Order Code RS22532 Updated February 29, 2008 Iraqi Police and Security Forces Deaths Estimates Hannah Fischer Information Research Specialist Knowledge Services Group Summary This report presents various governmental and non-governmental estimates of Iraqi police and security forces fatalities. The Department of Defense (DOD) regularly updates total U.S. military deaths and wounded statistics from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), as reflected in CRS Report RS21578, Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties, but has not regularly released detailed statistics on Iraqi security forces deaths. For information on Iraqi civilian deaths, see CRS Report RS22537, Iraqi Civilian Deaths Estimates. Because these estimates are based on varying time periods and have been created using differing methodologies, readers should exercise caution when using them and should look on them as guideposts rather than as statements of fact. This report will be updated as needed. Although the Department of Defense (DOD) has recently released a chart (see Figure 1) showing Iraqi Security Forces deaths over time, it has not released the numbers associated with the chart, and there have been conflicting reports of deaths from news sources and non-profits. With this in mind, Table 1, below, provides Iraqi security forces and police officers deaths estimates from non-governmental sources. These estimates are based on varying time periods and have been created using differing methodologies, readers should exercise caution when using them and should look on them as guideposts rather than as statements of fact. CRS-2 Table 1. Iraqi Security Forces and Police Officers Deaths Estimates Iraq Coalition Casualty Count estimate of security forces and police killed, June 2003 - February 14, 2008 7,874a Associated Press, estimate of security forces killed, April 28, 2005 - February 13, 2008 5,629b Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, estimate of security forces and police killed, June 2003 - February 10, 2008 7,874c Notes: a. Iraq Coalition Casualty Count, “Iraqi Police/Military,” [http://icasualties.org]. b. Personal communication with Associated Press, February 13, 2008. c. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index: Tracking Reconstruction and Security in Post-Saddam Iraq, at [http://www.brookings.edu/saban/~/media/Files/Centers/Saban/Iraq%20Index/index.pdf], p. 8. In addition, on November 29, 2008, the White House announced a 40% drop in Iraqi Security Force casualties since the surge operations began in June.1 However, according to Major General Kevin J. Bergner in a Defense Department news briefing, the “Iraqi security forces in general, the Iraqi army and Iraqi police, [are] increasingly the first line of defense. They are suffering casualties, suffering losses frequently at two to three times that of the coalition.”2 The Department of Defense (DOD) has released a chart showing Iraqi Security Forces deaths. However, it has not released the numbers associated with the chart. Using estimates, CRS has reproduced an approximation in the chart below. 1 White House Press Release, Just the Facts: 2007 War Funding by the Numbers, November 29, 2007. 2 Kevin J. Bergner, Major General Kevin J. Bergner Holds Defense Department News Briefing, CQ Transcriptions, December 19, 2007. CRS-3 Figure 1. Iraqi Security Forces Deaths January 2006 - November 2007 350 300 Deaths 250 200 150 100 50 0 Jan- Feb- Mar- April- May- Jun- July- Aug- Sept- Oct- Nov- Dec- Jan- Feb- Mar- April- May- Jun- July- Aug- Sept- Oct- Nov06 06 06 06 06 06 06 06 06 06 06 06 07 07 07 07 07 07 07 07 07 07 07 Date Source: CRS rendition of DOD graph, as derived from the Multi-National Corps - Iraq report, Measuring S e c u r i t y a n d S t a b i l i t y i n I r a q , D e c e m b e r 2 0 0 7 , [http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/pdfs/FINAL-SecDef%20Signed-20071214.pdf].