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Administration Congress 95th-102nd 96th-102nd 97th-102nd 98th-102nd CRS-48 O’DAY, CAROLINE LOVE GOODWIN. Democrat; New York, Congresswoman-atlarge. Elected to the 74th Congress November 6, 1934; sworn in and seated January 3, 1935; reelected to the 75th-77th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1943. Committee Assignments H. Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives in Congress (committee chair, 75th-77th) H. Immigration and Naturalization H. Insular Affairs Congress 74th-77th 75th-77th 75th-77th OLDFIELD, PEARL PEDEN. Democrat; Arkansas, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 70th Congress in a special election held January 9, 1929, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, William Allen Oldfield, and also to the 71st Congress; sworn in and seated January 11, 1929; term expired March 3, 1931. Committee Assignments H. Coinage, Weights, and Measures H. Expenditures in the Executive Departments H. Public Buildings and Grounds Congress 71st 71st 71st OWEN, RUTH BRYAN. Democrat; Florida, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 71st Congress November 6, 1928; sworn in and seated April 15, 1929; reelected to the 72nd Congress; term expired March 3, 1933. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs Congress 71st-72nd PATTERSON, ELIZABETH J. Democrat; South Carolina, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 100th Congress November 4, 1986; sworn in and seated January 6, 1987; reelected to the 101st-102nd Congresses, term expired January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Select Hunger Congress 100th-102nd 100th-102nd 100th-102nd PELOSI, NANCY. Democrat; California, 5th Congressional District (100th-102nd Congresses) and 8th Congressional District (103rd-109th Congresses). Elected to the 100th Congress in a special election held June 2, 1987, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Sala Burton; sworn in and seated June 9, 1987; reelected to the 101st109th Congresses. Elected House Democratic whip on Oct.10, 2001, effective Jan. 15, 2002, and elected House Democratic leader for the 108th and 109th Congresses. Both are the highest House leadership positions ever held by a woman. Representative Pelosi is also the first woman nominated to be Speaker of the House. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Government Operations H. Appropriations H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Intelligence H. Intelligence (Ex Officio) Congress 100th-101st 100th-101st 102nd-107th 102nd-104th 104th-107th 108th-109th CRS-49 PETTIS, SHIRLEY N. Republican; California, 37th Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress April 29,1975, in a special election to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Jerry L. Pettis; sworn in and seated May 6, 1975; reelected to the 95th Congress; term expired January 3, 1979. Committee Assignments H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Education and Labor H. International Relations Congress 94th 95th 95th PFOST, GRACIE BOWERS. Democrat; Idaho, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 83rd Congress November 4, 1952; sworn in and seated January 3, 1953; reelected to the 84th-87th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works Congress 83rd-87th 84th-85th 86th-87th PRATT, ELIZA JANE. Democrat; North Carolina, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 79th Congress in a special election held May 25, 1946, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William O. Burgin; sworn in and seated June 3, 1946; term expired January 3, 1947. Committee Assignments H. Flood Control H. Pensions H. Territories Congress 79th 79th 79th PRATT, RUTH SEARS BAKER. Republican; New York, 17th Congressional District. Elected to the 71st Congress November 6, 1928; sworn in and seated April 15, 1929; reelected to the 72nd Congress; term expired March 3, 1933. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Currency H. Library H. Education Congress 71st 71st-72nd 72nd PRYCE, DEBORAH. Republican; Ohio, 15th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-109th Congresses. A deputy Republican whip in the 105th-106th Congresses, secretary of the House Republican Conference in the 106th Congress, House Republican Conference vice chair in the 107th Congress, and chair of the House Republican Conference in the 108th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Government Operations H. Rules H. Financial Services Congress 103rd 103rd 104th-108th 109th CRS-50 PYLE, GLADYS. Republican; South Dakota, Senator. Elected to the 75th Congress November 8, 1938, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Peter Norbeck; never sworn in and seated, because Congress was not in session between the time of her election and the expiration of the term; term expired January 3, 1939. Committee Assignments None listed, never sworn in Congress 75th RANKIN, JEANNETTE. Republican; Montana, Congresswoman-at-large (65th Congress) and 1st Congressional District (77th Congress). Elected to the 65th Congress November 9, 1916; sworn in and seated April 2, 1917; term expired March 4, 1919. Elected to the 77th Congress November 5, 1940; sworn in and seated January 3, 1941; term expired January 3, 1943. Committee Assignments H. Public Lands H. Woman Suffrage H. Insular Affairs Congress 65th, 77th 65th 77th REECE, LOUISE GOFF. Republican; Tennessee, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 87th Congress in a special election on May 16, 1961, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, B. Carroll Reece; sworn in and seated May 23, 1961; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. Public Works Congress 87th REID, CHARLOTTE THOMPSON. Republican; Illinois, 15th Congressional District. Elected to the 88th Congress November 6, 1962; sworn in and seated January 9, 1963; reelected to the 89th-92nd Congresses; resigned October 7, 1971, to become a member of the Federal Communication Commission. Committee Assignments H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Public Works H. Appropriations H. Standards of Official Conduct Congress 88th-89th 89th 90th-92nd 91st-92nd RILEY, CORINNE BOYD. Democrat; South Carolina, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 87th Congress in a special election on April 10, 1962, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Jacob Riley; sworn in and seated April 12, 1962; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. Science and Transportation Congress 87th CRS-51 RIVERS, LYNN. Democrat; Michigan, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Science H. Education and the Workforce Congress 104th-106th 104th-107th 107th ROBERTSON, ALICE MARY. Republican; Oklahoma, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 67th Congress on November 2, 1920; sworn in and seated April 11, 1921; term expired March 3, 1923. Committee Assignments H. Expenditures in the Interior Department H. Indian Affairs H. Woman Suffrage Congress 67th 67th 67th ROGERS, EDITH NOURSE. Republican; Massachusetts, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 69th Congress in a special election held June 30, 1925, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Jacob Rogers; sworn in and seated December 7, 1925; reelected to the 70th-86th Congresses; died in office September 10, 1960. Committee Assignments H. Expenditures in the Navy Department H. Industrial Arts and Expositions H. Woman Suffrage H. World War Veterans’ Legislation H. Civil Service H. Indian Affairs H. Foreign Affairs H. Veterans’ Affairs (committee chair, 80th, 83rd) Congress 69th 69th 69th 69th-79th 70th-77th 70th 73rd-79th 80th-86th ROS-LEHTINEN, ILEANA. Republican; Florida, 18th Congressional District. Elected to the 101st Congress in a special election held August 29, 1989, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Claude Pepper; sworn in and seated September 6, 1989; reelected to the 102nd-109th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Conference in the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Foreign Affairs H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. International Relations H. Budget Congress 101st-103rd 101st-103rd 104th-105th 106th-109th 104th-109th 109th CRS-52 ROUKEMA, MARGARET (MARGE) SCAFATI. Republican; New Jersey, 7th Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress November 4, 1980; sworn in and seated January 5, 1981; reelected to the 98th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Education and Labor H. Select Hunger H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Education and the Workforce Congress 97th-103rd 97th-103rd 98th-102nd 104th-106th 107th 104th 105th-107th ROYBAL-ALLARD, LUCILLE. Democrat; California, 33rd Congressional District (103rd-107th Congresses) and 34th Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Small Business H. Banking and Financial Services H. Budget H. Select U.S. National Security and Military/Commercial Concerns with the People’s Republic of China H. Appropriations H. Standards of Official Conduct 103rd 103rd 104th-105th 104th-105th 105th-106th 106th-109th 108th-109th SAIKI, PATRICIA F. Republican; Hawaii, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 100th Congress November 4, 1986; sworn in and seated January 6, 1987; reelected to the 101st Congress; term expired January 3, 1991. Served as head of the Small Business Administration (1991-1993). Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Select Aging Congress 100th-101st 100th-101st 100th-101st ST. GEORGE, KATHARINE PRICE COLLIER. Republican; New York, 28th Congressional District. Elected to the 80th Congress November 5, 1946; sworn in and seated January 3, 1947; reelected to the 81st-88th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1965. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Government Operations H. Armed Services H. Rules Congress 80th-84th, 86th-89th 83rd 85th-86th 87th-89th CRS-53 SANCHEZ, LINDA. Democrat; California, 39th Congressional District. Elected to the 108th Congress November 5, 2002; sworn in and seated January 7, 2003; reelected to the 109th Congress. Sister of Representative Loretta Sanchez. Committee Assignments H. Government Reform H. Judiciary H. Small Business Congress 108th-109th 108th-109th 108th-109th SANCHEZ, LORETTA. Democrat; California, 46th Congressional District (105th -107th Congresses) and 47th Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. Sister of Representative Linda Sanchez. Committee Assignments H. Education and the Workforce H. National Security H. Armed Services H. Homeland Security Jt. Economic Congress 105th-107th 105th 106th-109th 108th-109th 109th SCHAKOWSKY, JANICE. Democrat; Illinois, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 106th Congress November 2, 1998; sworn in and seated January 3, 1999; reelected to the 107th-109th Congresses. A Democratic chief deputy whip in the 108th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Government Reform H. Small Business H. Energy and Commerce Congress 106th 107th 106th-107th 106th 108-109th SCHENK, LYNN. Democrat; California, 49th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Energy and Commerce H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries Congress 103rd 103rd SCHMIDT, JEAN. Republican, Ohio, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress in a special election held August 2, 2005, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rob Portman; sworn in and seated September 6, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Government Reform H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 109th 109th 109th CRS-54 SCHNEIDER, CLAUDINE CMARADA. Republican; Rhode Island, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 97th Congress November 4, 1980; sworn in and seated January 5, 1981; reelected to the 98th-101st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Science and Technology H. Special Committee on Aging Congress 97th-101st 97th-101st 98th-101st CRS-54 SCHROEDER, PATRICIA S. Democrat; Colorado, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 93rd Congress November 7, 1972; sworn in and seated January 3, 1973; reelected to the 94th-104th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1997. Candidate for U.S. President in 1987 for the 1988 nomination. Committee Assignments H. Armed Services H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Judiciary H. Select Children, Youth, and Families (committee chair, 102nd) H. National Security Congress 93rd-103rd 93rd-103rd 97th-104th 100th-102nd 104th SCHWARTZ, ALLYSON Y. Democrat; Pennsylvania, 13th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 109th 109th SEASTRAND, ANDREA, Republican; California, 22nd Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Science H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 104th 104th SHEPHERD, KAREN. Democrat; Utah, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Natural Resources H. Public Works and Transportation Congress 103rd 103rd CRS-55 SIMPSON, EDNA OAKES. Republican; New York, 28th Congressional District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 4, 1958; sworn in and seated January 7, 1959; term expired January 3, 1961. Committee Assignments H. Administration H. Interior and Insular Affairs Congress 86th 86th CRS-55 SLAUGHTER, LOUISE M. Democrat; New York, 30th Congressional District (100th102nd Congresses) and 28th Congressional District (103rd-109th Congresses). Elected to the 100th Congress November 4, 1986; sworn in and seated January 6, 1987; reelected to the 101st-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Public Works and Transportation H. Select Aging H. Budget H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Rules House Homeland Security Congress 100th-101st 100th-101st 100th-102nd 102nd-104th 104th 102nd-103rd 105th-109th 108th SMITH, LINDA. Republican; Washington, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; reelected to the 105th Congress; term expired January 3, 1999. Committee Assignments H. Resources H. Small Business Congress 104th-105th 104th-105th CRS-56 SMITH, MARGARET CHASE. Republican; Maine, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress in a special election held June 3, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Clyde H. Smith; sworn in and seated June 10, 1940; reelected to the 77th-80th Congresses. Ms. Smith was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 2, 1948; sworn in and seated on January 3, 1949. She was reelected to the Senate in 1954, 1960, and 1966; term expired January 3, 1973. Chair of the Senate Republican Conference, 1967-1972 (the highest Senate leadership post held by a woman), and candidate for U.S. President (1964). Committee Assignments H. Election of the President, Vice President, Representatives in Congress H. War Claims H. Revision of the Laws H. Invalid Pensions H. Education H. Post Office and Post Roads H. Naval Affairs H. Armed Services S. District of Columbia S. Expenditures in Executive Departments S. Rules and Administration S. Appropriations S. Armed Services S. Government Operations S. Aeronautical and Space Sciences Congress 76th 76th 76th 76th-77th 77th 77th 78th-79th 80th 81st 81st-82nd 82nd 83rd-92nd 83rd-92nd 83rd-85th 86th-92nd CRS-56 SMITH, VIRGINIA. Republican; Nebraska, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in and seated January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th-101st Congresses; term expired January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Appropriations Congress 94th 94th 95th-101st CRS-57 SNOWE, OLYMPIA J. Republican; Maine, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 96th Congress November 7, 1978; sworn in and seated January 15, 1979; reelected to the 97th-103rd Congresses. Ms. Snowe was subsequently elected to the Senate November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 3, 1995; reelected in 2000. Counsel to the Senate majority whip in the 105th-107th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Government Operations H. Small Business H. Select Committee on Aging H. Foreign Affairs Jt. Economic H. Budget S. Budget S. Commerce, Science, and Transportation S. Foreign Relations S. Small Business and Entrepreneurship (Committee chair, 108th- 109th ) S. Armed Services S. Finance S. Select Intelligence Congress 96th 96th-97th 96th-102nd 97th-103rd 98th-102nd 103rd 104th-107th 104th-109th 104th 104th-108th 105th-106th 107th-109th 108th -109th SOLIS, HILDA. Democrat; California, 31st Congressional District (107th Congress) and 32nd Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 107th Congress November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated January 3, 2001; reelected to the 108th-109th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Education and the Workforce H. Resources H. Energy and Commerce Congress 107th 107th 108th-109th SPELLMAN, GLADYS NOON. Democrat; Maryland, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 94th Congress November 5, 1974; sworn in and seated January 14, 1975; reelected to the 95th-97th Congresses. Unable to be sworn in and seated in 97th Congress due to disability; seat declared vacant February 24, 1981. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Currency, and Housing H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Democratic Steering and Policy Congress 94th 94th-95th 95th-96th 96th CRS-5758 STABENOW, DEBBIE. Democrat; Michigan, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th Congress. Ms Stabenow was subsequently elected to the Senate on November 7, 2000; sworn in and seated on January 3, 2001. Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference in the 109th Congress and Vice chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee in the 108th Congress. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Science S. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Budget S. Special Committee on Aging Congress 105th-106th 105th-106th 107th-109th 107th-109th 107th-109th 107th-108th STANLEY, WINIFRED CLAIRE. Republican; New York, Congresswoman-at-large. Elected to the 78th Congress November 3, 1942; sworn in and seated January 6, 1943; term expired January 3, 1945. Committee Assignments H. Civil Service H. Patents Congress 78th 78th SULLIVAN, LEONOR KRETZER. Democrat; Missouri, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 83rd Congress November 4, 1952; sworn in and seated January 3, 1953; reelected to the 84th-94th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1977. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 86th-93rd Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries (committee chair, 93rd-94th) H. Banking and Currency Jt. Committee on Defense Production Congress 83rd, 89th-94th 84th-94th 91st-94th SUMNER, JESSIE. Republican; Illinois, 18th Congressional District. Elected to the 76th Congress November 8, 1938; sworn in and seated January 3, 1939; reelected to the 77th-79th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1947. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Currency Congress 76th-79th TAUSCHER, ELLEN. Democrat; California, 10th Congressional District. Elected to 105th Congress November 5, 1996; sworn in and seated January 7, 1997; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. National Security H. Science H. Armed Services H. Transportation and Infrastructure Congress 105th 105th 106th-109th 105th-109th CRS-5859 THOMAS, LERA MILLARD. Democrat; Texas, 8th Congressional District. Elected to the 89th Congress in a special election held March 26, 1966, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Albert Thomas; sworn in and seated March 30, 1966; term expired January 3, 1967. Committee Assignments H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries Congress 89th THOMPSON, RUTH. Republican; Michigan, 9th Congressional District. Elected to the 82nd Congress November 8, 1950; sworn in and seated January 3, 1951; reelected to the 83rd and 84th Congresses; term expired January 3, 1957. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary Jt. Committee on Immigration and Nationality Policy Congress 82nd-84th 84th THURMAN, KAREN L. Democrat; Florida, 5th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-107th Congresses; term expired January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments H. Agriculture H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Ways and Means Congress 103rd-104th 103rd 104th 105th-107th UNSOELD, JOLENE. Democrat; Washington, 3rd Congressional District. Elected to the 101st Congress November 8, 1988; sworn in and seated January 3, 1989; reelected to the 102nd-103rd Congresses; term expired January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Select Aging Congress 101st-103rd 101st-103rd 101st-102nd VELAZQUEZ, NYDIA M. Democrat; New York, 12th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Small Business Congress 103rd 104rd-106th 107th-109th 103rd-109th CRS-5960 VUCANOVICH, BARBARA. Republican; Nevada, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 98th Congress November 2, 1982; sworn in and seated January 3, 1983; reelected to the 99th-104th Congresses. Secretary of the House Republican Conference in the 104th Congress; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Administration H. Select Children, Youth, and Families H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Appropriations H. Natural Resources Congress 98th-101st 98th-101st 98th-102nd 102nd-104th 103rd WALDHOLTZ, ENID GREENE. Republican; Utah, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 104th Congress November 8, 1994; sworn in and seated January 4, 1995; term expired January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments H. Rules Congress 104th WASSERMAN SCHULTZ, DEBBIE. Democrat, Florida, 20th Congressional District. Elected to the 109th Congress on November 2, 2004; sworn in and seated January 4, 2005. Committee Assignments H. Financial Services Congress 109th WATERS, MAXINE. Democrat; California, 29th Congressional District (102nd Congress) and 35th Congressional District (103rd-109th Congresses). Elected to the 102nd Congress November 6, 1990; sworn in and seated January 3, 1991; reelected to the 103rd-109th Congresses. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 105th Congress; a vice chair of the Democratic Steering Committee in the 105th-109th Congresses; and a chief deputy democratic whip in the 106th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Veterans’ Affairs H Small Business H. Judiciary Congress 102nd-103rd 104th-106th 107th-109th 102nd-104th 103rd-104th 105th-109th WATSON, DIANE. Democrat; California, 32nd Congressional District (107th Congress) and 33rd Congressional District (108th-109th Congresses). Elected to the 107th Congress June 5, 2001, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Julian Dixon; sworn in and seated June 7, 2001; reelected to the 108th -109th Congresses. Former ambassador to Micronesia. Committee Assignments H. Government Reform H. International Relations Congress 107th-109th 107th-109th CRS-6061 WEIS, JESSICA McCULLOUGH. Republican; New York, 38th Congressional District. Elected to the 86th Congress November 4, 1958; sworn in and seated January 3, 1959; reelected to the 87th Congress; term expired January 3, 1963. Committee Assignments H. District of Columbia H. Government Operations H. Science and Astronautics Congress 86th-87th 86th 87th WILSON, HEATHER. Republican; New Mexico, 1st Congressional District. Elected to the 105th Congress in a special election held June 23, 1998, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Steven Schiff; sworn in and seated June 25, 1998; reelected to the 106th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Commerce H. Intelligence H. Armed Services H. Energy and Commerce Congress 105th-106th 106th, 109th 107th-108th 107th-109th WINGO, EFFIEGENE LOCKE. Democrat; Arkansas, 4th Congressional District. Elected to the 71st Congress November 4, 1930, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Otis Wingo, and to the 72nd Congress; sworn in and seated December 1, 1930; term expired March 3, 1933. Committee Assignments H. Accounts H. Insular Affairs H. Foreign Affairs Congress 71st 71st 72nd WOODHOUSE, CHASE GOING. Democrat; Connecticut, 2nd Congressional District. Elected to the 79th Congress November 7, 1944; sworn in and seated January 3, 1945; term expired January 3, 1947. Elected to the 81st Congress November 2, 1948; term expired January 3, 1951. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 81st Congress. Committee Assignments H. Banking and Currency H. Administration Congress 79th and 81st 81st WOOLSEY, LYNN. Democrat; California, 6th Congressional District. Elected to the 103rd Congress November 3, 1992; sworn in and seated January 5, 1993; reelected to the 104th-109th Congresses. Committee Assignments H. Budget H. Education and Labor H. Government Operations H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Education and the Workforce H. Science Congress 103rd-105th 103rd 103rd 104th 105th-109th 106th-109th CRS-6162 Table 1. Women in Congress, 65th-109th Congresses, by Congress Congress Dates House Senate 109th 2005-2007 Tammy Baldwin Melissa Bean Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Madeleine Z. Bordallo Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carson Donna Christian-Christensen Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davis Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Thelma D. Drake Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Virginia Foxx Kay Granger Jane Harman Katherine Harris Melissa Hart Stephanie Herseth Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Doris O. Matsui Carolyn McCarthy Betty McCollum Juanita Millender-McDonald Cynthia McKinney Cathy McMorris Candice S. Miller Gwen Moore Marilynn Musgrave Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Elizabeth Dole Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow CRS-62 Congress Dates House Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen 63 Congress Dates House Senate Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sanchez Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Allyson Schwartz Jean Schmidt Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Ellen Tauscher Nydia M. Velazquez Debbie Wasserman Schultz Maxine Waters Diane Watson Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey Senate CRS-63 Congress Dates House Senate 108th 2003-2005 Tammy Baldwin Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Marsha Blackburn Mary Bono Madeleine Z. Bordallo Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carson Donna Christian-Christensen Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davis Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Kay Granger Jane Harman Katherine Harris Melissa Hart Stephanie Hersethb Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Elizabeth Dole Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Lisa Murkowski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow CRS-64 Congress Dates House Senate Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Denise L. Majette Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Betty McCollum Juanita Millender-McDonald Candice S. Miller Marilynn Musgrave Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda T. Sanchez Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Ellen Tauscher Nydia M. Velazquez Maxine Waters Diane Watsonb Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey 107th 2001-2003 Tammy Baldwin Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Mary Bono Corrine Brown Shelley Moore Capito Lois Capps Julia Carson Donna Christian-Christensen Eva Clayton Barbara Cubin Jo Ann Davis Susan Davis Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Kay Granger Jane Harman Melissa Hart Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Barbara Boxer Maria Cantwell Jean Carnahan Hillary Rodham Clinton Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe Debbie Stabenow CRS-65 Congress Dates House Kay Granger Jane Harman Melissa Hart Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Senate Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Betty McCollum Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Juanita Millender-McDonald Patsy T. Minka Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Lucille Roybal-Allard Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Louise M. Slaughter Hilda Solis Ellen Tauscher Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velazquez Maxine Waters Diane Watsonb Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey Senate CRS-66 Congress Dates House Senate 106th 1999-2001 Tammy Baldwin Shelley Berkley Judy Biggert Mary Bono Corrine Brown Lois Capps Julia Carson Helen Chenoweth Donna Christian-Christensen Eva Clayton Barbara Cubin Pat Danner Diana DeGette Barbara Boxer Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe CRS-66 Congress Dates House Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Kay Granger Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson-Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Juanita Millender-McDonald Patsy T. Minka Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Grace Napolitano Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Lucille Roybal-Allard Loretta Sanchez Janice Schakowsky Louise M. Slaughter Debbie Stabenow Barbara Boxer Susan M. Collins Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchison Mary Landrieu Blanche Lambert Lincoln Barbara Mikulski Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe CRS-67 Congress Dates House Ellen Tauscher Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velazquez Maxine Waters Heather Wilson Lynn Woolsey Senate CRS-68 Congress Dates House 05th105th 1997-1999 Mary Bonob Corrine Brown Lois Cappsb Julia Carson Helen Chenoweth Donna Christian-Christensen Eva Clayton Senate CRS-67 Congress Dates House Barbara Cubin Pat Danner Diana DeGette Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emerson Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Elizabeth Furse Kay Granger Jane Harman Darlene Hooley Sheila Jackson-Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Barbara B. Kennelly Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Leeb Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Karen McCarthy Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Juanita Millender-McDonald Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinaric Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Anne M. Northup Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Loretta Sanchez Louise M. Slaughter Linda Smith Debbie Stabenow Ellen Tauscher Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velazquez Maxine Waters Heather Wilsonb Lynn Woolsey Senate CRS-6968 Congress Dates House Senate Maxine Waters Heather Wilsonb Lynn Woolsey 104th 1995-1997 Corrine Brown Helen Chenoweth Eva Clayton Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins Barbara Cubin Pat Danner Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Jo Ann Emersonb Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Elizabeth Furse Jane Harman Sheila Jackson Lee Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Sue Kelly Barbara B. Kennelly Blanche Lambert Lincoln Zoe Lofgren Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Karen McCarthy Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Jan Meyers Juanita Millender-McDonaldb Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Sue Myrick Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Lynn Rivers Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Lucille Roybal-Allard Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia S. Schroeder Andrea Seastrand Louise M. Slaughter Linda Smith Karen L. Thurman Nydia M. Velazquez Barbara F. Vucanovich Enid Greene Waldholtz Maxine Waters Lynn Woolsey Barbara Boxer Dianne Feinstein Sheila Frahmd Kay Bailey Hutchison Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski Carol Moseley-Braun Patty Murray Olympia J. Snowe CRS-7069 Congress 103rd Dates House Senate 103rd 1993-1995 Helen Delich Bentley Corrine Brown Leslie Byrne Maria Cantwell Eva Clayton Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins Pat Danner Rosa DeLauro Jennifer Dunn Karan English Anna G. Eshoo Tillie Fowler Elizabeth Furse Jane Harman Eddie Bernice Johnson Nancy Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Blanche Lambert Lincoln Marilyn Lloyd Jill Long Nita M. Lowey Carolyn Maloney Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky Cynthia McKinney Carrie Meek Jan Meyers Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Eleanor Holmes Norton Nancy Pelosi Deborah Pryce Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Lucille Roybal-Allard Lynn Schenk Patricia S. Schroeder Karen Shepherd Louise M. Slaughter Olympia J. Snowe Karen L. Thurman Jolene Unsoeld Nydia M. Velazquez Barbara Vucanovich Maxine Waters Lynn Woolsey Barbara Boxer Dianne Feinstein Kay Bailey Hutchisonb Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski Carol Moseley-Braun Patty Murray CRS-7170 Congress Dates House Senate 102nd 1991-1993 Helen Delich Bentley Barbara Boxer Beverly Barton Byron Eva Claytonb Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins Rosa DeLauro Joan Kelly Horn Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Jill Long Nita M. Lowey Jan Meyers Patsy T. Mink Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Eleanor Holmes Norton Mary Rose Oakar Elizabeth J. Patterson Nancy Pelosi Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia S. Schroeder Louise M. Slaughter Olympia J. Snowe Jolene Unsoeld Barbara Vucanovich Maxine Waters Jocelyn Burdickd Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski CRS-7271 Congress Dates House Senate 101st 1989-1991 Helen Delich Bentley Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Jill Longb Nita M. Lowey Lynn M. Martin Jan Meyers Patsy T. Minkb Susan Molinari Constance A. Morella Mary Rose Oakar Elizabeth J. Patterson Nancy Pelosi Ileana Ros-Lehtinenb Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia F. Saiki Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Louise M. Slaughter Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Jolene Unsoeld Barbara Vucanovich Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski 100th 1987-1989 Helen Delich Bentley Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Sala Burtone Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Lynn M. Martin Jan Meyers Constance A. Morella Mary Rose Oakar Elizabeth J. Patterson Nancy Pelosib Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Patricia F. Saiki Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Louise M. Slaughter Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Barbara Vucanovich Nancy L. Kassebaum Barbara Mikulski CRS-7372 Congress Dates House Senate Olympia J. Snowe Barbara Vucanovich 99th 1985-1987 Helen Delich Bentley Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Sala Burton Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Bobbi Fiedler Marjorie S. Holt Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Marilyn Lloyd Cathy Longb Lynn M. Martin Jan Meyers Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Barbara Vucanovich Paula Hawkins Nancy L. Kassebaum 98th 1983-1985 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Barbara Boxer Sala Burtonb Beverly Barton Byron Cardiss Collins Geraldine Ann Ferraro Bobbi Fiedler Katie Hall Marjorie S. Holt Nancy L. Johnson Marcy Kaptur Barbara B. Kennelly Marilyn Lloyd Lynn M. Martin Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Barbara Vucanovich Paula Hawkins Nancy L. Kassebaum CRS-7473 Congress Dates House Senate 97th 1981-1983 Jean Ashbrookb Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Beverly Barton Byron Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Geraldine Ann Ferraro Bobbi Fiedler Katie Hall Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Barbara B. Kennellyb Marilyn Lloyd Lynn M. Martin Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Margaret (Marge) S. Roukema Claudine Cmarada Schneider Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia Snowe Paula Hawkins Nancy L. Kassebaum 96th 1979-1981 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Beverly Barton Byronb Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Geraldine Ferraro Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Marilyn Lloyd Barbara Ann Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Olympia J. Snowe Gladys Noon Spellman Nancy L. Kassebaum CRS-75 Congress Dates House Senate 95th 1977-1979 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Barbara C. Jordan Martha Elizabeth Keys Marilyn Lloyd Helen Stevenson Meyner Barbara Mikulski Mary Rose Oakar Maryon P. Allend Muriel Humphreyd CRS-74 Congress Dates House Senate Shirley N. Pettis Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Gladys Noon Spellman Maryon P. Allend Muriel Humphreyd 94th 1975-1977 93rd 92nd Bella S. Abzug Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Shirley Anita Chisholm Cardiss Collins Millicent Fenwick Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Barbara C. Jordan Martha Elizabeth Keys Marilyn Lloyd Helen Stevenson Meyner Patsy T. Mink Shirley N. Pettisb Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia Smith Gladys Noon Spellman Leonor K. Sullivan 93rd Bella S. Abzug Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggsb Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Shirley Chisholm Cardiss Collinsb Ella T. Grasso Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Marjorie S. Holt Elizabeth Holtzman Barbara C. Jordan Patsy T. Mink Patricia S. Schroeder Leonor Kretzer Sullivan CRS-76 Congress Dates House Senate 92nd 1971-1973 Bella S. Abzug Elizabeth B. Andrewsb Shirley Anita Chisholm Florence Price Dwyer Ella T. Grasso Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Louise Day Hicks Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor Kretzer Sullivan Elaine Edwardsd Margaret Chase Smith Elaine Edwardsd Margaret Chase Smith CRS-75 Congress Dates House Senate Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor Kretzer Sullivan 91st 1969-1971 Shirley Anita Chisholm Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Catherine Dean May Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor K. Sullivan Margaret Chase Smith 90th 1967-1969 Frances Payne Bolton Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Margaret M. Heckler Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor K. Sullivan Margaret Chase Smith 89th 1965-1967 Frances Payne Bolton Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Patsy T. Mink Charlotte Thompson Reid Leonor K. Sullivan Lera Millard Thomasb Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith CRS-77 Congress Dates House Senate 88th 1963-1965 Irene Bailey Bakerb Frances Payne Bolton Florence Price Dwyer Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Charlotte Thompson Reid Katherine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith CRS-76 Congress Dates House Senate 87th 1961-1963 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Marguerite Stitt Church Florence Price Dwyer Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansen Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Catherine Dorris Norrellb Gracie Bowers Pfost Louise Goff Reeceb Corrine Boyd Rileyb Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Jessica McCullough Weis Maurine Neuberger Margaret Chase Smith 86th 1959-1961 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Marguerite Stitt Church Florence Price Dwyer Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Julia Butler Hansenb Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Catherine Dean May Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogersb f Katharine Price St. George Edna Oakes Simpson Leonor K. Sullivan Jessica McCullough Weis Maurine Neubergerd Margaret Chase Smith CRS-78 Congress Dates House Senate 85th 1957-1959 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Marguerite Stitt Church Florence Price Dwyer Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Coya Gjesdal Knutson Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Margaret Chase Smith CRS-77 Congress Dates House Senate 84th 1955-1957 Iris Faircloth Blitch Frances Payne Bolton Vera Daerr Buchanan Marguerite Stitt Church Mary Elizabeth Farrington Kathryn Elizabeth Granahanb Edith Green Martha Wright Griffiths Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Coya Gjesdal Knutson Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Ruth Thompson Margaret Chase Smith 83rd 1953-1955 Frances Payne Bolton Vera Daerr Buchanan Marguerite Stitt Church Mary Elizabeth Farringtonb Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Kee Edna Flannery Kelly Gracie Bowers Pfost Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Leonor K. Sullivan Ruth Thompson Hazel Hempel Abelb Eva Kelly Bowringd g Margaret Chase Smith CRS-79 Congress Dates House Senate 82nd 1951-1953 Frances Payne Bolton Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone Vera Daerr Buchananb Marguerite Stitt Church Cecil Murray Harden Maude Elizabeth Keeb Edna Flannery Kelly Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Ruth Thompson Margaret Chase Smith 81st 1949-1951 Frances Payne Bolton Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone Helen Gahagan Douglas Cecil Murray Harden Edna Flannery Kellyb Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Chase Going Woodhouse Margaret Chase Smith CRS-78 Congress Dates House Senate 80th 1947-1949 Frances Payne Bolton Helen Gahagan Douglas Georgia Lee Lusk Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Katharine Price St. George Margaret Chase Smith Vera Bushfieldd 79th 1945-1947 Frances Payne Bolton Emily Taft Douglas Helen Gahagan Douglas Clare Boothe Luce Helen Douglas Mankinb Mary Teresa Norton Eliza Jane Prattb Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smith Jessie Sumner Chase Going Woodhouse 78th 1943-1945 Frances Payne Bolton Willa Lybrand Fulmerb Clare Boothe Luce Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smith Winifred Claire Stanley Jessie Sumner CRS-80 Congress Dates House Senate 77th 1941-1943 Veronica Grace Bolandb Frances Payne Bolton Katharine Edgar Byronb Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Jeannette Rankin Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smith Jessie Sumner Hattie W. Caraway 76th 1939-1941 Frances Payne Boltonb Florence Reville Gibbsb Clara Gooding McMillanb Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Edith Nourse Rogers Margaret Chase Smithb Jessie Sumner Hattie W. Caraway CRS-79 Congress Dates House Senate 75th 1937-1939 Elizabeth Hawley Gasqueb Nan Wood Honeyman Virginia Ellis Jenckes Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Edith Nourse Rogers Hattie W. Caraway Dixie B. Gravesd Gladys Pyleb 74th 1935-1937 Isabella Selmes Greenway Virginia Ellis Jenckes Florence Prag Kahn Mary Teresa Norton Caroline Love O’Day Edith Nourse Rogers Hattie W. Caraway Rose M. Longd 73rd 1933-1935 Marian Williams Clarkeb Isabella Selmes Greenwayb Virginia Ellis Jenckes Florence Prag Kahn Kathryn O’Loughlin McCarthy Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogers Hattie W. Caraway 72nd 1931-1933 Willa McCord Eslickb Florence Prag Kahn Mary Teresa Norton Ruth Bryan Owen Ruth Sears Pratt Edith Nourse Rogers Effiegene Locke Wingo Hattie W. Carawayd CRS-81 Congress Dates House 71st 1929-1931 Florence Prag Kahn Katherine Gudger Langley Ruth Hanna McCormick Mary Teresa Norton Pearl Peden Oldfield Ruth Bryan Owen Ruth Sears Pratt Edith Nourse Rogers Effiegene Locke Wingo 70th 1927-1929 Florence Prag Kahn Katherine Gudger Langley Mary Teresa Norton Pearl Peden Oldfieldb Edith Nourse Rogers 69th 1927-1929 Florence Prag Kahnb Mary Teresa Norton Edith Nourse Rogersb 68th 1923-1925 Mae Ella Nolan CRS-80 Congress Dates House 67th 1921-1923 Winnifred Mason Huckb Mae Ella Nolanb Alice Mary Robertson 66th 1919-1921 None 65th 1917-1919 Jeanette Rankin Senate Note: a. Died on September 28, 2002. b. Elected to fill a vacancy. c. Resigned on August 1, 1997. d. Appointed to fill a vacancy. e. Died on February 1, 1987. f. Died on September 10, 1960. g. Eva Bowring was appointed to serve until a successor was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Dwight Griswold. Hazel Abel was elected to fill that vacancy. CRS-8281 Table 2. Women in Congress, 65th-109th Congresses, by State State/DC, VI, GU California Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-109th Congresses 30 Name of Female Members Mary Bono Barbara Boxera Yvonne Brathwaite Burke Sala Burton Lois Capps Susan Davis Helen Gahagan Douglas Anna G. Eshoo Bobbi Fiedler Dianne Feinsteinb Jane Harman Florence Prag Kahn Barbara Lee Zoe Lofgren Doris O. Matsui Juanita Millender-McDonald Grace Napolitano Mae Ella Nolan Nancy Pelosi Shirley N. Pettis Lucille Roybal-Allard Linda Sanchez Loretta Sanchez Andrea Seastrand Lynn Schenk Hilda Solis Ellen Tauscher Maxine Waters Diane Watson Lynn Woolsey CRS-8382 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-109th Congresses Name of Female Members New York 20 Bella S. Abzug Shirley Anita Chisholm Marian Williams Clarke Hillary Rodham Clintonb Geraldine Ann Ferraro Elizabeth Holtzman Edna Flannery Kelly Sue Kelly Nita Lowey Carolyn Maloney Carolyn McCarthy Susan Molinari Caroline Love Goodwin O’Day Ruth Sears Baker Pratt Katharine Price St. George Edna Oakes Simpson Louise Slaughter Winifred Claire Stanley Jessica McCullough Weis Nydia Velazquez Illinois 12 Melissa L. Bean Judy Biggert Marguerite Stitt Church Cardiss Collins Emily Taft Douglas Winnifred Sprague Huck Lynn Martin Ruth Hanna McCormick Carol Moseley-Braunb Charlotte Thompson Reid Jan Schakowsky Jessie Sumner Florida 10 Corrine Brown Ginny Brown-Waite Tillie Fowler Katherine Harris Paula Hawkinsb Carrie Meek Ruth Bryan Owen Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Karen Thurman Debbie Wasserman-Schultz Washington 8 Maria Cantwella Jennifer Dunn Julia Butler Hansen Catherine Dean May Cathy McMorris Patty Murrayb Linda Smith Jolene Unsoeld CRS-84 CRS-83 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-109th Congresses Name of Female Members Washington 8 Maria Cantwella Jennifer Dunn Julia Butler Hansen Catherine Dean May Cathy McMorris Patty Murrayb Linda Smith Jolene Unsoeld Maryland 7 Helen Delich Bentley Beverly Barton Byron Katharine Edgar Byron Marjorie S. Holt Barbara Ann Mikulskia Constance A. Morella Gladys Noon Spellman Michigan 7 Barbara-Rose Collins Martha Wright Griffiths Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Candice Miller Lynn Rivers Debbie Stabenowa Ruth Thompson Ohio 7 Jean Ashbrook Frances Payne Bolton Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Mary Rose Oakar Deborah Pryce Jean Schmidt Connecticut 6 Rosa DeLauro Ella T. Grasso Nancy L. Johnson Barbara Bailey Kennelly Clare Boothe Luce Chase Going Woodhouse Missouri 6 Jean Carnahanb Pat Danner Jo Ann Emerson Joan Kelly Horn Karen McCarthy Leonor Kretzer Sullivan Ohio 6 Jean Ashbrook Frances Payne Bolton Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur Mary Rose Oakar Deborah Pryce CRS-84 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-109th Congresses Name of Female Members Georgia 6 Iris Faircloth Blitch Rebecca Latimer Feltonb Florence Reville Gibbs Denise Majette Helen Douglas Mankin Cynthia McKinney Texas 6 Kay Granger Kay Bailey Hutchisonb Eddie Bernice Johnson Barbara C. Jordan Sheila Jackson Lee Lera Millard Thomas CRS-85 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-109th Congresses Name of Female Members Pennsylvania 6 Veronica Grace Boland Vera Daerr Buchanan Kathryn Elizabeth Granahan Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky Melissa Hart Allyson Y. Schwartz Arkansas 5 Hattie Wyatt Carawayb Blanche Lambert Lincolna Catherine Dorris Norrell Pearl Peden Oldfield Effiegene Locke Wingo Indiana 5 Julia Carson Katie Hall Cecil Murray Harden Virginia Ellis Jenckes Jill Long Kansas 5 Sheila Frahmb Nancy Landon Kassebaumb Martha Elizabeth Keys Kathryn O. McCarthy Jan Meyers Louisiana 5 Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs Elaine Edwardsb Mary Landrieub Rose McConnell Longb Cathy Long New Jersey 5 Florence Prince Dwyer Millicent Fenwick Helen Stevenson Meyner Mary Teresa Norton Marge Scafati Roukema CRS-85 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-109th Congresses Name of Female Members Oregon 5 Elizabeth Furse Edith Green Nan Wood Honeyman Darlene Hooley Maurine Brown Neubergerb South Carolina 5 Willa Lybrand Fulmer Elizabeth Hawley Gasque Clara Gooding McMillan Elizabeth Patterson Corrine Boyd Riley Tennessee 5 Irene Bailey Baker Marsha Blackburn Marilyn Lloyd Willa McCord Eslick Louise Goff Reece CRS-86 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-109th Congresses Name of Female Members North Carolina 5 Eva Clayton Elizabeth Doleb Virginia Foxx Sue Myrick Eliza Jane Pratt Alabama 3 Maryon Pittman Allenb Elizabeth B. Andrews Dixie Bibb Gravesb Hawaii 3 Mary Elizabeth Farringtonc Patsy Takemoto Mink Patricia Saiki Maine 3 Susan M. Collinsb Margaret Chase Smitha Olympia J. Snowea Massachusetts 3 Margaret M. Heckler Louise Day Hicks Edith Nourse Rogers Minnesota 3 Betty McCollum Muriel Buck Humphreyb Coya Gjesdal Knutson Nebraska 3 Hazel Hempel Abelb Eva Kelly Bowringb Virginia Smith Utah 3 Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone Karen Shepherd Enid Greene Waldholtz CRS-86 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-109th Congresses Name of Female Members South Dakota 3 Vera Calahan Bushfieldb Gladys Pyleb Stephanie Herseth Colorado 3 Diana DeGette Marilyn Musgrave Patricia S. Schroeder Virginia 3 Leslie Byrne Jo Ann Davis Thelma Drake Arizona 2 Karen English Isabella Selmes Greenway Idaho 2 Helen Chenoweth Gracie Bowers Pfost Kentucky 2 Katherine Gudger Langley Anne M. Northup New Mexico 2 Georgia Lee Lusk Heather Wilson CRS-87 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-109th Congresses Name of Female Members Nevada 2 Shelley Berkley Barbara Vucanovich West Virginia 2 Shelley Moore Capito Maude Elizabeth Kee Wisconsin 2 Tammy Baldwin Gwen Moore District of Columbia 1 Eleanor Holmes Nortonc Montana 1 Jeannette Rankin North Dakota 1 Jocelyn Burdickb Oklahoma 1 Alice Mary Robertson Rhode Island 1 Claudine Cmarada Schneider Virgin Islands 1 Donna Christian-Christensenc Wyoming 1 Barbara Cubin Alaska 1 Lisa Murkowskib Guam 1 Madeleine Bordalloc Delaware 0 Iowa 0 Mississippi 0 CRS-87 State/DC, VI, GU Number of Women Sent to Congress, 65th-109th Congresses New Hampshire 0 Vermont 0 Notes: a. Senator and Representative. b. Senator. c. Delegate. Name of Female Members CRS-88 Table 3. Number of Women in Congress, 65th-109th Congresses (1917-2005) Congress Years Total Number of Women in Congress Number of Women in House Number of Women in Senate 65th 1917-1919 1 1 0 66th 1919-1921 0 0 0 67th 1921-1923 4 3 1 68th 1923-1925 1 1 0 69th 1925-1927 3 3 0 70th 1927-1929 5 5 0 71st 1929-1931 9 9 0 72nd 1931-1933 8 7 1 73rd 1933-1935 8 7 1 74th 1935-1937 8 6 2 75th 1937-1939 9 6 3 76th 1939-1941 9 8 1 77th 1941-1943 10 9 1 78th 1943-1945 9 8 1 79th 1945-1947 11 11 0 80th 1947-1949 8 7 1 81st 1949-1951 10 9 1 82nd 1951-1953 11 10 1 83rd 1953-1955 15 12 3 84th 1955-1957 18 17 1 85th 1957-1959 16 15 1 86th 1959-1961 19 17 2 87th 1961-1963 20 18 2 88th 1963-1965 14 12 2 89th 1965-1967 13 11 2 90th 1967-1969 12 11 1 91st 1969-1971 11 10 1 92nd 1971-1973 15 13 2 CRS-89 Congress Years Total Number of Women in Congress Number of Women in House Number of Women in Senate 91st 1969-1971 11 10 1 92nd 1971-1973 15 13 2 93rd 1973-1975 16 16 0 94th 1975-1977 19 19 0 95th 1977-1979 20 18 2 96th 1979-1981 17 16 1 97th 1981-1983 23 21 2 98th 1983-1985 24 22 2 99th 1985-1987 25 23 2 100th 1987-1989 25 23 2 101st 1989-1991 31 29 2 102nd 1991-1993 33 30 3 103rd 1993-1995 55 48 7 104th 1995-1997 59 50 9 105th 1997-1999 65 56 9 106th 1999-2001 67 58 9 107th 2001-2003 75 62 13 108th 2003-2005 77 63 14 109th 2005-2007 83 6984 70 14