Order Code 98-756 C CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: A Chronology, FY1970-FY2006 Updated May 23, 2005 Linwood B. Carter Information Research Specialist Knowledge Services Group Thomas Coipuram Jr. Information Research Specialist Knowledge Services Group Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: A Chronology, FY1970-FY2005 Summary The passage of the Department of Defense (DOD) authorization and appropriations bills through Congress often does not follow the course laid out in textbooks on legislative procedure. Tracking DOD authorization or appropriation bills can often be confusing and time-consuming; this has been particularly true in recent years, when continuing resolutions containing the DOD and other appropriation bills have been passed in lieu of the traditional 13 appropriations bills for the entire U.S. government. This report is a research aid, which lists the DOD authorization bills (Table 1) and appropriations bills (Table 2). This includes all the pertinent information on the passage of these bills through the legislative process: bill numbers, report numbers, dates reported and passed, recorded vote numbers and vote tallies, dates of passage of the conference reports with their numbers and votes, vetoes, substitutions, dates of final passage, and public law numbers. Table 3 shows real growth or decline in national defense funding for FY1940-FY2009. Table 4 gives a more detailed picture of both regular and supplemental defense appropriations from the 103rd Congress to the present (FY1993-FY2005). Table 5 shows the President’s DOD appropriations budget requests for FY1950-FY2005 vs. final amount enacted. Finally, key definitions are included. This report will be updated as legislative activity warrants. Contents The DOD Authorization-Appropriations Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 List of Tables Table 1. Authorization Bills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Table 2. Appropriation Bills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Table 3. Real Growth/Decline in National Defense Funding, FY1940-2009 . . . 20 Table 4: National Defense Appropriations Since FY1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Table 5: Congressional Action on Annual Department of Defense Appropriations Requests: FY1950-FY2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: A Chronology, FY1970-FY2006 The DOD Authorization-Appropriations Process The Congress oversees the defense budget primarily through two yearly bills: the defense authorization and defense appropriations bills. Tables 1 and 2 present the DOD authorization and appropriations bills. The authorization bill establishes the agencies responsible for defense and sets the policies under which money will be spent: it authorizes the money to be spent. The appropriations bill actually appropriates the money. Ideally, the authorization-appropriations process should proceed in an orderly sequence with each step of the process generating a part of the paper trail. All of these steps should be documented in the Congressional Record as well as in many other official documents of the Congress, in private publications such as Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report and United States Code Congressional and Administrative News (USCCAN), and on the Internet [http://thomas.loc.gov/]. In the simplest case, the process begins with the President’s submitting his proposal (initially formulated by the Department of Defense and formally submitted by the President through the White House Office of Management and Budget) to the defense authorizing and appropriations committees. Then, for example, for the defense authorization bill, hearings are held by the appropriate House committees and subcommittees. The bill is marked up and an authorization bill is reported out, usually with a written, numbered report. This bill is debated in the House, amended or not as the case may be, and passed by the House with the vote noted in the Congressional Record. In the simplest situation this bill would then be sent to the Senate, debated and passed. However, the Senate can amend the House bill or report out its own bill, debate, amend, and pass it. If each Chamber passes its own version, the stage is set for a conference committee to harmonize the two versions. This usually results in a printed conference report, which is then voted on by each Chamber to complete congressional action on the bill, which then is sent to the President for his consideration. Ideally, after the authorization bill is passed the appropriations bill goes through this same process. Although conceptually a sequential process, authorization and appropriations bills can be considered at the same time or even passed in reverse order. CRS-2 Other patterns also emerge. For instance, the Senate can report out a bill, then substitute the text of the Senate bill for the text of the bill passed by the House while retaining the House bill number. The House can also use this procedure. A Senate or House bill can also have part of the other chamber’s bill inserted into it, or can be so heavily amended that it is unclear whether it is the Senate or House bill that is really being passed. Other circumstances can also occur which make it hard to track a bill and its contents. Bills are sometimes reported out without reports. Instead of recorded votes, in which each Member is recorded as voting for or against the bill, voice votes can be taken, in which no individual Member’s vote can be identified. Bills can be approved by unanimous consent even though they may contain thousands of separate provisions, thus making it impossible to say for sure if a Member really supported a particular provision. Senate bills can be reported out before House bills. An appropriations bill can be passed before an authorization bill. Sometimes, after the September 30 fiscal year deadline has passed and work has not been completed on the regular appropriations bills, the Congress passes a continuing resolution (CR) instead of some or all of the 13 separate bills which fund the operations of the government. The CR can be temporary or permanent. Each year is unique, and it is rare that the “usual” pattern is followed. There are several types of votes: voice votes, teller votes, division votes, unanimous consent votes, but only when there is a recorded vote will there be a vote number and vote tally in the Congressional Record. The section below is based on “Methods of Voting in the House and Senate: Putting Member’s Positions on the Record,” from Congressional Quarterly’s Guide to Congress, 4th ed., 1991, p. 430-31. Methods of Voting ! Division vote — those in favor or opposed stand, and the chair takes a head count: only vote totals are announced and there is no record of how individual Members voted. ! Recorded vote — Members vote electronically, each recorded vote is given a sequential number and vote totals plus how each Member voted are recorded in the Congressional Record. ! Teller vote — an older method in which Members were counted as they passed between chair appointed tellers for the “ayes” and “noes”; only vote totals announced and no record of how individual Members voted. ! Unanimous consent vote — usually reserved for non-controversial legislation. ! Voice vote — the presiding officer calls for the “ayes” and then the “noes,” Members shout in chorus on one side or the other, and the chair decides the result. CRS-3 Table 1. Authorization Bills Authorization — House Report # Date Reported Authorization — Senate Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Laws Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed FY H.R. 1970 14000 91-522 9/26/69 Sa 10/3/69 # 200 (y311-n44) 91-607 11/5/69 (vv) 2546 91-290 7/3/69 9/18/69 # 95 (y81-n5) 91-607 11/6/69 # 141 (y58-n9) 91-121 11/19/69 1971 17123 91-1022 4/24/70 5/6/70 # 104 (y326-n69) 91-1473 # 320 9/29/70 (y341-n11) — 91-1016 7/14/70 9/1/70 # 282 (y84-n5) 91-1473 10/1/70 (vv) 91-441 10/7/70 1972 8687 92-232 5/26/71 6/17/71 # 146 (y332-n58) 92-618 11/10/71 (vv) — 92-359 9/7/71 10/6/71 # 257 (y82-n4) 92-618 11/11/71 # 309 (y65-n19) 92-156 11/17/71 1973 15495 92-1149 6/19/72 6/27/72 # 235 (y334-n59) 92-1388 9/13/72 # 361 (y336-n43) — 92-962b 6/29/72 S 8/2/72 # 341 (y92-n5) 92-1388 9/15/72 # 433 (y73-n5) 92-436 9/26/72 1974 9286 93-383 7/18/73 7/31/73 # 411 (y367-n37) 93-588 10/31/73 (vv) — 93-385 9/6/73 10/1/73 # 448 (y91-n7) 93-588 11/5/73 # 476 (y69-n12) 93-155 11/16/3 1975 14592 93-1035 5/10/74 5/22/74 # 242 (y358-n37) 93-1212 7/29/74 # 412 (y305-n38) 3000 93-884 5/29/74 Hc 6/11/74 # 248 (y84-n6) 93-1212 7/30/74 # 333 (y88-n8) 93-365 8/5/74 CRS-4 Authorization — House FY H.R. 1976 6674 Report # Date Reported 94-199 5/10/75 Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) 5/20/75 # 235 (y332-n64) Authorization — Senate Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. 94-413 7/30/75 # 454 (y348- n60) 920 94-488 9/24/75 (vv) — Report # Date Reported 94-146 5/19/75 Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Hd 6/6/75 # 214 (y77-n6) Laws Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed 94-413 8/1/75 # 374 (y42 n-48) 94-488 9/26/75 # 424 (y63-n7) 94-106 10/7/75 1977 12438 94-967 3/26/76 4/9/76 # 187 (y298-n52) 94-1305 6/30/76 # 493 (y339-n66) — 94-878 5/14/76 5/26/76 # 200 (y76-n2) 94-1305 7/1/76 # 375 (y78-n12) 94-361 7/14/76 1978 5970 95-194 4/7/77 4/25/77 # 151 (y347-n43) 95-446 7/13/77 # 409 (y350-n40) — 95-282 6/21/77 5/17/77 # 144 (y90-n3) 95-446 7/14/77 (vv) 95-79 7/30/77 1979 10929 95-1118 5/6/78 5/24/78 # 372 (y319-n67) 95-1402 8/4/78 (vv) 2571 95-826 5/15/78 He 7/11/78 # 203 (y87-n2) 95-1402 8/4/78 (vv) VETO 8/17/78 14042 95-1573 9/15/78 Sf 10/4/78 # 872 (y367-n22) g 3486 95-1197 9/15/78 S 9/26/78 # 406 (y89-n3) g 95-485 10/20/78 4040 96-166 5/15/79 Sh 9/14/79 # 472 (y282-n46) 96-546 10/26/79 # 610 (y300-n26) 428 96-197 5/31/79 S 6/13/79 # 127 (y89-n7) 96-546 10/24/79 (vv) 96-107 11/9/79 1980 CRS-5 Authorization — House Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Authorization — Senate Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Laws Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed FY H.R. 1981 6974 96-916 4/30/80 5/21/80 # 250 (y338-n62) 96-1222 8/26/80 # 489 (y360-n49) — 96-826 6/20/80 7/2/80 # 295 (y84-n3) 96-1222 8/26/80 # 384 (y78-n2) 96-342 9/8/80 1982 3519 97-71, pt. 1i 5/19/81 Sj 7/16/81 # 140 (y354-n63) 97-311 11/17/81 # 309 (y335-n61) 815 97-58 5/6/81 5/14/81 # 119 (y92-n1) 97-311 11/5/81 (vv) 97-86 12/1/81 1983 6030 97-482 4/13/82 Sk 7/29/82 # 232 (y290-n73) 97-749 8/18/82 # 297 (y251-n148) 2248 97-330 4/13/82 5/13/82 # 120 (y84-n8) 97-749 8/17/82 # 331 (y77-n21) 97-252 9/8/82 1984 2969 98-107 5/11/83 Sl 7/29/83 # 275 (y305-n114) 98-352 9/15/83 # 339 (y266-n152) 675 98-174 7/5/83 7/26/83 # 221 (y83-n15) 98-352 9/13/83 # 244 (y83-n8) 98-94 9/24/83 1985 5167 98-691 4/19/84 5/31/84 # 204 (y298-n98) 98-1080 9/26/84 (vv) 2723 98-500 5/31/84 Hm 6/20/84 # 152 (y82-n6) 98-1080 9/27/84 (vv) 98-525 10/19/84 1986 1872 99-81 5/10/85 Sn 6/27/85 (vv) 99-235 10/29/85 (vv) 1160 No Report 5/16/85 6/5/85 # 106 (y92-n3) 99-235 7/30/85 # 167 (y94-n5) 99-145 11/8/85 1987 4428 99-718 7/25/86 So 9/18/86 # 358 (y255-n152) 99-1001 10/15/86 # 467 (y283-n128) 2638 99-331 S 7/8/86 8/9/86 #207 (y86-n3) 98-1001 10/15/86 (vv) 99-661 11/14/86 CRS-6 Authorization — House Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Authorization — Senate Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Laws Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed FY H.R. 1988 1748 100-58 4/15/87 5/20/87 # 141 (y239-n177) 100-466 11/18/87 # 440 (y264-n158) 1174 100-57 S 5/8/87 Sp 10/2/87 # 300 (y56-n42) 100-466 11/19/87 # 384 (y86-n9) 100-180 12/4/87 1989 4264 100-563 4/5/88 5/11/88 # 126 (y252-n172) 100-753 7/14/88 # 233 (y229-n83) 2355 100-326 5/4/88 Hq 5/27/88 (vv) 100-753 7/14/88 # 252 (y64-n30) VETO 8/3/88 4481r 100-735s 6/28/88 7/12/88 (vv) 100-989 9/28/88 # 359 (y369-n48) 2749 8/11/88 (vv) H 9/15/88 (vv) 100-989 9/28/88 # 340 (y91-n4) 100-456 9/29/88 1990 2461 101-121 7/1/89 7/27/89 # 185 (y261-n162) 101-331 11/9/89 # 343 (y236-n172) 1352 101-81 7/19/89 Ht 8/2/89 # 161 (y95-n4) 101-331 11/15/89 # 299 (y91-n8) 101-189 11/29/89 1991 4739 101-665 8/3/90 9/19/90 # 352 (y56-n155) 101-923 10/24/90 # 517 (y271-n156) 2884 101-384 7/20/90 Hu 8/4/90 # 227 (y79-n16) 101-923 10/26/90 # 320 (y80-n17) 101-510 11/5/90 1992 2100 102-60 5/13/91 5/22/91 # 110 (y268-n161) 102-311 11/18/91 # 400 (y329-n82) 1507 102-113 H 7/19/91 Hv 8/2/91 (vv) 102-311 11/22/91 # 265 (y79-n15) 102-190 12/5/91 CRS-7 Authorization — House Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Authorization — Senate Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Laws Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed FY H.R. 1993 5006 102-527 5/19/92 6/5/92 # 172 (y198-n168) 102-966 10/3/92 # 461 (y304-n100) 3114 102-352 7/31/92 Hw 9/19/92 (vv) 102-966 10/5/92 (vv) 102-484 10/23/92 1994 2401 103-200 7/30/93 9/29/93 # 474 (y268-n162) 103-357 11/15/93 # 565 (y273-n135) 1298 103-112 7/27/93 Hx 9/4/93 # 265 (y92-n7) 103-357 11/17/93 # 380 (y77-n22) 103-160 11/30/93 1995 4301 103-499 5/10/94 6/9/94 # 226 (y260-n158) 103-701 Sy 8/17/94 # 404 (y280-n137) 2182 103-282 6/14/94 7/1/94z (vv) 103-701 9/13/94 # 297 (y80-n18) 103-337 10/5/94 1996 1530 104-131 6/1/95 6/15/95 # 385 (y300-n126) 104-406 12/15/95 # 865 (y267-n149) 1026 104-112 7/12/95 H 9/6/95 # 399 (y64-n34) 104-406 12/19/95 # 608 (y51-n43) VETO 12/28/95 S 1/5/96 (vv) 104-450 1/24/96 # 16 (y287-n129) 1124aa No Report 8/7/95 9/6/95 (vv)bb 104-450 1/26/96 #5 (y56-n34) 104-106 2/10/96 5/15/96 # 174 (y272-n153) 104-724 8/1/96 # 397 (y285-n132) 1745 104-261 5/13/96 Hcc 7/10/96 # 187 (y68-n31) 104-724 9/10/96 # 279 (y73-n26) 104-201 9/23/96 1997 3230 104-563 5/7/96 CRS-8 Authorization — House Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Authorization — Senate Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Laws Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed FY H.R. 199 1119 105-132 6/16/97 6/25/97 # 236 (y304-n120) 105-340 10/28/97 # 534 (y268-n123) 936 No Report 6/18/97 Hdd 7/11/97 # 173 (y94-n4) 105-340 11/6/97 # 296 (y90-n10) 105-85 11/18/97 1999 3616 105-532 5/12/98 5/21/98 # 183 (y357-n60) 105-736 9/24/98 # 458 (y373-n50) 2057 No Report 5/11/98 Hee 6/25/98 # 181 (y88-n4) 105-736 10/1/98 # 293 (y96-n2) 105-261 10/17/98 2000 1401 106-162 5/24/99 Sff 6/14/99 (uc) 106-301 9/15/99 # 424 (y375-n45) 1059 106-50 5/17/99 5/27/99 # 154 (y92-n3) 106-301 9/22/99 # 284 (y93-n5) 106-65 10/5/99 2001 4205 106-616 5/12/00 5/18/00 # 208 (y353-n63) 106-945 10/11/00 # 522 (y382-n31) 2549 106-292 5/12/00 Hgg 7/13/00 # 179 (y97-n3) 106-945 10/12/00 # 275 (y90-n3) 106-398 10/30/00 2002 2586 107-194 9/4/01 Shh 10/17/01 (uc) 107-333 12/13/01 # 496 (y382-n40) 1438 No Report 9/19/01 10/2/01 # 290 (y99-n0) 107-333 12/13/01 # 369 (y96-n2) 107-107 12/28/01 2003 4546 107-436 5/3/02 5/10/02 # 158 y359-n58 107-772 11/12/02 VV 2514 107-151 5/15/02 Hii 6/27/02 UC 107-772 11/13/03 VV 107-314 12/2/02 CRS-9 Authorization — House Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Authorization — Senate Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Laws Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed FY H.R. 2004 1588 108-106 5/16/03 5/22/03 #221 (y361-n68) 108-354 11/7/03 # 617 (y362-n40, 2 present) 1050 108-46 5/13/03 Hjj 6/4/03 VV 108-354 11/12/03 #447 (y95-n3) 108-136 11/24/03 2005 4200 108-491 5/14/04 5/20/04 #206 (y391-n34) 108-767 10/9/04 # 528 (y359-n14) 2400 108-260 5/11/04 Hkk 6/23/04 UC 108-767 10/9/04 UC 108-375 10/28/04 2006 1815 109-89 5/20/05 1042 109-69 5/17/05 Abbreviations and Symbols: H indicates that the Senate passed a bill with a House resolution number, S indicates that the House passed a bill with a Senate resolution number; 1 ( — ) dashes mean no original Senate bill, House bill number used; vv = voice vote, uc = unanimous consent vote, dv = a division vote. Notes: a. After passing H.R. 14000 by recorded vote # 200, the House passed S. 2546 by voice vote and laid H.R. 14000 on the table. b. Senate reported out a substitute bill for H.R. 15495 as passed the House. c. Senate substituted text of S. 3000, then passed H.R. 14592 in lieu. d. Senate passed H.R. 6674 in lieu of S. 920. e. Senate passed H.R. 10929 in lieu of S. 2571. f. House passed S. 3486 amended in lieu of H.R. 14042. g. Senate agreed to House amendments. No conference was held. h. House passed H.R. 4040, laid it on the table by voice vote, then passed S. 428 in lieu by voice vote. i. H.R. 3519 had a three-part report; this date is for the earliest report. j. House passed S. 815 in lieu of H.R. 3519. k. House laid H.R. 6030 on the table and passed S. 2248 in lieu. l. House inserted text of H.R. 2969 into S. 675, then passed it by voice vote. CRS-10 m. n. o. p. q. r. s. t. u. v. w. x. y. z. aa. bb. cc. dd. ee. ff. gg. hh. ii. jj. kk. Senate substituted text of S. 2723, then passed H.R. 5167. House passed S. 1160, amended, in lieu of H.R. 1872. House inserted text of H.R. 4428, then passed S. 2638. Senate inserted text of S. 1174, then passed H.R. 1748. Senate folded text of S. 2355 into H.R. 4264, then passed it. After the initial bill was vetoed, an amended version was added to an existing bill on military base closures — H.R. 4481. H.R. 4481 had a four-part report; the date is that of the earliest report. Senate inserted text of S. 1352, then passed H.R. 2461. Senate inserted text of S. 2884, then passed H.R. 4739. Senate inserted text of S. 1507, then passed H.R. 2100. Senate inserted text of S. 3114, then passed H.R. 5006. Senate inserted text of S. 1298, then passed H.R. 2401. House passed S. 2182 by voice vote on 7/25/94 after substituting the text of H.R. 4301 as passed the House. Senate inserted text of S. 2182, then passed H.R. 4301. After veto of H.R. 1530 and failure to override, an amended conference report on S. 1124 was passed. The President signed P.L. 104-106 on 2/10/96. Senate struck all but the enacting clause and substituted division A of S. 1026. Senate substituted text of S. 1745, then passed H.R. 3230. Senate passed S. 936, inserted text of S. 936 into H.R. 1119, then passed H.R. 1119 by voice vote. Senate passed S. 2057 by roll call vote # 181 on 6/25/98, then struck all but the enacting clause of H.R. 3616, inserted the text of S. 2057, then passed H.R. 3616 on 6/25/98 by unanimous consent. House passed H.R. 1401 on 6/10/99 by roll call vote # 191, 365-58, then the bill was laid on the table. Subsequently, on 6/14/00 the House struck all but the enacting clause of S. 1059, substituted the text of H.R. 1401, and passed S.1059 without objection. Senate struck all after the Enacting Clause and substituted the language of S.2549 amended, then passed H.R. 4205 in lieu of S. 2549 with an amendment. H.R. 4205 enacted into law the text of H.R. 5408 as introduced on 10/6/00. House struck all after the enacting clause, substituted the text of H.R. 2586 which had passed the House on 9/28 by a vote of y398-n17 (#359) and passed S. 1438 (which replaced S.1416, which had been reported out with Report 107-62 on 9/12) without objection. Senate struck all after the enacting clause, then substituted text of S. 2514 as amended and passed by the Senate on 6/27 by a vote of y97-n2 ( # 165), and passed H.R. 4546. Senate struck all after the enacting clause, then substituted the text of S. 1050 which had passed the Senate on 5/22 by a vote of y98-n1 (#194), and passed H.R. 1588. Senate struck all after the enacting clause, then substituted the text of S. 2400 which had passed the Senate on 6/23/04 by a vote of y 97-n0 (#146), and passed H.R. 2400. CRS-11 Table 2. Appropriation Bills Appropriations — House Report # Date Reported Appropriations — Senate Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. Report # Date Reported Laws Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed FY H.R. 1970 15090 91-698 12/3/69 12/8/69 # 306 (y330-n33) 91-766 12/18/69 (vv) — 91-607 12/12/69 12/15/69 # 241 (y85-n4) 91-766 12/18/69 (vv) 91-171 12/29/69 1971 19590 91-1570 10/6/70 10/8/70 # 338 (y274-n31) 91-1799a 12/29/70 # 452 (y234-n18) — 91-1392 12/3/70 12/8/70 # 417 (y89-n0) 91-1799 12/29/70 # 457 (y70-n2) 91-668 1/11/71 1972 11731 92-666 11/11/71 11/17/71 # 402 (y343-n51) 92-754 12/15/71 # 466 (y293-n39) — 92-498 11/18/71 11/23/71 # 396 (y80-n5) 92-754 12/15/71 (vv) 92-204 12/18/71 1973 16593 92-1389 9/11/72 9/14/72 # 368 (y322-n41) 92-1566 10/12/72 # 434 (y316-n42) — 92-1243 9/29/72 10/2/72 # 496 (y70-n5) 92-1566 10/13/72 (vv) 92-570 10/26/72 1974 11575 93-662 11/26/73 11/30/73 # 610 (y336-n23) 93-741 12/20/73 # 712 (y336-n32) — 93-617 12/12/73 12/13/73 # 581 (y89-n2) 93-741 12/20/73 (vv) 93-238 ½/74 1975 16243 93-1255 8/1/74 8/6/74 # 455 (y350-n43) 93-1363 7/23/74 # 534 (y293-n59) — 93-1104 8/16/74 8/21/74 # 376 (y86-n5) 93-1363 9/24/74 (vv) 93-437 10/8/74 CRS-12 Appropriations — House FY H.R. 1976 9861 Report # Date Reported 94-517 9/25/75 Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) 10/2/75 # 575 (y353-n61) Appropriations — Senate Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) 94-710 12/12/75 # 777 (y314-n57) S. — Report # Date Reported 94-446 11/6/75 Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) 11/18/75 # 505 (y87-n7) Laws Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed 94-710 12/17/75 # 602 (y87-n9) 1/27/76b # 21 (y323-n99) 94-212 2/9/76 1977 14262 94-1231 6/8/76 6/17/76 # 401 (y331-n53) 94-1475 9/9/76 # 702 (y323-n45) — 94-1046 7/22/76 8/9/76 # 511 (y82-n6) 94-1475 9/13/76 (vv) 94-419 9/22/76 1978 7933 95-451 6/21/77 6/30/77 # 402 (y333-n54) 95-565 9/8/77 # 516 (y361-n36) — 95-325 7/1/77 7/19/77 # 308 (y91-n2) 95-565 9/9/77 (vv) 95-111 9/21/77 1979 13635 95-1398 7/27/78 8/9/78 # 665 (y339-n60) 95-1764 10/12/78 (vv) — 95-1264 10/2/78 10/5/78 # 445 (y86-n3) 95-1764 10/12/78 # 487 (y77-n3) 95-457 10/13/78 1980 5359 96-450 9/20/79 9/28/79 # 522 (y305-n49) 96-696 12/12/79 (vv) — 96-393 11/1/79 11/9/79 # 401 (y73-n3) 96-696 12/13/79 (vv) 96-154 12/21/79 CRS-13 Appropriations — House Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Appropriations — Senate Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Laws Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed FY H.R. 1981 8105 96-1317 9/11/80 9/16/80 # 549 (y351-n42) 96-1528 12/4/80 # 673 (y321-n36) — 96-1020 11/19/80 11/21/80 # 483 (y73-n1) 96-1528 12/5/80 # 510 (y73-n1) 96-527 12/15/80 1982 4995 97-333 11/16/81 11/18/81 # 320 (y335-n61) 97-410 12/15/81 # 363 (y334-n84) 1857 97-273 11/17/81 H 12/4/81 # 456 (y84-n5) 97-410 12/15/81 # 489 (y93-n4) 97-114 12/29/81 1983 7355 97-943 12/2/82 12/8/82 # 425 (y346-n68) 2951 97-580 9/23/82 H.J.Res. 631c 97-959 12/10/82 12/14/82 # 451 (y204-n200) 97-980 12/20/82 (y232-n54) (dv) No Report 12/15/82 12/19/82 # 455 (y63-n31) 97-980 12/20/82 # 459 (y55-n41) 97-377 12/21/82 1984 4185 98-427 10/20/83 11/2/83 # 443 (y328-n97) 98-567 11/18/83 # 531 (y311-n99) 2039 98-292 11/1/83 Hd 11/8/83 # 344 (y86-n6) 98-567 11/18/83 # 380 (y75-n6) 98-212 12/8/83 1985 6329 98-1086 9/26/84 3026 96-636 9/26/84 H.J.Res. 648e 98-1030 9/17/84 10/4/84 (vv) 98-1159 10/11/84 # 287 (y78-n11) 98-473 10/12/84 9/25/84f # 421 (y316-n91) 98-1159 10/10/84 (dv) (y252-n60) 98-1159 9/27/84 CRS-14 Appropriations — House Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) FY H.R. 1986 3629 99-332 10/24/8 10/30/85 # 379 (y359-n67) H.J.Res. 465c 99-403 11/21/85 12/4/85 # 427 (y212-n208) 5438 99-793 8/14/86 1987 H.J.Res. 738c 1988 1989 Appropriations — Senate Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. — 99-450 12/19/85 # 476 (y261-n137) 3576 100-410 10/28/87 H.J.Res. 395b 100-415 10/29/87 12/3/87 # 458 (y248-n170) 4781 100-681 6/10/88 6/21/88 # 193 (y360-n53) 99-1005 10/15/86 # 472 (y235-n172) Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed 99-176 11/6/85 No Report 12/5/85 2827 9/25/86 # 417 (y201-n200) Report # Date Reported Laws 12/10/85 (vv) 99-450 12/19/95 (vv) 99-190 12/19/85 10/3/86 # 330 (y82-n13) 99-1005 10/17/86 (vv) 99-59141 10/30/86 99-446 9/17/86 99-500 9/29/86 1923 100-235 12/4/87 104-498 12/22/87 # 510 (y209-n208) — 100-238 12/8/87 12/11/87 # 414 (y72-n21) 100-498 12/22/87 # 420 (y59-n30) 100-202 12/22/87 100-1002 9/30/88 # 372 (y327-n77) — 100-402 H 6/24/88 H 8/11/88 # 308 (y90-n4) 100-1002 9/30/88 (vv) 100-463 10/1/88 CRS-15 Appropriations — House Report # Date Reported Appropriations — Senate Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. Report # Date Reported Laws Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed FY H.R. 1990 3072 101-208 8/1/89 8/4/89 # 218 (y312-n105) 101-345 11/15/89 (vv) — 101-132 9/14/89 9/29/89 # 217 (y96-n2) 101-345 11/17/89 (vv) 101-165 11/21/89 1991 5803 101-822 10/10/90 10/12/90 # 455 (y322-n97) 101-938 10/25/90 (vv) 3189 101-521 10/11/90 Hh 10/16/90 # 273 (y79-n16) 101-938 10/26/90 # 319 (y80-n17) 101-511 11/5/90 1992 2521 102-95 6/4/91 6/7/91 # 145 (y273-n105) 102-328 11/20/91 (vv) — 102-154 9/20/91 9/26/91 (vv) 102-328 11/23/91 # 272 (y66-n29) 102-172 11/26/91 1993 5504 102-627 6/29/92 7/2/92 # 266 (y328-n94) 102-1015 10/5/92 (vv) — 102-408 9/17/92 9/23/92 # 229 (y86-n10) 102-1015 10/5/92 (vv) 102-396 10/6/92 1994 3116 103-254 9/22/93 9/30/93 # 480 (y325-n102) 103-339 11/10/93 (vv) — 103-153 10/4/93 10/21/93 (vv) 103-339 11/10/93 # 368 (y88-n9) 103-139 11/11/93 1995 4650 103-562 6/27/94 6/29/94 # 313 (y330-n91) 103-747 9/29/94 # 446 (y327-n86) — 103-321 7/29/94 8/11/94 # 282 (y86-n14) 103-747 9/29/94 (vv) 103-335 9/30/94 CRS-16 Appropriations — House FY H.R. 1996 2126 Report # Date Reported 140-208 7/27/95 Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) 9/7/95 # 646 (y294-n125) Appropriations — Senate Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. 104-261 9/29/95 # 700 (y151-n267) 1087 104-344 11/16/95 # 806 (y270-n158) — Report # Date Reported 104-124 7/28/95 Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Laws Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed Hi 9/5/95 # 397 (y62-n35) 104-344 11/16/95 # 579 (y59-n39) 104-61j 12/1/95 1997 3610 104-617 6/11/96 6/13/96 # 247 (y278-n126) 104-863 9/28/96 # 455 (y370-n37) 1894 104-286 6/20/96 Hk 7/18/96 # 200 (y72-n27) 104-863 9/30/96 (vv) 104-208 9/30/96 1998 2266 105-206 7/25/97 7/29/97 # 338 (y322-n105) 105-265 9/25/97 # 442 (y356-n65) 1005 105-45 7/10/97 Hl 7/15/97 # 176 (y94-n4) 105-265 9/25/97 # 258 (y93-n5) 105-56m 10/8/97 1999 4103 105-591 6/22/98 6/24/98 # 266 (y358-n61) 105-746 9/28/98 # 471 (y369-n43) 2132 105-200 6/4/98 Hn 7/30/98 # 252 (y97-n2) 105-746 9/29/98 # 291 (y94-n2) 105-262 10/17/98 2000 2561 106-244 7/20/99 7/22/99 # 334 (y379-n45) 106-371 10/13/99 # 494 (y372-n55) 1122 106-53 5/25/99 Ho 7/28/99 (uc) 106-371 10/14/99 # 326 (y87-n11) 106-79 10/25/99 CRS-17 Appropriations — House Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Appropriations — Senate Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) S. Report # Date Reported Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Laws Conf. Rept. # Passed Vote # (yeas-nays) Public Law Signed FY H.R. 2001 4576 106-644 6/1/00 6/7/00 # 241 (y367-n58) 106-754 7/19/00 # 413 (y367-n58) 2593 106-298 5/18/00 Hp 6/13/00 # 127 (y95-n3) 106-754 7/27/00 # 230 (y91-n9) 106-259 8/9/00 2002 3338 107-298 11/19/01 11/28/01 # 458 (y406-n20) 107-350 12/20/01 # 510 (y408-n6) — Hq 107-109 12/4/01 12/7/01 (vv) 107-350 12/20/01 #380 (y94-n2) 107-117 1/10/02 2003 5010 107-532 6/25/02 6/27/02 #270 (y413-n18) 107-732 10/10/02 #457 (y409-n14) 108-213 7/18/03 Hr 8/1/02 #204 (y95-n3) 107-732 10/16/02 #239 (y93-n1) 107-248 10/23/02 2004 2658 108-187 7/2/03 7/8/03 #335 (y399-n19) 108-283 9/24/03 #513 (y407-n15) 1582 108-87 7/9/03 Hs 7/17/03 #290 (y95-n0) 108-283 9/25/03 #364 (y95-n0) 108-87 9/30/03 2005 4613 108-553 6/18/04 6/22/04 #284 (y403-n17) 108-622 7/22/04 #418 (y410-n12) 2559 108-284 6/22/04 Ht 6/24/04 #149 (y98-n0) 108-622 7/22/04 #163 (y96-n0) 108-287 8/5/04 Abbreviations and Symbols: H indicates that the Senate passed a bill with a House resolution number, S indicates that the House passed a bill with a Senate resolution number; ( — ) dashes mean no original Senate bill, House bill number used; vv = voice vote, uc = unanimous consent vote, dv = a division vote. CRS-18 Notes: a. Vote on second conference report. First conference report (91-1759) passed by the House 328-30 but tabled in the Senate. b. House agreed to Tunney amendment banning any funding for activities in Angola, thus clearing this bill to be sent to the President. c. A continuing resolution, which was passed instead of the normal DOD appropriations bill. d. Senate incorporated text of S. 2039 into H.R. 4185, then passed it. e. Both House and Senate bills were incorporated into this continuing resolution, which was passed instead of the normal DOD appropriations bill. f. House inserted texts of H.R. 3678, H.R. 5119, and H.R. 5913. g. Updated version of P.L. 99-500. h. Senate passed S. 3189 on 10/15/90, then vitiated this action on 10/16/90, and passed H.R. 5803 in lieu. i. Senate passed S. 1087, amended by recorded vote # 397 on 9/5/95, then passed H.R. 2126 in lieu on 9/8/95 by voice vote. j. The President allowed H.R. 2126 to become law without his signature. k. Senate substituted the text of S. 1894, then passed H.R. 3610. l. Senate passed S. 1005, amended by vote # 176 on 7/15/97, then inserted text of S. 1005 into H.R. 2266, and passed it in lieu on 7/29/97 by voice vote. m. President Clinton used his line item veto power to veto several items in this law. n. Senate passed H.R. 4103 in lieu of S. 2132. o. On 7/28/99 the Senate vitiated previous passage of its own defense appropriations bill (S. 1122, 6/8/99, vote # 158, 93-4), and passed H.R. 2561 after striking all but the enacting clause and inserting the text of S. 1122. p. On 6/18/00 the Senate struck all but the enacting clause of H.R. 4576 and substituted the language of S. 2593, and on 6/13/00 the Senate passed H.R. 4576 amended. q. Reported out with an amendment in the nature of a substitute. r. On 7/18 the committee on appropriations reported an amendment in the nature of a substitute with written report 107-213, which was passed as amended by unanimous consent on 8/1, then substituted for the text of H.R. 5010 which was then passed on 8/1 by a vote of y95-n3 (#204) s. Senate passed H.R. 2658 as amended. t. Senate struck all but the enacting clause and substituted the text of S. 2559, then passed H.R. 4613. m. President Clinton used his line item veto power to veto several items in this law. n. Senate passed H.R. 4103 in lieu of S. 2132. o. On 7/28/99 the Senate vitiated previous passage of its own defense appropriations bill (S. 1122, 6/8/99, vote # 158, 93-4), and passed H.R. 2561 after striking all but the enacting clause and inserting the text of S. 1122. p. On 6/18/00 the Senate struck all but the enacting clause of H.R. 4576 and substituted the language of S. 2593, and on 6/13/00 the Senate passed H.R. 4576 amended. q. Reported out with an amendment in the nature of a substitute. r. On 7/18 the committee on appropriations reported an amendment in the nature of a substitute with written report 107-213 which was passed as amended by unanimous consent on 8/1, then substituted for the text of H.R. 5010 which was then passed on 8/1 by a vote of y95-n3 (#204) s. Senate passed H.R. 2658 as amended. t. Senate struck all but the enacting clause and substituted the text of S. 2559, then passed H.R. 4613. CRS-19 Definitions This section taken from CRS Report 93-317, A Defense Budget Primer. ! Appropriation — One form of budget authority provided by Congress permitting Federal agencies to incur obligations and to make payments out of the Treasury for specific purposes. Appropriated funds must be spent for purposes specifically designated by Congress but are not necessarily spent in the year in which they are provided. ! Authorization — Establishes or maintains a Government program or agency by defining its scope. May set a specific limit on how much Congress can appropriate for that program. Authorizing legislation is normally a prerequisite for appropriation. An authorization does not make money available. ! Continuing Resolution — Legislation enacted by Congress to provide budget authority for Federal agencies and programs in lieu of regular appropriations acts. CRs may be temporary (providing only stop-gap funding until passage of regular appropriations acts) or full-year (substituting for one or more regular appropriations acts). ! Supplemental Appropriation — An act appropriating funds in addition to what is provided in a regular annual appropriation act. Military and DOD civilian pay raises are often funded in supplemental appropriation acts. CRS-20 Table 3. Real Growth/Decline in National Defense Funding, FY1940-2009 (current Fiscal Year 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 and constant FY2005 dollars in billions) Budget Authority Constant Real Current FY2005 Growth/ Dollars Dollars Decline 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 39.2 44.0 9.0 9.5 10.9 740.8 637.7 138.4 122.5 149.0 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 16.5 57.8 67.5 56.9 38.7 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Current Dollars 1.7 6.4 25.7 66.7 79.1 Outlays Constant Real FY2005 Growth/ Dollars Decline 30.0 97.9 226.8% 329.7 236.7% 806.5 144.6% 1,055.0 30.8% -13.9% -78.3% -11.5% 21.6% 83.0 42.7 12.8 9.1 13.2 1,202.4 647.7 182.7 125.2 173.5 14.0% -46.1% -71.8% -31.5% 38.5% 187.2 488.8 594.3 522.8 383.5 25.6% 161.1% 21.6% -12.0% -26.7% 13.7 23.6 46.1 52.8 49.3 170.3 261.0 451.0 497.7 473.3 -1.9% 53.3% 72.8% 10.4% -4.9% 32.9 35.0 39.4 40.1 45.1 326.7 325.1 348.8 335.8 352.8 -14.8% -0.5% 7.3% -3.7% 5.1% 42.7 42.5 45.4 46.8 49.0 408.1 385.5 390.6 380.9 380.0 -13.8% -5.5% 1.3% -2.5% -0.3% 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 44.3 45.1 50.2 52.1 51.6 340.8 344.5 376.6 382.6 365.7 -3.4% 1.1% 9.3% 1.6% -4.4% 48.1 49.6 52.3 53.4 54.8 370.8 369.9 390.9 395.3 391.1 -2.4% -0.2% 5.7% 1.1% -1.0% 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 50.6 64.4 73.1 77.2 78.5 350.6 405.6 442.8 450.8 440.8 -4.1% 15.7% 9.2% 1.8% -2.2% 50.6 58.1 71.4 81.9 82.5 359.0 383.1 441.9 480.8 469.5 -8.2% 6.7% 15.4% 8.8% -2.3% 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 75.3 72.7 76.4 79.1 81.5 401.0 365.7 351.6 335.6 318.2 -9.0% -8.8% -3.9% -4.6% -5.2% 81.7 78.9 79.2 76.7 79.3 436.2 398.1 369.3 336.9 322.4 -7.1% -8.7% -7.2% -8.8% -4.3% CRS-21 Fiscal Year Budget Authority Constant Real Current FY2005 Growth/ Dollars Dollars Decline Outlays Constant Real Current FY2005 Growth/ Dollars Dollars Decline 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 86.2 97.3 110.2 117.2 126.5 307.6 321.6 334.5 329.8 328.1 -3.3% 4.6% 4.0% -1.4% -0.5% 86.5 89.6 97.2 104.5 116.3 315.0 305.1 307.4 307.5 316.9 -2.3% -3.1% 0.8% 0.0% 3.1% 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 143.9 180.0 216.5 245.0 265.2 333.6 370.8 410.0 442.7 462.5 1.7% 11.1% 10.6% 8.0% 4.5% 134.0 157.5 185.3 209.9 227.4 324.9 339.5 362.6 391.0 406.7 2.5% 4.5% 6.8% 7.8% 4.0% 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 294.7 289.1 287.4 292.0 299.6 493.9 474.9 460.2 451.3 445.5 6.8% -3.8% -3.1% -1.9% -1.3% 252.7 273.4 282.0 290.4 303.6 433.2 455.1 456.5 454.8 456.0 6.5% 5.0% 0.3% -0.4% 0.3% 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 301.2 296.2 287.7 281.1 263.3 435.2 411.5 390.8 374.2 343.2 -2.3% -5.4% -5.0% -4.2% -8.3% 297.9 296.7 286.1 283.9 278.9 435.3 417.1 389.0 376.1 360.8 -4.5% -4.2% -6.7% -3.3% -4.1% 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 266.4 266.2 270.4 271.3 292.3 340.0 332.5 330.3 323.1 339.5 -0.9% -2.2% -0.7% -2.2% 5.1% 271.0 265.2 270.4 268.4 274.9 345.0 331.0 328.9 318.9 320.3 -4.4% -4.1% -0.6% -3.0% 0.4% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 304.1 335.5 362.1 456.2 460.5 344.2 368.9 387.6 476.0 469.7 1.4% 7.2% 5.1% 22.8% -1.3% 294.5 305.5 348.6 404.9 453.7 333.5 335.6 372.3 422.5 462.1 4.1% 0.6% 10.9% 13.5% 9.4% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 423.1 444.0 464.8 485.8 508.2 423.1 433.7 443.0 451.5 460.5 -9.9% 2.5% 2.1% 1.9% 2.0% 450.6 436.1 447.1 467.1 487.2 450.6 431.3 427.9 435.7 443.2 -2.5% -5.3% 0.1% 1.9% 1.7% Source: Notes: CRS, based on Department of Defense data. FY2005-FY2009, Administration February 2004 request. Excludes Desert Shield/Desert Storm costs and receipts. CRS-22 Table 4: National Defense Appropriations Since FY1993 (budget authority in millions of dollars) FY1993 Regular Appropriations DOD Appropriations MilCon Appropriations Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts Total, Regular Appropriations H.R. 1335, P.L. 103-24, 4/23/93 Supplemental Appropriations H.R. 2118, P.L. 103-50, 7/2/93 Supplemental Appropriations Offsetting Rescissions Total, Supplemental Appropriations FY1994 Regular Appropriations DOD Appropriations MilCon Appropriations Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts Total, Regular Appropriations H.R. 3759, P.L. 103-424, 2/12/94 Supplemental Appropriations Offsetting Rescissions Total, Supplemental Appropriations FY1995 Regular Appropriations DOD Appropriations MilCon Appropriations Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts Total, Regular Appropriations H.R. 889, P.L. 104-6, 4/10/95 Supplemental Appropriations Offsetting Rescissions Total, Supplemental Appropriations Request Enacted Difference 258,618 10,316 12,132 701 -793 280,974 253,038 8,394 12,042 1,168 -793 273,849 -5,580 -1,922 -90 467 1 5 -7,125 -1 5 1,440 -1,107 333 1,435 -1,107 328 241,871 9,594 11,536 992 -631 263,363 240,577 10,011 10,877 741 -716 261,491 -1,294 417 -659 -251 -85 -1,872 1,198 -907 292 1,198 -852 347 55 55 244,777 8,356 10,598 624 -690 263,665 243,466 8,850 10,334 456 -690 262,416 -1,249 2,207 -703 1,504 2,710 -2,332 349 503 -1,629 -1,155 -1,311 494 -264 -168 CRS-23 FY1996 Regular Appropriations DOD Appropriations MilCon Appropriations Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts Total, Regular Appropriations H.R. 3019, P.L. 104-134, 4/26/96 Supplemental Appropriations Offsetting Rescissions Total, Supplemental Appropriations FY1997 Regular Appropriations DOD Appropriations MilCon Appropriations Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts Total, Regular Appropriations H.R. 1871, P.L. 105-18, 6/12/97 Supplemental Appropriations Offsetting Rescissionsa Total, Supplemental Appropriations FY1998 Regular Appropriations DOD Appropriations MilCon Appropriations Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts Total, Regular Appropriations H.R. 3579, P.L. 105-174, 5/1/98 Supplemental Appropriations Offsetting Rescissions Total, Supplemental Appropriations FY1999 Regular Appropriations DOD Appropriations MilCon Appropriations Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts Total, Regular Appropriations H.R. 4328, P.L. 105-277, 10/20/98 Supplemental Appropriations H.R. 1664/H.R. 1141, P.L. 106-31, 5/18/99 Supplemental Appropriationsb Request Enacted Difference 236,344 10,698 11,116 255 -920 257,493 243,251 11,177 10,656 258 -920 264,423 6,907 479 -459 3 6,930 620 -960 -340 962 -1,032 -70 342 -72 270 234,678 9,132 11,066 461 -975 254,363 243,947 9,982 11,352 359 -978 264,662 9,268 850 286 -102 -3 10,300 2,098 -4,872 -2,774 1,929 -1,930 0 -169 2,942 2,774 243,924 8,383 13,615 686 -1,000 265,608 247,709 9,183 11,540 726 -1,169 267,989 3,785 800 -2,075 40 -169 2,381 2,021 2,860 839 2,021 2,860 839 250,999 7,784 12,158 776 -1,271 270,446 250,511 8,450 11,879 817 -1,266 270,390 -488 666 -279 41 5 -55 8,281 8,281 10,895 5,519 5,376 CRS-24 FY2000 Regular Appropriations DOD Appropriationsc MilCon Appropriationsd Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts Omnibus Appropriations 0.38% Cut Total, Regular Appropriations H.R. 4425, P.L. 106-246, 7/13/00 Supplemental Appropriations H.R. 4576, P.L. 106-259, 8/9/00e Supplemental Appropriations FY2001 Regular Appropriations DOD Appropriations MilCon Appropriations Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts Omnibus Appropriations Supplementals Omnibus Appropriations 0.22% Cut Total, Regular Appropriations H.R. 2216, P.L. 107-20, 7/24/01 Supplemental Appropriations H.R. 2888, P.L. 107-38, 9/18/01 Supplemental Appropriationsf FY2002 Regular Appropriations DOD Appropriations MilCon Appropriations Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts/Mandatories Total, Regular Appropriations H.R. 3338, P.L. 107-117, 1/10/02g H.R. 4775, P.L. 107-206, 8/2/2002 Supplemental Appropriationsh Offsetting Rescissions Total, Supplemental Appropriations Request Enacted Difference 263,266 5,438 12,281 865 -1,406 280,444 267,795 8,374 12,033 849 -1,506 -1,006 286,540 4,529 2,936 -248 -16 -100 -1,006 6,095 2,288 6,757 4,469 1,779 1,779 305,313 287,806 8,834 13,657 1,132 -1,230 296 -521 309,974 3,305 800 573 236 -28 296 -521 4,661 5,841 5,834 -7 14,041 14,041 319,547 9,971 13,514 943 -540 343,435 7,467 317,624 10,500 14,697 1,150 -542 343,429 3,867 -1,923 529 1,183 207 -2 -6 -3,600 14,022 13,983 -613 13,370 -39 -613 -652 284,501 8,034 13,084 896 -1,202 14,022 CRS-25 FY2003 DOD Appropriations MilCon Appropriations Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts/Mandatories Total, Regular Appropriations H.J.Res. 2, P.L. 108-7, 2/20/2003 DOD Appropriations H.R. 1559, P.L. 108-11, 4/12/2003 Supplemental Appropriations FY2004 DOD Appropriations MilCon Appropriations Omnibus Appropriations Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts/Mandatoriesi Total, Regular Appropriations H.R. 2673, P.L. 108-199, 1/23/2004 Consolidated Appropriations Rescission H.R. 3289/S. 1689, P.L. 108-106, 11/6/03 Supplemental Appropriations H.R. 4613, P.L. 108-287j Defense Emergency Appropriations Reappropriation of FY2004 Funds In FY2005 bill charged to FY2004 FY2005 DOD Appropriations MilCon Appropriations Energy Appropriations Other Appropriations Offsetting Receipts/Mandatories Total, Regular Appropriations TOTAL Request Enacted Difference 366,672 9,664 15,860 1,472 -831 392,837 355,107 10,499 15,898 1,482 -959 382,027 -11,564 835 38 10 -128 -10,809 10,000 10,000 62,587 62,583 -4 372,346 9,117 368,712 9,316 -1,800 16,417 2,447 3,502 398,594 -3,635 199 -1,800 -238 87 3,505 -1,882 -1,800 -1,800 65,560 65,251 -309 25,000 25,000 1,800 500 1,800 500 16,655 2,360 -3 400,476 392,824 9,553 16,722 1,697 1,360 422,157 390,870 10,003 17,220 1,697 1,360 421,151 -1,954 450 498 -1,007 3,788,962 3,830,450 41,487 Notes: a. Administration rescissions request includes $4.8 billion in authority for the Secretary of Defense to make cuts in previously appropriated funds up to that amount. b. Of the enacted amount, $1,838 million was for pay and benefit improvements beginning in FY2000. Senate considered only the conference report. c. Total enacted includes $7,200 million in emergency appropriations. d. Request also proposed $3,061 million of advance FY2001 appropriations. e. Supplemental FY2000 appropriations provided in the regular FY2001 defense appropriations bill. f. The bill appropriated $40 billion for counter-terrorism, reconstruction etc., of which $20 billion was available when released by the President and another $20 billion required subsequent CRS-26 g. h. i. j. approval in a later appropriations act. The total shown here is the amount of the initial $20 billion made available for defense programs, which CBO is scoring as FY2001 funding. Amount of the second $20 billion for counter-terrorism, etc., provided for national defense programs in the emergency supplemental appropriations bill attached to the regular defense appropriations bill, which CBO scored as FY2002 funding. Congress appropriated $14,381.6 million for defense (including military construction), but $1,011.9 billion was provided as contingent emergency appropriations, which the President did not designate as an emergency. Enacted total includes $3,613 million in mandatory spending for Boeing 767 leases included in the FY2004 National Defense Authorization Act. FY2004 funds provided in a separate title of the regular FY2005 Defense Appropriations Act. CRS-27 Table 5: Congressional Action on Annual Department of Defense Appropriations Requests: FY1950-FY2005 (new budget authority in millions of current year dollars) Request 13,321 13,038 55,944 49,036 33,639 House 13,376 12,849 54,424 43,889 34,353 Senate 13,268 12,955 58,081 44,094 34,431 Enacted 12,766 12,955 55,226 44,302 34,291 Change from Request -555 -83 -718 -4,734 652 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 29,842 32,205 34,148 36,193 38,787 28,650 31,460 33,635 33,563 38,410 29,138 31,855 34,784 34,392 40,043 28,766 31,855 34,657 33,760 39,603 -1,076 -350 509 -2,433 816 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 39,248 49,355 42,942 47,907 49,104 38,848 39,338 42,711 47,839 47,082 39,594 40,515 46,848 48,429 47,340 39,228 39,997 46,663 48,136 47,220 -20 -9,358 3,720 229 -1,884 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 47,471 46,852 57,664 71,584 77,074 46,759 45,067 58,616 70,295 72,240 46,774 46,756 58,190 70,132 71,887 46,752 46,766 58,067 69,937 71,870 -719 -86 403 -1,647 -5,204 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 75,278 68,746 73,544 79,600 77,240 69,960 66,807 71,048 74,576 74,091 60,323 66,417 70,349 74,572 73,254 69,641 66,596 70,518 74,373 73,704 -5,638 -2,150 -3,025 -5,227 -3,536 1975 1976 19TQ 1977 1978 1979 87,057 97,858 23,118 107,964 113,877 119,300 82,984 90,219 21,675 105,397 110,082 119,019 81,584 90,722 21,850 104,014 109,805 116,423 82,096 90,467 21,861 104,344 111,184 117,256 -4,961 -7,391 -1,257 -3,621 -2,693 -2,045 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 132,321 154,496 200,878 249,550 260,840 129,524 157,211 197,443 230,216 246,505 131,661 160,848 208,676 233,389 252,101 130,981 159,739 199,691 231,496 248,852 -1,339 5,242 -1,187 -18,054 -11,988 Fiscal Year 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 CRS-28 Request 292,101 303,830 298,883 291,216 283,159 House 268,172 268,727 264,957 268,131 282,603 Senate 277,989 282,584 276,883 277,886 282,572 Enacted 274,278 281,038 273,801 278,825 282,412 Change from Request -17,823 -22,792 -25,082 -12,391 -747 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 288,237 287,283 270,936 261,134 241,082 286,476 267,824 270,566 251,867 239,602 288,217 268,378 270,258 250,686 239,178 286,025 268,188 269,911 253,789 240,570 -2,211 -19,095 -1,025 -7,345 -512 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 244,450 236,344 234,678 243,924 250,999 243,573 243,998 245,217 248,335 250,727 243,628 242,684 244,897 247,185 250,519 243,628 243,251 243,947 247,709 258,097 -822 6,907 9,268 3,785 7,098 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 263,266 284,501 319,547 366,672 372,346 268,662 288,513 317,624 354,713 369,190 264,693 287,631 317,623 355,406 369,165 267,795 287,806 317,624 355,107 368,712 4,529 3,305 -1,923 -11,564 -3,635 2005 392,824 391,170 384,012 390,870 -1,954 Fiscal Year 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Sources: For FY1950-74, Department of Defense FAD Table 809, issued Oct. 21, 1974; for FY197582, and FY1989-2005, annual Appropriations Committee conference reports; for FY1983-88, Department of Defense Comptroller, annual reports on congressional action on appropriations requests (FAD-28 tables). Note: Amounts are for the basic Department of Defense appropriations bill only. Amounts exclude military construction (including family housing), military assistance program, and, except for FY1999, supplemental appropriations. Before the mid-1980s, supplemental appropriations were provided annually for pay raises and sometimes included substantial amounts for contingencies. In the FY1951 budget, Congress provided $32.8 billion in supplemental appropriations mainly for Korean War costs. Congress also provided supplemental appropriations of $12.0 billion in FY1966 and $12.2 billion in FY1967, mainly for Vietnam War costs. Supplemental amounts in other years ranged from zero in FY1953, FY1954, FY1955, and FY1957 to $4.8 billion in FY1974. Total for FY1999 includes $7,586 million in supplemental appropriations for Department of Defense programs normally provided in the regular Defense Appropriations bill. FY2005 level does not include emergency appropriations of $26,339 million.