Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: CRS Experts John F. Sargent Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy August 28, 2012 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov R42688 CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: CRS Experts S cience, technology, and innovation (STI) play important roles in the nation’s economic and military strength, public health and safety, and the quality of our lives. Individuals, companies, governments, universities, and other organizations fund, conduct, disseminate, and acquire science and technology for a myriad of purposes. Among the purposes: providing for the national defense and homeland security; improving manufacturing processes and enabling the manufacture of new products; developing new materials; advancing computing and communications tools; preventing and treating disease, illness, and injury; developing new medicines, diagnostic tools, and therapies; understanding Earth’s climate and weather; improving nutrition, crop yields, and food safety; reducing emissions; remediating environmental damage; improving energy efficiency and expanding energy production; exploring space; improving and enhancing education; and understanding the origins of our universe and its governing rules. The federal government supports a wide range of research and development (R&D) activities that support federal agencies in the conduct of their missions; underpin development of new fields of science and technology; enable innovation and productivity improvements that support economic growth and job creation; and support policymaking in areas such as regulation. In addition, the federal government plays a role in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. Many federal government programs seek to foster a strong U.S. science and engineering workforce for industry, government, and academia. Federal agencies also collect and disseminate data that bear on science, technology, and innovation, including public and private R&D funding levels; the number of students earning bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees in STEM fields; and the size and composition of the nation’s scientific and engineering workforce. Congress has an extensive role in federal science, technology, and innovation policies, including authorizing programs and funding, making appropriations, and conducting oversight activities. The following table provides names and contact information for CRS experts on these issues. Legislative Issue Name/Title Phone E-mail John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Glennon J. Harrison Specialist in Industry Policy 7-7783 gharrison@crs.loc.gov Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing (ATVM) Loan Program Bill Canis Specialist in Industrial Organization and Business 7-1568 bcanis@crs.loc.gov America COMPETES Act and Reauthorization Heather B. Gonzalez Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-1895 hgonzalez@crs.loc.gov John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Battery Manufacturing for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles Bill Canis Specialist in Industrial Organization and Business 7-1568 bcanis@crs.loc.gov Commercial Space Glennon J. Harrison Specialist in Industry Policy 7-7783 gharrison@crs.loc.gov Educational Technologies Heather B. Gonzalez Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-1895 hgonzalez@crs.loc.gov Science, Technology, and Innovation Additive Manufacturing Congressional Research Service 1 Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: CRS Experts Legislative Issue Name/Title Phone E-mail Linda-Jo Schierow Specialist in Environmental Policy 7-7279 lschierow@crs.loc.gov Megan Stubbs Specialist in Agricultural Conservation and Natural Resources Policy 7-8707 mstubbs@crs.loc.gov Robert Esworthy Specialist in Environmental Policy 7-7236 resworthy@crs.loc.gov Claudia Copeland Specialist in Resources and Environmental Policy 7-7227 ccopeland@crs.loc.gov Mary Tiemann Specialist in Environmental Policy 7-5937 mtiemann@crs.loc.gov Follow-on Biologics Wendy H. Schacht Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7066 wschacht@crs.loc.gov Genetic Testing Amanda K. Sarata Specialist in Health Policy 7-7641 asarata@crs.loc.gov Innovation Prizes Heather B. Gonzalez Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-1895 hgonzalez@crs.loc.gov Intellectual Property: Patents and Copyrights Wendy H. Schacht Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7066 wschacht@crs.loc.gov John R. Thomas Visiting Scholar 7-0975 jrthomas@crs.loc.gov Internet Governance Lennard G. Kruger Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7070 lkruger@crs.loc.gov Medical Device Regulation Judith A. Johnson Specialist in Biomedical Policy 7-7077 jajohnson@crs.loc.gov 21st Century Nanotechnology R&D Act and Reauthorization John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Patents and Pharmaceutical Innovation Wendy H. Schacht Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7066 wschacht@crs.loc.gov John R. Thomas Visiting Scholar 7-0975 jrthomas@crs.loc.gov Dana A. Shea Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-6844 dshea@crs.loc.gov Frank Gottron Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-5854 fgottron@crs.loc.gov Wendy H. Schacht Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7066 wschacht@crs.loc.gov John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Dana A. Shea Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-6844 dshea@crs.loc.gov Environmental Regulation and Compliance Publishing of Scientific Papers with Potential Security Risks Technology Transfer Research and Development: Federal Agencies Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President Congressional Research Service 2 Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: CRS Experts Legislative Issue Name/Title Phone E-mail Department of Agriculture Christine M. Matthews Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7055 cmatthews@crs.loc.gov Department of Commerce: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Wendy H. Schacht Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7066 wschacht@crs.loc.gov Department of Commerce: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Harold F. Upton Analyst in Natural Resources Policy 7-2264 hupton@crs.loc.gov Department of Defense John D. Moteff Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-1435 jmoteff@crs.loc.gov Department of Energy (DOE) Daniel Morgan Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-5849 dmorgan@crs.loc.gov Department of Homeland Security Daniel Morgan Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-5849 dmorgan@crs.loc.gov Dana A. Shea Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-6844 dshea@crs.loc.gov Department of the Interior John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Department of Transportation John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Environmental Protection Agency Robert Esworthy Specialist in Environmental Policy 7-7236 resworthy@crs.loc.gov National Aeronautics and Space Administration Daniel Morgan Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-5849 dmorgan@crs.loc.gov National Institutes of Health Pamela W. Smith Analyst in Biomedical Policy 7-7048 psmith@crs.loc.gov National Science Foundation (NSF) Heather B. Gonzalez Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-1895 hgonzalez@crs.loc.gov Research and Development: Multi-agency Initiatives Advanced Manufacturing Partnership John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Doubling Effort (NSF, DOE Office of Science, NIST) John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Materials Genome Initiative John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov National Nanotechnology Initiative John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Networking and Information Technology Research and Development program Patricia Moloney Figliola Specialist in Internet and Telecommunications Policy 7-2508 pfigliola@crs.loc.gov U.S. Global Change Research Program Jane A. Leggett Specialist in Energy and Environmental Policy 7-9525 jaleggett@crs.loc.gov Congressional Research Service 3 Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: CRS Experts Legislative Issue Name/Title Phone E-mail Research and Development: Selected Topics and Fields Academic R&D and Related Issues Heather B. Gonzalez Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-1895 hgonzalez@crs.loc.gov Biodefense Dana A. Shea Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-6844 dshea@crs.loc.gov Frank Gottron Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-5854 fgottron@crs.loc.gov Carbon Capture and Sequestration Peter Folger Specialist in Energy and Natural Resources Policy 7-1517 pfolger@crs.loc.gov Climate Science Jane A. Leggett Specialist in Energy and Environmental Policy 7-9525 jaleggett@crs.loc.gov Cooperative Research and Development Wendy H. Schacht Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7066 wschacht@crs.loc.gov Competitiveness John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Wendy H. Schacht Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7066 wschacht@crs.loc.gov Heather B. Gonzalez Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-1895 hgonzalez@crs.loc.gov Eric A. Fischer Senior Specialist in Science and Technology 7-7071 efischer@crs.loc.gov Patricia Moloney Figliola Specialist in Internet and Telecommunications Policy 7-2508 pfigliola@crs.loc.gov Defense John D. Moteff Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-1435 jmoteff@crs.loc.gov Federal R&D Funding for Historically-Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) Christine M. Matthews Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7055 cmatthews@crs.loc.gov Federally-funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDC) Daniel Morgan Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-5849 dmorgan@crs.loc.gov John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Wendy H. Schacht Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7066 wschacht@crs.loc.gov Government, Industry, and University R&D Data John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Health Pamela W. Smith Analyst in Biomedical Policy 7-7048 psmith@crs.loc.gov Judith A. Johnson Specialist in Biomedical Policy 7-7077 jajohnson@crs.loc.gov Daniel Morgan Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-5849 dmorgan@crs.loc.gov Dana A. Shea Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-6844 dshea@crs.loc.gov Cybersecurity Homeland Security Congressional Research Service 4 Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: CRS Experts Legislative Issue Name/Title Phone E-mail Frank Gottron Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-5854 fgottron@crs.loc.gov John D. Moteff Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-1435 jmoteff@crs.loc.gov Jonathan Medalia Specialist in Nuclear Weapons Policy 7-7632 jmedalia@crs.loc.gov John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Glennon J. Harrison Specialist in Industry Policy 7-7783 gharrison@crs.loc.gov Nanotechnology John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Public-Private R&D Partnerships John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Research and Experimentation (R&E) Tax Credit Gary Guenther Analyst in Public Finance 7-7742 gguenther@crs.loc.gov Space Exploration Daniel Morgan Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-5849 dmorgan@crs.loc.gov Stem Cell Research Judith A. Johnson Specialist in Biomedical Policy 7-7077 jajohnson@crs.loc.gov Edward C. Liu Legislative Attorney 7-9166 eliu@crs.loc.gov Homeland Security (continued) Manufacturing Selected Research, Development, and Innovation-related Programs Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) Christine M. Matthews Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7055 cmatthews@crs.loc.gov Manufacturing Extension Program (MEP) Wendy H. Schacht Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7066 wschacht@crs.loc.gov Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program Wendy H. Schacht Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7066 wschacht@crs.loc.gov Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education and Workforce STEM Education Heather B. Gonzalez Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-1895 hgonzalez@crs.loc.gov Jeffrey J. Kuenzi Specialist in Education Policy 7-8645 jkuenzi@crs.loc.gov STEM Workforce John F. Sargent, Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-9147 jsargent@crs.loc.gov Immigration of Foreign Scientists and Engineers Ruth Ellen Wasem Specialist in Immigration Policy 7-7342 rwasem@crs.loc.gov Visas for Foreign STEM Students Alison Siskin Specialist in Immigration Policy 7-0260 asiskin@crs.loc.gov Congressional Research Service 5 Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: CRS Experts Legislative Issue Name/Title Phone E-mail Federal Communications Commission Patricia Moloney Figliola Specialist in Internet and Telecommunications Policy 7-2508 pfigliola@crs.loc.gov First Responders Network/ Next Generation Communications for Public Safety Linda K. Moore Specialist in Telecommunications Policy 7-5853 lmoore@crs.loc.gov Internet Freedom Patricia Moloney Figliola Specialist in Internet and Telecommunications Policy 7-2508 pfigliola@crs.loc.gov National Broadband Plan Lennard G. Kruger Specialist in Science and Technology Policy 7-7070 lkruger@crs.loc.gov Angele A. Gilroy Specialist in Telecommunications Policy 7-7778 agilroy@crs.loc.gov Charles B. Goldfarb Specialist in Telecommunications Policy 7-7252 cgoldfarb@crs.loc.gov Linda K. Moore Specialist in Telecommunications Policy 7-5853 lmoore@crs.loc.gov Kathleen Ann Ruane Legislative Attorney 7-9135 kruane@crs.loc.gov Spectrum Policy Linda K. Moore Specialist in Telecommunications Policy 7-5853 lmoore@crs.loc.gov Universal Service Fund Angele A. Gilroy Specialist in Telecommunications Policy 7-7778 agilroy@crs.loc.gov Telecommunications Policy Author Contact Information John F. Sargent Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy jsargent@crs.loc.gov, 7-9147 Congressional Research Service 6