. Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Julissa Gomez-Granger Information Research Specialist Mark P. Sullivan Specialist in Latin American Affairs October 12, 2011 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov 98-684 CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress c11173008 . Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Summary This fact sheet tracks the current heads of government in Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. It provides the dates of the last and next elections for the head of government and the national independence date for each country. Congressional Research Service . Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Contents Tables Table 1. South America.................................................................................................................... 1 Table 2. Mexico and Central America ............................................................................................. 1 Table 3. Caribbean ........................................................................................................................... 2 Contacts Author Contact Information............................................................................................................. 3 Congressional Research Service . Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Table 1. South America Independence Date Head of Government Last Election Next Election July 9, 1816 FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER, Cristina Oct. 28, 2007 Oct. 23, 2011 Nov. 20, 2011 ( potential 2nd round) Argentina Bolivia Aug. 6, 1825 MORALES, Evo Dec. 6, 2009 Dec. 2014 Brazil Sept. 7, 1822 ROUSSEFF, Dilma Oct. 3, 2010 / Oct. 31, 2010 Oct. 2014 Chile Sept. 18, 1810 PIÑERA, Sebastián Dec. 13, 2009 / Jan. 17, 2010 Dec. 2013 Colombia July 20, 1810 SANTOS, Juan Manuel May 30, 2010 / June 20, 2010 May 2014 Ecuador May 24, 1822 CORREA, Rafael Apr. 26, 2009 Apr. 2013 Paraguay May 14, 1811 LUGO, Fernando Apr. 20, 2008 Apr. 2013 Peru July 28, 1821 HUMALA, Ollanta Apr. 10, 2011/June 5, 2011 (2nd round) Apr. 2016 Uruguay Aug. 25, 1825 MUJICA, José Oct. 25, 2009 / Nov. 29, 2009 Oct. 2014 Venezuela July 5, 1811 CHÁVEZ, Hugo Dec. 3, 2006 Oct. 7, 2012 Country Table 2. Mexico and Central America Country Independence Date Head of Government Last Election Next Election Mexico Sept. 16, 1810 CALDERÓN, Felipe July 2, 2006 July 2012 Costa Rica Sept. 15. 1821 CHINCHILLA Miranda, Laura Feb. 7, 2010 Feb. 2014 El Salvador Sept. 15, 1821 FUNES, Mauricio Mar. 15, 2009 Mar. 2014 Guatemala Sept. 15, 1821 COLOM, Alvaro Sept. 9, 2007/ Nov. 4, 2007 Sep. 11, 2011 (2nd round Nov. 6, 2011) Honduras Sept. 15, 1821 LOBO SOSA, Porfirio Nov. 29, 2009 Nov. 2013 Nicaragua Sept. 15, 1821 ORTEGA, Daniel Nov. 5, 2006 Nov. 6, 2011 Panama Nov. 3, 1903 MARTINELLI, Ricardo May 3, 2009 May 2014 Congressional Research Service 1 . Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Table 3. Caribbean Country Independence Date Head of Government Last Election Next Election Antigua and Barbuda Nov. 1, 1981 SPENCER, Baldwin Mar. 12, 2009 by July 2014 Bahamas July 10, 1973 INGRAHAM, Hubert May 2, 2007 by Aug. 2012 Barbados Nov. 30, 1966 THOMPSON, David Jan. 15, 2008 by May 2013 Belize Sept. 21, 1981 BARROW, Dean Feb. 7, 2008 by June 2013 Cuba May 20, 1902 CASTRO RUZ, Raúl a a Dominica Nov. 3, 1978 SKERRITT, Roosevelt Dec. 18, 2009 by Mar. 2015 Dominican Republic Feb. 27, 1844 FERNANDEZ, Leonel May 16, 2008 May 2012 Grenada Feb. 7, 1974 THOMAS, Tillman July 8, 2008 by July 2013 Guyana May 26, 1966 BHARRAT, Jagdeo Aug. 28, 2006 Nov. 28, 2011 Haiti Jan. 1, 1804 MARTELLY, Michel Nov. 28, 2010/Mar. 20, 2011 late 2015 Jamaica Aug. 6, 1962 GOLDING, Bruce Sept. 3, 2007 by Sept. 2012 St. Kitts and Nevis Sept. 19, 1983 DOUGLAS, Denzil Jan. 25, 2010 by Jan. 2015 St. Lucia Feb. 22, 1979 KING, Stephensonb Dec. 11, 2006 by Dec. 2011 St. Vincent and the Grenadines Oct. 27, 1979 GONSALVES, Ralph Dec. 13, 2010 by Dec. 2015 Suriname Nov. 25, 1975 BOUTERSE, Desic May 25, 2010c May 2015 Trinidad and Tobago Aug. 31, 1962 PERSAD-BISSESSAR, Kamla May 24, 2010 by May 2015 a. On February 24, 2008, Raúl Castro was selected by Cuba’s legislature as president of the Council of State, a position that makes him head of state and government. Raúl had been serving as acting president since July 31, 2006, when Cuba’s long-serving communist leader, Fidel Castro, stepped down provisionally because of poor health. Since the 1959 Cuban Revolution, there have been no elections for head of government. b. Stephenson King was sworn in as prime minister on September 10, 2007, following the death of Prime Minister John Compton, who had been elected in December 2006. c. Suriname held National Assembly elections on May 25, 2010, but under Suriname’s system of government, the country’s president is not elected directly by voters, but by a two-thirds majority vote of the Assembly (or failing that, by a majority of the United People’s Assembly comprised of more than 800 regional and municipal officials). On July 19, 2010, the National Assembly elected Desi Bouterse as president, with 36 out of 51 votes. Congressional Research Service 2 . Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Author Contact Information Julissa Gomez-Granger Information Research Specialist jgomezgranger@crs.loc.gov, 7-8981 Congressional Research Service Mark P. Sullivan Specialist in Latin American Affairs msullivan@crs.loc.gov, 7-7689 3