Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Mark P. Sullivan Specialist in Latin American Affairs Julissa Gomez-Granger Information Research Specialist July 10, 2009 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov 98-684 CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Summary This fact sheet tracks the current heads of government in Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. It provides the dates of the last and next elections for the head of government and the national independence date for each country. Congressional Research Service Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Contents Tables Table 1. South America ...............................................................................................................1 Table 2. Mexico and Central America..........................................................................................1 Table 3. Caribbean ......................................................................................................................2 Contacts Author Contact Information ........................................................................................................3 Congressional Research Service Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Table 1. South America Country Independence Date Head of Government Last Election Next Election Argentina July 9, 1816 FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER, Cristina Oct. 28, 2007 Oct. 2011 Bolivia Aug. 6, 1825 MORALES, Evo Dec. 18, 2005 Dec. 6, 2009 Brazil Sept. 7, 1822 DA SILVA, Luis Inácio Lula Oct. 1/ Oct. 29, 2006 Oct. 2010 Chile Sept. 18, 1810 BACHELET, Michelle Dec. 11, 2005/ Jan. 15, 2006 Dec.11, 2009 Colombia July 20, 1810 URIBE, Alvaro May 28, 2006 May 2010 Ecuador May 24, 1822 CORREA, Rafael Apr. 26, 2009 Apr. 2013 Paraguay May 14, 1811 LUGO, Fernando Apr. 20, 2008 Apr. 2013 Peru July 28, 1821 GARCIA, Alan Apr. 9, 2006/ June 4, 2006 Apr. 2011 Uruguay Aug. 25, 1825 VÁZQUEZ, Tabaré Oct. 31, 2004 Oct. 25, 2009 Venezuela July 5, 1811 CHÁVEZ, Hugo Dec. 3, 2006 Dec. 2012 Table 2. Mexico and Central America Country Independence Date Head of Government Last Election Next Election Mexico Sept. 16, 1810 CALDERÓN, Felipe July 2, 2006 July 2012 Costa Rica Sept. 15. 1821 ARIAS, Oscar Feb. 5, 2006 Feb. 2010 El Salvador Sept. 15, 1821 FUNES, Mauricio Mar. 15, 2009 March 2014 Guatemala Sept. 15, 1821 COLOM, Alvaro Sept. 9, 2007/ Nov. 4, 2007 Nov. 2011 Honduras Sept. 15, 1821 ZELAYA, Manuela Nov. 27, 2005 Nov. 29, 2009 Nicaragua Sept. 15, 1821 ORTEGA, Daniel Nov. 5, 2006 Nov. 2011 Panama Nov. 3, 1903 MARTINELLI, Ricardo May 3, 2009 May 2014 a. On June 28, 2009 President Manuel Zelaya was arrested by the Honduran military and taken into exile in Costa Rica. The Congress voted and agreed to remove Zelaya from office and named Roberto Micheletti as the president of Honduras for the remainder of Zelaya's term, which ends on January 27, 2010. For information on the political crisis in Honduras, see CRS Report RL34027, Honduran-U.S. Relations, by Peter J. Meyer. Congressional Research Service 1 Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Table 3. Caribbean Country Independence Date Head of Government Last Election Next Election Antigua and Barbuda Nov. 1, 1981 SPENCER, Baldwin March 12, 2009 by March 2014 Bahamas July 10, 1973 INGRAHAM, Hubert May 2, 2007 by May 2012 Barbados Nov. 30, 1966 THOMPSON, David Jan. 15, 2008 by Jan. 2013 Belize Sept. 21, 1981 BARROW, Dean Feb.7, 2008 by Feb. 2013 Cuba May 20, 1902 CASTRO RUZ, Raúl a a Dominica Nov. 3, 1978 SKERRITT, Roosevelt May 5, 2005 by May 2010 Dominican Republic Feb. 27, 1844 FERNANDEZ, Leonel May 16, 2008 May 2012 Grenada Feb. 7, 1974 THOMAS, Tillman July 8, 2008 by July 2013 Guyana May 26, 1966 BHARRAT, Jagdeo Aug. 28, 2006 by Aug. 2011 Haiti Jan. 1, 1804 PRÉVAL, Réne Feb. 7, 2006 2011 Jamaica Aug. 6, 1962 GOLDING, Bruce Sept. 3, 2007 by Sept. 2012 St. Kitts and Nevis Sept. 19, 1983 DOUGLAS, Denzil Oct. 25, 2004 by Sept. 2009 St. Lucia Feb. 22, 1979 KING, Stephenson b Dec. 11, 2006 by Dec. 2011 St. Vincent and the Grenadines Oct. 27, 1979 GONSALVES, Ralph Dec. 7, 2005 by Dec. 2010 Suriname Nov. 25, 1975 VENETIAAN, Ronald May 25, 2005 May 2010 Trinidad and Tobago Aug. 31, 1962 MANNING, Patrick Nov. 5, 2007 by Nov. 2012 a. On February 24, 2008, Raúl Castro was selected by Cuba’s legislature as President of the Council of State, a position that makes him head of state and government. Raúl had been serving as acting President since July 31, 2006, when Cuba’s long-serving communist leader, Fidel Castro, stepped down provisionally because of poor health. Since the 1959 Cuban Revolution, there have been no elections for head of government. b. Stephenson King was sworn in as Prime Minister on September 10, 2007, following the death of Prime Minister John Compton, who had been elected in December 2006. Congressional Research Service 2 Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Author Contact Information Mark P. Sullivan Specialist in Latin American Affairs msullivan@crs.loc.gov, 7-7689 Congressional Research Service Julissa Gomez-Granger Information Research Specialist jgomezgranger@crs.loc.gov, 7-8981 3