Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Anne Leland Information Research Specialist February 25, 2015 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov 98-684 Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections T his report provides the results of recent elections in Latin America and the Caribbean. Below are three tables organized by region, including the date of each country’s independence, the name of the newly elected president or prime minister, and the projected date of the next election. Information in this report was gathered from numerous sources, including the U.S. State Department, Central Intelligence Agency’s (CIA’s) World Fact Book, International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) Election Guide, Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), and other news sources. Table 1. Election Results in South America Country Independence Date Head of Government Last Election Next Election Argentina July 9, 1816 FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER, Cristina Oct. 23, 2011 Oct. 25, 2015 Bolivia Aug. 6, 1825 MORALES-AYMA, Juan Evo Oct. 12, 2014 Oct. 2019 Brazil Sept. 7, 1822 ROUSSEFF, Dilma Oct. 5, 2014/ Oct. 26, 2014 Oct. 2018 Chile Sept. 18, 1810 BACHELET, Michelle Nov. 17, 2013/ Dec. 15, 2013 Nov. 2017 Colombia July 20, 1810 SANTOS, Juan Manuel May 25, 2014/ June 15, 2014 2018 Ecuador May 24, 1822 CORREA, Rafael Feb. 17, 2013 Feb. 2017 Guyana May 26, 1966 RAMOTAR, Donald Nov. 28, 2011 May 11, 2015a Paraguay May 14, 1811 CARTES, Horacio Apr. 21, 2013 2018 Peru July 28, 1821 HUMALA, Ollanta Apr. 10, 2011/ June 5, 2011 Apr. 2016 Suriname Nov. 25, 1975 BOUTERSE, Desiré Delano July 19, 2010 May 2015 Uruguay Aug. 25, 1825 VÁZQUEZ, Tabaré Oct. 26, 2014/ Nov. 30, 2014 2019 Venezuela July 5, 1811 MADURO, Nicolásb Apr. 14, 2013 Dec. 2018 Source: The Congressional Research Service (CRS). a. President Ramotar scheduled elections for May 11, 2015, after suspending parliament in November 2014. b. In the aftermath of the death of President Hugo Chávez in March 2013, Venezuela held a special election on April 14, 2013, with Nicolás Maduro winning 50.7% of the votes versus 49.1% for opposition candidate Henrique Capriles. Maduro was sworn in on April 19, 2013. Congressional Research Service 1 Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Table 2. Election Results in Mexico and Central America Independence Date Country Head of Government Last Election Next Election Mexico Sept. 16, 1810 PEÑA NIETO, Enrique July 1, 2012 July 2018 Belize Sept. 21, 1981 BARROW, Dean Mar. 7, 2012 by June 2017 Costa Rica Sept. 15, 1821 SOLĺS, Luís Guillermo Feb. 2, 2014/ Apr. 6, 2014 Feb. 2018 El Salvador Sept. 15, 1821 SÁNCHEZ CERÉN, Salvador Feb. 2, 2014/ Mar. 9, 2014 Feb. 2019 Guatemala Sept. 15, 1821 PÉREZ MOLINA, Otto Sept. 11, 2011/ Nov. 6, 2011 Sept. 13, 2015 Honduras Sept. 15, 1821 HERNÁNDEZ, Juan Orlando Nov. 24, 2013 Nov. 2017 Nicaragua Sept. 15, 1821 ORTEGA, Daniel Nov. 6, 2011 Nov. 2016 Panama Nov. 3, 1903 VARELA, Juan Carlos May 4, 2014 May 2019 Source: CRS. Table 3. Election Results in the Caribbean Independence Date Country Head of Government Last Election Next Election Antigua and Barbuda Nov. 1, 1981 BROWNE, Gaston June 12, 2014 by Mar. 2019 Bahamas July 10, 1973 CHRISTIE, Perry May 7, 2012 by May 2017 Barbados Nov. 30, 1966 STUART, Freundel Feb. 21, 2013 by Feb. 2018 Cuba May 20, 1902 CASTRO, Raúl a a Dominica Nov. 3, 1978 SKERRIT, Roosevelt Dec. 8, 2014 by Dec. 2019 Dominican Republic Feb. 27, 1844 MEDINA, Danilo May 20, 2012 May 15,2016 Grenada Feb. 7, 1974 MITCHELL, Keith Feb. 19, 2013 by Feb. 2018 Haiti Jan. 1, 1804 MARTELLY, Michel Nov. 28, 2010/ Mar. 20, 2011 Oct. 25, 2015 Jamaica Aug. 6, 1962 SIMPSON MILLER, Portia Dec. 29, 2011 by Dec. 2016 St. Kitts and Nevis Sept. 19, 1983 HARRIS, Timothy Feb. 16, 2015 by 2020 St. Lucia Feb. 22, 1979 ANTHONY, Kenny Nov. 28, 2011 by Dec. 2016 St. Vincent and the Grenadines Oct. 27, 1979 GONSALVES, Ralph Dec. 13, 2010 by Dec. 2015 Trinidad and Tobago Aug. 31, 1962 PERSAD-BISSESSAR, Kamla May 24, 2010 by Sept. 2015 Source: CRS. a. On February 24, 2008, Raúl Castro was selected by Cuba’s legislature as president of the Council of State, a position that makes him head of state and government. Raúl had been serving as acting president since July 31, 2006, when Cuba’s long-serving Communist leader, Fidel Castro, stepped down Congressional Research Service 2 Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections provisionally because of poor health. Since the 1959 Cuban Revolution, there have been no elections for head of government. Author Contact Information Anne Leland Information Research Specialist aleland@crs.loc.gov, 7-4704 Acknowledgments Barbara Salazar Torreon, CRS information research specialist, was the former author of this report. Congressional Research Service 3