ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’Žȱ ŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ’•›Žȱ–Ž›ȱ ™ŽŒ’Š•’œȱ˜—ȱ‘Žȱ˜—›Žœœȱ ŽŒŽ–‹Ž›ȱŚǰȱŘŖŖŞȱ ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŝȬśŝŖŖȱ    ǯŒ›œǯ˜Ÿȱ řŖřŝŞȱ ȱŽ™˜›ȱ˜›ȱ˜—›Žœœ Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ž––Š›¢ȱ There are 42 African American Members serving in the 110th Congress, all serving in the House. President-elect Barack Obama served in the Senate until he resigned on November 16, 2008. There have been 124 African American Members of Congress: 119 elected to the House and five to the Senate. There have been 97 Democrats: 95 in the House, two in the Senate; and 27 Republicans: 24 in the House, three in the Senate. A record 43 African American Members also served in the 109th Congress: 42 in the House, one in the Senate. The number of African American Members has steadily increased since the first African American Members entered Congress in 1870. There were fewer than 10 Members until the 91st Congress (1969-1971). In the 98th Congress (1983-1985), the number surpassed 20 for the first time and then jumped to 40 in the 103rd Congress (1993-1995). Since the 106th Congress (1999-2001), the number has remained between 39 and 43 serving at any one time. The first African American Member of Congress was Hiram Rhodes Revels (R-MS), who served in the Senate in the 41st Congress (1870). The first African American Member of the House was Joseph H. Rainey (R-SC), who also served in the 41st Congress. Representative John Conyers Jr. (D-MI, 1965-present), the current chair of the House Judiciary Committee, has served longer than any other African American Member of Congress. Shirley Chisholm (D-NY), elected to the 91st through 97th Congresses (1969-1983), was the first African American woman in Congress. Since that time, 25 other African American women have been elected, including Senator Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999), who is the only African American woman, as well as the first African American Democrat, elected to the Senate. Representatives James E. Clyburn (D-SC, 1993-present) and former Representatives William H. Gray III (D-PA, 1979-1991) and J.C. Watts (R-OK, 1995-2003) have been elected to the highest leadership positions held by African American Members of Congress. Representative Clyburn, the House majority whip in the 110th Congress, served as vice chair of the House Democratic Caucus in the 108th and 109th Congresses. Representative Gray was chair of the House Democratic Caucus in 1989 (101st Congress). Later in that Congress, when a vacancy occurred, he was elected House majority whip, a position he held until his resignation from Congress in September 1991 (102nd Congress). Representative Watts served as chair of the House Republican Conference in the 106th-107th Congresses (1997-2001). African American Members of Congress have served on standing and select committees. Nineteen have served as committee chair, 18 in the House and one in the Senate. This report will be updated as needed. ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ˜—Ž—œȱ Background ..................................................................................................................................... 1 Female Members ............................................................................................................................. 2 Relationships ................................................................................................................................... 3 Oldest and Youngest African American Members........................................................................... 3 African American Members in Leadership Positions...................................................................... 3 Tables and Data ............................................................................................................................... 4 Alphabetical Listing of African American Members, Selected Biographical Information, and Committee Assignments During Their Tenure in Office....................................................... 5 Š‹•Žœȱ Table 1. African American Members of Congress—Senate.......................................................... 43 Table 2. African American Members of Congress—House of Representatives............................ 43 Table 3. Number and Names of African American Members of Congress, by Congress.............. 48 Table 4. Number and Names of African American Members of Congress, by State .................... 59 Table 5. Number of African American Members in the U.S. Congress, 41st-110th Congresses (1870-2008)............................................................................................................. 63 ˜—ŠŒœȱ Author Contact Information .......................................................................................................... 66 ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ŠŒ”›˜ž—ȱ One hundred twenty-four African Americans have been elected to the U.S. Congress: 119 to the House and five to the Senate.1 Of these, 28 have been women. Until the resignation of Presidentelect Barack Obama from the Senate on November 16, 2008, there were 43 African American Members serving throughout the 110th Congress, 42 in the House of Representatives and one in the Senate. This is the same number as the record 43 African American Members (all Democrats) who served in the 109th Congress.2 The number of African American Members has steadily increased since the first African Americans entered Congress in 1870. There were fewer than 10 Members until the 91st Congress (1969-1971). In the 98th Congress (1983-1985), the number surpassed 20 for the first time and then jumped to 40 in the 103rd Congress (1993-1995). Since the 106th Congress (1999-2001), the number has remained between 39 and 43 at any one time. The largest number of African American Members elected as freshmen was 17 in the 103rd Congress. Sixteen were elected to the House, and one, Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999), was elected to the Senate. Senator Moseley-Braun, who is the only African American woman to serve in the Senate, also was the first African American Democrat to serve in the Senate.3 The majority of African American Members of Congress (97) have been Democrats; 27 have been Republicans. All the African American Democrats have been elected in the 20th and 21st centuries. Five African American Republican men were elected to Congress in the 20th century, four to the House and one to the Senate. One of them was reelected to one term in the 21st century before retiring from Congress. All other African American Republican Members served in the 19th century. The first African American Member of Congress was Hiram Rhodes Revels (R-MS), who served in the Senate in the 41st Congress (1870). He also has the distinction of being the first African American Member of the Senate and the first African American Member of Congress from Mississippi. On January 20, 1870, he was chosen by the Mississippi legislature to fill the unexpired term in the U. S. Senate of former Confederate President Jefferson Davis.4 Senator Blanche K. Bruce (R-MS, 1875-1881) was the first African American Senator to serve a full Senate term of six years. 1 Includes three Delegates from the U.S. Virgin Islands and two from the District of Columbia. A record 47 different African American Members have served in the 110th Congress (46 in the House and one in the Senate). However, only 43 (42 in the House and one in the Senate) served at any one time. In addition to the resignation Barack Obama on Nov. 16, 2008, Representative Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA) died on Apr. 22, 2007, and was replaced by Representative Laura Richardson (D-CA) on Sept. 4, 2007; Rep. Julia Carson (D-IN) died on Dec. 15, 2007, and was replaced by her grandson, Rep. André Carson (D-IN) on Mar. 13, 2008; Rep. Al Wynn (DMD) resigned on May 31, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Donna Edwards (D-IN) on June 19, 2008; and Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH) died on Aug. 20, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Marcia L. Fudge (D-OH) on Nov. 19, 2008. The previous record number was in the 104th Congress (1995-1997) when 43 African American Members was elected to the House of Representatives though only 40 actually served at any one time. 3 Senator Barack Obama (D-IL) is the first African American male Democrat to serve in the Senate. 4 For an in depth look at African Americans in Congress, refer to U .S. Congress, House, Office of History and Preservation, Black Americans in Congress, 1870-2007 (Washington: GPO, 2008), http://baic.house.gov, visited Nov. 15, 2008. 2 ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ Joseph H. Rainey (R-SC, 1869-1878) was the first African American Member of the House of Representatives, beginning service, like Senator Revels, in the 41st Congress. Shirley Chisholm (D-NY), elected to the 91st through 97th Congresses (1969-1983), was the first African American woman to serve in Congress. Edward Brooke (R-MA) was the first African American person elected to the Senate after passage of the Seventeenth Amendment, which provided for the direct election of Senators. He served in the 90th through 95th Congresses (1967-1979). John Conyers Jr. (D-MI) holds the record for length of service by an African American Member (nearly 44 years). He was first elected to the 89th Congress and has served since January 3, 1965. Twenty-three African American Members have first been elected to fill vacancies in the House. They include Representatives Bennie Thompson (D-MS, 1993-present); Jesse Jackson Jr. (D-IL, 1995-present); Elijah Cummings (D-MD, 1996-present); Barbara Lee (D-CA, 1998-present); Gregory Meeks (D-NY, 1998-present); Diane Watson (D-CA, 2001-present); G.K. Butterfield (DNC, 2004-present); Laura Richardson (D-CA, 2007-present); André Carson (D-IN, 2008-present; Donna Edwards (D-MD, 2008-present); and Marcia L. Fudge (D-IN, 2008-present). Former Representative Cardiss Collins (D-IL, 1973-1997), was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Representative George Collins (D-IL, 1970-1972). The other former Members were Robert N.C. Nix Sr. (D-PA, 1958-1979); George Collins (D-IL, 1970-1972); Bennett Stewart (D-IL, 1979-1981); George W. Crockett Jr. (D-MI, 1980-1991); Katie Hall (DIN, 1982-1985); Charles Hayes (D-IL, 1983-1993); Alton Waldon Jr. (D-NY, 1986-1987); Lucien Blackwell (D-PA, 1991-1995); Craig Washington (D-TX, 1989-1995); Representatives Eva Clayton (D-NC, 1992-2003); and Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA. 1996-2007). All of these Members, except Representatives Stewart and Waldon, were subsequently elected to additional terms.5 Ž–Š•ŽȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ Fourteen African American women serve in the 110th Congress, all in the House.6 A record number of 15 African American women served in the 107th Congress, all in the House. A total of 28 African American women have served in Congress. The first African American female Member was Representative Shirley Chisholm (D-NY, 19691983). Senator Carol Moseley-Braun (D-IL, 1993-1999) is the only African American woman to have served in the Senate. The African American female Members of the 110th Congress are Delegates Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC) and Donna Christian-Christensen (D-VI) and Representatives Maxine Waters (D-CA), Corinne Brown (D-FL), Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX), Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX), Barbara Lee (D-CA), Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D-MI), Diane Watson (D-CA), Gwen Moore (D-WI), Yvette Clarke (D-NY), Laura Richardson (D-CA), Donna Edwards (D-MD), and Marcia Fudge (D-OH). The other African American female Members, in addition to Representative Chisholm, Senator Moseley-Braun, and currently serving Members, were Cardiss Collins (D-IL, 1973-1997); Barbara-Rose Collins (D-MI, 1991-1997); Yvonne Brathwaite Burke (D-CA, 1973-1979); Katie Hall (D-IN, 1982-1985); Barbara Jordan (D-TX, 5 Representatives Fudge’s first opportunity to stand for reelection is November 2, 2010. A record 17 African American women, including the late Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA), the late Julia Carson, and the late Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH) were elected to the House in the 110th Congress. However, 14 is the largest number to serve at any one time. 6 ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Řȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ 1973-1979); Eva Clayton (D-NC, 1992-2003); Carrie Meek (D-FL, 1993-2003); Denise Majette (D-GA, 2003-2005); Cynthia McKinney (D-GA, 1993-2003, 2005-2007); Juanita MillenderMcDonald (1996-2007); Julia Carson (D-IN, 1997-2007); and Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH, 1999-2008). Ž•Š’˜—œ‘’™œȱ Two African American Members of the 110th Congress are the sons of former Members: Representative William Lacy Clay Jr. (D-MO, 2001-present) is the son of former Representative William L. Clay Sr. (D-MO, 1969-2001), and Representative Kendrick Meek (D-FL, 2003present) is the son of former Representative Carrie Meek (D-FL, 1993-2003). Representative André Carson (D-IN, 2008-present) is the grandson of former Representative Julia Carson (D-IN, 1997-2007). Former Representative Harold Ford Jr. (D-TN, 1997-2007) is the son of former Representative Harold Ford Sr. (D-TN, 1975-1997). These sons directly succeeded their parents. In addition, Representative Cardiss Collins (D-IL, 1973-1997) succeeded her husband, Representative George Collins (D-IL, 1970-1972). Representative George White (R-NC, 1897-1901) was the brother-inlaw of Representative Henry Cheatham (R-NC, 1889-1893). •ŽœȱŠ—ȱ˜ž—Žœȱ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ The oldest African American Member to be elected to the House, Representative George Crockett (D-MI, 1980-1991), won his first election at 71. Representative Charles Hayes (D-IL, 1983-1993) was first elected at 65. At age 47, Senator Edward Brooke (R-MA, 1969-1979) became the oldest African American Senator elected to a first term. The youngest African American Member to be elected, Representative John Lynch (R-MS, 18731877, 1882-1883), was first elected at age 25. Representative Harold Ford Jr. (D-TN, 1997-2007) was first elected at age 26. At age 33, Senator Blanche Bruce (R-MS, 1875-1881) was the youngest African American Senator elected to a first term. ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ’—ȱŽŠŽ›œ‘’™ȱ˜œ’’˜—œȱ Representative James E. Clyburn (D-SC, 1993-present), the House majority whip in the 110th Congress, served as vice chair of the House Democratic Caucus in the 108th and 109th Congresses. Former Representatives William H. Gray III (D-PA, 1979-1991) and J.C. Watts (ROK, 1995-2003) were also elected members of the House leadership. Representative Gray was chair of the House Democratic Caucus in 1989 (101st Congress). Later in that Congress, when a vacancy occurred, he was elected House majority whip, a position he held until his resignation from Congress in September 1991 (102nd Congress). Representative Watts served as chair of the House Republican Conference in the 106th-107th Congresses (1997-2001). In addition, Representative John Lewis (D-GA, 1987-present), the senior chief deputy whip in the 110th Congress, served as a Democratic chief deputy whip in the 102nd -109th Congresses (19912007). Representative Maxine Waters (D-CA, 1991-present) has served has a Democratic chief ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ řȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ deputy whip since the 106th Congress, and Representative G.K. Butterfield (D-NC, 2004-present) began his service as a Democratic chief deputy whip in the 110th Congress. Former Representative Shirley Chisholm (D-NY, 1969-1983) served as secretary to the Democratic Caucus in the 96th Congress (1977-1979). Eighteen African American Representatives and one African American Senator have chaired congressional committees, including a record five in the 110th Congress.7 African American Members currently serving as chairs in the 110th Congress are Representatives John Conyers Jr. (D-MI, 1965-present), chair of House Judiciary Committee; Charles B. Rangel (D-NY, 1971present), chair of the House Ways and Means Committee; and Bennie G. Thompson (D-MS, 1993-present), chair of the House Homeland Security Committee. The other African American committee chairs were Senator Blanche Bruce (R-MS, 1875-1881) and Representatives Yvonne B. Burke (D-CA, 1973-1979); William L. Clay Sr. (D-MO, 19692001); William L. Dawson (D-IL, 1943-1970); Ronald V. Dellums (D-CA, 1971-1998); Charles C. Diggs Jr. (D-MI, 1955-1980); Julian Dixon (D-CA, 1979-2000); William H. Gray III (D-PA, 1979-1991); Augustus F. Hawkins (D-CA, 1963-1991); George T. (Mickey) Leland (D-TX, 19791989); Parren J. Mitchell (D-MD, 1971-1987); Robert N.C. Nix Sr. (D-PA, 1958-1979); Adam Clayton Powell Jr. (D-NY, 1945-1967, 1969-1971); Louis Stokes (D-OH, 1969-1999); Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA, 1996-2007); and Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-OH, 1999-2008). Š‹•ŽœȱŠ—ȱŠŠȱ This part of the report provides tabular information on African American Members of Congress, including the Congresses in which they served, the committees on which they served, and, where relevant, an indication of the committees they chaired or co-chaired. In addition, five tables summarize information about African American Members. Table 1 and Table 2 list selected data about each African American Member, with the first table listing Senators and the second listing Representatives. Table 3 presents the number and names of African American Members by Congress, organized by Congress. Table 4 presents the same information by state. Table 5 shows the changing number of African American Members serving in Congress since 1870, when the first African American Member was elected. Most of the data presented are drawn from the Biographical Directory of the American Congress, http://bioguide.congress.gov, various editions of the Congressional Directory, and a broad range of Congressional Quarterly Inc. and Leadership Directories Inc. publications. For additional information, refer to Black Americans in Congress, 1870-2007, (Washington: GPO, 2008), http://baic.house.gov, written by the Office of History and Preservation in the House of Representatives. For 110th Congress committee assignments, the sources are The Senate of the United States, Committee and Subcommittee Assignments for the One Hundred Tenth Congress, prepared under 7 A record five African American Members were elected House committee chairs at the beginning of the 110th Congress. However, Rep. Juanita Millender-McDonald (D-CA), chair of the Committee on House Administration, died on April 22, 2007. ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Śȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ the direction of Nancy Erickson, secretary of the Senate, April 2, 2007 (available online from the Senate’s website at http://www.senate.gov/general/committee_assignments/assignments.htm); and List of Standing Committees and Select Committees and Their Subcommittees of the House of Representatives Together With Joint Committees, One Hundred Tenth Congress, prepared under the direction of Lorraine C. Miller, clerk of the House of Representatives, June 19, 2008 (available online from the clerk’s website at http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.pdf). Note that the names and jurisdiction of House and Senate committees have changed many times over the years covered by this report. In the interest of brevity, this report does not identify all historical name changes. The committee names that are listed are those that were in effect at the time a particular Member served on a panel. •™‘Š‹Ž’ŒŠ•ȱ’œ’—ȱ˜ȱ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œǰȱ Ž•ŽŒŽȱ’˜›Š™‘’ŒŠ•ȱ —˜›–Š’˜—ǰȱŠ—ȱ˜––’ŽŽȱ œœ’—–Ž—œȱž›’—ȱ‘Ž’›ȱŽ—ž›Žȱ’—ȱ’ŒŽȱ BALLANCE, FRANK W. Jr., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on February 15, 1942. Elected as a Democrat to the 108th Congress; served from January 7, 2003, until his resignation June 11, 2004. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture H. Small Business 108th 108th BISHOP, SANFORD D. Jr., a Representative from Georgia. Born on February 4, 1947. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 5, 1993. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Select Intelligence H. Appropriations 103rd-107th 103rd 103rd-104th 105th-107th 108th-110th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ śȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ BLACKWELL, LUCIEN E., a Representative from Pennsylvania. Born on August 1, 1931. Elected as a Democrat to the 102nd Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative William Gray; reelected to the 103rd Congress; served from November 11, 1991, to January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 102nd H. Public Works and Transportation 102nd-103rd H. Budget 103rd BROOKE, EDWARD W., a Senator from Massachusetts. Born on October 26, 1919. Elected as a Republican to two six-year terms beginning with the 90th Congress and served through the 95th Congress, from January 3, 1967, to January 3, 1979. First African American Member of Congress from Massachusetts. Committee Assignments Congress S. Aeronautical and Space Sciences S. Banking and Currency S. Government Operations S. Armed Services S. Select Equal Education Opportunity S. Appropriations S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Special Aging S. Select Standards and Conduct Jt. Bicentennial Arrangements Jt. Defense Production 90th 90th-91st 90th 91st 91st-92nd 92nd-95th 92nd-95th 92nd-95th 93rd-94th 94th 94th-95th BROWN, CORRINE, a Representative from Florida. Born on November 11, 1946. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 5, 1993. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations H. Public Works and Transportation H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Transportation and Infrastructure 103rd 103rd 103rd-110th 104th-110th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Ŝȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ BRUCE, BLANCHE K., a Senator from Mississippi. Born on March 1, 1841; died on March 17, 1898. Elected as a Republican to a six-year term beginning with the 44th Congress and served through the 46th Congress, from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881. Committee Assignments Congress S. Manufactures S. Pensions S. Education and Labor S. Select Mississippi River S. Select To Investigate the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company 44th 44th-45th 44th-46th 45th-46th 46th (committee chair) BURKE, YVONNE BRAITHWAITE, a Representative from California. Born on October 5, 1932. Elected as a Democrat to the 93rd through 95th Congresses; served from January 3, 1973, to January 3, 1979. First female chair of the Congressional Black Caucus, 94th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Public Works H. Appropriations H. Select Assassinations H. Select Beauty Shop 93rd 93rd 94th-95th 94th-95th 94th-95th (committee chair, 94th-95th) BUTTERFIELD, G.K., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on April 27, 1947. Elected as a Democrat to the 108th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative Frank Ballance; reelected to the 109th-110th Congresses, has served since July 21, 2004; a chief deputy Democratic whip in the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Small Business H. Agriculture H. Armed Services H. Energy and Commerce 108th 108th -109th 109th 110th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŝȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ CAIN, RICHARD H., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on April 12, 1825; died on January 18, 1887. Elected as a Republican to the 43rd and 45th Congresses; served from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1875, and from March 4, 1877, to March 3, 1879. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture H. Private Land Claims 43rd 45th CARSON, ANDRÉ, a Representative from Indiana. Born on October 16, 1974. Elected as a Democrat to the 110th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of his grandmother, Julia Carson; has served since March 13, 2008. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 110th CARSON, JULIA M., a Representative from Indiana. Born on July 8, 1938; died on December 15, 2007. Elected as a Democrat to the 105th through 110th Congresses; served from January 9, 1997, to December 15, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Transportation and Infrastructure 105th-106th 107th -110th 105th-107th 108th-110th CHEATHAM, HENRY P., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on December 27, 1857; died on November 29, 1935. Elected as a Republican to the 51st and 52nd Congresses; served from March 4, 1889, to March 3, 1893. Committee Assignments Congress H. Expenditures on Public Buildings 51st H. Education H. Agriculture ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ -52nd 51st-52nd 52nd Şȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ CHISHOLM, SHIRLEY A., a Representative from New York. Born on November 30, 1924; died on January 1, 2005. Elected as a Democrat to the 91st through 97th Congresses; served from January 3, 1969, to January 3, 1983. First African American woman elected to Congress and first African American female presidential candidate, 1972. Secretary of the Democratic Caucus in the 96th Congress, 1977-1979. Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Education and Labor H. Rules 91st-92nd 92nd-94th 95th-97th CHRISTIAN-CHRISTENSEN, DONNA M., a Delegate from the Virgin Islands. Born on September 19, 1945. Elected as a Democrat to the 105th Congress through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 7, 1997. First woman elected from the Virgin Islands and first female doctor in Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Resources 105th H. Natural Resources H. Small Business H. Homeland Security -109th 110th 106th -109th 108th-110th CHRISTIAN-GREEN, DONNA. See CHRISTIAN-CHRISTENSEN, DONNA. CLARKE, YVETTE D., a Representative from New York. Born on November 21, 1964. Elected as a Democrat to the 110th Congress; has served since January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor H. Homeland Security H. Small Business 110th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ 110th 110th şȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ CLAY, WILLIAM L. Sr., a Representative from Missouri. Born on April 30, 1931. Elected as a Democrat to the 91st through 106th Congresses; served from January 3, 1969, to January 3, 2001. Succeeded by his son, Representative William Lacy Clay Jr. First African American Member of Congress from Missouri. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor H. Education and the Workforce H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Post Office and Civil Service 91st-103rd 105th-106th 104th 93rd-103rd (committee chair, 102nd-103rd) 96th 99th-103rd 101st H. Select to Study the Committee System H. House Administration H. Jt. Library CLAY, WILLIAM LACY Jr., a Representative from Missouri. Born on July 27, 1956; succeeded his father, Representative William L. Clay Sr. Elected as a Democrat to the 107th-109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 3, 2001. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 107th -110th H. Government Reform H. Oversight and Government Reform 107th -109th 110th CLAYTON, EVA M., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on September 16, 1934. Elected as a Democrat to the 102nd Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Representative Walter Jones; reelected to the 103rd through 107th Congresses; served from November 5, 1992, to January 3, 2003. Co-chair of the House Democratic Policy Committee in the 104th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture H. Small Business H. Budget 103rd-107th 103rd 105th-107th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗŖȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ CLEAVER, EMANUEL, a Representative from Missouri. Born on October 26, 1944. Elected as Democrat to the 109th Congress; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 4, 2005. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services H. Energy Independence and Global Warming 109th-110th 110th CLYBURN, JAMES E., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on July 21, 1940. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 5, 1993. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 106th Congress. Vice chair of the House Democratic Caucus in the 108th-109th Congresses; House majority whip in the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Small Business H. Appropriations 103rd-105th 104th-105th 104th 106th-109th COLLINS, BARBARA-ROSE, a Representative from Michigan. Born on April 13, 1939. Elected as a Democrat to the 102nd through 104th Congresses; served from January 3, 1991, to January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 102nd H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Select Children, Youth, and Families 104th 103rd 104th 102nd-103rd 102nd 102nd ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ -103rd ŗŗȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ COLLINS, CARDISS, a Representative from Illinois. Born on September 24, 1931. Elected as a Democrat to the 93rd through 104th Congresses; served from June 7, 1973, to January 3, 1997. First elected to succeed her husband, Representative George Collins. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 96th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Public Works H. International Relations H. Foreign Affairs H. District of Columbia H. Energy and Commerce H. Commerce H. Select Population H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control 93rd-103rd 104th 93rd 94th-95th 96th 95th 97th-103rd 104th 95th 96th-102nd COLLINS, GEORGE W., a Representative from Illinois. Born on March 5, 1926; died on December 8, 1972. Elected as a Democrat to the 91st Congress to fill the vacancy by the death of Representative Daniel Ronan; reelected to the 92nd and 93rd Congresses; served from November 16, 1970, to December 8, 1972. Succeeded by his wife, Representative Cardiss Collins. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 91st-92nd H. Public Works 92nd CONYERS, JOHN Jr., a Representative from Michigan. Born on May 16, 1929. Elected as a Democrat to the 89th through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 3, 1965. Committee Assignments H. Judiciary H. Government Operations H. Small Business ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Congress 110th (committee chair, 110th ) 92nd-103rd (committee chair, 101st-103rd) 100th-103rd 89th- ŗŘȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ CROCKETT, GEORGE W., a Representative from Michigan. Born on August 10, 1909; died on September 7, 1997. Elected as a Democrat to the 96th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative Charles Diggs; reelected to the 97th through 101st Congresses; served from November 12, 1980, to January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs H. Judiciary H. Small Business H. Select Aging 96th-101st 97th-101st 97th 97th-101st CUMMINGS, ELIJAH E., a Representative from Maryland. Born on January 18, 1951. Elected as a Democrat to the 104th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative Kweisi Mfume; reelected to the 105th through 110th Congresses; has served since April 25, 1996. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 108th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Oversight and Government Reform H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Armed Services 104th-105th 106th-109th 110th 110th 110th DAVIS, ARTUR, a Representative from Alabama. Born on October 9, 1967. Elected as a Democrat to the 108th through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 7, 2003. Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 108th-109th H. Financial Services 108th- 109th H. Judiciary 110th H. Ways and Means 110th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗřȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ DAVIS, DANNY K., a Representative from Illinois. Born on September 6, 1941. Elected as a Democrat to the 105th through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 7, 1997. Committee Assignments Congress H. Small Business H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Oversight and Government Reform H. Education and the Workforce H. Education and Labor 105th- 109th 105th 106th-109th 110th 108th-109th 110th DAWSON, WILLIAM L., a Representative from Illinois. Born on April 26, 1886; died on November 9, 1970. Elected as a Democrat to the 78th through 91st Congresses; served from January 3, 1943, to November 9, 1970. Committee Assignments Congress H. Expenditures in the Executive Departments H. Government Operations 78th-82nd (committee chair, 81st, 82nd ) 83rd-91st (committee chair, 84th-91st) 78th-79th 78th-79th 78th-79th 78th-79th 82nd 84th-91st H. Coinage, Weights, and Measures H. Invalid Pensions H. Insular Affairs H. Irrigation and Reclamation H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. District of Columbia DeLARGE, ROBERT C., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on March 15, 1842; died on February 14, 1874. Elected as a Republican to the 42nd Congress; served from March 4, 1871, until January 24, 1873, when his seat was declared vacant after his election was successfully contested by former Representative Christopher C. Bowen. Committee Assignment Congress H. Manufactures 42nd ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗŚȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ DELLUMS, RONALD V., a Representative from California. Born on November 25, 1935. Elected as a Democrat to the 92nd through 105th Congresses; served from January 3, 1971, until February 6, 1998, when he resigned from the House. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 101st Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia 92nd-103rd (committee chair, 96th-102nd) 92nd 93rd-103rd (committee chair, 103rd) 104th-105th 97th-98th 94th-102nd H. Foreign Affairs H. Armed Services H. National Security H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Select Intelligence DePRIEST, OSCAR S., a Representative from Illinois. Born on March 9, 1871; died on May 12, 1951. Elected as a Republican to the 71st through 73rd Congresses; served from March 4, 1929, to March 3, 1935. First African American Member of Congress from Illinois. Committee Assignments Congress H. Enrolled Bills 71st-73rd H. Invalid Pensions H. Indian Affairs H. Post Office and Post Roads 71st-73rd 71st-73rd 73rd DIGGS, CHARLES C. Jr., a Representative from Michigan. Born on December 2, 1922; died on August 24, 1998. Elected as a Democrat to the 84th through 96th Congresses; served from January 3, 1955, until his resignation on June 3, 1980. First African American Member of Congress from Michigan and first chair of the Congressional Black Caucus, 92nd Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. District of Columbia 84th-85th 84th-85th 86th-93rd 94th-96th 88th-96th (committee chair, 93rd-95th) ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗśȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ DIXON, JULIAN C., a Representative from California. Born on August 8, 1934; died on December 8, 2000. Elected as a Democrat to the 96th through 106th Congresses; reelected to the 107th Congress, but died before the commencement of the 107th Congress; served from January 3, 1979, until his death. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 98th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Appropriations H. Standards of Official Conduct 96th-106th 98th-101st (committee chair, 99th-101st) 103rd-106th H. Select Intelligence DYMALLY, MERVYN M., a Representative from California. Born on May 12, 1926. Elected as a Democrat to the 97th through 102nd Congresses; served from January 3, 1981, to January 3, 1993. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 100th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia H. Foreign Affairs H. Science and Technology H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Education and Labor 97th-102nd 97th-102nd 97th-98th 98th-102nd 99th EDWARDS, DONNA F., a Representative from Maryland. Born on June 28, 1958. Elected as a Democrat to the 110th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Albert Wynn; has served since June 19, 2008. Committee Assignments Congress H. Science and Technology 110th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th ELLIOTT, ROBERT B., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on August 11, 1842; died on August 9, 1884. Elected as a Republican to the 42nd and 43rd Congresses; served from March 4, 1871, until his resignation on November 1, 1874. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 42nd-43rd H. Militia 43rd ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗŜȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ELLISON, KEITH, a Representative from Minnesota. Born on August 4, 1963. Elected as a Democrat to the 110th Congress; has served since January 4, 2007.First African American Member of Congress from Minnesota. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 110th H. Judiciary 110th ESPY, ALBERT MICHAEL (MIKE), a Representative from Mississippi. Born on November 28, 1953. Elected as a Democrat to the 100th through 103rd Congresses. Served from January 6, 1987, to January 25, 1993, when he resigned to become secretary of agriculture. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture 100th-102nd H. Budget 101st-102nd H. Select Hunger 101st-102nd Jt. Deficit Reduction 100th EVANS, MELVYN H., a Delegate from the Virgin Islands. Born on August 7, 1917; died on November 27, 1984. Elected as a Republican to the 96th Congress; served from January 3, 1979, to January 3, 1981. First African American Delegate from the Virgin Islands and first African American physician to serve in Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries 96th 96th 96th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗŝȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ FATTAH, CHAKA, a Representative from Pennsylvania. Born on November 21, 1956. Elected as a Democrat to the 104th through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Education and the Workforce H. Small Business H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Administration Jt. Printing H. Appropriations 104th-105th 106th 104th 105th-106th 104th 105th-106th 106th-107th 106th -107th 107th-110th FAUNTROY, WALTER E., a Delegate from the District of Columbia. Born on February 6, 1933. Elected as a Democrat to the 92nd Congress in a special election after the District of Columbia was authorized to elect a delegate to Congress; reelected to the 93rd through 101st Congresses; served from April 19, 1971, to January 3, 1991. First African American Delegate from the District of Columbia. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 97th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia H. Banking and Currency H. Banking, Currency, and Housing H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Select Assassinations H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control 92nd-101st 93rd 94th 95th-101st 94th-95th 98th-101st FIELDS, CLEO, a Representative from Louisiana. Born on November 22, 1962. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd and 104th Congresses; served from January 5, 1993, to January 3, 1997. At age 30, he was the youngest Member of the 103rd Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Small Business 103rd 104th 103rd-104th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŗŞȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ FLAKE, FLOYD H., a Representative from New York. Born on January 30, 1945. Elected as a Democrat to the 100th through 105th Congresses; served from January 6, 1987, to November 15, 1997, when he resigned from the House. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Small Business H. Government Operations H. Select Children, Youth, and Families H. Select Hunger 100th-103rd 104th-105th 100th-105th 103rd 100th 100th-102nd FORD, HAROLD E. Sr., a Representative from Tennessee. Born on May 20, 1945. Elected as a Democrat to the 94th through 104th Congresses; served from January 3, 1975, to January 3, 1997. First African American Member of Congress from Tennessee. Succeeded by his son, Harold E. Ford Jr. Committee Assignments Congress H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Banking, Currency, and Housing H. Ways and Means H. Select Aging H. Select Assassinations 94th, 1st 94th, 1st 94th-104th 94th-102nd 94th-95th FORD, HAROLD E. Jr., a Representative from Tennessee. Born on May 11, 1970. Elected as a Democrat to the 105th through 109th Congresses; served from January 7, 1997, to January 3, 2007. At age 26, he was the youngest Member of the 105th Congress. Succeeded his father, Harold E. Ford Sr. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and the Workforce 105th H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Financial Services H. Budget 105th 106th 107th-109th 108th-109th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ -107th ŗşȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ FRANKS, GARY A., a Representative from Connecticut. Born on February 9, 1953. Elected as a Republican to the 102nd through 104th Congresses; served from January 3, 1991, to January 3, 1997. First African American Member of Congress from Connecticut. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services H. Small Business H. Energy and Commerce H. Commerce H. Select Committee on Aging 102nd 102nd 103rd 104th 102nd FRAZER, VICTOR O., a Delegate from the U.S. Virgin Islands. Born on May 24, 1943. Elected as a Democrat to the 104th Congress; served from January 3, 1995, to January 3, 1997. Committee Assignments Congress H. International Relations 104th FUDGE, MARCIA L., a representative from Ohio. Born on October 29, 1952. Elected as Democrat to the 111th Congress and later to the 110th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Stephanie Tubbs Jones; has served since November 19, 2008. Committee Assignments Congress None yet assigned GRAY, WILLIAM H. III, a Representative from Pennsylvania. Born on August 20, 1941. Elected as a Democrat to the 96th through 102nd Congresses; served from January 3, 1979, to September 11, 1991, when he resigned to become president of the United Negro College Fund. Chair of the House Democratic Caucus in the First Session of the 101st Congress; later in that Congress House Democratic whip (through the First Session of the 102nd Congress). Committee Assignments H. Budget H. District of Columbia H. Foreign Affairs H. Appropriations H. House Administration Jt. Deficit Reduction ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Congress , 98th-100th (committee chair, 99th-100th) 96th-102nd 96th 97th-102nd 102nd 100th 96th ŘŖȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ GREEN, AL, a Representative from Texas. Born on September 1, 1947. Elected as a Democrat to the 109th Congress; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 4, 2005. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services H. Science H. Homeland Security 109th-110th 109th 110th HALL, KATIE B., a Representative from Indiana. Born on April 3, 1938. Elected as a Democrat to the 97th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Representative Adam Benjamin; reelected to the 98th Congress; served from November 29, 1982, to January 3, 1985. First African American Member of Congress from Indiana. Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 98th H. Public Works and Transportation 98th HARALSON, JEREMIAH, a Representative from Alabama. Born on April 1, 1846, died in 1916. Elected as a Republican to the 44th Congress; served from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1877. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Expenditures 44th HASTINGS, ALCEE L., a Representative from Florida. Born on September 5, 1936. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 5, 1993. Committee Assignments Congress H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Science H. Select Intelligence H. Rules H. Standards of Official Conduct 103rd 104th-107th 103rd 103rd 104th-105th 106th-110th 107th-110th 110th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Řŗȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ HAWKINS, AUGUSTUS F., a Representative from California. Born on August 31, 1907; died on November 10, 2007. Elected as a Democrat to the 88th through 101st Congresses; served from January 3, 1963, to January 3, 1991. First African American Member of Congress from California. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 88th-101st (committee chair, 98th, 2nd sess. - 101st) 91st-98th (committee chair, 97th - 98th, 2nd sess.) 95th-98th (committee chair, 96th, 98th) 97th-98th (committee chair, 97th) 97th-101st H. House Administration Jt. Committee on Printing Jt. Committee on the Library Jt. Economic HAYES, CHARLES A., a Representative from Illinois. Born on February 17, 1918; died on April 8, 1997. Elected as a Democrat to the 98th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative Harold Washington; reelected to the 99th through 102nd Congresses; served from September 12, 1983, to January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Small Business H. Post Office and Civil Service Congress -102nd 98th-101st 101st-102nd 98th HILLIARD, EARL F., a Representative from Alabama. Born on April 9, 1942. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 106th Congresses; reelected to the 107th Congress; served from January 5, 1993, to January 3, 2003. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture H. Small Business H. International Relations 103rd-107th 103rd-104th 105th-107th HYMAN, JOHN ADAMS, a Representative from North Carolina. Born on July 23, 1840; died on September 14, 1891. Elected as a Republican to the 44th Congress; served from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1877. First African American Member of Congress from North Carolina. Committee Assignments Congress H. Manufactures 44th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŘŘȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ JACKSON, JESSE L. Jr., a Representative from Illinois. Born on March 11, 1965. Elected as a Democrat to the 104th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative Melvin Reynolds; reelected to the 105th through 110th Congresses; has served since December 14, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services H. Small Business H. Appropriations 104th-105th 105th 106th-110th JACKSON LEE, SHEILA, a Representative from Texas. Born on January 12, 1950. Elected as a Democrat to the 104th through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 104th-110th H. Science H. Homeland Security H. Foreign Affairs 104 -109 108 -110 110 th th th th th JEFFERSON, WILLIAM J., a Representative from Louisiana. Born on March 14, 1947. Elected as a Democrat to the 102nd through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 102nd H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. District of Columbia H. Ways and Means H. National Security H. House Oversight H. Budget H. Small Business Jt. Printing 102nd 103rd 103rd, 105th-109th 104th 104th 109th 110th 104th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Řřȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ JOHNSON, EDDIE BERNICE, a Representative from Texas. Born on December 3, 1935. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 5, 1993. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 107th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd H. Transportation and Infrastructure 104th-110th H. Science, Space, and Technology 103rd H. Science 104th-109th H. Science and Technology 110th JOHNSON, HENRY C. (HANK) Jr., a Representative from Georgia. Born on October 2, 1954. Elected as a Democrat to the 110th Congress; has served since January 4, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services H. Judiciary H. Small Business 110th 110th 110th JONES, STEPHANIE TUBBS, a Representative from Ohio. Born on September 10, 1949; died on August 20, 2008. Elected as a Democrat to the 106th through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; served from January 3, 1999, to August 20, 2008. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 106th H. Financial Services H. Small Business H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Ways and Means 107th 106th 107th-110th (committee chair, 110th ) 108th-110th JORDAN, BARBARA C., a Representative from Texas. Born on February 21, 1936; died on January 17, 1996. Elected as a Democrat to the 93rd through 95th Congresses; served from January 3, 1973, to January 3, 1979. First African American Member of Congress from Texas. Committee Assignments Congress H. Judiciary 93rd-95th H. Government Operations 94th-95th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŘŚȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ KILPATRICK, CAROLYN CHEEKS, a Representative from Michigan. Born on June 25, 1945. Elected as a Democrat to the 105th through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 7, 1997. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services H. House Oversight Jt. Committee on the Library H. Appropriations 105th 105th 105th 106th-110th LANGSTON, JOHN M., a Representative from Virginia. Born on December 14, 1829; died on November 15, 1897. Elected as a Republican to the 51st Congress; served from September 23, 1890, to March 3, 1891, after he successfully contested the election of Edward Venable. First African American Member of Congress from Virginia. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education 51st LEE, BARBARA, a Representative from California. Born on July 16, 1946. Elected as a Democrat to the 105th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative Ronald Dellums; reelected to the 106th through 110th Congresses; has served since April 20, 1998. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Science H. International Relations H. Appropriations 105th-106th 107th-109th 105th 106th-109th 110th LELAND, GEORGE T. (MICKEY), a Representative from Texas. Born on November 27, 1944; died on August 7, 1989. Elected as a Democrat to the 96th through 101st Congresses; served from January 3, 1979, to August 7, 1989. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 99th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia H. Interstate and Foreign Commerce H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Select Hunger 96th-99th 96th-101st 96th-101st 98th-101st (committee chair, 98th-101st) 98th H. Select Children, Youth, and Families ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Řśȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ LEWIS, JOHN R., a Representative from Georgia. Born on February 19, 1940. Elected as a Democrat to the 100th through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 6, 1987. A Democratic chief deputy whip in the 102nd through 109th Congresses; senior chief deputy majority whip in the 110th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation H. Interior and Insular Affairs H. Select Aging H. District of Columbia H. Ways and Means H. Budget 100th-102nd 100th-102nd 101st-102nd 103rd 103rd-110th 108th LONG, JEFFERSON F., a Representative from Georgia. Born on March 3, 1836; died on February 5, 1900. Elected as a Republican to the 41st Congress after the House declared that Representative Samuel Gove was not entitled to his seat; served from January 16, 1871, to March 3, 1871. First African American Member of Congress from Georgia. Committee Assignments Congress None — LYNCH, JOHN R., a Representative from Mississippi. Born on September 10, 1847; died on November 2, 1939. Elected as a Republican to the 43rd, 44th, and 47th Congresses; served from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1877, and from April 29, 1882, to March 3, 1883, after he successfully contested the election of Representative James Chalmers. At age 26, he was the youngest Member of the 43rd Congress. First African American Member of the House of Representatives from Mississippi. Committee Assignments Congress H. Mines and Mining 43rd-44th H. Militia 47th H. Education and Labor 47th MAJETTE, DENISE L., a Representative from Georgia. Born on May 18, 1955. Elected as a Democrat to the 108th Congress; served from January 7, 2003, to January 3, 2005. Committee Assignments Congress H. Budget 108th H. Education and the Workforce H. Small Business 108th 108th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŘŜȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ McKINNEY, CYNTHIA A., a Representative from Georgia. Born on March 17, 1955. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 107th Congresses; served from January 5, 1993, to January 3, 2003; elected to the 109th Congress; served from January 4, 2005, to January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. Banking and Financial Services H. National Security H. Armed Services H. Budget 103rd 103rd 104th-107th 104th-105th 105th 106th-107th, 109th 109th MEEK, CARRIE P., a Representative from Florida. Born on April 29, 1926. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 107th Congresses; served from January 5, 1993, to January 3, 2003. Succeeded by her son, Representative Kendrick Meek. Committee Assignments Congress H. Appropriations H. Budget H. Government Reform and Oversight 103rd, 105th-107th 104th 104th MEEK, KENDRICK, a Representative from Florida. Born on September 6, 1966. Elected to the 108th through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 7, 2003. Succeeded his mother, Representative Carrie Meek. Committee Assignments Congress H. Armed Services H. Homeland Security H. Ways and Means 108th -110th 108th -109th 110th MEEKS, GREGORY, a Representative from New York. Born on September 25, 1953. Elected as a Democrat to the 105th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative Floyd Flake; reelected to the 106th through 110th Congresses; has served since February 5, 1998. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services 105th H. Financial Services H. International Relations H. Foreign Affairs ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ -106th 107th-110th 106th-109th 110th Řŝȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ METCALFE, RALPH H., a Representative from Illinois. Born on May 30, 1910; died on October 10, 1978. Elected as a Democrat to the 92nd through 95th Congresses; served from January 3, 1971, to October 10, 1978. Committee Assignments Congress H. Interstate and Foreign Commerce H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Post Office and Civil Service 92nd-95th 92nd-95th 95th MFUME, KWEISI, a Representative from Maryland. Born on October 24, 1948. Elected as a Democrat to the 100th through 104th Congresses; served from January 6, 1987, to February 16, 1996, when he resigned to become executive director of the NAACP. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 103rd Congress. Co-chair of the Democratic Policy Committee in the 104th Congress, 1995-1996. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Small Business H. Education and Labor H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control Jt. Economic H. Standards of Official Conduct H. Select Hunger 100th-103rd 104th 100th-104th 101st 101st-102nd 102nd-104th 103rd 100th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŘŞȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ MILLENDER-McDONALD, JUANITA, a Representative from California. Born on September 7, 1938; died on April 22, 2007. Elected as a Democrat to the104th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative Walter Tucker; reelected to the 105th through 110th Congresses; served from April 16, 1996, to April 22, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Administration 104 -110 104 -119 108 -110 (committee chair, 110 , 1 sess.) 108 , 110 110 (committee chair, 110 , 1 session) 110 (committee chair, 110 , 1 sess.) th th th th th th th st Jt. Library th th th th st Jt. Printing th th st MILLER, THOMAS E., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on June 17, 1849; died on April 8, 1936. Elected as a Republican to the 51st Congress; served from September 24, 1890, to March 3, 1891, when he successfully contested the election of William Elliott. Committee Assignments Congress H. Library of Congress 51st MITCHELL, ARTHUR W., a Representative from Illinois. Born on December 22, 1883; died on May 9, 1968. Elected as a Democrat to the 74th through 77th Congresses; served from January 3, 1935, to January 3, 1943. First African American Democrat elected to Congress. Committee Assignments H. Post Office and Post Roads ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Congress 74th-77th Řşȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ MITCHELL, PARREN J., a Representative from Maryland. Born on April 29, 1922; died May 28, 2007. Elected as a Democrat to the 92nd through 99th Congresses; served from January 3, 1971, to January 3, 1987. First African American Member of Congress from Maryland. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 95th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Currency H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Select Small Business H. Small Business 92nd-93rd 94th-99th 92nd-93rd 94th, 96th-99th (committee chair, 97th-99th) 93rd -95th 94th-95th 95th-99th H. Budget Jt. Defense Production Jt. Economic MOORE, GWEN, a Representative from Wisconsin. Born on April 18, 1951. Elected as Democrat to the 109th Congress; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 4, 2005. First African American Member of Congress from Wisconsin. Committee Assignments Congress H. Financial Services 109th-110th H. Small Business H. Budget 109th -110th 110th MOSELEY-BRAUN, CAROL, a Senator from Illinois. Born on August 16, 1947. Elected as a Democrat to a six-year term beginning with the 103rd Congress and served through the 105th Congress, from January 5, 1993, to January 3, 1999. First African American woman and African American Democrat to serve in the Senate. Ambassador to New Zealand from 1999-2001; candidate for U.S. President in 2004. Committee Assignments Congress S. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs S. Judiciary S. Small Business S. Finance S. Special Aging 103rd-105th 103rd 103rd 104th-105th 104th-105th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ řŖȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ MURRAY, GEORGE W., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on September 22, 1853; died on April 21, 1926. Elected as a Republican to the 53rd and 54th Congresses; served from March 4, 1893, to March 3, 1895, and from June 4, 1896, to March 3, 1897 (successfully contested an election). Committee Assignments Congress H. Education H. Expenditures in the Treasury Department 53rd-54th 54th NASH, CHARLES E., a Representative from Louisiana. Born on May 23, 1844; died on June 21, 1913. Elected as a Republican to the 44th Congress; served from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1877. First African American Member of Congress from Louisiana. Committee Assignment Congress H. Education and Labor 44th NIX, ROBERT N.C. Sr., a Representative from Pennsylvania. Born on August 9, 1905; died on June 22, 1987. Elected as a Democrat to the 85th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative Earl Chudoff; reelected to the 86th through 95th Congresses; served from June 4, 1958, to January 3, 1979. First African American Member of Congress from Pennsylvania. Committee Assignments Congress H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. Veterans’ Affairs H. Post Office and Civil Service 85th-86th 87th-93rd 94th-95th 85th-86th 88th-95th (committee chair, 95th) 89th 91st H. Select Standards and Conduct H. Crime ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ řŗȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ NORTON, ELEANOR HOLMES, a Delegate from the District of Columbia. Born on June 13, 1937. Elected as a Democrat to the 102nd through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 3, 1991. Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Public Works and Transportation H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Oversight and Government Reform H. Small Business Jt. Committee on the Organization of Congress H. Homeland Security 102 102 102 104 104 106 110 104 102 108 -103 -103 -103 -110 -105 -109 nd rd nd rd nd rd th th th th th th th th -103 -110 nd r th th OBAMA, BARACK, a Senator from Illinois. Born on August 4, 1961. Elected as a Democrat to a six-year term beginning with the 109th Congress; served from January 4, 2005, until November 16, 2009, when he resigned after being elected President of the U.S. He is not only the first African American elected President but also the first African American male Democrat elected to the Senate. Committee Assignments Congress S. Environment and Public Works S. Foreign Relations S. Veterans’ Affairs S. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions S. Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 109th -110th 109th -110th 109th -110th 110th 110th O’HARA, JAMES E., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on February 26, 1844; died on September 15, 1905. Elected as a Republican to the 48th and 49th Congresses; served from March 4, 1883, to March 3, 1887. Committee Assignments Congress H. Mines and Mining 48th H. Expenditures on Public Buildings 49th H. Invalid Pensions 49th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ řŘȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ OWENS, MAJOR R., a Representative from New York. Born on June 28, 1936. Elected as a Democrat to the 98th through 110th Congresses; served from January 3, 1983, to January 3, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Education and the Workforce H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform 98th-103rd 104th 105th-109th 98th-103rd 104th-105th 106th-109th PAYNE, DONALD M., a Representative from New Jersey. Born on July 16, 1934. Elected as a Democrat to the 101st through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 3, 1989. First African American Member of Congress from New Jersey. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 104th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor 101st- H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Education and the Workforce H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. Government Operations 104th 105th-109th 101st-103rd, 110th 104th-109th 101st-103rd 103rd, 110th POWELL, ADAM CLAYTON Jr., a Representative from New York. Born on November 29, 1908; died on April 4, 1972. Elected as a Democrat to the 79th through 90th Congresses, but was not seated in the 90th Congress (excluded from that Congress on March 1, 1967). He served from January 3, 1945, to January 3, 1967. In April 1967, he was reelected in a special election to the seat from which he had been excluded, but he did not attempt to take the oath of office. He was reelected to the 91st Congress and served from January 3, 1969, to January 3, 1971. First African American Member of Congress from New York. Committee Assignments Congress H. Indian Affairs H. Invalid Pensions H. Labor H. Education and Labor 79th 79th 79th 80th-89th, 91st (committee chair, 87th-89th) 84th-86th H. Interior and Insular Affairs ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ řřȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ RAINEY, JOSEPH H., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on June 21, 1832; died on August 2, 1887. Elected as a Republican to the 41st Congress when the House declared the seat of Representative Benjamin Whittemore vacant; reelected to the 42nd through 45th Congresses; served from December 12, 1870, to March 3, 1879. First African American Member of the House of Representatives and first African American Member of Congress from South Carolina. Committee Assignments Congress H. Freedmen’s Affairs H. Indian Affairs H. Invalid Pensions H. Select Celebration of Proposed National Census of 1875 41 -42nd 43rd 44th-45th 43rd st RANGEL, CHARLES B., a Representative from New York. Born on June 11, 1930. Elected as a Democrat to the 92nd through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 3, 1971. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 94th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works 92nd H. Science and Astronautics H. Judiciary H. District of Columbia H. Ways and Means H. Select Crime H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control Jt. Taxation 92nd 92nd-93rd 93rd 94th-110th (committee chair, 110th Congress) 92nd-93rd 94th-102nd (committee chair, 98th-102nd) 104th-105th RANSIER, ALONZO J., a Representative from South Carolina. Born on January 3, 1834; died on August 17, 1882. Elected as a Republican to the 43rd Congress; served from March 3, 1873, to March 3, 1875. Committee Assignments Congress H. Manufactures 43rd ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ řŚȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ RAPIER, JAMES T., a Representative from Alabama. Born on November 13, 1837; died on May 31, 1883. Elected as a Republican to the 43rd Congress; served from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1875. Committee Assignment Congress H. Education and Labor 43rd REVELS, HIRAM RHODES, a Senator from Mississippi. Born on September 27, 1827; died on January 16, 1901. Elected as a Republican to the 41st Congress after Mississippi was readmitted to the union, and served from February 25, 1870, to March 3, 1871. First African American Member of Congress; first African American Senator; first African American Republican elected to Congress; first African American Member of Congress from Mississippi. Committee Assignments Congress S. Education and Labor S. District of Columbia 41 41 st st REYNOLDS, MELVIN J., a Representative from Illinois. Born on January 8, 1952. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd and 104th Congresses; served from January 5, 1993, until his resignation on October 1, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Ways and Means 103rd H. Economic and Educational Opportunities 104th RICHARDSON, LAURA., a Representative from California. Born on April 14, 1962. Elected as a Democrat to the 110th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Representative Juanita Millender-McDonald; has served since September 4, 2007. Committee Assignments Congress H. Science and Technology 110th H. Transportation and Infrastructure 110th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ řśȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ RUSH, BOBBY L., a Representative from Illinois. Born on November 23, 1946. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 5, 1993. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Government Operations H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce 103rd 103rd 103rd 104th-106th 107th-110th SAVAGE, GUS, a Representative from Illinois. Born on October 30, 1925. Elected as a Democrat to the 97th through 102nd Congresses; served from January 3, 1981, to January 3, 1993. Committee Assignments Congress H. Post Office and Civil Service 97th H. Public Works and Transportation H. Small Business 97th-102nd 97th-102nd SCOTT, DAVID, a Representative from Georgia. Born on June 27, 1946. Elected as a Democrat to the 108th-109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 7, 2003. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture H. Financial Services H. Foreign Affairs H. Standards of Official Conduct 108th -110th 108th- 110th 110th 110th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ řŜȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ SCOTT, ROBERT C., a Representative from Virginia. Born on April 30, 1947. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 5, 1993. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor H. Economic and Educational Opportunities H. Education and the Workforce H. Judiciary H. Science, Space, and Technology H. Select U.S. National Security and Military/ Commercial Concerns with the People’s Republic of China H. Budget 103rd, 110th 104th 105th-107th, 109th 103rd-110th 103rd 106th 108th, 110th SMALLS, ROBERT, a Representative from South Carolina. Born on April 5, 1839; died on February 22, 1915. Elected as a Republican to the 44th, 45th, and 47th through 49th Congresses. He served from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1879; from July 19, 1882, to March 3, 1883, after he successfully contested the reelection of Representative George Tillman; and from March 18, 1884, to March 3, 1887, after he was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Representative Edmund Mackey. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture H. Militia H. Manufactures H. War Claims 44th, 47th 45th 48th 49th STEWART, BENNETT M., a Representative from Illinois. Born on August 6, 1912; died on April 26, 1988. Elected as a Democrat to the 96th Congress; served from January 3, 1979, to January 3, 1981. Committee Assignment Congress H. Appropriations 96th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ řŝȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ STOKES, LOUIS, a Representative from Ohio. Born on February 23, 1925. Elected as a Democrat to the 91st through 105th Congresses; served from January 3, 1969, to January 3, 1999. First African American Member of Congress from Ohio. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 92nd and 93rd Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor H. Internal Security H. Appropriations H. Budget H. Standards of Official Conduct 91st 91st 92nd-105th 95th-96th 96th-98th, 102nd (committee chair, 97th-98th, 102nd) 94th-95th (committee chair, 95th) 98th-100th 100th H. Select Assassinations H. Select Intelligence H. Select to Investigate Arms Transactions to Iran THOMPSON, BENNIE G., a Representative from Mississippi. Born on January 28, 1948. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative Mike Espy to become secretary of agriculture; reelected to the 104th through 110th Congresses; has served since April 20, 1993. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture H. Merchant Marine and Fisheries H. Small Business H. Budget H. Homeland Security 103rd-108th 103rd 103rd-104th 105th-107th 108th-110th (committee chair, 110th) ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ řŞȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ TOWNS, EDOLPHUS, a Representative from New York. Born on July 21, 1934.Elected as a Democrat to the 98th through 109th Congresses; reelected to the110th Congress; has served since January 3, 1983. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 102nd Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations H. Government Reform and Oversight H. Government Reform H. Oversight and Government Reform H. Public Works and Transportation H. Energy and Commerce H. Commerce H. Select Narcotics Abuse and Control 98th-103rd 104th-105th 106th-109th 110th 98th-104th 101st-103rd, 107th-110th 104th-106th 98th-102nd TUCKER, WALTER R., a Representative from California. Born on May 28, 1957. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd and 104th Congresses; served from January 5, 1993, until his resignation on December 15, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. Public Works and Transportation 103rd H. Small Business H. Transportation and Infrastructure 103rd-104th 104th TURNER, BENJAMIN S., a Representative from Alabama. Born on March 17, 1825; died on March 21, 1894. Elected as a Republican to the 42nd Congress; served from March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1873. First African American Member of Congress from Alabama. Committee Assignment Congress H. Invalid Pensions 42nd WALDON, ALTON R. Jr., a Representative from New York. Born on December 21, 1936. Elected as a Democrat to the 99th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Representative Joseph Addabbo; served from July 29, 1986, to January 3, 1987. Committee Assignments Congress H. Education and Labor H. Small Business 99th 99th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ řşȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ WALLS, JOSIAH T., a Representative from Florida. Born on December 30, 1842; died on May 5, 1905. Elected as a Republican to the 42nd through 44th Congresses; served from March 4, 1871, to January 29, 1873 (when his election was successfully contested); from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1875; and from March 4, 1875, to April 19, 1876 (when his election was successfully contested). First African American Member of Congress from Florida. Committee Assignments Congress H. Militia 42nd-43rd H. Mileage 44th WASHINGTON, CRAIG A., a Representative from Texas. Born on October 12, 1941. Elected as a Democrat to the 101st Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Representative Mickey Leland; reelected to the 102nd and 103rd Congresses; served from December 9, 1989, to January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments H. Education and Labor H. Judiciary H. Energy and Commerce H. Government Operations H. Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control Congress 102nd 101st-103rd 103rd 103rd 102nd 101st- WASHINGTON, HAROLD D., a Representative from Illinois. Born on April 15, 1922; died on November 25, 1987. Elected as a Democrat to the 97th and 98th Congresses; served from January 3, 1981, to April 29, 1983, when he resigned to become mayor of Chicago. Committee Assignments Congress H. Government Operations 97th H. Education and Labor 97th-98th H. Judiciary 97th-98th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŚŖȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ WATERS, MAXINE, a Representative from California. Born on August 31, 1938.Elected as a Democrat to the 102nd through 109th Congresses, reelected to the110th Congress; has served since January 3, 1991. Chair of the CongressionalBlack Caucus in the 105th Congress; vice chair of the Democratic SteeringCommittee in the 105th through 108th Congresses; a Democratic chief deputywhip in the 106th through 110th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Veterans Affairs H. Small Business H. Judiciary 102nd-103rd 104th-106th 107th-110th 102nd-104th 103rd-104th 105th-110th WATSON, DIANE E., a Representative from California. Born on November 12, 1933. Elected as a Democrat to the 107th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Representative Julian Dixon; reelected to the 108th-110th Congresses; has served since June 7, 2001. U.S. ambassador to Micronesia from 1999 to 2001. Committee Assignments Congress H. International Relations H. Foreign Affairs H. Government Reform H. Oversight and Government Reform 107th-109th 110th 107th-109th 110th WATT, MELVIN L., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on August 26, 1945. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 109th Congresses; reelected to the 110th Congress; has served since January 5, 1993. Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 109th Congress. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Financial Services H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Judiciary Jt. Economic 103rd 104th-106th 107th-110th 103rd 103rd-110th 107th-108th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Śŗȱ ȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ WATTS, J.C. Jr., a Representative from Oklahoma. Born on November 18, 1957. Elected as a Republican to the 104th through 107th Congresses; served from January 3, 1995, to January 3, 2003. First African American Member of Congress from Oklahoma. Chair of the House Republican Conference in the 106th through 107th Congresses. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking and Financial Services H. National Security H. Transportation and Infrastructure H. Armed Services 104th 104th-105th 105th-106th 106th-107th WHEAT, ALAN D., a Representative from Missouri. Born on October 16, 1951. Elected as a Democrat to the 98th through 103rd Congresses; served from January 3, 1983, to January 3, 1995. Committee Assignments Congress H. District of Columbia H. Rules H. Select Children, Youth, and Families H. Select Hunger 98th-103rd 98th-103rd 98th-102nd 101st-102nd WHITE, GEORGE H., a Representative from North Carolina. Born on December 18, 1852; died on December 28, 1918. Elected as a Republican to the 55th and 56th Congresses; served from March 4, 1897, to March 3, 1901. Committee Assignments Congress H. Agriculture H. District of Columbia 55th 55th-56th WYNN, ALBERT R., a Representative from Maryland. Born on September 10, 1951. Elected as a Democrat to the 103rd through 110th Congresses; served from January 5, 1993, to May 31, 2008. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs H. Banking and Financial Services H. Foreign Affairs H. International Relations H. Post Office and Civil Service H. Commerce H. Energy and Commerce 103rd 104th 103rd 104th 103rd 105th-106th 107th-110th ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŚŘȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ YOUNG, ANDREW, a Representative from Georgia. Born on March 12, 1932. Elected as a Democrat to the 93rd through 95th Congresses; served from January 3, 1973, to January 29, 1977, when he resigned to become U.S. ambassador to the United Nations. Elected mayor of Atlanta in 1981. Committee Assignments Congress H. Banking, Currency, and Housing 93rd H. Rules 94th . African American Members of Congress—Senate Table 1 Name Congress(es) Years State Party Brooke, Edward W. 90th-95th 1967-1979 MA R Bruce, Blanche K. 44th-46th 1875-1881 MS R 1993-1999 IL D Moseley-Braun, Carol 103rd-105th 109th-110th 2005-2008 IL D Obama, Baracka 41st 1870-1871 MS R Revels, Hiram R.b a. Resigned on Nov. 16, 2008, after being elected President of the U.S. for the term beginning Jan. 20, 2009. b. Seated after Mississippi was readmitted to the Union on Feb. 23, 1870; first African American Member of Congress. Table 2. African American Members of Congress—House of Representatives Name Ballance, Frank W. Jr. Bishop, Sanford D. Jr. Blackwell, Lucien E. Brown, Corrine Burke, Yvonne B. Butterfield, G.K. Cain, Richard Harvey b c C ongress(es) 108 103 102 -103 103 93 -95 108 43 45 105 -110 110 51 -52 91 -97 105 110 91 -106 107 th rd nd rd rd rd th th- rd th Carson, Julia M Carson, André Cheatham, Henry P. Chisholm, Shirley A. Christian-Christensen, Donna Clarke, Yvette D. Clay, William L. Sr. Clay, William Lacy Jr. d d e ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ th th th st nd st th th th st th th Years State Districta Party 2003-2004 19931991-1995 19931973-1979 20041873-1875 1877-1879 1997-2007 20081889-1893 1969-1983 199720071969-2001 2001- NC GA PA FL CA NC SC 1 2 2 3 28 1 AL D D D D D D R IN IN NC NY VI NY MO MO 10 , 7 7 2 12 AL 11 1 1 st nd nd rd th st th th nd th th st st th D D R D D D D D Śřȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ Name Clayton, Eva M.f Cleaver, Emanuel Clyburn, James E. Collins, Barbara-Rose Collins, Cardissg Collins, George W.h Conyers, John Jr. Crockett, George W.i Cummings, Elijah E.j Davis, Artur Davis, Danny K. Dawson, William L.k DeLarge, Robert C.l Dellums, Ronald V.m DePriest, Oscar S. Diggs, Charles C. Jr.n Dixon, Julian C.o Dymally, Mervyn M. Edwards, Donna F.p Elliott, Robert B.q Ellison, Keith Espy, Albert M. (Mike)r Evans, Melvin H. Fattah, Chaka Fauntroy, Walter E.s Fields, Cleo Flake, Floyd H. Ford, Harold E. Jr. Ford, Harold E. Sr. Franks, Gary A. Frazer, Victor O. Fudge, Marcia L.t Gray, William H. IIIu Green, Al Hall, Katie Bv Haralson, Jeremiah Hastings, Alcee L. ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Congress(es) Years State Districta 102nd-107th 109th103rd102nd-104th 93rd-104th 91st-92nd 89th96th-101st 104th108th105th78th-91st 42nd 92nd-105th 71st-73rd 84th-96th 96th-106th 97th-102nd 110th 42nd-43rd 110th 100th-103rd 96th 104th92nd-101st 103rd-104th 100th-105th 105th-109th 94th-104th 102nd-104th 104th 110th96th-102nd 109th97th-98th 44th 103rd- 1992-2003 200519931991-1997 1973-1997 1970-1972 19651980-1991 1996200319971943-1970 1871-1873 1971-1998 1929-1935 1955-1980 1979-2000 1981-1993 20081871-1874 20071987-1993 1979-1981 19951971-1991 1993-1997 1987-1997 1997-2007 1975-1997 1991-1997 1995 20081979-1991 20051982-1985 1875-1877 1993- NC MO SC MI IL IL MI MI MD AL IL IL SC CA IL MI CA CA MD SC MN MS VI PA DC LA NY TN TN CT VI OH PA TX IN AL FL 1st 5th 6th 15th 7th 6th 14th 13th 7th 7th 7th 1st 2nd 8th 1st 13th 32nd 31st 4th 3rd 5th 2nd AL 2nd AL 4th 6th 9th 9th 5th AL 11th 2nd 9th 1st 1st 23rd Party D D D D D D D D D D D D R D R D D D D R D D R D D D D D D R D D D D D R D ŚŚȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ Name Hawkins, Augustus F. Hayes, Charles A.w Hilliard, Earl F. Hyman, John Adams Jackson, Jesse L. Jr.x Jackson Lee, Sheila Jefferson, William J. Johnson, Eddie Bernice Johnson, Henry C. (Hank) Jr. Jones, Stephanie Tubbsy Jordan, Barbara C. Kilpatrick, Carolyn C. Langston, John M.z Lee, Barbaraaa Leland, George T. (Mickey)bb Lewis, John R. Long, Jefferson F.cc Lynch, John R.dd McKinney, Cynthia A. Majette, Denise L. Meek, Carrie P. Meek, Kendrick Meeks, Gregoryee Metcalfe, Ralph H.ff Mfume, Kweisigg Millender-McDonald, Juanitahh Miller, Thomas E.ii Mitchell, Arthur W. Mitchell, Parren J. Moore, Gwen Murray, George W.jj Nash, Charles E. Nix, Robert N.C. Sr.kk Norton, Eleanor Holmes ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Congress(es) Years State Districta 88th-101st 98th-102nd 103rd-107th 44th 104th104th102nd103rd110th 106th-110th 93rd-95th 105th51st 105th96th-101st 100th41st 43rd-44th 47th 103rd- 107th 109th 108th 103rd-107th 108th105th92nd-95th 100th-104th 104th-110th 51st 74th-77th 92nd-99th 109th 53rd-54th 1963-1991 1983-1993 1993-2003 1875-1877 199519951991199320071999-2008 1973-1979 19971890-1891 19981979-1989 19871870-1871 1873-1877 1882-1883 1993-2003 2005-2007 2003-2005 1993-2003 200319981971-1978 1987-1996 1996-2007 1890-1891 1935-1943 1971-1987 20051893-1895 1896-1897 1875-1877 1958-1979 1991- CA IL AL NC IL TX LA TX GA OH TX MI VA CA TX GA GA MS 29th 1st 7th 2nd 2nd 18th 2nd 30th 4th 11th 18th 15th, 13th 4th 9th 18th 5th 4th 7th D D D R D D D D D D D D R D D D R R GA 4th D GA FL FL NY IL MD CA SC IL MD WI SC 4th 17th 17th 6th 1st 7th 37th 7th 1st 7th 4th 7th D D D D D D D R D D D R LA PA DC 6th 2nd AL R D D 44th 85th-95th 102nd- Party Śśȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ Name O’Hara, James E. Owens, Major R. Payne, Donald M. Powell, Adam C. Jr.ll Rainey, Joseph H.mm Rangel, Charles B. Ransier, Alonzo J. Rapier, James T. Reynolds, Melvin J.nn Richardson, Lauraoo Rush, Bobby L. Savage, Gus Scott, David Scott, Robert C. Smalls, Robertpp Stewart, Bennett M. Stokes, Louis Thompson, Bennie G.qq Towns, Edolphus Tucker, Walter R.rr Turner, Benjamin S. Waldon, Alton R. Jr.ss Walls, Josiah T.tt Washington, Craig A.uu Washington, Harold D.vv Waters, Maxine Watson, Diane E.ww Watt, Melvin L. Watts, J.C. Jr. Wheat, Alan D. White, George H. Wynn, Albert R.xx ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Congress(es) Years State Districta 48th-49th 98th-107th 101st79th-89th 91st 41st-45th 92nd43rd 43rd 103rd-104th 110th 103rd97th-102nd 108th103rd44th-45th 47th 48th-49th 96th 91st-105th 103rd98th103rd-104th 42nd 99th 42nd 43rd 44th 101st-103rd 97th-98th 102nd107th 103rd104th-107th 98th-103rd 55th-58th 103rd-110th 1883-1887 1983-2007 19891945-1967 1969-1971 1870-1879 19711873-1875 1873-1875 1993-1995 200719931981-1993 200319931875-1879 1882-1883 1884-1887 1979-1981 1969-1999 199319831993-1995 1871-1873 1986-1987 1871-1873 1873-1875 1875-1876 1989-1995 1981-1983 1991200119931995-2003 1983-1995 1897-1901 1993-2008 NC NY NJ NY 2nd 11th 10th 18th R D D D SC NY SC AL IL CA IL IL GA VA SC 1st 15th 2nd 2nd 2nd 37th 1st 2nd 13th 3rd 5th R D R R D D D D D D R IL OH MS NY CA AL NY FL 1st 21st 2nd 10th 37th 1st 6th AL D D D D D R D R TX IL CA CA NC OK MO NC MD 18th 1st 35th 32nd, 33rd 12th 4th 5th 2nd 4th D D D D D R D R D Party ŚŜȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ Name Congress(es) Years State Districta Party Young, Andrew J.yy 93rd-95th 1973-1977 GA 5th D a. The number noted for a Member’s congressional district is that which is now assigned to it or was assigned to it when he or she was last in Congress. “AL” indicates that the Member served at-large. b. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. William Gray; seated on Nov. 13, 1991. c. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Frank Ballance, seated on July 21, 2004. d. Died on Dec. 15, 2007, and replaced by her grandson, Rep. André Carson on Mar. 13, 2008. e. First African American woman elected to Congress and first African American female presidential candidate, 1972. f. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Walter Jones; took office on Nov. 5, 1992. g. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Rep. George W. Collins; seated on June 7, 1973. h. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Daniel J. Ronan; seated on Nov. 16, 1970. He was subsequently killed in an airplane crash on Dec. 8, 1972. i. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr.; seated on Nov. 12, 1980. j. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Kweisi Mfume; seated on Apr. 25, 1996. k. Died on Nov. 9, 1970. l. Seat declared vacant on January 24, 1873, after Rep. Robert DeLarge’s election was successfully contested. m. Resigned from office on Feb. 6, 1998. n. Resigned from office on June 3, 1980. o. Died on Dec. 8, 2000. p. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Albert Wynn; seated on June 19, 2008. q. Resigned from office, effective Nov. 1, 1874. r. Resigned from office on Jan. 25, 1993, to become Secretary of Agriculture. s. Delegate from the District of Columbia. Elected in a special election and sworn in on Apr. 19, 1971. t. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones; seated on Nov. 19,2008. u. Resigned from office on Sep. 11, 1991. v. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Adam Benjamin; seated on Nov. 29, 1982. w. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Harold Washington; seated on Sep. 12, 1983. x. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Mel Reynolds; seated on Dec. 14, 1995. y. Died on August 20, 2008. z. Successfully contested the election of Rep. Edward C. Venable and served from Sep. 23, 1890, to Mar. 3, 1891. aa. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Ronald Dellums; seated on Apr. 20,1998. bb. Died in a plane crash on Aug. 7, 1989, while in Ethiopia on a fact-finding tour investigating hunger among refugees. cc. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the House declaring that Rep. Samuel Gove was not entitled to his seat; served from Dec. 22, 1870, to Mar. 3, 1871. dd. Successfully contested the election of Rep. James R. Chalmers to the 47th Congress; served from Apr. 29, 1882, to Mar. 3, 1883. ee. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Floyd Flake; seated on Feb. 5, 1998. ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Śŝȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ Died on Oct. 10, 1978. gg. Resigned from office on Feb. 16, 1996. hh. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Walter Tucker; seated on Apr. 16, 1996. Died on Apr. 22, 2007. ii. Successfully contested an election; served from Sep. 24, 1890, to Mar. 3, 1891. jj. Successfully contested an election; served from June 4, 1896, to Mar. 3, 1897. kk. First elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Earl Chudoff; seated on June 4, 1958. ll. Elected to the 90th Congress, but excluded and not seated. Reelected to the seat vacated by his exclusion, but never took the oath of office. Reelected to the 91st Congress and seated. Defeated for renomination to the 92nd Congress in 1970. mm. First African American Member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Elected to the 41st Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the House declaring the seat of Rep. Benjamin Whittemore vacant. Seated on Dec. 12, 1870. nn. Resigned from office on Oct. 1, 1995. oo. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Juanita Millender-McDonald; seated on Sep. 4, 2007. pp. Successfully contested an election and seated in the 47th Congress on July 19, 1882. Subsequently elected to the 48th-49th Congresses; first elected to the 48th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Edmund Mackey; seated on Mar. 18, 1884. qq. Elected to fill vacancy caused by the resignation of Rep. Mike Espy; seated on Apr. 20, 1993. rr. Resigned from office on Dec. 15, 1995. ss. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Joseph Addabbo; seated on July 29, 1986. tt. Served from Mar. 4, 1871, until January 29, 1873, when seat was lost to Rep. Silas L. Niblack, who successfully challenged his election. Served from Mar. 4, 1875, until Apr. 19, 1876, when seat was lost to Rep. Jesse J. Finley, who successfully challenged his election. uu. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Mickey Leland; seated on Dec. 9, 1989. vv. Resigned on Apr. 29, 1983, to become mayor of Chicago. ww. Elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rep. Julian Dixon; seated on June 7, 2001. xx. Resigned from office on May 31, 2008. yy. Resigned his seat on Jan. 29, 1977, to become U.S. ambassador to the United Nations. ff. Table 3. Number and Names of African American Members of Congress, by Congress No. 42a Chamber House Names 110th Congress (2007-2009) Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Corrine Brown G.K. Butterfield André Carson Julia M. Carson Donna ChristianChristensen Yvette D. Clarke ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Chaka Fattah Marcia L. Fudge Al Green Alcee L. Hastings Jesse L. Jackson Jr. Sheila Jackson Lee William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson Juanita MillenderMcDonald Gwen Moore Eleanor Holmes Norton Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Laura Richardson Bobby L. Rush ŚŞȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ No. Chamber Names William Lacy Clay Jr. Emanuel Cleaver James E. Clyburn John Conyers Jr. Elijah E. Cummings Artur Davis Danny K. Davis Donna F. Edwards Keith Ellison 1b No. Senate Chamber Henry (Hank) Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee John Lewis Kendrick Meek Gregory W. Meeks David Scott Robert C. Scott Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Maxine Waters Diane E. Watson Melvin L. Watt Albert R. Wynn Barack Obama Names 109 Congress (2005-2007) th 42 House 1 Senate Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Corrine Brown G.K. Butterfield Julia M. Carson Donna ChristianChristensen William Lacy Clay Jr. Emanuel Cleaver James E. Clyburn John Conyers Jr. Elijah E. Cummings Artur Davis Danny K. Davis Chaka Fattah Harold E. Ford Jr. Al Green Alcee L. Hastings Barack Obama Jesse L. Jackson Jr. Sheila Jackson Lee William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee John Lewis Cynthia McKinney Kendrick Meek Gregory W. Meeks Juanita MillenderMcDonald Gwen Moore Eleanor Holmes Norton Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Bobby L. Rush David Scott Robert C. Scott Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Maxine Waters Diane E. Watson Melvin L. Watt Albert R. Wynn 108th Congress (2003-2005) 39c House Frank W. Ballance Jr. Sanford D. Bishop Jr. G.K. Butterfield Corrine Brown Andre Carson ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Jesse L. Jackson Jr. Sheila Jackson Lee William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Bobby L. Rush David Scott Śşȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ No. Chamber Senate Names Julia M. Carson Donna ChristianChristensen William Lacy Clay Jr. James E. Clyburn John Conyers Jr. Elijah E. Cummings Artur Davis Danny K. Davis Chaka Fattah Harold E. Ford Jr. Alcee L. Hastings None Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee John Lewis Denise Majette Kendrick Meek Gregory W. Meeks Juanita MillenderMcDonald Eleanor Holmes Norton Robert C. Scott Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Maxine Waters Diane E. Watson Melvin L. Watt Albert R. Wynn 107th Congress (2001-2003) 39d House Senate Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Corrine Brown Julia Carson Donna ChristianChristensen William Lacy Clay Jr. Eva M. Clayton James E. Clyburn John Conyers Jr. Elijah E. Cummings Danny K. Davis Chaka Fattah Harold E. Ford Jr. Alcee L. Hastings Earl Hilliard None Jesse L. Jackson Jr. Sheila Jackson Lee William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson Stephanie Tubbs Jones Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee John Lewis Cynthia A. McKinney Carrie P. Meek Gregory W. Meeks Juanita MillenderMcDonald Eleanor Holmes Norton Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Bobby L. Rush Robert C. Scott Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Maxine Waters Diane E. Watson Melvin L. Watt J.C. Watts Jr. Albert R. Wynn 106th Congress (1999-2001) 39 House Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Corrine Brown Julia M. Carson Donna ChristianChristensen William L. Clay Sr. ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Alcee L. Hastings Earl Hilliard Jesse L. Jackson Jr. Sheila Jackson Lee William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson Juanita MillenderMcDonald Eleanor Holmes Norton Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel śŖȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ No. Chamber Senate Names Eva M. Clayton James E. Clyburn John Conyers Jr. Elijah Cummings Danny K. Davis Julian C. Dixon Chaka Fattah Harold E. Ford Jr. None Stephanie Tubbs Jones Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee John Lewis Cynthia A. McKinney Carrie P. Meek Gregory W. Meeks Bobby L. Rush Robert C. Scott Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Maxine Waters Melvin L. Watt J.C. Watts Jr. Albert R. Wynn 105th Congress (1997-1999) 39e House 1 Senate Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Corrine Brown Julia M. Carson Donna M. ChristianGreen William L. Clay Sr. Eva M. Clayton James E. Clyburn John Conyers Jr. Elijah Cummings Danny K. Davis Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Chaka Fattah Floyd Flake Harold E. Ford Jr. Alcee L. Hastings Earl Hilliard Jesse L. Jackson Jr. Sheila Jackson Lee William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Barbara Lee John Lewis Cynthia A. McKinney Carrie P. Meek Gregory W. Meeks Juanita MillenderMcDonald Eleanor Holmes Norton Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Bobby Rush Robert Scott Louis Stokes Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Maxine Waters Melvin L. Watt J.C. Watts Jr. Albert R. Wynn Carol Moseley-Braun 104th Congress (1995-1997) 40f House Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Corrine Brown William L. Clay Sr. Eva M. Clayton James E. Clyburn Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. Elijah E. Cummings Ronald V. Dellums ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Gary Franks Victor Frazer Alcee L. Hastings Earl F. Hilliard Jesse L. Jackson Jr. William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson Sheila Jackson Lee John Lewis Cynthia A. McKinney Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Melvin J. Reynolds Bobby L. Rush Robert Scott Louis Stokes Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Walter Tucker Maxine Waters śŗȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ No. Chamber Names Julian C. Dixon Chaka Fattah Cleo Fields Floyd H. Flake Harold E. Ford Sr. 1 Senate Carrie P. Meek Kweisi Mfume Juanita MillenderMcDonald Eleanor Holmes Norton Major R. Owens Melvin L. Watt J.C. Watts Jr. Albert R. Wynn Carol Moseley-Braun 103rd Congress (1993-1995) 39g House 1 Senate Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Lucien Blackwell Corrine Brown William L. Clay Sr. Eva M. Clayton James E. Clyburn Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Mike Espy Cleo Fields Floyd H. Flake Carol Moseley-Braun Harold E. Ford Sr. Gary Franks Earl F. Hilliard Alcee L. Hastings William J. Jefferson Eddie Bernice Johnson John Lewis Cynthia A. McKinney Carrie P. Meek Kweisi Mfume Eleanor Holmes Norton Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Melvin J. Reynolds Bobby L. Rush Robert Scott Louis Stokes Bennie G. Thompson Edolphus Towns Walter Tucker Craig Washington Maxine Waters Melvin L. Watt Alan D. Wheat Albert R. Wynn 102nd Congress (1991-1993) 27h House Senate Lucien Blackwell William L. Clay Sr. Eva M. Clayton Barbara-Rose Collins Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Mervyn M. Dymally Mike Espy None Floyd H. Flake Harold E. Ford Sr. Gary Franks William H. Gray III Charles A. Hayes William J. Jefferson John Lewis Kweisi Mfume Eleanor Holmes Norton Major R. Owens Donald M. Payne Charles B. Rangel Gus Savage Louis Stokes Edolphus Towns Craig A. Washington Maxine Waters Alan D. Wheat 101st Congress (1989-1991) 24i House William L. Clay Sr. ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Floyd H. Flake Donald M. Payne śŘȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ No. Chamber Senate Names Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. George Crockett Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Mervyn M. Dymally Mike Espy Walter E. Fauntroy None Harold E. Ford Sr. William H. Gray III Augustus F. Hawkins Charles A. Hayes Mickey Leland John Lewis Kweisi Mfume Major R. Owens Charles B. Rangel Gus Savage Louis Stokes Edolphus Towns Craig A. Washington Alan D. Wheat 100th Congress (1987-1989) 23 House Senate William L. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. George W. Crockett Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Mervyn M. Dymally Mike Espy Walter E. Fauntroy None Floyd H. Flake Harold E. Ford Sr. William H. Gray III Augustus F. Hawkins Charles A. Hayes Mickey Leland John Lewis Kweisi Mfume Major R. Owens Charles B. Rangel Gus Savage Louis Stokes Edolphus Towns Alan D. Wheat 99th Congress (1985-1987) 21 House Senate William L. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. George W. Crockett Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Mervyn M. Dymally None Walter E. Fauntroy Harold E. Ford Sr. William H. Gray III Augustus F. Hawkins Charles A. Hayes Mickey Leland Parren J. Mitchell Major R. Owens Charles B. Rangel Gus Savage Louis Stokes Edolphus Towns Alton Waldon Jr. Alan D. Wheat 98th Congress (1983-1985) 21j House William L. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. George W. Crockett Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon Mervyn M. Dymally ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Harold E. Ford Sr. William H. Gray III Katie Hall Augustus F. Hawkins Charles A. Hayes Mickey Leland Parren J. Mitchell Charles B. Rangel Gus Savage Louis Stokes Edolphus Towns Harold D. Washington Alan D. Wheat śřȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ No. Chamber Names Walter E. Fauntroy Senate Major R. Owens None 97th Congress (1981-1983) 19 House Senate Shirley A. Chisholm William L. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. George W. Crockett Ronald V. Dellums Julian C. Dixon None Mervyn M. Dymally Walter E. Fauntroy Harold E. Ford Sr. William H. Gray III Katie B. Hall Augustus F. Hawkins Mickey Leland Parren J. Mitchell Charles R. Rangel Gus Savage Louis Stokes Harold D. Washington 96th Congress (1979-1981) 17k House Senate Shirley A. Chisholm William L. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. George W. Crockett Ronald V. Dellums None Charles C. Diggs Jr. Julian C. Dixon Melvin H. Evans Walter E. Fauntroy Harold E. Ford Sr. William H. Gray III Augustus F. Hawkins Mickey Leland Parren J. Mitchell Charles B. Rangel Bennett M. Stewart Louis Stokes 95th Congress (1977-1979) 17 House 1 Senate Yvonne B. Burke Shirley A. Chisholm William L. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. Ronald V. Dellums Edward W. Brooke Charles C. Diggs Jr. Walter E. Fauntroy Harold E. Ford Sr. Augustus F. Hawkins Barbara C. Jordan Ralph H. Metcalfe Parren J. Mitchell Robert N.C. Nix Sr. Charles B. Rangel Louis Stokes Andrew J. Young 94th Congress (1975-1977) 17 House 1 Senate Yvonne B. Burke Shirley A. Chisholm William L. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. Ronald V. Dellums Edward W. Brooke Charles C. Diggs Jr. Walter E. Fauntroy Harold E. Ford Sr. Augustus F. Hawkins Barbara C. Jordan Ralph W. Metcalfe Parren J. Mitchell Robert N.C. Nix Sr. Charles B. Rangel Louis Stokes Andrew J. Young 93rd Congress (1973-1975) 16 House Yvonne B. Burke ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Charles C. Diggs Jr. Robert N.C. Nix Sr. śŚȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ No. 1 Chamber Senate Names Shirley A. Chisholm William L. Clay Sr. Cardiss Collins John Conyers Jr. Ronald V. Dellums Edward W. Brooke Walter E. Fauntroy Augustus F. Hawkins Barbara C. Jordan Ralph H. Metcalfe Parren J. Mitchell Charles B. Rangel Louis Stokes Andrew J. Young 92nd Congress (1971-1973) 13 House 1 Senate Shirley A. Chisholm William L. Clay Sr. George W. Collins John Conyers Jr. Ronald V. Dellums Edward W. Brooke Charles C. Diggs Jr. Walter E. Fauntroy Augustus F. Hawkins Ralph H. Metcalfe Parren J. Mitchell Robert N.C. Nix Sr. Charles B. Rangel Louis Stokes 91st Congress (1969-1971) 10 House 1 Senate Shirley A. Chisholm William L. Clay Sr. George W. Collins Augustus F. Hawkins Edward W. Brooke John Conyers Jr. William L. Dawson Charles C. Diggs Jr. Robert N.C. Nix Adam C. Powell Jr. Louis Stokes 90th Congress (1967-1969) 5l House 1 Senate John Conyers Jr. William L. Dawson Edward W. Brooke Charles C. Diggs Jr. Augustus F. Hawkins Robert N.C. Nix Sr. 89th Congress (1965-1967) 6 House Senate John Conyers Jr. William L. Dawson None Charles Diggs Jr. Augustus F. Hawkins Robert N.C. Nix Sr. Adam Clayton Powell 88th Congress (1963-1965) 5 House: Senate William L. Dawson Charles C. Diggs Jr. None Augustus F. Hawkins Robert N.C. Nix Sr. Adam C. Powell Jr. 85th - 87th Congresses (1957-1963) 4 House Senate William L. Dawson Charles C. Diggs Jr. None Robert N.C. Nix Sr. Adam C. Powell Jr. 84th Congress (1955-1957) 3 House William L. Dawson ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Charles C. Diggs Jr. Adam C. Powell Jr. śśȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ No. Chamber Names 79th rd - 83 2 use Senate Ho William L. Dawson None Congresses (1945-1955) Adam C. Powell Jr. 78th Congress (1943-1945) 1 House Senate William L. Dawson None 74th - 77th Congresses (1935-1943) 1 House Senate Arthur W. Mitchell None 71st - 73rd Congresses (1929-1935) 1 House Oscar S. DePriest Senate None 57th - 70th Congresses (1901-1929) House None Senate None 55th - 56th Congresses (1897-1901) 1 House George H. White Senate None 53rd - 54th Congresses (1893-1897) 1 House George W. Murray Senate None 52nd Congress (1891-1893) 1 House Senate Henry P. Cheatham None 51st Congress (1889-1891) 3 House Senate Henry P. Cheatham None John M. Langston Thomas E. Miller 50th Congress (1887-1889) House None Senate None 48th - 49th Congresses (1883-1887) 2 House Senate James E. O’Hara None Robert Smalls 47th Congress (1881-1883) 2 House Senate John R. Lynch None Robert Smalls 46th Congress (1879-1881) ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ śŜȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ No. 1 Chamber Names House None Senate Blanche K. Bruce 45th Congress (1877-1879) 3 1 House Senate Richard H. Cain Blanche K. Bruce Joseph H. Rainey Robert Smalls 44th Congress (1875-1877) 7 House 1 Senate Jeremiah Haralson John A. Hyman John R. Lynch Blanche K. Bruce Charles E. Nash Joseph H. Rainey Robert Smalls Josiah T. Walls 43rd Congress (1873-1875) 7 House Senate Richard H. Cain Robert B. Elliott John R. Lynch None Joseph H. Rainey Alonzo J. Ransier James T. Rapier Josiah T. Walls 42nd Congress (1871-1873) 5 House Senate Robert C. DeLarge Robert B. Elliott None Joseph H. Rainey Benjamin S. Turner Josiah T. Walls 41st Congress (1869-1871)m House Jefferson F. Long Joseph H. Rainey 1 Senate Hiram R. Revels a. Although 46 different African American individuals have been elected to the House for the 110th Congress, 42 is the largest number to serve at any one time. Rep. Juanita Millender-McDonald died on Apr. 22, 2007, and was replaced by Rep. Laura Richardson Sept. 4, 2007; Rep. Julia Carson died on Dec. 15, 2007, and was replaced by Rep. André Carson on Mar. 13, 2008; Rep. Albert Wynn resigned on May 31, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Donna F. Edwards on June 19, 2008; and Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones died on Aug. 20, 2008, and was replaced by Rep. Marcia L. Fudge on Nov. 19, 2008. b. Sen. Barack Obama resigned from the Senate on Nov. 16, 2008, after being elected President of the U.S. c. Although 40 African American individuals were elected to the House for the 108th Congress, 39 was the highest number to serve at any one time. Rep. Frank Ballance resigned and was replaced by Rep. G. K. Butterfield. d. Although 40 African American individuals were elected to the House for the 107th Congress, 39 was the highest number to serve at any one time. Rep. Julian Dixon, who was reelected to the 107th Congress, died before the commencement of the Congress and was later replaced by Rep. Diane Watson. e. e. Although 41 African American individuals were elected to the House in the 105th Congress, 39 was the highest number to serve at any one time. Rep. Floyd Flake resigned and was replaced by Rep. Gregory Meeks, and Rep. Ron Dellums resigned and was replaced by Rep. Barbara Lee. f. Although 43 African American individuals were elected to the House in the 104th Congress, 40 was the highest number to serve at any one time. Rep. Melvin J. Reynolds resigned and was replaced by Rep. Jesse L. Jackson Jr.; Rep. Walter Tucker resigned and was replaced by Rep. Juanita Millender-McDonald; and Rep. Kweisi Mfume resigned and was replaced by Rep. Elijah Cummings. 2 ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ śŝȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ Although 40 African American individuals were elected to the House in the 103rd Congress, 39 was the largest number to serve at any one time. Rep. Mike Espy resigned and was replaced by Rep. Bennie Thompson. h. Although 28 African American individuals were elected to the House in the 102nd Congress, 27 was the largest number to serve at any one time. Rep. William H. Gray III resigned and was replaced by Rep. Lucien Blackwell. i. Although 25 African American individuals were elected to the House in the 101st Congress, 24 was the largest number to serve at any one time. Rep. Mickey Leland, who was killed in an airplane crash, was replaced by Rep. Craig Washington. j. Although 22 African American individuals were elected to the House in the 98th Congress, 21 was the largest number to serve at any one time. Rep. Harold Washington resigned and was replaced by Rep. Charles Hayes. k. Although 18 individuals were elected to the House in the 96th Congress, 17 was the largest number to serve at any one time. Rep. Charles Diggs Jr. resigned and was replaced by Rep. George Crockett. l. Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. was reelected to the 90th Congress, but never took his seat. m. There were no African American Members of the U.S. Congress until 1870, the 41st Congress, 2nd session. g. ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ śŞȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ . Number and Names of African American Members of Congress, by State Table 4 State Number Alabama 5 California 11 Connecticut District of Columbia 1 2 Florida 5 Georgia 8 Illinois ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ 16 Names Benjamin S. Turner James T. Rapier Jeremiah Haralson Earl F. Hilliard Artur Davis Augustus F. Hawkins Ronald V. Dellums Yvonne Braithwaite Burke Julian C. Dixon Mervyn M. Dymally Maxine Waters Walter R. Tucker Juanita Millender-McDonald Barbara Lee Diane E. Watson Laura Richardson Gary A. Franks Walter E. Fauntroy Eleanor Holmes Norton Josiah T. Walls Alcee L. Hastings Corrine Brown Carrie P. Meek Kendrick Meek Jefferson F. Long Andrew J. Young John R. Lewis Sanford D. Bishop Jr. Cynthia A. McKinney Denise L. Majette David Scott Henry C. (Hank) Johnson Jr. Oscar S. DePriest Arthur W. Mitchell William L. Dawson Years of Service 1871-1873 1873-1875 1875-1877 1993-2003 20031963-1991 1971-1998 1973-1979 1979-2000 1981-1993 19911993-1995 1996-2007 1998200120071991-1997 1971-1991 19911871-1876 199319931993-2003 20031870-1871 1973-1977 198719931993-2003, 2005-2007 2003-2005 200320071929-1935 1935-1943 1943-1970 śşȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ State Number Indiana 3 Louisiana 3 Maryland 5 Massachusetts Michigan 1 5 Minnesota Mississippi 1 5 Names George W. Collins Ralph H. Metcalfe Cardiss Collins Bennett M. Stewart Gus Savage Harold D. Washington Charles A. Hayes Carol Moseley-Brauna Melvin J. Reynolds Bobby L. Rush Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. Danny K. Davis Barack Obamaa Katie B. Hall Julia Carson André Carson Charles E. Nash William J. Jefferson Cleo Fields Parren J. Mitchell Kweisi Mfume Albert R. Wynn Elijah E. Cummings Donna Edwards Edward W. Brookea Charles C. Diggs Jr. John Conyers Jr. George W. Crockett Barbara-Rose Collins Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick Keith Ellison Hiram Rhodes Revelsa John R. Lynch Blanche K. Brucea Albert M. (Mike) Espy Bennie G. Thompson ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Years of Service 1970-1972 1971-1978 1973-1997 1979-1981 1981-1993 1981-1983 1983-1993 1993-1999 1993-1995 1993199519972005-2008 1982-1985 1997-2007 20081875-1877 19911993-1997 1971-1987 1987-1996 1993-2008 199620081967-1979 1955-1980 19651980-1991 1991-1997 199720071870-1871 1873-1877 1882-1883 1875-1881 1987-1993 1993- ŜŖȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ State Number Missouri 4 New Jersey New York 1 9 North Carolina 8 Ohio 3 Oklahoma Pennsylvania 1 4 South Carolina 9 Names William L. Clay Sr. Alan D. Wheat William Lacy Clay Jr. Emanuel Cleaver Donald M. Payne Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Shirley A. Chisholm Charles B. Rangel Major R. Owens Edolphus Towns Alton R. Waldon Jr. Floyd H. Flake Gregory Meeks Yvette D. Clarke John A. Hyman James E. O’Hara Henry P. Cheatham George H. White Eva M. Clayton Melvin L. Watt Frank W. Ballance Jr. G.K. Butterfield Louis Stokes Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcia L. Fudge J.C. Watts Jr. Robert N.C. Nix Sr. William H. Gray III Lucien E. Blackwell Chaka Fattah Joseph H. Rainey Robert C. DeLarge Robert B. Elliott Richard H. Cain Alonzo J. Ransier ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Years of Service 1969-2001 1983-1995 2001200519891945-1967 1969-1971 1969-1983 19711983-2007 19831986-1987 1987-1997 199820071875-1877 1883-1887 1889-1893 1897-1901 1992-2003 19932003-2004 20041969-1999 1999-2008 20081995-2003 1958-1979 1979-1991 1991-1995 19951870-1879 1871-1873 1871-1874 1873-1875 1877-1879 1873-1875 Ŝŗȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ State Number Names Robert Smalls Thomas E. Miller George W. Murray Tennessee 2 Texas 6 Virginia 2 Virgin Islands 3 Wisconsin 1 a. Serves/served in the Senate. ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ James E. Clyburn Harold E. Ford Sr. Harold E. Ford Jr. Barbara C. Jordan George T. (Mickey) Leland Craig A. Washington Eddie Bernice Johnson Sheila Jackson Lee Al Green John M. Langston Robert C. Scott Melvin H. Evans Victor O. Frazer Donna M. Christian-Christensen Gwen Moore Years of Service 1875-1879 1882-1883 1884-1887 1890-1891 1893-1895 1896-1897 19931975-1997 1997-2007 1973-1979 1979-1989 1991-1995 1993199520051890-1891 19931979-1981 1995-1997 19972005- ŜŘȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ . Number of African American Members in the U.S. Congress, 41st-110th Congresses (1870-2008) Table 5 Congress Year 41st Total African American Members of Congress African American Members of Housea African American Members of Senate 3 2 1 5 5 – 7 7 – 8 7 1 4 3 1 1 – 1 2 2 – 2 2 – 2 2 – – - – 3 3 – 1 1 – 1 1 – 1 1 – 1 1 – 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 18691871 42nd 18711873 43rd 18731875 44th 18751877 45th 18771879 46th 18791881 47th 18811883 48th 18831885 49th 18851887 50th 18871889 51st 18891891 52nd 18911893 53rd 18931895 54th 18951897 55th 18971899 56th 18991901 57th 19011903 58th 19031905 59th 19051907 60th 19071909 61st 19091911 ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Ŝřȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ C ongress 62nd Year Total African American Members of Congress African American Members of Housea African American Members of Senate – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 1 – 1 1 – 1 1 – 1 1 – 1 1 – 1 1 – 1 1 – 1 1 – 2 2 – 2 2 – 2 2 – 2 2 – 2 2 – 19111913 63rd 19131915 64th 19151917 65th 19171919 66th 19191921 67th 19211923 68th 19231925 69th 19251927 70th 19271929 71st 19291931 72nd 19311933 73rd 19331935 74th 19351937 75th 19371939 76th 19391941 77th 19411943 78th 19431945 79th 19451947 80th 19471949 81st 19491951 82nd 19511953 83rd 19531955 ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŜŚȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ C ongress 84th Year Total African American Members of Congress African American Members of Housea African American Members of Senate 3 3 – 4 4 – 4 4 – 4 4 – 5 5 – 6 6 – 6 5 1 11 10 1 14 13 1 17 16 1 18 17 1 18 17 1 17 17 – 19 19 – 21 21 – 21 21 – 23 23 – 24 24 – 27 27 – 40 39 1 41 40 1 40 39 1 19551957 85th 19571959 86th 19591961 87th 19611963 88th 19631965 89th 19651967 90th 19671969 91st 19691971 92nd 19711973 93rd 19731975 94th 19751977 95th 19771979 96th 19791981 97th 19811983 98th 19831985 99th 19851987 100th 19871989 101st 19891991 102nd 19911993 103rd 19931995 104th 19951997 105th 19971999 ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ Ŝśȱ ›’ŒŠ—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱŽ–‹Ž›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ—’ŽȱŠŽœȱ˜—›ŽœœDZȱŗŞŝŖȬŘŖŖŞȱ ȱ C ongress Year Total African American Members of Congress African American Members of Housea African American Members of Senate 106th 199939 39 0 2001 107th 200139 39 0 2003 200339 39 0 108th 2005 109th 200543 42 1 2007 200742b 42 –b 110th 2009 a. The numbers here reflect the highest number of African American Members to serve in the House at any one time during a Congress. For example, a record number of 47 African American Members were elected to the 110th Congress, but only 43 have served at any one time during the Congress. b. President-elect Barack Obama served in the Senate in the 110th Congress until his resignation on Nov. 16, 2008. ž‘˜›ȱ˜—ŠŒȱ —˜›–Š’˜—ȱ Mildred Amer Specialist on the Congress mamer@crs.loc.gov, 7-8304 ˜—›Žœœ’˜—Š•ȱŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ ŜŜȱ