The Senate's Calendar of Business lists bills, resolutions, and other items of legislative business that are eligible for floor consideration. When a Senate committee reports a bill, it is said to be placed "on the calendar." It is not in order for the majority leader or any other Senator to move that the Senate proceed to the consideration of a measure that is not on the calendar, though the majority leader could ask unanimous consent to do so. A Senate measure that is not on the calendar either has been referred to a committee and is awaiting committee action, or it is being "held at the desk" by unanimous consent. Being held at the desk means it is awaiting a decision to refer it to committee, to place it on the calendar, or to bring it directly to the floor for consideration by unanimous consent.
The Senate's other calendar, the Executive Calendar, lists treaties and nominations—which constitute the Senate's executive business—that are available for floor action. Both of these documents are published each day the Senate is in session and distributed to Senators' personal offices and to all committee and subcommittee offices. There are no cumulative issues of the Calendar of Business; each issue documents the status of the Senate's legislative business as of its publication. Links to current and past issues of the Calendar of Business are available on the Legislative Information System website at http://www.congress.gov/senate.php.
The following is a summary of the contents of the Calendar of Business.
When Senators speak of the calendar, they usually are referring to a list printed in the Calendar of Business called "General Orders, under Rule VIII." This is a list made up of all measures that committees have reported to the Senate and any bills and joint resolutions that, under the provisions of Rule XIV, Senators have had placed directly on the calendar without having been referred to committee. Each measure on this list is given an "order number" that reflects the chronological order in which it was placed on the calendar during the two-year Congress. Following the order number are columns displaying: the number of the measure (e.g., S. 1 or H.R. 2); its sponsor, if it is a Senate measure; its title; and the date and manner in which it was placed on the calendar. This last column shows whether the measure was placed directly on the calendar without being referred to committee, whether the measure is an original bill drafted in committee, or whether the measure was reported from committee with or without amendment. The column also shows whether the measure is accompanied by a written committee report and whether that report contains additional or minority views.
The front cover of the Calendar of Business gives the dates on which each session of the current Congress convened and adjourned sine die and the number of days the Senate actually has met during each session. It also shows the date and time at which the Senate is next scheduled to convene. Also, the calendar lists any unfinished business or business that is pending before the Senate and any unanimous consent agreements that continue to apply to legislative business that the Senate is considering.
On the back cover is a convenient chart that shows the history of legislative action on, and the current status of, appropriations bills during the current session of Congress.
Also included in the Calendar of Business are the following:
Author Contact Information
This report was written by [author name scrubbed], formerly a Senior Specialist in the Legislative Process at CRS. The listed coordinator updated the report and is available to answer questions concerning its contents.