RS21617 -- Homeland Security Extramural R&D Funding Opportunities in Federal Agencies

September 10, 2003


This inventory identifies and lists websites for major federal agency homeland security programs that provide funding opportunities for extramural researchers to conduct research and development (R&D) for the government. Two tables are given, one on R&D in the Department of Homeland Security, and the second on homeland security R&D in other federal agencies. This report is not a complete list of all federal homeland security R&D programs. It will be updated as needed.

Homeland security-related research and development (R&D) programs are conducted and supported by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS); other federal agencies, including the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Energy, Health and Human Services, Justice, and Transportation; and independent agencies, such as the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Science Foundation. DHS requested about $1 billion for FY2004 for these programs, while the request for counterterrorism R&D funding in other agencies, which includes homeland security R&D, totals about $2 billion. Many federal R&D programs provide extramural funding opportunities for all types of performers -- academic, industrial, and government laboratories -- and use contracts or grants, as appropriate. Some programs are managed by offices dedicated specifically to supporting homeland security R&D. Others are funded through standard R&D support procedures. Some of the programs listed below for federally funded, contractor-operated laboratories, that are sponsored by the Departments of Defense or Energy, do not fund academic or industrial R&D performers directly but offer opportunities for them, with or without funding from the parent federal agency, to collaborate in laboratory research projects or to use laboratory facilities for their work.

The Office of Management and Budget's Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism, June 2002, inventories federal government programs, including R&D, to combat terrorism. The FY2003 report is expected in September 2003. See for the FY2002 report. The interagency National Coordination Office for Information Technology Research and Development (NCO/IT R&D) inventories federal agency homeland security information technology R&D- related programs for the President's National Science and Technology Council, For additional information on federal business opportunities, see CRS Report RL32036, Homeland Security: Federal Assistance Funding and Business Opportunities.

Table 1. Department of Homeland Security R&D Opportunities



Source of Information

Homeland Security
Advanced Research
Projects Agency (HSARPA)
HSARPA will be the primary source of extramural R&D funding in the Science and Technology Directorate.
Office of University
Programs, Homeland Security Centers of Excellence
DHS plans to establish several university centers by the end of
2004 through a competitive process.
Technical Support Working Group (TSWG)
Broad Area Announcements
DHS uses TSWG to identify and select technologies for rapid proto-typing under periodic broad area announcements (BAA).
Science and Technology
Directorate Unsolicited R&D Proposals
These proposals are handled
by TSWG; see link for specific information.
U.S. Coast Guard
Research and
Development Center
Various RDT&E activities in support of Coast Guard homeland security and other missions.
Transportation Security
Administration, including the Transportation Security Laboratory (TSL), located at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) site
Supports R&D activities to improve security technologies; includes the TSL's R&D on explosives and weapons detection; aircraft hardening; human factors; and airport security technology integration. Partners include academia, industrial, and government laboratories.

Source: some parts of the table are based a table in CRS Report RL32036, Homeland Security: Federal Assistance Funding and Business Opportunities

Table 2. Selected List of Other Major Federal Agency Homeland Security R&D Programs and Opportunities

Agency Program Source of Information
Department of Agriculture (USDA) 
USDA Homeland Security activities USDA's Homeland Security Council's R&D activities focus on food supply and agricultural production.
The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) [conducts some homeland security research both separately and in cooperation with the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), parts of which were moved to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)] Supports three multimillion dollar homeland security collaborative projects, scheduled to finish in 2005, that involve university, industrial and other extramural research performers:
-- Development and Validation of Rapid Diagnostic Tests for Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease;
-- Development of a Pathogen Sequence Database;
-- Development of Rapid Real Time PCR-Based Assays for Selected ...Class A Diseases., or to obtain the FY2004 R&D opportunities lists.;;
Department of Commerce 
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Grants and awards support some extramural R&D on a competitive basis. Programs include:
-- buildings, structural and fire safety standards;
-- materials for structures;
-- cybersecurity standards and technologies;
-- threat detection and protection;
-- tools for law enforcement;
-- emergency response.
For NIST grants programs, contact Joyce Brigham, [phone number scrubbed].
NIST's Computer Security Division and Security Technology Group also supports collaborative research:
NIST Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Homeland Security Program The FY2003 solicitation focused on: spectrometers; field detectors for radiological measurements; sensors; biological and chemical warfare agent identification; and software for calibrations and measurements. The FY2003 solicitation is at: The FY2004 solicitation will be released in Oct. 2003. General information is available at: [phone number scrubbed] or
Department of Defense (DOD) 
Department of Defense (DOD), Office of Defense Research and Engineering Gateway to descriptions of DOD agencies/programs that support homeland security-related R&D and related opportunities.
U.S. Army, National Protection Center (NPC) With other federal agencies, sponsors RDT&E for advanced/multi-threat protective clothing and equipment for military and civilians in high risk occupations or in missions in extreme environments.
U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) Supports intramural and extramural R&D in at least two laboratories with homeland security-relevant activities. They are: USAMRICD and USAMRIID. (See cells below.) (also, see section on submitting a research proposal)
U.S. Army, Medical Institute of Chemical Defense (USAMRICD) R&D to develop medical countermeasures to chemical warfare agents and training medical personnel to manage chemical casualties.
U.S. Army, Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) R&D to develop strategies, products, and procedures for medical defense against biological warfare threats and naturally occurring infectious diseases that require containment.
Center for Commercialization of Advanced Technology A partnership of academia, govern-ment, and industry in San Diego and other parts of California that supports innovative technologies related to defense and homeland security in areas such as explosive detection, chemical and biological detection, border-intrusion sensors, encryption recording devices, and language translation.
There is a solicitation dated July 2003 (with applications due by Sept. 9 2003); another solicitation is scheduled for Oct. 2003.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Supports basic and applied projects where risk and payoff are both high and where success may provide dramatic advances. Information about funding programs is at:;
Information about awards processing is at:
Department of Energy 
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), (a semi-autonomous Dept. of Energy agency). R&D supported in NNSA's affiliated laboratories and by extramural performers relates to reducing threats to national security and world peace posed by nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons proliferation For a description of NNSA, see,;
For research opportunities, see,
Dept. of Energy, Office of Science Various R&D programs relevant to counterterrorism or homeland security, but there is no funding designated specifically for homeland security R&D. or ; for specific information, go to; or
Dept. of Energy, Los Alamos Laboratory The Center for Homeland Security provides collaborative opportunities for its programs in chemical and biological weapons, radiological and nuclear threats, and threats to critical infrastructure.
Dept. of Energy, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Homeland Security Organization Provides opportunities for collaboration to extramural researchers relating to its R&D to develop capabilities to detect, interdict, and defend against catastrophic weapons and other threats; some programs mirror the research programs set by DHS; also funds the Nuclear Emergency Search Team. or for information on partnerships and opportunities,
Dept. of Energy, Sandia National Laboratory Provides opportunities for collaborative partnerships between its homeland security unit and academic, industrial and other laboratory performers for R&D on threat and vulnerability assessment; physical security; nuclear material identification; and chemical and biological weapons detection.
Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Supports R&D on bioterrorism, infectious agents, laboratory security. For grants and contracts:
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Supports R&D on food security and related issues. For grants and contracts:
National Institutes of Health (NIH)'s programs include
Biodefense Research at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
R&D on agents of bioterrorism, including viruses that cause smallpox and hemorrhagic fevers; bacteria that cause anthrax, plague, and botulism; and tularemia; focuses on basic biology, immunology, vaccines, drugs, diagnostics.
For current funding opportunities, see
Department of Justice 
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Technology Program Technology research, development, and assessment to improve public safety, including programs for homeland security R&D. or
Department of Transportation 
Dept. of Transportation -- Research and Special Programs R&D activities in pipeline safety and other areas of homeland security;
-- Volpe Center homeland security activities in transportation/logistics;
-- Additional security-related R&D procurement information for DOT agencies is available.;;, or
Independent Agencies 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Homeland Security Research Center Uses intramural and extramural performers for R&D and technical assistance on buildings, water, and rapid risk assessment;collaborates in homeland security research authorized by memoranda (MOUs) between the Air Force Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, the FDA, and the Dept. of Energy.
National Science Foundation (NSF) Homeland Security activities Supports research on: data mining; the National Hazards Center; ecology of infectious diseases with NIH and a separate microbial genome sequencing program to understand bioterrorism; and security-related information technology and critical infrastructure protection R&D. Has a scholarship program to train students in information security; and, with the intelligence community, supports a national security program in mathematical and physical sciences. or
For Program Solicitation NSF 03-569, see:
NSF SBIR Program Small business innovation research support for homeland security.