Order Code 98-684 Updated July 26, 2006 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections Mark P. Sullivan Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division Julissa Gomez-Granger Knowledge Services Group This fact sheet tracks the current heads of government in Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean, and provides the dates of the last and next election for head of government. It also provides the national independence date for each country. Table 1. South America Country Independence Date Argentina July 9, 1816 KIRCHNER, Néstor Apr. 27, 2003 2007 Bolivia Aug. 6, 1825 MORALES, Evo Dec. 18, 2005 2011 Brazil Sept. 7, 1822 DA SILVA, Luis Inácio Lula Oct. 2002 Oct. 1, 2006 Chile Sept. 18, 1810 BACHELET, Michelle Dec. 11, 2005/ Jan. 15, 2006 2010 Colombia July 20, 1810 URIBE, Alvaro May 28, 2006 May 2010 Ecuador May 24, 1822 PALACIO, Alfredoa Oct./Nov. 2002 Oct. 15/Nov. 26, 2006 Paraguay May 14, 1811 Apr. 27, 2003 Apr. 2008 Peru July 28, 1821 TOLEDO, Alejandrob Apr.9, 2006/ June 4, 2006 Apr. 2011 Uruguay Aug. 25, 1825 VÁZQUEZ, Tabaré Oct. 31, 2004 Oct. 2009 July 2000 Dec. 3, 2006 Venezuela July 5, 1811 Head of Government DUARTE FRUTOS, Nicanor CHÁVEZ, Hugo Last Election Next Election a. Lucio Gutierrez, elected in November 2002, was removed from office by Ecuador’s Congress on April 20, 2005, following weeks of popular protests, and was succeeded by Vice President Alfredo Palacio. b. Alan García won the June 4, 2006, presidential election, and will be inaugurated on July 28, 2006. Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress CRS-2 Table 2. Mexico and Central America Country Independence Date Mexico Sept. 16, 1810 FOX, Vicentea July 2, 2006 July 2012 Costa Rica Sept. 15. 1821 ARIAS, Oscar Feb. 5, 2006 Feb. 2010 El Salvador Sept. 15, 1821 SACA, Elías Antonio (Tony) Mar. 21, 2004 Mar. 2009 Guatemala Sept. 15, 1821 BERGER, Oscar Nov./Dec. 2003 Nov. 2007 Honduras Sept. 15, 1821 ZELAYA, Manuel Nov. 27, 2005 Nov. 2009 Nicaragua Sept. 15, 1821 BOLANOS, Enrique Nov. 2001 Nov. 5, 2006 Panama Nov. 3, 1903 TORRIJOS, Martin May 2, 2004 May 2009 Head of Government Last Election Next Election a. According to the official vote count, Felipe Calderón of the National Action Party received 35.89% of the vote in the July 2, 2006, presidential election, while Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the Party of the Democratic Revolution received 35.31%. López Obrador has petitioned the Federal Judicial Electoral Tribunal for a full manual recount, which has until Sept. 6, 2006, to certify the results. The presidential inauguration is to be held on December 1, 2006. Table 3. Caribbean Country Independence Date Head of Government Last Election Next Election Antigua & Barbuda Nov. 1, 1981 SPENCER, Baldwin Mar. 23, 2004 by Mar. 2009 Bahamas July 10, 1973 CHRISTIE, Perry May 2002 by May 2007 Barbados Nov. 30, 1966 ARTHUR, Owen May 21, 2003 by May 2008 Belize Sept. 21, 1981 MUSA, Said Mar. 5, 2003 by Mar. 2008 Cuba May 20, 1902 CASTRO, Fidel a a Dominica Nov. 3, 1978 SKERRITT, Roosevelt May 5, 2005 by May 2010 Dominican Republic Feb. 27, 1844 FERNANDEZ, Leonel May 16, 2004 May 2008 Grenada Feb. 7, 1974 MITCHELL, Keith Nov. 27, 2003 by Nov. 2008 Guyana May 26, 1966 BHARRAT, Jagdeo Mar. 2001 Aug. 28, 2006 Feb. 7, 2006 2011 Oct. 2002 by Oct. 2007 Haiti Jamaica Jan. 1, 1804 Aug. 6, 1962 PRÉVAL, Réne SIMPSON MILLER, Portia b St. Kitts & Nevis Sept. 19, 1983 DOUGLAS, Denzil Oct. 25, 2004 by Oct. 2009 St. Lucia Feb. 22, 1979 ANTHONY, Kenny Dec. 2001 by Dec.2, 2006 St. Vincent & the Grenadines Oct. 27, 1979 GONSALVES, Ralph Dec. 7, 2005 by Mar. 7, 2010 Suriname Nov. 25, 1975 VENETIAAN, Ronald May 25, 2005 May 2010 Trinidad & Tobago Aug. 31, 1962 MANNING, Patrick Oct. 7, 2002 by Oct. 2007 a. Castro has served as head of government since the 1959 Cuban Revolution. Since that time, there have been no elections for head of government. b. Portia Simpson Miller was sworn in as Prime Minister on March 30, 2006, after replacing out going Prime Minster P.J. Patterson as leader of the ruling People’s National Party.